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  Subjects -> SOCIOLOGY (Total: 553 journals)
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Journal of Ethnic and Cultural Studies
Number of Followers: 6  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2149-1291
Published by UKAM Homepage  [1 journal]
  • An Emerging Reactive Ethnicity Among Latinxs in Tennessee

    • Authors: James Chaney
      Pages: 1 - 19
      Abstract: The burgeoning Latinx communities in the U.S. South provide rich case studies for examining the identity formation and group consciousness of children of Latin American immigrants. This paper explores the identities and sense of belonging of 1.5- and second-generation Latinxs who have come of age in Tennessee, a Southern state that has experienced a surge in immigration from Latin America in recent decades. In-depth interviews with Latinxs who have grown up in Tennessee reveal how these individuals contemplate their identities in relation to questions of belonging to (and within) U.S. society. A shift toward developing a reactive ethnicity is evident as Latinxs convey how perceived interpersonal discrimination coupled with recent national and local anti-immigrant policies drive ethnic group solidarity. These factors influence individual life choices and encourage participation in social and political activism. Such reactions will have long-term ramifications for local Southern societies.
      PubDate: 2022-04-06
      DOI: 10.29333/ejecs/1027
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2022)
  • “Minority Students’ Experiences are Part of Our Life of Teaching”:
           Hierarchical Multiple Regressions of Vietnamese Teacher Autonomous
           Motivation and Teacher Engagement

    • Authors: Ngoc Tung Vu, Duc An Nguyen
      Pages: 20 - 48
      Abstract: This article seeks to understand teacher autonomous motivation and teacher engagement of Vietnamese in-service teachers of English working with Vietnamese ethnic minority students, by presenting their voices and experiences as a hierarchical multiple regression analysis. Relying on the Self-Determination theory (Deci & Ryan, 1985), this quantitative study draws insights into Vietnamese K-12 English teachers of ethnic minority groups, when it comes to intrinsic, external, introjected, and identified motivation in support of their continuation of daily teaching activities and their further teaching professions. These aspects are likely to be translated into their sense of engagement in their professional contexts to different extents. Applying purposeful sampling for quantitative data collection, we primarily focus on drawing from the teachers’ self-rated competence to better explore a wide range of Vietnamese education insights regarding Vietnamese minority groups. Our findings, based on the multiple rounds of hierarchical multiple regression, suggest that teacher autonomous motivation and teacher engagement appear to be closely associated. Some relevant associations are found to occur under the influence of the teachers’ demographic backgrounds, including personal, familial, and educational experiences. Pedagogical implications are also presented at the end of our study, making way for future research to continue this important scholarship.
      PubDate: 2022-04-06
      DOI: 10.29333/ejecs/949
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2022)
  • The Use of Twitter to #DefendDACA & DREAMers

    • Authors: Mariana De Maio, Nathian Shae Rodriguez
      Pages: 49 - 65
      Abstract: The future of the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program, as well as the welfare of its recipients, in the United State has become a constant feature in the news since President Trump announced his intentions to end the program in September 2017. In response, a social movement of significance was engineered utilizing social media as one of its core pillars to support the program. This study analyzes the content of tweets with the #DefendDACA hashtag, tweeted within 30 days of Trump’s initial announcement, in order to understand the intersection of digital activism and DACA, including functions, purpose, and tone. Results from the analysis found tweets primarily centered on call-to-action, asking participants to defend DACA. Tweets also disseminated vital information, particularly with a positive tone. These findings aid in explaining the movement’s strength.
      PubDate: 2022-04-06
      DOI: 10.29333/ejecs/968
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2022)
  • Having the First-Year as Overseas Students: Intercultural Communication as
           Identity Negotiation of Indonesian Ph.D. Muslim Women Students in the
           United States

