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  Subjects -> SOCIOLOGY (Total: 553 journals)
Showing 401 - 382 of 382 Journals sorted alphabetically
Rural China     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Rural Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health     Partially Free   (Followers: 13)
Secuencia     Open Access  
Seminar : A Journal of Germanic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Sens public     Open Access  
Senses and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Serendipities : Journal for the Sociology and History of the Social Sciences     Open Access  
Sexuality Research and Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Sexualization, Media, & Society     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Signs and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Simmel Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
Social Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Social Change Review     Open Access  
Social Currents     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Social Dynamics: A journal of African studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Social Forces     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 91)
Social Inclusion     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Social Networking     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Social Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Social Problems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 76)
Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Social Psychology Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Social Transformations in Chinese Societies     Hybrid Journal  
Sociální studia / Social Studies     Open Access  
Sociedad y Discurso     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Sociedad y Economía     Open Access  
Sociedad y Religión     Open Access  
Sociedade e Cultura     Open Access  
Società e diritti     Open Access  
SocietàMutamentoPolitica     Open Access  
Societies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Society and Culture in South Asia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Society and Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Society Register     Open Access  
Socio-Ecological Practice Research     Hybrid Journal  
Socio-logos     Open Access  
Sociolinguistic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Sociologia : Revista da Faculdade de Letras da Universidade do Porto     Open Access  
Sociologia del diritto     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Sociologia del Lavoro     Full-text available via subscription  
Sociología del Trabajo     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Sociologia della Comunicazione     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Sociologia e Politiche Sociali     Full-text available via subscription  
Sociologia e Ricerca Sociale     Full-text available via subscription  
Sociología Histórica     Open Access  
Sociologia Ruralis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Sociologia urbana e rurale     Full-text available via subscription  
Sociología y Tecnociencia     Open Access  
Sociologia, Problemas e Práticas     Open Access  
Sociológica     Open Access  
Sociological Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Sociological Focus     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Sociological Forum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Sociological Inquiry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Sociological Jurisprudence Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Sociological Methodology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Sociological Methods & Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Sociological Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Sociological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Sociological Research Online     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Sociological Science     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Sociological Spectrum: Mid-South Sociological Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Sociological Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Sociologie     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Sociologie du Travail     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Sociologie et sociétés     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
SociologieS - Articles     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Sociologisk Forskning     Open Access  
Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 188)
Sociology : Thought and Action     Open Access  
Sociology and Anthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Sociology Compass     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Sociology Mind     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Sociology of Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49)
Sociology of Health & Illness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Sociology of Islam     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Sociology of Race and Ethnicity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Sociology of Religion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Sociology of Sport Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Socius : Sociological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Sojourn: Journal of Social Issues in Southeast Asia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Solidarity : Journal of Education, Society and Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Sosiologi i dag     Open Access  
Sospol : Jurnal Sosial Politik     Open Access  
Souls: A Critical Journal of Black Politics, Culture, and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
South African Review of Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Southern Cultures     Full-text available via subscription  
Soziale Probleme : Zeitschrift für soziale Probleme und soziale Kontrolle     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Spaces for Difference: An Interdisciplinary Journal     Open Access  
Sport in Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Streetnotes     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Studia Białorutenistyczne     Open Access  
Studia Iranica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Studia Litteraria et Historica     Open Access  
Studia Socialia Cracoviensia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Studia Universitatis Babes-Bolyai Sociologia     Open Access  
Studies in American Humor     Full-text available via subscription  
Studies in American Naturalism     Full-text available via subscription  
Studies in Latin American Popular Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Studies of Transition States and Societies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Sudamérica : Revista de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Surveillance and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Swiss Journal of Sociology     Open Access  
Symbolic Interaction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Søkelys på arbeidslivet (Norwegian Journal of Working Life Studies)     Open Access  
Teaching Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Tecnología y Sociedad     Open Access  
TECNOSCIENZA: Italian Journal of Science & Technology Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Terrains / Théories     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
The British Journal of Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
The Philanthropist     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
The Social Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
The Sociological Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
The Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
The Tocqueville Review/La revue Tocqueville     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Tidsskrift for boligforskning     Open Access  
Tidsskrift for Forskning i Sygdom og Samfund     Open Access  
Tidsskrift for ungdomsforskning     Open Access  
Tla-Melaua : Revista de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Todas as Artes     Open Access  
Tracés     Open Access  
Trajecta : Religion, Culture and Society in the Low Countries     Open Access  
Transatlantica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Transmotion     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Transposition : Musique et sciences sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Travail et Emploi     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Treballs de Sociolingüística Catalana     Open Access  
TRIM. Tordesillas : Revista de investigación multidisciplinar     Open Access  
Universidad, Escuela y Sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Unoesc & Ciência - ACHS     Open Access  
Urban Research & Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Valuation Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Variations : Revue Internationale de Théorie Critique     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Visitor Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Vlast' (The Authority)     Open Access  
Work, Aging and Retirement     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
World Cultures eJournal     Open Access  
World Future Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Zeitschrift für Religion, Gesellschaft und Politik     Hybrid Journal  
Социологический журнал     Open Access  

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Number of Followers: 1  

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ISSN (Online) 2075-4698
Published by MDPI Homepage  [258 journals]
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 197: Stakeholders’ Experiences and
           Perceptions of the Provision and Practice of Language Support for Ethnic
           Minority School Children in Japan

    • Authors: Michi Saki
      First page: 197
      Abstract: This study examines experiences and perceptions concerning the provision of Japanese language support for ethnic minority school children between the ages of 6 and 12 enrolled in public elementary schools in a city located in the Kansai region of Japan (hereinafter referred to as “City M”). This paper will focus in particular on interpreting the experiences and perspectives of language support teachers, volunteer interpreters, mother-tongue language supporters (hereafter referred to as MTLS) as well as three principals of three public elementary schools located in particularly different areas of the City M. Each of the school’s history, backgrounds and current situations are varied and unique. One-on-one interviews of 40 to 60 min in length were conducted with a total of 9 participants consisting of public elementary school principals and Japanese language support teachers. These results of the data collection provided a deeper understanding and explanation of the reasons behind current trends and challenges regarding the accessibility, implementation, provision, and practice of language learning support for ethnic minority school children. The findings from this research will increase awareness of current issues faced by practitioners supporting ethnic minority children in their learning. The research findings also provide insight into what obstacles need to be overcome in order to provide adequate, sufficient, and sustainable educational support for children from different cultural and linguistic backgrounds within the mainstream Japanese education system.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-08-22
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13090197
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 9 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 198: “A Picture Is Worth a Thousand
           Words”: Youth Migration Narratives in a Photovoice

    • Authors: Monica Roman, Vlad I. Roșca, Smaranda Cimpoeru, Elena-Maria Prada, Ioana Manafi
      First page: 198
      Abstract: This study focuses on the integration facilitators of young migrants in Romania, as resulting from the information gathered through a Photovoice participatory action research method. Young third country nationals were asked to take photos which they thought best summed up their migration experiences. Next to the photos, the migrants were also asked to submit short texts describing the captured images and the meanings that these had for them, thus adding richness and nuance to the data. The evidence gathered reveals that several factors, such as access to education, interacting with a new culture, and with new places and people, are perceived as opportunities and positive migration outcomes. Therefore, human and social capital, as well as the natural or urban environment in the host country, contribute to the enhancement of integration opportunities for young migrants. The paper sets out to analyze how such factors which can facilitate integration are captured in a PAR. Research results show that young migrants perceive their experiences in Romania as enhanced by some factors through which they advance in their integration paths.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-08-22
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13090198
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 9 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 199: When Kinship Caregivers Became Teachers:
           Role Stress and Strain from Remote Learning during COVID-19

    • Authors: Amanda Klein-Cox, Angela Tobin, Ramona Denby
      First page: 199
      Abstract: For caregivers of school-age children, schooling at home was a significant stressor during the COVID-19 pandemic. Research demonstrates the emotional burden of taking on the role of teacher while trying to balance responsibilities related to work, household, and childcare. Yet little is known about the well-being of kinship caregivers during this time, although this population is at heightened risk for role stress and strain and emotional distress. This article shares the results of focus groups conducted as part of a larger qualitative study, the purpose of which was to understand the factors that influenced the well-being of kinship families during the pandemic, from the perspective of kinship caregivers and child welfare professionals. From these conversations, the challenges of remote learning emerged as a prominent theme, particularly for caregivers raising children with special healthcare needs, who comprised the majority of the sample. Given their pre-pandemic role stress and strain due to caregiving responsibilities, most caregivers struggled with managing their child’s learning, working from home, and caring for children with trauma histories, often with limited support and access to needed services. These findings suggest that this population needs support—potentially in the form of wrap-around services and/or social safety net provisions—to reduce their role stress and strain and improve well-being.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-08-24
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13090199
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 9 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 200: Predictors of Secondary Education
           Completion across Portuguese Municipalities: Evidence from the
           2009–2018 Period

    • Authors: Garcia, Simões, Bettencourt, Aguiar, Ferreira, Mendonça, Moleiro, Rocca, Lendzhova
      First page: 200
      Abstract: Our overriding goal was to understand territorial inequalities regarding secondary school completion by testing which contextual factors and educational resources are associated with their change in high- and low-density Portuguese municipalities. Our analysis covered the time between 2009 and 2018, including both the economic crisis and the economic recovery period. Drawing mostly on publicly available data from 253 municipalities and following a Linear Mixed Model approach, we found that low-density municipalities depicted significantly greater levels of secondary school attainment by 2013 compared to high-density municipalities. Moreover, growing unemployment rates were associated with a reduction in secondary school completion rates across the assessed time points. Contrary to our expectations, higher rates of permanent teachers were associated with worse rates of secondary school completion. In addition, we found a significant increase in the rates of secondary school conclusion at higher levels of preschool enrollment among high-density municipalities. Our discussion counteracts the usual overstating of vulnerable territories’ worse educational indicators. We also underline the importance of improving secondary education indicators for reducing structural inequalities in the school-to-work transition in less affluent territories and pinpoint the importance of implementing policies, such as improving access to preschool education in Portuguese high-density municipalities.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-08-25
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13090200
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 9 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 201: Bordering, Connecting, and Dispelling
           within Sports Coaching: Erasing the Practitioner–Scholar Divide

    • Authors: Robyn L. Jones, Charles L. T. Corsby, Gethin L. Thomas
      First page: 201
      Abstract: The current picture of sports coaching suggests one where practitioners and scholars operate not so much at a particular interface, but rather on parallel lines of development; in essence, of talking past as opposed to each other. Through a critical re-reading of the practitioner–scholar divide, this paper takes issue with the existence of the separate identities featured, in addition to the argument that we merely need a better, rather straightforward, connection between theory and practice to ‘fix the problem’. Alternatively, the case made highlights how the problematic ‘othering’ nature of a theory–practice division has severely hampered the development of the field. In terms of structure, we initially challenge existing ‘anti-intellectual’ claims within coaching, essentially by advocating for better appreciating the everyday, socio-pedagogic nature of the activity. In this respect, the relegation of experience, of the inherent ‘code of coaching’ (so dear to coaches themselves), is protected against. Secondly, we promote the idea of encouraging coaches, coaching scholars, and coach educators to consider the indivisibility of theory and practice through the use of such notions as sensitizing concepts, internalisation, and authenticity to improve the ‘doing’ of the job. Of particular importance here is the development and utilisation of a critical consciousness of coaching; not only of thoroughly understanding the activity, but also in actively fashioning it through engagement with new ideas. This latter notion gives required credence, however loosely, to some guiding frame of reference; otherwise we become enmeshed in, and blinded by, the immediate. In dismantling the wall that has divided practitioners and scholars by not giving authority or indeed acceptance to such fixed positions, we alternatively advocate for the creation of a more authentic coaching life through living the theory that actively sustains it.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-08-27
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13090201
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 9 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 202: Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on the
           Developmental Outcomes among Korean Kinship Foster Care Children: Gender

    • Authors: Hyunah Kang, Ick-Joong Chung, Sehyeon Oh
      First page: 202
      Abstract: (1) Background: This study explored changes before and during the COVID-19 pandemic in terms of developmental outcomes among kinship foster care children in the Republic of Korea: and gender differences in the changes; (2) Methods: The study analyzed the data of 217 kinship care children who participated in both the first- and second-wave surveys of the Panel Study of Korean Foster Care Children. As the main statistical methods, we utilized repeated-measures ANOVA and analysis of covariance (ANCOVA); (3) Results: Analysis of developmental outcomes measured before and during the pandemic showed no significant changes. However, significant interaction effects existed between time (before and during the pandemic) and gender, indicating that boys and girls recorded different patterns of change before and during the COVID-19 pandemic; (4) Discussion:During the COVID-19 pandemic, girls experienced negative changes in most areas of development, whereas boys experienced positive changes. The policy and practical implications for foster care children in Korea were discussed.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-08-30
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13090202
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 9 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 203: Unleashing Creativity and Cooperation: A
           Qualitative Case Study on Designing Digital Breakouts for Social Education

    • Authors: Paula Rodríguez-Rivera, Ana Manzano-León, María Dolores Dapía Conde, José M. Rodríguez-Ferrer
      First page: 203
      Abstract: This article examines the implementation of a cooperative training workshop for Spanish undergraduate social educators. The workshop aimed to explore the integration of escape rooms and breakouts in teaching, specifically addressing cyberbullying as a curricular topic. A total of 40 students participated in designing and qualitatively evaluating the training workshop. The findings highlight the workshop’s effectiveness in enhancing social education students’ training, preparing them for future professional careers, and enhancing their learning, teamwork, and proficiency in utilising ICT programs and resources. The study underscores the significance of incorporating these innovative approaches to improve student motivation, interest, and overall skill development.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-09-02
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13090203
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 9 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 204: Teacher Resilience and Coping with Teacher
           Stress in Vocational Schools

    • Authors: Silvia Barnová, Gabriela Gabrhelová, Slávka Krásna, Lívia Hasajová, Denis Barna
      First page: 204
      Abstract: The aim of the proposed study is to present the partial results of research activities focused on vocational school teachers’ resilience realized within the grant project IGA003DTI/2022. The present study aims to examine the existence of associations between teacher resilience and years of teaching experience. The research sample consisted of 474 vocational school teachers in Slovakia. The level of their teacher resilience was measured by The Connor–Davidson Resilience Scale CD-RISC-25SLOVAK. The scale measures seven dimensions—Hardiness, Coping, Adaptability/Flexibility, Meaningfulness/Purpose, Optimism, Regulation of emotion and cognition, and Self-Efficacy. The findings confirmed the existence of associations between teacher resilience and years of teaching experience as novice teachers and teachers with ten or fewer years of teaching experience achieved lower scores in the scale than their more experienced colleagues. Although we are aware of the limits of the research study given the size and composition of the sample, the findings suggest that years of teaching experience can be considered an important variable from the aspect of teacher resilience and it is important to pay increased attention especially to novice teachers’ well-being and building their resilience, e.g., by providing guidance through developing effective coping strategies. As there are a lack of available data on vocational school teachers’ resilience, the present findings have the potential to broaden the existing knowledge and have implications for further research.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-09-07
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13090204
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 9 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 205: Beyond Disciplinary Constraints: Designing
           Transdisciplinary Research and Collaboration in Real-World Laboratories

    • Authors: Ingrid Kofler
      First page: 205
      Abstract: Topics related to sustainable development are at the forefront of current local and global debates, involving social, economic, and political perspectives. To address these complex and interconnected challenges, it is necessary to think and act beyond disciplinary and field-specific boundaries. Participating in project work, research, experiments, and designing social transformation processes are at the core of transdisciplinary research and methods, such as Real-World Laboratories. This means that all participants are involved in co-designing, co-producing, and co-disseminating the project from the beginning. In these participatory processes, a systematic evaluation and evidence of the transdisciplinary process is often difficult to show even though it would be important to improve scalability and the transferability of the process. Using the example of the Tiny Fop Mob, a Real-World Laboratory on wheels, we wanted to understand how to evaluate transdisciplinary research thinking within the project team and demonstrate how systematic evaluation is crucial in participatory research. Findings show that there is a need to reflect on context-specific and team-oriented strategies during the planning and the beginning of the project.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-09-07
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13090205
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 9 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 206: Posttraumatic Stress and Somatic Symptoms
           in Firefighters: A Mediation Analysis of the Impact of Potentially
           Traumatic Events

