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KARSA : Jurnal Sosial dan Budaya Keislaman
Number of Followers: 2  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2442-3289 - ISSN (Online) 2442-4285
Published by IAIN Madura Homepage  [5 journals]
  • Communicative Cultural Dakwah of Abdurrahman Wahid in Pluralistic Society

    • Authors: Muhammad Ridho Syabibi, Abdul Karim, Shirin Kulkarni, Azharuddin Sahil
      Pages: 1 - 33
      Abstract: The purpose of this study was to examine the background of the life and thoughts of Abdurrahman Wahid or known as Gus Dur in the context of dakwah and communication using a social hermeneutic approach. Critical thinking, history, context of religious issues and Gus Dur’s missionary movement are identified in his various works and socio-religious roles. This type of research is qualitative factual history and literature study, namely research that uses library materials as the main data source. The research approach used is a hermeneutic and historical-sociological approach. The research methods are historical descriptive methods and biographical reconstructions. The data collected from the two approaches were analyzed by descriptive analysis presented inductively based on the framework of Habermas’ communication theory. The results of this study shows: Gus Dur emphasized that Islam is as social ethics based on historical-critical, and normative-theological, that reality epistemologically is plural, and the dialogue is necessary.
      PubDate: 2021-12-15
      DOI: 10.19105/karsa.v29i2.5220
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2021)
  • Interrelation of Religion and Culture in Gunungan Tradition Cosmology:
           Islamic and Javanese Perspectives

    • Authors: Ubaidillah Ubaidillah, Siti Marpuah
      Pages: 34 - 55
      Abstract: Philosophically, the science of The Qur’an about mountains is interpreted as a system of local awareness in the form of spiritual communication in the gunungan tradition of Javanese society. The concept of mountains in the Qur’an is scientific proof (kauniyah) of the Oneness of God as the Javanese interpret it as the concept of Gusti Manunggal. This dialectical relationship can be traced through the meaning of mountain cosmology in the Qur’an and Javanese philosophy in the perspective of interrelation between religion and culture. This study aims to explain mountains in the scientific perspective of the Qur’an with various functions which philosophically have a strong relationship in the gunungan tradition of the Garabek, Tumpeng, Slametan, and Sekaten rituals as the embodiment of tauhid in Central Java or Panjang-jimat in West Java. The method used is a thematic interpretation study with a descriptive narrative approach. Research on mountain cosmology or gunungan in the perspective of Islam and Javanese culture finds that (1) Gunungan is a form of symbolic communication that functions as an adhesive for the ordinary people on the one hand and at the same time spiritual. (2) The mountain is a universal system that affects the life of the Javanese people in fulfilling their life needs in an ecosystem function. (3) The gunungan tradition is a medium for praying, gratitude as a form of application, safety, and peace, as well as a medium for the spread of Islam. It can be concluded that the relationship between Islam and Javanese culture is a unified and unique Islamic characteristic in expressing theological and ecological awareness.
      PubDate: 2021-12-17
      DOI: 10.19105/karsa.v29i2.3869
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2021)
  • Defending The Country on The Movement of The Younger Generation in Lafran
           Pane’s Perspective

    • Authors: Umi Azizah, Djono Djono, Akhmad Arif Musadad, Eko Ariwidodo
      Pages: 56 - 77
      Abstract: This research discusses the defensive attitude of the younger generation, especially the younger generation of muslims, based on Lafran Pane’s thoughts. Lafran Pane is one of the hero figures in Indonesia who had a significant influence on maintaining Indonesia's independence. This research aims to determine and understand Lafran Pane’s thoughts on defending the country by the younger generation, especially the younger generation of muslims in Indonesia. The method used in this research is the descriptive qualitative research method. This study found that Lafran Pane emphasized the young age to maintain Indonesian independence by returning to the Islamic teachings and practicing them in all activities. He has reformed thoughts in various fields, created a new education system, made Islamic and Indonesian-ness the starting point for the movement.
      PubDate: 2021-12-19
      DOI: 10.19105/karsa.v29i2.3203
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2021)
  • The Cultural Message of Da’wah on The Jingkrak Sundang Dance in
           Central Java

