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  Subjects -> SOCIOLOGY (Total: 553 journals)
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Espirales
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2550-6862
Published by Universidad Tecnol√≥gica Empresarial de Guayaquil Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Population status of two species of Ericaceae in the High Montane Forest

    • Authors: Jorge Marcelo Caranqui Aldaz, Jenny Elizabeth Núñez Ramos, Edmundo Danilo Guilcapi Pacheco, Ana Gabriela Alulema Aucapiña
      Abstract: In this work, a demographic study of Gaultheria glomerata and Disterigma empetrifolium was carried out in the Indiviso sector of the Baquerizo Moreno parish, Píllaro canton, Tungurahua province. The vegetation was analogous between montane forest and shrubby moorland, located at coordinates 01°18'S; 78°30'W, altitude 3400 m.a.s.l., where the Braun-Blanquet methodology for vegetation cover was adapted by means of plots, which were established randomly, the minimum distance between plot and plot was considered to be 100 meters. In the field work, the existing vegetation cover was quantified by percentages within 10 plots of 10x10m, in each of them were evaluated its subquadrants in the form of L, at each meter. The species were identified in the Herbarium of the ESPOCH, and the calculated data were 35.69% of vegetation cover for Disterigma empetrifolium and 13.19% for Gaultheria glomerata, which are in an abundance index of 2-3 on the Blanquet scale that tells us that it belongs to a medium abundant and abundant cover, Therefore, it was determined that Disterigma empetrifolium has a cover between 25-50%, thus concluding that it is in index 3 on Blanquet's scale, and Gaultheria glomerata was found in a percentage of 5-25%, concluding that this species is in index 2 on Blanquet's scale.
      PubDate: 2023-04-01
      DOI: 10.31876/er.v7i45.839
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 45 (2023)
       
  • Importance of internal cash and vault control in a segment five credit
           union

    • Authors: Wuilian Franklin Nieto Dorado
      Abstract: The elements of internal control ensure efficiency and effectiveness in financial intermediation operations. The research was developed in a savings and credit cooperative in the city of Ambato - Ecuador, controlled by the Superintendence of Popular and Solidarity Economy SEPS. Glimpsing some elements of internal control - COSO I. Savings and credit cooperatives receive cash deposits, deliver credit and issue payment cards. The leverage of institutional progress, forces to the multiplicity of offers and non-financial financial products, which operationally causes risks, before this, the management of the internal control assures the normative fulfillment and the reasonableness in the cash and vault reports. The objective of the work is to design an Internal Control Manual for the effectiveness of cash and vault operations. Data were collected using empirical methods and risks in cash management were found. An internal control manual was implemented, outlining policies and procedures for proper cash and vault management. It also indicates the professional profile; human talent selection process; operational and accounting cash activities. And the regulations for the custody of cash.
      PubDate: 2023-04-01
      DOI: 10.31876/er.v7i45.837
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 45 (2023)
       
  • Analysis of the global scientific production on virtual reality as a
           marketing tool in Scopus

    • Authors: Nube Estefanía Venegas Sánchez, Diego Vinicio Orellana Bueno, Maria Del Pilar Cabrera Hermida, Pablo Javier Pérez Jara
      Abstract: The aim of this study was to describe the global scientific production on virtual reality as a marketing tool contained in the SCOPUS database, in order to map its trends and implications. The study is descriptive and cross-sectional under a bibliometric approach. The results respond to the analysis of bibliometric indicators of production, visibility, impact and collaboration. It is concluded that between 1993 and 2021 there is a total of 1046 articles that address the topic of virtual reality as a marketing tool, showing a sustained increase in its scientific production, demonstrating the interest in its study in recent decades.
      PubDate: 2023-04-01
      DOI: 10.31876/er.v7i45.840
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 45 (2023)
       
  • Public transportation in the DMQ by geography and incidence

    • Authors: Guillermo Gorky Reyes Campaña, Stefano Sebastián Ureña Nuñez, Santiago Rubén Miranda Jijon
      Abstract: Excessive traffic and the need to move around have created social, infrastructure, time and coverage problems due to the value currently provided by urban transportation. The objective of this study is to analyze the incidence of public transportation in the DMQ according to the variable considered geographically and the way in which it affects fuel consumption. Through a descriptive analysis of the factors that affect fuel consumption, data was collected from three transportation routes, each with different geographic characteristics to determine an average consumption in each route. The fuel consumption of route 3 (Ofelia/Marín) was determined to be adequate according to the study, where route 3, with its geographic conditions and greater distance compared to the others, has an ideal driving performance close to constant speeds. It is concluded that fuel consumption is affected by the type of driving of the vehicle as well as the geographic conditions present in the DMQ, however, the percentage of profit of each operator affects citizens who seek to reduce transportation costs by using public transportation.
      PubDate: 2023-04-01
      DOI: 10.31876/er.v7i45.838
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 45 (2023)
       
  • Explaining preparedness towards hydrometeorological hazards. An
           exploratory study in Mexico

    • Authors: Lourdes Loza-Hernandez, Pilar Arroyo
      Abstract: This study explores how the threat and appraisal constructs proposed by the Protection Motivation Theory affect preparedness behavior towards hydrometeorological hazards contingent to the confidence on the governmental support, the individual’s social vulnerability, and his/her previous experience with a natural threat. Data from an online survey of residents of two Mexican coastal counties was used to provide empirical support to the conceptual model developed. The analytical results of structural equation modelling indicate that a high confidence in the authorities’ support has a non-significant effect on preventive behaviors but negatively affects the perceived coping selfefficacy of socially vulnerable individuals. Additionally, preparedness behavior is triggered by risk or coping factors depending on the previous experience with an hydrometeorological hazard. These findings advise to 1) better manage the expectations of socially disadvantaged residents regarding the governmental assistance by improving their self-protection ability towards natural threats, and 2) offset the decreased risk perception of households who are exposed to hydrometeorological warnings regularly. The main limitation of this study is the small purposing sample used to empirically validate the model proposed. An extensive study based on a probabilistic sample of coastal communities of Mexico is recommended to confirm the findings of this exploratory research.
      PubDate: 2023-04-01
      DOI: 10.31876/er.v7i45.841
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 45 (2023)
       
 
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