Subjects -> BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (Total: 3614 journals)
    - ACCOUNTING (132 journals)
    - BANKING AND FINANCE (306 journals)
    - BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (1276 journals)
    - CONSUMER EDUCATION AND PROTECTION (20 journals)
    - COOPERATIVES (4 journals)
    - ECONOMIC SCIENCES: GENERAL (212 journals)
    - ECONOMIC SYSTEMS, THEORIES AND HISTORY (235 journals)
    - FASHION AND CONSUMER TRENDS (20 journals)
    - HUMAN RESOURCES (103 journals)
    - INSURANCE (26 journals)
    - INTERNATIONAL COMMERCE (145 journals)
    - INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT AND AID (103 journals)
    - INVESTMENTS (22 journals)
    - LABOR AND INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS (61 journals)
    - MACROECONOMICS (17 journals)
    - MANAGEMENT (611 journals)
    - MARKETING AND PURCHASING (116 journals)
    - MICROECONOMICS (23 journals)
    - PRODUCTION OF GOODS AND SERVICES (143 journals)
    - PUBLIC FINANCE, TAXATION (37 journals)
    - TRADE AND INDUSTRIAL DIRECTORIES (2 journals)

BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (1276 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 1566 Journals sorted alphabetically
360 : Revista de Ciencias de la Gestión     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
4OR: A Quarterly Journal of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Abacus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Accounting Forum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Acta Amazonica     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Commercii     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Marisiensis : Seria Oeconomica     Open Access  
Acta Oeconomica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Acta Scientiarum. Human and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Acta Universitatis Danubius. Œconomica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Universitatis Lodziensis : Folia Geographica Socio-Oeconomica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Universitatis Nicolai Copernici Zarządzanie     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
AD-minister     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Adam Academy : Journal of Social Sciences / Adam Akademi : Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
AdBispreneur : Jurnal Pemikiran dan Penelitian Administrasi Bisnis dan Kewirausahaan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Admisi dan Bisnis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advanced Sustainable Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Economics and Business     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Africa Journal of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
AfricaGrowth Agenda     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67)
African Business     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
African Development Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
African Journal of Business and Economic Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Business Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
African Review of Economics and Finance     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Afro Eurasian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Afro-Asian Journal of Finance and Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Agronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Akademik Yaklaşımlar Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AL-Qadisiyah Journal For Administrative and Economic sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alphanumeric Journal : The Journal of Operations Research, Statistics, Econometrics and Management Information Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
American Economic Journal : Applied Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 213)
American Enterprise Institute     Free   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Business     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
American Journal of Business and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 52)
American Journal of Business Education     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
American Journal of Economics and Business Administration     Open Access   (Followers: 33)
American Journal of Economics and Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
American Journal of Finance and Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
ANALES de la Universidad Central del Ecuador     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ankara University SBF Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annales de l'Institut Henri Poincare (C) Non Linear Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Annals in Social Responsibility     Full-text available via subscription  
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annual Review of Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 42)
Anuario Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Developmental Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58)
Applied Economics Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Applied Economics Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Applied Financial Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Applied Mathematical Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Applied Stochastic Models in Business and Industry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Apuntes Universitarios     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arab Economic and Business Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Archives of Business Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Arena Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Argomenti. Rivista di economia, cultura e ricerca sociale     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
ASEAN Economic Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Asia Pacific Business Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 221)
Asia Pacific Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asia Pacific Viewpoint     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Operational Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asia-Pacific Management and Business Application     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Business Review     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Case Research Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Asian Development Review     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Asian Economic Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Asian Economic Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asian Economic Policy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Asian Journal of Economics, Business and Accounting     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Management Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asian Journal of Sustainability and Social Responsibility     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Technology Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asian-pacific Economic Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Atlantic Economic Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Australasian Journal of Regional Studies, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Cottongrower, The     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian Economic Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Australian Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Australian Journal of Maritime and Ocean Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Balkan Region Conference on Engineering and Business Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Baltic Journal of Real Estate Economics and Construction Management     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Banks in Insurance Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
BBR - Brazilian Business Review     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Benchmarking : An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Benefit : Jurnal Manajemen dan Bisnis     Open Access  
Berkeley Business Law Journal     Free   (Followers: 11)
Beta : Scandinavian Journal of Business Research     Full-text available via subscription  
Bio-based and Applied Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biodegradation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biology Direct     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
BizInfo (Blace) Journal of Economics, Management and Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Black Enterprise     Full-text available via subscription  
