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  Subjects -> SOCIOLOGY (Total: 553 journals)
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Canadian Journal of Sociology / Cahiers canadiens de sociologie
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.265
Number of Followers: 9  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0318-6431 - ISSN (Online) 1710-1123
Published by U of Alberta Homepage  [25 journals]
  • Introduction: COVID-19 and Incarceration in Canada

    • Authors: Sandra Bucerius, Rosemary Ricciardelli
      Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic and the measures to manage the pandemic have had numerous collateral consequences for social life across the globe. As people and organizations are adapting to the new normal, sociologists have been eager to appreciate the social implications of these transformations. This special issue examines how the pandemic and pandemic management has altered criminal justice institutions and shaped the lives of people navigating the criminal justice system. In this brief introductory article, we draw attention to the collateral consequences of the pandemic and pandemic management on criminal justice institutions, clients, and actors in Canada and introduce the work of the four sets of authors in this collection. We discuss the four articles in chronological order related to the institutions of justice, starting with bail and courts, moving to prison experiences, and concluding with a discussion of parole.
      PubDate: 2022-08-30
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 4 (2022)
  • The More Things Change, the More They Stay the Same: The Obdurate Nature
           of Pandemic Bail Practices

    • Authors: Nicole Myers
      Abstract: In an unprecedented move, the criminal courts in Ontario closed on March 20th, 2020 in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Bail appearances, however, could not be suspended, resulting in the rapid move to virtual appearances. Despite the dramatic change in the modality of court appearances, remarkably little changed in how the bail court operated or processed bail matters. Observations from 80 days of virtual bail court reveal the obdurate nature of well know issues with the bail process, including the culture of adjournment, reliance on surety supervision, and numerous conditions of release. Problematically, the courts are closed to the public and the accused are rendered invisible in the virtual space, leaving them even more dependent on counsel and the court. Differences in access to technology and private space create additional barriers for the most marginalized. Consistent with Feeley’s assessment that ‘the process is the punishment,’ the virtual model has layered new punitive elements onto an already punishing experience.
      PubDate: 2022-08-30
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 4 (2022)
  • Surviving the Pandemic on the Inside: From Crisis Governance to Caring

    • Authors: Rachel Fayter, Brittany Mario, Vicki Chartrand, Jennifer M. Kilty
      Abstract: The COVID-19 global pandemic spurred unprecedented global lock downs and quarantines. In looking at the response to and the impacts of COVID-19 in Canadian prisons, we show how the global pandemic can illuminate the impacts of imprisonment to make them more tangible and relatable to the wider public who are largely disconnected from the prison experience. We begin this article by conceptualizing how ‘crisis governance’ produces new practices of penal operations that become problematically normalized, even after the crisis fades. This is reflected in the Correctional Service of Canada’s (CSC) “new normal” document, a strategic plan and management protocol introduced by federal corrections in response to the pandemic. To highlight the new penal regime, we focus our analytical efforts on the mental health impacts of the CSC’s COVID-19 new governance and response plan as they have been reported by way of lived experiences of federal incarceration in Canada throughout the pandemic. We argue that in their efforts to securitize the environment in light of the very real health risks that COVID-19 presents, the actions taken and not taken by prison officials and Canadian politicians primarily left prisoners isolated, disconnected, and without supportive resources, which aggravates underlying mental health conditions and creates additional emotional distress for vulnerable people. Not only can this approach detrimentally impact staff-prisoner relations, it also fails to consider the value of decarceration as an essential and possibly life-saving component of the correctional COVID-19 risk management response plan. We conclude by considering more humane recommendations that would instead prioritize the creation of “caring communities” where collectives of people support each other’s health and well-being, over punitive and austere management practices. Given that the detrimental effects of isolation are now also being felt to a certain extent by those who are not incarcerated, this penal move to a “new normal” should signal to the wider public the ongoing and exceptionally damaging implications of imprisonment.
      PubDate: 2022-08-30
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 4 (2022)
  • Policing Criminological Knowledge on Imprisonment in Pandemic Times:
           Confronting Opacity and Navigating Corporatization in Prison Research

    • Authors: Justin Piché, Kevin Walby
      Abstract: Thousands of prisoners and prison staff have been infected by COVID-19 across Canada. Deteriorating conditions of confinement have become commonplace, with segregation-like measures imposed in the name of preventing COVID-19 transmission. While prisoners, their loved ones, advocates, and researchers have discussed trends regarding infection, public health restrictions, and even vaccination behind bars, less explored is the deterioration of government transparency related to incarceration during this pandemic. Engaging with literatures on the policing of criminological knowledge, access to information, and state corporatization, this article examines how Canadian government authorities have limited access to records about imprisonment during the pandemic. We examine how the recent centralization of freedom of information request processing, which reshapes government services to mirror corporate entities, has altered what can be known about penitentiary, prison, and jail policies, practices, and outcomes. In so doing, we highlight the need for social science researchers to contest information blockades and create pathways to promote state transparency.
      PubDate: 2022-08-30
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 4 (2022)
  • “In this line of work, boundaries are important”: Occupational Stress
           and the Well-being of Community Parole Officers During the COVID-19

    • Authors: Rosemary Ricciardelli, Mark Norman, Katharina Maier
      Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic has significantly changed how correctional systems, including parole processes, work and function. As essential workers, parole officers continued to work through the pandemic, despite the upheaval to their typical occupational routines. Through these challenging times, they worked to meet the needs of parolees; yet, the challenges brought on by the pandemic caused considerable stress and created new occupational risks and vulnerabilities. Drawing on interviews with 54 community parole officers in Canada, this paper identifes these challenges and stressors. Specifically, we identify three COVID-19 related occupational stressors salient across interviewees’ narratives: (1) Changes to workload, routines, and work-life boundaries; (2) Effects of decarceration policies; and (3) Navigating support and supervision in the face of added health risks and reduced ability to interact with clients. Drawing on studies of occupational stress in community correctional work, we make several recommendations for correctional services in building a resilient (post) pandemic parole system.
      PubDate: 2022-08-30
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 4 (2022)
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