Subjects -> CHEMISTRY (Total: 986 journals)
    - ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY (59 journals)
    - CHEMISTRY (713 journals)
    - CRYSTALLOGRAPHY (23 journals)
    - ELECTROCHEMISTRY (28 journals)
    - INORGANIC CHEMISTRY (45 journals)
    - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY (47 journals)
    - PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY (71 journals)

ORGANIC CHEMISTRY (47 journals)

Showing 1 - 47 of 47 Journals sorted alphabetically
ACS Omega     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Image and Video Processing     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Advances in Physical Organic Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Redox Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Organic Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Asian Journal of Organic Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Beilstein Journal of Organic Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Biochemia Medica     Open Access  
Current Organic Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Current Organic Synthesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Current Organocatalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Developments in Soil Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
European Journal of Organic Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 78)
Herbal Medicine: Open Access     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Organic Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Polymeric Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Bioactive and Compatible Polymers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Biomaterials Science, Polymer Edition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Organic Semiconductors     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Peptide Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Physical Organic Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Progressive Research in Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Proteins and Proteomics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Letters in Organic Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Mini-Reviews in Organic Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Nigerian Journal of Chemical Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Open Journal of Organic Polymer Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 77)
Organic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Organic Chemistry : Current Research     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Organic Chemistry Frontiers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Organic Chemistry Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Organic Chemistry International     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Organic Geochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Organic Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 212)
Organic Preparations and Procedures International: The New Journal for Organic Synthesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Organic Process Research & Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Progress in Organic Coatings     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Reports in Organic Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Russian Journal of Organic Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Soils     Open Access  
Synthetic Communications: An International Journal for Rapid Communication of Synthetic Organic Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Tetrahedron Organic Chemistry Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
The Journal of Organic Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 256)
Vibrational Spectroscopy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
World Journal of Organic Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
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Journal Cover
Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.886
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 3  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1138-7548 - ISSN (Online) 1877-8755
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2659 journals]
  • Transgelin-2 interacts with CD44 to regulate Notch1 signaling pathway and
           participates in colorectal cancer proliferation and migration

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      Abstract: Abstract The abnormal expression of transgelin-2 (TAGLN2) is related to tumor occurrence and progression. However, the underlying molecular mechanism of TAGLN2 in human colorectal cancer (CRC) is still poorly understood. Compared with adjacent tissues, TAGLN2 is overexpressed in CRC tissues. Its expression level is negatively correlated with the overall survival rate of patients with CRC. In addition, knockdown of TAGLN2 inhibited the proliferation and invasion of CRC cells. We also showed that TAGLN2 could interact with CD44 to regulate the Notch-1 signaling pathway. Our findings indicate there is increased TAGLN2 expression in CRC and that it may serve as a promising potential therapeutic target for CRC.
      PubDate: 2021-09-23
       
  • MicroRNAs sequencing of plasma exosomes derived from patients with atrial
           fibrillation: miR-124-3p promotes cardiac fibroblast activation and
           proliferation by regulating AXIN1

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      Abstract: Abstract MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play an important role in the pathogenesis of atrial fibrillation (AF). Exosomal miRNAs may develop as promising biomarkers for AF. To explore significant exosomal miRNAs in AF, plasma exosomes were extracted from 3 patients with AF and 3 patients with sinus rhythm (SR), respectively. Differential expression of exosomal miRNAs were screened by high-throughput sequencing analysis and verified by qRT-PCR from 40 patients with AF and 40 patients with SR. The target genes prediction, biological function, and signaling pathways analysis were conducted by miRanda software, gene ontology (GO), and KEGG analysis. The results showed that there were 40 differently expressed exosomal miRNAs from AF patients compared with SR patients, of which 13 miRNAs were upregulated and 27 miRNAs were downregulated. qRT-PCR validation demonstrated that miR-124-3p, miR-378d, miR-2110, and miR-3180-3p were remarkably upregulated, while miR-223-5p, miR-574-3p, miR-125a-3p, and miR-1299 were downregulated. To explore the function of miR-124-3p associated with AF, plasma exosomes derived from AF patients were co-incubated with rat myocardial fibroblasts. The expression of miR-124-3p was upregulated in myocardial fibroblasts. The viability and proliferation of myocardial fibroblasts were elevated by transfecting with miR-124-3p overexpression plasmids using CCK8 and immunofluorescence-staining methods. AXIN1 was verified to be the target of miR-124-3p by luciferase assay in vitro. Expression of AXIN1 was reduced, while β-catenin, Collagen 1, and α-SMA were increased in myocardial fibroblasts with miR-124-3p overexpression. In conclusion, these findings suggested that circulating exosomal miRNAs may serve as novel biomarkers for AF, and miR-124-3p promotes fibroblast activation and proliferation through regulating WNT/β-catenin signaling pathway via AXIN1.
      PubDate: 2021-09-08
       
