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ISSN (Online) 2525-3409
Published by Universidade Federal de Itajubá Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Educational strategy in patients with chronic heart failure

    • Authors: Tânia Pavão Oliveira Rocha, Darci Ramos Fernandes, José Albuquerque Neto, Jorgileia Braga Melo, Kátia Maria Sousa de Deus, Glauce Oliveira Lima Gonçalves, Arthurieta Silva, Lise Coutinho, Maria Paula Rocha Machado, Ricardo Mourilhe-Rocha
      Abstract: Heart failure (HF) is considered a serious public health problem whose high prevalence is associated with population aging and improvements in treatment. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of an educational strategy on quality of life and adherence to outpatient treatment of patients with chronic heart failure. This is a randomized clinical study, divided into intervention (IG) and control (CG) groups by means of simple random sampling. All data were analyzed using STATA 14.0 and the significance level of p<0.05. The study was approved by the Research Ethics Committee. Based on the results, the comparison between the groups after the educational intervention showed statistical significance only in the assessment of quality of life using the WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire, in the psychological and environmental dimensions. However, no statistical differences were reported in treatment adherence scores between the groups after the intervention. The quality of life (QoL) rating by the Minnesota Living With Heart Failure Questionnaire (MLHFQ) after 12 months of intervention, that patients classified with good QoL increased from 33.3% to 57.41%, with moderate QoL increased from 31 .48% to 38.89% and with poor QOL there was a reduction of approximately 90%.
      PubDate: 2022-11-27
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37520
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Secondary infections caused by ESKAPE group bacteria and impact on the
           health of patients with Covid-19 complications – an integrative review

    • Authors: Edlainny Araujo Ribeiro, Gleykciana Cavalcante Torres, Grazielly Ferreira Rodrigues, Joicy Araujo Gomes Alves
      Abstract: Introduction: Bacterial resistance described for the ESKAPE group is a considerable problem for global health that results in social, economic and mainly health damages. Objectives: To describe the harm associated with the health of hospitalized patients with complications from COVID-19 inherent to co-infections caused by the ESKAPE bacterial group. Methodology: This is an integrative literature review, studies were searched in the National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health (PubMed) and Science Direct, using the PRISMA method, articles published between the years 2020 were included and 2021, in English. Results: The sample consisted of 17 articles, in which the occurrence of the ESKAPE group and inherent damage to the health of patients with COVID-19 was detected. Methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA), followed by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), Klebsiella pneumoniae and Enterococcus spp. were the main bacteria reported. The main damages inherent to the COVID-ESKAPE association were the prolonged hospitalization time, bacterial resistance to antimicrobials and a higher mortality rate. Conclusion: Therefore, the association between the presence of bacteria from the ESKAPE group and the inherent health damages of patients with COVID-19 cannot be underestimated. It is necessary to follow up with new studies to prevent diseases and promote health based on information about the main complications, promoting interventions and reducing the morbidity and mortality of these patients.
      PubDate: 2022-11-27
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37997
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Evaluation of pH and total soluble solid (ºbrix) on the cariogenic and
           erosive potential of milk powder infantile formula

    • Authors: Romulo de Oliveira Sales Junior, João Eduardo Gomes-Filho, Wanderson Carvalho de Almeida, Maria Dolores de Moura Bezerra, Carlos Alberto Monteiro Falcão, Maria Ângela Arêa Leão Ferraz
      Abstract: The objective of this study is to analyze the influence of pH and the amount of Total Soluble Solids on the ºBrix scale on the cariogenic and erosive potential of powdered infant formula. This is a laboratory study with 5 brands of powdered infant formula for children aged 6 to 36 months. Brands with intact packaging, stored in cool places and within the expiry date for consumption were included. Obtaining the Brixº was performed by refractometer and pH with a pHmeter with a cycle of three repetitions. Of the five brands tested, the sugar levels on the ºBrix scale were between 10.67 and 12.0, with all maras having total carbohydrate values ​​between 9.0 and 14.0 g, which are considered healthy. Regarding the pH, four had a pH lower than 7, being considered acidic and all above the critical pH (5.5) for dissolution of dental structures. It was concluded that by measuring pH and sugars on the Brixº scale, the brands analyzed were within acceptable standards for maintaining oral health, making these two factors positive determinants so as not to influence the cariogenic and/or erosive potential of milk powder infant formula.
      PubDate: 2022-11-27
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37063
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Sexual function, quality of life and symptoms of anxiety and depression in
           kidney transplant recipients

    • Authors: Darci Ramos Fernandes, Gleysle Ramos Pereira, Tânia Pavão Oliveira Rocha, Elizabeth Santos de Andrade Malheiros, Mara Alessandra Pereira Moreira, Vívian Brito Silva, Rita da Graça Carvalhal Frazão Corrêa, Sueli Coelho da Silva Carneiro
      Abstract: Objective: to associate sexual function, quality of life (QOL), symptoms of anxiety and depression with sociodemographic and clinical aspects in kidney transplant recipients. Methods: Cross-sectional study carried out in the northeast of Brazil, in a reference University Hospital in the state of Maranhão for performing transplants, data collected from January to December 2019, sample of 240 kidney transplant recipients, > 18 years in time of transplantation, regular outpatient follow-up; quality of life, sexual function, anxiety symptoms and depression were assessed using WHOQOL-bref, Sexual Quotient – male version (QSM) and female version (QSF), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Measurement Scale (HADS); normality assumptions were evaluated by the Shapiro Wilk test, comparison of means was used Student t-test for independent samples or Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) with post-hoc Bonferroni, in the absence of normality, Mann Whitney and Kruskal Wallis with post hoc Dunnet. Results: participants had a mean age of 42 years, 123 women had lower scores for general QOL (p=0.001), low general sexual function (p<0.001), higher levels of anxiety symptoms (p = 0.002) and depressive symptoms (p < 0.001); sexual function and QOL negatively influenced by sociodemographic and clinical characteristics. Conclusion: it is important to emphasize the need to specify with more clarity about personal, environmental and clinical factors that negatively influence QOL outcomes, therefore, a better understanding of these factors is essential to develop interventions that improve QOL and sexual function in the context of transplantation and minimize symptoms of anxiety and depression.
      PubDate: 2022-11-27
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37814
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Profile of women submitted to tubal laqueuration in public maternity in
           the municipality of Palmas, Tocantins

    • Authors: Barbara Sales Melo, Herika Eduarda Mota Nascimento, Lívia Gomes Barreto Araújo, Mariana Ribeiro Martins, Yamba Carla Pereira
      Abstract: Introduction: Tubal sterilization emerged as a method of fertility control and is a surgery for definitive sterilization. Female sterilization is one of the most effective methods, with a low risk of failure, with less than one pregnancy per 100 women occurring in the first year after the sterilization procedure (5 per 1,000). Objective: To analyze the profile of women undergoing tubal ligation at Hospital Maternidade Dona Regina Siqueira Campos (HMDR) in 2021 in Palmas, Tocantins, Brazil. Methods: Descriptive and documentary study, with a cross-sectional quantitative and qualitative approach, and the study was based on data from the statistical analysis sector of the Hospital e Maternidade Dona Regina (HMDR) of women who underwent tubal ligation in the year 2021 Results: Of the 409 In the analyzed sterilization patients, more than half were in a union – married or in a stable union, and the rest were single or divorced women. The average age of women who underwent the tubal ligation procedure in the city of Palmas-TO was 32.3 years. The highest incidence occurred between the ages of 31 to 35 years and the lowest between 19 to 21 years. In all age groups, the average number of pregnancies of the 409 women analyzed in the study was greater than 3. Conclusion: The women's lack of knowledge about the family planning law nº 9.263/96 may explain the high rate of choice of performing the tubal ligation procedure as a contraceptive method.
      PubDate: 2022-11-27
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37935
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Beliefs about dental whitening among dental students and Dentists

    • Authors: Gabriel Teixeira Linhares Rangel, Flavia Braga de Oliveira, Larissa Costa Freitas, Camila Moreira Lima, Fabiola Pessôa Pereira Leite, Jean Soares Miranda
      Abstract: Objective: to verify and compare the level of information about tooth whitening among dental students and Dentists. Materials and methods: 29 academics and 39 dentists (CD) participated of the research. A remote questionnaire was applied containing questions related to the use of LED device, white diet, reservoirs in the whitening tray, anti-inflammatory drugs, "over the counter" whitening, the possibility of performing whitening in patients who are still undergoing orthodontic treatment, the time interval indicated between whitening appointments and the time for replace the restorations after the end of the whitening treatment. The data obtained were analyzed in a descriptive way and through the application of the t test (α = 0.05).Results: For most questions, similar answers were obtained between the two groups, except for the questions regarding the time interval indicated between in-office whitening appointments (p < 0.01); regarding the use of anti-inflammatory drugs prior to this procedure in order to reduce postoperative sensitivity (p < 0.01); and about the time needed to replace the dental restorations after the end of the treatment (p < 0.01). Conclusion: the research showed that many "myths" about tooth whitening are still widespread, such as the impossibility of whitening the teeth of patients who still undergo conventional orthodontic treatment and the need of a white diet. Those beliefs must be demystified to conduct evidence-based dentistry.
      PubDate: 2022-11-27
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37548
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Renal function decline and impact on vitamin D levels, parathyroid hormone
           and control of calcemia and phosphataemia

    • Authors: Maria Olivia Amaral Tavares, Sergio Henrique Nascente Costa, Thalyta Renata Araújo Santos Rodrigues, Isabela Cinquini Junqueira
      Abstract: This study is descriptive where the initial population was 7,895 patients, being first characterized according to the reference of each exam and classified in below, within and above the reference intervals. Then, those who performed, together, the dosages of vitamin D, creatinine and eGFR were filtered, for which the median, standard deviation, minimum and maximum were calculated, in addition to the classification into six groups, according to KDIGO (Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes), considering the gender variable. For each group, the results of vitamin D were statistically analyzed, in which a significant difference was observed for males with p = 0.032 between G1 and G2 and p = 0.0012 between G1 and G3a, and no significant difference was observed for females . Standard and mean deviations were also calculated for the other tests in order to compare the results between the groups, an increase in the mean of PTH levels was noted as the GFR worsened, that is, G1 = 44.76 pg/mL (±10 .99); G2 = 61.63pg/mL (±24.93); G3a = 62.1 (±43.95); G3b = 65.5 pg/mL (±42.71); G4 = 94.11 pg/mL (±67.97); G5 = 464.5 (±529.63). The results show that there is a renal influence on hormone-mineral metabolism, due to increased PTH levels with the worsening of CKD and fluctuation in vitamin D levels, however many of the evaluated patients have other medical conditions, such as heart disease, diabetes, among others, in addition to the use of medication, or even vitamin D replacement, which can influence the results of the exams.
      PubDate: 2022-11-27
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37394
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Application of the Arch of Maguerez in the dressing room of a Basic Health
           Unit: experience report

    • Authors: Sara Laodicéia Queiroz da Silva de Oliveira, Tatiany Cristine Silva
      Abstract: Objective: to report the experience of applying the Arc of Maguerez in the organization of the dressing room in an objective, effective and easy-to-follow way for the professionals of the nursing teams of a basic health unit. Method: experience report through the Arc of Charles Maguerez, in the perspective and adaptation of Berbel. Results and discussion: Applied the five stages of the Arc of Maguerez. In which the impacts that the lack and disorganization of materials generate in care practice were observed; key points were raised; after critical reflection, a search was carried out for safe information that provided theoretical support; and proposed hypotheses to solve the problem with its subsequent application to reality. Conclusion: The present study allowed us to report a successful experience in the context of the organization of nursing services in a basic health unit in the Federal District supported by the Active Methodology.
      PubDate: 2022-11-27
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37690
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • The importance of functional nutrition, and its role during breast cancer
           treatment

    • Authors: Vanuza Ramos Flores, Jânio Sousa Santos
      Abstract: Functional foods, when consumed properly, possibly play a fundamental role in addition to nutritional value, which will help in the prevention and treatment of autoimmune, chronic non-infectious diseases, thus reducing the risk of disease proliferation. Flaxseed is a protective vegetable that has been scientifically shown to be characterized by its importance with beneficial effects against breast cancer and others, which has a high prevalence in the world population, preventing the development of the pathology or through prevention so that they can adopt behaviors healthy. Thus, the present work describes the main components of flaxseed and its active effects that can contribute to the prevention and control of breast cells. For this, a bibliographic review of the literature in scientific articles, studies in official bodies in the search in databases published between 2009 to 2021. The complexity of this treatment through functional nutrition is a challenge, where you will have a planning and strategies so that they can adopt healthy behaviors.
      PubDate: 2022-11-27
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37409
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Main aspects of oral and maxillofacial surgery in the patient under
           bisphosphonate therapy

    • Authors: Rafael Meneses Bomfim, Wanessa Maurício da Silva, Kimberly Damazio Tiburcio, Jamesson dos Santos Celestino, Ana Letícia de Albuquerque Oliveira , Yanca dos Santos, Talita Gomes Diniz, Rhuan Alexandre Pereira da Silva, Ana Lúcia de Matos Paz, Davi Torquato Dantas
      Abstract: Bisphosphonates are a class of compounds used to treat many different medical conditions. Its use has increased dramatically in recent years as new indications for its use have emerged. Current indications include the treatment of multiple myeloma, hypercalcemia, osteolytic lesions of metastatic disease, Paget's disease, and, most commonly, osteoporosis. While these drugs are beneficial, a significant and potentially devastating complication - osteonecrosis of the jaws - has been reported termed bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis (BRON), and has been increasingly recognized. In this context, this study aims to carry out a literature review regarding the main aspects of oral and maxillofacial surgery in patients undergoing therapy with bisphosphonates, and to report the clinical manifestations of mandibular osteonecrosis related to the drug in question. In order to achieve this objective, a bibliographical survey was carried out in the databases SciVerse Scopus, Scientific Electronic Library Online (Scielo), U.S. National Library of Medicine (PUBMED) and ScienceDirect. The results indicate that, with the increasing use of bisphosphonates in the female population, BRON of the mandible is likely to be an increasing problem that will require complex treatment and management by oral and maxillofacial surgeons. As such, our expertise will be critical in providing answers to difficult questions of management and treatment outcomes. Unfortunately, at this time, only palliative care can be offered to patients suffering from this potentially devastating process. Increased awareness and vigilance can reduce potential complications. More studies looking at specific risk factors may help prevent this process before it starts.
      PubDate: 2022-11-27
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37839
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Quality assessment of samples from Peppermint (mentha piperita)
           commercialized in Feira de Santana-Bahia

    • Authors: Caio João Nery da Silva Carneiro, Hamilton Sena Bastos Neto, Ivana Miranda Maciel, Lázaro da Silva Rios, Robson Dias de Souza
      Abstract: Peppermint (Mentha piperita) is one of the most popular and used plant species in the world in its various commercially available forms, such as tea leaves, essential oils and extracts. It has a range of actions in the body, and can be used to treat headaches, gastrointestinal disorders and respiratory deficiencies, in addition to helping with biliary disorders, dyspepsia and enteritis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality of peppermint samples sold in different herbalists located in Feira de Santana, Bahia. Four samples were analyzed (in bulk and in sachets), using tests of organoleptic characteristics, moisture content, total ash and presence of foreign materials. Most of the samples do not present satisfactory results, deviating from the standards established in the literature. Samples A and B (bulk) failed in the foreign material, total ash and moisture content tests, while C (sachet) failed in ash content and D (sachet) in foreign matter and total ash. Samples that suffer quality deviation are subject to loss of effectiveness and potential induction of poisoning.
      PubDate: 2022-11-27
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37914
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Evaluation of the predominant musculoskeletal diseases in participants of
           a chronic pain group in a UBS in Ceilândia

    • Authors: Karolyna Veloso Rodrigues, Caroline Jonas Rezaghi Ricomini Nunes
      Abstract: Chronic is defined as a sensory and emotional experience, being subjective in each individual, based on their traumatic experiences, being persistent, continuous or recurrent events, lasting at least three months and of a biopsychosocial nature. The study aimed to control the duration, intensity and locations of the most frequent musculoskeletal pain in participants of a chronic pain group at a UBS in Ceilândia - Distrito Federal. Eight people were interviewed, between 4 people and 8 years old, and one person was applied to obtain personal information, life habits, previous treatments and healthy aspects. To measure pain intensity, use the Visual Analog Scale (VAS), it is a 10 cm straight line, where zero indicates no pain and 10 the worst possible. An analysis of the results showed that the average response score of the participants' general quality of life, of 6.37 points in the first period and 6.25 in the second period and data collection, and the best quality of life observed in the physical and psychological factors in the second period when compared to the first period and in the environmental domain. Regarding the predominant pain in the group that was studied in relation to musculoskeletal pain, the spine was related to the segment that is most affected by pain.
      PubDate: 2022-11-27
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37784
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Dental changes in patients with cleft lip and palate: a systematic review
           of the literature

    • Authors: Lara Lima Marques, Lucas Castelo Branco Ikejiri, Juliana Tomaz Sganzerla
      Abstract: Cleft lip and palate (CLP) are the most frequent craniofacial anomalies that affect human beings, and may affect the upper lip, nose and palate. Its etiology is linked to a multifactorial origin, comprising genetic and environmental factors. Dental anomalies are frequent in CLP patients, and can be observed: supernumerary teeth, tooth agenesis, microdontia, enamel defects, delay in tooth formation and eruption, among others. The role of the dental surgeon is fundamental in a multidisciplinary team to establish early diagnosis and adequate treatment for this type of patient. The aim of this study is to describe the most common dental alterations in patients with CLP, through a systematic review of the literature.
      PubDate: 2022-11-27
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37697
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Photodynamic therapy with laser therapy in the treatment of chronic
           periodontitis

    • Authors: Fernanda Costa da Silva Castelo Branco, Sérgio Ricardo Rafacho Esteves
      Abstract: Periodontitis is a disease that affects the supporting tissues around the tooth that leads to tissue destruction and tooth loss, due to microbial inflammation caused by dental biofilm. Periodontitis, in the 1999 Classification, is divided into chronic and aggressive, and can be further divided into localized and generalized. The objective of this scope is to carry out an integrative literature review to verify the importance and effectiveness of laser therapy and photodynamic therapy in the treatment of periodontitis. In the treatment of periodontitis, commitment must be made by both the professional and the patient, who must maintain strict oral hygiene while the dentist performs a supra and subgingival scaling "if necessary" in the office, associated with root planing and a systematic periodic control. Photodynamic therapy is the association of laser light with a photoactive dye, the photosensitizer that with the laser radiates to the bacterial cells generating energy in the oxygen molecules of the bacterial cell forming a reactive oxygen, the singlet oxygen that destroys the biological system, causing death of the cell, causing the best disinfection of the root surface. Dyes applied to epithelial and connective tissue do not cause damage to these tissues, and chromophore dyes such as methylene blue and toluidine blue can be used in the treatment of periodontitis and peri-implantitis, as they affect Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria.
      PubDate: 2022-11-27
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37897
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Applications of polymer-based membranes in the treatment of skin wounds:
           An integrative review

    • Authors: Maria Eduarda Alves da Nóbrega, Brenda Beatriz Torres de Oliveira, Luciana Ramos Teixeira, Tharcia Kiara Beserra de Oliveira
      Abstract: Objective: To investigate the healing potential of skin wounds and its influence on treatment time with the use of polymer-based membranes. Methodology: To reach the intended objective, the study carried out research based on an Integrative Literature Review, through articles in the search bases in publications indexed in the following Virtual Health Library (BVS) and Pubmed databases, from 2018 to 2022 , through health descriptors with the Boolean operator AND: polymers, healing, wounds. Results: As a result, it was understood that the use of polymers in skin wounds has been used as a chemical joint, in order to increase the structural integrity of the membranes. The membranes used in the studies allowed an important decrease in the pain condition of the treated patients, without the occurrence of high infections. However, consolidation techniques need to occur for the length of stay. Conclusion: In cases where skin wounds are exaggerated, these techniques may have cytotoxic tendencies, preventing resorption and causing material failures. positive or not in healing.
      PubDate: 2022-11-27
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37583
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Nursing care for women in abortion situation: integrative review

    • Authors: Amanda Costa Sousa Dantas, Geysielle Larissa Macedo dos Santos, Raquel Vilanova Araujo
      Abstract: Abortion is defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as the expulsion of a lifeless fetus weighted less than 500g, which can be spontaneous or induced. It was taken as a goal here to identify in literature the nursing care provided to women in abortion situation. It is a Literature Integrative Review, accessed in August 2022, using academic papers published in the following bibliographic databases: Virtual Health Library (VHL), LILACS, MEDLINE, and BDENF. 81 research articles were found and added to 6 others from the present researchers’ personal archive, which after applying inclusion and exclusion criteria resulted in a sample of 11 articles selected according to the specifications of this research. It was observed that the care provided to these women still occurs in a discriminatory manner, opposing the guidelines of the Code of Ethics of the profession. Furthermore, abortion is a controversial and discriminatory issue for which humanized care by health professionals to women undergoing this process was perceived to be fundamental. It was also found that most professionals work according to their own set of principles, offering negligent assistance to these women in need of judgment-free care and support with dignity and respect for their rights.
      PubDate: 2022-11-27
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37826
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Influence of centrifugal force on the release kinetics of growth factors
           in platelet-rich and leukocyte-rich fibrin network in healthy humans

    • Authors: Roberto Fernandes Pacheco, Antônio Luis Neto Custódio , Daniela Martins de Souza, Carolina Lúcia de Oliveira Pacheco, José Ricardo de Albergaria-Barbosa
      Abstract: Dentistry is increasingly advanced in the use of biomaterials in various areas of activity. Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) is an example of this advance, but despite this, there are still many gaps regarding the full biological potential of this material. The crucial issue for the quality, applicability and function of PRF is linked to the way in which this material is obtained. Changes in the centrifugation process can change the composition of this biomaterial and also its form of tissue activation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of velocity and centrifugal force on the kinetics of growth factor release by human PRF. Materials and methods: For the development of the study, peripheral blood samples from healthy patients were used and this material was subjected to three protocols with different centrifugation forces: 400g, 800g and 200g. The PRFs obtained were grown in sterile cell culture medium and evaluated at times: 15 minutes, 1 day, 3 days and 7 days. Growth factors were detected by the ELISA method and quantified in all protocols. From the results obtained, it was seen that only the growth factor EGF showed significant differences (p=0.044) in changes in centrifugal force at the times evaluated. The other factors showed changes in detection over the days. Conclusion: These variations in the protocol do not interfere in the detection of most growth factors, which gives the professional confidence in obtaining the potential of the material, even with small variations in its processing form.
      PubDate: 2022-11-27
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.36709
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Extension actions to promote mental health in Primary Health Care:
           experience report

    • Authors: Thifany Aparecida de Souza Nunes , Ahbya Stefanny Elias da Silva, Rayenne Jamylle da Silva Farias , Isadora da Silva Castro , Alan Cardec Barbosa, Marcos Vítor Naves Carrijo
      Abstract: This study aims to describe the extension activities carried out in a Basic Health Unit on topics related to mental health. This is an experience report of actions carried out in a Basic Health Unit on topics related to mental health, by academics and professors of the fourth semester of the nursing course at the Centro Universitário do Vale do Araguaia (UNIVAR). The activities, which were organized and carried out, were carried out from August to September 2022. Four conversation circle actions were carried out in a Basic Health Unit, addressing the themes; anxiety, depression, drug abuse prevention and suicide prevention. In order to carry out these actions, informative folders are created on the themes and dynamics of interaction. In total, around 103 individuals were assisted, including academics, professors, users and professionals of the health system. In this way, it is concluded that extension activities are presented as a potential strategy for the insertion of academics in the midst of Nursing praxis. The organization, planning and execution of the actions were carried out entirely by the academics with supervision and suggestions from the professors, it is worth adding that in view of the actions carried out by the academics, it was possible to perceive aggregation of skills in the curriculum and training of the same, such as: communication, manual dexterity, teamwork, proactivity, humanized bonding with the patient, organization and planning, clinical reasoning and decision-making capacity.
      PubDate: 2022-11-27
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37684
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • The use of technologies by university professors

    • Authors: Bianca Oriá Almada de Aquino, Régis Barroso Silva, Thomás Samuel Simonian, Davi Hedder Sousa Gomes, Paulo Goberlânio de Barros Silva, Ariany Claudio Lima Mota, Sabrina Gomes Aguiar, Cláudia Maria Costa de Oliveira, Kristopherson Lustosa Augusto , Marcos Kubrusly
      Abstract: The need to change from the traditional teaching model to the virtual one due to the social isolation leads to discussions about maximizing the use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) in education. This study aimed to evaluate the profile of the use of technologies in education and the acceptance and resistance to the use of ICT by faculty members in higher education in health during the COVID-19 pandemic. This study is a quantitative observational cross-sectional study, carried out from March to December 2020, with the universe of investigation being all the teachers linked to the undergraduate level courses in the health area of a higher education institution. The results show that of all the professionals surveyed (n = 248), 46.4% (n = 115) had already had access to knowledge or some training in ICT. When comparing data from before and during the pandemic, we observed a significant increase in the indicators of teachers' experience in remote classes (from 5.2% to 72.2%), knowledge about virtual learning resources (from 8,1% to 60.9%), consideration of the importance of knowledge about ICT (from 46.4% to 98.4%) and training in the area (from 19.4% to 55.7%), besides the reduction in the level of difficulty of teachers regarding the change from the traditional model to the technological one (from 26.6% to 3.6%). We conclude that most teachers improved their acceptance of ICT use during the pandemic. The transition from the traditional to the virtual model positively impacted this process.
      PubDate: 2022-11-27
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37428
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Reflexes of the pandemic on personal physical training in southern Brazil

    • Authors: Cati Reckelberg Azambuja, Daniela Lopes dos Santos
      Abstract: Objective: to analyze the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the routine of Personal Trainers (PTs) in southern Brazil. Methods: by invitation on social networks, 79 PTs (38 women; 41 men; aged 20 to 69 years) answered a questionnaire available on Google Forms during the months of April and May/2020, with questions about characterization, professional performance and physical exercise routine. Results: There was a decrease in clients both for less experienced PTs (92%) and for those with longer experience (68%); the most used digital technology used for training was WhatsApp (81%); most of the PTs (79%) believe that the intensity of virtual training is much lower, but that the method will continue to be used after the pandemic period. Conclusion: social isolation imposed by the pandemic impacted in a negative manner the work of PTs, reducing clients, forcing the use of remote methodologies and altering the PTs' physical exercise routine.
      PubDate: 2022-11-27
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37106
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • The importance of pharmaceutical care in the use of medicinal plants in
           patients with systemic arterial hypertension: a literature review

    • Authors: Gabriela Damares de França Costa, Salatiel Henrique Pereira de Lima, Priscyla Lima de Andrade, Liliane Bezerra de Lima, Glauciane Valeska da Silva
      Abstract: Pharmaceutical care is the set of actions performed by the pharmacist, in collaboration with other health professionals, which aim to promote the rational use of medicines and the maintenance of treatment effectiveness and safety. Hypertension is a cardiovascular disease of high prevalence among the population, characterizing a significant risk factor for morbidity and mortality. Faced with this problem, many patients with hypertension use medicinal plants for treatment, based on empirical knowledge. However, the misuse of medicinal plants, regardless of their origin, can cause problems such as: alterations in blood pressure, drug interactions, damage to the central nervous system, liver, and kidneys, which can lead to hospitalization and even death, depending on how they are used. In view of this problem, pharmaceutical care in the use of medicinal plants is of great relevance to avoid possible undesirable effects. The aim of this study was to identify and report the importance of pharmaceutical care in the use of medicinal plants in patients with systemic arterial hypertension. The present work is a literature review with consultation in SciELO, PubMed, LILACS and Google academic databases. During the search, 44 articles were selected in Portuguese and English, published in the last five years. Also, 10 medicinal plant species were selected that contain drug interactions and antihypertensive potential. Based on the results presented, we conclude that the use of medicinal plants in the treatment of systemic arterial hypertension, when oriented and accompanied by the professional pharmacist, is very safe and effective.
      PubDate: 2022-11-27
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37790
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • The importance of oral hygiene care in schools

    • Authors: Jéssica Wellen da Silva Moura, Patrícia Souza de Melo, Gabriela de Figueiredo Meira, Juliana Lopes de Sá
      Abstract: Introduction: Dental caries and periodontal disease are the most common oral diseases in adolescents within the school population. In Brazil, little is known about the behavior and knowledge practices in oral health among school-age children. Objective: Thus, the objective of this study is to carry out a literature review with scientific evidence related to the importance of oral hygiene in children. Methodology: A qualitative review was chosen, whose data collection was carried out in October 2021. Results: results show that the school environment can choose, and also from literature, choose an environment. physical and mental health. Results and Discussions: Children from public schools were 3.8 times morem likely to have caries than more private schools; caries that assess determining factors for related oral health studies are considered to be key on the public oral health and management agenda, which plan interventions to promote oral health, very important. Conclusion: It is concluded that oral health education programs should be carried out school-wide on a large scale, and even parents should also be part of such educational programs.
      PubDate: 2022-11-27
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37924
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Review of the botanical, chemical, pharmacological and toxicological
           aspects of Tridax procumbens L.

    • Authors: Miriam Teixeira Alves Damasceno Ramos, Cledson dos Santos Magalhães, Alex Lucena de Vasconcelos, Karina Perrelli Randau
      Abstract: Medicinal plants, historically, are used by man in the prevention and cure of diseases. Due to their therapeutic properties, they are important instruments for pharmaceutical care and their valuation is guided by the World Health Organization. For example, Tridax procumbens L, belonging to the Asteraceae family, popularly known as erva-de-touro, has leaves and flowers with therapeutic activities. Therefore, the present study aimed to carry out a narrative review of the botanical, chemical, pharmacological and toxicological aspects of T. procumbens. In this way, a variety of chemical constituents of the studied species can be identified, encompassing the presence of saturated and unsaturated fatty acids, alkaloids, carbohydrates, polyphenols and tannins. These are possibly related to pharmacological and biological activities, where it was possible to verify the antimicrobial, anticoagulant, anticancer and anti-inflammatory and larvicidal activities. In relation to toxicological tests, they showed that T. procumbens did not show toxicity, even at high concentrations, showing a high margin of safety. Thus, this set of information demonstrates the importance of this species. However, further studies on chemical compounds, pharmacological and biological activities of Organs vegetative and reproductive organs of the species are necessary since they may have the potential to encourage incorporation in future studies.
      PubDate: 2022-11-27
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37834
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Pedagogical Practices supported by Virtual Laboratories in the
           Teaching-Learning Process of Physics: A systematic review of the
           literature

    • Authors: Dúlcio Jaoquim António Timóteo, Manuel Joaquim Silva de Oliveira, Alberto Bastos do Canto Filho, José Valdeni de Lima, Liane Margarida Rockenbach Tarouco
      Abstract: This article aimed to make a Systematic Literature Review (RSL) on the pedagogical practices used in the teaching-learning process of Physics, assisted by Virtual Laboratories. For the advancement of the research, we first tried to realize that related research was done and subsequently the RSL was done in the period between 2011 and 2021, in Portuguese and English. To this end, Parsifal is used, which is an online tool designed to support researchers in conducting systematic reviews of the literature. The RSL followed the protocol proposed by (Kitchenham, 2004), composed three steps, namely: planning execution and analysis of results. As results, it was found that most of the studies have the purpose of comparing the pedagogical performance of students comparing two groups (experimental and control) using pre-test and post-test without worrying about studying the effectiveness and efficiency of pedagogical practices used in the performance of experimental activities. Of the 28 articles analyzed, it was found that differentiated pedagogical practices were used and the one that stood out was the POE strategy (Predict, Observe and Explain) with a total of 7 articles.
      PubDate: 2022-11-27
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37280
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Benign prostatic hyperplasia prevention: from a nursing perspective

    • Authors: Arilane Salino Dias, Rafael Renan Rego da Costa, Angela Raquel Fonseca de Almeida, Marilia Miranda Pereira, Ítalo José Batista Pinto, Elenita Furtado de Souza, Gabriela Santos Figueiredo , Crislane Oliveira da Silva , Graciana de Sousa Lopes
      Abstract: Objective: To discuss the challenges of benign prostatic hyperplasia prevention in primary care. Materials and Methods: This is an integrated literature review study. For data collection virtual research libraries were used: online scientific electronic library (SCIELO), Latin American and Caribbean Literature on Health Sciences (LILACS), "National Library of Medicine" (PubMed). Results: Studies highlighting the difficulties and challenges faced by nurses in the prevention of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia in Primary Health Care are the lack of government resources, financial resources, and management of health care units. Conclusion: It is necessary that nursing professionals act actively in the communities where they provide assistance, to perform the nursing consultation and emphasize that primary health care has the following functions: prevention, promotion, early detection and palliative care to patients diagnosed with Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia. In addition, it is the patient's right to receive health care services through the Unified Health System (UHS).
      PubDate: 2022-11-27
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37818
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Esthetic rehabilitation possibilities in pediatric dentistry: literature
           review

    • Authors: Júlia Gabriela Melo Borba, Fabrício Campos Machado
      Abstract: The rehabilitation of destroyed teeth aims to reestablish the function and esthetics of patients. Thanks to the improvement of dentistry, various restorative possibilities can be used in dentistry. The rehabilitating materials and restorative techniques in the current era are vast, so the choice of technique has to fit the patient biologically, aesthetically, functionally, financially and psychologically. The aim of this work is to examine the aesthetic rehabilitative possibilities in pediatric dentistry, considering the various techniques and materials for this purpose, and to provide education and awareness regarding the importance of maintaining good oral health. The development of this study was based on a narrative review of the literature, in which the guiding question of the study was: "What are the best rehabilitative techniques to recover the aesthetics and functionality of anterior teeth and what are the problems that the destruction of these teeth brings to the child's life'". The searches were performed using the PubMed and VHL databases, and data were collected by reading the abstracts and the full texts. Based on this, it is clear that there are several alternatives that can be used to restore the aesthetics and/or function of a tooth that has been compromised, either by trauma or by carious lesion, including resin restorations, acetate crowns and zirconium crowns. Thus, it is up to the pediatric dentist together with the family to decide which is the best choice among the materials available for the treatment of the child.
      PubDate: 2022-11-27
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37523
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • ASD - Early diagnosis with reflections on the quality of life of the child
           and family

    • Authors: Waldileia Iriarte Mercado
      Abstract: The article aims to present inclusive approaches that result in discussions and debates on the importance of an early diagnosis in favor of an agile and quick intervention of the child with Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) to develop their social interaction and quality of life together with their family. Presenting potential benefits to develop and integrate socially and educationally, starting from the first stage of basic education, early childhood education, presenting treatment possibilities with gains in inclusion, learning, quality of life, health and well-being, which will be aggregated as value and lifelong development. A descriptive and qualitative bibliographic reference method was sought, touching on the relevance and importance for the child to be treated and worked on in their cognitive, affective, sensorial and motor development and to obtain their inclusive independence and quality of life. The content is instructional and qualifying so that professionals and future professionals are aware and encouraged to know and delve deeper into dealing with this public early on, as they lack the correct apparatus and due attention from an early age, given the lack of knowledge and development of methods for early diagnosis and treatment. In conclusion, it is expected that the contents addressed will raise the attention and sensitivity of the professionals most involved in this relationship, so that together they work towards diagnosis and treatment so that there is no lower probability of manifestation of other problems, increasing the potential development of the child individually and collectively, whether in the family, school and society in which he is inserted.
      PubDate: 2022-11-27
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37482
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Challenges and advances: the role of nursing professionals in aesthetics

    • Authors: Beatriz dos Reis Sousa, Raiane Gama de Souza Ramalho, Bruna Oliveira Silva Milhomem, Cristina Limeira Leite, Thafaela Rodrigues dos Santos, Amanda Letícia Moreira dos Santos, Vanessa Silva Sousa Viana, Denise Chrysostomo Suzuki, Janayna Araújo Viana, Maria Sylvia de Souza Vitalle
      Abstract: The aim of the study is to know about the performance of nursing professionals in aesthetics in the face of scientific literature. The research is based on an integrative review of a qualitative, exploratory approach. Data collection was performed in March 2022 in the BIREME and PubMed databases with the DECS/MESH: aesthetics (Esthetics), nursing, health. The inclusion criteria were studies in the timeline from 2017 to 2022, aiming to identify articles that were in accordance with the opinion of COFEN 529/2016, according to the descriptors stipulated and the guide question. Exclusion criteria were editorials and notes for editors, as well as research outside the theme addressed. The results of the research showed that the area of nursing activity in aesthetics has challenges in the labor market as an entrepreneur because of capital and awareness of other professionals already inserted in the area, in addition, there are limitations in the matter of graduate studies in the area that are regulated. Thus, it is emphasized that their conduct is not limited to the aesthetic treatment of healthy individuals, without diseases and limitations, but also includes patients with diseases, limitations and care needs, which can combine the competencies and knowledge of nurses in aesthetic services. It is concluded that for nurses, insertion in the field of aesthetics is an opportunity for financial and intellectual complementarity, technical improvement and job satisfaction. The regulation of treatment procedures and resources will increase the safety of practice and legal performance for clients and nurses, reaffirming professional skills and competences previously acquired after professional courses.
      PubDate: 2022-11-27
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37803
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Stress-related factors in nurses working during the pandemic of COVID-19

    • Authors: Savana Falcão de Souza, Isabelly de Souza Ferreira, Graciana de Sousa Lopes
      Abstract: Objective: To discuss the factors related to stress in nurses who worked during the pandemic of COVID-19, describing the relationship between both and identifying the main coping strategies that were used to mitigate these factors. Methodology: This is a descriptive, qualitative, exploratory literature review, which was conducted within the BVS, LILACS, LIVINO and Scielo databases using the following descriptors: "COVID-19", "stressors" and "nursing", selecting articles on the subject between 2017 and 2022 and excluding those with incomplete texts. Results: We identified some types of psychological illness in nurses and that the most recurrent stressors during the COVID-19 pandemic were stress, depression, anxiety, and Burnout Syndrome. It was also found that the strategies used to face these stressors were: the creation of a space for psychosocial care where these professionals could expose themselves, create a support group and watch educational videos about quality of life and mental health at work. Final Considerations: The emergence of COVID-19, a highly transmissible disease, forced health services to adapt to the reality of the situation in order to face it. The nursing professionals had their daily life changed and the excessive workload generated psychological stress, social, behavioral, family and values challenges that impact their lives in this period of pandemic and it was observed the minimum of strategies that could avoid the stressors.
      PubDate: 2022-11-27
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37799
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Molluscicidal activity against Biomphalaria glabrata of the bioactive
           nanoemulsion of the essential oil of Thymus vulgaris Linn (Thyme)

    • Authors: Brendha Araújo de Sousa, Ana Patrícia Matos Pereira, Paulo Victor Serra Rosa, Maria Gizelda Gomes Lages, Francisco Nascimento Silva, Larissa Karla Barros de Alencar, Maria Almira Bulcao Loureiro, Maxwell Cabral Ferreira, Thayson Rodrigues Lopes, Geison Luiz Costa de Castro, Ari Pereira de Araújo Neto, Gustavo Oliveira Everton
      Abstract: This study evaluated the molluscicidal activity against the schistosomiasis-transmitting snail (Biomphalaria glabrata) of the nanoemulsion of Thymus vulgaris L. essential oil. The plant material was collected in the municipality of São Luís (MA). The essential oil was extracted by hydrodistillation at 100 °C for 3h, with chemical characterization performed by Gas Chromatography coupled to Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS). The nanoemulsions were prepared using the phase inversion method. For molluscicidal activity, the methodology recommended by the Who was performed, being the LC50 of the essential oil nanoemulsion for their action against the snail obtained by the Probit method. The major constituents found in Thymus vulgaris L. essential oil were carvacrol (27.35%) and thymol (24.12%). The molluscicidal activity of the essential oil nanoemulsion presented an LC50 of 15.04 mg L-1. The results indicate that the essential oil nanoemulsion evaluated is composed of substances that provide and encourage its application, due to its high potential for molluscicidal activity against Biomphalaria glabrata.
      PubDate: 2022-11-27
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.36784
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Emergence and initial growth of açaí palm under different light levels
           after seed dormancy breaking treatments

    • Authors: Daniel de Lima Feitosa, Giovana Lopes da Silva, Ayane Lima Ferreira, Douglas Rafael e Silva Barbosa
      Abstract: Light availability and dormancy are two factors that interfere with germination and initial plant growth. This study aimed to evaluate the influence of different pre-germination treatments on the emergence and initial growth of Euterpe oleracea Mart. seedlings subjected to different levels of luminosity. A completely randomized design was adopted in a 4 × 3 factorial scheme with four methods of overcoming dormancy (intact seed, hot water at 60 °C, soaking for 24 h in water, and mechanical scarification with sandpaper No. 100) and three levels of luminosity (25 %, 65 %, and 100 %) with 16 repetitions per treatment. The emergence percentage, speed index, and mean time were analyzed. The initial growth was evaluated using the following variables: plant height, stem diameter, shoot dry mass, root dry mass, total dry mass, leaf area, and root mass ratio. There was an interaction between light factors and dormancy breakage for plant height, stem diameter, and leaf area. The variables root dry mass, shoot dry mass, and root mass ratio showed better results with full sun. It was concluded that shade treatments provided greater initial growth for the açaí palm with intact seeds.
      PubDate: 2022-11-27
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37515
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Profile of quinoa consumption and consumers’ perception of its
           nutritional and functional value

    • Authors: Bianca Luiz de Azevedo, Paula Aryane Brito Alves, Veridiana de Carvalho Antunes, Gabriela de Cássia Sousa Amâncio, Janaína de Oliveira Melo
      Abstract: Quinoa is a grain from the Andean region in South America that possesses high potential due to its nutritional and functional qualities. However, outside the Andean region, quinoa is rarely consumed. This may happen due to lack of knowledge about their nutritional quality and health benefits or the high cost of importing the grains. Taking that into account, the study aimed to evaluate the profile of Brazilian consumers in relation to the use of quinoa in food, knowledge about its nutritional value and health benefits of its consumption. Data were obtained through an online form and analyzed using Epi Info® software. The survey was carried out with 406 people and showed that the profile was predominantly female who were 36 to 50 years old. Most of the interviewed public have omnivorous food. It was found that the 258 respondents knew about quinoa and 187 said they consume or have already consumed the grains. The frequency of consumption is sporadic with white quinoa being the most used one. Knowledge about quinoa and its health benefits is little which can influence the frequency and interest in its consumption. Thus, it is extremely important that works are published regarding quinoa and its nutritional value and health benefits in order to encourage its introduction into population’s diet as well as to stimulate food industries make use of it as an ingredient in the production of nutritious and functional food.
      PubDate: 2022-11-27
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.36668
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Clinical and pathological aspects of anaplastic sarcoma with giant cells
           in a feline with inguinal lymph node metastasis: case report

    • Authors: amila, Thainan de Lima Teixeira, Gabriel Dias Francisco, Thainá Pires dos Santos Sauniti
      Abstract: Anaplastic sarcoma is considered a histological variant of the feline application sarcoma entity and may be related to drug injections. Therefore, this objective work relates to a case of anaplastic giant cell sarcoma in the right region in a feline with the presence of metastasis in the right inguinal lymph node, emphasizing its clinical and pathological findings. The patient came to the service complaining of an increase in volume in the right flank region, with evolution of 40 days and progressive growth. Aspiration cytology. result suggestive of giant cells Laboratory and imaging tests were also performed to rule out possible metastases. In addition to the lymphadenectomy performed, there is a need for local lymphadenectomy. for cells and lymph node examinations were confirmed for histopathological examination giants with inguinal lymph nodes. After the surgical procedure presented local recurrence, for personal reasons, the tutor chose not to perform new integrated resection procedures and not perform adjuvant therapies for tumor control, being performed therapies to support the patient's quality of life. In this way, it is concluded that all clinical procedures must be performed in all clinical imaging exams, cytology even more their clinical conduct before all surgical procedures.
      PubDate: 2022-11-27
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37404
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Digital technologies in contemporary education: digital literacy in
           perspective in the 21st century

    • Authors: Marcos Rogério Martins Costa, Arlys Jerônimo de Oliveira Lima Lino Carneiro, Fábio José Antônio da Silva, Maurício de Oliveira Ramos, Alcione Santos de Souza, Paulo Roberto Dalla Vale, Giselle Carmo Maia, Cesar Augusto Freitas Jacques, Tatiana Pereira Veiga Zahal, Janete Hickmann
      Abstract: The industrial age caused several repercussions in the historical and educational context, the capitalist society centered on consumption, production and work, raised the need for schooling centered on technical foundations, starting from a teaching centered on teachers in the molds where knowledge is transmitted from teacher to teacher. the student. This model, which had the purpose of forming citizens submissive to the labor market, was associated with traditional education over many decades. The Escola Nova or Escolanovismo movement emerged in the late 19th and early 19th centuries from various criticisms of the school context in view of the decontextualization of teaching, traditional teaching, as well as banking education and focused exclusively on work. This movement was essential for a sensitive look at the importance of contextualization in activist, progressive and reality-changing teaching. Embracing these assumptions, the 21st century guides a mediation of teaching to digital natives from the insertion of digital media, digital technologies and digital resources in the classroom, a challenge for both management, teachers and employees in general in the adaptive assumption. Therefore, this research aimed to reflect on the insertion of digital technologies in the school context from the perspective of digital literacy. The results infer that students in the digital age are attracted by the insertion of the internet, cell phones and other technologies in the teaching and learning processes. Furthermore, the school curriculum still needs to incorporate and apply new trends in digital literacy as a result of advances in technology in the construction of knowledge. In addition, pedagogical resources have expanded and, with the support of digital technologies, interaction and engagement in initial and continuing training have increased their importance in pedagogical practices.
      PubDate: 2022-11-27
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.38190
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • The woman in prison under the gaze of scientific production

    • Authors: Beatryz Andrade Lira, Zaira de Andrade Lopes, Katiuscia Kintschev, Brenda de Lima Pinto da Silva
      Abstract: This study aims to analyze the social representations of female sexuality in the penitentiary system present in scientific studies. It is a systematic literature developed from the study of theses and dissertations cataloged in the Brazilian Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations (BDTD). It is based on the studies carried out based on the theory of social representations. The searches were carried out using the keywords: inmates; fangs; female prisoners; deprivation of liberty; female incarceration; women; prison; incarcerated women; prison system; closed regime; genre; visit and intimate encounter; family visit; intimate visit; visit; intimate encounter; and affective relationships. The inclusion criteria were: Brazilian theses and dissertations, on visits and intimate encounters in women's prisons, without restriction regarding the methodological design or publication period. And exclusion: theses and dissertations that are not related to intimate visits to women deprived of their liberty and repeated productions. As a final result, 7 publications were obtained (2 theses and 5 dissertations). The results indicate the scarcity of works that portray women in detention in the face of visits and intimate encounters, reaffirming gender violence and the invisibility of women, who, in addition to being deprived of their freedom, are also deprived of their sexuality, not being considered a right, but rather a condition. If making it necessary to develop more studies on the subject, to expose the problems and ensure the rights of women.
      PubDate: 2022-11-27
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.36546
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • The work in professional and technological education and the
           historical-cultural theory

    • Authors: Suelma dos Reis Pereira Alves, Leia Adriana da Silva Santiago, Marco Antônio de Carvalho, Rosita Camilo de Souza
      Abstract: The goal of this study is to analyze the concept of work in Professional and Technological Education (PTE), specifically after the creation of the Federal Institutes (FIs), relating it with the Historical-Cultural Theory developed by Vygotsky. Discussions of the main concepts developed by Vygotsky will be made, such as mediation, Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD) and Internalization, aiming at verifying how this theory can contribute to Brazilian PTE. We shall also make a brief assessment of the two theoretical approaches to vygotskyan thought: the Theory of Activity and the Communities of Practices. It is a bibliographic research with qualitative approach. On reflecting over Vygotsky’s contributions for professional education, it is necessary to think of an education in which man is a historical and cultural being and an agent for transformation of the environment in which he survives. His studies show the importance of mediated work, with the prevalence of interaction and the appreciation of the experiences of both teacher and student. In this way, his theory contemplates the professional formation with the goal of emancipation.
      PubDate: 2022-11-27
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37757
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Analysis of the replacement of sand by glass residue in self-adhesive
           concrete in the Mechanical Properties and the Reactivity of
           Alkali-aggregate Reaction

    • Authors: Ana Paula Mota Alves, Mirian de Lourdes Noronha Motta Melo, Paulo Cesar Gonçalves, Valquíria Claret dos Santos, Vander Alkmin dos Santos Ribeiro, Rafael Gonçalves Torres
      Abstract: The objective of this work was to investigate the viability of the production of Self-Adhesive Mortars (AAA) as an initial phase for CAA production, performing the replacement of sand ground glass residue proportions of 5%, 10%, 15%, 20% and 30% by mass, using as mineral addition to Active Silica (AS) and as a superplasticizer chemical additive (SPA). The search for solutions to address the growing demand for civil construction and sustainability in the exploitation of natural resources involves the search for new renewable sources and the use of waste, especially those that are not yet satisfactorily absorbed by the recycling industry as glass. Widely used worldwide, concrete and other cementitious composites are excellent for the absorption of residues from various origins and have been improved in recent decades, as for Self-Adensable Concrete (CAA). To achieve the objectives proposed in this study, mortar tests were performed in the fresh and hardened states, analysis of images generated by scanning electron microscopy, and investigation of the occurrence of Alkali-Aggregate Reaction. The results showed it is feasible to use glass residue as a partial substitute for the production of CAA, since the self-adhesive mortar produced met the requirements in a fresh state and had, in most, their mechanical properties improved, and can even meet structural applications, such as reinforcements and repairs.
      PubDate: 2022-11-27
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37382
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Preventive Maintenance in Health Care Establishments

    • Authors: Rogério Santiago Lopes, Luana de Araújo Nogueira Santiago
      Abstract: It is extremely necessary to approach preventive maintenance in health care facilities. The maintenance of hospital equipment aims, mainly, at mitigating risks to human health, both for patients and for the professionals involved. The article aims to highlight the effectiveness of preventive maintenance as a safety tool in hospital environments. It is a study based on bibliographic research, covering consultations with journals, institutional repositories and databases of interest to the study. It is justified by the fact that preventive maintenance in EAS favors the economy, once applied in a coherent way it allows the reduction of costs, in this way, the investments now destined for maintenance, can be applied in other areas, allowing the increase of services available to users. When performed properly, it directly influences quality indicators and consequently obtains the privilege of credibility for users who use health facilities. It should be analyzed that the lack of preventive maintenance in health establishments can lead to numerous damages and/or expenses, such as factors related to the insufficient use of hospital equipment and an increase in corrective maintenance. It is essential that the EAS have a Clinical Engineer in their staff responsible for maintenance management, as he will manage the entire technological process in the medical area, aiming at the improvement and quality of the equipment.
      PubDate: 2022-11-27
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37572
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • The use of negative pressure therapy in a patient with a pressure injury
           in the sacral region: a case report

    • Authors: Charles Santos de Almeida, Fábio Henrique Rocha Lima, Viviane Moreira dos Santos Teixeira
      Abstract: Negative Pressure Therapy (NPT) is an adjunctive treatment that uses a suction force on the wound bed between 20 to 120 mmHg, favoring granulation, decreased edema, reduced local bacterial load, increased local blood flow , reduces pain, favoring an ideal local microclimate for healing. Objective: To report a clinical case of a patient who had a pressure injury in the sacral region, submitted to negative pressure therapy. Method: Research carried out in a clinic specialized in prevention and comprehensive treatment of wounds, from which the evolution of a clinical case was reported, available in an adult patient's chart, with pressure injury in the sacral region. This is a qualitative study of the case report type, being a descriptive and explanatory research, as it reports a therapy used by a patient who obtained positive results, through the medical record, interview with the patient and photographic record of the diagnostic methods to which the patient was submitted. The research was submitted to the Research Ethics Committee of Faculdade Independente do Nordeste – FAINOR and conducted in accordance with Resolution No. 466/2012 of the National Health Commission. Results and Discussion: As a consequence of the prolonged hospitalization, the patient developed a LPP in the sacral region, with a deep bed, evolving positively with the use of NPT. Final considerations: The use of negative pressure therapy as an important alternative in the treatment of pressure injuries that are difficult to heal.
      PubDate: 2022-11-26
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37442
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Oral modifications and clinical presentation due to Covid-19 in
           oncological patients

    • Authors: Marcos Antonio Pachêco Silva Filho, Estthelamares Lúcio da Silva Mello, Nayara Gabriela Silva Pena, Raylane Farias de Albuquerque, Lucas Nascimento Ribeiro, Maria Fernanda Limeira Feitosa, Virginia Andrade de Souza, Camila Maria da Silva, Gustavo Pina Godoy, Igor Henrique Morais Silva
      Abstract: Covid-19, originated in December 2019, spread rapidly through China, becoming a public emergency. Patients diagnosed with cancer are considered a highly vulnerable group due to their immunosuppressive condition caused by oncological treatment, therefore, this research aims to describe the clinical presentations and oral alterations in cancer patients diagnosed with Covid-19. It is a cross-sectional study with 20 oncology patients hospitalized with Covid-19. Oncological data, presence of comorbidities and symptoms related to Covid-19 were collected, and a clinical examination of the oral cavity was performed throughout the hospitalization, in order to identify oral changes. Results: The mean age of the patients was 53 years and the majority were female. Solid tumors represented 90%, the uterus being the most frequent region. Most patients were not under cancer treatment at the time of contamination (50%). Systemic arterial hypertension was the most frequent comorbidity (30%), followed by Diabetes Mellitus (25%). No patient was admitted to the ICU or required mechanical ventilation, the average length of stay was 13 days and all were hospital discharged. Cough and hypogeusia were among the most frequent symptoms. Hyposalivation and fungal infection were the most frequently observed oral alterations. Conclusion: The oral changes presented in oncological patients are in line with the findings of the literature, while the clinical presentation was contrary to the evidence that points to the oncological disease as a factor suggestive of a worse clinical condition in the face of Covid-19.
      PubDate: 2022-11-26
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37473
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Cosmetic biotechnology: Benefits of using fermented dermocosmetics in skin
           care during the Covid-19/SARS-CoV-2 pandemic

    • Authors: Monica Chen, Jean Colacite
      Abstract: The insertion of applied biotechnology in the cosmetology industry has generated a great impact in several aspects, allowing cosmetic companies to discover, develop and produce components of cosmetic formulations and evaluating their activity on the skin, being an alternative tool for the development of actives with cell renewal action, preventive and in the fight against aging, in the treatment of disorders related to the facial skin. It aims to emphasize the need for facial self-care and to show the benefits of fermented dermocosmetics in the treatment of the skin due to the prolonged use of a protective mask. An online data survey was carried out from June to November 2022. Through the search on reliable scientific research platforms such as Google Scholar, Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), Virtual Health Library (VHL), government websites, from the descriptors "biotechnology, cosmetics, hydroxy acids, skin diseases; skin care”. Prolonged use of the mask caused moisture, steam, dirt, sweat, saliva or mucus to be trapped between the mask and the skin causing irritation and sensitivity of the site, in addition to the friction of the mask on the face, thus being one of the factors that caused skin barrier damage and facial sensitization. It should be noted that using acids incorrectly could trigger other skin disorders, so it is always recommended to consult a health professional, such as a dermatologist, before applying the products. It is also worth mentioning that just the use of fermented dermocosmetics is not enough for healthy skin, but a set of actions to balance the body.
      PubDate: 2022-11-26
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37503
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Worldwide panorama of bruxism and patients with disabilities: a
           bibliometric analysis in PubMed (1965-2021)

    • Authors: Natalia Bertolo Domingues, Gabriela Mancia de Gutierrez, Carlos Felipe Bonacina, Adriana de Oliveira Lira
      Abstract: This study aimed to present a bibliometric analysis about the central topic bruxism and disabled people in a global panorama through PubMed database (1965-2021). It was included in this study only journal publications in English. Letters to editor, short communication, articles irrelative to people with disabilities and bruxism or articles with unavailable abstract or full text were not included. The initial search was performed by three independent investigators who assessed the title, abstract and main text to determine the included or excluded articles. It was observed that the tendency of publications was rising, with an average of 1.9 per year. There were 27 countries that have contributed to publications on the studied field and the most productive ones are United States (28.2%) and Brazil (20.0%). The most productive authors in the field are Brazilian and among the most productive institutions, 4 are Brazilian and 3 are North American. Case reports were the most frequent type of article (28.1%), followed by cross-sectional studies (24.5%) and literature reviews (12.7%). The most productive journal in the studied field were Special Care in Dentistry (12.7%), followed by Journal of Oral Rehabilitation (3.6%). Brazil has a great scientific contribution to the field with a relevant number of publications, leading authors and institutions. There is a lack of high-quality evidence involving the main topic, reinforcing that further interventional studies and controlled trials must be conducted.
      PubDate: 2022-11-26
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37524
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Use of botulinum toxin in gummy smile correction

    • Authors: Janaína Maria da Conceição, Gustavo Ferro Jatobá, Laís Christina Pontes Espíndola
      Abstract: The gummy smile is defined as the excessive exposure of the maxillary gingiva during a smile. This condition has a varied etiology, and its correct identification is essential for planning an effective treatment. Depending on the identified diagnosis, and on the aesthetics to be achieved, there is a need for a multidisciplinary treatment, which may involve different specialties of dentistry. Therefore, the use of botulinum toxin (BT) represents one of the alternatives for the correction of gummy smile, being considered a simple, fast, non-invasive and effective method. Methods: This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of using botulinum toxin for the aesthetic improvement of the gummy smile, as well as its technique, advantages and disadvantages, through a literature review. Searches were carried out in the last 5 years in the databases Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), Latin American and Caribbean Literature in Health Sciences (Lilacs), US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health (PubMed), Google Scholar, as well as as articles in databases of higher education institutions in Brazil. Results: With the purpose of improving the aesthetics of the gummy smile, allowing the patient to have a more harmonious smile, the use of botulinum toxin is a viable, safe, efficient and less invasive alternative when compared to reconstructive surgeries. Final considerations: The use of botulinum toxin is a great option for correcting the esthetic condition of the gummy smile, being easy to apply, with favorable cost/benefit and satisfactory to the patient.
      PubDate: 2022-11-26
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37559
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Analysis of the nutritional profile of children aged 2 to 5 years in the
           municipality of Trindade - Goiás

    • Authors: Shara Ribeiro, Mariana Carla Mendes
      Abstract: Introduction: In the last decades the population has experienced nutritional, socioeconomic and habits epidemiological transformations with a consequent increase in associated diseases. Thus, these transitions that transform the daily life of the population, also change the nutritional profile of children. Objective: To identify a prevalence of weight, overweight and obesity in two to five year olds living in the municipality of Trindade in the state of Goiás. Methods: This is a descriptive epidemiological study that used the Food and Nutrition Surveillance System (SISVAN) as an online database, assessing the nutritional status of children aged between two and five years, considering the factors: weight x age and BMI x age in the years 2013 to 2021 quantity. Results: There was a reduction in the year of children beyond 2013, 2015 and 2020, apart20 there was an increase in the number of very low weight children in 2015, however, in general, Trindade presented in every year the largest municipality of children with high weight. Conclusion: There was a high percentage of overweight in children aged 2 to 5 years. In addition, through the data obtained, it is concluded that the municipality of Trindade presented a discrepancy in the amount of data to be included by SISVAN in each weight category compared to Brazil in 201. In this sense, the need to supply the network of epidemiological data as well as an intervention through public policies, aiming at an increase in the percentage of children who currently.
      PubDate: 2022-11-26
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37660
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Implementation of the group of chronically ill patients facing the
           covid-19 pandemic: experience report

    • Authors: Juliana Domingo dos Santos, Aline da Cunha Daniel, Fernanda Junges de Araújo
      Abstract: Objective: This research aims to describe the experiences of implementing an educational group for patients with hypertension and diabetes mellitus during the covid-19 pandemic period. Methodology: The study consists of an experience report of the researcher, through participant observation. Results: The monitoring of chronic patients through the educational group brought about a greater bonding of patients, improved adherence to treatment, improved health promotion actions by the team, greater accountability of the patient for their care and consequent improvement in the quality of life of the participants. Furthermore, the implementation of the educational group became an instrument for the follow-up of chronic patients by the Family Health Team. Conclusion: The identification of experiences in the organization and implementation of the educational group for chronically ill patients is of paramount importance for sharing actions that can help improve patient care in Primary Health Care.
      PubDate: 2022-11-26
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37645
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Evaluation of the use of bag-valve-mask device in a neonatal Intensive
           Care Unit

