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  Subjects -> SOCIOLOGY (Total: 553 journals)
Showing 401 - 382 of 382 Journals sorted alphabetically
Rural Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health     Partially Free   (Followers: 13)
Secuencia     Open Access  
Seminar : A Journal of Germanic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Sens public     Open Access  
Senses and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Serendipities : Journal for the Sociology and History of the Social Sciences     Open Access  
Sexuality Research and Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Sexualization, Media, & Society     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Signs and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Simmel Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
Social Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Social Change Review     Open Access  
Social Currents     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Social Dynamics: A journal of African studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Social Forces     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 88)
Social Inclusion     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Social Networking     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Social Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Social Problems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 73)
Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Social Psychology Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Social Transformations in Chinese Societies     Hybrid Journal  
Sociální studia / Social Studies     Open Access  
Sociedad y Discurso     Open Access  
Sociedad y Economía     Open Access  
Sociedad y Religión     Open Access  
Sociedade e Cultura     Open Access  
Società e diritti     Open Access  
SocietàMutamentoPolitica     Open Access  
Societies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Society and Culture in South Asia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Society and Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Society Register     Open Access  
Socio-Ecological Practice Research     Hybrid Journal  
Socio-logos     Open Access  
Sociolinguistic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Sociologia : Revista da Faculdade de Letras da Universidade do Porto     Open Access  
Sociologia del diritto     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Sociologia del Lavoro     Full-text available via subscription  
Sociología del Trabajo     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Sociologia della Comunicazione     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Sociologia e Politiche Sociali     Full-text available via subscription  
Sociologia e Ricerca Sociale     Full-text available via subscription  
Sociología Histórica     Open Access  
Sociologia Ruralis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Sociologia urbana e rurale     Full-text available via subscription  
Sociología y Tecnociencia     Open Access  
Sociologia, Problemas e Práticas     Open Access  
Sociológica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Sociological Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Sociological Focus     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Sociological Forum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Sociological Inquiry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Sociological Jurisprudence Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Sociological Methodology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Sociological Methods & Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Sociological Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Sociological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Sociological Research Online     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Sociological Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Sociological Spectrum: Mid-South Sociological Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Sociological Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Sociologie     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Sociologie du Travail     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Sociologie et sociétés     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
SociologieS - Articles     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Sociologisk Forskning     Open Access  
Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 165)
Sociology : Thought and Action     Open Access  
Sociology and Anthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Sociology Compass     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Sociology Mind     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Sociology of Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Sociology of Health & Illness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Sociology of Islam     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Sociology of Race and Ethnicity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Sociology of Religion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Sociology of Sport Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Socius : Sociological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Sojourn: Journal of Social Issues in Southeast Asia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Solidarity : Journal of Education, Society and Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Sosiologi i dag     Open Access  
Sospol : Jurnal Sosial Politik     Open Access  
Souls: A Critical Journal of Black Politics, Culture, and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
South African Review of Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Southern Cultures     Full-text available via subscription  
Soziale Probleme : Zeitschrift für soziale Probleme und soziale Kontrolle     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Spaces for Difference: An Interdisciplinary Journal     Open Access  
Sport in Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Streetnotes     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Studia Białorutenistyczne     Open Access  
Studia Iranica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Studia Litteraria et Historica     Open Access  
Studia Socialia Cracoviensia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Studia Universitatis Babes-Bolyai Sociologia     Open Access  
Studies in American Humor     Full-text available via subscription  
Studies in American Naturalism     Full-text available via subscription  
Studies in Latin American Popular Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Studies of Transition States and Societies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Sudamérica : Revista de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Surveillance and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Swiss Journal of Sociology     Open Access  
Symbolic Interaction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Søkelys på arbeidslivet (Norwegian Journal of Working Life Studies)     Open Access  
Teaching Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Tecnología y Sociedad     Open Access  
TECNOSCIENZA: Italian Journal of Science & Technology Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Terrains / Théories     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
The British Journal of Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
The Philanthropist     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
The Social Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
The Sociological Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
The Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
The Tocqueville Review/La revue Tocqueville     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Tidsskrift for boligforskning     Open Access  
Tidsskrift for Forskning i Sygdom og Samfund     Open Access  
Tidsskrift for ungdomsforskning     Open Access  
Tla-Melaua : Revista de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Todas as Artes     Open Access  
Tracés     Open Access  
Trajecta : Religion, Culture and Society in the Low Countries     Open Access  
Transatlantica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Transmotion     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Transposition : Musique et sciences sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Travail et Emploi     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Treballs de Sociolingüística Catalana     Open Access  
TRIM. Tordesillas : Revista de investigación multidisciplinar     Open Access  
Universidad, Escuela y Sociedad     Open Access  
Unoesc & Ciência - ACHS     Open Access  
Urban Research & Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Valuation Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Variations : Revue Internationale de Théorie Critique     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Visitor Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Vlast' (The Authority)     Open Access  
Work, Aging and Retirement     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
World Cultures eJournal     Open Access  
World Future Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Zeitschrift für Religion, Gesellschaft und Politik     Hybrid Journal  
Социологический журнал     Open Access  

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Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2075-4698
Published by MDPI Homepage  [249 journals]
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 19: Assistive Technology and the Wellbeing of
           Societies from a Capabilities Approach

    • Authors: Natasha Layton, Johan Borg
      First page: 19
      Abstract: This Special Issue considers two core facilitators of functioning: assistive technology and environmental intervention [...]
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-01-17
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13020019
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 2 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 20: Acknowledgment to the Reviewers of Societies
           in 2022

    • Authors: Societies Editorial Office Societies Editorial Office
      First page: 20
      Abstract: High-quality academic publishing is built on rigorous peer review [...]
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-01-17
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13020020
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 2 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 21: Contemporary European Welfare State
           Transformations and the Risk of Erosion of Social Rights: A Normative
           Analysis of the Social Investment Approach

    • Authors: Gianluca Busilacchi, Benedetta Giovanola
      First page: 21
      Abstract: Over the last decades, there has been a huge debate on the transformations of the European Welfare State. The issue of its financial sustainability together with the emergence of new social risks has put under pressure the traditional model of social protection and created the conditions for a change in the gist of the welfare state provisions. In this context, the social investment approach has become an emerging reference paradigm to tackle new social risks and meet the need to recalibrate the European welfare state and ensure its economic sustainability. However, despite this success, social investment still seems to be a rather ambiguous concept, too vague to result in precise and univocal policy prescriptions and open to the risk of a stretch of its interpretation by neoliberal politics, to erode social rights. In this paper we propose a theoretical framework to better clarify the normative ground, the moral foundation and political justification of the social investment approach and to understand whether it can avoid the risk of the erosion of social rights.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-01-19
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13020021
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 2 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 22: #NotDying4Wallstreet: A Discourse Analysis
           on Health vs. Economy during COVID-19

    • Authors: Merve Genç
      First page: 22
      Abstract: This paper combines political/poststructuralist discourse theory with actor–network theory to explore dystopian visions in the context of a discourse around the hashtag #NotDying4Wallstreet. The call for protest against former US president Donald Trump’s demand to reopen the economy during lockdown dominates the discourse. The tweets were analyzed with quantitative discourse analysis and network analysis to identify key terms and meaning clusters leading to two main conclusions. The first (A) is an imaginary dystopic future with an accelerated neoliberal order. Human lives, especially elderly people, are sacrificed for a well-functioning economy in this threat scenario. The second (B) includes the motive of protest and the potential of the people’s demands to unite and rally against this threat. Due to the revelation of populist features, this (online) social movement seems to be populist without a leader figure. The empirical study is used to propose a research approach toward a mixed-methods design based on a methodological discussion and the enhancement of PDT with ANT. Thus, the article has a double aim: an update of contemporary approaches to social media analysis in discourse studies and its empirical demonstration with a study.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-01-20
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13020022
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 2 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 23: “(De)constructing NASCAR Space”:
           A Black Placemaking Analysis of Fan Agency, Mobility, and Resistance

    • Authors: Joshua D. Vadeboncoeur
      First page: 23
      Abstract: This article examines how blackness is not only situated within sporting spaces, but also, and more narrowly, experienced within a historically and predominantly White sporting space—that of NASCAR. To explore and define Black individuals’ racialized experiences and movements as NASCAR fans from their perspective, this article uses a qualitative approach as grounded in narrative inquiry. Findings suggest that Black fans shift the otherwise oppressive geographies of NASCAR into sites of belongingness, celebration, and enjoyment, which advances the theoretical understanding of how “White spaces” can be contested through processes of racialized resistance. Thus, through the process of Black placemaking, Black fans construct and employ practices to transform their geographic “immobility” (both discursive and physical) into a reality that subverts racism and White supremacy more broadly.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-01-23
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13020023
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 2 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 24: Two Years of the COVID-19 Crisis: Anxiety,
           Creativity and the Everyday

    • Authors: Raffaela Puggioni
      First page: 24
      Abstract: Doubtless, the COVID-19 pandemic has been extremely challenging in all aspects. However, rather than looking at COVID-19 exclusively as a catastrophic event, which has generated insecurity, anxiety, panic and helplessness, I suggest investigating this insecurity and anxiety through the prism of existential philosophy. Drawing, in particular, on the work of Søren Kierkegaard and the literature on the existentialist anxiety of international relations, this study suggested looking at anxiety not in terms of insecurity but as “freedom’s actuality”. In other words, the attention was focused not so much on the many restrictions and bans imposed during the COVID-19 pandemic, but on the many quotidian and minuscule creative interventions through which people attempted to counterbalance, respond and react to them by creating new possibilities of freedom. Special attention was devoted to the distinction between normal and neurotic anxiety. This distinction is especially important, as it connects to two different and opposing subjectivities. While normal anxiety encourages a proactive approach to life—inspiring individuals to change the present through new daily strategies—neurotic anxiety prevents it, as it tends to replicate the ordinary, the known and the familiar.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-01-25
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13020024
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 2 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 25: On Politics and Pandemic: How Do Chilean
           Media Talk about Disinformation and Fake News in Their Social

    • Authors: Luis Cárcamo-Ulloa, Camila Cárdenas-Neira, Eliana Scheihing-García, Diego Sáez-Trumper, Matthieu Vernier, Carlos Blaña-Romero
      First page: 25
      Abstract: Citizens get informed, on a daily basis, from social networks in general and from the media in particular. Accordingly, the media are increasingly expressing their concern about phenomena related to disinformation. This article presents an analysis of the social networks of 159 Chilean media that, over 5 years, referred to fake news or disinformation on 10,699 occasions. Based on data science strategies, the Queltehue platform was programmed to systematically track the information posted by 159 media on their social networks (Instagram, Facebook and Twitter). The universe of data obtained (13 million news items) was filtered with a specific query to reach 10,699 relevant posts, which underwent textual computer analysis (LDA) complemented with manual strategies of multimodal discourse analysis (MDA). Among the findings, it is revealed that the recurrent themes over the years have mostly referred to fake news and politics and fake news related to health issues. This is widely explained on the grounds of a political period in Chile which involved at least five electoral processes, in addition to the global COVID-19 pandemic. Regarding the multimodal analysis, it is observed that when the dissemination of fake news involves well-known figures such as politicians or government authorities, an image or a video in which such figure appears is used. In these cases, two phenomena occur: (a) these figures have the opportunity to rectify their false or misinforming statements or (b) in most cases, their statements are reiterated and end up reinforcing the controversy. In view of these results, it seems necessary to ask whether this is all that can be done and whether this is enough that communication can do to guarantee healthy and democratic societies.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-01-26
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13020025
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 2 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 26: Typology of Teaching Actions during COVID-19
           Lockdown in the Valencian Community (Spain)

    • Authors: María Jesús Perales-Montolio, Sonia Ortega-Gaite, José González-Such, Purificación Sánchez-Delgado
      First page: 26
      Abstract: The COVID-19 coronavirus affected all countries, changing living practices and patterns of social structures. Spain confined all citizens to their homes from 14 March until 21 June 2020. All schools were closed, and education was suddenly converted to an online format. This study is part of wider research and analyzes the ways in which teachers in the Valencian Community (Spain) have approached School at Home (SH) The approach of the study is based on mixed methods (quantitative surveys and qualitative focus groups) and has an exploratory aim. Multivariate profiles of the gaps (represented by composite indicators) in both groups are analyzed based on k-means cluster analysis, as well as the variables associated with each profile, using non-parametric tests. The results show three groups of teachers, established according to four types of gaps, with different perceptions of the situation. ICT proficiency was very important, as well as family situation and support during confinement. The main lines of research derived from this study in relation to CSE and teacher outcomes are proposed.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-01-27
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13020026
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 2 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 27: Athlete Activists, Sports Diplomats and
           Human Rights: Action versus Agency

    • Authors: Stuart Murray, Gavin Price
      First page: 27
      Abstract: A glance at the international sporting landscape suggests that more athletes are representing human rights causes and engaging in off-the-field activism. The 21st century athlete, apparently, does much more than “shutting up and just playing”. This article examines how, where, and why athletes represent, communicate and negotiate complex human rights issues. It finds, and argues, that both the theory and practice of athlete activism—as a means to achieving measurable, sustainable diplomatic and human rights outcomes—needs to be reviewed, re-imagined and re-branded, particularly in international relations. Currently, the practice is only open to the privileged few, occurs almost exclusively within Western societies, and its track record of affecting lasting policy change amongst those it targets is dubious. This paper prefers, and introduces, a new label for sportspeople wishing to affect change in human rights, politics, and diplomacy: the sports diplomat. This paper reviews the concept of the athlete activist and suggests how they differ from the sports diplomat. In terms of sportspeople using diplomacy to solve human rights issues, it asks is there a best practice model that can be identified' Furthermore, assuming the practice of sports diplomats representing human rights issues is good, how might scholars and practitioners better understand and promote the practice'
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-01-27
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13020027
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 2 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 28: Let’s Play Democracy, Exploratory
           Analysis of Political Video Games

    • Authors: Angel Torres-Toukoumidis, Isidro Marín Gutiérrez, Mónica Hinojosa Becerra, Tatiana León-Alberca, Concha Pérez Curiel
      First page: 28
      Abstract: In current times, the concept of democracy has been transformed due to the ups and downs of the hyperdigitalized society, modifying its discourses and forms of participation. Recognizing that video games maintain a prominent role in the new generations, this research has the objective of analyzing independent video games related to the notion of democracy. For this reason, 26 video games were analyzed according to their democratic principles, their typology and their key components, resulting in a tendency towards the guarantee of civil liberties, political pluralism and separation of powers; likewise, there is a clear differentiation between persuasive and expressive video games, the former linked to polarization and criticism, while the latter responded to a reflexive conceptual line, added to the use of reward systems and progression in their key design components. It can be concluded that video games linked to democracy respond to an innovative interactive dimension that converts the traditional political canons by the creativity, freedom, and autonomy of the current audiences.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-01-28
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13020028
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 2 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 14: The Dual Nature of Opportunity Structures
           Amid the Global Pandemic

    • Authors: Siyka Kovacheva, Xavier Rambla
      First page: 14
      Abstract: We are living at a time of educational expansion in most parts of the world, which creates new opportunity structures for young people [...]
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-01-03
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13010014
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 15: Materiality, Corporeality, and Relationality
           in Older Human–Robot Interaction (OHRI)