  • Effects of gut microbiota–derived extracellular vesicles on obesity and
           diabetes and their potential modulation through diet

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      Abstract: Abstract Obesity and diabetes incidence rates are increasing dramatically, reaching pandemic proportions. Therefore, there is an urgent need to unravel the mechanisms underlying their pathophysiology. Of particular interest is the close interconnection between gut microbiota dysbiosis and obesity and diabetes progression. Hence, microbiota manipulation through diet has been postulated as a promising therapeutic target. In this regard, secretion of gut microbiota–derived extracellular vesicles is gaining special attention, standing out as key factors that could mediate gut microbiota-host communication. Extracellular vesicles (EVs) derived from gut microbiota and probiotic bacteria allow to encapsulate a wide range of bioactive molecules (such as/or including proteins and nucleic acids) that could travel short and long distances to modulate important biological functions with the overall impact on the host health. EV-derived from specific bacteria induce differential physiological responses. For example, a high-fat diet–induced increase of the proteobacterium Pseudomonas panacis–derived EV is closely associated with the progression of metabolic dysfunction in mice. In contrast, Akkermansia muciniphila EV are linked with the alleviation of high-fat diet–induced obesity and diabetes in mice. Here, we review the newest pieces of evidence concerning the potential role of gut microbiota and probiotic-derived EV on obesity and diabetes onset, progression, and management, through the modulation of inflammation, metabolism, and gut permeability. In addition, we discuss the role of certain dietary patterns on gut microbiota–derived EV profile and the clinical implication that dietary habits could have on metabolic diseases progression through the shaping of gut microbiota–derived EV.
      PubDate: 2021-09-02
       
  • The progress of research on histone methylation in ischemic stroke
           pathogenesis

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      Abstract: Abstract Stroke, also known as cerebral stroke or cerebrovascular accident, refers to acute ischemic or hemorrhagic encephalopathy caused by a disturbance to cerebral blood flow. Ischemic stroke is the most common type of cerebral stroke, accounting for approximately 80% of the total incidence of clinical stroke. High morbidity, disability, and mortality rates place heavy burdens on the families of patients and society. An increasing number of studies have shown that histone modification plays an important role in the pathogenesis of ischemic stroke, but most studies on histone modification focus on acetylation, and studies on the role of histone methylation in the pathogenesis of ischemic stroke are limited. Here, we review the role of histone methylation and related histone methyltransferase (HMT) inhibitors in the pathogenesis of ischemic stroke and related HMT inhibitors in the treatment of ischemic stroke, which may open up a new avenue to the study of ischemic stroke.
      PubDate: 2021-09-02
       
  • Caveolin-1 knockout mice have altered serum N-glycan profile and
           sialyltransferase tissue expression

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      Abstract: Abstract Caveolin-1 (Cav-1) is a constitutive protein within caveolar membranes. Previous studies from our group and others indicated that Cav-1 could mediate N-glycosylation, α2,6-sialylation, and fucosylation in mouse hepatocarcinoma cells in vitro. However, little is known about the effect of Cav-1 expression on glycosylation modifications in vivo. In this study, the N-glycan profiles in serum from Cav-1−/− mice were investigated by lectin microarray and mass spectrometric analysis approaches. The results showed that levels of multi-antennary branched, α2,6-sialylated, and galactosylated N-glycans increased, while high-mannose typed and fucosylated N-glycans decreased in the serum of Cav-1−/− mice, compared with that of wild-type mice. Furthermore, the real-time quantitative PCR analysis indicated that α2,6-sialyltransferase gene expression decreased significantly in Cav-1−/− mouse organ tissues, but α2,3- and α2,8-sialyltransferase did not. Of them, both mRNA and protein expression levels of the β-galactoside α2,6-sialyltransferase 1 (ST6Gal-I) had dramatically reduced in Cav-1−/− mice organ tissues, which was consistent with the α2,6-sialyl Gal/GalNAc level reduced significantly in tissues instead of serum from Cav-1−/− mice. These results provide for the first time the N-glycans profile of Cav-1−/− mice serum, which will facilitate understanding the function of Cav-1 from the perspective of glycosylation.
      PubDate: 2021-08-31
       