    • Authors: Daniele Barbosa Leal, Grayne Stefany Lino, Victoria Claro e Silva, Jeanny Franciela Kos Moleta , Juliana Carvalho Schleder, Paula Motta dos Santos
      Abstract: The present study sought to identify management difficulties or a lack of knowledge regarding the use of the bag-valve-mask (BVM) device among intensive care professionals. The process took place in four stages, the first with the application of a structured questionnaire that addressed basic questions, such as knowledge of the device, the second through a practical test, where participants simulated a routine care, to assess pressure and volume. carried out by the same, then the third phase occurs with a continuing education based on the difficulties presented by the volunteers during the execution of the tests, the fourth and last, consists of a theoretical post test, for analysis of the learning fixation. Intensivists have, for the most part, practical mastery over equipment, this is observed because they generate pressures at safe levels, tidal volume with an average of 7.57±2.95 ml, being within the estimated ideal and respiratory rate of 40.87 ±15.78 incursions per minute, also as recommended. In the theoretical evaluation, it was possible to indicate few difficulties, the one that stands out the most is 48.4% say they do not know the ideal pressure to be performed on a stable neonate. It is worth emphasizing the importance of continuous theoretical and practical training in any hospital setting. The prepared professional avoids harm to the patient, performs his function and provides a service safely, providing humanized care, reducing expenses and hospitalization period.
      PubDate: 2022-11-26
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37480
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Pharmacotherapeutic treatment in women with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
           in a clinic in Montes Claros-MG

    • Authors: Maronne Quadros Antunes, Geraldo Alves da Silveira Júnior, Luciana Alcântara Reis, Dominick Danielle Mendonça Santos, Ricardo Lopes Rocha, Cláudio Luiz Ferreira Júnior, Cleya Silva Santana Cruz, Marcos Luciano Pimenta Pinheiro
      Abstract: Systemic Lupus Erythematosus is a chronic autoimmune disease, characterized by the production of autoantibodies, formation and deposition of immune complexes, inflammation in several organs and the presence of tissue damage. Because it is an incurable disease, drug treatment is based on suppressing immunological activities, preventing the onset of organic damage caused by the disease and side effects secondary to the drugs used, in addition to controlling associated comorbidities. The objective of this study was to evaluate the pharmacotherapeutic treatment of female patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus in a rheumatology clinic located in the interior of Minas Gerais. This is a descriptive cross-sectional study with an analytical approach, developed in a city in the interior of Minas Gerais. All respondents were female, married, aged between 18 and 35 years old, with a monthly income of 2 to 3 minimum wages and elementary school. Among the drugs used there was a predominance of glucocorticoids and antimalarials. Most reported difficulties related to adverse reactions and acceptance of the disease. It is concluded that the drug treatment of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus must be evaluated and prescribed individually based on the needs of each patient's body. Therefore, this work encourages further studies, with a view to improving assistance and adherence to the treatment of patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus.
      PubDate: 2022-11-26
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37737
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Food trucks consumers in Salvador – Bahia: Profile, food practices
           and perceptions

    • Authors: Abner Victor da Silva Teixeira, Carlos Rodrigo Nascimento de Lira, Maria da Conceição Pereira da Fonseca, Ana Claudia Menezes Rios, Ryzia de Cassia Vieira Cardoso
      Abstract: Food trucks (FT) are an innovation in the street food segment. In Brazil, this sector started its activities in 2013, arriving in Salvador, Bahia, in 2015. In the city, FTs are present, above all, in gastronomic events, attracting many people. Given this phenomenon, this study aimed to characterize FT consumers, considering their profile, practices, and perceptions in Salvador, Bahia state. An exploratory, quantitative study was carried out, with the application of a semi-structured questionnaire, along with 128 consumers of FT. A balanced distribution between men (50.78%) and women (49.22%) was observed, predominantly young adults (80.47%), single (76.56%), with complete or incomplete higher education (58.89%), and average family income corresponding to classes C and D (77.34%). The most cited reasons for consumption in FT were practicality (54.69%), taste and/or pleasure (43.75%), and price (10.94%). Many consumers (54.69%) had been using FTs for more than a year, although infrequently (44.53%). For the interviewees, the hygiene of the FTs was considered good (82.03%) and the food quality was reliable (74.22%). Among the sale points’ selection criteria were highlighted: the appearance of the preparations (68.75%) and the seller (64.84%), the cleanliness of the place (50.78%), the packaging of the products (35 .59%), and the price (32.81%). Most consumers (95.31%) believed in the continuity of the FT service, emphasizing reasons such as the practicality, affordable price, and diversity of preparations. The study shows that FT consumers have a different profile - young people, with higher education and income, who seek gastronomic experiences, new forms of leisure and social interactions. Thus, they are distinct from the traditional street food collective.
      PubDate: 2022-11-26
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37019
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • The diligence in the treatment of hyperhidrosis with the use of botulinum
           toxin for a better quality of life

    • Authors: Cinthia Silva Moura Neca, Ana Lívia Moreira Campos, Gabriela Cristina de Oliveira Martins, Lamara Stefany Reis Lopes, Maria Eduarda Soares Almeida
      Abstract: Hyperhidrosis is a pathology associated with excessive sweat production, due to sweat gland dysfunction. There are several forms of treatment, which, for different reasons, have associated problems. Recently, the use of Botulinum Toxin as a form of treatment has become widespread, as it is a minimally invasive procedure, with low possibility of side effects, and reasonable duration of results. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of botulinum toxin application in cases of hyperhidrosis, as well as its positive impact in relation to other forms of treatment. Therefore, an integrative literature review was carried out, through the systematization of 16 studies, which were published in the last 5 years, in Portuguese and English. The results found allowed the realization of a discussion about aspects about the pathophysiology of hyperhidrosis, the action of botulinum toxin and its use in the treatment of hyperhidrosis. It was concluded that botulinum toxin has a relevant therapeutic potential in the treatment of hyperhidrosis.
      PubDate: 2022-11-26
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37667
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Production of an educational technology aimed at patients rehabilitation
           for ankle fractures

    • Authors: Thiago da Costa Alexandrino, Eliane Ferreira Marinho, André Mota Pereira, Lídia Ferreira da Silva, Ana Letícia Cardoso Pinto, Daliane Ferreira Marinho
      Abstract: Educational technologies are important tools in promoting health education and continuity of patient care. The objective of this article was to create an educational booklet aimed at patients undergoing rehabilitation of surgically treated ankle fractures. It was a descriptive study developed in the municipality of Santarém/PA for the production of the booklet, being divided into three phases: bibliographical survey of the literature, preparation of an outline for the development process of the educational technology and final construction of the educational booklet. The booklet created was entitled “Guidelines for rehabilitation of ankle fractures”, consisting of eight specific rehabilitation topics, using language accessible to the target audience, according to the Flesch readability index. In this way, educational booklets can be important mechanisms for the dissemination of scientific information, when well-prepared and visually pleasing. Given the various forms of application, this booklet can help in the rehabilitation process of patients undergoing treatment for ankle fractures.
      PubDate: 2022-11-26
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37563
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • The national humanization policy and the work of the nursing team

    • Authors: Natália Cristina Pereira, Bethania Ferreira Goulart, Marina Pereira Rezende
      Abstract: The work of the nursing professional has been increasingly intense and marked by physical and psychic exhaustion. With this, it is worth mentioning that these professionals deserve attention focused on their quality of health. From this perspective, the National Humanization Policy emerges as a tool modifying the management, working conditions and quality of care offered to health users. Therefore, this study aims to identify the nursing team's understanding of the National Humanization Policy and how the nursing team works in hospitals after the implementation of the National Humanization Policy. The study is a descriptive-exploratory research, with a qualitative approach, carried out with the nursing team in the Adult Emergency Room and Child Emergency Room units in a Clinical Hospital of the Federal University of Triangulo Mineiro, in the Triangulo Mineiro. The data collected were submitted to the content analysis technique / thematic mode. As a result, it was found that professionals have basic knowledge of the National Humanization Policy, looking only at the patient and that the changes in the work environment were positive. Therefore, it was concluded that strategies are needed to bring the knowledge in its entirety to these professionals, through training and refresher courses.
      PubDate: 2022-11-26
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37585
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Occupational accidents with exposure to biological material in nursing and
           medical professionals in Brazil

    • Authors: Gabriela Tanno, Giulia Zoratto de Oliveira, Franscisca Roberta Oliveira Silva , Lais Dantas , Eduarda Lavínia Carneiro Santos, Beatriz Oliveira Santos, Carolina de Carvalho Lima Batista, Rosa Carolina Santos de Oliveira, Luana Teles de Resende
      Abstract: Objective: to describe the occurrence profile of occupational accidents with exposure to biological material among nursing and medical professionals in Brazil. Methodology: ecological temporal trend study, carried out with data on occupational accidents in nursing and medical professionals with exposure to biological material obtained from the Department of Informatics of the Unified Health System (DATASUS), from 2012 to 2022. Results: observed- a higher prevalence of occupational accidents with biological material among women, young professionals, with technical level training, involving manipulation of sharp objects, during medication administration, puncture and surgical procedures. Conclusion: the results highlight the importance of reporting cases and implementing effective programs on the prevention and control of work-related accidents with biological material.
      PubDate: 2022-11-26
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37511
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Screen time and its association with adolescents' lifestyles in a
           city in the Brazilian Northeast

    • Authors: Isadora Archanjo Ferreira Braga, Lucas Ribeiro Maroneze, Lucas Reis Oliveira, Alejandro Wolfferson dos Santos , Alexandre Machado de Andrade
      Abstract: Objective: To associate screen time with food, physical activity, sleep and sociodemographic variables in Brazilian adolescents, students of urban public institutions. Methods: Observational, cross-sectional, quantitative, analytical study approved by the Ethics Committee in Research on Human Beings of the Federal University of Sergipe (CAAE 38981320.2.0000.5546) with students from 10 to 18 years of age at a public school in a municipality in the Brazilian Northeast. A descriptive analysis of screen time, sociodemographic, economic variables, academic year, physical activity, sleep duration and daytime sleepiness was performed. Fisher's exact test and Pearson's chi-square test were used to analyze the independence hypothesis and the Mann-Whitney test to assess the hypothesis of equality of the median of two samples, in addition to simple and multiple logistic regression. Results: 364 students participated in the study. The eighth and ninth year of elementary school; the first and second years of high school made more excessive use of electronic devices. There is a greater chance of screen time higher than recommended in those with a higher socioeconomic level. High screen time was associated with the presence of daytime sleepiness, with a higher prevalence of excessive screen time in students who considered they rarely and often had sleepiness. Conclusions: The prevalence of excessive screen time was higher in adolescents considered older, when compared to younger ones and in those with better socioeconomic conditions. It is possible that screen time influences shorter sleep duration and the presence of daytime sleepiness.
      PubDate: 2022-11-26
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37671
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Impacts of invasive mechanical ventilation in post-COVID-19 patients:
           integrative review

    • Authors: Izabella Ramos Leal Cerqueira, Leticia Célia Rodrigues Marques, Sarah da Silva Barros , Yula Gabriela Reis de Sousa
      Abstract: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an acute infectious respiratory disease caused by a novel coronavirus causing severe acute respiratory syndrome 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The infection primarily affects epithelial/alveolar and endothelial cells, resulting in desquamation of pneumocytes, presence of hyaline membrane, formation and interstitial inflammation with lymphocyte infiltration. Due to these pathophysiological changes, symptoms may range from mild, such as a cold and transient anosmia, to severe respiratory failure, leading to the need for ventilatory support. Currently, one of the forms of therapeutic intervention in COVID-19 is based on the use of Invasive Mechanical Ventilation (IMV) or not, in both forms artificial ventilation is achieved with the application of positive airway pressure being its difference given in the use of a nasotracheal and orotracheal prosthesis. However, factors related to the patient or to the use of the ventilator itself may trigger pulmonary complications such as barotrauma or infections. The aim of this study was to describe the main complications of IMV in patients on COVID-19. To this end, a literature review was conducted on the pulmonary impacts of IMV in cases of covid aiming to highlight the need for correct performance of the procedure in order to reduce the number of cases reported on the subject.
      PubDate: 2022-11-26
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37509
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Eating and image disorders in strength athletes

    • Authors: Jorge Luis Cordeiro Karam Brandão Soares, José Carlos de Sales Ferreira, Rebeca Sakamoto Figueiredo
      Abstract: Eating and image disorders are a common reality for strength sports practitioners, who have a strong influence on the environment in the way they conduct dietary strategies and in the way they perceive their own bodies, since they use beautiful bodies to sell a false vision of health. Knowing this, the objectives of this work were to raise awareness about the problem, demonstrate the risk factors, and deliver the main forms of treatment. For this, the bibliographic review method was used to gather several findings on this subject. In the end, it was possible to perceive the risks attributed to the fitness environment and how much these influences can impact the physical and mental health of individuals who start to live in this environment and consume this type of content.
      PubDate: 2022-11-26
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37673
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Analysis of the healing process of burns in mice of the Swiss strain
           treated with bee honey Tetragonisca angustula

    • Authors: Rebeka Santos da Fonseca, Pablo Stephano Lopes da Silva, Herman Ascenção Silva Nunes, Lenise Ascenção Silva Nunes, Larisse Oliveira Bezerra, Daniel Berretta Moreira Alves, Maria Tatiane Gonçalves Sá
      Abstract: Objective: Perform a comparative analysis of the healing process of burns in Swiss mice treated with silver sulfadiazine 1% and honey. Methods: The 2nd degree burns were caused by the technique of heated plate at 100°C. After the injury, the treatment of the groups treated with 1% Silver Sulfadiazine and honey from bees of the species Tetragonisca angustula was performed, the microscopic analysis was done by Hematoxylin/Eosin (HE) and PicroSirius techniques. Results: The macroscopic analysis indicated retraction of the lesion in a similar way in both treatments, revealing no significant differences related to the established time and an increase in healing, the microscopic data showed better healing with Silver Sulfadiazine 1%. Conclusion: The use of honey as a healing agent was close to the comparative parameters of the study with Silver Sulfadiazine 1%.
      PubDate: 2022-11-26
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37709
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • The use of herbal medicines: a literature review

    • Authors: Cinthia Silva Moura Neca, Hellen Silva de Oliveira, Júnia Xavier Severino, Luis Filipe de Paula Barbosa, Thalita Victória Iglesias Dias
      Abstract: Phytotherapy is a method of treating diseases used for thousands of years, and with the advancement of time the interest in medicinal plants and natural remedies is increasing. Plants are natural and rich sources of pharmacological properties as they are composed of a wide variety of metabolites. As a result, herbal medicines are used by the population as a source of treatment for different diseases. Its use is based on traditional and popular knowledge, which is taught from generation to generation over the years, making it customary to use this method for the treatment of symptoms of some diseases. In Brazil, the use of phytotherapy is favored by the wide diversity of plants and especially the low cost in relation to other types of medicines, facilitating access for the poorest population. In recent decades, the country has faced several advances related to the regulation of herbal medicines and their acceptance as a therapeutic method available in the Unified Health System (SUS). The present study aims to propagate the benefits of herbal medicines, and also the need to raise awareness of their harm when used incorrectly. It should be added that, despite scientific advances, Brazil is a country that still needs to invest in the knowledge of its health professionals and in their research and studies on the subject.
      PubDate: 2022-11-26
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37333
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Intracranial pressure changes of cardiac patients that have passed by
           extracorphorus circulation: A brief literature review

    • Authors: Lais Daiene Cosmoski, Bianca Drewnowski, Bruna França Bueno, Cristiane Rickli, Lisiane Cristiane Lopes, Mariana Schechtel Koch, José Carlos Rebuglio Vellosa
      Abstract: In the course of cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) many factors come into play. A lot of care is needed, in addition to the surgery itself, especially with regard to blood oxygenation, blood pressure and the formation of microemboli, which will directly influence the pathogenesis of neurological abnormalities found in the postoperative period. Elevations in the values ​​of intracranial pressure (ICP) in adults can be small to severe, and may pose a threat to the patient's life, according to this increase. The objective of the present study is to discuss possible changes in the ICP of patients who underwent cardiac surgery as possible consequences of CPB. Since perfusion triggers the Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome, directly and indirectly interfering with the mechanisms that maintain brain compliance, such changes in ICP may occur as a consequence of CPB, however, investigations are needed to explain this possible relationship.
      PubDate: 2022-11-26
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37512
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Predictors of depressive symptoms in women at the beginning of thyroid
           cancer treatment

    • Authors: Claudiane Mahl, Carla Kalline Alves Cartaxo Freitas, Joyce Moura Santos, Maryana Cruz Santos, Paulo Ricardo Saquete Matins Filho
      Abstract: This study aims to analyze the correlation of levels of anxiety symptoms, spiritual well-being and social support with depressive symptoms, building a predictor model of depression for women with thyroid cancer at the beginning of treatment. The interviews were conducted with women who started treatment against thyroid cancer at the oncology referral hospital in Sergipe (2017-2018), where socioeconomic and clinical data were collected and symptoms of depression, anxiety, level of spiritual and well-being were evaluated. of social support through validated instruments. Sixty-six women with a mean age of 48 years were included in the survey. Participants had mild symptoms of anxiety and depression, mean 12.71 and 8.38, respectively. For spiritual well-being, the average was 103.64 and social support, an average of 59.48, indicating high scores. There was a strong correlation of symptoms of anxiety and depression and an inverse correlation of the level of spiritual well-being and social support with symptoms of depression. It was observed that symptoms of anxiety, spiritual well-being and social support are predictors of depressive symptoms in women with thyroid cancer at the beginning of treatment. Therefore, health professionals must treat cancer patients in their entirety, through a humanized and effective conduct.
      PubDate: 2022-11-26
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37692
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Gestational risk factors in mothers of children diagnosed with autism

    • Authors: Hione Tavares dos Santos, Laiane Pinheiro de Souza, Adelaide da Conceição Fonseca Passos
      Abstract: The present study aims to identify the probable gestational risk factors for the development of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). The study is of the quantitative, descriptive, documentary type, with an exploratory analysis of the data. Secondary data from 32 medical records of children diagnosed with classical autism were used. Regarding the age of the parents at conception, the highest percentage of mothers was between 20 and 30 years old (56.25%) and of parents between 32 and 45 years old (59.38%). Urinary Tract Infections (UTI) were the most common infections during pregnancy (43.80%). Regarding to the other prenatal clinical intercurrences, different types of intercurrences predominated (40.63%), followed by metabolic disorders (25.00%). For the peri- and postnatal intercurrences, the majority were defined as different types (43.75%), followed by prematurity (28.13%). Considering the drugs used in pregnancy, most of the mothers used different types of medications (56.25%), followed by antibiotics (50.00%). Thus, to know the probable environmental factors involved in the etiology of ASD, enabling professionals to identify the most susceptible pregnant women and opportune intervention strategies in the prenatal care.
      PubDate: 2022-11-26
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37837
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • The use of short implants for rehabilitation of atrophic mandible:
           literature review

    • Authors: Ana Beatriz Silva da Costa, Jânio Laerte de Paiva, Túlio de Araújo Lucena, Maria Eduarda Silva Barbosa, Tatiana Bernardo Farias Pereira, Thiago Victor de Almeida Duarte, Joaquim Felipe Junior , Dennys Ramon de Melo Fernandes Almeida , Jabes Gennedyr da Cruz Lima, Juliana Campos Pinheiro
      Abstract: Short implants are an excellent alternative for the treatment of atrophic alveolar ridges. The advantages, compared to other techniques proposed for rehabilitation through posterior mandible implants, include the reduction of morbidity, treatment time and costs. Therefore, the aim of this study is to evaluate the importance of using short implants for the rehabilitation of atrophic mandibles, in order to provide support for the current literature. It is a Literature Literature Review, narrative type, developed through bibliographic analysis in the databases: PubMed/Medline, Scielo, Academic Google, VHL (Virtual Health Library). After applying the search strategy in the databases and the eligibility criteria, 24 articles were included in this study. Based on the consulted literature, it was observed that short implants have similar success rates to long implants. In addition, the use of short implants favors benefits, eliminating bone graft surgeries in atrophic areas. However, the use of reduced size implants may be contraindicated in patients with local or systemic diseases. In this sense, when the use of short implants is recommended, a correct surgical protocol must be carried out to ensure a better longevity to the proposed treatment.
      PubDate: 2022-11-26
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37714
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • The importance of the pharmacist in hospital infection control:
           integrative review

    • Authors: Edylaine da Silva Pereira, Gabriel de Ataide Cordeiro Jesus, Luara Dias Barboza de Souza, Vinicius Mendes Souza Carneiro
      Abstract: Introduction: Hospital infection is a public health risk, being responsible for the highest number of complications and deaths of hospitalized patients. The Hospital Infection Control Commission (CCIH) is therefore responsible for contributing with measures and actions to prevent and control infections and resistant bacteria. According to Resolution No. 300/97 of the Federal Council of Pharmacy, it is mandatory for the pharmacist to participate in this commission, contributing to important decision-making and being the essential professional among the others who are part of the commission. Objective: The present study aims to identify and highlight the role of pharmacists in controlling nosocomial infections and highlight their contribution to prevention. Methodology: The type of study was an Integrative Literature Review, with a descriptive, qualitative and quantitative approach, in which the databases available in the virtual libraries, SciELO, LILACS, BVS and PubMed, available in the years 2015 to 2021, were used. Result: Twelve articles were identified, which matched the proposed theme, as well as the proposed title. Thus, it is possible to analyze that the pharmacist plays an important role within the hospital pharmacy, contributing to safer prescribing and dispensing, standardization of antibiotics and germicides, educational measures to promote the rational use of medicines and the elaboration of therapeutic guides for dilution and reaction. adverse. Conclusion: Thus, pharmacists as a professional working in the CCIH effectively contribute to the reduction of hospital infectious cases.
      PubDate: 2022-11-26
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37616
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Incorrect Disposal of Medicines: environment risks and solutions

    • Authors: Thaís Fernanda Barbosa, Veruska Alvarenga dos Santos
      Abstract: Medicines are considered chemical waste and a large part of the Brazilian population discards these products in sinks, vases or common waste, usually due to the lack of information on the impact of these wastes on the environment and health. This study aimed to investigate the incorrect disposal of medicines by the Brazilian population, highlighting their risks to human health and the environment, in addition to elucidating possible solutions for the correct destination and management of these chemical residues. A qualitative-quantitative and descriptive research was carried out based on books and scientific articles and legislation in Portuguese and English, in full text, published between 2012 and 2021 in the Virtual Health Library (BVS), Scientific Electronic Library database. Online (SciELO) and Pubmed. The results showed that the disposal of medicines in Brazil is a critical problem faced by both health professionals and patients. Studies have shown that reverse logistics can be a powerful tool to ensure that waste disposal is carried out by effective, safe and environmentally correct means. The safe disposal of medicines can have a significant positive impact on public health and the environment if consumers are properly educated on how to proceed accordingly.
      PubDate: 2022-11-26
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37516
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • The influence of comfort food on health: A review

    • Authors: Enya Benvindo de Medeiros, Patrese Nascimento Beviláqua, Liejy Agnes dos Santos Raposo Landim
      Abstract: Objective: to discuss the influence of comfort food on people's health, demonstrating the consequences of this type of food. Methodology: narrative review of the literature carried out on studies published in national and international journals through a bibliographic search of articles in English and Portuguese, available in the following databases: Scielo, Google academic and PubMed. The descriptors used were: “Comfort food and nutrition”, “Characteristics of comfort food”, “Culture and food” and “Types of comfort food”. Results: Comfort food is the product of a behavior influenced by cultural, socioeconomic, gender and age characteristics, that is, the subject's personal history. The different types of comfort food are capable of awakening human emotional connections with the past, as well as relieving periods of stress and anxiety. Final considerations: comfort food does not have evidence and nutritional bases to draw general profiles, thus being totally subjective from person to person. It was possible, however, to conclude that comfort food can cause well-being, which is undoubtedly one of the main benefits that affective foods can provide. But, on the other hand, the imbalance and the frequent search for the sensation of comfort food can cause harm to physical and mental health, which can lead to binge eating and obesity as a consequence.
      PubDate: 2022-11-26
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37490
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Monitoring the stability of the xanthophyll fucoxanthin in microalga and
           seaweed biomasses, and extracts stored at low temperatures

    • Authors: Caroline Schmitz, Aline Nunes, Cláudia Marlene Bauer , José Bonomi-Barufi, Marcelo Maraschin
      Abstract: The analysis of fucoxanthin (FCX) in algal biomasses presents some limitations, especially regarding the sample preservation after collection until extraction of the pigment. FCX stability was evaluated in biomass samples of one diatom and three brown seaweed species (Phaeophyceae) and their extracts stored at -20ºC and -80ºC, for 60 days. Fucoxanthin was quantified through UHPLC-DAD. The methanolic extracts of the micro/macroalga biomasses stored at -20ºC and -80ºC were more effective in preserving the xanthophyll, comparatively to the algal biomasses. Besides, the chromatographic analysis showed an increase in the FCX’s peak retention time along the sample storage, possibly due to the trans→cis isomerization of the molecule. Such information is relevant for choosing the best protocol for storing and preserving at most FCX, because changes in the geometric conformations of the molecule over storage strongly affects its biological activities.
      PubDate: 2022-11-26
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37712
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Alternative method of maize grain quality maintenance for small farmers
           through hermetic storage

    • Authors: Maksaila Soares Gomes da Silva, Gutierres Nelson Silva, Míria Grasiele Casado da Silva, Adalberto Hipólito Sousa, Douglas Rafael e Silva Barbosa, Lêda Rita D` Antonino Faroni, Kesleyane Pereira Camilo, Paloma Vieira Brás, Ana Carolina Melo Ribeiro, Marcela Silva Carvalho
      Abstract: In many countries, small corn producers generally have technological limitations during storage. hermetic storage with use of PET bottles stands out as an alternative. The objective of this study was to evaluate the hermetic storage of corn in polyethylene silo bags and PET bottles as an alternative for small producers. Maize grains were stored in polyethylene silo bags, polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottles and glass recipients for 0, 15, 30, 45, and 60 days. Were used four repetitions for each treatment. Were evaluated the traits: infestation by insect pests (%); water content (% bu.); bulk density (kg 100 L-1); electrical conductivity (µS cm-1 g-1); percentage of germination (%). The insect species that infested the corn kernels under hermetic and non-hermetic conditions was only Sitophilus zeamais. PET bottles presented the lowest percentage of infestation among the storage containers, followed by silo bags, both presented the maximum percentages of 0.65% and 30%, respectively. Water content, bulk density, electrical conductivity e percentage of germination of the maize were preserved in both hermetic storage systems that were tested for 60 days. The use of PET bottles control S. zeamais and preserve the quality of maize for at least 60 days of storage. Our study concludes that hermetic storage in PET bottles can be particularly useful and important for small farmers.
      PubDate: 2022-11-26
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37071
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Ultradiluted Plumbum metallicum in reversal of neurotoxicity caused by
           lead in Danio rerio

    • Authors: Henrique Carvallo Vieira, Katia Lima Traldi Cappelli, Rafael Acordi dos Santos, Marco Aurélio Gonçalves Manzoli, Melina Castilho de Souza Balbueno, Cidéli de Paula Coelho
      Abstract: Environmental pollution caused by heavy metal residues, which are endocrine disruptors, is very relevant due to its wide use in industrial and agricultural processes. Lead is a heavy metal that is highly toxic to the environment and organisms such as fish and aquatic invertebrates. This work aims to evaluate the behavioral changes in zebrafish (Danio rerio) induced by Lead, through the analyzes of locomotor activity and anxiety parameters, verifying if homeopathic medicines are able to reduce the neurotoxic effects caused in the fish organism. The Danio rerio fishes were kept in maintenance aquariums, with controlled parameters, until the time of the experiments. The animals were exposed to heavy metal and the groups were composed of 8 animals each: white control, medication at 6cH, 30cH and inert solution, the experiment was blinded. After that, the animals underwent behavioral tests (locomotion and anxiety) to assess neurotoxicity. Lead caused anxiety in animals submitted to it with no medication (inert solution) since the time spent on the bright side of the aquarium was shorter in these animals, also reducing the distance traveled by the animals on the bright side. In the open field, the decrease in quadrants traveled by the animals that received lead without exposure to the medication is notable compared to the white control group. The group that took Plumbum metallicum 6cH had their locomotor conditions reversed, whereas the group that took Plumbum metallicum 30cH had their neurotoxicological conditions reversed.
      PubDate: 2022-11-26
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37570
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Use of a didactic sequence with active methodologies as a proposal for the
           teaching of genetics

    • Authors: Nathália Alcântara Oliveira Cezana , Maísa Silva
      Abstract: The present study aimed to develop and analyze a didactic sequence with active genetics teaching strategies carried out with students from three classes of 3rd year of high school in a public school in the city of Itabela/BA. Before and after the development of the activities of the didactic sequence, the students participating in the research elaborated conceptual maps referring to the theme in order to verify the level of knowledge about the basic concepts of Genetics developed with the use of active resources. In addition, after each class with active methodology, students answered a usability questionnaire regarding the activity performed. The information obtained from the questionnaires were analyzed qualitatively and the data obtained from the mental maps were analyzed quantitatively. From the analysis of the maps, we verified that the final maps obtained scores statistically higher than the scores of the initial maps (p>0.000001). Thus, we conclude that the use of alternative teaching methods can enhance the construction of knowledge in relation to basic concepts related to genetics.
      PubDate: 2022-11-26
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37385
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Change of first name of transsexuals: the jurisprudence of the STF in the
           protection of LGBTQIA+ rights

    • Authors: Dara Lisandra Félix Nunes, Orione Dantas de Medeiros
      Abstract: General objective: to contribute to the legal discussion of the theme that involves the rights of trans people in Brazil, since 2004, especially regarding the importance of judicial decisions, in the protection of LGBTQIA+ rights. And, as specific objectives: a) to demonstrate the extent of the jurisprudence of the Federal Supreme Court (STF) and how it has been important for the realization of fundamental rights of the LGBTQIA+ community; b) to analyze one of the main judgments, the extraordinary appeal (RE) nº 670.422, Topic 761 of the General Repercussion, and the Direct Action of unconstitutionality (ADI) nº 4.275, in which the right of transvestigenere people to be able to change the given name and sex on their official documents. Methodology: this is a bibliographic research that seeks to update the legal literature on the subject, and analyze the current legal problems related to the fundamental rights of transvestigenere people in Brazil. Result: Important judicial decisions taken by the STF, from 2011 to 2020, are identified, having as their object the protection of LGBTQIA+ rights, from two thematic axes: the promotional and the repressive. Final considerations: the performance of the STF, as a countermajoritarian Court, was proactive, but within constitutional limits. Due to the controversial nature of these decisions, an opinion was formed in Brazil that the STF decided to be a judicial protagonist, in the realization of minority rights. Because sensitive causes of moral content are decided, such as the change of name of transvestigenere people.
      PubDate: 2022-11-26
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37554
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Analysis of right-to-health litigation involving high-cost medicines in
           Brazil: a scoping review protocol

    • Authors: Rosângela Caetano, Ione Ayala Gualandi de Oliveira, Lívia Teixeira de Mattos, Patrícia Krauze, Claudia Garcia Serpa Osorio-de-Castro
      Abstract: Many studies investigating right to health litigation involving medicines mention “high-cost medicines”. However, detailed data on the characteristics of legal claims for these drugs and their share in terms of volume and spending in right to health litigation involving medicines is scarce. This paper presents a protocol for a scoping review that seeks to determine the profile of legal claims for high-cost medicines in Brazil and calculate the volume of purchases and amount spent on these drugs as a share of overall volume and spending related to right to health litigation involving medicines. Structured following the PRISMA-P checklist, this protocol describes the stages of the methodological framework for conducting the review. Guided by the PCC mnemonic (Population, Concept and Context), we searched for articles and other academic research reports published from 2000 to the present date using the MEDLINE, Embase, LILACS, Scopus, and Web of Science databases and the Brazilian Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations, respectively. Study selection will be performed in two stages (reading of titles and abstracts and assessment of the full-text version of the articles) by two independent reviewers. Any disagreements will be resolved by a third reviewer. We will perform a qualitative and quantitative analysis of the results, which will be presented in a descriptive format using figures, tables, and diagrams. The final review report will follow the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis for Scoping Reviews (PRISMA-ScR) checklist. This protocol is registered with the Open Science Framework (
      DOI : 10.17605/OSF.IO/8PXUB).
      PubDate: 2022-11-26
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Exploring issues of resilience and technology use for older people - A
           scoping review protocol

    • Authors: Timothy J. Smith, Khui Hung Lee, Kan Yu, Leisa Armstrong, David M. Cook
      Abstract: The aim of this scoping review is to understand the extent of issues of resilience implied by the interactions of older people with financial, social, and health related technologies. Older people aged 60+, technology use or non-use, and issues of resilience studied over the last four years (2019-2022) demarcate the scope of this review. Key exclusion criteria are older adults living in long-term care facilities, nursing homes, care homes and hospital in-patients. It also excludes studies on the perspectives of older peoples’ clinicians. The review will be carried out according to the Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) scoping review methodology. The key information sources are SCOPUS, Web of Science, CINAHL, PsychINFO, and MEDLINE databases. The forms of grey literature included are reports from government and non-government organizations, as well as studies from the ProQuest Dissertations & Theses - Global database. The search is limited to studies written in English. For the first step in the search strategy, keywords and index terms will be identified via SCOPUS, Web of Science, and MEDLINE databases. This is followed by a search via the above databases. Third, a search of the reference lists of all included articles will form part of the full-text screening process. Two researchers will independently screen the titles and abstracts of the literature and then read the full text of the included literature, applying the inclusion criteria and searching reference lists. All data will be presented in tables and charts to answer the review question.
      PubDate: 2022-11-26
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37773
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Home automation: knowledge about the existence and importance of its use
           by people with physical disabilities - wheelchair users in Redenção -
           PA, Brazil

    • Authors: Carlos Ribeiro de Sousa, Rogério Santiago Lopes
      Abstract: Automation, a set of technologies with the ability to program events in an environment, in order to make the operation of various equipment automatic, through integrated systems and internet connection. This research aimed to demonstrate knowledge about the existence, use, and importance of use by people with physical disabilities - wheelchair users. It was possible to observe that 36.6% of the people who answered the questionnaire said they did not know how "voice command" is used in home automation projects, in addition to 33.3% of the participants claiming not to know or even to have heard talking about “smart home”, however, the “legality” of the statements was perceived, when 87.9% said they knew that several segments and types of residential control such as: cameras, locks, smart lamps and sockets, air conditioning, universal, can be controlled by voice command, a fact that demonstrates that the integration of automation tools is not yet strongly known as the general concept. It was concluded that the participants have general knowledge about what automation is, a more succinct perception of home automation, unaware of the way in which smart homes are defined and technically designed and believe that home automation can contribute by facilitating the day-to-day life of people with physical disabilities or reduced mobility.
      PubDate: 2022-11-26
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37615
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • The impact of the cost of injectable medicines during the COVID-19
           pandemic in a private hospital on the countryside of Bahia

    • Authors: Tassia Neves Lobão, Marta Alves Bispo , Joice Jardim Almeida, Otávio Rendeiro de Jesus Neto
      Abstract: The COVID 19 pandemic triggered rapid transformations in health care and expressed the weaknesses present in the relationships of care organizations. Considering the increase in demand and the consequent drop in the supply of medicines in the pandemic period, there is a need to use tools that help health centers in the management of their stocks. Therefore, Pareto's ABC curve presents itself as a fundamental tool, based on the importance of the items, quantities used and their values. This article aims to demonstrate the application of the ABC curve for medication management in a hospital pharmacy of a private hospital located in a city in the countryside of Bahia. Three Pareto ABC curves were prepared considering data from the years 2019, 2020 and 2021 so that previous and current data from the pandemic were used. It was possible to notice that there was variation, especially among the items of Class A, since during the pandemic, muscle relaxants, anesthetics and sedatives that make up the so-called "intubation kit" and drugs to combat pulmonary infections were among the highest percentage costs of the pharmacy hospital, still representing a great impact on the stock with high proportions of SKU (Stock Keeping Unit). A significant increase in the value of certain medications was also notable, which directly impacted the total annual cost of medication in the hospital pharmacy. It was then possible to affirm that the pandemic caused financial impacts on the hospital's CAF, and that such effects could be minimized with the adoption of the administrative methods presented.
      PubDate: 2022-11-25
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37483
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • The social representations of no-consensual pornografy

    • Authors: Marcos Vinicius Mota, José Roberto da Silva Brêtas
      Abstract: This research aimed to reveal the social representations in scenarios linked to the reproduction of pornography, interpret the sexual scripts that contribute to the occurrence of non-consensual propagation and understand the situations of vulnerabilities emerging in revenge scenarios. The method used was associated with the Theory of Social Representations in a socio-psychological approach. Data collection involved 34 young people between 18 and 29 years of age in a social network, in which we inserted a digital instrument, whose result was interpreted by the Content Analysis method, of the categorical analysis type, which generated eight themes: sexual scripts in Remote Control; the intimate as the place of sexuality and the exceptions to the rule; approximations and distances between pornography and eroticism; revenge as a state of vulnerability to the overlapping of the other; social vulnerabilities arising from non-consensual exposure; the interpersonal scripts of novels in vulnerable situations; political, programmatic, services and actions and social vulnerabilities; laughter and the discovery of the stranger through non-consensual pornography. We conclude that the social representation of the person implies relational games, whose concept remains between being subject and being object. The non-consensual bases for decision-making are prone to the production of pornography in the breakup of relationships, representing that the body can be consumed, but not identified and becomes an object for consumption when privacy runs out in front of the other's gaze.
      PubDate: 2022-11-25
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.36488
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • The use of electronic dental record: narrative literature review

    • Authors: Flávio Murilo Lemos Gondim, Clara Franciely da Mota Sousa, Pricila Rejane Silva Santos, Mariana Albernaz Pinheiro de Carvalho, Claudia Batista Mélo, Maria Lucia do Carmo Cruz Robazzi, Islania Giselia Albuquerque Araújo
      Abstract: Objective: Electronic identification as available from the patient's medical record (PEP) technological solution in the context of Dentistry. Methodology: The present work corresponds to a narrative literature review, which aimed to review current literature available in the following databases: Lilacs (Latin American and Caribbean Literature in Health Sciences), PubMed and SciELO (Scientific Electronic Library Online), which addressed the topic of choice, using pre-established descriptors, including articles from the last 05 years, available in full, and excluding those that were only distant from the proposed topic. Results: After applying the selected inclusion and exclusion criteria, 18 articles and 2 resolutions from the Federal Dentistry Council were selected to integrate the study, for the choice of quality of findings for the challenges of the main findings of the implementation of the PEP. Conclusion: PEP was identified as a tool that enables information security, privacy and longevity.
      PubDate: 2022-11-25
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.36866
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Newborn screening test: evaluation of knowledge and importance for health

    • Authors: Amanda Miranda Castro, Sara Alves Ferreira, Ana Paula Nogueira Nunes, Kelen Cristina Sant’Ana de Lima, Ana Lúcia Pimenta Starling, Cíntia Maria Rodrigues, Christiane Motta Araújo, Janaína de Oliveira Melo
      Abstract: Newborn screening test is a laboratory exam that allows identifying genetic, congenital and infectious conditions before symptoms appear. The aim of this study was to investigate the knowledge of pregnant women, puerperum and health professionals about the foot test and the diseases detected by it. The cross-sectional observational research was developed in the Basic Health Units of Diamantina-MG with 127 people. Most of the interviewees had some information about the foot test. However, it was observed that a significant portion of pregnant women and puerperum women did not know their importance and, on average, 52% of them did not receive information about the prenatal test. Only 18% of the health professionals were able to describe which diseases are tracked by the test and none of the pregnant women and puerperum could mention all the diseases. More than 95% of the research participants reported the need for guidance on the subject, with emphasis on the types of diseases screening. Thus, it can be concluded that the knowledge of the evaluated public proved to be superficial, and showed the need for training and educational actions, both for professionals and mothers, so that they have a broad knowledge of the exam.
      PubDate: 2022-11-25
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37023
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Impact of clinical simulation on nursing learning in critical care

    • Authors: Douglas dos Santos, Luiz Gustavo da Costa Souza, Jeisiane Andrade de Jesus, Mariana Santos Barros, Lucas Andrade Santos, Mariany Araújo Silva, Deyse Mirelle Souza Santos, Fernanda Costa Martins Gallotti, Maria Betânia Trindade Carvalho Gois
      Abstract: The learning process comes from the integration of the student's previous knowledge, acquired through their ability to receive new information. One of the ways of building knowledge is the Active Teaching Methodologies, such as clinical simulation, in which the subject is the protagonist during learning. The objective of this study is to evaluate the integration between clinical simulation and learning in nursing in Critical Care. This is an integrative review with a qualitative approach and a descriptive nature. Data collection was carried out in the following databases: National Library of Medicine (PubMed), Virtual Health Library (VHL) and Embase, and took place from March to May 2022. After filtering, reading the titles and abstracts, reading the articles in full and excluding those that did not comply with the research objectives or were duplicates, 20 publications were selected because they were of relevance to this review. The use of clinical simulation aimed at care in critically ill patients has been frequently applied, both in the continuing education of nursing teams at the national level and in other countries, as well as in education in institutions that offer undergraduate and graduate degrees in nursing, increasing the capacity for self-perception, communication and, therefore, improving the behaviour of professionals providing nursing care. Clinical simulation has been shown to be an effective instrument in the improvement of nursing students and professionals, leveraging the teaching of Nursing in critical care, providing subsidies for learning.
      PubDate: 2022-11-25
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37463
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Use of cannabinoids as a therapeutic perspective for psoriasis vulgaris:
           an integrative review

    • Authors: Laura Martins da Silva, Uiara Maria de Barros Lira Lins, Ednaldo de Santana Souza, Salatiel Henrique Pereira de Lima
      Abstract: Psoriasis is a chronic pathology with rapid proliferation in the skin, it is not contagious and shows signs of inflammation. In it, the immune system attacks the cells of the dermis, and for this reason it is an autoimmune disease favoring the appearance of scaly lesions, with the presence of erythema and irregular shapes. Considering this, this integrative literature review aims to understand the use of the Cannabis sativa plant as a therapeutic perspective for psoriasis vulgaris. For this, a search on the subject was carried out in the Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), U.S National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health (PubMed) and Academic Google databases, the inclusion rules were: text available in its entirety; articles published in the last decade, prioritizing the most recent ones; written in Portuguese, English or Spanish and, finally, be directly related to the object of study presented here. It was found that cannabinoids have great potential in the treatment of psoriasis, with their mechanism of action focused on the main pathogenic pathways of the disease: keratogenesis, inflammation and angiogenesis, however studies are mostly in vitro. More clinical trials in humans and studies are needed to clarify the toxicity, safety and efficacy of cannabinoids in the treatment of the disease in question.
      PubDate: 2022-11-25
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37568
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Profile study of PREP users (HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis) in the
           Municipality of Cascavel

    • Authors: Bahaa Ali Moussa, Luciana Osório Cavalli
      Abstract: Seen as a new way of not contracting the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), which causes a notifiable disease, the daily taking of a pill, legally prescribed and indicated by a medical professional specialized in the area, seeks pre -exposure to the virus in patients belonging to risk groups. A medication recently implemented and accepted on the list of approved drugs and distributed free of charge to the population through the Unified Health System (SUS), by the National Health Surveillance Agency (ANVISA). Due to the great impact on the patients' quality of life and socioeconomic factors, this study seeks to analyze which population groups are candidates for the use of medication, recognized and approved by the Ministry of Health and how they are distributed in society, analyzing the epidemiological profile of patients, in Municipality of Cascavel – Paraná, in comparison with the numbers of the state of Paraná and the country Brazil. From the interpretation of the data, collected from an electronic address provided by the department of diseases, chronic conditions and sexually transmitted infections of the ministry of health, recognize the possibility of maintaining or establishing new measures in search of a more complete and optimized treatment in favor of wellfare of the patient.
      PubDate: 2022-11-25
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.35540
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Oral health care in university students: hygiene habits, knowledge and
           self-perception to promote health

    • Authors: Vinícius Gonçalves Saturnino, Gilmar Antoniassi Junior
      Abstract: Objective: To investigate the behaviors, frequency and means used by university students regarding self-perception of oral hygiene, as well as the importance of care and knowledge about oral pathologies, as a strategy for the practice of a health-promoting university. Material and Methods: This is a qualitative research, which used the survey method and was carried out with university students from a private institution. As a research instrument, it consists of a questionnaire. For descriptive statistical analyses, mean, standard deviation and percentage were considered; a significant value of p ≤ 0.05 was also considered. Qualitative analyzes were presented and discussed in light of the literature on health promotion. Results: 121 university students participated in the study. With a greater predominance of students from the dentistry course, aged between 22 and 26 years and female. 50.4% say they are satisfied with their oral health; 56.2% think they currently need dental treatment; 62.8% brush their teeth 3 times a day, mostly 43% after lunch and 28.9% after dinner. 25.6% sometimes have gum bleeding when brushing their teeth. 56.2% say they sometimes use dental floss. 86.8% of participants have no impact on quality of life regarding oral health. Regarding the knowledge of oral pathologies, most participants do not have knowledge about oral pathologies. Considerations: It was possible to perceive that the level of knowledge of the participants about pathologies and pathological alterations requires attention in the dissemination of information among academics.
      PubDate: 2022-11-25
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37805
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Muscular strength, flexibility and balance analysis in women practicing
           ballet pilates

    • Authors: Aida Carla Santana de Melo Costa, Glenda Caroline Gonçalves Rodrigues Santos, Joshua de Azevedo Marques, Maria de Lourdes Santana Matos , Italo Tavares Felix, Ubirajara Filgueira de Melo Neto, Davi Santana Sousa
      Abstract: Introduction: Ballet Pilates is a way of associating Pilates principles with Classic Ballet movements. The exercises employ body weight as a load, they can be adapted according to physical condition of each one. In a short time of practice, it is possible to observe the results, such as reducing weight, increasing muscle strength and improving posture. Objective: Analyze the muscular strength, flexibility and balance of women who practice Ballet Pilates, comparing them as variables before and after two months of practicing the sport. Methodology: The present study is of intervention and field, of comparative character and quantitative nature. A survey included 14 volunteers practicing the sport, aged 20 to 50 years old, and a data collection was carry out at the Tiradentes University. Data were collect using the Lafayette isometric dynamometer, the Sanny analog fleximeter and the Arkipelago baropodometry platform. Results: According to a strength analysis, muscle gains were observe, especially in the quadriceps, gluteus and calves, with statistical statistics for right quadriceps (p = 0.008) and left gluteus (p = 0.021). In the flexibility variable, differences were observed before and after the activity execution, with positive impact on the following muscle groups: torso (p = 0.004), hip flexors (p <0.001) and hamstrings (p <0.001). No significant difference in balance was find, measured by baropodometry, after two months of performing the Ballet Pilates modality. Conclusion: It was find that the Ballet Pilates modality is capable of promoting muscle strength gain, being observe in the study participants, mainly in the quadriceps and gluteus muscle groups. In addition, it became the flexibility gain exhibited by practitioners of this activity, exerting a positive influence, especially on the torso, hip flexors and hamstrings. As for balance, very expressive results were not observed, due to fact that the students have already presented balance preservation.
      PubDate: 2022-11-25
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.35063
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Use of contraceptives in climacteric in Primary Care

    • Authors: Ana Flávia Alves, Adriano Luiz Possobon
      Abstract: Introduction: Climacteric is defined as the period between menacme and senility, with a period before and after menopause. The climacteric syndrome is defined by more intense signs and symptoms close to the menopause, most of which are due to the lack of circulating estrogen, in addition to psychosocial factors. In the 20th century, there were few health prevention and promotion campaigns for this part of the female population. Today, the Ministry of Health has programs aimed at these patients. It is known that the use of contraceptive methods improves symptoms and acts as a protective factor against endometrial neoplasms. However, this reality needs to be individualized, taking into account risk factors and women's complaints. Objective: To analyze the contraceptive methods used by climacteric women in a UBS in western Paraná. Methodology: this is a quantitative analysis of women aged between 42 and 48 years old, registered in a Basic Health Unit in the West of Paraná. They answered a form sent via the social network WhatsApp, which included the free and informed consent form (ICF), requesting authorization and clarifying the research. Results: of the 31 women interviewed, all had a medical indication of contraceptive use, only 17 (54.8%) used it. Thus, a multidisciplinary approach in primary health care is extremely important, aimed at welcoming women at this stage of life, in addition to seeking changes in the life habits of this population, so that, in this way, it is possible to achieve a better quality of life.
      PubDate: 2022-11-25
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37243
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Viability of distribution system for dose of drugs in the neonatal
           Intensive Care Unit of a university hospital: a study based on a value

    • Authors: Erika Michelle do Nascimento Facundes Barbosa, Francisca Sueli Monte Moreira, Carolina Barbosa Brito da Matta, Regina Meira Lima de Souza, Jéssica Wedna da Silva Alves, Jordan Carlos da Silva Medeiros, Juliane da Silva Pereira, Moacyr Jesus Barreto de Melo Rêgo, Maíra Galdino Rocha Pitta
      Abstract: Medication access is considered a fundamental human right but must be rationally dispensed. This study aimed to compare the direct costs of the mixed drug dispensing system used in a neonatal intensive care unit, with a simulation of drug distribution system for unit through a hospital pharmacotecnical standardized at resolution-RDC 07/2007 by Brazilian Ministry of Health. It is a cross-sectional retrospective, and analytical study, with a qualitative and quantitative approach. The variables were obtained through the analysis of prescription and dispensing reports, over a one year, related to pharmacological therapy, use and associated costs. The simple comparative analysis of the exclusive costs with medication consumption in the mixed dispensing model and in the simulated scenario showed a savings of 27.07% that means R $27, 072, 66, to the last one. The injectable drugs group contributed mostly to this savings, approximately 95.0%, that means R$25,719.97. Although that result showed less significant economic contributions for oral medications, they might possibly show positive effects for patient safety, arising from reduction of errors of drugs administration routes, risks of microbiological contamination and work overload, not measured here. In addition, the integration of the pharmacist into the multidisciplinary team. However, more complex economic evaluations, which allow the measurement of these and other beneficial effects, are necessary to support managers and specialists into decision-making process.
      PubDate: 2022-11-25
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37213
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Detection of enteroparasitic agents in raw lettuce purchased in public
           markets located in the city of Recife - PE

    • Authors: Pedro Henrique de Melo Soares, Andriu dos Santos Catena, Leandro Marques de Albuquerque, Patricia Alves Genuino
      Abstract: The prevalence of intestinal parasites in the population is related to poor sanitation and poor hygienic habits. The present study aims to detect, both quantitatively and qualitatively, enteroparasitic agents in raw lettuce (Lactuca sativa) purchased in public markets in neighborhoods in the region of Recife - PE, using the HDIM as a socioeconomic indicator to make a comparison. We analyzed 12 samples of crisp lettuce (Lactuca sativa) collected in six different neighborhoods and used the 24-hour sedimentation method followed by centrifugation to search for intestinal parasites. A total of 324 enteroparasitic agents were detected and among them were: Giardia lamblia (28.4%), Strongyloides stercoralis (24.8%) and Entamoeba Coli (19%). All the markets analyzed presented more than one type of enteroparasite, but it was not possible to confirm whether there is a correlation between the enteroparasite findings and the socioeconomic index HDIM.
      PubDate: 2022-11-25
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37496
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Risk factors to unfavorable treatment outcomes in patients with drug
           resistance tuberculosis admitted at a tertiary referral hospital in Rio de
           Janeiro State

    • Authors: Marcia Maria Freire, Marcela Bhering, Antônio Ruffino Netto, Afrânio Linei Kritski
      Abstract: This study aims at identifying clinical and demographic factors associated with DR-TB and unfavorable outcomes in a reference TB hospital in Rio de Janeiro State. We performed a retrospective case-control study with presumed DR-TB inpatients hospitalized from 2011 to 2014. DR-TB patients were the case group, and drug-sensitive (DS)-TB, the control group. Logistic regressions were performed to analyze the risk factors associated with DR-TB and the outcomes. Among 135 patients, DR was detected in 41.5%. Being an illegal drug user and having previous TB treatment were associated with DR-TB. Being Afro-Brazilian, male, and under 40 years old were associated with unfavorable outcomes. Patients with rifampicin and isoniazid resistance had 9.7-fold higher odds to death. In conclusion, the high proportion of patients with resistance detected in a tertiary hospital and the poor general condition point to failures in the primary health care that contribute to the proportion of unfavorable outcome.
      PubDate: 2022-11-25
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37419
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome in adolescents and particularities in its
           treatment: integrative review

    • Authors: Lilia Silva Vieira, Raiana Luiza Coutinho Andrade, Ana Cláudia Andrade Vinhas
      Abstract: Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is a complex and heterogeneous disorder that constitutes one of the endocrinological disorders that most affect women of reproductive age so that manifestations of its symptoms usually appear during adolescence. Still, specific studies on the health of women and girls are quite scarce, since in most societies they are harmed by discrimination based on sociocultural factors. Thus, this article proposes to analyze the most current literature available on the occurrence of PCOS in adolescents and its pharmacotherapy assuming that its diagnosis and treatment present particularities age related. The descriptors were used in combination “Polycystic Ovary Syndrome” AND “pharmacotherapy” AND “adolescents” in Portuguese and considering publications from the last five years (2017 to 2022). The search resulted in the selection of six articles in the databases of Google academic, Scientific Electronic Library Online (SCIELO) and Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde - BVS (with Medline and Lilacs) consistent with the inclusion and exclusion criteria defined first. The articles were discussed in two thematic categories: one addressing general features of PCOS in adolescents and the second focusing on pharmacotherapy and alternative treatments. It is noticed that there are still divergences regarding the diagnosis, however, the most recommended treatments are the use of contraceptives combined with insulin sensitizers, in addition to lifestyle changes adopting healthy habits.
      PubDate: 2022-11-25
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37291
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Protagonism of medical students in carrying out the activities of the
           HIPERDIA program: an experience report

    • Authors: Evelyn Teixeira Borges, Anderson Veiga Barbosa, Alex Carlos Ferreira Castro, Marissol Miranda Alves Reis, Emerson André Negrão do Nascimento, Waltair Maria Martins Pereira
      Abstract: Complications involving Systemic Arterial Hypertension and Diabetes Mellitus contribute to the increase in premature mortality from non-transmissible chronic diseases, as well as increase the costs of the Brazilian Unified Health System. The objective of this work was to dynamize the teaching-learning of Situational Strategic Planning to medical students, with the motto of the execution of the activities of the National Program of Hypertension and Diabetes. The methodology used was the experience report of teaching-learning with the use of pedagogy by problems, leading the students to be the protagonists of their learning process under the coordination of the teacher. The execution of the programmed actions for the individuals in the community was developed in three moments, with home visits to actively search for the absent, invitation to participate in the programmed activities, and the performance of the actions inherent to the National Hypertension and Diabetes Program in the physical environment of the Family Health Strategy Unit. The results found were positive for the students' learning about Situational Strategic Planning, the formatting of the Intervention Plan, and the execution of health promotion actions. The concrete factors observed and pointed out here signaled a positive result in self-care, in the sensitization of the target audience and in the awakening of individuals to the knowledge about health promotion and prevention of the diseases in focus. For the medical students, the protagonism in the execution of the activities brought them closer to humanized care and provided a closer relationship between the Federal University of Pará and the community of Riacho Doce.
      PubDate: 2022-11-25
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37501
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Evaluation of droplet and aerosol dispersion: a biosafety alert for the
           dental surgeon in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic

    • Authors: Luiz Carlos Machado da Fonseca, Gabriela Meira Lima, Fernanda Stefania Bastos Garcia, Marco Antônio Cruz Rocha, Maria Carolina Coutinho Xavier Soares, Lia Mizobe Ono
      Abstract: The pandemic of COVID-19 has called into question the risks of infection in dentistry. This research is justified by the need to demonstrate the occupational risks that droplets and aerosols pose to the dental surgeon. The study aims to analyze the dispersion of aerosol droplets in a dental environment and the effectiveness of PPE. We used simulations of a procedure in a dental office covered with white TNT, with the water in the reservoir stained with food coloring, and two models playing the role of the attendant and the patient. To keep the simulation closer to reality, two devices made of acrylic resin were superimposed on the patient's arch. The steps were photographed for data recording, analysis, and future comparisons. After the simulation, spills were found on the TNT that covered the floor, on the office table, and on the spittoon. The personal protective equipment used by the attendant was where the highest concentration of splashes was observed, especially on the disposable apron and the face shield. The ability to disperse droplets and aerosols was evidenced in this study. Droplets and aerosols represent a health risk for the dental surgeon. Biosafety care should be part of the daily routine of professionals.
      PubDate: 2022-11-25
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.33328
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • The importance of nutrition in the treatment of Gestational Diabetes
           Mellitus: an integrative review

    • Authors: Andressa Mesquita Motta Araujo, Edna Mara Aguiar Nunes, Glória Maria Alves Pitanga
      Abstract: Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) is defined as a metabolic dosage group characterized by hyperglycemia, resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both, with any degree of glucose intolerance with onset or detection during pregnancy. The present research discussed the importance of nutrition in the treatment of patients with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus with the general objective of describing from the bibliographic analysis, the relevance of the Nutrition professional in the treatment of pregnant women who have gestational diabetes mellitus. The research was carried out in the form of an integrative review, the bibliographic method of a qualitative nature was adopted, and a literature review was carried out. The following descriptors in Portuguese were used: Nutrition. Pregnant. Diabetes. Gestational Diabetes Mellitus, between the years 2010 to 2022. The research results show that nutritional intervention is an important ally for the control of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus, leading to several benefits to maternal and fetal health.
      PubDate: 2022-11-25
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37263
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Long-stay institutions for the elderly: a review

    • Authors: Aloísio Evangelista de Sousa Filho, Filipe Gustavo Leão do Nacimento, Ana Flávia Machado de Carvalho, Diane Nogueira Paranhos Amorim, Francisnete Lima da Rocha Borges
      Abstract: The emergence and spread of long-stay institutions for the elderly (ILPIs) is linked to the demographic increase of this population in Brazil. This study aims to analyze long-stay institutions within the context of the demographic transition and the factors that lead elderly people to institutionalize. National scientific articles were used, available in full in the Scientific Electronic Library Online (SCIELO), Latin American and Caribbean Literature on Health Sciences (LILACS) and Research, Society and Development journals, published in the last five years. Adhering through the descriptors/key words: “elderly person”, “ILPI”, “housing”, combined with the Boolean operator “AND”. Firstly, data on population aging was exposed, followed by a brief historical perspective of Long-Term Institutions and ending with the process of institutionalization of the elderly in them. It was concluded that although there are definitions and configurations on how LTCFs should work, an in-depth study of the physical and behavioral needs of the elderly is necessary, in order to restructure the environment of LTCFs, places that have become the housing destination for growing demand from older people. The institutionalization process and the experience of the elderly in the institution are factors for the study of improvements in the quality of care provided to the elderly.
      PubDate: 2022-11-25
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37573
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • The impact of smartphone use and social networks on attention, memory and
           anxiety of university students: an integrative review

    • Authors: Hélyda Moura Borges, Rodrigo da Silva Maia
      Abstract: Through the accelerated advancement of technologies, through the constant consumption of increasingly modern smartphones, whether of the most diverse models, containing the most varied applications, including facebook, whatsapp, twitter and instagram with their respective functionalities, this work has the purpose of to analyze the effects of smartphone use and social networks on the attention, memory and anxiety of university students. Thus, an integrative literature review was carried out in which national and international articles from the last five years were selected from the following databases: PubMed (database developed by the National Library of Medicine), Lilacs (Latin American and Caribbean Literature on Health Sciences) and Scielo (Scientific Electronic Library Online). With the use of these descriptors, namely: (smartphones OR smartphone OR cell phone OR cell phones OR social networks OR facebook OR instagram OR whatsapp OR twitter) AND (“psychological processes” OR attention OR memory OR anxiety) AND (youth OR young OR teenager OR adolescents OR students OR students OR university students), 537 articles were found. When applying the exclusion criteria, 12 articles remained for analysis. Most of the results showed a statistically significant association of smartphone and social media use with anxiety and also with other variables such as depression and stress. No articles were found that addressed the relationship between the use of smartphones and/or social networks with memory and attention. This literature review, by summarizing the main findings on the topic, may be useful for future interventions and research.
      PubDate: 2022-11-25
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37422
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Hyperalphalipoproteinemia: a literature review

