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  Subjects -> SOCIOLOGY (Total: 553 journals)
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Sociology and Anthropology
Number of Followers: 5  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2331-6179 - ISSN (Online) 2331-6187
Published by Horizon Research Publishing Homepage  [51 journals]
  • Ethno Eco-Tourism: Utilizing Nature and Culture for More Sustainable
           Tourism Development

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Feb 2023
      Source:Sociology and Anthropology  Volume  11  Number  1  Dian Aswita   Evi Apriana   Herlina   Suleman Samuda   and Abubakar   Tourism development requires holistic and integrated planning between environmental, economic development and community empowerment aspects so that the pattern of development can be sustainable. In the literature on sustainable tourism development, at the conceptual and operational (practical) levels, the principles of sustainable development are adopted and used. The environmental problems are the result of economic development that ignores the involvement of local communities and becomes the main cause of the emergence of the sustainable tourism concept. Indonesia’s cultural and topographical diversity is the main reason why the government sets the direction and focus of Indonesia's tourism development in the future towards the ‘sustainable’ policy. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to find out the use of nature and culture in sustainable tourism development. This research is a literature study with a descriptive-analytical research method. Researchers collected data from scientific journals, books, literature, and publications that are relevant to being a source of data for this research. The result of this literature review is that the concept of sustainable tourism demands harmony between the local, social and economic environment. Community empowerment is the key to sustainable tourism development.
      PubDate: Feb 2023
  • Okolo's African Being-with and Heidegger's Idea of Mitsein: A
           Cross-Cultural Dialogue

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Feb 2023
      Source:Sociology and Anthropology  Volume  11  Number  1  Ikeagwuchi Ikechukwu Ukwuoma   There is a dare need to understand peoples and cultures and resolve unending conflicts for better human relationship among people. To do this, this study seeks to find out whether the ontological being underlying Okolo’s African being-with is the same as that underlying Heidegger’s being-with (mitsein). The question raised is whether Africans share a common humanity with other human beings in the world, and if Heidegger’s presumption about the humanity of the African is true' What can the answers to these questions do in leadership and governance especially as the Nigerian election is in its full gear' The major aim of the study is to examine Okolo’s notion of African ‘being-with’ in relation to Heidegger’s ‘being-with and highlight the rich ethical and political implications of their concepts through a cross-cultural dialogue and use it to advance a new ethical world order that promotes better living among peoples. The study finds that Africans and Europeans share a common humanity and that the understanding of Okolo and Heidegger’s notions of being-with can help not only improve mutual relationship but also leadership growth.
      PubDate: Feb 2023
  • Socio-economic Impact of Old Persons' Cash Transfer in Mulundi
           Sub-location, Kitui County-Kenya

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Nov 2022
      Source:Sociology and Anthropology  Volume  10  Number  2  Kasyoka Franciscah Muindi   Harrison M. K. Maithya   and Kennedy Barasa Wanjala   Kenya runs several social protection programmes, among which is Older Persons Cash Transfer purposed to support the elderly population (more than 65 years old) for their upkeep and minimize their vulnerability to socio-economic challenges. Over the years since 2004, budget allocation for the programme has been increasing, but little information is available to show how effective the programme is or whether the grants are adequate for the beneficiaries to meet their financial and social needs. This study applied cross-sectional mixed methods to evaluate the socioeconomic impacts of the Older Persons Cash Transfer on the recipients living in Mulundi sub-Location, Kitui County, Kenya. In this study, a household census survey was employed to gather information from all 113 registered beneficiaries in the Mulundi sub-location using a questionnaire. The local area chief, two officials from the county social development office and three village elders were involved as the key informants. A total of 12 focus group discussion participants were involved in two separate sessions, one for men and the other for women. There were more female beneficiaries (58 percent) than male beneficiaries (42 percent), the majority of whom were widowed (53 percent). Most of the beneficiaries (72 percent) were the age between 65 and 75 years old, thus suggesting there is a high number of newly enrolled beneficiaries in vulnerable conditions. Few beneficiaries (21 percent) had alternative sources of income, while a majority (79 percent) depended on cash transfer as the main source of income. Most of the beneficiaries used cash to buy food (44 percent), pay school fees for their dependents (30 percent), health care (12 percent) and buy clothes (10 percent). The majority of the programme beneficiaries (57%) were dissatisfied with it, with most of them believing that it had not improved their economic state and that the monthly stipend was insufficient to cover most of their needs. The majority of the beneficiaries were women, many of them widowed suggesting that they are more vulnerable than male beneficiaries, they lacked companionship, made individual decisions on spending the funds and faced a wide range of financial needs in their families. Most of the beneficiaries were not commonly involved in community development activities. The programme beneficiaries faced a number of challenges, including insufficient and erratic grant disbursement, management issues, a lack of a clear grievance airing procedure, a rising cost of living, and a lack of openness in the programme's management. The paper concludes that Older Persons Cash Transfer Programme has improved the socioeconomic welfare of the elderly, but the programme also faces challenges that need to be addressed in order to make it more efficient and fully achieve its intended objective of improving the lives of older persons.
      PubDate: Nov 2022
  • Perceptions about the Factors that Influence Public Participation in Rural

    • Abstract: Publication date:  May 2022
      Source:Sociology and Anthropology  Volume  10  Number  1  Mwanzia Sylvia Nthenya   Harrison M.K Maithya   and Jonathan M. Mwania   The aim of this study was to establish the factors influencing participation of the public in development projects in Wote-Nziu ward in the context of a devolved governance system. The objectives of the study were to establish the impact of socio-economic factors, political factors and demographic characteristics on public participation in development projects. The study sample was comprised 85 respondents sampled from the general population within Wote/Nziu ward. In addition, 15 Key informants were drawn from Project Management Committees (PMC) and 9 focus group discussions were with the committee members drawn from the various projects within the ward that are initiated and implemented by the County Government of Makueni. Analysis of the data collected, that is, correlation between independent and dependent variables revealed positive values of correlation coefficients (R). The study findings revealed that demographic characteristics, socioeconomic and political factors influence the level of public participation in development activities of the residents of Wote-Nziu Ward in Makueni County. Comparatively, however, political factors have more influence on public participation. The study concludes that residents and the County Government of Makueni have embraced public participation as a tool to meaningfully engage in development initiatives in a devolved system of governance.
      PubDate: May 2022
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