    • Authors: Lucie Vidovićová, Tereza Menšíková
      First page: 15
      Abstract: This article presents interdisciplinary research on the social and technological aspects of interactions between older adults and the humanoid robot Pepper (SoftBank Robotics). Our case study is based on the regular meetings that are a part of an experimental intervention taking place at the Active Ageing Centre for older adults in Prague, run by the NGO Life 90. Through the methods of participant observation, unstructured interviews, analyses of video recordings from interventions with Pepper, and subsequent reflections on the “user” experience with the robot, we have unpacked the complexity of materiality and corporeality in older human–robot interactions (OHRI) in the context of age and gender. The project brings new applied knowledge, exploring OHRI using concepts relevant to gerotechnologies, informed by studies of materiality and ageing studies.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-01-04
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13010015
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 16: Cultural Tourism in a Post-COVID-19
           Scenario: The French Way of Saint James in Spain from the Perspective of
           Promotional Communication

    • Authors: Clide Rodríguez-Vázquez, Pablo Castellanos-García, Valentín Alejandro Martínez-Fernández
      First page: 16
      Abstract: Tourism has been one of the sectors most affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. One of the side effects of the pandemic is the demand for safe and quiet spaces, giving rise to the search for a new lifestyle, “slow living”, which could represent an opportunity for cultural tourism. In this context, the main objective of this article is twofold: (i) to establish the relevance of cultural tourism for residents in Spain for the autonomous communities along the French Way of Saint James and (ii) to determine their behaviour on their institutional tourism promotion websites. For our analysis, we use equality of means tests and ANOVA (for data from 2002–2020), as well as measures of positioning, engagement, origin of the audience and access devices (for data from 2020–2021). The main conclusion is that the Way of St. James does not act as a driving force for cultural tourism, even though the websites of tourism promotion organisations have experienced a remarkable growth in their use. This article develops an original relation of cultural tourism through an analysis of the French Way of St. James in Spain and the web positioning of official tourism promotion organisations before and during COVID-19.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-01-07
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13010016
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 17: Old and New Actors and Phenomena in the
           Three-M Processes of Life and Society: Medicalization, Moralization and

    • Authors: Violeta Alarcão, Sónia Pintassilgo
      First page: 17
      Abstract: Medicalization has been a key concept in the field of the sociology of health and illness over the past 50 years, capturing the expanding social control of everyday life by medical experts [...]
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-01-12
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13010017
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 18: What if a Bioterrorist Attack
           Occurs'—A Survey on Citizen Preparedness in Aveiro, Portugal

    • Authors: Helena Santos, Maria de Lurdes Pinto, Luís Cardoso, Isilda Rodrigues, Ana Cláudia Coelho
      First page: 18
      Abstract: Introduction: A bioterrorist attack is the intentional release of pathogenic micro-organisms, such as viruses, bacteria, or their toxins, with the aim of causing illness or death in people, animals, or plants. In this study, we investigated the knowledge and practices related to bioterrorism preparedness in Central Portugal. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was performed with a convenience sample in the population of Aveiro, Central Portugal, to assess their knowledge about bioterrorism, self-perceived preparation to act in case of bioterrorism and pet owners’ preparation. An online validated questionnaire was completed by 198 participants from January to February 2020. Results: In this study, 46.0% of the respondents answered that they knew nothing about bioterrorism or had never heard about the possibility of bioterrorist attacks. In the case of an attack, 77.8% participants did not consider themselves prepared to act, and 62.1% did not know how to use personal protective equipment. More than half of the respondents (60.6%) were not familiar with the local emergency response system in response to catastrophes/bioterrorist attacks. Almost all respondents (95.6%) assigned high importance to drinking water and food for pets, but only 22.9% of respondents attributed high importance to pet carrier boxes, an item essential for cat evacuation. Conclusion: This is the first survey of this kind in Portugal concerning bioterrorism preparedness in citizens and animals. Results suggest that Portuguese knowledge is limited, and people have inadequate preparedness for a bioterrorist attack. These results reinforce the importance of further studies to better understand the existing gaps in knowledge of Portuguese citizens, strengthen the need to adopt the One Health concept in preparedness plans and emphasize the crucial role of health education in prevention.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2023-01-14
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13010018
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2023)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 1: Documenting Local Food Knowledge at
           Hindukush: Challenges and Opportunities

    • Authors: Muhammad Abdul Aziz
      First page: 1
      Abstract: Local knowledge on food heritage is an important asset of communities in Hindkush Mountains of Pakistan. Literature is scarce on recording local food knowledge (LFK) and the associated challenges; therefore, to partially fill this gap of knowledge, the current research study presents an overview of some of the prominent challenges that curb documenting local knowledge on food heritage among various communities in the region. Qualitative data were gathered through direct observations during ethnobotanical research work across the region. The current research reveals that the complex sociocultural and political circumstances, in one way or another, might be impacting the recording of the LFK in the study areas. For instance, I have found that the fragile security circumstances in the western belt of the country is one of the obstacles that do not fully allow researchers to get access to the local communities. The lack of educational understanding among the local communities, especially those who are living in rural areas, has been creating a gap of communication between researchers and the communities. It is worth mentioning that globalization and social change have also changed the perception of the people regarding the local food resources and attached local knowledge. In addition, the policy issues linked to social science research in the country also have an indirect effect on community-based research, which does not encourage researchers to explore meaningful research findings. Hence, to deal with all these challenges, in this article, I propose some possible solutions to protect the local food heritage and practically revitalize the local/traditional knowledge through future development programs, as this knowledge is very important for combating future food insecurity.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-12-21
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13010001
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 2: Racism as a Social Determinant of Health for
           Newcomers towards Disrupting the Acculturation Process

    • Authors: Jessica Naidu, Elizabeth Oddone Paolucci, Tanvir Chowdhury Turin
      First page: 2
      Abstract: Previous research has demonstrated that racism is a social determinant of health (SDOH), particularly for racialized minority newcomers residing in developed nations such as the United States, Canada, New Zealand, and European countries. This paper will focus on racism as a SDOH for racialized newcomers in these countries. Racism is defined as “an organized system of privilege and bias that systematically disadvantages a group of people perceived to belong to a specific race”. Racism can be cultural, institutional, or individual. Berry’s model of acculturation describes ways in which racialized newcomers respond to their post-migration experiences, resulting in one of several modes of acculturation; these are integration, assimilation, separation, and marginalization. After examining the definition and description of racism, we argue that racism impacts newcomers at the site of acculturation; specifically, the paths they choose, or are forced to take in response to their settlement experiences. We posit that these acculturation pathways are in part, strategies that refugees use to cope with post-displacement stress and trauma. To support acculturation, which is primarily dependent on reducing the effects of cultural, institutional, and individual racism, health policymakers and practitioners are urged to acknowledge racism as a SDOH and to work to reduce its impact.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-12-21
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13010002
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 3: Medicalization of Sexuality and Trans
           Situations: Evolutions and Transformations

    • Authors: Alain Giami
      First page: 3
      Abstract: This article explores the evolution of the definition and the process of medicalization of sexuality during the second half of the 20th century. After a review and discussion of the notion of medicalization, the application of this notion to a few examples is discussed, including the emergence of sexuality, the demedicalization of homosexuality, the treatment of “sexual disorders”, the prevention of HIV infection, and the gender-affirmation pathways for transgender and gender diverse (TGD) people. The analysis of these situations—in the light of the notion of medicalization—allows us to better understand the multiple facets of this notion. In particular, we observe processes of medicalization and demedicalization, depathologization, and pharmacologization. The notion of medicalization of sexuality appears here as a useful concept for understanding the conceptualization and treatment of diversities in the field of sexuality and gender.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-12-22
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13010003
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 4: Online Commerce Pattern in European Union
           Countries between 2019 and 2020

    • Authors: Cristina Burlacioiu
      First page: 4
      Abstract: The development of information technology, along with the high growth and diversification of consumer needs, has revolutionized the way in which business-to-consumer transactions occur. All this progress was boosted by the COVID-19 pandemic period in a different manner in each EU country, depending on different local aspects. The main goal of this paper is to determine the key characteristics of e-commerce in European Union countries in a pandemic context, based on Eurostat Digital Economy data for 2019–2020. Therefore, for an easier visualization, based on PCA, using 27 analyzed variables, new unique dimensions were revealed: 1. heavy online purchasers, 2. triggers for embracing digital purchasing, 3. perceived barriers against buying online (privacy concerns, security, or not having a card), 4. dynamics of online interaction with public authorities, and 5. enterprise online sharing. Moreover, clustering techniques set four groups of countries with different online commerce patterns that might require attention, according to their specificities, both from a government level and from a business perspective. Special attention is paid to Romania, which has one of the biggest e-commerce industries in Southeastern Europe, but with the share of e-commerce in total retail still quite low, despite this great increase. The models of other countries could be important in helping Romania to catch up with the most successful economies in terms of e-commerce.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-12-22
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13010004
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 5: Positive Resources for Flourishing: The
           Effect of Courage, Self-Esteem, and Career Adaptability in Adolescence

    • Authors: Anna Parola, Jenny Marcionetti
      First page: 5
      Abstract: Flourishing is defined as an optimal state of functioning in which individuals pursue their goals and aspirations. Hence, flourishing seems to be a protective factor for career transitions in adolescence. This study aimed to analyze the predicting role of self-esteem, courage, and the four career adaptability dimensions, i.e., concern, control, curiosity, and confidence, on flourishing. The sample consisted of 221 Italian adolescents attending the last year of middle school. The preliminary analyses showed gender differences in courage and flourishing, reporting females higher scores than males on both variables. The SEM path model showed that courage, self-esteem, and confidence predict flourishing, and suggested that confidence partially mediates the relationship between courage, self-esteem, and flourishing. Findings have also permitted us to draw practical implications for interventions in adolescence.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-12-23
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13010005
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 6: Children’s Perception of Climate Change
           in North-Eastern Portugal

    • Authors: Ricardo Ramos, Maria José Rodrigues, Isilda Rodrigues
      First page: 6
      Abstract: Despite the impact that climate change is having on our planet and considering its consequences for future generations, much of the academic literature focuses on adolescent and adult perceptions, giving little relevance to children’s perceptions. Children’s voices have the potential to influence public opinion, which may in turn determine the direction of a new policy on the climate crisis. In this context, it is urgent that we understand how children perceive this problem. This quantitative study was based on the application of 245 questionnaires to children aged between 9 and 13 years old from five schools in north-eastern Portugal, more specifically in the region of Trás-os-Montes. We can say that this study was a convenience study because we delivered the surveys in the schools closest to the working area of the researchers. We used a questionnaire with 26 questions, 24 of which had closed responses (like the Likert type), one open response, and one with multiple choices. In this work, we conducted a descriptive and inferential statistical analysis, and prepared a database, using the statistical software IBM SPSS, which allowed us to conduct some statistical tests, selected according to variables. For the descriptive analysis, several parameters were used for the distribution of variables, namely, frequency, percentage, mean, and standard deviation. We rejected the null hypothesis (H0) and assumed for the inferential analysis that the sample does not follow a normal distribution, considering the fulfillment of the necessary criteria for parametric tests and after performing the Kolmogorov–Smirnov normality test, whose null hypothesis (H0) is that data are normally distributed, and given that the p-value for the variables under study was p < 0.05. In this regard, non-parametric tests were used. The Mann–Whitney test was used to compare the degree of agreement with climate change statements as a function of the student’s gender and year of schooling, which is a non-parametric test suitable for comparing the distribution functions of an ordinal variable measured in two independent samples. The results show that most of the children expressed concern about the study’s potential problem, and (42%) said they are concerned about climate change. However, they show some doubts and a lack of knowledge about some of the themes, like (33.5%) cannot name only one consequence of climate change. We also found differences between the two study cycles, with children in the 6th grade having a higher average in their understanding of the phenomenon (p = 0.049), as well as the level of education of the parents being positively correlated with a more ecocentric posture, we can see this when we considering the variable parents. We also found that 46.6% of the students say that television is where they learn more about climate change. From the results obtained, we can open new paths for future research and contribute to the definition of policies and educational practices since the school has the responsibility to cooperate in the production of values, attitudes, and pro-environmental behaviors.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-12-24
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13010006
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 7: Assistive Technology Is a Resource for
           Building Capabilities, but Is It Just Addressing the Symptoms of

    • Authors: Emily J Steel
      First page: 7
      Abstract: Advocacy for assistive technology interventions is compatible with the capabilities approach but is insufficient for addressing the disadvantage experienced by people with disability. This paper reflects on equality as an objective of the capabilities approach arising from economics, and it summarises how assistive technology and accessibility are mechanisms for achieving equality in the contemporary legal context of international disability rights. Research and advocacy for assistive technology have failed to communicate a coherent set of actions for policy makers to adopt. Defined concepts and interventions are required to prioritise and coordinate action to support individuals with assistive technology in parallel with improving collective resources by improving accessibility. Radical change in economic paradigms and societal structures that drive poverty and disability may be required for the effective adoption of assistive technology and closure of capability gaps.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-12-25
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13010007
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 8: Informal Disaster Diplomacy

    • Authors: Duda, Kelman
      First page: 8
      Abstract: This paper develops a baseline and definition for informal disaster diplomacy in order to fill in an identified gap in the existing research. The process adopted is a review of the concept of informality, the application of informality to diplomacy, and the application of informality to disasters and disaster science. The two applications of informality are then combined to outline an informal disaster diplomacy as a conceptual contribution to studies where processes of conflict, peace, and disasters interact. Adding informality into disaster diplomacy provides originality and significance as it has not hitherto been fully examined in this context. This exploration results in insights into disaster, peace, and conflict research through two main contributions. First, the paper recognises that informal disaster diplomacy has frequently been present in disaster diplomacy analyses, but has rarely been explicitly presented, accepted, described, theorised, or analysed. Second, by explaining the presence of and contributions from informality, the discussion assists in re-balancing much of disaster diplomacy research with depth from conflict research, peace research, international relations, and political science.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-12-28
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13010008
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 9: Populism in Times of Spectacularization of
           the Pandemic: How Populists in Germany and Brazil Tried to ‘Own the
           Virus’ but Failed

    • Authors: Erica Resende, Sybille Reinke de Buitrago
      First page: 9
      Abstract: Populism has been at the center of recent debates in political science and international relations scholarship. Recognized as a contested concept and framed as a new global phenomenon, populism emerged in the context of liberal democracies, where political actors inflate social antagonisms by putting the people against the elite. Facing a global health crisis where a sense of threat, uncertainty, and emergency has pushed normal politics into the realm of politics of crisis, populists have actively engaged in creating a spectacularization of failure—of science, institutions, experts, governments—vis-à-vis the new Coronavirus, and in creating doubts about and devaluing scientists, experts and governments. Issues such as mask mandates, lockdown measures, compulsory vaccination, medicine effectiveness, and vaccine certificates became politicized. That is, they have been taken from normal politics and made contingent and controversial in order to deepen already existing political divisions and polarization. Exploring the case of Germany and Brazil, we will show how populists tried to use the pandemic to forge divisions between the people and the elite (represented by scientists, health experts, and the press). This conceptual-empirical paper wishes to make a contribution to the debate on how populists brought scientific public health issues into their black-and-white, antagonistic vision of society and hence instrumentalized COVID-19 for their own political gain.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-12-29
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13010009
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 10: Analysis of Profiles of Family Educational
           Situations during COVID-19 Lockdown in the Valencian Community (Spain)

