Subjects -> BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (Total: 3541 journals)
    - ACCOUNTING (132 journals)
    - BANKING AND FINANCE (306 journals)
    - BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (1229 journals)
    - CONSUMER EDUCATION AND PROTECTION (20 journals)
    - COOPERATIVES (4 journals)
    - ECONOMIC SCIENCES: GENERAL (212 journals)
    - ECONOMIC SYSTEMS, THEORIES AND HISTORY (235 journals)
    - FASHION AND CONSUMER TRENDS (20 journals)
    - HUMAN RESOURCES (103 journals)
    - INSURANCE (26 journals)
    - INTERNATIONAL COMMERCE (145 journals)
    - INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT AND AID (103 journals)
    - INVESTMENTS (22 journals)
    - LABOR AND INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS (61 journals)
    - MACROECONOMICS (17 journals)
    - MANAGEMENT (595 journals)
    - MARKETING AND PURCHASING (106 journals)
    - MICROECONOMICS (23 journals)
    - PRODUCTION OF GOODS AND SERVICES (143 journals)
    - PUBLIC FINANCE, TAXATION (37 journals)
    - TRADE AND INDUSTRIAL DIRECTORIES (2 journals)

BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (1229 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 | Last

Showing 601 - 800 of 1566 Journals sorted alphabetically
Investigación Administrativa     Open Access  
IPPR Progressive Review     Hybrid Journal  
Issues in Economics and Business     Open Access  
IZA Journal of Labor Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
J : Multidisciplinary Scientific Journal     Open Access  
Jahrbuch für Regionalwissenschaft     Hybrid Journal  
Jàmbá : Journal of Disaster Risk Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Japan and the World Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Japanese Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Jindal Journal of Business Research     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal cover Sustainability Management Forum / NachhaltigkeitsManagementForum     Hybrid Journal  
Journal for Art Market Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal for Global Business Advancement     Hybrid Journal  
Journal for International Business and Entrepreneurship Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Accounting & Organizational Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Accounting and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Journal of Adult Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of African Business     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of African Economies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Aggression Maltreatment & Trauma     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Aging & Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Aging Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Journal of Agronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Applied and Industrial Mathematics     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Applied Business Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Applied Corporate Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Applied Econometrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55)
Journal of Applied Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Journal of ASEAN Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Asia Business Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Asia-Pacific Business     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Asian Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Banking & Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 183)
Journal of Banking Regulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Finance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Behavioral Decision Making     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Behavioral Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Behavioural Economics and Social Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Bioeconomics     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Business     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Business     Open Access  
Journal of Business & Economic Statistics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 38)
Journal of Business & Economics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Business & Financial Affairs     Open Access  
Journal of Business & Technology Law     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Business Administration : The Association of Private Higher Education Institutions of Thailand     Open Access  
Journal of Business Administration and Social Sciences Ramkhamhaeng University     Open Access  
Journal of Business Administration Research     Open Access  
Journal of Business Analytics     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Business and Behavioural Entrepreneurship     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Business and Finance     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Business and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Business and Management Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Business and Management Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Business and Management Studies     Open Access  
Journal of Business and Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Business and Social Review in Emerging Economies     Open Access  
Journal of Business and Social Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Business and Social Sciences Research     Open Access  
Journal of Business and Technical Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Business and Technology (Dhaka)     Open Access  
Journal of Business Case Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Business Continuity & Emergency Planning     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Journal of Business Cycle Research     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Business Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Business Economics and Finance     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Business Economics and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
Journal of Business Ethics Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Business in The Digital Age     Open Access  
Journal of Business Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Business Strategy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Business Studies     Open Access  
Journal of Business Studies Quarterly     Open Access  
Journal of Business Thought     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Business Venturing Insights     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Centrum Cathedra     Open Access  
Journal of Chinese Economic and Business Studies     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Choice Modelling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Cognition and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Commodity Markets     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Comparative Asian Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Comparative Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Competition Law and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Journal of Consumer Behaviour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Journal of Consumer Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Consumer Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 52)
Journal of Contemporary European Research     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Corporate Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Journal of Creating Value     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Cultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Cultural Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Customer Behaviour     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Data and Information Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Derivatives & Hedge Funds     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Design, Business & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Developing Areas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Development Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 117)
Journal of Development Policy and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Development Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of East-West Business     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Eastern European and Central Asian Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Econometrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 82)
Journal of Economic & Financial Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Economic & Social Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49)
Journal of Economic Development, Environment and People     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Journal of Economic Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Economic Growth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Journal of Economic Inequality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Journal of Economic Integration     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Economic Interaction and Coordination     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Economic Methodology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Economic Policy Reform     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Economic Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Journal of Economic Structures     Open Access  
Journal of Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Economic Surveys     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Economics & Management Strategy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Economics and Business     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Economics and Financial Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Economics and Management Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Economics and Political Economy     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Economics and Public Finance     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Economics, Business, & Accountancy Ventura     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Economics, Finance and Accounting Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Economics, Management and Trade     Open Access  
Journal of Education and Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Education for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Electronic Commerce in Organizations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Empirical Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Journal of Engineering and Technology Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Enterprising Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Entrepreneurship     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Entrepreneurship and Business Innovation     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation in Emerging Economies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Environment & Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Ergonomics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of European Industrial Training     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of European Integration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Journal of Evolutionary Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Evolutionary Studies in Business     Open Access  
Journal of Family and Economic Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Financial Crime     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 249)
Journal of Financial Econometrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Journal of Financial Intermediation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Journal of Financial Regulation and Compliance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Financial Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Financial Risk Management     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Gambling Business and Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Global Business Review     Open Access  
Journal of Global Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Hazardous Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Health Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Health Organisation and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Journal of Housing Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Human Resource Costing & Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Indian Business Research     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Indonesian Economy and Business     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Industrial Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Journal of Industrial Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Innovation & Knowledge     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Innovation in Business and Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Institutional Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Intellectual Capital     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Intelligence Studies in Business     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Intergenerational Relationships     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of International Business Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Journal of International Education in Business     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of International Management, Educational and Economics Perspectives     Open Access  
Journal of International Scientific Researches     Open Access  
Journal of Law and Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 81)
Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53)
Journal of Legal Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 46)
Journal of Management Analytics     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Management and Development Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Manufacturing Processes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Mathematical Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Media Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Medical Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Money Laundering Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 255)
Journal of Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Multinational Financial Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Nepalese Business Studies     Open Access  
Journal of Neuroscience, Psychology, and Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal of New Business Ventures     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Nonprofit Education and Leadership     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Open Innovation : Technology, Market, and Complexity     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Operations and Strategic Planning     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Organizational Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59)
Journal of Organizational Behavior Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Organizational Computing and Electronic Commerce     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Participation and Employee Ownership     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Payments Strategy & Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Peasant Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)

  First | 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Journal of Open Innovation : Technology, Market, and Complexity
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2199-8531
Published by MDPI Homepage  [84 journals]
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 104: Analysis of the Impact of Airbnb Brand
           Personality on Consumer Involvement and Institutional Trust

    • Authors: António Cardoso, Augustė Paulauskaitė, Hajar Hachki, Jorge Figueiredo, Isabel Oliveira, Reiville Rêgo, Rui Silva, Galvão Meirinhos
      First page: 104
      Abstract: In this study, Airbnb’s brand personality is explored in relation to its effects on consumer involvement and institutional trust. The objective of this paper is to fill a gap in marketing research by building up a solid understanding of the relationship between those constructs in the context of hospitality brands. The results of the study revealed that Airbnb’s brand personality is mostly associated with excitement, sincerity, and competence. Brand personality was shown to have effects on both consumer involvement and institutional trust, with competence having the biggest impact on consumer involvement, and institutional trust being under the most significant influence of sincerity. The results of this study present meaningful implications not only for the academic community, but also for marketing specialists focusing on branding strategies in the innovative context of sharing economy businesses.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-06-21
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8030104
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 105: The Influence of Non-Product-Related Attributes
           on Media Brands’ Consumption

    • Authors: Linda Saulīte, Deniss Ščeulovs, František Pollák
      First page: 105
      Abstract: This paper outlines the importance and role of non-product-related brand attributes, e.g., user imagery and usage imagery, in local news media content consumption by a younger audience aged 15–24. Due to technological developments, new media content consumption patterns have emerged. New dynamic, interactive, and multiplatform marketplaces have changed how media brands deliver content and how audiences consume it. The main catalysts of change are multiple platforms, on-demand content consumption, and social media platforms. The increasing use of global social networks offers media brands possibilities to distribute content and connect with their audiences, all while creating new challenges and competition in local media. These changes have brought about possibilities of broadening media audiences, as well as challenges, e.g., because of decreasing media brand associations and preference being given to social media platforms and global media brands. Generation Z’s traditional media consumption patterns are below average. This audience segment prefers mobile access and online media content on various platforms, uses social media more than other age range audiences, and chooses global media and social media platforms over national media brands. These dynamics increase the challenges for local news media brands in attracting and growing a future audience, as Generation Z consumes fewer national media content in their local or national language, and what they do consume is through the medium of social media. The authors analyse media consumption trends in Latvia and determine how media brands increase their equity and the consumption of media regarding younger audiences. This research was designed to understand media consumption trends via secondary information analyses and employs a quantitative survey to identify non-product-related brand attitudes. The research question of this paper is concerned with defining how media brand associations affect content consumption and engagement. We used regression analyses to predict the most significant correlations between brand attributes and content consumption and concentration. The study focuses on national news media brands.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-06-21
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8030105
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 106: In Search of the Spin-Out Entrepreneur

    • Authors: Matteo Landoni, dt ogilvie
      First page: 106
      Abstract: A spin-out happens when an employee quits a company to start a new venture; however, theories do not agree on whether the ‘spin-out entrepreneur’ will start the company in the same or in a different industry. We investigated a sample of 250 entrepreneurs and 120 spin-out companies to understand what led an entrepreneur or a group of founders to enter a new industry. Our results contribute to theory, suggesting that spin-out entrepreneurs usually move to different and innovative industries owing to recombination of knowledge in founding teams. Our evidence supports the positive effect of different experiences within the team.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-06-22
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8030106
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 107: Improving the Accuracy of Forecasting the TSA
           Daily Budgetary Fund Balance Based on Wavelet Packet Transforms

    • Authors: Alan Kanamatovich Karaev, Oksana S. Gorlova, Marina L. Sedova, Vadim V. Ponkratov, Nataliya S. Shmigol, Svetlana E. Demidova
      First page: 107
      Abstract: Improving the accuracy of cash flow forecasting in the TSA is the key to fulfilling government payment obligations, minimizing the cost of maintaining the cash reserve, providing the absence of outstanding debt accumulation, and ensuring investment in various financial instruments to obtain additional income. The article describes a method for improving the accuracy of forecasting a time series composed of daily budgetary fund balances in the TSA, based on its preliminary decomposition using a discrete wavelet packet transform of the Daubechies family. This makes it possible to increase the accuracy of traditional forecasting methods from 80% to more than 96%. The decomposition level varied from one to eight to minimize the mean absolute error and improve the forecasting accuracy. Calculations of statistical tests for adequacy confirm the effectiveness of the proposed method for improving forecasting accuracy. The scientific novelty of the proposed method for improving the forecasting accuracy of time series from daily budgetary fund balances in the TSA lies in proving the need for preliminary timeseries decomposition and subsequent construction of forecasts for the obtained parts, resulting in high forecasting accuracy. The result differs significantly from traditional econometric methods (ARIMA/SARIMA), characterized by a much lower accuracy (50–80%) and a decrease in forecasting accuracy with an increase in the forecast horizon. This article is novel, as it forms a new approach to solving the problem of increasing the efficiency of using budgetary funds, associated with improving the accuracy of forecasting daily budgetary fund balance in the TSA.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-06-22
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8030107
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 108: A Clustering Approach to Identify the
           Organizational Life Cycle

    • Authors: Atefeh Mousavi, Mehdi Mohammadzadeh, Hossein Zare
      First page: 108
      Abstract: This is an analytical, descriptive, and cross-sectional case study to identify a pharmaceutical company’s organizational life cycle (OLC) situation using clustering methods. Data came from Iran’s pharmaceutical firms in 2001–2018. We used sales growth, dividend per ratio, and performance indicators, including the return on assets, return on equity, Qtubin, and net profit of 342 firm-years to identify the OLC situation of pharmaceutical companies. We used principal component analysis and cluster analysis to define the company’s OLC situation. Results show that 41.39% of the firm-years was in the growth stage, 34.14% in the maturity stage, and 17.22% in the decline stage. There was no significant difference between the average age in the three pharmaceutical companies’ clusters. Study findings may guide policymakers towards more evidence-informed planning, and generic producers by providing more insights about their situation from an organizational life cycle perspective, giving them proper strategies to overcome accompanying challenges in pharmaceutical firms in Iran and countries with similar situations.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-06-24
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8030108
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 109: Trust and Loyalty in Building the Brand
           Relationship with the Customer: Empirical Analysis in a Retail Chain in
           Northern Brazil

    • Authors: António Cardoso, Marx Gabriel, Jorge Figueiredo, Isabel Oliveira, Reiville Rêgo, Rui Silva, Márcio Oliveira, Galvão Meirinhos
      First page: 109
      Abstract: The purpose of this article is to analyze the relationship between a brand’s trust in consumer decisions and its maintenance over time in a retail chain in northern Brazil known as Bemol. The sample consists of 210 respondents, customers of Bemol, and the methodology used is a model of structural equations. The developed model consists of 22 variables, divided into three constructs: trust, loyalty and brand. The results show the importance of trust in the consumption decision, as well as loyalty, relationship and satisfaction. Trust and loyalty lead to brand relationship, which is why managers must pay special attention to the factors to be provided to their customers so that this triad can be verified. Commercial brands marketed to the public should consider inducing strong feelings towards the brand as an important step in promoting customer satisfaction and loyalty. A brand for which that the consumer develops strong feelings will facilitate and potentiate positive behaviors in the long term. However, some behavioral characteristics, attendance and leadership, are of lesser importance to the consumer. This research presents a limitation as to its application, as the respondents were only customers of one brand, Bemol.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-06-24
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8030109
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 110: Understanding Learning Intention Complexities
           in Lean Manufacturing Training for Innovation on the Production Floor

    • Authors: Nai Yeen Gavin Lai, Wai Choong Foo, Chon Siong Tan, Myoung Sook Kang, Hooi Siang Kang, Kok Hoong Wong, Lih Jiun Yu, Xu Sun, Nadia Mei Lin Tan
      First page: 110
      Abstract: The Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) is a useful framework that helps explain people’s behavior across a wide range of settings. The present study adopted the TPB to investigate factors that affect the complexity of the learning intention of workers involved with a lean manufacturing training initiative. Even though workers’ training has been consistently listed as a critical success factor for innovative improvement initiatives, very few studies explore direct workers’ learning intentions. This is particularly true within the area of lean manufacturing training. Hence, direct workers in an automotive parts manufacturing organization were invited to participate in this study, to which 204 workers voluntarily responded. The survey data was compiled and analyzed through stepwise regression to establish the effects of the different factors on learning intention in lean manufacturing training. It was determined from the empirical results that the participants’ attitude toward learning from lean manufacturing training and the perceived behavioral control factors positively affected the workers’ learning intention. Organization management could look into different measures and policies to stimulate better learning effects from training programs among the participants. Actions that could foster positive attitudes and confidence of workers towards lean training initiatives will be most helpful in enabling effective and innovative lean practices on the organization’s shop floors. The key theoretical and managerial implications, as well as the limitations of the study, are also discussed.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-06-24
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8030110
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 111: Hackathons for Driving Service Innovation
           Strategies: The Evolution of a Digital Platform-Based Ecosystem

    • Authors: Maria Kamariotou, Fotis Kitsios
      First page: 111
      Abstract: Despite the fact that hackathons and digital innovation contests have emerged as substantial intermediaries in open innovation and entrepreneurship, knowledge about how hackathons and digital innovation contests impact innovation in cities is restricted. There is also a scarcity of models that aid in the organization of digital innovation contests. Based on the existing frameworks for contest organizations, the aim of this article is to present a case study which develops a framework for hosting and evaluating open data hackathons. The hackathon framework is developed from the organizer’s viewpoint, and it has been executed in three digital innovation competitions in Thessaloniki. The suggested scheme adds new knowledge to the field of open data and digital innovation competitions while also providing practitioners with opportunities to host digital contests. Moreover, this framework offers hackathon organizers with regulations and resources to help them plan innovation contests that contribute to the betterment of an open data ecosystem.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-06-24
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8030111
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 112: The Willingness of Tourism-Friendly
           Cities’ Representatives to Share Innovative Solutions in the Form of
           Open Innovations

