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Sustainable Technology and Entrepreneurship     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
International Research Journal of Management Science     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
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Propel Journal of Applied Management     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
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Jurnal Ekonomi dan Bisnis Airlangga     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Behavioural Economics and Social Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Data Science in Finance and Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Digital Business     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Business Reflections     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
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Cleaner and Responsible Consumption     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cleaner Logistics and Supply Chain     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of New Business Ventures     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
The African Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Management & Economics Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Entrepreneurship Education and Pedagogy (EE&P)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Continuity & Resilience Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Business, Humanities, Education and Social Sciences     Open Access  
Decision Analytics Journal     Open Access  
Sustainable Operations and Computers     Open Access  
International Entrepreneurship Review     Full-text available via subscription  
International Journal of Advanced Statistics and IT&C for Economics and Life Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Social and Economic Statistics     Open Access  
FIIB Business Review     Hybrid Journal  
Evaluation Journal of Australasia     Hybrid Journal  
Policy Design and Practice     Open Access  
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Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development
Number of Followers: 2  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Online) 2074-0131
Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [1174 journals]
  • Assessment of Local Adaptive Capacity of Mountain Farmers: A Way Forward
           for Sustainable Livelihood Development

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      Authors: Rommila Chandra, V. P. Uniyal
      Pages: 172 - 194
      Abstract: Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development, Volume 31, Issue 2, Page 172-194, December 2021.
      This study aims to understand the perception of mountain farmers towards the local adaptive capacity at a household level in an agro-ecological landscape. An indicator-based assessment is conducted to examine the 6 determinants and 27 indicators to give a local adaptive capacity index of the villages around Govind Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park, located in the Indian Himalayan region. The findings indicate that, though the connected and isolated villages have a low and very low adaptive capacity, respectively, the effect of various determinants on the local people varies among the village settlements, based on their socio-economic capacity. Despite the government endeavours to build the livelihood of mountain farmers through different programmes and policies, it still lacks proactive decision-making. The study suggests for an integrated assessment and sustainable enhancement of the landscape as a whole, with a focus on community-level adaptation strategies. It draws attention to the need for enhanced collaboration between research institutions, government and private sectors with the mountain community in the centre.
      Citation: Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development
      PubDate: 2022-01-11T03:29:24Z
      DOI: 10.1177/10185291211069753
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Determinants of Crop Diversification in Bangladesh: An Econometric
           Analysis

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      Authors: Abul Kalam Azad
      Pages: 195 - 217
      Abstract: Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development, Volume 31, Issue 2, Page 195-217, December 2021.
      This study aims to investigate the factors that influence household behaviour in cultivating the diversified crops on their cultivable land in Bangladesh. Cragg’s alternative tobit model has been applied to a unique rural household level dataset to find the catalysts of crop diversification. The results obtained portrayed a mixed impression of crop diversification in the country. The estimated results have revealed that the male head of household, the accessibility of information, a greater number of farming parcels and the availability of hired labour seem to govern the decision of a farming household to participate in non-rice crop production, while factors such as the total amount of land, agricultural extension service and irrigation facilities influence rice cultivation. Moreover, the findings obtained from the same Cragg’s alternative tobit model estimation for the Aman, Boro and Aus seasons have also revealed a similar depiction of crop diversification in Bangladesh.
      Citation: Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development
      PubDate: 2022-01-07T07:38:48Z
      DOI: 10.1177/24551333211069752
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Implications of Land Use Land Cover Transformation for Gendered
           Livelihoods: Insights from Moyna Basin of Purba Medinipur, West Bengal,
           India