    • Authors: Mukti Ali, Win Listyaningrum Arifin, Zaenal Muttaqin
      Pages: 66 - 80
      Abstract: This study examined the first-year intercultural communication experiences of Indonesian Ph.D. Muslim women students in the United States as their identity negotiation. The following questions were addressed using Ting Toomey’s intercultural communication theory: What problems do Indonesian Ph.D. Muslim women students face in their new environment in the United States' How do they use intercultural communication as an adaptive strategy' And, to what extent can this intercultural communication skill affect their academic achievement as international students' Using an ethnographic approach, data were obtained through online observations and interviews via WhatsApp and Skype video calls with 11 Indonesian Ph.D. Muslim women students regarding their first-year experiences in the United States. According to the findings of this study, their ability in intercultural communication in their first year becomes the primary capital for their lives during their stay to complete their study. Their experience has turned into knowledge, motivation, and skills that turn out to be beneficial in facing challenges. 
      PubDate: 2022-04-06
      DOI: 10.29333/ejecs/1094
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2022)
  • Ethnic Identity Formation Among Students in Post-High-School Religious
           Gap-Year Programs in Israel

    • Authors: Gai Halevy, Zehavit Gross
      Pages: 81 - 95
      Abstract: The aim of this study is to test changes in ethnic identity from two points of view, focusing on Marcia's identity status model and the ethnic identity literature. Based on 135 participants who completed the Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure (MEIM) questionnaires at two-time intervals, stability was found at the mean level, while stability, progression and regression were found at the individual level. Transitions from moratorium into achievement were found more than to diffusion and status changes derived mainly following changes in the commitment component. In line with Erikson's theory, the results highlight the effect of the sociocultural context on the identity formation process and the need to examine changes in identity formation processes over time, both at the mean level and the individual level. These findings could be relevant to other countries that are going through similar processes of demographic changes in which the minority challenges the hegemony of the majority.
      PubDate: 2022-04-11
      DOI: 10.29333/ejecs/936
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2022)
  • How Does Self-Sacrificial Leadership Affect Knowledge Sharing and
           Knowledge Hiding': Organization's Cultural Prospective

    • Authors: R Sabrina, Emilda Sulasmi, A Akrim
      Pages: 96 - 120
      Abstract: Grounded in Social-Exchange Theory, the current study examines the association of self-sacrificial leadership with employees' knowledge sharing and knowledge-hiding behavior. Moreover, the mediatory role of employees' trust and intrinsic motivation was also investigated. The current study focused on self-sacrificial leadership outcomes while exploring underlying mechanisms to achieve those outcomes, specifically in SMEs in Indonesia. Using a longitudinal field survey, data were collected from 457 employees working at different levels in small and medium enterprises in Medan city, Indonesia. The results showed that self-sacrificial leadership was positively and significantly associated with the employees' knowledge-sharing behavior, while self-sacrificial leadership was negatively associated with employees' knowledge-hiding behavior. The results also revealed the interplay of employees' trust and intrinsic motivation between the link of self-sacrificial leadership and employees' knowledge sharing and knowledge hiding behaviors. Thus, it shows an exchange process of converting self-scarifying leaders' efforts into building trust among employees and intrinsically motivating them to share knowledge among peers and demotivate them from hiding knowledge.
      PubDate: 2022-04-20
      DOI: 10.29333/ejecs/1165
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2022)
  • Assessment of Students’ Argumentative Writing: A Rubric Development

    • Authors: Burhan Ozfidan, Connie Mitchell
      Pages: 121 - 133
      Abstract: A rubric is used for assessing student work and performance. It is a tool that works in various ways to develop student learning and has great possibilities. The study presented aims to investigate the rubric development of second language learners' argumentative writing. The study's significance is to explore how well the rubric assesses students' achievement of the skills needed to develop argumentative essays. This study will add to the literature more data regarding rubrics' effectiveness in providing constructive feedback to students. This research describes the results of the current study in relation to rubric feedback from undergraduate students and the faculty who teach them from a private university in Saudi Arabia. The use of the rubric would be to support instruction and student performance. The researchers have proposed a methodology to design, develop, and implement a rubric as a scoring guide for argumentative essays based upon the achievement of learning outcomes for this genre. The rubric was developed to evaluate the following criterion: organization, integrating academic sources, thesis statement, finding evidence/lack of evidence, writing refutation paragraph, writing counterclaims, content, academic tone, mechanic, and vocabulary. The researchers statistically found significant interrater reliability and convergent validity coefficients. The results are considered to encourage the evaluation and development of such rubrics to be used across universities and colleges.    
      PubDate: 2022-04-20
      DOI: 10.29333/ejecs/1064
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2022)
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