    • Authors: Jesús Miguel Jornet-Meliá, Carlos Sancho-Álvarez, Margarita Bakieva-Karimova
      First page: 10
      Abstract: Due to the pandemic (COVID-19), the education system in Spain was forced to close for three months, creating an unprecedented situation: improvised distance schooling. Family characteristics and their life situations with Information and Communication Technology use would be aspects to be studied as educational conditioning factors. This paper presents the ways in which a representative sample of families in the Valencian Community (Spain) assumed the education of their children during the lockdown. Mixed methods (quantitative -surveys-/qualitative -focus groups-) are used. Multivariate profiles are studied (k-means cluster) that summarise the life circumstances, represented by composite indicators resulting from the families’ responses to specific items describing their way of life and educational performance. Associated variables, such as demographic or life situation characteristics, are analyzed for each profile. Some gaps (described by indicators that synthesize the functioning of the families) are observed due to life circumstances that correspond not only to vulnerable groups but also to upper-middle-level families.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-12-30
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13010010
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 11: Children’s Vulnerability to Digital
           Technology within the Family: A Scoping Review

    • Authors: Tove Lafton, Halla B. Holmarsdottir, Olaf Kapella, Merike Sisask, Liudmila Zinoveva
      First page: 11
      Abstract: Children today experience digital engagement from a young age, and information and communication technology (ICT) use impacts how the family, seen as a social–relational structure or network of two or more people, communicates and interacts in daily life. This review broadly encompasses how children and young people are vulnerable regarding digital technology, focusing on diverse aspects of the family. The scoping review includes a final corpus of 100 articles broadly focusing on the term ‘vulnerability’ as it relates to digital technology and the family. The themes identified originate from the articles and describe five domains of vulnerability: (1) extensive Internet use, (2) age and gender, (3) risky online behaviour, (4) social networking as a social lubricant, and (5) parental mediation and care. The studies identified lean heavily on quantitative studies measuring time, whilst depth and context are less visible. Despite a growing body of research, there is a lack of both qualitative studies and research examining the role of technology in the lives of children and young people and how family dynamics are affected in the digital age.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-12-31
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13010011
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 12: Volunteering: A Tool for Social Inclusion
           and Promoting the Well-Being of Refugees' A Qualitative Study

    • Authors: Silje Sveen, Kirsti Sarheim Anthun, Kari Bjerke Batt-Rawden, Laila Tingvold
      First page: 12
      Abstract: Background: The Norwegian government’s increased expectations that volunteering can be used as a means of integration and the scarce research regarding refugees’ experiences with volunteering is taken as the background for this study. Our purpose is to adopt a salutogenic perspective to investigate whether and how formal volunteering contributes to developing a sense of social inclusion and well-being among refugees in Norway. Methods: Qualitative in-depth interviews were conducted with 12 volunteers with refugee backgrounds in a semi-rural district in Norway. Stepwise deductive induction was used for analysis. Results: Three themes were identified as a result of the analysis: (1) feeling safer due to increased knowledge regarding cultures, values, and systems and achieving mutual acceptance; (2) feeling more confident when communicating in Norwegian and contributing to society, and (3) feeling more connected via social relations. Conclusions: Our study indicates that participation in volunteering may contribute to social inclusion and that the participants’ resources and volunteering experiences may have a health-promotive impact under certain conditions.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-12-31
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13010012
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 13, Pages 13: Beyond Ageism: A Qualitative Study of
           Intersecting Forms of Prejudice towards Retired Older People

    • Authors: Mandy H. M. Lau
      First page: 13
      Abstract: Negative stereotypes of older people can have detrimental impacts on their mental health, hence better understanding of ageism is needed to combat ageism more effectively. Nevertheless, existing studies on ageism largely focus on the workplace, while relatively less is known about younger people’s generalizations of older people in everyday neighbourhood contexts. This study investigated young adults’ stereotypes of retired older people in the context of high-density residential neighbourhoods in Hong Kong, through 23 qualitative in-depth interviews. The findings counter the misconception that ageism is less prevalent in Asian societies, while uncovering young adults’ novel interpretations of traditional cultural norms of respect towards older people. The findings also reveal more complex intersections between ageism, classism, and prejudice towards worldview-dissimilar older people. These findings suggest the need to broaden the scope of ageism-reduction interventions, to tackle not only age-related prejudice but other forms of prejudice. Paying closer attention to intersectional forms of prejudice can also facilitate the design of more inclusive intergenerational programs and intergenerational public spaces, both locally and internationally.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-12-31
      DOI: 10.3390/soc13010013
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 1 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 147: Auditing the ‘Social’ Using
           Conventions, Declarations, and Goal Setting Documents: A Scoping Review

    • Authors: Simerta Gill, Gregor Wolbring
      First page: 147
      Abstract: The state of the ‘social’ that individuals, social groups and societies experience are a focus of international conventions, declarations and goal setting documents. Many indicators of the ‘social’ and measures of well-being that contain sets of indicators of the ‘social’ exist to ascertain the state of the ‘social’ of individuals, social groups, and societies. Marginalized groups are well known to have problems with the ‘social’ they experience. Equity, Diversity, and Inclusion (EDI) and similar phrases are used in policy discussions to deal with ‘social problems’ within research, education, and general workplace environments encountered by women, Indigenous peoples, visible/racialized minorities, disabled people, and LGBTQ2S+. The prevention of the worthening of the ‘social’ is one focus of science and technology governance and ethics discussions. Many health professions are also concerned about the ‘social’ such as the well-being of their clients and their roles as stated by many of their associations include being advocates and change agents. The objective of the study was to ascertain how the ‘social’ is engaged with in conjunction with the following international documents (“Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities”, “Convention on the Rights of the Child”, “Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women”, “Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples”, “Universal Declaration of Human Rights”, “International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination”, “UN Framework Convention on Climate Change”, “transforming our world: the 2030 agenda for sustainable development” and “UN flagship report on disability and development Realizing the Sustainable Development Goals by, for and with persons with disabilities”; from now on called “the documents”). A scoping review using the academic databases SCOPUS, Web of Science, databases accessible under Compendex, and the databases accessible under EBSCO-HOST, coupled with a manifest hit-count coding approach was uses to answer five research questions: (1) Which terms, phrases, and measures of the ‘social’ are present in the literature searched (2) Which of the social issues flagged in the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) are present in the academic abstracts mentioning the other eight documents' (3) Which EDI frameworks, phrases and social groups covered under EDI are present in the literature covered. (4) Which technologies, science and technology governance terms and ethics fields are present in the literature covered' (5) Which health professions are mentioned in the literature covered' The results reveal vast gaps and opportunities to engage with the ‘social’ in relation to “the documents” covered for all five questions.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-10-24
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12060147
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 6 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 148: Digital Divide: An Inquiry on the Native
           Communities of Sabah

    • Authors: Yi Xue Fang, Sarjit S. Gill, Puvaneswaran Kunasekaran, Mohd Roslan Rosnon, Ahmad Tarmizi Talib, Azureen Abd Aziz
      First page: 148
      Abstract: ICT development has become the development pulse of the global nation. Malaysia, as a developing nation, has invested heavily in ICT development across the country to ensure no one is left behind. The policymakers have also claimed a positive result in closing the digital gap among their people. In this study, Van Dijk’s theory of digital divide is explored on the four dimensions of digital divide (motivation, physical, skill, and usage) among the native people in Sabah. A focus group discussion (FGD) was conducted among 21 key informants from seven different ethnic groups to identify the issues of ICT development in their community. The findings showed that the existence of a digital gap between the rural and the urban area community caused the community to be saddled with the connection to telecommunication service, including landline and internet. Despite lacking, the native community were receptive and willing to adopt the ICT positively for their daily activities. While the theory of digital divide observes that the physical access divide is narrowing in most developed nations, this study shows that is not the case for developing countries, such as Malaysia. The inequality in digital access is prevalent among the natives in Sabah, which could result in the opportunity to participate in important democratic decision-making.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-10-26
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12060148
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 6 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 149: The Challenges and Opportunities of Era 5.0
           for a More Humanistic and Sustainable Society—A Literature Review

    • Authors: Maria C Tavares, Graça Azevedo, Rui P. Marques
      First page: 149
      Abstract: We are in an increasingly disruptive context, in an Era in which the world presents challenging and growing levels of uncertainty, unpredictability, and complexity. As a result, society is facing, at all levels and in all areas, more and more global challenges, challenging its stability and prosperity, whether at a technological, economic, social, environmental, or educational level. The new Era, Era 5.0, which places the human being at the center of innovation and technological transformation, can and must make its contribution to improving the quality of life, solving social problems, and human well-being, with the support of technology. Thus, this work intends, based on a systematic review of the literature, to analyze the challenges of Era 5.0 and its impacts on industry, society, and education as engines and promoters of the path to sustainable development. The results of this work show that the challenges for industry and education on the road to a “new” society are immense, in order to achieve a more humanistic society, centered on human beings, quality of life, and sustainability. We believe in contributing to the state of the art in Era 5.0 and providing an analytical reflection in the field of education and industry, on the path towards a society that places the human being at the center of innovation and technological transformation.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-10-26
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12060149
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 6 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 150: Reading the Aftermath of Portuguese
           Colonialism: The Retorno in the Written Media of the 21st Century

    • Authors: Orquídea Moreira Ribeiro, Daniela Monteiro da Fonseca
      First page: 150
      Abstract: The purpose of this work is to undertake an exploratory pilot study on the multiplicity of texts that strive to write or analyse the memories of the displaced individuals from the former Portuguese African colonies during the 1975–1976 forced migration to Portugal who came to be labelled retornados (returnees), rethink history and eliminate silences, to pave the way for postmemory and controlled affective ties through reparative readings and nostalgia. We undertook bibliographical research to determine the eligibility criteria and used nonprobability convenience sampling to select the texts to carry out a content analysis. An interdisciplinary approach is used to present and discuss the results. Although decades have passed since the retorno, the stigma of being a retornado still remains in the memory of Portuguese society as interest in the topic and the time distance allows for more rigorous studies. In the analysed texts, the results achieved establish that the relationship of the Portuguese people with the contemporary memory and history of the colonial era is comprised of silences and nonmemories that still have to be deconstructed to forge a positive future for the generation of postmemory.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-11-01
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12060150
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 6 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 151: Cultural Values, Heritage and Memories as
           Assets for Building Urban Territorial Identities

    • Authors: Cercleux, Harfst, Ilovan
      First page: 151
      Abstract: Urban culture has undergone significant transformations under the impact of globalization in the last decades [...]
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-11-01
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12060151
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 6 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 152: Parent-to-Parent Advice: What Can We Learn
           by Listening to Parents of Deaf Children

    • Authors: Linsay Flowers, Louise Duchesne, Charles Gaucher
      First page: 152
      Abstract: Parent-to-parent support is an important component of early hearing detection and intervention (EHDI) programs for deaf and hard of hearing (DHH) children. In this study, we asked parents of DHH children what advice they would give to new parents in their situation. Seventy-one hearing parents of DDH children living in Canada, Switzerland, France, and Belgium participated in interviews that included the following question: “What advice you would give to parents who just learned that their child is deaf'”. We performed a thematic analysis and developed three overarching themes, revolving around the importance of trust, the need for reassurance, and finally, the quest for help. The findings allow to better understand how parental expertise can be used to improve early intervention services for DHH children.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-11-02
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12060152
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 6 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 153: Western US Basque-American e-Diaspora:
           Action Research in California, Idaho, and Nevada

    • Authors: Igor Calzada, Iker Arranz
      First page: 153
      Abstract: Basque settlement increased in the western states of the US decades ago, particularly in California, Idaho, and Nevada. Alongside this migration phenomenon, Basque Studies programs have been emerging at the University of Nevada, Reno (UNR), Boise State University (BSU), and California State University, Bakersfield (CSUB), particularly in the humanities, including history, anthropology, linguistics, and literature. The impact of the pandemic in Basque e-Diasporic communities in California, Idaho, and Nevada, and, consequently, the deep digitalization process being undertaken at the abovementioned universities, has resulted in an increasing demand for an articulated strategy in community engagement through action research. To respond to this timely challenge, the article suggests a need for a transition towards a Social Science transdisciplinary roadmap to support Basque e-diasporic communities. Basque Studies programs have the potential to act as a transformational policy driver through their virtual connections with the Basque Country and key homeland institutions. This article explores this necessary transition through action research by acknowledging the potential for the three abovementioned US states and the Basque Country to set up a transformational e-Diaspora.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-11-02
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12060153
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 6 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 154: The Rise of Donald Trump Right-Wing
           Populism in the United States: Middle American Radicalism and
           Anti-Immigration Discourse

    • Authors: Giovanna Campani, Sunamis Fabelo Concepción, Angel Rodriguez Soler, Claudia Sánchez Savín
      First page: 154
      Abstract: Populism has been an inherent phenomenon in the history of the United States since the beginning of the republic to the present, but it is only in 2016 that a populist leader, Donald Trump, has won the presidential election. The article considers Trump’s victory as part of the history of USA populism, taking into consideration the demand and the support for it in specific groups of radicalized, mainly white American citizens, who, since the late 1960s, felt abandoned or even betrayed by the mainstream political leadership through times of economic restructuring, cultural changes, and demographic transitions. This broad overview shows how USA populism, far from being the product of lunatic leaders, is deeply rooted in long-term processes concerning millions of people. The United States are a nation that has been built by immigration and wracked by debates about each successive wave of it: however, the forms debates on immigration have taken vary according to the generations. This paper makes the attempt to analyze the specificities of the present debate. The major changes introduced in migration policies in 1965 have slowly produced demographic changes in the ethnic components of the nation. The transformational demographic change- the majority ethnic group- non-Hispanic white people becoming one of multiple minorities- has been exploited by right-wing populists, such as Pat Buchanan, since the Nineties. Donald Trump’s speech on immigration is connected with different ideological positions—conservatism, paleo-conservatism, nativism, white suprematism—that form the puzzle of Trumpism, which has become a reference for international populists. Furthermore, opposition to immigration means delimiting the borders of the nation: this is an evident symbol of the rejection of the globalist idea of a borderless world that an elite pursues and that is repudiated by Trumpism. With his open contempt for “globalism” (as the idea that economic and foreign policy should be planned in an international way) and for the liberal–cosmopolitan elites who have provided ideological cover for it, Donald Trump has rallied many Americans and gained supporters in different parts of the world.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-11-02
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12060154
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 6 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 155: Assistive Technology Makerspaces Promote
           Capability of Adults with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities

    • Authors: Alyssa Boccardi, Kimberly A. Szucs, Ikenna D. Ebuenyi, Anand Mhatre
      First page: 155
      Abstract: Makerspaces can engage people with disabilities in the design and development of assistive technology (AT) that can enhance their capabilities to perform new activities and function. However, the adoption of makerspaces in the environments and institutions serving people with disabilities remains challenging. The authors modeled a makerspace training program, an environmental intervention, based on the capability approach framework. This mixed methods study investigates the feasibility of an 8-week program to train adults (n = 5) with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) and staff members (n = 5) at a community services center. Study outcomes were measured using knowledge tests, surveys, QUEST 2.0 and interviews. Results indicate a significant increase in staff’s knowledge (p = 0.035) and familiarity with program topics (p < 0.05). Participants with IDD were highly satisfied with the ease of use, weight and effectiveness of the AT devices they created. Five themes emerged from the thematic analysis of interviews: (1) inclusive environment, (2) freedom and improved Capability for building technology for self or client, (3) multidisciplinary collaboration, (4) interactive program elements, (5) makerspace challenges. Overall, the makerspace training program is a valuable program that empowers people with disabilities and ensures the realization of their right of autonomy to create their own AT.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-11-02
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12060155
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 6 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 156: Incorporating Survey Perceptions of Public
           Safety and Security Variables in Crime Rate Analyses for the
           Visegrád Group (V4) Countries of Central Europe