    • Authors: Joana Proença Becker, Rui Paixão, Patrícia Correia-Santos, Manuel João Quartilho
      First page: 206
      Abstract: Firefighters are considered a high-risk group for developing stress-related psychopathologies, such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), due to repeated exposure to potentially traumatic events (PTE). Studies have indicated that PTE is also associated with the development of Somatic Symptom Disorder (SSD). However, the occurrence of this condition among firefighters is an underexplored topic. This study aimed to assess the relationships between PTE and PTSD symptoms, and the relationship between PTE and SSD symptoms. Furthermore, we aimed to assess the role of SSD in the relationship between PTE and PTSD within Portuguese firefighters who battled the 2017 violent forest fires. To this end, a sample of 116 firefighters (75% male) completed self-report measures of posttraumatic symptoms, somatic symptoms, and other psychopathological symptoms. Contrary to several literature, in the present study, neither PTSD nor SSD symptoms seem to be correlated with any sociodemographic characteristics. However, the exposure to PTE is positively correlated with both PTSD and SSD symptoms. Furthermore, SSD seems to act as a mediator in the relationship between PTE and PTSD.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-09-08
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13090206
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 9 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 207: Community on the Margins: The Social
           Consolidation of the HaTikvah Neighborhood in the Late Mandate Period and
           during Early Israeli Statehood

    • Authors: Elia Etkin
      First page: 207
      Abstract: The definition and analysis of disadvantaged neighborhoods have been rethought in recent years, with the goal of trying to surpass the monolithic identification of all marginal neighborhoods and move towards an analysis of the social, urban, and national circumstances that create marginal neighborhoods in a particular country under specific historical circumstances. This paper offers a micro-historical case study that allows us to examine the social consolidation and civic engagement of a marginal urban community residing in the HaTikvah neighborhood, next to the city of Tel Aviv, during the period between the mid-1930s and the early 1950s. It argues that the residents’ identifications and actions stemmed from an intersectional marginality that was composed of their low socio-economic status, their ethnic origin as Oriental Jews, the geographic location of the neighborhood, and its lack of municipal status. Taking into consideration the circumstances of British Mandatory rule and the processes of the consolidation of the Jewish national society in Palestine as a European society, this paper unveils the struggles of the community vis à vis various institutions for the purposes of recognition, the improvement of living conditions, and, subsequently, the preservation of the fabric of life in the neighborhood.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-09-11
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13090207
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 9 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 208: National Level Support Programs for Youth
           in Relation to Effective School-to-Work Transition: Examples of Italy,
           Moldova, and Latvia

    • Authors: Maria Diacon, Liena Hačatrjana, Victor Juc, Victoria Lisnic, Antonella Rocca
      First page: 208
      Abstract: The school-to-work transition is one of the trickiest steps in the life cycle of an individual because when young people complete their education and enter the labor market, they have to compete to attain a job while lacking the job experience or skills required by employers. Across European countries, the school-to-work transition shows very different characteristics and durations, stemming from, among other factors, (1) the different provisions of services at the country level to help young people become oriented in the labor market, (2) different historical backgrounds, and even (3) the different capacities of education systems to provide the skills required by employers, despite the efforts to homogenize the national education systems, which started with the Bologna process. In this paper, we aim to compare various programs implemented within formal education at the macro-level in Italy, Moldova, and Latvia, three rather different countries in Europe, that have the goal of helping young people during various stages of this transition. The conclusion we can draw is that each of these countries needs to adopt a coordinated and integrated strategy of reforms aimed at (a) preventing early school drop-outs; (b) incentivizing the attainment of a university degree; (c) reforming school curricula; (d) closing the gap between education systems and labor market requirements; and (e) improving the services that help young people during the school-to-work transition.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-09-12
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13090208
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 9 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 209: Transformations in Local Social Action in

    • Authors: Hermínia Gonçalves, Jorge Ferreira
      First page: 209
      Abstract: The decentralization of social functions to municipalities, also known as municipal decentralization, triggered new contexts of practice in municipal social intervention. Municipalities are now dealing with more work and a focus on working in partnerships, which calls for greater dynamism of the local social action teams. This process has pushed the social workers to practices that alternate between mediation through the construction of access to a universal standard of social rights and the development of social intervention models with specific access to certain contexts and social groups. The objective of this paper is to envision new forms of standardization of social action within the framework of municipal decentralization, combining place-based perspectives with community and structural social work. What can we learn from social workers’ perspectives on the context of social functions in order to envision forms of place-based standardization of municipal social action' We seek to analyze the professional visions of local social action systems reform, discussing new contexts of practice; new place-based functions; and their correlation with political mediation for universal and intermunicipal social rights, instrumental dimensions of concrete work, and dimensions of value attributed to practicing social work. We organized the research according to the phenomenological paradigm, mobilizing the qualitative method and the multiple-case study. Based on evidence from the discourse of all professionals involved in the study, the findings indicate that the transformations of local social action systems, associated with the processes of social functions decentralization, imply greater comprehensiveness of social intervention, the ability to work in partnerships, and new place-based approach matrices, but they also present challenges for social workers in terms of multilevel governance that may favor the standardization of access to better social well-being between municipal territories.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-09-13
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13090209
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 9 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 210: Comparative Study on National Policies and
           Educational Approaches toward Regional Revitalization in Japan and South
           Korea: Aiming to Achieve the Sustainable Development Goals

    • Authors: Shiori Osanai, Jeongsoo Yu
      First page: 210
      Abstract: Declining birthrates and aging populations are progressing globally, but this trend is particularly prominent in East Asia. Japan and South Korea face SDG-related problems, such as declining birth rates, aging populations, and depopulation in rural areas due to population concentration in urban areas. In this study, “regional revitalization” was set as a keyword for solving SDG-related issues in Japan and South Korea to conduct a comparative analysis of the relevant trends and characteristics of national policies and educational approaches in Japan and South Korea through a literature review. A comparative analysis of the policies and educational approaches to regional revitalization in Japan and South Korea reveals that policies and education are closely related to regional revitalization. Japan aims to increase the permanent population of young people through creating attractive regions in each region, and South Korea aims to alleviate the labor shortage caused by the declining population with labor immigration and aims for regional revitalization via comprehensive cooperation among its own citizens, immigrants, and people with multiple cultures.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-09-15
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13090210
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 9 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 211: Academic Coverage of Social Stressors
           Experienced by Disabled People: A Scoping Review

    • Authors: Gregor Wolbring, Maria Escobedo
      First page: 211
      Abstract: Social stress can be caused by many factors. The United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) highlights many social stressors disabled people experience in their daily lives. How social stressors experienced by disabled people are discussed in the academic literature and what data are generated influence social-stressor related policies, education, and research. Therefore, the aim of our study was to better understand the academic coverage of social stressors experienced by disabled people. We performed a scoping review study of academic abstracts employing SCOPUS, the 70 databases of EBSCO-HOST and Web of Science, and a directed qualitative content analysis to achieve our aim. Using many different search strategies, we found few to no abstracts covering social stressors experienced by disabled people. Of the 1809 abstracts obtained using various stress-related phrases and disability terms, we found a bias towards covering disabled people as stressors for others. Seventeen abstracts mentioned social stressors experienced by disabled people. Fourteen abstracts flagged “disability” as the stressor. No abstract contained stress phrases specific to social stressors disabled people experience, such as “disablism stress*” or “ableism stress*”. Of the abstracts containing equity, diversity, and inclusion phrases and policy frameworks, only one was relevant, and none of the abstracts covering emergency and disaster discussions, stress-identifying technologies, or science and technology governance were relevant. Anxiety is one consequence of social stressors. We found no abstract that contained anxiety phrases that are specific to social stressors disabled people experience, such as “ableism anxiety”, “disablism anxiety” or “disability anxiety”. Within the 1809 abstract, only one stated that a social stressor is a cause of anxiety. Finally, of the abstracts that contained anxiety phrases linked to a changing natural environment, such as “climate anxiety”, none were relevant. Our study found many gaps in the academic literature that should be fixed and with that highlights many opportunities.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-09-16
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13090211
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 9 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 212: Successful and Emerging Cyberbullying
           Prevention Programs: A Narrative Review of Seventeen Interventions Applied

    • Authors: Sohni Siddiqui, Anja Schultze-Krumbholz
      First page: 212
      Abstract: The advent of the internet has channeled more online-related tasks into our lives and they have become a pre-requisite. One of the concerns with high internet usage is the multiplication of cyber-associated risky behaviors such as cyber aggression and/or cyberbullying. Cyberbullying is an emerging issue that needs immediate attention from many stakeholders. The aim of this study is to review existing successful and emerging interventions designed to prevent cyberbullying by engaging individuals through teacher professional development and adopting a whole-school approach. The review presents the strengths and limitations of the programs and suggestions to improve existing interventions. Preparing interventions with a strong theoretical framework, integrating the application of theories in interventions, promoting proactive and reactive strategies in combination, beginning with baseline needs assessment surveys, reducing time on digital devices and the digital divide among parents and children, promoting the concepts of lead trainer, peer trainer, and hot spots, focusing on physical activity, and use of landmarks are some of the recommendations proposed by the authors. In addition to face-to-face intervention sessions, it is suggested to update existing intervention programs with games and apps and to evaluate this combination.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-09-18
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13090212
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 9 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 213: Individual, Familial, and School Risk
           Factors Affecting Teen Dating Violence in Early Adolescents: A
           Longitudinal Path Analysis Model

    • Authors: Anna Sorrentino, Margherita Santamato, Antonio Aquino
      First page: 213
      Abstract: Background: Teen dating violence (TDV) is a growing issue among adolescents, leading to several negative behavioral and psychological consequences. Most studies have been carried out in North America, whereas few have been conducted in Europe and Italy. Despite the existence of some studies underlying risk factors for TDV, to the best of our knowledge, none of them have tested a comprehensive model that includes several risk factors (and their interplay) for verbal–emotional and physical TDV such as witnessing IPV, involvement in school bullying and victimization, cyberbullying and cybervictimization, deviant behaviors, and violence against teachers. Methods: A short-term longitudinal study involving 235 students aged 10–14 who filled in an online questionnaire twice. Results: The tested path analysis model showed an excellent fit to data, with a different pattern of risk factors affecting youth involvement as perpetrator and victim in physical and verbal–emotional TDV. Differential paths emerged for females and males. Conclusions: This article includes discussions on practical and policy implications for future research, stressing the need to develop, implement, and evaluate the effectiveness of primary prevention programs addressing and managing youth involvement in violent and aggressive behaviors.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-09-20
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13090213
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 9 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 175: The Importance of Social Capital in
           Creating Community Impact: Rent Control Policy in Palestine and Israel
           during Times of Crisis and Transitions

    • Authors: Maya Mark
      First page: 175
      Abstract: The article aims to link the theoretical framework of social capital with historical analysis. It traces a controversy of half a century between landlords and tenants in Palestine and Israel and their attempts to influence the government’s policy in the rental market during crisis and transitions. The article portrays social capital as a decisive factor in the success or failure of landlords and tenants to promote their group interests and impact rent control policy. However, as the two groups are competing over the same resource, the triumph of one group comes at the direct expense of the other. In that respect, social capital could act as “double-edged sword”.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-07-25
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13080175
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 8 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 176: RETRACTED: Kumpikaitė, E.;
           Milašius, R. Lithuanian National Costume in the 19th Century and in
           the 2nd Half of the 20th Century: Cultural Pollution and Remains of
           Authenticity. Societies 2021, 11, 17

    • Authors: Eglė Kumpikaitė, Rimvydas Milašius
      First page: 176
      Abstract: The journal retracts the article “Lithuanian National Costume in the 19th Century and in the 2nd Half of the 20th Century: Cultural Pollution and Remains of Authenticity” [...]
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-07-26
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13080176
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 8 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 177: Life Satisfaction in Employed Mothers of
           Children with Disabilities: The Importance of Personal, Family, Work, and
           Society Characteristics

    • Authors: Matilda Nikolić Ivanišević, Ana Slišković, Jelena Ombla, Andrea Tokić, Theresa Brown
      First page: 177
      Abstract: The aim of this study was to determine the separate and joint contribution of individual, family, occupational, and social factors in explaining the life satisfaction of working mothers of children with developmental disabilities. Working mothers of children with disabilities participated in this study (N = 508). They completed an online questionnaire to measure factors from personal (optimism and personal strength), family (satisfaction with family finances, parental stress, number of children, and support from family members related to work), work (job demands, control, and support) and society domain (satisfaction with the healthcare, educational and welfare system). All of them were employed (at least part-time) but also, they all had at least one child with disabilities under 19 years of age whose degree of disability was officially determined. Regression analysis indicated that factors from personal, family (satisfaction with family finances, parental stress, and support from family members related to work), and societal domain (satisfaction with the healthcare system) predicted mothers’ life satisfaction. Work-related variables did not. A comprehensive approach is very useful in studying the well-being of parents of children with disabilities. Future studies should also include fathers, as it is reasonable to assume that mothers and fathers differ in the influence of certain factors on their well-being. Considering the sample size and bias, these results have significant limitations in terms of generalizability.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-07-26
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13080177
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 8 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 178: A Configurational Evaluation of Spanish
           Teleworkers’ Perception and Nonperception of Stress during the
           COVID-19 Pandemic

    • Authors: Jorge de Andrés-Sánchez
      First page: 178
      Abstract: This paper assesses the explanatory power of individual, environmental, and job factors on Spanish telecommuters’ presence and absence of stress in a home telework setting during the COVID-19 crisis. It uses a survey of the Spanish agency “Centro de Investigaciones Sociológicas” on the perceptions of the Spanish population about several aspects of information communication technologies (ICTs) that was carried out in March 2021. We use fuzzy-set qualitative comparative analysis (fsQCA) to capture how factors combine to enable and inhibit stress feeling. The perception of stress is less covered by fsQCA configurations than the nonperception. However, fsQCA provides profiles that cause stress feelings and nonstress feelings with great consistency. We have checked that overload is the most important variable to explain stress. Likewise, fsQCA has also shown that while some variables, such as overload, isolation, non-adequacy, or organizational support, impact symmetrically on the presence and absence of stress perception, other factors, such as attaining a satisfactory work-home balance or gender, impact them asymmetrically. From a practical point of view, we can outline that clearer regulation of teleworking is needed to prevent imbalances in rights and obligations between companies and employees. However, there are also several challenges at the organization and worker level.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-07-28
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13080178
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 8 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 179: Promoting Academic Success and Social
           Inclusion in Non-Formal Education Contexts: The Case of a North-East
           Region of Portugal

    • Authors: Marta de Oliveira Rodrigues, Armando Loureiro, Paul Flynn, Muhammet Berigel, Sofia Marques da Silva
      First page: 179
      Abstract: The processes leading to school failure and early school leaving are complex and involve multidimensional factors. In Portugal, as in other European countries, in the last decade, several policies, programmes, and practices have been developed to address this issue. This article focuses on a socio-educational practice of the study support type developed within a national programme aimed at social inclusion and educational success located in the community. The data collected through a semi-structured interview and a focus group with socio-educational professionals allowed us to identify how the study support practice is characterised and perceived by these actors. Processes and factors of transformation that occurred in the practice regarding its mode of implementation, conceptual evolution, and specificities were also addressed. Results indicate that the practice promotes improvements in participants’ outcomes such as learning, social behaviour, integration, and autonomy; the construction of a strong and sustained relationship with significant adults from the learning point of view; and the completion of compulsory schooling and studies. Hence, the research findings highlight that participation in the practice leads to transformative processes in the academic pathways of children and young people involved in the practice concerning academic, individual, and social dimensions.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-07-30
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13080179
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 8 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 180: Teaching the Greek Language in
           Multicultural Classrooms Using English as a Lingua Franca: Teachers’
           Perceptions, Attitudes, and Practices