  • MSTN is an important myokine for weight-bearing training to attenuate bone
           loss in ovariectomized rats

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      Abstract: Abstract Weight-bearing training, as one of resistance exercises, is beneficial to bone health. Myostatin (MSTN) is a negative regulator of skeletal muscle growth and development. Animals lacking MSTN show increased bone mineral density (BMD). The aim of this study was to investigate the preventive effect of weight-bearing training on bone loss in ovariectomized rats and whether it was related to MSTN. In this study, the rats were randomly assigned to three group: Sham-ovariectomized (Sham), ovariectomized (OVX), ovariectomized and weight-bearing training (OWT). The rats in the OWT group ran at 20-m/min bearing with 35% of their body weight for 6 days/week. After 10 weeks, compared with the OVX group, weight-bearing training increased the BMD of total femur and trabecular bone by 8.13% and 57.44%, respectively. The OVX-induced destruction of bone microarchitecture including the thickness and number of trabeculae and bone volume fraction was all significantly improved (9.26%, 47.68%, 63.03%) in the OWT group. The OVX-induced degradation of bone mechanical properties was significantly enhanced in the OWT group (maximum load increased by 35.46%, stiffness increased by 89.19%, energy absorption increased by 53.4%; elastic modulus increased by 26.3%). Ten-week weight-bearing training also significantly upregulated the mRNA and protein expression of Wnt1 and β-catenin, which is crucial in bone development. Compared with the Sham group, MSTN in serum and muscle increased in the OVX group, but it decreased in the OWT group compared with the OVX group. Its receptor ActRIIB and downstream molecules Smad2/3 in the OVX group were downregulated in bone by weight-bearing training. The results indicated that MSTN is an important myokine for weight-bearing training to attenuate bone loss in ovariectomized rats.
      PubDate: 2021-08-28
       
  • Short-term exercise affects cardiac function ex vivo partially via changes
           in calcium channel levels, without influencing hypoxia sensitivity

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      Abstract: Abstract Exercise is known to improve cardiac recovery following coronary occlusion. However, whether short-term exercise can improve cardiac function and hypoxia tolerance ex vivo independent of reperfusion injury and the possible role of calcium channels in improved hypoxia tolerance remains unknown. Therefore, in the current study, heart function was measured ex vivo using the Langendorff method at different oxygen levels after a 4-week voluntary wheel-running regimen in trained and untrained male mice (C57Bl/6NCrl). The levels of cardiac Ca2+-channels: L-type Ca2+-channel (CACNA1C), ryanodine receptor (RyR-2), sarco(endo)plasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase (SERCA2), and sodium-calcium exchanger were measured using western blot. Trained mice displayed lower cardiac afterload pressure generation capacity (rate and amplitude), but unaltered hypoxia tolerance when compared to untrained mice with similar heart rates. The level of CACNA1C positively correlated with the pressure generation rate and amplitude. Furthermore, the CACNA1C-RYR-2 ratio also positively correlated with the pressure generation rate. While the 4-week training period was not enough to alter the intrinsic cardiac hypoxia tolerance, interestingly it decreased pressure generation capacity and slowed pressure decreasing capacity in the mouse hearts ex vivo. This reduction in pressure generation rate could be linked to the level of channel proteins in sarcolemmal Ca2+-cycling in trained mice. However, the Ca2+-channel levels did not differ significantly between the groups, and thus, the level of calcium channels cannot fully explain all the functional alterations, despite the detected correlations. Therefore, additional studies are warranted to reveal further mechanisms that contribute to the reduced intrinsic capacity for pressure production in trained mouse hearts.
      PubDate: 2021-08-27
       
  • Exosome-derived SNHG16 sponging miR-4500 activates HUVEC angiogenesis by
           targeting GALNT1 via PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway in hepatocellular carcinoma