    • Authors: Usman Ghani, Peter Toth, Dávid Fekete
      First page: 156
      Abstract: Public governance has evolved in terms of safety and security management, incorporating digital innovation and smart-analytics-based tools to visualize abundant data collections. Urban safety and security are vital social problems that have many branches to be solved, simplified, and improved. Currently, we can see that data-driven insights have often been incorporated into planning, forecasting, and fighting such challenges. The literature has extensively indicated several aspects of solving urban safety problems, i.e., social, technological, administrative, urban, and societal. We have a keen interest in the data analysis and smart analytics options that can be deployed to enhance the presentation, promotional analysis, planning, forecasting, and fighting of these problems. For this, we chose to focus on crime statistics and public surveys regarding victimization and perceptions of crime. As we found through a review, many studies have indicated the vitality of crime rates but not public perceptions in decision-making and planning regarding security. There is always a need for the integration of widespread data insights into unified analyses. This study aimed to answer (1) how effectively we can utilize the crime rates and statistics, and incorporate community perceptions and (2) how promising these two ways of seeing the same phenomena are. For the data analysis, we chose four neighboring countries in Central Europe. We selected CECs, i.e., Hungary, Poland, Czech Republic, and Slovakia, known collectively as the Visegrád Group or V4. The data resources were administrative police statistics and ESS (European Social Survey) statistical datasets. The choice of this region helped us reduce variability in regional dynamics, regime changes, and social control practices.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-11-03
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12060156
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 6 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 157: The Interplay between Digitalization and
           Competitiveness: Evidence from European Countries

    • Authors: Gheorghe Hurduzeu, Iulia Lupu, Radu Lupu, Radu Ion Filip
      First page: 157
      Abstract: In modern societies, digitalization plays a tremendously important role for people and businesses. Apart from an economic representation, competitiveness characterizes a society from political, cultural, or human points of view. In this article, we aim to highlight the role of digital development from a competitiveness perspective, as there are few studies related to this relationship. The empirical investigation is based on panel data analysis for European Union countries for 2017–2022, considering the digital economy and society index (DESI) and the index developed by International Institute for Management Development (IMD), respectively IMD world competitiveness index. The results obtained are reported both for general indices and for the components of DESI, presented separately for the groups of Central and Eastern European countries and Western European countries. They indicate different influences for the two groups of countries, with only a few common aspects. The most obvious is the case of skilled labor. This aspect demonstrates the link between the various dimensions of digitalization and changes in human capital development strategies, as they appear in the specialized literature.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-11-07
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12060157
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 6 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 158: When the Wheelchair Is Not Enough: What
           Capabilities Approaches Offer Assistive Technology Practice in Rural

    • Authors: Natasha Layton, Silvana Contepomi, Maria del Valle Bertoni, Maria Helena Martinez Oliver
      First page: 158
      Abstract: This article considers the lives of disabled people requiring assistive technology who live in contexts of urban poverty. Provision is often constrained by a range of contextual factors which seem outside the scope of health and rehabilitation services. We critically reflect on health, rehabilitation, and capabilities approaches. We explore both rehabilitation and capabilities approaches with posture and mobility practice in an area of urban poverty in Argentina. Contrasting rehabilitation and capabilities approaches to a composite posture and mobility case provides a range of insights. Rehabilitation approaches start with the individual as the locus for intervention. Capabilities approaches reframe interventions such as posture and mobility in terms of the freedoms they offer, and highlight the barriers or capability gaps that must be addressed to achieve outcomes. We conclude that capabilities approaches give practitioners the scope to go beyond posture and mobility processes and attend to the other factors, across the ecosystem, that prevent people from realizing their freedoms. To address capability gaps, a broader scope of practice for health practitioners may include consumer empowerment strategies; partnering with the community; and systemic advocacy with duty holders able to address systemic barriers.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-11-07
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12060158
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 6 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 159: Failed Emancipations: Youth Transitions,
           Migration and the Future in Morocco

    • Authors: Carles Feixa, José Sánchez-García, Celia Premat, Nele Hansen
      First page: 159
      Abstract: Several authors have highlighted the importance of marriage as a social marker that alters the social categorization of individuals and their relationships from youth to adulthood, according to the cultural construction of the life course in Arab countries. This article analyzes the interaction between the socio-political framework (structure) and the capacity for individual action (agency) in the context of biographical experiences for achieving emancipation in Morocco. This perspective responds to different authors’ demands to include young people’s subjective approaches in the analysis process. This study is guided by the following questions: What capacity do young Arabs have to decide the orientation of their life trajectories' Which factors (cultural, family, socioeconomic, educational, etc.) generate young people’s expectations regarding their transition to adult life' What are the social constrictions that lead to failure in the emancipation process, according to Arab societies'
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-11-08
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12060159
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 6 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 160: Intergenerational Conflict-Initiating
           Factors and Management Styles: U.S. Older Adults’ Report

    • Authors: Yan Bing Zhang, Weston T. Wiebe
      First page: 160
      Abstract: Guided by the theoretical frameworks of communication accommodation theory and conflict management, this study examines U.S. older participants’ (65 or older) written conflict scenario either with a grandchild or a nonfamily young adult. Using content analysis approach, we analyzed these written conflict scenarios to uncover major conflict initiating factors and conflict management styles. Results revealed that intergenerational conflict initiated by old-to-young criticism (more frequently reported in conflicts with nonfamily young adults) or disagreement/generation gap (more frequently reported in conflicts with grandchildren) was reported most frequently followed by young-to-old rebuff, cumulative annoyance, and young-to-old criticism. Additionally, results indicated that older adults used the problem-solving style most frequently when disagreement/generation gap initiated the conflict, especially in the family contexts; both young and older adults used the competing style most frequently when old-to-young criticism initiated the conflict, especially in nonfamily contexts. Furthermore, the use of the competing and problem-solving styles by young adults was significantly associated with the use of the same styles by older adults and vice versa, indicating both positive and negative reciprocation in intergenerational conflict. Results in general show that young and older adults manage intergenerational conflicts in different ways in family versus nonfamily contexts.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-11-14
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12060160
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 6 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 161: Parental Warmth and Parent Involvement:
           Their Relationships to Academic Achievement and Behavior Problems in
           School and Related Gender Effects

    • Authors: Parminder Parmar, Laura Nathans
      First page: 161
      Abstract: Parent involvement and parental warmth have been extensively studied in the global literature. However, limited research has been conducted on parent involvement and parental warmth in India. This study examined parental warmth and parent involvement as predictors of academic achievement and behavior problems. Because behavior problems scores differed gender, gender differences om these relationships were explored. Study questions were framed in terms of Epstein’s theory of school, family, and community partnerships and Rohner’s parental acceptance-rejection theory. A sample of Indian seventh through tenth graders gave ratings of parental warmth and parent involvement. Their teachers gave ratings of academic achievement and behavior problems. Results showed that parental warmth and parent involvement were significant predictors of academic achievement and behavior problems for boys. Parental warmth was a significant predictor of academic achievement and behavior problems for girls. The results regarding parental warmth supported parental acceptance-rejection theory. Results suggested the need to increase the awareness of the importance of parent involvement for children in India and to continue to support parents in maintaining warm and accepting relationships with their children.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-11-15
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12060161
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 6 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 162: The Elderly’s Thoughts and Attitudes
           about Polypharmacy and Deprescribing: A Qualitative Pilot Study in

    • Authors: Pedro Simões, Nicole Foreman, Beatriz Xavier, Filipe Prazeres, Tiago Maricoto, Luiz Santiago, José Augusto Simões
      First page: 162
      Abstract: The high prevalence of polypharmacy and potentially inappropriate medications in the elderly makes them a vulnerable group to adverse drug events. Deprescribing is the medication review plus cessation of potentially inappropriate medications with a health professional’s help. Several barriers and enablers influence it, and its knowledge can help health professionals. The objective of the study is to understand the Portuguese elderly’s attitudes and ideas about polypharmacy and deprescription. We made a qualitative approach through a focus group with elderly patients from an adult daycare center with transcription and codification into themes and subthemes based on previous frameworks. Eleven elderly patients participated in the focus group. The identified elderly’s ideas and attitudes could be clustered into five main barriers: appropriateness, process, influences, fear, and habit, and five main enablers: appropriateness, process, influences, dislike, and cost. Although the elderly’s strong beliefs regarding medication benefits and necessity prevail, contrary opinions regarding lack of benefit/necessity, drug interaction/side effects, and medication complexity/number may influence their willingness to deprescribe positively. The health professional’s influence and the patient’s trust in their doctors were perceived essential for decision-making as either a barrier or an enabler. The medication benefit was a big barrier, and side effects/drug interaction experiences are an important enabler.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-11-16
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12060162
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 6 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 163: Disembodiment and Delusion in the Time of

    • Authors: Florentina C. Andreescu
      First page: 163
      Abstract: This article proposes an analytical framework that highlights embodiment’s ontological complexities and the ways in which the securitization of the body, during the COVID-19 pandemic, brought our embodied existence under the scrutiny of the invasive gaze of multiple social authorities, framing public and private modes of being as existential security risks. It engages with the research developed by psychiatrist Iain McGilchrist and clinical psychologist Louis A. Sass on schizophrenia, tracing the extent to which COVID-19 reshaped reality displays a dynamic akin to this mental disorder, through its abnegation of embodied presence, retreat into virtual register, and abnormal interpretations of reality. To spotlight this dynamic’s consequences, the article explores three interconnected features of schizophrenia, namely hyper-reflexivity, diminished self-presence, and disturbed grip on the world. These help to contextualize the ways in which a large segment of the population in the United States responded to the COVID-19 pandemic. To that end, the article highlights the development of a virtual universe of conspiracy theories, shaping a citizenry which, akin to schizophrenics are simultaneously cynical and gullible, manifesting a vehement distrust of aspects of life that need to be implicit, while readily embracing conspiratorial worldviews.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-11-17
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12060163
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 6 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 164: Telegram Channels and Bots: A Ranking of
           Media Outlets Based in Spain

    • Authors: Victor Herrero-Solana, Carlos Castro-Castro
      First page: 164
      Abstract: Telegram, an Industry 4.0 style communication service, is one of the world’s most widespread communication platforms. The availability of channels and bots has opened as a broadcast channel for any media outlet. We asked the following questions: Do media outlets from Spain use Telegram channels' Which media outlets' Are they verified' What is their volume of subscribers' Can this information be used to rank media outlets' We identified many media channels and data were collected from each one. We present the results in a ranking. Forty-two media based in Spain have Telegram channels, 26 of which are ranked in the directory. Less than half of these channels are verified by the platform, and only three are linked to their website. This lack of verification could lead to the proliferation of fake channels. The article ends with a series of recommendations for channel managers to make it easier for the end user to identify and verify each media outlet.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-11-18
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12060164
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 6 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 165: Collaborative Approaches to Addressing
           Domestic and Sexual Violence among Black and Minority Ethnic Communities
           in Southampton: A Case Study of Yellow Door

    • Authors: Oluwatayo Adeola Olabanji
      First page: 165
      Abstract: Domestic and sexual abuse have been in the academic discourse for quite some time. In recent years in the United Kingdom, the government, non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and the charity sector have doubled their efforts to tackle this challenge through different approaches. One of these approaches is the establishment of specialist services. A case study of these specialist interventions is two advocacy services within a community-based domestic and sexual abuse charity in Southampton named Yellow Door (YD). In line with the specialist service approach (SSA), the diversity, inclusion and advocacy (DIA) service and the Black and minority ethnic Communities (BME) independent sexual violence advisory (ISVA) service were created to address the needs of the BME community. Through the adoption of the collaboration, prevention and education approach, these services support survivors from this community, professionals and community groups to encourage more disclosures and support clients holistically. Recommendations to encourage more reporting and better ways to improve the needs of clients from BME communities were proposed.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-11-19
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12060165
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 6 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 166: Capabilities Approach Application in the
           Development of Regional Rehabilitation Systems in Russia

    • Authors: Shoshmin, Besstrashnova, Petrishcheva
      First page: 166
      Abstract: In Russia, the rehabilitation system for people with disabilities (PwD) is developing rapidly, as resources allocated by the federal and regional authorities are increasing. The policy aims to integrate PwD into society through providing equal access to assistive technologies. To create a well-balanced regional rehabilitation system, the development measures include both indicators of actual life improvements (satisfaction of PwD with assistive technologies, comprehensive rehabilitation, facilitating access, etc.) and resources (staffing, costs, legislation, cross-sectoral cooperation, etc.). Panel data from 85 regions were collected (2018–2020). The analysis demonstrates that most systems need to be improved by applying the capabilities approach for cost-effectiveness.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-11-19
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12060166
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 6 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 167: Human Resource Management, Employee
           Participation and European Works Councils: The Case of Pharmaceutical
           Industry in Greece

    • Authors: Eleni Triantafillidou, Theodore Koutroukis
      First page: 167
      Abstract: Employee participation is a broad notion that encompasses sets of practices that enable employees to participate in the decision-making process on issues affecting them leading to a committed workforce. According to the 2009/38/EC Directive, a European Workers’ Council (EWC) is established in all undertakings and all community-scale groups of undertakings for the purpose of informing and consulting employees. This study investigates the impact of employee participation on employees and organizations and more specifically the potential benefits and the added value of participation for employees and organizations, the potential costs and threats of employee participation and the added value of EWCs in multinational subsidiaries in the pharmaceutical industry in Greece. The data gathering was carried out through in-depth semi-structured interviews with management, HR executives, trade union representatives and EWC representatives using a semi-structured questionnaire based on the state-of-the-art literature review. Organizations participating in the study are subsidiaries of multinational companies with an active European Works Council in the pharmaceutical industry in Greece. Findings suggest that there are potential benefits of employee participation practices for the employees and added value for the pharmaceutical companies and provide a useful perspective for managers and researchers in the field of labor relations and human resource management.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-11-21
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12060167
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 6 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 168: Do Families Exposed to Adverse Childhood
           Experiences Report Family Centered Care'

