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  Subjects -> SOCIOLOGY (Total: 553 journals)
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Journal of Ecological Anthropology
Number of Followers: 6  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1528-6509 - ISSN (Online) 2162-4593
Published by U of South Florida Homepage  [6 journals]
  • Book Review of Eating NAFTA: Trade, Food Policies, and the Destruction of
           Mexico by Alyshia Gálvez

    • Authors: Laura Kihlstrom
      Abstract: This is a book review of the book 'Eating NAFTA: Trade, Food Policies, and the Destruction of Mexico' by Alyshia Gálvez.
      PubDate: Tue, 30 Mar 2021 09:14:08 PDT
       
  • Transmission and Erosion of Local Knowledge Practices in a Fishing Village
           in South India

    • Authors: Dalibandhu Pukkalla Mr et al.
      Abstract: Fishermen acquire knowledge through kin or other members of the community in an informal way, as well as through personal experience. The knowledge thus acquired is viewed as an asset, but the dangers of its erosion are well understood by the fisher communities. This study documents local knowledge based on the experience, observation, and experimentation of the Jalari fishing community in South India. We focus on wave/ocean colors, sea currents, reading the weather, and availability of fishes in different seasons. Cultural transmission and factors potentially influencing the sustenance and erosion of knowledge practices are briefly considered.
      PubDate: Tue, 30 Mar 2021 09:13:58 PDT
       
  • Ethnic heterogeneity of knowledge on termites and human consumption in
           southern Cameroon

    • Authors: Sevilor KEKEUNOU 75278164 et al.
      Abstract: Termites are both pests and non-conventional food resources in Sub-Saharan Africa. Many are reluctant to eat them, and the reasons for this rejection are poorly known. This study examined level of knowledge, and acceptance by members of the 10 main ethnic groups of southern Cameroon. Most respondents (86 percent) were aware of termites as food with sixteen vernacular names in the study areas. Acceptance among ethnic groups for consumption varied between 96 percent and 8 percent of people in a group. Barriers included being raised to not eat termites, not having many opportunities to eat termites, and dislike of the taste.
      PubDate: Tue, 30 Mar 2021 09:13:43 PDT
       
  • Participatory Mapping with High-resolution Satellite Imagery: A Mixed
           Method Assessment of Land Degradation and Rehabilitation in Northern
           Burkina Faso

    • Authors: Colin Thor West et al.
      Abstract: Sahelian West Africa is a region that has high population densities and that has frequent severe droughts and enormous pressure on natural resources. Because of these challenges, it is the place where the term desertification was originally coined. Recently, however, experts have identified large zones of greening where the amount of vegetation exceeds what one would expect based on rainfall alone. This pattern is well documented, but its mechanisms remain poorly understood. This research employs participatory mapping linked with high-resolution satellite imagery to better understand the human role behind regional vegetation trends. Through a case study of three communities in northern Burkina Faso, this paper presents a pilot methodology for explicitly mapping perceived areas of both land degradation and rehabilitation. Combining participatory mapping exercises with standard image classification techniques allows areas of land degradation and rehabilitation to be precisely located and their extents measured for individual communities and their surrounding terroirs. Results of the spatial analysis show that the relative proportion of greening and browning varies among communities. In the case of Sakou, nearly 60 percent of its terroir is degraded. While in another, Kouka, this is 48 percent. This method also elicits perspectives of Burkinabè agro-pastoralists on the local land-use practices driving these twin environmental processes. Altogether, this case study demonstrates the analytical power of integrating ethnography and high-resolution satellite imagery to provide a bottom-up perspective on social-ecological dynamics.
      PubDate: Tue, 30 Mar 2021 09:13:33 PDT
       
  • Toxic Tropics: Purity and Danger in Everywhere in Everyday Life

    • Authors: Liza Grandia
      Abstract: In contrast to popular images of the tropics as verdant Edens, forest dwellers face various pollutants with little-understood environmental health impacts. Drawing upon long-term ethnographic research in northern Guatemala through the lens of Mary Douglas' work on purity, danger, and culture, this paper describes how the inventive re-use of modern waste exposes rural people to new and unknown toxic substances from “matter out of place.” While environmental justice literature has emphasized industrial, extractive, and military disasters, this note draws attention to the less dramatic yet lethal pollutants encountered in the everyday lives of the rural poor through “chemical trespass.”
      PubDate: Wed, 06 Nov 2019 09:41:59 PST
       
