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  Subjects -> SOCIOLOGY (Total: 553 journals)
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Advanced Journal of Social Science
Number of Followers: 4  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2581-3358
Published by AIJR Publisher Homepage  [4 journals]
  • The Efficiency of Hard Wood Industry in Ondo State, Nigeria

    • Authors: Adeoye Moses Aremo, Anthony Thompson Olaniran
      Pages: 1 - 15
      Abstract: Wood furniture industry is an important manufacturing sector in Nigeria for its significant contributions to the growth of national economy and industrialization as well as livelihood of the furniture makers. Therefore, evaluating efficiency of hard wood industry is important to provide useful information about the business to the furniture makers and to assist the policy makers to design appropriate policies in supporting furniture production in Nigeria. The specific objectives of this research were to describe socio-economic characteristics of furniture makers, estimate efficiency of furniture makers, determine the profitability of furniture production, identify factors influencing efficiency of furniture making and examine the problems associated with furniture makings in the study area. The study adopted a multistage sampling procedure. Data were collected from seventy furniture makers through a well-structured questionnaire. Descriptive statistics, budgetary analysis, Cobb Douglas stochastic frontier production function, inefficiency model and relative importance index were used to analyze the data. The findings revealed that 75.7% of the respondents obtained some levels of formal education; 4.3% of the furniture makers were single; 71.4% had no access to credit facility; and 7.1% exported their products beyond the boundary of Nigeria. The estimated gross margin and net profit of #7,041,255.09 (US $16,959.52) and #4,261,542.89 (US $10,264.33) respectively revealed that furniture production is profitable. The efficiency results showed that 27% of furniture makers were most technically efficient; 5.7% of them were most allocative efficient; and 10% of them were most economically efficient. Stochastic frontier production function analysis showed that firm size, labour and fixed assets had a positively significant influence on furniture production. The only identified socio-economic characteristics of furniture makers that had significant influence on efficiency of furniture production were educational level, operating experience and reinforcement training in the study area. The two critical constraints facing furniture making in the ranking scale were fluctuation of wood price and inadequacy of funds.
      PubDate: 2023-01-14
      DOI: 10.21467/ajss.12.1.1-15
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2023)
  • Predictors of Households’ Adoption of Gas Cooking Stove in Some Rural
           Communities of Abia and Ebonyi States, Southeast Nigeria

    • Authors: Okechi Dominic Azuwike, Patricia Nnenna Duru, Adeline O Nkwam-Uwaoma, Chigh R Nguhemen, Emmanuel Eboh, Faisal C Emetumah
      Pages: 16 - 29
      Abstract: This paper aims at the factors that predict household’s adoption of gas cooking stoves in selected rural communities of Southeast Nigeria. Leaning on theories of Knowledge gap, Groupthink, Technological determinism and Innovation Diffusion, it explores the theme of adoption as a selective process while interrogating the idea of an energy ladder. The paper probes the factors that accentuate poor energy choices in the face of availability of the better domestic energy source, gas. Based on data from 600 respondents, 300 from each of the southeastern Nigeria states of Abia and Ebonyi, an ordinal regression in the form of a Generalized Linear Model was used to predict the proportional odds of the dependent ordinal variables. Parameter estimates of the regression model predicting ordinal likelihood (odds) of using cooking gas indicate that none of the categories underage bracket were significant. The odds of households with male heads having very high usage of cooking gas stove were 1.563 (95% CI, .882 to 1.830) times more than that of households with female heads. The odds are against larger households; households with heads that are of lower education levels; households that regularly cook with fuelwood and those with lower income. The study recommends advocacy to bridge the knowledge gap and a subsidization regime that can overcome the income challenge.
      PubDate: 2023-05-17
      DOI: 10.21467/ajss.12.1.16-29
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2023)
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