    • Authors: Brianna M. Lombardi, Lisa d. Zerden, Hyunji Lee, Krissy Moehling Geffel
      First page: 168
      Abstract: Background: Youth from marginalized groups may be less likely to receive quality health care services. Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) are known to impact long-term health, but it is unclear if there is a relationship between ACEs and receipt of Family Centered Care (FCC)—one indicator of high-quality health care. To assess this relationship, this study used a nationally representative sample of youth from the National Survey of Children’s Health 2016–2017 combined data set. Caregivers of children who had at least one health care visit in the last 12 months (sub-sample n = 63,662) were asked about five indicators of FCC including if they felt the provider: (1) spent enough time, (2) listened carefully, (3) helped family feel like a partner, (4) provided information requested, and (5) showed sensitivity to culture. Methods: Logistic regression analyses examined the association between ACE score and each FCC quality indicator, as well between ACEs score and the overall FCC dichotomous score. Results: ACE exposure did not significantly predict access to a health care visit in the past 12 months. However, children with higher rates of ACEs were significantly less likely to receive FCC. Other factors that significantly predicted lower FCC included child race and ethnicity, insurance type, language in the home, and access to a regular health provider. Conclusions: Providers and health systems must identify, implement, and advocate for effective trauma-informed and care coordination interventions that ensure quality health care services for vulnerable children and families.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-11-21
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12060168
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 6 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 169: Assistive Technology (AT), for What'

    • Authors: Victoria Austin, Catherine Holloway
      First page: 169
      Abstract: Amartya Sen’s seminal Tanner lecture: Equality of What' began a contestation on social justice and human wellbeing that saw a new human development paradigm emerge—the capability approach (CA)—which has been influential ever since. Following interviews with leading global assistive technology (AT) stakeholders, and users, this paper takes inspiration from Sen’s core question and posits, AT for what' arguing that AT should be understood as a mechanism to achieve the things that AT users’ value. Significantly, our research found no commonly agreed operational global framework for (disability) justice within which leading AT stakeholders were operating. Instead, actors were loosely aligned through funding priorities and the CRPD. We suggest that this raises the possibility for (welcome and needed) incoming actors to diverge from efficiently designed collective action, due to perverse incentives enabled by unanchored interventions. The Global Report on Assistive Technology (GReAT) helps, greatly! However, we find there are still vital gaps in coordination; as technology advances, and AT proliferates, no longer can the device-plus-service approach suffice. Rather, those of us interested in human flourishing might explore locating AT access within an operational global framework for disability justice, which recognizes AT as a mechanism to achieve broader aims, linked to people’s capabilities to choose what they can do and be.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-11-22
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12060169
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 6 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 170: An Integrated Conceptual Model to
           Understand Suicidality among Queer Youth to Inform Suicide Prevention

    • Authors: Denise Yookong Williams, William J. Hall, Hayden C. Dawes, Cynthia Fraga Rizo, Jeremy T. Goldbach
      First page: 170
      Abstract: In this article, we apply and combine elements from four theoretical frameworks (i.e., Minority Stress Theory, Person-in-Environment and Risk and Resilience Framework, Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicide, and Intersectionality) to explain the problem of queer youth suicide through our integrated conceptual model, Queer Prevention of Youth Suicidality Model (Queer-PRYSM). The need for this conceptual model is based on the current state of the literature, including mixed empirical findings on factors related to queer youth suicidality, no scholarly consensus on specific contributing factors regarding high rates of suicidality among queer youth (including queer youth subgroups), and the absence of a unifying theory to explain the queer youth suicide risk. To address these limitations in theory, evidence, and scholarship explaining suicidality among queer youth we present our integrated model with growing, current, relevant research with queer youth. Queer-PRYSM includes minority stressors specific to queer youth, mental health problems, interpersonal-psychological factors, socioecological factors (i.e., family, school, peers, and community), and intersectionality concepts. Queer-PRYSM is essential to understanding the relationship of distal and proximal risk and protective factors in queer youth suicide and developing evidence-informed suicide preventive interventions that can be incorporated into practice, policy, and system structures.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-11-22
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12060170
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 6 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 171: The Possibilities and Limitations of Using
           Google Books Ngram Viewer in Research on Management Fashions

    • Authors: Dag Øivind Madsen, Kåre Slåtten
      First page: 171
      Abstract: Google Books Ngram Viewer (GNV) is an analytical tool that uses quantitative methods to analyze digitized text. This paper looks at the possibilities and limitations of using GNV in management fashion research, an area of management research that examines the lifecycle and evolution of management concepts and ideas. GNV provides a historical big picture of the lifecycle and popularity of specific terms and phrases in books. It is argued that this tool could have a natural application in the study of management fashions, since books are a medium through which popular management concepts and ideas have traditionally been diffused. The paper provides several illustrative examples of how GNV can be applied to study management fashions and identifies the tool’s main possibilities and limitations. Although GNV has obvious advantages such as accessibility and user-friendliness, researchers should exercise caution, as it only provides a partial picture of the impact of management fashions.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-11-22
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12060171
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 6 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 172: Decolonizing Sustainability through
           Indigenization in Canadian Post-Secondary Institutions

    • Authors: Yvonne N. Vizina
      First page: 172
      Abstract: Sustainability discourse indicates a need to reconsider our approaches to social, economic, and environmental issues because, without deep transformation, global human survival is in jeopardy. At the same time, post-secondary education institutions in Canada are Indigenizing their settings but have rarely taken up sustainability and Indigenization as related concepts. In this research, participants delivering Indigenous programming in ten colleges and universities across Canada contributed their insights on the relationships between Indigenous worldviews and sustainability in their territories and institutions. The five key findings that emerged from the study are: (1) Indigenous worldviews are based on a belief in the sacred, which orients Indigenous knowledges and responsibilities for sustaining life on Earth; (2) sustainability is expressed as a function of tradition linking Indigenous identity with culture, language, and environmental health; (3) entrenching Indigenous knowledges throughout institutions is to sustain cultural identity; (4) national and international standards supporting Indigenous self-determination are primary drivers for the inclusion of Indigenous knowledges and advance the underlying principle of sustainability; and (5) Indigenous holistic learning includes social, economic, and environmental aspects of sustainability.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-11-22
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12060172
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 6 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 173: Adverse Childhood Experiences in Latinx
           Families: A Comparison between Intraracial and Interracial Families

    • Authors: Xiafei Wang, Fei Shen, Yongjun Zhang, Shiyou Wu
      First page: 173
      Abstract: Racial/ethnic minorities are prone to adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), posing a concern over social justice. However, the influence of interracial family structure has been rarely discussed. Considering that 26% of Hispanic individuals form interracial marriages in the U.S., we need to examine whether interracial family structure matters for ACEs disparities in Latinx families. We hypothesized that there were differences in ACEs between intraracial and interracial families in the Latinx population. A Latinx sample was collected from the Fragile Family and Child Well-being Studies with 1113 children of two Latinx parents and 397 children of interracial parents (e.g., White mother/Latinx father, Black mother/Latinx father, Latinx mother/White father, Latinx mother/Black father). Negative binomial models revealed a higher overall ACEs score among children in interracial families (β = 0.54, p < 0.05). Compared to children with two Latinx parents, children in each interracial family group were prone to higher risks of different ACEs. For example, children with Latinx mothers and Black fathers were more likely to experience parental separation (OR = 2.33), household material hardship (OR = 1.64), physical abuse (OR = 6.01), and psychological abuse (OR = 3.49) than children in intraracial Latinx families. Based on our findings, we call for culturally responsive ACEs prevention and intervention that consider the unique stressors of interracial families, to promote the health and well-being of racial/ethnic minorities.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-11-25
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12060173
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 6 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 174: Food Insecurity Levels among University
           Students: A Cross-Sectional Study

    • Authors: Bebiana Marques, Jorge Azevedo, Isilda Rodrigues, Conceição Rainho, Carla Gonçalves
      First page: 174
      Abstract: Background: University students may be vulnerable to food insecurity (FI) due to limited financial resources, lower purchasing power, and increasing housing and food costs. This study aimed to assess the prevalence and severity of FI and its associated factors among university students attending a public Portuguese university. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was designed, and data were collected using a self-reported online questionnaire validated for the Portuguese population. The study population included students from all levels of study and the assessments were conducted during the winter semester (December 2021 to February 2022). Chi-square tests were used to determine the associations between FI and sociodemographic variables. Bivariate logistic regression was further used to assess factors associated with FI. Results: From the 284 participants, 17.3% of students were classified as food insecure, consisting of 14.1% with mild FI, 2.1% with moderate FI, and 1.1% with severe FI. FI was significantly associated with nationality (p = 0.028) and the number of unemployed household members (p = 0.001). In comparison to Portuguese students, students of other nationalities were 4.1 times more likely to be food insecure (OR = 4.089, 95% CI:1.057–15.821, p = 0.041). Students in households with a higher number of members (OR = 2.537, 95% CI:1.231–5.230, p = 0.012) and a higher number of unemployed members (OR = 3.192, 95% CI:1.681–6.059, p < 0.001) were also 2.5 and 3.1 times more likely, respectively, to be food insecure. Conclusions: This study provides an insight into the FI levels of university students in a Portuguese university. Further future studies are needed to use objective measures of food insecurity (availability, access, and utilization of food) and explore interventions addressing food insecurity in this population.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-11-26
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12060174
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 6 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 175: Gender Barriers in Academia: Perceptions of
           Inequality in Professional Development among Female Academics in the
           Faculty of Education, University of Alicante, Spain

    • Authors: Andrea Dominguez, Rocío Diez
      First page: 175
      Abstract: Spanish universities have been implementing gender equality policies for over a decade. The research presented here aims to determine the barriers and challenges perceived by female academics in the Faculty of Education at the University of Alicante. The study used a seven-point Likert-type scale survey consisting of 10 items, which were validated by specialists from different universities. One of the key findings was that often barriers have ceased to be seen as such and are understood instead as a normalized reality. Nevertheless, participants stress that women face greater barriers than men when it comes to reaching top-level positions; highlighting issues such as a lack of mentorship, delayed motherhood, experiencing sexist behavior and comments from male colleagues; and a lack of consensus around measures, such as reconciling work–life balance, as a means of largely eliminating the barriers they face in the university.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-11-28
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12060175
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 6 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 176: “Polish People Are Starting to Hate
           Polish People”—Uncovering Emergent Patterns of Electoral
           Hostility in Post-Communist Europe

    • Authors: Anne-Sophie Neyra
      First page: 176
      Abstract: Like many societies, Poland seems to be increasingly split by the negative feelings many of its citizens feel towards one another because of the ways in which they vote. This phenomenon is known as electoral hostility. This paper sheds light on what it entails in political and psychological terms. A unique feature of this research is its methodological approach, combining family focus groups and individual interviews of up to 70 participants. This enables us to uncover critical insights into the perceptions and experiences of first-time voters and their families. It informs us of Poland’s fractious and emotional political atmosphere, but also on the way in which electoral hostility shapes lives in Poland. The findings highlight the importance of mirror perceptions (the perception that others’ hatred justifies our own) in shaping electoral hostility as an emotional sequence which makes many voters progressively see their emotions towards opposite voters deteriorate from misunderstanding to frustration, anger, disgust, and ultimately hatred. Finally, the analysis foregrounds the ways in which Polish voters adapt their behavior in accordance with their own preconceived notions of hostility. These preconceptions can manifest themselves via three possible routes: (1) avoidance, (2) aggression, and (3) a sense of doom, deterioration, and hopelessness.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-11-28
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12060176
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 6 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 177: Analysis of the Links between Social
           Intelligence and Coping Strategies of Business Managers in Terms of
           Development of Their Potential

    • Authors: Lucia Zbihlejova, Zuzana Birknerova
      First page: 177
      Abstract: The social as well as psychological development of individuals’ potential is influenced by many factors, including managerial competences such as social intelligence and ways of coping with stress. This paper presents the links between social intelligence and strategies for coping with demanding situations by business managers, as well as gender differences in the perception of social intelligence and in the preference for coping strategies between male and female business managers. The research sample consisted of 149 business managers, of which 76 (51%) were male and 73 (49%) were female managers. The results were obtained through research based on two methodologies: MESI for the detection of social intelligence, and Brief COPE, designed to identify coping strategies. Based on the research results, it can be concluded that the links between the social intelligence factors and coping strategies, as well as gender differences in the perception of social intelligence and coping strategies by male and female business managers, have been confirmed. Research into the relationship between these two aspects and its results could contribute to the elimination of undesirable factors influencing the work process and to the subsequent development of the psychological, social and work potential of business managers.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-11-29
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12060177
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 6 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 178: Cultural Competence in Healthcare and
           Healthcare Education

    • Authors: Costas S. Constantinou, Panayiota Andreou, Monica Nikitara, Alexia Papageorgiou
      First page: 178
      Abstract: Cultural competence in healthcare has been defined in many ways; however, it generally refers to knowledge of social and cultural factors that influence illness and related behaviour, and actions taken to provide the best of quality care considering each patient’s background [...]
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-11-29
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12060178
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 6 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 179: Is It All about a Science-Informed
           Decision' A Quantitative Approach to Three Dimensions of Justice and
           Their Relation in the Nuclear Waste Repository Siting Process in Germany

    • Authors: Lucas Schwarz
      First page: 179
      Abstract: Nuclear waste management is a contested challenge that lasts for decades. Especially in Germany, the history of the usage of nuclear energy is conflictive and notions of justice are therefore omnipresent in the ongoing site selection process for a nuclear waste repository. Against the background of injustices caused by the deployment of nuclear energy, such as the obligation for current generations to deal with nuclear waste, questions of how to justly deal with nuclear waste and to find a just repository site arise. By conducting a survey among people that participate in the site selection process as well as people living in or representing an area that is still considered suitable, the assessment of different aspects of justice was evaluated. The role of a science-informed site decision without any political bias is considered highly important for a just site selection. Distributional aspects, such as notions of utilitarianism, retribution, or the exemption of environmentally burdened regions are generally not approved but more detailed questions have shown that such notions cannot be dismissed at this early stage of the site selection process. The difference for general agreement can also be observed for intergenerational recognition, as the recognition of future generations is regarded as necessary, but concrete implications (retrievability or enclosure) are assessed ambiguously. Although some factors of justice are assessed more importantly than others, the analysis has shown that the interrelations between the different dimensions of justice are manifold and the argument that one dimension can be substituted for another one is too reductive.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-11-30
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12060179
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 6 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 180: ‘You Know Them
           All’–Trust, Cooperation, and Cultural Volunteering in Rural
           Areas in Germany

    • Authors: Thi Huyen Trang Le, Nina Kolleck
      First page: 180
      Abstract: (1) Background: Rural areas are characterised by a higher number of volunteers compared to urban centres in Germany. In this context, cultural and arts education is one of the largest voluntary sectors. However, an increasing decline in (cultural) volunteering can be observed. To counteract the decrease, it is important to strengthen regional cooperation and social networks, which are based on trust. The connection between trust, volunteering, and social networks has already been examined, but we still do not fully understand the emergence of trust in the link of cultural education cooperation and networks in rural areas. (2) Methods: A total of 34 semi-structured interviews in combination with egocentric network maps were conducted in four rural regions. The interview data were audio-recorded, transcribed, and analysed using qualitative content analysis. (3) Results: Four dimensions of trust-building were identified: 1. presence and spatial proximity, 2. multiplexity, 3. third party, and 4. community spirit.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-12-01
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12060180
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 6 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 181: Family and Youth Development: Some Concepts
           and Findings Linked to The Ecocultural and Acculturation Models

