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  Subjects -> SOCIOLOGY (Total: 553 journals)
Showing 1 - 200 of 382 Journals sorted by number of followers
American Journal of Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 342)
American Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 284)
Annual Review of Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 234)
Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 167)
Social Forces     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 88)
Social Problems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 73)
Information, Communication & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 73)
International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
Comparative Studies in Society and History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 56)
European Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55)
Anthropological Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 54)
Critical Studies on Terrorism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
Journal of Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Sociology of Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Current Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
The British Journal of Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Qualitative Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Sociological Methods & Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
International Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
City & Community     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Critical Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
AlterNative : An International Journal of Indigenous Peoples     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 41)
Ageing & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
European Journal of Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
Comparative Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Journal of European Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Acta Sociologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Mental Health and Social Inclusion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
The Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Journal of Poverty and Social Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Contemporary Sociology : A Journal of Reviews     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32)
Journal of Victorian Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
International Journal of Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30)
Games and Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Critical Discourse Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Sociology of Health & Illness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Sociological Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
International Journal of Complexity in Leadership and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
City: analysis of urban trends, culture, theory, policy, action     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Health and Social Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
International Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Judgment and Decision Making     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Design and Culture : The Journal of the Design Studies Forum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Journal of Urbanism: International Research on Placemaking and Urban Sustainability     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
International Review for the Sociology of Sport     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Journal of Sociolinguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Ethnicities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
City, Culture and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Rural Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Family Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Social Psychology Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Sociology of Religion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
American Behavioral Scientist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Sociological Methodology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Social Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Emotion Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Urban Research & Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
African and Asian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of International and Intercultural Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
The Sociological Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
International Studies in Sociology of Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Family & Community History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Ethnic & Cultural Diversity in Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Cities in the 21st Century     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Research in Organizational Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
African Identities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Sociological Forum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Cognition and Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Heritage & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
European Societies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Policy History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology     Partially Free   (Followers: 15)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Social and Personal Relationships     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Public Relations Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Health Sociology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Society and Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Comparative Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Philosophy & Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Alternative Spirituality and Religion Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Historical Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Sport in Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Symbolic Interaction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Religion & Spirituality in Social Work: Social Thought     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Berliner Journal für Soziologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Global Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Communication Monographs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Classical Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Environnement Urbain / Urban Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Sojourn: Journal of Social Issues in Southeast Asia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Sociology Compass     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Sociological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Sociological Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Canadian Review of Sociology / Revue Canadienne De Sociologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Advertising & Society Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
East Central Europe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Canadian Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Cultures & conflits     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal for the Study of Radicalism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Studies in Latin American Popular Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Crime, Histoire & Sociétés     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Catalyst : A Social Justice Forum     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Clio. Femmes, Genre, Histoire - Articles     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Sociologia Ruralis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Metaphor and Symbol     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Review of Education, Pedagogy, and Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Teaching Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Sociological Inquiry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Prevention & Intervention Community     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Anthropologie et Sociétés     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Political Power     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Canadian Journal of Sociology / Cahiers canadiens de sociologie     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Caribbean Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
International Review of Sociology: Revue Internationale de Sociologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Sociological Research Online     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Bronte Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Gender and Behaviour     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Race/Ethnicity : Multidisciplinary Global Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Chinese Sociology & Anthropology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Sociologie du Travail     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Cross-cultural Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Revista Mexicana de Sociologí­a     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Surveillance and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Ateliers d'anthropologie     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Sexuality Research and Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Nordic Journal of Migration Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Arabian Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Japanese Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
American Journal of Orthopsychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Souls: A Critical Journal of Black Politics, Culture, and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Contexts     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Genre, sexualité & société     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Senses and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Contemporary Pacific     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Cuban Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Critical Horizons     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Sociolinguistic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Critical Realism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Revista de Psicología Social, International Journal of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Canadian Journal of Women and the Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Visitor Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Italian Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Mathematical Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Études françaises     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Ethnologies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Meridians : feminism, race, transnationalism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Studia Iranica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Group Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
BMS: Bulletin of Sociological Methodology/Bulletin de Méthodologie Sociologique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Contributions to Indian Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Aztlan : A Journal of Chicano Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
New Zealand Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Genre & histoire     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Public and Professional Sociology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Sociological Spectrum: Mid-South Sociological Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
The Tocqueville Review/La revue Tocqueville     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Historical Pragmatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Social Dynamics: A journal of African studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
The Social Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Sociologie et sociétés     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Contemporary Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Good Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Islamic Law and Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Criminologie     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Lien social et Politiques     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Recherches féministes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Sociology Mind     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Sustainable Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Enfances, Familles, Générations     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Transatlantica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Chrétiens et sociétés     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
SociologieS - Articles     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revue de la régulation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Seminar : A Journal of Germanic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Landscapes of Violence     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
COnTEXTES     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Política y sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cahiers de l'Urmis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Loisir et Société / Society and Leisure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Revue Internationale De Securite Sociale     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Ethnic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Caderno CRH     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Appreciative Inquiry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Diversité urbaine     Full-text available via subscription  
Ciencia e Cultura     Open Access  
Studies in American Naturalism     Full-text available via subscription  
Southern Cultures     Full-text available via subscription  
Liinc em Revista     Open Access  
World Cultures eJournal     Open Access  
Spaces for Difference: An Interdisciplinary Journal     Open Access  
L'Orientation scolaire et professionnelle     Open Access  
Tracés     Open Access  
Socio-logos     Open Access  

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Gender and Behaviour
Number of Followers: 8  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1596-9231 - ISSN (Online) 0117-7322
Published by African Journals Online Homepage  [261 journals]
  • Healthcare violence and occupational safety support of nurses in a
           psychiatric hospital in South Africa