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      Abstract: Abstract Accumulating evidence suggests cancer-derived exosomes play an important role in promoting angiogenesis. Long noncoding RNA small nucleolar RNA host gene 16 (SNHG16) is known to aggravate hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) progression. However, the function of exosomal SNHG16 in HCC angiogenesis remains unclear. In this study, the expression of SNHG16 was significantly upregulated in HCC tissues and cell lines. The proliferative, migratory, and angiogenic abilities of HUVECs were enhanced after exposure to exosomes derived from HCC cells by transmitting SNHG16. In addition, SNHG16 was validated to promote the biological function of HUVECs directly. Exosomal SNHG16 increased GALNT1 expression to promote angiogenesis via sponging miR-4500. SNHG16/miR-4500/GALNT1 axis played an important role in exosome-mediated angiogenesis and tumor growth in vitro and vivo. Furthermore, SNHG16 activated PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway via competing endogenous miR-4500 and GALNT1. Meanwhile, the expression of plasma exosomal SNHG16 upregulated in the plasma of HCC patients. These data elucidated the essential role of exosomal SNHG16 in communication between HCC cells and endothelial cells. Exosomal SNHG16 could be utilized as a therapeutic target for anti-angiogenesis in HCC progression.
      PubDate: 2021-08-23
       
  • Adiponectin overexpression in C2C12 myocytes increases lipid oxidation and
           myofiber transition

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      Abstract: Abstract Metabolic syndrome and obesity have detrimental effects on the metabolic function of the skeletal muscle. Mounting evidence indicates that patients with those conditions may present an increased ratio of glycolytic to oxidative fibers associated with a decrease in oxidative capacity. In this regard, adiponectin, a hormone mainly secreted by adipocytes that regulates glucose and lipid metabolism, has emerged as a myokine that could play an important role in this process. We aimed to investigate whether adiponectin overexpression in skeletal muscle might be a local protective mechanism, favoring fatty acid utilization. To that end, we generated an in vitro model of myocytes with upregulated endogenous adiponectin using a lentiviral carrier. We demonstrated that the adiponectin-transduced myocytes were able to produce and secrete fully functional adiponectin complexes. Adiponectin overexpression remarkably upregulated the mRNA level of myogenic regulatory factors as well as genes implicated in lipolysis (HSL, ATGL) and cellular and mitochondrial fatty acid transport (LPL, CD36, CPT1B). This was accompanied by increased isoproterenol-induced lipolysis and β-oxidation and reduced lipogenesis, whereas insulin-stimulated glucose uptake was unaltered in transduced myocytes. Lastly, the relative expression of the more glycolytic myofibers (MyHC IIb) compared to the more oxidative ones (MyHC I) was notably reduced. Our results showed that the released adiponectin acted in an autocrine/paracrine manner, increasing lipid oxidation in myocytes and leading to a transition of myofibers from the glycolytic to the oxidative type. In conclusion, muscle adiponectin overexpression might be a way to relieve muscle diseases caused by oxidative muscle fiber deficiency.
      PubDate: 2021-08-23
       
  • Exendin-4 may improve type 2 diabetes by modulating the epigenetic
           modifications of pancreatic histone H3 in STZ-induced diabetic C57BL/6 J
           mice

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      Abstract: Abstract Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a complicated systemic disease that might be improved by exendin-4, although the epigenetic role remains unclear. In the current study, C57BL/6 J mice were used to generate a T2D model, followed by treatment with exendin-4 (10 μg/kg). Histone H3K9 and H3K23 acetylation, H3K4 mono-methylation, and H3K9 di-methylation were explored by western blot analysis of pancreatic histone extracts. Real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to examine the expression levels of pancreatic beta cell development-related genes, and chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) was applied to analyze H3 and H3K9 acetylation, H3K4 mono-methylation, and H3K9 di-methylation in the promoter region of the pancreatic and duodenal homeobox 1 (Pdx1) gene. The results showed that total H3K9 di-methylation and H3K9 and H3K23 acetylation increased in pancreatic tissues of diabetic mice, whereas H3K4 mono-methylation was reduced. All of these changes could be abrogated by treatment with exendin-4. Our data indicated that T2D progression might be improved by exendin-4 treatment through the reversal of global pancreatic histone H3K9 and H3K23 acetylation, H3K4 mono-methylation, and H3K9 di-methylation. A better understanding of these epigenetic alterations may, therefore, lead to novel therapeutic strategies for T2D.
      PubDate: 2021-08-19
       
