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  Subjects -> SOCIOLOGY (Total: 553 journals)
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Italian Sociological Review
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.227
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2239-8589
Published by QuiEdit Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Towards a Sociology of Reasonableness: Structure and Action in the
           Structural Interactionist Approach

    • Authors: Luigi Tronca, Michel Forsé
      Abstract: The principal aim of this article is to provide an introduction to structural interactionism, in particular examining its relationship to the concepts of structure and action, and the relationship between these two. The structural interactionist approach represents a distinct relational sociology perspective distinguished by its emergentist reading of the relationship between action and social structure. In this article, after presenting an overview of contemporary relational sociologies and examining the fundamental differences between relationist/relationalist sociologies on one side and structuralist sociologies on the other, we will expound the structural interactionist approach, starting with the relationship between structure and action and reserving attention for the concept of reasonableness. Lastly, we will discuss the methodological concerns surrounding structural interactionism, outlining a peculiar relationship in the process of social research between Social Network Analysis and qualitative research techniques.
      PubDate: 2022-09-26
      DOI: 10.13136/isr.v12i3.602
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 3 (2022)
  • The Mental Health of the Migrant Patient: Between Medicalisation and the
           Expression of Social Suffering

    • Authors: Roberta Bova
      Abstract: This article analyses the Italian social and health services accessed by migrants suffering from mental disorders. The aim of the article is to identify the effective accessibility of care facilities, and the dynamics of discrimination, negotiation, and dialogue that come to life in the interactions between socio-health workers and migrants. The article is based on the fieldwork research I conducted in a province in Northwest Italy between 2019 and 2020, in the network of the mental health services. The research was based on a mixed-method approach, and first analysed the epidemiological data regarding access to mental health services by the migrant population and the prevalent diagnoses. Subsequently, I carried out 22 discursive interviews with various professionals who work in this sector. In the light of the data collected, two main issues emerge: (a) the negotiation carried out by professionals between the social pressures for a return to a form of repressive psychiatry and the cultural expression of social needs stated by immigrant patients, and (b) the problematisation of the distinction between social suffering and mental disorder. Both issues refer to the process of medicalisation of mental health. The paper discusses the phenomena mentioned above through the analysis of the empirical material collected, and in relation to the scientific literature on the subject.
      PubDate: 2022-09-26
      DOI: 10.13136/isr.v12i3.603
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 3 (2022)
  • A Political History of the Valorisation of Cultural Heritage in Italy:
           Conflicts in a Controversial Social Process

    • Authors: Giovanna Rech
      Abstract: Valorisation is one of the two functions used by institutions in the transmission of cultural heritage in Italy. While valorisation is a polysemic concept with an uncertain use and wide-ranging implications, the relationships that have been forged between protection, management, realisation, and valorisation are the subject of a controversy that is in conflict with both scholars and the two different aims of social life: social and cultural progress and economic growth. Through a critical approach and from a sociological perspective, this article shows how these two dimensions are in a conflict that touches both the social purposes attributed to cultural heritage and the cultural process through which heritage is produced.
      PubDate: 2022-09-26
      DOI: 10.13136/isr.v12i3.604
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 3 (2022)
  • The Value of Networks Against Food Waste: The Case of “Too Good To

    • Authors: Stefania Fragapane, Ariela Mortara
      Abstract: The article addresses the issue of food waste through the study of the Too Good To Go (TGTG) movement and the contribution that the app has made to raising user awareness in the fight against food waste. After highlighting the phenomenon at European and national level, the article focuses on the awareness and motivation of the users of the TGTG app through the analysis of the discussions in two Facebook groups, among the most numerous in Italy, supported by some data from a qualitative survey conducted on a sample of Italian consumers. The analysis highlights a large presence of the TGTG initiative on the national territory in different Italian regions. The growing number of users of the app shows that the initiative is also successful in Italy. However, users seem to place more emphasis on saving money and the quality of food than on the joint project to combat food waste.
      PubDate: 2022-09-26
      DOI: 10.13136/isr.v12i3.605
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 3 (2022)
  • Intra and Interreligious Dialogue before and after the Pandemic Distancing