Board & Administrator for Administrators only     Hybrid Journal  
Boletim Técnico do Senac     Open Access  
Border Crossing : Transnational Working Papers     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Brazilian Business Review     Open Access  
Briefings in Real Estate Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
British Journal of Industrial Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Brookings Papers on Economic Activity     Open Access   (Followers: 67)
Brookings Trade Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
BU Academic Review     Open Access  
Bulletin of Economic Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Bulletin of the Dnipropetrovsk University. Series : Management of Innovations     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Business & Entrepreneurship Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Business & Information Systems Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Business : Theory and Practice / Verslas : Teorija ir Praktika     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Business and Economic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Business and Management Horizons     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Business and Management Research     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Business and Management Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Business and Society Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Business Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Business Ethics Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Business Ethics: A European Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Business Horizons     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Business Management Analysis Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Business Management and Strategy     Open Access   (Followers: 38)
Business Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Business Review Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Business Strategy and Development     Hybrid Journal  
Business Strategy and the Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Business Strategy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Business Strategy Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Business Systems & Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Business, Economics and Management Research Journal : BEMAREJ     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Business, Management and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Business: Theory and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cambridge Journal of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 75)
Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Canadian Journal of Administrative Sciences / Revue Canadienne des Sciences de l Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue Canadienne d`Economique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Canadian journal of nonprofit and social economy research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Capitalism Nature Socialism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Case Studies in Business and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Central European Business Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Central European Journal of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Central European Journal of Public Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Chain Reaction     Full-text available via subscription  
Challenge     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Chandrakasem Rajabhat University Journal of Graduate School     Open Access  
China & World Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
China : An International Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
China Economic Journal : The Official Journal of the China Center for Economic Research (CCER) at Peking University     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
China Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
China Finance Review International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
China perspectives     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Chinese Economy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Chinese Journal of Population, Resources and Environment     Open Access  
Chinese Journal of Social Science and Management     Open Access  
Christian University of Thailand Journal     Open Access  
Chulalongkorn Business Review     Open Access  
Ciencia, Economía y Negocios     Open Access  
Circular Economy and Sustainability     Hybrid Journal  
Cleaner and Responsible Consumption     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Cleaner Logistics and Supply Chain     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Climate and Energy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
CLIO América     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cliometrica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Colombo Business Journal     Open Access  
Community Development Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Compendium : Cuadernos de Economía y Administración     Open Access  
Competitive Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Competitiveness Review : An International Business Journal incorporating Journal of Global Competitiveness     Hybrid Journal  
Computational Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Computational Mathematics and Modeling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Computer Law & Security Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Computers & Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Consilience : The Journal of Sustainable Development     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Construction Innovation: Information, Process, Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Consumer Behavior Studies Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Consumer Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Contemporary Wales     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Contextus - Revista Contemporânea de Economia e Gestão     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Continuity & Resilience Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Corporate Communications An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Corporate Philanthropy Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Corporate Reputation Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Creative and Knowledge Society     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Creative Industries Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Cuadernos de Administración (Universidad del Valle)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Economía     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Economia - Latin American Journal of Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cuadernos de Estudios Empresariales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos Latinoamericanos de Administración     Open Access  

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Circular Economy and Sustainability
Number of Followers: 0  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 2730-597X - ISSN (Online) 2730-5988
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2468 journals]
  • Hospitality Industry 4.0 and Climate Change

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: This paper investigates under which conditions implementation of Industry 4.0 in the hospitality sector could help to combat climate change. The paper takes the form of a systematic literature review to examine the main pillars of Industry 4.0 in the hospitality industry and discuss how these technologies could help combat climate change. We propose five conditions under which Industry 4.0 could help to combat climate change. First, in the hospitality industry, increased use of Industry 4.0 technologies induces an increase in energy efficiency and a reduction of GHG. Second, increased use of Industry 4.0 technologies induces a reduction in water consumption and an increase in water use efficiency. Third, increased use of Industry 4.0 technologies induces a reduction in food waste. Fourth, increased use of Industry 4.0 technologies can promote Circular Hospitality 4.0. Fifth, increased use of Industry 4.0 technologies helps to reduce transport and travel. Hospitality Industry 4.0 technologies offer new opportunities for enhancing sustainable development and reducing GHG emissions through the use of environmentally friendly approaches to achieve the Paris Agreement objectives.
      PubDate: 2022-01-23
       