    • Authors: John W. Berry
      First page: 181
      Abstract: Much research on migrants has focused on single individuals; however, the large-scale movement of people from one society to another often includes families made up of parents, their children and other relatives. Over time, these families and their members settle into their new society; they experience the process of acculturation and eventually adapt to their new circumstances. The processes of acculturation and adaptation are highly variable across cultural groups, societies of settlement, families and individuals. Sometimes this process is challenging, and may engender disagreements and conflicts among members of a family about how to acculturate. Variations in these patterns allow for the examination of which acculturation experiences and strategies lead to better adaptations. This paper reviews some of the core concepts and frameworks for examining them, and presents some findings on how families and youth acculturate and adapt. It concludes with some suggestions for how to acculturate using the integration strategy to improve family and individual adaptations.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-12-02
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12060181
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 6 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 182: The Assistive Technology Passport: A
           Resource for Enhancing Capabilities as a Result of Better Access to
           Assistive Technology

    • Authors: Mohamed I. Maalim, Malcolm MacLachlan
      First page: 182
      Abstract: The value of Assistive Technology in enabling active and equal participation in political, social, economic, and cultural life of people with disabilities, people ageing, and people with chronic conditions is broadly accepted. However, most of the global population who need assistive technology (AT) lack access to it, hence the call for international efforts to improve access to AT. Drawing from the capability approach (CA) developed by Amartya Sen and Martha C. Nussbaum, we explore factors that may hinder or facilitate access to AT. We examine the idea of an AT Passport as an innovative user-centered approach for improving access to AT. We used Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) to explore service users’ lived experiences of access to AT and their understanding of the AT Passport concept. We identified the core values of human diversity, equity, access to opportunity, and individual freedom to choose a life of significance to them. Access to AT is central to expanding these capabilities subject to conducive personal and social-contextual issues. The AT Passport could be developed as a capability-enhancing resource by facilitating access to AT, harnessing the diversity of people’s personal, social, and environmental factors to enrich peoples’ capability sets. Further research is required to identify core AT Passport functionalities, usability, and acceptability features.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-12-02
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12060182
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 6 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 183: Children and Drug Trafficking in Brazil:
           Can International Humanitarian Law Provide Protections for Children
           Involved in Drug Trafficking'

    • Authors: Veridiana Bessa Franciozo Diniz, Jody Lynn McBrien
      First page: 183
      Abstract: Brazil has seen a rise in children in narco-trafficking due to increased conflicts between factions and local law enforcement. Mainstream media and scholars tend to frame actions of these factions as organized crime, ignoring the generalized violence the communities and children experience. The aim of this study is to conduct a scoping review to consider whether or not Brazilian children involved in drug trafficking can be classified as child soldiers. Drawing from the international definition of Armed Conflict in Article 3 of the Geneva Convention of 1949 and Article 1 of the Additional Protocol II, and comparing situations of realities faced by Brazilian children involved in narco-trafficking, we argue that their reality is analogous to that of child soldiers, as defined by the Paris Principles on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict 2007; thus, going beyond the organized crime definition. In characterizing them as child soldiers, we argue for improving the children’s ability to be reintegrated into society, with the collective help of the international community.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-12-06
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12060183
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 6 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 184: Towards Inclusive Higher Education: A
           Multivariate Analysis of Social and Gender Inequalities

    • Authors: Mayte Gómez Marcos, Marcelo Ruiz Toledo, Claudio Ruff Escobar
      First page: 184
      Abstract: Universities are a key element in preventing any form of discrimination. Therefore, the United Nations 2030 Agenda recognizes their role through goal 4 regarding the quality of education. The 2030 agenda also includes goals 5 and 10, regarding gender equity and reducing inequalities as cross-cutting elements to boost social inclusion. The purpose of this research is to carry out a multivariate and dynamic analysis of the most outstanding universities in the global list of the THE Impact Rankings, which is the only tool that classifies these institutions in terms of the sustainable development goals (SDGs) to study how they are positioned in the indicators related to inequality. We also examine its evolution in the last three years and the relationship between goals 4, 5, and 10. The results show that less than half of the leading universities in sustainability carry out an active social inclusion policy. Additionally, most of them underwent significant changes in their trajectories to approach the indicator of gender equity. The research suggests there is still a long way to go to achieve social justice.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-12-07
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12060184
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 6 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 185: Using the Capability Approach to Review the
           National Legislative Frameworks for Support Services for Persons with
           Disabilities in Four Countries in Asia

    • Authors: Shivani Gupta, Agnes Meershoek, Luc P. de Witte
      First page: 185
      Abstract: Implementation of the United Nations Convention on the rights of persons with disabilities (UN CRPD) requires countries to harmonise their legislative frameworks with it. This paper investigates the national legislative frameworks of four Asian countries to see the extent to which they provide support services in accordance with Article 19 of the UN CRPD. The UN CRPD requires persons with disabilities to have access to and choice and control over support services. To analyse the policy alignment with the UN CRPD, an analytical framework based on the Capability Approach (CA) was developed. The results show that most countries address support services, including assistive devices, only from the perspective of a social security measure for persons with disabilities living in poverty, failing to uphold the rights of those not meeting those eligibility criteria. However, while support services are inseparably linked to social security, they also are a right for persons with disabilities. Therefore, a paradigm shift is required in the approach of support services and the distributive systems of countries, from one that addresses persons with disabilities as those requiring care considered a burden, to one that considers them rights holders with equal opportunities, for which, support services are a pre-requisite.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-12-08
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12060185
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 6 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 186: Staff Stress and Interpersonal Conflict in
           Secondary Schools—Implications for School Leadership

    • Authors: Patrick Bruce, Carol Bruce, Victor Hrymak, Niamh Hickey, Patricia Mannix McNamara
      First page: 186
      Abstract: The importance of school leadership and workplace stress is a recurring theme in education-based research. The literature reports that workplace stress in teaching is a difficult matter to resolve, with mixed outcomes from interventions. The aim of this initial scoping study was to report on the experiences of school leaders with interpersonal conflict (IPC), a known cause of this workplace stress. Accordingly, a sample of twelve school leaders working in Irish post primary schools were recruited to participate in this study using semi-structured interviews. All twelve participants reported experiencing workplace stress and linked other people as a source of this stress. Nine out of twelve had experienced IPC as a school leader. School leaders also noted a fear of reporting workplace stress. Half of the participants reported becoming ill from workplace stress and had taken time off from work. Participants also reported ‘balkanisation’ of like-minded cliques that tried to exert control over other groups. None of the participants expressed confidence in organisational strategies to resolve workplace stress or IPC. This study demonstrates that resolutions for IPC were scant. Further research is needed to conceptualise this phenomenon in the school environment and to support school leaders to effectively manage IPC as a cause of workplace stress.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-12-09
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12060186
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 6 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 187: The Post-COVID-19 Era, Fourth Industrial
           Revolution, and New Globalization: Restructured Labor Relations and
           Organizational Adaptation

    • Authors: Theodore Koutroukis, Dimos Chatzinikolaou, Charis Vlados, Victoria Pistikou
      First page: 187
      Abstract: This paper explores the directions of adaptation for socioeconomic organizations in the current global crisis and restructuring. We carry out an integrative and critical review, presenting the main questions—and possible directions of response—concerning how the post-COVID-19 era, the fourth industrial revolution, and new globalization seem to affect contemporary labor relations. We focus on the different levels of their manifestation (macro, meso, and micro levels), emphasizing worsening inequality trends in the work environment and the resulting organizational readaptation that seems to be required nowadays. The restructured labor markets can benefit from the diffusion of institutional innovations based on integrated social partnership schemes at the macro–meso–micro levels. We emphasize organizational adaptation at the microlevel, as the innovation and change management mechanisms it enables, presupposes, and harnesses are imperative for exiting any crisis.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-12-10
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12060187
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 6 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 188: House of Golden Records: Portugal’s
           Independent Record Stores (1998–2020)

    • Authors: Paula Guerra
      First page: 188
      Abstract: In this article, we explore the importance of Portuguese independent record stores by highlighting their role as catalysts of scenes and sociabilities, specifically in the major cities of Lisbon and Porto. We examine how these stores can be understood not only as spaces of consumption, but also as places where rituals are enacted and communities of taste are built. We focus on several levels of analysis: the emergence of a new economic rationale based on curation and collecting, the vinyl revival and the stores’ complex relationship with the technological and digital revolution. The methodology used is ethnographic analysis, with observations carried out in ten stores, complemented by interviews with owners and customers. We demonstrate that record stores began to offer not only objects for purchase, but experiences associated with cultural objects and new cultural practices based on the valorization of the object and craftsmanship, as well as the phenomenon of curation in the cultural world. We then analyse independent record stores as spaces of resistance against the dematerialization of music. The emergence of a new aspirational economy is explored, based on curation and on being in the present, rebuffing the Veblenian rationale of ostentation. In music scenes, curation demands legitimacy, so in the independent record stores studied, curation strategies are developed on three levels: spatial, individual and local. In the third section, we examine independent record stores as spaces of rituals because they combine the existence of a totem, the relevance of a space loaded with symbolic density and the presence of social actors who carry out the rituals in this symbolic space—that is, social actors with subcultural capital in the music scene(s). In the last section, we dissect the relationship between independent record stores and their local context, exploring issues of local curation, in particular, the legitimacy associated with belonging to a specific place.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-12-14
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12060188
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 6 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 189: Racial and Ethnic Inequalities, Health
           Disparities and Racism in Times of COVID-19 Pandemic Populism in the EU:
           Unveiling Anti-Migrant Attitudes, Precarious Living Conditions and
           Barriers to Integration in Greece

    • Authors: Theodoros Fouskas, George Koulierakis, Fotini-Maria Mine, Athanasios Theofilopoulos, Sofia Konstantopoulou, Fabiola Ortega-de-Mora, Dimitrios Georgiadis, Georgia Pantazi
      First page: 189
      Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic has had a significant impact particularly on the most vulnerable populations, including immigrants, asylum seekers and refugees in the EU. The article depicts the results of the comparative research project “Local Alliance for Integration (LION/GSRI/University of West Attica/81018): Migrant and Refugee integration into local societies in times of the COVID-19 pandemic in Spain and Greece” implementing a qualitative methodology. This article analyses via 32 in-depth interviews the experiences of immigrants, asylum seekers and refugees in Greece, the increased barriers towards integration due to racial and ethnic inequalities, precarity and health disparities during this period which function as a means of perpetuating exclusion in five sectors: (a) formal employment, (b) healthcare, (c) formal education and language training, (d) housing and social care/protection, and (e) intercultural coexistence as well as the new rise of a hostile rhetoric and anti-migrant attitudes under a COVID-19 pandemic populism. The unravelling of the narratives revealed perceptions and practices of inequality and uncertainty as well as of hope. The socioeconomic impact of the pandemic on immigrants, asylum seekers and refugees, similarities and differences that occurred and evidence of the ongoing obstacles they encountered during the pandemic are presented. Policy and practice implications include the implementation of prevention measures by the institutions that are tasked with the responsibility to remove hindrances, address unequal treatment, racial/ethnic and social inequalities and raise awareness on multiple ways in which the COVID-19 pandemic has intensified vulnerability.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-12-14
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12060189
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 6 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 190: Human Resource Professionals’
           Responses to Workplace Bullying

    • Authors: Kelly Rae, Annabelle M. Neall
      First page: 190
      Abstract: Workplace bullying manifests in significant costs to individuals and organisations. The obligation to resolve such cases largely falls on Human Resource Professionals (HRPs). Little is known, however, about the antecedents to HRPs’ helping behaviour in these scenarios. Using the attribution–emotion model of stigmatisation, this study explored how HRPs are influenced in their response to workplace bullying. Australian HRPs (n = 84) were assigned to one of four experimental vignette scenarios, differing in target (approach/avoidance coping) and perpetrator (effort vs. non-effortful response) behaviour. The results revealed that targets who fail to act to resolve situations of bullying were regarded as more responsible and less likely to receive help, but HRPs were more sympathetic and inclined to help non-responsive perpetrators when the targets also avoided the situation. The findings indicate two key areas for training and development that could improve HRPs evaluations and management of workplace bullying.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-12-15
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12060190
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 6 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 191: An Image-Based Approach to Measuring Human

    • Authors: Valters Kaže, Gatis Bolinskis, Jevgenijs Kurovs
      First page: 191
      Abstract: This study aims to explore the potential of using a novel image-based approach to measuring individuals’ human values. This could result in higher-quality measurements by circumventing the drawbacks of the text-based methods prone to social biases affecting the truthful interpretation of complex verbal constructions and a low respondent engagement due to lengthy interviews. A review of the academic literature on image-based research into human values is performed and validated by our own empirical research on a representative sample of the Latvian population to compare the results of our image-based approach with the text-based approach. Our findings suggest that currently, most image-based methodologies for measuring the values and motivations of individuals lack structure and verified application. There is no precise and widely accepted methodology. However, a well-developed image-based research methodology has the potential to fill in this gap. The results confirm that an individual’s values can be identified and structured into a personal hierarchy by applying both text-based methods (asking respondents to evaluate written statements) and image-based methods (evaluation of selected images representing specific values). Our study employs a new image-based approach that seems to offer a more straightforward and more precise way of measuring values compared to the text-based approach.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-12-15
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12060191
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 6 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 192: Leadership Styles, Organizational Climate,
           and School Climate Openness from the Perspective of Slovak Vocational
           School Teachers

    • Authors: Silvia Barnová, Silvia Treľová, Slávka Krásna, Eleonóra Beňová, Lívia Hasajová, Gabriela Gabrhelová
      First page: 192
      Abstract: The aim of the proposed study is to present the partial results of a research study on the organizational climate in vocational schools as perceived by teachers. Special attention is paid to the applied leadership style by school leaders, and the existence of associations between school leaders’ and teachers’ behaviour in schools. Organizational climate was measured by the standardized OCDQ-RS adapted to the conditions of the Slovak educational environment on the sample of 474 vocational schoolteachers. The scale measures five dimensions: Supportive principal behaviour; Directive principal behaviour; Engaged teacher behaviour; Frustrated teacher behaviour; and Intimate teacher behaviour, allowing for calculation of the Index of school climate openness, which is an indicator of the quality of the organizational climate. The obtained results confirmed the existence of associations between teacher and principal behaviour and school climate openness. It can be assumed that the applied leadership style in an institution can affect the quality of interpersonal relationships and teacher behaviour both in positive and negative directions. Therefore, it is important to pay attention to building favourable organizational climate in schools, which represents a challenge for school leaders and educational systems that should provide school leaders with sufficient learning opportunities in the field of school leadership.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-12-17
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12060192
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 6 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 193: Digitalization of Educational
           Organizations: Evaluation and Improvement Based on DigCompOrg Model

    • Authors: Ángel David Fernández-Miravete, Paz Prendes-Espinosa
      First page: 193
      Abstract: The digitalization of educational organizations is a political and social priority at European level and the model which is the basis for the analysis is DigCompOrg as part of the European Framework of Competences. This article summarizes the results of a longitudinal evaluative research (from 2018 until 2022) around the digitalization process of a compulsory secondary education center. We have applied a mixed method and an evaluative research design based on the use of questionnaires, focus groups and a research diary. This article is focused on data from the last evaluation (2021–2022) where the participants are 26 members of the management team, 46 teachers and 374 students. Our results show that progress has been made in the digitalization process, especially in some areas such as leadership, infrastructure/equipment and pedagogy/support/resources, which have obtained high scores. On the other hand, the data also show other areas where there is more scope for improvement, such as collaboration, digital networks and also innovative assessment practices. This research can be valuable as an example of a good practice around the digitalization of institutions of formal education.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-12-18
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12060193
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 6 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 194: Individual Attitudes towards Immigration in
           Turkey: Evidence from the European Social Survey