    • Authors: R. Mathevula, A. van der Wath, S. Mataboge
      Pages: 19306 - 19315
      Abstract: Nurses working in psychiatric hospitals are at risk of exposure to violent incidents, resulting in burnout and job dissatisfaction. The study was based on three appreciative inquiry objectives: to explore and describe the best support experiences of nurses after exposure to violent incidents (discovery); their wishes for the ideal support (dream); and their suggestions to improve the support structures (design). Data were collected through a nominal group technique and analysed using thematic analysis. Participants experienced the best support from their colleagues. Nurses tended to underreport incidents of violence, and were not satisfied with the institutional support, security services and occupational health service. They wished for ongoing training, staff support, a userfriendly reporting system, compensation for working in an unsafe environment, and protection of their rights. Exposure to violent incidents should be reported to management who should ensure appropriate support to improve nurse’ work satisfaction and quality patient care.
      PubDate: 2022-08-23
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Women's educational leadership experiences: career advancement at the
           district level

    • Authors: Mercy O. Kutu
      Pages: 19316 - 19325
      Abstract: This study formed part of the study that examined the experiences of women in educational leadership roles at the district office level in North West Province, South Africa. The goal of the study was to create a model for enhancing women's career advancement into educational leadership. This study revealed that women are sometimes faced with hinderances, but it showed that through women's different values, societal and organisational supports, women’s participation in educational leadership could be enhanced. The study provided approaches for achieving and maintaining educational leadership roles using ISOLead Model. The model identified individual, societal, and organizational dimensions as enablers and contributors to women's participation. It recommended that individual's sense of participation and ability to exemplify, societal support, especially friends and family, and positive stereotype are important. Mentoring, support and acceptance of women's leadership; making appointments based on merit and less political interference are also suggested as key for improving women’s participation.
      PubDate: 2022-08-23
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Determinants of the performance of women entrepreneurs’ in SMEs in
           Abakaliki: ‘Perhaps the wolf will arrive, but when’'

    • Authors: Friday E. Nkwede, Maria-F. C. Nkwede
      Pages: 19326 - 19341
      Abstract: This study investigates the fundamental factors that influence women entrepreneurs’ performance in SMEs in Abakaliki urban region. Entrepreneurship shares strong relationship with small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in economic development process and SMEs are placed as the thrust sector of an economy because of its capacity to drive economic development. Survey data collected from 285 experienced women entrepreneurs (WE), engaged in SMEs formed the final database used in the study. Findings from this study reveal that five factors out of nine factors investigated have significant influence on WE performance. These factors include: human capital, entrepreneurs’ goals and motives, economic factors, socio-cultural factors and SMEs industry characteristics. Legal and administrative factors, job complexity, entrepreneurial orientation and opportunity recognition do not have significant influence on WE performance. Among the five factors that significantly influence WE performance, three factors: socio-cultural factors, SMEs industry characteristics and entrepreneurs’ goals and motives are most influential factors. On the strength of the above findings, this study recommends lead effort on expanding financial access to WE in SMEs and policy endorsement on innovative models that encourage private sector led and market base economy, supportive regulatory framework for women entrepreneurs and development of entrepreneurial education in Nigeria.
      PubDate: 2022-08-23
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Gender-sensitivity interventions for mental health practitioners working
           in substance use disorder treatment facilities: a systematic review

    • Authors: Liezille Jacobs, Moosa Maseko
      Pages: 19342 - 19352
      Abstract: The aim of this systematic review was to find emerging evidence on mental healthcare workers’ responsiveness and gender-sensitivity towards the genderqueer population in SUD treatment centres. The purpose was also to systematically search for interventions to address the lack of gender-sensitivity amongst mental health practitioners in SUD treatment centres. This study problematises that genderqueer individuals are less likely to access substance use treatment because of the stigma and discrimination that comes with being a non-binary gender. A qualitative systematic review was conducted using these search engines: Medline, Embase, PsycInfo, Web of Science, Google Scholar, EBSCO Host and Digital theses databases using the Rhodes University (RU) library catalogue. Twenty-five studies that were included met the quality control standards of the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA). Employing the Joanna Briggs Institute’s (JBIs) qualitative systematic review method, 25 qualitative articles were included in this study. A thematic analysis was used to examine the data. The analysis revealed that SUD treatment centres are experienced as discriminatory and unreceptive by the genderqueer population due to several barriers. The barriers identified were structural, financial, personal, and cultural and the use of a heterosexual framework to treat SUDs which led to abuse, isolation, and stigma. Mental healthcare providers lack skills in working with genderqueer individuals and they lack knowledge on genderqueer related needs. The need for gender-sensitivity creates barriers for genderqueer individuals in accessing SUD treatment centres and their general sense of well-being. This magnified the need/importance of specialised gender-responsive and gender-sensitive training in working with genderqueer individuals. Twelve interventions targeted at mental health workers to address gender-sensitivity were identified and recommended.
      PubDate: 2022-08-23
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • The impact of electricity insecurity on women-owned small businesses in
           South Africa amid spiralling COVID-19 pandemic

    • Authors: Kola O. Odeku
      Pages: 19353 - 19357
      Abstract: Electricity plays a significant role in many aspects of human endeavors and as such, it should always be readily available. To this end, there should always be unrestricted access to electricity at all times, particularly amid the COVID-19 pandemic lockdown which had forced people to stay at home to curb the spread of the virus. This paper accentuates the significance of electricity for businesses, especially Women-Owned Small Businesses (WOSB) such as small scale restaurants, sole cloth sewing outfits, hair stylists and hair salon in the peri-urban communities, informal settlements, townships and the rural areas in South Africa amid the pandemic. Majority of these businesses use electricity to operate and run their businesses but the spiral COVID-19 pandemic has forced mobility restrictions hence customers and clients were unable to patronize the businesses and as such owners have become destitute, unable to operate and earn incomes. The paper found that electricity outages and price hikes are some of the major impediments to unhindered access to affordable electricity by the Women-Owned Small Businesses WOSB mainly because the pandemic had forced stringent lockdowns at different stages, disabled all business ventures and small businesses have been hardest hit in South Africa.
      PubDate: 2022-08-23
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Weaponizing the female body: communicating displeasure through nudity