    • Authors: Adam R. Szromek, Bartłomiej Walas, Zygmunt Kruczek
      First page: 112
      Abstract: The tendency of enterprises to use open innovations can be seen in the literature in many areas of research and practical application. However, the use of the concept of open innovation in local administration entities is less noticeable. The research gap in this area prompts the authors to examine such a tendency among city representatives in the example of the Tourism Friendly Cities (TFC) group. TFC is a group of nine tourism destinations that are also European cities struggling with the impact of modern tourism. They take part in the URBACT program under the European Territorial Cooperation program. The goal of the article is to identify the basic problems of TFCs with the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and to assess the propensity of TFC representatives to transfer innovative solutions in the form of open innovation. The article presents findings based on interviews with 104 experts from these cities, consisting of representatives of the public and private sectors. Research results indicate that the key problems of modern tourism in TFCs include constraints related to the lack of parking spaces, high rents and high prices of land, and short-term rental housing. The experts recommend measures to increase resilience and competitiveness initiated by business owners and at the initiative of the local administration. Key tools in this regard include and local community communication and engagement, creating attractions that benefit both residents and visitors, and measuring and monitoring tourism. In all, 92.8% of the experts believe that the right solution for the development of methods and tools for stakeholder cooperation in TFCs is to share the developed solutions in the form of open innovation.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-06-25
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8030112
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 60: An Energy Culture Maturity Conceptual Framework
           on Adopting Energy-Efficient Technology Innovations in Buildings

    • Authors: Dumindu Soorige, Gayani Karunasena, Udayangani Kulatunga, Muhammad Nateque Mahmood, Lalith De Silva
      First page: 60
      Abstract: The building sector is identified as the leading global energy consumer. Adopting energy-efficient technology innovations has been recognised as the most promising approach to reducing energy consumption in buildings. However, such technology adoption is considerably lacking due to traditional techno-economic thinking, which lacks human focus. Energy culture has been identified as a research domain that successfully overcomes the traditional techno-economic focus of technology diffusion. However, available energy culture studies on adopting energy-efficient technology innovations in buildings are limited to exploring specific energy cultures rather than investigating holistic energy culture maturity, which guides incremental diffusion of energy-efficient technology innovations. Conversely, culture maturity has been studied in other cultural research domains such as safety cultures. Therefore, this study aims to develop an energy culture maturity conceptual framework that provides a holistic view of energy culture maturity for adopting energy-efficient technology innovations in buildings. The research method this study implemented was a scoping literature review method, using Web of Science, Scopus, and Engineering Village research databases. The findings of the study include the development of factor categorisation with 14 main factors and 11 subfactors and the development of three energy culture maturity stages, as well as the development of the energy culture maturity conceptual framework as the principal outcome. The proposed conceptual framework significantly contributes to energy culture research as the pioneering framework on energy culture maturity. The framework should be further tested and applied to find its utility.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-03-23
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8020060
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 61: The Impact of Electronic Procurement Adoption on
           Green Procurement towards Sustainable Supply Chain Performance-Evidence
           from Malaysian ISO Organizations

    • Authors: Pratik Kumar Singh, Shiau Wei Chan
      First page: 61
      Abstract: Emerging technologies such as electronic procurement have rapidly become common practice in recent years. With the advent of internet technologies and open innovations, the traditional procurement system is transformed into an electronic procurement system. Technology adoption is influenced by multiple factors, including the adopter, technology, and ecosystem in which they function. Considering this, E-procurement is still being adopted slowly. This research aims to investigate the extension of the adoption of E-procurement and identify the relationships between the E-procurement technologies and green procurement practices across different sectors of ISO 14001-certified Malaysian enterprises. This research is supported by the Technology Acceptance Model, one of the significant theories of technology adoption. Using SPSS and SmartPLS, the survey data is analyzed quantitatively. The structural model explains 86% of the variance in green procurement and shows the positive significant relationship between green procurement and the E-procurement technology of the ISO 14001 firms. Consequently, adopting E-procurement technology would benefit company sustainability. A benchmark for ISO companies will be established, highlighting the importance of E-procurement technology in improving green procurement and supply chain efficiency. The study recommends that demand for environmentally friendly products and services be fueled by technology-based purchases, resulting in a greener supply chain.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-03-26
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8020061
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 62: Blockchain Technology as a Game Changer for
           Green Innovation: Green Entrepreneurship as a Roadmap to Green Economic
           Sustainability in Peru

    • Authors: Mohammad Rashed Hasan Polas, Ahmed Imran Kabir, Abu Saleh Md. Sohel-Uz-Zaman, Ridoan Karim, Mosab I. Tabash
      First page: 62
      Abstract: Blockchain technology has been heralded as a game changer for addressing severe environmental and economic sustainability challenges. In response to rising environmental concerns, blockchain technology (BCT) is transforming green innovation, culminating in green economic practices and well-established business models. Recognizing this, we investigated the role of blockchain technology in green innovation practices and its impact on green economic sustainability, which has an impact on green environmental sustainability. Moreover, 184 small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) were surveyed in Lima, Peru. Data for this cross-sectional study were gathered using stratified random sampling. The positivist approach was implemented using a statistical induction method. Prior studies’ research constructs were measured using validated measurement scales. For quantitative data analysis, using the partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) framework, this study provided two key findings. First, sustainability orientation and sustainability attitude have a positive and significant effect on the adoption of green innovation that employs green energy (solar) technology towards a sustainable green economy. Second, the intention to use blockchain technology mediates the relationship between sustainability orientation and social perception with the adoption of green innovation that employs green energy (solar) technology towards a sustainable green economy. We recommend that small- and medium-sized enterprises embrace green innovation and blockchain technology to protect the environment and boost community cohesiveness.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-03-29
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8020062
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 63: A New Digital Value Chain Model with PLC in
           Biopharmaceutical Industry: The Implication for Open Innovation

    • Authors: YongChan Kim, Erdal Atukeren, YeonWoo Lee
      First page: 63
      Abstract: The advancement of technology in the biopharmaceutical industry has spearheaded the speed and scale of digitalization in various aspects. New drug development is becoming more complex, costly, and challenging. This paper examines how the pharmaceutical value chain model could integrate with the product-life-cycle perspective to better explain the drug development process changes and how the digital transformation could be implemented at each stage of the drug development process. We suggest a new framework to capture digital value creation in the biopharmaceutical industry by focusing on the specific processes in new drug development and integrating the product life cycle management and value chain model. The new framework has operational implications for the biopharmaceutical industry, where digital transformation can simplify and increase the efficiency in each phase, from drug discovery, clinical trials, regulatory, manufacturing, commercialization, to monitoring processes.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-03-30
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8020063
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 64: Creativity on the Move: Nexus of Technology,
           Slack and Social Complexities

    • Authors: Laurent Antonczak, Thierry Burger-Helmchen
      First page: 64
      Abstract: While creativity is most commonly associated with idea generation and problem solving at the individual or team level, it is likewise associated with environments, technologies, tools and artefacts favouring or hindering creative capabilities. Research struggles to bring these elements together. We develop a model for the integration of mobile devices into creative processes. More specifically, we elaborate on existing works on creativity to define how firms can make good use of mobile technology in order to enhance the creativity of their employees. Therefore, we suggest a model revisiting the notion of “creative slack” (with the introduction of the notion of mobile slack, or m-slack) and absorptive capacities, explaining how firms might better integrate digital natives; subsequently, we discuss the managerial and theoretical implications.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-03-31
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8020064
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 65: Cognitive Mechanisms in Entrepreneurship
           Competence: Its Implication for Open Innovation

    • Authors: José Alves, Wenjing Yang
      First page: 65
      Abstract: From the perspective of cognitive mechanisms, this research discusses the effects of cognitive flexibility, entrepreneurial self-efficacy, and optimism on entrepreneurship competence. Qualitative interviews have revealed the general relationship between key concepts. SEM analysis further shows that cognitive flexibility has a positive direct effect on entrepreneurial self-efficacy; entrepreneurial self-efficacy has a positive direct effect on entrepreneurship competence; cognitive flexibility has a positive direct effect on entrepreneurship competence; cognitive flexibility has a positive indirect effect on entrepreneurship competence through entrepreneurial self-efficacy; optimism moderates the relationship between cognitive flexibility and entrepreneurship competence, with an inverted U-shaped moderation effect. According to the results, this research offers some suggestions to improve entrepreneurs’ entrepreneurship competence from the perspective of cognition and positive psychology, hoping that through the overall improvement of entrepreneurs’ entrepreneurship competence, it can be beneficial to the open innovation atmosphere of the whole society.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-03-31
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8020065
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 66: Control of Platform Monopolization in the
           Digital Economy: The Implication of Open Innovation

    • Authors: Sergey Silvestrov, Vladimir Starovoitov, Dmitrii Firsov, Yuri Krupnov
      First page: 66
      Abstract: This study aims to develop scientifically sound proposals and recommendations for implementing the principles and characteristics of digital monopolies and determine the patterns and relationships of individual products. To achieve the goal, methodological approaches used included correlation analysis. The results are methodological justifications to determine the key principles of digital monopolies within the service approach. The scientific novelty of the results is to identify the synergetic relationship of individual products of digital companies, which can be used to build an appropriate antimonopoly policy of the United States. The practical significance of the results consists of approbation of the proposed principles of digital monopolies on the example of the relationship of Google’s selected products.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-04-01
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8020066
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 67: Digitalization of Small and Medium-Sized
           Enterprises and Economic Growth: Evidence for the EU-27 Countries

    • Authors: Jarosław Brodny, Magdalena Tutak
      First page: 67
      Abstract: Successful implementation of digital solutions in a given region or country significantly depends on the implementation of this process by Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (SMEs). This problem is very well understood in the European Union, where actions are being taken to accelerate this process and build a sustainable and competitive knowledge-based economy. This article addresses this issue by conducting a study of the digital maturity of SMEs among the EU-27 countries. The aim of the study was to determine the level of digital maturity of SMEs in the EU-27 countries as well as whether and how the economic parameters of individual EU countries affect the process of SME digitalization. The adopted objectives determined the developed research methodology and the applied methods. The research was based on data from the Eurostat database, on the basis of which 11 indicators characterizing technologies and digital solutions identified with the Industry 4.0 concept were specified and adopted for the study. The entropy-based Evaluation based on distance from average solution (EDAS) method was used to assess the EU countries in terms of the level of digital maturity of SMEs, and the Principal Component Analysis (PCA) method was used to analyze similarities between these countries in terms of technologies implemented in SMEs. On the other hand, to determine a relationship between the digital maturity index (digitalization) and the basic economic parameters of the economy, two nonparametric tests (Spearman and Tau Kendall) were utilized. Based on the determined digital maturity index, the EU-27 countries were evaluated in terms of the level of digital maturity of SMEs, dividing them into four groups. The results showed large discrepancies between individual EU-27 countries and between the old (EU-14) and the new (EU-13) EU countries in terms of SMEs digitalization. These results should be widely used to develop a digitalization strategy for the EU economy and policies to improve the degree of digitalization, especially in countries lagging in this area. The universality of the developed methodology creates wide opportunities for its use to study other countries and regions worldwide.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-04-01
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8020067
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 68: Smart Production Workers in Terms of Creativity
           and Innovation: The Implication for Open Innovation

    • Authors: Bożena Gajdzik, Radosław Wolniak
      First page: 68
      Abstract: This paper presents a framework of employee skills and competencies useful for developing occupational profiles for employees of companies transitioning towards Industry 4.0. The paper consists of a discussion of the theoretical and practical parts of case studies. The theoretical portion was created on the basis of a review of scientific literature and research studies regarding the competencies and skills of employees in the ongoing fourth industrial revolution. This part focuses on the skills profile of an Industry 4.0 employee and an Operator 4.0 (O4.0) from a creativity and innovativeness point of view. The link between the theoretical part and the case study analysis was a general framework for building the competencies and skills of the steelworker in the emerging fourth industrial revolution. The case study analysis covered the framework of competencies and skills of a metallurgist in smart manufacturing built into the organization of steel mills. Recruitment offers of a steel company implementing smart manufacturing (SM) projects and educational programmes of technical universities in the field of metallurgy were analysed. The aim of the study was to develop a framework for the profile of an employee working in an innovative company transforming to I4.0. The publication posed the following research questions (purposes/hypotheses): P1. To what extent do Polish companies in the metallurgical sector pay attention to creativity and innovation issues when looking for employees' P2. To what extent do the profile (portfolio) of metallurgy graduates of Polish technical universities turn their attention to the issues related to creativity and innovation'
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-04-07
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8020068
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 69: Sustainability-Oriented Open Innovation: A Small
           and Medium-Sized Enterprises Perspective

    • Authors: Amelia Kurniawati, Indryati Sunaryo, Iwan Inrawan Wiratmadja, Dradjad Irianto
      First page: 69
      Abstract: This study aims to develop a model of sustainability-oriented open innovation from the perspective of SMEs. Sustainability performance improvement is a problem for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) due to limited resources. By implementing open innovation, SMEs can take advantage of external resources to innovate in their operations, thereby increasing sustainability performance. The model developed in this study consists of eighteen constructs: sustainability performance, innovativeness, inbound open innovation, six constructs representing organizational relationship factors, and nine constructs representing knowledge factors. The research model is evaluated using Partial Least Square Structural Equation Modeling. The respondents of this study are 199 SMEs that produce Batik Tulis, a traditional Indonesian fabric. The result shows that innovativeness positively relates to sustainability performance and inbound open innovation has a positive relationship with innovativeness. Competence mapping and network position are the organizational factors that positively affect inbound open innovation. The knowledge factors that positively affect inbound open innovation are the appropriation of knowledge output, connective capacity, inventive capacity, and innovative capacity. Identifying these six supporting factors for sustainability-oriented open innovation in SMEs based on empirical evidence is the main theoretical contribution of this study. As a practical implication, SMEs can gradually improve these six supporting factors by being active members and contributing to industrial associations.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-04-11
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8020069
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 70: Analyzing the Level of Digitalization among the
           Enterprises of the European Union Member States and Their Impact on
           Economic Growth

    • Authors: Jarosław Brodny, Magdalena Tutak
      First page: 70
      Abstract: The dynamic development of information and communication technology (ICT) reported in recent years has caused significant changes in almost all areas of social and economic life. The digitalization process resulting from this development is now becoming a determinant of both progress and modernity. This issue has been addressed in this paper, and thereby we present a methodology developed to study the level of digitalization and the use of innovative technologies among the enterprises of the EU-27 countries. The research was conducted using selected indicators—determinants (10) characterizing the main digital technologies and infrastructure associated with their implementation in the enterprises under study. Based on these indicators, the Entropy-Multi-Objective Optimization on the basis of Ratio Analysis (MOORA) method was used to determine the index (level) of digitalization among the companies of the EU-27. The level of use of digital technologies and infrastructure for Industry 4.0 was also determined. Another important goal of the study was to determine a relationship between the values of the digitalization index for the EU-27 countries and the economic parameters characterizing their economies. For this analysis, non-parametric tests such as the Kendall’s Tau and Spearman’s rank correlation coefficients were applied. The results significantly enrich the knowledge of methodology for studying the level of digitalization and its status among the enterprises of the EU-27. These findings provide great opportunities for interpretation and practical application, especially in terms of building an innovative knowledge-based economy. They show great diversity of the EU-27 countries in the field of digitalization and poor results reported in this area by the so-called “new EU” countries. Among the many interesting findings, it is worth pointing out the positive impact of spending on research and development on the process of digitalization of enterprises. The results should be used when creating a digitalization strategy for individual countries and their groups.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-04-14
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8020070
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 71: The Power of Live Stream Commerce: A Case Study
           of How Live Stream Commerce Can Be Utilised in the Traditional British
           Retailing Sector

    • Authors: Kamarin Merritt, Shichao Zhao
      First page: 71
      Abstract: As e-commerce continues to grow on a rapid scale, the rise of new technological innovations has come about, such as that of live stream commerce, which has risen rapidly throughout China through the successful case of Taobao Live. Therefore, this research project is focused on live stream retailing as an e-commerce innovation to understand how the key aspects, such as usability, functionality, interaction, and, in general, how its success can be transferred into Western society. A mixed methods approach is taken to collect the crucial data that are needed to understand the current behaviours of British consumers and to understand their preferred methods of shopping and why. This study presents robust recommendations from the collected data, providing strategic insight into the adoption of live stream retailing in the West and incorporating the development of a live stream commerce plug-in prototype that has the potential to be transferred compatibility into any business model.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-04-17
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8020071
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 72: A Business Model for Spa Tourism Enterprises:
           Transformation in a Period of Sustainable Change and Humanitarian Crisis

    • Authors: Adam R. Szromek, Grzegorz Polok
      First page: 72
      Abstract: The global events of the third decade of the 21st century prove that the specter of humanitarian problems caused by health and military crises is real, and even very probable. Contemporary tourist entities, however, are not doomed only to a destructive reaction, but can also assume a significant social role for humanitarian aid. The aim of this article is to assess the changes taking place in the business models of spa services companies in the context of crisis situations caused by organizational changes and the COVID-19 pandemic. The research was conducted in 2018 and 2020, based on in-depth interviews as part of the generic contingency principle (GCP) methodology. In the course of the research, it was found that business models are not a frequently used management tool in spa enterprises. Based on the findings, a business model for spa businesses was created, followed by a more sustainable version, that can be shared in the form of open innovation. Due to the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic during the project, further research was done on spa enterprises regarding the use of the spa infrastructure for supporting the health system during epidemic threats.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-04-19
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8020072
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 73: Influence of Social, Environmental and Economic
           Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) over Continuation of Entrepreneurship
           and Competitiveness