    • Authors: Paula Rayssa Rodrigues, Lucas Martins, Alessandra Cristina Pupin Silvério
      Abstract: Objective: To analyze and address the causes and alterations related to hyperalphalipoproteinemia, comparing the general patterns of the population. Methodology: An Integrative Literature Review was conducted, in which key words specified in the Pubmed and Science Direct databases were used: "hyperalphalipoprotenemia" OUR "hyperalphalipoprotein" OUR "HDLc". Results: Mutations in individuals with hyperalphalipoproteinemia, single nucleotide polymorphisms, deleterious genes, cetp gene, hepatic SR-BI, endothelial lipase (EL) gene, splicing defect, genes and proteins ANGPTL3 and ANGPTL8 can be highlighted. In addition, changes in surface fluidity and HDLc membrane constituents were noted, changes in the RCT process and in the ability to increase expression and to activate endothelial synthesis of nitric oxide (NO). Furthermore, changes caused by CETP deficiency cannot be related to a cardioprotective, antiatherogenic and anti-inflammatory effect, and even a U-shaped relationship between plasma HDLc and ischemic electrocardiographic changes, where CETP deficiency accumulates. Moreover, the presence of the P376L variant, intervenenegatively in the processing of SR-BI. Finally, individuals with higher HDLc levels exhibit cholesterol particles enriched by apolipoproteins, which cause changes to the anti-inflammatory action of HDL itself. Conclusion: Changes in the physiological functioning of HDLc, which cause hyperalphalipoproteinemia, are caused by several mutations that lead to changes in the membrane mechanism, CETP, SR-BI and inflammatory processes. More research is needed to conclude about the cardioprotective effect.
      PubDate: 2022-11-25
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37461
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Doses and methods of application of phosphate fertilizer in soybean
           culture in the cerrado region

    • Authors: Lucas Costa de Carvalho, Warlyton Silva Martins, Cid Tacaoca Muraishi, Daisy Parente Dourado, Guilherme Rocha dos Santos, Danilo Ribeiro Barbacena, Guilherme Santos Adams, Murilo Pereira de Souza
      Abstract: Phosphorus is the most limiting nutrient for crop production in cerrado soils and thus the importance of fertilizer management, both in dosage and application modes, is highlighted. In this sense, the objective of this work was to evaluate the performance of the soybean crop produced with different doses and application modes of phosphorus. A field research was conducted during the 2019/2020 crop year. The experiment was installed in Bela Vista Farm, in the city of Pugmil - TO and the experimental design was adopted in randomized blocks (BCT), in a 3x3+1 factorial scheme, consisting of three doses (71, 142 and 186 kg.ha-¹ of P2O5) of phosphate fertilizer and three forms of application: furrow planting, broadcast, and combined (50% in the furrow and 50% broadcast) plus the witness, with four repetitions. Phytometric characteristics, production and yield components were evaluated, namely: number of pods, number of grains, number of grains/ pod, average height of the insertion of the first reproductive node, plant height, total weight of grains (Kg.ha-¹) and yield in Sac/ha-¹. The data were submitted to variance analysis and when significant, the Scott-Knott test (p≤0.05) was used to compare means. It was concluded that the doses and modes of application of phosphate fertilizer in soybean culture, in this work, did not affect the growth and productivity of the crop.
      PubDate: 2022-11-25
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37502
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Perceptions on the construction of knowledge in science in Elementary
           School using the active methodology of Blended Learning

    • Authors: Filipe Zaniratti Damica, Gabriely Zaniratti Damica, Sabrina Paradizo Silva Guedes Gomes, Douglas Ribeiro Lucas, Leomar Zaniratti Damica, Noraney Zaniratti Veloso, Matheus Alves Brito de Almeida, Leismarque Adelino Junior Silva, Nilson Sérgio Peres Stahl
      Abstract: Considering the low results presented by Brazilian education in global indicators such as those published by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development - OECD, and by other indicators such as the UNESCO Education ranking. It can be seen that Brazilian education needs improvements so that it is possible to provide students with a meaningful learning experience. Therefore, we believe that education must accompany the innovations provided mainly by digital information and communication technologies - TDICs, abandoning mechanical techniques of knowledge transmission that disregard the heterogeneity of education and increasingly inserting itself in the daily lives of students, so that they can learn in a personalized way. The present research seeks to analyze how knowledge occurs at a fundamental level in the discipline of science from the model of rotation by stations, based on the active methodology of hybrid teaching that seeks to involve TDICs in the educational process so that it is possible to customize the time and mode of learning. In the proposed model, the classes were arranged in groups (called stations), and in each station there was a specific activity to be carried out by the present group. In our conclusions, we corroborate positive results of the rotation by stations listed by the students when answering the questionnaires applied after classes.
      PubDate: 2022-11-25
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37447
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Using integrative and complementary practices as mitigating resources for
           common early childhood issues: Experience report

    • Authors: Aline Moraes Monteiro, Camila Andresa Monte Bezerra, Beatriz Cristina Barbosa Anjos, Ana Carolina Almeida Pimentel Pinto, Thiago Augusto Ferreira dos Anjos, Joici Carvalho Barata, Gabriele Freitas dos Santos, Rebecca Lobato Marinho, Rayane Franklin Mourão Cardoso, Larissa Aline Costa Coelho
      Abstract: The objective was to improvethe experience experienced by nursing students in practice of the curricular component "Child and Adolescent Health in Primary Care". The methodology was a descriptive study of qualitative approach, of the type of experience report. The study participants were composed of 10 parents of children in the early childhood age group, who attended the nursing consultation in childcare. Bardin's proposed content analysis technique was used to analyze and interpret the collected data. The results were obtid during childcare consultations performed, parents were asked about the use of PICs in children, and they reported that they used lemon balm tea for cramps, abdominal massages for constipation and the use of music to calm the baby. Based on this, the discussion was made to guide issues of the theme, and the hypothesis of the functionality of integrative and non-pharmacological practices in early childhood children was raised. It is concluded that PICs appear as a non-drug form for the relief of common symptoms in early childhood. Thus, nursing plays a prominent role in guiding the proper use of these practices, with the purpose of ensuring holistic, qualified and humanized care to the user. Thus, it is noted the relevance of training and continuous updating of the professional in the face of PICS. Nevertheless, it is important to highlight the lack of articles with the same scientific bias, which demonstrates the need for scientific productions that can explain and report on the applicability of PICs in children.
      PubDate: 2022-11-25
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37388
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Public management and fiscal indicators: a performance analysis of the
           municipalities of Pernambuco

    • Authors: Ederson Jorge Melo das Chagas, Leonardo Carréra Campos Leal, Tatiana Bottentuit de Miranda, Luiz Flávio Arreguy Maia Filho, Romilson Marques Cabral
      Abstract: The good management of public resources is an instrument for the achievement of better socioeconomic development conditions. This work aims to evaluate the financial and budgetary performance of the 10 most populated municipalities of the State of Pernambuco, referring to the fiscal year 2021. As methodology it was used the 9 fiscal indicators proposed by the National Treasury Secretariat (NTS) in its Bulletin of Finances of the Subnational Entities. It is used the documental analysis in the process of obtaining the data, through the Accounting and Fiscal Information System of the Brazilian Public Sector (Siconfi). The main results demonstrate that the biggest municipalities of the sample have higher levels of debt and expenses with debt service, as a proportion of the net current revenue, than the smaller municipalities. Another important result is the demonstration of the degree of dependence of the municipalities in relation to intergovernmental transfers, most municipalities of the sample have on average only 30% of own collection. The work contributes to the literature by extending the application of the NTS indicators beyond the States and capitals, demonstrating the functionality of the 9 indicators to analyze the performance of municipalities of various sizes. Furthermore, the article innovates by proposing the Fiscal Management Competitiveness Index as an aggregator index of the results of the 9 indicators, enabling the constitution of a final ranking among the municipalities analysed.
      PubDate: 2022-11-25
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37441
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • World Bank and compensatory education policy in the State of Acre

    • Authors: Rair de Lima Nicácio, Pérsida da Silva Ribeiro Miki, Rovílio de Lima Nicácio
      Abstract: The article discusses the influence of the World Bank in the design and implementation of the Wings of Forestry Program as a public policy with compensatory function in the State of Acre (2005-2018). This is a qualitative, exploratory study, developed based on the methodological procedures of narrative bibliographic review and documentary research, through the reading of scientific articles, books, national legislation and documents of international organizations contained in official websites. For the analysis and discussion of the results the assumptions of content analysis were considered. The study presents the theoretical basis about compensatory policies. It then presents a brief history of World Bank agendas and their influence on public education policies. Afterwards, it presents and discusses the historical, social and political context under which the Wings of Florestania Program was implemented. The final considerations point to some reflections that endorse the discussions about the Wings of Florestania Program, based on the political models of the State expressed in the policies of the government of Acre, arising from World Bank guidelines. The results indicate that the Wings of Florestania Program brings together elements of the managerialist state model and the minimal state, under the technical/operational influence of the World Bank.
      PubDate: 2022-11-25
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37434
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Influences of the ambient temperature, degradation effect and usage habits
           over the energy consumption of domestic refrigerators in Brazil

    • Authors: Rafael Balbino Cardoso
      Abstract: Considering the relevance of the consumption of domestic refrigerators in the Brazilian residential sector, representing about 30% of the sectorial consumption, studies of factors that influence this consumption, such as ambient temperature, age of equipment and usage habits, are of great importance to a greater understanding of these effects and, thus, to promote better energy strategies for the country. In this sense, the present study evaluates the impacts of ambient temperature, age of the equipment and habits of use in the consumption of domestic refrigerators, based on theoretical models and laboratory tests. The laboratories assays, adhering to theoretical models, showed that the environment temperature can influence the consumption of refrigerators up to 50% less (taking into account the south region temperature), when comparing to the value that are labeled by PBE/INMETRO. When the usage habits are assayed, it was verified that the consumption of the refrigerator could be increased in up to 53%, depending the frequency of door opening.
      PubDate: 2022-11-25
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37739
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Applicability of the Ohmic Model for voltammetric growth of ZnO on
           galvanized steel sheets containing Sb or Pb

    • Authors: Tiago Brandão Costa, Tania Maria Cavalcanti Nogueira
      Abstract: The aim of this study was to verify the applicability of the Ohmic Model with variable ionic resistivity to the voltammetric zinc oxide growth on galvanized steel sheets, without chromate passivating film. Two kind of galvanized steel sheets were studied: one produced from a bath of molten zinc containing antimony and the other containing lead. The galvanized steel sheets produced from a bath containing Sb presented better performance against corrosion in comparison on with those produced from a bath containing Pb. The electrochemical experiments were performed in a buffer solution of pH 8.7 with of 0.3 mol L-1 H3BO3 plus 0.15 mol L-1 Na2B4O7. It was found that the passivating zinc oxide grown on the galvanized steel sheet containing Sb showed higher ionic resistivity than that of the galvanized sheet containing Pb. This can explain the corrosion results.
      PubDate: 2022-11-25
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37340
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Comparative analysis of load capacity of precast piles obtained through
           theoretical methods in GEO5 software

    • Authors: Ian Lucas Lopes Mendes, Rafael de Sousa Mendes, Rodrigo da Cruz de Araujo
      Abstract: The prediction of load capacity is of great value for the development of a foundation project. Due to the existence of difficulty in determining it accurately several methods developed by different authors have emerged over time. This research aims to compare the accuracy of the analytical methods of "NAVFAC DM 7.2", "Effective Stresses" and "CSN 73 1002" for the results of load capacity of precast concrete piles. For the performance analysis, the values of geotechnical load capacity adopted as reference were those mobilized in load tests performed in forty-nine (49) piles. These values were compared with those obtained by the mentioned methods, measuring their correlation, mean percentage errors and mean quadratic errors. It has also been proposed adjustments to improve the predictions of each method, providing more accurate results. In first predictions the percentage errors ranged from 40.8% up to 96%. After excluding outliers and proposing adjustment coefficients to be applied to each value, all the methods presented better performances, with percentage error lowering to 30.8% in best result. It was concluded that, in general, the NAVFAC DM 7.2 method presented the best results.
      PubDate: 2022-11-25
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37758
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Construction and operation of a distillation column

    • Authors: Fabrício Gusmão Ribeiro Silva, João Vitor Tostes Pitta, Leonardo de Melo Siqueira, Lucas Aparecido Oliveira, Bruna de Paula Guardieiro, Eduardo Moreira , Thaís Paulino Pereira, Davi Leonardo de Souza
      Abstract: Distillation is an important unit operation in several industrial processes. It is used to purify and separate various compounds, and it is based on the difference in volatility between the components present in the operation. The objective of the present work was to build a distillation column of removable perforated stages for laboratory practices of students at the Universidade Federal do Triângulo Mineiro, which also allows to study the effects of some variables: number of stages, reflux, feeding condition, thermal load employed and compositions in the output currents. For such analyses, the thermodynamic models used were validated through experimental and simulated data. The simulations were performed using the free software COFE®, ChemSep® and Excel®. The parameters were evaluated taking into account the exit of nearly pure water at the bottom of the column and an overhead stream of anhydrous ethanol leaving the column. Adaptations in order to optimize both the available structure and equipment operation as well as the results are the purposes of this work.
      PubDate: 2022-11-25
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37635
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Sociodemographic and pharmacotherapeutic profile of transgender persons
           from a specialized outpatient service in northeastern of Brazil

    • Authors: Carla Maria Lima Silva, Luiz Eduardo Oliveira Matos, Andressa Ribeiro Sassaqui, Ana Karolina de Souza Andrade, Chiara Ermínia Rocha, Giselle Carvalho Brito
      Abstract: Este estudo descreve o perfil sociodemográfico e farmacoterapêutico de pessoas transgênero de um ambulatório especializado em Sergipe, nordeste do Brasil. Esta investigação é uma pesquisa observacional, transversal e retrospectiva desenvolvida de janeiro a maio de 2022 com amostragem por conveniência. Os dados incluídos na análise foram o número de prontuário, idade, gênero, anos de estudo e estado civil. Também foram coletadas do prontuário eletrônico informações sobre o uso de medicamentos, como o tipo de hormonioterapia e outros medicamentos utilizados atualmente, prescritos ou não. A análise descritiva envolveu medidas de tendência central (média, mediana e desvio padrão). As pessoas transgênero incluídas no estudo (n=81) tinham até 29 anos (80%) (idade mediana de 26 anos), 70% (n=57) relataram o uso de hormonioterapia, sendo que 17% (n=10) desses relataram automedicação. A formulação mais utilizada foi o cipionato de testosterona 40,8% (n=20), seguido do acetato de ciproterona mais estradiol 20,4% (n=10). Cerca de 66,7% (n=38) dessas pessoas usavam outros medicamentos, como antidepressivos (32%; n=24). Por ser uma população minoritária que enfrenta constantemente situações de vulnerabilidade social, este trabalho contribuirá para uma caracterização mais detalhada dessa população do serviço investigado. Assim, órgãos públicos e organizações que atendem essa população podem obter mais informações sobre a diversidade que a compõe.
      PubDate: 2022-11-24
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37659
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Use of hydrogel (DAC) in the prevention of infections in procedures with
           rigid internal fixation: Systematic literature review

    • Authors: Gabriel Quaglia Pedrosa, Marília de Oliveira Coelho Dutra Leal, Rubens Gonçalves Teixeira, Cláudio Roberto Pacheco Jodas
      Abstract: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of using DAC hydrogel on stable internal fixation materials in surgical procedures. The methodology used to achieve the proposed purpose was a systematic review of the literature currently available and conducted in the MEDLINE databases via PubMed, Scopus, Scielo and Bireme, through controlled and uncontrolled terms, with the use of Boolean operators and Science Descriptors of Health DeCS/MeSH previously chosen. After applying the search strategies and eligibility criteria, 19 articles were included and the characteristics were collected: author, year, type of study, type of sample (human, animals, or laboratory), sample size, antimicrobial used, resorption time of hydrogel, site of hydrogel application, follow-up time, and reported benefits. The interpretation of the evidence obtained in this study allowed us to conclude that the use of DAC hydrogel in surgical procedures with stable internal fixation is effective, safe and should be recommended, and its advantages can be extrapolated to the area of maxillofacial surgery and traumatology. It is evident the need for further studies on the subject, mainly using in vivo samples, in order to establish a standard protocol for care, in addition to establishing reliable long-term results.
      PubDate: 2022-11-24
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37564
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Anthropometric, somatotype and dermatoglyphic analysis in a dominant
           bodybuilding champion

    • Authors: Thiago Batista Campos de Sousa
      Abstract: A relatively recent sequence of interventions investigating, in addition to anthropometric characteristics, dermatoglyphics in bodybuilding has been presented in science databases. In most cases, the female categories of this sport have been investigated, but no competitors at the professional level have been reached, which requires, for the initial findings to be confirmed, that subsequent interventions consider the level of the athletes, as well as the time of exposure to the rigors of high performance. Objective: Our goal was to carry out a dermatoglyphic, somatotypical, and anthropometric investigation, observing the level and time of competitive activity. Methodology: This is a case study, which had as volunteer a bodybuilder with expressive titles in this sport, obtained during a long-lasting career. Results: Although the anthropometric evaluation was carried out in the off-season period, the adipose, muscular and bone components presented the classifications in very low, very high and within normality; the somatotype was classified as Endomorphic Mesomorphic, being the endomorphy lower than the average of a sample with bodybuilders who participated in one of the Brazilian championships; the dermatoglyphic classification pointed to an eminence of glycolytic fibers, with type IIa standing out. Conclusion: We conclude, when evaluating a high-level bodybuilder, that a higher conditioning than the reference used, found in our survey, was presented; and that the dermatoglyphics corresponded, similarly to previous findings, to the requirements of the division investigated.
      PubDate: 2022-11-24
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37727
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Viral escape and compartmentalization in HIV/AIDS patient with
           neurological complications and under effective antiretroviral therapy: a
           case report

    • Authors: Tereza Amanda Bezerra Batista, Tayanne Silva Sampaio, Larissa Ciarlini Varandas Sales, Roseline Carvalho Guimarães, Érico Antonio Gomes Arruda
      Abstract: The global neurocognitive manifestations related to HIV infection are widely known. Several research groups around the world have studied the presence of HIV variants in different biological compartments, with discordant HIV-RNA levels between plasma and tissues. The aim of the present study was to investigate the viral escape of HIV in a patient with neurodegenerative manifestations, in whom no reason aside from HIV-related activity was found, despite effective antiretroviral therapy (ART). This is a descriptive Case Report, based on retrospective information obtained by medical record review, patient interviews, laboratory test results, and reports filed at the Infectious Diseases Service of the São José Hospital for Infectious Diseases (HSJ), in Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil. The obtained data indicate that HIV compartmentalization in the CNS can be facilitated by viral variants of a phenotype that enables effective replication in cells such as microglia or monocytes, especially when considering the limited penetration of ART through the blood-brain barrier, favoring the persistence of replication, increased genetic diversity, and the sustainment of viral reservoirs.
      PubDate: 2022-11-24
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37426
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Generic remedies in the pharmaceutical market: an integrative approach

    • Authors: Márcio Felipe Torres Ferreira Chaves, Tais de Sousa e Sousa , Antônio Carlos de Carvalho
      Abstract: A generic drug represents a pharmaceutical drug that contains the same chemical substance as a drug originally protected by chemical patents. Generic drugs can be sold after the original drug patents expire. As the active chemical substance is the same, the medical profile of generics is equivalent in performance. Thus, the objective of this research was to verify in the literature in an integrative way the importance of generic drugs in the pharmaceutical market. This is an exploratory, descriptive research, which will be carried out in the form of an integrative literature review and during the search, a total of 250 abstracts were found distributed differently in relation to the databases: Google academic (140), ScieLO (17) and Science Direct (93), leaving 10 articles selected by this study after using the inclusion criteria. The speed of appearance on the market and the acceptance of generics varied according to the pharmacological group. The Generics Law changed the dynamics of the pharmaceutical market. Future studies should examine the ongoing changes in the market as consumers gain greater confidence in generic products and manufacturers develop new marketing strategies.
      PubDate: 2022-11-24
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37639
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • The indiscriminate use of antibiotics in the ICU

    • Authors: Cátia Santos Oliveira, Tatiana Pinto Pacheco, Danilo Menezes Oliveira
      Abstract: The indiscriminate use of antibiotics is one of the biggest public health problems in the world because it generates antimicrobial resistance and one of the factors of this generate this problem is the excessive prescription of antibiotics in ICU. Thus, the objective of this study is to address the in ICU indiscriminate use of antibiotics and the methodology chosen was an integrative literature review of recent studies on the subject, having as inclusion criteria studies for the development of research listing in scientific databases, dating from 2017 to 2022, in Portuguese and English, a bibliographic search was carried out between April and May 2022, using scientific journal articles as a data source and the following keywords as inclusion characters: Global health; Microbial drug resistance, Antibiotics in ICU, making a table with studies that deal with the subject, bringing their objectives and main results. It has been researched that the proper use of antibiotics in medical practice has been a point of discussion, as well as many studies in recent years, and they must be correctly implemented to bring benefits both in prophylactic and therapeutic capacity. But when these drugs are not used properly, especially routinely in patient care, there may be unnecessary exposure and possible risks of these agents; thus, it is necessary promotion of strategies, the improvement of communication skills with patients and the conduction of more studies about the subject.
      PubDate: 2022-11-24
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37479
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • General hospitals and psychiatric hospitals in present: the panorama for
           Mental Health and perspectives

    • Authors: Christiane Gomes Mendes, Marcia Gomide da Silva Mello
      Abstract: With the change in the care model for people with mental disorders after Law 10.216/2001, which legitimizes the Brazilian Psychiatric Reform, the number of psychiatric hospitals has decreased while other units have emerged as an alternative way of treating people who need hospitalization. The purpose of this article is to demonstrate the number of institutions (general hospitals and psychiatric units) with beds available for psychiatry. The methodology was based on an active search on the official website of the Registry of Health Establishments – CNES portal. The official management report’s view refers to acceptable data for states and regions. Although the results found in this study, for the coverage rates by state and even by region, seem to be primarily satisfactory, when analyzed by municipality, the panel becomes different. The numbers in all states indicate that municipalities are not being assisted, denoting the importance of considering the municipal spheres to better locate the problems of lack of services offered.
      PubDate: 2022-11-24
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37586
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Ludwig's angina: clinical aspects and therapeutic approaches

    • Authors: Rafael Meneses Bomfim, Kimberly Damazio Tiburcio, Jamesson dos Santos Celestino, Talita Gomes Diniz, Eduarda Évilyn de Andrade Machado, Karen Mamede de Oliveira, Hiago Ferreira Rosa, Andreza Barbosa Araujo, Wandy Elisabeth Vieira da Silva Fernandes, Andressa Mayumi Sakagami Silva
      Abstract: Ludwig's angina (AL) is an infection of the submandibular space, first described by Wilhelm Frederick von Ludwig in 1836. The presence of dental caries, oral trauma, immunosuppression and the continuous use of psychoactive substances, such as alcohol and drugs of abuse, are predisposing factors for the emergence of this infection. Given the above, this study aimed to review the literature on Ludwig's angina, highlighting its clinical aspects and therapeutic approaches. For the construction of this article, a bibliographic survey was carried out in the databases SciVerse Scopus, Scientific Electronic Library Online (Scielo), U.S. National Library of Medicine (PUBMED) and ScienceDirect, using the Mendeley reference manager. LA is a rapidly progressing infection of the floor of the mouth, which can rapidly compromise the patient's airways. It occurs most commonly in those with poor dentition or immunosuppression. Patients may have a hardened or woody floor of the mouth with submandibular swelling. Trismus is a late and serious finding. Due to the threat of rapid airway compromise, emergency consultation with anesthesia and otolaryngology is vital, especially if a definitive airway is required. The first-line approach to airway intervention in the ER is flexible intubation endoscopy with preparation for a surgical airway. Broad-spectrum antibiotics, such as ampicillin-sulbactam, and surgical source control are critical in infection control. Emergency physicians must be aware of this emerging diagnosis, requiring rapid recognition and airway protection.
      PubDate: 2022-11-24
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37767
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Components of the frailty phenotype as predictors of mortality among older
           adults after four years of hospital discharge

    • Authors: Gianna Fiori Marchiori, Darlene Mara dos Santos Tavares
      Abstract: Objective: to verify the association between impairment of frailty phenotype components as predictors of mortality among older adults after four years of hospital discharge. Methodology: Prospective and longitudinal investigation, carried out with hospitalized older adults, at baseline, and followed up after hospital discharge. Of the 163 older adults included in the study, 43 died during follow-up and 92 completed the four-year follow-up. The following instruments were used: Mini Mental State Examination, a form for characterizing sociodemographic, economic and health data; and Fried's frailty phenotype. Survival analysis was performed using the Kaplan-Meier method and Cox regression to estimate the risk ratio (Hazard Ratio) of mortality among older adults with impairment in each component of the phenotype, considering p<0.05. Results: The impairment in the components of the frailty phenotype slow gait speed (HR: 3.27; 95%CI: 1.655-6.475; p<0.001); decreased muscle strength (HR:3.09; 95%CI: 1.605-5.959; p=0.001); self-reported exhaustion and/or fatigue (HR: 2.97; 95%CI: 1.508-5.853; p=0.002) and low level of physical activity (HR: 3.22; 95%CI: 1.693-6.138; p<0.001) remained as predictors of mortality, after adjustment; and represented a lower probability of survival. Conclusion: Impairment in the components of gait speed, muscle strength, exhaustion and/or fatigue and physical activity at baseline represented a higher risk for mortality among the elderly at follow-up. Thus, there is the possibility of targeting interventions in risk groups to improve the condition of frailty and, consequently, increase survival.
      PubDate: 2022-11-24
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37534
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Aspects related to pharmacotherapeutic monitoring of patients with
           HIV/AIDS

    • Authors: André Lukas Nascimento Cardoso, Filipy Alessandro Venâncio Chaves, Rafael Ferreira Gomes
      Abstract: In 1981, he decoded the AIDS virus, which directly affected the immune system of infected people, generating an epidemic with high mortality rates. After implantation of antiretroviral therapy, a panorama of change can be observed, where the pharmacist has a primordial role as educator and mediator for better treatment follow-up. The objective of this work is to identify and describe aspects related to pharmaceutical follow-up in people diagnosed with HIV/AIDS. The study was developed in the face of a systematic review, based on the PRISMA methodology. Articles and research were analyzed between the following dates January 1, 2013 to November 23, 2021, comprising a period of eight years, in order to cover investigations in pharmaceutical contributions over time. The SciELO library, academic Google, LILACs and PubMed/MedLine were used to carry out the searches. This tool provides access to thousands of scientific journals, promoting simultaneous and real-time research in various sources and bibliographic bases. 10 references that met the criteria previously determined by the study were included. Among them, two were studies of a quantitative nature, five of a qualitative approach and three were quali-quantitative. The studies addressed historical aspects and the importance of pharmaceutical care from diagnosis to treatment in people living with HIVAIDS. Among the main issues related to the pharmacist, we can highlight the work together to guide about the mechanisms involved in drug therapy, in addition to his insertion in the multidisciplinary team as an assistant to carry out measures for better success of the therapy.
      PubDate: 2022-11-24
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37721
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Autologous platelet concentrates and their applicability in Dentistry

    • Authors: Roberto Fernandes Pacheco, Antonio Luis Neto Custódio, Daniela Martins de Souza, Carolina Lúcia de Oliveira Pacheco, José Ricardo de Albergaria-Barbosa
      Abstract: The development of technologies based on platelet concentrate obtained through centrifugation and manipulation methods from a blood sample aims to optimize tissue healing and promote tissue regeneration. Objective: to address considerations about autologous platelet concentrates and their applicability in Dentistry. Methodology: a retrospective analysis of the literature from 2001 to 2022 was carried out, focusing on the evolution and use of autologous blood concentrates. The following search terms were used: platelet-rich plasma, fibrin-rich plasma, autologous hemoconcentrates, tissue regeneration and healing. The literature search was carried out through a search in PubMed, Google Scholar, SciELO and BVL databases. Bibliographic Review: Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) was the first generation of derivatives from human blood samples, used for this purpose. Depending on the technique for preparing platelet concentrates, they are divided into four categories according to their leukocyte and fibrin content. Conclusion: Platelet aggregates can induce the activation of fibroblasts and the formation of collagen deposits, in addition to platelets and growth factors used in tissue repair. Thus, they optimize the results of treatments in dentistry, such as skin filling, treatment of acne scars, dental implants and dentoalveolar surgeries.
      PubDate: 2022-11-24
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.36838
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Perception of dental surgeons on the diagnosis of treatment of non-carious
           cervical defects in the city of Patos de Minas

    • Authors: Kelle Aparecida Pereira, Jacyara Cristina da Silva, Priscila Capelari Orsolin, Leonardo Biscaro Pereira, Lorene Queiroz Casali Reis, Daniella Cristina Borges
      Abstract: The aim of this study was to evaluate the perception of dentists (DCs) from the private dental network of Patos de Minas about the treatments performed for non-carious cervical lesions (LCNCs). Due to the significant increase of LCNCs the different therapeutic conducts, identifying the most used parameters in the diagnosis and treatment of this condition, became necessary. The study is of applied nature, quantitative approach, with exploratory objective and field modality, with 62 DCs, who answered the questionnaire sent by obeying the current regulations. After data interpretation, the results were tabulated and analyzed descriptively. This study found that the DCs consider the multifactorial etiology of LCNCs, as well as the need to perform an occlusal evaluation. Moreover, the mechanical trauma of brushing may have an initiating and accelerating action, and it is essential that therapeutic decisions are based on parameters such as lesion depth and dentin hypersensitivity.
      PubDate: 2022-11-24
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37595
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Gastrointestinal Tract Cancer Epidemiology between 1999 and 2019 in
           Itumbiara, Goias, Brazil

    • Authors: Hugo Dias Leso, Jonathan Ballico de Moraes, Inara Amorim, João Paulo Martins do Carmo
      Abstract: Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the world, after cardiovascular diseases. In the USA, around 153,000 and more than 169,000 deaths were estimated for gastrointestinal tract (GIT) cancers in 2016 and 2021, respectively, while in Brazil there were more than 81,000 deaths from the same type of cancer in 2021. However, literature regarding estimates for cancer in the interior of the State of Goias is scarce. Thus, the aim of this work was to evaluate the incidence of GIT cancer in the city of Itumbiara. Possible risk factors for the more incident types of GIT cancer in the city were searched, to provide scientific data, guide and recommend public policies to managers. After approval by the Research Ethics Committee of the University, data were retrospectively collected from 525 patients treated between 1999 and 2019 at the Support Center for Cancer Carriers in Itumbiara (NAPCI), of which 85 were diagnosed with GIT cancer. The results show that the age group of 45-53 years was the most frequent (29.76%) and 2010 was the year with the highest incidence (9). Colorectal cancer was the most prevalent (46 cases: 54.76%), followed by stomach (17 cases: 20.24%), and oral cavity (6 cases: 9.52%). We conclude that local and regional epidemiological research like this one is important to contribute to monitoring and recommending health managers better strategies for screening, early detection and prevention against various types of GIT cancer in small towns.
      PubDate: 2022-11-24
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37540
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Chronic non-suppurative mandibular osteomyelitis: case report

    • Authors: Marcelo Enrique Cazar Almache, María Fernanda Torres Calle, María Paz Pinos Gavilanes, Darwin Vicente Castillo Yaguana
      Abstract: Osteomyelitis (OM) is considered one of the most challenging medical conditions for surgeons. In the last 50 years the number of cases of maxillary OM has decreased due to an improvement in oral hygiene, however, its complication is still relevant. The purpose of this paper is to present a case report of a patient with mandibular osteomyelitis and to analyze the literature on this condition.
      PubDate: 2022-11-24
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37726
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Hypopharyngeal carcinoma with laryngeal invasion: case report

    • Authors: José Ledesvan Pereira dos Santos Júnior, José Bandeira de Medeiros Neto, José de Almeida Alexandre, Eloisa Simões Alves, Fernanda Lopes de Oliveira, Isabela Simões Alves, Jéssica Laís da Silva , Thalisson Max de Oliveira Lopes, Nielson Mendes Marques , Laércio Pol Fachin
      Abstract: Cancer is a disease that greatly affects the world population. The neoplastic lesions that affect the head and neck regions have a high incidence and aggressiveness, the diagnosis of such lesions often ends up being made at an advanced stage, which contributes to the limited prognosis and survival of the patient. Head and neck cancer is the fifth most common cancer in the world, being one of the main causes of morbidity and mortality in Brazil. Thus, the aim of the study was to describe the clinical and epidemiological profile of a patient with squamous cell carcinoma of the hypopharynx with laryngeal invasion. The case is a 78-year-old man diagnosed with piriform sinus cancer, the most common type of hypopharyngeal cancer. Therefore, primary radiotherapy was the therapy of choice, given the high probability of cure or improvement in cancer symptoms and with fewer risk factors. The advanced stage of the cancer and the late diagnosis of the patient made treatment difficult, being, therefore, a worrying factor, considering the high mortality rate.
      PubDate: 2022-11-24
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37677
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Technologies for mental health care and nursing: Integrative review

    • Authors: Maria Gisleide Penha de Lima, Kely Vanessa Leite Gomes da Silva , Rosely Leyliane dos Santos, Alissan Karine Lima Martins, Maria Socorro Filgueira Bem, Ana Camila Gonçalves Leonel , Ana Karoline de Almeida Lima , Claudiana de Alcântara Costa, Edilmara Tavares Gondim, Lívia Clarisse Dias de Souza
      Abstract: The study aims to analyze the scientific production on technologies for mental health care used and/or produced with the contribution of nursing. This is an integrative review carried out from December 2021 to March 2022. The search took place in the LILACS, SCIELO, MEDLINE/Pubmed and SCOPUS databases. The guiding question established was: which health technologies are used and/or produced with the contribution of nursing to mental health care' The following descriptors were used for the crossing: nursing, Biomedical Technology, technology, mental health and mental disorders, using the Boolean operator “AND” between them. We identified 6841 studies that were submitted to the established inclusion and exclusion criteria. It resulted in a total of 16 articles. The results showed a greater number of studies that involved hard technologies, such as mobile applications, health robots, online programs and artificial intelligence. The reception and musical intervention were identified as light technological devices; and how hard technologies are scales in health and the nursing process. The use of technological devices was detected in different scenarios, such as in primary care, specialized services, long-stay institutions, home care agencies, universities, which involved different audiences such as elderly people with dementia, adolescents with anxiety, university students and caregivers of individuals. with mental disorders. It was noticed that these technologies were effective and provided positive results.
      PubDate: 2022-11-24
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37648
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Pressure injury in intensive care unit patients during the COVID-19
           pandemic

    • Authors: Túlio Viana de Lima, Endryw de Sena Pereira, Graciana de Sousa Lopes
      Abstract: Objetivo: Descrever os fatores que favorecem para o desenvolvimento da Lesão Por Pressão e discutir as medidas preventivas pelas unidade de saúde para diminuir o índice de desenvolvimento nas Unidades de Terapia Intensiva durante a pandemia da COVID-19. Methodology: This research is a descriptive, exploratory study, using as technique the Integrative Literature Review. The search was made in the Virtual Health Library (VHL) databases: MEDLINE, BDENF, LILACS and SCIELO, through the junction of three DeCS, crossed with the Boolean operator "AND", as follows: "COVID-19, Pressure Injury, Intensive Care Units". The eligibility criteria were: publications within the Portuguese, English and Spanish languages, between the years 2018 and 2022, that had similarity with the problem question and articles available in full and free form. The ineligibility criteria: simple and expanded abstracts, editorial, theses, dissertations and monographs. Results: Using the three DeCS, 315 articles were found in totality. When adding the criteria the number reduced to 68. After the analysis of the research, 16 publications were selected to compose this research. Discussion: It was identified that prone positioning was the main factor contributing to the emergence of PML, because the patient stays for a long time in the same position. The change of decubitus was presented with more emphasis on control and prevention measures, in addition to prophylactic dressings. Final Considerations: In view of the above, we hope that this study can contribute to improve the quality of life of those involved, enabling new behaviors through the practice of care.
      PubDate: 2022-11-24
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37629
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Prevalence of overweight among brazilian pregnant women and its clinical
           and nutritional repercussions: a literature review

    • Authors: Ana Patrícia de França Rios Santos, Daniela Fortes Neves Ibiapina, Liejy Agnes dos Santos Raposo Landim
      Abstract: Excess maternal weight is a risk factor for gestational diabetes, increased blood pressure, circulatory problems, and an increase in cesarean deliveries. Objective: to evaluate the prevalence of overweight among Brazilian pregnant women and the clinical and nutritional repercussions for the mother and child. Methods: bibliographic review, of an integrative nature. Original articles, abstracts and full texts were used, available for analysis, that addressed the topic; articles published in Portuguese and English. After analyzing all the articles and applying the inclusion criteria, 12 articles were selected for the elaboration of the work. Results: In the analyzed studies, the prevalence of overweight among Brazilian pregnant women was evidenced; it was observed that pregnant women who were classified as overweight and obese at the beginning of prenatal care had inadequate weight progression until the end of pregnancy, being associated with the presence of metabolic comorbidities and hypertensive syndrome; as for the newborn, it was observed that the probability of having a large baby for its age is 1.4 to 3.5 times greater in overweight pregnant women. Conclusion: Although adequate weight gain is recommended during pregnancy, it is common for women to gain more weight than recommended, with the need to integrate health actions related to the promotion of healthier eating habits in prenatal care to prevent outcomes. adverse effects of excess weight gain during pregnancy and prevent negative implications for the health of the mother and child.
      PubDate: 2022-11-24
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37600
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Identification of factors related to complications in myocardial
           revascularization surgery: an approach with multi-target association rules
           networks

    • Authors: Dario Brito Calçada, Cantídio de Moura Campos Neto, Vivian Lerner Amato, Roberta Akemi Sinoara , Solange Oliveira Rezende
      Abstract: Myocardial revascularization surgery is one of the recommended approaches for the treatment of chronic coronary disease. Several complications related to mortality, sequelae, length of stay, and hospital costs are also associated with this procedure. Death rates and complications depend on the characteristics of each patient. Knowing the factors related to hospital mortality and complications is paramount to improving outcomes. Association Rules Mining may support the discovery of those factors. In this work we propose a new approach, called Multi-target Association Rules Network (MTARN), to analyze association rules based on networks with a simultaneous focus on two parameters. The use of association rules networks aids the analysis of a high number of association rules and the multi-target strategy allows a complete exploration, explaining which factors directly influence the analyzed set. We evaluated our approach in conjunction with domain experts and compared it to two other approaches: Decision Trees and Filtered-ARNs, a single target approach based on networks for pattern visualization. The results indicates that MTARNs optimize the discovery of knowledge directly linked to complication and death factors in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. These parameters may be used in the construction of an intelligent monitoring system to aid myocardial revascularization patients.
      PubDate: 2022-11-24
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37638
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Evaluation of seedling development of Capsicum spp. supplied to organic
           substrates

    • Authors: Gabriel Rodrigues Lopes, Samuel Nogueira da Fonseca Brito, Filipe Bittencourt Machado de Souza, Ana Izabella Freire, Tiago Martins de Azevedo
      Abstract: Among the outstanding vegetables is the genus Capsicum belonging to the Solanaceae family, which involves peppers (Capsicum spp.) and bell peppers (Capsicum annum). The fruits of C. chinense are characterized by a great diversity in terms of colors, shapes and pungency, which can range from mild to extremely pungent. The objective of this work was to evaluate the development of seedlings of Capsicum spp. grown in different types of substrate. The experiment was carried out in the Experimental Sector of Agronomy of the Centro Universitário Tocantinense Presidente Antônio Carlos in Araguaína -TO from July 27 to August 28, 2022. The varieties of Bhut Jolokia and Biquinho Vermelha were sown in polyethylene tubes and at 31 DAS were evaluated: plant length, root system length, stem diameter and number of leaves. The organic substrates evaluated showed good results in the development of seedlings of Capsicum spp., this indicates that instead of being discarded, they can be used in sowing.
      PubDate: 2022-11-24
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37468
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Recycling attitudes and beliefs, awareness of individual consequences and
           recycling habits of Brazilians in Portugal

    • Authors: Josefa S. L. Gondim, Nilton S. Formiga, Andréa A. Mello
      Abstract: We intend to analyze the prediction of Recycling Habits (HR) from the Attitudes and Beliefs in Recycling (ACR), and the Awareness of Individual Consequences (ICC). A total of 352 people participated in the study, who responded on a five-point Likert-type scale, the Self-Reported Habit Index (HAI), CCI and ACR scales. In SPPS 25.0 software, descriptive statistics, factor analysis were performed and in AMOS 24.0, the calculation of Structural Equations. The results showed that the ACR has an influence on the ICC, which in turn influences the HR. These results aim to contribute in the theoretical scope to a better understanding of recycling habits in families living far from their country of origin; in the field of practice, it suggests both for the formulation of public policies and for the development of campaigns of social engagement.
      PubDate: 2022-11-24
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37543
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Analysis of the process of creation of companies based on the causation
           and Effeectuation Approach

    • Authors: Edmaria dos Santos Oliveira, Bartira Pereira Amorim, Tatyane Veras de Queiroz Ferreira, Kliver Lamarthine Alves Confessor, Fagner José Coutinho de Melo
      Abstract: The process of creating micro and small companies (MPEs) is directly related to entrepreneurship and it has grown a lot in Brazil in recent years. In addition, MPEs currently play an important role in the economy, as they are identified as sources of employment and income. In this context, the effectuation and causation logic defined by Sarasvathy (2001), are explored in this article in order to understand the process of creating these companies, which when they start from the causal principles focus on the selection of the means to achieve a predetermined objective and when they start from the effectual principles, select the set of means and focus on the possible effects that can be created from them. Thus, the objective of this study is to analyze the process of creating companies based on the causation and effectuation approaches. To achieve this goal, a qualitative research was carried out, through a semi-structured interview with five entrepreneurs of micro and small companies in the municipality of Salgueiro, in Pernambuco. Data analysis was carried out using the content analysis technique, which made it possible to identify causal and actual elements in the speech of each interviewee, which were coded using the atlas.ti software. As a result of the research it was possible to verify that the creation processes of these companies are marked mainly by effectual elements. Therefore, it is concluded that the effectuation logic is more present in the creation process of these five companies, mainly with regard to the question of contingency exploration, the strongest principle of the theory in all the interviewees.
      PubDate: 2022-11-24
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37686
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • The collective construction in planning in small towns in the interior -
           the experience in technical assistance in the elaboration of the master
           plan of Carnaubal

    • Authors: Gabrielle Astier de Villatte Wheatley Okretic, Virginia Célia Cavalcante de Holanda
      Abstract: The main instrument of municipal urban planning in Brazil are the Master Plans (PD). They provide the guiding guidelines for the city's urban growth. By law, every municipality with more than 20 thousand inhabitants, with public interest, tourist and environmental potential or with environmentally degraded areas must have a PD, prepared in a participatory way, involving all segments of the population. This article presents partial results of studies carried out in a city in the interior of Ceará, called Carnaubal, with an estimated population of about 17,763 inhabitants, located in the administrative region of Ibiapaba. The proposal for technical assistance in the elaboration of the PD of Carnaubal arose at the request of a former student and councilor who showed interest and concern with the planning of her city, even though there was no legal requirement for its elaboration, understanding this discussion as fundamental and urgent. for the balanced development of the municipality. Based on this initiative, the research group Urbanism Collaborative - UrbColab, linked to the Center for Research in Architecture, City and Technology - NuPACT, started this experience involving students of architecture and urbanism, professors, professionals and the population, using various methods, such as sensitization of the technical staff of the region, technical surveys and community readings. This article aims to briefly present some of the results achieved and bring to light the reflection of how the academy can be allied to the public sector, collaborating for a construction of technical material.
      PubDate: 2022-11-24
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37764
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • PEC 16/21 and its amendments on the rules for brazilian nationality loss

    • Authors: José Esley de Oliveira, Débora Medeiros Teixeira de Araújo
      Abstract: The present work aims to analyze the practical changes listed by PEC 16/2021, which is currently pending approval. Inspired by Claudia Hoerig's case, the aforementioned amendment proposal brings significant changes to the constitutional text, more specifically to the rules on loss of nationality. PEC's main goal is to prevent the loss of Brazilian citizenship by anyone who voluntarily acquires another nationality, except in cases of statelessness and express requests. The methodology used consists of an applied research, with a deductive and qualitative approach, with a descriptive objective and the purpose of carrying out a diagnostic research. Analyzing its content, as much as the legislator aims to protect Brazilians residing outside the country, the main question is whether PEC 16/21 is really necessary, to the point that art. 12 of the Constitution already maintains the dual nationality of those who really need to acquire another citizenship to remain in the respective country or exercise some civil right there. In addition, it must be emphasized that Brazil does not allow the extradition of native Brazilians, in a way that, if such changes occur, there is an imminent risk of more people entering the country with the objective of using this institute to not comply with or answer for acts carried out abroad. Furthermore, this stance of Brazil to protect native Brazilians who voluntarily chose to establish a political-legal bond with another State, by developing their legal relations in this place, would ensure, to a certain extent, their impunity.
      PubDate: 2022-11-24
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37549
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • School bullying in brazilian journals of school/educational psychology and
           educational psychology: an integrative review

    • Authors: Francisco Vinicius Ferreira Gomes, Nadiel Cavalcante de Sousa, Marilda Gomes Batista, Rita Nayara Ferreira Gomes
      Abstract: The objective of this study was to investigate the presence and discussions about school bullying in Brazilian journals of school/educational psychology and educational psychology, classified in the Qualis indexing stratum – CAPES between A1 and B3. To this end, an integrative literature review was carried out with a time limit (2010 - 2021) on articles available in the digital collection of Brazilian journals identified in the aforementioned stratification and whose focus is on themes related to school/educational psychology or educational psychology. The works were selected based on the descriptors “bullying”, “school” and “school bullying”, in the fields: title, abstract and subject. In this process, productions written in a foreign language, with unavailable abstracts, were excluded and classified as essays, resulting in a total of 16 articles. In the end, it is emphasized that this review identified a low number of studies that address school bullying in the investigated journals, as well as stressing the need to expand the scientific production on bullying, in view of its importance for the basis of possible bullying prevention actions in the school context.
      PubDate: 2022-11-24
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37427
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Application of the ABC curve to analyze the construction budget: a case
           study in a residential condominium

    • Authors: Poliana Lima Rocha, Karina da Silva Lopes, Amanda Cremilda Lima Batista, Ronaldo Florêncio da Silva Junior, Ricardo Bentes Kato
      Abstract: Cost control is a determining factor in order to avoid budgetary unforeseen events and increase profitability in Civil works. Being, efficient budgeting, one of the main success factors in civil construction. Some instruments, such as the Pareto Diagram or ABC curve, appear in order to assist the cost management process. Thus, this research seeks to carry out the cost analysis of a residential development located in the municipality of Salinópolis-PA, through the application of the ABC curve to data from the global budget of the Civil work. The methodology was divided into 5 stages, starting with the definition of the unitary and total costs of each item, hierarchy of the items in decreasing form of total cost, calculation of the individual and accumulated percentages of composition of the global budget, classification of the items in bands A, B and C, representation of the results through the elaborated curve and discussion of the data. 303 items were identified, distributed among materials and services, 8% classified in range A, 16% in range B and 76% in C. Based on the results obtained, this tool shows itself as a simple and satisfactory methodology for carrying out the control of construction costs, which can be applied in different types of projects and in different phases.
      PubDate: 2022-11-24
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37465
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Roadmap proposal for the implementation of telework in Bank operations

    • Authors: Denis Alberto Batista, Napoleão Verardi Galegale
      Abstract: Due to telework having gained relevance and presented itself as a challenge for organizations due to the Covid-19 pandemic, the objective of this research is to develop a roadmap for the implementation of teleworking in bank operations. It was found through the systematic review of the literature that there are no roadmaps for the implementation of telework. It was used as a criterion for choosing the Bank, one that was in the process of implementing telework in at least one department and that agreed to participate in this research. The DSRM method was selected to structure and validate the solution through an artifact. The roadmap was structured based on the theoretical foundation and the cycle of BPM (Business Process Management). The combination of these elements gave rise to RITO-B (Roadmap for the Implementation of Telework in Bank Operations). RITO-B was validated with bank executives and telecommuting specialists. Although the research has the limitation of having been carried out with a bank and in a pandemic context, the external validation indicated that RITO-B is replicable for the operation of other Banks due to its comprehensive approach and flexibility for adaptations. The contribution of this research is the roadmap that ensures assertive direction, engagement of those involved, serves as a communication tool, reduces implementation risks and adds value by aligning telework with the strategic result. In addition, this study encourages new research on roadmaps for the implementation of telework, expanding its scope of application.
      PubDate: 2022-11-24
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37508
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Transgenic foods associated with the development of diseases: a literature
           review

    • Authors: Cinthia Silva Moura Neca, Camila de Oliveira Martins, Daniela Ananias de Sousa, Ingrid Karoline Vasconcelos Dias, Joice Tamires Silva Moreira, Thamara de Andrade Balbino
      Abstract: The present study approaches the problem of transgenic foods or also called genetically modified foods. Data were obtained through a bibliographic review of selected articles related to the subject of interest, in Google Scholar, Scielo, Biblioteca Virtual and Jornal Brazilinam Journal, published in recent years in Portuguese. In the national scenario, Brazil occupies the 2nd place in the world ranking in production and consumption of transgenics. The technique aims to manipulate the DNA, in some cases using the insertion of genetic material from different species of the organism to be modified, in order to improve some aspects of the plants, for example, resistance to pests, increase in nutritional value, resistance to variations in humidity, temperature, aiming mainly to increase the productions. In Brazil, 90% of the corn and 92% of the soy produced are genetically modified. Despite the scientifically proven benefits, it is essential to correlate these data with research showing some possible losses of the technique, mostly related to environmental, human and animal health problems. Another point to be analyzed concerns the little information available on genetically modified organisms, making it difficult for consumers to know and accept them and to guarantee safety by the scientific community.
      PubDate: 2022-11-23
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37316
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Silver nanoparticles stabilized in hydroalcoholic extract of mentha
           piperita as an adjuvant in the treatment of depression

    • Authors: Lisiane Pires Martins dos Santos, Alice Lima Rosa Mendes, Marcus Vinicius de Carvalho Souza, Vicente Galber Freitas Viana, Deuzuíta dos Santos Freitas Viana, Suely Moura Melo
      Abstract: Introduction: Silver nanoparticles are increasingly relevant in medical practice. It is noteworthy that plant-based metal nanoparticle synthesis is an emerging approach in nanoparticle synthesis. Objective: To develop silver nanoparticles stabilized in the hydroalcoholic extract of Mentha Piperita L. for the adjuvant treatment of depression. Methodology: In the synthesis of nanoparticles in a solution, 25 mL of silver nitrate (1.0 mmol/L) and 75 mL of sodium borohydride (2.0 mmol/L) were used. These two substances were mixed at room temperature under magnetic stirring. Another solution used 100 mL of silver nitrate (1.0 mmol/L) until boiling temperature was reached and 5 mL of sodium citrate (1%) was added under magnetic stirring. The hydroalcoholic dry extract of mint was obtained from dried leaves and 70% alcohol. Results: The isolated analyzes of the solutions showed absorbance peaks from 266 to 420 nm. When mixing the solutions, it was noted that in the presence of sodium borohydride the maximum absorbance peaks were higher. Conclusion: For both solutions (with citrate/borohydride) the formation of silver nanoparticles was identified, indicating that the mint extract is able to stabilize AgNps.
      PubDate: 2022-11-23
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37653
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Nutritional status and length of hospital stay in a pediatric ward

    • Authors: Hemmely Hevelyn Maria Araújo Melo, Ana Jovina Barreto Bispo, Mariana Flor Rocha Mendonça Melo, Ilca Pereira Prado da Silva, Magna Calazans dos Santos
      Abstract: Introduction: the human body requires nutritional and caloric needs to maintain the supply of energy and nutrients to the tissues and thus, physiological functioning. Furthermore, during childhood, adequate nutrition is essential to ensure neurodevelopment, a functioning immune system, and quality of life. In a hospitalized situation, is known that patients are at risk of nutritional deterioration, adversely affecting clinical outcomes. Objectives: to assess the nutritional status and establish a relationship with the length of stay of children hospitalized in a pediatric ward of a philanthropic hospital in the city of Aracaju. Methodology: this is an observational, prospective and analytical study involving children older than 29 days and younger than 9 years in a pediatric ward, evaluated and classified by nutritional status through body mass index/age Z-score curves (Z BMI), Z-score for height/age (Z H/A), Z-score for weight/height (Z W/H) and Z-score for weight/age (Z W/A). Results: the sample consisted of 235 patients, 52.8% of whom were male. The prevalent age range was 29 days to 2 years (81.3%), the most frequent clinical diagnosis was pneumonia (23.8%). Malnutrition at the time of hospital admission was observed in 51.9% of patients. Conclusion: hospitalized children have a double burden of malnutrition, coexisting deficit and excess weight that can compromise the outcome of hospitalization.
      PubDate: 2022-11-23
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37607
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Coffin-Siris syndrome: a case report

    • Authors: Vanessa Catto Gritti, Murilo Henrique Vieira, Viviane Dorgievicz, Maria Aparecida Marques Habermann, Emyr Hiago Bellaver
      Abstract: Coffin-Siris syndrome is a genetic condition caused by mutations in genes that are responsible for encoding components of the BAF complex, causing hypoplasia or aplasia of the fifth finger phalanx, coarse facial appearance, developmental delay, intellectual retardation, sparse hair, hypotonia, cardiac and brain abnormalities, among other characteristics. In this sense, the objective of this article is to present a case report on the progression of the diagnosis of Coffin-Siris Syndrome (CSS), where the initial signs and symptoms can be imprecise to make the diagnosis, being necessary to resort to genetic tests for the diagnosis. confirmation of the syndrome.
      PubDate: 2022-11-23
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37637
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Cancer patient recovery: A case study on the importance of support and
           monitoring as a form of care

    • Authors: Leila do Nascimento Oliveira, Mauro Leonardo Salvador Caldeira dos Santos, Raquel de Souza Soares , Luciana da Silva Alcântara, Tuani Magalhães Guimarães
      Abstract: Penile cancer is a rare tumor with a higher incidence in men over 50 years of age. Total or partial penectomy is the most indicated treatment. This surgery is very complex, and requires specialized care from the pre to the post-operative period, followed by great care or surveillance, requiring family support. Method: This is an integrative review study, evidence-based practice resources, which brings the past empirical or theoretical literature and an understanding of the best available evidence on the practical knowledge of professionals described in literature (Broome, 2000). Having as objective definition, to establish inclusion and exclusion criteria for the selection of samples, information of selected articles, analysis and discussion of the results. To better guide this study, the strategy (PICO) was used to formulate the guiding questions of this integrative literature review, using descriptors in Portuguese and Spanish. The article is based on information from the literature and makes a case study about the personal perspective of an oncology nurse about the recovery of a patient affected by penectomy.
      PubDate: 2022-11-23
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.34934
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Why are infectious and parasitic diseases among the leading causes of
           death in Brazil'

    • Authors: Esthefani Lays Martins da Silva, Stefane dos Santos, Adriane Torquati , Caroline Araújo, Fabiana Brandão
      Abstract: Infectious and Parasitic Diseases (IPD) are part of a range of diseases that afflict public health in regions of less developed countries, where living and hygiene conditions are precarious. Among those affected, children represent a significant percentage and usually have malnutrition that delays physical and psychosomatic development. In this research, the objective was to draw a parallel between the occurrence of deaths in Brazil whose cause was infectious and parasitic diseases described in Chapter I of the ICD-10 and the relationship of this factor with the reports of other studies that point to the lack of basic sanitation, education, and poverty. The study presented here is a systematic review of the meta-synthesis type, approaching data from articles found in PubMed and VHL databases, using the PRISMA methodology criteria and the elaboration of a flowchart with the identification, exclusion, selection, and inclusion of data. . Also, data tabulation was performed on TABNET and IBGE to obtain quantitative information about the proposed theme. Data from the study indicate that infectious and parasitic diseases are the second leading cause of death in Brazil, representing about 17% of the total. In summary, this factor is associated with socio-economic issues and the accentuated deficit in economic terms that directly impacted access to education, food security, and basic sanitation; which causes cycles of transmission of infectious and parasitic diseases that are not diagnosed or have a late diagnosis and, consequently, are not treated, leading patients to death.
      PubDate: 2022-11-23
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37370
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Food insecurity of beneficiary families of the Bolsa Família program
           attended at UBS in Cariri Ceará

    • Authors: Fernanda Ribeiro da Silva, Yolanda Rakel Alves Leandro Furtado, Ygor Teixeira, Camilla Ytala Pinheiro Fernandes, José Thiago Alves de Sousa, Ademar Maia Filho, Pedro Victor Landim Ribeiro, Ágna Retyelly Sampaio de Souza, Aline Muniz Cruz Tavares, Esaú Nicodemos da Cruz Santana
      Abstract: Food and Nutrition Security (FNS) is the realization of everyone's right to regular and permanent access to sufficient quality food without compromising access to other essential needs. The Bolsa Família Program (PBF) benefits millions of families by contributing to the reduction of social inequality, as well as contributing to Brazil's exit from the Hunger Map. Among the expected effects are the improvement of income, and eating patterns, accompanied by social actions, health and education. This research aimed to describe the food insecurity situation of families benefiting from the Bolsa Familia Program who are cared for in a primary care unit of cariri cearense. The study included mothers / guardians of children between 6 and 23 months of age registered and accompanied by the Family Health Teams (FHS) selected from the municipality of Barbalha and Missão Velha in the state of Ceará. We used a questionnaire on socioeconomic and child health information, the Brazilian Food Insecurity Scale (EBIA). The sample consisted of 132 PBF beneficiary families, with an average per capita of R $ 193,46; with some degree of food insecurity and with at least 1 address under 18 years. The families studied had a high prevalence of food and nutritional insecurity determined by the low per capita income and the number of residents per household. In addition to high socioeconomic vulnerability even with the transfer of government income through the Bolsa Familia Program.
      PubDate: 2022-11-23
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.32740
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • The impact of organic food during the COVID-19 pandemic

    • Authors: Fernanda Fátima Costa Maciel, Deborah Emanuelle de Albuquerque Lemos, Rayane Raísse Fernandes da Silva, Bruna Ellen Gomes, Janielly Talita de Almeida Silva, Tereza Cecília Costa de Almeida, Guilherme Silva Freire de Souza, Anaysa Santos Bezerra de Araújo, Edson Douglas Silva Pontes, Ana Cristina Silveira Martins
      Abstract: The consumption of organic foods, when performed regularly, tends to promote additional health benefits, as they present in their composition a higher content of bioactive compounds that contribute to improving and strengthening the immune response. Therefore, this study sought to evaluate the consumption of organic food in adults during the pandemic period using a self-administered questionnaire about its conceptualization, consumption, purchase motivations and changes in eating habits during the COVID-19 pandemic. From this, it was found that most of them know what the concept of “organic food” means, however, most respondents did not start consuming during the COVID-19 pandemic. No less important, it is worth noting that among the motivations for buying this food product, the most influential factor is the benefits provided by the consumption of these foods. In addition, a significant portion of respondents (28.3% “Yes”; 48.1% “More or less”) claimed that there were changes to healthier eating habits during the pandemic.
      PubDate: 2022-11-23
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37657
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Public policies for the LGBT population

    • Authors: Gabriel das Reis, Ednéia de Fátima Pereira
      Abstract: This article aims to provide the existing tools to face the struggle for human rights and public policies for the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transvestite (LGBT) population, listing how challenging their implementation is. Also bringing the rescue of one of the actions that are already being developed in the search for these rights, focusing on the health area. For this, a historical retrospective was made since the invention of the unified health system (SUS), a health system that should serve the entire population without distinction, however, it is not about the reality faced, so that it is necessary to have that LGBT people are also part of the “all” in question. The objective of the study was to deal with public policies in Brazil for the LGBT community, from the perspective of the need for more robust and effective laws aimed at the LGBT public in the field of public health, through the concept of equity, and using the mechanism of Human Rights. Humans. Thus, it was mentioned the actions that the Executive Branch, with the support of the Judiciary, can take to correct these distortions. As a result, it is concluded that the difficulties encountered by the LGBT population collide with the strong rejection of the Legislative Power, which, dominated by conservative and non-partisan benches, prevents any social advance for the LGBT population from becoming legal recognition through laws that, directly or indirectly benefit this part of society.
      PubDate: 2022-11-23
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37617
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • The importance of liver monitoring in chronic renal: a literature review

    • Authors: Cinthia Silva Moura Neca, Brendda Lorenny Frutuoso, Isabella Lima Sass, Kenny Roger Duarte de Siqueira, Lais Ferreira Azevedo, Otávio Augusto Araújo Silva
      Abstract: Kidney diseases, whether acute or chronic, represent a major global public health challenge, which is no different in the Brazilian context. The main causes of kidney diseases are drug toxicity, Diabetes Mellitus and vascular alterations, such as Systemic Arterial Hypertension, symbolizes the progressive and irreversible loss of kidney functions. Pathologies in this organ lead to changes in various organs and systems. The liver, an important organ of the digestive system, has important functions that can be altered as a result of kidney disease and/or as a result of its treatment. This article aims to demonstrate the importance of liver monitoring in chronic renal patients; of how kidney dysfunction interferes with liver functions and the risks to which the liver is exposed during CKD treatment. Data were obtained by means of a bibliographic narrative review of articles related to the topic, in the following search engines: PubMed, Literature Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO) and Google Scholar. During the search, 56 articles were found, of which 20 articles were selected for analysis, as they were within the inclusion criteria. The review showed that there is an important correlation between kidney and liver health, where CKD leads to morphological and functional changes in the kidneys as well as the liver. Therefore, during CKD treatment, it is recommended to evaluate liver health markers and other organs for better health maintenance, and further studies are recommended to evaluate the renal-hepatic relationship in patients with CKD.
      PubDate: 2022-11-23
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37191
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Analysis of quality of life in patients diagnosed with breast cancer and
           submitted to chemotherapy treatment