    • Authors: Aretousa Giannakou, Kyriaki Karalia
      First page: 180
      Abstract: The present study examines teachers’ perceptions, attitudes, and practices regarding the use of English as a lingua franca (ELF) to teach Greek as a second language (L2) in multicultural classrooms in Greece, a largely underexplored area in the field of applied linguistics. The research was based on self-reports collected through questionnaires, written accounts, metaphor elicitation, and semi-structured interviews provided by 20 teachers of young learners with a migrant background in public schools in Greece. The findings showed that the classroom discourse takes place mainly in the target language, i.e., Greek, and ELF was also reported to be used by both teachers and learners for specific functions, such as vocabulary translation, explanation of grammar rules, and checking for comprehension. As reported by the participants, both teachers and learners welcome the idea of ELF use because a sense of security and comfort is provided through its employment. The study suggests that ELF may allow a smooth transition into the new social reality of the host country and a better approach of L2 Greek for young learners with a migrant background in the context of multilingual and intercultural education.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-08-03
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13080180
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 8 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 181: Authoritarian and Populist Challenges to

    • Authors: Tea Golob, Maruša Gorišek, Matej Makarovič
      First page: 181
      Abstract: We explore attitudes toward democracy in relation to social divisions by focusing on the European Union member states and the corresponding EU political field. Positioning in the European political field is addressed through the theory of social fields as provided by Bourdieu and further conceptualized by Fligstein and McAdam. Drawing on the data obtained from the European Social Survey, we conducted a principal component analysis of the attitudes toward democracy and a correspondence analysis between these attitudes and social, cultural, and economic capitals. We demonstrate that attitudes toward challenging the existing representative democratic order can be seen in terms of two distinct dimensions: authoritarianism and populism. The presence of both corresponds to the lack of one’s possession of economic, social, and cultural capitals and the related political habitus. Those who lack these forms of capital are more prone to support strong authoritarian leaders and are also more likely to endorse conspiracy theories. We can relate this to the problems of exclusion and deprivation related to the lack of political habitus required for effective agency in the political field.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-08-04
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13080181
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 8 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 182: Domesticating the Global Discourse of
           Nationalism in Early Twentieth-Century Iran: A Sociological
           Institutionalist Account

    • Authors: Amir Barjasteh
      First page: 182
      Abstract: This article explores how nationhood was discursively constructed in early twentieth-century Iran. While most studies concentrate on micro-national causes, this study complements this literature by drawing on domestication theory to show how globally diffused nationalist discourse was localized and tailored to the Iranian context at the turn of the twentieth century. It employs the methods of critical discourse analysis and critical metaphor analysis to investigate politics in the construction of nationhood in Iran. The data include all editorials and articles in three highly influential Iranian periodicals: Qanun, Tarbiyat, and Kaveh. By analyzing the shared premises in this data, the study highlights the transnational nature of the discourse to indicate how Iranian nationhood was embedded in world society yet adapted locally. The analysis then identifies three variations of Iranian nationhood, each woven into a particular national narrative at the time. These findings attest to the meso-level approach that addresses the discursive side of diffusion mechanisms and calls attention to the discursive politics in localization processes of nationhood. They point to new directions to understand contemporary Iran, not as an outlier or exception, but rather as discursively connected to world society. Given the discursive opportunities arising from these contentious notions of nationhood, the study calls for further critical investigations of identity-based appeals, often by authoritarian actors, in Iran’s modern politics.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-08-04
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13080182
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 8 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 183: Memorizing Vocabulary in Multilingual
           Classrooms: Strategies Adopted by Teachers in Distance Education

    • Authors: Thomais Rousoulioti, Eleftheria Seferiadou
      First page: 183
      Abstract: The aim of this research is to investigate the usage and assessment of vocabulary memorization strategies adopted by teachers of Greek as a second/foreign language (L2) in multilingual classrooms. In particular, it investigates which vocabulary memorization strategies are adopted in distance education and whether or not there are differences in the frequency of their usage within face-to-face education, as well as how effective teachers consider them to be. Research results show that the most popular strategies in distance education are the strategies of reading aloud (92%), linking the new word to students’ previous personal experiences (89%), and using synonyms–antonyms (87%), although there is no significant difference among the strategies that teachers adopt in face-to-face and distance education with some minor variations in statistics. Furthermore, it was shown that the frequency of a strategy’s usage is related to how important teachers consider it to be. Regarding the assessment of memorization strategies, it is of particular interest that in most cases the frequency of usage of a strategy is proportionate to the effectiveness attributed to it by teachers. After the teachers’ assessment, the strategies of reading aloud (89%), picture making (87%) and using synonyms–antonyms (86%) are in the top three.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-08-05
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13080183
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 8 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 184: Healthism vis-à-vis Vaccine
           Hesitancy: Insights from Parents Who Either Delay or Refuse
           Children’s Vaccination in Portugal

    • Authors: Joana Mendonça, Ana Patrícia Hilário
      First page: 184
      Abstract: Although healthism appears to be at the heart of the decision-making process of vaccine hesitancy, this matter has been understudied. We believe that the concept of healthism may be key to lessen the polarization of discourses around vaccination, offering a broad understanding of parents’ decision to not vaccinate their children. This article aims to deepen the knowledge on the relation between healthism and vaccine hesitancy, using Portugal as a case study. A qualitative research approach was adopted, and therefore, in-depth interviews were conducted with 31 vaccine-hesitant parents. The findings showed that vaccine-hesitant parents usually adopt several strategies based on natural living to prevent and tackle their children’s potential health issues. There appears to be a common approach towards health and life (i.e., healthism) among vaccine-hesitant parents. Drawing upon the healthism ideology, vaccine-hesitant parents make choices to ensure the good health of their child. These choices nevertheless represent a privileged position as the pursuit of healthfulness is constrained by sociodemographic aspects. Using vaccine hesitancy as the starting point, our findings show that healthism and its focus on personal accountability under the umbrella of neoliberalism may jeopardize global public health. Healthcare professionals should pay particular attention to healthism when addressing vaccine hesitancy in Portugal and elsewhere. Research evidence advocates the need to be sensitive to the broad spectrum of vaccine hesitancy as this encompasses multiple views on the subject.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-08-05
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13080184
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 8 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 185: European Tendencies of Territorialization
           of Income Conditional Policies to Insertion: Systematic and Narrative

    • Authors: Ana Filipa Pinto, Hermínia Gonçalves
      First page: 185
      Abstract: (1) Background: ICIP territorialization has been a trend in European countries. Evidence shows that local monitoring is effective in the process of social inclusion; however, territorial differences may cause different results in social and professional trajectories. This systematic and narrative review aims to understand the territorialized elements in income conditional policies to insertion and envisage challenges of national organizations for efficient socio-employment insertion. (2) Methods: Data collection was carried out using Scopus. In addition, a manual search of gray literature by reference authors was used. As a methodology, bibliometric analysis was performed using Vosviewer. (3) Results: The results indicate an increase in the number of publications and citations, especially since 2004. The journals whose articles have the highest citation and co-citation rates belong to the social sciences field. It was possible to detect a strong interconnection between authors, sources, and keywords co-occurrence. The four clusters reveal that the research trends meet the need to restructure the Welfare State, around the new social risks, with the territorialization of the ICIP being a proximity response strategy. Social and professional insertion vary according to territorial cohesion, strong conditionalities with real insertion opportunities and degree of decentralization (4) Conclusions: The degree and effectiveness of ICIP decentralization and socio-employment insertion vary according to the trajectories of European welfare state models and the degree of coverage and generosity of the social protection system. Territorialization tends to reduce the costs of social protection, but these measures remain hostage to different territorial opportunities and real conditions of insertion.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-08-09
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13080185
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 8 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 186: A Multi-Method Profiling of Adult Refugees
           and Migrants in an L2 Non-Formal Educational Setting: Language Needs
           Analysis, Linguistic Portraits, and Identity Texts

    • Authors: Argyro Kyrligkitsi, Anna Mouti
      First page: 186
      Abstract: This paper will attempt to visualize adult refugees and migrants, as well as a specific multilingual and multicultural educational setting in Greece. This study aspires to depict/present the plurilingual profiles, language needs, and challenges of L2 Greek students through a variety of tools/methods, e.g., questionnaires, portraits, narratives, needs analysis, and assessment tools. In a complementary way, this research focuses on highlighting the value of language portraits, identity texts, and translanguaging in L2 Greek classrooms. Conditions regarding the educational process in the specific educational setting will also be discussed. This was a case study conducted in an open school for migrants in Greece. Eight volunteer teachers at the school and twenty students participated in this research through a multimethod research design. Multilingual profiles and learners’ needs and goals became visible, and the teachers managed to “hear” the multilingual voices of their students and understand their multilingual profiles. Overall, it is clear that these findings pave the way for large-scale research to investigate in depth everything presented in this research. Using language portraits and identity texts as group activities helps to conduct a productive discussion in the classroom, through which students gain access to the use of concepts such as “multilingualism”, “multiculturalism”, and “diversity”.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-08-10
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13080186
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 8 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 187: German Language Teaching in a Multicultural
           Class in Greece: A Case Study about Students’ and Parents’
           Perceptions of Plurilingualism

    • Authors: Charikleia Liakou
      First page: 187
      Abstract: After many decades of research, publications, and exchange of good practices, the debate about intercultural pedagogy, the importance of bilingual education and the promotion of existing multiculturalism in school classes remains topical in the public educational system in Greece. My ongoing research interest focuses on the inclusive education of students with migrant backgrounds, taking into account the foreign language lessons in public education in Greece, specifically the teaching of German as a second foreign language. The empirical part of the study took place in a public primary school in a Province of the city of Karditsa during the school year 2021/2022. A class of 18 students of the 6th Grade, where 7 of them were bilingual/multilingual with a migrant background, was under research during the second and third trimester in the German language lesson. The research work is based on the methodology of the Functional-Pragmatics language theory by Ehlich and Rehbein. The data analysis is in progress; however, questionnaires were given to all participant students, and interviews were conducted with all bilinguals parents.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-08-12
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13080187
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 8 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 188: Resilient Communities in Disasters and
           Emergencies: Exploring their Characteristics

    • Authors: Carl Milofsky
      First page: 188
      Abstract: This paper discusses the capacity of communities to be resilient in the face of disasters. This is the question of what allows communities to rebuild after a major destructive event and preferably to “build back better.” The paper lists six qualities of resilient communities drawn from the literature researching these events: organizations are flexible; they have strong leadership; there is strong community learning; they are effective at collective problem solving and cooperation; social capital and civil society are strong; and communities effectively engage with helping institutions beyond their boundaries. The paper relates each quality to social capital, to the ways the three types of social capital—bonding, bridging, and linking—are interconnected, and to preparatory methods that might be used to strengthen social capital so that communities may be more resilient.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-08-12
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13080188
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 8 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 189: Reflections for Transforming the
           Perspectives of Teacher-Directed Practices towards Community-Based
           Ethnographic Practices with Migrant and Minority Students

    • Authors: Martha Montero-Sieburth
      First page: 189
      Abstract: This conceptual paper represents the retrospective/current reflections and findings from teacher education research of an intercultural educator gathered over 45 years of research in country-specific schools. Considered are the perspectives of primary and secondary school teachers who teach migrant/minority students and who are influenced by national policies which expose them to new local intercultural classroom practices. Its intent is to question the use of homogenized teacher-directed practices that not only essentialize these students’ traditions, customs, cultures, religions, and languages but also project a deficit model in classrooms which minimalizes their contributions. Proposed is the deconstruction of homogenized, rigid teacher-directed practices arising from their professional training, classroom teaching, and pedagogy, towards community-based ethnographic (CBE) practices so that teachers, students, and ethnographers can immerse themselves in classroom participatory inquiry and critical thinking that unpacks students’ lives and creates dialogical processes that identify, utilize, and legitimize local “funds of knowledge”. By implementing a CBE approach, a more realistic understanding of the educational contexts, experiences, and perspectives of migrant/minority students and their teachers can be identified to develop interculturally ladened learning activities and content that concretely address diversity.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-08-14
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13080189
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 8 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 190: “Trans~Resistance”:
           Translingual Literacies as Resistance to Epistemic Racism and
           Raciolinguistic Discourses in Schools

    • Authors: Madjiguene Salma Bah Fall
      First page: 190
      Abstract: Translingual students’ identities transcend multiple languages and cultural allegiances. Sociolinguistics widely discusses the linguistic and racial oppressions these students face in schools due to epistemic racism, which is often observed in the tension between their multilingual and multimodal communicative styles and language perspectives rooted in monolingual and monocultural ideologies. This paper expands on the literature that denounces epistemic racism, uses Raciolinguistics and New Literacy Studies as theoretical frameworks, and reports on the following inquiries: What are the characteristics of delegitimizing school stakeholders who become agents of epistemic racism in their interactions with translingual students' How do translingual students reject these agents’ marginalization' Critical focus groups, semi-structured and arts-based interviews, and emplaced observations were used to collect data, centering the identities and voices of participants. Two key findings emerged. First, school stakeholders with various roles, social power, and degree of impact epitomize epistemic racism through ideological discourses. Second, “Translinguals” resist through novel concepts for which I have coined the terms "Covert and Overt Transresistance,” enacted by the means of resisting transliteracies. The theoretical, research, and practical implications of these findings, along with recommendations for future research, are discussed.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-08-14
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13080190
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 8 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 191: The Global Institutionalization of
           Multicultural Education as an Academic Discourse

    • Authors: Saerom Lee, Yun-Kyung Cha, Seung-Hwan Ham
      First page: 191
      Abstract: Multicultural education has been widely recognized as an educational approach to deal with social and cultural diversity towards a more inclusive and just society. Conventional perspectives tend to assume that multicultural education would be of greater interest as a research topic in countries with growing levels of diversity. However, based on a macro-phenomenological perspective, this study accounts for influences from the wider institutional environment that gives collective meaning and value to legitimize multiculturalism as an academic discourse topic. Using a cross-national research design, this study examined the national-level characteristics associated with the formation of academic discourse on multicultural education. Scholarly articles on multicultural education published in the field of education by 2020 were collected using the research platform Web of Science. A total of 105 countries with 14,220 articles were analyzed using multiple regression analysis. Our results showed that countries with stronger ties to global civil society were more likely to have articles on multicultural education, indicating a higher institutionalization level of relevant academic discourse within the country. These findings suggest that the popularity of multicultural education as an academic discourse may not solely be in response to national-level societal demands but rather may be an institutional embodiment of universalistic norms and values.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-08-16
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13080191
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 8 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 192: The Impact of Family Complexity on the Risk
           of Developmental Delay and Socio-Emotional Difficulties in Early Childhood