    • Authors: Shyla Del-Aguila-Arcentales, Aldo Alvarez-Risco, Micaela Jaramillo-Arévalo, Myreya De-la-Cruz-Diaz, Maria de las Mercedes Anderson-Seminario
      First page: 73
      Abstract: The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) were proposed in 2015 to promote worldwide improvements in human wellbeing. Governments have different levels of commitment to the SDGs, reflected in the SDG index, which shows the compliance of each country, detailing each score by SDG. The Global Entrepreneurship Monitor reports show the advances of global entrepreneurship in various countries, while the Global Competitiveness Report shows their competitiveness. This analysis was based on environmental, social, and economic outcomes of SDGs from the SDG index 2018. We also evaluated data from the Global Competitiveness Report 2018 and the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor report 2018. A partial least-squares structural-equation-modeling technical analysis was used. It was found that social SDGs (0.796) and environmental SDGs (0.196) had a positive influence on economic SDGs; also, economic SDGs had a positive influence on the continuation of entrepreneurship (0.590) and competitiveness (0.918). The model explained 34.8% of the continuation of entrepreneurship and 84.3% of that of competitiveness. The outcomes of the bootstrapping test were used to evaluate whether the path coefficients were significant. This information can help governments and organizations to recognize the impact of support and promote compliance with SDGs and the continuation of entrepreneurship and competitiveness. Moreover, this information provides the means to analyze the influence of open innovation in accomplishing the SDGs faster. The study’s novelty is the use of the PLS-SEM technique to analyze these worldwide indicators.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-04-21
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8020073
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 74: The Transformation Process of a Former
           Industrial Plant into an Industrial Heritage Tourist Site as Open
           Innovation

    • Authors: Mateusz Naramski, Krzysztof Herman, Adam R. Szromek
      First page: 74
      Abstract: The study focused on the application of Open Innovations (OI) in industrial heritage tourist sites. The transformation of a former industrial plant into a tourist attraction is one of the most effective ways of heritage preservation. However the process of revitalization can take years or even decades, and guidelines set from experienced facilities that have already gone this path could be extremely valuable for regions aspiring to hold such sites in the future. The benefits would be mutual if the OI had an Outbound Pecuniary structure. Therefore the main goal of our study was to recognize the attitude of industrial heritage sites towards the concept of OI and sharing their experiences regarding revitalization and their business models. For this purpose, a survey was conducted on European Route of Industrial Heritage (ERIH) members. The results that were received from 70 sites show that a vast majority of the subjects are open to the idea of OI with no limitations coming from the type of ownership they have, nor from the sector a recipient of OI would be from. The benefits gained from OI to ERIH sites could have a potentially significant impact on their future development.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-04-21
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8020074
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 75: The Use of the Open Innovation Concept to
           Develop a Method to Improve Safety during the Mining Production Process: A
           Case Study of the Integration of University and Industry

    • Authors: Jarosław Brodny, Magdalena Tutak
      First page: 75
      Abstract: Growing competition in the education economy has caused companies to look for new innovative solutions that can increase their competitiveness. These processes practically concern the whole world, and the development of new technologies that are related to the concepts of Industry 4.0 and sustainable economy has accelerated innovation even more. In order to adapt to these trends, companies are taking extensive measures to apply new technologies and implement innovative solutions. The use of an open business model that is based, for example, on the concept of open innovation (OI) could be helpful in this process. By reinforcing their own solutions with external ideas and proposals and by cooperating on joint projects, companies have the chance to maintain beneficial relationships with customers and remain competitive. This also applies to the mining industry, for which the production processes are additionally affected by the natural hazards that are associated with the environment in which these processes are carried out. This article presents a relevant example of using the OI concept to develop and implement an innovative method for reducing the fire hazard that is caused by the spontaneous combustion of coal in underground coal mines. The method was based on the model tests that were conducted by the Silesian University of Technology. Since the mining enterprise in question was looking for an external solution to the problem of the formation and development of endogenous fires, it was open to cooperation. The open exchange of knowledge and ideas resulted in the development of an innovative method that was successfully applied in this coal mine. This paper presents a model for the cooperation between a research unit and an enterprise that included the open exchange of knowledge, which significantly enriched both sides of the project. It also discusses the innovative solution that was developed, which involved the use of model tests to identify potential locations for underground fires and an installation to supply certain substances to these areas in order to limit the occurrence and development of these fires. The results of the research, which confirm the effectiveness of the developed method, are also presented. The application of the IO concept and the cooperation between scientific research and industry made it possible to solve a specific and current problem that has a significant impact on the efficiency of the production processes of mining companies. The implementation of the developed method prevented an endogenic fire, and the mining process proceeded without any major disturbance. The developed solution and the applied model of open cooperation between a research unit and industry could together create the possibility of generating innovative solutions that can be quickly commercialized and implemented. Thus, the concept of OI presents a great opportunity for the development of an innovative knowledge-based economy.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-04-22
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8020075
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 76: About Capital and Ideology by Thomas Piketty

    • Authors: Jinhyo Joseph Yun
      First page: 76
      Abstract: This study reviews Thomas Piketty’s Capital and Ideology and provides a detailed analysis to aid understanding of the book, combined with diverse scholars’ perspectives in the fields of economic history, political economics, and social sciences. This book is selected as my review target to answer the following research question, “How do we conquer the growth limits of capitalism'” This book gave me several ideas for the basis of my future research. In this review paper, I provide a guide for readers to understand ways to conquer the growth limits of capitalism. My study also provides a creative understanding of the evolution of the capitalist economy from new perspectives. In particular, it presents an analysis of Piketty’s diverse policy ideas from the viewpoint of a global history of capitalism. This will give a new lens through which to focus on understanding and resolving the inequalities of 21st-century hyper-capitalism and to construct policy for the current world economy. Finally, this study offers a causal loop model of Piketty’s findings and proposals, and suggests future research topics.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-04-24
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8020076
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 77: Frameworks of the Maturity Model for Industry
           4.0 with Assessment of Maturity Levels on the Example of the Segment of
           Steel Enterprises in Poland

    • Authors: Bożena Gajdzik
      First page: 77
      Abstract: The aim of the article is to present the author’s concept of steel market enterprises’ maturity for functioning in Industry 4.0. The model is based on the assessment of key technologies or pillars of the new industrial concept. The proposed assessment includes five levels of investment maturity under the conditions of the fourth industrial revolution (a five-point assessment scale was used to measure the degree of maturity of developed enterprises by implemented projects of smart manufacturing (SM). The maturity assessment proposal is based on direct research. The research was carried out in the segment of enterprises from the Polish steel sector. The tool used for the research was a questionnaire survey. The research was carried out with 79 selected steel enterprises in Poland for the pilot study. On the basis of the research, it was established that the segment of enterprises in the Polish steel market are at the third level of maturity in the five-level scale of the model, where level 1 is the “preliminary” level, and 5 represents the optimal maturity level. Within particular pillars of Industry 4.0, according to all respondents, the biggest changes in terms of implementing the industrial concept took place in connection with the use of Internet and mobile technologies in the process of customer service, including EDI, an e-invoicing system. The second position belonged to investments in production automation with the use of individual machines (installation of sensors on devices and sensors for collecting data on the state of the machine). In addition, similar and relatively higher answers were given by respondents to questions about the development and compatibility of IT systems for production support, such as CAx, MRP, MES. The remaining technological pillars, such as data processing from machines, installations of real-time data; network and chain integration (end -to -end engineering); production automation with the use of interoperating machines (production nests); expansion of databases (Big Data) and visualisation of processes together with their optimisation using IoT were found to be initiated as activities in very large and large enterprises. The lowest rated scope of investment changes concerned the block chain in the steel sector. The research of investment of enterprises can be used to assess the maturity of enterprises in this segment of industry in Poland.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-04-24
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8020077
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 78: Healthcare Innovation in Greece: The Views of
           Private Health Entrepreneurs on Implementing Innovative Plans

    • Authors: Sotiris Apostolopoulos, Ilias Makris, Stavros Stravroyiannis
      First page: 78
      Abstract: In the field of healthcare innovation, Greece ranks 26th in FREOPP’s World Index of Healthcare Innovation (WIHI) 2021 analysis. Such a standing illustrates low performance in the dimensions of quality, science and technology and fiscal sustainability. This article seeks to shed light on this backwardness and examine the obstacles and weaknesses in the development of innovative projects by Greek health entrepreneurs. Furthermore, this research aims to trace entrepreneurs’ views on innovation issues and assess the existence of innovative plans from four perspectives: at the level of service to citizens, in the functionality of health business structures, at the level of facilities and technology, and in a clinical setting. Qualitative research was conducted with the entrepreneurs of 12 health companies in the form of semi-structured interviews. This study has shown that healthcare entrepreneurs do not reject the development of innovative projects and that those who have implemented innovative practices have had positive results; however, various obstacles negatively impact the implementation of innovative ideas. A primary research contribution will capture the factors that negatively affect the development of innovative projects and represent a crucial element for Greece to remove barriers and improve its performance on innovation issues. The results of the research will provide support for not only innovation decision-making centres but also other health entrepreneurs.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-04-27
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8020078
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 79: Economic and Financial Feasibility of a
           Biorefinery for Conversion of Brewers’ Spent Grain into a Special
           Flour

    • Authors: Iliane Colpo, Denis Rasquin Rabenschlag, Maria Soares de Lima, Mario Eduardo Santos Martins, Miguel Afonso Sellitto
      First page: 79
      Abstract: This study aims to evaluate the financial and economic feasibility of implementing a biorefinery to process the solid waste, called brewers’ spent grain, generated in the production of craft beer into special flour. In addition, to present a path for open innovation in the possibility of replication of the process and technology used in the plant. The inappropriate disposal generates an environmental problem, but individually, depending on the production volume of the brewery, the cost of processing the waste can be unfeasible. On the other hand, such waste embeds a high nutritional value for human food. This study followed the precepts of the circular bio-economy and industrial symbiosis strengthening of sustainable development. The research method is the Monte Carlo simulation, including four different scenarios and projections. The results indicate the financial and economic viability of industrial plants—biorefineries—for the transformation of the residue into special flour in three of the four scenarios studied in the five-year cycle. In the Monte Carlo simulation, no losses are evident in any of the 10,000 interactions. The sensitivity analysis demonstrates that the sensitivity of the supply is slightly higher than the price of the final product. Results may be useful to support the development of new, innovative products relying on collaboration among internal and external partners and open innovation concerns.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-04-27
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8020079
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 80: Banking Information Resource Cybersecurity
           System Modeling

    • Authors: Olha Shulha, Iryna Yanenkova, Mykhailo Kuzub, Iskandar Muda, Viktor Nazarenko
      First page: 80
      Abstract: The rapid development of the process of informatization of modern society has necessitated cybersecurity in all spheres of human activity, as the implementation of deliberate or unintentional influences on the information sphere by both external and internal sources can damage security and lead to moral, material, financial, reputational and other forms of damage. The purpose of the paper is to create functional cognitive models to assess the level of their protection. The method of building a fuzzy cognitive map of the state of cybersecurity of banks is used. There have been developed cognitive models to determine the level of protection of the computer network, information security system and critical infrastructure (banks). Scenarios have been developed that reflect the response of the system at the complex maximum attenuation of the impact of the most important cyber threats. In conclusion, the practical implementation of the method provides an opportunity to predict the state of cybersecurity of banks, and contributes to the implementation of the necessary mechanisms to prevent, protect and control access at the appropriate levels of network infrastructure.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-04-28
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8020080
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 81: Energy Sector Enterprises in Digitalization
           Program: Its Implication for Open Innovation

    • Authors: Yulia Valeeva, Marina Kalinina, Lilia Sargu, Anastasia Kulachinskaya, Svetlana Ilyashenko
      First page: 81
      Abstract: The digital economy implies structural transformation in many industries, including the energy sector, without considering the state specifics of the industry, for which full-fledged digitalization can be harmful. The aim of the study is to develop a methodology and to determine the level of digitalization in the energy sector in an intercountry context. Based on the methods of comparison and analysis, the work analyses the concept of “digitalization” and defines the indicators applied to the assessment of digitalization. The developed methodology is based on the index method, which makes it possible to assess the rating of countries by the level of digitalization in the energy sector. The article discusses modern technological development and socio-economic aspects that determine theoretical research and the development of digitalization in the energy sector. The reasons and stages of digitalization in the energy sector are highlighted. Using the comparison method, the analysis of existing approaches to assessing the digital energy of enterprises is carried out. End-to-end technologies are highlighted, as well as their practical application at the enterprises of the energy sector. An analysis of the key areas for the development of digital energy is presented. Conclusions are made about the feasibility of developing microprograms and the main directions of digitalization are highlighted.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-04-29
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8020081
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 82: Determining Factors Affecting Perceived Quality
           among Shoe Manufacturing Workers towards Shoe Quality: A Structural
           Equation Modeling Approach

    • Authors: Thanatorn Chuenyindee, Robimarl B. Torres, Yogi Tri Prasetyo, Reny Nadlifatin, Satria Fadil Persada
      First page: 82
      Abstract: The shoe industry has been continuously growing in recent years. The goal of this study was to identify factors affecting perceived shoe quality among shoe manufacturing workers. A sample of 350 shoe manufacturing workers participated in answering a survey that was distributed using a purposive sampling approach. Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) indicated that quality training was the most significant factor on perceived shoe quality, indicating that quality training should be prioritized and included in company programs to sustain quality products. Interestingly, perceived tooling/machinery conditions, teamwork and cooperation, the operator’s technical skills, and the operator’s quality mindset, also had significant effects on perceived shoe quality. This study is one of the first studies to explore perceived shoe quality among shoe manufacturing workers. The results may convey information for future research on perceived product quality, particularly for the shoe industry. Finally, our framework can be utilized for the enhancement of perceived product quality in shoe manufacturing industries worldwide.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-05-04
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8020082
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 83: Achieving Supply Chain 4.0 and the Importance of
           Agility, Ambidexterity, and Organizational Culture: A Case of Indonesia

    • Authors: Firdaus Alamsjah, Erlinda N. Yunus
      First page: 83
      Abstract: This study explores the key determinants of Supply Chain 4.0 (SC4.0) maturity in the context of a developing country by examining the relationships between supply chain ambidexterity, supply chain agility, and the maturity of SC4.0. The study was carried out using the survey method involving 154 managers from Indonesian manufacturing companies. The SC4.0 maturity model was developed and tested using structural equation modeling. From our analysis, it was found that supply chain ambidexterity emphasizing on innovation positively influences the companies’ agility and SC4.0 maturity levels, and supply chain agility partially mediates supply chain ambidexterity. This paper contributes to the operationalization of SC4.0 maturity determinants that incorporate innovation and technological aspects and extends the extant literature by empirically elaborating the determinants and antecedents of SC4.0 maturity that may expedite the achievement of SC4.0 maturity. This implies that companies and supply chain professionals aiming at achieving their SC4.0 maturity should do so by being outward-looking and, at the same time, foster supply chain collaboration with external networks. This paper is pioneering the empirical study on SC4.0 and offers a means to achieving SC4.0 maturity through SC ambidexterity and SC agility, particularly in the context of a developing country.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-05-05
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8020083
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 84: The Role of Chocolate Web-Based Communication in
           a Regional Context: Its Implication for Open Innovation

    • Authors: Simone Blanc, Valentina Maria Merlino, Alice Versino, Giulia Mastromonaco, Antonina Sparacino, Stefano Massaglia, Danielle Borra
      First page: 84
      Abstract: Background: This research investigates the web-based communication and promotion strategies applied by a sample of selected chocolatiers in Piedmont, a region in the northwest of Italy known for its ancient chocolate-making tradition. Methods: the AGIL scheme was used (A-adaptation, which evaluates the persuasive approach; G-goal achievement, which evaluates the informative approach; I-integration, which evaluates the communicative approach; and L-latent model, which evaluates the identity approach). Each A-G-I-L category, subdivided into subcategories containing variables, was specifically evaluated during the analysis of the companies’ websites carried out by a group of experts. The five experts assigned a score for each variable and subcategory to each site. The average subcategory and category scores for each website were analyzed using principal component analysis, which allowed three communicative orientations to be defined: classic, consumer-centered, international-oriented. Results: In general, the results show a strong link between the tradition of artisan chocolate producers and the desire to create a relationship of trust in the brand on the part of consumers. Conclusions: This research is the first to contribute to the field of chocolate web-communication and provides a picture of a local production reality; it is interesting in terms of chocolate promotion styles based on the combination of tradition and innovation.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-05-05
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8020084
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 85: Is Permissioned Blockchain the Key to Support
           the External Audit Shift to Entirely Open Innovation Paradigm'

