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  Subjects -> SOCIOLOGY (Total: 553 journals)
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2300-0422 - ISSN (Online) 2300-0422
Published by Adam Mickiewicz University Homepage  [58 journals]
  • Socjalizacja i wychowanie. W poszukiwaniu genezy wychowania (perspektywa

    • Authors: Heliodor Muszyński
      Pages: 7 - 54
      Abstract: The author deals with the problem of differences in meaning between the concepts of socialization and education. In social sciences, and especially in educational sciences, there is no agreement as to the relationship between the scopes of these two fundamental concepts. The article attempts to overcome these semantic difficulties by adopting an evolutionary perspective in line with the assumption that education emerged as a specific type of socialization in human prehistory. The search of its essential properties (and thus differences), was guided by the cognitive directive of Aristotle, according to which “the best understanding of things is achieved by those who study them at their inception”. The article uses the method of data analysis established in numerous studies on social and cultural human development, starting from the earliest stages of life in primitive groups. Socialization appeared in these groups as a way of transmitting collective experience, and thus culture, necessary for their survival. The continuation of the analysis leads to investigating what factors made this culturation take a different form, namely that of education. As it turns out, this difference is difficult to discern in the intentionality of cultural influences. It appears only when the group becomes aware of the need to adapt adolescents to fulfill various social roles. This already requires going beyond socialization, which is always a spontaneous process including widespread participation of group members in the transmission of an experience that is also common. In order to provide selected group members with selected elements of the experience linked to their social role, the group must appoint competent members for the transfer of the experience selected to perform specific social roles. These activities constitute one more role distinguished in the group – the role of the educator. And the activities that make up their performance are education.
      PubDate: 2022-12-30
      DOI: 10.14746/kse.2022.22.01
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2022)
  • Adult education: A critical analysis of initial assessment procedures in
           community learning in the United Kingdom

    • Authors: Piotr Zychowicz
      Pages: 55 - 71
      Abstract: This article aims to examine and make recommendations to the initial assessment procedures in Adult Education context in the United Kingdom. Teachers and learners are constantly making opinions about their development, and formative assessment is one of the tools used to recognise it. In Adult Education, in addition to formative assessment, learners are expected to undergo initial assessment, testing their level of knowledge/abilities in Language, Literacy or Numeracy. Within the Adult Education context, there are several initial assessment methods available. However, it is the providers who decide which methods are most appropriate for their learners, as different methods may be appropriate in different areas. This research project focuses on an Adult Education provider based in the Midlands, United Kingdom, and offers findings that test and sometimes refute the current theory about initial assessment. Two research methods were employed to achieve the aim and objectives. Firstly, secondary data was researched. Secondly, the qualitative primary data was collected using in-depth focus groups. The research included both practitioners and learners who either conducted or experienced needs analysis processes in the adult learning context. The findings and recommendations of this article propose the use of a more ethical and reliable way of conducting initial assessment in the Adult and Community Learning context.
      PubDate: 2022-12-30
      DOI: 10.14746/kse.2022.22.02
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2022)
  • Raising student bilingualism through foreign language (English) teacher
           professional involvement

    • Authors: Alicja Kawałek , Krzysztof Polok, Małgorzata Przybysz- Zaremba
      Pages: 73 - 91
      Abstract: The bilingual process is widely observed among many people and many cultures. Out of the many different forms of bilingualism, the form of bilingualism that most often appears is the subsequent one, being the result of learning a second language in school settings. When developing this type of bilingualism, both the language competences of language teachers and the quality of their teaching talent are very important. In order to assess this type of interdependence, a study that focuses on the teachers’ skills and competences, on the one hand, and the impact L2 teachers have on students, on the other hand, was designed. The study involved 50 teachers and 100 students taught by them, all of them attending vocational secondary schools in southern Poland. All participants of the study (i.e. both the teachers and the students) were to answer six verification questions included in the Matura exam 2018. The results obtained during the research indicate the existence of an interdependence between the actual level of proficiency of foreign language (FL) teachers and the final evel of L2 proficiency presented by their students. Generally, the students led by language teachers with a higher overall level of communicative competence showed an overall better command of English in the survey. 
      PubDate: 2022-12-30
      DOI: 10.14746/kse.2022.22.03
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2022)
  • Znaczenie procesu komunikacji pomiędzy biurem turystycznym a klientem