  • Off-the-Grid in an On-Grid Nation: Household Energy Choices,
           Intra-Community Effects, and Attitudes in a Rural Neighborhood in Utah

    • Authors: Eileen Smith-Cavros et al.
      Abstract: This research is an investigation of the perceived positive and negative aspects of off grid living in a middle to upper-class neighborhood in rural Utah in which no public utility grid was available for connection. Off-grid living is defined as unconnected to a public utility power grid, water, or sewer system. In the researched community, all individuals lived off-grid on minimum twenty-acre lots of land with single-household dwellings. We used surveys with closed and open-ended questions to qualitatively explore the local social effects (from individual attitudes to group identity to household economics to conservation attitudes) off-grid living had on individuals and households, and daily intra-community life. Our study group was a compelling community in which to ask this question since most of our participants came to live off-grid by chance as much as choice and they lived off-grid for a relatively long time (average of 9 ½ years). Among this group we coded responses into categories based on qualitative conversation analysis, word usage counts, and categorization and found the “independence” of off-grid living perceived as a strong “positive” factor and the cost and time-intensive maintenance as “negatives.” Gendered work also affected attitudes about daily life and energy choices. In addition, living off-grid, particularly the use of solar energy, seemed to enhance a heightened sense of intra-community neighborliness among most residents.
      PubDate: Tue, 12 Mar 2019 15:48:01 PDT
       
  • Going to School in the Forest: Changing Evaluations of Animal-Plant
           Interactions in the Kichwa Amazon

    • Authors: Jeffrey T. Shenton
      Abstract: For rural, indigenous communities the ways structural modernization, exposure to Western-scientific epistemologies, and formal schooling affect environmental reasoning remain unclear. For one Kichwa community in the Napo region of Ecuador, daily routines have re-oriented toward formal schooling but environmental learning opportunities remain intact. Here, while a Species Interaction Task elicited consensus across ages on inferred ecological interactions, younger people reasoned differently than older people: for them, animal interactions with flora were considered damaging, not neutral. Aspirational practices like schooling can thus reorient environmental reasoning, even in contexts in which young people share cultural understandings of local ecological relationships with adults.
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Feb 2019 15:48:40 PST
       
  • ExtrACTION: Impacts, Engagements, and Alternative Futures

    • Authors: Richard C. Bargielski
      PubDate: Mon, 14 Jan 2019 05:49:26 PST
       
  • A Cultural History of Climate Change

    • Authors: Tatiana Prorokova
      PubDate: Thu, 10 Jan 2019 11:07:20 PST
       
  • Pinngortitaq – A Place of Becoming

    • Authors: Ann E. Lennert et al.
      Abstract: Arctic ecosystems are on the verge of changes that are unprecedented in both magnitude and velocity. We stress that statements of a changing climate and environment have ambiguous definitions in both theoretical and metaphorical senses. Inuit have embraced the idea of an environment in a process of Pinngortitaq – a place of becoming – rather than a process of changing. In this note, we accentuate how a philosophy of a world becoming can inspire to answer some of the complex environmental questions asked today by enabling more flexible management regimes in the future.
      PubDate: Thu, 10 Jan 2019 11:07:08 PST
       