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      Authors: Sreenita Mondal, Daniel Raj P. Abraham, Soumi Chatterjee
      Pages: 249 - 265
      Abstract: Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development, Volume 31, Issue 2, Page 249-265, December 2021.
      The Moyna basin of West Bengal is experiencing a rapid transformation in land use and land cover (LULC) as waterbodies are rapidly increasing at the expense of low-lying agricultural lands. The transformation in the LULC pattern in Moyna basin has been studied earlier based on the focus of climate change, biodiversity and other environmental issues. However, very little is known about the implications of this transformation on gender roles, responsibilities and livelihoods. This study examines the interconnectedness between LULC transformation and its differential impact on the livelihoods and workload of men and women using an intersectional perspective in three villages across Moyna block. The data were collected using a mixed-method approach and comprised of three major sources of information—observations, photographs and interviews. Results show that the changes in LULC have occurred partly as an impact of climate change and partly due to the inclination towards aquaculture due to decline in profitability of agriculture and farming practices. In the context of these livelihood changes, a fundamental shift in gendered roles has occurred. It has been found that the switch to aquaculture has led to two prominent outcomes, that is, depeasantisation of agricultural workers and defeminisation of the overall workforce. While women and men were equally displaced from agriculture with the advent of aquaculture, women were faced with additional challenges of unequal social gender norms and limited opportunities for alternative employment. It further shows that, the impacts of land use change on livelihoods are diverse and is a complex process as factors, like—class, caste, patriarchal family relations, family structure and the nature of the labour market intersect with gender and it also makes some women more vulnerable than other men and women.
      Citation: Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development
      PubDate: 2022-01-07T07:44:50Z
      DOI: 10.1177/10185291211065239
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • The Potential for Sustainable Organic Farming in Nagaland: A Case Study

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      Authors: Devpriya Sarkar
      Pages: 266 - 280
      Abstract: Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development, Volume 31, Issue 2, Page 266-280, December 2021.
      In 2015, Sikkim, a North-Eastern state of India, achieved the state of being fully organic. Later, states like Nagaland, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Goa and Kerala have declared their intentions to be fully organic. In Nagaland, more than 47% of the population is engaged in agriculture and entirely dependent on the traditional mode of farming and has used organic manure like cattle dung, dried leaves-litter and crop residues for enhancing the capacity of soil from time immemorial. Also, studies have shown that the state of Nagaland has negligible use of inorganic supplements in their fields. Thus, Nagaland has a high potential to be converted into an organic state without making any significant shifts in their existing farming practices. Shifting cultivation, locally known as Jhum-kheti, is one of the oldest forms of the agricultural process in practice in Nagaland. However, some studies regard Jhum cultivation as harmful to the environment, but there is a scope to reinvent this farming method and move towards a more sustainable form of agriculture there. This study explores the relation between traditional farming and organic farming and the benefits of state-induced organic farming methods and their effects on the farmers of Nagaland. A survey was carried out in the Mokokchung district of Nagaland to understand the role of farmers in attaining sustainability.
      Citation: Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development
      PubDate: 2022-01-07T07:47:09Z
      DOI: 10.1177/10185291211065244
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Impact of Rural Roads in India: A Case Study Based on Spatial Data
           Analysis

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      Authors: Sudhir Kumar Naspoori, Venkata Ravibabu Mandla, P. Kesava Rao, N. S. R. Prasad, A. V. Krishna Reddy, Peddinti Veerendra Satya Sylesh
      Pages: 281 - 296
      Abstract: Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development, Volume 31, Issue 2, Page 281-296, December 2021.
      The Government of India launched its National Rural Roads Program known as Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) to connect the 167 thousand unconnected villages in the country by all-weather roads to improve connectivity there. It is important to study the impact of such intervention on various socio-economic indicators of rural development there. This study assesses the impact of those roads on the different aspects of rural community. The assessment has been completed based on spatial visualisation of the impact created by various facility parameters in rural development using various questionnaires formed and applied on a few selected blocks. Spatial data was collected and integrated using open-source software (QGIS) and statistical analysis has been performed to understand the percentage change in socio-economic indicators related to education, healthcare, agriculture, marketing and employment opportunities which are essential elements of the integrated rural development in India. The analysis appears helpful in estimating the sensitivity of government policies in the context, and thus understanding the requirement of policy changes and implementation in rural India.
      Citation: Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development
      PubDate: 2022-01-07T07:00:25Z
      DOI: 10.1177/10185291211069728
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • A Case Study: Explaining the Price Collapse of Tongan Squash Export to
           Japan

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      Authors: Noriyuki Segawa
      Abstract: Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development, Ahead of Print.
      This article focuses on the squash industry of Tonga, which was successfully developed in the 1990s and declined in the 2000s. It analyses how squash export prices are affected by the quantity of squash export and the number of squash exporters. An examination of the squash industry demonstrates that the collapse of the export prices and the decline of the industry is caused due to the lack of structural frameworks for managing the industry effectively and/or the functional failure of the framework. It is perceived that the decline of the industry was due to the withdrawal of the squash export quota from the government, but the main factor appears to be the failure of the government to control the quality of the squash exported to Japan. Thus, a weak institutional capacity prevented the sustainable development of the industry. This article concludes that the development of institutional and human capacity to establish structural frameworks for managing industries and operating the frameworks effectively will contribute to the sustainable development of an export-oriented agriculture-based industry in the PICs.
      Citation: Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development
      PubDate: 2022-08-18T09:18:16Z
      DOI: 10.1177/10185291221117375
       