  • Public Procurement for the Circular Economy: a Comparative Study of Sweden
           and Spain

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: This article examines the relationship between circular economy and public procurement by regarding green procurement as an enabler for the transition from sustainable to circular public procurement. Considering the different green procurement uptakes under the common legal framework of the European Union, and particularly, the contrasting practice results of Spain and Sweden and the opposed legal configuration of their procurement Acts, a comparative law study of the exclusion of suppliers, awarding criteria and special conditions of performance’s Articles is conducted.
      PubDate: 2022-01-18
       
  • Applying Circular Economy to Construction Industry through Use of Waste
           Materials: A Review of Supplementary Cementitious Materials, Plastics, and
           Ceramics

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Due to constant growth of waste production, recent strategies in waste management such as circular economy promote the maximum life cycle use of materials. In construction industry where structures tend to last for decades, the use of such recycled materials can have numerous benefits including overall reduction in cost, in use of virgin materials, and in CO2 production as well as providing an opportunity for a tailored concrete with specific properties. Yet, because of the stereotypical and negative image of mechanical properties reduction, as a result of using waste materials, often their vast contribution in sustainability and durability properties are not taken into consideration. In this regard, we propose viewing waste materials as secondary raw materials that in certain regards, can provide a favorably tailored property. In this regard, the following review article first provides a short description of the most commonly used waste materials such as supplementary cementitious materials (fly ash, ground granulated blast furnace slag, silica fume, metakaolin, rice husk ash, municipal solid waste ash, steel slag, copper slag), ceramics from construction and demolition (glass powder, brick and tile ceramic and porcelain), and the vastly available plastic materials (polypropylene, polyethylene terephthalate, polyvinyl chloride, and rubber). Then, by reviewing a selected environmental impact (life cycle assessment), physicochemical, durability, and finally mechanical properties discuss the limitations, future projections of newer waste materials (e.g., agricultural waste) to be used and suggest potential future study in this area.
      PubDate: 2022-01-16
       
  • A Practical and Analytic View on Legal Framework of Circular Economics as
           One of the Recent Economic Law Insights: A Comparative Legal Study

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: The concept of circular economy has gained a lot of attention in the last five years and has become the new all-encompassing notion for sustainable public policies. There is to date no commonly agreed definition of the circular economy, and it is one of the goals of this thesis to put forward one. A starting point for characterizing it might be in opposition to the linear “take-make-dispose” economic model that has dominated economic thinking for more than 150 years and whereby the environment is an open space in which humanity can draw resources infinitely and discharge unlimited amounts of emissions. The circular economy developed in particular as a way to counter the dramatic environmental consequences of the ensuing throwaway society based on the mass production of low-quality products for rapid consumption and discard. This paper aims to explore the basis for a legal framework for the circular economy that can guarantee a sustainable future for humanity; one in which products contribute to social and economic prosperity without threatening the planetary boundaries. The adopted methodology is related to the documentary observation, the survey, review, and systematization of the bibliography on the subject, identifying specific theoretical–technical concepts and principles, and analysing the laws that received this new economy. Finally, it is concluded that there is a global concern about environmental deterioration and progress in creating a regulatory framework, both at the national, regional, and international levels, that encourages circularity.
      PubDate: 2022-01-15
       
  • From Circular to Linear' Assessing the Life Cycle Environmental and
           Economic Sustainability of Steel and Plastic Beer Kegs