    • Authors: Alessio Faccia, Vishal Pandey, Charu Banga
      First page: 85
      Abstract: Open Innovation (OI) models have been studied in many fields. However, the challenges and opportunities of a possible OI paradigm application in external auditing have been under-researched. Recent corporate scandals are currently triggering changes and improvements in the regulatory framework by targeting, in particular, the dominance of the so-called “Big Four”. The main research question is whether a permissioned blockchain ecosystem could better enhance an OI paradigm and prove more suitable than the Semi-Open Innovation (SOI) paradigm that currently shapes the external audit field. Some challenges are considered in this article. Notably, blockchain requires suitable legal frameworks to ensure legally binding transactions. Moreover, multidisciplinary teams and high investments are required to develop efficient blockchain ecosystems and exploit the power of data analytics. Systematic analysis is performed based on a relevant literature review, along with abductive reasoning and applied modelling methodologies. The analyses demonstrate that the current Semi-Open Innovation external audit model is inefficient because it has led to market concentration, conflicting interests, and even fraud. Therefore, the regulators’ role in promoting fully Open Innovation models in the audit industry is essential to ensure transparency, information sharing, fair competition, innovation, and collaboration among audit professionals. Hence, this research aims at providing a different perspective by focusing on the necessary assumptions needed to ensure successful application of technologies in the audit field. The innovative introduction of a permissioned blockchain-based audit system is also suggested to ensure the feasibility of the shift from Semi-Open to Open Innovation.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-05-05
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8020085
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 86: Development of Business Models in the Fourth
           Industrial Revolution: Conditions in the Context of Empirical Research on
           Worldwide Scope Companies Located in Poland

    • Authors: Sandra Grabowska, Sebastian Saniuk
      First page: 86
      Abstract: Ubiquitous digitization, changing competitive intensity, and rapid development of new technologies are shaping the new business landscape, creating new opportunities for consumers and businesses. There is a need to create open business models that allow for the introduction of open innovations, rapid reorganization of processes, and flexibility in adapting modern enterprises to dynamically changing market conditions. The achievements and results presented in the article were obtained by conducting a survey using the CAWI method, among 70 purposefully selected companies; the research was carried out in Poland. The impact of Industry 4.0 technology on business models, barriers to the implementation of these technologies, and changes in business models that occurred as a result of this implementation were identified. The article is dedicated to researchers working on business models and business practitioners.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-05-06
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8020086
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 87: The Impact of COVID-19 on Municipal Food
           Markets: Resilience or Innovative Attitude'

    • Authors: Nadia Fava, Valentina Rosa Laganà, Agata Nicolosi
      First page: 87
      Abstract: The pandemic has accelerated the search for innovative product/process/service solutions in city markets as well as the search for “open innovation challenges” more in line with current needs. The aim of the research is to understand the adaptation mechanisms of the local food system and, in particular, of the public space of the market system. The article analyses the change produced by the COVID-19 pandemic in the municipal markets of Sant Feliu de Guixols, Costa Brava, Spain. The data were collected through a semi-structured questionnaire administered to food sellers and contextually to a group of consumers. Factor analysis and the AGIL model were applied to the data collected and were confirmed with cluster analysis. The analysis highlights that the resilience of sellers is no longer sufficient and in many cases, they have equipped themselves with innovative solutions to meet the new customer demands arising from the pandemic (food delivery, e-commerce, take-away food, digital media, etc.). The document concludes with a discussion of food markets and innovations introduced in this period. Further studies can focus on the relationships between food practices and the transformation of urban spaces so that the food market can support new social practices that promote the food transition. The change would represent a switch which would provide traditionally less powerful actors, such as producers, the opportunity to reformulate the food supply chain in a way more linked to the territory. It would also create a resilient dimension for managing other possible food crises and present a challenge to achieving the ultimate goals of the businesses.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-05-07
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8020087
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 88: Technology Readiness and Economic Benefits of
           Swappable Battery Standard: Its Implication for Open Innovation

    • Authors: Era Febriana Aqidawati, Wahyudi Sutopo, Eko Pujiyanto, Muhammad Hisjam, Fakhrina Fahma, Azanizawati Ma’aram
      First page: 88
      Abstract: The innovation of electric motorcycle swap-battery (EMSB) technology encourages the formation of a new ecosystem at the early stage of the supply chain. The EMSB technology has allowed an open innovation system with collaboration between supply-chain players, universities, and the government for finding a thriving solution to enable the faster adoption and diffusion of EMSB in Indonesia. Standardization is seen as a way to accelerate the downstream EMSB technology innovation to leverage the economic benefits and to support the growth of a green economy in Indonesia. This study aimed to propose a model with which to measure the technology readiness of the EMSB’s stakeholders in implementing the swappable battery (SB) standard. We developed the technometric framework and Economic Benefits of Standards—ISO Methodology 2.0. We generated 13 criteria of technoware, humanware, inforware, and orgaware and 21 indicators of the standard’s impacts to be utilized as a measurement model. We interviewed 11 respondents consisting of the standard regulator, research and development center, manufacturer, testing labs, and product-certification bodies. The results show the technology contribution coefficient (TCC) and earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT) value representing the SB standard’s feasibility. The proposed model can evaluate the weak points and propose strategies to leverage the SB standard’s technology readiness and economic benefits.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-05-09
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8020088
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 89: Influence of COVID-19 Pandemic on Dissemination
           of Innovative E-Learning Tools in Higher Education in Poland

    • Authors: Kinga Stecuła, Radosław Wolniak
      First page: 89
      Abstract: The paper presents the results of the research on the influence of the COVID-19 pandemic on the dissemination of innovative e-learning tools in higher education. Research was carried out in Poland in December 2021 on a sample of 621 students. The main issue that was the subject of the author’s analysis was the influence of the COVID-19 pandemic on the change in the use of innovative e-learning tools in university education. After conducting the research and discussing this and related research about e-learning during the pandemic, it was concluded that the percentage of students familiar with the analyzed e-learning tools has increased significantly during the pandemic. There has been a visible rise, especially in the usage of the following tools: MS Teams, Zoom, and Google Classroom. The most frequently used e-learning tools during the COVID-19 pandemic have been mainly videoconferencing tools such as MS Teams and Zoom. However, students also have used e-learning platforms and e-mails. The author’s research identified three hidden factors (categories) of the used e-learning tools. They include the following categories: popular services and applications adapted to e-learning; popular applications for synchronous meetings adapted to e-learning; and other synchronous and asynchronous e-learning methods. The familiarity with information technology, as well as an interest in innovative e-learning tools, have positive influence on the ease of acquiring content in e-learning. Having the proper resources also positively influences the absorption of e-learning content. On the basis of the achieved results, the authors prepared a model of relations between students’ interest in innovative e-learning technology and the resources they possess to participate in e-learning classes. This model enables us to assess which method—e-learning, traditional or hybrid—should be used in the given situation. The developed model can be useful for universities. They can assess the students’ interest in innovative e-learning technologies and their level of technical resources using questionnaires and on this basis divide students into groups to prepare the optimal learning way—e-learning, traditional or hybrid.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-05-10
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8020089
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 90: Why Did Uber China Fail' Lessons from
           Business Model Analysis

    • Authors: Yunhan Liu, Dohoon Kim
      First page: 90
      Abstract: The ride-hailing platform offers the business model of the on-demand business ecosystem in the era of the sharing economy. Platforms such as Uber, Lyft, and DiDi have become popular worldwide and established a strong position in urban transportation. This paper presents a case study analyzing the fierce competition between Uber and DiDi in the Chinese ride-hailing market. First, employing the canvas framework, we show the core characteristics of the business models of the two platforms. Our analysis and comparisons of the strategic positioning and implementation concerning the building blocks of canvas ascribe the success factors of DiDi and the causes of Uber’s failure. Although both Uber and DiDi provide similar service offerings for diverse market segments, Uber’s mismatches between its strategic focus on the premium segment and service operations proved to be a mistake. On the other hand, DiDi managed its business more efficiently by providing a wide range of service offerings while leveraging the two-sided market. As a result, DiDi has grown successfully as a one-stop transportation platform, which is well-suited to the Chinese market. This study provides meaningful insights into business model innovations in the sharing economy and implications for the evolution of future transportation platforms.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-05-13
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8020090
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 91: The EU’s Gain (Loss) from More Emission
           Trading Flexibility—A CGE Analysis with Parallel Emission Trading
           Systems

    • Authors: Mohammad M. Khabbazan
      First page: 91
      Abstract: The EU has established the world’s first cross-border emission-trading systems (ETS) for greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, currently covering aviation, emission-intensive sectors, and electricity (EITE). The EU Commission has offered to apply emissions trading in new sectors where emissions from maritime transport will be incorporated into the current EU ETS, while a separated emissions trading system will cover emissions from road transport and the building sector. This paper employs a multi-regional multi-sectoral computable general equilibrium (CGE) model with two simultaneous international emission permit markets. After examining the abatement costs for the EU regions, various policy scenarios are implemented to study the welfare effects of forming an ETS covering the sectors other than EITE (NEIT) and its linking with the EITE sectors under two different baselines and four emission reduction targets. The results provide several important insights: (i) Marginal abatement costs in Germany and the Eastern European Union region (EEU) are significantly lower than in the rest of the EU regions. (ii) The carbon price in the emission permit market covering NEIT is significantly higher than the carbon price in the emission permit market covering EITE. (iii) Germany and EEU appear as notable suppliers of emission permits in both markets. (iv) There is a significant aggregate welfare gain under the scenario in which the ETS covering NEIT co-exists parallel with the ETS covering EITE. (v) The aggregate welfare in the EU under the full integration of EITE and NEIT may fall below its value under the scenario with two parallel emission permit markets.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-05-13
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8020091
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 92: How Efficiently Does the EU Support Research and
           Innovation in SMEs'

    • Authors: Carla Henriques, Clara Viseu, Maria Neves, Ana Amaro, Maria Gouveia, António Trigo
      First page: 92
      Abstract: The European Regional Development Fund devoted around 66 billion Euros to the financial support of innovation and productivity in European enterprises over the 2014–2020 programming period. In this framework, we assessed the implementation of the Operational Programmes dedicated to fostering research and innovation, particularly in small and medium-sized enterprises. With this aim, we used a network slack-based data envelopment analysis model paired with cluster analysis that encompasses a multitude of performance framework indicators to assess 53 Operational Programmes from 19 countries. Our findings suggest that compared to transition and less developed regions, more developed regions present a higher room for improvement. Also, less developed regions present a better performance when they employ their funding against more developed regions, suggesting that further funding should be channelled for leveraging research and innovation in the former regions. Finally, Operational Programme managers should focus on solving the problems both inherent to the poor outcomes in terms of enhancing the number of researchers working in improved research infrastructures and promoting the technology transfer between research institutions and enterprises.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-05-15
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8020092
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 93: Using Online Grocery Applications during the
           COVID-19 Pandemic: Their Relationship with Open Innovation

    • Authors: Ma. Janice J. Gumasing, Yogi Tri Prasetyo, Satria Fadil Persada, Ardvin Kester S. Ong, Michael Nayat Young, Reny Nadlifatin, Anak Agung Ngurah Perwira Redi
      First page: 93
      Abstract: This present research examines the behavioral intentions of Filipinos to use online grocery applications during the novel COVID-19 pandemic. The study proposes an integration of the health belief model (HBM) and the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT2) to identify the factors affecting the acceptance and usage of Filipinos of online grocery applications in terms of the impact of health risk for COVID-19. To accurately measure the factors and their relationship to behavioral intentions and usage behavior, a questionnaire was developed and distributed to 373 residents in the Philippines. Partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) was applied as an analytical method for this study. The results revealed that performance expectancy, perceived benefits, perceived severity, and cues to action significantly influenced the behavioral intentions and usage of online grocery apps during the COVID-19 pandemic. The study’s findings can be utilized as a theoretical framework for future researchers of consumer behavior; e-commerce developers; and grocery industry retailers, to enhance the innovation and services of online grocery applications. The results of this study may also be used and capitalized on by investors and managers to apply in strategizing when developing and marketing online grocery applications among consumers. Moreover, the framework of this study may be adopted and utilized by other online markets, even in different counties. Further theoretical and practical aspects are discussed in this paper.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-05-16
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8020093
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 94: Cooperation in Science and Innovation between
           Latin America and the European Union

    • Authors: Simone Belli, Jenny Morín Nenoff
      First page: 94
      Abstract: Since the launch of the Strategic Partnership in 1999, the European Union and Latin America and the Caribbean countries have formed a political agenda for bi-regional dialogues. In this study we present a comprehensive analysis of the political and the technical levels of the bi-regional cooperation. The analytical approach that we develop to study bi-regional STI relations is based on a thorough examination of the legal foundations of the EU, which allows for assessment of the possibilities and limits. We identify the LAC dimension of the EU’s scientific policies, offering an overview of the challenges and achievements of bi-regional STI cooperation. These are derived from an analysis of limitations in the current cooperation programs. Additionally, the latter is being connected to the discussion of support needs that are raised by the survey participants. We provide a list of suggestions for further instruments and activities, as the main motive is to strengthen and widen the cooperation with concrete actions.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-05-18
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8020094
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 95: Framework for Measuring Process Innovation
           Performance at Indonesian State-Owned Companies

    • Authors: Patdono Suwignjo, I Ketut Gunarta, Naning Aranti Wessiani, Andhika Eko Prasetyo, Lila Yuwana
      First page: 95
      Abstract: Several state-owned companies (SOEs) have successfully implemented process innovation. This paper examines the success factors that influence the successful implementation of process innovation in Indonesian state-owned companies. The present study used the three stages of an online questionnaire in the Delphi method to obtain consensus from experts. The consensus was measured based on the mean and standard deviation of the assessment answers provided by our respondents. Based on the development of process innovation implementation frameworks shown in previous studies, we obtained 28 factors that influence the successful implementation of process innovation. Our panelists believed that human resources and organizational factors, such as leadership, problem understanding, strategy, and culture, affected the success of process innovation in SOEs, even more than the research and development budget, support, and commitment factor of a given company. Meanwhile, cost efficiency was the main factor driving a company’s motivation to implement process innovation. The success factors in implementing process innovation are an essential consideration for the management of other SOEs eager to improve their company’s innovation performance, especially process innovation. Success factors were carried out comprehensively for all implementation indicators of process innovation, including inputs, process (idea generation, idea selection, and idea implementation), outputs and outcomes, diffusion, culture, strategies, and push and pull factors.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-05-20
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8020095
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 96: A New Stock Price Forecasting Method Using
           Active Deep Learning Approach

    • Authors: Khalid Alkhatib, Huthaifa Khazaleh, Hamzah Ali Alkhazaleh, Anas Ratib Alsoud, Laith Abualigah
      First page: 96
      Abstract: Stock price prediction is a significant research field due to its importance in terms of benefits for individuals, corporations, and governments. This research explores the application of the new approach to predict the adjusted closing price of a specific corporation. A new set of features is used to enhance the possibility of giving more accurate results with fewer losses by creating a six-feature set (that includes High, Low, Volume, Open, HiLo, OpSe), rather than the traditional four-feature set (High, Low, Volume, Open). The study also investigates the effect of data size by using datasets (Apple, ExxonMobil, Tesla, Snapchat) of different sizes to boost open innovation dynamics. The effect of the business sector in terms of the loss result is also considered. Finally, the study included six deep learning models, MLP, GRU, LSTM, Bi-LSTM, CNN, and CNN-LSTM, to predict the adjusted closing price of the stocks. The six variables used (High, Low, Open, Volume, HiLo, and OpSe) are evaluated according to the model’s outcome, showing fewer losses than the original approach, which utilizes the original feature set. The results show that LSTM-based models improved using the new approach, even though all models showed a comparative result wherein no model showed better results or continuously outperformed other models. Finally, the added new features positively affected the prediction models’ performance.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-05-27
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8020096
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 97: Governance of Web-Based Idea Management System
           Rewards: From the Perspective of Open Innovation

    • Authors: Elina Mikelsone, Jean-Pierre Segers, Aivars Spilbergs
      First page: 97
      Abstract: Digitisation of business processes has attracted practitioner attention across a wide range of industries as it enables enterprises to better manage their processes and improve results. The rate of digitisation has grown over the last decade and has become essential for enterprises to handle unforeseen disruptions and promote better management of resources. The COVID-19 pandemic is one example of a recent major disruption that caught enterprises off-guard and had a major impact on their value chains. The adoption of digitisation of business processes has significantly sped up to improve enterprise and their value chain resilience and enable enterprises to survive and potentially thrive in today’s uncertain environment. Through this movement, innovative companies have embraced idea management to develop new business models and achieve competitive advantage. One of the major digital tools that support enterprises in their idea management efforts is web-based idea management systems. This study aims to show how enterprises can manage the rewards of platforms, such as web-based idea management systems, to achieve a first-in-class quality and quantity of ideas sourced from the stakeholders involved in these platform-based ecosystems. To reach this aim, a global survey study was conducted involving over 400 responses from enterprises that use web-based idea management systems and consequent results were analysed. The impact of intrinsic and extrinsic rewards on the results of enterprises is a well-researched area. To further verify the results, the authors have conducted ten expert interviews and a qualitative analysis of a data set sourced from a database that contained 129 company entries that utilise web-based idea management systems and was available for this research that was conducted over a two-year period. Results strongly indicate that mixed and financial reward type tasks result in a higher quantity of ideas created, however, higher idea quality—i.e., ideas selected—is higher for financial reward tasks. The research highlights that there could be differences between different web-based idea management systems application groups.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-06-01
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8020097
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 98: Open Business Model of Eco-Innovation for
           Sustainability Development: Implications for the Open-Innovation Dynamics
           of Slovakia