  • Identification and Characterisation of the Salt Tolerant
           Phosphate-Solubilising Bacterial Isolates for Enhancing Soil Fertility

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      Authors: Ei Phyu Kyaw, Tin Mar Lynn, Sabai Thant, Nwe Nwe Aung, Nan Nan Oo, Kyaing Kyaing Win, San San Yu
      Abstract: Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development, Ahead of Print.
      In this study, 13 bacteria were isolated from the agricultural soils of Kyaukse city, Myanmar, and out of these isolates, two bacteria isolates viz. JU-24 and JU-33 are found to be potent phosphate (P) solubilisers and are selected for further studies. These two isolates are identified as Bacillus megaterium based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence. When the growth rates of these two isolates were tested for salt tolerance, they could grow well in media with NaCl concentrations of 3%, 6% and 9%. For 0% and 3% NaCl concentrations, JU-33 (84.37 mg/L for 0% NaCl and 130.36 mg/L for 3% NaCl) showed higher P-solubilising efficiency than JU-24 (73.29 mg/L for 0% NaCl and 87.42 mg/L for 3% NaCl) for both NaCl concentrations when inoculated in Ca3(PO4)2 containing liquid medium. In media containing AlPO4 and FePO4 without NaCl, the P-solubilising activity of JU-24 is higher than JU-33 for these two substrates. Moreover, these strains showed noticeable levels of P solubilisation activity in the presence of various carbon sources indicating high P-solubilising efficacy. The soil inoculation experiment revealed that inoculating the experimental soil with JU-33 resulted in an obvious increase in available P, which increased from 13.08 mg/L in the non-inoculated soil to 18.40 mg/L in the inoculated soil with the bacterial isolate, JU-33. This study clearly showed that JU-24 and JU-33 isolates could be used as biofertilizers in ecological agricultural systems and may help to sustain environmental health and soil productivity. The use of biofertilizers can reduce the use of expensive chemical fertilisers, reducing planting costs and improving soil fertility through long-term use. Biofertilizers can help solve the problem of feeding an increasing global population at a time when agriculture is facing various environmental stresses and are affordable for low-income farmers.
      Citation: Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development
      PubDate: 2022-08-17T07:07:55Z
      DOI: 10.1177/10185291221117197
       
  • Reduction in Firewood Consumption Due to Implementation of Improved
           Cookstoves in Melghat Tiger Reserve, India

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      Authors: Jayant Kulkarni, Prachi Mehta, Anuja Vartak, Dipankar Ghose, M. Sreenivas Reddy
      Abstract: Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development, Ahead of Print.
      According to the 2001 Census of India, around 82% of the rural population of India depends entirely on biomass and uses primitive cookstoves for cooking. The smoke released due to incomplete combustion causes several chronic respiratory disorders among women responsible for cooking. Despite these adverse effects, people continue to use traditional cookstoves due to their simplicity. Firewood consumption is also responsible for the degradation of forests and the emission of CO2, which is a major greenhouse gas. A project was implemented by Wildlife Research and Conservation Society in 12 villages in Melghat Tiger Reserve to introduce improved cook stoves in 1,098 households for reducing firewood consumption and smoke emission. This study estimated that the improved cookstoves (ICS) had reduced the average per capita firewood consumption by 0.61 kg/day (25%) and resulted in the conservation of 1,171 tons of firewood annually. A decrease of 1,953 tons of CO2 emissions due to the installation of ICS has been estimated. Installation of ICS reduced the time taken to cook a meal by an average of 40 minutes and reduced smoke production, thereby contributing to the health of the users.
      Citation: Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development
      PubDate: 2022-08-12T04:35:46Z
      DOI: 10.1177/10185291221114950
       
  • Determinants of NPLs of Self-Help Group-Bank Linkage Program in India:
           Empirical Evidences and Policy Implications