    • Authors: Judit Monostori, Laura Szabó, Krisztina Kopcsó
      First page: 192
      Abstract: The aim of this research is to examine how developmental progress and socio-emotional difficulties in early childhood are influenced by family complexity, and how socioeconomic status (SES) and interparental conflict influence these effects. To measure family complexity, full biological families, two-biological-parent families with half- and/or step-siblings, step-parent families, and single-parent families were separated. Dependent variables include the risk of developmental delay (based on ASQ-3) and socio-emotional difficulties (based on SDQ) at age 3. The data come from four waves of the Cohort ’18 Growing Up in Hungary longitudinal birth cohort study (n = 5788). Based on the results, children in all non-intact family types have a higher risk of developmental delay than do children from full biological families, when controlled only for the basic socio-demographic characteristics of children and mothers. However, controlling for family SES or interparental conflict as well, only children raised by a step-parent have a higher risk. Considering socio-emotional difficulties, children living with their biological parents but also with half- or step-siblings, or in a single-parent family, were at higher risk, even adjusted for interparental conflict. After controlling for family SES, however, only children in single-parent families have a higher risk. Parental conflict and low family SES have significant negative effects on both child outcomes, even in intact families, and together these seem to explain the adverse effect of non-intact family types. To conclude, children’s outcomes in the early years depend not only on whether they live with both their biological parents, but also on whether they are raised with half- and/or step-siblings or by a step-parent. That said, in many cases the negative impacts are due to selection effects, i.e., the fact that children of low-status parents are more likely to live in non-intact families.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-08-16
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13080192
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 8 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 193: Experiences of Faith-Based Organizations as
           Key Stakeholders in Policy Responses to Human Trafficking

    • Authors: Charles Hounmenou
      First page: 193
      Abstract: Faith-based organizations (FBOs) are substantially involved in the anti-human trafficking movement. Yet, limited research is available on their crucial roles in the field. This study explored their input in anti-trafficking policy implementation in the US by examining their motivations to engage in anti-human trafficking work, their distinctive competencies as stakeholders, and their experiences and challenges in providing anti-human trafficking services. A purposive sample of 16 leaders from 14 FBOs with anti-human trafficking work experience was recruited. A semi-structured interview guide was used to collect data. A thematic analysis of the data was conducted. The findings showed that FBOs have experience in various aspects of prevention, protection, and even assistance in prosecuting human trafficking cases and at multiple levels of intervention. The distinctive capacities of FBOs for policy advocacy, training, and housing services for trafficking survivors provide a glimpse of their leading roles in human trafficking policy implementation. Operating primarily outside public funding allows FBOs to develop short-term and long-term services for trafficking survivors without time constraints. The FBOs in the study reported using a non-discriminatory, survivor-centered, and trauma-informed approach in their anti-human trafficking service delivery. All the respondents in the study concurred that efforts by any FBOs to convert trafficking survivors to a particular faith are unethical and counterproductive. The implications for practice, policy implementation, and research are discussed.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-08-16
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13080193
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 8 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 194: Teaching about Culture or Learning with and
           from Others'

    • Authors: Nataša Ciabatti
      First page: 194
      Abstract: This article reports on the findings of a qualitative study conducted in Victoria, Australia. The study examined the perceptions and implementation of the intercultural dimension in the language classroom following recent curriculum changes. Data were collected from individual in-depth interviews with seven pre-service teachers with a migrant background enrolled in a graduate initial teacher education program who were undertaking the practicum component of this course in Victorian secondary schools. Findings from this study highlight discrepancies between interpretations of the intercultural capability in theory and the way it is taught. Remarkably, what emerged was the impact of personal experiences on pre-service teachers’ conceptualizations and implementation of intercultural pedagogies. This study suggests a new definition for intercultural capability that emphasizes the importance of not only teaching about cultural diversity, but also learning from and through it. The study also recognizes the need for critical and reflective discussions in teacher education so that teachers are supported to become agents of change.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-08-17
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13080194
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 8 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 195: “Scholar–Practitioners”,
           Reflexivity and the Illusio of the Field: Ethnography, Yoga Studies and
           the Social Scientific Study of Religion

    • Authors: Matteo Di Placido
      First page: 195
      Abstract: This article dialogues with “yoga studies” and the social scientific study of religion (e.g., the sociology of religion and religious studies), arguing that both substantially neglect a thorough discussion of scholars’ engagement in the field despite being largely composed by “scholar–practitioners”. This is problematic from a methodological point of view as well as from an ethical perspective. Moving in the interstices between biographical reflections, critical social theory and methodological notes on embodied ethnographic research, I self-reflexively discuss my “shifting positionality” from devoted yoga practitioner to critical scholar, mapping the most significant turning points that I encountered during my research on the pedagogies of modern forms of yoga (2017–current). In so doing, I also discuss my overall positioning, participation and ethical reflections in relation to the main object of inquiry of my research. From this, I posit that the positions of scholar and practitioner are, at least in some cases, incommensurable, while the scholar–practitioner may also foster a unique way of knowing based on reflexivity as a living engagement and on the linkages between theory and practice from which there is much to gain.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-08-19
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13080195
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 8 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 196: Using ChatGPT in Education: Human
           Reflection on ChatGPT’s Self-Reflection

    • Authors: Eugène Loos, Johanna Gröpler, Marie-Louise Sophie Goudeau
      First page: 196
      Abstract: ChatGPT is a fascinating AI text generator tool. It is a language model developed by OpenAI, a research and deployment company with the mission, according to OpenAI’s website: “to ensure that artificial general intelligence benefits all of humanity”. ChatGPT is able to generate human-like texts. But how does it work' What about the quality of the texts it provides' And is it capable of being self-reflective' Information sources must be efficient, effective and reliable in education, in order to enhance students’ learning process. For this reason, we started a dialogue with ChatGPT-3 while using, among others, a SWOT analysis it generated about its own functioning in an educational setting. This enabled us, as human authors, to analyze the extent to which this AI system is able to practice self-reflection. Finally, the paper sketches implications for education and future research.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-08-21
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13080196
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 8 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 151: Branding, Diplomacy, and Inclusion: The
           Role of Migrant Cuisines in Cities’ Local and International Action

    • Authors: Lorenzo Kihlgren Grandi
      First page: 151
      Abstract: This paper features as its starting point the observation that unprecedented migration flows have made cultural diversity a common feature of most cities across the world. Among the many components of such diversity, gastronomy will be presented as both a primary employment niche for migrants and a valuable resource for many municipalities’ intercultural turn aimed at enhancing social cohesion, local economic development, international cooperation, and branding. The paper will then discuss the relationship between diaspora cuisines and their countries of origin in the framework of the expanding field of gastrodiplomacy. Thus, the paper will present the increasingly evident distance between most countries’ authenticity discourse on national cuisine and the reality of their food scene. Finally, the approaches of cities and nations to gastronomic diversity will be compared, examining the possibilities for overcoming this dualism as the benefits of intercultural approaches become increasingly apparent.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-06-25
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13070151
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 7 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 152: Gender-Role Stereotypes in the Bulgarian
           Family: Cross-Generational Transmission of Gender Attitudes

    • Authors: Manol Nikolov Manolov, Ivan Kirilov Ivanov, Velislava Atanasova Chavdarova
      First page: 152
      Abstract: This article reports a representative quantitative and qualitative study covering the entire territory of Bulgaria, related to the analysis of stereotypes regarding male and female roles in the family and in the society. The results of the study indicate that the factor “age” is significant in relation to attitudes towards the social roles of men and women in the modern family, including in relation to domestic violence. The interpretation of the results enabled the formulation of justified conclusions related to changes in attitudes towards the roles of men and women in a dynamic way. The hypothesis was proven that the tensions between them can be more easily overcome through appropriate differentiated measures tailored to the different age groups.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-06-26
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13070152
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 7 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 153: Exploring Migrant Students’ Attitudes
           towards Their Multilingual Identities through Language Portraits

    • Authors: Antonia Stavrakaki, Peggy Manoli
      First page: 153
      Abstract: The increasing linguistic and cultural diversity in contemporary societies inevitably affects the field of education by challenging teachers to cope with the coexistence of different languages in the classroom. The present research was intended to investigate migrant children’s attitudes towards languages through language portraits in order to help educators obtain insights into student multilingual repertoires and experiences. To this end, by adopting a qualitative approach, the study used linguistic portraits and semi-structured interviews to collect the data. The participants of the study were 10 primary school children whose ages ranged from 8 to 12 with a migrant background who have been living in Greece, particularly on the island of Crete. Using the method of content analysis, the findings of the study indicated that migrant children made specific color choices based on flags, emotions, and world experience, and they put colors on parts of the body according to their functions, which signified students’ multilingual identities and experiences. Moreover, the findings highlighted multilingual students’ need to negotiate their multiple linguistic repertoires, make choices between the languages, prioritize them, rank them, or give priority to the second language, Greek, without, however, abandoning their first languages. The present study aspires to contribute to the relevant research and draws implications for the implementation of multilingual education and culturally sustaining pedagogies.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-06-27
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13070153
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 7 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 154: Functional Ego States, Behavior Patterns,
           and Social Interaction of Bulgarian Adolescents and Their Parents

    • Authors: Sezgin Bekir, Ergyul Tair
      First page: 154
      Abstract: Adolescence is a dynamic period of transition, and interaction with parents is important for successfully passing through it. This article presents results from a study of three transactional analysis theory personality constructs of adolescents and their parents—functional ego states, life positions, and stroke economy. The sample included 215 students from 12 to 16 years old and 215 parents from 30 to 55 years old. The results show significant differences between the ego states Adult, Adapted Child, Nurturing Parent and Normative Parent of the adolescents and their parents, which are more expressed in the parents. It was found that the life position, “I am OK—you are OK” is more strongly expressed in parents, while the life position, “I am not OK—you are not OK” is leading in adolescents. In their interactions with others, adolescents express modesty, self-doubt, and underestimation of their own success, while parents are more assertive, confident, and resilient in their behavior. The obtained results can be used in different programs to improve social interaction and increase the effectiveness of adolescent-parent relationships.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-06-27
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13070154
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 7 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 155: Effect of Outdoor Leisure Activity
           Participation on Leisure Attitude, Serious Leisure, Recreational
           Specialization, and Leisure Satisfaction

    • Authors: Won-Ick Song, Byoung-Wook Ahn
      First page: 155
      Abstract: Due to the recent COVID-19 pandemic, there has been a tendency for people to participate more frequently in outdoor leisure activities as opposed to indoor leisure activities. Leisure activities bestow various benefits. The purpose of this research is to study the effect of leisure attitude, serious leisure, recreational specialization, and leisure satisfaction among outdoor leisure activity participants in South Korea. Therefore, this research is used to analyze the relationships amongst leisure attitudes, serious leisure, recreational specialization, and leisure satisfaction among various theories about leisure. The participants in this study were collected from amongst 356 people who were frequent participants in outdoor leisure activities. For the data analysis, we used frequency, confirmatory analysis, reliability, correlation, and structural equaling modeling. The findings are as follows. First, leisure attitude had an influence on serious leisure and leisure satisfaction. Second, serious leisure had an effect on recreational specialization and leisure satisfaction. Third, recreational specialization had an influence on leisure satisfaction. According to the results of this study, leisure attitude and recreational specialization had insignificant effects, but all other hypotheses were accepted. Despite the COVID-19 pandemic, it was various reasons such as, leisure attitude, serious leisure, recreational specialization, leisure satisfaction and which was continuous participation in outdoor leisure activities were confirmed in South Korea.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-06-28
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13070155
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 7 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 156: Exploratory Factor Analysis, Criterion and
           Psychometric Properties of a Proposed Scale to Measure the Risk of Eating
           Disorders in Adolescents (PETCA)

    • Authors: Montserrat Monserrat, Angeles Arjona Garrido, Juan Carlos Checa, Dario Salguero, Joaquin Tarifa
      First page: 156
      Abstract: This paper deals with the different risk scales of eating disorder in adolescents. The main objective is to create a scale to measure the risk of developing eating disorders using social and behavioral variables. The trial sample included 605 adolescents, aged 12–17 years (M = 14.27; SD 1.44), randomly selected from several centers who requested to participate in a health program. After using the principal component extraction method (PCA) with adequate internal consistency and reliability, and with a total explained variance of 60%, factor analysis showed five factors: satisfaction with body image, self-esteem, use of social networks, negative relationship with food, and image and social recognition. Pearson’s correlation coefficients between our scale and reference scale (SCOFF) factors provided information on converging validity. However, the Cronbach’s alpha values for dimensions 3 and 4 failed to reach the desired scores, and it was noted that not all dimensions had the same number of elements. Therefore, future interventions and proposals to develop a stronger scale are proposed. Despite the drawbacks, our findings provide a solid foundation for further analysis to find the most reliable method of analysis possible in this innovative area. We believe that this scale can help both health and education professionals to develop effective interventions.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-06-30
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13070156
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 7 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 157: Vocal Emotional Expression in
           Parkinson’s Disease: Roles of Sex and Emotions

    • Authors: Martina Gnerre, Eleonora Malaspina, Sonia Di Tella, Isabella Anzuino, Francesca Baglio, Maria Caterina Silveri, Federica Biassoni
      First page: 157
      Abstract: Introduction: Parkinson’s disease (PD) commonly causes speech impairments, including difficulties in expressing emotions through voice. Method: The objective of this study was to investigate gendered vocal expressions of fear, anger, sadness, and happiness for mild to moderate PD. Prosodic features (related to fundamental frequency (F0), intensity (I), speech rate, articulation rate, and number and duration of pauses) and acoustic correlates of voice quality (CPPS, jitter, shimmer, and HNR) were collected from 14 patients with PD (mean age = 69.93; SD = 7.12; 8 males, 6 females) and 13 healthy controls (HC) (mean age = 68.13; SD = 8.27; 5 males, 8 females) matched for age, sex, and years of education. The utterances were extracted from four emotional and one neutral text. The neutral utterance and the emotional utterances were compared. Intra-sex comparison (female with PD vs. female HC and male with PD vs. male HC) and inter-sex comparison (female vs. male both for patients with PD and for HC), were performed with the Mann–Whitney test. A Mann–Whitney test was also used to compare the different emotional conditions, considering sex and PD diagnosis as well. Results: No significant intra-sex differences were found for the neutral speech, but inter-sex differences emerged. Regarding emotional speech, females with PD featured lower MaxF0 than female HCs for happiness and higher intensity variability (SD I) for sadness. Utterances by females with PD had lower CPPS than utterances by HCs for anger and fear. Utterances by males with PD had lower minimum intensity (MinI) than utterances by male HCs when expressing fear. Conclusions: Emotional vocal expression in individuals with PD was found to be impaired and showed sex differences. These findings have the potential to significantly impact the quality of life of PD patients.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-07-03
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13070157
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 7 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 158: Sad Cases and Success Stories:
           Representations of Multiple Sclerosis in Direct-to-Consumer Pharmaceutical

    • Authors: Ella Houston
      First page: 158
      Abstract: This article examines representations of multiple sclerosis in direct-to-consumer pharmaceutical advertisements televised during 2021 in the United States. Drawing on and developing Cultural Disability Studies theory, it highlights how advertising produced by pharmaceutical companies influences mass understandings, as well as personal experiences of, multiple sclerosis. The application of textual analysis to a small-sample of direct-to-consumer advertisements that promote drug therapies for multiple sclerosis (n. 4) uncovers the prevalence of profit-driven, rather than person-driven, medical neoliberal ideologies. On first impressions, the advertisements appear to challenge the metanarrative of multiple sclerosis as a life-limiting tragedy. However, the research findings reveal that multiple sclerosis is framed as the “hidden enemy” of the American dream, supposedly threatening individuals’ abilities to live productive and meaningful lives, while the consumption of pharmaceutical “wonder” drugs is treated as an act of self-empowerment.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-07-03
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13070158
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 7 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 159: Perceptions of ZEP Teachers towards
           Parental Involvement of Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Families:
           Promoting School–Family Cooperation

