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  Subjects -> SOCIOLOGY (Total: 553 journals)
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American Journal of Sociological Research
Number of Followers: 22  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2166-5443 - ISSN (Online) 2166-5451
Published by SAP Homepage  [105 journals]
  • The Role of Proverbs in Peace Building among Oromoo: The Case of Bale Zone
           of Oromia Region

    • Abstract: Publication year: 2020Source: American Journal of Sociological Research, Volume 10, Number 1Obsa Mamo Kosa, Ketema Tafa BiratuThis paper examines the role of Oromo people Proverbs in peace building and in transmitting knowledge and Wisdom. Ethiopian particularly Oromo people appreciate the role of proverbs in establishing and maintaining peace among the community. The paper argues that proverbs are tools in maintaining peace and peaceful coexistence as well as a way of transmitting knowledge and wisdom. So, the main purpose of this study was to examine the role of Oromo people’s proverbs in peace building and transmitting knowledge and wisdom. To achieve this objective, the research applied Descriptive Survey Method because it is suitable to collect available information via interview and focused group discussion using elders as the major subjects and snow ball sampling technique. In addition, document analysis was employed. Then, the collected proverbs were assessed for their relevance and appropriateness to the purpose of this study, translated to English for analysis, grouped according to related themes; the contents of the categorized proverbs were analyzed and interpreted thematically respectively. The research reveal that Oromo people’s proverbs has the great role of peace building through unifying people, facilitating the progress of speech, tolerating and respecting different differences as well as develop knowledge and wisdom through expressing intellectual and emotional attitudes.
       
  • Cultural Economy: Is Culture at the Center of a City's Economy'

    • Abstract: Publication year: 2020Source: American Journal of Sociological Research, Volume 10, Number 1Beatrice Atieno Abura, Patrick Odhiambo Hayombe, Fredrick Zacharia Argwenge Odede, Steven Gaya AgongEvery part of a city’s economy is determined by culture. The only challenge is that conceptualization of culture differs between its users and this is making it difficult for the concept to be assigned an economic value. This study was guided by Planning, Functional and Normative theories adopted from Kevin Lynch work. The study was conducted within Kisumu County (Kenya). Observation and desk review were used as methods for data collection. Being that culture is abroad concept, in this study, the authors try to show case if culture is truly at the center of city economy with special referencing to characteristics of culture. This gives an indication on the role that culture plays in building Kisumu city economy such as creating unique markets and space designs, affecting distribution of goods and services, and expressing power and authority over goods and services. This is show cased through combining characteristics of culture (Culture is organic, Super-Organic; Overt, Covert; Explicit, Implicit; Ideal, Manifest; Stable yet changing; shared, learned; Symbolic) to physical localities (Dunga Beach, Jomo Kenyatta Sports Ground, and Ranalo Foods-Kosewe) within Kisumu City. With the connection between characteristics of culture and physical localities in Kisumu city, it is therefore evident that truly, culture is at the center of Kisumu city’s economy and if it is not embraced, it create a collapse to the city’s economy. Future studies needs to interrogate the various forms of culture, and their effect to the city economy.
       
  • Security Activity of Vietnam Buddhist Association from 1981 to the Present
           

    • Abstract: Publication year: 2020Source: American Journal of Sociological Research, Volume 10, Number 1Duong Quang Dien, Nguyen Van Tuan, Quach Thi KieuFor nearly 40 years of establishment (in 1981), the Vietnamese Buddhist Association has practiced the spirit of compassion and relief in order to bring a prosperous, peaceful and happy life to the people. This secular activity is the activity of ensuring social security to help people overcome the difficulties they are facing in their daily life. This is also the "motivation", the initial basis to help a large number of disadvantaged people in society to assert themselves and their families in life, contributing to building a better and more sustainable society. In recent years, this activity has been strongly and widely implemented towards disadvantaged people in society. Therefore, in this paper, on the basis of clarifying the importance of the Vietnamese Buddhist Association in ensuring social security for the people over the past time, the authors assessed the situation and drew some experience from social security activities of Vietnamese Buddhist Association for people from 1981 to the present.
       