    • Authors: Carmelina Canta, Alba Francesca Canta, Chiara Carbone, Andrea Casavecchia
      Abstract: The article describes the results of a study that explores the effects of pandemic distancing on the dialogue experienced within religious communities and between believers of different religious backgrounds. The design of the research conducted on Key Informants identified among opinion leaders of different religious communities residing in Italy is presented, after having defined the concepts of dialogue, as a method of encounter/clash between identities, and of secularism, as a critical attitude and as a field of game on which to develop dialogue. The analysis of the interviews reveals dialogue practices that show a distinction between dialectical conversation and a dialogic conversation that made it possible to continue the dialogue during and after the pandemic distancing.
      PubDate: 2022-09-26
      DOI: 10.13136/isr.v12i3.606
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 3 (2022)
  • Organized Cohabitation and Domestic Hyper-proximity in Social Policies

    • Authors: Giuliana Costa
      Abstract: This article focuses on a specific ingredient of social and care policies with a housing dimension, namely, organized cohabitation among unrelated users. The topic is little explored, both by the social sciences, by those involved in the analysis of public policies, and by those disciplines that look more closely at the dimensions of space. Hyper-proximity in domestic spaces is an issue that concerns many social groups and social needs. In fact, there are several social services and projects that target coexistence “under the same roof and behind the same door” (Costa, 2015a; 2020) as a fundamental pillar of their action. Sharing domestic spaces in welfare interventions allows to reduce costs, to better organize professional work and to implement individualized programs that possibly make day by day sharing - of experiences, of ways of doing and being, of facing problems - a strength. I propose some key dimensions for analyzing this specific form of life which concerns people who, for different reasons, find themselves facing complex and intersectional problems. The article presents some findings of a research devoted to study different cohabitation projects and services around Italy, developed through 42 interviews to key informants, such as policy makers, services managers, services coordinators, professionals, to understand if and how these cohabitation solutions succeed in coping with the intersectional problems of the users.
      PubDate: 2022-09-26
      DOI: 10.13136/isr.v12i3.607
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 3 (2022)
  • Towards a Sociology of Innovation Ecosystems: Decision-Making under
           Uncertainty between Social Construction and Bounded Rationality

    • Authors: Simone D'Alessandro
      Abstract: Starting from the Schumpeterian approach and arriving at the most recent anti-mainstream theories on Innovation Ecosystems, the research examines, through theories, models and business cases, the problematic relationships between Innovation, Invention, and Creative Processes in an attempt to understand, from a sociological perspective, the decision-making processes induced by expectations and uncertainties. Different schools of thought in economics, agree that innovation is the main driver of growth. Disagreement arises when economists attempt to explain how innovation occurs, as there is a lack of shared understanding about the expectations of its decision-makers and implementers. There is also a lack of understanding about the social and cultural constructions of decision-makers, which are influenced by conditions of uncertainty, error and “non-knowledge” (Gross, McGoey, 2015). The imagined innovation may be considered feasible in the start-up phase but fail during its development. The innovator, in an ex-ante phase, cannot predict how a new hypothesis will evolve. In many cases, as we shall see, he will remove the observation of obstacles, because he is influenced by beliefs and convictions that disregard rational choices, even bounded ones.
      PubDate: 2022-09-26
      DOI: 10.13136/isr.v12i3.609
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 3 (2022)
  • Robots in Social Research. Can Social Robots Conduct an Interview'

    • Authors: Eleonora Sparano
      Abstract: The pairing of Robots with the human species is increasingly common in everyday life and the outcomes of this relationship are the subject of numerous studies in this direction. Scientific literature shows that the relationship of empathy with Robots is much more possible, the more they resemble human beings, both in features and behavior. In the light of these considerations, the first Social Robots were designed, and are currently being tested to assist humans in carrying out a wide range of activities. The effects of this relationship between humans and non-humans are evident in the research conducted on educational robotics and support of fragile subjects, as in the case of people with autism. We intend to investigate the possible uses of robotics in the field of social sciences, considering that, in a possible scenario of a post-pandemic future, Robots could be called upon to replace interviewers in the different phases of the research, and in particular in conducting interviews. The question is whether and how Robots are able to detect emotions in the answers of the interviewees, establishing a relationship of empathy with the interlocutors. If we can agree on the possibility of a future in which Robots accompany researchers in the context of the survey, the reasoning changes when we focus on the applications of robotics within the qualitative methodological strategy.
      PubDate: 2022-09-26
      DOI: 10.13136/isr.v12i3.610
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 3 (2022)
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