    • Authors: Jacob Mapara
      Pages: 19358 - 19366
      Abstract: This paper is conceptually couched under the construction of women empowerment and the women autonomy index and anchored on an African indigenous episteme. It recognizes the several indigenous ways through which women communicate their displeasure with nudity standing out. It posits that nudity has been used among indigenous communities in Zimbabwe to curse those perceived as wayward and intransigent like husbands, sons and even governments especially on land issues. The paper further advances the idea that despite efforts to criminalize the weaponization of the female body by women, nudity has continued to be wielded as a last resort tool by those who feel that they have nothing more to lose. Additionally, it observes that nudity becomes a potent protest tool because it rides on the back of most people’s fear of gymnophobia, and it does not have to be understood in the context of indecent exposure but one that comes out of people driven to extremes where they no longer have options but to strip. The paper therefore recommends that indigenous protest methods that are not life-threatening like stripping be not criminalized. It concludes by positing that the legal system in Zimbabwe should be culture sensitive, through appreciating and accepting stripping as a legitimate weapon in Zimbabwe as in most of Bantu Africa.
      PubDate: 2022-08-23
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Gender-based violence and women with physical disabilities in South
           Africa: a forgotten cohort at risk.

    • Authors: Yeukai Leoba Muruzi, Priscilla Gutura
      Pages: 19367 - 19375
      Abstract: This paper discusses the forms of gender-based violence experienced by women with physical disabilities in Pretoria, South Africa. It also discusses the ways of coping adopted by these women after experiencing violence. The study was qualitative in nature and involved a sample of twelve women who were selected using purposive sampling strategy. Individual interviews were conducted to collect data using a semi-structured interview guide. The data were analysed using thematic analysis method. According to the themes that emerged, the participants experienced disability related violence, emotional, financial, structural, sexual and physical abuse. In the aftermath of the abuse, participants coped by seeking professional help, support from informal networks and engaging in empowerment initiatives. It is concluded that women living with physical disabilities were not an exception to gender based violence. They suffered double jeopardy of abuse due to gender and disability. This paper recommended that there should be an increased awareness and representation of women living with physical disabilities in gender based violence platforms and in the public in general, as they seem to be a forgotten cohort at risk.
      PubDate: 2022-08-23
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Gender health disparities among older adults in South Africa

    • Authors: Refilwe Nancy Phaswana-Mafuya, Karl Peltzer, Motlatso Mlambo, Edith Phalane
      Pages: 19376 - 19383
      Abstract: In Africa, South Africa included, not so many population-based studies examining gender differences in health outcomes of older people have been conducted. This population-based study examined gender differences in health outcomes among older South Africans. Data from the “Global Ageing and Adults Health (SAGE) wave 1” study (N=3284) involving South Africans aged 50+ years was analysed. Associations between socio-demographics (exposures) and health outcomes were examined through logistic regression analyses. Results indicate that the odds of having arthritis (p<0.001), lung disease (p=0.012), obesity (p<0.001), diabetes (p=0.003), anxiety (p=0.026), and nocturnal sleep problems (p<0.001) were lower among men than women, and the odds for having underweight were higher among men than women (p=0.004). In conclusion, there are significant health differences among older men and women in South Africa. Understanding gender health disparities is critical for designing equitable health promotion strategies.
      PubDate: 2022-08-23
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Apartheid, the SADF and white masculinities framed in Foucault’s
           Power Theory

    • Authors: Nathani Lüneburg
      Pages: 19384 - 19398
      Abstract: To recognise how the mechanisms of white masculinities in apartheid and partly in a democratic South Africa function, following notions such as racism and violence, a theory which examines how technologies of power entwined and established in tangible contexts, ought to be dichotomized. Refining from Foucault's opus of power logics, this article displays how the processes whereby white apartheid masculinities discipline or govern others are recurrently meticulously associated to procedures of racism, brutality and discrimination. Through techniques of controlled and indoctrinating sermons, violent assaults, verbal abuse, involuntary admittance to psychiatric wards, austere conduct, forced Afrikaner faith, everyday reality, apartheid political lucidities, in the form of combined totalisation technologies whereby military conscripts are punished, the film Moffie is employed in the article as a mimetic device to demonstrate the Foucauldian power structures explored through the conduct of the South African Defense Force (SADF) and the white masculine government. White masculinities’ purpose and theoretical intention are argued to be confined to racism via the interposition of peripheral threats which activated the Border War, and thereafter it is claimed that the white masculine born free generation of South African students’ reversion to apartheid racism are augmented and comprehensive to incorporate the rise of revolution.
      PubDate: 2022-08-23
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Sexual abuse of children and handling of sex offenders by South African
           criminal justice system

    • Authors: Mandlenkosi Richard Mphatheni
      Pages: 19399 - 19404
      Abstract: In order to improve child protection, the South African government went through a legislative reform process. However, sexual victimization of children continues unabated. As a result, the objectives of this study were to provide a systematic discourse using seminal authors on the subject to illustrate the legal framework enacted to address sexual abuse of children and the treatment of sex offenders by the South African criminal justice system. The non-empirical research design: systematic review methodology was used to analyze grey literature and primarily research studies that have been peer-reviewed and published. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews, and Meta-Analyses and Critical Appraisal Skill Programme were employed to ensure trustworthiness of the findings of this study. The study established that females are generally thought to be harmless because they lack the weapon that is the penis, but this belief obscures the fact that sexual offenses can be committed without the use of a penis. The study discovered that society, whether passively or actively, plays a significant role in allowing child sexual offenses to occur. This study suggests that in order to effectively address child sexual abuse, the focus should be shifted to the perpetrators of child sexual abuse. The study also suggests that the South African government should implement a policy framework that focuses on child sexual abuse perpetrators.
      PubDate: 2022-08-23
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Social support: implications for career optimism and achievement among
           women and girls with disabilities in Ibadan, Nigeria

