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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1972-7623 - ISSN (Online) 2035-6609
Published by Universit√† del Salento Homepage  [14 journals]
  • Politics During and After Covid-19: Science, Health and Social Protest

    • Authors: Niccolò Bertuzzi; Erica Lagalisse, Elisa Lello, Giampietro Gobo, Barbara Sena
      Abstract: Covid-19 represented a total social fact, especially for that part of the world (the so-called Global North and in particular its wealthier component) which is less used to face dramatic crises able to affect fundamental rights and provoke health threats on a daily basis. While acknowledging its enormous impact on individual biographies, political systems and socio-economic equilibria around the planet, however we contrast those interpretations that have tended to naturalize the pandemic event, reading it as unpredictable, unique, disconnected from the dynamics that guide the (mainstream) Western lifestyle and mode of production. On the contrary, the genesis and above all the management of Covid-19 are the result and the mirror of broader dynamics linked to modernity, colonialism, capitalism, in one word of the Capitalocene. For this reason, it is even more correct to speak of a syndemic, to underline the environmental determinants of health, and the social and economic inequalities (re)produced by Covid-19. We therefore consider that interpreting the pandemic/syndemic (and its governance) as a state of exception is at least partial, being instead more useful to identify its unveiling function, able to make some latent or less visible dynamics manifest. Based on such premises, we focus on some nodes of the syndemic governance, highlighting how this contributed to give continuity and accelerate typical dynamics of a neoliberal governance and worldvision. We deal in particular with four key issues: the treatment of "science" by the media; the political history of "public health" and its relationship to the modern state; the construction of legitimate dissent vs. the constructed irrationality of "conspiracy theory"; the outcomes of social protests and in particular their pathologization in the mediatic and public debate. These are also among the main topics which are critically discussed in the thirteen papers that compose this Special Issue, from a variety of disciplinary fields, and with diverse epistemological perspectives and methodological tools.

      PubDate: Thu, 12 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +010
       
  • The Scientific Controversy on Covid-19 and the Image of Science as an
           Expert System: Comparing the Debate in Italy and UK

    • Authors: Fabio Lucchini; Michele Marzulli
      Abstract: The theoretical context of this article refers to the relations between expert systems and public opinion, according to an approach that describes how scientists' knowledge is questioned during serious globalized crises, such as epidemics and pandemics. In this regard, a typology of Italian and UK Twitter profiles was proposed in order to define the role of scientists in the debate around Covid-19, and to answer to what appear to be relevant research questions: What are the main scientific issues of the controversy' How is shaped the multifaceted pro-vax front' What image of science as an expert system emerges in the debate on Covid-19' To do that, a web-ethnography was performed, based on the analysis of some Italian/UK Twitter profiles of scientists, analysing a selection of interactions generated around them. The main research results are presented with reference to 'pro-vax' emerging profiles (a less studied context than the 'anti-vax' front), trying to illustrate the complexity of the dispute and the adequacy of discourse about science. In the end, the authors suggest that the idea of science as a 'truth' that people should simply trust - overly simplistic in the past - is not entirely plausible in today's public debate in social networks.

      PubDate: Thu, 12 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +010
       
  • The "Green Pass" Controversy in the Italian Twittersphere: a
           Digital Methods Mapping

    • Authors: Federico Pilati; Andrea Miconi
      Abstract: In this paper we developed a digital methods mapping of the controversy arises from the adoption of the so-called "Green Pass" in Italy Adopting an "agnostic" approach to our object of study, we used a well-established research design: namely, to collect all the tweets that contain words related to conversations about the green pass in Italy (e.g.: green pass, #greenpass). In this way, the sample collected amounts to 4.307.487 tweets, published between June 15, 2021, and December 15, 2021. To bring out the "voices" of the different actors involved in the controversy we adopted a quali-quantitative approach: on the one hand, by means of computational techniques, we reconstructed the structural relations in which the actors are involved and its evolution over time; on the other hand, by means of content analysis we enriched our map with an interpretation of the discourse surrounding the controversy. Finally, these cartographic results are discussed considering the Italian media system functioning, in order to understand how its conformation may have influenced the public debate concerning the green pass.

