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  Subjects -> SOCIOLOGY (Total: 553 journals)
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1972-7623 - ISSN (Online) 2035-6609
Published by Universit√† del Salento Homepage  [14 journals]
  • Housing Crisis and Social Mobilization in Times of COVID-19

    • Authors: Luisa Rossini; Simone Tulumello
      Abstract: For Editorial abstract is not mandatory
      PubDate: Wed, 12 Apr 2023 00:00:00 +020
       
  • Community-Led Housing in Yangon: The Struggles of Non-Confrontational
           Resistance and Feminist Crisis Management

    • Authors: Marina Kolovou Kouri; Shoko Sakuma, Catalina Ortiz
      Abstract: In this article, we draw on community-led housing, non-confrontational resistance, and feminist crisis management literature to analyse the response to the COVID-19 pandemic and the military coup in a community-led housing scheme in Yangon, Myanmar. Based on the direct involvement with a women's grassroots network and a local NGO between 2018 and 2022, we focus on the impacts of the double crisis on low-income populations, their responses to overlapping challenges, the emergent forms of mutual care, and the extra and intra-community learnings. We argue that, in the context of authoritarian regimes, community-led housing practices constitute a modality of non-confrontational resistance that, in times of crisis, revealed how collective housing members had an important safety net-in material, emotional, and social terms—sustained through collective mobilisation and mutual care. This analysis contributes to expanding the debates on housing justice struggles, non-confrontational resistance, and care from the standpoint of grassroots women's organisations.

      PubDate: Wed, 12 Apr 2023 00:00:00 +020
       
  • Mobilizing Care and Housing Access. Demanding Responses to the Local
           Government in Buenos Aires in the Context of the COVID-19 Pandemic

    • Authors: Mónica Farías; Carolina Sternberg
      Abstract: The Covid-19 pandemic made starkly visible the housing crisis in the City of Buenos Aires characterized by the increasing presence of precarious housing situations. The mandatory social isolation imposed nation-wide at the onset of the pandemic significantly delayed the spread of the virus. Yet, this policy revealed the exclusion of the most vulnerable populations- the unhoused and slum dwellers. The city government of Buenos Aires offered the unhoused and slum dwellers patch-aid policies that immediately triggered the reaction of a collective of unhoused advocacy groups and grassroots organizations (GOs). Long-term and new GOs, demanded from the local government, adequate housing and immediate sanitary assistance for those who were already living in precarious conditions. We selected two case studies that were at the forefront of the array of claims and critiques to the local government during the pandemic. Most of these claims were situated under the constitutional "right-to-housing" established in the Argentinean constitution. We argue that the GOs mobilized an "ethic of care" whereby they built networks of care and assistance rooted in the idea of a relational social ontology. At the same time, they did not intend to replace the State's withdrawal from being a welfare provider and guarantor of rights, but to call attention to the State's moral obligation to care.

      PubDate: Wed, 12 Apr 2023 00:00:00 +020
       
  • Housing Activism and Urban Space during the Covid19 Pandemic. Research
           Notes on the Bairro of Arroios, Lisbon

    • Authors: Marco Allegra; Claudio Carbone
      Abstract: This paper presents some research notes from an on-going project on housing activism in Lisbon in the last decade, describing its ascendant trajectory (2012-2019) and the impact that the Covid epidemic had on the local activist community (2020-2022). In particular, the paper focuses on two of the main protagonists of local housing activism, the association Habita and the collective Stop Despejos, and on the relation that they have developed in time with an ecosystem (of sites, groups, projects) that have developed in the last ten years in the neighbourhood of Arroios, which have found a characteristic spatial infrastructure in the coletividades (a Portuguese expression that identifies spaces managed by no-profit associations or collectives). The paper examines this relation against the background of two bodies of literature, namely contributions that have examined (i) the nexus between collective action and space and (ii) the different forms of political agency represented by the conceptual pole of "contentious" and "everyday politics". This research is based on extensive data collection (through ethnographic notes, documental analysis, and in-depth interviews, 2020-2022) and on the authors' status of insiders in the process observed.