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: In the craft brewing industry, kegging solutions have changed dramatically in recent years. While steel kegs once dominated the draught beer market, single-use plastic kegs have increased in popularity due to their convenience, especially in the craft brewing sector. With the increasing importance of the circular economy and the introduction of policies in Europe to move away from single-use plastic systems, this study aims to assess and compare the sustainability of conventional steel and single-use plastic kegs. The environmental and economic performance are assessed through life cycle assessment and life cycle costing approaches. The results suggest that steel kegs have better environmental performance and life cycle costs. However, these are limited to the local markets, and with larger distances, plastic kegs may become the better option due to their lower weight, suggesting that both kegs are useful in certain situations. This is especially important in countries that have long distances between breweries and their markets. The importance of extending the lifetime of the keg fleet is also highlighted to improve the environmental performance as the results are influenced by the assumption on the lifetime of the steel kegs. To improve the environmental performance of plastic kegs, efficient closed-loop recycling systems should be developed. Careful decision-making is needed to ensure that more sustainable packaging options are chosen for draught beer and that sustainability aspects be taken into account beyond convenience.
      PubDate: 2022-01-15
       
  • Analyzing Technical and Organizational Changes in Circular Economy (CE)
           Implementation with a TOE Framework: Insights from a CE Project of
           Kamouraska (Quebec)

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Circular economy (CE) enhances the integration of environmental issues into business practices. It appears as an opportunity to improve the environmental performance of stakeholders involved in its implementation. But CE requires technical and organizational changes in the practices of stakeholders to address some issues. The adoption of these changes involves a complex process with depends on multiple factors. Mobilizing Technology–Organization–Environment (TOE) framework, this paper aims to underline changes in CE implementation and their determining factors. Our analysis of data from 36 stakeholders of a CE project of Kamouraska (Quebec) underscores a weak influence of technological factors. Changes refer more to organizational resources, internal stakeholders, government regulation, geographical and social proximity, etc. In addition, the results show a causal relationship between different factors, which requires a systemic perspective on CE.
      PubDate: 2022-01-15
       
  • The Development of Spatial Circularity Discourse in Japan: Ecomodernist,
           Territorialised, or Both' The Story of Onomichi’s Wastescapes

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Globally, many national, regional, and urban governments are facilitating circular economy transitions through various pathways. The European Union and China have spearheaded the worldwide shift towards circularity by adopting primarily ecomodernist and technocratic approaches. However, the relevant literature has highlighted the need to integrate conceptualisations of circularity that are more politically and spatially embedded to better suit the local contexts and actual social needs of specific populations. In this paper, we therefore argue that the Japanese approach to circular practices exemplifies a place-bound and just pathway and offers a potential alternative to the European and Chinese methods. Accordingly, we first trace the historical roots of spatial circularity in Japan and then articulate some contemporary circular concepts. Next, we present a detailed analysis of wastescapes in the city of Onomichi to demonstrate through the lived experiences of its citizens that the rather orthodox understandings of circularity that permeate Japanese discourse on circularity coexist with alternative considerations that promote human interactions with nonhuman nature, acknowledge spatial ranges of operations, and value traditional knowledge.
      PubDate: 2022-01-11
       
  • A Perspective of the COVID-19 Pandemic in the Plastic Waste Management and
           Cooperatives of Waste Pickers in Brazil

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Brazil is the fourth largest producer of plastic waste in the world. Among all the challenges the country had faced in the development of public policies for the banning of single-use plastics, the new coronavirus pandemic scenario determined the suspension of these laws indefinitely. In 2020, Brazil became the global epicenter of COVID-19. This scenario changed the habit and behavior of Brazilian consumers, who increased the consumption of plastics due to their importance in applications as protective material. The country also has social problems related to waste management that depend mainly on waste pickers. These workers need social visibility and protection not only to face the current health crisis but also to guarantee their income and survival. This work aims to discuss the increase in single-use plastics that are not intended for recycling and the respective environmental, economic, and social impacts for the country. We demonstrate the lack of data on waste management in Brazil and highlight the importance of the social inclusion of waste pickers for a circular economy. Especially after the change of scenario with the COVID-19 pandemic, the country must have adequate planning and improvements in waste management, recycling programs, and political intervention to raising awareness among the population and guaranteeing social rights for waste pickers.
      PubDate: 2022-01-10
       
  • Negotiating Stakeholder Relationships in a Regional Circular Economy:
           Discourse Analysis of Multi-scalar Policies and Company Statements from
           the North of England

