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  Subjects -> SOCIOLOGY (Total: 553 journals)
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Health, Culture and Society
Number of Followers: 13  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2161-6590 - ISSN (Online) 2161-6590
Published by U of Pittsburgh Homepage  [30 journals]
  • The Pandemic and its Impacts

    • Authors: W. Qiu, S. Rutherford, A. Mao, C. Chu
      Pages: 1 - 11
      Abstract: The Pandemic has a long history, but the term of “pandemic” is still not been defined by many medical texts. There have been many significant pandemics recorded in human history, and the pandemic related crises have caused enormous negative impacts on health, economies, and even national security in the world. This article will explore the literature for the concept and history of pandemics; summarises the key features of a pandemics, and discusses the negative impacts on health, economy, social and global security of pandemics and disease outbreaks.
      PubDate: 2017-12-08
      DOI: 10.5195/hcs.2017.221
      Issue No: Vol. 9 (2017)
  • Resilience: Protective Factors for Depression and Post Traumatic Stress
           Disorder among African American Women'

    • Authors: K. B. Holden, N. D. Hernandez, G. L. Wrenn, A. S. Belton
      Pages: 12 - 29
      Abstract: There is a great need to carefully examine issues that may elevate one’s risk for mental illness and develop strategies to mitigate risk and cultivate resilience.  African Americans, specifically African American women (AAW), are disproportionately affected by mental illness, including depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).  Higher rates of PTSD among AAW may be explained by significant rates of trauma exposure.  Higher resiliency in individuals with mental illnesses is associated with better treatment response/outcomes.  An examination of two (2) promising psycho-educational curricula for AAW at risk for depression and PTSD supports consideration of resilience as a protective factor among this population.  Strengthening psychological resilience among diverse AAW at risk for depression and/or PTSD may serve as a protective factor for symptom severity.  Multidimensional prevention and intervention strategies should incorporate culturally-centered, gender-specific, and strengths-based (resilience) models of care to help encourage mental health help-seeking and promotion of wellness for AAW.
      PubDate: 2017-12-08
      DOI: 10.5195/hcs.2017.222
      Issue No: Vol. 9 (2017)
  • Maternal Health in Timor-Leste: Representations and Practices during
           Pregnancy, Birth and the Postnatal Period

    • Authors: H. B. Manuel, N. Ramos
      Pages: 30 - 46
      Abstract: Culture has a strong influence on the representations and health behaviour of individuals and groups. This is reflected in the reproductive health of the Timorese women, intervention in this field being of a priority nature in Timor-Leste in view of its high fertility and maternal mortality rates. The purpose of this ethnographic study is to analyse beliefs, representations and practices associated with pregnancy, birth and the postnatal period. It was conducted in Timor-Leste and involved the participation of health professionals, traditional midwives, women and couples, all of them selected through a snowball chain sampling procedure. Data was collected by means of exploratory semi-structured interviews and observation, and its content was duly analysed. The results show the existence of various recommendations, taboos and restrictions which aim at protecting the health of both mother and child, making use of traditional care practices which may vary among ethnolinguistic groups, communities or families. 
      PubDate: 2017-12-08
      DOI: 10.5195/hcs.2017.231
      Issue No: Vol. 9 (2017)
  • Misconceptions of the Deaf: Giving voice to the voiceless

    • Authors: D. R. Terry, Q. Lê, H. B. Nguyen, C. Malatzky
      Pages: 47 - 61
      Abstract:  The Deaf usually do not see themselves as having a disability; however, discourses and social stereotyping continue to portray the Deaf rather negatively. These discourses may lead to misconceptions, prejudice and possibly discrimination. A study was conducted to identify the challenges members of the Deaf community experience accessing quality health care in a small Island state of Australia. Using a qualitative approach, semi-structured interviews and focus groups were conducted with service providers and the Deaf community. Audist discourses of deafness as deficiency, disability and disease remain dominant in contemporary society and are inconsistency with the Deaf community’s own perception of their reality. Despite the dominant constructions of deafness and their affect on the Deaf’s experience of health service provision, many Deaf have developed skills, confidence and resilience to live in the hearing world. The Deaf were pushing back on discourses that construct deafness as a disempowering impairment.
      PubDate: 2017-12-08
      DOI: 10.5195/hcs.2017.211
      Issue No: Vol. 9 (2017)
  • Meanings of Breast Cancer Survivorship Among Members of
           Ethnically-Identified Support Groups