    • Authors: Michał Roman, Hanna Kardzialuk
      Pages: 93 - 121
      Abstract: The aim of the study was to investigate the communication process between the tourist office and the client. The paper characterizes the basic definitions and selected models of the theory of the communication process. The survey was conducted in the period from February to April 2020, on a group of 76 clients of the selected tourist office. The respondents were selected at random. A study with the use of an interview questionnaire was also conducted. Its purpose was to answer questions about efficient communication between tourist office employees and their clients. The conversation was direct and individual. The satisfaction with the quality of the communication process between the tourist office employee and the client was determined, as well as the prospects for further cooperation. A smoothly running communication process between tourist office employees and the clients is very important. Every effort should be made to minimize the impact of potential barriers, so that both parties can achieve the intended benefits and will be satisfied with such cooperation. Based on the research, the clients were divided into individual groups. Each group consisted of people who share common personal characteristics and a specific approach to service. In the interview, the topic of a “difficult client” was also raised.
      PubDate: 2022-12-30
      DOI: 10.14746/kse.2022.22.04
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2022)
  • Współczesny obraz dziadków w opinii uczniów edukacji wczesnoszkolnej z
           województwa lubelskiego

    • Authors: Justyna Sala-Suszyńska, Julia Wiatr, Julia Saweczko
      Pages: 123 - 132
      Abstract: Grandparents have always been the backbone of every family. Thanks to them the knowledge is passed on, values are shaped and traditions nurtured. They are a treasury of knowledge to which all family members reach. They are the people who will be happy to help, take care of, educate, explain and listen to. The relationship between grandparents and their grandchildren is very important, as they often spend a lot of time together and learn from each other. Due to the importance of the topic, a decision to learn more about the relationship between contemporary grandchildren and their grandparents was made. The scientific aim of the article is to learn about the relationships that exist between the studied students and their grandparents. Searching for an answer to the question posed, a research technique in the form of interviews with children was used. As a result of own research, it was shown that the surveyed students have very good relations with their grandparents, speak about them with great respect, and grandparents are a role model for them. The obtained results emphasize the extraordinary role of grandparents in the grandchildren’s lives, which is the basis for further studies on a larger scale, taking into account the perspective of grandparents and the demographic data of the surveyed families, which would enable the identification of mutual dependencies.
      PubDate: 2022-12-30
      DOI: 10.14746/kse.2022.22.05
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2022)
  • Piętno technologii – nomofobia i FoMO jako przykłady lęków
           współczesnej młodzieży

    • Authors: Wojciech Marcin Czerski
      Pages: 133 - 144
      Abstract: There is no doubt that new technologies are the hallmark of modern times. For young people, the digital world is a natural environment for their functioning in everyday life. Smartphones and social media accompany them almost everywhere. Many of them, following their idols, not only like and comment on what others do, but also create their own image online. This often leads them to lose themselves in what they are doing, and when, for some reason, there is no access to a device or SNS, it results in their anxiety and stress. The ongoing pandemic has, in a way, “forced” many of us to have more contact with new technologies. Sitting in front of a computer/smartphone for hours, while studying/working remotely is not without its consequences on physical as well as mental health. There are two increasingly common fears, among the results of the excessive use of smartphones and e.g. social media (mainly used by young people), related to the use of new technologies: nomophobia and FoMO. The former is a kind of separation anxiety related to not having access to a mobile phone. The second one is characterised by people who use social media without restraint, when they cannot check what is happening on their favourite platforms. The aim of this article is to present the characteristics of both phenomena, the means of diagnosis and the results of national and international research showing their scale.
      PubDate: 2022-12-30
      DOI: 10.14746/kse.2022.22.06
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2022)
  • Konflikty, kompromisy i rezerwuar międzykulturowości w małżeństwach