    • Authors: Mukti Ali, Isma Ayu Wulandari, Zaenal Muttaqin, Sukron Ma’mun
      Pages: 78 - 99
      Abstract: This study aims to discuss the message of da’wah that is contained in the Jinkrak Sundang Dance by using a qualitative descriptive approach and using the technique of semiotic analysis. Semiotics seeks to find the signs with meaning and know the sign systems such as language, movement, music, and pictures. As for the objects of the material to be analyzed is the movement of dance performed by the Jingkrak Sundang Dance artist, located in Magelang. A semiotic analysis on the Jingkrak Sundang Dance is performed on each stage or round: Mlayu, Nebah Bumi, Laku Telu Dadung Ngawuk, Pati, Mendem, and Nawur. Jingkrak Sundang Dance depicts the anger of the animals whose habitat was marred by the man’s hand, who was not responsible. The da’wah messages were found in denotation and connotation that many charged theological and anthropological. Theologically, the da’wah message explains the belief in the power of God as creators and regulators of whole natural life. In contrast, the da’wah message emphasizes the anthropocentric, seen many messages that urge to keep, love, and affection among fellow creatures. This study shows the conveyed to society to preserve nature and survival of all living beings. In addition, human behavior with good acts, help, and practice at once be an example for human beings and caring for the sustainability of the nature of the other.
      PubDate: 2021-12-20
      DOI: 10.19105/karsa.v29i2.4905
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2021)
  • Transformational Model: Pela Communicative Action and Systemic Action

    • Authors: Andhika Rahmat Saputra, Putri Zahra Azizah, Adilati Sari
      Pages: 100 - 133
      Abstract: This study refers to how the Pela concept within the Maluku. This study relates to how the Pela concept within the Maluku community has a broad influence on the rationalization of the life-world. Modernity, liberalism, and the currents of globalization that fuel technical progress can jeopardize the rationalization of our life-world, which is essential for the integrity and solidarity of society, but neglect of technological progress should not be a proposition. Therefore, researchers, with the help of the dialectic of Habermas and Hardiman’s thoughts with their post-secular thoughts, found a motive to examine how Indonesian multiculturalism has the potential to rationalize the development of society. Using the perspective of Jurgen Habermas and Hardiman based on post-secular theory, the purpose of this study helped researchers study the forms of deliberation from the Pela system. Qualitative research is the research method used. The critical paradigm is the chosen solution. This study combines Pela concepts associated with Habermas and Hardiman’s post-secular thinking and uses Habermas’ critical hermeneutic theory. The results of this study show the decision-making process. In this context, the researchers found the Pela concept as the initial capital of the Maluku people to support technical progress without neglecting the roots of solidarity. This research can be a reference for further researchers in sociology, ethnology, and even human resource management.
      PubDate: 2021-12-21
      DOI: 10.19105/karsa.v29i2.4742
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2021)
  • Islamism Denounced: Madura Kiais’ Perspective of Nationalism

    • Authors: Abd A'la, Muktafi Muktafi, Abu Bakar, Mukhammad Zamzami, Ahmad Fathan Aniq
      Pages: 134 - 160
      Abstract: The transmission of Islamism among the kiais and their students in Madura has become more critical to examine in the last decade. However, some kiais of Nahdlatul Ulama (NU) in Bangkalan Madura see that Islamism or political Islam will gradually erode their national commitment. This article intends to reinterpret the nationalism vision of several kiais of NU and measure the extent of their views on the ideology of Islamism discoursed by the Islamic Defenders Front (FPI). By interviewing several kiais, this study finds that the propagation of Islamism in Bangkalan has not been as massive as occurred in Pamekasan, another sub-districts in Madura. The FPI-style Islamism in Bangkalan has been propagated only by a small group though they are vigorously active on social media. The majority of the NU community remains devoted to nationalism, committing that the NKRI is the final state. Islamic moderation promulgated by the kiais has been widely accepted and deeply rooted among the NU community. They believe nationalism and religion should not be separated from the spirit of their struggle (khittah). These two elements have united within their fighting spirit and become the primary trigger in devoting themselves to the nation and state to preserve national sovereignty and the integrity of Indonesia.
      PubDate: 2021-12-27
      DOI: 10.19105/karsa.v29i2.4876
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2021)
  • Halal Tourism Opportunities and Challenges in Toraja’s Muslim