  • Aspects of Building Typology and Their Influence on the Location of
           Economic Enterprises in Obunga Informal Settlement, Kisumu City

    • Abstract: Publication year: 2019Source: American Journal of Sociological Research, Volume 9, Number 2Peter Maluki Samburu, Fredrick Omondi Owino, Patrick Odhiambo HayombeIn a rapidly evolving settlement, finding an ideal location which satisfies all the factors an entrepreneur would consider in locating an economic enterprise isn’t an easy resolve. A business owner would like to have guarantee of maximum returns considering various factors and therefore, the analogy of comparative advantage comes to play. The study explores aspects of building typology and its impact on the location of economic enterprises in Obunga Informal Settlement in Kisumu city. It was guided by the systems theory, cross-sectional survey research design, multi-stage and stratified sampling techniques. The target population comprised of 211 economic enterprise owners (operators) which included 106 operators of retail shops, 39 operators of M-pesas, 30 operators of food kiosks and 36 operators of barbershops and salons. The corresponding sample size included 176 economic enterprise operators which included 80 operators of retail shops, 36 operators of M-pesas, 28 operators of food kiosks and 32 operators of barbershops and salons. A multilinear analysis results were presented using a model summary table, analysis of variance (ANOVA) regression model was used to test the corresponding hypothesis. Findings indicated a significant relationship between aspects of building typology and location of economic enterprises (F=10.824, critical value=2.094, α=0.05). This relationship was contributed by: house rent (β=-0.435, p=0.00), construction materials (β=-0.239, p=0.021), cost of building construction (β=-0.209, p=0.049), tenure status (β=-0.96, p=0.375), room size (β=-0.104, p=0.339), building accessibility (β=-0.129, p=0.270) and access to basic amenities (β=-0.07, p=0.095). The study concluded that the investigated aspects of building typology serves a key role in determining the location and resulting spatial pattern of economic establishments. The study recommends recognition of informal settlement’s economic enterprises for spatial planning in respect to the various aspects of building typologies.
       
  • Sociological Practicability of Marx’s View on Religion: A Polemical
           Proclaim

    • Abstract: Publication year: 2019Source: American Journal of Sociological Research, Volume 9, Number 2Golam Sarwar KhanEver since the emergence of sociology as a normative discipline in the social realm along with economic, political and cultural milieu, the conception of religion in society has progressively appeared as concrete form of beliefs among humans. The philosophies of classical antiquity through to structuralist-functionalist approach called for an attention towards religion as a source of social order and social control in addition to faiths or blind faiths alone. Here the controversy rises with Marx’s contention of regarding religion as the “opium of the people”. Marx emphasized economic issues as primary (basic structure) in the society while he puts secondary consideration (super structure) to religion that simply undermined the beliefs and value systems of human beings, particularly the underdogs and the downtrodden populace. This paper would highlight the sociological practicality on religious beliefs pointing critically at Marx’s religious viewpoints. Conceptual schema and basic tenets of religious values will be interpreted using relevant theories limited to opportunity.
       
  • Role of Television in the Consolidation of the Tajik Nation

    • Abstract: Publication year: 2019Source: American Journal of Sociological Research, Volume 9, Number 2Sarfarozova NaziraThe article is devoted to the role of the media, primarily television, in the development of national identity in Tajik society. In this regard, the author explores the economic, socio-political, cultural factors that contribute to the consolidation of the nation, as well as negative factors such as the phenomenon of clan and clan relations, related marriages and others that negatively affect the formation of the national identity of the Tajik people.
       
  • A Study on the Level of Music Consumption and the Popular Music Style
           among the Youth

    • Abstract: Publication year: 2019Source: American Journal of Sociological Research, Volume 9, Number 1Seyedsaeed AboozarianAs the main consumers of music, young people can be considered as members of subculture(s) who tend to and adhere to music consumption. The variables of cultural capital and class differences play an effective role in music consumption, but the conditions of the new society have allowed other variables to influence the tastes. The main objective of this research is to investigate the popularity of different music styles among the youth and teenagers in Mashhad. The method used is survey using a questionnaire. The statistical population included 2541841 adolescents and youths in Mashhad, of whom 100 were selected as the sample using Cochrane formula. The sampling method was simple random selection. The results of this study showed that there is no significant relationship between gender, age, religious attitude and religious beliefs, social interactions of individuals and social class with type of consumed music style.
       