    • Authors: Erika Loučanová, Miriam Olšiaková, Jana Štofková
      First page: 98
      Abstract: The paper presents the results of a survey aimed at evaluating the attitudes of Slovak respondents toward eco-innovation purchasing power supplied on the Slovak market to propose an open business model that would support such purchasing power to increase sustainability. The primary method applied in the research was the Kano model, by which we determined the attitudes of the respondents to the issue. Based on the findings and using the analytical-synthetic method, we subsequently processed a proposal for a business model for implementation of ecological innovation in Slovakia. This model used innovative marketing communication tools to increase interest in eco-innovation and products, and created a learning algorithm to influence customers’ shopping behaviors. As a result of the research, we assumed that the main obstacles to increasing demand for eco-innovation and products were inexperience, cost, and lack of information held by respondents, and therefore it is necessary to build and improve customer relationships, in which, in addition to traditional forms of marketing, it is inevitable to use various innovative forms of corporate social responsibility to minimize these negatives.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-06-02
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8020098
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 99: The FDI Spillover Effect on the Efficiency and
           Productivity of Manufacturing Firms: Its Implication on Open Innovation

    • Authors: Lilik Sugiharti, Mohammad Zeqi Yasin, Rudi Purwono, Miguel Angel Esquivias, Deasy Pane
      First page: 99
      Abstract: In this study, we investigated the effects of foreign direct investment (FDI) spillovers on firm production and technical efficiency in Indonesia’s manufacturing sector from 2010 to 2015. We scrutinized three different channels of horizontal spillover, namely, demonstration, technology adoption, and competition channels. We also captured the heterogeneous effect of firms by categorizing them based on their technological intensity (low, medium, or high). Using time-varying stochastic production frontier analysis, we found that manufacturing firms in each technological group benefit from FDI, either from productivity improvement or technical efficiency improvement. High-technology firms mainly benefit from FDI due to their high technological absorption capability. Meanwhile, medium-high and medium-low tech firms increase productivity through the demonstration effect and the technology adoption channel, despite underperforming in technical efficiency. Finally, low-tech firms, which primarily employ unskilled workers, suffer from large inefficiency. We found that increased FDI, combined with improvements in technology absorption capacity, can help revitalize the productivity of low-tech firms. FDI, firm size, and access to foreign inputs all support production effects but have no direct positive impact on firms’ technical efficiency. The results of this study suggest that the government should ensure that domestic firms can absorb the technical capability of a foreign presence. Open innovation can help strengthen foreign–domestic linkages to contribute to growth through the transfer of knowledge, skills, and technologies.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-06-02
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8020099
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 100: Do Digital Technologies Influence the
           Relationship between the COVID-19 Crisis and SMEs’ Resilience in
           Developing Countries'

    • Authors: Afef Khalil, Mohammed El Amine Abdelli, Emmanuel Mogaji
      First page: 100
      Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic is not only a medical emergency but also a business emergency that has created the need for organizations to be resilient and versatile in managing the impact of the pandemic on their business operations. At this time, small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) are the most vulnerable to the economic disaster caused by the recent crisis, because these companies do not have the necessary resources to absorb losses. This research reviewed the impact of digital technologies on SMEs’ resilience during the pandemic, focusing on companies in developing countries. Based on the 96 SMEs surveyed across six developing countries, the study shows that digital technology has helped SMEs to survive the pandemic, assisting SMEs in becoming more robust and ensuring their survival. This research fills a significant research gap in the literature, highlighting the inherent challenges of SMEs in developing countries and their digital transformation strategies. This study also offers practical recommendations for SMEs, tech developers, and policymakers to invest more effort in putting new procedures in place to ensure the efficacy of digital technology.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-06-14
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8020100
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 101: Open Innovation—Opportunities or
           Nightmares for the Shared Transport Services Sector'

    • Authors: Katarzyna Turoń, Andrzej Kubik
      First page: 101
      Abstract: Shared transport services, including short-term vehicle rentals (bike-, car-, moped-, scooter-sharing) and travel sharing systems (ride-sharing, ride-hailing), have become more and more popular forms of mobility in recent years. Their increasing availability has made them an alternative to individual transport in cities. Along with the development of the systems, a growing number of operators offering sharing services started to appear. Many of them ended their activities after the pilot period or closed the company shortly after launching the system. There are many reasons for this, from management to technical issues, but the aspects of open innovation, open data and transparency were often overlooked. This begs the question whether it is the openness of systems that is the recipe for the market success or failure of shared mobility services. The aim of this work was to evaluate the approaches to data openness and innovation in companies representing the shared mobility market. A research proposal was submitted to diagnose the approach to open innovations in the market of shared mobility services. An expert survey was carried out among representatives of shared mobility services operating in major Polish cities. The expert survey was conducted using the CAWI technique. Research results show that open innovation is a problematic aspect for operators. On the one hand, they are interested in it, but this interest does not translate into real practices. Among the entire shared transport sector, the micro-mobility service providers are the most committed to open innovation. Research indicates that in order to increase the dynamics of the development of open innovation in the shared transport industry, there is a need for education in the field of open innovation, especially in the era of the development of digitization of urban transport systems and the pursuit of sustainable transport.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-06-15
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8020101
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 102: ICT Access and Entrepreneurship in the Open
           Innovation Dynamic Context: Evidence from OECD Countries

    • Authors: Sofia Gomes, João M. Lopes
      First page: 102
      Abstract: In recent decades, entrepreneurship has become increasingly important for innovation and economic growth. However, few studies demonstrate the role of information and communication technology systems (ICT) in promoting entrepreneurship, and even fewer studies show that ICT is a crucial resource for entrepreneurs. This study examines the direct influence of ICTs on entrepreneurial activity in OECD countries in the context of the open innovation dynamic. Based on an unbalanced dynamic longitudinal panel of data, we conclude that access to ICTs (mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions, individuals using the internet, and fixed-broadband subscriptions) positively influences Total early-stage Entrepreneurial Activity (TEA). However, the importance of ICTs for entrepreneurial activity is not equal, with mobile-cellular telephones having the strongest influence on the rate of new firm creation, followed by fixed-broadband, and internet access. This study contributes to the rationale of resource-based theory by demonstrating that ICTs are a valuable resource for boosting the capabilities for creating, collecting, processing, and interpreting information, which is vital for entrepreneurial activity. On the other hand, this study attempts to suppress an existing gap in the literature due to the still scarce studies demonstrating how macro-level ICTs affect the creation of new firms in countries. Finally, it contributed to empirically substantiating the relationship between open innovation dynamic and entrepreneurship, as very few studies do.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-06-15
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8020102
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 103: Updating the Open Innovation Concept Based on
           Ecosystem Approach: Regional Aspects

    • Authors: Oksana N. Kiseleva, Olga V. Sysoeva, Anastasia V. Vasina, Victor V. Sysoev
      First page: 103
      Abstract: The intensification of innovation processes in Russia is a challenging task that requires a continuous search for solutions to make possible the many required changes in economics. We consider the major factors needed to advance an innovative activity at all levels in the national economy to have a freely exchanged flow of innovative ideas between all actors involved. As practice shows, the currently existing models in the country to deal with open innovations are mostly based on a cluster development approach, which is still limited. The authors propose synergizing the cluster approach with an ecosystem innovation model, which should ensure an effective collaboration and an accelerated rate for the diffusion of innovations between various actors while involving various regions. The purpose of the study was to develop a conceptual model for implementing open proposals from participants in the innovation economy. The research methodology is based on numerous works in the field of open innovation theory, cluster and ecosystem approaches. The study utilizes empirical and dialectical methods of scientific knowledge. The methodological toolkit covers information processing with historical analysis, a literature review using the Russian Citation Index and Scopus databases, analysis and diagnostics of innovative activity in domestic regions, the comparison method, modeling and correlation analysis. We concluded that the interaction of participants in the Russian regions through implementing the cluster model is not sufficiently effective and requires the development of new methodological approaches. Therefore, we propose combining the cluster approach with the ecosystem innovation model, which should ensure an effective cooperation and accelerate the rate of innovation dissemination among various subjects involving several regions. To determine the approach’s efficiency, the proposed concept should be tested in one or more regions.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-06-16
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8020103
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 13: Building the Business Platform by Modularization
           Strategies: Cases of Taiwan Social Networking Vendors

    • Authors: Chia-Liang Hung
      First page: 13
      Abstract: Firms achieve their competitive advantage quickly through the concept framework of open innovation by integrating external inspiration with internal endowment when facing hyper-competition in the digital era. This paper deploys open innovation into building platform blocks by modular operators. These eight modular operators are splitting, augmenting, deleting, substituting, inversing, porting, configuring, and integrating. By means of case studies of two Taiwan Internet vendors, the results depict the manipulation strategies between eight modular operators to fit seven functional requirements for weaving social media, which are presence, identity, sharing, reputation, groups, conversations, and relationship. Finally, this paper advances propositions about the deployment of modularization strategies to develop a competitive platform.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-01-06
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8010013
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 14: Developing a System Dynamic Model for Product
           Life Cycle Management of Generic Pharmaceutical Products: Its Relation
           with Open Innovation

    • Authors: Atefeh Mousavi, Mehdi Mohammadzadeh, Hossein Zare
      First page: 14
      Abstract: The purpose of this study is to identify elements that influence the sale of generic pharmaceutical products during their life cycle in order to achieve more comprehensive planning and to prevent a decline stage of the product life cycle (PLC). We used a system dynamic model to identify the behaviors of demand, supply, and competition as three major subsystems of PLC in generic pharmaceutical products. We first investigated the PLC patterns of 527 medicines to identify their “reference mode”, determined the causal loop of the pharmaceuticals phase of PLC based on both an in-depth literature review and experts’ opinions, and finally simulated a quantitative dynamic model based on real-world data between 2012 and 2019 from Iran. Based on the results, “total demand and accurate forecasting”, “marketing efforts”, and “R and D activities of a firm” are the most critical factors involved in the formation of a generic drug PLC. An increase of 20–50% of manufacturers’ marketing and R and D activities can raise sales by more than 50% in the decline stage of the PLC. The product life cycle can give generic manufacturers more insights into the processes leading to declining sales of their products. PLC may help to prevent a product from entering the decline stage even if the total demand for a generic drug is dropping in the market.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-01-06
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8010014
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 15: A Novel Enhanced Differential Evolution
           Algorithm for Outbound Logistics of the Poultry Industry in Thailand

    • Authors: Karn Moonsri, Kanchana Sethanan, Kongkidakhon Worasan
      First page: 15
      Abstract: Outbound logistics is a crucial field of logistics management. This study considers a planning distribution for the poultry industry in Thailand. The goal of the study is to minimize the transportation cost for the multi-depot vehicle-routing problem (MDVRP). A novel enhanced differential evolution algorithm (RI-DE) is developed based on a new re-initialization mutation formula and a local search function. A mixed-integer programming formulation is presented in order to measure the performance of a heuristic with GA, PSO, and DE for small-sized instances. For large-sized instances, RI-DE is compared to the traditional DE algorithm for solving the MDVRP using published benchmark instances. The results demonstrate that RI-DE obtained a near-optimal solution of 99.03% and outperformed the traditional DE algorithm with a 2.53% relative improvement, not only in terms of solution performance, but also in terms of computational time.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-01-10
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8010015
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 16: Artificial Intelligent Technologies for the
           Construction Industry: How Are They Perceived and Utilized in
           Australia'

    • Authors: Massimo Regona, Tan Yigitcanlar, Bo Xia, Rita Yi Man Li
      First page: 16
      Abstract: Artificial intelligence (AI) is a powerful technology that can be utilized throughout a construction project lifecycle. Transition to incorporate AI technologies in the construction industry has been delayed due to the lack of know-how and research. There is also a knowledge gap regarding how the public perceives AI technologies, their areas of application, prospects, and constraints in the construction industry. This study aims to explore AI technology adoption prospects and constraints in the Australian construction industry by analyzing social media data. This study adopted social media analytics, along with sentiment and content analyses of Twitter messages (n = 7906), as the methodological approach. The results revealed that: (a) robotics, internet-of-things, and machine learning are the most popular AI technologies in Australia; (b) Australian public sentiments toward AI are mostly positive, whilst some negative perceptions exist; (c) there are distinctive views on the opportunities and constraints of AI among the Australian states/territories; (d) timesaving, innovation, and digitalization are the most common AI prospects; and (e) project risk, security of data, and lack of capabilities are the most common AI constraints. This study is the first to explore AI technology adoption prospects and constraints in the Australian construction industry by analyzing social media data. The findings inform the construction industry on public perceptions and prospects and constraints of AI adoption. In addition, it advocates the search for finding the most efficient means to utilize AI technologies. The study helps public perceptions and prospects and constraints of AI adoption to be factored in construction industry technology adoption.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-01-10
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8010016
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 17: The Creative Services Sector in Polish Cities

    • Authors: Radosław Wolniak, Izabela Jonek-Kowalska
      First page: 17
      Abstract: The creative services sector plays an important and constantly growing role in the modern economy. This publication presents the results of extensive research on the functioning of the creative sector in Polish cities, conducted on a representative sample of 287 cities located throughout Poland. The sample was good in such a way as to maintain the structure by province. The survey included questions rated on a 5-point Likert scale. The aim of the research was to study the functioning of the creative sector in Polish cities and to determine whether the active involvement of public administration in its development has a positive impact on this sector. The research was carried out on the example of a medium-sized European country, which is Poland. The original contribution of the authors of the publication is to demonstrate, on a large research sample, the existence of a positive impact of the municipal office’s activities on the creative sector for example using special funds to boost creativity sector in the city, and to ascertain the existence of a linear relationship between the city size and the level of the creative sector functioning in it.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-01-12
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8010017
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 18: Optimizing the Financial Performance of SMEs
           Based on Sharia Economy: Perspective of Economic Business Sustainability
           and Open Innovation

    • Authors: Firman Menne, Batara Surya, Muhammad Yusuf, Seri Suriani, Muhlis Ruslan, Iskandar Iskandar
      First page: 18
      Abstract: Optimal financial performance based on the use of sharia fintech followed by the stability of Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) will have an impact on economic growth. This study aims to analyze the financial performance of SMEs from a sharia economic perspective; analyzing the effect of using sharia fintech on the financial performance and sustainability of SMEs and strengthening human resource capacity, business diversification, business productivity, and product marketing to improve financial performance and business sustainability of SMEs. The study uses a quantitative survey approach. Data were obtained through questionnaires distributed to 350 respondents in 15 districts in the city of Makassar. The results of the study show that human resource capacity and business diversification affect the financial performance of SMEs by 41.8%. Sharia fintech, human resource capacity, business diversification, business productivity, and financial performance have a positive effect on SME business sustainability with a determination coefficient of 65.9%. This study recommends the management of SME businesses based on the use of sharia fintech in supporting the sustainability of SME businesses in Makassar, Indonesia.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-01-12
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8010018
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 19: Business Models in the Industry 4.0
           Environment—Results of Web of Science Bibliometric Analysis

    • Authors: Sandra Grabowska, Sebastian Saniuk
      First page: 19
      Abstract: The Fourth Industrial Revolution affects the operations of companies and results in new strategic thinking. The changes resulting from the requirements of Industry 4.0 force restructuring in many areas of management or the building of new business models. The aim of this article was to indicate the pillars that will form the basis for building business models of enterprises functioning in the era of Industry 4.0. The research methods used in this article were bibliometric analysis and analysis of the content of sophisticated publications. The results of this research are the analysis of the dynamics of publications in the area of business models in the era of Industry 4.0, an indication of the research areas undertaken in these publications and the identification of the pillars that will constitute the basis for building business models in the era of Industry 4.0. Business models in the era of Industry 4.0 are to be a method of increasing and using the company’s resources in order to achieve a competitive advantage through personalization of products and their new quality; their key competitive advantage will be a structure based on a network of cyber-physical cooperation. This article is dedicated to scientists and business practitioners looking for tips for building modern business models.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-01-12
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8010019
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 20: Worldwide Research on Open Innovation in SMEs