    • Authors: Trisno Wardy Putra, Bayu Taufiq Possumah, Kaisar Lahiya Sikki
      Pages: 161 - 185
      Abstract: This study describes halal tourism in Muslim minority areas. Halal tourism is an industry currently developing in developed countries, not only in Muslim-majority countries but also in Muslim-minority countries. According to the Global Muslim Travel Index in 2019, Indonesia rose to the top position as a tourist destination. The coronation of Indonesia as the world’s best halal tourism destination is a new wind of optimism for stakeholders in the halal tourism sector. The Ministry of Tourism continues to expand the scope of priority halal tourist destinations. LPPOM MUI, as an institution that focuses on handling halal certification no less agile in conducting halal certification in tourist destinations. However, the development of halal tourism in several areas has been rejected by residents. This study examines the effect of halal tourism and facilities for Muslim tourists visiting Muslim minority areas. The research method used is qualitative by using observation, interviews, documentation, and in the final stage by concluding. This study found that halal tourism in North Toraja was initially rejected due to a lack of socialization in the community. It causes public misunderstanding regarding halal tourism policies. Halal tourism services still need to be improved, from the availability of halal food, worship facilities, water and bathrooms, and religious harmony. Therefore, the development of halal tourism needs to be a concern for the government.
      PubDate: 2021-12-27
      DOI: 10.19105/karsa.v29i2.5215
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2021)
  • The Responses of The Islamic Higher Education Students Against The
           Interpretation of The Quran’s Violent Verses and Hadith in Riau

    • Authors: Zarkasih, Niki Dian Permana, Aliff Nawi, Rian Vebrianto, Musa Thahir
      Pages: 186 - 220
      Abstract: The understanding of spiritual doctrine becomes the reason, and it causes an escalation in violence in the name of religion. Misinterpreting the Qur'an verses causes the doer to legalize the violence they do. This article presents the responses of Islamic higher education students in Riau Province and Riau Islands about the interpretation of violent verses in the Qur’an and Hadith. The sample consisted of 251 students from UIN Sultan Syarif Kasim in Riau, STAIN Bengkalis, and STAIN Abdurrahman Saleh in Riau Islands using a random sampling technique. Using descriptive analysis, the students’ responses against the interpretation of violent verses were categorized as fairly positive at 61%. It indicates that 39% of the students had a negative response. Hence, this study recommends the importance of efforts to “neutralize” the students’ understanding of the three Islamic higher education in Riau to prevent their tendency to have harsh or even radical understanding and responses.
      PubDate: 2021-12-29
      DOI: 10.19105/karsa.v29i2.4458
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2021)
  • Persuasive Dawah Strategies for Inmates on State Detention Centers in East

    • Authors: Hairus Salikin, Indah Wahyuningsih, Agung Tri Wahyuningsih
      Pages: 221 - 247
      Abstract: This article is the results of the study conducted in three detention centers in Jember, Bondowoso, and Situbondo. The focus of the study is how preachers use some techniques of rhetoric to persuade the assisted residents to fear Allah. This is of importance looking at the fact that assisted residents need religious messages while they are in the detention centers. The data of the study was collected by recording the religious talks delivered by the preachers and conducting the observation. The spoken data was transcribed into written, spoken texts. The preachers’ utterances were sorted out to find the utterances containing persuasive elements. Then they were analyzed as the basis of identifying the techniques which were used by the preachers to persuade the assisted residents. The results of the study reported that there was persuasive rhetoric in religious talks at those three detention centers. That persuasive rhetoric was applied using different techniques: direct and indirect persuasion, figurative language, references, story, and the use of cause and effect techniques. 
      PubDate: 2021-12-29
      DOI: 10.19105/karsa.v29i2.4680
      Issue No: Vol. 29, No. 2 (2021)
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