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  Subjects -> SOCIOLOGY (Total: 553 journals)
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The Tocqueville Review/La revue Tocqueville
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.169
Number of Followers: 3  
 
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 0730-479X - ISSN (Online) 1918-6649
Published by Project MUSE Homepage  [305 journals]
  • Rawls's A Theory of Justice at Fifty: Introduction

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      Abstract: There is a wide consensus that John Rawls is one of the major American thinkers of the twentieth century. His work is now well known and discussed not only in the Anglophone world, but all over the world. The Chinese students protesting in Tiananmen Square in 1991 were said to brandish a copy of the recently translated A Theory of Justice. The Tocqueville Review/La Revue Tocqueville is dedicating this issue to an appraisal of his legacy in Europe and in America, as well as of the ongoing debates and controversies surrounding it.His work covers and has reshaped most of the major issues of contemporary political philosophy, from constitutional law to distributive justice, from citizenship to economic efficiency, from ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-06-11T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Remembering Rawls*

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      Abstract: John Rawls, America's greatest political philosopher, died last week at the age of 81. Rawls taught philosophy at Harvard from 1962 to 1994. He is best known for his book A Theory of Justice (1970, which offers the most compelling account of liberal political principles since John Stuart Mill. In the 1950s and 1960s, Anglo-American political theory was virtually moribund, consigned to irrelevance by linguistic analysis and moral relativism. Rawls revived political theory by showing that it was possible to argue rationally about justice, rights, and political obligation. He inspired a new generation to take up classic questions of morality and politics.A Theory of Justice is not an easy read. But its distinctive ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-06-11T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • John Rawls and "Our Tradition" of Democracy

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      Abstract: Diving back into A Theory of Justice fifty years after its publication induces vertigo. I cannot write about justice in liberal democracy today without acknowledging that Americans are writhing about our crisis of self-government. Democracy in America, as Tocqueville made clear, has been developing slowly, albeit in fits and starts, since the early seventeenth century. For that reason many Americans have assumed that we can withstand the threat of authoritarian rule. Unlike, say, Tocqueville's native France, where recurrent revolutions against, and restorations of, various anciens regimes long delayed the emergence of stable popular government, the institutions of American democracy have remained resilient--even ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-06-11T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • De Rousseau à Rawls. La théorie de la justice comme « utopie réaliste
           » '

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      Abstract: La philosophie politique est utopiste de façon réaliste lorsqu'elle fait reculer ce que la réflexion ordinaire conçoit comme les limites des possibilités politiques pratiquesDans l'histoire des usages philosophiques de Rousseau, John Rawls mérite un traitement privilégié. Pourquoi associer ainsi, contre toute attente, Rawls et Rousseau plutôt que Rawls et Kant ' Ayant rencontré la Théorie de la justice pour la première fois en tant qu'élève à l'École Normale Supérieure grâce au séminaire de Catherine Audard, j'ai pris le parti près de vingt ans plus tard, à l'époque où mes intérêts intellectuels me portaient vers Rousseau, d'associer les deux auteurs : montrer que Rawls était tributaire de l'auteur du Contrat ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-06-11T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Rawls and Racial Justice in The United States

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      Abstract: Over the last decade or so it has become increasingly common for students and scholars to criticize Rawls's work as either irrelevant, or worse, when it comes to issues of race and justice. Rawls's methodological understanding and commitment to the priority of "ideal theory" is said to obstruct a clear view of and to distract attention from the ways in which race-related injustices saturate our past, strain our present and threaten our future. His foregrounding in his thumbnail sketches of liberalism's emergence in the West of religious conflict rather than slavery, colonialism and Apartheid (including the American system of Apartheid known as "Jim Crow" maintained from the latter 19th century until the mid-20th ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-06-11T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Qu'est-ce qu'une Europe juste ' Dialogue avec John Rawls

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      Abstract: L'Union européenne (UE) est une union singulière. Elle a aussi quelque chose de singulièrement problématique, comme l'illustre la succession rapide de bouleversements qu'elle a récemment connus : la crise de l'euro, la crise des réfugiés, le Brexit, la révolte des États membres « illibéraux ». Sans surprise, cette succession de bouleversements a déclenché une vive discussion sur la nature et la finalité même de l'UE. Ce n'est pas tout à fait sans précédent dans l'histoire des institutions européennes. Mais dans le débat le plus récent—entre dirigeants politiques, dans le grand public et entre universitaires—la question de la justice a été plus saillante que jamais : justice entre les États membres, justice entre ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-06-11T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Cheminement D'un Économiste Dans L'œuvre De John Rawls

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      Abstract: Les 20 et 21 mars 1987, John Rawls se trouvait à Paris, sur la montagne Saint Geneviève, où il participait à une conférence à l'occasion de la publication de la traduction en français1 de A Theory of Justice, paru quelques 16 ans plus tôt aux États-Unis. Dans le petit amphithéâtre, assistant à la conférence, j'ai écouté et vu de loin John Rawls, je l'ai même croisé à l'occasion d'une pause dans un couloir, mais je n'ai pas osé l'aborder...Et pourtant, que de choses j'aurais pu lui dire après l'avoir chaleureusement remercié.En octobre 1986, je venais en effet de soutenir une thèse sur « l'économie de la justice sociale » et je savais déjà combien je lui étais redevable. Ma rencontre intellectuelle avec lui ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-06-11T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Justice Between Individuals: John Rawls and the Demands of Political
           Liberalism

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      Abstract: John Rawls proposed one of the most influential theories of justice of the second half of the 20th century. For him, the first role of political philosophy is to provide a conceptual framework to think rationally about justice in social institutions. While value pluralism is unavoidable in democratic societies, we all have a mutual interest in preserving the advantages of social cooperation. Therefore, despite fundamental moral disagreements, we have an interest in finding political agreements, or at least in reducing our divergence, to preserve mutually respectful and stable cooperation. Instead of applying a particular moral philosophy to political issues, Rawls' philosophy is political in its method: it seeks a ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-06-11T00:00:00-05:00
       
  • Can the Great Books Serve the Common Good' Tocqueville on Aristocratic
           Education in a Democratic Age

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      Abstract: In France as in the United States, disputes over the education of the next generation are proxy wars for citizens' self-understanding of their place in the regime. Elite education in particular, whether that of the Ivy League or of the grandes écoles, provokes intense soul-searching; how can something so exclusive be reconciled with the egalitarian commitments of democracy' Alexis de Tocqueville has simultaneously the right degree of proximity and distance from ourselves to illuminate our situation and help us to envision the education appropriate for democracy. From this side of 1789, to read Plato's Republic, or any text of ancient political philosophy that does not take the justice of democracy for granted, is ... Read More
      PubDate: 2022-06-11T00:00:00-05:00
       
 
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