    • Authors: Joanna Cukras-Stelągowska
      Pages: 145 - 164
      Abstract: In this article, I discuss the issues of mixed marriages, referring to research conducted by Polish sociologists, psychologists and educators. On this basis, I try to show possible areas of conflict in this type of relationships, various strategies for working out compromises as well as various relations with the social microstructure. I emphasise problems related to bringing up children in a bi-cultural family environment, in particular aspects of bi-religious home education. My intention is also to identify potential areas of intercultural enrichment and the emergence of new cultural capital in mixed families. I also reflect on PolishJewish marriages by recalling the biography of a representative of the third generation of the Holocaust survivors, married to a Catholic, who has introduced, together with her husband, a model of dualistic education. The research was based on the biographical method, unstructured/indepth interviews. The article presents one of the elements of broader research, which focused on the construction of the socio-cultural identity of the narrators.
      PubDate: 2022-12-30
      DOI: 10.14746/kse.2022.22.07
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2022)
  • Praca zawodowa źródłem nieformalnej edukacji

    • Authors: Teresa Myjak
      Pages: 165 - 175
      Abstract: The aim of the publication is to present professional work as an important source of employees’ education and learning in the workplace, on the example of a selected enterprise operating in the construction industry. The study has both a theoretical and an empirical character. The first part discusses the issues of defining professional work, its importance for a man, and related learning. The second part shows the practices in the field of informal employees’education applied to participants in the work process and their approach to learning in the selected enterprise. The publication uses two methods: literature analysis and case study. The considerations contained in the study may be helpful in understanding the importance and role of nonformal education of employees of enterprises and assessing practices in this area.
      PubDate: 2022-12-30
      DOI: 10.14746/kse.2022.22.08
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2022)
  • Światopoglądy jako źródła postaw wobec
           środowiska naturalnego

    • Authors: Tatiana Krawczyńska-Zaucha
      Pages: 177 - 189
      Abstract: The 2020 survey found that adult Poles place the environment high in the hierarchy of life values. However, deeper analysis of the survey revealed a gap between declarations and the realization of these values. Among the more than 50% of adult Poles assigning a high value to the environment in the first part of the survey, in the final, only about 2% admit that it is the most important life value they follow in their daily life choices. The purpose of this article is to answer the question of where the mentioned gap between the declaration and realization of values comes from by analyzing the phenomenon of the existence of worldviews in general and the values correlated with them. This analysis is based not only on the classical answers of Kant, Dilthey or Scheler on the phenomenon of paradigms of reality, but also includes Dawkins’ meme theory and vMEME, or values meme by Beck and Cowan. On this base, conclusions about possible directions for educational changes regarding raising to the ecological paradigm were drawn. The novelty of the article is the proposal to design the change, using modern sources of information and knowledge acquisition, often rejected by the education system.
      PubDate: 2022-12-30
      DOI: 10.14746/kse.2022.22.09
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2022)
  • Planowanie zajęć dydaktycznych na studiach wyższych w
           okresie pandemii