      PubDate: Thu, 12 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +010
       
  • Early Home Therapies against Covid-19. An Italian Case of Politicisation
           of Science'

    • Authors: Enrico Campo; Matteo De Toffoli, Giampietro Gobo, Fabrizio Strata
      Abstract: Since February 2020, strategies aimed at containing and managing the Covid-19 syndemic have been developed by the governments of European countries. Among these measures, the possibility of an early treatment of the disease has been considered of fundamental importance, both for curing the disease and governing the syndemic. Despite their potential, early therapies received a somehow unexpected treatment in Italy and the debate around them gave rise to a very evident conflict between proponents and opponents of those treatments, to the point that some of the former organised a properly political movement in order to promote the integration of early home therapies in the official health protocols. Not surprisingly, the issue of early therapies has been considered an exemplary case of politicisation of science. However, the assimilation of the early therapy controversy to the frame of politicisation of science cannot fully explain why these protocols were discarded by political and health authorities. Rather, the consideration of health protocols as socio-technical objects shifts the attention on the vast range of cultural, political and economic factors that contributed to the general resistance towards those treatments. Therefore, we aim to analyse the media coverage of the phenomenon, and investigate the protocols of home treatment of Covid-19, paying attention to the interaction of the factors that contributed to the exclusion of home therapies into national guidelines.

      PubDate: Thu, 12 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +010
       
  • Looking at Covid-19 vaccine hesitancy through a macro perspective. A
           comparative study of Italy, Poland and Portugal

    • Authors: Silvia Cervia; Maja Sawicka, Barbara Sena, Mauro Serapioni
      Abstract: This article aims to overcome the most common interpretive paradigms on vaccine hesitancy and refusal when are limited to consider the individual or group level and provide a contextual reading. For the purpose of this study, cultural, economic and political conditions are considered constituent materials of "thinking" and "doing" in everyday life and of "problematizing" the issue of vaccines in the Covid-19 era. By adopting an analytical model derived from Sewell's pattern of contextualized structures (as a result of schemas and resources), the article compares three exemplary cases: Portugal, the country with the highest rate of Covid-19 vaccination; Italy, one of the most vaccine-hesitant western countries in Europe; and Poland, which with its vaccination rate well exemplifies vaccine-hesitant post-socialist CEE countries. By combining the schemas and resources, this study gives a social map with types of context-driven structures and offers an initial interpretative key useful to understanding the complexity of problem framing and structuring in the Covid-19 pandemic era in different sociocultural and political contexts.

      PubDate: Thu, 12 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +010
       
  • From Availability to Accessibility. Vaccination Proximity in a Social
           Clinic in Palermo

    • Authors: Sara Vallerani
      Abstract: The present paper explores protests and initiatives in the vaccination field carried out by organisations developed within social movements, specifically focusing on the collective social actors involved in the Covid-19 vaccination campaign by proposing differentiated intervention strategies to ensure equity in access to the vaccine. The case study is the social clinic of Borgovecchio (Palermo) which developed a vaccination centre that responds to the principles of Primary Health Care (accessible, proactive and inspired by a spirit of 'proximity'). The social clinic is located in the community centre Anomalia. Data collection was carried out through observation and semi-structured interviews. The so-called 'proximity vaccine centre' project results from the radical criticism of the official vaccination campaign. The paper analyses the distinctive elements between this grassroots initiative and the official vaccination campaign, the initiative's guiding principles and goals, the organisational aspects and the ambivalences of the relationship with institutions. The results suggest that the primary goal of the "grassroots vaccine centre" was to safeguard the inhabitants of the district through a 're-territorialisation' of the intervention and the valorisation of different elements such as relation, spatial proximity and "trust". Additionally, the involvement of the social clinic in the vaccination campaigns represents an unprecedented collaboration between the National Health System and an informal organisation. Consequently, this case study represents a privileged observation point for analysing the relationships and conflicts between a self-organised experience and governmental institutions. Finally, this contribution suggests a broad reflection on the processes of politicisation in the healthcare domain and on the risk that initiatives implemented in an emergency logic produce or reinforce further inequalities in access to services.