    • Authors: Samuel Ayodeji Omolawal, Temiloluwa Abigail Obisesan
      Pages: 19405 - 19412
      Abstract: Generally, People living with disabilities (PLWD) like other human beings, have goals and aspirations to achieve in life. But much more like others, they need social supports to make them achieve their goals and overcome several limitatons. The situation is more worrisome for Women and Girls with disabilities (WGWD) because of their greater vulnerability. Therefore, if these supports are not available for them, there is less chance for them to achieve their dreams in life. This study, therefore, investigated the implications of social support for the career optimism and achievement of WGWD in Ibadan, Nigeria. The study was conducted among WGWD, aged 18 years and above. Qualitative research technique was adopted, and primary data were collected using IDI conducted with 24 WGWD and KII conducted among 5 people (comprising 2 mothers and 2 fathers of WGWD, and 1 female tutor in a Special Peoples Home). Data collected were content analysed. The study revealed that major sources of social supports included family, friends, teachers, and religious groups (largely females in these categories) while types of support included tangible, emotional, information, physical presence and prayers, all instrumental to career optimism and achievement among WGWD. Challenges faced during career pursuit and achievement included discrimination, fear of abuse and harassment, finance, mobility, hostile society, and no-support from government. Governments at all levels are enjoined to provide institutional and societal supports for PLWD and the WGWD in particular, in Nigeria.
      PubDate: 2022-08-24
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Statistical insignificant of gender and personality trait on academic task
           procrastination reduction using cognitive restructuring and time
           management training technique among secondary school students

    • Authors: Ayodeji Olorunfemi Olawole , Roseline Funmilayo Oniemola
      Pages: 19413 - 19417
      Abstract: The study examined the effect of cognitive restructuring therapy, time management training on academic task procrastination and its significant with gender and personality trait among Senior Secondary School students in Ogun State. Quasi-experimental pretest/ post test control group designs were adopted for the study. Simple random sampling technique was utilized to select sample size of 126 students comprising of 69 male and 57 female students drawn from three educational zones in Ogun State. Two research instruments were used in data collection which included: Tuckman’s Procrastination Scale (TPS), Eysenck Personality Questionaire (EP). All the instruments were used for the pre- test and post-test. The pre- test and post-test scores were analyzed using the Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) at 0.05 level of significance. The study revealed that both Cognitive Restructuring Therapy and Time Management Training were effective in reducing academic task procrastination among the participants. The study also revealed that there is no significant difference in the post-test scores on academic task procrastination that can be accounted for because of gender. Finally, it was revealed that personality trait was not significant on the level of academic task procrastination among the participants and that there were no interactions effects personality trait and the experimental conditions among the participants. Discussion based on the findings of the study was done.
      PubDate: 2022-08-24
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Women and the management of chieftaincy conflicts in south western Nigeria

    • Authors: Tolu Elizabeth Ifedayo , Olawale James Gbadeyan
      Pages: 19418 - 19422
      Abstract: This paper focused on the role of women in the management and resolution of chieftaincy conflict in Nigeria. Women are globally marginalized at all levels of traditional decision-making in Africa. Chieftaincy institution is generally known for masculining the public spaces. Women are formally excluded from peace processes despite the roles they play during and after chieftaincy conflict. Therefore, this study identified the causes of chieftaincy conflict in Nigeria by examining the role of women in managing chieftaincy conflict and proffers possible measures for resolving chieftaincy conflicts in Nigeria using Ikota and Ijare in Ifedore Local Government Area of Ondo State, Nigeria as case studies. Ondo State was among the earliest created following the major reconstruction of the country from regions to states in the regime of Gowon as Head of State. The research population in this study is underlined by sampling the high chiefs’ opinion in the two selected towns by using purposive sampling method. The study found out that women are active peace agents as they are being used for reconciliatory roles in the chieftaincy peace process. However, the potential of women’s peace agency is clogged by their exclusion from chieftaincy peace processes within their communities. In conclusion the study has suggested that public awareness should be intensified for women among Council-of-Chiefs, in order to sensitize the public to the importance of gender equality and participation in chieftaincy conflict resolution and peace building within their communities.
      PubDate: 2022-08-24
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Women and violent crimes in Nigeria: a theoretical, historical and
           contemporary overview

    • Authors: Richard Abayomi Aborisade
      Pages: 19423 - 19432
      Abstract: Despite the continuous dominance of males in crime statistics as offenders and prisoners, there is an apparent increase in women’s involvement in violent crimes in Nigeria. However, the limited attention paid to this trend appears to be impeding serious understanding of the correlates of women’s increasing involvement in violence, thereby almost foreclosing efforts at engendering effective interventions. Although, more arrests of women offenders have been made, and more female prisons built, yet, the study of crime and the justice process in Nigeria is still shaped by male experiences. This article, therefore, examines cases of reported female violence in Nigeria to glean out the peculiarities of gender as well as the complex interplay of cultural, behavioural, and social variables in explaining women and violence in contemporary Nigeria. A review of literature on the historical development of female criminality and factors attributed to the patterns and typologies of crimes women participated in from the traditional to modern Nigerian society are made. In addition, a review of major theories explaining the rise in female criminality is done. While the gradual but conscious development of women’s involvement in violent crimes in Nigeria is noted, the article argues that no singular cause, explanation or theory accounts for the rise in women’s violence. The article concludes by stating the need for more empirical studies focusing on women and violent crimes in Nigeria, to engender more understanding of female violence. Also, gender-sensitive interventions are suggested for effective control of female-perpetrated violent crimes in Nigeria.
      PubDate: 2022-08-24
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Influence of secondary school learners’ characteristics on perceived
           cyberbullying behaviour