    • Authors: K. E. Dyer, J. Coreil
      Pages: 62 - 80
      Abstract: Research on both cancer survivorship and support needs has been limited in its attention to survivors from culturally-diverse communities.  This study examined the perspectives of members and leaders of ethnically-identified breast cancer support groups regarding the meanings and expectations attached to survivorship.  Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 38 African American and Latina survivors in Central Florida.  Participant narratives invoked themes of spiritual renewal and deepening religious faith, and deemphasized individual responsibility for personal change.  Participants emphasized the importance of shared cultural identity in shaping the survivor experience, and some Latina women drew parallels between survivorship and the challenges of migration to a new country.  An unwavering display of optimism was held to be paramount.  These themes are interpreted within the framework of the interplay between dominant societal discourses of survivorship and locally-constructed meanings.  Findings underscore the importance for healthcare providers to be cognizant and respectful of diverse perspectives on illness.
      PubDate: 2017-12-08
      DOI: 10.5195/hcs.2017.213
      Issue No: Vol. 9 (2017)
  • THINK PIECE: Reflecting on Medical Anthropology in Aotearoa New Zealand

    • Authors: C. Trundle
      Pages: 81 - 89
      Abstract: In considering what makes New Zealand unique for medical anthropological focus, this think piece sets out four themes. These reflect New Zealand’s particular historical, political, social and cultural landscape, and reveal the relevance of local scholarship for wider global debates about health. By tracing the neoliberal reform of state healthcare, indigenous approaches to wellbeing, local cultural practices of health, and the complex ethics involved in health and illness, this paper spotlights the opportunities that New Zealand medical anthropology affords us for addressing the important health and wellbeing challenges that we face today.
      PubDate: 2017-12-08
      DOI: 10.5195/hcs.2017.241
      Issue No: Vol. 9 (2017)
  • Unsettling the (presumed) settled: Contents and Discontents of
           Contraception in Aotearoa New Zealand

    • Authors: N. S. Appleton
      Pages: 90 - 96
      Abstract: In January 2017, New Zealand’s medicines and medical devices safety authority, Medsafe,  announced in a press release that its Medicines Classification Committee (MCC) had recommended a reclassification of certain oral contraceptives in order for them to be made available over the counter in pharmacies.  In A/NZ, a progressive temporal narrative has been established around contraception that begins with the heroic struggle of women at the turn of the 20th Century to get access to contraception and abortion as a way to manage their reproductive lives and progresses to the guaranteed access of contraceptives to women. My intention to interrogate the contemporary contraceptive reality is not a project to undermine the historically important moves women have made here in A/NZ; but, rather, to include new places of analysis including how indigenous communities experienced the same contraceptives moments differently under the gaze of a eugenics project.
      PubDate: 2017-12-08
      DOI: 10.5195/hcs.2017.243
      Issue No: Vol. 9 (2017)
  • Individualism as Habitus: Reframing the Relationship between Income
           Inequality and Health

    • Authors: D. Adjaye-Gbewonyo
      Pages: 97 - 111
      Abstract: Public health literature has demonstrated a negative effect of income inequality on a number of health outcomes. Researchers have attempted to explain this phenomenon, drawing on psychosocial and neo-materialist explanations. This paper argues, however, that these approaches fail to recognize the crucial role of culture, focusing specifically on the cultural value of individualism. Through a review of the literature and Pierre Bourdieu’s theory of practice as a theoretical framework, I provide support for the proposition that an ideology based in individualism is the context within which income inequality, social fragmentation, material deprivation, and consequently poor health outcomes are produced. I further offer recommendations for continued research into the role of cultural determinants in the income inequality-health relationship.
      PubDate: 2017-12-08
      DOI: 10.5195/hcs.2017.239
      Issue No: Vol. 9 (2017)
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