      PubDate: Thu, 12 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +010
       
  • Understanding the Impact of (Anti-)Racism on Covid-19 Vaccine Allocation
           Decision-Making

    • Authors: Sophie Webb
      Abstract: This article uses critical discourse analysis to interrogate Covid-19 vaccine allocation frameworks created by Johns Hopkins and the National Academies to understand how the authors of these frameworks conceptualized the problem of vaccine hesitancy among people of colour. This article argues these frameworks represent an institutional discourse about vaccine-hesitant racialized people that casts people of colour as mistrustful, conspiracy-prone and unwilling to engage with public health efforts and that this stereotyping undermined the anti-racist potential of these frameworks to address vaccine hesitancy among racialized people by failing to consider how vaccine hesitancy in people of colour can be an attempt to mitigate the untrustworthy nature of US public health institutions. There will undoubtedly be another situation in the future where there are not enough critical health resources for all, and priorities will have to be set. Public health officials need to learn from the Covid-19 experience and will need a far better understanding of the issue of vaccine hesitancy among people of colour.

      PubDate: Thu, 12 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +010
       
  • Virtuosos of Mimesis and Mimicry: a Case Study of Movements Propagating
           Conspiracy Theories in Ireland and Poland

    • Authors: Elżbieta Drazkiewitz
      Abstract: In recent years, conspiracy theories have been increasingly defined as a new social enemy, a threat to democracy. But scholars of conspiracy theories also point out that we have very little research that examines a direct link between conspiracy theories and political practice. We still know very little about the ways in which conspiratorial beliefs influence different forms of civic engagement and democratic participation. By examining Irish and Polish movements that endorse vaccination-related conspiracy theories, this article explores what relation they have to civil society. I argue that, in order to shed the negative label of conspiracy theories, such movements engage in the practices of mimesis and mimicry. According to Markus Hoehne, mimesis is a form of positive appraisal, an art of imitating well-established models of social and political organization. Mimicry, on the other hand, involves the deceptive imitation of such models in order to attain one's own political agenda. What, then, are the Covid-19 era protests: masters of mimicry or masters of mimesis'

      PubDate: Thu, 12 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +010
       
  • Vaccine hesitancy and refusal during the Covid-19 pandemic in Italy:
           Individualistic claims or repoliticization'

    • Authors: Elisa Lello; Niccolò Bertuzzi, Marco Pedroni, Luca Raffini
      Abstract: The Covid-19 pandemic highlighted new (or renewed) forms of conflict within a longer path of distrust and dissatisfaction towards politics and growing scepticism towards 'official truths' and 'official science'. Italy was the first European and Western country in which the pandemic spread in February 2020, and also one that adopted particularly stringent measures to contain the virus. In this scenario, a country in which political distrust was particularly diffused experienced an increase in institutional trust, accompanied by a strong demand for security from above. At the same time, radicalisation and distrust have grown among larger strata of the Italian population, leading to a significant polarisation of the public sphere. This essay critically embraces the perspective of the vast and plural universe of vaccine hesitancy and refusal (VHR) and, more generally, the materialisations of conflict concerning vaccines and policies aimed to address the Covid-19 pandemic. In the media and public debate, these protests have been mainly regarded as populist, driven by individualistic claims nurtured by indifference towards the collective good. We specifically explore whether VHR should be viewed exclusively as a sign of selfishness and populism or also as a form of repoliticisation around new issues and, in particular, as an expression of critical citizenship manifesting doubts about the decisions made by politicians, affirming a critique of the model of instrumental rationality, and advocating a pluralist debate on complex issues which directly affect individual life-choices and the body. Our study is based on 67 qualitative interviews with VHR citizens and a focus group with four key figures of the 'Movimento 3V' (3VM), a minor Italian party advocating freedom of choice in relation to vaccines.

      PubDate: Thu, 12 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +010
       
  • Free choice in the making: Vaccine-related activism as an alternative form
           of citizenship during the Covid-19 pandemic.