    • Authors: Mariane Consoni Nascimento, Gabriel Koichi Franco Daikuhara, Clarissa Torresan, Alvo Orlando Vizzotto Júnior, Guilherme Munhoz Lopes
      Abstract: Breast cancer is the type of neoplasm that most affects the Brazilian female population. With regard to treatment, chemotherapy corresponds to the use of drugs intravenously or orally. However, the chemodynamics and kinetics of pharmacological treatments, can affect the quality of life of patients. Face do, it was sought from sought to carry out a treatment of quality data, which were studied from the main patients to Rita and which were studied from the main patients to Rita. Maringá-PR. Therefore, an epidemiological study was carried out with analysis, descriptive and exploratory cross-sectional, which used, for data collection, the instrument of the group European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC, QLQ-BR23. As for the results obtained, there are no symptoms, the problems that they obtained were the problems that the patients obtained and were considered in relation to the expected results, this means the two most serious points that the patients were diagnosed with. In addition, compared to the first group achieved among patients in the adjuvant regimen, the worst result to sexual pleasure, obtained a significant difference (p = 0.055). When comparing the results obtained with other research as well as the international treatment, it was possible to observe that the national way is different for each patient and each aspect of their quality of life.
      PubDate: 2022-11-23
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37216
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Analysis of the effectiveness of over-the-counter whitening agents:
           literature review

    • Authors: Geovana Fernandes Oliveira, Giullia Andrade Salgado, Marília Zeczkowski
      Abstract: The availability of over the counter tooth whitening products increases the interest and demand of the public, given that they promise to make it easier to obtain whiter teeth. The focus of this study was to perform an integrative literature review on the effectiveness of over the counter tooth whitening products. For data collection, searches were performed in databases such as: PubMed and Scielo. As search criteria, the following keywords were used: activated charcoal; tooth whitening; toothpastes; hydrogen peroxide. Twenty-three articles published in the period between 2017 and 2022, in Portuguese and English, were selected with the purpose of refining the research and enabling higher quality. Regarding the effectiveness of over the counter whitening products, it was possible to observe that most studies point to such products as dental whitening aids, acting as products that maintain the results for a longer time, but which, in turn, do not have great effectiveness in the treatment of teeth when obtaining whitening once product is applied alone.
      PubDate: 2022-11-23
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37389
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Is turbo-extraction an efficient method for obtaining cannabinoids'

    • Authors: Brayan Jonas Mano-Sousa, Bruna Cristina Alves, Frank Pereira de Andrade, Joaquim Maurício Duarte-Almeida
      Abstract: Cannabis-based products are still not produced in many countries and the great need makes them imported, and often expensive. As an objective, a low-cost extraction method was proposed to facilitate access to the medicinal effects of cannabidiol. The samples of Cannabis sativa used were obtained from in vitro cultivation or from commercially purchased products. Two extraction techniques (ultrasonic extraction and turbo-extraction) and two solvent systems (methanol:chloroform and ethanol) were evaluated. The levels of cannabinoids, total phenolics and total flavonoids were evaluated. The best results were obtained with the turbo-extraction. Ethanol showed a higher yield of cannabinoids, in addition to being a solvent accepted in international conventions in reducing the use of toxic solvents to the environment. Turbo-extraction with ethanol proved to be effective, economical and in line with environmental concerns in the use of ecologically sustainable solvents. As future possibilities, it is proposed to use the information obtained in this study as part of the process of obtaining and subsequent analysis of Cannabis extracts for medicinal purposes.
      PubDate: 2022-11-23
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.34562
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Chemical-mechanical caries removal with papain gel as an alternative in
           pediatric dentistry treatment

    • Authors: Daiana Serra Costa Correa, Márcia Monick Marques Pontes, Evenny Khayla Weyne Almeida de Queiroz, Juliana Lopes de Sá , Gabriela de Figueiredo Meira, Karina Alessandra Guimarães Barbosa
      Abstract: Introduction: The care of child patients is a great challenge in the dental clinic, at first it is difficult to control the child, and later, because caries in the primary dentition presents rapid progression. Objective: This work aims to present a literature review regarding carious lesions in children and the alternative treatment through Papacarie® gel. Methodology: This work was carried out through online bibliographic research of scientific articles. Results: Conventional restorative treatments use rotary instruments and drills, which increase the level of pain, cause discomfort to patients such as anxiety and stress, in addition to the disadvantages of having pulp exposure and removal of healthy tissue. Results and discussions: This technique eliminates the use of local anesthesia, high rotation pens and, finally, absolute isolation, contributing to a better acceptance of patients in the face of treatment as it minimizes the situation of stress with pain and phobia. Conclusion: This method is in agreement with what advocates modern dentistry, which proposes the use of minimally invasive methods, opting for greater preservation of the dental structure.
      PubDate: 2022-11-23
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37594
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • The periodontal disease and oral health in companion animals: a literature
           review

    • Authors: Vitória Góes Costa, Rafael Evangelista da Cruz, Hanna Gabriela da Silva Oliveira, Felipe Masiero Salvarani
      Abstract: The literature reveals a possible link between periodontitis and different systemic diseases in companion animals. Faced with this question, it is necessary to understand the factors relevant to this correlation. The objective of this study was to review the literature on the importance of oral health in preventing periodontitis, highlighting the stage of periodontal disease, and its respective impacts on the quality of life and survival of animals, as well clinical signs, diagnosis and treatment of the disease. To this end, an analytical descriptive study was carried out, through bibliographic research, using these digital access platforms such as Capes Periodicals, British Veterinary Association, Research Gate, PubMed, Science Direct, Scielo and BioOne. In light of the literature, it can be seen that periodontitis is a constant potential source of infection and considered a separate risk factor for some cardiovascular, respiratory, endocrine, musculoskeletal and reproductive system-related abnormalities. Depending on the stage of periodontal disease, local and systemic changes may occur. The use of specific foods, toys and toothpastes are efficient forms of prevention. However, daily tooth brushing is the most effective method to remove plaque and maintain the animal's clinical health. Dentistry is as important as the other existing areas in Veterinary Medicine, being the specialist in this area, the professional capable of correctly treating periodontal disease, which affects signicant numbers of adult dogs and cats.
      PubDate: 2022-11-23
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37590
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • The use of bleach in endodontic treatment

    • Authors: Lucas Bonfim Pinto de Cerqueira, Juliana Romanelli B. Marçal
      Abstract: For decades, studies have analyzed the use of bleach, which has sodium hypochlorite in its composition, in endodontic treatment. Sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) is considered the most widely used irrigating solution in endodontic therapy worldwide. The predilection for this substance is attributed to the fact that it has two extremely important properties: antimicrobial action and tissue dissolution capacity. However, NaOCl has some disadvantages that must be taken into account before its use, such as its cytotoxic potential, which is irritating to periradicular tissues. Based on this information, the present study aimed to evaluate the use of bleach in endodontic treatment. We sought to report the various concepts in relation to their use in an effective and safe way during endodontic therapy. In the methodology, a documental study was carried out based on the periodical databases Google Scholar and Scielo, whose time frame comprised the period between the years 1999 to 2021. The results showed that Endodontics has been modernizing, especially its instrumentation techniques, such as the use of bleach. In this case, the use of bleach effectively promotes sanitation and decontamination of the complex root canal system.
      PubDate: 2022-11-23
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37720
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Assessment of the supplementary and nutritional profile of the male
           audience

    • Authors: Ingrid Xavier Pereira , José Carlos de Sales Ferreira, Rebeca Sakamoto Figueiredo
      Abstract: Introduction: Williams (1992) states that nutrition is an important tool within the practice of physical exercise. When oriented correctly, it can reduce fatigue, prolong the athlete's training time or even improve the post-workout recovery process. Objective: It aims to analyze in articles, theses and books, found in academic websites, the characterization of the profile and the routine related to the use of dietary supplements in male individuals. Methodology: This work is a bibliographical research. Results> As a result, a significant use of dietary supplements was identified, mainly aimed at aesthetic gain (muscle mass), with the most consumed supplement corresponding to the one that is most easily acquired and consumed, due to its rapid absorption and effects. Results and discussions: In today's globalized world, marked by the influence of the media in society, the number of people seeking research related to aesthetics has been growing exponentially. Therefore, in general, individuals with a high level of education and financial resources can pay for the practice of physical exercises and exercises related to healthy eating, most of the time they have information about nutrition and physical exercises. Conclusion: Through the above considerations, it is possible to state that to carry out a bibliographical research it is to follow non-random paths, since this type of research requires a high degree of epistemological vigilance, observation and care in choosing and forwarding the methodological procedures
      PubDate: 2022-11-23
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37456
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Benefits of folic acid supplementation for maternal and child health: A
           review

    • Authors: Tamires Silva Oliveira de Sousa, Thayane Carvalho Cardoso, Liejy Agnes dos Santos Raposo Landim, Daniela Fortes Neves Ibiapina
      Abstract: Pregnancy is a period of physical and functional transformations for the maternal organism, as well as anabolic reactions of fetal development. During pregnancy there is a rapid cell division that will start the formation of tissues in the embryo, so folic acid supplementation is very effective in this process. Objective: To analyze bibliographic evidence on the benefits of folic acid supplementation for the mother-baby binomial. Methodology: This is an integrative review study of a qualitative nature, exploratory with a theoretical approach, with a time frame from 2016 to 2022, carried out in the Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), National Library of Medicine (PubMED) and Google Scholar databases, using the following descriptors: “Folic acid”, “Vitamin deficiency”, “Nutritional Supplements”, “Pregnant”, “Child”; in Portuguese and English. Conclusion: Folic acid supplementation can guarantee many benefits for maternal and child health: reduction of neural tube deformations (myelomeningocele), protection against non-syndromic cleft lip, decrease in the risk of heart disease and genetic defects, improvement in cognitive and motor, higher levels of concentration and reduction of syndromes such as autism spectrum disorder in babies. For maternal health, lower risk of preeclampsia, reduction of gestational hypertension and preterm birth. Therefore, it is recommended that folic acid supplementation be done in a personalized way, according to the situation of each pregnant woman, in order to respond to the needs of each one during this period.
      PubDate: 2022-11-23
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37421
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Chemical contribution to the study of compounds used in the treatment of
           dentin hypersensitivity

    • Authors: Renata Nardy Ribeiro, Ângela Leão Andrade, Rosangela Maria Ferreira da Costa e Silva, Walison Arthuso Vasconcellos
      Abstract: Dentin hypersensitivity (DH) is a common painful clinical condition, usually associated with exposed dentin surfaces, which cause your tubular system to be open. This causes fluid movement and activates a neural response in the pulp. Although it is one of the most common patient complaints, there are no universally accepted guidelines for differential diagnosis, nor reliable treatment modalities. In addition, the mechanisms by which the different materials act are still not very clear and this knowledge is essential for a safe and effective treatment. The objective of this literature review was, through a scientific search in databases (PubMed e Google Scholar) and a knowledge of basic chemistry, to explain some chemical mechanisms involved in the mineralization and demineralization of dentin and the action of different compounds used in HD treatment, supporting professionals to find the best treatment for each patient.
      PubDate: 2022-11-23
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37401
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Patient safety in the administration of antineoplastic chemotherapy and
           risk management: scoping review protocol

    • Authors: Monica da conceição Pestana Gouveia, Pedro Ruíz Barbosa Nassar, Pedro Ruíz Barbosa Nassar, Érica Brandão de Moraes, Barbara Pompeu Christovam
      Abstract: Objective: To map the risks related to the administration of antineoplastic chemotherapy in the hospital context. Method: Scoping Review based on the recommendations of the Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI), with the acronym Participants, Concept and Context (PCC), P (participants) - Cancer Patient, C (concept) - risks associated with the administration of Antineoplastic Chemotherapy and C ( context) – Hospital. Bibliographic searches will be carried out in the healthcare databases PUBMED/MEDLINE, Embase, Web of Science, Scopus, Cinahl, BVS/LILACS and Gray Literature (Brazilian Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations (BDTD) and Open Access Theses and Dissertations (OATD). At the end of the searches, all identified references will be exported to the reference manager for managing EndNote Web information, and the duplicates will be removed.
      PubDate: 2022-11-23
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37362
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Spatial modeling of nitrogen and phosphorus in an agricultural basin in
           northeastern Brazil

    • Authors: Marinoé Gonzaga da Silva, Anderson Nascimento do Vasco, Cleide Cruz Soares, Ramiro Joaquim de Jesus Neves, Carlos Alexandre Borges Garcia, Antenor de Oliveira Aguiar Netto
      Abstract: Hydrological models can help in predicting the behavior of aquatic systems in watershed, and are able to simulate both hydrological processes and nutrient dynamics. The SWAT model is used in water resource management to estimate the production of water, sediments, and nutrients, as well as to identify diffuse sources of pollution. The objective of this work was to evaluate spatial and temporal variability in the dynamics of the nutrients nitrogen and phosphorus derived from agricultural activities, at the sub-basin level, in the watershed of the Poxim-Açu River. The model was subjected to tests of sensitivity, calibration, and validation in terms of the discharge and the behavior of the nutrients. Statistical analysis showed that the performance of the model was satisfactory. It was found that more than 40% of the areas of the main subbasins that produced sediments and nutrients was occupied by pasture, and that the predominant soil types were Red-Yellow Argisols and Gleysols. These subbasins corresponded to 30% of the hydrographic basin studied and produced 65% of the sediments, 84% of the total nitrogen, 93% of the phosphate, and 86% of the total phosphorus.
      PubDate: 2022-11-23
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37047
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Comparison of pulmonary ultrasound aspects of dairy calves born from a
           normal or dystocic parturition

    • Authors: José da Páscoa Nascimento Neto, André Luis Mendes Azevedo Carvalho, Clara Emmanuelly Mota Martins , Túlio Bastos Tomaz Carvalho, Luiz Felipe Rogana Müller, Hélio Rezende Lima Neto, Luthesco Haddad Lima Chalfun
      Abstract: Ultrasound has relatively low use in the veterinary practice of cattle, especially in the diagnosis of respiratory diseases. There is little information on imaging patterns and occurrence of these diseases in calves from dystocic parturition, especially in the ability to diagnose the subclinical respiratory diseases. The correct clinical diagnosis aims to support efficient growth and expression of genetic potential for the replacer calves. Eighteen Holstein calves, five of which did not require assistance during birth and thirteen calves from dystocic parturition had the respiratory system evaluated by ultrasound. The objective was to describe and compare the pulmonary ultrasound aspects of calves from dystocic parturitions, compared to calves born without any aid. The degree of dystocia was classified on a scale from 1 to 5 points and the categorization of ultrasound images considered the presence or absence of pulmonary lesions. The ultrasound examination was able to diagnose animals affected with BRD in a subclinical manifestation, considering that none of the animals that presented pulmonary consolidation showed clinical signs of respiratory diseases. All cows with dystocia were classified as grade 2 dystocic parturition. There was no correlation between normal delivery (grade 1) and mild dystocia (grade 2) and occurrence of pulmonary consolidation.
      PubDate: 2022-11-23
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37399
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Downer cow syndrome- systematic review

    • Authors: Luísa Holanda Andrade Rodrigues, Adriana Brasil Ferreira Pinto, Natália Botega Pedroso, José da Páscoa Nascimento Neto, André Luis Mendes Azevedo Carvalho, Priscilla Rochele Barrios Chalfun, Ana Carolina Chalfun de Sant’Ana, Luthesco Haddad Lima Chalfun
      Abstract: Dairy production can be influenced by several diseases that affect cattle herds. Among these, the Downer Cow Syndrome (DCS) is one of the main disorders that affect dairy cows, especially in the peripartum period. This syndrome has varied definitions that are correlated with prolonged recumbency and the inability of the animal to keep stationary. Due to variability related to etiology, pathogenesis and therapeutic measures, information related to DCS is dispersed in the veterinary scientific literature. The objective was to consolidate a systemically revised technical-scientific information base, providing a complete, relevant and accessible material to assist the clinical conduct of veterinarians. The research was carried out through the main scientific and academic databases. The selection went through a careful evaluation process, filtering only works with a topic relevant to the proposed topic. Some aspects related to DCS are more relevant, such as the characterization of a multifaceted etiology. In addition, it can occur due to primary diseases or secondary to injuries resulting from recumbency. The establishment of prognosis and adequate treatment depends on the initial cause of this involvement, requiring a correct clinical exam. However, some important points are the nursing care that seeks to provide better conditions to the affected animals and most of the time, consists of the use of different methods and equipment in an attempt to keep the patient stationary. The appropriate knowledge about the therapeutic metods available in the bovine medical clinic, aims to minimize health consequences and provide the welfare to the animals.
      PubDate: 2022-11-23
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37320
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Production of rhizomes and chemical characterization of arrowroot flour
           and starch under different agronomic management

    • Authors: Paula Aparecida Costa, Douglas Correa de Souza, Marcelo Henrique Avelar Mendes, Aline da Silva Costa, Thiago Sampaio Guerra, Lissa Izabel Ferreira de Andrade, Joelma Pereira, Luciane Vilela Resende, Elisângela Elena Nunes Carvalho, Wilson Magela Gonçalves
      Abstract: Arrowroot is an unconventional vegetable that produces rhizomes with high starch content, gluten free and has a high market value, however technical information on the cultivation of the crop is scarce in the literature. The objective of this work was to evaluate the rhizome yield, yield and chemical characteristics of arrowroot flour and starch, ‘Common’ variety, as a function of different forms of cultivation. The experiment was carried out in a randomized block design, in a 2 x 2 x 2 factorial scheme (the seedlings produced by rhizomes between 30 - 59 and between 60 - 100 g being evaluated; organic and conventional fertilization; sources of A1 and A2 fertilization recommendations). The moisture content, ash, protein and amount of pure starch for flour and starch were evaluated, as well as ether extract for starch. The recommendations following A1 proved to be more effective both for the production of flour and arrowroot starch, resulting in higher levels of pure starch and lower contaminants contrary. The different sizes of propagules, type of recommendation and fertilization affect the quality of the arrowroot flour and starch.
      PubDate: 2022-11-23
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37499
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Arboviruses in the Teaching of Natural Sciences: an analysis of the
           textbook of public high schools

    • Authors: Amanda Pereira de Lima, Antonio Carlos Nogueira Sobrinho, Môngolla Keyla Freitas de Abreu, Soraya Marques Ribeiro, Ana Michele da Silva Cavalcanti de Menezes
      Abstract: The use of textbooks in the Teaching of Natural Sciences is a resource of great relevance, in view of the abstraction of many concepts and scientific phenomena. However, teaching based on the presentation of technical terms and description of phenomena often discourages students in their processes of learning. Arboviruses, viral infections transmitted by viruses, are public health problems in Brazil, being the object of knowledge in curricular matrices. Thus, this work aims to analyze the teaching of arboviruses in the light of the textbook, in public high schools. For this research, the analysis of two textbooks approved in the PNLD 2016-2019, used in the Ceará cities of Acopiara and Jucás, was carried out. The research with a qualitative approach was developed on two main fronts: analysis of the textbook and analysis of the teachers' pedagogical practices. The approach to the theme “arboviruses” was developed based on three main axes: theoretical content, visual resources and complementary resources. Twelve teachers, who work in five public schools, as High School Biology teachers, participated in the research. The analysis of the books showed that there is a divergence in the way the content of arboviruses is approached, although both books lack illustrations, greater detailing of infections, preventive measures with a focus on health education and scientific research, with scientific literacy being one of the analysis points of this study. In pedagogical practice, it is common for teachers to seek to complement the deficiencies found in textbooks. In general, books, very focused on content, end up not being connected to the reality of the students, requiring the teacher to look for such association in other sources.
      PubDate: 2022-11-23
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.36994
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • The militarization of public schools and the developments in childhood and
           youth

    • Authors: Lívia Barbosa Pacheco Souza
      Abstract: The research aims to analyze the consequences in childhood and adolescence of the militarization of public schools. This is an integrative literature review carried out through the Google Scholar, SCORPUS, Web of Science databases using the keywords: “militarization”, “adolescent” and “public school”. Combined with each other by the Boolean AND operator. As inclusion criteria: articles available in full, in Portuguese, Spanish and English, that addressed the theme, in the last ten years (2012-2022). As exclusion criteria: articles that did not contemplate the theme and repeated studies in the databases. The model of the school's military administration with the general performance of the national army companies dates back to 1998; however, the change from public schools in the interior, which were in operation, to the management of the PM is a phenomenon that began in Goiás, in 1998, when the authorities of the government of Marconi Perillo created and installed a school for the navy, supported by a 1976 law , to provide differentiated schooling for dependents of the navy. It is essential to highlight that, just as the phenomenon of militarization is recent and blunt in sentences of punishment for public schools, the manufacture of know-how about this university mannequin has received prominence and is developing in Brazilian universities.
      PubDate: 2022-11-23
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37676
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Cognition and affectivity in the entrepreneurial trajectories of women in
           the city of Salgueiro – PE

    • Authors: Bartira Pereira Amorim, Kliver Lamarthine Alves Confessor, Fagner José Coutinho de Melo
      Abstract: The general objective of the present work is to understand the influence of cognitive and affective aspects on the trajectories of women entrepreneurs in the city of Salgueiro-PE. To this end, four local women entrepreneurs were interviewed, aged between 25 and 30 years, whose interview script was prepared based on the script of the work by Cortez and others, based on the aspects defined by Nassif, Ghobril and Silva, that emphasize the importance of considering affective and cognitive conceptions in the entrepreneur's action process, considering the initial stage of business, as well as the phase in which companies are established. Data collection took place through a script for conducting a semi-structured interview. It was observed that the entrepreneurs of Salgueiro have their actions influenced by several aspects throughout their entrepreneurial career, such as knowing their limits, perseverance, courage, willpower, initiative, personal motivation, facing challenges, passion for the business and doing what they like. . Both affective and cognitive aspects were found more frequently in the stage of establishment of the enterprise, influencing the decisions of the entrepreneurs.
      PubDate: 2022-11-23
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37719
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Invetory Management and Aplication of the ABC Curve in a Paint Store

    • Authors: Patrique França Vargas, Nandria Scherer, Milena dos Santos Pires , Bruna Brandt de Oliveira
      Abstract: This article exposes the importance of inventory management for companies, as well as seeking alternatives to remain in the competitive and increasingly demanding market. The ABC curve is a tool used in numerous companies with an inventory control method that allows managers to have an overview of all products, classifying them based on their monetary value. Thus, this study has the general objective of analyzing the stock management of a paint store. As specific objectives, it seeks to identify the stock management practices used in the studied company; investigate the products with the highest turnover; propose suggestions for improvement in inventory management. The methodology adopted was a survey, the method of applied nature was applied, a quantitative approach with exploratory objectives. As for the results whose proposal is the use of the ABC curve in a paint store, the products with the highest turnover were identified, with a view to reducing costs and maximizing sales, in which the list of products sold and their respective unit values were built, resulting table ABC. This tool made it possible to identify which products should always be available to the customer, as well as those that can be reduced or even eliminated from stock, depending on their turnover. Having identified the products, it was concluded with alternatives that suggest improvements in the practice of stock management in the company, so that the manager identifies the benefits that the tool will bring from its implementation.
      PubDate: 2022-11-23
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37609
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Artificial Immune Systems with Negative Selection Applied to Structural
           Integrity Monitoring in a Metallic Bridge

    • Authors: Alyson Aláx Alves dos Santos , Fábio Roberto Chavarette, Simone Silva Frutuoso de Souza
      Abstract: In this paper presents an artificial intelligence system based on artificial immune systems for analyzing the structure of a metal bridge. Inspired by a biological process, the negative selection algorithm is used to carry out the identification and characterization of structural failures. This tool will help identify the maintenance, configurations of structures, the way to identify failures, in order to ensure the health quality of the structure and carry out security decisions. To validate the methodology, were used a real data obtained from laboratory experiment, and from this, several situations were generated (normal and fault conditions), obtaining a database of signals, which were analyzed by the method proposed. The results obtained by the negative selection algorithm are efficient and robustness. It is worth mentioning that artificial intelligence with signal processing allows for a higher quality in the diagnosis. Thus, this article contributes to the lines of research in structural health monitoring and artificial intelligence, presenting a very efficient methodology.
      PubDate: 2022-11-23
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37527
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Analysis of the Repercussion Cardiorespiratory Post COVID-19

    • Authors: Danielle Alves Barreto, Milena dos Santos Barros Campos, Ana Carolina Amorim Oliveira, Mariana Carvalho Alves, Antônio Carlos Sobral Sousa, Mateus Araújo dos Santos, Hellen Dutra Passos, José Augusto Soares Barreto-Filho, Enaldo Vieira de Melo
      Abstract: Introduction: The disease caused by the new coronavirus (COVID-19) is responsible for medium and long-term systemic repercussions. Fatigue and reduced cardiorespiratory fitness are frequently reported symptoms. Objective: To evaluate the aerobic condition of patients who were infected with SARS-COV-2 and the cardiorespiratory repercussions according to the severity of the disease. Methods: We analyzed the medical records of patients affected by COVID-19 and submitted to cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) in a private hospital in Aracaju/SE, after at least one month of the acute viral condition. The volunteers were divided into 3 groups, according to the severity of the disease: G1-mild, G2-moderate and G3-severe. Patients underwent CPET, where cardiovascular, respiratory and peripheral responses to exertion were evaluated. Results: The sample consisted of 80 individuals and the exams were performed, on average, 135.12 ± 90 days from the onset of symptoms. The mean age was 47±12.7 years, with a predominance of males. Oxygen consumption at the anaerobic threshold in relation to predicted was lower in G3. There was no impairment of pre-exertion spirometry, ventilatory reserve, oxygen saturation and ventilatory efficiency. From the cardiovascular point of view, the oxygen pulse and the peripheral uptake of oxygen consumption had normal behavior in the three groups. In the multivariate analysis of covariance, the severity of the disease had an influence on the aerobic condition. Conclusion: The aerobic condition was lower in the group with greater severity of COVID-19, possibly due to physical deconditioning, since the parameters of cardiovascular and respiratory performance exhibited normal behavior.
      PubDate: 2022-11-22
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37663
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Infant deaths related to cardiac malformations in the Northeast of Brazil:
           an ecological study

    • Authors: Mayara Petrilli Bezerra Silva, Izane Luísa Xavier Carvalho Andrade, Lucas Manoel Oliveira Costa, Emerson Silva Souza, Jordeilson Luis Araujo Silva, Samira Maria Ferreira de Almeida, Nayra Vanessa de Oliveira Silva, Marcus Vinicius de Carvalho Souza, Wenderson Felipe Moreira Lima, Lisiane Pires Martins dos Santos, Edmércia Holanda Moura, João Victor Moura Lins
      Abstract: Objective: To describe the epidemiological profile about infant deaths caused by cardiac malformation in the state of Maranhão. Method: This is a retrospective, descriptive, quantitative approach and epidemiological study of infant deaths from cardiac malformations in the period 2016-2020. The data were collected through the National System of Notifiable Diseases (SINAN), available through the Department of Informatics of the Unified Health System (DATASUS). Results and Discussion: The year 2017 showed the highest incidence of deaths, totaling 119 infant deaths, presenting the percentage of 21%. The male gender stood out with the highest predominance of deaths, achieving a percentage of 54.10% in relation to the total number of cases. Brown individuals had the highest incidence of infant deaths, obtaining 359 deaths, equivalent to 65.21% of cases. Regarding birth weight, most deaths in individuals who were born weighing between 3000g and 3999g, about 183 deaths (33.33%). Conclusion: The results acquired in this research reveal a high and worrisome incidence of this grievance in males, within the binarity, besides its high expression in people of mixed race.
      PubDate: 2022-11-22
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37661
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Characterization of post-COVID-19 Guillain-Barré syndrome in a private
           clinic in the inner Amazon – case series report

    • Authors: Eyran Joshua Sobrinho de Sousa, Emily Andreza Moreira Navarro, Marcos Manoel Honorato, Renata Carvalho Cremaschi, Fernando Morgadinho Santos Coelho
      Abstract: Objectives: to report cases of post-COVID-19 Guillain-Barré Syndrome in a city in the interior of the Amazon, to characterize the evolution of the clinical picture, diagnosis and outcome of the disease, to portray the similarities and differences between patients and to highlight the importance of valuing the Post-COVID-19 Guillain-Barré Syndrome. Methods: this is a case series composed of six patients with a condition compatible with Guillain-Barré Syndrome related to previous infection by COVID-19. It is an observational and descriptive study and the data were collected retrospectively from the analysis of the medical records of a private clinic located in Santarém, state of Pará, Brazil. Results and Discussion: All patients had a clinical and laboratory diagnosis of COVID-19, followed by Guillain-Barré Syndrome. In this study, motor impairment was predominant and did not always follow an ascending pattern. The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) examination had a variable result and without the typical abnormalities. Electroneuromyography revealed that axonal involvement was predominant. Most patients evolved with functional recovery and only one of them presented no improvement. Treatment with intravenous immunoglobulin appears to have contributed to a positive outcome. The data found are compatible with studies in other regions of the world. Conclusion: Post-COVID-19 Guillain-Barré Syndrome may have different clinical, laboratory and neurophysiological manifestations than usual and may have a variable course, with early diagnosis being essential for a more assertive treatment and lower risk of sequelae. This has become a challenge in remote places and small towns in the Amazon, where access to health care is more precarious.
      PubDate: 2022-11-22
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37532
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Relationship between light curing and biofilm adhesion over composite
           resin surface

    • Authors: José Everton Menezes Silva, Jéssica Caetano da Silva, Larissa de Lima Rocha, Lucas Renan Alves dos Santos, Gualberto Segundo Agamez Montalvo, Patricia Lins Azevedo do Nascimento, Cláudia Cristina Brainer de Oliveira Mota
      Abstract: This study aimed to evaluate the growth and adhesion of microorganisms over the surface of composite resins exposed to different light curing cycles. An in vitro analytical laboratory experimental study of adhesion of yeast and bacteria over the surface of light cured composite resin (Opallis, FGM, Brazil) in continuous and switched modes was carried out (Optilight Max, Dabi Atlante, Brazil) with 1200 mW/cm2 power density. Eighty composite resin discs were produced, randomly divided according to the immersion medium (n=40): TSB broth for bacteria, and Sabouraud dextrose broth for yeast.The samples light-cured in continuous mode had greater adhesion of Candida tropicalis and Staphylococcus aureus, although without statistically significant difference, according to Fisher's exact test. Based on the findings of the present study, there are no differences in biofilm adhesion on the surface of composite resin restorations regarding the variation of light-curing cycles; in this way, the dental clinician is free to choose the curing cycle that best suits you.
      PubDate: 2022-11-22
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37181
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Main liver manifestations in sickle cell disease

    • Authors: Mariana do Sacramento Chagas, Juliana Ramos Friggi
      Abstract: Sickle cell disease (SC) is an autosomal recessive genetic disease that occurs due to a mutation in the β-globin gene. Among the main genotypes are hemoglobin SS (HbSS), a homozygous form responsible for a series of complications, which vary according to the affected system. Within the digestive tract, the hepatobiliary system is the most affected. Sickle cell liver diseases, so called hepatic manifestations in sickle cell disease, can be classified into acute and chronic, which can generate serious consequences for carriers. This literature review, conducted between July and October 2022, has as its main objective to elucidate the main liver manifestations in sickle cell disease, as well as to discuss possible behaviors to reduce mortality in this group. For the composition of this review, articles published between the years 2017 and 2022 were selected, from the search for keywords through the following electronic databases: PUBMED Central (PMC) and Scielo. In total, 21 articles were selected. It can be concluded from the analysis of these that the pathophysiology and clinical manifestations of sickle cell liver diseases are well clarified in the literature. However, the ways to prevent these complications and treatment still need more studies.
      PubDate: 2022-11-22
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37486
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Health care for the obese person in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU)

    • Authors: Ana Patrícia Alves dos Santos Brito, Jéssica Batista dos Santos, Luciana Paula da Silva Ferreira, Josielma Cavalcante de Lima Batista
      Abstract: This study focused on discussing health care for obese patients treated in Intensive Care Units (ICU). Therefore, we follow the following objectives, general and specific, respectively: To analyze what are the causes and consequences of obesity; Investigate what are the public policies to combat obesity; To identify in the literature which are the health care to be applied in the care of the obese person. The methodology used to support the research was a narrative literature review and critical analysis of research publications carried out by scholars in the field of knowledge. Conclusion: Through the research carried out, we found that the causes of obesity are inadequate diet, sedentary lifestyle, family genetics, socioeconomic levels, psychological factors, demographic factors, educational level, early weaning, having obese parents, consuming alcohol and being a smoker. It has as consequences the emergence of chronic diseases, such as hypertension, cardiovascular dysfunctions, ischemic strokes, type 2 diabetes mellitus and some types of cancer, such as colorectal, kidney diseases, emotional disorders, low self-esteem and social isolation. In addition, some public policies to combat obesity were developed, such as the Academia da Saúde Program, created by the Health Surveillance Secretariat of the Ministry of Health from 2005 onwards. Patients with obesity are developed in Basic Health Units as a way to adequately monitor the progress of obesity and other diseases that accompany it.
      PubDate: 2022-11-22
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37538
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Epidemiological profile of acquired syphilis in women in the state of
           Goiás between 2016 and 2021

    • Authors: Amanda Ferreira Barbosa, Ana Laura Almeida Moraes, Isabella Cândida Evangelista, Helen Machado Jaime, Laura Vitória de Lima Silva, Letícia Gomes Moreira da Cunha, Mikaellem Nogueira dos Santos, Flaviane Cristina Rocha Cesar
      Abstract: Acquired syphilis is a chronic sexually transmitted disease caused by Treponema pallidum, a bacterium of the spirochete group, its transmission occurs through contaminated biological material, either through sexual intercourse, contact with skin wounds or blood transfusion. It affects about 701,883 people in Brazil, 278,300 of which are female. In Goiás, 6,958 cases of syphilis acquired in women were recorded. This study aimed to analyze the epidemiology of acquired syphilis in women in the state of Goiás. Therefore, a cross-sectional and descriptive study was carried out, through the study of scientific articles, detailing the secondary data available in the Department of Informatics of the SUS (TABNET/DATASUS), with the variables: gender, age group, ethnicity, period of time and location. It was observed that, between the years 2016 and 2021, there was, in general, an increase in cases in women, with great importance in the age group from 15 to 59 years of age and significantly present in all races, realizing a need strengthening public policies on sex education for the population.
      PubDate: 2022-11-22
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37355
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Otological changes in patients infected with Covid-19: a review of
           manifestations and effects on the inner ear

    • Authors: Cecíllia Macedo Borges, Emilly Karla Rocha Barreto, João Paulo Dias Nogueira, Paloma de Faria Guerra, Larissa Navarro Barros
      Abstract: Covid-19 is an infectious disease caused by the Coronavirus (CoV), responsible for severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS-CoV-2), and a wide variety of clinical manifestations, including those related to the involvement of the inner ear. This study is an Integrative Literature Review (ILR) that used DeCS descriptors and the VHL, LILACS and MEDLINE databases. This search initially resulted in x articles, and after applying exclusion and inclusion criteria, x remained, which were considered suitable for the final sample. The most frequent symptoms related to the inner ear were: tinnitus, vertigo and hearing loss. Most of the symptoms were self-limited, appearing in the acute phase of the disease with subsequent remission. Patients with previous diagnoses of ear pathologies stood out, as they had a greater variety of otological symptoms when compared to previously healthy patients. However, further studies are still needed relating covid 19 and ear involvement, since there are still few studies on the pathophysiology and mechanisms of injury involved in the genesis of these symptoms, although several hypotheses have already been raised.
      PubDate: 2022-11-22
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37566
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • The Missões ART project in the sertão cearense: oral health care
           beyond the dental office

    • Authors: Mirlyn de Souza Dias, Renato Daniel de Freitas , Mireli Oliveira Gomes, Alessandra Nogueira de Souza Silva, Andreia Silva Lima, Marcelo Bonifácio da Silva Sampieri, Lidiane Costa de Souza, Jacques Antonio Cavalcante Maciel, Nayane Lima Mendes, Celiane Mary Carneiro Tapety
      Abstract: With the aim of facilitating the access of the most needy communities, especially school-age children, to quality preventive and curative dental care, the Missões ART project was created. Objective: to describe the activities of the Missões ART project of the Dentistry course at the Federal University of Ceará and to expose the impact of these actions on the population. Method: This is a report about the experience in field actions of the Missões ART project in the years 2018 and 2019 in the northern region of the state of Ceará. Results: Oral health care actions were carried out with children of public school. The actions were carried out in a school environment and included oral health education activities with a problematizing nature, supervised brushing and the performance of Atraumatic Restorative Treatment, in addition to other dental procedures that could be performed outside conventional clinical environment. Final considerations: The experience gathered from the Missões ART project makes the importance of university extension even more evident, in the sense of qualifying teaching based on the needs of the community.
      PubDate: 2022-11-22
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37424
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • The impact of aniogenic factors in patients with Temporomadibular
           Dysfnction (TMD) attended at the Dental Clinic of the University of the
           Amazon State during the New Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic

    • Authors: Widla Emanuella Pereira Barreto Garcez, Lioney Nobre Cabral
      Abstract: The pandemic generated a state of calamity and social panic at a global level, intensifying levels of stress and anxiety, causing people to suffer psychological and social impacts to different degrees. Furthermore, it directly affected patients with orofacial pain, bruxism and Temporomandibular Disorders, since they are influenced by the emotional state of being. The present study aimed to study the impact of anxiogenic factors in patients with TMD treated at PoliUEA during the COVID-19 pandemic. This is an analytical, observational cross-sectional study with a qualitative approach to be quantified. Thus, a questionnaire based on the DC/TMD was used for data collection. A sample of 83 patients was obtained, being: 74 (89.1%) women and 9 (10.9%) men and a prevalent age group between 18 and 59 years (96.4%). 54.2% of patients reported having various concerns while 63.9% reported feeling nervous and/or anxious. 88% indicated aggravation of pain during the period of social isolation, while 12% reported no significant change in terms of worsening pain symptoms. Based on the results, it was concluded that there is a relationship between the worsening of symptoms in patients with TMD treated at the PoliUEA caused by social isolation during the COVID-19 pandemic and the use of methods - such as DC/TMD - is recommended, since they encompass the biopsychosocial assessment of the patient and there are indicators of such an impact on the individual's pain.
      PubDate: 2022-11-22
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37626
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Home Care Service: for children with special health needs and their
           families

    • Authors: Renata Mello Barbosa de Oliveira, Maria Angélica Marcheti, Beatriz Rosana Gonçalves de Oliveira Toso, Eliane Tatsch Neves, Ana Paula Denis Barbosa, Fernanda Ribeiro Baptista Marques, Amanda Marques Bezerra
      Abstract: Objective: to describe the care process performed at home by professionals from the Home Care Service for children with special health needs and their families. Methodology: a descriptive and exploratory study, with a qualitative approach based on the theoretical/philosophical framework of the Family-Centered Care Model. Interviews were conducted with the families of children enrolled in Home Care Services in 2021. Data were analyzed using inductive thematic analysis. Results: Eight families of children with ages ranging from one to 10 years old participated, with mothers being the main caregivers. Families recognize the importance of care offered by professionals in the home service, however this is perceived in a disjointed way due to the devaluation of the families' knowledge. The health services accessed by families in the care process were identified as fragmented and disconnected from the child's needs, and not integrated into the Health Care Network. Final Considerations: it is necessary to equip the health professionals of the home care service regarding the practice that includes families in the care process; the implementation of a care model aimed at the family; the establishment of care flows in the health network; the inclusion of specialties in the teams working in the services; and strengthening families for decision-making. Such measures can contribute to solving the demands of children and their families, as well as ensuring comprehensive care.
      PubDate: 2022-11-22
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37423
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • The use of Haas appliances in the treatment of orthodontic problems

    • Authors: Mayssa Cristina de Oliveira da Silva, Pammalla Ribeiro da Conceiçao Ferreira
      Abstract: Given the complexity of orthodontics and more specifically of the posterior crossbite that can be associated with maxillary or mandibular deficiency and even with the presence of a skeletal class III, this study aimed to evaluate changes in the transverse dimension of the upper dental arch in patients with Complete unilateral cleft lip and palate who underwent rapid maxillary expansion and compare the results with Haas or Hayrax device. Thus, the mechanism of action of the Hass device was presented and the positive (or negative) clinical effects of the Haas device were discussed. In the methodology, the present research was based on a study of systematic literature review, of a qualitative and exploratory nature, with a theoretical approach based on periodical databases, PubMed, Google Scholar and Scielo, whose time frame was between the years 2017 to 2022. In the results, it was clear to see that the Haas breaker device is an efficient device for achieving transverse maxillary growth.
      PubDate: 2022-11-22
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37581
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Evaluation of dentoskeletal effects of surgically assisted rapid maxillary
           expansion using computed tomography

    • Authors: Victor Tieghi Neto, Carolina Gachet Barbosa, Isadora Molina Sanches, Déborah Rocha Seixas, Andréa Guedes Barreto Gonçales, Eduardo Sanches Gonçales
      Abstract: Introduction: Patients with transverse maxillary deficiency may have unilateral or bilateral posterior crossbite, crowded and rotated teeth and narrow palate. The treatment for adults is surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion, a procedure that results in changes not only to bones, but also to teeth, nasal cavity, air space, lips and surrounding soft tissues. Objective: This study evaluated dentoskeletal changes in patients that underwent surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion (SARME). Methods: Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans were obtained before and after SARME. The thickness of buccal and lingual cortical bone and the angle of the long axis of posterior maxillary teeth were measured. Data were analyzed statistically. Results showed changes in thickness of buccal and lingual cortical bone and tooth movement and tipping. Conclusion: Tooth tipping increased and buccal bone thickness decreased, although osteotomies were used.
      PubDate: 2022-11-22
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.36691
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Comparative study of video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) and open
           thoracotomy: an analysis using propensity score matching

    • Authors: Heyder Magalhaes Estevão , Iracema Filgueira Leite, André Luís Lopes Gomes de Siqueira, Talianne Rodrigues Santos, Juliana Paiva Góes Ramalho , Juliana Silva Santos , Egillane Madza Mendes Santa Cruz , Deborah Rayanne Roseno de Jesus, Verônica de Andade Melo, Patricia Amaro da Cruz Mendes
      Abstract: Introduction: To compare results of video-assisted thoracic surgical approach (VATS) and of open thoracotomy in performing lobectomy and pneumonectomy regarding hospital stay, chest drainage time, morbidity and mortality. Methods: An observational retrospective study of 149 patients undergoing lobectomy and pneumonectomy for open thoracotomy or VATS from January 2018 to December 2022. Patient characteristics were compared using Student’s t-test, χ2 Pearson and Fisher's exact test. We performed the Propensity score matching model of analysis for data fitting. Complications were assessed by multivariate logistic regression model for age, sex, lung function, histology, comorbidities and smoking factors. We used Kaplan-Meier estimator and Cox regression to assess hospital stay and thoracic drainage. Results: We performed 130 open thoracotomy and lobectomy by VATS 19. The propensity score model excluded 111 patients in the thoracotomy group. The patients in the VATS group had lower thoracic drainage time (p= 0.011; HR= 0.40; IC95% 0.19 to 0.84) and hospital stay (p= 0.001; HR= 0.23; IC95% 0,10 to 0,54) in the Cox regression model. Multivariate logistic regression for complications as a dependent variable showed VATS with a reduction factor (p = 0.02; OR = 0.13; CI 0.023 to 0.730). There were no significant differences in the characteristics, postoperative complications and mortality between the groups (p = 0.31). Conclusion: VATS is associated with decreased hospital stay, less chest drainage time and less post-operative complications.
      PubDate: 2022-11-22
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37521
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Effects of photobiomodulation therapy in patients diagnosed with
           temporomandibular dysfunction of Coari municipality: case report

    • Authors: Karolayne Souto de Souza, Davidson Ribeiro Costa, Tatiana Araújo da Silva, Daniel de Oliveira Lima, William Bezerra Leite, Thiago dos Santos Maciel
      Abstract: Temporomandibular dysfunction (TMD) is defined as a group of heterogeneous disorders and clinical problems that involve the masticatory muscles, temporomandibular joint (TMJ), and other structures of the orofacial region. Among the non-invasive therapeutic modalities, photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) has been widely used in the treatment of musculoskeletal disorders because of its positive effects in reducing pain, inflammation and optimizing tissue repair processes. The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of PBMT in the treatment of TMD, aiming at reducing pain and improving joint range of motion, as well as to compare muscle condition before and after irradiation by measuring localized temperature. This is a case report, with 2 participants. Pain was assessed by visual analog scale (VAS), joint range of motion by pachymeter, and temperature by thermography. They were evaluated before and after a protocol of 9 sessions of TFBM with low power laser (GaAs) with the following parameters: wavelength 790 nm, average power density 0.12mWcm2, energy density 6J/cm2. There was a reduction in pain and an increase in TMJ joint range of motion. In addition, PBMT was not shown to have an effect on facial temperature.
      PubDate: 2022-11-22
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37305
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Influence of dietary patterns on anxiety

    • Authors: Layne dos Santos Fontinele, Maria Eduarda Rêgo Mendes, Liejy Agnes dos Santos Raposo Landim, Francisco Honeidy Carvalho Azevedo
      Abstract: Introduction: Anxiety is an increasingly prevalent mental disorder that affects the quality of life of individuals worldwide. Although medication is one of the main interventions, current studies seek to understand the contribution of food to the mental health of these individuals. Objective: The objective of this study was to understand, through an integrative literature review, the impact of dietary patterns on anxiety disorder. Methodology: The search sources were the databases: National Library of Medicine (PubMed) and MDPI (Nutrients), with the selection of articles published in national and international journals, from 2014 to 2021. The choice of this period met the criterion of temporality, in which the time frame of ten years was considered, as these are more current publications, in English and Portuguese. Results and discussion: In the analyzed studies, it was found that depending on the nutritional quality of the diet, it can contribute as a therapeutic resource to improve anxiety symptoms or exacerbate the symptoms of this disorder. The importance of healthy eating patterns impacting the improvement of anxiety symptoms was highlighted, such as the Mediterranean diet and specific micronutrients such as tryptophan and omega 3. Final considerations: Thus, it is concluded that nutritional intervention is recommended because the evidence indicates a direct relationship between diet and mental health.
      PubDate: 2022-11-22
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37446
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Disposing of medicines: an assessment of the impact on public health in
           Brazil

    • Authors: Fabiana da Conceição Guerreiro, Omero Martins Rodrigues Junior
      Abstract: Introduction: The consequences of incorrect disposal of medicines are not few, they can be perceived not only in the contamination of soils, groundwater, rivers and oceans, but also in the alteration of some forms of life. Objective: The objective of this article is to carry out a bibliographic review on the issue of medication disposal in Brazil, reporting actions and mechanisms that may serve to reduce the negative impact of disposal. Methodology: The work was based on research of articles published in the period from 2012 to 2022, carried out through the survey of articles in the following databases: Scielo (Scientific Electronic Library Online), PubMed, and Lilacs, which following the inclusion criteria and exclusion, resulted in 20 included articles. Being based on a literature review, according to Cunha, Cunha & Alves, (2014). The following descriptors were used: Disposal of medication, disposal of medication in Brazil, incorrect disposal of medication. Conclusion: The correct disposal of medicines must take place at collection points throughout the city. The purpose of these products must be incineration. For this, the population needs to find the places where there are collection points to leave their expired or unused medicines at these points. The National Solid Waste Policy (PNRS) – Law No. 12,305/10 – establishes reverse logistics as the correct disposal of medicines. That is, when you find an expired medication at home, you must take it back to pharmacies or drugstores, which collect it and send it to the destination for proper decontamination and incineration.
      PubDate: 2022-11-22
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37669
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Dental care for HIV-positive patients in the Unified Health System: a
           systematic review

    • Authors: Deyvson Muniz da Silva, Dyone Cardoso Santana, Juliana Tomaz Sganzerla
      Abstract: One of the most stigmatized diseases by society is the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and the Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS). As there is still no cure and the treatment is indeterminate, the effects that these diseases cause in patients over time are much discussed. Although it suffers enormous resistance and prejudice, treatment and preventive measures in Brazil can be done through the Unified Health System. Therefore, the present study aimed to present a theoretical framework regarding the treatment of HIV carried out by the SUS. Subsequently, the dental professional's approach to these patients in the SUS was discussed. In the methodology, a systematic review of the literature was carried out, based on the periodic databases, PubMed, LILACS and Scielo, whose temporal cut was between the years 2017 to 2021. In the results, the dental professional in this context, becomes essential in the period of treatment, being able to work together with the patient in order to remove him from the prejudice that these diseases bring. Added to this, the importance of having educational measures for these professionals, both with regard to primary care and the issue of biosafety and self-care.
      PubDate: 2022-11-22
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37611
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • The curriculum content of capoeira in Physical Education courses:
           possibilities and strategies of teaching

    • Authors: Jefferson Florencio Rozendo, George Almeida Lima, Mabel Dantas Noronha Cisne, Aline Soares Campos, Isabelle Maria Braga da Silva, Raphaela Alves Feitosa de Oliveira, Jean Silva Cavalcante, Leandro Nascimento Borges, Pedro Henrique Silvestre Nogueira, Heraldo Simões Ferreira
      Abstract: The purpose of this rehearsal is to investigate the curricular content of Capoeira in Physical Education courses: Possibilities and Strategies for Teaching, based on the Curricular Guidelines, Resolutions CNE/CP 01 and 02/2002 and 07/2004, regarding the process of education in Physical Education. To this end, we worked from the following perspectives: a historical analysis of capoeira in the world, unfolding in Brazil; professional training in Physical Education; Capoeira and its cultural aspects; capoeira as art and education; and the debate on trends in Physical Education. The goal was to identify how capoeira can be inserted into Physical Education courses. We concluded that there are few empirical studies regarding the results of the curricular content of capoeira in Physical Education courses under the current regulatory scenario, that there are margins for the choice of critical competencies in the professional training process involving capoeira. The conclusion is that the teachers are committed to the educational scenario, producing content on capoeira and passing it on to their students, in order to train new professionals and researchers in the field of Physical Education, as well as to make it possible to redeem this culture. We propose the development of a capoeira curriculum for Physical Education courses, making it possible to develop teaching strategies, and thus training professionals to act while incorporating this cultural redemption.
      PubDate: 2022-11-22
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.36483
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Personality rights: use of image from recorded classes

    • Authors: Mauro Cesar Moura Martins, Pedro Luís da Silva Gomes, Leonardo Rossini da Silva
      Abstract: The scientific article exposes the general aspects of image rights from the perspective of remote classes. To better elucidate a problem, there was a discussion about the right of image and its concept, in order to demonstrate that it has two species. Then, a historical analysis of this institute and its legal and constitutional meaning was carried out. Soon minutia also already existed remote minutiae that already existed and are the training classes, important and the educators that are the training exercises, it was important and the educators are executed as training classes, it was important and the educators are executed. Subsequently, it was observed that the use of images of educators from remote classes without their consent in commercial studies is not legal and that a contract of assignment is required to stipulate this consent. Therefore, in the construction until this work, an exploratory methodology was used, with a construction of construction, to develop or studies of concepts, studies, experiences, real cases and decisions. Finally, the method used in the research was the indirect inductive method.
      PubDate: 2022-11-22
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37179
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • The influence of epigenetics in cancer prevention

    • Authors: Francisco Wilson de Lemos Dantas Junior, Mylena Ramos Gonçalves, Bárbara Furtado Mandelli, Cecília Pereira da Silva, Rafaela Andrade Lacerda, Geovanna Ribeiro Beserra, Andressa de Sousa Almeida, Paulo Clecimar de Alexandria Junior, André Oliveira Santos, Vanessa Erika Abrantes-Coutinho
      Abstract: Epigenetics refers to chromatin-based mechanisms important in the regulation of gene expression that do not involve changes in the DNA sequence. This study aims to analyze the influence of epigenetics in the prevention of various cancers. This work is based on searches in scientific databases such as LILACS, SciELO and PUBMED in the last 5 years, with filtering in complete works in Portuguese and English. The results showed an analysis of cancers such as lung, colorectal, breast, bladder, esophagus and prostate. In conclusion, that DNA methylation patterns are erased in the early embryonic stage and reestablished in each individual at the time of implantation, with an greater study in the area of epigenetics, will make it possible to silence several genes that will prevent the development of cancer in different situations.
      PubDate: 2022-11-22
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37346
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Scientific evidence on the modulation of the gut microbiota in food
           allergies

    • Authors: Gabriela de Moraes Sousa, Liejy Agnes dos Santos Raposo Landim
      Abstract: Objective: to verify in the literature relevant publications that allow a greater understanding of how the modulation of the intestinal microbiota through the diet has its role in the prevention and treatment of food allergies. Methodology: narrative review of the literature carried out through a bibliographic search of articles available in the SciELO, Google Scholar, PubMed, Medline and Lilacs databases. Articles available in full and without publication deadline were included. For the survey, the descriptors were used: "intestinal microbiota", "dysbiosis" and "food allergies", in Portuguese, English and Spanish registered in the Descriptors in Health Sciences (DeCS) and according to the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH), also considering the use of the Boolean operator “AND” allowing the combination of the terms, “intestinal microbiota” and “food allergies”, “dysbiosis” and “food hypersensitivities”. Results: The link between microbiome and allergic diseases has grown in recent years and new data supporting a link between low-diversity microbiota and allergy development are emerging. The modulation of the intestinal microbiota can be done by a supplementation of probiotics and prebiotics. Thinking about strategies for modulating the intestinal microbiota through food, we can point to the Mediterranean diet, defined as a healthy and balanced diet. Final considerations: pediatric allergies that normally disappear with growth are becoming more present in adulthood. Nutritional techniques with probiotics, prebiotics and healthy diets such as the Mediterranean diet may be a promising target for preventive strategies against food allergies. However, we need more scientific evidence that can be translated into clinical practice.
      PubDate: 2022-11-22
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37571
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • People management in micro and small companies

    • Authors: Rudysonn Alves dos Santos, Geovany Fernandes de Oliveira, Heliel Eustáquio da Silveira
      Abstract: Micro and small companies are increasingly present in the world economy and thus are assuming a significant role in the market, especially in the national context. Thus, for the growth of these companies to stand out against competitors, ensuring productivity and quality of services offered to end customers, it is essential that people management be the great guide in the development of the organization, thus ensuring its stability. Given the above, the main objective of this study is to describe the importance of People Management promoted by it, in organizational success. From this context, the Personal Department sector becomes more valued, since the importance of human capital to face the globalized market is observed. Considering this perception, this study aims to research what are the difficulties in micro and small companies in relation to people management, and what obstacles are experienced. For a better understanding of this theme, a qualitative bibliographic review was carried out, based on books, scientific articles and websites focused on the air. It is verified that with people development programs in organizations, the small company better understands the training needs of its employees and seeks training, becoming increasingly competitive.
      PubDate: 2022-11-22
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37792
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Larvicidal effect of the essential oil of Curcuma xanthorrhiza (ginger
           java) for Aedes aegypti

    • Authors: Ana Patrícia Matos Pereira, Brendha Araújo de Sousa, Paulo Victor Serra Rosa, Maria Gizelda Gomes Lages, Francisco Nascimento Silva, Larissa Karla Barros de Alencar, Nilgicy Maria de Jesus Amorim, Francisco das Chagas Soares, Reges Carvalho dos Santos, Geison Luiz Costa de Castro, Ari Pereira de Araújo Neto, Gustavo Oliveira Everton
      Abstract: The larvicidal effect of the essential oil nanoemulsions of Curcuma xanthorrhiza (known as ginger java) in Aedes aegypti species. For this, they were collected as plants of C. xanthorrhiza Luís, MA and, later, separated as leaves from their respective branches. The essential oil was obtained by means of hydrodistillation by dragging a steam at a temperature of 100ºC for 3 hours. The nanoemulsions were prepared using the phase inversion method. The chemical constituents were quantified and identified by Gas Chromatography Coupled with Mass Spectrometry (GC/MS). Aedes aegypti eggs were transmitted through ovit traps. As Aedes aegypti larvae, they were hatched in mineral water, identified and fed until the 4th instar. For the activity of the activity. living and dead count. A Probit statistical analysis was performed to quantify the Lethal Concentration 50% (LC50). The GC/MS quantified the major components in the essential oil, namely germacrone (25.46%), xanthorrizole (17.52%) and eucalyptol (11.92%). The larvicidal activity of the essential oil nanoemulsion for Aedes aegypti quantified an LC50 of 25.94 mg. L-1, being defined by the evaluation criterion as active in the control and combat of A. aegypti. The essential nanoemulsion of C. xanthorrhiza has efficient larvicidal activity, so there is a need for further studies of its form of operation and safety for the combat and control of Aedes aegypti larvae.
      PubDate: 2022-11-22
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.36785
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Climate risk scenarios of orange rust for the sugarcane-producing regions
           of Argentina and Brazil

    • Authors: Francislene Angelotti, Cristina Del Carmem Morales, Emília Hamada, Eduardo Matias Bisonard, Renata Ribeiro do Valle Gonçalves, Alejandro Mario Rago
      Abstract: Risk analysis of climate change on the spatial distribution of sugarcane orange rust (Puccinia kuehnii) is a strategic study for plant protection to minimize future damages. The objective of this work was to evaluate the potential risk of the occurrence of orange rust in Argentina and Brazil under the climate change scenarios. A mapping methodology integrated the data of climate projections and the phytosanitary problem supported by Geographic Information System (GIS). Normal climate (1961-1990) and future climate (2011-2040, 2041-2070, and 2071-2100) from Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change were considered. The conditions of climatic favorability for the occurrence of the disease were established by means mathematical logic criteria of GIS, based on knowledge of the authors, who incorporated the implicit effects of the interaction of the virulent pathogen, susceptible host, and predisposing environmental characteristics. The favorability for the occurrence of sugarcane orange rust in the main sugarcane producing regions of Argentina and Brazil varied over the months considered of the cultivation cycle. For Argentina, the future climate scenarios predicted a reduction in favorability for the occurrence of sugarcane orange rust from December to February and an increase in April. In Brazil, the climatic favorability decreased from December to March and increased in May.
      PubDate: 2022-11-22
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.36648
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Improving reading comprehension and vocabulary through explicit vocabulary
           instructions

    • Authors: Enrique Moncayo Herrera
      Abstract: Reading and vocabulary are widely regarded as essential to enhance reading comprehension in a second language. Therefore this study focuses on inserting English vocabulary into students to aid a number of EFL learners to improve their reading comprehension in a remote setting district public school located in Ecuador, where the lack of technological tools presents them. This study tries to explain the advantages of using explicit vocabulary guidelines in reading activities to improve reading comprehension in this group of young learners. The thirty-eight children were separated into two groups of nineteen students; each had six reading lessons. After the class, they completed in a reading comprehension quiz. The findings demonstrate that students had improved their reading comprehension after applying the explicit vocabulary instruction method on them, which mean is (M=7.17). Traditional methods, such as implicit vocabulary instruction, show lower reading comprehension in learners; the mean was ( M= 6.89). Other findings in this study demonstrate that girls had a better positive impact on their reading than boys. (31.6 %) girls were better in score in comparison with boys, who rose to (18.4%). Moreover, all the students recognized that in 5 months, they had learnt more English vocabulary words than in two years of classes out of campus. Thus their reading comprehension improved on them.
      PubDate: 2022-11-22
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37206
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Educational practices in textbooks: a look at ethnic-cultural diversity

    • Authors: Ana Patrícia Cavalcante Guimarães, Silvia Cristina de Oliveira Quadros
      Abstract: The present text deals with the presentation of the analysis of three textbooks, in Portuguese, from the 5th year of elementary school, being the three most adopted by public schools in the state of São Paulo (Brazil). The objective was to verify if the theme of ethnic-cultural diversity is treated in these textbooks and if there is an educommunicative approach. The research was based in a bibliographic and exploratory study. The books were analyzed by thematic categories (Historical construction of knowledge; Cultural manifestations; Diversity of individuals and social groups; Equality and equity in environments and Ethnic-cultural diversity). As a result, it was found that the didactic materials analyzed, for the most part, have valued the theme ethnic-cultural diversity in an educommunicative bias, which allows the student to value their knowledge and have a voice and space. In conclusion, the reflections presented here can support the choice of textbooks by teachers, which meet the educational-communicative bias and value a pedagogical practice based on orality and that contemplate ethnic-cultural diversity.
      PubDate: 2022-11-22
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37384
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Superhydrophobic ceramics from surface modification