    • Authors: Kinga Lisowska
      Pages: 191 - 212
      Abstract: The article focuses on the issue of preparing the schedule of didactic classes in the conditions of social isolation and sanitary regime during the COVID-19 pandemic at universities in Poland. The research was conducted at the Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, based on individual interviews, partially directed, with employees responsible for planning in 2017 2021, analysis of existing databases, i.e. state-wide regulations and intra-university regulations. To elaborate on the subject, an outline of the pre-pandemic timetable preparation process was outlined and compared with planning in times of complete isolation and recovery to relative normality in a sanitary regime. The preparation of a relevant timetable of didactic classes, taking into account study plans for individual fields of study for the entire education cycle, is a time-consuming and responsible work, in which the margin of error should be minimized in: overlapping the implementation of didactic units and hourly miscalculation of individual subjects. This task in the period of isolation and relative stabilization in the sanitary regime was a huge challenge for planners, who often had to react to a dynamically changing pandemic situation. Inefficient preparation of timetables can significantly disrupt the organization of the didactic process in higher education.  
      PubDate: 2022-12-30
      DOI: 10.14746/kse.2022.22.10
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2022)
  • What is related to the choice of coping strategies' - functional
           relationship between a sense of self-efficacy, self-regulation and
           strategies for coping with stress

    • Authors: Weronika Molińska, Anna Olechowska
      Pages: 213 - 223
      Abstract: Self-efficacy can affect an individual’s thoughts and emotions. It can be related to self-regulation processes and coping strategies. The aim of the study was to try to answer the question of whether there are correlations between the mentioned variables. To test this, an online survey was designed on the Google Forms platform, which included sociodemographic questions and three questionnaires: General Self-Efficacy Scale, COPE Inventory, Self Regulation Formative Questionnaire. The survey was prepared in English. The survey included 470 participants from Poland and Spain. The study was conducted during increased stress, which is the exam session. The result of the statistical analysis confirmed the accepted hypothesis. Strategies used in coping with stress are related to the level of selfregulation and self-efficacy. The higher the sense of self-efficacy, the more frequent the selection of favorable coping strategies, as well as the higher the level of self-regulation, the more frequent the selection of adaptive strategies and the rarer the selection of adaptive coping strategies. The results obtained are discussed in relation to the literature on the topic and previous studies, and it is suggested that further studies be conducted in a different context, taking into account that the results of self-efficacy or self-regulation could be different during intensified stress, for instance before or after an exam.
      PubDate: 2022-12-30
      DOI: 10.14746/kse.2022.22.11
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2022)
  • Wybrane aspekty wolności w kontekście przemian globalizacyjnych

    • Authors: Jagoda Górecka
      Pages: 225 - 234
      Abstract: Throughout history ethical and philosophical thought has been shaping various concepts of freedom. Global transitions and significant changes within economic, sociopolitical and cultural structures have raised new questions on postmodern human condition and the sphere of axiology. The paper presents selected aspects of freedom in the context of globalization according to the works of Emmanuel Lévinas and Zygmunt Bauman. A postulated concept of freedom is defined in relation to criteria such as dialogue, encounter, inter-subjectivity and responsibility, that are the foundations for tradition of the philosophy of dialogue. The article aims at highlighting social challenges and chances, in terms of the fast-changing world, and outlines the importance of discussing the problem of freedom in dialogical approach in the 21st century. 
      PubDate: 2022-12-30
      DOI: 10.14746/kse.2022.22.12
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2022)
  • Elementy magii i religii w rzeczywistości społecznej kapitalizmu

    • Authors: Mateusz Kufliński
      Pages: 235 - 248
      Abstract: The article is dedicated to the issue of magic and religion in the social reality of capitalism. The goal of the article is to present  examples proving that capitalism in various places (post-communist Central Europe, San Cristobal in the Mexican state of Chiapas, Colombian department Valle del Cauca, New York) and at various times (from the 1970s to the second decade of the 21st century) was associated with elements of religion and magic through social thinking and practice, and therefore elements of social reality. On the other hand, in the discourse, capitalism is often presented as a part of nature: the existence that acts objectively, like the laws of physics. In the article, this apparent contradiction is presented as a dialectical aspect of the present day, in which the discourse and social reality are complementary.
      PubDate: 2022-12-30
      DOI: 10.14746/kse.2022.22.13
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2022)
  • Liberalizm w edukacji