    • Authors: Barbara Morsello; Paolo Giardullo
      Abstract: The paper analyzes how free vax communities reframe health emergency during Covid-19 pandemic. We examined, through a digital ethnography on the main Italian free-vax online communities - Comilva, Corvelva and Movimento 3V – the public contestation of anti-Covid health policies by comparing their different styles of vaccine-related activism. Contesting health policy during pandemic was not just a matter of misinformation or related to the spreading of fake news, but actions and claims of free vax communities were based on specific processes of knowledge-making and biopolitics. The Science and Technology Studies (STS) framework, adopted throughout the analysis, provides the opportunity to review the vaccination controversies debate, by focusing on free vax public activities, aimed at counteracting mainstream knowledge and health policies adopted by the government to face the Covid-19 emergency. The analysis offers an entry point for understanding the nexus among the claims of free vax communities and the emerging idea of citizenship related to health, individual rights, and public participation in contemporary society.

      PubDate: Thu, 12 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +010
       
  • Waves in Cycle: The protests against anti-contagion measures and
           vaccination in Covid-19 times in Italy

    • Authors: Donatella della Porta; Anna Lavizzari
      Abstract: Since the beginning of the pandemic, while progressive movements have mainly focused on social inequalities exacerbated by the sanitary emergency, a number of protests emerged and quickly became visible that initially targeted the policies taken to reduce contagion and subsequently focused on the vaccine and vaccination. In the attempt to account for the rapid development of these protests, social scientists have mostly turned to classical approaches used in the analysis of far-right organizations and sects, looking at broad transformations in society or at fear and a sense of insecurity at the individual level. In this article, we build upon a social movement approach to look at the main characteristics of the protests against anti-contagion measures. From a theoretical point of view, we point to the importance of disentangling the specific waves happening within broader protest cycles. Empirically, focusing on the Italian case, we present a novel development in protest event analysis looking at the specific forms of action, the actors involved, and their claims in two waves of contention during the pandemic in Italy, between 2020 and 2021.

      PubDate: Thu, 12 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +010
       
  • The Anti-Restrictions Movement and the Populist Counterpublics in Denmark

    • Authors: Óscar García Agustín; Anita Nissen
      Abstract: Despite less restrictive governmental Covid-19 measures than in other European countries, Denmark also witnessed the rise of mobilisations against vaccine measures and corona-related restrictions. While most protests did not assemble many participants, nor garnered much media attention, the anti-restrictions scene consists of a vast and diverse array of activists and organisations united in the call for less governmental intervention in the freedoms of the citizens, as also witnessed elsewhere across the globe. We conceptualise the anti-restrictions groups as 'populist counterpublics', since the counterdiscourses emerging from the Covid-19 measures deepen the antagonist divide between the ordinary people and the elites. We focus on three of the most prominent groups: Men in Black (MIB), the Freedom Movement's Joint Council (FBF), and Earth Freedom Knowledge 21 (JFK21). By analysing arenas and frames, we show how the Danish anti-restrictions movement uses the diagnostic frames of totalitarian government and global complot to blame the Danish government and international elites, and the prognostic frames of power and rights to the people and individual freedom as solutions to the articulated problems. Although these groups employed similar frames and enemy constructions, they failed in promoting internal alliances and in shaping a new and accepted idea of who makes up 'the people', leading to a limited level of public support for their cause.

      PubDate: Thu, 12 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +010
       
  • The technocratic reason in the government of emergency. A theoretical
           analysis on the management of the Covid-19 epidemic

    • Authors: Emilio Gardini
      Abstract: The assumption on which this contribution is based that in liberal democracies the "political space" represents the confrontational space of coexistence in which lives are governed by "legitimate" power of politics. What we have observed over the course of about two years now is that the epidemic must be understood within this space and, as happens for the observation of all "social facts", it cannot be considered as an isolated phenomenon. The history of epidemics is therefore mainly a "social and political history"; just think of the way in which the use of measures to counter the contagion redesigns the meaning of coexistence and power relations. The Covid-19 epidemic comes at the end of an economic crisis that began in 2008 and should not be disconnected from this, despite the tendency in public opinion and the media to consider it an "external factor", exclusively a health issue relating above all to "vital processes". Therefore, this contribution intends to propose an examination of the "government of the emergency" in liberal, capitalist, de-collectivized societies through a theoretical approach (biopolitical and dialectical) which, on the one hand, investigates the relationship between government, power and contagion control devices and, on the other hand, explores the presuppositions of the crisis of knowledge that increasingly gives way to "technique" which becomes an administrative tool.