    • Authors: Liliane Cruz Gomes de Souza Santos, Eliane Ayres
      Abstract: Superhydrophobic coatings attract attention due to their wide applications. However, most chemical substances and components used for their manufacture are generally harmful to the environment and have a high cost, which makes their application difficult. The purpose of this research is to develop super-hydrophobic coatings for ceramic substrates, prioritizing the use of eco-efficient materials. The ceramic substrate used in this study was the fired tile without vitrification, because it has a rough surface suitable for the deposition of the obtained coatings. The manufacture of super-hydrophobic coatings was made using sustainable and low-cost materials, which makes their use viable.
      PubDate: 2022-11-22
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37195
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Traditional knowledge as folk medicine for health care in a riverside
           community in the interior of the Amazon

    • Authors: Mirla Rêgo Ribeiro, Edna Ferreira Coelho Galvão
      Abstract: This study deals with the use of traditional knowledge for health care in communities in the interior of the Amazon, specifically in the community of Arapixuna, in the municipality of Santarém, State of Pará, Brazil. The objective was to investigate the traditional medicinal practices of health care that residents of the locality. 154 medical records of users of the Family Health Strategy were evaluated, from 2018 to 2021, to verify the main diseases that occurred in the region and the existence or not of the record of their treatment, with traditional knowledge. Then, 100 individual registration forms from the Health Unit were evaluated and, from these, 21 participants were selected for the interview. It was observed in the sociodemographic profile, equivalence between females and males, age group between 54-65 years, complete high school, farming profession, family income of 1 minimum wage and Catholic religion. The profile of the interviewees showed that the majority were women aged between 31 and 40 years. Popular resources are used by the population, such as teas, baths, syrups, animal lard and massages, as well as allopathic medicines available at the Health Unit, however, traditional knowledge is the first resource used. The main health problem reported by study participants was Covid-19 flu syndrome. It is hoped that this research can contribute to new studies on the subject, fostering dialogues and reflections on care and its popular practices, passed on between generations in riverside communities in the interior of the Amazon.
      PubDate: 2022-11-21
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37312
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Analysis of the skin-to-skin contact index in the first hour of life in a
           public maternity hospital in the city of Palmas-TO

    • Authors: Fernanda Vendramini Rosal, Beatriz Oliveira Leite, Isabela Franco Ramos, Isadora de Melo, Ana Mackartney de Souza Marinho
      Abstract: Skin-to-skin contact is the set of care practices related to the newborn's first interaction with its mother. This bond must last for at least one hour, known as the “golden hour”. The practice has been widely used in recent times by health professionals, as there are several benefits, such as reduced maternal stress, ease of breastfeeding and reduced risk of infections. The objective of this article is to analyze the rates of skin-to-skin contact, in the first hour of life, in the last five years. A descriptive study of a quantitative nature was carried out through data analysis, addressing topics such as the rates of babies who were born alive or who do not need neonatal resuscitation. In addition, this study presents records of births that took place at the Hospital and Maternity Public Dona Regina Siqueira Campos, in Palmas-TO and of mothers who made skin-to-skin contact. Data related to research with puerperal women who adhered to this method in the first hour of the baby's life were obtained. In short, the following were identified as the main factors for limiting the performance of PPC both in normal delivery and cesarean section: no notified reason, maternal impossibility, poor maternal conditions and no registration. It was evident, therefore, that practices such as mandatory training of the team, through the neonatal regulation course, advocating CPP is one of the proposed interventions, whose objective is the birth of a healthy baby, with minimal risk to the mother.
      PubDate: 2022-11-21
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37460
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Prevalence of Depression and associated factors in university students oh
           the Physical Education course practitioners and non-practitioners of the
           physical exercise in a capital of the Northeast

    • Authors: Marcilene da Silva Oliveira, Maria Eduarda do Nascimento Silva, Leyla Regis de Meneses Sousa Carvalho
      Abstract: University students experience experiences of academic life which involves demands of society, among them adapting to the pressures and changes of daily life, in addition to tests and work, load of studies and technological changes in the way of studying, all this can favor the development of depression. The study aimed to compare the prevalence of depression and associated factors in university students of the physical education course practicing and not practicing physical exercise. This is a study with descriptive quantitative analysis. The sample consisted of 200 students, 100 female and 100 male, all university students from HEI. The instrument used in the research was the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). For data analysis, the Microsoft Office Excel Software was used. The results showed that depression levels were classified as at least (53.0%), followed respectively by mild and moderate (22.0%) and (25.0%). Men are minimally more depressed (61.0%) compared to women (44.0%), while women are more modernly more depressive (29.0%), but the prevalence of severe depression was higher in males (6.0%). Regarding the levels of depression of practicing and non-practicing university students, no association with depression was identified (p = 0.163). It is concluded that physical exercises may be correlated with the release of hormones, play an important role in mood and mental health, showing to be very effective mainly in mild and moderate cases of depression.
      PubDate: 2022-11-21
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37395
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Quality of life of patients with various ulcers

    • Authors: Emilly Christinna de Sá Vieira Santos, Ana Karla Medeiros Frutuoso, Antônio Silva Machado , Cristina Limeira Leite, Haigle Reckziegel de Sousa, Karla Vanessa Morais Lima, Mayara da Silva dos Anjos , Francisco Alves Lima Júnior
      Abstract: Varicose ulcers can be considered a public health problem, taking into account the damage caused to the life of the individual and their increasing incidence in society. Its occurrence generates skin deformities, causing great discomfort, losses in self-esteem, social life and even psychosocial disorders. Objective: to describe the quality of life of patients with venous ulcers and the damage caused by this condition, with the aim of emphasizing the theme and promoting knowledge about the same. Method: integrative literature review, which was searched through Scielo databases; Medline, BENF, lilacs, using the descriptors in health sciences: quality of life/quality of live, varicose ulcers/varicose ulcers. The research took place between April and June 2022. As inclusion criteria, studies from 2012-2022 were selected, in English, Portuguese and Spanish, which were available in full. The evidence included 10 selected articles, 5 of which were national and 5 international with a broad aspect of methodological and investigative approach. Results: Based on the articles included in the research, the damage caused by the lesion was observed, the quality of life score of patients with venous ulcers is lower, when compared to those without ulcers, their functional capacity is highlighted, becoming impaired as well as self-esteem, social and psychosocial factors. Final considerations: Understand the lifestyle and its particularities in the health care of the person with varicose ulcer, aiming at contributing to the expansion of studies focused on this theme, favoring the training and information of nurses, providing the improvement of their knowledge, proposing the rather a holistic and integral assistance.
      PubDate: 2022-11-21
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.32381
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Longevity of rehabilitatory treatment with direct and indirect veneers in
           anterior teeth: a Narrative Review

    • Authors: Bhrenda Cerqueira Teixeira, Mariana Messias Vilas Novas, Lorena dos Santos Rodrigues, Nathalia Silveira Finck
      Abstract: With the development of aesthetic dentistry in search of minimally invasive procedures, the demands for a harmonious rehabilitative treatment have been increasingly detailed in pursuit of success. The aim of this article is to present a current narrative review on the comparison between the longevity of rehabilitative treatment with direct and indirect veneers in anterior teeth. The present study was carried out through a search for scientific articles in the Pubmed database, having as eligibility criteria the clinical assessment of the longevity of direct and indirect veneers in anterior teeth. As exclusion criteria, studies that evaluated restorations in posterior teeth, laboratory studies and literature reviews were excluded. The use of direct and indirect restorations provides a treatment with greater clinical longevity, fracture resistance, color stability, in addition to favoring the aesthetics and biocompatibility of the same. However, direct composite resin veneers showed greater instability in color, however, they presented advantages such as the ease of handling shape and color, allowing a better ease at the time of rehabilitation. Porcelain indirect veneers offer the patient greater strength and greater color stability, in addition to being manufactured extra-orally, it does not interfere with the advantages it offers in the treatment. It is concluded that indirect veneers on anterior teeth showed a relatively longer survival when compared to direct restorations.
      PubDate: 2022-11-21
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37369
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Lifestyle, Physical and Mental Health of Elderly in the Context of
           Covid-19

    • Authors: Euni Oliveira Melo, Raimundo José Rodrigues da Silva, Danilo André de Souza Rosa, Gina Andrade Abdala, Maria Dyrce Dias Meira
      Abstract: Objective: to analyze the lifestyle of the elderly (60-80 years old) participating in a Virtual Health Fair, and its relationship with physical and mental health in times of COVID-19. Method: cross-sectional, quantitative, descriptive study, non-probabilistic sample participation composed of 90 people, selected based on the “Snowball Sampling” technique. Data were collected through the Google Forms platform, containing a sociodemographic form, health issues and lifestyle through the Eight Natural Remedies Questionnaire (Q8RN). Inferential statistical analysis, using the Student's t test to compare the mean scores of the eight lifestyle domains between both sexes. Results: the general average of the total score of the lifestyle was "very good", however, the dimensions "water consumption", "practice of physical exercise", "clean air" and "rest" presented values around the average, needing attention to these items. Related to "temperance" (caffeine consumption, use of alcohol and cigarettes) women showed better results compared to men (13.48; 2.43 and 12.30; 2.92 respectively) with p< 0.05. Physical health was positively correlated with mental health (Spearman's Rho of 0.672; p< 0.05). Conclusion: the elderly have a “very good” lifestyle, but it is advisable to guide them on the practice of exercises, greater consumption of water, using cleaner air and practicing adequate rest. There is a strong relationship between the binomial health physical and mental and elderly males need to abstain from harmful substances in order to get better lifestyle.
      PubDate: 2022-11-21
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37329
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Nursing care for patients with COVID-19 in an intensive care unit

    • Authors: Ruth de Souza Martins, Celice Ruanda Oliveira Sobrinho , Júlia Santos Lisbôa, Ana Carla Muniz de Brito, Helber Freitas Tavares, Adriele de Fátima Cardoso Ferreira, Danielle Farias da Costa Oliveira, Laura Arruda Costa, Diane do Socorro Alves Rocha, Geice Kelly Costa Soares Garcia, Milena Farah Damous Castanho Ferreira
      Abstract: COVID called SARS-CoV-2 (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2) emerged in late December 2019, which quickly became a global pandemic. COVID-19 is characterized by presenting as an acute respiratory infection that progresses rapidly and can lead the patient to severe or critical conditions. It is aimed to know the scientific evidence on nursing care to patients with COVID-19 in intensive care units in the period from 2020 to 2021. This is a descriptive, exploratory research with a qualitative approach of the Integrative Literature Review (ILR) type. With the emergence of a new disease, there was a need for nursing professionals working in ICUs to make several changes and adaptations necessary to provide assistance to patients and simultaneous protection of professionals. The nursing professionals perform all the care based on scientific evidence and recommendations of the competent organs worldwide and nationally in the fight against COVID-19.
      PubDate: 2022-11-21
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.27586
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Social Representations and Anchorages of Childhood Depression

    • Authors: Maria da Penha de Lima Coutinho, Emanuelle Pereira Sobrinho
      Abstract: This study aims to analyze the social representations (RS) of childhood depression. This is a quanti-qualitative study, anchored to the theoretical contribution of the Theory of Social Representations (RS). The study included 120 children, aged between 8 and 12 years (M = 2.0; SD = 0.47), from the city of Campina Grande-PB, in the school context and who mostly lives with their parents (83.3%). The data came from the Free Association of Words Technique (TALP) in the face of stimuli; depression, depressed person and myself. These stimuli were processed by the Tri-Deux-Mots software and analyzed through a Correspondence Factor Analysis (CFA). The results show that depression, depressed person and children’s self-perception about depression are represented in a multifaceted way from the different anchorages. Specifically, it appears that the representations of social actors about depression are anchored in feelings of fragility, suicide, discouragement, which corroborates to an elaborate knowledge and shared socially.The data of this research point to the construction of practical knowledge about the social representations of childhood depression contributing to the development of interventions and actions, as well as in the prevention of future cases of depression in the school context.
      PubDate: 2022-11-21
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37495
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Perception of quality of life in sports coaches during the Covid-19
           pandemic

    • Authors: Rosineide Mota Menezes, Layanne de Oliveira Barros, Afrânio de Andrade Bastos
      Abstract: Objective: to check the perception of quality life of the sports coaches in the Sergipe state, during the Covid-19 pandemic. Methodology: cross-sectional descriptive study, composed by 138 sports coaches from different modalities. Among them, 111 men and 26 women. The data were collected through the Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36), that analyzes eight quality of life areas and one sociodemographic questionnaire to characterize the sample. The questionnaires were scanned into Google forms and sent to email and social network. The data presentation were expressed by means of median and percentiles. Results: the eight quality areas of the SF-36, six presented good results, highlighting the domains limitation by emotional aspects (100 [66 - 100]) and functional capacity (95 [80 - 100]). While the vitality and mental health areas had less scores, with the respective values: (45 [40 – 50]) and (52 [48 – 52]). Conclusion: we conclude that sports coaches in the Sergipe state showed positive results in the most quality life area during the pandemic. However, the vitality and mental health areas were compromised.
      PubDate: 2022-11-21
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37372
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Analysis of functional capacity in post-covid patients

    • Authors: Camila Borzatto, Heloize Bet, Cesar A. Luchesa
      Abstract: Covid-19 is caused by the Sars-CoV-2 virus, which presents itself in a systemic, cognitive or physical way. Patients affected by covid may have multisystemic conditions as sequelae, leading to reduced functional capacity and altered pulmonary and cardiac function. Objective: To verify the use of the 6 minute walk test (6MWT) and the short form – 36 (SF-36) as instruments to assess the functional capacity and quality of life of patients infected with covid. Methods: Were included cross-sectional studies, systematic, observational and cross-sectional reviews, clinical trials and data analysis were included in this research, as well as articles containing adult patients infected with covid-19, who entered physical therapy rehabilitation and the 6MWT and SF-36 were evaluated. Thus, being included, covid - 19, Sars-Cov 2, functional capacity tests, 6MWT, coronavirus infection, quality of life and SF-36. The following exclusion criteria were adopted: studies with incomplete data and studies without data from the control group, pediatric rehabilitation. Results: Initially, 43 articles were detected, of which 20 were used for better analysis, of these 14 were considered relevant, but 6 were excluded because they did not present outcomes of interest, due to incomplete data or lack thereof, leaving 8 articles, with a total of 616 volunteers and some systematic review articles. Conclusion: Therefore, it is concluded that the SF 36 detected mainly emotional and physical changes, due to the pathologies already installed in post-covid patients. The 6MWT assists in the assessment and control of functional capacity, assessing physical sequelae and contributing to the prescription of appropriate treatment.
      PubDate: 2022-11-21
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37324
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Analysis of the nutritional profile of renal patients on hemodialysis

    • Authors: Daniele Carolina Benvenho, Karina Litchteneker, Monica Augusta Mombelli, Cristiane Buzanello Donin
      Abstract: Chronic kidney disease is characterized as a public health problem in Brazil and worldwide. It gradually compromises renal function, presents a progressive, irreversible character and, for most cases, hemodialysis is a treatment option. The objective of the research was to evaluate the nutritional profile of patients on hemodialysis in a nephrology clinic in the western region of Paraná. This is a cross-sectional study, carried out with 101 patients. The variables gender, age, etiology of chronic kidney disease and time on hemodialysis were collected from medical records and recorded in a form developed by the researchers, based on the literature. Nutritional assessments were performed. For descriptive statistical analysis, Chi-Square and Student's t tests were used. The patients' mean body mass index indicated overweight. Systemic arterial hypertension was the cause of chronic kidney disease in most patients. The prevalence of protein-energy malnutrition was 39.60% by the arm muscle circumference, 33.66% by the arm circumference, 29.70% by the Modified Global Subjective Assessment and 25.74% by the body mass index. The treatment time possibly contributes to the depletion of muscle mass and worsening of the nutritional status of these patients. Therefore, the nutritional assessment of hemodialysis patients remains an important challenge, in order to better understand the nutritional and metabolic changes presented and to act in the maintenance or recovery of health, minimizing their damage, as well as reducing initial morbidity and mortality.
      PubDate: 2022-11-21
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37262
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Histopathological tendencies, sex, age and radiological results for lung
           cancer in the municipality of Sinop – MT

    • Authors: Luana Sodré Martins, Luiz Eduardo Alessio Júnior, Neiva Pereira Paim, Rodolfo da Costa, Aline Morandi Alessio
      Abstract: Objective: To describe and improve our understanding of lung cancer epidemiology. Methodology: Retrospective, descriptive and analytic epidemiological study, analyzing histological type, sex, age and radiological results for lung cancer in the municipality of Sinop – MT during the period from 2014 to 2019. Results: 219 lesion biopsies were analyzed. 113 (51.59%) confirmed a diagnosis for lung cancer. The main histological types for the histopathology diagnosis were adenocarcinoma totaling 47 (41.59%) cases, followed by squamous cell carcinoma with 27 (23.89%) cases. Regarding sex, 52 (46.02%) lung cancer cases were found in women and 61 (53.98%) cases in men. In total, the main histological type for both sexes was adenocarcinoma. Regarding age, the predominant age range was 60-69 years with 43 cases (38.05%). In relation to characteristics of tomography imaging for lung cancer cases, nodule location was statistically significant, mainly in the right lung upper lobe, a finding observed in other sources, where the upper right lobe was found to have a greater incidence of malignancy. Conclusions: the main histological type was adenocarcinoma, with the majority of malignant lesions occurring in men, with an age range from 60 to 69 years. The most common image for cancer cases was solid lesion larger than 8 mm with irregular borders found in the right lung upper lobe.
      PubDate: 2022-11-21
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37462
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Effectiveness of the use of therapeutic bandage method in the third molar
           surgery: a randomized, controlled, single-blind, split-mouth

    • Authors: Michelle Bianchi de Moraes, Gabriel Oblack Barbosa, Natalia Caroline Queiroz Costa, Fabio Ricardo Loureiro Sato, Fernando Vagner Raldi
      Abstract: Objective: Extraction of semi-impacted or impacted, lower, third molars is one of the most performed procedures in the maxillofacial surgery, and inherent to it, there may be post-operative inflammatory response. Among the most common factors related to this response, pain, swelling, and trismus are the main ones. In this sense, therapeutic bandage has been used in the post-operative physiotherapy for several specialties so that muscular functions can be fully resumed and swelling, muscle spasms and pain reduced. Materials and Methods: The randomized, split-mouth, clinical trial was to assess 20 post-operative patients who underwent extraction of lower third molars with therapeutic bandage. Seven days after the extraction, swelling and trismus were the variables evaluated and pain was assessed according to the visual analogue scale (VAS). The Student’s t-test was used for comparison at significance level of 5% (α = 0.05). Results: With the results found, it was not possible to state that the therapeutic bandage protocol used in this study, given the evaluated signs and symptoms, were favorable, even providing greater comfort to patients. Conclusion: Therefore, we suggest that further studies should be performed in order to develop a protocol for application of therapeutic bandage for stomatognathic system. Clinicaltrials.gov NCT03393533. 12/05/2017 retrospectively registered.
      PubDate: 2022-11-21
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.36692
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Analysis of hygienic and sanitary conditions in a university restaurant

    • Authors: Joeli Silva de Souza, Helga Moraes Mateus França, Carlos Rodrigo Nascimento de Lira, Maria da Conceição Pereira da Fonseca
      Abstract: In the Food and Nutrition Unit, there is the production and distribution of meals for communities and the University Restaurants are models for implementing the food policy within the scope of Brazilian public universities. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the hygienic-sanitary conditions of the areas/sectors of a University Restaurant. Data were collected from August to September 2018 with the application of two checklists, one weekly and the other monthly, which considered environmental hygiene conditions, cafeteria service, physical structure and hygiene. From the application of the monthly checklist, the reception area of foodstuffs was considered regular (66.9%), as well as the antechamber (63.5%), the pre-preparation of salads (69.0%) and the area for cleaning kitchen utensils (57.4%), whereas the cold room for fruit and vegetables was the only area that was unsatisfactory (47.8%). In the evaluation of the areas with the weekly check list, the areas with regular classification were the reception of foodstuffs (64.3%), the butcher shop (68.2%), pre-preparation of salads (59.3%), cooking (54.3%) and cleaning of kitchen utensils (57.4%), whereas the grain collection and juice preparation area was the only one classified as unsatisfactory (44.2%). Thus, it was possible to verify that the university restaurant has not been working under favorable conditions of hygiene and that the inadequate hygienic-sanitary conditions observed in some areas/sectors were linked to structural problems and production management, that is, inadequacy of control of the production process, that occurred from receiving the raw material to obtaining the final product – the meal.
      PubDate: 2022-11-21
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37449
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Periodontal surgeries for clinical crown lengthening

    • Authors: Paloma Nunes Pinto, Ricardo Kiyoshi Yamashita
      Abstract: Periodontal surgeries for crown augmentation are not necessarily performed for biological purposes, but also for aesthetic purposes. Current beauty standards guide dental aesthetics and this aesthetic has harmonization as a fundamental principle. The etiology of excessive gingival exposure is quite varied, so it is up to the professional to make a brief diagnosis of the region to be treated, so that an individualized and safe clinical approach can be proposed, providing the patient with the expected smile, a better condition for the periodontium, always looking for oral health. Thus, the objective of this research was to carry out an indirect and bibliographic approach to analyze the applicability and benefits of periodontal surgery to increase the crown aesthetically and biologically. For this, a descriptive approach was carried out regarding periodontal surgeries to increase the crown, verifying the incidences in recent years through the analysis of scientific articles. The research was carried out in a secondary format, that is, through scientific articles. Articles published between 2000 and 2019 were selected on Google Scholar, Scientific Electronic Library Online (Scielo) and Pubmed platforms. Through bibliographic references, it was found that among the existing operative techniques, the use of laser is well accepted by dentists as a means of effective treatment in periodontal surgeries to increase the clinical crown.
      PubDate: 2022-11-21
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37315
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Morbimortality profile of patients infected by COVID-19, evolutions and
           its complications: an integrative review

    • Authors: Larissa Gabrielly da Silva Morais, Kalidia Felipe de Lima Costa, Ana Beatriz da Silva, Lívia Natany Sousa Morais, Letícia Emilly da Silva Morais, Ianara Saraiva Brasil, Joyce Soares de Freitas, Ana Clara de Souza Rêgo, Helena Júlia Pereira de Lima, Laise Raquel Mendes Cabral
      Abstract: Objective: to analyze the morbidity and mortality profile of patients hospitalized for COVID-19 and discuss relevant findings in the literature. Method: This is an integrative review. A total of 538 studies were found, of which 29 were included for the review. Results: patients with higher rates of hospitalizations and deaths are male, aged over 60 years old, with chronic diseases, with the most frequent severe clinical form of the disease. COVID-19 affects pregnancy, with severe acute respiratory infections, resulting in hospitalizations and gestational interruptions. In children, the causes of hospital admissions are, in greater occurrence, nervous complications such as encephalitis and lowering of consciousness, and in the gastrointestinal system with enteropathogenic coinfections. Conclusion: this research and its results contribute to the improvement of assistance and care by health professionals.
      PubDate: 2022-11-21
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37309
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Breastfeeding: your benefits being exclusive in period from 0 to 6 months
           and the damages caused by wean precocious

    • Authors: Francyele Sousa de Oliveira, Maria Clara Brasil Barroso, Flávia Nunes Costa
      Abstract: According to the World Health Organization (WHO), breastfeeding is the most important food in a child's life, and it should be offered within 1 h after birth. It has all the nutrients necessary for the child's development, and can even prevent the onset of cardiovascular diseases throughout life, such as; obesity, diabetes, hypertension and others, in addition to these cardiovascular pathologies, others can also be prevented, such as food and respiratory allergies. Studies show that breastfeeding can prevent around 13% of deaths in children under 5 years old worldwide. Human milk varies in its composition throughout infancy, providing infants with specific substances suitable for each age and situation, and its composition contains up to 88% water and there is no supply of water, juices or even teas. The introduction of complementary foods must be done at the right time, so that the child is already prepared to receive foods other than breast milk, so it must be done gradually, respecting the child's limits. Already the introduction of food before six months can compromise development and extend throughout life, leaving the child more vulnerable to infections, diarrhea, malnutrition.
      PubDate: 2022-11-21
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37318
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • The nurse's role in care for children with autistic spectrum disorder

    • Authors: Vitoria de Matos Moura, Thiarles Cristian Aparecido Tonon
      Abstract: The present study focuses on the role of nurses in caring for children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. This theme consists of a current discussion, between the years 2017 and 2022. The time frame was determined to investigate the limitations found in the literature on nurses in the care of children with ASD. The choice of theme was based on the representation of the nursing professional regarding the diagnosis and treatment of autistic children. Thus, the present research was based on academic studies, characterizing the work as a bibliographic, exploratory and qualitative methodology, whose general objective is to highlight the assistance provided to children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Regarding the results obtained, it was found that the nurse is the health professional who has more contact with the child. In addition, it can play its role helping the family and the community. However, the literature states that there is a lack of trained nurses. This gap allows us to suggest that it is necessary to create public policies to encourage nurses to train themselves.
      PubDate: 2022-11-21
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37551
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Change in soil microbial biodiversity due to agricultural cultivation: a
           review

    • Authors: Kethelin Cristine Laurindo de Oliveira, Tania de Fátima Silveira dos Santos, Cinthia Ramona Jiraneck da Rosa, Renan da costa Vieira, Domingos de Jesus Rodrigues, Sumaya Ferreira Guedes, Oscarlina Lúcia dos Santos Weber
      Abstract: Agricultural soils tend to lose their quality according to their use, management and cultivation, especially in relation to the community of microorganisms present in the soil. In order to gather information on the alteration of soil microbial biodiversity due to agricultural cultivation, the objective of this bibliographic review was to use the Scopus database to verify the existing literature on the proposed theme and if there is any change according to its management. The search was carried out in the articles contained in the database, searching the title, abstract and keywords using four indexed terms: biodiversity, microbial, soil and agricultural. 891 articles were found and these were used for bibliometric analysis, for the writing of this article two filters were used: for open access articles and for the years 2017 to 2022, selecting 216 articles to be studied in this review. With the help of the statistical program R version 4.2.0, the bibliometric analysis was performed with the bibliometrix package. In the bibliometric analysis, it was possible to identify that articles related to the topic began to be published in 1992 with few publications, surpassing the mark of 25 articles published per year only in 2008, going from 75 articles published a year only in 2017 and since then. increased publication interest in the area. It was also possible to observe that the country that publishes the most on the subject is the United States and the word most cited in the titles of the articles is the bacteria microorganism. This review reveals that the change from a native system to agricultural cultivation, as well as the cultivated species, the microbial biodiversity of the soil changes.
      PubDate: 2022-11-21
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37168
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • The use of active methodologies in remote teaching during the COVID-19
           pandemic

    • Authors: Amanda Kelly da Silva Celestino, Claudimary Bispo dos Santos, Thaíse da Silva Santos, Vanilson da Silva Santos
      Abstract: Faced with the COVID-19 pandemic, educational institutions had their classes suspended, affecting thousands of students around the world. In an attempt to minimize educational losses, Emergency Remote Teaching (ERE) emerged, which had as an essential resource the use of Digital Information and Communication Technologies (DICTs) to provide student participation through the use of Active Methodologies (AM). In this context, the present study aimed to investigate in the literature, through an integrative review, the use of Active Methodologies in the teaching-learning process during distance learning in the pandemic period. Among the selected works, 6 studies addressed the importance that AM played in maintaining students' critical thinking, even outside the school environment. In this way, it became evident that the use of Active Methodologies in the ERE in the pandemic acted as a potentiating agent of the teaching-learning process, but with weaknesses related to the difficulty of using technologies, as well as the lack of access to the necessary resources.
      PubDate: 2022-11-21
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37337
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Diabetes mellitus and nursing care for patients with chronic wounds

    • Authors: Kleslene Mota Rodrigues, Larissa Luz Alves
      Abstract: Introduction: The article aims to show the importance of diabetic foot care, and the primary role of the nurse trained to intervene in the midst of the complications that this disease has brought to thousands of people around the world. Objective: It aims to guide on the damage that diabetes can cause and warn about the necessary care, theoretically discuss this disease, alert patients with a diagnosis of diabetes who have ulcers, show the risks that can affect a patient with Diabetes, address about nursing care according to the state of your injury. Methodology: This is an integrative literature review, with a descriptive and qualitative interpretation, the following steps were taken: choice of the topic to be discussed, delimitation of the topic, search in databases, evaluation, data interpretation and a summary of the which was understood, after delimiting the subjects addressed according to the theme, articles were selected that refer to Diabetes Mellitus and patient care. Results: The problems caused by DM, in addition to affecting the physical state of the patient, can affect the social, cultural, and psychological conditions, patients with injury in many cases are shaken by their condition, and even fear of complications that can worsen your status. Conclusion: It is perceptible how important the role of the nurse directly with the patient is, whether in the part of changing dressings or performing treatments, in the evaluation of the feet and programming of self-care activities.
      PubDate: 2022-11-21
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37393
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Main themes of academic research on music teaching in High School

    • Authors: Adilson de Souza Borges
      Abstract: The objective of the study was to understand what are the main themes of research related to music teaching in high school. To this end, a qualitative research was carried out to analyze the content of 16 articles retrieved in Revista da Abem and in the repositories of Scielo and Capes. The theoretical basis was based on principles referring to the teaching of music in high school. The findings showed that the main themes of academic research on music teaching in high school are: high school students' musical preference; training of high school music teachers and pedagogical proposals; music teaching in high school; legislation on Music Education in High School; and relationships, conceptions and musical culture of high school students.
      PubDate: 2022-11-21
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37311
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Mental health and quality of life of university professors

    • Authors: Daiane Brito Ribeiro, Jéssica Nayara da Silva Prado, Laís Emily Souza Trindade, Daniela da Silva Santos, Joélia Souza Neves, Gabriele de Andrade Oliveira , Marcela Rossi Ribeiro, Geovana Magestade da Silva Bitencourt, Thauanny Cotrim Ribeiro, Micaela Freire Fontoura
      Abstract: The objective is to review the profile of mental health during the Covid-19 pandemic, of university professors. It is a review of the literature, of an integrative type, elaborated by means of scientific articles, indexed in databases, including not the VHL REGIONAL PORTAL, using the following Descriptors in Health Sciences (DeCS): “Teaching”, “Health Mental” , “Pandemic”. To perform a cross using the controls described with the boolean operator helper “AND”. The category “Health and mental health not working as a teacher” arose from the large number of problems that this group faces, both physical and psychological. Among the main physical problems that these are susceptible to develop, we can highlight the vocal and musculoskeletal disorders and the psychic ones, two of the main ones have been Bornout Syndrome, which is mainly caused by constant exposure to stressful factors, in addition to which we also highlight depression and anxiety The workplace is seen by many as a main cause for the development of stress, mainly with the changes and technological advances that we see occurring or that make these environments more competitive. It was concluded, as well, that the work had a direct influence on QV and on the health of two higher level teachers. Devaluation, excessive work loads, double shifts, inadequate infrastructure, changes in the education process, are some two factors that generate feelings of impotence, anguish, stress and professional exhaustion, favoring physical and mental ill health.
      PubDate: 2022-11-21
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37193
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Efficiency of the application of automotive liquid reducer agent (arla-32)
           as a nitrogen foliage fertilizer in pasture

    • Authors: Salomão Batista Pereira Lessa, Paulo André Pereira Lessa, Durval Nolasco das Neves Neto
      Abstract: Nitrogen fertilization plays an important role in forage grass productivity. Foliar N fertilization aims to complete the fertilization by the soil and Arla32 is considered as a foliar source of Nitrogen. This research aims to evaluate the effectiveness of the product and was carried out in the experimental area of ​​the Agronomy Course on the UNITPAC Campus, in Araguaína-TO. The variable evaluated was the dry matter increment through the analysis of 3 doses of Arla, 1 dose of a commercial foliar fertilizer based on 30% of Nitrogen and untreated control, with 4 replications each. The treatment performed with foliar fertilizer presented the best yields, while the treatments with Arla presented better results than the untreated control, but statistically equal.
      PubDate: 2022-11-21
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37513
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Science Content: an analysis of EJA textbooks from the perspective of the
           CTSA approach

    • Authors: Anderson Thiago do Nascimento, João Manoel da Silva Malheiro
      Abstract: The CTSA approach leads us to reflections where scientific knowledge is an important element in the training of the subject for the full exercise of citizenship. In science teaching, as in other subjects that make up the school curriculum, textbooks are a resource of fundamental importance since they represent, in many cases, the most used pedagogical support material by teachers in the classroom. Based on these assumptions, the general objective of this work is to investigate the CTSA approach in EJA science textbooks in the city of Capanema (PA), under two aspects. As a methodological approach, this research had a qualitative approach of the science contents presented in the LDs of 7th and 9th grade of EJA. The results showed that, in general, the CTSA approach is not fully contemplated in the analyzed contents. On the other hand, the CTSA relationship with the texts covered and the activities proposed in the two WLDs were similar. However, the LDs can be improved with the re-evaluation and contemplation of a context with contents and activities that involve CTSA and its relations to the student's daily life in a more meaningful way, contributing to the formation of critical and autonomous citizens, capable of reflecting on the various implications of their daily lives.
      PubDate: 2022-11-21
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37353
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Return to presential activities post-pandemic and learning difficulty in
           the early years of elementary school: An assessment of the level of
           alphabetical reading and writing

    • Authors: Clidenor da Silva Correa
      Abstract: The present work aims to analyze the teaching and learning practice in the early years of Elementary School, focusing on the return to face-to-face activities of children and the learning difficulty in reading and writing in the post-pandemic period of COVID-19. The research undertaken, of a qualitative nature, portrays a study in the field of everyday life, adopting a process of pedagogical intervention with the participation of the children involved, following successive stages of investigation. The evidence obtained by the socioeconomic diagnosis of the school, shows the challenges that students had to overcome in relation to the resources available in remote teaching. In this way, the learning of children in the literacy phase in public schools was harmed, since there were many difficulties encountered in continuing to attend school. Thus, the return to face-to-face activities was not fully satisfactory. The results found indicate that in the classroom the children did not enjoy more efficient pedagogical means considering the unison use of the textbook. The study showed that children needed a more empathetic look from teachers, a greater effort from school management, and collective actions between teachers and the entire school community. Teachers, school and family need to create a unique environment that favors children's learning in their different learning spaces. It is relevant to build a pedagogical work together with children and not for them.
      PubDate: 2022-11-21
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37307
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Ultracal removal using Easy Clean

    • Authors: Rosana Maria Coelho Travassos, Paulo Maurício Reis de Melo Júnior, Marina da Cunha Isaltino, Pedro Thiago de Oliveira Neves, Jheniffer Nicoly de Lima Santos, Wesley Viana de Souza
      Abstract: The aim of this study was to evaluate the removal of calcium hydroxide paste from simulated curved canals using Easy Clean®. Fifty acrylic blocks with simulated curved lateral channels were used in the cervical, middle and apical thirds. The blocks were prepared using the ProDesign Logic® system. Initially, they were explored with a 10mm k-file file until the foramen exit. Then the Glide Path and the patency were defined – Glide File 25.01 and the final modeling was carried out with the file 25.05 up to the working length. The irrigation procedure was performed with saline throughout the preparation of the artificial canal with a disposable syringe and NaviTip® needle (NaviTip®, Ultradent®, Brazil). After completing the canal preparation, the specimens were dried with absorbent paper cones. Calcium hydroxide paste was inserted into the channels along their entire length. To remove the calcium hydroxide paste, the irrigating solution was stirred for 20 seconds with the aid of the Easy Clean® instrument coupled to a contra-angle set at low speed. This protocol was repeated 3 times, totaling 9 ml of irrigating solution and 1 minute of agitation. In 40 resin blocks (95% of the sample) there was total cleaning after irrigation and use of Easy Clean®. In 10 blocks (5% of the sample) UltraCal XS® remained, mainly in the apical third of the blocks, which still presented a considerable amount of residues.
      PubDate: 2022-11-21
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37301
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Food pyramid: pedagogical practice aimed at promoting healthy eating

    • Authors: Letícia Carla da Silva Araújo, Adilson José da Silva, Artur Vieira Otacílio de Barros, Jéssia Elem Cunha Barbosa , Marianne Martins dos Santos Pereira, Jaine da Silva Pinheiro, Claudimary Bispo dos Santos, Daniel de Souza Santos , Dayani Mayara Melo Nunes Silva, Mariana dos Santos
      Abstract: Health promotion is considered an important strategy for the dissemination of healthy habits, as they promote an improvement in the population's quality of life, thus avoiding exposure to conditioning factors for certain diseases. Given this, the work aimed to collaborate with the pedagogical practice based on the critical-reflexive conception and the active participation of the students, focusing on the promotion of healthy eating. The practice was applied to an 8th grade elementary school class from a state school in Arapiraca, AL, in which it was divided into three moments. After applying the questionnaire, a lecture on the constitution and classification of foods and practical activities related to healthy eating and food pyramid was offered. The results of the work were satisfactory, as most students actively participated in the activities and in a very interesting way. It could be inferred from the application of this activity that the 8th grade students, to whom the practice was directed, could understand about the constitution of foods and what are the food groups that make up the food pyramid. The application of practical activities was very important to sensitize students to obtain good eating habits, so as to have a healthier life.
      PubDate: 2022-11-21
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.33964
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Educational intervention to prevent the proliferation of leprosy

    • Authors: Verônica Samila Aires Batista, Rebecca Carvalho Coelho, Keliane Almeida Neres, Ezilley da Silva Araújo , Ianca Thaís Lopes Marques , Juliana Ramos Pereira , Janildes Maria Silva Gomes
      Abstract: Objective: Develop an educational intervention on leprosy for Community Health Agents (ACS) with the intention of providing subsidies to ACS and the Basic Health Unit (UBS) Good success aiming at better care and disease control.Methodology: Quantitative, cross-sectional and descriptive study that was developed through the application of a structured questionnaire with 10 objective questions about the disease, in order to quantify and assess the level of knowledge about the topic under study. Results: A questionnaire with initial questions dealing with basic knowledge about leprosy was applied to 9 ACS, all of them female. Before the lecture, it was found that 88.9% (n=8) had already heard about the disease and thought it was curable and 77.8% (n=7) had already declared previous contact with a leprosy patient. Regarding the main symptoms of the pathology, only 44.4% of the interviewees answered correctly. Conclusion: It was found that the educational intervention had a positive response in relation to the ACS. During the lecture there was interaction, questions related to their assigned area. Thus, continuing education for these professionals is essential to carry out their work properly and, in addition, to transfer their knowledge to the patients who are under their supervision, as these professionals are in daily contact with the population, and they are the link between the community. and the UBS.
      PubDate: 2022-11-21
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37367
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • The impact of life choices on healthy aging in the elderly in a
           municipality in the Tapajós/PA macro-region

    • Authors: Cleidson Colares Batista, Luiz Carlos Porcello Marrone, Maria Isabel Morgan Martins
      Abstract: Aging is a phase of the life cycle that must be associated with independence, autonomy, self-efficacy, self-esteem, optimism, good mood, intergenerational harmony, with social and financial capital. The objective was to describe the relationship between lifestyle habits and the quality of life of the elderly in a municipality in the macro-region of Tapajós/PA. It is an exploratory descriptive study. It was approved by the CEP under opinion 3,291,315. The sample consisted of 367 elderly people aged over 60 years. A questionnaire was applied to assess lifestyle and the WHOQOL-bref. The t-student test and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) complemented by Tukey (p<0.05) were used. Of the elderly, 48.8% have elementary education and 82.9% receive less than 1 to 2 salaries. The population studied was homogeneous in terms of life habits. In the Whoqol domains in the physical it was the practice of physical activity; in the psychological, age between 70 and 80 years; socially, women are more inserted in the community; in the environment, elderly people who never drank prevailed. In the present study, it is evident that there is homogeneity in the population studied, being a woman, being between 70 and 80 years old and life habits, such as physical activity and not consuming alcohol, are among the indispensable factors for improving the well-being and of quality of life.
      PubDate: 2022-11-20
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37014
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Prevalence of syphilis in a Reference Center in Western Paraná

    • Authors: Lorena Maria Costa da Silva, Josana Aparecida Drunka Horvath, Leyde Daiane de Peder
      Abstract: Syphilis still remains an important health problem, so the objective of this article is to analyze the prevalence of diagnosed cases of syphilis between January 2017 and December 2021, for better knowledge and epidemiological improvement about syphilis. In view of this, a descriptive and quantitative research was carried out through the analysis of data collected from the medical records of patients treated at a Reference Center in the West of Paraná. In total of 877 medical records were analyzed, with 530 (60%) male cases and 347 (40%) female cases. The male sex was predominant in all results, the most affected age group was 20-39, where men had 367 (63%) of the cases. With regard to sexual behavior, heterosexual and single men were the ones who stood out the most, being 360 (54%) and 333 (63%) of the cases respectively. Among females, the prevalence was single 197 (37%), heterosexual 311 (46%) aged 20-39 years. Both sexes do not use condoms, 282 (56%) are men and 225 (44%) are women. 403 (59%) and 281 (41%) of the men and women had more than 8 years of schooling respectively. Most diagnosed patients were treated by rapid testing, where 278 (71%) were men and 111 (29%) were women. Despite the therapeutic and preventive advances, syphilis remains a worrying and highly prevalent STI in the region, thus making it difficult for patients to have a good quality of life.
      PubDate: 2022-11-20
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37295
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Medicinal plants in the treatment of gastrites

    • Authors: Natallya Samilly Melo Aprigio, Tibério Cesar Lima de Vasconcelos
      Abstract: Gastritis is defined as a progressive pathology associated with an inflammatory process of the mucosal region of the stomach. This can eventually cause cellular changes from a non-atrophic state to an atrophic state until it reaches an intestinal metaplasia and, finally, gastric neoplasia. Its incidence and prevalence have increased over everyday life, with an increase in bad eating habits, stress and chronic consumption of alcohol and other drugs. In this perspective, knowing that the use of natural products of medicinal plants in the treatment of pathologies is very broad and effective in combating infections, the present study aimed, through a literature review, to understand and discuss the herbal medicine used in the treatment of gastritis. In nature, there is a wide variety of natural antioxidants that are different in their composition, physical and chemical properties, mechanism and place of action. Thus, despite the existence of intensive studies on the chemical contents in numerous plants used worldwide in folk medicine for the treatment of gastritis and ulcers, the complete composition data are still insufficient to predict all current activities and mechanisms of action. Thus, the use of medicinal plants as plant protection or in combination with antibiotics for the treatment of gastritis is an active field of research.
      PubDate: 2022-11-20
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37518
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • 3D printing in the teaching of anatomy of cerebrovascular diseases

    • Authors: Igor Mundim Zendron, Guilherme Henrique Iaccino Borges, Matheus Hernandes Vieira Vaz, Thaís Ribeiro Garcia, Rafaela Melo Macedo, Caroline Almeida Resplande, Larissa Schults Teixeira, Guilherme Martins Tolini, Anna Laura Silva Oliveira, Jackellyne Alves Peres Gomes, Marina Angélica Magalhães de Brito, Jalsi Tacon Arruda
      Abstract: The production of models from 3D printing is an extremely innovative technique to be used in teaching practices. In addition to replicating the pieces already existing in the anatomy laboratory, it can produce other pieces based on clinical cases recorded from image exams, in a detailed way. Thus, the present study reports the technical applications of three-dimensional printing in teaching the anatomy of cerebrovascular diseases. This is a descriptive study, based on an integrative literature review, using articles that addressed the topic, found by searching for studies with the MeSH terms “three-dimensional printing” and “cerebrovascular diseases”. In universities of health sciences, the use of three-dimensional models has been increasingly common. The construction of 3D parts can be used as a tool for a greater understanding of the patient regarding their condition, to improve preoperative planning and even the teaching of highly complex surgical techniques, such as in therapeutic procedures for arteriovenous malformations and brain aneurysms. In addition to the use of 3D printing in the teaching-learning process of residents and academics, models have become a very effective tool in increasing patients' understanding of cerebrovascular diseases.
      PubDate: 2022-11-20
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.35837
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Analysis of caffeine as a treatment for attention deficit disorder with
           hyperactivity: a literature review

    • Authors: Alex Alves da Silva, Douglas Lemes dos Santos, Geovana dos Santos Sousa, Emillin Freitas Alencar, Veronica de Franco Rennó
      Abstract: Introduction: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects children, adults and the elderly worldwide, with multifactorial origins. Currently, therapy is performed with drugs derived from amphetamines, however, other substances have received attention, such as caffeine, which has pharmacological action through antagonism of adenosine receptors, being a possible treatment for ADHD. Objective: To analyze the possible effects of caffeine as a possible therapeutic option in ADHD. Methodology: This is a literature review focusing on the analysis of the effects of caffeine as a possible treatment for ADHD. Using descriptors like "caffeine"; "ADHD"; "therapeutics"; “methylphenidate” and “attention hyperactivity disorder” in the Scientific Electronic Library of Medicine (SCIELO), National Library of Medicine (PubMed MEDLINE) and Virtual Health Library (BVS) databases. Results and Discussion: Caffeine, when administered together with amphetamines, tended to be potentiated by caffeine due to cross-sensitization. In rodents, they showed significant results in alertness. In humans, positive results have also been demonstrated by facilitating the release of neurotransmitters responsible for controlling motor functions and well-being. Conclusion: Although there are benefits of caffeine in the treatment of the disorder, however, caffeine had certain adverse effects, in addition to the fact that there are not many current studies in humans. For this, further studies in humans are needed to prove its efficacy and safety in ADHD, contributing to the therapeutic evolution of this disorder.
      PubDate: 2022-11-20
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37298
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Approach of Dental Expertise in the identification of bodies: an analysis
           of current literature

    • Authors: Gleicienne Caroline dos Santos Lima, Rafaela Ferreira Bessa, Isnaya Almeida Brandão Lima
      Abstract: Forensic dentistry, or dentistry employed in the process that defines the identity of an individual, is an extraordinary tool in the technique of establishing the characteristics of a person when bodies are in an advanced stage of decomposition, fragmented or even charred, which makes it impossible to recognize them by examination. visual. Different methods for identification are available for the forensic dentist to use, from DNA analysis, molecular techniques, photographs or radiographic images. Objective: To present the main methods used in human identification within forensic dentistry. Methodology: This work is a qualitative literature review, which used the terms that give greater specificity to the search performed, terms such as: “legal dentistry” AND “cadaver” AND “dental arch”. The articles, published in the last 10 (ten) years (2012 to 2022), were obtained from the Scielo, Lilacs, PubMed and Google Scholar databases. Results: A total of 18 articles were analyzed in order to allow researchers to identify the different methods used to identify bodies. Conclusion: The use of radiographic image was the most used technique, but the need for previous images of the individual, indicates that this may not be the most effective where these records do not exist. An important fact was detected: the lack of specialized professionals in the area, causing slowness and compromise of the procedures used in the identification.
      PubDate: 2022-11-20
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37392
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Sjögren's Syndrome in Ophthalmology and Dentistry and its
           correlation with patients' quality of life

    • Authors: Pedro de Alcantara Torquette D'Dalarponio, Maria Luiza Moraes dos Santos, Elizeu Brito dos Santos Junior, Raphael Machado Carneiro, Bruna Machado Abrão
      Abstract: Sjögren's Syndrome is a chronic autoimmune disorder that mainly affects the epithelium of the lacrimal and salivary glands.,The main clinical characteristics are dry eye (xerophthalmia), dry mouth sensation (xerostomia) and reduced salivary flow. This study aimed to characterize Sjögren's Syndrome, including secondary alterations of concomitant diseases that impact the patient's quality of life, to assess in an interdisciplinary way the sicca manifestations (xerophthalmia and xerostomia), to report the interrelationship of the oral microbiota and the pathogenesis of the syndrome and describe the intraoral and systemic manifestations. To obtain the necessary data, a bibliographic search was carried out in PUBMED databases with the following MeSH descriptors: “Sjögren's Syndrome” and “Dentistry”, these were combined using the Boolean operator "AND" and SCIELO with the keyword "Sjögren's Syndrome”. Only original articles in portuguese, english and spanish were included, considering the period from 2016 to 2022. In total, 655 studies were found, and of these, only 13 were selected for meeting the inclusion criteria. The studies analyzed showed that Sjögren's Syndrome requires a multidisciplinary management, in which the interaction between Rheumatologist and Dentist and Ophthalmologist are extremely important, contributing to early diagnosis, control of signs and symptoms and to promote individualized treatment, providing quality of life for these patients.
      PubDate: 2022-11-20
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.36904
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • The importance of nutritional therapy for the health and quality of life
           of women during menopause

    • Authors: Mayara Sartori Lopes, Sheila Veloso Marinho Guedes
      Abstract: Menopause corresponds to a phase of great relevance in the maturity of female human life. This indispensable event, however, can present unpleasant symptoms and disturbances. Food is one of the main factors that deserves attention in this period, due to the greater efficiency in preparing the body to better deal with such discomforts. Therefore, this scientific article has the objective of presenting how nutritional therapy can be an adjuvant in helping women's quality of life during this phase. The research is, therefore, an integrative review, based on materials already published, such as scientific articles, periodicals and magazines, located in databases such as Scielo, Biblioteca Virtual da Saúde and Capes in the period from 2016 to 2022. The main foods that help in the reduction of pathologies associated with menopause are fruits, vegetables and legumes, oilseeds rich in phytoestrogens, soy and foods rich in isoflavones, fish, flaxseed and other foods rich in omega 3, sprouted legumes rich in coumestans and foods rich in calcium and vitamin D. Thus, throughout the study, the understanding was established that the consumption of vegetables, fruits and whole grains are of paramount importance for the prevention of risk factors for disorders associated with menopause.
      PubDate: 2022-11-20
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37269
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Healthy diet in the Amazon with nutrients and bioactive substances from
           tropical fruits

    • Authors: Cintia Cury Rolim, Jerusa Souza Andrade
      Abstract: This work aims to contextualize, through a review of the literature, the importance of nutrients and bioactive substances present in the most consumed tropical fruits in the Amazon, and mainly, to emphasize the consumption of these fruits for a healthy diet. The objective of this work was to analyze the contribution of some tropical fruits in the supply of nutrients and bioactive substances and to relate their form of consumption to obtain a healthy and beneficial diet for human health. The literature review was conducted in 2022, based on articles, books, book chapters, dissertations and theses. The results showed that the consumption of fruits in the form of juices, particularly in collective feeding systems, contributes nutrients and bioactive substances to a healthy diet and positive health effects. In addition to nutrients, carotenoids, vitamin C and antioxidants are the main substances provided by fruits. The main fruits consumed in a healthy diet are pineapple, açaí, acerola, buriti, guava, mango, papaya, passion fruit, watermelon, peach palm and tucumã. These fruits are the most consumed, due to the affordable price, availability with harvest during a long period of the year, eating habits and greater acceptance by the population. The results indicated that encouraging the regular consumption of fruits should serve as a basis for the development of food and nutrition surveillance strategies, with the aim of promoting healthy eating habits.
      PubDate: 2022-11-20
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37494
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Analysis of the COVID-19 vaccination coverage in pregnant women in an
           basic health unit in the city of Maceió-AL

    • Authors: Maria Carolina Medeiros Raposo, Letícia Santos de Moura, Marlene de Souza Lima, Maria da Glória Freitas, Josemir de Almeida Lima, Tânia Maria de Souza Santos, Ivani Maria da Silva Avelino Rocha, Patrícia Acioli Lima de França, Ericka Patrícia da Silva Santos
      Abstract: Introduction: In January, 2020, WHO declared the new coronavirus as a public health emergency of international concern, later declared as a pandemic. As a strategy of dealing and of protection of susceptible people, vaccination has been adopted as the most efficient way of prevention, beyond the production of a lasting immunity to those vaccinated. Main goal: To annalyse COVID-19 vaccination coverage in pregnant women in an USF in the city of Maceió, from 2021 to 2022. Method: This is a retrospective, descriptive, epidemiological study, with a quantitative approach based on informations obtained from the local vaccination registration system report, concerning to the amount of doses applied of the COVID-19 vaccine in an USF in the city of Maceió, from 2021 to 2022. Results/Discussion: It is possible to check that there was a weak vaccine coverage in this period, which means a high risk of developing serious morbidity and mortality related to the infection by SARS-CoV-2. Conclusion: Vaccination is an individual and collective responsibility, therefore, new strategies must be taken by the health centers, in order to actively search for the missing pregnant women, or that have abandoned by half their vaccination schedule, as well as those who resist to the vaccination, as an attempt of increasing the number of pregnant women with their completed vaccination programme.
      PubDate: 2022-11-20
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37481
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • A psychology's view on sexual violence against children and
           adolescents: an integrative review

    • Authors: Daiana Targino Fernandes, Mayara Regina Costa Teixeira, Priscilla Cristhina Bezerra de Araújo Alves, Beatriz Mendes Pereira, Ana Izabel Oliveira Lima
      Abstract: Sexual violence against children and adolescents is a public health problem that triggers several cognitive, behavioral, emotional and social damages. In this sense, the objective is identify the practices performed by psychology in the context of child and adolescent sexual violence, especially to highlight the psychosocial and physical consequences and investigate what strategies have been used by psychology to combat sexual abuse in children and adolescents. The present study is an integrative review in which productions from 2016 to 2021 in Portuguese, English and Spanish were analyzed. From the analysis of the 23 articles found, four thematic axes were verified: physical and psychological consequences caused by child sexual abuse, institutional childcare, psychology interventions against sexual abuse and psychology interventions in the family context. It was possible to verify the need for listening to cases of sexual violence, using interview techniques and ludic resources, to give voice to the experience of the child and adolescent. However, there are still limitations in the justice systems that make it difficult to offer a safe and welcoming space for this listening to take place. It is, therefore, up to psychology professionals to seek strategies to deal with such limitations and offer care practices.
      PubDate: 2022-11-20
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37209
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Characteristics of children’s toothpaste available on the market in
           the sertão paraibano

    • Authors: Tayná Marques de Sá, Valeska Raulino da Cunha Correia, Natercia Medeiros de Lima, Maria Luzia Barbosa do Vale, Haroldo Gonçalves de Lima, Abrahão Alves de Oliveira Filho, Ana Luísa Dias Leite de Andrade, Manuella Santos Carneiro Almeida, Maria Angélica Sátyro Gomes Alves, Camila Helena Machado da Costa Figueiredo
      Abstract: The present study aims to evaluate the characteristics of children's toothpastes accessible in the market of the hinterland of Paraíba, city of Patos, Paraíba, according to their commercial representation, availability and prices. The study was carried out by obtaining the toothpastes in commercial establishments of national representation in the city of Patos, and subsequent analysis of the packaging. Thus, 22 commercial brands of children's toothpastes from 10 manufacturers were found, 15 (68.18%) with fluoride and 7 (31.82%) without fluoride. In analysis, it was observed that of the fluoride toothpastes, with the exception of one, all had concentrations above 1000 ppm of fluoride. Prices ranged from BRL 2.25 to BRL 25.90. All were in the form of a gel, most with attractive flavors for children (90.90%) and colored (63.64%). More than half provided guidance on age and recommended keeping it out of the reach of children. Therefore, it can be concluded that there is a wide range of children's toothpastes available in different brands, compositions and prices for commercialization, with the majority being fluoridated and those with higher prices being non-fluoridated. The toothpastes are in the form of a gel and have advertising appeal to attract children in order to encourage consumption and there is no standardization of instructions on the packaging.
      PubDate: 2022-11-20
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37124
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Assessment of the eating pattern and food choices of high-performance
           karate athletes in a post-COVID-19 pandemic championship

    • Authors: Luciana Rossi, Homar Fayçal Campos Costa
      Abstract: The present study aimed to document the eating pattern and food choices of competitive high-performance karate athletes, during an in-person post-pandemic championship, for discussing adequacy and proposing alternatives to potentiate their performance and recovery in future competitions, respecting the nutritional values. The 47 athletes (57.4% male), of whom 47% had podium award, participated in the study by filling out an electronic anamnesis form and an online 24-hour recall of food intake and choices. The athletes were, on average, 37.0 (9.8) years old and, on the competition day, had a dietary pattern characterized by a normocaloric, low-carbohydrate, normoproteic, high-fiber diet including alcohol intake. Based on the analysis, changes were suggested for energy and macro- and micronutrient intake before, during and after the competition period, maintaining the nutritional values based on scientific evidence for assertive nutritional prescription focused on performance and recovery potentiation after a high-performance competition. This was the first study to perform and document the concomitant evaluation of the eating pattern and food choices during an official karate championship after 2-year suspension of in-person national contests. It was possible to reconcile guidelines to potentiate the performance and recovery in competitions, maintaining and adapting the nutritional values of karate athletes according to the nutritional science.
      PubDate: 2022-11-20
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.36951
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Atraumatic restorative treatment in permanent teeth: an integrative
           literature review

    • Authors: Isabela Miranda Novais, Edite Novais Borges Pinchemel , Taiomara Vieira Mania
      Abstract: Introduction: Minimal Intervention Dentistry (MI) is a treatment philosophy that considers the management of carious lesions with conservative techniques. Among them the Atraumatic Restorative Treatment (ART). This research sought to review the literature on the longevity of ART with high viscosity glass ionomer cement. Methodology: This is an integrative literature review study in which data were collected from primary studies, through qualitative systematic analysis, following the PRISMA parameters. From the guiding question: “What is the longevity of atraumatic restorations in permanent teeth'” through the PICO criteria, using the PubMed database. Results: Collection of articles, data extraction. Twelve articles were selected between the years 2005 and 2020 that fit the theme. Countries like Brazil and China were the most participatory. Favorable results were found regarding the use of the ART technique, in which the CIVAV presented results comparable to CR and superior to conventional VSDs in a follow-up period of 1-5 years. The brands most used in the studies were Maxion, Fuji II, Vitremer and Filtek. One of the main causes of failure was material loss/wear. Conclusion: it was possible to conclude that despite the heterogeneity (in terms of the best technique and best material to be used), ART has good results compared to the conventional technique, with no significant differences, and CIVAV is equal in survival and success to CR. However, replacing them with conventional IVCs does not guarantee the same results.
      PubDate: 2022-11-20
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37396
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Breastfeeding import and food introduction

    • Authors: Amanda Maria Freitas Cirilo, Geralda Maura Souza Mangabeiro, Geralda Maura Souza Mangabeiro, Maria de Jesus do Santos Braga, Ana Cristina de Castro Pereira Santos
      Abstract: Breastfeeding is one of the great and important events in the first months of a baby's life. The World Health Organization recommends that breastfeeding (BF) be done exclusively until the baby's sixth month of life. After that age, food introduction (AI) should be done correctly, gradually and slowly, together with breastfeeding, preferably until the age of two. AI can be performed in different ways, such as: traditional, participatory and Baby Led Weaning (BLW). The objective of this study was to seek information on food introduction, analyzing the relationship between breastfeeding and diseases and allergies with erroneous and early food introduction in children and demonstrating the importance of exclusive breastfeeding until the sixth month of life. This is a bibliographic review study using scientific articles and books on the subject in Portuguese languages, using data carried out in specialized centers: Scielo, Lilacs, Pubmed, between 2009 and 2022. Exclusive BF up to six months of age , and AI is extremely important for the child to have adequate growth, avoiding the emergence of diseases and food allergies, childhood obesity and even in adulthood, in addition, there are studies linking breastfeeding to the development of the child's intelligence.
      PubDate: 2022-11-20
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37510
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • The reflection of social distancing in the use of psychotropic drugs in
           the Covid-19 pandemic: An integrative review

    • Authors: Franciele Benites de Oliveira, José Roberto Alves Filho
      Abstract: Social distancing was the strategy used to contain the spread of coronavirus, however, mental health problems became more frequent, as well as the use of psychotropic drugs. The study aims to evaluate the reflection of social distancing in the use of psychotropic drugs during the covid-19 pandemic, based on a study carried out in Brazil. The study was conducted through an integrative literature review, which aimed to integrate a qualitative, selective and reflective research, in searches of electronic databases. Data collection was carried out between February and July 2022, and inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied to select the study closely related to the topic. Articles were searched using the terms: psychotropics, Covid-19 pandemic, SARS-CoV-2, social distancing, and benzodiazepines. Result: Eight (08) articles were included, which after analysis it was possible to identify that with social distancing there was an increase in mental illnesses, such as anxiety and depression and with that an increase in the consumption of psychotropics, it was also possible to verify the most dispensed medications. Regarding the consumption of psychotropic drugs, it can be seen that benzodiazepines and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors had a higher occurrence of use, with a high emphasis on clanazepam, sertraline and amitriptyline.
      PubDate: 2022-11-20
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37297
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Identification of the association of trichomonas vaginalis with human
           papillomavirus in precursor lesions and cervical cancer