    • Authors: Esra Karapınar Kocağ, Simonetta Longhi
      First page: 194
      Abstract: One of the reasons why people hold anti-immigration attitudes is the fear that immigrants “rob jobs” of natives and decrease wages. However, academic literature finds that this is not the case. Nevertheless, in various countries, people still tend to oppose immigration. Opposition to immigration was particularly high in Turkey in the early 2000s, where almost half of the respondents to the Turkish part of the European Social Survey reported they would prefer to allow no immigrants into Turkey. This is although immigration to Turkey is very low. Turkey is becoming an important destination country as conflicts in neighboring countries force many people to flee. Therefore, understanding the opposition to immigration in Turkey is crucial for managing age immigration flows efficiently. For this purpose, we investigate the determinants of attitudes towards immigration in Turkey using the European Social Survey and Turkish population census data. The findings of the ordered probit model reveal that Turkish people tend to hold more negative attitudes towards immigration where the regional share of immigrants is higher. The little chance of contact with immigrants in Turkey through a lower share of immigrants compared to other European countries seems to influence natives’ pro-immigrant attitudes negatively.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-12-19
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12060194
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 6 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 123: Materialism and Immorality: More Urban than

    • Authors: Adam Okulicz-Kozaryn
      First page: 123
      Abstract: Metropolitan areas tend to be materialistic/consumerist, and materialism/consumerism is usually considered immoral. Some literature argues that in cities, in general, there is more vice and immorality. In this study, we empirically explore the relationship between urbanness and materialism/immorality using 1972–2018 US General Social Survey. We find much support for a hypothesis that urbanness is associated with higher materialism and immorality. Seven out of eight measures show some evidence of more materialism/immorality in large cities, and four measures remain significant even in the most oversaturated models. However, we caution, as it is one of the first quantitative studies in the area, that the evidence is provisional. While there is a lot of theory, more empirical quantitative research is needed. The study is associative, not causal, and results may not generalize outside of the US.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-08-31
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12050123
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 5 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 124: Users’ and Providers’
           Perceptions about Integrated Health Care in Southern Denmark

    • Authors: Fadumo Noor, Gabriel Gulis, Leena Eklund Karlsson
      First page: 124
      Abstract: Health care systems are increasingly complex, and evidence shows poor coordination of care within and between providers, as well as at the interface between different levels of care. The purpose of this study is to explore users’ and providers’ (stakeholders’) perspectives of integrated care in Denmark. We conducted qualitative interviews with 19 providers and 18 users that were analysed through inductive content analysis. Providers’ and stakeholders’ perceived deficits in system-level factors, lack of organizational culture, weaknesses in communication, a need for a shift towards considering equity in access to health services and focus on person-centeredness. Fundamental changes suggested by participants were better sharing of information and knowledge, focus on stronger trust building, efforts in making communication more effective, and changes in incentive structure. Users perceived poor navigation in the health care system, frustration when they experienced that the services were not based on their needs and lack of support for improving their health literacy. The study showed health care weaknesses in improving user involvement in decision-making, enhancing the user–provider relationship, coordination, and access to services. Public health within integrated care requires policies and management practices that promote system awareness, relationship-building and information-sharing and provides incentive structures that support integration.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-09-09
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12050124
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 5 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 125: Conditions Contributing to Positive and
           Negative Outcomes of Children’s ICT Use: Protocol for a Scoping

    • Authors: Idunn Seland, Halla B. Holmarsdottir, Christer Hyggen, Olaf Kapella, Dimitris Parsanoglou, Merike Sisask
      First page: 125
      Abstract: Children and young people are often labelled the “digital generation”, naturally equipped with the skills to reap the benefits of digitised education, working life and communication through social media now and in the future. However, this age group’s use of information and communication technology (ICT) is not uniform, nor are the outcomes of their adaption to ICT. Shaped by their social environment and socioeconomic conditions, the potential benefits of children’s and young people’s ICT use may vary greatly, contributing to increased inequalities that exacerbate vulnerability for some while promoting health and well-being for others. This paper presents a protocol for conceptualising, systematically identifying and synthesising the literature on which conditions contribute to children and young people being negatively or positively impacted by their use of ICT. Here, children and young people are seen as social actors in four domains of their everyday lives illustrated through the digital ecosystem: family, leisure, education and civic participation. This protocol’s overview of the actors’ navigation within and across the different domains and potential for studying the interactions between the different spheres of the ecosystem may advance the understanding of both the risks and benefits facing children and young people in their digital lives.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-09-09
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12050125
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 5 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 126: The Impact of Information Sessions on
           Women’s Anxiety when Facing a Voluntary Termination of Pregnancy
           (VTP)—A Case Study about Geneva University Hospitals (Switzerland)

    • Authors: Medina
      First page: 126
      Abstract: Women going through a termination of their pregnancy (VTP) face a stressful situation that should be managed by hospitals in a multidisciplinary way: law, public health, and communication. This paper aims to analyze how the information sessions organized by hospitals influence women’s decisions when facing a VTP. To achieve that, we resorted to four main methodologies: (a) literature review about law, public health, and communication; (b) a 4-week participant observation at Port Royal Hospital (France) and in a social restaurant in Katowice (Poland), as well as three focus groups in the first institution (2012); (c) an online survey addressed to 500 women in Poland, France, and Switzerland (2012–2014); and (d) two focus groups and one deep interview with doctors and nurses from Geneva University Hospitals and Lausanne University Hospital in Switzerland (2017–2018). Based on our quantitative results, we developed a medical protocol to help doctors interact with patients going through a VTP. This protocol was approved by the Geneva University Hospitals’ Ethics Committee (BASEC 2018-01983). We concluded that women’s informed consent is an intimate, reciprocal decision; doctors should help them to make independent decisions; and hospitals need to establish a harmonized discourse based on a code of internal communication, train their doctors in communication skills, and help them adopt a more flexible approach when taking care of these patients.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-09-09
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12050126
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 5 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 127: Soviet Heritage(scape) in Sillamäe:
           Documenting the Potential in an Emerging Tourism Destination

    • Authors: Saara Mildeberg, Jaanika Vider
      First page: 127
      Abstract: In 2014, the National Heritage Board of Estonia began the procedure for declaring the town centre of the former Soviet secret uranium town of Sillamäe in Northeast Estonia a heritage conservation area. The process is expected to be finalised in 2023, making it the first area where Soviet architecture would be under protection in Estonia. By approaching the town theoretically and methodologically as a heritagescape where components of tangible landscape are used to create a distinct place of the past, looking at how the town’s official development policy relates to the existing representations of the past in the town’s memory institutions, and interviewing local stakeholders, this article provides a broader and more nuanced understanding of Sillamäe and its tourism potential. Sillamäe as heritagescape offers tourists the chance to experience a curated version of the Soviet era and contemplate on the legacy of nuclear industry, while remaining in the safety of a resort town in the periphery of the European Union.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-09-12
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12050127
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 5 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 128: Inclusion Capital: How Police Officers Are
           Included in Their Workplaces

    • Authors: Kate Linklater
      First page: 128
      Abstract: Policing organisations are increasingly expected to be representative of the diversity (e.g., gender, sexuality, ethnicity and religion) in the communities they serve. However, inclusion of these officers in the workplace often requires them to fit into prevailing police culture, meaning that the cultural changes expected in association with increased diversity are not achieved as readily in police organisations. Drawing upon semi-structured interviews with twenty police detectives, in this article, I assert that there are three core characteristics required of police officers needed to promote inclusion and acceptance in their workplace, regardless of their diversity status. These characteristics are cultural congruence, competence and team-player ability—together known as ‘inclusion capital’. The definitions of these three inclusion capital characteristics are shaped by the prevailing police culture and organisational policy and are subject to change. An individual officer’s understanding and ability to prove these three characteristics are reflected in how well they are included and accepted amongst their colleagues. This paper contributes to previous findings on police culture using Bourdieu’s theories of ‘capital’ in a new way to explain how and why police are included in their workplace. It also describes how these findings might be used by police managers to improve workplace inclusion for all minoritised officers.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-09-13
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12050128
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 5 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 129: Graffiti and Street Art between
           Ephemerality and Making Visible the Culture and Heritage in Cities:
           Insight at International Level and in Bucharest

    • Authors: Andreea-Loreta Cercleux
      First page: 129
      Abstract: The paper aims to analyze, on one hand, the evolution and interpretation of graffiti and street art phenomenon in the Romanian capital, Bucharest, and at international level, and on the other hand how this subculture is related to aspects of culture and heritage. The analysis of the evolution followed by graffiti and street art in Bucharest is doubled by the investigation of the messages transmitted in relation to the national and local culture and history, as street art may be seen as an efficient tool contributing to local cultural identity building. The methods used rely on a complex approach, combining observation and photos from field research, documentation, and data collection from different organizations and online communities. Street art works have various positive effects on the urban landscape, including in relation to culture and heritage in time. The results demonstrate that in Bucharest, street art contributes to highlighting mainly the key-moments and the personalities in culture and history that contribute to shaping a part of cultural identity.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-09-14
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12050129
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 5 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 130: Each Person as an End' The Users’
           Choices in the Service Delivery Process for Assistive Technology in

    • Authors: Nóra Menich
      First page: 130
      Abstract: Based on notions from the Capability Approach, this study investigates the service delivery process for assistive technology in Hungary. The research aimed to explore whether the service delivery is person-centered, with a specific focus on the users’ possible choices. In addition to a comprehensive analysis of legislative and policy documents, qualitative data were collected in semi-structured interviews with users and professionals (n = 31) to gain a deeper understanding of personal experiences. Our findings indicate that the service delivery system is product-centered and dominated by financial considerations. The policy and legislation framework does not provide an institutional guarantee for users to be able to have their voices heard; the extent to which their opinions and preferences prevail depends on the attitude, knowledge, and goodwill of the professionals involved in the process. The realization of a person-centered approach will be hindered as long as the users’ needs are viewed from a medical point of view.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-09-16
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12050130
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 5 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 131: Attitudes and Practices towards HPV
           Vaccination and Its Social Processes in Europe: An Equity-Focused Scoping

    • Authors: Violeta Alarcão, Bilyana Zdravkova
      First page: 131
      Abstract: The sociological understanding of the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination offers the possibility to understand society better as the processes that shape health beliefs and influence HPV vaccine decisions relate to gender, power, and identity. This research aimed to locate, select, and critically assess scientific evidence regarding the attitudes and practices towards HPV vaccination and its social processes with a focus on health equity. A scoping review following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses extension for scoping reviews (PRISMA-ScR) and the recommendations made by the Joanna Briggs Institute was undertaken. Medline and Scopus were searched from their start date until December 2021. The review followed the Population/Concept/Context (PCC) inclusion criteria: Population = General population, adults and adolescents, Concept = Empirical data on determinants of HPV vaccination, Context= Studies on attitudes and practices towards HPV vaccination and its social processes with a focus on gender, class, and ethnic/racial inequalities. Of the 235 selected articles, 28 were from European countries and were the focus of this review, with special attention to socio-economic determinants in HPV vaccine hesitancy in Europe, a region increasingly affected by vaccination public distrust and criticism. Barriers and facilitators of HPV vaccine uptake and determinants of immunization were identified. Given the emphasis on health equity, these data are relevant to strengthening vaccination programs to promote vaccination for all people.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-09-18
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12050131
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 5 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 132: “How Do I See Myself' It’s
           Complicated”: Qualitatively Eliciting, Analyzing and Understanding
           Individuals’ Self-Attitudes towards Identity in an Australian Jewish

    • Authors: Jennifer Creese
      First page: 132
      Abstract: It can be difficult to define what “identity” means and encapsulates in groups and communities. This is particularly true in ethnic communities, where identity can overflow neat categories like religion, culture and nationality. Yet understanding what makes and shapes identity in a community can provide insight into its activities, tensions and motivations, aiding community research. In this paper, I document a methodology of the elicitation of self-understanding, from members of a community group, of their own identities within the group context, using a case study of members of an Australian Jewish community. The themes that arise from analyzing the elicited responses, and the participants’ discussions of them, highlight key ways that contemporary identity might be understood within this particular community. The exercise uncovered trends and tensions within the negotiation of identity as part of a minority community, which could inform and enrich broader study with this group.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-09-18
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12050132
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 5 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 133: The National Bioengineered Food Disclosure
           Standard of 2016: Intersection of Technology and Public Understanding of
           Science in the United States

    • Authors: Brianne Suldovsky, William K. Hallman
      First page: 133
      Abstract: Genetically modified (GM) foods have been commercially available in the US for more than two decades, yet Americans know very little about them. With the implementation of the National Bioengineered Food Disclosure Standard of 2016, food manufacturers will be required to disclose the presence of GM ingredients in their food products. How food manufacturers communicate with consumers about GM ingredients may have consequences for public understanding of GM technology. In Study 1, we explore how food manufacturers characterize GM ingredients within their food products on SmartLabel, a digital disclosure website established by the Grocery Manufacturers Association. In Study 2, we test the effect of those characterizations on perceived risks and benefits of GM food. Overall, we find that varying characterizations of GM ingredients do not significantly affect perceived risks and benefits. Post hoc analyses suggest that knowledge of GM technology and moral evaluation of GM technology significantly predict perceived risks and benefits. Implications for the public communication of GM technology are discussed.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-09-20
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12050133
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 5 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 134: Facing Conspiracies: Biden’s
           Counter-Speech to Trumpist Messages in the Framework of the 2020 US

    • Authors: Concha Pérez-Curiel, Rubén Rivas-de-Roca, Ricardo Domínguez-García
      First page: 134
      Abstract: The climate of division and polarization in the US politics is increasing, going beyond the time in the office of a specific leader. Several political or technological challenges have ended up eroding this trust, making social cohesion difficult. In this context, this research examines the communication strategies of the elected president Biden after the 2020 elections, shedding light on how his legitimacy was built. All the messages that the Democrat published on his personal Twitter account (@JoeBiden) were collected, from the day after the presidential elections (4 November 2020) until his inauguration as president of the United States (20 January 2021). Using a content analysis method on issue/game frame and dissemination of the messages (n = 379), and an analysis of the 100 first keywords, results showed a plan of the Democratic candidate to reinforce the role of public institutions but without interaction with the polarized electorate. In this sense, the strategies of the president-elect related to the promotion of political action, the call for unity, and the fight against the pandemic stood out. The frequent use of words with a positive attitude reveals how Biden avoided confrontation with Donald Trump.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-09-22
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12050134
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 5 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 135: The (Un)Changing Political Economy of Arts,
           Cultural and Community Engagement, the Creative Economy and Place-Based
           Development during Austere Times