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Circular economy (CE) literature discusses the need for cooperation between different stakeholders to promote a CE; there is also an assumption regarding the benefits of loop closing on a local or regional scale. However, the potentially conflicting priorities, understandings, and expectations of the stakeholders involved have not been sufficiently addressed. Regional (or local) authorities have a responsibility to promote prosperity for stakeholders in their administrative region, within the constraints of national policy; conversely companies can have financial imperatives associated with stakeholders who may be globally distributed. Evidence of these conflicting priorities, the various positions stakeholder take, and their expectations of each other can be seen in the language choices regional actors make in their public-facing policy and report documents. The aim of the paper is to consider the challenges for creating a regional-scale CE that might arise from the differing priorities and values of companies and public agencies relating to specific places. It uses discourse analysis (including critical approaches) to examine how policy and business documents represent the stakeholders of the CE, their place in it, their priorities, and, importantly, the relationship between CE actors, focusing on the case of North Humberside on the North East coast of England. The plans set out in these reports are designed for external stakeholders and allow us to gain an insight into company and policy thinking in relation to CE developments in the coming years, including how they view each other’s roles. Findings indicate a shared motivation across scales and sectors for the CE as a means towards sustainable growth within which business plays a central role. However, there is a critical double disjuncture between different visions for implementation. First, between policy scales, a regional-scale CE is prioritised by regional policymakers, who have an interest in economic advantage being tied to a specific place and call for national scale support for their actions. Second, between regional policymakers and business, companies focus on their own internal operations and potential supply chain collaborations, with little attention given to the regional scale. This can be seen in the way organisations represent the actors of a nascent CE differently. In addition, a hegemonic business-focused growth discourse excludes other visions of the CE; the public are relegated to a passive role primarily as consumers and recipients of under-specified “opportunities” of wealth creation. CE theorisations need to incorporate and address these critical perspectives in order to support the development of strategies to overcome them.
      PubDate: 2022-01-05
       
  • Current Panorama, Practice Gaps, and Recommendations to Accelerate the
           Transition to a Circular Bioeconomy in Latin America and the Caribbean

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: The rampant use of resources and the increasing risk of scarcity have been contributing to greater awareness regarding the need for maintaining resources in use for longer and the shift to renewable alternatives, in which perspective the concept of a circular bioeconomy (CBE) has been permeating the most diverse sectors. Therefore, the study’s aims were manifold: identify (i) existing practices and initiatives, (ii) barriers and potential opportunities and (iii) existing gaps for advancing a circular bioeconomy in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) and (iv) provide recommendations aiming at the development of a circular bioeconomy (CBE) in the region. To that end, a systematic review of the existing academic literature was done, and reports from relevant non-peer reviewed sources were also consulted. CBE practices in LAC are concentrated in only a few of the countries in the region and very much revolve around recovering value from by-products and waste streams. There are a range of economic, technological, environmental, and social barriers. Opportunities for a CBE are mainly related to the use of waste as raw material (found abundantly in the countries being investigated) and the use of new techniques/technologies. The gaps between the current state and a successful CBE are related to policy, scaling-up, collaborations, and establishing efficient business models. Recommendations for a successful CBE in the region include greater engagement of public actors, investing and developing the local economy, establishing biorefineries and industrial parks, and finding new technological routes for bioresources.
      PubDate: 2022-01-04
       
  • A Framework for Assessing the Contribution of Firms to Circular Economy: a
           Triple-Level Approach

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: This paper presents a framework for evaluating the progress of firms towards the implementation of circular economy (CE) strategies. Despite the current popularity of CE and the proliferation of suggested indicators and measurement frameworks for CE, there still remains a gap regarding the measurement of firms’ contribution to the overall context of CE. The proposed framework aims at overcoming this gap by utilizing an evaluation matrix which is based on the three-level context of CE, the key “Rs” principles/strategies of CE, and material loops. To test the applicability of the proposed methodology, an empirical analysis was carried out in a sample of plastic industries. According to the findings, firms show a better performance at the macro-level than the other levels which should be substantially improved. In addition, the empirical analysis indicates that the proposed framework can be a practical tool for firms and interested parties to assess the CE level of firms.
      PubDate: 2022-01-04
       
