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  Subjects -> SOCIOLOGY (Total: 553 journals)
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Relations : Beyond Anthropocentrism
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2283-3196 - ISSN (Online) 2280-9643
Published by LED Edizioni Universitarie Homepage  [5 journals]
  • Korsgaard’s Duties towards Animals: Two Difficulties

    • Authors: Nico Dario Mueller
      Pages: 9 - 25
      Abstract: Building on her previous work (2004, 2012, 2013), Christine Korsgaard’s recent book Fellow Creatures (2018) has provided the most highly developed Kantian account of duties towards animals. I raise two issues with the results of this account. First, the duties that Korsgaard accounts for are duties “towards” animals in name only. Since Korsgaard does not reject the Kantian conception in which direct duties towards others require mutual moral constraint, what she calls duties “towards” animals are merely Kantian duties regarding animals, verbally repackaged. Hence, Korsgaard’s account is best understood as an expansion (albeit a substantial one) of Kant’s own view of an indirect duty regarding animals. Second, the expansion does not take us quite as far as Korsgaard hopes. She aims for a conception in which our duties towards animals and humans are equally important, but her argument does not support this conclusion. I point out the potential for a more radical revision of Kant’s anthropocentrism that rejects his underlying assumption that duties towards others are based on mutual constraint.
      PubDate: 2022-07-13
      DOI: 10.7358/rela-2022-01-mull
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Ethology of the Freed Animal. Concept, Paradigm and Implementations to the
           Moral Status of Non-Human Animals

    • Authors: Marco Celentano, Dario Martinelli
      Pages: 27 - 45
      Abstract: The essay focuses on the methodological and theoretical premises of an emerging research area with both ethological and (bio)ethical implications: the ethology of the freed animal (EFA). Unlike existing ethological fields, EFA does not focus on the observation of nonhuman (NH) animals in a natural condition of freedom, nor on situations of captivity. Rather, EFA consists of a comparative study of NH animals that are removed from a condition of captivity, from the status of “living tool” of human beings and from any form of exploitation – instead relocated in an environment fairly appropriate to their speciesspecific and individual characteristics. Ideal places for this study are animal sanctuaries and parks/reserves where a previously captive NH animal can be reintroduced in their natural habitat or, when this proves impossible, in a contest appropriate to their characteristics and needs. Even though EFA exists already, as a de facto practice of the personnel running sanctuaries and parks, the field still lacks a recognizable scholarly paradigm, and is not yet acknowledged at institutional/academic level, nor were its moral implications thoroughly discussed. Consequently, one important aim for such a field is the establishment of an active interaction between the two parties involved (researchers and sanctuaries/parks operators).
      PubDate: 2022-07-13
      DOI: 10.7358/rela-2022-01-cema
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Il dilemma etico dei pet. Tra bestie, animali e persone

    • Authors: Matteo Andreozzi
      Pages: 47 - 58
      Abstract: The main aim of this paper is to demonstrate the need to discuss the moral status of pets, showing how this can even offer an opportunity to rethink the entire set of relationships between humans and non-human nature. I start by asking “who” or “what” pets are and why they should be treated morally different from other “beasts”. I also show how both anthropocentric and animal ethics are unable to solve the dilemma. In conclusion, I explore two possible coordinates to use in order to solve the dilemma: “interest” and “appropriate relational partiality”. I claim that these two key concepts could also be useful to show the need to find a mutual theoretical and conceptual framework toward which both anthropocentric and non-anthropocentric environmental ethics could refer.
      PubDate: 2022-07-13
      DOI: 10.7358/rela-2022-01-andr
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Being There. If the Pairing of the Birdwatchers Affects the Pairing of the
           Birds

    • Authors: Evangelina W. Uskoković, Theo W. Uskoković, Vuk Uskokovic
      Pages: 59 - 81
      Abstract: The drives of inter-individual relationships within avian social groups are largely unexplored and relatively poorly understood, including how social landscapes affect the decisions of individuals within these groups. On a modest level, this study undertakes to expand this knowledge with an ornithological observation of temporary groupings among multiple aquatic species in response to the pairing of birdwatchers. More ambitiously, the study presumes the analogy between the social response of an avian community and the subliminal response of the human psyche to spatial stimuli. The number of bird pairs forming in flocks, coverts and rafts was consistently higher when the birds interacted with children teamed up in pairs than when solitary children interacted with the birds. Inadvertent social cues consequential to the extended duration of the focus, vigilance stimulation and subliminal messages affecting the neurological pathways in the brain and the social dynamics pertaining to proxemics are discussed as potential causes of this effect. Lastly, the structure of the paper mimics the lifetime of inventive ideas, which originate from a chaos of amorphous thought, then crystallize into a clarity of logical concepts open to elaboration, and eventually disperse into a similar semantic clutter as that from which they were born.
      PubDate: 2022-07-13
      DOI: 10.7358/rela-2022-01-usko
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Vegetarianism and Veganism from a Moral Point of View

    • Authors: Francesco Allegri
      Pages: 85 - 91
      PubDate: 2022-07-13
      DOI: 10.7358/rela-2022-01-alle
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
       
 
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