      PubDate: Thu, 12 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +010
       
  • The Conspiracy Theory/Vaccine Hesitancy nexus as rhetorical boundary work.
           A critical analysis of the production of scientific ignorance in
           literature reviews

    • Authors: Nicola Stocco
      Abstract: With the Covid-19 outbreak the request for useful knowledge to inform policy measures rapidly escalated. On the verge of infodemics, vaccine hesitancy and conspiracy theories have been individuated as major threats to society which need rapid responses. In this context of uncertainty, literature reviews are a great way to retrieve useful knowledge from the large and dispersed amount of knowledge produced in the last two years. Nevertheless, the structural process of reviewing is not a neutral process of evidence retrieval and can lead to the deformation of initial knowledge through synthesis and simplification. Furthermore, the boundary work in the review process, if not properly critically assessed, can polarize the distinction between scientists and non-experts. Drawing from STS literature on boundary work and scientific ignorance production, this article critically analyzes 12 literature reviews regarding the nexus between conspiracy theory and vaccine hesitancy. The results highlight how the rhetorical construction of the ignorance areas leads to the neglected arguments in the form of an implicit elitist discourse which reproduce the deficit model of policy intervention through the preference for the psychological explanation. Furthermore, the uncritical assumption of the rightfulness of the evidence retrieval leads to polarization in the construction of otherness and depoliticization of agency. The implications are discussed, along with examples of more creative and emancipative reviews.

      PubDate: Thu, 12 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +010
       
  • From Loopholes to Deinstitutionalization: The Platform Economy and the
           Undermining of Labor and Social Security Institutions

    • Authors: Fabian Beckmann; Fabian Hoose
      Abstract: Previous research on platform work has concentrated on questions of organization, technology and regulation, while the focus has been much less on institutions and mechanisms by which platform work challenges existing labor market and welfare state institutions. This article deals with platform-driven deinstitutionalization using the example of social security in the conservative German welfare state. We argue that the main feature of platform work is the weakening of labor- and welfare-related institutions. We show how platforms undermine the German social security scheme in a functional perspective by using solo self-employment or minijobs, resulting in varieties of externalization of social protection. Furthermore, the social security institutions are normatively undermined by the strategic use of two main narratives: while the sharing narrative negates power asymmetries and highlights peer-to-peer relationships at eye level, the entrepreneurship narrative promotes ideas of autonomy and self-realization. Both strategies aim at redefining social security institutions and undermining collective protection. We discuss the disruptive effects of platform work and the inability of the social security institutions in Germany to adjust to the digital age and ensure sufficient social protection for workers in non-standard forms of employment. The analysis also implies that future regulatory policies have to take power struggles over cultural framings into account.

      PubDate: Thu, 12 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +010
       
  • We Must Draw a Different Future! Insights from the Frontline Anti-Violence
           Work During the Pandemic in Italy

    • Authors: Pietro Demurtas; Caterina Peroni
      Abstract: In this article we analyze the effects of the Covid-19 pandemic on the Italian anti-violence system, through the eyes of the pratictioners of anti-violence centers, who are historically at the forefront in supporting women survivors of male violence. Their perspective is particularly relevant because, in Italy, anti-violence centers hold a "borderline" position, which lies between the political role of transformation and that of an actor of the private social provider of an 'essential' public service. On the basis of international recommendations, our analysis distinguishes two main areas of intervention on which national policies have been called to intervene: on one side, the protection of women victims of violence, and on the other their empowerment. Analyzing either official statistics and data collected through an online survey addressed to the practitioners of anti-violence centers during the lockdown, we highlight strengths and weaknesses of the policy measures implemented in Italy from their situated perspective, with reference both to the protection and the empowerment of survivors.