    • Authors: Bhekuyise Prince Nkwanyana, Dumisani Russell Nzima
      Pages: 19433 - 19442
      Abstract: Cyberbullying refers to as the willful and repeated harm inflicted through the use of computers, cell phones, and other electronic devices and often done anonymously.The main aim of the study was to establish whether there was a causal relationship that existed between learner characteristics such as age, gender, residential area, school location and cyberbullying. About 300 secondary school learners who were drawn from the three (3) districts of KwaZulu-Natal Province; namely, King Cetshwayo, Zululand and uMkhanyakude districts. There were altogether thirty (30) schools which were randomly sampled, of which 15 came from rural and another 15 from the urban areas. Quantitative research method design was used to collect and analyse data. In particular, a Pearson’s Product Moment Correlation coefficient (r) was used to establish whether there was a correlation between the learners’ characteristics and cyberbullying. The results of the study demonstrated a significant relationship between the learners’ age and cyberbullying. Learners from urban and rural locality appeared to be prone to cyberbullying as most learners did have cell phone devices which they used even at school. In their responses, learners were aware that cyberbullying was inappropriate conduct but were doing it anyway because others were doing it. This seemed a common practice across the schools in the selected KwaZulu-Natal districts.
      PubDate: 2022-08-24
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Efficacy of psychological intervention in epilepsy management: a
           systematic review highlighting sampled gender.

    • Authors: Zainob A Akindele , David. O Igbokwe , A. Elegbeleye , Benedict C. E. Agoha
      Pages: 19443 - 19455
      Abstract: Psychological intervention in epilepsy offers advantages such as low cost, non-invasiveness, lack of serious side effects, and facilitation of patient’s participation. However, its principal role in the management of epilepsy is unclear. This paper systematically reviews the efficacy of psychological intervention in the management of epilepsy, identifies the most effective psychological technique for reduction of seizure and associated psychological disorders, highlights other epilepsy-related domain affected by psychological intervention and raises questions on the possible post-intervention reoccurrence of seizures or comorbid disorders. A review of randomized control trials and pre-test, post-test assessment reporting the efficacy of psychological interventions in epilepsy published between 1986 and 2020 was conducted. A total of 2988 articles were identified from a search of seven databases (PubMed, Medline, PsycInfo, Cochrane, Google Scholar, Clarivate, and Science Direct). Twenty-eight studies with population of 2,080 (male = 47.2%, female = 52.8%) met the inclusion criteria for this review. Among the reviewed studies, 60.7% i.e., 17 of 28 studies, reported significant decrease in the seizure frequency of People Living With Epilepsy (PLWE) after exposure to psychological intervention. Behavioral therapy (Progressive Muscle Relaxation) appeared to be most effective, bringing about the most significant decrements in seizure frequency with seizure control for up-to 24 months pos-intervention. In spite of the need for more studies in the area of epilepsy especially in Nigeria and Africa, findings from this study indicate that psychological intervention is effective as it can reduce seizure frequency, and address epilepsy-related behaviors that Anti-Epileptic Drugs (AED) or surgery alone cannot address.
      PubDate: 2022-08-24
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Transactional relationships: young women’s shifting identities and
           spaces in intimate relationships

    • Authors: Puleng Segalo, Precious Sipuka, Christine Laidlaw
      Pages: 19456 - 19462
      Abstract: Dating and intimate relationships continue to be critical points of investigation as people continually seek ways to navigate themselves within such spaces. Therefore, there is a need to explore how young people, specifically in this case, young women negotiate dating and intimate relationships. Using a critical-discursive feminist approach we aimed at exploring how culture and the local context shape young women’s understandings of sexual relationships with men. Furthermore, the study aimed at exploring how young South African women navigate their space, position themselves in their intimate relationships, construct themselves as sexual beings and negotiate dating and intimate relationships. Two conversation groups were conducted, and analysis focused on how young women describe ways in which they construct relationships with men, the sexual identities they work up, and the cultural resources they draw upon in so doing. The paper offers insights on how young women navigate transactional relationships.
      PubDate: 2022-08-24
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • “The Zulu way”: experiences and practices of black female teachers: a
           case study of a rural secondary school in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

    • Authors: Nikiwe Zuma, Vijay Hamlall, Nirmala Dorasamy
      Pages: 19463 - 19471
      Abstract: This study examined the experiences and practices of black female teachers in one rural school in South Africa. The aim of this study was to explore the gender relations that existed within the school setting in a male dominant teaching environment. Semi-structured interviews with the school principal, heads of department and level one educators were conducted to collect data. The findings revealed that Zulu cultural beliefs and expectations of rural women fostered gender discrimination of female teachers at the school which served to undermine their authority and to moderate their functioning. The female teachers at the school faced serious challenges in the performance of their duties as they met with resistance from the male teachers, male learners and the school governing body. Most of the male educators drew on traditional notions of Zulu masculinity and culture to exercise power over the women and to promote patriarchy and gender inequalities within the school. In addition to voicing the barriers and challenges of rural women teachers and highlighting the gaps that need to be addressed to improve their status, this study highlights that both men and women conduct gender and that men play an active role in shaping women’s identity and controlling behaviour. It is recommended that gender interventions must include men with questions of masculinity, asking how men might develop new masculinities that are not vested in the oppression of women – and which, in turn, might liberate them from limiting gendered expectations.
      PubDate: 2022-08-24
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Gender and energy conservation behaviour of hotel employees in South
           Africa

    • Authors: Olawale Fatoki
      Pages: 19472 - 19477
      Abstract: The objective of the study was to investigate if there is a significant gender difference in the energy conservation behaviour of hotel employees in South Africa. The quantitative research design was adopted for the study and the cross-sectional survey method was used for data collection. The survey was conducted in the Johannesburg and Pretoria of the Gauteng Province and Polokwane in the Limpopo Province of South Africa. The convenience sampling method was used to identify the survey participants. The Cronbach’s alpha was used as a measure of reliability. The hypothesis of the study was tested using the independent samples T-test. The results of the study indicated that there are no significant gender differences in the measures of energy conservation behaviour. However, the study recommends that to improve energy conservation behaviour in hotels, hotel employees should be made aware of the social, environmental and organisational benefits of energy conservation. This can be achieved through training about the environmental impact of energy conservation.
      PubDate: 2022-08-24
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Factors hindering female Arab Palestinians academics' search for
           employment in Israel