  • Commercialization, Diffusion and Adoption of Bioformulations for
           Sustainable Disease Management in Indian Arid Agriculture: Prospects and
           Challenges

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Trichoderma spp. is one of the most popular genus of fungi commercially available as a plant growth promoting fungus (PGPF) and biological control agent. More than 80 species of Trichoderma are reported in the literature. However T. asperellum, T. harzianum, T. viride, and T. virens are most commonly utilized as biocontrol agents. Studies were initiated to explore the potential of biocontrol agents in order to develop a cost effective and practical management strategy. Analysis of large number of soil samples collected from western parts of the region led to isolation of native biocontrol agents viz., Trichoderma harzianum, Aspergillus versicolor, and Bacillus firmus from different agricultural systems. These biocontrol agents have proved their antagonistic ability in laboratory tests and field trials. In India, two species of Trichoderma i.e., T. viride and T. harzianum are commercially registered for usage against soil borne plant pathogens mostly as a seed treatment or soil application. There are published scientific papers on the efficacy of T. asperellum and T. virens in India for suppressing pathogens but these are not yet registered under Central Insecticide Board and Registration Committee (CIB & RC). This review article focuses on the uses, commercialization and adoption issues of various fungal and bacterial consortium products in sustainable disease management.
      PubDate: 2021-12-01
       
  • Assessment of Bioenergy Generation Potential of Agricultural Crop Residues
           in India

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Crop residues are sustainable feedstock for bioenergy production. The gross crop residue potential generated in India is 696.38 million tonnes/year. Cereal crops generate about 364.27 million tonnes/year of crop residues. Cereal crops (rice, wheat, sorghum, pearl millet, maize), sugarcane and horticultural crops (coconut, areca nut, banana) are found to have immense crop residue generation potential. Crop residues of 209.69 million tonnes/year are available as surplus and can be explored for bioenergy generation. Cereals and sugarcane account for 75% of surplus crop residues. Spatial variations existing between states in terms of surplus crop residue generation are due to crop acreage and crop productivity. Uttar Pradesh generates 116.69 million tonnes/year of gross crop residues and 41.76 million tonnes/year of surplus crop residues. States like Punjab, Haryana, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu generate surplus crop residues in the range between 7.62 and 18.3 million tonnes. Surplus crop residues can generate about 3.96 EJ of energy. Cereal crops, sugarcane and horticultural crops have potential to contribute significantly to bioenergy production. Bioenergy generation from crop residues in India can meet growing renewable energy demand. It is a viable and sustainable alternative, as the energy generated can reduce the use of fossil fuels, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, mitigate climate change and also empower the marginal and small farmers in terms of income and employment opportunities. Assessment of bioenergy potential from crop residues provides a path to tap the bioenergy opportunities, to minimize the constraints on the use of crop residues, to support investment decisions and efficient utilization of available biological resources.
      PubDate: 2021-12-01
       
  • An Assessment of Smallholder Farmer’s Status in the Capricorn District
           in Limpopo Province, South Africa

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: This paper points the state of smallholder farmers in terms of the socio-economic, support and yielding statuses in the Capricorn District, Limpopo Province, South Africa. The aim of the paper is to evaluate the status of smallholder farmer in terms of agricultural production. The study used a representative sample consisting of 50 smallholder farmers, with 546 beneficiaries participating in the research. Four local municipalities were visited, namely, Polokwane, Molemole, Lepelle–Nkumpi and Blouberg. Quantitative and qualitative plan was used as a detailed questionnaire written in English. Focus group discussion, a stakeholder’s discussion and field observations were used. A purposive sampling technique was used to select fifty smallholder farmers, and data was coded, captured and analysed with a software Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS version 20). Descriptive and correlations analysis results showed a significant association among the following variables: crops planted, size of land, source of water, type of market and land acquisition. The results also indicated that natural resources like land and water are the prerequisite for a smallholder farmer to engage in agricultural production. This will enable smallholder farmers to plant different crops and to identify market opportunities. It is recommended that organisations that oversee the improvement of socio-economic conditions, policy, food security and rural development should use the results of this study as a guide for their planning and decision-making for improved smallholder farmers’ livelihoods.
      PubDate: 2021-12-01
       