    • Authors: Ana Paula da Silva Araújo, Alysson Bastos Sena, Inquer Cláudia Barrozo Chaves
      Abstract: This research aims to understand how Trichomonas vaginalis is a sexually transmitted disease as well as the human papillomavirus that is the cause of precursor lesions and cervical cancer. Taking into account the relationship between both, which allows the protozoan to act as a facilitator of HPV infections. This is an integrative review, in which data collection was verified with articles between 2014 and 2022 in the following databases: Scientific Electronic Library Online (Scielo), Virtual Health Library (BVS), JmolMed, Report in Public Health, Scientific reports, The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries and Publisher Medline (PubMED), using the following descriptors and keywords: Trichomonas vaginalis, Human Papillomavirus, Precursor Lesions and Cervical Cancer. Proof of the presence of Trichomonas vaginalis in precursor lesions and cervical cancer. It was concluded that there is an infectious relationship between Trichomonas vaginalis in establishing an environment for the persistence and permanence of Human Papillomavirus in precursor lesions and cervical cancer.
      PubDate: 2022-11-20
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37678
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Evolution in motivation along medicine: want, choose, stay, exercise

    • Authors: Bruna Souza Miranda Barros Fonseca, Fernanda Gutierrez Guedes, Gianni Tonelli, Heloysa Helena Rossi Bonani, Isabela Cerchiari
      Abstract: The change in the reasons for starting and staying in Medicine during the pre-university entrance exam, beginning academic, graduating and active professional phases is due to the change in the perspective on Medicine during these periods. The objective of this review is to sketch an overview of these changes and, consequently, of individual motivation to continue in Medicine, in addition to exposing the resulting psychological effects and analyzing the distribution of physicians in Brazil. The literature used for this research was found in online databases on the following sites: VHL Brasil, PUBMED, Google Scholar and Scielo. The search terms were PROFESSIONAL CAREER, ENCOURAGEMENT, MEDICINE, DENSITY and MENTAL HEALTH. Articles published in English, Portuguese and Spanish were included, without time criteria. The articles found highlighted that 50.3% of students in the 1st year of the course are motivated by interest in science and that only 1.8% enter the course due to family pressure. In addition, it was observed that students in the basic cycle (43.6%) and clinical cycle (40.3%) tend to have higher rates of Common Mental Disorders compared to students in the last year of graduation (16.2%). . Furthermore, there was a higher density of physicians in the Southeast region, as it is an economic hub. Therefore, it is clear that Medicine is currently no longer sought after due to the status it provides, but rather because of the individual's own interest in a career with an opportunity for scientific development.
      PubDate: 2022-11-20
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37226
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Elaboration of an informational material about the importance of playing
           for children’s language development: experience report

    • Authors: Francisco Wallison Lucena da Silva, Suzy Yurimi Kusakawa Mashuda, Alexandre Vaz Machado
      Abstract: The speech therapist in Primary Health Care (PHC) is one of the professionals who can be part of the of the Family Health Support Center (FHSC). Among the health promotion and prevention actions, the professional can also provide group or individual assistance. The main demands for speech therapy in PHC are related to the development of children's language, and it is known that the act of playing becomes a huge part in the process of learning and language stimulation. The present article has the main goal to report the experience of elaborating an informational material about the stimulation of children's language development through play. The material was created at Taguatinga’s Basic Health Unit 1, Distrito Federal, and was delivered to families during speech therapy sessions. The material was well received by families, and also by other professionals. In addition, it proved to be an effective intervention material according to proposed ideas and also as a way of complementing the given orientations during speech-language appointment.
      PubDate: 2022-11-20
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37498
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • The influence of childhood Food Neophobia on nutritional status and its
           repercussions in adult life

    • Authors: Fabianna Micaelle Silva e Silva, Débora Costa dos Santos e Sousa , Keila Cristiane Batista Bezerra, Liejy Agnes dos Santos Raposo Landim
      Abstract: Objective: The present study aims to analyze the scientific evidence about childhood food neophobia, gathering data on the influence of childhood food neophobia on nutritional status and its repercussions over time. Method: This is an integrative literature review where articles were selected on Google Scholar, VHL, PubMED, LIACS and SciELO platforms from 2017 to 2022. The inclusion criteria used were original articles, indexed in the databases selected in the Portuguese and English languages. The exclusion criteria were publications of theses, monographs, conference proceedings and dissertations, which did not adhere to the theme. The descriptors used were in Portuguese "neophobia", "food neophobia", "food introduction", "child food neophobia", "eating disorder", "child nutrition", "food habit" and "food preference" and in English. “neophobia”, “food neophobia”, “introduction to feed”, “child food neophobia”, “eating disorders”, “infant nutrition”, “eating habits” and “Food preferences”. Conclusion: Thus, the present study showed significant differences in some domains of eating behavior among children and adolescents in the samples presented, however, no differences were found in relation to food neophobia. The studies showed that children had a lower intake of red fruits, vegetables, legumes and fish, as well as an increase and frequency of consumption of peas and beans. Food neophobia does not only exist in Brazil, but also in other countries and at different ages, and can have repercussions throughout life.
      PubDate: 2022-11-20
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37466
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Implementation of an income generation workshop in primary care with
           women: experience report

    • Authors: Anna Vitória Ferreira Borges, Dalilla Matilde Ferreira de Rezende , Andressa de França Alves Ferrari
      Abstract: Objective: To report and reflect on the experience of occupational therapy in the process of implementing an income generation workshop with women in primary care. Methodology: This is a qualitative and descriptive study of the experience report type, which was developed through the experiences of the occupational therapist residing in the Multiprofessional Residency Program in Adult Mental Health at the Escola Superior de Ciências da Saúde. Fourteen meetings accompanied by the resident were considered for the report. Results: Through the meetings, 3 themes were selected on which extensive discussion is carried out, they are: "The solidarity economy through income generation workshops", "The practice of occupational therapy in income generation workshops" and "Women's group and income generation.” Conclusion: It is reflected that the implementation along with the development of the actions performed in the income generation workshop, became important teaching and learning possibilities for the occupational therapist resident in mental health specialization. It is understood that the Primary Care proposal involves a change in the biomedical model focused on the disease and seeks to consolidate comprehensive care and an expanded clinic that sees the individual in a biopsychosocial logic, becoming the main characteristic of income-generating groups with women.
      PubDate: 2022-11-20
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37454
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Computational studies of caffeoylquinic acids from Brazilian green
           propolis and its anti-viral potential against SARS-CoV-2 Mpro

    • Authors: Carolina Passarelli Gonçalves, Maria Cristina Marcucci, Oseraldo Vieira Rocha, Carla Lino Cancian Utuari, Célia Regina Martinez Fortunato, Garcia Ferreira de Souza, Aíris Farias
      Abstract: Purpose: The present study evaluated the following caffeoylquinic acids, Neochlorogenic acid (3-CQA), Cryptochlorogenic acid (4-CQA), Chlorogenic Acid (5-CQA), Isochlorogenic acid A (3,5-DCQA) Isochlorogenic acid B (3,4-DCQA) and Isochlorogenic acid C (4,5-DCQA) found in Brazilian green propolis, regarding its physicochemical, pharmacokinetic and conformational characteristics. Additionally, the compounds were explored on the efficacy of inhibiting the pharmacological target SARS-CoV-2 Mpro, a protein involved in SARS-Cov-2 infection. Methods: The physicochemical and pharmacokinetic proprieties were obtained from the projected 2D structures of the respective compounds. The conformational characteristics were obtained from the three-dimensional models were subjected to geometric optimization by molecular mechanics under MMFF94 force field, subsequently, the calculation of partial atomic charges by employing AM1 semi-empirical methodology was performed. Molecular docking was performed, and the protein was loaded in PDB Data Bank (PDB ID 6LU7). Results: The physicochemical and pharmacokinetic results indicate that these phytochemicals have from medium to low potential for gastrointestinal tract absorption, principally in relation to the LogP values, and violated some druglikeness’ criteria. However molecular docking showed that the compounds 3-CQA, 4-CQA, 5-CQA, 3,5-DCQA, 3,4-DCQA and 4,5-DCQA potentially binds with the active site of the SARS-CoV-2 Mpro, through stables complexes, with a docking score of -6.44, -6.11, -6.48, -6.26, -7.01 and -7.40 kcal/mol, respectively. Conclusion: The physicochemical and pharmacokinetic parameters, as well as Hydrogen-bond formation, energy landscape, indicate that the compound with the greatest therapeutic potential are 5-CQA, 3,4-DCQA and 4,5-DCQA however this study necessitates further in vitro and in vivo experimental validation.
      PubDate: 2022-11-20
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.36917
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Interface between indigenous health and natural sciences: use of medicinal
           plants in indigenous education as a tool for sociocultural integration

    • Authors: Jefter Haad Ruiz da Silva, Iracema Ruiz da Silva , Estefania Ruis da Silva Mafra, Hellyne Santos da Silva, Francisco Ferreira Barcelar Junior, Mylla Cristie Campelo Monteiro, Camila Valente Smith, Lineker da Silva Souza, Jardel dos Santos Silva, Patrícia da Costa Shibayama
      Abstract: Ethnoscience has been a priority aspect in the constitution of a stronger and more inclusive indigenous education, where, sometimes, aspects of the Amazonian flora are worked on in the classroom in order to bring students closer to their own culture. This article aims to carry out a narrative review of the literature on the use of medicinal plants in the basic education of indigenous peoples, correlating this methodology with the possible influences that this educational practice can have on the health of these peoples. For this, a search for studies was carried out in the Google Scholar and SciELO databases using the descriptors “medicinal plants”, “indigenous health”, “disciplines of the natural sciences” and “basic education”. We included 17 articles in Portuguese, published in the last 05 years and related to the theme proposed here. It was observed that the inclusion of elements of traditional medicine in the indigenous school context can be an effective way of cultural appreciation in the classroom, in addition to being a resource capable of re-signifying traditional health knowledge propagated over generations.
      PubDate: 2022-11-20
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37492
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Mental health of women who have had an abortion

    • Authors: Rafaela Vieira de Oliveira Santos, Gabriela Pereira Rodrigues, Adriana Keila Dias, Caroline Severo de Jesus
      Abstract: Spontaneous abortion occurs before the 20th gestational week and has a multifactorial origin, the unexpected interruption of your pregnancy, where the child is anxiously awaited, can modify the functioning of the woman's body. Thus, the present work aims to analyze the changes that occur in the mental health of women who suffer abortion between the consequences of emotional and psychological damage. This study is based on a narrative and descriptive literature review, with a qualitative and quantitative approach. Abortion is understood as a serious public health problem, it involves religious, cultural, economic aspects, between January and June 2022 there were a total of 34,992 cases of spontaneous abortions in Brazil. Legalized induced abortion is performed through hospital services and judicial authorization, within these units adequate assistance to women, taking the risks to their health. from January to June 2022 there were a total of 1,004 records of abortions performed for medical reasons. On the other hand, illegal induced abortion requires a certain awareness of: methods used by the woman herself, untrained professionals, with some risks such as death. Thus, it is essential that health professionals are aware of the needs of these women, both when they undergo an abortion and in the period after the fact.
      PubDate: 2022-11-20
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37535
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Epidemiology of monkeypox in Bahia in 2022: observational study

    • Authors: Fernando Antônio Ramos Schramm Neto, Lahyse de Oliveira e Oliveira, Pedro Cavalcante Castro, Gabriel Almeida Ferreira, Gabriela Suarez Pinheiro Guimarães, Vitória Cosenza Fahel de Andrade, Eduardo de Oliveira e Oliveira, Tiago Cabeceiras Cavalcante, Jéssika Pereira Marques Diniz, Lucca Martins Barretto
      Abstract: Monkeypox is a zoonosis transmitted by the Monkeypox virus, which, despite having been discovered in the 1950s, in 2022 reached Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) status by the World Health Organization (WHO) . Despite having several manifestations, especially cutaneous, with the appearance of pustules, the establishment of prevention measures associated with the training of health professionals contributed to the reduction in the number of notifications of the disease, especially in critically ill patients. Therefore, the objective of this work was to analyze the epidemiological profile of positive records of monkeypox in patients in the state of Bahia. For this, a search was carried out for updated information regarding the main indicators of this pathology in the mentioned location, at the electronic address of the state secretariat. Regarding the results presented, of the 124 positive notifications, there was a higher prevalence in male patients (85%), with a declared mixed race (16.1%), and aged between 30-39 years (33.1%), residents of city ​​of Salvador (66.94%). This study allows a presentation, to the lay and scientific community, about the main characteristics that make up the epidemiological profile of patients with monkeypox in Bahia. Therefore, the results presented here must be taken into account when making decisions regarding the improvement of public health, by state, municipal and federal services.
      PubDate: 2022-11-20
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37525
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • The main risks of fad diets and the importance of proper nutritional
           guidance

    • Authors: Cheila França da Silva, Elisandra Ribeiro da Silva, Flávia Nunes Costa
      Abstract: The search for the ideal weight and the difficulty of achieving it in a short term, made fad diets gain space both in the media and in society because of the erroneous promise of aesthetic results in a short period. The purpose of this article is to present the risks associated with fad diets and the importance of monitoring the nutritionist during and after the weight loss process. The methodology applied in this work is the integrative literature review, which was based on the following research platforms: LILACS, SciELO, Pubmed and Google Scholar. Inclusion criteria were applied that delimited the period of analyzed publications (2017-2022), the accepted research methodologies (bibliographic, reviews and case studies). After these delimitations, it was possible to discuss 12 articles that present the relevance of adequate nutritional guidance during and after the weight loss process, as well as the harms of starting and continuing a fad diet on your own. In this way, following fad diets without nutritional guidance increases the incidence of eating disorders, property imbalance important for the functioning of the human body, as well as nutritional deficiency adequate for human quality of life.
      PubDate: 2022-11-20
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37317
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Speech therapy consequences associated with COVID-19: a review

    • Authors: Nallanda Victória dos Santos Martins , Solano Sávio Figueiredo Dourado , Thassya Fernanda Oliveira dos Santos, Gabriel Francisco da Silva, Paula dos Passos Menezes
      Abstract: The novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2), responsible for the COVID-19 pandemic, causes a respiratory infection disease of rapid transmission through droplets in the air, from person to person, or by contact with contaminated surfaces. Infected people can be asymptomatic or symptomatic, with symptoms like pneumonia, which can lead to hospitalization of these patients. The role of speech therapists in the multiprofessional team has been extremely important in dealing with the pandemic, especially in symptomatic and intubated patients. After extubation, these patients can be affected by serious speech-language pathology consequences, requiring follow-up for rehabilitation with a speech-language therapist. Thus, the aim of this study was to carry out, in an unprecedented way, a review in the literature about the consequences of COVID-19 in the major areas of speech therapy. To meet this objective, a narrative review was carried out, from which it was possible to analyze the major areas of speech therapy in which patients had consequences during or after the COVID-19 infection, such as difficulties in swallowing (dysphagia), tracheostomy, tinnitus, hearing loss, language, and speech delay. It was also possible to present the importance of telephonoaudiology to accompanying patients. Given the above, from the data of this review, it was possible to observe that most of the consequences associated with COVID-19 dealt with the same context: after or during the period of infection, where patients were affected by speech-language pathology consequences which required intervention to assess, rehabilitate and, when necessary, apply appropriate therapy. Furthermore, future investigations, such as randomized clinical trials, are encouraged to better elucidate these consequences, since some information is still found in studies with low scientific evidence such as case reports.
      PubDate: 2022-11-20
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37440
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Sleep quality in university students during the covid-19 pandemic:
           literature review

    • Authors: Joene Vieira-Santos, Luiz Paulo de Castilho Rocha, Matheus Rodrigues de Oliveira
      Abstract: This literature review sought to assess the impact of the pandemic on the quality of sleep of college students. Searches were performed in the Biblioteca Virtual de Salud and Periódicos CAPES between August and September 2021, using the following descriptors: (sleep) and (“college student” or undergraduate) and (covid-19 or covid or pandemic). Measures to restrict the contagion of the disease resulted in negative and significant impacts on the quality of sleep of university students. The results also revealed insomnia as a significant predictor of stress, anxiety and depression, as well as anxiety and depression were predictors of poor sleep quality, confirming the relationship between mental health problems and sleep problems. Studies evaluating the impact of the use of electronic devices and cognitive aspects related to sleep were not found, suggesting new research opportunities. The lack of studies on the relationship between sleep and the use of electronic devices and the length of exposure to screens, cognitive impacts on learning due to problems with sleep and physical activity as a protective factor for the maintenance of sleep quality seem to indicate possibilities for further research.
      PubDate: 2022-11-20
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.35468
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • The price of natural gas for vehicles in the State of Mato Grosso do Sul
           and its relationship with Henry Hub and Brent prices evaluated by
           “Machine Learning” techniques

    • Authors: Tiago Andreotti e Silva, Francisco Lledo dos Santos
      Abstract: The transport sector is intense in the use of energy, most of which is still obtained through fossil fuels. In the context of global warming and the substitution of the energy matrix, natural gas is considered a transition source since it pollutes less than alternative sources and it has a readily usable technology. Thus, it is important to know its local price behavior in relation to the main energy indexes in the world. The objective of this work was to identify the correlation between the price of natural gas used for vehicles [VNG] in the State of Mato Grosso do Sul [MS] and the Henry Hub [HH] and Brent indices, and to develop predictive models for the phenomenon. For the analysis, the Pearson correlation coefficient and the multiple linear regression model were used, carried out in two stages, the first with the price of VNG in MS in BRL, and the second with the price of VNG in MS in US$. In the first analysis, there was a strong positive correlation between the price in BRL and the exchange rate. In the second analysis, after adjusting the price of VNG in MS in US$, there was a strong correlation between the price of VNG in MS and the Brent index.
      PubDate: 2022-11-20
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37406
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Evaluation of the use of the inoculant Bradyrhizobium Japonicum in soybean
           (Glycine Max) in Colméia-TO

    • Authors: Barbara Patrocíno Dias, Elém Rodrigues Dias, Rosângela Aparecida Pereira de Oliveira, Carla Regina Rocha Guimarães
      Abstract: The objective of the present work was to evaluate the application of the inoculant Bradyrhizobium Japonicum and its consequences on soybean nodulation, with the intention of showing in practice the efficiency that this method brings, proving positive results, provided that they are well managed. This work had the purpose of showing the viability of applying inoculants in soybean crops manually through a comparative experiment, in soils not cultivated with soybeans. Two different experiments were carried out in pots from March 2022 on an Oxisol, with the same methods and different treatments. Ten treatments were tested: (t1) inoculated and 10 treatments: (t2) control. Shoot length (CM), root length (CM), number of leaves (UN), plant weight (G), root weight (G) were evaluated. The best nodulations were obtained with inoculant application. Lower values ​​of results were obtained in the control treatments.
      PubDate: 2022-11-20
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37342
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Parameters for certification of wood used in cachaça storage

    • Authors: Amazile Biagioni Maia, Frederico Marx Brom Carneiro, Lucas Oliveira Toninandel, Elaine Cristina da Conceição, Bárbara Dias Machado, Lorena Simão Marinho
      Abstract: The bioactive potential of wood phenolics has been increasingly emphasized. Several authors have researched the phenolic structures transferred to cachaça stored in various native woods. However, there are still no chemical parameters for monitoring/standardizing the stages of maturation/aging of cachaça. Due to the lack of criteria and legal requirements, the beverage labels almost always inform only the popular name of the wood of the barrels/vats. In this work, cachaças from eight Brazilian states (PA, RN, PE, PB, BA, ES, MG and SP) were analyzed. The samples were grouped according to the informed wood and submitted to high performance liquid chromatography to quantify nine previously selected phenolic compounds. The results proved the possibility of identifying woods based on chromatographic similarities and predominant structures. However, there were marked discrepancies between the five samples stored in “balsam”. In Brazil, this name (balsam) is popularly applied to several native species according to the geographic region of origin. Therefore, it is recommended to adopt the scientific name of the wood of the barrels in the beverage labeling, as a starting point for regulation and advances in the certification of origin and safety for consumers.
      PubDate: 2022-11-20
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.35793
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Knowledge about Molecular Paleontology among high school students in
           Southern Brazil

    • Authors: Everton Fernando Alves, Weliton Augusto Gomes, Thiago Somolinos Soldani, Marcio Fraiberg Machado
      Abstract: This work is the result of exploratory and descriptive research, with quantitative nature of data, which aimed to investigate the knowledge of high school students in southern Brazil about aspects related to Paleontology in general and, more specifically, to the basic concepts of Molecular Paleontology. The sample group consisted of 52 high school students of 2nd grade from two private schools located in the municipalities of Araucária (PR) and Palhoça (SC), southern Brazil. Data were obtained through a structured online questionnaire, prepared via the Google Forms platform, consisting of 21 objective multiple-choice questions. The analysis of the questions was performed using descriptive statistics to examine the frequency of responses distributed in the three categories of analysis: 1) socioeconomic characteristics, 2) general knowledge about Paleontology and 3) specific knowledge about Molecular Paleontology. The results demonstrate that the students' answers on basic concepts of Molecular Paleontology are consistent with the data available in the scientific literature, which demonstrates that high school students are able to acquire and apply complex contents related to molecular biology, fossils, and evolution in a school environment. Since there are few studies that sought to investigate the understanding of basic education students about Paleogenomics and Paleoproteomics subjects, it is clear that the data presented here may fill a gap in the existing knowledge in our country.
      PubDate: 2022-11-20
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37279
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Association between reproductive disorders in pet females (Mammalia) and
           the development of hydrometra: an integrative literature review

    • Authors: Heitor Leocádio de Souza Rodrigues, Fernanda Vianna Borges, Lucas Maurício Lopes Navasquez, Laís de Deus Sousa, Vinícius José de Oliveira
      Abstract: The estrous cycle is related to the reproduction of a female. However, some diseases directly interfere in the reproductive cycle, an example is the hydrometra, a disease in which occurs the deposition of aseptic and translucent fluid in the lumen of the uterus and that may indirectly interfere in the cyclicity and reproductivity of a female. Given the above, the objective of this integrative review was to identify alterations in organs of the reproductive tract of pet females that favor the development of a hydrometric condition. This is an integrative review of the literature. We selected 14 articles that reported or addressed the theme of hydrometra in pet females (bitches, cats and rabbits). After the selection of the articles, relevant clinical information that may influence the development of hydrometra was extracted. The main conditions related to hydrometra were found in the literature: ectopic location of ureters within the uterus wall and vagina; canine Gartner duct cyst with renal agenesis; urolithiasis; perineal and inguinal hernias; uterine aplasia; remnant ovary syndrome; adenoma and proliferative polyps in the endometrium; teratoma; uterine torsions and adenocarcinoma. Some authors report the importance of control in the use of exogenous progestins since the chronic stimulation of estrogen receptors in the uterine tissue may influence the increased production of intraluminal fluid. Finally, the importance of veterinary monitoring of animals in reproductive age and attitude for early diagnosis of disease and promotion of health and quality of life to females is highlighted.
      PubDate: 2022-11-20
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37599
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Phenological development of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L., Poaceae)
           cultivated in pots with different doses of goat manure

    • Authors: Karllisson Victor Barbosa, Rubens Pessoa de Barros, Dayane dos Santos Silva, Jéssia Elem Cunha Barbosa, Jadielson Inácio de Sousa, Micaelle Glícia dos Santos Silva, Flávia da Silva Lima, Wesley de Oliveira Galdino
      Abstract: Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L., Poaceae) plays an essential role in subsistence agriculture and in the food of millions of people, it is considered a crop of great importance in the world. The study aimed to monitor the development of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) grown in pots with the addition of goat manure. The experiment was carried out at the State University of Alagoas (UNEAL) from August 2021 to November 2021. Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) seeds were sown in a seedbed with carbonized rice husk substrate, and after germination, were transplanted to the pots, where they had the mixture of soil plus goat manure in different doses. The experimental arrangement was in DIC, with twenty pots, separated into four treatments and five replications. Treatment 1 (T1), treatment 2 (T2), treatment 3 (T3) and treatment 4 (T4). All data analyzed in the experiment were recorded in an Excel spreadsheet. The results obtained through the tukey test at 5%, showed that the experiments with higher doses of manure, presented greater phenological development.
      PubDate: 2022-11-20
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37255
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Conceptions and trends in the teaching of Microbiology in brazilian
           education

    • Authors: Meirielly de Castro Rosa Murer, Ciro César Rossi, Ríudo de Paiva Ferreira, Sílvia Regina Costa Dias, Monalessa Fábia Pereira
      Abstract: Microbiology is a relevant topic in the formation of any individual, as it involves basic issues of citizenship such as hygiene, environment, biotechnology, and health. However, despite its importance, the Microbiology approach is almost exclusive to the academic environment, and although it is foreseen in the Basic Education curriculum, it is often addressed in a superficial, theoretical and conceptual way. Therefore, the objective of this work was to investigate research trends in the teaching of microbiology in Brazil, aiming to understand the current strategies and discuss new ways to be taken to facilitate the learning of this subject. For this, 178 abstracts published in the “Teaching” section of the Brazilian Congress of Microbiology, from 2009 to 2021, were analyzed. The analysis of the abstracts allowed us to identify that most of these correspond to studies developed by public Higher Education Institutions, which mainly report experiences with Basic Education. The data reveal a predominantly practical teaching of Microbiology, but with the traditional curriculum, and most of the time detached from issues of social importance. Although this study reveals the commitment of many professionals to transform the teaching of Microbiology, there is still much advance to make this science accessible to all.
      PubDate: 2022-11-20
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37349
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Some didactic potentialities that emerge through reading the construction
           of the nautical astrolabe at the interface between History and Mathematics
           Teaching

    • Authors: Rebeca Oliveira Amarante, Ana Carolina Costa Pereira
      Abstract: This article presents the preliminary results of a study based on the reading of the construction process of the nautical astrolabe instrument described by Simão d'Oliveira in his treatise entitled Arte de Navegar, published in 1606, with a view to contemplating some didactic potentialities for the teaching geometry. The hypothesis is raised that, through the reading of the manufacturing process of the nautical astrolabe associated with a teaching organization - based on the articulation between the context of the mathematical concepts that emerge from the original historical document and the movement of thought, linked to the formation of these conceptions - can lead the student in the classroom in a fruitful way to the development of the process of analysis and synthesis, of paramount importance to the conceptual formation. In this way, we verified that through the description of the nautical instrument construction process, it was possible to explore some geometric knowledge arising from some actions of the instrument's manufacturing description, such as the concepts of circumference; diameter, bisector, angles, quadrant, perpendicularity, degrees, among others.
      PubDate: 2022-11-20
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37217
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Inheritance Right of the partner in the stable union, in particular, when
           he competes with the ascendants

    • Authors: João Paulo Cardoso de Oliveira, Cassia Pimenta Meneguce
      Abstract: This article aims to clarify the succession law of the partner in the stable union, in particular, the competition of this with the ascendants. In order to do so, the issue of the stable union is addressed, that is, if it is considered a family entity and how it is treated under the Civil Code of 2002. Subsequently, the inheritance law came to the fore, an occasion that explains the foreseen setback. in article 1,790 of the Civil Code of 2002, in view of the flagrant discrimination of the partner against the spouse, when the subject is succession. For this reason, the Federal Supreme Court judged Extraordinary Appeals No. 646.721/RS and No. 878.694/MG, resulting in the equalization of the partner to the spouse, applying to both the succession regime provided for in article 1,829 of the Civil Code. However, the Federal Supreme Court left gaps in the judgment, since it was silent on the inclusion of the partner in the list of necessary heirs, provided for in article 1,845. Then, it discusses the competition of the surviving companion with the ascendants of the de cujus. The methodology used is deductive research, through bibliographic and jurisprudential research, decisions of the Federal Supreme Court, legislation and internet journals. Finally, it is concluded that the position of the Federal Supreme Court in the case brought legal certainty to the many couples who today live in a stable union, correcting the setback provided for in article 1,790, with due equivalence between partner and spouse in the law succession.
      PubDate: 2022-11-20
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37433
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Sexual orientation in organizations: a bibliometric approach

    • Authors: Ana Beatriz Ferreira Diógenes, Edinal Salustiano da Silva, Isabel Bruna Correia de Brito, Elisabete Stradiotto Siqueira, Fábio Chaves Nobre, Luciana Holanda Nepomuceno, Andreza Cristina de Sousa Fernandes, Yascara Pryscilla Dantas Costa
      Abstract: The aim of this research is to map how scientific studies have tackled the topic of sexual diversity in the organizational setting, as well as in the Meeting of the National Association of Graduate Studies and Research in Administration (EnANPAD) scientific publications. This analysis attempts to examine how this topic has been explored in the field of applied social sciences. This is a descriptive study that relies on bibliometric indicators. Eleven complaints from 2011 to 2021 were collected and examined. The findings reveal eight argument clusters: the stigma of femininity, homosexual men, social identity, diversity, prejudice, and silence. The discourse on the forced silencing of homosexuals in the face of heterosexism in the workplace is evident. The number of annual reports suggests that there is no supporting research on this topic. We conclude that the authors have the fewest relationships among themselves and the researchers have the closest relationships.
      PubDate: 2022-11-20
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37335
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Nursing care for pregnant women in the ICU: an integrative review

    • Authors: Maria de Fátima Santos de Oliveira, Emilly Beatriz da Silva Souza Soares, Lizandra Argona Pereira, Thais Nunes Resende, Italla Maria Bezerra, Cintia de Lima Garcia, Luiz Vinicius de Alcantara Sousa, José Lucas Souza Ramos
      Abstract: The Intensive Care Unit (ICU) is a place conducive to the treatment of critically ill patients, the adherence of pregnant women in the ICU most of the time is due to adequate adaptation in relation to prenatal care. Nursing care is of great importance, since the nurse is among all the professionals who provide this care to patients. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to describe the main nursing care and assistance to pregnant women in the ICU. This is an integrative literature review, based on the PICO method, where the literature search was carried out, in the Virtual Health Library (VHL) database, which is a tertiary source database, containing other databases such as MEDLINE , LILACS, IBECS etc. The following search strategy was used: “Pregnancy” AND “ICU” AND “Intensive Care Unit” AND “Nursing Care”. Initially, 258 studies were found in the VHL, with articles from MEDLINE, LILACS and IBECS. In the title selection process, 27 studies were selected, where, later, when reading abstracts, only 10 were selected for full reading. After applying the analysis and careful evaluation of the manuscripts, 04 studies were excluded because they did not adapt to the eligibility criteria, so there were 06 articles for the final. It is observed that nursing care in the ICU is care for the pregnant woman, mostly related to the monitoring of vital and hemodynamic signs. In addition, medical assistance was noted in the ICU.
      PubDate: 2022-11-19
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37257
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • The prevalence of depressive and anxious frameworks in the LGBTQIA+
           population: a comparative study

    • Authors: Gil Moreno Ferreira, Hugo Razini Oliveira, Thiago Vinicius Feliciano Moreira, Ronaldo Adriano Alves dos Santos
      Abstract: Depression and anxiety are two psychiatric conditions that can affect the life quality of patients in different ways, impairing from performance in daily activities to the quality of interpersonal relationships. It is known that there are three main factors involved in the development of these conditions, which are the psychosocial, neurobiological and genetic determinants. In this regard, the present project was carried out with the objective of analyzing whether, specifically regarding the psychosocial component, members of the LGBTQIA+ community are exposed to experiences that may increase the prevalence of depressive and/or anxious conditions compared to cis- heterosexuals. The research has an observational and transversal character, constituting an inquiry study. For a better understanding of this issue, questionnaires were applied to 88 individuals, 55 of whom were cis-heterosexuals and 33 LGBTQIA+, using the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) as a basis, in addition to questions prepared by the authors. The work showed that LGBTQIA+ are subject to particular forms of discrimination and consequent psychological suffering, in addition to having a higher prevalence of possible cases of both diseases. After this, it was noticed that, despite the advances made by this minority, the intolerant view of society towards these people still contributes to a harmful reality to their mental health.
      PubDate: 2022-11-19
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37056
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Scientific and technological mapping on Attention Deficit Hyperactivity
           Disorder (ADHD) and diagnosis through EEG

    • Authors: Aline Miranda da Conceição, Maria Beatriz Siqueira de Carvalho, Victor Hugo do Vale Bastos, Glauco Lima Rodrigues, Ana Cláudia Mota Freitas
      Abstract: Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) begins in childhood and presents as symptoms of lack of attention, hyperactivity and difficulty in self-control. The objective was to identify the main studies and technological applications on ADHD and electroencephalogram (EEG) in databases and in patents. The research took place from September to December 2021, using the Web of Science and Pubmed databases for the survey of scientific articles and for patents: United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO), European Patent Office (EPO), World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) and the National Institute of Industrial Property (INPI) of Brazil. The results in the database showed the USA leading the ranking and the search for patents showed an increase in the number of filings. There is a need for greater investments in Brazilian technology, as the results showed few records in the INPI database, with greater attention being paid to the country's technological development.
      PubDate: 2022-11-19
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37192
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Nurse care during cardiorespiratory arrest in the emergency room

    • Authors: Jhônata Santos Brito, Andressa Almeida de Sousa, Samira Maria Ferreira de Almeida, Soraia Maria Ferreira de Almeida, Emerson Leandro da Silva, Andressa Myrelle Gonçalves da Silva, Mércia Carvalho da Costa, Murillo Afonso Lessa, Renato Trevizan Pastore
      Abstract: This research was structured with the objective of describing the nurse's assistance during cardiorespiratory arrest in the emergency room. This is a narrative review of the literature based on a literature search carried out in July 2020 in the respective data sources: Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Oline (Medline) and Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO). The nurse is responsible for performing Basic Life Support (BLS) to maintain the circulation of the main vital organs and, secondly, to assist in Advanced Life Support (ALS), which aims to treat and revert to cardiac arrest. These professionals are responsible for administering drugs according to medical advice or protocol; bladder and nasogastric catheterization; performing the nursing evolution, checking medications and reorganizing the sector where the event took place, as well as providing assistance to family members, whether in cases of reversal of the arrest or in cases of deaths. In this perspective, nursing professionals need to appropriate their skills and make use of continuing education to promote the improvement of the quality of care for victims, since the success of interventions made in this clinical emergency depends on the level of preparation of professionals.
      PubDate: 2022-11-19
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.35211
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Deaths by Covid-19 in the city of Crato-CE: Epidemiological profile

    • Authors: Amanda Oliveira Andrade, Priscilla Augusta de Sousa Fernandes, Gabriel Fernandes Pereira, Fernanda Leite Siebra de Brito, Anacarla Fabielle Alvino Canuto, João Márcio Fialho Sampaio , Alison Honorio de Oliveira, Francisco Elizaudo de Brito Júnior
      Abstract: Objective: To describe the profile of deaths by Covid-19 in the city of Crato-CE, in order to identify which groups had greater complications in the clinical picture of the disease, reaching death. Methodology: This is a cross-sectional study, with a quantitative approach, carried out using secondary data. The territory under study is the Municipality of Crato-CE. Results: 225 deaths were analyzed from May 2020 to August 16, 2021, 40.88% were female, with a mean age of 70 years and 59.11% were males, with a mean age of 68 years. Regarding race/color, 59% were brown and 21% were not informed, 10.7% were white, 5.8% were black and 2.2% were yellow. Of the 225 deaths, 68% had some comorbidity. The neighborhoods that presented significant numbers of deaths were Seminario, Vila Alta, Muriti, Pinto madeira, Vila São Bento, Centro, and Ponta da Serra. Conclusion: The profile of deaths by Covid-19 in the city of Crato-CE is formed mostly by male patients, aged 60 years or older, brown and with the presence of comorbidities.
      PubDate: 2022-11-19
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.36964
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • The importance of pharmaceutical monitoring during pregnancy: the dangers
           of self-medication

    • Authors: Julie Alves Leão Meneses, Larissa Aguiar de Mendonça
      Abstract: Pregnancy is characterized by numerous physiological changes, which can lead to a variety of symptoms and minor disorders such as: gastrointestinal, such as nausea, reflux, constipation, low back pain and headache. to relieve their discomfort, they should be accompanied by a pharmaceutical professional due to the risk of a toxic or teratogenic effect on the embryo/fetus when exposed to a certain drug, which can lead from a congenital malformation to fetal death, a fact unknown among most of pregnant women. The objective of this study was to evaluate the irrational use of medication in the gestational period, reviewing the safety of the most used drugs during pregnancy, and the importance of pharmaceutical monitoring. To this end, a study review was carried out in the Scielo (Scientific Electronic Library), Lilacs (Latin American and Caribbean Literature on Health Sciences) databases through the VHL platform (Virtual Health Library), PubMed access site from the Medline database, with studies identified in the period from 2016 to 2022. Results show the need to help raise awareness about the variables inherent to pregnancy, seeking to highlight the importance of the pharmacist in this period, as an appropriate and responsible professional to promote the use Medicines Rationale (URM).
      PubDate: 2022-11-19
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37457
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • The quality of life of cancer patients during chemotherapy

    • Authors: Karla Cristina da Silva, Patricia Kecianne Costa Ribeiro, Elcivan Bezzera Miranda , Suellen Alves de Azevedo
      Abstract: Cancer is a chronic-degenerative disease, usually associated with a history of physical and mental suffering. Currently, advances in cancer treatment are vast, despite them, several studies indicate that there are significant changes in the quality of life of individuals with this diagnosis. The objective of this study was to identify the impacts on the quality of life of patients undergoing cancer treatment. This is a methodological study of an integrative literature review on the specialized cut published between the years 2017 to 2022, which consists of presenting the impact of cancer treatment on people's quality of life. This research started from an online consultation in the Medline database and in the SciELO library, based on four descriptors in Health Sciences, DeCS – “Oncology”, “Quality of life” and “Chemotherapy”. Thirty-two articles were selected that met the pre-defined criteria for inclusion and exclusion of selected articles. After selection, 5 articles remained within the adopted criteria. The main findings in the searches that refer to an improvement in the quality of life of cancer patients in the included studies were: The impact of diagnosis and treatment is intense and, in most cases, reflects on the physical and mental state of the patient. Which suggests changes in style and quality of life. The study made it possible to identify the main impacts of chemotherapy treatment on patients' quality of life. Hair loss, loss of smell, loss of appetite, muscle pain, nausea, malaise, vomiting, weight loss or gain, fear, insecurity, depressive symptoms, among others, can be highlighted. Thus, it is necessary for nursing professionals to adopt specific behaviors to alleviate these aspects that compromise the physical and mental health of the affected person.
      PubDate: 2022-11-19
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37282
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Toxicity of gadolinium by contrast in imaging tests

    • Authors: Gabriella Rodrigues da Silva, Juliana Maria Fazenda
      Abstract: Objective: the purpose of this article is to describe the properties and utilities of Gadolinium (Gd), emphasizing its toxicity as a means of contrast in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) exams. This research is based on describing the main adverse reactions, indications, contraindications and toxicity by the use of GBCAs, a drug commonly used as a non-ionizing contrast. Methodology: a literature review was carried out, where information was acquired in scientific articles from renowned sites such as Scientific Eletronic Library Online (SciELO) and US national Library of Medicine (PubMed). Results: Gd is a metal used in various ways for various purposes, and one of them is in NMR exams as a means of contrast. However, it can provide health risks for patients who have previous diseases, such as chronic kidneys, or those who have sensitivities or allergies, and can cause major or minor acute reactions, ranging from hives, headaches and vomiting, to anaphylactic shock and laryngospasm. However, one of the complications that have been studied with amplitude is the pathology called Nephrogenic Systemic Fibrosis (NSF). There are recently studies in which risks have been reported even in patients with renal functions within normality. Conclusion of the study: clarification of the guidelines and important information for the patient who performs the contrasted NMR exam, and also, leave as a warning to health professionals on a topic not much addressed, but of high dangerousness.
      PubDate: 2022-11-19
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37351
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Analysis of the relight of post-mastectomy breast reconstruction

    • Authors: Isabella Tatyane Menezes Barros, Maria Bernadete Galrão de A. Figueiredo
      Abstract: Background: The mastectomy is a required and often healing procedure in the treatment of breast cancer, however it meddles the quality of life and body image of the women, since the breast is a symbol of femininity. Regarding this issue, academy research points that breast reconstruction surgery, after the mastectomy, the femininity symbol is restored and hence the improvement of self steem and reduction of depression state and sexual disfunction. Objective: Analyze the importance of the breast reconstruction surgery after a mastectomy procedure performed for a invasive treatment of breast cancer. Methods: This is a narrative literature review using the PUBMED database and the books Moore e Oncoplastia and Reconstrução Mamária. Results and conclusion: this review concludes that recent data shows a correlation between improvement of quality of life and breast resconstruction surgery after a mastectomy procedure, including reduction of depression state and enhancement of self acceptance and sexual drive. Even though the improvement beeing considered significant, it must be taken into account that the woman has had a great impact on her life, including a physical change in the texture of the reconstructed breast compared to her natural breast, thus, each one takes time to deal with the new situation, requiring family and psychological support, even after reconstruction.
      PubDate: 2022-11-19
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37266
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • The contribution of physiotherapy in the treatment of patients with
           Guillain Barré

    • Authors: Kely de Oliveira da Silva , Geovana de Moura Araújo, Patrícia Assis de Andrade
      Abstract: Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GBS), also known as acute polyradiculoneuritis, is the largest cause of generalized flaccid paralysis in the world. due to reversible manifestations, however, in 20% of cases, it can leave sequelae in the patient, such as changes in muscle tone and loss of strength, which make it difficult to perform activities of daily living, in normal situations, most cases occur sporadically. and does not seem to show seasonality, it is an autoimmune disease that primarily affects the myelin of the proximal portion of peripheral nerves in an acute/subacute way, in most cases patients usually present signs and symptoms such as blurred vision, tachycardia, dysphagia, dizziness, urinary incontinence and damage to the respiratory part and also presenting a lot of weakness more in the proximal muscles and lower limbs res are generally more affected than the upper limbs. Physiotherapy has as main objective at all stages of the disease to prevent comorbidities, improve balance, recover muscle strength and improve physical conditioning, the physiotherapeutic conduct will be established according to the needs of each patient and the phase in which it is finds, always seeking to reduce their deficits for the return of ADL's and improve the quality of life.
      PubDate: 2022-11-19
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.36920
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • The importance of pharmaceutical assistance to patients using drugs for
           Covid-19: an integrative review

    • Authors: Carolinne Oliveira Marquez, Fabio Rodrigues da Silva Reis, Soraia dos Santos Valadares Moraes
      Abstract: Introduction: Currently, no drug has yet been shown to be effective for its treatment of Covid-19, and although there are no clinical trial data that support any prophylactic treatment, in addition to vaccines, other off-label drugs are being used. In this scope, pharmaceutical care is included, understood as a set of actions aimed at the promotion, protection and recovery of health, both individual and collective. Objective: To present an integrative review on the efficiency of pharmaceutical care in relation to the potential risks of the indiscriminate use of medicines in the Covid-19 pandemic. Materials and methods: Data collection took place between 2017 and 2022, through the following databases: Scientific Electronic Library Online (SCIELO), Google Scholar, and LILACS - Bireme (Latin American and Caribbean Literature in Health Sciences). Results: Through the search carried out from the databases described, a total of 11 articles were found from the descriptors and search criteria applied to the research. Discussion: The pharmacist is a health promoter, guides the patient on the rational use of medicines in this time of the Covid-19 pandemic. It is up to this professional to monitor the triage of patients, calm and guide, in order to avoid overcrowding the health system. Conclusion: We present an analysis to be used in future studies on the subject, since it is up to the pharmacist, the last link between the medication and the patient, to guide and prevent self-medication in Covid-19.
      PubDate: 2022-11-19
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37231
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Analysis of the evolution of COVID-19 in Alagoinhas-BA, in the years
           2020-2021

    • Authors: Fernando Antônio Ramos Schramm Neto, Lahyse de Oliveira e Oliveira, Gabriela Suarez Pinheiro Guimarães, Isadora Rodrigues da Costa Barros, Gabriel Oliveira Schindler Coutinho, João Pedro Lopes Vital e Castro, Jéssika Pereira Marques Diniz, Enzo Biscarde, Dahyse de Oliveira e Oliveira, Tiago Cabeceiras Cavalcante
      Abstract: COVID-19 is a viral infectious disease transmitted by the agent SARS-CoV-2. Despite having emerged in December 2019 in the village of Wuhan, China, as isolated cases of pneumonia, in February 2020 it was designated by the World Health Organization (WHO) as a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC), and two months later, as a pandemic. Its main clinical manifestations involve classic findings of flu syndrome, such as cough, fatigue, chills and fever. However, it is related to a series of systemic complications, one of the main ones being Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). Therefore, the objective of this study was to analyze the evolution of COVID-19 cases in the municipality of Alagoinhas-BA, between the years 2020-2021, regarding the variables of new confirmed cases, cures and deaths. For this, a search was carried out for updated data regarding such indicators on the electronic address of the Municipal Health Department of the described location. Among the results presented are Table 1, based on the findings, and the 10 graphs distributed throughout this work, which portray the evolution of its main indicators. Through this study, an analysis can be established about the evolution of COVID-19 in the municipality of Alagoinhas-BA, being of great importance to the scientific community. Thus, the results presented here must be taken into account by municipal bodies when making decisions regarding local public health.
      PubDate: 2022-11-19
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37397
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Pulmonary and extrapulmonary complications associated with e-cigarette
           use: an integrative review

    • Authors: Brenda Ellen Meneses Cardoso, Carla Milena Ferreira e Silva, Maria Eduarda Campos Bezerra, Luan Kelves Miranda de Souza
      Abstract: Objective: to investigate the pulmonary and extrapulmonary complications associated with the use of electronic cigarettes, considering their currently observed growth. Methodology: an integrative literature review was carried out during the years 2021 and 2022, through searches on the main scientific platforms, using the descriptors “vaping”, “adverse effects” and “e-cigarrette vapor”, chosen according to with DeCS (Descriptors in Health Sciences) and combining them with the Boolean operator “AND”. Results and discussion: through the aforementioned descriptors, 309 articles were found, of which 18 were selected for the integrative review and constitution of the final sample. In view of this, with the analysis of the aforementioned studies, it became evident that electronic cigarettes are related to the emergence of EVALI (E-cigarette or Vaping Product Use-Associated Lung Injury), with increased susceptibility to infections, cardiovascular diseases, cytotoxic and inflammatory effects, in addition to cerebrovascular impairment. Conclusion: given the above, it was concluded that the consumption of electronic cigarettes has systemic repercussions, at the pulmonary and extrapulmonary levels. With this, the study highlighted the implications of electronic cigarettes on the cardiovascular, respiratory, neural, genetic and immune systems, which affect the health and quality of life of the individual in a generalized way.
      PubDate: 2022-11-19
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.36348
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Anterior displacement of the ATM articular disc without repositioning

    • Authors: Ítallo Nazareno Louredo, Mosaniel Falcão de França Junior
      Abstract: The temporomandibular joint is a synovial joint with well-differentiated characteristics and functions, which has a cartilaginous disc placed between the mandibular head and the mandibular fossa of the temporal bone and which separates the temporomandibular joint into an upper and lower joint compartment. The superior articular compartment participates in mandibular translational movements while the inferior is involved in rotational movements. Temporomandibular disorders or TMDs form a set of signs and symptoms represented by an altered mandibular function and are defined as signs and symptoms characterized by pain and dysfunction in which anterior disc displacement without repositioning is just one of many disorders that may be present. Therefore, the present study aimed to determine all clinical aspects related to anterior displacement of the disc without repositioning and to verify its importance in the context of internal disorders of the temporomandibular joint. In the methodology, a documental study was carried out based on the periodic databases, Google Scholar and Scielo, whose time frame was between the years 2017 to 2022. In the results, initially it appears that the main characteristics of this disorder are the presence of pain intense and continuous, the presence of pain during any jaw movement and the difficulty to open the mouth. Regarding treatment, studies indicate that arthrocentesis and stabilizing bite plate are the most indicated.
      PubDate: 2022-11-19
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37326
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Acupuncture as an adjuvant treatment for diabetic neuropathy: a systematic
           literature review

    • Authors: Graciane Santos Vitório, Josevaldo Santos de Lima, Kaio Henrique Rodrigues Oliveira, Larissa Ferreira Araujo, Vinicius Mendes Souza Carneiro
      Abstract: Acupuncture is one of the therapies used as adjuncts for the treatment of diabetic neuropathies, which is a complication of diabetes mellitus, aiming to analyze whether acupuncture can be used as an adjuvant and non-pharmacological treatment for diabetic neuropathy. This study is a systematic literature review using the PRISMA method, in which searches were performed in the following databases: PubMed, Medline, ClinicalTrials Regarding the results, 145 articles were found, which considered the following selection criteria: approach of acupuncture in the adjuvant treatment of patients with diabetic neuropathy, texts in English, Spanish and Portuguese, with publications between the years 2017 to September 2022. Following the guidelines of the PRISMA method, the research was divided into four phases: identification, screening, eligibility and inclusion and 12 articles were used for the development of this work. Therefore, it is concluded that studies and clinical trials with animals and humans have demonstrated satisfactory improvements in symptoms, contributing to the reduction of risks in diabetic neuropathy.
      PubDate: 2022-11-19
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37330
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Impact of psychobiotics on anxiety disorder

    • Authors: Dayana Cristina Santos Pereira, Joara Neusa Sousa Moura, Liejy Agnes dos Santos Raposo Landim
      Abstract: Objective: The objective of this study was to carry out a search for scientific evidence to analyze the impact of psychobiotics in the treatment of anxiety disorder symptoms. Methodology: This is a narrative literature review carried out through a bibliographic search of Portuguese and English articles, available in the Scielo and PubMed/MEDLINE databases. Articles available in full and from the period between 2013 and 2022 were included. The descriptors used were: “Probiotics”, “Anxiety”, “Probiotics” and “Anxiety”. Results: The brain and gut form a two-way communication axis, and information can be generated both at the gut and brain level, popularly known as the microbiota-gut-brain axis, which can be directly or indirectly related to certain psychological disorders such as anxiety. Indicators indicate that therapies capable of modulating the microbiota can alleviate symptoms of anxiety, with an inadequate diet and poor in nutrients being a risk factor for this pathology. Thus, studies have shown that supplementation with probiotics (psychobiotics), especially Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium species, combined with a balanced diet, has shown positive results. Final considerations: It is concluded that the psychobiotics of the Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium classes have a positive impact on the treatment of anxiety symptoms. In this way, psychobiotic supplementation is presented as a complement to the treatment of anxiety and the importance of a balanced diet in conjunction with probiotic supplementation for physical and psychological health is evident.
      PubDate: 2022-11-19
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37400
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Subsidized decision making in cost management: an analysis of industries
           in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul

    • Authors: Aline Camargo, Antônio Zanin, Marcia Maria dos Santos Bortolocci Espejo, Silvana Dalmutt Kruger
      Abstract: This study searched identify which factors of cost management practice influence the decision-making process of Industries in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul. For this, a descriptive research was carried out, applied through a survey, with a final sample of 12 industries located in the central west region of Brazil, whose data were treated with descriptive statistics and Medium Ranking. Among the results obtained, the importance of using some costing method for the formation of the selling price was highlighted, with the most used method being the standard cost, followed by the variable costing. In addition, the data indicated the agreement of the companies in relation to the selling price through the cost of the product. As for the contribution margin, they differ among themselves on the possible uses of this artifact. In summary, the companies in the sample do not have a standard in terms of size or tax regime. However, in relation to the determination of costs and formation of prices, as well as the use of tools and information for the management of costs, they do not diverge on a large scale.
      PubDate: 2022-11-19
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.36982
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Anxiety and their disorder in adolescents: a literature review

    • Authors: Sander Paulo Carneiro Flôr , Sandra Maria Carneiro Flôr , Francisca Juliana Rocha Torres , Maria da Conceição Alves Silva, Leiliane Cristina de Aguiar, Maria Luísa de Sousa Fialho, Maria do Socorro Sousa Castro , Pedro Artur Amancio Sales, Francisca Vanderlandia Fernandes Sousa Bento, Jean Linhares de Lima
      Abstract: The anxiety disorder in teenagers are considered pathological, and this causes the commitment and aggravation in the daily lives of younger people, causing physical and psychological problems. This study aims to analyze the impacts of the disorder of anxiety in the school's teenagers. It is an integrative review, of a qualitative approach. The search for the data occurred on the Virtual Health Library (VHL), from the following indicators: teenager health; Anxiety disorder; Mental Health, Measuring the Boolean Operator "and". For the selection of the articles, were considered as inclusion criteria, studies in Portuguese, English and Spanish, available in full, in the period from 2015 to 2022. When starting the search, with the crossing of indicators, 1503 were found. After applying the inclusion rest, 62 articles remained, of which answered the guiding question of the study. This research analyzed anxiety disorders in adolescence and the harm brought for rest in heir lives of these young people, leaving sequels for the rest of their lives, especially in mental health. The results led the researcher to reflect on the need for public policies aimed at youth, especially for adolescents in the school phase, which guarantee. In this case were used curricular grid of the public and private education the performance of the professional by psychology that can assess, diagnose, go along and to monitor the adolescents that suffer with disorder of anxiety, with the intention of promoting quality of life and ensure a healthy development for the teenager.
      PubDate: 2022-11-19
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37344
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Psychiatric disorders causing trichotylomania

    • Authors: Aluísio Ferreira de Aguiar, Arthur Wada, Fabrício Silva Pimenta, Henrique Martins Oliveira, Hugo Abreu de Souza Freitas
      Abstract: Trichotillomania is a disorder marked by the compulsive act of removing hair from one's own body. Although little studied over the last decades, studies demonstrate an association of this condition with other psychiatric disorders. With this in mind, the present study seeks to elucidate the main psychiatric disorders that cause trichotillomania. This is a systematic literature review, in which articles were searched in the Google Escolar, Scientific Electronic Library Online and Pubmed databases using the following terms and descriptors: “trichotillomania”, “Rapunzel syndrome” or “trichobezoar” and the Boolean operator AND. PRISMA guidelines were also followed throughout the selection process. The prevalence of psychiatric disorders associated with trichotillomania ranged from 78.8% to 79% among the selected studies. The most cited disorders by the authors were: obsessive compulsive disorder, major depressive disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, social phobia, specific phobia, excoriation disorder, pathological nail biting, TICS disorder, alcohol dependence and dysthymic disorder. All authors demonstrated a high prevalence of psychiatric disorders associated with the occurrence of trichotillomania.
      PubDate: 2022-11-19
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37220
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • The effect of cold brew coffee extraction time on the physical-chemical
           characteristics of cold brew beverages

    • Authors: Wallysson Wagner Vilela Santos, Élida Lima e Couto, Fabiana Maria da Silva, Maria Eduarda Menezes Rocha, Milena Sthefany Lopes Silva, Raniele Oliveira Alves, Suzana Pedroza da Silva
      Abstract: Coffee is one of the most consumed beverages in the world. As consumer habits have changed, new ways and techniques of preparation have come into use. In this context, cold brew has become common, which is a method of cold extraction where the coffee powder is in contact with water, usually for 12 to 48 hours. This work aimed to evaluate the influence of the preparation time and the impacts on the physical-chemical characteristics of cold brew. Organic coffee (Arabica typica) was used and different treatments related to the extraction time were adopted for infusion (12, 24, 36 and 48 h) at 18 °C, and for reference condition 5 min of infusion with water at 92 °C. Subsequently, the following analyses were performed: total soluble solids, extraction percentage, aqueous extract, reducing sugars, proteins, total titratable acidity, pH, caffeine, and total phenolics. The results of the analyses were submitted to analysis of variance, principal components and hierarchical grouping. It was noted that the time used in each condition was determinant to characterize the samples, because there was a significant increase in almost all physicochemical parameters evaluated. Thus, the samples extracted in 12 and 24 hours showed similar results, as well as the drinks prepared in 36 and 48 hours, therefore the best condition of infusion time for the preparation of cold brew beverage would be 24 hours, because it is observed that there was no excess in the extraction of components present in coffee.
      PubDate: 2022-11-19
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.36948
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Use of oclacitinib in the treatment of vesicular cutaneous lupus
           erythematosus in a Border Collie breed dog – case report

    • Authors: Anna Karina Lima, Felipe Rosa Cunha
      Abstract: Vesicular cutaneous lupus erythematosus (VCLE) is a rare autoimmune inflammatory skin disease, a unique subacute variant of canine cutaneous lupus erythematosus. It affects adult Collie, Shetland Shepherd, Border Collie dogs and their crosses. In general, VCLE requires immunosuppressive treatments, which cause side effects and non-homogeneous therapeutic efficacy. A Border Collie dog, male, 3 years old, was diagnosed with VCLE. It showed a moderate response to the therapeutic combination of tetracycline-nicotinamide and later cyclosporine-ketoconazole. The objective of this study was to report the therapeutic success obtained with the use of oclacitinib, a Janus kinase inhibitor, in the control of VCLE lesions. The drug was administered at a dose of 0.6 mg/kg, orally, every 12 hours for 15 days and then every 24 hours for additional 20 days. Complete clinical resolution was observed in a few days, effectively and apparently without adverse effects. It is concluded that oclacitinib may be an advantageous alternative in the treatments of this variant of canine cutaneous lupus erythematosus. However, further studies on the use of Janus kinase inhibitors in the control of canine dermatological autoimmune diseases are needed.
      PubDate: 2022-11-19
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.36033
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Number of glyphosate subdose applications and production of marandu grass

    • Authors: Luciane da Cunha Codognoto, Enos Araujo de Oliveira, Thassiane Telles Conde, Gabrielly Souza Nunes, Valquíria Silva dos Santos, Felipe Souza da Silva, Nicole Soares de Almeida
      Abstract: Brazilian livestock production is a worldwide highlight, as the supply and harvest of food occurs through grazing, significantly reducing production costs. Strategies that make it possible to stimulate the vegetative and productive forage development have been studied, such as the induction of hormesis by application of a sublethal dose of glyphosate. Thus, the objective of this work was to verify the influence of the number of application of the subdose of the glyphosate acid equivalent (20 g ha-1) on morphological and production variables of Marandu grass. Four treatments were evaluated: single application, alternate application (two doses), successive applications (four doses) and control (without glyphosate application), in four sequential cuts. For the leaf/stem ratio, in the 4th cut, alternate application (10.92) did not differ from sequential application (12.21), with 50% of the operational investment and input (glyphosate). The leaf/stem ratio in alternate application was superior to the control, equivalent to 34.8%. For forage volumetric density, maximum values ​​were recorded in the 4th cut, with the exception of the sequential treatment (17.31 kg cm-1 ha-1), as it affected the plant structure, providing tiller elongation, with a longer leaf sheath. The forage dry matter production characterized a deleterious effect for sequential treatment, registering minimum production in the 4th cut (551.56 kg ha-1), representing 67.58% of the experimental average. Occasional or strategic application of sublethal dose of glyphosate in Marandu grass promotes the development of basal forage buds, increasing leaf/stem ratio, volumetric density and forage production.
      PubDate: 2022-11-19
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37285
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Distribution of fire outbreaks in the municipality of Acará in a
           decade

    • Authors: Antonio Felipe da Silva Sena, Caio da Conceição Rodrigues, Klewton Adriano Oliveira Pinheiro, Suelen Caroline Almeida Araújo, Elayne Oliveira Braga, Ana Paula Magno do Amaral, Glayson Francisco Bezerra das Chagas, Matheus Gerhardt dos Santos Bezerra, Sayuri Brayd Minori, Francimary da Silva Carneiro
      Abstract: Fires are important sources of damage to forest ecosystems in developing regions. Fires have a relevant impact on the Amazonian ecosystem in the dry season with emissions of atmospheric pollutants. This article aimed to locate the spatial distribution of fire hotspots in the municipality of Acará in the state of Pará during the period from 2009 to 2018. if the Kernel estimator used the thermal band of the AQUA_M-T satellite, handling its data in ten periods. The data discussed indicate that fires constitute an annual phenomenon, as it was present throughout the monitored time interval (2009 to 2018). The fires were observed throughout the region of the municipality of Acará and that the fire outbreaks can be transported for thousands of kilometers.
      PubDate: 2022-11-19
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.35403
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Problem solving: a diagnosis of Mathematics teaching in the Final Grades
           of Elementary

    • Authors: Gilson Alves Ribeiro, Marcos Penha Queiroga, Dandara Lorrayne do Nascimento
      Abstract: Throughout human history, the teaching of mathematics was surrounded by countless fears and mysticisms around the discipline. Students are sometimes afraid of learning about this subject. For this scenario starts to change, researches are being developed about the teaching of Mathematics, among them, the Problem-Solving Methodology stands out. This tool seeks to enable the student to mobilize knowledge and later develop skills to manage and process knowledge so that information can be better absorbed. The present work aimed to understand the definition of Problem Solving in the teaching of mathematics in the final years of elementary school. A literature review was carried out to understand how the concepts related to this article are perceived. It was concluded with the study that the Problem-Solving Methodology presents itself as an important tool in the learning process in mathematics teaching.
      PubDate: 2022-11-19
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37371
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Direct hiring of lawyers or law firms for non-requirement of bidding:
           Analysis of the dispensability of proving the unique nature of the service
           as an essential requirement in direct contracting