  • Aerobic exercise modulates noncoding RNA network upstream of FNDC5 in the
           Gastrocnemius muscle of high-fat-diet-induced obese mice

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      Abstract: Abstract The purpose of the study was to determine the influence of aerobic exercise with a fat-rich diet on ncRNAs expression associated with FNDC5 in the Gastrocnemius muscle of the obese mice. Twenty-five male mice were grouped into two categories of normal diet (ND) and high-fat diet (HF) treatments for three months. For the subsequent treatment, HF-fed animals (obese) were proceeded in four groups: HF-Trained (n = 5), HF-Untrained (n = 5), ND-Trained (n = 5), and ND-Untrained (n = 5). Simultaneously, ND fed mice (n = 5) continued receiving normal diet and being untrained. In the training group, exercise was applied using a treadmill for 2 months. The Gastrocnemius muscle was excised for the assessment of FNDC5 mRNA, protein levels, and ncRNAs. Using bioinformatics tools, two potential miRNAs, miR-129-5p and miR-140-5p, and four lncRNAs constructing a network with FNDC5 were identified. Significant decrease was observed in both miR-129-5p and miR-140-5p in the HF-fed mice vs. ND-fed mice (p < 0.01). Significant increase of lncRNAs Meg3, Malat1, Neat1, and Kcnq1ot1 correlating in the network was also detected (p < 0.001 for all lncRNAs) in HF-fed mice and trained mice (p < 0.001 for Neat1, Meg3, and Kcnq1ot1). The present study suggests that an increase in the muscle FNDC5 of the high-fat diet mice is governed by an expression regulation of suggested ncRNAs, which were revealed by bioinformatics study to be involved in the insulin resistance and glucose homeostasis pathways.
      PubDate: 2021-08-18
       
  • Human cholesteryl ester transport protein transgene promotes macrophage
           reverse cholesterol transport in C57BL/6 mice and phospholipid transfer
           protein gene knockout mice

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      Abstract: Abstract Cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) and phospholipid transfer protein (PLTP) belong to the same gene family. Liver-specific expression of CETP improves reverse cholesterol transport (RCT) and PLTP knockout (KO) decreases RCT in mice. In this study, we investigate the effect of CETP transgene (CETP-tg) on RCT and whether CETP-tg can partially restore RCT efficiency in PLTP KO mice. Several rounds of crossing were carried out to produce colonies of wild type (WT), CETP-tg, PLTP KO, and CETP-tg × PLTP KO mice were obtained after several generations of reproduction. The efficiency of RCT was detected using [3H]-cholesterol-laden macrophages, and the underlying mechanisms were investigated by multiple techniques. Our data demonstrated that CETP-tg significantly increased the transport rate of [3H]-cholesterol from macrophages to plasma and liver, and finally the excretion through feces compared to the WT littermates. The RCT improving effect of CETP-tg was similar in PLTPKO mice. Furthermore, CETP-tg did not affect the expression of RCT-related proteins, such as low-density lipoprotein receptor. The mechanisms of improving RCT may be attributed to the low level of oxidized lipids in CETP-tg mouse and CETP-mediated lipid transport. Collectively, CETP-tg improves RCT in mice, and CETP can not compensate for PLTP deficiency.
      PubDate: 2021-08-17
       
  • HGF can reduce accumulation of inflammation and regulate glucose
           homeostasis in T2D mice

