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  Subjects -> SOCIOLOGY (Total: 553 journals)
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Advanced Journal of Social Science
Number of Followers: 5  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2581-3358
Published by AIJR Publisher Homepage  [4 journals]
  • Effect of Board Characteristics on Financial Performance of Non-financial
           Firms Listed at the Nairobi Securities Exchange

    • Authors: George Thuo Gatehi, Tabitha Nasieku
      Pages: 1 - 12
      Abstract: The incongruence between corporate governance and financial performance has resulted in the collapse, liquidation, and diminished profitability of several corporations in Kenya. Instructively, companies have been delisted from the Kenyan bourse as a result of irregularities and failures that curtail their profitability. Specifically, audits have pointed to failures in corporate governance, which highlight the lethargy of directors in addressing agency theory conflicts. In this regard, there is a need for evaluating the impact of board characteristics on corporations listed at the Nairobi Securities Exchange (NSE). Board characteristics such as size, independence, and diversity have a significant influence on a firm’s strategic direction. Globally, numerous studies have investigated the relationship between corporate governance and financial performance. However, there is limited scholarly research to ascertain the role of individual board characteristics on listed firms’ financial performance. Thus, this study’s main objective was to determine the effect of board characteristics on the financial performance of non-financial firms listed at the NSE. A quantitative research was conducted using 26 randomly selected non-financial firms listed on the NSE. Using historical financial data from companies’ financial statements, a correlational and regression analysis was conducted using Return on Equity (ROE) as the dependent variable. Notably, diagnostic tests such as the test for multicollinearity, autocorrelation, normality tests were conducted before the Pearson’s correlation test. Importantly, the Panel Data Model was use to determine the goodness of fit, while the Panel Least Square model was used to select the appropriate model for regression analysis. The Fixed Effect Model was the most suitable model. As a result, the findings showed that board size and independence had statistically insignificant effects on the dependent variable, while board diversity (gender diversity) had a statistically significant influence on the financial performance of non-financial firms listed on the NSE.
      PubDate: 2022-09-26
      DOI: 10.21467/ajss.11.1.1-12
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2022)
  • Relationship between Social Media Addiction Levels and Academic
           Procrastination among Undergraduate Students in Malaysia: Grit as the

    • Authors: Lena Tzyy Xian Ch'ng , Pei Ying Soo Hoo
      Pages: 13 - 27
      Abstract: The current study examines grit as a mediator in the relationship between social media addiction and academic procrastination. Social media platforms were used to recruit 88 young adult undergraduates aged 18-26. This study was a non-experimental, correlational mediation design. Participants were asked to complete the Social Media Addiction Scale – Student Form, Academic Procrastination Scale – Short Form, and Short Grit Scale questionnaires. It was hypothesized that grit would be a statistical mediator for the effects of social media addiction on academic procrastination. The hypothesis was supported as results showed a full mediation. The current study suggests that social media addiction predicts lower level of grit and thus higher tendency of academic procrastination. It is advised that institutions encourage undergraduates to cultivate grit in order to break the vicious cycle of social media addiction and academic procrastination.
      PubDate: 2022-09-28
      DOI: 10.21467/ajss.11.1.13-27
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2022)
  • The Impacts of COVID-19 on Kam Holding Group in Ilorin, 2020-2021

    • Authors: Ogundare Yemi Daniel
      Pages: 28 - 42
      Abstract: The paper examines the impacts of COVID-19 on Kam Holding Company Limited, Ilorin. The outbreak of COVID -19 began in Wuhan, a city in the Hubei province of China. The World Health Organization reported the first case of coronavirus on 31st December 2019. This virus is common in an animal like cattle and camels, but in animals to humans is rare. However, the report of coronavirus to humans was traceable to bats while some suggested pangolins. The report was unclear on how it spread to humans. In Nigeria, COVID-19 was confirmed on 27th February 2020. The objective of the study is to examine the impacts of coronavirus on Kam Holding Group Ilorin, Kwara State as a case study of analysis. The theory employed in this study is Human Capital Theory; this theory is very relevant to the development life of many countries, especially in the 1970s which depend on the quality of human resources. The methodology of the study relied on both the primary and secondary sources of data. The primary data relied on key informant interviews and questionnaires. The questionnaire is carried out among 100 respondents, 30 of the respondents are administrative officials while 70 of the respondents are factory workers. The secondary data relied on newspapers, magazines, journals, texts and articles. The study identifies COVID-19 as a great challenge to the economic security and survival of the employees in Kam Holding Group, which resulted in unemployment. This has increased the unemployment statistics in Kwara State and Nigeria at large. Kam Holding Group has not been able to get out of economic depression since 2020 to date due to the low demand for its products caused by the coronavirus pandemic. The study recommended solutions to the existing problem and measures to curtail in a case of re-occurrence of a sudden pandemic phenomenon on the livelihood of the citizens. One of the prime recommendations is that citizens should be diversified in their skilful capacity to meet the wing of unknown economic depression in emerging situations.
      PubDate: 2022-11-09
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2022)
  • The Prevalence of PTSD Among an Online Sample of US Familial Dementia