    • Authors: Khaled Abu Asbah, Tagreed Zoabi
      Pages: 19478 - 19488
      Abstract: The article focuses on an examination of the main difficulties encountered in the search for employment among female Arab academics in Israel. The research derived data from a structured questionnaire, specially constructed for the research to a sample of 800 female Arab academics who reported that they were unemployed in the previous three months. The sampling method: the research participants were selected by a stratified sample representing the geographical distribution of the Arab population in the northern, central and southern regions of Israel, and also representing distribution by religion .The findings show that the variable "Self-marketing" had a significant effect. The variable "experience" was also found to have a significant effect in the pairwise comparison. Significant differences were found between Group 4 and each of the other three groups, Group 4 saw the matter of "experience" as a greater focus of difficulty. The conclusion that emerges from the findings, in order to increase the participation rate of Arab academics in the employment market, there is a need for the intervention of the following factors: government ministries; Local authority; Institutions of higher learning; InstitutesEducation; Civil society organizations; Humanitarian organizations and recruiters. The programs will operate on two levels: interventions to increase supply on the one hand and interventions to increase demand
      PubDate: 2022-08-24
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Development and validation of perceived health prejudice scale for
           sexually and gender diverse people

    • Authors: Abayomi O. Olaseni
      Pages: 19489 - 19495
      Abstract: This article aims to develop, validate and determine the psychometric properties of measures for the scale; Perceived Healthcare Prejudice Scale for Sexually and Gender Diverse (PHPS-SGD) persons and communities. This scale presented two dimensions: affective homophobia (the perception or feelings of being prejudiced by healthcare providers) and conative homophobia (the perception of inclined prejudice by co-health seekers). The study adopted a non-probabilistic sample of 925 purposively selected sexual and gender diverse (SGD) persons currently seeking health treatment. A confirmatory analysis was performed to assess the scale structures and the Cronbach's Alpha coefficient was estimated to evaluate the instrument’s internal consistency. The researcher conducted a convergent test through a correlation analysis between the PHPS-SGD scale and other similar-different instruments. PHPS-SGD is therefore recommended as a reliable and valid screening tool for the measurement of perceived prejudice and different dimensions among SGD individuals.
      PubDate: 2022-08-24
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Burnout and hostility as determinants of somatic complaints in Nigerian
           adults

    • Authors: Benedict. C. Agoha , David O. Igbokwe , Lucia K. Nwabueze , Uju S. Agoha , Elizabeth. I. Olowookere , Ayotunde Elegbeleye
      Pages: 19496 - 19500
      Abstract: This study was conducted to examine the role of burnout and hostility in somatic complaints. The participants were 277 working adults who ranged between 20-60 years in age (Mean= 32.04 years, SD = 22.74. Hundred and forty-four of the participants (i.e., 52%) were male, and hundred and thirty-three (i.e., 45%) were female. Somatisation was measured using the Enugu Somatization Scale (Ebigbo, 1982); burnout and hostility were measured using the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) and the hostility subscale of the Symptoms checklist-90R. The result of a hierarchical Multiple Regression analysis revealed that somatisation was significantly explained by emotional exhaustion (β=.47, ρ<.001), hostility (β=.24, ρ<.001), and reduced personal accomplishment (β=.11, ρ<.05). A significant interaction effect (β= .29, ρ<.001) was found between hostility and reduced personal accomplishment. Furthermore, all the independent variables entered the model for head somatisation, but reduced personal accomplishment did not play important role in body somatisation. These findings show that emotion and cognition play significant roles in functional somatic complaints. These should be taken in to account in clinical formulation and treatment planning.
      PubDate: 2022-08-24
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • The current workplace culture in a South African nursing education
           institution

    • Authors: Queen K Masimula , Annatjie van der Wath, Isabel M Coetzee
      Pages: 19501 - 19507
      Abstract: The aim of this article is to assess the current workplace culture of a selected public nursing education institution in South Africa. Public Nursing Education Institutions in South Africa are approved and accredited to provide education and training of student nurses by the South African Nursing Council. The focus of this study was directed towards transforming the Public Nursing Education Institutions workplace culture to person centredness. A workplace culture refers to shared values and practices, beliefs systems, and a set of assumptions that are shared across all groups in an organisation. Organizational culture or workplace culture is that complex whole which includes knowledge, beliefs, morals, law, customs and any other capabilities and habits acquired by employees as members of an organization Positive workplace culture in all organisations embrace person-centeredness, leadership development, collaboration, participation and inclusion of all stakeholders. The attributes of a positive workplace cultures include lifelong learning, high support and high challenge, positive attitudes with open communication, effective teamwork and treating other people with respect. Negative workplace culture in nursing education institutions is characterised by problematic work relations, ineffective teamwork, decreased morale, job dissatisfaction and high turnover of nurse educators. A quantitative research design was utilised, to assessed the workplace culture in a public nursing education institution in South Africa. Data were collected using an adapted person-centred practice inventory. We sampled the total population of nurse educators and nurse managers (86) in the institution. The person-centred practice inventory indicated challenges in the areas of person-centeredness, collaboration, inclusion and participation as well as workplace culture. The benefits of a person-centred workplace culture include improved teamwork, increased morale, high productivity and efficiency, enhanced job satisfaction, collaboration, effective work performance, reduced stress and retention of employees.
      PubDate: 2022-08-24
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Cotton farming and the socio-economic status of women in Zimbabwe