      PubDate: Thu, 12 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +010
       
  • The Macerata Shooting: Digital Movements of Opinion in the Hybrid Media
           System

    • Authors: Guido Anselmi; Marcello Maneri, Fabio Quassoli
      Abstract: The role of Twitter in the organisation of political action – either by supporting existing street-level protests or native digital mobilizations – has attracted a great deal of attention. However, the wider media, political, and cultural context in which mobilizations take place is often overlooked. In this article, we analyse the trajectory of a digital movement of opinion that reacted to the shooting of black people by a right-wing militant in the Italian town of Macerata in 2018. Using a dataset of 571,996 tweets captured over 31 days, and employing a mix of machine learning, network analysis and qualitative investigation, we study how factors both external and internal to the platform sealed the fate of that movement. We maintain that the permeability of Twitter to outer divided arenas and its re-intermediation by political leaders are key to the transformation of protest movements into polarised crowds.

      PubDate: Thu, 12 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +010
       
  • Towards the Formation of Genuine European Parties' Examining and
           Comparing the Cases of DiEM25 and Volt Europa

    • Authors: Panos Panayotu; Giorgos Katsambekis
      Abstract: The 2019 European Parliament (EP) election saw the participation of two transnational parties: DiEM25 and Volt Europa. Both seek to democratise the European Union (EU) by engaging with European institutions and mobilising their supporters across member states, putting the EU's democratic deficit at the centre of their endeavour. They consider the European space as their primary field of appeal and mobilization, adopting a transnational conception of 'the people' as the source of democratic legitimacy. This paper explores the potential of genuine pan-European parties in increasing public contestation and inclusiveness at the European level and in democratising EU politics by treating DiEM25 and Volt as prototypical cases. Through a comparative analysis, we highlight the novelties of the two parties in relation to existing 'Europarties' and assess how these respond to deficiencies related to the democratic deficit. We conclude by reflecting upon what DiEM25 and Volt reveal about the potentials and challenges of 'transnationalising' EU politics.

      PubDate: Thu, 12 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +010
       
  • University-Industry Relations in the Oil and Gas Sector in Russia

    • Authors: Alessandro Tinti; Marco Cilento
      Abstract: Russian technical universities carry on the tradition of Soviet-era industrial institutes by providing skilled labour force to the industry. In recent years university-industry collaboration has grown in size and depth to include several other functions. This study explores university-industry relations in the oil and gas sector. Taking cues from the Triple Helix theory, a comparison is made between two renowned technical universities in Western Siberia that have been adopting different models of cooperation with industrial partners. The analysis shows that university's mission, funding strategies, and organizational culture determine the pace of cooperation. Findings underline the high regional engagement of both academic institutions, which figure as crucial nodes of the oil and gas value chain. On the background of increasing state pressure on higher education institutions to become more entrepreneurial, it is argued that technical universities are set to become crucial innovation actors in the coming years. This enables a more nuanced look at oil and gas governance in today's Russia and offers new insight into the role played by refashioned elite universities.

      PubDate: Thu, 12 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +010
       
  • Teaching Italian and Reconfiguring Citizenship: The Case of Language
           Volunteers in Migrant Education

    • Authors: Maurizio Artero
      Abstract: Pro-migrant volunteering is often denounced as apolitical and patronising. Voluntary initiatives for immigrants' language education, then, have been accused of facilitating the neoliberal governmentality of migration, by fashioning migrants into precarious workers. Based on 20 in-depth interviews with volunteer language teachers in Lombardy, Italy, this article complicates such understandings, by shedding light on the tensions and ambiguities characterising volunteers' activities vis-à-vis the institutional governance of migration. Indeed, whereas such initiatives take on integration tasks for the benefit of the State, and thus can be accused of allying with the State in the governmentality of migration, against a background of growing nationalism, volunteering appears to develop people's empathy and solidarity beyond national belonging, questioning the division between citizens and non-citizens. In particular, it shows that volunteering in language education has the potential to transgress consolidated lines of inclusion and exclusion, turn volunteers from 'active citizens' into 'activist citizens', and offer resources of substantive citizenship to students. Ultimately, these 'humanitarian' actions by citizens belonging to the dominant society may represent acts of citizenship complementary to the initiatives of 'denizens'.