    • Authors: David Sabando-Vera, Marcela Yonfa-Medranda, Néstor Montalván-Burbano, Jose Albors-Garrigos, Katherine Parrales-Guerrero
      First page: 20
      Abstract: Research on open innovation (OI) has increased in recent years, showing its potential in various areas of knowledge. Its relation to small and medium-sized enterprises has attracted the attention of academics. This article aims to evaluate the intellectual structure of the scientific study of OI, and its close relationship with various scientific fields, through a bibliometric analysis of this academic field using the Scopus database and the application of the VOSviewer software. The methodology comprises a rigorous systematic and transparent process divided into four phases: (i) the establishment of search criteria for the research field, through a literature review for its selection; (ii) the selection of the database, the establishment of the search equation and extraction of information; (iii) the application of inclusion and exclusion criteria for the selected documents and an explanation of the usefulness of the software; and (iv) the analysis of the results through the approaches of scientific output performance and bibliometric mapping. The results show an increasing trend of IO publications in SMEs, consolidated in 396 articles with contributions from 65 countries and 947 authors. The intellectual structure shows seven themes related to firm performance, R&D networks, business management, business models, capabilities and knowledge transfer. This study contributes to the field by providing an overview of IO in SME contexts. It also provides insightful information to policymakers for developing policies for firm economic growth.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-01-13
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8010020
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 21: Open Innovation in Times of Crisis: An Overview
           of the Healthcare Sector in Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic

    • Authors: Zheng Liu, Yongjiang Shi, Bo Yang
      First page: 21
      Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic has caused huge and disruptive technological changes in the healthcare sector, transforming the way businesses and societies function. To respond to the global health crisis, there have been numerous innovation projects in the healthcare sector, including the fast design and manufacturing of personal protective equipment (PPE) and medical devices, and testing, treatment, and vaccine technologies. Many of these innovative activities happen beyond organizational boundaries with collaboration and open innovation. In this paper, we review the current literature on open innovation strategy during the pandemic and adopt the co-evolution view of business ecosystems to address the context of change. Based on a detailed exploration of the COVID-19-related technologies in the UK and global healthcare sectors, we identify the key emerging themes of open innovation in crisis. Further discussions are conducted in relation to each theme. Our results and analysis can help provide policy recommendations for the healthcare sector, businesses, and society to recover from the crisis.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-01-14
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8010021
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 22: Digitalizing Gratitude and Building Trust
           through Technology in a Post-COVID-19 World—Report of a Case from
           Japan

    • Authors: Jun-ichi Yamamoto, Tomohiro Fukui, Kazutomo Nishii, Ichiro Kato, Quang Thahn Pham
      First page: 22
      Abstract: Employee engagement has become a critical issue in Japanese companies. One way to develop it is to improve the relationship among employees through gratitude expressions. In the post-COVID-19 remote work environment, digital devices are essential. This paper confirms that expressions of gratitude delivered via digital devices enhance the relationship between employees. We experimented in a small-town government office where participants (n = 88) were asked to (1) use the Thanks App, an app we developed to express gratitude, for two months and (2) respond to an engagement survey we developed before and after the experimental period. Through cross-analysis of the data from the app and questionnaire, we found that the “trust in colleagues” factor had a strong correlation (r = 0.80, p < 0.001) with our new index computed by the app’s data. The results suggest that the use of the Thanks App may help visualize the trust relationship among teams. This study has a practical value in providing a new team management tool for visualizing team trust. In addition, it provides a new research method for emotional and social psychology using digital devices.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-01-14
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8010022
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 23: The Study on Digital Marketing Influences on
           Sales for B2B Start-Ups in South Asia

    • Authors: Iqbal Thonse Hawaldar, Mithun S. Ullal, Adel Sarea, Rajesha T. Mathukutti, Nympha Joseph
      First page: 23
      Abstract: South Asia has seen a digital revolution in recent years. The number of persons who use the internet has risen drastically. They use it for shopping, social media and online sales. However, there exists a literature gap as far as the effect of outbound digital marketing in B2B markets is concerned. The research builds a model based on brand and consumer interactions in Indian B2B markets using a vector autoregressive model to systemically analyze the cost and outcome of digital marketing efforts by the start-ups operating in South Asia. The multivariate time series analyzed in identifying simultaneous and consistent impacts by the start-ups. We use Vector autoregressive model as it allows us to analyse the relationship among the factors as it changes over time. The research finds evidence for the conceptual framework in South Asian markets. The results prove that sales are greatly influenced by digital media, and outbound marketing efforts, predominantly word of mouth, has a huge impact in building a brand image as it spread over in the social media platforms. It is observed that the digital marketing strategies and consumer interaction are the same across South Asia, but its effect varies from country to country within South Asia thus suggesting a need of developing a new strategy in digital marketing for B2B markets.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-01-16
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8010023
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 24: Characteristics of Lead Users in Different
           Stages of the New Product Development Process: A Systematic Review in the
           Context of Open Innovation

    • Authors: Béla Venesz, Tibor Dőry, Agota Giedrė Raišienė
      First page: 24
      Abstract: Despite the promising ideas of lead users, the success rate of the open innovation process remains low if no proper personal characteristics are attached to the external contributor. The knowledge about the essential characteristic elements of lead users is crucial to select the right lead users in the early stage of the NPD. By filling the research gap, we performed a systematic literature review about the required personal characteristics of lead users. The resulting 45 studies demonstrated that diverse characteristics are required in different stages of an NDP which vary in the consumer and industrial context. According to our research results, we made a contribution to the theory by extending the lead user method in the form of a partial theory. We also found that in the case of incremental innovations, companies apply their technical knowledge and do not require additional expertise from users, while in the case of radical innovations, firms only involve external users with high technological competencies in the development stage of the NDP. We identified similarities and differences of the required lead users’ personal characteristics in the consumer and industrial contexts. Thus, our study provides a better awareness for business leaders on the selection of lead users for their NPD process, reducing the time-to-market ratio of the product and increasing profit.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-01-17
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8010024
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 25: The Effect of Knowledge Sharing on Ambidextrous
           Innovation: Triadic Intellectual Capital as a Mediator

    • Authors: Zhenyang Zhang, Xinyuan Wang, Dongphil Chun
      First page: 25
      Abstract: There is no doubt that the primary reason that firms encourage knowledge sharing is to drive innovation. As nutrients for innovation, what role do the different elements of intellectual capital play in this relationship' When we consider the ambidexterity of enterprise innovation—exploratory and exploitative—how do the different elements of intellectual capital affect the relationship between them' This study adopts a triadic perspective to divide intellectual capital into human, structural and relational capital. We analyzed 349 questionnaires from high-tech enterprises and found that knowledge sharing had a significantly positive effect on all three elements of intellectual capital, and human capital and structural capital had a positive effect on ambidextrous innovation. Relational capital had a positive effect on exploitative innovation but no significant effect on exploratory innovation. Unexpectedly, there was no direct effect of knowledge sharing on ambidextrous innovation, and the elements of intellectual capital play full mediations among them. This may suggest that firms should pay more attention to the role of relational capital when they adopt exploitative innovation. At the same time, we remind managers that innovation may be promoted only when knowledge sharing increases intellectual capital. Therefore, the misuse of management tools should be avoided, and ineffective management practices should be reduced. In addition, we explored the relationship between knowledge sharing and the open innovation paradigm and made some suggestions for future research.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-01-17
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8010025
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 26: Empirical Analysis of the Global Supply and
           Demand of Entrepreneurial Finance: A Random Utility Theory Perspective

    • Authors: Ibrahim Niankara
      First page: 26
      Abstract: Considering the globalized nature of international financial markets and the important role of innovative entrepreneurial endeavors for employment and economic development, this paper analyzes the global supply and demand of entrepreneurial finance, in the form of individuals’ savings and borrowings for entrepreneurial ventures in the global economy. To this end, a theoretical treatment of the potential global entrepreneurial finance market (GEFM) dynamics, in response to governments and private sector financial transfers, is first provided. This is followed by the econometric modeling of such dynamics based on intertemporal random utility maximization, using pooled data from the 2014 and 2017 global financial inclusion surveys. The findings reveal, contrary to theoretical predictions, that private sector financial injections (i.e., electronic wage payments), exert an adverse effect on the GEFM; meanwhile, in accordance with theoretical predictions, public sector financial injections (i.e., electronic welfare payments), do positively influence the growth of the GEFM. In addition, compared to their male counterparts, females are found to be 7% more likely to own a formal account, and are 23.4% more likely to save for farming or business entrepreneurship, while also being 18.8% more likely to borrow for entrepreneurial ventures, therefore suggesting a relatively greater growth potential from female entrepreneurship in the global economy.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-01-19
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8010026
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 27: Business Digital Maturity in Europe and Its
           Implication for Open Innovation

    • Authors: Magdalena Tutak, Jarosław Brodny
      First page: 27
      Abstract: This paper presents the results of a study aimed at assessing the level of business digital maturity in Europe and at analyzing similarities between companies in terms of implemented Industry 4.0 technologies. The digital transformation of production and service enterprises has become a common direction of development for all economic sectors. The very idea of Industry 4.0 has become synonymous with innovation and is the basis for business development. The role and importance of these transformations are also recognized by the EU which has been promoting and supporting the development of an innovative digital economy for many years. However, individual EU countries differ in terms of digital business maturity due to the implementation of Industry 4.0 technology. The article addresses this problem by presenting the results of a comprehensive study of the implementation of Industry 4.0 digital technologies in enterprises in the EU-27 countries and by assessing similarities between these countries in terms of these technologies. The similarity analysis was carried out using the k-means method. The Gini coefficient and Lorenz curves were utilized to determine the unevenness of the implementation of these technologies in individual countries, and the Weighted Aggregated Sum Product Assessment method was used to assess the level of digital maturity. The research was based on eight selected determinants (indicators) that characterize the most important technologies related to Industry 4.0. The results showed high diversity among EU countries in terms of digital maturity. Scandinavian countries (Finland and Denmark) and Malta were found to be leaders in this area, while the weakest results were reported for Greece, Romania, Bulgaria, Hungary, and Latvia. The findings provide a lot of new information about the current state of development of the digital economy in EU countries, which should be used in both the development and implementation of new solutions related to economic digitalization policy in this region.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-01-19
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8010027
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 28: Strategic Management of the Malaga Brand through
           Open Innovation: Tourists and Residents’ Perception

    • Authors: Elena Cruz-Ruiz, Elena Ruiz-Romero de la Cruz, Gorka Zamarreño-Aramendia, F. J. Cristòfol
      First page: 28
      Abstract: Territory brands are vehicles for transmitting the attributes that identify a geographical setting, they facilitate market positioning and can contribute to generating an opinion that determines the promotion strategies of a place. The investment decisions of both private companies and institutional bodies will be strengthened if residents and tourists’ perception is known, seeking to reconcile the interests of visitors and citizens with the aim of collaborating in the creation of the city’s tourism planning under the principles of sustainability, open innovation and co-creation of value. The methodology used for this research focuses on an empirical study, for which a sample of 780 individuals was designed so that the Malaga brand was subjected to analysis with criteria of innovative opportunity, applying constructs that were measured with existing and proven scales. The results allow us to identify that the Malaga brand is being built and managed on the basis of the cultural projection of the city and its image attributes. The ratings of tourists and residents will serve as a basis for improving the management of Malaga as a tourist destination by the institutions involved, taking into account the interest of open innovation. The conclusions of the research can be extrapolated to other geographical environments with similar levels of tourism development.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-01-20
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8010028
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 29: Does Engaging in Global Market Orientation
           Strategy Affect HEIs’ Performance' The Mediating Roles of
           Intellectual Capital Readiness and Open Innovation

    • Authors: Bambang Tjahjadi, Noorlailie Soewarno, Johnny Jermias, Hariyati Hariyati, Atika Fairuzi, Dewi Nabilah Anwar
      First page: 29
      Abstract: This study aims to examine the effect of global market orientation strategy on the performance of Indonesian Higher Education Institutions. Furthermore, it investigates whether this relationship is mediated by intellectual capital readiness and open innovation. This is a quantitative study employing a multi-mediation research model conceptualizing the relationship among the five constructs. This study employs a resource-based view to explain the relationships among constructs and partial least squares-structural equation modeling to test the hypotheses studied. A sample of 119 schools/faculties, derived from the 50 best state and private institutions in Indonesia and based on the Webometrics 2021, was used. This research reveals the following main results. First, intellectual capital readiness fully mediates the influence of global market orientation strategy on the institutions’ performances. Second, open innovation does not mediate the effect of global market orientation strategy on institutions’ performances. This study is the first attempt to understand how global market orientation strategy enhances institutions’ performances via intellectual capital readiness and open innovation. This study reveals the insignificant effect of open innovation on performance. Thus, the main implication of these findings is that institutions need to downstream their innovations to the community for future performance and communities’ benefits. The applied execution does matter in the open innovation–institution performance relationship.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-01-21
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8010029
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 30: Low-Carbon Supply Chain Model under a
           Vendor-Managed Inventory Partnership and Carbon Cap-and-Trade Policy

    • Authors: Ririn Diar Astanti, Yosef Daryanto, Parama Kartika Dewa
      First page: 30
      Abstract: Nowadays, companies are collaborating and forming supply chain partnerships under a certain scheme, such as a vendor-managed inventory scheme. The collaboration increases the supply chain’s visibility, which leads to cost efficiency. It may also contribute to enhancing the supply chain’s green performance. This paper presents a supply chain inventory model to guide managers in making optimal inventory decisions considering the logistics cost and carbon emissions. A vendor supplies products under a vendor-managed inventory; hence, it is responsible for the logistics activities. The effect of product deterioration and quality problems are also considered, in which the vendor performs a 100% quality inspection. A carbon price is imposed on total emissions from production and logistics activities under a cap-and-trade regulation. The result is inventory decisions regarding the optimal delivery quantity as well as the delivery frequencies that minimize the total costs. The reduction in total carbon emissions from the decisions was also studied.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-01-25
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8010030
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 31: Climate Dialog, Climate Action: Can Democracy Do
           the Job'

    • Authors: Fred Young Phillips, LaVonne Reimer, Rebecca Turner
      First page: 31
      Abstract: The latest IPCC report forcefully states that immediate, decisive, and large-scale actions are needed to avert climate catastrophe. This essay presumes that democratic governments are best and most desirably positioned to take these actions. Yet in the countries most pivotal to global climate change, significant voting blocs are uninterested in environmental issues. The essay urges adding bottom-up dialog between environmental and anti-environmental voters, to current and future top-down technocratic “solutions”. To make this combination result in a unified pro-environment electorate, we must understand: religious objections to environmentalism; the capital-vs.-knowledge strife that slows polluting corporations’ green transitions; and the psychological mechanisms that can make inter-group dialog fruitful.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-01-26
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8010031
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 32: Open Innovation with Value Co-Creation from
           University–Industry Collaboration

    • Authors: Roberto Osorno-Hinojosa, Mikko Koria, Delia del Carmen Ramírez-Vázquez
      First page: 32
      Abstract: While open innovation and university–industry collaboration contribute significantly to innovation in industrialized countries, it is less clear how these create value in emerging economies and new application contexts. This study examines the introduction of global practices into the Nicaraguan context. Adopting a service-dominant logic perspective of value co-creation through interaction on multiple levels, we noted the importance of systemic orchestration or staging of the ecosystem, organizations, and challenge project delivery. We also recognize the importance of enabling activities and spaces that promote innovation. While our findings indicated that the expected and perceived value creation did not fully match, we found encouraging signs of the build-up of foundational practices to support national development agendas. There is evidence of shifted mindsets and looped learning across the system. We propose a model for the systemic development of enabling structures, value creation, and innovation spaces when transferring practices into new application areas. We expect this model to be useful for practitioners when planning and engaging in transferring open innovation practices across application contexts. The study contributes to our knowledge and practice of creating value through applying open innovation within university–industry collaboration in emerging economies, a little-studied theme.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-01-27
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8010032
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 33: A Bid/Mark-Up Decision Support Model in
           Contractor’s Tender Strategy Development Phase Based on Project
           Complexity Measurement in the Downstream Sector of Petroleum Industry

    • Authors: Amir Faraji, Maria Rashidi, Navid Ahmadi Eftekhari, Srinath Perera, Saba Mani
      First page: 33
      Abstract: The tender process is an inseparable step of the contract award process in the public sector, and from the other point of view, it is one of the crucial elements of the core business of construction contractors. Reviewing previous research reveals a gap in the application of a project’s detailed features and historical data to support the bid/no-bid decision and to determine the cost and time contract mark-ups. In this study, a prescriptive project complexity-based model is proposed to support the bid decision in the tender strategy development phase of a contractor for the downstream sector of the petroleum industry in Iran. For this purpose, regression analysis of historical data is adopted to configure the model and to infer from previous actual trends by exploring relationships between the contractor’s bid decision and proposed mark-ups with the project’s inherent and surrounding complexity factors. Hence, using experts’ opinions and historical data from 139 previous contracts as training and test data, a model was developed to make a decision on a bid and mark-up problem. The results of the model validation show that the credibility of the model is 74.67% and 75.36% for time and cost, respectively, and the reliability of model outputs is approximately 90% overall in predicting the bid mark-ups in accordance with the project complexity index (PCI). The main contribution of this research to current knowledge has two aspects: utilizing the complexity concept for the tender problem in the form of a project complexity index (PCI) and considering both time and cost mark-ups (TMU–CMU) in the contractor’s bid simultaneously. In addition, the results show that the more complex the project is, the higher the bid rate is.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-02-03
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8010033
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 34: Innovate or Perish: Food Policy Design in an
           Indigenous Context in a Post-Pandemic and Climate Adaptation Era