    • Authors: Arthur Jazo Germano de Medeiros, Augusto de França Maia
      Abstract: Bidding is the means by which the public administration, whether direct or indirect, acquires goods and services to sustain the public machine. However, there are situations in which this form of acquisition is not advantageous, which is why the law itself, for these cases, made bidding unenforceable, as is the case with the direct hiring of lawyers and law firms that provide a technical service and notorious specialization. Thus, the purpose of this article is the analysis of the discussion about whether or not singularity is proven as an essential requirement for this type of contract, given the introduction into the legal system of the New Law of Bids and Contracts (Law no. 14.133/2021), which suppressed the term "singular nature",' when compared with the old law (Law no. 8.666/1992), and the change in the statute of the OAB that introduced the singularity and technical service as inherent to the activity of the lawyer. For the conclusion of this work, we used the bibliographic review, the study based on doctrine, scientific articles and brazilian legislation. Therefore, it is concluded that the bidding process is the most isonomic means of contracting by the State, however, the hiring of lawyers presumes its uniqueness and technical service, requiring only to prove its notorious specialization, in order to be able to hire a service of excellence that can satisfy the specific situation.
      PubDate: 2022-11-19
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37017
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Impacts of the Capillary Blood Glucose Self-monitoring Program on the
           Quality of Life of Diabetic Patients

    • Authors: Maria Clara Costa Lacerda, Juliana Abreu Bacelar, Tayanne Andrade dos Santos, Natiele Ramos Silva, Júlia Figueiredo Café, Glenda Farias Pierote, Tatielle Pereira Silva, Glenda Farias Pierote, Tatielle Pereira Silva, Nattan Rangel Fernandes Moura
      Abstract: Introduction: Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is defined as a metabolic disorder that increases blood glucose levels, this is due to its characteristic of not secreting insulin or not producing it, causing hyperglycemia in individuals. Objective: To understand the impacts that the glycemic self-monitoring program generates on the quality of life of diabetic patients. Materials and Methods: This is a descriptive, exploratory, quantitative and qualitative research carried out in two Public Pharmacies in a municipality in the interior of Bahia, from July to October 2022. 52 users registered in the Health Care Program participated in the research. Capillary blood glucose self-monitoring. The instruments for data collection were a questionnaire from the WHOQOL-bref instrument. For the analysis and interpretation of the research data, the descriptive analysis method was used. Results: 37.8% of the patients who consider their quality of life good, however, the casual blood glucose data of some represent blood glucose values ​​between 89 mg/dL to 532 mg/dL, in which they significantly interfere in the patient's life. Conclusion: It is concluded that even the patients with chronic disease and some of them were not able to control the comorbidity, the reference values ​​found in the WHOQOL-bref were between 3.5 and 4.1, which means the quality of the physical domains, psychological, social and environmental conditions were between fair and good.
      PubDate: 2022-11-18
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37183
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Food and nutrition education actions for patients with chronic kidney
           disease on hemodialysis: an experience report

    • Authors: Mônika Louise Chaves Costa, Luma Beatriz Pereira Leite , Kessya Emanuelle Barros de Lima , Maria Isabel Lopes de Albuquerque , Janiele Silva de Azevedo, Letícia Sabino Santos, Társila Estafânia Gomes Rodrigues , Danielle Soares Bezerra
      Abstract: Dietary restrictions imposed on patients with chronic kidney disease can make them susceptible to food monotony, thus, food and nutrition education actions must become permanent practices, as they contribute to the quality of life of patients, helping in the process of acceptance and acceptance. understanding of the new eating habits required by the disease and treatment. The objective of this article is to report experiences lived by undergraduate students of Nutrition when promoting food and nutrition education actions. This is a descriptive study, of the experience report type, about the experiences of students of the Nutrition course of the Faculty of Health Sciences of Trairi-UFRN, during the performance of Food and Nutrition Education actions with patients assisted in a Center of Nephrology in a city in Rio Grande do Norte. Three actions were carried out, two aimed at reducing the consumption of ready-made sugars and seasonings and another related to the preparation and distribution of a recipe booklet, aiming to contribute to the reduction of food monotony during social distancing. In the actions, the active participation of patients who were on hemodialysis was valued, with clarification of doubts about the topics addressed and others. EAN actions are strongly correlated with the treatment and health status of the patient. Therefore, they must be worked on continuously and permanently, and must be included in the routine care of hemodialysis centers, as they contribute to the promotion of food and nutrition autonomy. as a form of entertainment for patients, helping to improve their quality of life.
      PubDate: 2022-11-18
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37121
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Ankylosing spondylitis and gestation

    • Authors: Pamella Moreira Almeida, Renata Caroline dos Anjos Nunes, Grace Arriello de Castro Piardi, Juliane Nadal Dias Swiech
      Abstract: Characterized by low back pain, morning stiffness, fatigue and progressive functional limitation, Ankylosing Spondylitis (AS), a chronic inflammatory disease, considered part of the spondyloarthritis group. Often confused with other pathologies due to the complaint of low back pain being common in the general population. This literature review sought to clarify and investigate the development of Ankylosing Spondylitis during the gestational period. Through the selection of articles, using the Scielo platform (Scientific Electronic Library Online) and PubMed, 55 articles were selected, of which 17 supported this review. Through bibliographic research carried out through searches for the descriptors “ankylosing spondylitis and pregnancy” (ankylosing spondylitis and pregnancy), “treatment of ankylosing spondylitis in pregnancy” (treatment of ankylosing spondylitis in pregnancy/ el embarazo), “complications of ankylosing spondylitis in pregnancy” (complications of ankylosing spondylitis in pregnancy/complicaciones de la ankylosing spondylitis in el embarazo), “risk factors of pregnancy with ankylosing spondylitis” (risk factors of pregnancy with ankylosing spondylitis/factors of risk for embarassment with ankylosing spondylitis). Associated with the gestational picture and the limitations of the disease with the interruption of treatment, there is a probability that the gestational period will lead to the progression of the disease for the carrier.
      PubDate: 2022-11-18
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37129
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Comparative study of file efficiency rotatories in cleaning simulated
           channels (ProTaper Next x X-Gray)

    • Authors: Matheus Bomfim Guimarães, Adolfo de Matos de Carvalho, Edeiton Santana de Oliveira Júnior e Bezerra, Murillo Freitas Matos, Karen Tavares Ferreira, Alberto Costa Porto Junior
      Abstract: The cleaning and shaping of root canals are fundamental steps that directly influence the success of endodontic treatment. The aim of the study was to compare the modeling efficiency of ProTaper Next (Dentsply Maillefer, Ballaigues, Switzerland) and X-Gray (TDK, China) rotary files in simulated root canal instrumentation. Twenty acrylic blocks were used (IM do Brasil, São Paulo, Brazil), divided into two groups with ten acrylic blocks each, being, group 1 – PTN; group 2 - XG. The blocks were filled with black ink (Acrilex, China). Then, the simulated canals were patted on an acrylic block with a #10 K-file. Pre- and post-instrumentation images were obtained for further overlay and analytical comparison in Adobe PhotoShop CS5.1 imaging software (Adobe System, San José, USA). For statistical analysis, the Shapiro-Wilk and Mann Whitney tests were performed. Results: There were no significant differences when comparing PTN and XG. It is concluded that both the ProTaper Next and X-Gray instruments presented similar preparations in terms of conservation, modeling and transport of the canals.
      Keywords: Root canal; Endodontics; Rotary instruments.
      PubDate: 2022-11-18
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37250
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Post-Covid effects on respiratory mechanics, pulmonary function, response
           to physical exercise and quality of life

    • Authors: Ana Clara Gomes Ricotta, Gabriela Bueno Nunes, Alessandra Fagundes de Almeida, Fernanda Maria Garcia Gonzaga, Maria das Graças Bastos Licurci, Daniel Vilela Nogueira
      Abstract: Introduction: In December 2019, the World Health Organization (WHO) was informed about some cases of pneumonia of unknown cause detected in the city of Wuhan, China. After researches and investigations, the causative agent of COVID-19 was detected: the SARS-CoV-2 virus. Despite the large number of reported cases of COVID-19, the sequels left by the disease are still poorly understood. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the respiratory mechanics, pulmonary function, response to physical exercise and quality of life of individuals who were contaminated by SARS-CoV-2. Methods: 15 participants underwent assessment of vital signs, maximal inspiratory and expiratory pressures (MIP; MEP) (Ger-Ar® Manovacuometer), thoracoabdominal mobility (cirtometry), peak expiratory flow (PEF) (Peak Flow NCS®), pulmonary function (Microquark® Spirometer), 6-minute walk test (6MWT), Medical Research Council (MRC) questionnaire and quality of life questionnaire (SF-36). Results: There was a decrease in MIP, MEP, PEF, abdominal expansion, and distance covered in the 6MWT when compared to predicted values; Regarding cardiovascular responses on the 6MWT, SF-36 questionnaire, MRC dyspnea scale and pulmonary function, no significant changes were observed.
      PubDate: 2022-11-18
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37053
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Validation of a Proposal for a Children's Food Diary Proposal for
           Children with Eating Difficulties

    • Authors: Cátia de Lapuça Vargas, Lisiane de Rosa Barbosa, Maria Cristina de Almeida Freitas Cardoso
      Abstract: Objective: To validate a proposal for a children's food diary. Methodology: This is an observational study of conceptual character and content validation, initiated by a systematic review of the literature, objectives and population. Results: The items and the proposal of the children's food diary were constructed, as well as the scale of content analysis of the evaluators of the area and lay people. The agreement for the proposal of the children's food diary established among professionals and among lay people was 80% CVI. Discussion: However, three questions did not reach the index, and must be reformulated, as they are considered of fundamental importance. Conclusion: The validation of a food diary proposal gathers information on food introduction and/or dietary difficulties, and establishes interdisciplinary communication among professionals.
      PubDate: 2022-11-18
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37241
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Development and characterization of a cosmetic formulation for physical
           sun protection containing chamomile extract

    • Authors: Glenda Farias Pierote, Natiele Ramos Silva, Maria Clara Costa Lacerda, Julia Figueiredo Café, Juliana Abreu Bacelar, Nattan Rangel Fernandes Moura, Alane Pereira das Virgens , Tatielle Pereira Silva
      Abstract: Sunscreen is any cosmetic preparation intended to come into contact with the skin and lips, for the sole or main purpose of protecting it against UVB and UVA radiation, absorbing, dispersing or reflecting radiation. The quality control of sunscreens is very important to obtain a product with good spreadability and stability. This article aims to develop and characterize a cosmetic formulation to protect the release of physical filter, with active plant ingredient chamomile glycolic extract, as well as to identify the benefits of this formulation and know the pharmacological properties of the active under study. This is a qualitative and exploratory cross-sectional research. In the results, the tests were performed at the time of production, with 7 and 30 days. The physical protector produced presented consistency as expected, a little thick, and easy to spread through the skin. Even with the addition of the physical titanium dioxide filter, the cream did not have a whitish appearance if properly spread on the skin, with characteristic odor. The color has a typical tone of chamomile extract, that is, a tone pulled to the yellowish, not interfering in the coloring of the cream on the skin, assuming a natural tone of the applied skin. Therefore, it is possible to conclude that the production of this physical sunscreen presented superiority to others reported in the literature, since it is low cost, and proved very stable during the test period.
      PubDate: 2022-11-18
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37177
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Characteristics of leprosy cases diagnosed in the state of Acre in the
           period from 2018 to 2022

    • Authors: José Hugo Benvindo de Andrade Lima, Ruth Silva Lima da Costa
      Abstract: Leprosy is a chronic infection caused by Mycobacterium leprae. A curable infectious disease remains endemic in more than 140 countries around the world. The objective of this study was to describe the epidemiological profile of the population diagnosed with leprosy in the State of Acre, Brazil, from 2018 to 2022. This is a retrospective study, using secondary data collected at the Department of Informatics from SUS – DATASUS and tabulated from TABNET. There were 520 cases of the disease in the state during the study period, most of them male (65.6%) and (85.2%) of mixed race/skin color. The most affected age group was 15 years old and over (94.8%) and there were 27 cases in children under 15 years old (5.2%). The most prevalent clinical form was borderline (62.5%) and the most frequent outcome was cure (58.5%). It is essential that health education interventions be constantly carried out for the population, in addition to intensifying the active search, individualized and direct assistance, and the examination of contacts of leprosy patients, in an attempt to reduce or eliminate cases of the disease.
      PubDate: 2022-11-18
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37235
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Quality of life in glioblastoma after the introduction of temozolomide: a
           systematic review

    • Authors: Thales Augusto Oliveira Dias, Dyecika Souza Couto, Edvaldo José Rodrigues Cardoso
      Abstract: Introduction: Gliomas are primary tumors of the central nervous system with an aggressive pattern of progression with a poor prognosis in terms of survival and quality of life. The current standard treatment consists of surgery with maximum excision associated with radiotherapy and chemotherapy, based mostly on the use of temozolomide. Since its introduction, the quality of life of patients undergoing this therapy has not been widely targeted and evaluated. Objective: To verify the quality of life of patients with glioblastoma after the introduction of temozolomide in the therapeutic protocols. Methods: A systematic literature review guided by the PICO and PRISMA protocol was conducted; PubMed, Medline and Lilacs databases were consulted. Results: Initially, 77 studies were found, after selection criteria, 35 articles were analyzed. No statistically significant change was found in overall quality of life in studies that analyzed temozolomide therapy versus different control therapies. Conclusion: The association of temozolomide with surgery and radiotherapy proved to be neutral, with no significant negative or positive impacts on the quality of life of patients with glioblastoma.
      PubDate: 2022-11-18
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37205
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Development of natural cosmetics with essential oils of capim-santo and
           rose pepper with extraction by enzymatic process

    • Authors: Micaela Crispin Marques Chéquer Ribeiro, Vitória Cordeiro de Oliveira, Alane Pereira das Virgens , Tatielle Pereira
      Abstract: Essential oils represent countless possibilities for aesthetic treatments, due to their aromatic and therapeutic characteristics. In the enzymatic extraction of oils we have the use of a complex that facilitates this process, increasing its yield. The objective of this work was to obtain lemongrass and pink pepper oils with enzymatic way, investigating their characteristics and application to develop a stable and safe dermocosmetic. During the study, the enzymatic extract was used to obtain lemongrass essential oil, with an average of 0,5g by extraction via hydrodistillation and an average of 0.6g by enzymatic treatment, which represents an increase in yield of 25% in the oil mass. Regarding the organoleptic characteristics, the lemongrass and pink pepper oil presented similarities with the plants of origin, both being considered as oils of moderate acidity, with pH between 4.0 - 5.0. The dermocosmetics from the Second Skin base (cream) and from the Carbopol Gel (serum) were analyzed in a period of 30 days, both of which presented an adequate retention factor for the incorporation of essential oils of lemongrass and pink pepper, favoring the obtaining homogeneous products, which remained unchanged in color or texture. The results found substantially evidenced the great potential of this multienzymatic extract and the proposed formulations, which represent potential products to be commercialized and used in the pharmaceutical industry.
      PubDate: 2022-11-18
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37174
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Hand hygienization and its relevance for the prevention of health care
           infections: an integrative review

    • Authors: Matheus Cruz Gurgel , Samisa Maria Gomes da Luz , Ana Priscylla Pinheiro Diógenes Lima, Leiz Maria Costa Veras
      Abstract: Introduction: Health care-related infections (HAIs) are characterized as infections that arise after the patient's admission to the health unit. In combating IRAS, a simple and low-cost hospital procedure stands out: hand hygiene. Methodology: This is an integrative review bibliographic research, using the following descriptors: Health Personnel, Hand Disinfection, Infection Control, Infection Control, Hand Disinfection, Health Personnel, Universal Access to Health Services, Meio Ambiente y Salud Pública e Higiene de las Manos, obtained from the Medical Subject Headings (MESH) and Health Sciences Descriptors (DeCS) for consultation in the PubMed databases of the National Library of Medicine and the Virtual Health Library ( VHL). Results and Discussion: The selected articles were mostly characterized as qualitative studies (80%), with a focus on treatment / intervention (90%), the country with the greatest origin of the studies was Brazil (50%), and the area knowledge was concentrated in the interdisciplinary field (70%). It was found that hand hygiene is a highly important factor in the prevention of HAIs, however it was not performed properly, requiring training and awareness of the importance of this procedure to health professionals. Conclusion: Hand hygiene consists of a cost-effective technique, and is a major contributor to the prevention of healthcare-related infections, and should be performed by the entire healthcare team, before and after any procedure or contact with the patient.
      PubDate: 2022-11-18
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37103
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Antimicrobial resistance in patients of an intensive care unit in a
           private hospital in Cascavel – PR

    • Authors: Gabriella Michalczechen Silva, Claudinei Mesquita da Silva
      Abstract: The objective was to determine the prevalence of multidrug-resistant bacteria in patients admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU) of a private hospital in western Paraná. Patients aged 18 years or older, admitted between January 1, 2021 and December 31, 2021 were included. Clinical materials used were: rectal swab, nasal swab, tracheal secretion, urine, central venous catheter tip and peripheral blood culture. Males had a higher rate of bacterial infections, with tracheal secretion being the analyzed sample that showed the highest prevalence of Klebsiella pneumoniae. As for antimicrobials, many patients showed resistance to all antimicrobials, those with the lowest rate of resistance were carbapenems. It is extremely important to know the prevalence of multidrug-resistant bacteria, as the treatment of bacterial infections in the ICU is a major problem for public health not only in Brazil, but worldwide.
      PubDate: 2022-11-18
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37347
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Postnatal consultation: Reports of obstetric violence

    • Authors: Janinne Santos de Melo, Alycia Fernanda dos Santos Silva
      Abstract: Objective: to describe how the nurse can identify, in the puerperal consultation, women who have suffered obstetric violence in the maternity ward. Methodology: this is an integrative literature review, in which the Virtual Health Library (VHL) was used as a database for the collection of articles, the studies of the last 05 years were analyzed, available in full and in the Portuguese language. Result: when analyzing the crossing between the descriptors “Obstetric violence” AND “Postnatal care” in the VHL, 14 results were obtained in total. After selecting Portuguese-language articles published in the last 5 years (n= 6 results). After reading the title (n=02 articles). After reading the abstract (n=01 article). When the descriptors “Obstetric violence” AND “Complications of labor” were confronted, 05 articles were shown as a result, of which 02 were in Portuguese and published in the last 5 years. In sequence, with reading of titles and abstracts (n= 02 articles); so the total of studies evaluated were 03 articles. Conclusion: Therefore, through the present study, it was observed that women still suffer OV during their passage through the maternity hospital, in their prepartum, delivery and postpartum processes. Such violence violates their rights as a human being and is practiced by birth care professionals, in places that should take and offer more protection to these women. Unfortunately, these women end up having a negative childbirth experience.
      PubDate: 2022-11-18
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37415
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Aspects of nursing care in the treatment of acute respiratory distress
           syndrome in the Intensive Care Unit

    • Authors: José Wesley Alves de Sousa, Iglésio Santana Fontinele, Államy Danilo Moura e Silva
      Abstract: Nursing as a science and profession is designed to sustain life and promote biopsychosocial functions, and hospitals are one of its main workplaces. This paper aims to evaluate nursing care in the treatment of acute respiratory distress syndrome in Intensive Care Units. The study has a qualitative approach and a basic nature, this study is the result of a bibliographic survey on the theme in question. Nine articles were selected to compose the final sample, which demonstrated the assistance given and the difficulties encountered. During the Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome there are several consequences among them the gas exchange impairment, which occurs due to ventilation-perfusion incompatibility, because it is when there is a physiological condition that results in the lung alveoli being perfused with blood, but the air supply fails to supply this perfused region causing low blood oxygen level. It is concluded from the articles used to construct this study that the nurse has difficulties inside the Intensive Care Units related to the treatment of the Respiratory Distress Syndrome.
      PubDate: 2022-11-18
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37240
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Passiflora on anxiety and depression support

    • Authors: Gustavo Silva da Conceição, Hiago Marques Seixas, Iandra Pimenta de Sousa, Luis Felipe Miranda Lantyer Villas Boas, Robson Dias de Souza
      Abstract: The Passiflora genus encompasses several species that are studied for medicinal purposes, some of which stand out in the treatment of anxiety and depression. The objective of this work is to evaluate the anxiolytic and/or antidepressant effects of species of the genus Passiflora. This is a systematic review, in which articles were identified through searches in virtual databases, such as: Scielo, Scopus, PubMed, ScienceDirect, ScienceOpen. 445 articles were found, published between 2015 and 2022, in Portuguese, english and spanish, of which 8 fit the proposed theme. The results showed that the species Passiflora incarnata, P. edulis, P. salpoense and P. tenuifila showed pharmacological activity in anxiolytic and antidepressant effects, and when compared with the drugs midazolam, nortriptyline, fluoxetine and diazepam they obtained similar effects.
      PubDate: 2022-11-18
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37219
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Impacts of the pandemic on agribusiness in the municipality of Guaraí
           – TO

    • Authors: Thatiellen Rodrigues Barbosa, Waleria Cavalcante Ferreira, Heliel Eustáquio da Silveira
      Abstract: The pandemic caused by the coronavirus has been considered an unprecedented event in history, as people have suffered serious impacts in various areas of life, especially the world economy. In this sense, it can be said that covid-19 has had repercussions in different ways on the production, distribution and supply of foos and agricultural inputs across the country. Based on this premise, the present research aims, in general, to address the Impact of the Pandemic on Agribusiness in the municipality of Guaraí-TO, making a practical and local comparison with what is known in scientific records on the subject, in a specific way. Seeks to report on the general context and economic effects on agribusiness, address the impacts of the pandemic on the agricultural sector and point out the impacts of the pandemic on the agricultural sector. The methodology used was a mix between the bibliographic review and analysis of field research results, the latter being carried out with six companies in the agricultural sector that participated in the research by answering a question form to measure the behavior of local commerce in the face of the pandemic. And the measures imposed to contain the disease.
      PubDate: 2022-11-18
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.35708
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Adulterants survey in informal raw milk and uat milk sold in a county in
           south

    • Authors: Matheus Carvalho Rios, Patrícia Soares Pereira, Jéssyka Viana Valadares Franco, Carlos Severino dos Santos Junior, Karolayne Espíndola Ribeiro, Daylla Natacha Ferreira da Mata, Hanna Monise Soares Rodrigues, Ellen Coelho Marinho, Rayssa Soares Rodrigues, Erika Carolina Vieira Almeida
      Abstract: Milk is composed of a mix of complex substances and constitutes one of the main foods consumed in the world, due to its organoleptic and nutritional characteristics. The lack of quality of this product is related to various forms of fraud, causing food and public health problems. This research aimed to detect the presence of adulterants in “informal” raw milk and UHT milk sold in a municipality in the south of Tocantins. Six samples of UHT milk and three samples of informal raw milk were collected, which were submitted to sensory analysis, alizarol, formaldehyde, chlorine, hypochlorite, sucrose, chloride, sodium hydroxide tests and pH determination. An unsatisfactory result was detected in only one UHT milk sample (LT3), which showed the presence of hypochlorite. In the analysis of informal raw milk, two samples were detected with alterations in one of the analyzed parameters: the LC1 sample showed changes in its organoleptic characteristics and the LC2 sample showed a positive result in the chloride test. The other analyzes of adulterants and physical-chemical characteristics were found in accordance with the criteria defined in legislation. This research shows the need for monitoring and inspection of the quality parameters of products on the market, especially the need for greater control over illegally traded milk, which is more subject to the presence of adulterants.
      PubDate: 2022-11-18
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37150
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Oral manifestations in individuals with COVID-19: literature review

    • Authors: Thaysa Maria Lira Bastos Santos, Anne Emanuele de Azevedo Martins, Maria Eduarda dos Santos Brito, Natalli Perez Maia, Myrella Mikaela Araújo Lima, Gabriela de Figueiredo Meira, Juliana Lopes de Sá
      Abstract: Introduction: COVID-19 is an infectious disease that emerged in 2019, caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus, was decreed in March 2020 by the World Health Organization as a pandemic and has become a global public health problem. Objective: The objective of this article is to carry out a literature review regarding oral manifestations in individuals with COVID-19. Methodology: Google academic, Scientific Electronic Library Online (SCIELO) databases were used; PUBMED; Virtual Health Library (VHL); using keywords like “Oral Manifestations”, “COVID-19”, “SARS-CoV-2”. Results: This disease causes a series of systemic changes, there are studies on the possible relationship between atypical manifestations and SARS-CoV-2. Results and discussions: The studies showed oral manifestations such as: taste disorder, xerostomia/dry mouth, aphthous lesions, plaques, vesicobullous lesions, petechiae, erythema, pigmentation, multiform lesions, desquamative gingivitis, candidiasis, lichen planus and necrosis of the oral mucosa., herpes-like lesions, ulcerative and erosive lesions. Final considerations: Longitudinal studies are needed to confirm the association of manifestations with COVID-19.
      PubDate: 2022-11-18
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37306
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Incidence of cervical cancer in young people and the socioeconomic profile
           of this group in the Regions of Brazil

    • Authors: Brenda Lais Flexa Pereira de Oliveira, Maila Moraes da Cruz, Regianne Maciel dos Santos Correa
      Abstract: Cervical cancer (CC), also called cervical cancer, is caused by infection with some types of Human Papillomavirus (HPV). CC is the third most frequent neoplasm in the Brazilian female population. The objective of the present study was to investigate the incidence of cervical cancer in young people and the socioeconomic profile of this group in the regions of Brazil. An exploratory literature review and qualitative method was carried out. Data collection was carried out by searching the following databases: SciELO, LILACS, MEDLINE, Google Scholar and PubMed. In the results, 13 articles were selected according to the objective proposed in this review. In the North region, there were higher mortality rates and higher growth rate due to cervical neoplasia in the South region. Recent data found in the literature showed that approximately 189 (0.68%) deaths occurred in women aged below 25 years. CC mortality in Brazil is still increasing in some Brazilian regions. These data reinforce previous studies that showed the main risk factors related to early initiation of sexual life, multiple sexual partners and lack of information about CC. Therefore, there is a need for greater action on public policies and educational practices that lead and encourage this young population to raise awareness of the prevention of cervical cancer according to the needs of each region, especially those most needy and with a low rate of education.
      PubDate: 2022-11-18
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37491
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • The role of immunonutrition in the fight against Covid-19: an integrative
           review

    • Authors: Dayvid Murilo de Souza Vasconcelos, Ana Júlia da Silva , Liejy Agnes dos Santos Raposo Landim
      Abstract: The goal of this review was to carry out a search on the evidences of the role of immunonutrition in patients fighting covid-19. concerns an integrative literature review, as search sources were the databases: Scientific Eletronic Library Online (Scielo), National Library of Medicine (PubMed), Google Scholar. For the selection of the sample, original article criteria have been established indexed between the years 2019 to 2022, the choice of this period took into account the criterion of temporality, in which the cut-off of three years was considered, as it is a recent viral disease, in English and Portuguese. The studies analyzed the possible role of nutrients, glutamine, arginine, Omega-3 and vitamin C and D in the modulation of the immune system. It is worth to emphysize that these nutrients are directly linked to the immune response that our body releases against infections, therefore, immunonutrition is an important instrument to be used against the viral infection of covid-19. Based on the results of the articles examined, it was observed that these nutrients had a positive effect on recovery, reduction of symptoms and mortality of patients with the disease, this is due to the fact that immunonutrients play a role in reducing inflammation caused by an exacerbated response of the body to fight the virus, concomitantly with this, these immunonutrients strengthened the immune system by modulating in a balanced way the immune responses released by the body.In this way, the modulation of the immune system through nutrition has a beneficial action for the recovery of patients with Covid-19.
      PubDate: 2022-11-18
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37489
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Nutrition as a palliative role in the fundamental care of cancer patients

    • Authors: Alexia Rebeca Maduro Medici , Monalisa de Souza Brígido , Rebbek da Silva Barros , José Carlos de Sales Ferreira, Rebeca Sakamoto Figueiredo
      Abstract: Introduction: The nutritionist plays a substantial role in palliative care in the lives of cancer patients and their families. As a member of the multidisciplinary team, she works to reduce and control symptoms and improve patients' quality of life. Methodology: A bibliographic narrative review was carried out in the analysis of books, articles and the National Cancer Institute (INCA), in the period between 2012 and 2022. The keywords were used for the composition of the search: Oncology, Nutrition, Palliative Care and Food. Results and Discussion: The results showed an important reduction in the side effects caused by the treatment, providing nutritional guidelines relevant to these individuals. In this final phase, food also plays an important role, focusing on promoting relief from suffering and quality of life. Conclusion: In addition to providing clarification and guidance in order to prolong survival, the nutritionist must guide the patient and their families about the Nutritional Therapy in use, considering their wishes without considering their clinical conditions and ethical aspects.
      PubDate: 2022-11-18
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37390
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Accuracy of the Simple Triage and Rapid Treatment (START) algorithm in
           accident and disaster triage: an integrative review

    • Authors: Gessica Montagner, Karen Karoline Iaghy de Sousa, Marcos Vinícios Ferreira dos Santos
      Abstract: The Simple Triage and Rapid Treatment (START) algorithm was proposed to identify salvageable victims from those with imminent mortality, and is the most popular triage system worldwide. Therefore, demonstrating the accuracy of the START protocol is of fundamental importance, since it operates in an extreme scenario and time and effective decision making can save lives. Thus, this study aims to analyze the accuracy of the START algorithm in triage of accidents and disasters. This is an integrative literature review, and the following databases were used for the research: PUBMED, LILACS, and COCHRANE. The screening process had the following inclusion criteria: articles that answered the guiding question, in English or Portuguese, and between 2017 and 2021. After the searches, a total of 7 articles were obtained for review. Victim management using the START protocol allows the rescuer to quickly decide the expected level of care needed in order to focus advanced pre-hospital care on patients requiring immediate interventions. This algorithm could significantly hasten the triage process and reduce under-triage over time, even when adopted by non-medical personnel, especially when establishing triage points. Correct triage was demonstrated in 36% of patients, with under-screening occurring in 56.8% of patients. Overall, the START protocol meets the needs of mass casualty care, but it needs modifications to become a more effective protocol. Thus, it is necessary to continue with new studies on the accuracy and ways to optimize this protocol in order to optimize the triage system, promoting quick and effective decision making.
      PubDate: 2022-11-18
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37234
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Morphology, viability, meiotic index and pollen cytochemistry of sangra
           d'água (Croton urucurana Baill)

    • Authors: Edimilson Leonardo Ferreira , Elisa dos Santos Cardoso , Giseudo Aparecido de Paiva, Ana Paula Roveda, Kelli Évelin Müller Zortéa, Tânieli de Souza Corbulin, Angelo Gabriel Mendes Cordeiro, Ana Aparecida Bandini Rossi
      Abstract: The sangra d’agua (Croton urucurana Baill) is a tree species, used in traditional medicine and with potential for use in reforestation. Information on reproductive aspects of the species, such as morphology, viability and pollen cytochemistry provide data that can be used in projects aimed at its conservation. This work aimed to use colorimetric tests to evaluate pollen viability, meiotic index and identify the nutrient reserve substances of pollen grains, as well as to characterize the morphology of pollen from bleeds. Flower buds were collected in pre-anthesis from ten individuals located in the municipality of Alta Floresta-MT. For the morphological analysis of pollens, the acetolysis method was used, while for the evaluation of pollen viability, Alexander's reagent and acetic carmine 2% were used, which was also used to estimate the meiotic index. For analysis of reserve substances, lugol 2% and sudan IV were used. Bleeding pollens were classified as spherical of the prolate-spheroidal subtype. All dyes used proved to be efficient in distinguishing between viable and non-viable pollens and also in detecting the reserve substance. The species showed an average of 98.9% for pollen viability and 94.67% for the meiotic index, indicating meiotic regularity. The cytochemical analysis revealed that the species has starch and lipid as reserve substances. The high percentage of viable pollens indicates that the sangra d’água has reproductive stability, being reproductively adapted to the environment where it is naturally found in the municipality of Alta Floresta, MT.
      PubDate: 2022-11-18
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37066
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Challenges in the treatment and control of Tuberculosis in Manaus-AM

    • Authors: Ana Célia Chagas Freire, Raquel Dourante do Nascimento, Valéria Gomes Guimarães, Gabriel de Oliveira Rezende
      Abstract: Amazonas has the highest incidence rate of tuberculosis in the country with 64.8 cases per 100,000 inhabitants in 2020. From January to February 2021, 370 cases were recorded in the state, with 270 notifications in Manaus. The indicators are monitored by the FVS-AM State Tuberculosis Control Program (PECT/FVS-AM, 2021). The general objective of this study was to investigate the challenges, aspects and treatments associated with tuberculosis control in Manaus-AM. Specific objectives: to describe the general aspects of tuberculosis; to analyze the symptoms of TB in the last decade; advances in the treatment of tuberculosis; classify the challenges in completing treatment from the diagnosis of the disease; show the challenges related to the treatment and control of tuberculosis in Manaus-AM. It was a study that was carried out through a systematic review, based on data sources from qualitative bibliographic research. The study was carried out through research on academic websites: Google academic, Scielo and the collection of the sectoral library of the Faculdade Metropolitana de Manaus- FAMETRO. Manaus is the most populous city in the northern region of Brazil and has the highest TB incidence and mortality rate. The city concentrates almost 90% of hospitalizations of patients with TB in the state. The study presented is relevant because it is a topic that can contribute to the understanding of TB treatment and diagnosis, which is the cause of thousands of deaths every year in the world.
      PubDate: 2022-11-18
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37144
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Potential of poultry residual fat biofuels from thermo-catalytic cracking

    • Authors: Thiago Vechi, Camila da Silva Maschio , Julia Kleis, Luana Marcele Chiarello, Vanderleia Botton, Vinicyus Rodolfo Wiggers , Laercio Ender
      Abstract: Biofuels have been occupying space in the fuel market as a renewable substitute for petrol fuels. The thermal and/or thermo-catalytic cracking using triglyceride biomass stands out among the biofuel production processes. Cracking processes result in the production of coke, bio-oil and non-condensable gases. The quantification of each product in a cracking process is directly linked to operational conditions. This project focuses on the use of residual fat from the poultry processing industry, converting it into biofuel so that it can be used in the industry itself as a source of energy. The quality of the products generated are linked to the raw material used, as well as the conditions used in the cracking process. One way to improve the characteristics of the bio-oil produced can be achieved with the use of a catalyst together with thermal cracking. The literature has shown that in thermo-catalytic cracking, there is lower yield in bio-oil, but with some properties, such as acidity and viscosity closer to the value required by legislation for use in engines. This project aims to add value to an industrial waste, by converting this waste into biofuel using thermo-catalytic cracking, with the possibility of being used in the industry itself, as well as investigating the optimization of the process to improve the quality of bio-oil. The yield of the liquid fraction was around 67 % with an acid value of 58.74 mg KOH/g sample.
      PubDate: 2022-11-18
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.36458
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Design of a hospital laundry effluent clarification system

    • Authors: Daniel de Morais Sobral, Camila Freire Novaes, Ivan Xavier Lins, Galba Maria Campos-Takaki, Valdemir Alexandre dos Santos
      Abstract: Approximately 20% of the mineral coal ash (MCA) generated worldwide, during the combustion of this fossil fuel, has been used to produce Portland cement. Other applications include soil improvement, ceramic industry, catalysis, and an application with special interest for this work which is the synthesis of zeolites. A hospital effluent clarification system was developed using MCA as an adsorbent for substances responsible for the color of the effluent generated by the laundry. A perfect mix tank promotes intimate contact between MCA and the effluent. At the exit of the mixing tank, a pH sensor correlated the value of this variable with the concentration of MCA in the mixture inside the tank. The information about the pH of the mixture was then sent to a programmable logical controller (PLC), which regulated the motor speed of a screw conveyor, with the aid of a frequency inverter. A color removal efficiency of the order of 99.8% was achieved. The proposed clarification system can operate both in batch and continuous. In the first case, the ideal operating conditions can be set. The strategy for adjusting operating conditions is to obtain an adequate nominal capacity for the system by reducing or increasing the number of cyclones per battery or the number of cyclone batteries.
      PubDate: 2022-11-18
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37275
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Estimation of costs in the textile industry: A case study

    • Authors: Mohamed Homar Suleiman Rabai, Irenilza de Alencar Näas, Rimena Canuto Oliveira, Solimar Garcia
      Abstract: This topic is approached through a case study of a textile industry located in São Paulo. The textile melioration process was selected to have its capacity analyzed. The choice of these stages of the production chain is based on the fact that they are the main production processes within the company that involve a large flow of raw materials and labor. The results of this research serve to review and analyze the total manufacturing costs of items produced in the company. And also for future economic studies of the production chain, creating an academic reference on the subject.
      PubDate: 2022-11-18
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37061
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Affective abandonment in childhood and psychological damage: An
           integrative literature review

    • Authors: Raquel Figueira de Sousa Araújo, Michelle Correa Moucherek
      Abstract: The subject of the present study addresses a subject that is part of the reality of many children who are victims of affective abandonment, which has consequences in their psychological formation. The family is the child's first constitution and has a strong influence on all stages of its development. Following this assumption, the research aims to analyze the psychological consequences caused by affective abandonment in childhood, studying its main consequences. The article performs an Integrative Literature Review as a methodology, which consists of conducting research that enables the synthesis, identification and structuring of knowledge for the elaboration of new interventions on the subject. It will use the BVS Platform, Library of Medicine (MEDLINE), Scientific Electronic Library Online (Scielo) as a database.
      PubDate: 2022-11-17
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.36934
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Vaccination profile for COVID-19 in the municipality of Jaraguá do
           Sul, Santa Catarina

    • Authors: Danielle Daga, Paula de Oliveira Santana, Adalberto Alves de Castro, Lucas Rodrigo Hermes Leal da Costa Nunes, Luciane Peter Grillo
      Abstract: Objective: To trace the epidemiological profile of individuals vaccinated in the year 2021 in the municipality of Jaraguá do Sul, SC. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach. The population was composed of individuals vaccinated against coronavirus, registered in the information system of the Health Department of the city of Jaraguá do Sul/SC, between 01/01/2021 and 31/12/2021. The variables evaluated were gender, age range, types and doses of vaccines, administration period, and neighborhoods of residence. Results/Discussion: The highest prevalence of vaccination was in females (52.2%) and the predominant age group was adults. The neighborhood with the highest vaccination coverage was Ilha da Figueira, with 17,328 people vaccinated, followed by Barra do Rio Cerro with 15,734 and Centro with 15,366. 116,451 individuals were vaccinated with the first dose until December 2021, 109,568 with the second dose, 20,738 received a booster dose, and 6,168 received a single dose. By December 2021, 80.3% of individuals had been vaccinated with the first dose, characterizing the immunity of the herd in the municipality. Conclusions: The importance of this analysis at the municipal level is fundamental in Primary Care, because it allows the application of prevention, promotion, and health education measures.
      PubDate: 2022-11-17
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37374
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Acceptability about the use of generic drugs and its challenges in the
           pharmaceutical market

    • Authors: Ellen Raynne Calumby Silva, Thamyres Fernanda Moura Pedrosa Souza
      Abstract: Introduction: Drugs are pharmaceutical forms obtained for the therapeutic purpose for diagnostic purposes, so drugs are indispensable for human health. Then the generic drug policy in Brazil, implemented by law 9.787/99 established generic as identical to the reference, aiming at a greater introduction of drugs throughout the Brazilian territory ensuring a higher quality of life for the population. Anvisa guarantees the effectiveness of these drugs through bioequivalence testing, thus ensuring their interchangeability. Objective: To make an analysis about the acceptability of society in relation to the use of generic drugs and what are its challenges in the pharmaceutical market. Methodology: Refers to a bibliographic literature research, of the type integrative, qualitative and exploratory review, carried out in the databases: Scielo, Google scholar and Anvisa website. Result of discussions: Although it has been noted that the acceptance of generic drugs have grown since their arrival here in Brazil, it was observed the importance that health professionals have ahead to help expand the knowledge of the quality of generic drugs and that they are fully interchangeable as original medicine. Conclusion: It is concluded, then, that generics are of great importance for health promotion and that knowledge about their efficacy has increased over the years, but it is of paramount importance for physicians and pharmacists to explain the effectiveness of these drugs so that this acceptance can have more confidence.
      PubDate: 2022-11-17
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37083
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Psychosocial Impacts in the life of individuals with Vitiligo

    • Authors: Jhemerson da Silva Aquino, Patricia Kecianne, Elcivan Bezzera Miranda, Suellen Alves de Azevedo
      Abstract: Vitiligo is a relatively common disease, it is considered chronic and characterized by the appearance of white spots on the skin often caused by emotional issues. This study sought to analyze the main psychosocial impacts on the lives of individuals with vitiligo, for this, it sought to understand the main physical and psychological symptoms caused by the disease to later understand the psychosocial impacts involved and how they affect the lives of these individuals. The methodology used was an integrative literature review. For data collection, scientific articles published in the last 06 years, present on SciELO platforms, were analyzed; CAPES and PubMed. The results found with the descriptors selected in the Health Sciences Descriptors (DeCS) database were initially 7,313, after using the filters and inclusion and exclusion criteria, 13 articles were selected for full reading, 10 articles being selected. Thus, it was possible to infer from the references used linked to the area of ​​study of psychosomatics that diseases are not considered as an isolated fact in the body, but are a result of a process experienced by the individual, as is the case of vitiligo that, although it has not known origin, its causes can refer to various health problems and psychosocial issues. Therefore, it was concluded that for the most part, the psychosocial impacts on the individual are negative, causing these subjects to have a quality of life such as impaired physical, mental and social well-being, further aggravating the stains, which may trigger the development of other diseases. illnesses.
      PubDate: 2022-11-17
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37288
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Evaluation of the translocation of soil metals and waste for lettuce,
           arugula and radish: case study Mariana-Minas Gerais-Brazil

    • Authors: Otniel Alencar Bandeira, Palmeri Alencar Bandeira, Cristina Filomêna Pereira Rosa Paschoalato, Susana Segura-Muñoz
      Abstract: Mineral exploration is a relevant economic activity developed in Brazil, mainly in the State of Minas Gerais. The Quadrilátero Ferrífero region is considered one of the largest polymineral provinces on the planet and has important reserves of iron ore, manganese, nickel, aluminum and gold. With the failure of the Fundão dam in Mariana-MG, in 2015, millions of tons of tailings overflowed, being deposited in the soil and water resources. The tailings load first reached the Santarém Dam, causing its overtopping, subsequently reaching the sub-district of Bento Rodrigues, Rio Gualaxo do Norte, Rio Carmo, Rio Doce and the Atlantic Ocean. There were 663.2 km of water bodies directly impacted, 41 municipalities and two states affected: Minas Gerais and Espírito Santo. Given the magnitude of the damage caused to the ecosystem and the lack of information and studies in the health area, this research aims to investigate the transfer of contamination of metals present in the tailings to the trophic chain, through the cultivation of food on the contaminated substrate. and chemical determinations in the shoot and root system. Evaluation of the Translocation Factor of the metals was developed in vegetables (lettuce, arugula and radish), cultivated with natural soil of Mariana-MG and with mining tailings. The results of the tests with vegetables indicate samples that presented a Translocation Factor greater than 1, showing the transport of metals from the roots to the aerial part of the vegetables, which can represent a risk to the health of the population.
      PubDate: 2022-11-17
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.36020
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Therapeutic actions of cashew exudate (gum): a review

    • Authors: Rebecca Rhuanny Tolentino Limeira, Daianne de Sousa Medeiros, Hilzeth de Luna Freire Pessôa
      Abstract: The objective of this research was to carry out a survey in the literature on the therapeutic actions of the cashew exudate (gum). A search was carried out in the Scielo, Bireme and PubMed databases, during the months of August to September 2022. 208 articles were found, of which 114 were analyzed and 24 were included in this research. Among them, there is the antimicrobial action (cited by 7 articles), anti-inflammatory (cited by 6 articles), gastroprotective and antitumor (cited by 4 articles), and some actions in lesser applications and concomitant in studies such as antinociceptive, antidiarrheal, healing, immunomodulatory and cryopreserving. It is concluded that the bibliographic survey is of fundamental importance for the expansion of scientific knowledge about the pharmacotherapeutic use of Goma do Cajueiro (CG).
      PubDate: 2022-11-17
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37156
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Post-COVID-19 Hair Disorders in the City of Iguatu-PR

    • Authors: Fernanda Cristina Perelli, Patrícia Stadler Rosa Lucca
      Abstract: Objective: To identify the prevalence of hair disorders after COVID-19 infection in individuals from the city of Iguatu-PR. Methodology: quantitative and qualitative exploratory-descriptive research, carried out through the application of an online questionnaire to patients who attended the basic health unit of the municipality during the month of August 2022, being selected only those patients aged between 18 and 60 years that presented the infection by the new coronavirus. Results: 58.75% of respondents reported having some sequel after infection by COVID-19, in relation to hair loss, 53.75% of individuals reported the development of hair loss after infection. 55.8% of the subjects reported thinning of the hair strands, and 86% of the subjects reported that the hair loss was diffuse. As for the time elapsed until the onset of the fall, the time range varied between 1 week and 6 months or more after the infection for the first signs of fall to appear, 30.23% of people reported that the symptoms appeared 1 month after the infection. The duration of hair loss did not exceed 6 months in 81.58% of respondents, only 18.42% of the 43 patients reported that the hair loss lasted for more than 6 months. Conclusion: COVID-19 can lead to the development of hair disorders, among them, telogen effluvium is more prevalent. More information should be sought to actually clarify the relationship between COVID-19 and hair loss, studies with larger populations bring more representative results.
      PubDate: 2022-11-17
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37145
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Photobiomodulation in the treatment of pressure injuries: an integrative
           review

    • Authors: Maria Elycris Soares da Silva, Tibério Cesar Lima de Vasconcelos
      Abstract: Pressure injuries can be defined as damage to the skin and adjacent soft tissues, usually over bony eminence, caused by prolonged exposure to friction, pressure and shear forces. Thus, the involvement of this type of injury in patients is directly added to the recovery and quality of life of patients. Since, due to the presence of multiple epidemiological factors, the healing of such chronic skin lesions does not occur properly. . Thus, the present study aimed, through an integrative review, to describe the benefits of photobiomodulation in the treatment of pressure injuries. In this sense, the researchers point out that low-level laser therapy works by reducing the migration of inflammatory cells (neutrophils and leukocytes). Improving edema and increasing growth factors, developing a tissue recovery process. However, the controversies regarding the standardization of the parameters to be applied in the therapy make it difficult to choose the dosage to be used. Thus, the need and importance of continuation of research covering the theme is highlighted.
      PubDate: 2022-11-17
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37403
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Carbohydrates in the pre-workout meal and their relation to physical and
           sports performance: an integrative review

    • Authors: Diôgo Alves Gomes, Keila Cristiane Batista Bezerra Lopes, Luiza Marly Freitas de Carvalho
      Abstract: Carbohydrate is considered as the main source of energy for living beings because its substrates are used by several metabolic pathways responsible for energy production in the body. The consumption of certain macronutrients at specific times in relation to the training time is one of the main strategies used in sports nutrition. The present study aims to analyze the effects on physical and sports performance with the use of carbohydrates in the pre-workout meal. This is an integrative review of the literature available in the PubMed and Scielo databases, using the descriptors: “exercise”, “athletic performance” and “carbohydrates”. Only clinical trials published between 2016 and 2022 were included. After reviewing the literature, 12 studies were selected that evaluated, among other aspects, physical performance in different sports modalities using pre-exercise nutritional strategies that include carbohydrates in its composition. The results found suggest that the pre-workout consumption of carbohydrates can improve performance in strength exercises, but not in aerobic exercises.
      PubDate: 2022-11-17
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37375
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Profile of Maternal Deaths in the State of Paraná Between 2010 and
           2020: An Ecological Study

    • Authors: Emily Caroline Bezerra de Almeida , Tatiane Renata Fagundes
      Abstract: Maternal mortality refers to any death that occurs during pregnancy or within 42 days of termination, regardless of location or duration, from any direct or indirect cause associated with a worsening pregnancy. The identification of the causes of maternal mortality has stimulated the investigation of the epidemiological profile of maternal mortality and the avoidable causes to improve the quality of care for women of childbearing age. Thus, the present study aims to provide information on the causes of direct and indirect maternal mortality, through an analysis of the profile of deaths, where the number of pregnancies that occurred between 2010 and 2020 in the state of Paraná was researched, relating them directly to the number of maternal deaths. This is an ecological study, which compares social and health indicators of the population, in the state of Paraná, the way of grouping the variables obeyed the availability of information in the system, through pre-fixed inclusion and exclusion criteria. As a result, it was found that the maternal mortality rate in Paraná is high. This study also showed the main factors associated with mortality, taking into account the causes and quality of care provided, highlighting the need for governments to invest in the training and qualification of professionals to assist women of reproductive age, prenatal care, childbirth, abortion and puerperium.
      PubDate: 2022-11-17
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37339
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • The importance of physiotherapy in vestibular rehabilitation in elderly
           with dizziness

    • Authors: Nívia Assunção da Silva, Tatielly Sousa dos Santos, Millena Bezerra Lopes
      Abstract: To demonstrate the importance of physical therapy in the prevention process and in the treatment of the elderly in vestibular rehabilitation. Vertigo can be caused by numerous sensory factors; an investigation is needed initially. In the aging process, physiotherapy is essential and a great ally in the life of the elderly, seeking to make them feel confident when performing their routine activities. Sensory disorders can manifest at any stage of life, but the elderly are much more likely to suffer from these disorders. This is a literature review analyzing several studies related to vestibular rehabilitation accessed through data published between 2001 to 2022, and 21 articles were selected. In addition to the physical therapist, the family is very important in the rehabilitation process of the elderly, as it acts as a support where the physical therapist will seek their information, guide and help to draw up an adequate treatment plan, which increases their functional capacity by supporting their independence, improving balance, bringing more security and well-being.
      PubDate: 2022-11-17
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37274
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Integrative review on medicinal plants in the treatment of obesity and
           dyslipidemias on climacteric women

    • Authors: Rosana Antunes Palheta, Francisca Marta Nascimento de Oliveira Freitas
      Abstract: Medicinal plants and herbal medicines are widely used in Brazil as a therapeutic alternative, especially by those who are being treated for chronic diseases such as obesity and dyslipidemia, common diseases that are present in climacteric women. The objective of this work was to carry out an integrative review to identify species of medicinal plants used as a complementary therapy for the treatment of obesity and dyslipidemia in climacteric women. For this work, a bibliographic review was carried out with a survey of scientific articles in order to produce a qualitative database with criteria that allowed to gather, evaluate and synthesize the results of previous studies relevant to the theme medicinal plants, obesity, dyslipidemias and women in the climacteric. The results describe the identification of species, uses, active ingredient, forms of use, dose of use, toxicity of the species found. Among the species mentioned are: Camellia sinensis (L) O. Kuntze, Garcinia cambogia (Gaertn.) Desr., Citrus aurantium Dulcis (Citrus sinensis (L) Osbeck, Cordia salicifolia Cham, Gymnema sylvestre [Retz] R. Br. Ex Schult ), Phaseolus vulgaris L., Hibiscus sabdariffa D.C., Ilex paraguariensis A. St.-Hil, Equisetum arvense L, Cassia nomame (Sieb) Honda. These are species rich in antioxidants, with different actions in the body. The indication of these species by nutritionists can collaborate in the treatment of obesity as a complementary therapy for climacteric women, concomitant with adequate diet and physical activity.
      PubDate: 2022-11-17
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37153
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Physiotherapeutic approach to Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
           (ADHD)

    • Authors: Aline Miranda da Conceição, Maria Beatriz Siqueira de Carvalho, Victor Hugo do Vale Bastos, Glauco Lima Rodrigues, Ana Cláudia Mota Freitas
      Abstract: Physiotherapy is one of the areas that can act in the process of diagnosis and monitoring of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). In this sense, the objective was to outline the studies and development of technologies on the subject and the physiotherapeutic approaches already registered in databases. The search was conducted from January to July 2022, the descriptors used were "ADHD AND Physiotherapy" being performed on the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) patent database and articles and abstracts: Scopus Web of Science, PubMed, The Lens and ScienceDirect. Using the Scopus Web of Science, PubMed, The Lens and ScienceDirect article bases and the descriptors “ADHD AND Physiotherapy”. It is concluded that the role of physiotherapy in the development and monitoring of people with ADHD, from diagnosis, with exercises and activities that help in motor, neurological and cognitive progression, becomes relevant for promoting health and quality of life for these patients.
      PubDate: 2022-11-17
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37138
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Use of anxiolytics and antidepressants by university students in the
           health area: a literature review

    • Authors: Marielly Izabel de Alemida Araújo, Ana Clara de Sales Barboza, João Paulo de Melo Guedes
      Abstract: Anxiety and depression are increasingly common mental disorders. Anxiety disorder is most often associated with physical and psychological symptoms, such as changes in behavior and mood, and unpleasant thoughts. The high rates of university students in the health area with depressive symptoms are also correlated with greater psychological susceptibility. The study was carried out through an integrative literature review. Using the Scientific Electronic Library Online (SCIELO), Google Scholar and Virtual Health Library (BVS-BIREME) databases. Courses in the health area have a higher prevalence of developing anxiety and depression. It is true that most university students resort to the use of psychotropic drugs, mainly anxiolytics and antidepressants, to alleviate the symptoms suffered by anxiety and depression. The general objective of this research is to review the literature available in free databases, on the factors, the prevalence and preference of use of which drugs, and the risks involved in their inappropriate use.
      PubDate: 2022-11-17
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37379
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Physiotherapeutic intervention in children diagnosed with obstetric
           brachial palsy: integrative literature review

    • Authors: Dayane Livramento da Costa, Bárbara Bernardo Rinaldo da Silva Figueirêdo
      Abstract: Introduction: Obstetric Brachial Palsy (OBP) generates losses in functionality and quality of life of children. Physiotherapeutic intervention in these cases has the objective of recovering the functional capacity of the limb and having a positive impact on quality of life. Objective: To describe the most used techniques in physiotherapy performance for the treatment of PBO through an integrative review. Methodology: This is a literature review through a bibliographic survey in the electronic databases National Library of Medicine (PubMed), Scientific Electronic Library Online (Scielo), Cochrane Library, articles and books on Academic Google with a focus on the theme. Using the following descriptors: Brachial Plexus neoropathies AND neonatal brachial plexus palsy OR Child AND Pediatrics OR Physiotherapy AND Rehabilitation. Results: 171 studies were identified, of which only four were included in this review. In the reviewed studies, the interventions had significant effects that resulted in improved strength, range of motion, greater ability to use the affected upper limb, functional gains, and gains in skills to perform bimanual tasks. Conclusion: The physical therapy treatment brought significant gains for children diagnosed with PBO. Physiotherapeutic interventions are essential to promote the function of the affected limb, in order to provide quality of life and prevent deformities.
      PubDate: 2022-11-17
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.36915
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Endometriosis and its relationship with female infertility: an integrative
           review

    • Authors: Veronica Arruda Barreto Souza, Aline Morais Fontenele , Julia Rocha Vargens
      Abstract: This article presents an integrative literature review aimed at reviewing the relationship between endometriosis and female infertility between the years 2016-2022. In this type of study, the integrative review helps to obtain, identify and analyze a specific topic in the literature. Thus, the objective of this work is to extract information from the updated literature through articles selected between the years 2016-2022 in empirical categories called: “Relationship of endometriosis with female infertility”; “Early diagnosis of endometriosis and the influence on female infertility”; "Treatment of endometriosis and the impact on women's health", in order to relate endometriosis to female infertility in an integrative review. The conclusion is, therefore, that health professionals, who manage the treatment of endometriosis, should be attentive to early diagnosis, whether in the form of a questionnaire or laboratory tests, treatment and, consequently, the quality of women's life.
      PubDate: 2022-11-17
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.35707
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Consequences of vitamin B12 deficiency in infants of vegetarian mothers: a
           review

    • Authors: Nadiely Viana Freitas, Daniela Fortes Neves Ibiapina, Keila Cristiane Batista Bezerra
      Abstract: Objective: The present study aimed to analyze vitamin B12 deficiency in vegetarian breastfeeding women and its consequences for the mother-child binomial. Methodology: Bibliographic review article, with a search performed in PubMed, Scientifc Electronic Libraly Online and Google Scholar databases from 2013 to 2022. Health Descriptors were used: “Deficiency”, “Vitamin B12”, “Infants”, "Pregnancy". Original articles that were indexed in the selected databases, in the languages: Portuguese, English and Spanish, published in the last ten years (2013 to 2022), original articles, field studies and case reports were included. The exclusion criteria were articles that were not within the selected periodicity, non-original articles and articles that did not address the theme. Initially, 2535 articles were found, which after applying the inclusion and exclusion criteria, at the end of the search, 9 articles remained. Results: In the analyzed studies, it was evidenced that vitamin B12 deficiency can bring serious risks to the health of the mother-child binomial resulting in malformation of the central nervous system, failure in growth, developmental regression, hypotonia, difficulties in feeding, hyperirritability, apathy , weakness, drowsiness, low weight and height gain, which may affect the infant's cognitive development. Conclusion: When adopting a vegetarian diet, care must be taken with their food intake to avoid nutritional deficiencies and, therefore, adequate nutritional monitoring is necessary, so that this style of eating and life does not bring harm to maternal-childish health.
      PubDate: 2022-11-17
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37373
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Consequences of the use of methylphenidate without medical prescription by
           university students

    • Authors: Zenaide Yalle Diodato Lima, Sabrina Antunes de Oliveira, João Gomes Pontes Neto
      Abstract: Central Nervous System (CNS) stimulant drugs, such as amphetamines, dextroamphetamines and methylphenidate (MPH), are drugs used mainly in the treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. In this sense, such medications are elements capable of raising the user's wakefulness, which demonstrates an improvement in mood and cognitive performance. This fact makes them increasingly sought after for the “recreational” mode, where they illicitly seek to increase their disposition as an aid to better academic and professional performance. In this context, the present study aimed, through an integrative review, to evaluate the use of Methylphenidate in academics without medical prescription and what are the main consequences that this inadequate consumption can cause in the human body. Thus, although the use of MPH promotes concentration, attention, disposition and energy, its indiscriminate use also causes changes in the wakefulness and mood of its users. Thus, the individual starts to present adverse effects such as changes in heart rate, bouts of insomnia and psychosis. The excessive use of psychotropic drugs is related to economic, social, clinical and educational aspects of consumers. Therefore, pharmacists, doctors and health professionals should assist in carrying out awareness campaigns, pamphlets and lectures.
      PubDate: 2022-11-17
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37368
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Bacillus: a eco-friendly source for plant development and sanity

    • Authors: Danielle Mattei, João Alencar Pamphile, João Arthur dos Santos de Oliveira, Andre Gustavo Battistus
      Abstract: Bacillus are non-pathogenic gram-positive bacteria capable of producing resistant spores. They have several beneficial characteristics to crop production, such as increased plant growth, resistance to abiotic/biotic stresses, nutritional improvement, and potential for bioremediation of contaminated soils. The use of microorganisms in agriculture has increased due to the reduction in the use of agrochemicals, and sustainable production. Therefore, the present study was based on bibliographical research on the current state of the art of biotechnological prospecting and obtaining commercial products of Bacillus for the agricultural sector. The search was conducted through the Google Academic platform limiting the search to the years 2015 to 2020. Papers that explained in vitro or in vivo prospecting methodologies of Bacillus with promoter or protective activity of plants and those that described microbial inoculants with this genus were selected. Different species of Bacillus can modulate plant growth producing plant hormones. Molecular biology tools such as DNA sequencing and PCR are applied to the study of genes involved in plant growth modulation by Bacillus such as AcPho, ipdC and asbA. For the elaboration of agricultural bioproducts, vegetative structures or endospores are used, under an optimal concentration of 1 x 108 CFU/mL. In the face of species diversity, many have not yet been studied and are promising to become bioproducts. This fact is enhanced by the immeasurable applicability of Bacillus.
      PubDate: 2022-11-17
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37199
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • The agroecological school garden as a strategy to confront the Covid-19
           pandemic

    • Authors: Andrezza Maia de Lima, Júlia Soares Pereira, Sílvia Noelly Ramos de Araújo, Jana Yres Barbosa de Sousa, Débora Samara Cruz Rocha Farias de Mello, Kalyne Sonale Arruda de Brito, Viviane Farias Silva
      Abstract: School has been considered an important space for the development of healthier eating habits. The agroecological school gardens are opportunities to enrich school meals with the inclusion of natural products, favoring the supplementation of vitamin and mineral needs, and promoting changes in eating habits of students and the school community. The project was developed from March 2020 to March 2022 in the Walnyza Borborema Cunha Lima Municipal Daycare Center, located in the municipality of Campina Grande, PB, during the Covid-19 pandemic, as a coping strategy, aiming to provide food to families with children enrolled in the daycare center and who were in a situation of economic and social vulnerability. The delivery of the food kits contributes to improving the food and nutritional security of the families assisted. The agro-ecological management adopted contributes to the maintenance of soil nutrition and fertility, plant health, and plant production in the desired quality and quantity. The insertion of the community in the daily school routine enables educational actions. The experience of children up to 5 years old in the school garden contributes to the construction of healthy eating habits and reduction of food waste, especially vegetables. The successful experience achieved in the Walnyza Borborema Cunha Lima Municipal Daycare serves as a model to be reproduced by other daycare centers and schools, integrating the community into the school environment through social and environmental actions that promote sustainable development of the entire community involved.
      PubDate: 2022-11-17
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37244
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Incidence of enteroparasites in fish from three tributaries of the Madeira
           River: A Unique Health issue in Rondônia, Brazil