    • Authors: Malamati Bachtsiavanou, Zoe Karanikola, Nektaria Palaiologou
      First page: 159
      Abstract: Parental involvement of super-diverse families in the educational process is an integral part of the integration of emergent bilingual students, which, however, entails obstacles to its implementation in Greek schools and worldwide. Τhe present study investigates, through a qualitative case study, the perceptions of eight primary school teachers who had worked in zones of educational priority (ZEPs) in Greek public education, which are also called reception classes, towards the involvement of immigrant and refugee parents in the educational process as well as the barriers that influence it. The methodological tool of semi-structured interviews was used, while the sample was selected with both the convenience and snowball sampling techniques. Some important results reveal the usefulness of parental involvement for all involved persons in the school–family partnership as well as the multiple obstacles to its implementation. The main difficulties encountered by the participants were the parents’ lack of competence in Greek or in an intermediate language as well as their unfamiliarity with a culturally different education system. In response to this reality, the establishment of translation services at school with language and cultural interpreters that could bridge theses distances while recognizing families’ differences as an asset rather as an obstacle emerges as a necessity.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-07-04
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13070159
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 7 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 160: Combatting Fake News: A Global Priority
           Post COVID-19

    • Authors: Elvira Calvo-Gutiérrez, Carles Marín-Lladó
      First page: 160
      Abstract: This paper reviews some academic works on fake news published in Spain in the last seven years, a period in which the 2016 and 2020 US elections and the COVID-19 pandemic marked a turning point in the ’era of disinformation’, a term that the European Union (EU) describes as “verifiably false or misleading information that is created, presented and disseminated for profit or to deliberately mislead the public, and is likely to cause public harm”. Methodology: Some of the most relevant academic articles on fake news published from 2016 to the present were analysed. Results: In the last seven years, hoaxes and fake news have become even more sophisticated—including audiovisual materials, known as deep fakes—and constitute a political and social concern of the first order insofar as they threaten democratic life and social harmony in all countries. Conclusions: Although it is not a phenomenon specific to the media, since it has found its natural medium in social networks and the Internet, disinformation—which polarises society and fosters hatred—once again calls into question the role of journalism in the world.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-07-05
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13070160
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 7 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 161: Repositioning Ethnicity and
           Transnationalism: Community Resilience Strategies among the Non-Migratory
           Segment of Turkish Jewry

    • Authors: Aviad Moreno, Tamir Karkason
      First page: 161
      Abstract: The methods that communities exploit to cope with national hegemonies that dispossess and exclude them have attracted the interest of migration scholars who emphasize the development of transnational strategies as community-building vehicles. Some scholars focus on migrant communities, whereas other studies analyze the “stayers”—those who remain in the countries of origin—in their analyses of the impacts of transnational trends on these groups. Yet how such transnational dynamics influence the “stayers” among ethnonational communities whose members rapidly “repatriate” en masse to their perceived nation-state, such as the migration of Middle Eastern Jews to Israel in the era of regional decolonization and nationalization, remain understudied. This article focuses on the community of “stayers” among Turkish Jews, whose leaders sought methods to cope with the effects of rising nationalism on their community structure and the intensity of an emigration crisis that engulfed them due to the vacuum they faced after losing 40 percent of their members in 1948–1949 to Israel. We analyze Şalom, the most important newspaper that Turkish Jewry continued to publish well after 1948. To escape marginalization and to re-establish their base in Turkey, one of Şalom’s main strategies, we find, is conveying to its readership in Turkey the advantage of connecting and twinning the two national centers that had become the focal points of most of the community by 1950—the Turkish Republic and the State of Israel.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-07-07
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13070161
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 7 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 162: Keeping in Motion or Staying Put: Internal
           Migration in the United States and China

    • Authors: Joshua Dietz, Bulin Li, Ernesto Castañeda
      First page: 162
      Abstract: The rate of people moving within the United States is at one of its lowest points in U.S. history, while China has experienced unprecedented levels of domestic migration. While both are world-leading economies, these countries demonstrate stark contrasts in geographic mobility, urbanization, and economic growth. Despite these differences, social factors affect migration capabilities in both places, with some people more mobile than others. This study assesses internal migration and highlights the structural and social determinants of mobility in both countries. This article’s analysis reveals an accentuated downturn and the longest annual decline recorded in the U.S. Evidence shows declining internal migration in the U.S. primarily occurring at the local level and amongst renters. Large and expensive American cities have had significant losses of residents in recent years. By contrast, China’s “floating population” has increased as migrants move to cities. This study examines trends from 2010 to 2020 to compare the two countries regarding internal migration, urbanization, housing, social mobility, and economic growth. However, rather than simply comparing them, the paper argues that the internal migration dynamics in both countries are, to a degree, connected.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-07-08
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13070162
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 7 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 163: The Mediating Role of Positive and Negative
           Affect in the Relationship between Death Anxiety and Italian
           Students’ Perceptions of Distance Learning Quality during the
           COVID-19 Pandemic

    • Authors: Maria Rita Sergi, Laura Picconi, Alessandra Fermani, Ramona Bongelli, Sara Lezzi, Aristide Saggino, Marco Tommasi
      First page: 163
      Abstract: Recent data show that death anxiety and negative affect (NA) have become increasingly relevant because of the COVID-19 pandemic. The constant reminders of mortality through mass media and social media have contributed to this trend. Simultaneously, students have experienced a sudden and radical shift from face-to-face to online teaching, reducing direct human interactions and increasing anxiety. Death anxiety is often associated with mental illnesses and maladaptive mood states such as depression, anxiety, and NA. Despite this, few studies have investigated the effect of death anxiety, positive affect (PA), and NA on students’ perceived quality of distance learning. The present study aims to investigate the association among death anxiety, PA, NA, and the perceived quality of distance learning in a sample of 429 students attending university or training courses. Positive and negative affect were assessed through the positive and negative affect scales; death anxiety was measured through the death anxiety scale, and the perceived quality of distance learning was evaluated through the perceived quality of distance learning questionnaire. Zero-order correlation coefficients were calculated among the examined variables. To study the mediating role of positive and negative affect in the relationship between students’ perceptions of distance learning quality and death anxiety, we employed multiple regression analyses. Our findings indicate a significant association between death anxiety and cognitive–emotive reactions to distance learning. Lower levels of death anxiety are associated with PA, while higher levels are related to NA. Moreover, PA and NA act as mediators in the relationship between death anxiety and a positive reaction to distance learning. In conclusion, our findings highlight that PA and NA partially mediate the relationship between death anxiety and the perceived quality of distance learning.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-07-12
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13070163
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 7 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 164: Who Provides Resilience to the Community
           Resilience Providers'

    • Authors: Inbar Livnat, Michal Almog-Bar
      First page: 164
      Abstract: The article focuses on employees of nonprofit organizations (NPOs) as an essential component of community resilience. Forty women, professionals in the helping professions, were interviewed about their work experiences as employees in social service NPOs. The interviews were conducted from 2019 to 2020, mostly during the COVID-19 pandemic. Semi-structured interviews were conducted to understand those employees’ perceptions of work conditions, contracting-out of social services, professional community and relationships with co-workers, work–life balance, job satisfaction, and their future plans. The findings present loneliness at work and lacking of a sense of community and a strong sense of mission while facing a challenging environment and work conditions in NPOs. In the discussion, we offer a complementary understanding of solidarity and resilience in NPOs—and we elaborate on the lack of professional “communitiness” and its possible harmful effect on the resilience of wider communities in times of crisis—when resilience is mostly needed. The paper presents NPOs employees as critical actors in producing resilience, hence there exists a need to examine their work environment, job perceptions, and the latter’s contribution to their own resilience.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-07-13
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13070164
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 7 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 165: Youth Practices of Reading as a Form of
           Life and the Digital World

    • Authors: Anna Shutaleva, Ekaterina Kuzminykh, Anastasia Novgorodtseva
      First page: 165
      Abstract: The proliferation of digital technologies is precipitating a transformation in the socio-cultural fabric of human existence. The present study is dedicated to investigating the coexistence of various reading practices among contemporary youth in the modern era. The advent of new forms of reading has resulted in a shift from conventional paper-based reading to electronic formats, which, in turn, has transformed the practice of reading and the way of life associated with it. The methodological foundation of this research is the socio-philosophical theory that the practice of reading, rooted in the habitus of reading, is enacted by practitioners, and organized through public initiatives. The context of the reading practice system is a distinct historical system of circumstances in which practices are reproduced. This study encompasses an empirical component, focusing on the examination of reading practices among young individuals in a large modern city, specifically within the confines of Yekaterinburg (N = 200). The research was conducted between December 2021 and January 2022. This study permits an analysis of the constituent elements of the reader’s habitus model as a form of life.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-07-16
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13070165
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 7 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 166: “Who Will Take Better Care of Him
           Than Me'!” Perpetuating Institutional Culture in Families of
           Children with Disabilities in Bulgaria

    • Authors: Ina Dimitrova, Galina Goncharova
      First page: 166
      Abstract: The right to live in the community is fundamental and is directly related to the possibility of independent living for persons with disabilities, a central principle of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD), ratified by Bulgaria in 2012. The opposite of these principles is living in an institution, and being compelled to reside in a space where one does not have the ability or one is not allowed to exercise control over one’s life and day-to-day decisions. Through oral history and anthropological reconstructive analysis, with a special focus on the cultural contexts and social meanings of personal experience, we explore how families of children with disabilities are simultaneously victims of the local disabling legacies, environments and practices, and key agents that effectuate and perpetuate institutional culture. We highlight the dynamics and interactions of the traumatic images on the legacy of state socialism, the actual barriers during the transition period, the coping strategies chosen by families and, ultimately, the grim effects with regard to the affirmation and implementation of the idea of independent living for people with disabilities in Bulgaria.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-07-17
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13070166
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 7 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 167: “I Don’t Feel like an
           Adult”—Self-Perception of Delayed Transition to Adulthood in
           NEET Sample

    • Authors: Anna Parola, Lucia Donsì, Santa Parrello
      First page: 167
      Abstract: Nowadays, there has been a debate about factors still crucial for the actual definition of adulthood and the role played by uncertainty in employment, the economic crisis, changing cultural contexts, and globalization in the adulthood transition. This study aimed to provide a deeper understanding of the self-perception of the transition to adulthood among the Italian NEET (young people not engaged in education, employment, or training). A group of 53 NEETs were asked to assess their transition from adolescence to adulthood by rating themselves on a scale from 1 (=adolescence) to 7 (=adulthood). They were also asked to reflect on the reasons why they felt like adults or not. The qualitative data were coded using the criteria of adulthood attainment proposed by Arnett’s markers of adulthood scale. Analysis showed that the category with the highest frequency was role transition, and almost all the NEETs in this category felt “in-between”. The excerpts portrayed the centrality of work as a crucial factor in self-perception as an adult. The research emphasizes the importance of mixed-methods research to understand where and how people feel about the transition to adulthood, aspects that are difficult to grasp using only quantitative data.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-07-17
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13070167
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 7 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 168: Misinformation and Its Impact on Contested
           Policy Issues: The Example of Migration Discourses

    • Authors: Nadejda Komendantova, Dmitry Erokhin, Teresa Albano
      First page: 168
      Abstract: Misinformation, in the form of false or inaccurate information deliberately created and spread through various channels, including social media, has become pervasive in the context of migration. An analysis of 45,000 English tweets revealed a wide range of attitudes towards migrants, including the presence of misinformation, concerns, and positive and negative attitudes. This study acknowledges the negative effects of misinformation, such as the formation of preconditions that promote false representations of migrants, foster negative attitudes, and consolidate prejudices against them. Misinformation also leads to mistrust among migrants towards official authorities and creates an environment conducive to exploitation by smugglers and traffickers. To address these issues, this study suggests corrective measures, including raising awareness, promoting evidence-based reasoning, and facilitating diverse forms of interpersonal dialogue.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-07-19
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13070168
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 7 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 169: Biopsychosocial Factors of Adolescent
           Health Risk Behaviours during the COVID-19 Pandemic—Insights from an
           Empirical Study

    • Authors: Elitsa Dimitrova, Anna Alexandrova-Karamanova
      First page: 169
      Abstract: The paper focuses on the association between Bulgarian adolescents’ health risk behaviours (cigarette smoking, vaping, alcohol use and drunkenness) and biopsychosocial factors at individual and interpersonal levels, using data from the pre-pandemic and the pandemic periods, i.e. Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study (2018) and the study of adolescent health and well-being in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic (2022/2023). Logistic regression models reveal a positive association with age in both periods, decreasing gender difference in smoking, presistant effect of family structure, strengthened effect of the material status of the family and a differenciating effect of ethnicity at the end of the pandemic. Family support is positively asociated with substance (mis)use in both periods. At the end of the pandemic generalized anxiety is positively associated with substance (mis)use, loneliness has a negative association with drunkenness, and limited social interaction and vaping are in a positive relationship. The experience of COVID-19 infection in the family is associated with higher risk of smoking, while treatment in hospital for COVID-19 of the adolescent or a family member is associated with a higher risk of vaping and drunkenness. Interactions with COVID-19 experience and psychosocial variables reveal a divergence in health risk behaviours, including also engagement in substance (mis)use. Effective interventions, targeting the identified risk factors and risk groups, are needed for promotion of healthy lifestyles among adolescents.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-07-20
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13070169
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 7 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 170: Disability Ghosting in the Double Lockdown
           Institution of COVID-19

    • Authors: David Thomas Mitchell
      First page: 170
      Abstract: This paper surveys some of the voluminous journalistic coverage of the COVID-19 pandemic and the public health responses that ensued. While investigative reporting in newspapers and news programming played an important function, we expose the terms of the underreporting about the lockdowns in institutions for the disabled and elderly that ultimately changed little about public knowledge of the lives of disabled people who were always or already confined. Second, we detail the rapid unfolding of a critical journalism that revealed the mortality-dealing conditions of institutionalization beyond the acceleration of pandemic risk levels. Such governmental and for-profit run practices of letting individuals who were disabled or elderly die while in their care were enacted, of which residents could do nothing to protect themselves (in fact, risky exposure was a conscious practice of state governments during the unfolding viral epidemic). This essay argues, however, that a critical branch of COVID-19 journalism (largely based in the US) used investigative reporting to expose governmental miscounting, undercounting, and neglecting-to-count of disability deaths due to COVID-19 and/or to collect them under “other categories,” such as the overall death rate of a population. Our key findings point out that despite the importance of this coverage, no one used this opportunity to talk with institutionalized disabled and/or elderly people—who were gravely at risk. Thus, we learned little about disabled peoples’ lives as they were shipped back to congregate care settings and institutions from hospitals without treatment. An opportunity to explain disability institutionalization and its inherent dangers were lost despite the media saturation of coverage that rose in the wake of COVID-19 public health policies and practices.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-07-21
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13070170
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 7 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 171: The Society’s Heterogeneity Regarding
           Attitudes towards Tourism: A Cluster Analysis of the Ibiza Residents

    • Authors: José Ramón-Cardona, María Dolores Sánchez-Fernández
      First page: 171
      Abstract: The residents’ attitudes towards tourism are heterogeneous, although most studies do not focus their analysis on analyzing this variability. The segmentation of residents based on their attitudes has sought to determine the existing profiles within the local society of tourist destinations and their quantitative importance. The aim of this article is to carry out a segmentation of Ibiza residents according to their attitudes towards tourism. In this case, it seeks to analyze the existing heterogeneity in the local society of a mature and highly mediated tourist destination. Ibiza is a Spanish island in the Western Mediterranean with a surface area of 572 km and 150,000 inhabitants. It receives three million tourists a year, making it one of the most internationally known tourist destinations. The methodology used is a descending hierarchical cluster analysis (Howard-Harris algorithm) on a sample of 418 residents selected by a random procedure. The analysis has made it possible to identify five groups with opinions ranging from the most favorable towards tourism (enthusiastic supporters) to the most adverse (critics), with several intermediate groups (interested supporters, supporters with nuanced opinions, and neutrals). The most numerous groups are the supporters with nuanced opinions (23.0%), called by other authors “realists” for being aware of both the positive and negative impacts, and the critics (23.4%) concerned about the negative impacts. The minority group is the neutrals (13.6%). These proportions are plausible given the fact that it is a mature and highly crowded destination. This heterogeneity of attitudes should remind us that, in societies, there are always very different personal situations that will generate very different attitudes, and it is essential to know this social heterogeneity in order to manage the tourist destination correctly.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-07-21
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13070171
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 7 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 172: Public Functions Implementation by
           Artificial Intelligence: Current Practices and Prospects for Common
           Measures within Particular Periods across Continents and Regions