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      Authors: M. Srikanth, Lagesh M. A., Mohammed Kasim C
      Abstract: Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development, Ahead of Print.
      This article examines the major factors influencing the non-performing loans (NPLs) of the Self-Help Group-Bank Linkage Program (SHG-BLP) in India at both macro- and micro-levels. A panel regression analysis of the state-level data shows that the total outstanding loan amount, average loan size per SHG and poverty rate exert positive impacts, whereas gross state domestic product has a negative effect on gross non-performing loans (GNPLs). Analysis of primary data indicated a higher incidence of loan default by SHG members. Logit regression analysis employed on primary data suggests that the loan default by SHG members is positively associated with age and experience because of higher family responsibility and lesser incentive to repay the loan. On the other hand, self-employment, levels of income and savings show negative relations with loan default. Self-employed SHG members and those who make some savings are less likely to default on loans. Similarly, higher-income groups show less chance to default on loans. An analysis of the perceptions of the SHG members reveals that poor economic conditions, non-cooperation among members, social and medical expenses, and expectations of loan waiver from the government are the main reasons for loan defaults.
      Citation: Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development
      PubDate: 2022-08-12T04:32:46Z
      DOI: 10.1177/10185291221114682
       
  • Assessment of Natural Capital for Sustainable Rural Livelihoods: An
           Empirical Study of Mizoram, India

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      Authors: Vishwambhar Prasad Sati
      Abstract: Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development, Ahead of Print.
      The state of Mizoram has plenty of natural capital in the form of a feasible climate, rich forest, an abundance of water and rich agroecological conditions. However, this capital is not exploited optimally to help the rural people plagued by acute food insecurity there. This study assesses the potential of the natural capital there for creating sustainable rural livelihoods in Mizoram. The analysis has been performed based on the case studies conducted in 16 villages, 2 villages from each district. A total of 1,527 households were surveyed using a purposive random sampling method. A structured questionnaire was designed where the questions were asked to gather information on climate conditions, forests, water and agriculture. The findings reveal that the optimum use of natural capital will enhance rural livelihoods substantially. Tourism development, the establishment of forest-based small-scale industries in rural areas, rainwater harvesting, construction of micro hydroelectricity power projects, and cultivation of diverse crop races/cultivars, including food grains, vegetables and fruits, along with systematic rice intensification in the suitable agroecological zones can bring a momentum to expedite rural livelihoods there.
      Citation: Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development
      PubDate: 2022-08-08T09:25:52Z
      DOI: 10.1177/10185291221114684
       
  • Rural Communication Services (RCS) and Appropriation of Flatbed Dryers
           among Farmers in Sto. Domingo, Nueva Ecija, Philippines

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      Authors: C. A. N. Vallejo, C. S. Torres
      Abstract: Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development, Ahead of Print.
      This study analyses the impact of rural communication services (RCS) on rice farmers’ appropriation of flatbed dryers in Sto. Domingo, Nueva Ecija, Philippines. The study faces the problem from the sociopsychological lens of viewing communication problems. A survey of 131 rice farmers from three barangays in Sto. Domingo, Nueva Ecija, namely Pulong Buli, Mambarao and Malaya has been conducted to collect data. For the key informant interview (KII), informants/interviewees were leaders of farmers’ organisations, municipal agricultural officer, agricultural technicians, and flatbed dryer developers. The findings reveal that there is a source-driven orientation of communication services in the study area as the majority of the rice farmers passively receive information from different sources. The most accessed RCS provider was the municipal agriculture office. Farmers viewed that information as relevant to their needs because they were able to utilise them in their farming practices and they were compatible with the existing methods and practices. Most of the respondents were engaged in person-to-person communication in accessing information about the flatbed dryer. Attending seminars and training, cooperative assemblies and membership in Farmers’ Field School (FFS) were among the opportunities where the respondents engaged in peer learning.
      Citation: Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development
      PubDate: 2022-07-25T04:25:36Z
      DOI: 10.1177/10185291221112206
       