    • Authors: Maria Karoline Sales de Sá, Taiane Nunes Magalhães, Yara Raphaela Maia dos Santos Gomes, Karen Almeida da Silva, Rebeka Alves Ramos, Ana Lívia do Nascimento Silva, Nayara Nágila Neves Alves, Carolina Rodrigues da Costa Doria, Elieth Afonso de Mesquita
      Abstract: The Fish is considered an important food source for Amazonian populations, however anthropic actions have promoted a diversity of zoonotic parasites. The objective of this study was to identify the enteroparasitic fauna in fecal samples of fish residing in the tributaries of the Madeira River, in Rondônia, Brazil. In this experimental research, there were collections of the intestine of captured fishes with gilnets between the periods of July 2021 and June 2022. Four collections were carried out: two in the creek Mutum Paraná, one in the creek Belmont and one in the creek Araras. For each collection point, 10 specimens were examined, totaling 40 fish. Fecal parasitological analysis was performed using two concomitant techniques, a spontaneous sedimentation method (Hoffman) and a density fluctuation method (Willis), allowing the identification of heavy and light microorganisms. The samples were morphologically analyzed by optical microscopy at 100 and 400X magnifications, allowing the identification of 13 genera of parasites: Taenia sp., Hymenolepis sp., Entamoeba sp, Capillaria sp., Toxocara sp., Strongyloides sp., Ascaris sp., Doradamphistoma sp., Dadaytrema sp., Hysterothylacium sp., Enterobius sp., Balantidium sp. and Ancylostoma sp. It is concluded that the fish collected in the affluents of the study presented several zoonotic parasites. The wide presence of these parasites makes it essential to adopt sanitary measures in post-slaughter management, as well as care in the disposal of viscera and food preparation in order to avoid contamination.
      PubDate: 2022-11-17
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37308
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Impacts on spatial variability of soil density and porosity as a function
           

    • Authors: Witória de Oliveira Araujo, Ana Emely da Silva Alvares, Heber Fabris Emerick, Samuel Nunes da Cruz, Marcos Vieira de Oliveira, Carlos Daniel Teixeira Silva, Wilk Sampaio de Almeida, Milton César Costa Campos, Ludmila de Freitas, Ivanildo Amorim de Oliveira
      Abstract: With the replacement of forest areas by agricultural crops or pastures, changes occur in soil attributes, such as increased soil density, breakdown and loss of organic matter. The present work aimed to evaluate the impacts on the spatial variability of the attributes of soil density, total porosity, macro and microporosity in an area that suffered alteration from forest to pasture in Vale do Jamari, RO. The experiment was carried out in soils under natural and altered environments, found in the Western Amazon, Vale do Jamari, State of Rondônia. The areas are located in the central - northern portion of the state of Rondônia, in the municipality of Ariquemes. A sampling grid was established in each land use system. The dimensions of each mesh were 50 x 100 m, making a total of 66 sampling points in each mesh. At the crossing points, soil samples with preserved structure were collected using a volumetric ring at a depth of 0.0-0.05 m, 0.05-0.10 m and 0.10-0.20 m. The physical attributes were evaluated: soil density, macro and microporosity and total porosity. Statistical analyzes were processed using the Surfer 8.0 program. For the hypothesis of normality of the data, it was tested by the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, available in the statistical program Statistica 7.0. The pasture showed moderate variations in its physical attributes in relation to the native forest. The values ​​of physical attributes of soil density were higher in the pasture area. The forest showed greater homogeneity of spatial data, with greater ranges.
      PubDate: 2022-11-17
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37170
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Reduction in the occurrence of weeds in the corn crop associated with
           Urochloa ruziziensis

    • Authors: Alcides Fernández Sánchez, María Soledad Gómez Lezcano, Amilcar Isidro Servín Niz, Modesto Osmar da Silva Oviedo, Hugo Abelardo González Villalba, Sara Noemí Rodríguez Esteche
      Abstract: The competition between the economically important crop and weeds is a limitation to maximize crop yields, so the association is a technique that seeks to minimize the development of weeds while being friendly to the environment. The objective of this research was to evaluate the decrease in the occurrence of weeds in corn crops associated with Urochloa ruziziensis. The treatment design used was Factorial (2x2) arranged in a completely random design, being factor A Cultivars and factor B Association with Urochloa ruziziensis, with 4 treatments and 6 repetitions totaling 24 experimental units (EU). The determinations evaluated were Green mass of weeds at 30, 50 and 70 days after sowing maize (Mg Ha-1), Length (cm) and diameter (mm) of cob and yield of maize (Mg Ha-1). The data obtained from the experimental plot and for each treatment were statistically evaluated, for this purpose the analysis of variance was used (Test F 5%), which yielded the following conclusions: the competition that occurs between corn and weeds for nutrients, availability of water and photosynthesis during the vegetative and reproductive growth of maize considerably influenced the increase in its productivity, as well as in the parameters of length and diameter of the cob.
      PubDate: 2022-11-17
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37246
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Reading teaching in Youth and Adult Education: the stimulus equivalence
           paradigm associated with educational games

    • Authors: Verônica Bender Haydu, Edneli Natália Ferreira da Costa
      Abstract: The stimulus equivalence paradigm has been applied to teach various academic skills, especially in teaching reading procedures. This paradigm is generally used in individualized teaching procedures, so its application in collective contexts is relevant. This study aimed to evaluate a teaching program called Teaching Program to Reading Nominalised Words (PELPS – in Portuguese) applied collectively in Youth and Adult Education (EJA - in Portuguese), in which emerging relationships were tested individually. Nine EJA students aged between 17 and 61 were selected after a reading pre-test. PELPS was conducted in collective teaching sessions. The procedure included teaching conditional relations between dictated and printed words and the construction of words with letters (Constructed Matching to Sample - CRMTS), followed by activities with games (Bingo and scavenger hunt) and tests of emerging relations. After teaching a minimum of nine words, generalization reading tests were performed. Seven of the nine participants performed above 90% in textual reading, picture-to-printed word relations, and printed word-to-picture relations, which configure reading with comprehension. Words with no language difficulties were also read with comprehension in the generalization test. The games positively affected the performance of reading. We concluded that PELPS is a viable and effective program for teaching reading with comprehension in an EJA setting.
      PubDate: 2022-11-17
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37383
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • The impacts of Constitutional Amendment No. 95/2016 on Federal
           Universities: The road to dismantling

    • Authors: Jislayne Fidelis Felinto, Alysson Silva de Morais , Rayana Andrade de Carvalho, Ladjane Fidelis Felinto Bizerra
      Abstract: This article raises the hypothesis that there is a process of dismantling Federal Universities — from the perspective of public budgets — made possible by the fiscal austerity measures instituted by Constitutional Amendment No. 95/2016, which sought to set a maximum limit on Federal Government expenses for twenty years. Therefore, we sought to analyze a trajectory of 14 years of funding, in order to identify the dismantling of Federal Universities. The period of greatest investment of these Higher Education Institutions was compared with the institution of Reuni, until the period obscured by Constitutional Amendment No. 95/2016. The research, exploratory and descriptive, analyzed the federal government budget expenditures, specifically discretionary expenses, considering the following classifications: Other Current Expenses - OCE (payment for water, energy, internet, outsourced and others) and Investments - INV (construction of buildings and acquisition of equipment, etc.), at Federal Universities throughout Brazil, which, for this research, will be analyzed by region, between the years 2007 and 2021. As a result, it was identified that, in all regions of Brazil, from 2007 to 2021, the federal government budget for Higher Education, about ODC and INV, has been declining, occurring specifically at the end of Dilma's government, but it was in Bolsonaro's government, from 2018 to 2021, that it occurs significant reduction in budgets.
      PubDate: 2022-11-17
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37173
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Reflections on evaluation of scientific production – a special look
           at Brazil

    • Authors: Andréa Carvalho Vieira, Diogo Onofre Gomes de Souza
      Abstract: In this article, we bring some aspects of scientific output evaluation with a look at Brazil. Initially, we present a brief context of scientific production in Brazil and address metrics, such as the impact factor, used to assess the impact of this production on the national and international scientific community and to support decision-making on research funding. Next, we discuss factors that influence the citation of articles and other indicators, which also assess the quality of scientific production. Considering characteristics of the Areas of Knowledge features of scientific journals are punctuated, the Open Access movement points to the need for a public policy to guide the participation of Brazilian research in this new model of making science. Finally, we bring up the issue of the funding needed to encourage scientific production. The objective of reflecting, in this study, on the evaluation of Brazilian scientific output is to raise awareness and mobilize the different actors in the process in favor of a more accessible science that recognizes the specificities of the areas and values their transfer of knowledge, contributing to solving problems of society.
      PubDate: 2022-11-17
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.35924
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Adaptation of teaching practice during the covid-19 pandemic in higher
           education in health and biological sciences courses

    • Authors: Jefter Haad Ruiz da Silva, Iracema Ruiz da Silva, Estefania Ruis da Silva Mafra, Hellyne Santos da Silva, Francisco Ferreira Barcelar Junior, Lineker da Silva Souza
      Abstract: Throughout the coronavirus pandemic, some teaching practices needed to be adapted so that higher education could take place in a way that guarantees the continuity of quality learning, which has led many universities to explore alternative remote teaching tools. This research aimed to carry out a narrative literature review using studies published on scientific bases and whose content is related to the practices adopted during the pandemic with regard to higher education during health and biological sciences in the pandemic period. For this, articles published in the SCIELO and Google Scholar databases were considered using the following descriptors: “graduation”, “pandemic”, “coronavirus”, “biological sciences” and “health sciences”. As an inclusion criterion, only articles published between 2018 and 2022, which were in Portuguese and which dealt with the proposed topic, were considered. The use of a Virtual Learning Environment (VLE), virtual anatomy and histology laboratories from free websites, virtual meetings of academic leagues, in addition to the application of clinical cases, anatomical drawings and the construction of online concept maps were the main activities cited in the articles included in this review. It was observed that all activities were linked to a virtual learning device where teachers needed to improve their skills to perform such methodologies satisfactorily. It is also worth mentioning the fact that the Brazilian socioeconomic abyss accentuated some inequalities related to internet access by university students.
      PubDate: 2022-11-17
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37225
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Essay on income inequality in the Brazilian Northeast in light of the
           hypothesis of Kuznets and N in 1991, 2000 and 2010

    • Authors: Lillyane Maria Galindo Teixeira de Oliveira, Monaliza de Oliveira Ferreira, Andreza Daniela Pontes Lucas
      Abstract: In addition to the intense income inequality in Brazil, the country still has a critical discrepancy between regions. Given this scenario, the objective of this work was to verify how income inequality and the level of per capita income were related in the Northeast Region, for the years 1991, 2000 to 2010, in light of the hypotheses of Kuznets and N. For this, Data were used in a panel with annual frequency for the 26 Brazilian federation units and the Federal District. It was analyzed whether the relations between inequality indicators and economic growth would have the format of an "inverted U" as it defends the hypothesis of Kuznets or the format next to an N. It was employed the income in cubic level as they defend more modern works that challenge the theory of Kuznets. In the estimates for the Northeast Region, the coefficients associated with the third-degree polynomial of per capita income are significant and with the signs predicted to consolidate the hypothesis of N. It can-it is inferred, then, that growth at a certain stage can even reduce social inequalities, but these tend to increase again.
      PubDate: 2022-11-17
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.36762
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Reflections from the learning of preceptors in the Pedagogical Residency
           Program

    • Authors: Margarete Catarina Mendes Matte, Vanessa de Cássia Pistóia Mariani
      Abstract: This article presents research carried out with preceptors of the Pedagogical Residency Program (PRP), together with the Federal Farroupilha Institute - Campus São Borja - RS (IFFAR-SB). In this perspective, we seek to ascertain the influences of PRP on the continued formation of the participating preceptors, as well as to develop the importance of learning during the development of this program. This qualitative research was developed from a case study, which stopped in the analysis of a specific reality of the continued formation of the preceptors of the Pedagogical Residency - PRP - Campus São Borja. Regarding the analysis of the collected data, Bardin content analysis was used. As results, it was found that preceptors miss continuous training to fill the gap that exists in the context of working with their students with adapted plans, because the difficulty is how to proceed with each student according to their specific needs, they felt satisfaction in having had the opportunity to participate and build differentiated knowledge within the formative processes, emphasizing the variety of themes addressed and also emphasized that the program began to be part of its pedagogical practice, besides providing the same moments of reflection and action in the development of their lives as educators, in their teaching, making their classes more attractive and consequently with a relevant quality, so as to signify their practice.
      PubDate: 2022-11-17
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37171
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Analysis of the feasibility of execution of precast ramps

    • Authors: Halles Augusto Silva Guimarães, Noam Alves Martins Marson
      Abstract: It deals with the research on Executive feasibility of precast ramps, from the perspective of civil engineering. Prefabricated pedestrian ramps are slip-resistant and low maintenance, while prefabricated loading ramps are pre-engineered and customizable by length, width and height. objective to discuss the way of building precast ramps approaching the structure made in engineering. This study, because it is a bibliographical research, brought scholars in the area that show how important analysis of the feasibility of the execution of precast ramps is and to conclude that cast-in-place concrete is more financially viable in the short term, the pre-cast molding that needs skilled labor and heavy machinery, which would be a great disadvantage in the long run, making the work in molded-in-place economically more advantageous.
      PubDate: 2022-11-17
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37210
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Impact of Covid-19 on the daily lives of Dental students at the University
           of Itaúna (UIT)

    • Authors: Amanda Gonçalves Franco, Flávio Gabriel Costa Gomes, Giovana Aisla Ricardo Fernandes, Regina Coeli Cançado Peixoto Pires
      Abstract: The objective of this study was to analyze the impact of Covid-19 on the lives of students of the Dentistry course at the University of Itaúna in the period 2020 and 2022 through a Google Forms questionnaire. The population consisted of students enrolled regularly, from the sixth to the tenth period, of the Dentistry course at the University of Itaúna. And excluded students were those students who were not regularly enrolled in the periods surveyed. The data obtained was tabulated by Google Forms and the analyzes were made from the generated graphs. The results showed that all students involved in the research took the vaccine against Covid-19, with 41(61,2%) taking up to the 3rd dose and 26(38,8%) up to the 2nd dose. Regarding the biosecurity measures adopted at the clinics at the University of Itaúna, 39(58,2%) thought they were effective in reducing the spread and contagion of the virus and 26(38,8%) agreed with parts of the measures. 65(97%) of the students considered that there was an increase in the levels of anxiety, stress and uncertainties related to the future. In addition, it is possible to note through the study that the pandemic affected the lives of dental students in many aspects, whether these are linked to the quality of learning as to the psychological state of the student, given that the growth in the rates of people with stress and anxiety in a pandemic moment facing an uncertain future.
      PubDate: 2022-11-16
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37302
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Prevalence of Gardnerella vaginalis in colpocytology exams in the
           Municipality of Colméia – Tocantins, Brazil

    • Authors: Karolaine Martins dos Anjos, Lorena Pereira Duarte Carvalho, Glaucya Wanderley Santos Markus, Reobbe Aguiar Pereira, Adriana Keila Dias
      Abstract: Gardnerella vaginalis is a bacterium that exists in the body of women who have an active sex life, and excessive growth can occur, producing a large number of bacteria at the site, and thus causing bacterial vaginosis. In this context, the objective of this study was to verify the predominance of Gardnerella vaginalis in women attended by the Basic Health Unit, Dr. Joaquim in Colmeia – Tocantins, Brazil. This study is a cross-sectional descriptive approach, whose target population was composed of 43 women attended at the Basic Health Unit, it was found that a high prevalence of Gardnerella Vaginalis colonizing the genital tract of women, being of great importance the orientation and adoption of adequate treatment by patients. Among the 43 samples, 62.64% had the pathology, another 37.36% are not correlated with the pathology, these data are related to age, sex life and numbers of partners, in addition, menopause is one of the conditions that influence in Gardnerella Vaginalis. Finally, it is very important to provide guidance and counseling for these women to have an adequate treatment for this disease.
      PubDate: 2022-11-16
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37087
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Pharmaceutical prescritions dispensed by compounding pharmacies in
           Cascavel - PR

    • Authors: Cassia de Oliveira, Patrícia Lucca
      Abstract: The pharmaceutical prescription is one of the acts developed by the pharmacist, where he determines the appropriate pharmacotherapy for each patient to restore their health, i.e., it is a document that records the care, treatment and medication recommended by the pharmacist. The present study aimed to survey the number of pharmaceutical prescriptions received by compounding pharmacies in the city of Cascavel-PR, in order to verify the quantity and the most prescribed classes. The methodology applied is a descriptive documental research with a quantitative approach, where data collection was performed in two compounding pharmacies located in Cascavel-PR. The results were tabulated and 1.35% of prescriptions made by pharmacists were found in comparison with other prescribers. Were found 90.40% of prescriptions by physicians and 8.25% by nutritionists. It was found that the number of prescriptions made by pharmacists is still very low compared to physicians and nutritionists. Among the most prescribed classes of products, aesthetic products stand out (51.21%), compared to herbal medicines (37.42%) and products classified as supplements (11.37%). Thus, it is concluded that the presciptions by pharmacists is still low, but it is believed that over the years this number will increase significantly, because the pharmacist can prescribe and act in several areas and is seen as part of the multidisciplinary team and a key player in the promotion and restoration of health.
      PubDate: 2022-11-16
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37236
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Trends in incidence and mortality of melanoma skin cancer in the city of
           Aracaju in the last 20 years

    • Authors: Maria Clara da Silva Castro, Gleide Maria Gatto Bragança, Carlos Anselmo Lima, Iago Henrique Gomes Silva de Jesus
      Abstract: Skin cancers are the most common neoplasms in the world. Among them, melanoma accounts for about 5% of all skin cancers and ¾ of all deaths in this group. Neoplasms are the second leading cause of death in Brazil, but it has a good prognosis when diagnosed early. This study aims to analyze the temporal evolution of the incidence and mortality of Melanoma Skin Cancer in the city of Aracaju in the last 20 years, according to sex and age group, through the Aracaju Cancer Registry, analyzed by the near-likelihood model through the software R Core Team 2022 (Version 4.2.1). We observed different behaviors in relation to the incidence rate, with an increase in cases in Aracaju from 1996 to 2008, which suggests an increase in the number of notifications in this period, while in subsequent years there was a stagnation of the growth curve, both sexes. CPM is more common in young women, due to intentional sunlight exposure and the search for dermatological care. In the mortality rate, we observed the increase in the number of cases from 1996 to 2006 and constant until 2021 and higher in men, probably due to the late search for treatment, greater exposure to risk factors and poor adherence to solar protection. Thus, we highlight the importance of prevention through population education by qualified health professionals, for the identification, notification and early intervention of cases.
      PubDate: 2022-11-16
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37142
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Effects of osteopathic therapy in patients with chronic low back pain:
           integrative review

    • Authors: Tatyane Miranda Alencar, Raimundo Monteiro da Silva Neto, Maria Luana Ferreira de Lima, Diogo Caldeira Ramos, Raissa Sousa Calou, Ingrid Mikaela Moreira de Oliveira, Ana Claudia Koproski, Naidhia Alves Soares Ferreira, Polyana Amorim Cruz Nascimento , Cíntia de Lima Garcia
      Abstract: Osteopathy is a peculiar clinical style that can be defined as a person-centered health care system. Low back pain is defined by a pain or muscle exhaustion located in the lower back and can affect up to 80% of the world's population. Low back pain can be considered a public health problem because it is the main cause of absence from work. We aimed to identify the therapeutic effects of osteopathy in the management of chronic low back pain. An integrative review was conducted to compose a sample of studies. The searches were conducted in the PubMed and Cochrane Library databases with the descriptors in DeCS and MeSH: "Population" "Osteopathy", "Osteopathic Manipulation", "Manipulation, Osteopathic", "Low Back Pain" which were organized in the search fields of the databases with Boolean operators (AND, OR and NOT). After searching the databases, an initial 44,719 articles were found, the eligibility phase included 47 articles, 8 searches were included in the final synthesis. There is substantial evidence to support the use of osteopathy in patients with chronic low back pain. Osteopathy was found to have therapeutic effects and can alleviate low back pain, as well as minimize disability and increase mobility. Osteopathy does not seem to be effective in relatively young patients with mild to moderate low back pain, but overall, a positive prognosis with improved quality of life is expected.
      PubDate: 2022-11-16
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.35616
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • The identification of clinical exacerbations in asthma and atopic
           dermatitis after COVID-19

    • Authors: Júlia Silva Almeida de Oliveira, Adriana de Oliveira Guimarães
      Abstract: In January 2020, the World Health Organization declared a Public Health Emergency and on March 11, a pandemic. COVID-19 is caused by SARS-CoV-2 and has a clinic characterized with associated acute respiratory symptoms or no systemic symptoms. The cutaneous manifestations of the disease are less reported and its influence on the evolution and diagnosis have been poorly described. Asthma is a heterogeneous condition and exacerbations of the disease occur due to viral infections. Atopic dermatitis is a disease that has increasingly affected the population and with the change in the behavioral routine of people related to the social isolation caused by the pandemic, there were triggers for the aggravation. The present study seeks to evaluate literature data on the potential effect of SARS-CoV-2 infection on atopic dermatitis and asthma in asthmatic, atopic and healthy patients. This is a systematic literature review carried out through the PUBMED platform between May and July 2022, with descriptors “asthma”, “atopic dermatitis”, “symptom flare up” and “COVID-19”, having been selected 11 articles. There was a reduction in asthma exacerbations due to the reduction of environmental triggers, social distancing and greater adherence to the treatment of the disease. On the other hand, there was an increase in exacerbations of atopic dermatitis, showing an association between some stressors and worsening of the course of the disease. Asthmatics do not have an increase in exacerbations when infected with SARS-CoV-2. While patients with atopic dermatitis manifest greater exacerbation.
      PubDate: 2022-11-16
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37196
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Sensory integration therapy and selective eating behavior in autism
           spectrum disorder: a case study

    • Authors: Carla de Sousa Oliveira, Raira Rodrigues da Costa, Thayná Maura da Costa Damasceno, Elson Ferreira Costa
      Abstract: Autism spectrum disorder is a global developmental disorder and is characterized by a triad of persistent impairments that manifest themselves in deficits in social interaction, communication and behavior, as diagnosed people present repetitive and restrictive behavior. Among the atypical behaviors presented, food selectivity stands out. Such behavior is usually associated with sensory-based dysfunction, especially in children. The present study aims to describe and analyze the results of sensory integration therapy and selective eating behavior of autism spectrum disorder. This is case study research, with document analysis and a qualitative approach to the data. The participants were two children with autism spectrum disorder who present food selectivity and underwent sensory integration treatment. An average of 40 to 50 therapeutic sessions were analyzed and there was a decrease in the food selectivity of both children, after the beginning of the sensorial integration interventions, being worked first, the sensorial modulation and, then, the food selectivity, according to their sensory profile. During this period, the break in routine was also observed to influence the therapeutic process. In addition, the importance of teamwork to advance cases is highlighted.
      PubDate: 2022-11-16
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.26665
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Correction of the gummy smile using the flapless technique: case report

    • Authors: Maria Vitória Tenório Teles, Nhadiny Maiara da Silva Lima, Laís Christina Pontes Espíndola
      Abstract: For a smile to be considered harmonious, several factors should be analyzed and taken into consideration, such as the proportion of the dental structure, which should be in balance with the labial musculature and gingival exposure. In situations where the individual has a gingival exposure above 3-4 mm when smiling, the presence of a disharmonic smile, called gummy smile, is observed. The aim of this study is to report a clinical case of gummy smile correction using a flapless surgery. A 24-year-old female patient sought dental care with an aesthetic dissatisfaction with her smile. A clinical evaluation and periodontal clinical examination of all teeth were performed. The patient was diagnosed with altered passive eruption, and the proposed treatment was a flapless gingivoplasty, which is a minimally invasive treatment with fast healing. The surgical procedure was uneventful, the post-operative period was uneventful, the patient had no complaints, no signs of inflammation and good healing, and the periodontium had a good healing condition. A good diagnosis and the choice of the correct technique for the treatment of gummy smile is essential to meet the expectation from the aesthetic and functional point of view, and to obtain treatment success.
      PubDate: 2022-11-16
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37093
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Epidemiological profile of oral and maxillofacial trauma in a reference
           hospital in the interior of Bahia

    • Authors: Lara Maria Gonçalves Farias, Débora Pereira Assis Barros, Samylle Martins Sampaio Bertani , Italo Emmanoel Silva e Silva, Elias Carlos D’Ávila Junior, Larissa Nascimento Moreira, Ana Karoline Ramos dos Santos, Cattiúscia Batista Bromochenkel
      Abstract: Objective: To analyze the epidemiological profile of patients with oral and maxillofacial trauma treated at the Hospital Geral Prado Valadares in Jequié, Bahia. Methodology: This is a descriptive research of quantitative approach, through a documentary research, through the medical records of patients involved in oral and maxillofacial trauma in HGPV in Jequié - BA in the period from June 2018 to June 2021. Relative and absolute frequency were used to describe the variables. Multinominal logistic regression was also performed to calculate the OddsRatio. The significance level adopted for the hypothesis tests was p-value 0.05. The data were tabulated in Microsoft Excel and subsequently analyzed in IBM Statistical Package For Social Science (version 21.0). Results: Male gender was more prevalent 80.6% (733), and the most prevalent age group for this group was between 19 to 30 years old with 29.6% (217) and the lowest for individuals over 61 years old with 8.6% (63) only. Regarding etiology, the motorcycle accident was more prevalent overall with 35.4% (322). Nonalcohol consumption was more prevalent in both genders, as was treatment. However, the most affected sites differed where for males fractures of the middle 1/3 of the face were more prevalent 41.2% (302). Conclusion: Male individuals aged between 19 and 60 years had a higher prevalence of traffic accidents resulting in maxillofacial injuries, with alcohol consumption resulting in fractures of the middle 1/3 of the face, with a higher concentration on weekends.
      PubDate: 2022-11-16
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37119
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Neonatal mortality rates due to congenital syphilis in the Northeast:
           characterization of the epidemiological profile

    • Authors: Larissa Nunes de Alencar, Izane Luiza Xavier Carvalho Andrade , Klégea Maria Câncio Ramos Cantinho, Antonio Tito de Araújo Dantas , Edmércia Holanda Moura , João Victor Moura Lins , Marcus Vinícius de Carvalho Souza, Joana Elisabeth Sousa Martins Freitas, Lívia Reverdosa Castro Serra, Eduardo Andrade da Silva Junior
      Abstract: Objective: to analyze the epidemiological profile of neonatal mortality from congenital syphilis in the Northeast region between 2016 and 2020. Methodology: This is an epidemiological, retrospective, descriptive study characteristic of neonatal deaths from syphilis designated in the Northeast between 206 2020, data were extracted through SIM and S1INASCs in DATASUS. The available information was informed with the scientific literature on the subject. Results: 253 neonatal deaths from congenital syphilis were reported in the place and period studied. The state of Pernambuco had a higher neonatal mortality ratio when compared to other states in the Northeast region. There was a greater number of cases in the male population and with regard to race/color there was a predominance of brown people, with a percentage of 72.72%. The vast majority of mothers had low or no education, with gestation duration between 32 and 36 weeks in deaths of children younger than 28 days due to SC. Conclusion: it is essential to provide health care with equity and the formulation of actions that promote the improvement of care provided to newborns with CS, thus reducing mortality rates.
      PubDate: 2022-11-16
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37100
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • The use of tranexamic acid for the treatment of melasma

    • Authors: Ana Jaciane Silva Freitas, Maria Fernanda da Silva Melo, Tibério César Lima de Vasconcelos
      Abstract: Introduction: The demand related to dermatological care has been increasing in recent years. Growth caused by various dysfunctions that can compromise skin health. Melasma is a chronic hyperpigmentation of the skin, caused by a dysregulation in melanocytes that leads to a localized accumulation of melanin. Tranexamic acid (TA) is part of the first-line treatment. Objective: To describe, based on the literature, the use of tranexamic acid and its effectiveness in the treatment of melasma. Method: For the development of this work, data from the last five years were used, researched in Pubmed, Google Scholar, LILACS and Scielo databases. Result: The articles showed significant improvements in the effect caused by melasma in all administration routes presented, offering safety and minimal side effects, and may highlight TA as an alternative treatment. Conclusion: The data demonstrate the effectiveness of tranexamic acid, which promotes the reduction of epidermal pigmentation, bringing benefits and improving the emotional conditions of patients with melasma.
      PubDate: 2022-11-16
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37224
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Incidence of syphilis in pregnancy in before and during the COVID-19
           pandemic in the state of Santa Catarina and its relation to the HDI

    • Authors: Ana Luiza Gay Backi, Luiz Carlos Gomes Pereira, Claudriana Locatelli
      Abstract: Introduction: The COVID-19 pandemic affects the entire system, one of the areas that was health was prenatal care. Object: The present study sought to evaluate the influence of COVID-19 on the difficulty of gestational syphilis and its relationship with the Human Development Index (HDI) of Primary Care in the state of Santa Catarina. Method: we analyzed the cases of gestational syphilis that were reported in the micro-regions, in the macro-regions of health of Santa Catarina, in addition to some pole municipalities. Data available in the Notifiable Diseases Information System (SINAN) provided by the Santa Catarina Epidemiological Surveillance Board (DIVE) were analyzed. The following variables were used: year of diagnosis, macro-region, micro-region and city. A data collection was also carried out regarding the HDI of primary care in the cities used for the study in the System of Indicators of Sustainable Municipal Development. Results: The Greater Florianópolis macro-region showed the largest reduction in 2020, 34.4% compared to the previous year. Among the microregions, Xanxerê showed the greatest reduction (-42.5%). The one in Vale Itapoacu, on the other hand, had an increase of 80%. The hub city of Florianópolis had the biggest reduction (77%), Jaraguá do Sul showed the biggest increase 187%. Conclusion: there was a decrease in the number of diagnoses during the pandemic. In relation to the Primary Care HDI, in some municipalities, this relationship was evident, in others, not so much. Also, the hypothesis was raised that the culture of some regions had an impact on the prenatal segment.
      PubDate: 2022-11-16
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37239
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Evaluation of the radiopacity of endodontic cements using a digital
           radiographic sensor

    • Authors: Ana Caroline Soares Oliveira, Eduarda Mello de Oliveira, Isabela Lopes Palhares, Gabriela Alves Rodrigues , Daniella Cristina Borges, Leonardo Biscaro Pereira
      Abstract: The success of endodontic treatment depends on a good sealing of the root canal to avoid possible infiltration and contamination of the periradicular tissues. One of the functions of endodontic cement is to fill the empty spaces between the gutta-percha cones and the dentinal walls, which improves the quality of the filling. The adequate radiopacity of endodontic cements helps in their correct visualization in the canal. Allowing the detection of condensation failures and allowing an adequate evaluation of the endodontic treatment. The radiopacity of these materials must follow international standards established by the American Dental Association and ISO standards. The aim of this study was to evaluate the radiopacity of endodontic cements using digital radiographs. And for that, three endodontic cements were selected: Endofill, Bio-C cement and MTA Fillapex. Ten specimens were made for all cements of three mm in diameter by two mm in thickness. Each sample was radiographed together with a five mm diameter and three mm thick aluminum disc, using a digital radiographic sensor. The images obtained were read with the Image j program, evaluating the gray scale. The values ​​obtained were compared with ISO standards according to specification 57 of ISO/ADA 6876:2012. The results showed that all cements evaluated meet ADA specifications and ISO standards. No statistical difference was detected between the radiopacity values of Endofill and Bio-C Sealer cements. These showed statistically greater radiopacity than MTA Fillapex.
      PubDate: 2022-11-16
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37110
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Variation on the terpene profile of Ocimum basilicum leaf tea caused by
           leaves storage conditions and preparation methods

    • Authors: Clara Cardoso Costa, Enzo Mendes Leão, Catharine de Souza Batista Campos, Bárbara Ferreira Lemos da Silva, Esther Maria Ferreira Lucas, Ana Maria de Resende Machado
      Abstract: The use of teas made by medicinal plants is a consolidated practice in Brazil. The chemical profile of teas can be affected by the storage and handling conditions of the plant material. These conditions can cause volatilization, enzymatic degradation, hydrolysis and oxidation of the secondary metabolites, which can affect the biological properties of the teas. This paper describes how the chemical profile of basil extracts, prepared by aqueous infusion, is affected by variations on the contact time between plant material and boiling water (5, 10 20 and 30 minutes), and the use of whole and fragmented fresh leaves, that were stored according to the methods commonly used by the population: cooling and freezing (7 days). The chemical profile of the extracts was evaluated by GC-MS. The tea in which the highest number of metabolites was extracted, 15 in total. was obtained using fresh fragmented leaves with 20 minutes of infusion. In the teas prepared by using whole fresh leaves (infusion by 5 to 30 minutes) and frozen leaves (infusion by 30 minutes), 11 metabolites were observed. The teas prepared by using cooled leaves (infusion by 5 to 30 min) and dried leaves (infusion by 30 min) presented 5 metabolites each. In the tea prepared by using dried leaves, with infusion time of 5 minutes, only 2 metabolites were observed. The results indicate that the presence of pharmacological bioactive metabolites in homemade basil’s tea may vary according to the form of storage of the leaves and preparation methods of the tea.
      PubDate: 2022-11-16
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37201
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Depression and suicide in adults with autism spectrum disorder: A
           systematic review

    • Authors: Larissa Garcez de Oliveira, Juliana Leal Freitas Maia
      Abstract: Objective: To identify predominance and risk factors for depression and suicidal ideation/attempts in adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Methods: This is a qualitative, systematic review of the prevalence and risk factors for depression and suicidal ideation/ attempts in adults with ASD. This study has made use of the virtual databases PubMed, LILACS, and SciELO over a period of five years, using keywords such as “autism”, “depression”, “adults” and “suicide” as describers to search for articles. Results: The fifteen articles addressed the high predominance of depression and suicidal ideation/attempts and their risk factors in adults with ASD. Conclusions: Autistic adults are at high risk of developing depression and suicidal ideation and attempts. They are exposed to several risk factors, many of them linked to their own specific characteristics. It is clear that studies on this subject are still in their early stages. Because of this, there are still no specific instruments for the assessment of depression and the risk of suicide in this group. Therefore, it is concluded that there is a need for longitudinal studies to better assess the predominance and risk factors for depression and suicidal ideation/attempts in adults with ASD. Thus, the goal is to develop specific and effective tools for screening and diagnosing these psychiatric pathologies, as well as to increase and improve risk factor delimitation. Consequently, strategies to prevent illnesses in this group could be designed with even more effectiveness.
      PubDate: 2022-11-16
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37265
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Photodynamic therapy in the control of pain of endodontic origin

    • Authors: Ana Paula da Silva Oliveira, Bruna Esteves dos Reis, Polyana Argolo Souza Amaral, Lara Correia Pereira
      Abstract: Modern dentistry seeks to incorporate less invasive methods in order to minimize pain and discomfort during and after dental interventions. Thus, photodynamic therapy in the area of ​​endodontics has been an excellent option for adjunctive treatment to procedures to aid in the disinfection of root canal systems. Therefore, the objective of this study was to review the literature regarding the action of photodynamic therapy as a method of controlling endodontic pain. A descriptive research, carried out from a careful survey of articles indexed in the Scielo, Pubmed, Bireme and Scopus databases, published from 2002 to 2021, in English, Portuguese and Spanish. Keywords were used alone or in combination with the Boolean descriptor “AND”. In view of its established antimicrobial effect, photodynamic therapy has also been shown to be effective in alleviating pain, perhaps due to the light emitted by the low-power laser, even in a collimated manner, through the glass fiber coupled to the tip. In view of all the efforts made for the construction of the present work, it can be inferred based on the authors that PDT constitutes a significant contribution to the use in endodontics as an additional therapy, presenting effectiveness in the control of pain of endodontic origin.
      PubDate: 2022-11-16
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37175
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Current aspects on the selection of patients who are candidates for lung
           transplantation

    • Authors: Bárbara Queiroz de Figueiredo, Álvaro Nunes Machado Júnior, Ana Clara Alves Andrade, Brenda Ribeiro Julio, Franciana Machado Nunes, Hiago Henrique de Souza Ferreira, Lara Lima Pereira da Cunha, Maria Anthônia Gundim Lemos, Yohanna Costa Araujo
      Abstract: Currently, the main indications for lung transplantation worldwide are chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), pulmonary fibrosis, cystic fibrosis, alpha-1-antitrypsin (alpha-1) deficiency, idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension, bronchiectasis, retransplantation, sarcoidosis and severe lung injury caused by COVID-19, and these candidates must demonstrate knowledge regarding the procedure, good adherence to the medical treatment performed, adequate psychosocial structure and family support. Furthermore, the proper assessment of contraindications contributes to a lower occurrence of unfavorable clinical outcomes unrelated to the graft, benefiting patients with a greater chance of success and, thus, improving overall survival with treatment. Among the absolute contraindications, lung cancer, cardiac dysfunction unrelated to lung disease, significant organic dysfunction of any other noble organ, hepatitis B and C virus infections, active pulmonary tuberculosis and severe rib cage deformity stand out. Furthermore, among the relative contraindications, there is age over 65 years, severe clinical instability, HIV infection, obesity, severe osteoporosis and decompensated systemic diseases.
      PubDate: 2022-11-16
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37130
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Profile of kidney function markers in patients with COVID-19 hospitalized
           in the ICU of a hospital in the middle west of Santa Catarina

    • Authors: Julia Tristão de Souza, Paula Otávia Haacke Branco, Jackson de Moura, Emyr Hiago Bellaver
      Abstract: The viral disease called COVID-19, caused by the Sars-Cov-2 virus, had its first records in the city of Wuhan, China, in December 2019. Because it is a disease with respiratory symptoms, a high rate of contagion and gradual worsening, made COVID-19 the biggest pandemic in recent times. The complications of the disease required treatment in Intensive Care Units (ICU) for its most serious victims, which led to a series of events and complications resulting from the junction of the pathology with the consequences of the treatment. This article aims to evaluate, through statistical analysis of medical records and laboratory test reports, the biochemical profile of renal markers in patients hospitalized in the ICU, looking for correlations between the therapy used and the length of stay of these patients. Significant alterations were observed in renal markers, mainly urea, and creatinine, in patients who remained hospitalized for a longer time, concerning the others. Furthermore, all patients were treated with drugs that expressed nephrotoxic characteristics. Finally, a positive correlation between the length of stay of these patients in the ICU, with prolonged exposure to nephrotoxic drugs and kidney damage, can be found.
      PubDate: 2022-11-16
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37277
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • The role of sertraline in the treatment of depression

    • Authors: Sabrina Cristina Vaz, Isabella Cristina de Souza Luz, Anthony Alves dos Santos , Alana Ferreira Nunes, Luana Alves de Freitas Afiune
      Abstract: Depression is a disease that affects mental health that basically comes from the modern lifestyle. Several approaches are used to treat depression, from psychotherapy, sport and pharmacological therapies. This study aimed to discuss the use of sertraline to treat depression, pointing out its pharmacodynamics, efficacy and adverse effects. Sertraline belongs to the group of drugs known as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) that are commonly prescribed for the treatment of depression, panic attacks, obsessive-compulsive disorders and post-traumatic stress disorder. Treatment with sertraline does not produce significant change in cognitive and psychomotor functions. Through the information collected, it was observed that sertraline has a positive effect in the first six weeks of treatment, especially in relation to the reduction of anxiety. The drug is also effective in the treatment of postpartum depression, being commonly used for this part of the population.
      PubDate: 2022-11-16
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37108
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Integration between fixed prostheses and periodontal biotype profile

    • Authors: Djalma Antonio de Lima Júnior, Ellen Angélica Ferreira Dias, Luciana Coelho Ferreira, Rivaney de Paulo Fontenele
      Abstract: Oral rehabilitation seeks aesthetic and functional outcomes, and can make use of multidisciplinary dentistry, involving several specialties to treat clinical cases. Therefore, depending on the situation, maneuvers in the periodontal tissue can be performed in procedures involving ceramic laminates. The article aims to present a literature review on the association between periodontal biotype and dental prosthesis. The literature is confident in stating that the periodontal biotype can directly influence oral rehabilitation with fixed prostheses, whether in the short or long term. In prosthetic treatments, it is necessary to evaluate the gingival contour (zenith), in order to have a natural reproduction of the prosthesis-gingival interface. Favoring an appropriate proportion between height and tooth width, which can be seen more in the anterior region. In order to obtain a satisfactory result in oral rehabilitation, it is essential to have an association between the set: patient's face, smile line, lips, periodontal tissue and the prosthesis. Especially in complex rehabilitations, there is a need for the dentist to perform a multidisciplinary approach, making an integrated planning. However, it is still a clinical challenge to obtain an appropriate interaction between fixed prostheses and periodontal biotype, seeking harmonious treatments.
      PubDate: 2022-11-16
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.36510
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Nutritional therapy in prolonging the period of remission in patients with
           Crohn's disease: a systematic review of the literature

    • Authors: Ana Clara Rebelo Lago, Rayza Maria Pereira Guimarães, Franscisco Honeidy Carvalho Azevedo
      Abstract: Crohn's disease (DC) is a chronic inflammatory disease of unknown origin that causes injuries segmental and asymmetrical from the mouth to the anus. The prevalence of DC is increasing in the world in adults and children, and therefore this study seeks nutritional therapies that improve the quality of life of these patients, and decrease the symptoms of diarrhea, abdominal pain, rectal bleeding, fever, weight loss and fatigue. Objective: to analyze the effectiveness of nutritional interventions for the treatment and prolongation of low symptoms of Crohn's Disease. Methodology: this is a systematic literature review, searches in the Virtual Health Library (VHL) and National Library of Medicine (PubMed) databases. Original studies were selected, without language or temporality delimitations, taking into account the research question. Results and Discussion: In the studies examined, dietary treatments obtained efficacy data from the literature for Exclusive Enteral Nutrition (SEN) in children newly diagnosed with DC regardless of age, induces subclinical in the first outbreak or during relapses, induces mucosal healing and bowel wall, has a positive effect on bone structure, associated with improved nutritional status and disease stage. Final considerations: the studies revealed significant evidence with Nutrition, from dietary manipulation to Enteral Nutrition (EN), that play an essential role in the treatment of DC.
      PubDate: 2022-11-16
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37197
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Biological efficiency indicators and competitive ability in intercropped
           systems of xerophilous forage plants: a review

    • Authors: Raul Caco Alves Bezerra, Agda Raiany Mota dos Santos, Lana Raissa Barros Alves Cordeiro, Jamiles Carvalho Gonçalves de Souza, Daniel Bezerra do Nascimento, Jean Carlos Nogueira, Jefferson dos Santos Gomes Calaça, Glícia Rafaela Freitas da Fonsêca, Leandro Ricardo Rodrigues de Lucena, Maurício Luiz de Mello Vieira Leite
      Abstract: In arid and semi-arid regions, it is essential to search for strategies that favor the cultivation of forage plants, such as the use of forage species that are resistant or tolerant to local climatic conditions, as well as the use of management practices, such as intercropping, due to livestock is the main economic activity developed in these regions. The consortium promotes an increase in the productivity of plants cultivated by area, however, when intercropped, there is interspecific competition between the cultures, reducing the individual yield of the plants. In this sense, this review aimed to explain concepts and applicability of indicators of biological efficiency and competitive ability of consortia of xerophilous forage plants, to improve the efficiency and management of these systems. To carry out this review, searches were carried out in the following databases: Google Scholar, CAPES Periodicals, SciELO and Scopus. The cultivation of xerophilous forage plants is an alternative to guarantee the supply of quality and quantity food for animals in arid and semi-arid environments throughout the year, especially in the dry season. The application of biological indices and competitive ability in intercropped systems helps to understand the interspecific relationships between intercropped crops, as well as the economic benefits and essential aspects of cultivation.
      PubDate: 2022-11-16
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37107
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Study of commercial stability, alcoholic fermented beverage of cocoa pulp
           pulps (theobroma cacao) and cajá (spondias mombin)

    • Authors: Leandro Santos Silva, Flavio Santos Silva, Abraham Damian Giraldo Zuniga
      Abstract: Cocoa (theobroma cacao), is an economically important crop in several tropical countries. In brazil, the cocoa agroindustry occupies a place of expression in the north and northeast regions, which stands out among those used in seed production, as they are used as raw material for chocolate manufacturing, and the pulp of these fruits is little used in the food industry. The cajá (spondias mombin), has wide tropical distribution, this fruit is, today, cultivated in the north and northeast regions, and can also be known as taperebá, is of flavor, aroma and color suitable for the conquest of the most demanding palates. The objective of this study was to evaluate the commercial stability (shelf life) of the alcoholic fermented beverage of cocoa and cajá pulps, of the following experimental formunation called, fa2 (40% cocoa 60% cajá), where chemical physical attributes of: ph, volatile acidity, fixed acidity, vitamin c, total sugars, reducing sugar and alcohol content, lasting a period of 90 days were evaluated. The results remained stable in the period of commercial stability analyses (shelf life), and significant reductions were observed, more than small, in the physical chemical parameters analyzed at time zero (0) at 90 days, shown by the means and standard deviation (n=3), and by the tukey test at 5% (p≤0.05). The alcoholic fermented fa2 (40% cocoa and 60% cajá) showed to be a great economic and nutritional potential for the regions of the cerrado tocantinense and sul pará region, contributing to the generation of income of these communities and adding value to the commercialized product.
      PubDate: 2022-11-16
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37334
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Characterization of the vegetative vigor, and SPAD readings and vegetation
           index in a Coffea canephora population

    • Authors: Josimar Aleixo da Silva, João Felipe Brites Senra, Marlon Dutra Degli Esposti, Idalina Sturião Milheiros , Uliana Ribeiro Silva, Amanda Oliveira da Conceição, Alex Justino Zacarias
      Abstract: Currently the most of the Coffea canephora cultivars, developed and recommended by the research, are propagated vegetatively, being popularly known as clonal varieties and/or cultivars. However, those propagated by seeds present a wide genetic base with greater variability of the plants in the crops. Thus, the objective was to characterize a population (genotypes) from C. canephora cultivar 'ES8152', of seminal propagation, from agronomic characteristics vegetative vigor and canopy height, SPAD readings and vegetation index, after the first harvest in 2022. The planting was carried out in 2019, in an augmented block design with three replications, 240 genotypes and four clonal witnesses (A1, LB1, V8 and V12), being possible to evaluate 199 genotypes, including the witnesses. Data were analyzed by the method of restricted maximum likelihood and best linear unbiased prediction, cluster analysis and genetic correlation networks. The conilon coffee population showed wide genetic variability. The characterization allowed the identification of promising ones, such as genotypes 16, 25, 82 and 173. The genetic correlations were positive, significant and higher between the pairs vegetative vigor x canopy height and SPAD readings x vegetation index. Most of the genotypes evaluated showed intermediate vegetative vigor, combined with low vegetative stress. Thus, the adopted strategies were efficient in the characterization of the genotypes, being able to assist in the taking of decisions in the process of breeding of conilon coffee.
      PubDate: 2022-11-16
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37314
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Teacher malaise: risk factors for illness and suffering of teachers as a
           result of work

    • Authors: Lenir Rodrigues Minghetti, Nilzo Ivo Ladwig, Lilia Kanan, Juliano Bitencourt Campos
      Abstract: This article aims to describe the risks of illness and suffering of teachers as a result of their work. The specific objectives are summarized in exposing the teachers' malaise and aggravating the teachers' mental health; score risk factors that corroborate the illness; to present the bibliographic findings of the factors that cause teachers to become ill. To meet the objectives, a narrative review was defined as a methodology, whose premise is to generate new knowledge of the object studied. To tend to the narrative, a description of the problem was made using research published in journals. The results showed that illness is considered a social phenomenon in the western world, triggered by different factors that may be related to physical, chemical, biological, mechanical factors, including social, economic, technological and organizational conditions, which together imply factors considered Psychosocial Risks.
      PubDate: 2022-11-16
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.35079
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Teacher’s mental health during the Covid-19 pandemic

    • Authors: Maria Vitória Caetano Rodrigues, Romes Belchior da Silva Junior
      Abstract: The pandemic caused by the new coronavirus brought numerous changes in the lives of the entire world population in the year 2020 and 2021, including the need to adapt to remote work. The category of teachers was one of those directly affected by this phenomenon. This article aims to analyze how teachers from a municipal public school in the city of Uberaba-MG who experienced the reality of adapting their work from face-to-face classes to remote classes and how this led to the emergence and/or worsening health and teaching work. For this, an exploratory descriptive research was carried out in the repositories of publications of articles and essays by electronic means and with the teachers we used a semi-structured online questionnaire in which the participants answered questions related to mental health in the midst of the circumstances generated by the new lived context and, later, a bibliographic analysis of the constructed data. As a result, we have a sample of teachers who went through a period of fragility and affectations in their mental health due to all the changes in the dynamics and conditions of the work available to exercise their teaching, and situations arising from this traumatic period of the Covid-19 pandemic generated in the personal and professional life here in the cut of the personal and professional life of teachers.
      PubDate: 2022-11-16
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37338
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Sustainable gardens: a resource for environmental education in municipal
           public schools in Caxias-MA, Brazil

    • Authors: Thainara Costa Silva, Leonardo Viana da Silva, Samuel da Silva Carvalho, Alexandre Fernando Rodrigues Rocha, Antonio Edmilson Camelo Júnior, Guilherme Sousa da Silva, Laíce Fernanda Gomes de Lima
      Abstract: The practices of Environmental Education appear in the current context as a solution to the current environmental imbalance, being applied in an interdisciplinary way. In this sense, the school is the ideal place to apply environmental education practices, due to the possibility of working in a didactic and transversal way. Thus, the objective of this work was to develop intervention actions in an elementary school in the city of Caxias-MA, through the construction of a sustainable garden, providing knowledge about themes involving the Environment and Environmental Education. The work was developed in an elementary school. Initially, a lecture on Environmental Education was prepared and the project was presented to the students. Then the students went to visit the seedling production site located at CESC-UEMA, to know and learn about the process of cultivation and care for the plants. The following steps were the preparation of recyclable materials and later the planting of seedlings. The last stage of this work was the elaboration and recording of a lecture to present to other schools in the municipality. Thus, the importance of working on Environmental Education inside and outside the school became clear, putting into practice concepts of Environmental Education, and cultivating values for a more harmonious coexistence with the environment.
      PubDate: 2022-11-16
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37076
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Atomic Bingo: a didactic dialogue for teaching the periodic table

    • Authors: Paulo Henrique Rodrigues, Nicéa Quintino Amauro, Paulo Vitor Teodoro
      Abstract: This text discusses the results of a didactic-pedagogical dialogue, based on the game “Atomic Bingo”. The aim of this study was to familiarize and introduce studies on the physicochemical properties of the elements arranged in the periodic table. Thus, we prepared a series of cards, with information on these elements, to be used in the game. We developed activities in 9th grade classes of Elementary School, in a Basic Education school in the city of Uberlândia, Minas Gerais. For purposes of comparison and feasibility of the game, we also developed the proposal in 3rd grade high school classes. In total, there were six applications in the basic education school, with different scenarios. We consider that the activities carried out were important mechanisms to enable the insertion of students as protagonists in the teaching-learning process, overcoming the conventional, pragmatic and, many times, memoristic view that still prevails in Brazilian schools.
      PubDate: 2022-11-16
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.35545
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Actions to prevent school bullying in elementary school: an experience
           report in school/educational psychology

    • Authors: Francisco Vinicius Ferreira Gomes
      Abstract: This article aims to share the experience and learning acquired in a university extension project with an emphasis on School/Educational Psychology. The actions were broadcast in a Municipal Public School in the city of Campina Grande-PB and had as target audience the students who attended elementary school. During the construction methodology of the use of the project, we searched for re-significations on bullying meiosis of the use of different projects, re(significations) on bullying Thus, in this work we relate two interventions implemented during the project, and in parallel we weave several studies on Bullying and its aspects in the elementary school universe.
      PubDate: 2022-11-16
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37162
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Challenges and perspectives for the performance of residente social
           assistants graduated from the Health Residence Program comprehensive care
           in orthopedics and traumatology in the west of Pará

    • Authors: Dayara Araújo de Negreiros, Ivone Domingos e Silva, Raissa Ribeiro Lima, Patricia de Paula Barros Moraes, Hívila de Oliveira da Silva
      Abstract: The article aims to identify the challenges and perspectives of professional practice of resident social workers graduated from the Multiprofessional Residency Program in Health Comprehensive Care in Orthopedics and Traumatology at the Regional Hospital of Baixo Amazonas (HRBA) in Santarém/PA. The research was guided by a critical perspective and with a qualitative approach in order to understand the object to be studied in all its aspects and connections. if a form with open and closed questions. The collected data were systematized and analyzed qualitatively based on the content analysis procedure. In the first part, there was a brief approach to the debate on Social Work and Multiprofessional Residency in health. In the second, the attributions and competences of the work of the social worker in the health policy and in the multiprofessional residency in health are approached and, finally, the main results of the research carried out within the scope of the Multiprofessional Residency Program in Health Comprehensive Care are presented. in Orthopedics and Traumatology at HRBA, such as lack of autonomy, lack of understanding of the Social Worker's professional identity, precarious working conditions and others. Furthermore, it is important to strengthen the category in the face of challenges and at the heart of Residency Programs.
      PubDate: 2022-11-16
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37261
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • An analysis of the permanence of the institute of judicial separation in
           Brazilian law from of Special Appeal n. 1.247.098 - MS

    • Authors: Vanessa Trindade de Medeiros, Augusto de França Maia
      Abstract: The so-called Divorce Amendment was imperative in bringing considerable changes to constitutional family law. One of the main ones to be mentioned, undoubtedly, is the amendment given to Art. 226, § 6, of the 1988 Constitution, which was responsible for giving rise to an eminent discussion among legal scholars and its operators about the institute of judicial separation, which still persists. However, the decision affects REsp 1.247.098 – MS clarified considerable doubts regarding the new constitutional article 226, § 6, and it is inappropriate to ignore the considerations presented in the appeal judged by the STJ. In this way, a detailed study of this decision is made, using a qualitative approach on the subject, with due consideration to the lessons found in better doctrine, previous jurisprudence and, obviously, in ordinary and constitutional. At the beginning, a contextual and historical view of Constitutional Amendment 66 is given, only then to search for the most relevant arguments of the winning vote and the losing vote of the decision under analysis and, thus, give a solution to the raised problem. In fact, a complete view of the judgment is sought to guide the discussion about the permanence or not of judicial separation in national law. The conclusions reached by the work were in the sense that, certainly, there is room for the institute of separation of law in the Brazilian legal system.
      PubDate: 2022-11-16
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37158
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Old age, cognition and (trans)formation: meanings constructed in
           interdisciplinary dynamics directed towards institutionalized elderly
           people

    • Authors: Paula Aparecida Diniz Gomides, Thais Aparecida Santos, Fernando Basílio dos Santos, Kíssila Machado Ferreira, Giliana Assad Lubanco, Abraão Danziger de Matos, Lidiane Silva Torres, Marcela Mary José da Silva, Ana Luiza Barcelos Ribeiro, Joana Maristela Moreira Moleda
      Abstract: The main objective of this article is to analyze the results of some workshops conducted with institutionalized elderly people, i.e., in asylums. We launch ourselves in the reflection about interactional dynamics, developed, supported by the Freirian perspective (Freire, 2019; 2021), articulating emancipatory experiences to inclusion and loving processes. Our research questions are about understanding how dynamics involving elderly people in nursing homes can contribute to the improvement of their quality of life' What do the reports of institutionalized elderly people who participated in interactive dynamics based on the development of physical and cognitive abilities show' The research is characterized as qualitative and exploratory in nature, considering the analysis of nine meetings held in an institution for the elderly located in a city in the interior of Minas Gerais. Our results show that the promotion of activities that relate corporeality, use of new technologies, stimulus to playfulness and loving relationships that focus on different literacies, promoting social-interactional insertion can contribute to the improvement of common comorbidities in old age. We understand that aging is a complex phenomenon that, despite being inevitable, affects human subjectivity in different ways. The increase in life expectancy in Brazil has prompted new investigations aimed at alternatives so that old age is not reduced to the stigma of incapacity or weakness. On the contrary, investigations on how to make this moment of existence more active and motivating have produced studies in different areas of knowledge.
      PubDate: 2022-11-16
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37101
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Experimental study and finite element simulation of deformation
           homogeneity between regions of commercially pure titanium deformed by ECAP
           

    • Authors: Vagner dos Anjos Costa, Késia Filadélfia Dionizio Silva Ramos, Wilton Walter Batista, Eduardo de Oliveira Santos
      Abstract: ECAP is a process of severe plastic deformation of a material, whose objective is to refine the grain size in the microstructure. The materials processed by ECAP show improvements in their mechanical properties. The process variables that affect the microstructure refinement are: processing route, die types, and number of passes. In the ECAP matrix used in the deformation process, the channel angle and the curvature angle determined the efficiency of the microstructural refinement. This work aims to analyze the deformation homogeneity through the mechanical processing of Ti CP via ECAP in an experimental way and by finite elements, associate the models for comparison between the levels of deformation in the external and internal regions with longitudinal section of the specimen. The Ti CP samples were deformed via ECAP in up to 8 passes, using route A, in a matrix with an intersection angle between the channels of Φ = 120º. Vickers microhardness measurements were performed at each pass to evaluate the changes caused for later association with the numerical simulation. The material was numerically simulated through the Abaqus modeling interface – 2020 version with educational license. The physical parameters were pre-established by recording the physical and mechanical variables in the software. The results were satisfactory in proving the association between the experimental and finite element studies, also indicating that there is a difference between the strain levels for the regions analyzed in both models.
      PubDate: 2022-11-16
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37139
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Permanent Education in Health in the construction of senses and meanings
           about the Family Health Strategy: an experience report

    • Authors: Daniela Márcia Neri Sampaio, Vilara Maria Mesquita Mendes Pires
      Abstract: Objective: to report the experience of a Permanent Education in Health workshop, which aimed at building meanings and meanings about the Family Health Strategy, based on the understanding presented by family health team workers and managers of the municipal health department. Methods: qualitative, descriptive study of the experience report type, which took place in a municipality in Bahia. It involved 39 participants, who were divided into 2 groups. The workshop took place on November 8 and 19, 2021, accounting for 4 hours for each group. It was organized in five moments that involved the construction of interactive panels and discussions on the theme. Results: By experiencing these moments, it was possible to perceive commitment on the part of the participants; at the same time that they brought with them different feelings that revolved around expectations about the workshop as well as of a personal nature; with regard to the senses and meanings, it was possible to approximate with teamwork, reception, continued care, prevention and health promotion and thus realize that their understandings shared with the National Policy of Primary Care. Conclusion: The workshop made it possible to perceive the relevance of Permanent Education in Health as a healthy way to strengthen the SUS, and the need to re-signify health work based on the meanings and meanings about the Family Health Strategy.
      PubDate: 2022-11-15
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37095
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Tuberculosis in children: challenges in diagnosis

    • Authors: Bruna Andrade Santos, Vivianne Gomes Feitosa, Arlindo Gonzaga Branco Junior, Nathalia Halax Orfão
      Abstract: Tuberculosis (TB), despite the existence of a vaccine and effective treatments, is still a major public health challenge and children are significantly affected by not having the disease previously identified. Therefore, this study aimed to describe the existing limitations in diagnostic tests for TB in children, according to national and international literature. This is an integrative review that was carried out using the Lilacs, PubMed, Scopus, Embase and Web of Science databases with indexed descriptors and their respective synonyms in DeCS, Mesh and Emtree, based on the guiding question "What are the limitations existing in diagnostic tests for the detection of TB in children that make it difficult to prove it'”. Titles and abstracts of materials that met the following inclusion criteria were analyzed: full articles, published in Portuguese, English and Spanish in the last 10 years, excluding those that were not characterized as scientific and duplicate articles. Twenty-six articles were selected, which reinforced the importance of the association between the tuberculin test, epidemiological, radiological factors and clinical picture for the diagnostic elucidation of TB that are usually performed by specialized services, considering the complexity of diagnostic elucidation and follow-up of these cases, since that underdiagnosis can interfere with quality of life and adequate management.
      PubDate: 2022-11-15
      DOI: 10.33448/rsd-v11i15.37287
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 15 (2022)
       
  • Analysis of the outcome of the use of drugs recommended for early
           treatment against COVID-19 in patients interned in the ICU of a hospital
           in the middlewest of catarinense

    • Authors: Eliane Teixeira da Silva, Valquíri