  • Sustainability, Efficiency, and Circularity of Weedy Rice Management
           Strategies

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Weeds have always been a serious problem for farmers and especially nowadays given the current challenges related to food security and agriculture sustainability. During the last three decades, the increasing scarcity of labor, energy, and water has led to a switch of the rice establishment method from traditional hand transplanting to direct seeding. While the latter presents some advantages, it also fosters weeds among which weedy rice is considered the worst because it has a strong competitive ability, and as a congeneric of cultivated rice is very difficult to control. There are currently three main weed management strategies in rice: synthetic herbicides, herbicide-resistant rice varieties, and integrated weed management (IWM). However, all these strategies have low effectiveness and sustainability. Even though IWM is strongly recommended, its adoption remains very low owing to its complexity and the additional cost it induces. The use of crop rotation and cover crops is sustainable and consistent with the circularity principles, but this strategy presents the same drawbacks than those associated with IWM. We stress that other strategies used to control or suppress weedy rice are more efficient, sustainable, and consistent with the bioeconomy principles. They encompass the control of the pathways to weediness by ferality as well as the improvement of rice cultivars’ fitness based on allelopathic effects. Other non-chemical weed management strategies, such as the use of bioherbicides, are promising given the current transition towards bioeconomy and circular economy.
      PubDate: 2021-12-01
       
  • Vaccine Innovation for Pandemic Preparedness: Patent Landscape, Global
           Sustainability, and Circular Bioeconomy in Post-COVID-19 era

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: In this article, we present breakthroughs and challenges in vaccine development for COVID-19 pandemic, discussing issues related to pandemic preparedness and their implications for circular bioeconomy and sustainability. Notwithstanding the unprecedented accelerated speed of COVID-19 vaccine development, just 9 months after the emergence of the pandemic in Wuhan, China, benefiting from previous developments in SARS and MERS vaccines, significant gaps persist in global vaccine preparedness. These gaps include issues related to immunity and protection, particularly to the limited vaccine protection against recent emergence of concerning new viral variants in the UK, South Africa, and Brazil and the consequent need for vaccine redesign. We examine these gaps and discuss the main issues that could impact on global vaccine availability in the current pandemic scenario: (1) breakthroughs and constraints in development and production of leading global COVID-19 vaccines; (2) innovation and technological development advances and gaps, providing information on global patent assignees for COVID-19, SARS, and MERS vaccine patents; (3) local capacity for development and production of COVID-19, SARS, and MERS vaccines in three emerging agro-based countries (India, Brazil, and South Africa); and (4) future scenarios, examining how these issues and vaccines redesign for new SARS-CoV-2 variants could impact on global access to vaccines and implications for circular bioeconomy and sustainability in the post-COVID era.
      PubDate: 2021-12-01
       
  • Opportunities and Constraints Faced by Smallholder Farmers in the Vhembe
           District, Limpopo Province in South Africa

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: This paper highlighted the opportunities and constraints faced by smallholder farmers in the Vhembe District Municipality (VDM) of Limpopo province. The VDM is well-known for agricultural opportunities as different agricultural commodities such as vegetables and fruits are produced in this district. The Agricultural Research Council (ARC) conducted an assessment in VDM in collaboration with the Department of Rural Development and Land Reform (DRDLR) aimed at identifying opportunities and constraints faced by smallholder farmers. A total of (52) horticultural projects with 1003 beneficiaries participated in the study and were from the following four local municipalities: Mutale, Thulamela, Makhado and Musina. Quantitative and qualitative research designs were employed as copies of structured questionnaire written in English were developed to elicit information for the study. The study also included group discussion, stakeholder’s discussion, as well as field observations. Purposive sampling technique was used in selecting fifty-two (52) projects, in order to cover the uniformity and homogenous characteristics such as infrastructure requirements, skills availability, production challenges and agricultural training needs, among other factors. Data was coded, captured and analysed using Social Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) and descriptive analysis was conducted. The results showed that some of the opportunities available in VDM is the high agricultural production in some parts of Vhembe, while market access, the use of traditional land and limited water resources remain some of the constraints hindering the development of the agriculture sector in the area. The study recommends the establishment of fruits and vegetable markets through possible links to AgriPark in the Vhembe local municipalities. This will ensure increased production and consumption of fruit and vegetables, creating a complete and viable agro-value chain that will expand community-driven agricultural production and processing, and enhance the role of horticultural crops in addressing the immense malnutrition problem of vulnerable groups in South Africa. Lastly, it is important to note that establishing fruits and vegetable markets (AgriPark) in the VDM will create job opportunities for local people and stimulate the local economy.
      PubDate: 2021-12-01
       