    • Authors: Mazhazha-Nyandoro Zivanayi , Sambureni Verna
      Pages: 19508 - 19517
      Abstract: This study explores the impact of cotton farming on the socio-economic status of women. The purposive sample comprise fifty-nine (59) women cotton growers. Studies on gender inequalities highlight the marginalisation of women arising from lack of land rights and limited access to resources. The key findings show the women participating in the cotton farming cycle and distribution of the income. The women were able to acquire personal and household assets, participated in critical meetings and community activities and ventures. Key recommendations are that the government and key stakeholders should promote and support the participation of women in cotton farming. Enabling laws and policies should widen access to land, credit and extension services, training, health and safety. Gender equality should be imbedded through enacting gender sensitive laws, property rights, and elimination of cultural and social barriers.
      PubDate: 2022-08-24
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Gender issues, insurgency and violence in Nigeria, implications on
           sustainable development for women

    • Authors: Samuel Olugbenga Ojo
      Pages: 19518 - 19524
      Abstract: Gender inequality is a source of conflict. Evidence suggests that high levels of unequal power relations and gender issues are associated with risks of war, insurgency and violence. Nigeria in past and recent times have experienced insurgencies and violent conflicts that affected women negatively especially in rural communities. Understanding these allows us to identify, direct and change the root causes of conflict in our communities. Gender integration into conflict analysis can increase the effectiveness of peace building interventions. This paper therefore examines gender issues, insurgency and violence in Nigeria, implications on sustainable development for women. It is a qualitative study that relied on secondary data. It is situated on a combination of Frustration-Aggression and Cognitive Dissonance theories. The findings revealed that the socio-political and economic landscape in Nigeria is inundated with conflicts which have radically affected women's ability to effectively contribute to sustainable development and peace building in communities. Furthermore, Nigeria security situation has significantly deteriorated creating economic hardship for majority of women in rural communities. Based on these findings, the paper recommends that Peace and Conciliation Resources be re-focused on how women become associated with conflict, their roles and ways they can be used for peace building and sustainable development. Keywords: Gender Issues; Insurgency and Violence; Sustainable Development for Women; Nigeria
      PubDate: 2022-08-24
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Gender's impact on teachers' perceived training, societal
           status, and remuneration in Ekiti State secondary schools, Nigeria

    • Authors: Mensah Prince Osiesi, Olutoyin Olufunke Fajobi, Chigozie Celestina Oke, Adenike Lucia Aruleba
      Pages: 19525 - 19532
      Abstract: Teachers' performance in the teaching profession is dependent on many factors. Amongst these are their perceived training, societal status, and remuneration, with respect to their gender. This study assessed the impact of gender on teachers' perceived training, societal status, and remuneration in Ekiti State secondary schools, Nigeria. The gender schema and the Equity theory were appropriated for the study. The study adopted the survey research type of the quantitative design. The population of this study was the entire teachers in Ekiti state secondary schools, Nigeria. The sample for this study (222 teachers) were selected using the multistage sampling procedure. A self-developed questionnaire "Teachers' Training, Remuneration, and Societal Status Questionnaire". The reliability of the instrument used for this study was determined by the Cronbach Alpha Method with a coefficient index of 0.82. Data were analyzed using Description Statistics (frequency counts and percentages), and the Pearson moment correlation. Results revealed that teachers in Ekiti state secondary schools have a positive perception towards their training/preparedness in becoming a practicing teacher and their societal status; negative perception towards their remuneration; teachers' gender is positively related to their perceived remuneration, but negatively related to their perceived societal status and training. It was recommended that remuneration and incentives for teachers be increased, and teachers accorded equal rights, privileges, and opportunities irrespective of their gender.
      PubDate: 2022-08-24
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Gender disparity as Correles of trend in academic performance of
           agricultural science students in West African examination in Ekiti state
           (2014-2020)

    • Authors: A.B. Adams
      Pages: 19533 - 19541
      Abstract: This study seeks to find out Trends of Students’ Academic Performance of Private and Public Secondary School in West African Senior Certificate Examination (WAEC) in Agricultural Science in Ekiti State from Year 2014-2020. The Ex-post facto research design was employed. This study population consists of the SSS 3 Agricultural science students in Ekiti State from 2014-2020 with Sample size of 1554. The instrument for data collection was the West African Examination Council (WAEC) results. A Mmulti-stage sampling technique was employed. The first stage, Ekiti state was stratified into senatorial districts. Four senatorial district randomly selected are Ekiti north (Oye local government area), Ekiti South (Ado local government area), Ekiti East (Omuo local government area) and Ekiti West (Aramoko local government area). Second stage, eight secondary schools was selected through purposive simple random sampling techniques, two schools from each senatorial district, one public and one private. Third stage, WAEC result from the selected schools from 2014-2020 was collected for data analysis. Data collected was analyzed using inferential statistics and descriptive analysis for the research hypothesis and research questions respectively. Among the findings of this study, there is significant difference in the academic performance of public and private schools computed χ2 value (105.622) obtained at 3 degree of freedom was significant p<0.05 level. The study shows gender disparity in the performance of public and private. Based on the findings, it was recommended that government should support public schools with effective teaching and learning process of Agricultural Science with adequate teaching-aids, regular supervision and workshop for teachers.
      PubDate: 2022-08-24
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Teachers’ perception of the causes and prevalence of gender based
           violence among primary school pupils in Ifelodun Local Government Area of
           Kwara State