    • Authors: Atabek Atabekov
      First page: 172
      Abstract: The paper explores practices regarding the implementation by AI of public functions through the analysis of research activities, and administrative and legal regulations of AI in countries of various regions and continents. The hypothesis is that there might be some global trends regarding the AI phenomenon within international institutional vision, research, and national authorities with the goal to suggest common measures within the identification of short, medium, and long-term periods to provide public authorities with trajectories to regulate the AI in terms of its implementation of public functions regarding countries of different regions. The empirical research uses administrative and legal documents, information, and analytical materials from diverse countries. The study uses the comparative method and formal logic tools. The main findings suggest modeling measures within the identification of short, medium, and long-term periods and single out measures that are common to diverse countries, regarding the implementation by AI of public functions.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-07-21
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13070172
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 7 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 173: Gender Roles in Formal Second Language
           Learning in a Migratory Context: L2 Teachers’ Perceptions of
           Moroccan Origin Women in Catalonia

    • Authors: Carla Ferrerós Pagès, Hanan Abdellaoui
      First page: 173
      Abstract: In Catalonia, the largest group of immigrants is that of Moroccan origin. Some Moroccan women are conditioned by a traditional family model that is concretised by the spatial separation between men and women in all spheres of society, a fact that influences the socialisation of these women and that, in a migratory context, may have an impact on their early abandonment of formal second language courses. Accordingly, this study aims to analyse the importance of accounting for the culture and gender factors in language teaching in a migratory context. We conducted semi-structured interviews with eight teachers of Catalan and Spanish as a second language, as they are the link between the institution and the students. The results suggest that providing instruction to segregated groups might grant women who are unable to participate in mixed-gender language classes the opportunity to increase their second language proficiency and thus facilitate their integration into the corresponding host territory. Offering gender-specific courses is a particular challenge for public L2 schools, where groups are organised according to the learners’ levels and not according to characteristics linked to origin and gender, as the latter practice may be at odds with the criteria of equality that guide public education in the host territory.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-07-24
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13070173
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 7 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 174: Correction: Puggioni, R. Two Years of the
           COVID-19 Crisis: Anxiety, Creativity and the Everyday. Societies 2023, 13,

    • Authors: Raffaela Puggioni
      First page: 174
      Abstract: In the original publication [...]
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-07-24
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13070174
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 7 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 145: Participation and Social Innovation as a
           Compass towards Integration: The Rationale behind the INTE-Great Project

    • Authors: Morena Cuconato
      First page: 145
      Abstract: This paper presents the theoretical and operational approach of the AMIF-funded project INTE-great “Stakeholder Partnership for the Integration of Migrants”, which has the aim of building a stronger integration strategy and ecosystem for migrants, in particular asylum seekers, refugees and migrants with subsidiary protection (women, men, families and LGBTIQ+) at the urban level through cross-sector stakeholder partnerships, developing an innovative integration strategy framework (ISF) according to which five pilot initiatives will be tested through experimentation in five partnering countries (IT, ES, EL, CY and IE). The paper is structured as follows: After retracing the main development of the integration concept in different social sciences, we propose the operational definition of integration adopted in the project. We then concentrate on the role of migrants’ participation in enhancing a more effective integration path, before presenting the way in which we interpret the meaning of social innovation in the five pilot initiatives of the INTE-great project. We conclude by highlighting that a multistakeholder partnership adopting a real participatory migrant approach in the codesign, implementation and evaluation of the pilot initiatives constitutes the added value of social innovation in the field of migrants’ integration services.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-06-15
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13060145
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 6 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 146: The (Un)Equal Effect of Binary
           Socialisation on Adolescents’ Exposure to Pornography: Girls’
           Empowerment and Boys’ Sexism from a New Representative National

    • Authors: Loredana Cerbara, Giulia Ciancimino, Gianni Corsetti, Antonio Tintori
      First page: 146
      Abstract: Due to the increasing trend in the use of pornography recorded in recent years, along with the decreasing age of its consumers, many studies have investigated its potential negative effects on adolescents, who are developing their social and sexual identity, often producing inconsistent results. With the present study, which is based on a large representative sample of Italian students attending public upper secondary schools, predictors as well as negative and positive effects of pornography use on adolescents’ attitudes, beliefs and well-being have been identified through a psychosocial approach. To achieve these results, the study involved a two-step analysis: first, the decision tree method for classification was applied to identify the main predictors of different frequencies in pornography consumption; subsequently, multinomial logistic regressions were carried out to detect the effects of pornography use. The results show a large difference between boys and girls in terms of frequency of pornography use, but also in the effects on adherence to gender roles, which is related to a still strongly stereotyped socialisation. Instead, similar negative effects on both girls and boys were found on self-esteem, body satisfaction, negative primary emotions and distress, suggesting the need for adequate sex education provided by both parents and schools to counteract taboos and blind internalisation of models of beauty and sexual behaviours provided by pornography.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-06-16
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13060146
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 6 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 147: Quality Learning in Basic Life Support in
           Portuguese Basic Education School: A Cross-Sectional Study with 10th Grade

    • Authors: Maria Aurora Boné, Maria João Loureiro, Jorge Bonito
      First page: 147
      Abstract: An out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is one of the leading causes of death in the world. The survival rate can be influenced by the chain of survival. The school is the institution that has the opportunity to promote the education of citizens in basic life support (BLS), increasing the number of trained bystanders. This study aimed to identify the theoretical and practical knowledge and self-reported skills in BLS, in order to characterize the motivation to intervene in an emergency. A quantitative, descriptive, cross-sectional and analytical study of the survey type was developed with a sample of 1215 students enrolled in 10th-grade secondary education in 2019–2020 in Portugal. The results point to a fragile appropriation of theoretical and practical knowledge in the field of BLS. Self-declared competences tend to rank below the theoretical knowledge manifested. Motivation to intervene is high: students are sensitive to the topic and willing to learn and highlight the importance and social relevance of the topic. We conclude that students do not feel prepared and are not empowered to intervene in an OHCA episode. It seems necessary to develop didactic proposals that align the teaching of BLS with the essential learning at the end of compulsory education in Portugal.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-06-18
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13060147
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 6 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 148: Personality Development and Behavior in
           Adolescence: Characteristics and Dimensions

    • Authors: Valentina Milenkova, Albena Nakova
      First page: 148
      Abstract: This article aims to present the specifics and characteristics of personality development during adolescence in light of the family’s influence on the adolescent’s self-esteem, self-perception, and behavior. Self-concept holds a particular importance in an individual’s psychological and social development and expression. Self-concept contributes to an individual’s communication, personal confidence, and independence. The objectives of the article are as follows: to trace some basic aspects of the influence of family on personality and its formation; to present concrete empirical dimensions of the Self-concept of students in a Bulgarian environment as well as their relationships with their parents; to show whether there are differences among the main ethnic groups in terms of their Self-concept and parental influence. The empirical analysis of the article is based on research conducted with secondary school students in 2018 within the framework of the “Modern Bulgarian Education: Status and Deficits” project, of which there were 130 Bulgarian, 70 Turk, and 70 Roma students aged 14–16 and of both sexes. The students were randomly selected from several Bulgarian secondary schools. To establish Self-images and the formation of various qualities, we used a method highlighting the types of personality tests used to register Self-concept profiles, including various personal qualities in different areas of personality expression. Students rate the qualities as real and as their desire to possess them on a five-degree scale from “1”—I do not possess at all to “5”—I completely possess the corresponding quality. The survey results showed that young people to a large extent tend to strive for the construction of their Self-image as open to sociability, contacts, and communication to attain affirmation among peers and autonomy. The article also analyzes assessments of parents’ involvement in children’s lives as well as the importance of family as a value. The main conclusion of the article is that upbringing in the family is key to the development of a child’s Self-concept and success, the value structure and emotional state, as well as overall personal activity.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-06-19
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13060148
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 6 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 149: Glitches in the Digitization of Asylum: How
           CBP One Turns Migrants’ Smartphones into Mobile Borders

    • Authors: Austin Kocher
      First page: 149
      Abstract: As the emerging literature on migration studies has demonstrated, migrants who are seeking asylum around the world are increasingly finding that the process is mediated by a variety of new technologies. While the process of digitizing various aspects of migrant protection may promise improvements, new technologies also risk limiting access to asylum for migrants who are unable to overcome these new digital barriers to entry. This article explores the digitization of asylum by examining the context and consequences of the U.S. government’s deployment of a smartphone app called CBP One in early 2023 which suddenly became one of the main pathways for migrants to seek asylum along the U.S.–Mexico border. In doing so, this article makes two contributions to the literature on the digitization of asylum. First, the article shows how CBP One, which was not initially designed for asylum seekers, morphed into a tool that took center stage in border enforcement statecraft during a period of exceptional migration policies. Second, this article examines the range of what have been referred to as “glitches” with CBP One, to demonstrate how the app created new digital barriers to asylum. Rather than accepting glitches as mere accidents, this article argues that these glitches are the result of a political decision to force already vulnerable migrants to rely upon experimental technologies that hinder rather than facilitate their asylum-seeking process.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-06-20
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13060149
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 6 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 150: Determinants of E-Government Use in the
           European Union: An Empirical Analysis

    • Authors: Alexandra Lavinia Horobeț, Irina Mnohoghitnei, Emanuela Marinela Luminița Zlatea, Alexandra Smedoiu-Popoviciu
      First page: 150
      Abstract: Efficient governments, defined as those that provide digital public services and effectively support their citizens through modern tools and channels, can be the result of a variety of factors, including education, urbanization, infrastructure, and economic growth as measured by GDP per capita. Existing research, however, has not provided a convincing answer to this question. At the same time, there is an undeniable increase in the availability and use of digital government services, with disparities in the range of services offered and access to infrastructure. Based on an empirical data set from 2008 to 2020, we propose an investigation into the determinants of e-government use in European Union countries. We use quantitative analysis based on the generalized method of moments (GMM) to explain why people use e-government. Furthermore, we substantiate the results found using the GMM methodology applied to panel data with Granger causality, which shows the contribution of variables to the current values of the other variables over time, highlighting the powerful influences between them. We discovered that education is the most important determinant factor for e-government use in the European Union, but there are some surprising findings, such as the negative correlation between internet use and e-government indicators, or the fact that a better government does not automatically result in economic growth. Rather, a developed country establishes the foundation for its citizens to use public services efficiently.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-06-20
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13060150
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 6 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 227: In Loco Parentis: Informal Kinship Care in
           Australia—Social Benefit and Material Poverty

    • Authors: Meredith Kiraly
      First page: 227
      Abstract: Informal kinship care families in Australia are a large, hidden population. This article provides an overview of international research and policy developments regarding informal kinship care and considers their relevance to Australia. The benefit to children is identified along with the severe economic burden of care falling on caregiving families. Australian Federal and State policy settings are described in relation to the recognition and support of informal kinship care families, and an overwhelming need for better financial and social support is identified. Ways forward to improve the circumstances of these families are considered, together with areas for future research.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-10-24
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13110227
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 11 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 228: “My Father Put Me in a Patera So I
           Could Study”: Key Aspects of Socio-Educational Support for Minors
           Who Migrate Alone

    • Authors: María Ángeles Olivares-García, Sonia García-Segura, María del Mar García-Cabrera, Gemma Fernández-Caminero, Belén María Martínez Romero, Blanca Arcos Aguilar
      First page: 228
      Abstract: The migration process for minors who migrate alone represents a complex reality, one entailing exciting life projects but which often clashes with a host society that at times responds in a way shaped by stereotypes and prejudices. In this regard, the role of public and private institutions responsible for the care and custody of these minors is of the utmost importance. This is the point of departure of this study: to explore the multicultural and inclusive practices that are implemented in the process of socio-educational support for minors who migrate alone. Taking as a reference the closest context, as a case study, and employing a qualitative methodological approach, 16 semi-structured interviews were conducted with professionals from Centers for the Protection of Minors, Institutes of Compulsory Secondary Education (secondary schools), and third-sector entities involved in socio-educational intervention with minors who migrate alone in the province of Cordoba (Spain). The results show, firstly, the complexity of the process behind the socio-educational inclusion of these minors, mainly due to their backgrounds; and, furthermore, the role of the different expectations of the professionals involved with regards to this group’s educational and labor-oriented development, along with the importance of the diversity of socio-educational intervention strategies used, focused on individualized attention and with a comprehensive approach. In conclusion, the findings of this study highlight the importance of tackling the task of socio-educational care in a coordinated manner, without forgetting the cultural backgrounds and previous experiences that these minors have when they join these protection and educational systems. It is, therefore, necessary to continue to implement these inclusive practices that promote the comprehensive development of minors and facilitate their transition to adult life, as should be done with any other minor facing situations of social vulnerability.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-10-24
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13110228
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 11 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 229: Legitimating Misogyny and Femicide: Legal
           Himpathy and (State) Violence against Women in Iran

    • Authors: Ladan Rahbari
      First page: 229
      Abstract: On the fifth of February 2022, a man gruesomely murdered his seventeen-year-old wife, Mona Heydari, in a city in a southern province of Iran. The man then shocked bystanders by strolling in public spaces while carrying his wife’s severed head. This paper focuses on the case of Mona’s killing and investigates the state, media, and online user-created reactions to the incident. The paper aims to (i) offer an in-depth exploration of himpathy with the perpetrator and (ii) investigate the role of the law and the state in the normalization and perpetuation of violence committed by men against women in the name of ‘honor.’ This paper extends the usage of the concept of himpathy (by Manne, 2017) as a cluster of biases that direct sympathy towards men who commit violence against women to the institutional and legal realms. It also draws on the traditional notion of gheirat, referring to protecting one’s ‘honor,’ and explores its role in Iranian law to show that the Iranian legal system hinges upon it, therefore legitimating misogyny and femicide.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-10-26
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13110229
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 11 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 230: An Institutional Analysis of Local Lifelong
           Learning Approaches to Early School Leaving in Italy and Spain

    • Authors: Xavier Rambla, Maddalena Bartolini
      First page: 230
      Abstract: In this paper, we will analyze how a few initial vocational education and training (VET) schools have elaborated wide-ranging responses to early leaving from education and training in Liguria (Italy) and Catalonia (Spain). In contrast with many members of the EU and the OECD, the prevailing institutional arrangements in these two countries hardly support disadvantaged youths to catch up with basic academic performance and find an appealing pathway between compulsory and post-compulsory education. Despite this bias of official policies, we argue that some initial VET schools manage to navigate the interface between social structure and agency and accommodate the aspirations of disadvantaged students by involving local stakeholders and shaping school time organization in a particular way.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-10-26
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13110230
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 11 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 231: An Inclusive Workplace Approach to
           Disability through Assistive Technologies: A Systematic Review and
           Thematic Analysis of the Literature

    • Authors: Tiziana Marinaci, Claudio Russo, Giulia Savarese, Giovanna Stornaiuolo, Filomena Faiella, Luna Carpinelli, Marco Navarra, Giuseppina Marsico, Monica Mollo
      First page: 231
      Abstract: To explain the low employment rates of people with disabilities (PwDs), emerging debates have revealed an unexploited potential impact of assistive technology (AT) on human talent and the inclusion process. This article provides a systematic review to critically evaluate the current trends in the literature on AT. A systematic review was performed according to the inclusion criteria of the PRISMA-S guidelines, followed by a thematic analysis identifying the main themes by which the literature on the subject is organized. Finally, the Human Activity Assistive Technology (HAAT) model was used to deepen the contents taken into consideration in the scientific literature and to discuss the concept of workplace inclusion and its use. Forty-one studies fully met the eligibility criteria of the systematic review. The thematic analysis produced four clusters related to the impact and characteristics of AT in the workplace. Overall, the use of the HAAT model highlighted a lack of studies on the affective and socio-cultural dimensions that characterize the use of AT in the workplace. It is concluded that the deployment of AT can and should work on multiple levels to shape the workplace experiences of PwDs.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-10-30
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13110231
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 11 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 232: Critical Thinking and Student Well-Being:
           An Approach in University Students