  • Circular Food Futures: What Will They Look Like'

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Potentially dramatic changes in the organisation of the food system are being driven by both consumers and producers. Consumers are demanding higher quality produce and more direct connection to producers. For farmers, more extreme weather events and global competition are increasingly making industrial agriculture less economically viable. This paper explores how circular economy (CE) debates might contribute to, and support, the changes needed for a sustainable future. Full compliance with the three objectives of a CE identified by the Ellen MacArthur Foundation might help to describe a sustainable and circular food future. An analysis of the food system is therefore carried out to determine how food systems may be organised to (a) design out waste and pollution, (b) keep products and materials in use and (c) regenerate natural systems. One critique of CE debates is the failure to explore systemic shifts and possible futures that are not an extrapolation of current conditions. This analysis of the food system points to the need for a decentralised network of diverse, polyculture farms, each with integrated energy and water micro-grids, and managed at a local level. Co-locating food producers with food consumers, as much as possible, creates an integrated village system at the food-water-energy-housing nexus. Villages may then be networked to enable collaboration for sharing of rarer skills or the satisfaction of more complex needs and wants, forming a trading network of circular economy villages. It is therefore posited that the transition to a fully circular economy will require a paradigm shift—another agricultural revolution—the transition away from large-scale industrial agriculture to a decentralised network of circular food systems.
      PubDate: 2021-12-01
       
  • Economic Shock and Agri-Sector: Post-COVID-19 Scenario in India

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic had a devastating impact on the human health and global economy. The food and agriculture sectors have also felt these effects. In many countries, the measures taken to curb the spread of the virus were initiated to hinder the supply of agricultural products to markets and consumers inside and outside the borders. How this impacts the food safety, nutrition, and the livelihoods of farmers, fishermen, and others working in the food supply chain depends mainly on short-, medium-, and long-term policy responses. Epidemics pose severe challenges to the food system in the short term, but they also offer an opportunity to face challenges and accelerate the transformation of the food and agricultural sectors to increase resilience. The aim of the review was to highlight the valuable insight on the impact of COVID-19 on the Indian agricultural system and rural economy, as well as potential strategies for post-pandemic recovery.
      PubDate: 2021-11-23
       
  • Circular Approaches in Small-Scale Food Production

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Abstract: Globally, food production is one of the main water and energy consumers. Having in view the growing population on global scale, a higher efficiency of food production is needed. Circular approaches offer a large potential to enhance the efficiency of food production and have a long tradition in the food production process of mankind. However, industrial farming has interdicted traditional cycle-closed farming approaches leading to a variety of environmental challenges. The contribution illustrates the basics of traditional gardening and farming approaches and describes how their characteristics are adapted in innovative modern farming systems like aquaponic, permaculture, urban farming, as well as recovered traditional farming systems. The approach to combine traditional farming methods with modern ones will provide multiple benefits in the future to ensure food security. There is to be underlined that such a strategy holds a substantial potential of circular flux management in small scale food production. This potential could be transposed to a larger scale also, particularly in terms of agroforestry and integrated plant and animal husbandry or integrated agriculture and aquaculture. In this way, small-scale food production holds a large potential for the future implementation of the water-energy-food security nexus.
      PubDate: 2021-11-22
       
 
JournalTOCs
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Email: journaltocs@hw.ac.uk
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
 


Your IP address: 54.224.117.125
 
Home (Search)
API
About JournalTOCs
News (blog, publications)
JournalTOCs on Twitter   JournalTOCs on Facebook

JournalTOCs © 2009-