    • Authors: Usman Tunde Saadu, Olumuyiwa Ayobami Ajayi, Florence Ibukun Ajiboye
      Pages: 19542 - 19547
      Abstract: Generally, the world today is faced with lots of challenges such as rape and insecurity to mention but few which may have resulted in different forms of gender-based violence (GBV). This research investigated Teachers’ Perception of the Causes and Prevalence of Gender-Based Violence in Ifelodun local Government Area of Kwara State. Explanatory mixed-method research design was used for this study. The population for the study comprised all public primary school teachers. Simple random sampling technique was used to select 26 schools out of 167 schools, Simple random technique was also used to select 11 teachers from each of the 26 schools used to make a total of 286 respondents and 10 teachers for qualitative interview. Two research questions were also raised, eight interview questions were raised. The research instruments that were used to obtain data from the respondents was questionnaire titled “Teachers’ Perception on the Causes and Prevalence of Gender Based Violence (TPCPGBV)” with a reliability coefficient of 0.80 and Interview guide with reliability coefficient of 0.75. The research questions were tested using Frequency count, percentage and mean. The results showed that gender discriminatory norms, family environment and poverty were the most frequent causes of Gender Based Violence. Teachers’ perception of the prevalence of gender-based violence among primary school pupils in Ifelodun local Government Area of Kwara State is high. The study concluded that Gender Based Violence is caused by different factors. It was therefore recommended that Government should organize seminars to educate teachers and pupils on Gender Based Violence so that they will be knowledgeable on the problem. The Government needs to curb the occurrence of Gender Based Violence by organizing enlightenment program for them with the use of social media to address the pupils.
      PubDate: 2022-08-24
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Influence of perceived organizational support on psychological well-being
           of career women in Lagos Metropolis

    • Authors: Ruth Egene, Odunayo Arogundade, Abiodun Popoola
      Pages: 19548 - 19552
      Abstract: The study addresses the issue of psychological well-being of career women in Lagos Metropolis, focusing on the predictive influence or role of perceived organizational support on the psychological well-being. A survey method was used and two hundred and eighty-five (285) women from across private and public organizations both on the mainland and island areas of Lagos participated in the study. Data were collected using Survey of Perceived Organizational Support (SPOS) and Scale of Psychological Well-being (SPWB). The collected data were processed using descriptive and inferential statistics such as mean, standard deviation, independent t-test, correlation and linear regression. The results show that participants’ perception of organizational support has a significant influence on their psychological well-being. The results also show that there is a variation in the influence of perceived organizational support on the dimensions of psychological well-being, a difference in older and younger participants and no significant influence on the type of organization. The study concluded that perceived organizational support has a significant role in explaining the psychological well-being of career women. The implication of the study in terms of organizations being more aware of the role perceived organizational support plays in the psychological well-being of career women is discussed. Keywords: Perceived organizational support; Psychological well-being; Career women
      PubDate: 2022-08-24
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Dreams as reinforcing stimulus in Emily Jane Brontë’s gothic
           romance

    • Authors: Adedoyin Aguoru
      Pages: 19553 - 19559
      Abstract: Dreams and interpretation of dreams are elements that have been subjected to psychological, neuroscientific and religious examination. Dreaming, a common experience, is shared by mankind irrespective of race, gender or social indices and has been identified even in species amongst mammals. This study is concerned with the significance of dreams as reinforcing stimuli in literary texts. It explores the category of dreams that are yet to be dreamt but are explored as reinforcing stimuli in Emily Brontë’s Wuthering Heights. These dreams which are mental creations of creative writers are attributed to characters invented for the purpose of a story or a narrative technique. Brontës engagement of the dream concept and dream interpretation in constructing the plot, the structure and characterisation in Wuthering Heights is also a concern of this paper. It is observed that they embody dominant literary and archetypal elements with universal appeal. Dream visions in Emily Brontë’s gothic romance portray hidden psychological and emotional patterns of individuals which recur while dreaming. Taking bearing from Freudian perspectives, dream analysis in literary texts reveals depths of buried memories in a manner that they can be explicated. Keywords: Reinforcing Stimulus; Dreams; Gothic Romance
      PubDate: 2022-08-24
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Gender and neonatal mortality in Ekiti state, Nigeria; evidence from a
           healthcare institution

    • Authors: Olabimpe Ajoke Olatunji, Eucebious Lekalakala-Mokgele
      Pages: 19560 - 19564
      Abstract: Neonatal Mortality is a global concern, efforts at reducing it is one of the clearly spelt out aims of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. The current global trend reveals that over 2.4 million babies will die in the first month of life between 2019 and 2030 which is approximated to 2.2 million preventable annual neonatal deaths. The current study investigated the biopsychosocial predictors of neonatal mortality in a Nigerian setting with the view of providing psychological intervention to the spate of preventing neonatal mortality. Data were obtained from a two-year retrospective cohort medical record comprising 150 dead neonates in a tertiary hospital. Chi-Square statistic was utilized to establish association among variables as appropriate while the results indicated there was no significant relationship between gender and mortality rate nor between gender and diagnoses. Further results revealed that Asphyxia occurred more on the first day of delivery and death occurred more on the first two days of delivery than days after. While adequate care and strong social support were recommended for the mother during pregnancy and especially in the first few days of delivery, the study concluded that the mind state of the expectant mother and her attitude must be put into consideration by all concerned during and after delivery.
      PubDate: 2022-08-24
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • A victimological analysis of women in abusive relationships in Limpopo
           province, South Africa

    • Authors: W.N. Mathebula , N.A. Mbhalati , S.L. Sithole
      Pages: 19565 - 19571
      Abstract: This paper analyses the experiences of women in abusive relationships. The central idea of this paper is that women in abusive relationships often become vulnerable and go on to accept upsetting circumstances even though escape is possible. Learned helplessness theory was used to understand the perception of control and how women’s life is affected. Purposive sampling was used to obtain 14 female participants who were living with their male partners and residing in Limpopo Province. Ethical clearance was obtained from the University of Limpopo and gatekeepers’ approval from the Department of Social Development and Department of Health in Limpopo Province. Participation in the study was voluntary, and no one was forced into participating. The study found that women end up believing that they are helpless in terms of leaving an abusive relationship and this is due to poverty, economic shortfalls and dependency. Abuse among women in relationships is major public health concern hence the emphasis on reporting of all forms of abuse to relevant authorities to avoid further victimization.
      PubDate: 2022-08-24
      Issue No: Vol. 20, No. 2 (2022)
       
 
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