      PubDate: Wed, 12 Apr 2023 00:00:00 +020
       
  • The Configuration of a Multi-Pronged Housing Movement in Barcelona

    • Authors: Luisa Rossini; Miguel A. Martínez, Angela García Bernardos
      Abstract: The housing movement that emerged in Spanish cities during the 2007–8 global financial crisis has undergone various mutations. If at first it was led by the anti-evictions fight of the Platform for People Affected by Mortgages (PAH) and the housing groups of the 15M mobilization cycle (2011–14), the successive rent crises since 2013 and during the COVID-19 pandemic (2020–22) have given rise to new activist expressions—housing/neighborhood unions (sindicats d'habitatge / de barri) and a tenants' union—in metropolitan areas such as Barcelona. These have played a central role in housing organizing during the COVID-19 pandemic. In this article we investigate the development of the housing/neighborhood unions while understanding their relationships with other housing groups in Barcelona. We first aim to know if, how, and why they have adopted, modified, or replaced the protest repertoires used by the PAH and the tenants' union and, second, to what extent the local housing movement in Barcelona evolved into a more diverse and multi-pronged configuration. Our findings indicate significant divergences between these housing organizations but also a common and complementary field of activism that eventually proved to be resilient during the COVID-19 pandemic and beyond.

      PubDate: Wed, 12 Apr 2023 00:00:00 +020
       
  • Irreparable Damage: International Housing Rights and Local Housing
           Struggles in Rome after 2020

    • Authors: Chiara Davoli; Stefano Portelli
      Abstract: The recent interventions of the UN High Commissioner of Human Rights (OHCHR) to suspend evictions of tenants in Rome, Italy, allows us to shed light into the forthcoming social catastrophe caused by Italian housing policies, and into the new advancements of social movements for housing. As two scholar-activists involved both in research on housing and in political actions to prevent evictions, we describe how housing movements in Rome are facing the contradictions between local and international discourses on the right to housing.

      PubDate: Wed, 12 Apr 2023 00:00:00 +020
       
  • Acting Transnationally. A Case from Lisbon's Housing Social Movement
           in Time of Pandemic

    • Authors: Antonio Gori
      Abstract: With the changes and limitations due to the pandemic, social movements for housing rights readjust their activities and experiment with new practices. This short story aims to narrate how, through cooperation with groups in other countries, a collective in Lisbon reformulates its activities and achieves unprecedented results. I will tell how the Habita! association began working on new popular advocacy strategies, and how it managed to appeal to UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights in order to avoid evictions of vulnerable subjects and force local governments to offer housing solutions.

      PubDate: Wed, 12 Apr 2023 00:00:00 +020
       
  • Housing Squats in the Pandemic: Viale delle Province 198

    • Authors: Margherita Grazioli
      Abstract: The twin buildings located in Viale delle Province 198 used to be the administrative headquarters of the National Institute of Social Protection (INPS) in Rome, then left vacant since the acquisition by the real estate fund, Investire SGR. It was squatted in 2012 by hundreds of families in a condition of housing vulnerability with the political and logistical support of the Blocchi Precari Metropolitani, that are part of the local Housing Rights Movements. Given its layout and central location, Viale delle Province 198 has become a hub of autonomous infrastructures of the welfare and contentious politics from below, with a strong focus on healthcare. This vocation has been highlighted by the Covid-19 pandemic, whose unforeseen challenges compounded pre-existing patterns of exclusion. On the one hand, the activists, inhabitants and local social workers have engaged to consolidate the social innovations that have been devised since the onset of the pandemic. On the other hand, they and their solidarity networks are coalescing to cope with the repercussion of the eviction procedure that started during the summer 2022, and that would cause the dissolution of the autonomous infrastructures they have generated.

      PubDate: Wed, 12 Apr 2023 00:00:00 +020
       
  • Philadelphia Housing Action: Covid-19 Pandemic and Negotiating our
           Survival

    • Authors: Sterling Johnson
      Abstract: Philadelphia Housing Action is a group of experienced housing organizers formed at the beginning of the Covid-19 pandemic. While the U.S. government made funds available for emergency housing, the city government refused to use it all while continuing to sweep homeless encampments from place to place. In response, Philadelphia Housing Action embarked on a housing takeover campaign to help homeless mothers on the streets using unused vacant public property. To keep the houses, they held space, with a massive encampment in the middle of the city demanding that the houses be delivered to them and for the city to secure safe housing for these vulnerable Black and Latino families.

      PubDate: Wed, 12 Apr 2023 00:00:00 +020
       
  • Politicising the Amnesty: Struggles for Migrants' Legality during a
           Pandemic

    • Authors: Paola Bonizzoni; Minke Hajer
      Abstract: The 2020 regularisation for irregular migrant workers in Italy relied extensively on civil society actors' (CSAs) involvement to provide information, legal support and handle the bureaucratic procedures of the programme. Based on qualitative research carried out with CSAs, migrants and employers involved in the programme, the article describes the heterogeneity of the CSAs involved as well as the different politicisation routes they followed. We show that, through a series of activities – information provision, preparing and sending applications, institutional lobbying and case advocacy, civil disobedience and protest – CSAs have attempted to repoliticise the amnesty through four different avenues: solidarity, debordering, empowering and contention.