    • Authors: Diosey Ramon Lugo-Morin
      First page: 34
      Abstract: The objective of this study is to explore the strengths of indigenous food systems in Latin America within the framework of effective food policies. The analysis is based on the adaptive capacity of human beings, and, in this logic, it considers the food systems of Latin America to be relevant since in the face of challenges, such as climate change and the COVID-19 pandemic, indigenous peoples have been able to establish response strategies. However, beyond these responses, we find a region that has assumed a biopolitical stance with a tendency to design control policies in response to the pandemic. This situation has not improved the inequalities and vulnerabilities of a sector of the indigenous population in Latin America. The aforementioned challenges give a clear picture of the strengths of the region’s indigenous people, and knowledge of this interactive dynamic can provide elements for the design of food policies. In this sense, an exhaustive literature review was carried out in order to approach the state of the art of the issue. The analysis was derived from three analytical categories that in synergy and from an open innovation perspective, make a proposal for the design and implementation of effective food policies that allow a region to learn from local indigenous experiences in a context of food insecurity.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-02-04
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8010034
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 35: Start-Up Ecosystem (StUpEco): A Conceptual
           Framework and Empirical Research

    • Authors: Christos Ziakis, Maro Vlachopoulou, Konstantinos Petridis
      First page: 35
      Abstract: Start-up development, success, and sustainability are affected by contextual factors that constitute a regional entrepreneurship ecosystem. Based on previous literature, we propose the conceptual framework Start-Up Ecosystem (StUpEco) that highlights the contextual drivers of a start-up business affected by the entrepreneurial ecosystem entities involved within the quadruple helix model. Furthermore, the proposed framework is tested according to the perceptions of Greek start-uppers through an empirical survey. According to our findings, the start-uppers’ motivation is explained mainly through opportunity rather than necessity. The study identifies government issues, such as tax incentives and acceleration of starting procedures, availability of funding opportunities, connectivity of stakeholders, entrepreneurship education, previous start-up experience, incubator support, as well as mentoring, as the most significant issues affecting the successful development of start-ups.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-02-07
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8010035
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 36: From the Classic Business Model to Open
           Innovation and Data Sharing—The Concept of an Open Car-Sharing
           Business Model

    • Authors: Katarzyna Turoń
      First page: 36
      Abstract: The car-sharing market is changing at a dynamic pace. Along with changes and new user habits, car-sharing systems are required to make this market even more accessible and flexible. This solution is possible due to the joining of Mobility-as-a-Service (MaaS) systems and the sharing of data, as well as the implementation of open innovations. However, these are aspects that strongly interfere with the business models of car-sharing systems. Due to this fact, this article is dedicated to the subject of business models in car-sharing systems and the issues of using data sharing and implementing open innovations. This study aimed to analyze the current state of business models and to propose an individual business model of an open car-sharing system based on the concept of open innovation and data sharing. As part of the study, expert surveys were carried out. The results obtained indicate that the dynamics of business models and the development of innovation in car-sharing enterprises are being disrupted. Moreover, most of the current business models are not updated. They also do not consider the subject of open innovation and data sharing, despite operators considering this problem to be significant. The individual model of an open car-sharing system developed in this article was constructed in such a way as to support operators during the transformation of current business models into a modern open model.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-02-09
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8010036
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 37: Open Innovation Business Model as an Opportunity
           to Enhance the Development of Sustainable Shared Mobility Industry

    • Authors: Katarzyna Turoń
      First page: 37
      Abstract: The shared mobility services market is growing and changing very rapidly. Many novelties are introduced to the systems, ranging from improvements to the services already offered to services referred to as innovative. Since the following years are to bring significant development of mobility as a service (MaaS) systems, data sharing, and cooperation on the mobility market, the article is dedicated to check whether the current business models of the industry are ready for the open innovations implementations. The article aimed to analyze the business models of shared mobility systems along with their presentation in the form of CANVAS models and to investigate whether the models contain aspects of open innovation. Moreover, the article presents its own value-added open business model prepared for the whole shared mobility market. The paper also identifies a set of open innovations that can be implemented by all types of shared mobility operators. It proposed the basis that operators can use when developing their own open business models. The developed research is an original contribution to filling the research gap concerning the approach to open innovation by operators of all types of shared mobility services available on the market. The results show that car-sharing service providers are the biggest opponents of open innovation. On the other hand, the most ‘open’ systems are bike-sharing services. The conducted research may support operators in the process of transforming their businesses into more accessible for users. It also helps to develop the open innovation concept to create more sustainable shared mobility systems along the lines of collaborative economy assumptions.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-02-10
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8010037
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 38: Creative Accounting Determination and Financial
           Reporting Quality: The Integration of Transparency and Disclosure

    • Authors: Ibtihal A. Abed, Nazimah Hussin, Hossam Haddad, Tareq Hammad Almubaydeen, Mostafa A. Ali
      First page: 38
      Abstract: The phenomenon of creative accounting has attracted the attention of researchers for decades, especially in the financial sector for its implications on the quality of financial reporting. Although several procedures have been developed by researchers and practitioners to determine any manipulation in financial reporting, the practice of creative accounting is still prevalent, resulting in poor quality financial reporting. The present study investigated the moderating role of transparency and disclosure with respect to enhancing the impact of creative accounting determinants and financial reporting quality in the context of commercial banking. A deductive research method driven by a survey questionnaire is used to examine the proposed hypotheses and attain the designed objectives. The analysed data provide a theoretical conceptualisation and practical validation for the integration of the moderator in the relationship between creative accounting determinants and financial reporting quality in banks, with significant advantages. Furthermore, the present research findings show that the degree of impact for creative accounting determinants is linked to the aspects of transparency and disclosure. Lastly, the results present concurrent evidence of the flexibility of creative accounting determinants with implications for transparency and disclosure and financial reporting quality.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-02-10
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8010038
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 39: Business Model Adaptation to the COVID-19
           Crisis: Strategic Response of the Spanish Cultural and Creative Firms

    • Authors: Montserrat Peñarroya-Farell, Francesc Miralles
      First page: 39
      Abstract: Surviving in a humanitarian disaster such as the COVID-19 pandemic is a big challenge for micro, small, and medium-sized enterprises in all industries. Furthermore, cultural and creative firms face additional challenges. Many of those firms have survived the effects of the pandemic by proposing redesigned business models that have brought new added value in response to environmental hostility; they have strategically responded to the crises by adapting their business model. According to the extant literature, in VUCA (volatile, uncertain, complex and ambiguous) environments, dynamic capabilities are developed to detect and seize new opportunities and reconfigure the company’s assets. However, in very hostile environments, such as the COVID-19 crisis, the dynamic capabilities approach fails to explain the firm owners’ strategic decisions. A cross-case comparative analysis of ten micro and small firms in Spain’s cultural and creative industries has been conducted to examine how enterprises adapted to the COVID-19 crisis and the different organizational capabilities they implemented. This work proposes a new framework that postulates that business model adaptation is better understood under the emergency management theory and improvisational capability, instead of only under the dynamic capabilities lens. Organizational proximity in the diffusion of innovations under the open innovation paradigm is also critical to understanding the business model adaptation. From an academic perspective, this article enriches the current understanding of business model asdaptation by micro, small, and medium-sized enterprises in very hostile environments. The new framework intends to offer managers concrete guidelines about systematically adapting their business models in hostile situations.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-02-11
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8010039
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 40: Marketing Communication and Creative Tourism: An
           Analysis of the Local Destination Management Organization

    • Authors: Mafalda Gato, Álvaro Dias, Leandro Pereira, Renato Lopes da Costa, Rui Gonçalves
      First page: 40
      Abstract: Delivering a positive tourism experience is an expanding concern of destinations because of the growth of the tourism industry. The emergence of creative tourism has led to a continued necessity for local destination management organizations to pursue innovative and versatile strategies. This study aims to evaluate the organizational capabilities of local destination management organizations to promote a creative tourism context and develop related activities. The conceptual model was tested using a mixed-methods approach, combining a focus group with local destination management organizations with a quantitative study using multivariate statistical analysis through structural equational modeling. The findings showed that local destination management organizations ought to prioritize organizational culture by coordinating learning and effective knowledge training to strengthen marketing communication capabilities while focusing on potentiating their resources to develop the destination by implementing a local creative tourism destination, thereby generating value for a greater creative tourism local destination where tourists play an active role.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-02-16
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8010040
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 41: Regional Open Innovation Systems in a Transition
           Economy: A Two-Stage DEA Model to Estimate Effectiveness

    • Authors: Irina Rudskaya, Darya Kryzhko, Angi Shvediani, Magdalena Missler-Behr
      First page: 41
      Abstract: The development of innovation at a regional level in a transition economy is characterised by complex multidirectional processes of generating and commercialising innovation, indicating the need for systematic research and rethinking of the existing methods of managing such territorial entities to stimulate innovation. For the successful introduction and implementation of innovative solutions, the deployment of appropriate amounts of intellectual, material and financial resources as well as their concentration in space and time is important. This article aims to develop a model for assessing the effectiveness of regional innovation systems (RISs) during the shift from the transition economy to the market economy. The authors developed a two-stage data envelopment analysis (DEA) model connected with patent activities and the output of innovative goods and services. The model’s application made it possible to build maps describing the rating of regions concerning the performance indicator and to identify the availability of unutilised resources. For example, we identified efficient and inefficient regions in terms of producing innovative products, which is especially important for developing additional measures for developing the institutional environment of regions with considerable resources but very low utilisation efficiency. The data obtained will allow for more effective management of the structural elements of RISs as well as the detection of changes in the dynamics of key development indicators by identifying the size of efficiency reserves and the causes of their occurrence at the individual subject level.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-02-16
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8010041
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 42: The Coordinator of Information and Communication
           Technologies: Its Implication for Open Innovation

    • Authors: Paula Hernández-Dionis, David Pérez-Jorge, Oliver Curbelo-González, Olga María Alegre de la Rosa
      First page: 42
      Abstract: This study aims to analyze the effects of open innovation on the figure of the Information and Communication Technologies Coordinator (ICTC) in the Higher Conservatories of Music (HCM) and Authorized Centers of Spain (ACSs). In some regions, the HCMs are regulated by the regulations applied to secondary education and that is why the figure of the CICT exists. In others, this figure does not exist and is not regulated by the administration. In the ACSs, because they are private centers, they do not exist either, although they do have persons in charge of these functions. In order to respond to the objective of this study, a tour has been made to the existing regulations, analyzing the endowment that the centers have in addition to applying a questionnaire to 27 CICT of 35 HCMs and ACSs of Spain. The results obtained reveal the lack of knowledge of this figure and the innovation it represents in its field, information on the functions and tasks of the ICTC is scarce, as is the degree of knowledge of the competencies of the latter. There is a clear need for the CICT to exist in all schools and to be regulated under a common competence framework that allows schools to progress in the same way.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-02-17
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8010042
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 43: Prioritizing Protection by Face Masks during
           COVID-19: The Application of Customer Open Innovation

    • Authors: Yuli Liang, Gwendolyn Hustvedt, Jasmine Miller
      First page: 43
      Abstract: This research investigated consumers’ purchase intention and preferences for face masks during the COVID-19 global pandemic. The Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) was used as the theoretical framework. Empirical data (with 215 valid responses) were collected nationwide from the United States via Qualtrics Panel services. Exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, structural equation modeling, and multi-group comparison (chi-square difference) were used to estimate construct validity and test the proposed hypotheses and theoretical framework. Results indicated that consumers’ purchase intention towards face masks was predicted by consumers’ attitude towards functional attributes, subjective norm, and perceived behavior control. But, in contrast with previous research, purchase intention was not predicted by attitudes towards aesthetic attributes and attitude towards social attributes. Purchase intention positively influenced consumers’ actual purchase behavior towards face masks. Workplace association moderated the path from social attitudes to purchase intention. Based on these results, theoretical and practical implications are discussed.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-02-17
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8010043
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 44: Influence of Industry 4.0 Projects on Business
           Operations: Literature and Empirical Pilot Studies Based on Case Studies
           in Poland

    • Authors: Bożena Gajdzik, Radosław Wolniak
      First page: 44
      Abstract: For the past decade, Industry 4.0 has become the basis for building competitive advantage for business operations. The key technologies of Industry 4.0 are implemented in enterprises of various industries. This paper focuses on presenting the results of research on the influence of the Industry 4.0 concept on the operations of enterprises that are implementing smart manufacturing (SM) projects. The paper analyses the following areas of influence of projects on the enterprises’ operations: productivity, agility and speed, quality, competitiveness and enterprise value, profitability, staff reduction, delivery improvements, vertical and horizontal integration, resource savings, reduction of operating costs, technology adaptability and quality of machine operations. The paper belongs to the research paper category. The research tool was a questionnaire. The research was carried out in the segment of steel enterprises in Poland. The results of the presented research belong to pilot research of a segment of steel industry in Poland. The main conclusion of the study is that implementation of Industry 4.0 in the Polish steel sector had a positive influence on many factors strictly connected with the innovativeness of the company. Especially, the implementation of this conception in the steel sector leads to an increase in the quality of the product and the possibility to achieve a good level of customization of the product. Those factors are very important for the steel sector potential to succeed on the competitive market. The individual SM projects that were evaluated were a form of case study. The participants of the research were employees in managerial positions and operating technological installations in steel sector enterprises. In the opinion of the surveyed (79 people), depending on the type and scope of changes implemented in the company in the direction of Industry 4.0, decision-makers expect a higher quality of processes and products, the ability to meet customer requirements—the direction of the personalization of products and services, agility and flexibility of performed operations with the use of smart technology and accuracy and precision of performance higher than in the case of manual human activities.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-02-24
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8010044
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 45: Opportunities and Adoption Challenges of AI in
           the Construction Industry: A PRISMA Review

    • Authors: Massimo Regona, Tan Yigitcanlar, Bo Xia, Rita Yi Man Li
      First page: 45
      Abstract: Artificial intelligence (AI) is a powerful technology with a range of capabilities, which are beginning to become apparent in all industries nowadays. The increased popularity of AI in the construction industry, however, is rather limited in comparison to other industry sectors. Moreover, despite AI being a hot topic in built environment research, there are limited review studies that investigate the reasons for the low-level AI adoption in the construction industry. This study aims to reduce this gap by identifying the adoption challenges of AI, along with the opportunities offered, for the construction industry. To achieve the aim, the study adopts a systematic literature review approach using the PRISMA protocol. In addition, the systematic review of the literature focuses on the planning, design, and construction stages of the construction project lifecycle. The results of the review reveal that (a) AI is particularly beneficial in the planning stage as the success of construction projects depends on accurate events, risks, and cost forecasting; (b) the major opportunity in adopting AI is to reduce the time spent on repetitive tasks by using big data analytics and improving the work processes; and (c) the biggest challenge to incorporate AI on a construction site is the fragmented nature of the industry, which has resulted in issues of data acquisition and retention. The findings of the study inform a range of parties that operate in the construction industry concerning the opportunities and challenges of AI adaptability and help increase the market acceptance of AI practices.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-02-28
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8010045
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 46: Business Incubators, Accelerators, and
           Performance of Technology-Based Ventures: A Systematic Literature Review

    • Authors: João Leitão, Dina Pereira, Ângela Gonçalves
      First page: 46
      Abstract: This review aims to identify the typologies of business incubators (BI) and business accelerators (BA) and to define a taxonomy integrating both the BI’s and BA’s characteristics and services portfolio, facilitating the adoption of open innovation practices. A systematic literature review (SLR) was carried out encompassing the research topic concerning the relationship between the incubation structures and the performance of technology-based ventures. This comprehensive SLR encompasses a total of 1614 publications, aiming to advance the knowledge on BI and BA. This SLR allowed for the identification of current trends and future challenges, as well as of the most important authors, publications, and journals in this research framework. This SLR establishes a new taxonomy for BI and BA, based upon three main pillars: human capital, social capital, and organizational capital. BI and BA help in the development of new high-technology ventures, by being facilitators for open innovation practices. This SLR is limited by the literature, as the collection of publications was performed exclusively through ISI Web of Science (WoS). Further research can be made into the modes of how these structures impact open innovation practices at the regional level using a knowledge spillover approach.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-03-01
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8010046
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 47: Innovative Business Strategies in the Face of
           COVID-19: An Approach to Open Innovation of SMEs in the Sonora Region of
           Mexico