  • Reduction in Lifetime Fertility Through MNCS in Rural Bangladesh

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      Authors: M. Showkat Gani, A. K. M. Ahsan Ullah, Thirunaukarasu Subramaniam, Lennarth Nyström, A. Mushtaque R. Chowdhury
      First page: 149
      Abstract: Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development, Ahead of Print.
      This study assesses the effect of a customised Maternal Neonatal and Child Survival (MNCS) intervention in the rural areas of Bangladesh. This study attempts to estimate the lifetime fertility rate and the proportion of live births ≥3, and the age-specific lifetime fertility patterns among the women of reproductive age. This quasi-experimental study used impact evaluation data from the MNCS intervention in 2013 and compared these with the baseline data collected in 2008. We used a multi-stage, cluster random sampling technique to include 6,000 and 4,800 women in 2008 and 2013, respectively. The respondents were either mothers who had alive/deceased infants or the mothers whose pregnancy was terminated or who had living children of 12–59 months without pregnancy outcomes in the preceding year of the surveys. Based on the mean difference of live births from baseline to endline year for each intervention union, and then we compared these two areas (intervention and control unions). Overall lifetime fertility rate declined significantly in high-performing intervention unions (from 2.6 to 2.2/woman, p < .001) or in control unions (from 2.4 to 2.2/woman; p < .001). The degree of reduction of fertility increased significantly with age, and such a change was most prominent in the case of women ≥35 years old. Multivariate analyses suggest that the likelihood of having live births ≥3 reduced significantly in high-performed intervention compared to control unions. In conclusion, the probability of reducing lifetime fertility over time increases with a higher level of access, degree and duration of the customised intervention.
      Citation: Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development
      PubDate: 2022-01-04T04:24:47Z
      DOI: 10.1177/10185291211065788
       
  • Farmland Lease Options in the Rural China: Key Determinants and Policy
           Implications

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      Authors: Thomas Bilaliib Udimal, Zhiyuan Peng, Niyontezeho Guillaume
      First page: 218
      Abstract: Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development, Ahead of Print.
      The study looks at the factors that influence farmland transfer option in Yunnan province, China. To help achieve this objective, 6,007 households were randomly selected from rural communities. The sample includes households who are engaged in lease-out, lease-in, and those who engage in neither lease-out nor lease-in. The data was analysed using multinomial probit model. The results show that farmland certification and knowledge of land tenure policy have positive impact on both lease-in and lease-out decisions relative to the reference category. Farmland size and years of schooling show negative and positive impact on lease-in and lease-out decisions, respectively, relative to the reference category. The net income of the household and crop insurance have positive and negative effect on lease-in and lease-out decisions, respectively, relative to the base category. The results suggest that price per mu has a positive effect on the lease-out decision relative to the base category. The study broadens the scope of analysis on farmland transfer by considering all the options available to a household in farmland transfer decision taking.
      Citation: Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development
      PubDate: 2021-12-20T10:16:13Z
      DOI: 10.1177/10185291211065228
       
  • Measuring Technical Efficiency of the Smallholder Crop Farms Using
           Stochastic Production Frontier Approach

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      Authors: Mercy Ebere Ndubueze-Ogaraku, Anil Graves
      First page: 234
      Abstract: Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development, Ahead of Print.
      Agricultural productivity in Africa is the lowest in the world with many households not being able to feed themselves. In Africa, women play a major role in agriculture sector constituting about 70–80 per cent of the labour force there. Regrettably, their farm productivity is relatively low mainly due to their inefficient use of farm inputs, which has a serious implication for their socio-economic condition as well as health and nutrition status. With this backdrop in mind, the study investigated the technical efficiency (TE) of the female crop farmers in Niger Delta, Nigeria. Stochastic production frontier approach and ANOVA models were applied to analyse the primary data collected on the 216 female farmers randomly selected from 18 communities of the 3 states in the Delta. It has been found that the farm size and the quantity of labour positively influence TE of these farmers. However, farmer’s age shows a negative sign implying a decrease in technical inefficiency in age whereas the years of schooling shows a positive sign implying an increase in inefficiency with schooling thereby a resulting decrease in TE with schooling. Farm efficiency level in Delta and Akwa Ibom States was not significantly different. However, TE level in both Delta and Akwa Ibom States was significantly different from Rivers State. Since, the age of farmers showed positive influence on TE, farmers should form group and organise regular meetings to enable share knowledge and experiences on the efficient use of farm resources in the Niger Delta Region, Nigeria.
      Citation: Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development
      PubDate: 2021-12-22T11:26:08Z
      DOI: 10.1177/10185291211065222
       
 
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