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  Subjects -> SOCIOLOGY (Total: 553 journals)
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Facta Universitatis, Series : Philosophy, Sociology, Psychology and History
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1820-8495 - ISSN (Online) 1820-8509
Published by U of Niš Homepage  [11 journals]
  • KANT ON PHILOSOPHICAL EDUCATION IN THE AGE OF CRITIQUE

    • Authors: Duško Prelević
      Pages: 001 - 008
      Abstract: In Announcement of the Programme of his Lectures for the Winter Semester 1765‒1766, Immanuel Kant outlined his views of how philosophical education ought to be conducted. According to him, the method of instruction in philosophy should be zetetic, which means that students should first learn to philosophize rather than (as they typically expect) to learn philosophy, that is, that learning how to think for oneself ought to be preferred over learning particular philosophical systems. Kant argued for this view by claiming that philosophy at his time was not yet a complete discipline, and accordingly, that there was no philosophical book which might be said to contain definite solutions to the main philosophical problems.Given that the claims above had been stated in 1765, and that later on (in the 1780s and 1790s in particular) Kant thought that he had practically solved (or resolved) all the important philosophical questions, it is interesting to see whether his views of philosophical education remained the same, even more so because at that time he still claimed (for example, in Critique of Pure Reason and according to some transcriptions of his lectures) that his age was the age of critique and therefore it had to be seen what will come of it. I argue in this paper that there are good reasons to believe that Kant's aforementioned claims are compatible and that the continuity of his thoughts on these things can be preserved.
      PubDate: 2022-06-06
      DOI: 10.22190/FUPSPH2201001P
       
  • HEALTH CONDITIONS AND TEMPORAL STABILITY OF THE INTERNAL STRUCTURE OF
           ILLNESS REPRESENTATION IN PATIENTS WITH MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION

    • Authors: Damjana Panić
      Pages: 009 - 026
      Abstract: The study aimed to examine the effects of health conditions – previous history of cardiovascular disease (high blood pressure, hypertension, angina pectoris), heredity, risk factors for MI (smoking, obesity, hyperlipidemia, physical inactivity), and acute/chronic stress in the previous year, and socio-demographic variables (gender, age, education, relationship, and material status) on the formation and change in the mental representation of MI. In addition, the temporal stability of the internal structure of the illness representation dimensions in MI patients, and the effect the health and socio-demographic conditions may have on it, were also examined. The results point to significant effects of health and socio-demographic factors on the formation and change of myocardial infarction representation. A significant change in the internal structure of the illness representation was already found 1.5-2 months following the event. This change can only be partially explained by the examined health and socio-demographic conditions, given that after partialization of these effects, differences in the construct's internal structure at the two measurement time points remain significant. The results are discussed according to the theoretical background and previous research findings. Future research should explore the effects of some other variables that could further explain the temporal changes in the MI representation, but also the initial representation formation.
      PubDate: 2022-06-06
      DOI: 10.22190/FUPSPH2201009P
       
  • TRAUMATIC EXPERIENCES AS THE PREDICTOR OF MALADAPTIVE OUTCOMES AMONG
           CHILDREN IN FOSTER CARE

    • Authors: Aleksandra Bogdanović
      Pages: 027 - 038
      Abstract: The aim behind this study was to first analyze the nature and the extent of childhood trauma and existing maladaptive outcomes (internalized and externalized problems, and dissociation) among adolescents in the foster system, and then analyze the possibility of using traumatic experiences to predict the aforementioned outcomes of childhood trauma. The sample consists of 121 respondents, children and youths in the care of child protective services, without adequate parental care, residing in temporary foster care families on the territory of Serbia, aged between 11 and 18. The respondents filled out the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire – CTQ (Bernstein & Fink, 2003), the Dissociative experience scale for adolescents, A-DES (Armstrong et al., 1997), and the Child behavior checklist – youth self-report (Achenbach & Rescorla, 2001). The results of the analyses have indicated that physical and emotional neglect are the most frequent forms of maltreatment in early childhood, with a relatively high prevalence of the other individual forms of trauma. Early childhood trauma statistically significantly predicted all the analyzed maladaptive outcomes, explaining approximately 20% of the variance of internalized and externalized problems, and dissociation. Recommendations are given for future studies.
      PubDate: 2022-06-06
      DOI: 10.22190/FUPSPH2201027B
       
  • THE SELF-EXPANSION PROCESS AND QUALITY OF ROMANTIC RELATIONSHIPS

    • Authors: Tamara Đorđević, Dušan Vlajić
      Pages: 039 - 048
      Abstract: This paper examines whether people with different affective temperament (depressive, cyclothymic, hyperthymic, irritable, anxiety-cognitive, anxiety-somatic and mixed) differ in terms of perceived social support. The sample is a convenience one, uniform by gender, consisting of 200 people under the age of 35. The instruments used in the research are: the Serbian version of the TEMPS-A scale, which assesses five affective temperaments, and the Serbian version of the Social Support Scale of the Study of Medical Outcomes (MOS-SSS). The results show that the depressive temperament perceives social support to a lesser extent than the cyclothymic (p <.05), hyperthymic (p <.01), anxiety-cognitive (p <.05) and mixed temperament (p <.05). On the other hand, the hyperthymic temperament is more prone to perceiving social support than the cyclothymic (p <.05) and anxiety-somatic temperaments are (p <.05). The main conclusion of this research is that hyperthymic temperament, which is characterized by most desirable traits such as optimism, sociability, self-confidence and eloquence, perceives its social environment to be more supportive than other temperaments, which is a consequence of its characteristics and the adequate communication of its own needs.
      PubDate: 2022-06-06
      DOI: 10.22190/FUPSPH2201039D
       
  • THE AUTHORITARIAN FATHER: THE PREDICTIVE ROLE OF CONFLICT RESOLUTION
           STYLES AND THE ATTACHMENT DIMENSION

    • Authors: Nataša Lazović, Kristina Ranđelović
      Pages: 049 - 060
      Abstract: The authoritarian parenting style with its negative connotation has many adverse effects on various aspects of children's development, so the aim of this paper will be to identify potential predictors of the authoritarian parenting style of fathers. The concept of attachment and conflict resolution styles used by fathers are part of the model used in this paper which, together with the age of the fathers, represent important predictors of a father's authoritarian parenting style. A convenience sample included 101 fathers and their children from the territory of Northern Kosovo. The instruments used in the research are The Experience in Close Relationship Scale (Hanak and Dimitrijević, 2013; Brennan, Clark & Shaver, 1998), Conflict Management Styles Assessment (Adkins, 2006,) and the Parental Authority Questionnaire (Buri, 1991). The results partially proved the hypothesis, and were discussed in the context of attachment theory and previous empirical research that provides a strong framework of reference for understanding the results of this research.
      PubDate: 2022-06-06
      DOI: 10.22190/FUPSPH2201049L
       
 
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