      PubDate: Thu, 12 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +010
       
  • Unemployment and Social Participation: The Joint Role of Individual and
           Contextual Unemployment in Europe

    • Authors: Leo Azzollini
      Abstract: How does unemployment affect social participation' A considerable body of work has analysed the scar effects of unemployment on social participation and exclusion, which are important antecedents of civic and political participation. However, this literature has scarcely addressed the moderating role of contextual unemployment. In this article, we extend a theoretical framework positing that unemployment scars decrease social participation, and that those individual effects are moderated by contextual unemployment. We test these hypotheses relying on Rounds 4–9 (2008–2018) of the European Social Survey, for 33 countries, and more than 100 sub-national units including macro-regions (NUTS1) and regions (NUTS2), measuring participation as the frequency of social meetings with relatives/friends/colleagues. Results from linear regressions with context-year Fixed Effects indicate that those with longer and more recent unemployment experiences participate less socially. However, these individual negative effects vary powerfully according to the contextual unemployment rate: the scar effects of unemployment on social participation are strongest where unemployment rates are smaller, and almost zero and not statistically significant where they are higher. These findings highlight the joint centrality of individual and contextual unemployment to illuminate social participation.

      PubDate: Thu, 12 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +010
       
  • Movements and Parties: An Introduction

    • Authors: Manuela Caiani
      Abstract: The article provides an analytical introduction to the Symposium devoted to Sidney Tarrow's "Movements and Parties. Critical Connections in American Political Development". First, it discusses the relevance of the book with regards to the Movement-Parties scholarship. Second, it presents the content of the Symposium, focusing on the main arguments developed by the various authors.

      PubDate: Thu, 12 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +010
       
  • Movements and Parties by Sidney Tarrow

    • Authors: Daniela R. Piccio
      Abstract: For Symposium Absstract is not required
      PubDate: Thu, 12 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +010
       
  • Notes on Sidney Tarrow's Movements and Parties

    • Authors: Donatella della Porta
      Abstract: For Symposium Absstract is not required
      PubDate: Thu, 12 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +010
       
  • Movements and Parties: Beyond Contentious Performances

    • Authors: Rebecca Neaera Abers; Débora Cristina Rezende de Almeida, Maris Bülow
      Abstract: For Symposium Absstract is not required
      PubDate: Thu, 12 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +010
       
  • Overcoming Movement Centrism

    • Authors: Dieter Rucht
      PubDate: Thu, 12 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +010
       
  • Sidney Tarrow Breaches Boundaries

    • Authors: Mona El-Ghobashy
      Abstract: For Symposium Absstract is not required
      PubDate: Thu, 12 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +010
       
  • Movements, Parties, and Hybrids

    • Authors: Santiago Anria
      Abstract: For Symposium Absstract is not required
      PubDate: Thu, 12 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +010
       
  • From Parties to Movements: Studying the Radical Right with Sidney Tarrow

    • Authors: Michael Minkenberg
      Abstract: For Symposium Absstract is not required
      PubDate: Thu, 12 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +010
       
  • Understanding the Birth, Quality and Collapse of Democratic Regimes
           through Movement-Party Interactions

    • Authors: Lorenzo Mosca
      Abstract: This article provides a discussion of Sid Tarrow's "Movements and Parties. Critical Connections in American Political Development". First, it discusses the concept of movementization of parties. Second, it focuses on the main linkage and relational mechanisms that define the interaction between parties and movements. Next, it introduces the comparative part of Tarrow's book highlighting the role that movements play in the processes of democratic anchoring and de-anchoring. Eventually, it critically reviews the concept of hybridity by attempting to uncover the constitutive mechanisms of the process of movementization and its empirical referents in recent U.S. history.

      PubDate: Thu, 12 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +010
       
  • Gary Alan Fine, The Hinge. Civil Society, Group Cultures and the Power of
           Local Commitments. Chicago: Chicago University Press, 2021.

    • Authors: Sebastiano Citroni
      Abstract: For Book Reviews Abstract is not required
      PubDate: Thu, 12 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +010
       
  • Nicolas Duvoux and Nadége Vezinat (eds) (2022). La santé
           sociale, Paris: Puf.

    • Authors: Sara Vallerani
      Abstract: For Book Reviews Abstract is not required
      PubDate: Thu, 12 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +010
       
 
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