    • Authors: José Carlos Vázquez-Parra, Paloma Suárez-Brito, Patricia Esther Alonso-Galicia, Arantza Echaniz-Barrondo
      First page: 232
      Abstract: Human well-being is a dynamic and changing concept as it depends on personal, social, cultural, and political factors and varies over time according to individual circumstances. Therefore, it is essential to address this issue from a comprehensive and multidisciplinary approach, seeking that individuals, from an early age, manage to develop skills and attitudes that allow them to achieve a balance in their lives. This article presents the results of the measurement of students’ perceived achievement of the competence of complex thinking in a subject focused on human development. Specifically, the research sought to identify whether there is a relationship between the level of critical thinking and the acquisition of skills associated with human well-being. The selection of critical thinking is based on the fact that this cognitive ability is one of the subcompetencies included in complex thinking. The sample was a group of university students from different disciplines and educational levels. Methodologically, descriptive analyses were made on the means of students’ responses to a validated instrument measuring the perceived achievement of complex thinking competency and its subcompetencies and the final evaluations of the students’ course. In conclusion, an improvement in the perception of achievement of complex thinking competency and its subcompetencies is demonstrated in the students, with critical thinking that achieved the best means, its increase being significant for the whole group and for women but not for men. In this sense, although it was not possible to demonstrate a statistically significant relationship between the development of this subcompetency and the acquisition of tools associated with well-being, data showing a possible association between these elements were obtained.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-10-31
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13110232
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 11 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 233: The Shared Sociological Imagination: A
           Reflexive Tale from the Boxe Popolare Field

    • Authors: Lorenzo Pedrini
      First page: 233
      Abstract: This paper considers the personal commitment to ‘boxe popolare’ (people’s boxing), focusing on my scholar-practitioner status as a tool to contribute to the boxe popolare agenda by means of what I term ‘shared sociological imagination’. Through a reflexive tale on becoming a boxe popolare member, the article sheds light on the importance of overcoming the theory/practice divide. The first section of the paper draws on ‘habitus as topic and tool’—namely, the methodology I have adopted in a four-year ethnography of boxe popolare—and illustrates sociological imagination as a capacity that can be cultivated even in extremely carnal worlds by social agents who do not belong to academia. The second section broadens the reasoning, arguing that one characterising trait of being a scholar-practitioner in sport and physical culture may consist in working out agency both on an individual and a collective level. Echoing Burawoy’s perspective of ‘public sociology’, such an attempt can be seen as a potentially emancipatory strategy: it allows people with whom we research and practice to live with and through theory, embodying shared understandings in novel mundane activities.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-10-31
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13110233
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 11 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 234: Configurations of Care Work: Fragile
           Partnerships in the Co-Production of Long-Term Care Services

    • Authors: Laila Tingvold, Nina Olsvold
      First page: 234
      Abstract: Over the last decade, authorities in several Western countries have stated their ambitions to increase the share of volunteers contributing alongside professionals in the future long-term care (LTC) sector, but the introduction of volunteers as co-producers of care services is sparsely investigated. This article is based on an empirical case study in Norway and investigates how co-production is translated into practice in diverse settings. Our findings demonstrate that understandings of voluntary work were fragmented. Co-production appears as a fragile partnership with an unclear understanding of the roles, expectations, and opportunities among the various parties who had different purposes/agendas and limited knowledge. To successfully provide added value in coproducing care, agents need to understand the whole picture and context, and build a common understanding of ‘why’ coproduce.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-11-02
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13110234
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 11 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 235: Social and Technological Interactions in

    • Authors: Rodica Milena Zaharia, Tudor Edu, Razvan Zaharia
      First page: 235
      Abstract: This Special Issue, Social and Technological Interactions in e-Societies, aims to attract the interest of academics and practitioners alike by identifying, exploring, and investigating the interactions inherent in the emergence of new technologies in our societies [...]
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-11-02
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13110235
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 11 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 236: Political Views, Race and Ethnicity, and
           Social Isolation: Evidence from the General Social Survey

    • Authors: Song Yang, Michael Nino
      First page: 236
      Abstract: Using data from the General Social Survey, we investigate whether political views increase the risk of social isolation for Black and White Americans. Our findings reveal an increase in conservative political views differently shaping social isolation patterns for Black and White Americans. For instance, changes in political views from liberal to conservative are associated with reduced risk of social isolation for White Americans, whereas a rise in conservative political views is related to increases in social isolation for Black Americans. Results also demonstrate that these patterns remain after accounting for important covariates such as gender, age, education, occupation, marital status, social class, work status, and religion. We discuss the implications of our findings in the context of social relationships, race, and political polarization in the U.S.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-11-04
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13110236
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 11 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 237: Explanatory Journalism within European Fact
           Checking Platforms: An Ally against Disinformation in the Post-COVID-19

    • Authors: Victoria Moreno-Gil, Xavier Ramon-Vegas, Ruth Rodríguez-Martínez, Marcel Mauri-Ríos
      First page: 237
      Abstract: In the post-COVID era, explanatory journalism is undergoing a resurgence that can be attributed to the proliferation of false content disseminated via social networks and the maturation of fact checking initiatives. Fact checkers are beginning to delve into those topics that are recurrent targets of disinformation to make complex issues accessible to the public. This study investigates the characteristics and methodologies of contemporary explanatory journalism by analysing four European verification platforms (Newtral in Spain, Les Décodeurs in France, FACTA.news in Italy and The Journal FactCheck unit in Ireland). We employed content analysis of a corpus of explainers and semi-structured interviews with the managers of these outlets. Our findings reveal that explainers encompass a wide range of topics, typically revolving around current affairs. These pieces are usually authored by fact checkers and published, with bylines, within dedicated sections that encourage audience participation. Explainers do not adhere to a fixed periodicity or length and adopt a format similar to feature articles, displaying a degree of flexibility. They leverage data provided by experts and official sources and employ visual elements to convey information clearly. The interviewed managers concur that explanatory journalism represents an invaluable tool in combatting disinformation and has a promising future ahead.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-11-07
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13110237
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 11 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 238: Impact of Social Media on Adolescence:
           Mapping Emerging Needs to Build Resilient Skills

    • Authors: Carolina Falcón-Linares, Sara González-Yubero, Marta Mauri-Medrano, María Jesús Cardoso-Moreno
      First page: 238
      Abstract: It is important to study the impact of social media on mental health and well-being, as most young people use social media. Research has provided evidence of the link between social media and mental health, identifying vulnerability variables, risk factors, comorbidity, and predictors of deterioration or improvement. However, there is still very little qualitative insight into young people’s experiences and perceptions of social media and its impact on their subjective well-being. This study consists of a systematic review of the literature and a narrative synthesis of scientific articles published between 2013 and 2023 and indexed in the most important scientific databases in our field of knowledge. The SALSA protocol for systematic reviews of scientific literature was followed. We worked on a final sample of 25 articles, all of which were qualitative in methodology. From the content analysis, we extracted five thematic categories that describe and explore in depth the complex impact of social networks on adolescents’ well-being. The interactions between positive and negative effects, as well as the links with protective or vulnerability factors, are presented with the aim of constructing as complete a knowledge framework as possible. The paper concludes with useful implications for educational interventions.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-11-07
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13110238
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 11 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 239: Exploring Hidden Costs of Seasonal
           Migration in Agriculture within Roma Communities of Origin: Evidence from

    • Authors: Sorina Corman, Alin Croitoru
      First page: 239
      Abstract: The article is focused on researching the hidden effects of seasonal migration in agriculture on Roma communities in Romania. The theoretical framework considers the specific nature of seasonal migration in agriculture and includes elements relevant to understanding the seasonal migration patterns of the Roma population from Romania. The research is based on a qualitative methodological design and over 120 interviews in four communities with Roma individuals and key actors at the community level (e.g., local authorities, teachers, priests, and social workers). The interviews are thematically analyzed, and the hidden costs of seasonal migration are discussed at three levels of analysis: individual, familial, and community. First and foremost, the analysis emphasizes that migration is the most significant factor of social change in the studied Roma communities, and its effects are multifaceted. The analysis reveals significant negative costs of migration in terms of health, education, employability, family, and community life. In the medium and long term, these effects decrease the positive aspects linked to the material gains from migration, making these Roma communities more vulnerable and dependent.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-11-09
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13110239
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 11 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 240: Fighting Hate and Hate Speech: Raising
           Anti-Hate Awareness through Critical Analysis of Popular Cultural Texts on
           an Undergraduate Course

    • Authors: Hyunju Woo, Yoon Y. Cho
      First page: 240
      Abstract: Central to the understanding of hate is an apprehension of the complexities of various hate-motivated social attitudes, which include Othering and the production of social, economic, and political hierarchies of domination. While hate speech is endemic both online and offline in contemporary society, Korean youths have difficulties recognizing its structural forces. The present study aims to offer an instructional model of a college-level course for identifying and countering hate in everyday life. As participants in this course, students read popular cultural texts thematizing hate, wrote critical reviews, and held group discussions to develop anti-hate critical thinking and raise awareness about online hate speech and hate-motivated social behavior. They showed significant progress in the surveys, which measured anti-hate critical thinking, as well as during the course, as they proceeded from observing and identifying hate speech to formulating and articulating proactive strategies to challenge it. This study provided an opportunity for college students to develop good citizenship in reading hate speech and representations of hate in popular cultural texts with a critical eye, and to reflect on the problem of hate in society.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-11-13
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13110240
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 11 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 241: Coverage of Allies, Allyship and Disabled
           People: A Scoping Review

    • Authors: Gregor Wolbring, Aspen Lillywhite
      First page: 241
      Abstract: Disabled people face many problems in their lived reality, as evidenced by the content of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. Disabled people are constantly engaged in activism to decrease their problems. However, disabled people cannot do all the work by themselves and need allies (who can be so-called non-disabled people or disabled people of a different background to other disabled people) given the many barriers disabled people face in being activists, given the precarious lived reality of many, and given the many problems in need of solving. At the same time, the expectations linked to being an authentic ally of disabled people pose many challenges and stressors and a danger of burnout for the ally. Therefore, the aim of this study was to better understand the academic coverage of allyship and allies in relation to disabled people in general, and specifically the coverage of challenges, stressors, and danger of burnout for allies of disabled people. To fulfill this aim, we performed a scoping review of academic abstracts and full texts employing SCOPUS, the seventy databases of the EBSCO-HOST and the Web of Science. Of the 577 abstracts, covering allies and allyship in relation to disabled people that were downloaded, 306 were false positives. Of the 271 relevant ones, the content of six abstracts suggested a deeper coverage of allyship/allies in the full texts. Within the full texts, two mentioned ally burnout and four mentioned challenges faced by allies. Among the 271 abstracts, 86 abstracts mentioned allies without indicating who the allies were, 111 abstracts mentioned specific allies with technology as an ally being mentioned second highest. Sixty-three abstracts covered specific topics of activism for allies. Furthermore, although searching abstracts for equity, diversity, and inclusion (EDI) related phrases, terms, and policy frameworks generated sixty-three abstracts, only three abstracts mentioned disabled people. s containing science and technology governance or technology focused ethics fields terms did not generate any hits with the terms ally or allies or allyship. Searching abstracts and full texts, phrases containing ally or allies or allyship and burnout had 0 hits, ally terms with stress* generated four hits and phrases containing anti-ableism, or anti disablism, anti-disableist, anti-disablist, anti-ablist, or anti-ableist with ally terms had 0 hits. Our findings show many gaps in the coverage of allies and allyship in relation to disabled people especially around the barriers, stressors, and burnout that authentic allies of disabled people can face. These gaps should be filled given that disabled people need allies and that there are many challenges for being an authentic disabled or non-disabled ally of disabled people.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-11-13
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13110241
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 11 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 242: Fake News in the Post-COVID-19 Era' The
           Health Disinformation Agenda in Spain

    • Authors: Carmen Costa-Sánchez, Ángel Vizoso, Xosé López-García
      First page: 242
      Abstract: Three years after a pandemic that demonstrated the importance of reliable health information in a news agenda dominated by coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), we analyze the situation of health disinformation in Spain on the basis of the verifications carried out by its main fact-checking platforms. The results show that COVID-19 shared center stage with other topics in the health area. In addition, a unique agenda is evident in each situation in the study, indicating a fact-checking strategy that is differentiated according to the media outlet and type of specialization (generalist fact-checker or one specialized in health). Vaccination, nutrition, and disease treatment emerge as the most important thematic subfields. Most health hoaxes are manufactured, i.e., created from scratch, rather than being manipulated or reconfigured from real preexisting elements. The format of text and image together predominates, and new social networks (TikTok or Telegram) have appeared as platforms for the circulation of hoaxes. This indicates that providing necessary health literacy to society and giving health issues greater presence in current fact-checking agendas are strategies for combatting disinformation, which can have serious consequences, regardless of whether there is a public health crisis such as the one experienced recently.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-11-15
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13110242
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 11 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 243: Institutional Solidarity in The
           Netherlands: Examining the Role of Dutch Policies in Women with Migration
           Backgrounds’ Decisions to Leave a Violent Relationship

    • Authors: Chloé Roegiers (Mayeux), Sawitri Saharso, Evelien Tonkens, Jonathan Darling
      First page: 243
      Abstract: In The Netherlands, women who experience domestic violence can rely on public policies that aim to support them, such as shelters. Drawing on the lived experiences, through 10 interviews and observations, of women with different cultural backgrounds and nationalities staying in a shelter, and on 37 interviews with social workers working with these women, we observed that this support falls short for them. We argue that immigration rules, together with policies on domestic violence and housing, (unintentionally) often work in tandem with violent partners to prevent women with migration backgrounds from leaving violent relationships. The paper draws on a perspective of institutional considerations of solidarity to unpack the relations between domestic violence, cultural constraints, and public policies but looks also at the positive experiences of women of migrant backgrounds with these Dutch policies. This research indicates that there is a lack of institutional solidarity towards women, especially those arriving as marriage migrants, who have experienced domestic violence. In exploring the intersections of domestic violence and often exclusionary state policies, the paper reflects on how The Netherlands can provide more support to those women and how intersectional justice and solidarity might be expressed.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-11-17
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13110243
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 11 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 244: Depression Severity among a Sample of
           LGBTQ+ Individuals during the COVID-19 Pandemic

    • Authors: Marybec Griffin, Jessica Jaiswal, Tess Olsson, Jesse Gui, Christopher B. Stults, Perry N. Halkitis
      First page: 244
      Abstract: Background: The global pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has led to immense impacts on global community health, the public perception of healthcare, and attitudes surrounding mental health during widespread quarantine. Methods: This analysis examines the rates of depressive symptomology among a sample of LGBTQ+-identifying individuals in the United States (n = 1090). The variables examined included socio-demographic factors, the use of mental health medication, access to mental health medication, and experiences of depression symptomology. Results: The findings indicate that depressive symptoms were less severe for older adults, as they reported higher levels of minimal to moderately severe depressive symptoms. Participants who were not working and those who were using substances were less likely to report depressive symptoms. Participants who were employed full-time reported higher levels of depression compared to those who were unemployed. Conclusions: Understanding the mental health of marginalized populations such as the LGBTQ+ community is critical to providing more nuanced preventative healthcare for unique populations, as members of the LGBTQ+ community are non-monolithic and require more personalized approaches to their healthcare needs.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-11-20
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13110244
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 11 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 214: A Typology of Martial Arts