    • Authors: Genna M Mashinchi, Emily C. Hicks, Hannes Heppner
      Pages: 43 - 51
      Abstract: The increased prevalence of dementia has increased the number of caregivers. Familial caregivers can suffer emotionally as a result of caregiving. Despite caregiver organizations campaigning for awareness of caregiver trauma, more research examining PTSD among US familial dementia caregivers is needed. The present study surveyed an online sample of US familial dementia caregivers to gather a prevalence rate of PTSD. We hypothesized that these caregivers experience an equal or greater prevalence of PTSD compared to the general US population, nurses, emergency medical responders, and veterans. An online survey containing the PTSD-Civilian Checklist (PCL-C) was administered to familial dementia caregivers across the US. Data (n = 23) revealed that 26.1% of participants surveyed screened positive for PTSD criteria. Consistent with our hypothesis, this percentage is greater than the prevalence rates for the general US population and is similar to the prevalence rates for emergency first responders, nurses, and even US military veterans. These findings can greatly benefit US dementia caregivers by spreading awareness and helping allocate resources to assist those struggling with PTSD.
      PubDate: 2022-11-09
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2022)
  • The Future of Psychotherapy for Youth

    • Authors: Caleb Spiro, Peter Economou
      Pages: 52 - 62
      Abstract: Despite countless modifications to adapt adult psychotherapy to treat pediatric populations, recent meta-analytic findings have found only modest effect sizes for the treatment of pediatric depression. Additionally, recent neuroscientific evidence suggests that most mental health disorders share greater comorbidity with other distinct mental health disorders and also have greater within-disorder heterogeneity than previously thought. This review aims to integrate recent findings of analytic reviews with developments in neuroscience to encourage the field to think differently about how to best improve pediatric psychotherapy and our understanding of the developing brain. This article examines why our approach to treating mood disorders in the pediatric population must change based on our current understanding of the neurocognitive and psychosocial etiologies of these disorders and to highlight the importance transdiagnostic perspectives. Perhaps, neuroscientific methods can one day become adjunctive to psychotherapy to help personalize approaches, and to help provide valuable insight into emerging psychopathology even before symptoms manifest.
      PubDate: 2022-11-21
      DOI: 10.21467/ajss.11.1.52-62
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2022)
  • Investigating the Factors That Influence Early Retirement of Private
           Sector Workers in the Center Region of Cameroon

    • Authors: Felix Nkellefack Tapang, Laura Ebitoh Andonei, Neh Gladys Fusi
      Pages: 63 - 81
      Abstract: Purpose: This study seeks to investigate the factors that influence early retirement of private sector workers in the center region of Cameroon. Methodology: The grounded theory approach was used with a target population being workers of private sector organizations in the center region of Cameroon. A purposive sampling was used, where the population was selected from private organization, mainly; the multinational private companies, the transnational private companies and sole proprietor companies operating in the center region of Cameroon. Primary data was got through interviews to capture private sector workers’ opinions on aspects related to early retirements. Research questions: The first research question was aimed at finding out the factors that influence early retirement of the private sector workers in the center region of Cameroon. The research continued with a second question to find out the most prominent factors presumed to affect early retirement. Finally, the research continued to find out to what extent these factors influence early retirement. Findings: The findings revealed the overarching theme of work stress as the major factor that influence early retirement of the private sector workers in the center region of Cameroon. It also showed that low salaries and therefore weak financial strength of workers emerged as the overarching theme to explain the most prominent factors presumed to affect early retirement. Finally, the study showed that tough hierarchy decisions that do not take the views of employees into consideration and unclear work descriptions contributed to the quest for workers to retire early from the private sector in the center region of Cameroon.
      PubDate: 2022-11-29
      DOI: 10.21467/ajss.11.1.63-81
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2022)
  • Is Teaching Technical Words a Problematic Issue for ESP Teachers in a
           Saudi Industrial College'

    • Authors: Abdullah A Alghamdi
      Pages: 82 - 89
      Abstract: The literature written about technical words instruction is little compared to its equivalent about vocabulary learning. This paper aims to investigate the extent to which English for Specific Purposes Teachers (ESPTs) think that teaching technical words is a problematic task for them in a Saudi Arabian industrial college called Yanbu Industrial College (YIC). It also explores the reasons behind the challenges they face in teaching technical words. To obtain the goals of this study, six ESPTs at YIC from three different nationalities with different majors, teaching experience, and ages were interviewed to understand their beliefs regarding the existence of the problem and the reasons behind this challenge. The interview type was semi-structured in nature and some prompt cards were also utilised to gather data from the participants. The study revealed that ESPTs at YIC don’t view technical words as a problem but rather a challenge which they can cope with. Among the main challenges they said they faced in doing their job are lack of the proper subject knowledge, lack of experience, absence of prior to students’ enrollment needs analysis and lack of opportunities to employ critical Vocabulary Teaching Strategies VTS and employing reliable Vocabulary Delivery Vehicles VDVs. The findings of the study are expected to provide the literature with some instructional implications such as ESPTs and subject teachers collaboration in teaching technical words, ESP course designing, early analysis of ESP students and ESPTs specialized training programs. Future scrutiny to further our understanding about this neglected topic in the ESP domain and L2 vocabulary instruction is highly recommended.
      PubDate: 2022-12-01
      DOI: 10.21467/ajss.11.1.82-89
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2022)
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