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      Abstract: Abstract Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) has been studied as a protective factor for the survival of islet β cells and regulatory glucose transport and metabolism in many studies. The addition of exogenous HGF to cells or mice is the most common way to study HGF, but the persistence and stability of the administered HGF are unclear. In this experiment, wild-type C57BL6 (WT) mice and HGF-overexpressing transgenic (HGF-Tg) mice were divided into a normal diet (ND) group and an HFD group. The HGF protein level in the liver, kidney, spleen, pancreas, and VAT of HGF-Tg-ND mice was upregulated compared to that of WT-ND mice, and it was also upregulated in HGF-Tg-HFD mice compared to that in WT-HFD mice. In the ND group, though the HGF-Tg-ND mice showed higher fasted blood glucose levels and larger integrated density (IOD) of glucagon-positive cells than WT-ND mice, we found that HGF-Tg-ND mice can still maintain normal glucose tolerance based on an intraperitoneal glucose tolerance test (IPGTT) and an intraperitoneal insulin tolerance test (IPITT). In the HFD group, the HGF-Tg-HFD mice showed insulin sensitivity in IPGTT and IPITT and had larger areas and higher IOD values of islet β cells and smaller areas and IOD values of islet α cells than the WT-HFD mice. HGF-Tg-HFD mice had lower level of serum insulin than WT-HFD mice. The HGF-Tg-HFD mice showed inhibited accumulation of CD4+ T cells, CD8+ T cells, Ly6G+ neutrophils, and F4/80+ macrophages in the blood and tissues and protected liver and kidney functions. Oil Red O–stained liver sections revealed that WT-HFD mice had larger areas and higher IOD values of Oil Red O–positive cells than HGF-Tg-HFD mice, and WT-HFD mice had higher score of NASH. PAS-stained kidney sections found WT-HFD has higher mesangial area/glomerular area × 100% than HGF-Tg-HFD mice. Comparative analyses demonstrated that HGF reduces the proportions of inflammatory cells in the blood and tissues, and protects liver and kidney tissues by regulating glucose homeostasis of type 2 diabetic mice.
      PubDate: 2021-08-07
       
  • Editorial Expression of Concern: Triptolide inhibits angiogenesis in
           microvascular endothelial cells through regulation of miR-92a

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      Abstract: An Editorial Expression of Concern to this paper has been published: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13105-021-00804-1
      PubDate: 2021-08-01
       
  • Editorial Expression of Concern: HULC functions as an oncogene in ovarian
           carcinoma cells by negatively modulating miR-125a-3p

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      Abstract: An Editorial Expression of Concern: to this paper has been published: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13105-021-00805-0
      PubDate: 2021-08-01
       
  • Editorial Expression of Concern: Baicalin relieves inflammation stimulated
           by lipopolysaccharide via upregulating TUG1 in liver cells

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      Abstract: An Erratum to this paper has been published: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13105-021-00803-2
      PubDate: 2021-08-01
       
  • Enhanced skeletal muscle glycogen repletion after endurance exercise is
           associated with higher plasma insulin and skeletal muscle hexokinase 2
           protein levels in mice: comparison of level running and downhill running
           model

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      Abstract: Abstract To identify factors that influence post-exercise muscle glycogen repletion, we compared the glycogen recovery after level running with downhill running, an experimental model of impaired post-exercise glycogen recovery. Male Institute of Cancer Research (ICR) mice performed endurance level running (no inclination) or downhill running (−5° inclination) on a treadmill. In Experiment 1, to determine whether these two types of exercise resulted in different post-exercise glycogen repletion patterns, tissues were harvested immediately post-exercise or 2 days post-exercise. Compared to the control (sedentary) group, level running induced significant glycogen supercompensation in the soleus muscle at 2 days post-exercise (p = 0.002). Downhill running did not induce glycogen supercompensation. In Experiment 2, mice were orally administered glucose 1 day post-exercise; this induced glycogen supercompensation in soleus and plantaris muscle only in the level running group (soleus: p = 0.005, plantaris: p = 0.003). There were significant positive main effects of level running compared to downhill running on the plasma insulin (p = 0.017) and C-peptide concentration (p = 0.011). There was no difference in the glucose transporter 4 level or the phosphorylated states of proteins related to insulin signaling and metabolism in skeletal muscle. The level running group showed significantly higher hexokinase 2 (HK2) protein content in both soleus (p = 0.046) and plantaris muscles (p =0.044) at 1 day after exercise compared to the downhill running group. Our findings suggest that post-exercise skeletal muscle glycogen repletion might be partly influenced by plasma insulin and skeletal muscle HK2 protein levels.
      PubDate: 2021-08-01
       
  • Autophagy blockage promotes the pyroptosis of ox-LDL-treated macrophages
           by modulating the p62/Nrf2/ARE axis