    • Authors: Luis Enrique Valdez-Juárez, Mauricio Castillo-Vergara, Elva Alicia Ramos-Escobar
      First page: 47
      Abstract: The purpose of this study is to analyze and verify the effects of the business strategy (financial and market) and innovation management exerted on the economic indicators and business performances of SMEs in the south-central region of Sonora in Mexico. The effect of electronic commerce and the home office in the management of innovation and corporate performance is also analyzed. In addition, a multigroup analysis was carried out to check if there are significant differences between family and non-family businesses. The sample analyzed comprises 498 SMEs with between 6 and 250 employees in the commerce sector. To collect the information, a questionnaire was developed and applied to the online SME manager through the LimeSurvey Professional platform. The field work was carried out from February to October 2021. PLS-SEM was used for the data analysis. The results report that the business strategy (financial and market) does not have significant effects on the management of innovation and on the economic indicators of SMEs. On the other hand, innovation management has positive and significant effects on the economic indicators and business performance of SMEs. It is also revealed that economic indicators have a positive and significant effect on business performance. Open innovation strategies such as electronic commerce have positive and significant effects on innovation management and corporate performance. Similarly, the home office has significant effects on innovation management. Finally, unknown SMEs were found to be the best performers in innovation management and business performance. The study contributes to the development of the theory of competitive behavior and the theory of resources and capabilities.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-03-02
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8010047
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 48: Methodology for Managing Disruptive Innovation
           by Value-Oriented Portfolio Planning

    • Authors: Simon Weinreich, Tarık Şahin, Marco Karig, Thomas Vietor
      First page: 48
      Abstract: Disruptive innovations (DI) have the potential to fundamentally change markets and their power relations: Specifically, established companies are confronted with the threat of being forced out of the market by DI. At the same time, companies also have the opportunity to control the market’s development by developing DI themselves. This raises the question of how a proactive management of DI can be systematized. Here, the approach of innovation portfolio management (IPM) provides support by identifying, evaluating, and selecting a company’s most promising product ideas. The management of DI is challenging due to their characteristics, such as diversity, high uncertainty, especially with regard to customer acceptance, difficult comparability with existing products, potential for cannibalization, and substitution of existing products. For this reason, new approaches to managing DI are required in literature and practice. This paper presents a novel methodology to support—especially established—companies in proactively generating DI via existing processes in their IPM. For this purpose, the methodology supports the early identification of the product idea’s disruptive potential so that these can be handled appropriately in the further course of the process, such as the evaluation of all product ideas in the company during IPM. Thus, the risk can be minimized that promising DI are not rejected due to unsuitable procedures, but are brought to market maturity. The methodology contributes to the literature by showing how DI can be pursued embedded in existing corporate structures and also in competition with other product ideas in the company—in existing approaches, DI is primarily considered singularly and detached from the existing corporate context. The methodology is validated by the example of the digital camera, which disrupted the photo industry, as well as through interviews in a practical context.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-03-04
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8010048
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 49: Open Innovation of Institutional Investors and
           Higher Education System in Creating Open Approach for SDG-4 Quality
           Education: A Conceptual Review

    • Authors: Parvez Alam Khan, Satirenjit Kaur Johl, Shakeb Akhtar, Mohammad Asif, Anas A. Salameh, Thavamaran Kanesan
      First page: 49
      Abstract: The introduction of sustainable development goals has made sustainability a top priority for most nations. This has raised the investment into the educational system for potential growth and for creating an innovation culture in any country; the role of institutional investors in the development of financing clean energy infrastructure, entrepreneurial development, poverty reduction, and driving corporate social responsibility and firm development has been found significant. An intensive literature search of Scopus and the web of science database was explored with different relevant sets of keywords “Institutional investors AND Education”, “Institutional investors” AND “Higher education”, which drew 29 final articles between 2010–2021. This scoping review draws a new open approach for creating alternative sustainable funding for the higher education system and investment opportunities for institutional investors with government intervention. This research becomes the first that shows the road map to the higher education system in creating alternative funding through the proposed Institutional Investor & Sustainable University Funding Governance Code, which will make the higher education system independent and ease the burden on the government, as well as create a huge market opportunity for both players. This research model will scope the collaborative approach towards sustainable development goal 4—Quality education.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-03-04
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8010049
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 50: Digital Influencers, Food and Tourism—A
           New Model of Open Innovation for Businesses in the Ho.Re.Ca. Sector

    • Authors: Marzia Ingrassia, Claudio Bellia, Chiara Giurdanella, Pietro Columba, Stefania Chironi
      First page: 50
      Abstract: The choice of influencer marketing as an endorser for promoting products and services is becoming a more and more effective communication strategy of open innovation. Their use of social media platforms, such as Instagram, allows them to be reached by millions of followers all over the world. As a response to the economic crisis that affected Italy after the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic, Chiara Ferragni, one of the most endorsed influencers worldwide, started a communication campaign with the aim to promote Italian food and tourist destinations (cities of art, seaside, ski and countryside locations, thermal baths, museums, galleries, hotels, etc.). This study analyses Chiara Ferragni’s activity and the dynamic of communication she used via her Instagram (IG) profile to enhance Italian tourist destinations and “local food & wine”. Specifically, it measured the contribution of local food used as an evocative factor in the appreciation of a tourist destination and its power in different contexts. Hundreds of posts on the influencer’s IG profile were observed using the netnographic analysis. Subsequently, the AGIL model (Adaption, Goal Attainment, Integration, and Latent pattern maintenance) was applied to measure the main dimensions of this communication campaign and its effectiveness to relaunch touristic catering sectors. The study offers a new model of open innovation for advertising and promoting food and catering businesses.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-03-08
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8010050
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 51: Maturity of Industry 4.0: A Systematic
           Literature Review of Assessment Campaigns

    • Authors: Marta Flamini, Maurizio Naldi
      First page: 51
      Abstract: The Industry 4.0 paradigm represents the fourth industrial revolution, embodied by the marriage between information and communication technologies and manufacturing. Assessment campaigns are conducted to examine the status of deployment of that paradigm, mostly through self-assessment questionnaires. Each campaign is typically limited in scope, involving just a group of companies located in a few countries at most. Such limitation does not allow an overall view of Industry 4.0’s diffusion. In this paper, we offer that panoramic view through a systematic literature review. The number of papers devoted to Industry 4.0 assessment grows steadily. However, many papers do not provide essential information about the assessment campaigns they report, e.g., not detailing the number, type, or location of companies involved and the questionnaire employed. We observe a large diffusion in Europe and Asia but not in the U.S., with the Top 5 countries being Malaysia, Poland, Italy, Germany and Slovakia. The campaigns uniformly cover small, medium, and large companies but not all industrial sectors. The choice of questionnaires is extremely varied, with no standard emerging.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-03-11
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8010051
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 52: Open Innovation, Soft Branding and Green
           Influencers: Critiquing ‘Fast Fashion’ and
           ‘Overtourism’

    • Authors: Philip Cooke, Sergio Nunes, Stefania Oliva, Luciana Lazzeretti
      First page: 52
      Abstract: This paper explores digital reality replication for cultural consumption and green-digital open-system innovation, along with responsible, sustainable practices fashioned in a post-COVID-19 era. We address these after the dystopian effects of lockdown on global tourism and, in particular, the looming crisis of unsustainable ‘overtourism’. The aim of this paper is to disclose problems and policies related to moderating consumption to more sustainable levels. The scope of the article tackles three fields: urban re-branding, fast fashion, and overtourism. Each problem area is analysed against the background of digital surveillance in the attention economy with the aid of a conceptual model. Accordingly, the principal objectives of this paper are to analyse key sustainability problem sources, evolutionary processes, and policy responses. The paper’s originality and value lie in its recognition of tractable problem engagement through conceptual and practicable methods. This contribution also explores other consumption modes that tourists appreciate, namely, retail activity and its unsustainable “fast fashion” obsession. Finally, the paper analyses urban soft branding, the third tourism attractor within the niche touristic activity of the creative-cultural and gastronomic kind, which also features impulses that affect the perpetuation of unsustainable touristic practices. Thus, this contribution also assesses various studies on tourism futures that exploit digital media to assist in conserving both natural and cultural environments. Accordingly, we first narrate the soft re-branding of an “Art City” as a “Fashion City” and consider the example of green-digital innovation in the cultural milieu of Florence, Italy, in light of criticism of the unsustainability of “fast fashion”. We consider which actions are envisioned or advised in the similarly “over-touristed” city of Venice. In a different vein, we consider whether the mobilisation of ‘pop celebrity’ performers such as audience engagers or influencers works for sustainable intervention through an assessment of the cultural interventions of Madonna in Lisbon. Finally, we anatomise “green” politics and policies for creative-cultural cities with the support of digital media to influence sustainable actions to moderate or, alternatively, revitalise polluted, congested, or otherwise over-touristed city centres. The greening of central Paris, Barcelona, Milan, and London offer a a series of examples of this type of moderation and revitalisation.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-03-11
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8010052
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 53: Implementing Industry 4.0 in Australia: Insights
           from Advanced Australian Manufacturers

    • Authors: Claire M. Mason, Melanie Ayre, Shanae M. Burns
      First page: 53
      Abstract: This study explores Industry 4.0 in the Australian context, where manufacturing is dominated by smaller firms servicing the domestic market. We interviewed 20 advanced Australian manufacturers from diverse fields, capturing detailed descriptions of the Industry 4.0 implementation process. We compared the themes that emerged from their descriptions with the factors typically assessed in Industry 4.0 frameworks to draw out differences in emphasis. Consistent with these frameworks, Australian manufacturers were focused on using Industry 4.0 technologies to automate the capture, integration and analysis of data. To enable this activity, they were reorganising workforce roles and developing new skill sets. Knowledge sharing and collaborations within and across the organisation were seen to be especially important for small Australian manufacturers (with limited funding for technology investment and research and development) to maintain global competitiveness. However, while most Industry 4.0 frameworks describe supply chain applications, the development of smart products and services, and the need to adopt a strategy-led approach, relatively few participants spoke about these opportunities. Even fewer addressed the need for improved governance, standards and data security in the context of Industry 4.0. We argue that these gaps are best addressed through government policy and investment focusing beyond manufacturers, to support Industry 4.0 uplift across key domestic supply chains.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-03-15
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8010053
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 54: An Analysis of the Factors Influencing the
           Selection of a Given Form of Learning

    • Authors: Elżbieta Macioszek, Agata Kurek
      First page: 54
      Abstract: In modern times, we observe many new trends, including technological, economic, cultural, ecological, and economic changes, which are part of the fast and uneven process of globalization. The current educational system is undergoing global changes caused by the current situation related to the COVID-19 pandemic, forcing both academic teachers and students not only to change the way they function or operate, but also to change attitudes and beliefs, especially regarding new media and remote learning. The article presents an analysis of the factors influencing the selection of a given form of learning in technical faculties from among three hypothetical options: stationary learning, remote learning, and hybrid learning. This analysis was based on the results of a survey conducted among students after two years of experience studying in the COVID-19 pandemic. The obtained results allowed for the selection of features influencing the choice of a given form of learning by the students. The knowledge of these factors is especially valuable for university authorities making decisions about the form of student learning after the end of the COVID-19 pandemic.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-03-16
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8010054
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 55: Assessment of the Activities of European
           Cultural Heritage Tourism Sites during the COVID-19 Pandemic

    • Authors: Mateusz Naramski, Adam R. Szromek, Krzysztof Herman, Grzegorz Polok
      First page: 55
      Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic has had a significant impact on the way tourism activities are conducted. Restrictions on moving from place to place have likely limited the spread of the SARS-CoV-2 virus but have also led to economic crisis in many countries around the world. In this article, we assessed the impact of the COVID-19 crisis on the activities of cultural heritage tourism sites in Europe. Scientific research was carried out in industrial heritage tourism sites associated with the European Route of Industrial Heritage (ERIH). Analysis of the literature and the results of our own research indicated a strong impact of the pandemic on the examined sites, expressed in the limitation of the operating time of the sites, a decrease in the number of tourists attended to, and a decrease in revenues. No significant reduction in employment was noticed. These sites were not generally used in preventive actions during the health crisis. Only some managers took an active part in supporting emergency services in a difficult situation. We concluded that taking up innovative functions by tourism enterprises should be open innovation.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-03-16
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8010055
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 56: A System Dynamics Model for Dynamic Capability
           Driven Sustainability Management

    • Authors: Fitsum Bayu, Eshetie Berhan, Frank Ebinger
      First page: 56
      Abstract: This study aims to develop a system dynamics (SD) model for sustainability management driven by dynamic capabilities (DC) perspective. DC has been suggested as a vital organization theory for gaining sustainable competitive advantage. In contrast, SD has been used to model the complex system and support the decision-making process. Modeling sustainability management with SD driven from DC has not been previously investigated, particularly in global south industrial firms. This study explored the complex and dynamic relationships of the variables involved. For a simulation experiment, the study utilized a case from a large apparel industrial park in Africa, located in Ethiopia. The simulation revealed that the capability growth trend for sustainability management follows a natural sigmoid function or S curve shape supporting the dynamic hypothesis. In particular, sustainability training efforts, waste management practice, ethical management, supervision, and minimum worker’s wage have been found to be influential variables and innovation points for capability growth towards sustainability management. The SD model contributes to the empirical gaps on dynamic models to overcome the challenges of firms in simultaneously managing sustainability dimensions. The study is the first to explore DC-driven sustainability management using SD, particularly from the case of a global south country.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-03-18
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8010056
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 57: Assessment of the Competitiveness and
           Effectiveness of an Open Business Model in the Industry 4.0 Environment

    • Authors: Sandra Grabowska, Sebastian Saniuk
      First page: 57
      Abstract: With the changing conditions of business conduct, Industry 4.0 means a rapid development of new technologies, increased intensity of competition and evolving globalization, thus presenting enterprises with new challenges. There is a need to transform business models into open models that make extensive use of open innovations. A company’s aspiration to achieve success on the market requires monitoring the degree of strategy implementation. The aim of this article is to present a tool for assessing the competitiveness and effectiveness of the business model of an enterprise in the Industry 4.0 era. The tool for assessing the business model is based on the balanced scorecard. It was constructed on the basis of literature and expert research. The article presents its practical application in an enterprise.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-03-19
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8010057
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 58: Constructs of Project Programme Management
           Supporting Open Innovation at the Strategic Level of the Organisation

    • Authors: Mateusz Trzeciak, Tomasz P. Kopec, Aleksy Kwilinski
      First page: 58
      Abstract: The main aim of the article is to fill the gap concerning the recognition of constructs of programme management supporting open innovations. Current knowledge on this subject is mainly limited to identifying success factors of open innovation and programme management. In the current literature, there are few publications indicating the use of the programme as a tool supporting innovation. In order to fill the identified knowledge gap, common factors of programme success and open innovations were compared and assessed successively. A quantitative study was conducted on an international group of experts, including 578 experts in programme management. As a result of applying cluster analysis and operationalising the obtained results, four programme constructs supporting open innovations were dimensioned, such as cooperation with the environment, transfer of knowledge and technology, organisational maturity, and ensuring and maintaining implementation capacity. Moreover, the discussion and the research revealed that the impact and scope of the structured approach to programme management not only allow for the implementation of the assumed outcomes and benefits at the strategic level, but also influence the shaping and adjustment of the whole organisation.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-03-19
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8010058
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • JOItmC, Vol. 8, Pages 59: What Shapes Innovation Capability in
           Micro-Enterprises' New-to-the-Market Product and Process Perspective

    • Authors: Maciej Zastempowski
      First page: 59
      Abstract: Innovation is an essential driver of companies’ growth and is important in securing and sustaining their competitive advantage and in the implementation of their entire strategies. In this process, a special role is played by companies’ capabilities, especially those related to innovation capability (IC). Despite many years of research into identifying the factors that influence IC, there are still many research gaps. One such concerns the IC of micro-enterprises. Only a few studies indicate certain factors that may affect micro-enterprise ICs. Thus, this article aims to analyse the determinants of micro-enterprises’ ICs from the perspective of implementing new-to-the-market product and process innovations. The theoretical framework adopted distinguishes between three groups of factors affecting micro-enterprise IC: personal, organizational and external environmental characteristics. The data examined come from an empirical study of a randomly selected representative sample of 1105 Polish micro-enterprises. To analyse these data, a logistic regression model was used. The results indicate that seven factors are common and significant determinants that explain the new-to-the-market product and process dimensions of micro-enterprise IC. Among them, the following have the greatest influence: engagement in initiatives for solving social problems, intensive cooperation with research centers, experience/skills and financial support.
      Citation: Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity
      PubDate: 2022-03-20
      DOI: 10.3390/joitmc8010059
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 1 (2022)
       
 
JournalTOCs
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Email: journaltocs@hw.ac.uk
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
 


Your IP address: 34.239.167.149
 
Home (Search)
API
About JournalTOCs
News (blog, publications)
JournalTOCs on Twitter   JournalTOCs on Facebook

JournalTOCs © 2009-