  • Community Health Workers Volunteerism and Task-Shifting: Lessons from
           Malaria Control and Prevention Implementation Research in Malindi, Kenya

    • Abstract: Publication year: 2019Source: American Journal of Sociological Research, Volume 9, Number 1Daniel Muia, Anne Kamau, Lydiah KibeCommunity health workers (CHWs) operating as volunteers are vital front-line health care workers. They are critical actors in enhancing access to universal health care. The 2006 WHO Report which focuses on human resources for health sees task-shifting as a key response to staff shortage. CHWs thus undertake delegated health care system service delivery at the community level and in most cases for no pay. This paper is drawn from a two years (2015 - 2017) TDR/WHO supported implementation research project which sought to enhance the role of CHWs in malaria prevention and control. The CHWs use community development methodologies to promote work which is otherwise bio-medical. Community engagement is employed not only as a method of passing on critical information on malaria prevention but also as a process of empowering the community to make decisions and to implement and manage change. The CHWs drawing from the Paulo Freire conscientisation process also leads communities to reflect and act on ways of controlling and preventing malaria. The paper also discusses the dilemma of working with CHWs as volunteers whom under task shifting provide services for which compensation could be offered. The study, using a descriptive survey design, collected data from twenty purposively selected CHWs who participated in the project. It found that CHWs are of relatively low socioeconomic status, with only 36.4% having completed primary school education. CHWS are involved in promoting general community health, immunization and sanitation; referring the sick to hospital; and malaria control activities. CHWs perceived their strength as lying in their training and the community recognition and appreciation of their work. CHWs were also aware of the empowerment process that took place in communities out of the community engagement process. While CHWs work as volunteers, they appeared to be keen on getting compensation (Mnyafulo) out of the project. The suggestion was that for sustainability and after the project phase out they could be motivated through some regular stipend as well as uniforms and certification for recognition purposes. This paper concludes that to the extent that task shifting is a reality given the shortage of health staff, policy measures need to be put in place to institutionalize CHWs and their work. This would also entail (and on ethical basis) ensuring some form of compensation for the crucial work done by CHWs in their community units. Continuing capacity building of CHWs also needs to be inbuilt in the county health system.
       
  • When Individual Mind Becomes the Social: Social Structure, Value Change,
           and New Emergence of Korean Psychology

    • Abstract: Publication year: 2018Source: American Journal of Sociological Research, Volume 8, Number 1Ki-Hoon JunTheoretically, the linkage between social change, value priority, and ontological matters has been established. However, the attempts to apply it to the real-world history have been relatively few, especially when the subject of value-priority is the mind. In the present article, I apply those dyanmics for the history of South Korea, with twofold elaborations. In the first part, I employ discourse-analysis with historical texts about Korean society, social-relationship value, cohesion/competitiveness. Doing so, I explain how Korea’s social change led to fragmented individualization by 2000s, which in turn changed social-priority from perseverance to emotion-acceptance. In the second part, I associate those changes with emergence of Korean psychology/psychiatry at around 2008-2010, along with argument that even those studies’ approaches are strongly influenced from yearly-trend of social issues. In sum, with the example of South Korea, I demonstrate how the theoretical linkage between social-change, mind-priority, and researchers’ focus ontology can be observed in the real world. After all, although psychologists explore individual mind seeking neutrality in method, certainly their subject-selection and social influence are social products.
       
  • Relation between Teachers' Disciplinary Strategy, Students' Recognition,
           and Student Behavior

    • Abstract: Publication year: 2017Source: American Journal of Sociological Research, Volume 7, Number 5Yi-Gean Chen, Jao-Nan ChengIn recent years, the misconduct of students has become increasingly serious, and many teachers are worried that there may be complaints by parents if they are too easy or too hard on students. Thus, they tend to avoid disciplinary issues to avoid complaints, and retire one day without causing many troubles. This paper found that there are six kinds of statistical strategies for teachers in middle and primary schools, including reprimand and punishment, social pressure and role models, expert counseling and social assistance, multiple respect, self-monitoring, strict implementation of class rules. The results of regression analysis and structural equation analysis showed that: in terms of the misconduct of primary school students, primary school teachers can still strictly implement class rules to control misconduct; while middle school teachers should adopt the compound strategy of expert counseling and student assistance to improve discipline recognition and indirectly reduce misconduct. Regarding student's moral behavior, the research data showed that improving discipline recognition has great relevance on the promotion of students’ moral behavior.
       
 
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