    • Authors: Daniel H. Mutibwa
      First page: 135
      Abstract: This article explores arts, cultural and community engagement (ACCE) in the context of enduring austerity in England. Working with a methodically crafted synthesis of theoretical perspectives drawn from (1) the critical political economy (CPE) tradition, (2) the sociology of cultural production, (3) cultural studies and critical strands of community development scholarship, and (4) pertinent discourses on the creative economy and place-based development, the article reviews the political, economic and institutional ecosystem within which a bottom-up approach to ACCE operates. Making use of ethnography for data-gathering, the article explores how three carefully selected case studies respond to the demands and pressures generated by, and associated with, corporate interest and top-down, policy-driven subsidy—including how such responses shape and position the work of the case studies in the contemporary creative economy and local place-based development. The article argues that ACCE contributes meaningfully to the development of self-governance and organic growth through egalitarian cross-sectoral alliances and cultural and social entrepreneurship. However, this happens only if the said ecosystem genuinely supports equality and social justice. Where such support is non-existent, established hierarchies perpetuate domination and exploitation. This stifles wider creative and cultural engagement on the terms of communities.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-09-26
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12050135
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 5 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 136: Conceptual Cartography for the Systematic
           Study of Music Education Based on ICT or EdTech

    • Authors: Antonio León-Garrido, Julio Manuel Barroso-Osuna, Carmen Llorente-Cejudo
      First page: 136
      Abstract: Music and its study have always been present among people. Its learning is significant, as it provides benefits and helps in the acquisition of many abilities and skills. However, didactic, methodological, and pedagogical changes have begun to appear that nurture and provide new challenges to their learning. Fully adapting to the 21st century and abiding by the great demand for technologies, we have seen the rise of ICT (Information and Communication Technologies), which have also been conceived as educational technology (EdTech), when applied to education. Due to these reasons, the need to conduct a systematic literature review in four databases has arisen to find out whether the use of technology in music education helps to facilitate the teaching-learning process of students. Evidence from this research has been collected using concept mapping to organize the training process. Finally, it is relevant to comment that evidence has been found and verified that the use of Edtech helps in the learning of Music Education; given that, in various documents, it is observed that they increase motivation, musical-technological thinking, critical thinking, creativity, musical practice, and musical improvisation and that they give rise to fun, playful, enjoyable, and stimulating learning.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-09-30
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12050136
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 5 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 137: Design-Driven Conflicts: Exploring the
           Contribution of Design for Constructing Social Controversies from a
           Theoretical Standpoint

    • Authors: Moein Nedaei, Alexis Jacoby, Els Du Bois
      First page: 137
      Abstract: Controversies are an inseparable part of social systems which, if constructed properly, can create a unique condition for higher-order learning. In addition, design inquiry, as a process of thought and planning, is also a constructive process. This provokes the question of how to construct controversies from a designerly perspective in order to steer higher-order learning. This paper presents a theoretical contribution to the field of social system design by providing the first insights into design intervention to facilitate a network of allied construction. Through a systematic review of the concept of conflict and disagreement, the link between controversies and knowledge transmission is examined in order to highlight the benefit of controversies in a constructive way. Next to that, the essential steps for constructing a network of allies are proposed. These steps are compared with specific aspects of design in order to unfold the advantages of design for network construction. Finally, the paper wraps up with concluding remarks about the necessity of having a bridging step from theory to action in order to facilitate the construction of controversies in a real-life context.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-10-02
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12050137
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 5 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 138: The Construction of Identities in the
           Pre-Service Training of Social Sciences Teachers

    • Authors: Noelia Pérez-Rodríguez, Antoni Santisteban, Nicolás De-Alba-Fernández, Elisa Navarro-Medina
      First page: 138
      Abstract: We live in a global society in which conflicts arise from the non-acceptance of existing diversity. To achieve more inclusive and fair societies, it is necessary that education and, specifically, Social Sciences, attend to the development of identities from the school itself. We present a qualitative case study with Primary Education teachers in initial training at two Spanish universities: the Autonomous University of Barcelona and the University of Seville. By means of a questionnaire with open and closed questions, we explored the representations of future teachers on the construction of their identity, as well as their practical perspectives on the approach to identities in the primary classroom. Quantitative and qualitative techniques were used for data analysis. The most relevant results of the study indicate that in the two cases analyzed the students have a mixed perspective on the construction of their identities, in which the elements linked to local, social, and linguistic contexts are more important. In relation to the approach to identities in the classroom, there are some differences and similarities between the groups that make us reflect on the need to promote a model of initial training that links the teaching of identities not only with knowledge of our present and past, but also with social transformation and the future.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-10-02
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12050138
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 5 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 139: Migrant Entrepreneurship and Social
           Integration: A Case-Study Analysis among Bangladeshi Vendors in Rome

    • Authors: Michele Filippo Fontefrancesco, Sharon Mendonce
      First page: 139
      Abstract: Migration and migrants’ integration are prominent aspects of globalized contemporary society. In this respect, a key question appears of how to foster the full participation of migrants in the host society. This article investigates the role of migrant entrepreneurship as a vector of integration. Based on case-study research conducted among Bangladeshi vendors in Nuovo Mercato Esquilino in Rome, the article highlights the potentialities in terms of social and market innovation of such activity. However, it points out that this way forward cannot be considered a generalized solution, relying on strong social and cultural capital that not all migrants, in particular asylum seekers, may have. Thus, it proposes a normative adjustment to empowering migrants and facilitating their endeavors.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-10-06
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12050139
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 5 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 140: Equality, Diversity, and Inclusion
           Strategies Adopted in a European University Alliance to Facilitate the
           Higher Education-to-Work Transition

    • Authors: Siri, Leone, Bencivenga
      First page: 140
      Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted higher education, imposing the need to add new strategies to academic educational models to facilitate young people’s transitions from education to work. Among the new challenges, the research study focuses on the importance of valuing and incrementing inclusion, raising awareness of equality, diversity, and inclusion (EDI) strategies and policies. Many universities have yet to develop inclusive processes and cultures that provide equality of opportunity for all, regardless of gender, ethnicity, social class, sexual orientation, physical ability, identity, and cultural background. Since 2019, the European Commission has financed “European Universities”, networks of universities creating international competitive degrees that combine excellent study programmes in different European countries. Today, 340 institutions in 44 European University Alliances (EUAs) promote European values and identity and revolutionise their quality and competitiveness to become the "universities of the future". This article proposes a comprehensive approach to promote EDI within the EUA “ULYSSEUS” involving Spanish, Italian, Austrian, French, Finnish, and Slovakian universities through micro-actions to apply EDI principles at the project level. The authors will frame the theoretical basis of the experience through documentary analysis and their academic expertise in promoting strategies connected with the European values enshrined in Article 2 of the Treaty on European Union: pluralism, tolerance, justice, solidarity, non-discrimination and equality. Implementing these values through visible micro-actions could document and counteract the disadvantages underrepresented groups face in academia. In the mid-term, the experience had by the students in the EUA could facilitate the higher education-to-work transition, allowing them to replicate their EDI-related experience as students to their future roles as citizens and workers. The outcome could thus contribute to a life-wide learning perspective for a more inclusive Europe in the long term.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-10-07
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12050140
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 5 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 141: Do Assistive Products Enhance or Equalize
           Opportunities' A Comparison of Capability across Persons with
           Impairments Using and Not Using Assistive Products and Persons without
           Impairments in Bangladesh

    • Authors: Johan Borg, Natasha Layton, Per-Olof Östergren, Stig Larsson
      First page: 141
      Abstract: Aiming to compare capability across persons with impairments using and not using assistive products and persons without impairments in Bangladesh for 16 different functioning, we contrast two sets of self-reported cross-sectional data from eight districts of Bangladesh: i) data from persons with hearing impairment not using hearing aids, persons with hearing impairment using hearing aids and persons without impairments (N = 572); and ii) data from persons with ambulatory impairment not using manual wheelchairs, persons with ambulatory impairment using manual wheelchairs and persons without impairments (N = 598). Kruskal–Wallis tests were used to compare levels of capability across the three groups in each data set. Results showed that, for all functioning in both data sets, the levels of capability were statistically significantly highest for persons without impairments. Compared to persons with hearing impairments not using hearing aids, persons with hearing impairments using hearing aids scored higher in all functioning metrics, with statistical significance at the .05 level for 12 of them. Persons with ambulatory impairments using manual wheelchairs scored higher than persons with ambulatory impairments not using manual wheelchairs for 11 of the functioning metrics, but none of the comparisons between the two groups were significant at the .05 level. Assistive products—hearing aids more than manual wheelchairs—enhance capabilities but do not fully equalize opportunities between people with and without impairments.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-10-08
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12050141
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 5 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 142: Transformative Processes of Gerontological
           Responses in Different Models of Public Providentialism in the COVID-19
           Context: A Bibliometric Review

    • Authors: Bruno Pires, Hermínia Gonçalves
      First page: 142
      Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic has affected the entire world population at multiple levels. Within the most vulnerable population, the elderly have seen their usual fragilities worsened in an epidemiological context. Thus, it was necessary to reinforce the gerontological response to aging at home, or in place, framed in situations of comorbidities, health problems, economic need and isolation, among other situations of premeditated situations of aging fragility. Objective: Seeking to explain a model of gerontological response to aging-in-place in future pandemic situations. For that purpose, we have explored, through a scientific literature review, the relationship between public participation and the gerontological response to aging-in-place during COVID-19, considering the four main European welfare models. During this analysis we also intended to identify the reconfigurations from those responses, considering their place-based/neutral order. Methodology: To proceed in this analysis, we used a Systematic Literature Review (SLR) to identify a series of articles that add value to this problem. Next, in order to identify current research trends, we undertook a Bibliometric Analysis (BA), using the metadata from the same set of articles collected from Scopus and Web of Science. Results: The literature on the subject is interdisciplinary, dispersed throughout areas such as health; social sciences; politics; and computational, molecular, and even environmental fields of study. Through the use of keywords, the literature found on the relationship between the type of gerontological responses to aging-in-place and providence systems is still insufficient. There are, however, other research possibilities, such as exploring indicators of gerontological responses, of public expenditure or of the type of support from interlocutor stakeholders through a comparative study between countries, which allowed us to robustly answer the central question: Is there any relationship between the different public welfare systems and the public participation model, which included community participation, in the gerontological response to aging-in-place during the COVID-19 pandemic'
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-10-09
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12050142
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 5 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 143: Meeting Unmet Needs for Stroke
           Rehabilitation in Rural Public Health: Explorative Economic Evaluation of
           Upper Limb Robotics-Based Technologies through a Capabilities Lens

    • Authors: Natasha Brusco, Andrea Voogt, Melissa Nott, Libby Callaway, Mae Mansoubi, Natasha Layton
      First page: 143
      Abstract: Rehabilitation technologies are rapidly evolving, presenting promising interventions for people with neurological impairments. Access to technology, however, is greater in metropolitan than rural areas. Applying a capabilities approach to this access issue foregrounds healthcare recipients’ rights and personhood within the discourse on resource allocation. Within this context, this study aimed to investigate the economic viability of robotics-based therapy (RBT) in rural Victoria, Australia. A regional health network developed a model of care to provide equitable access to RBT following stroke. This explorative economic evaluation examined both the clinical and economic impact of RBT program implementation across six program iterations compared to 1:1 out-patient rehabilitation. While clinical outcomes were equivalent, the per patient RBT cost ranged from AUD 2681 (Program 1) to AUD 1957 (Program 6), while the per patient cost of usual care 1:1 out-patient rehabilitation, was AUD 2584. Excluding Program 1, the health service cost of usual care 1:1 out-patient rehabilitation was consistently higher, indicating that an established RBT program may be cost-effective, specifically providing less cost for the same effect. This research demonstrates the economic feasibility of delivering RBT in a regional public health stroke service. More broadly, it provided a reduction in the capability gap between rural and metropolitan stroke survivors by tackling an access disadvantage.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-10-10
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12050143
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 5 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 144: Child Internalizing Problems in Ukraine:
           The Role of Prosocial and Antisocial Friends and Generalized Self-Efficacy

    • Authors: Viktor Burlaka, Oleksii Serdiuk, Jun Sung Hong, Lisa A. O’Donnell, Serhii Maksymenko, Vitalii Panok, Heorhii Danylenko, Igor Linskiy, Valerii Sokurenko, Iuliia Churakova, Nadiya Ilchyshyn
      First page: 144
      Abstract: The current study examines the association between peer behaviors, self-efficacy, and internalizing symptoms in a sample of 1545 children aged 11 to 13 years old who attended middle schools in eastern Ukraine. We used structural equation modeling (SEM) to examine the role of self-efficacy in the relationship between child internalizing behaviors (anxiety, depression, and somatic complaints) and exposure to prosocial and antisocial friends among girls and boys. Higher self-efficacy was linked with fewer internalizing symptoms for girls and boys. For both boys and girls, exposure to prosocial friends was not statistically associated with changes in internalizing behaviors. However, girls and boys who reported having more antisocial friends had significantly more internalizing symptoms. For girls, association with a greater number of prosocial friends and fewer antisocial friends has been linked with higher self-efficacy and fewer internalizing symptoms. For boys, having more prosocial friends was also linked with higher self-efficacy and fewer internalizing symptoms; however, there was no statistically significant association between having more antisocial friends and self-efficacy. The study discusses the cultural and gender aspects of child socialization in the context of antisocial and prosocial friends, and the development of internalizing behavior problems.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-10-13
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12050144
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 5 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 145: A Food Sovereignty Approach to Localization
           in International Solidarity

    • Authors: Beatriz Oliver, Leticia Ama Deawuo, Sheila Rao
      First page: 145
      Abstract: Renewed calls for localization and the “decolonization of aid” are raising questions about whose knowledge and control are privileged. This article argues that in order to support local decision-making on food systems and agricultural aid, international solidarity work should look towards food sovereignty and agroecology approaches. Food sovereignty and agroecology, informed by feminist approaches, can provide important lessons for localization as they prioritize local knowledge and decision-making, and are based on social justice principles. They also provide alternatives to the problematic concept of “development”, particularly the agro-industrial development model which contributes to environmental and health crises, corporate concentration, colonialism and inequality. An example of the trajectory of the NGO SeedChange is provided to help illustrate how food sovereignty can: (1) provide an alternative to problematic development concepts, and (2) encourage localization and greater priority to global South perspectives. While acknowledging that there exist contradictions and challenges to shared decision-making, learning from partners in the global South working for seed and food sovereignty has been crucial to shaping the organization’s programs and policy advocacy.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-10-14
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12050145
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 5 (2022)
  • Societies, Vol. 12, Pages 146: Impact of the Cholera Epidemic of
           1867–1868 on the Global Excess Deaths of the Resident Population in
           the Province of Córdoba

    • Authors: Jorge Hugo Villafañe
      First page: 146
      Abstract: Cholera, a disease originating in India, until the beginning of the 19th Century had rarely manifested itself in the West. The disease arrived in Argentina for the first time in an epidemic form in 1859. Since that date, cholera has entered the country on other occasions and spread to the interior, causing serious disorders, which sometimes added to other tragic events, such as the War of Paraguay or the yellow fever epidemic. The aim of this study was to calculate the excess deaths associated with the cholera epidemic from 1867 to 1868 in the province of Córdoba, a population of more than 175,000 inhabitants. Parish data on excess deaths precisely respond to this need. The excess mortality associated with the cholera epidemic was calculated as being seven times higher than the previous year; that is, the number of deaths from the disease was 1767 cases in the province of Córdoba. During the peak of the disease, in January 1868, mortality rose to 12.2 times higher. Excess deaths are an essential measure to monitor the impact of the epidemic.
      Citation: Societies
      PubDate: 2022-10-19
      DOI: 10.3390/soc12050146
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 5 (2022)
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