    • Authors: Aleksandra Irena Karoń
      Pages: 249 - 258
      Abstract: The contemporary message of some media associates broadly understood liberalism with the pejoratively interpreted slogan “do whatever you want”. Common understanding of liberalism as, very generally speaking, libertarian views, also tends to be juxtaposed with an almost anarchist view of the world. The purpose of this text is to reflect on how liberalism can be understood (and whether there is one way to define it) and how a liberal thought influences education. Can it shape education' If so, how' The liberal tradition is not only rich and diverse (it is impossible to talk about one liberalism with a capital “L”, or rather liberalisms of specific countries), but also has a significant impact on the way of thinking about the world in its various dimensions. The text provides an overview of the main tenets of liberalism along with their historical outline. The discussion about the main ideas of liberalism serves to organize a series of, sometimes contradictory, information about it. The background outlined in this way allows us to focus on the issue of liberalism in education, while posing a number of problematic, remaining open, questions about the essence of education or the role of school in the neoliberal perspective. The entanglement of science in ideologies is also shown, an example of which is mathematics, the subject defined in accordance with the adopted philosophical or even political perspective. The overview character of the text is intertwined with questions on the border of the philosophy of education and the history of political thought, which is a good introduction to further deepening the knowledge in both these areas.
      PubDate: 2022-12-30
      DOI: 10.14746/kse.2022.22.14
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2022)
  • Utrwalanie w nauczaniu historii przy pomocy algorytmu SuperMemo i jemu
           podobnych – propozycja metody redagowania treści historycznych

    • Authors: Mikołaj Piotrowski
      Pages: 259 - 273
      Abstract: The historical knowledge of Poles, including Polish students, leaves much to be desired, even on a basic level. The insufficient or even the lack of consolidation is the most likely explanation of this phenomenon. The proposed solution to this problem is the SuperMemo and its similar algorithms, along with school history content specially edited for its needs. Basically an algorithm is a set of steps leading to the completion of a task. In the SuperMemo case, the task is to optimize learning, or rather to reduce forgetfulness, while reducing the time devoted to still well-remembered knowledge. Both the SuperMemo and its similar have been implemented in many applications. Quizlet or the software with the same name as the algorithm – SuperMemo, are the examples of such applications. They allow you to learn your own materials as well as those already edited, either by the producer or by other users. The previously edited school historical content for the SuperMemo algorithm and its similar cannot be considered satisfactory if important issues such as: compliance with the core curriculum, division into classes and topics, historical narrative coherence, relationships between pairs of questions and answers, or degrees of difficulty, are regarded. This article proposes a method that can improve this state of affairs. It is the result of theoretical and quasi-experimental work, corrected later on the basis of more serious editorial experience.
      PubDate: 2022-12-30
      DOI: 10.14746/kse.2022.22.15
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2022)

    • Authors: Agnieszka Cybal-Michalska, Piotr Kostyło
      Pages: 277 - 285
      PubDate: 2022-12-30
      DOI: 10.14746/kse.2022.22.16
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2022)
           edukacyjnych i społecznych

    • Authors: Aneta Judzińska, Agnieszka Nymś-Górna
      Pages: 287 - 292
      PubDate: 2022-12-30
      DOI: 10.14746/kse.2022.22.17
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2022)
  • Recenzja książki: Teresa Wilk, Kultura w szkolnej i środowiskowej
           edukacji młodzieży poprzez sztukę. Edukacyjne doświadczenia z
           przeszłości, realia teraźniejszości, perspektywa przyszłości,
           Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Śląskiego, Katowice 2022, s. 608

    • Authors: Anita Stefańska
      Pages: 295 - 298
      PubDate: 2022-12-30
      DOI: 10.14746/kse.2022.22.18
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2022)
  • Lista recenzentów

    • Authors: KSE Tom 22 nr 2
      Pages: 305 - 305
      PubDate: 2022-12-30
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2022)
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