    • Authors: David S. Contreras Islas, George Jennings
      First page: 214
      Abstract: Martial arts are concerned with continuous technical practice and refinement over a lifetime, while scholarship is ordinarily undertaken by active learners and experienced (occasionally veteran) practitioners. These martial arts scholar–practitioners tend to be positioned according to specific types, from a more distant (and sometimes critical) scholar with less combat acumen to an instructor keen to read and engage in collaborative research. This article introduces a typology of ten martial arts scholar–practitioner types: (1) Supportive Scholar; (2) Former Practitioner; (3) Practitioner on Stand-by; (4) Immersed Apprentice; (5) Budding Scholar–Practitioner; (6) Established Scholar–Practitioner; (7) Temporary Practitioner–Researcher; (8) Experimental Leader; (9) Inquisitive Teacher; and (10) Curious Practitioner. The types are examined using Capoeira, one of the most academically studied martial arts. Drawing on the Spannungsfeld—the “field of tension” between science and practice—we reveal the specific strengths and limitations of each type while illustrating the common transition between positions across a career or research project. Finally, we consider some practical solutions to mitigate the relative weaknesses and oversights of the specific types, including the ability to form teams of scholar–practitioners from different positions in academia and martial arts. We close with suggestions for empirical research to test and refine our methodological model.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-09-25
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13100214
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 10 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 215: Custodial Grandchildren’s School
           Attendance and Academic Performance during COVID-19: The Role of

    • Authors: Yanfeng Xu, Theresa M. Harrison, Athena C. Y. Chan, Ashlee A. Lewis, Sue E. Levkoff, Gina M. Kunz
      First page: 215
      Abstract: Due to COVID-19, many schools switched to remote instruction, creating an urgency to address the technology needs of many families, including grandparent-headed families. Many grandparent-headed families (i.e., custodial grandparents) have limited access to digital devices and stable internet. Moreover, many of these grandparents lack the skills and confidence to use technology, which may affect both their grandchildren’s ability to attend school as well as their academic performance. This study investigates both the associations of grandfamilies’ access to technology and custodial grandparents’ comfort level with technology with their grandchildren’s academic attendance and performance during COVID-19. We analyzed cross-sectional survey data collected from grandparents raising grandchildren between March 2021 and February 2022 in the United States. Ordered logistic regression analyses were conducted using STATA. The key results suggested that grandfamilies’ more stable access to technology (OR = 1.54, p = 0.048) and grandparents’ high comfort level with technology (OR = 2.18, p = 0.003) during grandchildren’s remote learning were significantly associated with higher odds of grandchildren’s better school attendance. Similarly, more stable access to technology (OR = 1.53, p = 0.048) and higher comfort level with technology (OR = 1.67, p = 0.030) were significantly associated with higher odds of grandchildren’s better academic performance. The results imply the need to provide stable internet and digital devices to grandfamilies without access to these services or devices, as well as technical assistance and technical-related education workshops to custodial grandparents who are not tech-savvy.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-09-26
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13100215
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 10 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 216: Beyond Reputation Management: An
           Auto-Ethnographic Examination of Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion in
           Canadian Policing

    • Authors: Samar Ben Romdhane, Alain Babineau
      First page: 216
      Abstract: Policing organizations play a vital role in increasing diversity and recruiting individuals from diverse backgrounds. However, they face the challenge of reconciling merit-based hiring with the influence of social capital, necessitating a stronger focus on equity policies. This paper delves into this intricate landscape, leveraging both personal experiences and the framework of employment equity laws. It also draws upon insights gleaned from the Sandhu case to advocate for a holistic approach that encompasses cultural and legal changes to combat the issues surrounding “otherness” within policing. Through a comprehensive exploration of these cases, this paper unravels an intricate tapestry of the challenges faced by policing organizations. It provides valuable insights into nurturing diversity, equity, and inclusion within these entities, addressing issues like othering and racial profiling. This paper underscores the vital importance of public security organizations embracing equity, diversity, and inclusion to better fulfill their mission of serving the communities they protect. By adopting these principles, organizations can improve their effectiveness and make substantial contributions to fostering a more equitable society, transcending the confines of mere reputation management.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-09-28
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13100216
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 10 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 217: Identities in Troubled Times: Minoritized
           Youth in Hong Kong’s “Summer of Protest”

    • Authors: Kerry J. Kennedy, Jan Christian Gube, Miron Kumar Bhowmik
      First page: 217
      Abstract: Discursive experiences can contribute to shaping lives and their identities. For minoritized youth in Hong Kong, the 2019 protest movement provided many such experiences, although very little has been heard about them. Instead, reporting has focused on the experiences of the dominant Chinese population. This paper aims to highlight the voices of minoritized youth in relation to the social movement that dominated Hong Kong in the second half of 2019. It is well recognized that identity is not fixed and that there are more likely multiple identities that transition from one to the other. Yet little is known about the influences on identity formation and the processes that underlie them. This was the issue addressed here. The paper draws on Lacan’s theory of identity in examining interviews involving minoritized youth and their engagement in Hong Kong’s 2019 protest movement. It shows how individual responses to the movement differed, how the movement challenged identities, and how these challenges were resolved.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-10-02
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13100217
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 10 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 218: ‘If She Can, All of You Can’:
           Violence as a Restoration of the Male Mandate in Vocational Education

    • Authors: Esperanza Meri, Almudena A. Navas, Enrico Mora
      First page: 218
      Abstract: This paper analyses violence as a restoration of both male mandate and power in male-dominated fields, such as in the context of Vocational Educational Training specialising in Transport and Vehicle Maintenance in the Spanish city of Valencia and how women who enter it struggle against it. Our theory is based on the developments made by Judith Butler, who understands gender as a power device, and by Rita L. Segato through the concepts of male mandate and moral violence. We also analyse the resistance that is being deployed against gender normativity. To offer an account of these ideas, our research was designed on a qualitative basis following an abductive approach. We conducted eight biographical interviews, throughout the 2019–2020 academic year, with women who are linked to the automotive sector and to the VET area in question. We can state that their entering into this productive field leads to a denaturalisation of the hierarchy imposed by the male mandate and that in challenging things, it exacerbates the violent practices as a restoration of the male mandate.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-10-10
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13100218
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 10 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 219: Forecasting Construction Cost Index through
           Artificial Intelligence

    • Authors: Bilal Aslam, Ahsen Maqsoom, Hina Inam, Mubeen ul Basharat, Fahim Ullah
      First page: 219
      Abstract: This study presents a novel approach for forecasting the construction cost index (CCI) of building materials in developing countries. Such estimations are challenging due to the need for a longer time, the influence of inflation, and fluctuating project prices in developing countries. This study used three techniques—a modified Artificial Neural Network (ANN), time series, and linear regression—to predict and forecast the local building material CCI in Pakistan. The predicted CCI is based on materials, including bricks, steel, cement, sand, and gravel. In addition, the swish activation function was introduced to increase the accuracy of the associated algorithms. The results suggest that the ANN model has superior prediction results, with the lowest Mean Error (ME), Mean Absolute Error (MAE), and Theil’s U statistic (U-Stat) values of 0.04, 28.3, and 0.62, respectively. The time series and regression models have ME values of 0.22 and 0.3, MAE values of 30.07 and 28.3, and U-Stat values of 0.65 and 0.64, respectively. The proposed models can assist contractors, project managers, and owners through an accurately estimated cost index. Such accurate CCIs help correctly estimate project budgets based on building material prices to mitigate project risks, delays, and failures.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-10-11
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13100219
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 10 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 220: When Sociotechnical Imaginaries Become
           True: Digital Transition of Public Services and Inequalities during the

    • Authors: Roberto Cibin
      First page: 220
      Abstract: As a response to the COVID-19 pandemic, many public institutions in Europe designed policies that increased the use of ICTs with the public to provide or collect information, offer support, and perform educational activities. This process was in line with a sociotechnical imaginary where people’s lives are increasingly “smart” and enhanced through digital innovation. We provide an analysis of the implications of this imaginary during the pandemic for people belonging to vulnerable categories, to understand how these actors are considered in the digital transition process at the European level. This analysis is based on qualitative data collected in 30 European countries in the frame of an EU project aimed at understanding how COVID-19-related public policies shaped social inequalities. Building on the intersection between gender studies, science and technology studies, and media studies, this analysis aims to contribute to a more inequality-aware policy reflection on the digital transition.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-10-11
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13100220
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 10 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 221: Exploring the Linguistic and Cultural
           Identities of Transnational Background Children in Catalonia, Spain

    • Authors: Claudia Vallejo Rubinstein, Valeria Tonioli
      First page: 221
      Abstract: This article explores linguistic and cultural identities as they emerge in ethnographic data from plurilingual children with transnational and ethnic minority backgrounds in Catalonia, Spain. The particular sociolinguistic and multicultural context where these young people currently live, characterised by the coexistence of local, national and heritage languages with unequal social status, as well as their own trajectories and experiences of socialisation, implies that they often forge complex “in-between” linguistic and cultural identities and senses of belonging. To reflect on these complexities, we analyse multimodal data from transnational- and minority-background children as they participate in an autobiographical activity aimed at promoting linguistically and culturally inclusive pedagogical approaches and participatory action research (PAR). The analysis shows that children’s identity constructions fluently intertwine elements from their “home” and “host” languages and cultures with features characteristic of child/youth popular cultures, and with adscriptions to diverse real and imagined communities. These hybrid articulations, which can be described as plurilingual and transcultural, foreground how identity is both an individual and a social process, transversed by different axes, including cultural and ethnic referents, linguistic repertoires, historic, family and personal trajectories, urban cultures and the influence of friends and peers, among others. The identification of these emergent traits in our data foregrounds both the particularities and commonalities of pupils’ identity construction, which challenges and reshapes traditional understandings of identity. Finally, this work aims to illustrate how transnational children’s complex senses of being and belonging can be recognised and supported through inclusive pedagogical proposals as the one described herein.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-10-11
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13100221
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 10 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 222: The Role of Family and Media Environment on
           Aggressive Behaviour in Bulgarian Schools

    • Authors: Yolanda Zografova, Ekaterina Evtimova Dimitrova
      First page: 222
      Abstract: The article examines the influence of two of the main social environments on students’ aggressive behaviours. On the one hand, attention is paid to the general socio-psychological climate in the family environment and the attitude of the parents towards the child; and on the other hand, a less frequently studied aspect related to aggressive manifestations of the children and adolescents towards the parents is addressed. The study explores how watching TV shows and movies, as well as video games, in which aggression and violence predominate, is connected to the frequency and degree of manifestation of types of aggression in adolescents. The survey was conducted at the end of 2017 among 992 students in 18 primary schools, secondary schools, and vocational schools/high schools in six different cities in different regions of Bulgaria. A structured questionnaire for the study of aggression in school was designed and was intended for students. The results of the study generally show that the verbal aggression towards parents (insulting and shouting) is mostly associated with verbal aggression towards both teachers and classmates. Regarding the influence of TV shows and movies containing aggression, it was found that students who watched movies with military, fighting and bloody scenes demonstrated more frequent manifestations of verbal aggression, but the TV contents did not significantly influence the manifestations of indirect aggression and physical aggression. However, the frequency of playing video games with aggressive content has a significant effect on all investigated forms of aggression, with the strongest effect on physical aggression. Aggression in social networks is a significant factor that affects the frequency of manifestation of various forms of aggression. Students who bully others on social networks stand out as the most aggressive (verbally, physically, and indirectly).
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-10-12
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13100222
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 10 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 223: Raising Students’ Self-Awareness of
           Their Conflict Communication Styles: Insights from an Intercultural
           Telecollaboration Project

    • Authors: Irina Golubeva
      First page: 223
      Abstract: Intercultural communication is often affected by conflicts, which are not easy to resolve, mainly due to the clash of conflict communication styles. Direct/indirect ways to approach conflicts, emotional display/control, the ability to empathize and consider perspectives of others, cultural conventions, previous experiences with conflict, cooperativeness, and many other factors determine our conflict communication styles. It is important to acknowledge, though, that these styles are learned and are not rigid. They can differ depending on the context and situation. This article reports the results of an intercultural telecollaboration project, drawing on four sources of quantitative and qualitative data, i.e., the results of assessments conducted with the Interpersonal Reactivity Index, the Toronto Empathy Questionnaire, and a Conflict Styles Assessment based on the Thomas–Kilmann Conflict Mode Instrument, as well as students’ critical self-reflective feedback. The data were collected at a Mid-Atlantic minority-serving university from undergraduate students, who were invited to explore their conflict communication styles through a series of activities and then reflect on their experiences and the insights gained during this intercultural telecollaboration experience. As a result of this pedagogical intervention, most of the participants not only became aware of their conflict communication styles but also developed their empathy and ability to intervene to defend others who are discriminated against or attacked verbally.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-10-18
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13100223
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 10 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 224: Gender Construct for Sustainable
           Development in Pakistan: Evaluating Alignment of Education System with the
           Religious Ideology

    • Authors: Huma Mursaleen, Sadaf Taimur
      First page: 224
      Abstract: Gender construct plays a role in activating or deactivating gender equality in society, which is an essential factor for sustainable development. An education system is a primary source of building and mainstreaming social values, especially gender constructs, and Pakistan’s education system aims to provide equal access and un-discriminatory education to both boys and girls, aligned with religious ideology. The current research evaluates the alignment between the gender construct informed by religion in the education system of Pakistan and the gender construct informed by the local religious perception. To achieve this purpose, this research captures the perceptions of local experts on gender constructs, guided by the education system and underlining religious (Islamic) ideology via semi-structured interviews. The research identifies that the obsolete interpretation of religion, aligned with the local interpretation, guides biased gender constructs through the education system. The current research has identified the leverage points to transform the current education system of Pakistan into a sustainable education system by promoting religiously acceptable gender-inclusive education.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-10-20
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13100224
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 10 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 225: Career Choices, Representation of Work and
           Future Planning: A Qualitative Investigation with Italian University

    • Authors: Cristiano Felaco, Andrea Zammitti, Jenny Marcionetti, Anna Parola
      First page: 225
      Abstract: Choosing a career is one of the most challenging for young adults, and the representations of work could influence how people make decisions and build their career paths. This qualitative study examined the career choices, representations of work and future plans of 58 Italian university students. Semi-structured interviews were analyzed using a consensual qualitative research procedure. The results emphasize the centrality of environmental conditions and internal factors such as vocation and internal resources in career choice processes. Also crucial is students’ discussion of the meaning attributed to work as good for oneself and others. Finally, most students present in their narratives, clear future plans. Findings suggest themes to explore in career guidance interventions. Unpacking the influences of choices and working on the meaning attributed to work appears pivotal to career counseling interventions to orient young people toward powerfully pursuing their career choices.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-10-23
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13100225
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 10 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 226: Doctors for the Truth: Echo Chambers of
           Disinformation, Hate Speech, and Authority Bias on Social Media

    • Authors: Joana Milhazes-Cunha, Luciana Oliveira
      First page: 226
      Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic has been the catalyser of one of the most prolific waves of disinformation and hate speech on social media. Amid an infodemic, special interest groups, such as the international movement of “Doctors for the Truth”, grew in influence on social media, while leveraging their status as healthcare professionals and creating true echo chambers of COVID-19 false information and misbeliefs, supported by large communities of eager followers all around the world. In this paper, we analyse the discourse of the Portuguese community on Facebook, employing computer-assisted qualitative data analysis. A dataset of 2542 textual and multimedia interactions was extracted from the community and submitted to deductive and inductive coding supported by existing theoretical models. Our investigation revealed the high frequency of negative emotions, of toxic and hateful speech, as well as the widespread diffusion of COVID-19 misbeliefs, 32 of which are of particular relevance in the national context.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-10-23
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13100226
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 10 (2023)
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