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      Abstract: Abstract Atherosclerosis, a chronic comprehensive cardiovascular disease, is characterized by the lipid infiltration, formation of foam cells derived from macrophages and inflammation in the vessel wall. Substantial evidence confirms that the activity of autophagic bodies plays a pivot role in regulating cell deaths, but the mechanisms of autophagy to regulate the pyroptosis of macrophages in atherosclerosis remain unclear. In our study, we explored that ox-LDL decreased the cell viability and destroyed the integrity of cell membrane, resulting in the pyroptosis of THP-1 derived macrophages in a dose-dependent manner. Western blotting, qRT-PCR and ELISA also showed that chloroquine (CQ) could up-regulate the expression of p62 through impairing autophagy and induce the pyroptosis of macrophages treated by ox-LDL, as evidenced by the decrease of cell viability and membrane integrity, and the increase of pro-caspase-1, GSDMD, and proinflammatory factors IL-1β and IL-18. Further researches demonstrated that Nrf2, a nuclear factor activated by p62, was linked to macrophage pyroptosis. Overactivating or suppressing Nrf2/ARE signaling would correspondingly aggravate or alleviate pyroptosis, in which the level of p62 was regulated by Nrf2 feedback. Then, bioinformatic analysis verified that there was a close interaction between p62, Nrf2/ARE signaling proteins and pyroptosis-related proteins. Taken together, our results show that blocking autophagy promotes the pyroptosis of ox-LDL-treated macrophages via the p62/Nrf2/ARE axis, providing a novel therapeutic target for atherosclerosis.
      PubDate: 2021-08-01
       
  • Metformin reverses the effects of high glucose on human dermal fibroblasts
           of aged skin via downregulating RELA/p65 expression

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      Abstract: Abstract Metformin has been successfully used as an anti-aging agent but exact molecular mechanisms of metformin in anti-aging remain unknown. Hyperglycemia during skin aging not only causes oxidative damage to cellular macromolecules, like dermal collagen, but also modulates the activation of transcription factor nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kB). We aimed to investigate in vitro effects of high glucose (HG) and metformin treatment on proliferation and apoptosis of human primary dermal fibroblasts (HDFs), and the expression of COL1A1, COL3A1, and RELA/p65 genes. Effects of normal glucose (5.5 mM) and HG concentration (50 mM HG) on HDFs, with two doses of metformin (50 μM and 500 μM), were investigated by immunostaining. Apoptotic levels were analyzed by flow cytometry. Expression of COL1A1, COL3A1, and RELA/p65 genes was measured by quantitative real-time PCR. The proliferation of HDFs was decreased significantly (P < 0.01) and expression of COL1A1 was downregulated by HG without metformin, whereas proliferation was elevated and expression was upregulated with 500 μM metformin + HG compared to 5.5 mM glucose (P < 0.05). The expression of COL3A1 and RELA/p65 were upregulated (P < 0.01 for COL3A1), and percentage of late apoptotic cells increased significantly by HG without metformin (P < 0.001) while it decreased in two concentrations of metformin dramatically compared with 5.5 mM glucose (P < 0.01 for expressions and < 0.001 for apoptosis). Metformin not only significantly downregulated RELA/p65 expression, but also inhibited the apoptosis of HDFs from aged human skin at toxic glucose concentrations which could be inversely mediated via COL1A1 and COL3A1 expression.
      PubDate: 2021-08-01
       
  • LncRNA AFAP1-AS1 promotes M1 polarization of macrophages and osteogenic
           differentiation of valve interstitial cells

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      Abstract: Abstract Little is known about the biological functions and underlying mechanisms of long non-coding RNA AFAP1-AS1 in degenerative calcified aortic valve disease (DCAVD). This study aims to explore whether AFAP1-AS1 regulates macrophage polarization in aortic valve calcification. Macrophage polarization and AFAP1-AS1 expression were detected in normal and calcified aortic valves of DCAVD patients. To explore the effect of AFAP1-AS1 on macrophage polarization, gain and loss of function were performed in THP-1 cells, and the percentage of M1 and M2 and the expressions of M1 and M2 markers were analyzed. Meanwhile, osteogenic differentiation was examined in valve interstitial cells (VICs). Compared with normal valves, there were more M1, less M2, and high AFAP1-AS1 expressions in calcified aortic valves, which may indicate a relationship between AFAP1-AS1 and macrophage polarization. AFAP1-AS1 overexpression promoted M1 polarization in lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and interferon gamma (IFN-γ)–treated THP-1 cells but inhibited M2 polarization, as well as augmented VIC osteogenic differentiation. On the contrary, the silence of AFAP1-AS1 could induce macrophage to M2-type and inhibit VIC osteogenic differentiation. These results elucidate that AFAP1-AS1 can promote M1 macrophages polarization to aggravate VIC osteogenic differentiation, playing a role in aortic valve calcification.
      PubDate: 2021-08-01
       
 
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