      PubDate: Wed, 12 Apr 2023 00:00:00 +020
       
  • The Interconnection between Ecology and Direct Democracy in Alternative
           Food Networks

    • Authors: Eirini-Erifyli Tzekou; Giorgos Gritzas
      Abstract: The literature of Alternative Food Networks has engaged with ecological practices as well as decision-making. Nevertheless, it usually approaches ecology and democracy in Alternative Food Networks separately or as a sum of good practices, thus neglecting their interaction. The present article proposes a holistic approach of these practices under the lens of degrowth and post-development. Ecology and democracy are at the epicenter of degrowth and post-development discourse which offer a coherent framework to study social change. Based on the data drawn from a field survey including 43 semi-structured interviews with members of 13 Alternative Food Networks and a nine-month participant observation in the city of Thessaloniki, Greece, the article studies the interplay between ecological practices and direct democratic decision-making. The study brings to the foreground the way Alternative Food Networks negotiate environmental sustainability as well as the complementarities and conflicts between their different goals and strategies. Consequently, it highlights the need for incorporating holistic discourses such as degrowth and post-development into the study of Alternative Food Networks.

      PubDate: Wed, 12 Apr 2023 00:00:00 +020
       
  • Epistemologies of the South and Decolonisation of Human Rights

    • Authors: Marta Vignola
      Abstract: Being characterised by a variety of normative systems and systems of knowledge, contemporary societies are said to be pluralistic. Yet, some expressions of epistemic and legal pluralism are still ignored and rejected, due to the cognitive hegemony and legal centralism of Western modernity. The issue has been explored from different perspectives in the field of human and social sciences, having been investigated within the framework of Latin American neo-Marxist dependency theory, English post-colonial studies, world-systems theory, the theories of the Modernity/Coloniality group, and the Epistemologies of the South. Such approaches seem to be particularly effective when carrying out a comprehensive analysis of human rights, as global social justice cannot be achieved without global cognitive justice (de Sousa Santos 2007). Other languages can be used to talk about human dignity, with epistemic and legal pluralism making the various grammar rules of fundamental rights intelligible. Such an approach has been adopted by decolonial theory, which is experimenting with a new legal common sense. In this paper, reference will be made to the Epistemologies of the South, theorised by Portuguese sociologist of law Boaventura de Sousa Santos.

      PubDate: Wed, 12 Apr 2023 00:00:00 +020
       
  • Eleonora Pasotti, Resisting Redevelopment. Protest in Aspiring Global
           Cities, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2020

    • Authors: Gilles Pinson
      PubDate: Wed, 12 Apr 2023 00:00:00 +020
       
  • Nicolas Duvoux and Nadége Vezinat (eds) (2022). La santé
           sociale, Paris: Puf

    • Authors: Sara Vallerani
      PubDate: Wed, 12 Apr 2023 00:00:00 +020
       
  • Baogang He, Micheal Breen and James Fishkin (2022), Deliberative Democracy
           in Asia, New York: Routledge

    • Authors: Andrea Schiuma
      Abstract: This article reviews Deliberative Democracy in Asia, a book published in 2022 by Routledge and edited by Baogang He, Micheal Breen and James Fishkin. The review is divided into four sections: a short introduction about deliberative democracy, an analysis of the structure of the book, an investigation of the most important topics addressed in the work and a conclusion, stating whether the book is worth reading or not, and why. Throughout the review, of course, the strengths and the weaknesses of the book are underlined. The former particularly relate to the contents of the book and to some aspects of its structure, while the latter specially concern the work's comparative approach, which looks a bit weaker than expected.

      PubDate: Wed, 12 Apr 2023 00:00:00 +020
       
  • Digital technologies in global cities: the entanglement of inequalities,
           opportunities and social mobilizations

    • Authors: Niccolò Morelli
      PubDate: Wed, 12 Apr 2023 00:00:00 +020
       
  • Monica Gazzola e Roberto Tassan, Oltre l'antropocentrismo. Contributo a un
           logos sull'animalismo, Gruppo Editoriale Viator

    • Authors: Pierluigi Musarò
      PubDate: Wed, 12 Apr 2023 00:00:00 +020
       
 
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