  • Steeped in Heritage: The Racial Politics of South African Rooibos Tea

    • Authors: Sarah Bradley
      PubDate: Tue, 03 Jul 2018 13:16:22 PDT
       
  • Rain Rituals as a Barometer of Vulnerability in an Uncertain Climate

    • Authors: L. Jen Shaffer
      Abstract: Researchers and aid agencies, seeking to improve their understanding of local climate change responses, adaptation, and vulnerability, frequently interact with communities around the world who strongly emphasize their religious beliefs and practices. Dismissal and misunderstandings of these local perspectives can slow assessments of local climate vulnerability and development of adaptive capacity. In this paper, I show how analysis of rain ritual failure exposes the multiple stressors Ronga communities in southern Mozambique face, and as such, serves as a proxy measure for climate vulnerability at the local level. Oral histories and targeted interviews with participating elders, local chiefs, and community members documented local rain ritual practices and changes to these practices over the past 50 years. Emic descriptions of ritual practice, perceived changes, and explanations for ritual failure were analyzed with pre-determined and emergent codes and situated within the local and regional social, economic, political and environmental context to identify sources of community vulnerability. This research highlights the value of exploring local religious beliefs and practices when assessing local vulnerability and capacity for responding successfully to current and future climate uncertainty.
      PubDate: Mon, 26 Mar 2018 05:59:32 PDT
       
  • Management of Biodiversity: Creating Conceptual Space for Indigenous
           Conservation

    • Authors: Nicholas Herriman
      Abstract: Indigenous people have, in recent decades, become increasingly involved in environmental conservation. Notwithstanding, some social science research has critiqued as problematic or untenable ideas (notably “Indigeneity” and “conservation”) that putatively underpin Indigenous conservation. But does the critique accurately characterize actual Indigenous conservation projects' And can we create conceptual space for Indigenous conservation' Based on experience participating in and observing Indigenous conservation projects, it appears that, partly by emphasizing human management of biodiversity, the projects avoided pitfalls identified by the critique. Future social science analysis might remain relevant by addressing the idea of management of biodiversity.
      PubDate: Tue, 06 Mar 2018 12:00:09 PST
       
  • After Nature: A Politics for the Anthropocene

    • Authors: Ann Vitous
      PubDate: Tue, 20 Feb 2018 05:39:50 PST
       
  • Personal History Ethnography in Environmental Anthropology: A
           Methodological Case Study

    • Authors: Eleanor Shoreman-Ouimet
      Abstract: The study of the relationship between humans and the environment and the ways in which humans use, abuse, or protect the environment is in part a study of motivation. Understanding the basis for motivation requires not just understanding individual or community sentiment towards the environment but researching the cultural norms, values and beliefs that underlie and foster cultural perspectives in the first place. But how do we begin to determine where, when and how those cultural norms, values, beliefs get developed, taught and inculcated'The following paper presents the collection of life hisories as one methodological approach to accessing the basis for motivation and local level environmental knowledge on an individual and ultimately, community, level. I begin by examining a few of the theories and philosophies, such as hermeneutics and phenomenology that underlie ethnographic writing, in general, and life history writing, specifically. This touches upon the role of the ethnographer in the production of ethnographic writing and lends credence to the notion that anthropologists can also be environmentalists, even activists, concerned with cultural as well as environmental wellbeing. I then discuss the specific relevance of this research method to environmental anthropology, highlighting the benefits it offers for understanding cultural behavior as well as for initiating environmental efforts amongst local communities. I close the paper with examples and an analysis of life histories that address how they helped to reveal the root of certain 'anti-environmental' behaviors and sentiments among the large commodity farmers in the Mississippi Delta and the reasons how and why this community of farmers was effectively persuaded to adopt on farm conservation practices by private, local level conservation organizations in the Delta.
      PubDate: Tue, 20 Feb 2018 05:39:45 PST
       
  • Home Garden Diversity of the Tahuayo Region, Peru

    • Authors: Daniel Bauer et al.
      Abstract: We examined cultural and environmental factors affecting species diversity of home gardens in Amazonian Northeast Peru based on 33 surveys conducted in July/August, 2014, in three communities varying in remoteness, demography, ecological zone, and ethnicity. The results support the idea that community variation in home gardens is not influenced by a single factor such as remoteness, but instead is the result of multiple cultural and environmental factors. Similar to other studies of Amazonian home gardens, fruits and medicinal plants make up the bulk of home garden diversity; however, we did not find an association between a tourism and reduced garden diversity.
      PubDate: Wed, 14 Feb 2018 05:44:40 PST
       
 
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