Subjects -> BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (Total: 3841 journals)
    - ACCOUNTING (145 journals)
    - BANKING AND FINANCE (329 journals)
    - BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (1411 journals)
    - CONSUMER EDUCATION AND PROTECTION (20 journals)
    - COOPERATIVES (4 journals)
    - ECONOMIC SCIENCES: GENERAL (232 journals)
    - ECONOMIC SYSTEMS, THEORIES AND HISTORY (255 journals)
    - FASHION AND CONSUMER TRENDS (20 journals)
    - HUMAN RESOURCES (103 journals)
    - INSURANCE (26 journals)
    - INTERNATIONAL COMMERCE (146 journals)
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    - LABOR AND INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS (66 journals)
    - MACROECONOMICS (17 journals)
    - MANAGEMENT (634 journals)
    - MARKETING AND PURCHASING (116 journals)
    - MICROECONOMICS (23 journals)
    - PRODUCTION OF GOODS AND SERVICES (125 journals)
    - PUBLIC FINANCE, TAXATION (42 journals)
    - TRADE AND INDUSTRIAL DIRECTORIES (2 journals)

BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (1411 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 1566 Journals sorted alphabetically
360 : Revista de Ciencias de la Gestión     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
4OR: A Quarterly Journal of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Abacus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Accounting Forum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Acta Amazonica     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Acta Commercii     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Acta Marisiensis : Seria Oeconomica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Oeconomica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Acta Scientiarum. Human and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Acta Universitatis Danubius. Œconomica     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Universitatis Lodziensis : Folia Geographica Socio-Oeconomica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Universitatis Nicolai Copernici Zarządzanie     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
AD-minister     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Adam Academy : Journal of Social Sciences / Adam Akademi : Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
AdBispreneur : Jurnal Pemikiran dan Penelitian Administrasi Bisnis dan Kewirausahaan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Admisi dan Bisnis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ADR Bulletin     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advanced Sustainable Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Developing Human Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Advances in Economics and Business     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Africa Journal of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 78)
African Business     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
African Development Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
African Journal of Business Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
African Review of Economics and Finance     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Afro Eurasian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Afro-Asian Journal of Finance and Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Agronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Akademik Yaklaşımlar Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Akademika : Journal of Southeast Asia Social Sciences and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
AL-Qadisiyah Journal For Administrative and Economic sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Alphanumeric Journal : The Journal of Operations Research, Statistics, Econometrics and Management Information Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
American Economic Journal : Applied Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 283)
American Enterprise Institute     Free   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Business     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
American Journal of Business and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 73)
American Journal of Business Education     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
American Journal of Economics and Business Administration     Open Access   (Followers: 40)
American Journal of Economics and Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
American Journal of Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
American Journal of Finance and Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management     Open Access   (Followers: 31)
American Journal of Medical Quality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
ANALES de la Universidad Central del Ecuador     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Ankara University SBF Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annales de l'Institut Henri Poincare (C) Non Linear Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Annals in Social Responsibility     Full-text available via subscription  
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annual Review of Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 52)
Anuario Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Applied Developmental Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63)
Applied Economics Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Applied Financial Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Applied Mathematical Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Applied Stochastic Models in Business and Industry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Apuntes Universitarios     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arab Economic and Business Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Archives of Business Research     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Arena Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Argomenti. Rivista di economia, cultura e ricerca sociale     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
ASEAN Economic Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Asia Pacific Business Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 332)
Asia Pacific Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asia Pacific Viewpoint     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Operational Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Asia-Pacific Management and Business Application     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Business Review     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Case Research Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Asian Development Review     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Asian Economic Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Asian Economic Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asian Economic Policy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian Journal of Accounting and Governance     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Asian Journal of Economics, Business and Accounting     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Management Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Asian Journal of Sustainability and Social Responsibility     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Technology Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian-pacific Economic Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
ATA Journal of Legal Tax Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Atlantic Economic Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Australasian Journal of Regional Studies, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Cottongrower, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Economic Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Australian Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Australian Journal of Maritime and Ocean Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Balkan Region Conference on Engineering and Business Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Baltic Journal of Real Estate Economics and Construction Management     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Banks in Insurance Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
BBR - Brazilian Business Review     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Benchmarking : An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Benefit : Jurnal Manajemen dan Bisnis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Berkeley Business Law Journal     Free   (Followers: 13)
Beta : Scandinavian Journal of Business Research     Full-text available via subscription  
Bio-based and Applied Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biodegradation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biology Direct     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
BizInfo (Blace) Journal of Economics, Management and Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Black Enterprise     Full-text available via subscription  
Board & Administrator for Administrators only     Hybrid Journal  
Boletim Técnico do Senac     Open Access  
Border Crossing : Transnational Working Papers     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Brazilian Business Review     Open Access  
Briefings in Real Estate Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
British Journal of Industrial Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Brookings Papers on Economic Activity     Open Access   (Followers: 72)
Brookings Trade Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
BRQ Business Research Quarterly     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
BU Academic Review     Open Access  
Bulletin of Economic Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Bulletin of the Dnipropetrovsk University. Series : Management of Innovations     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Business & Entrepreneurship Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 35)
Business & Information Systems Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Business & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Business : Theory and Practice / Verslas : Teorija ir Praktika     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Business and Economic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Business and Management Horizons     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Business and Management Research     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Business and Management Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Business and Professional Communication Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Business and Society Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Business Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Business Ethics Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Business Ethics: A European Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Business Horizons     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Business Information Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Business Management Analysis Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Business Management and Strategy     Open Access   (Followers: 51)
Business Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Business Review Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Business Strategy and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Business Strategy and the Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Business Strategy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Business Strategy Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Business Systems & Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Business, Economics and Management Research Journal : BEMAREJ     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Business, Management and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Business: Theory and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos EBAPE.BR     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cambridge Journal of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 81)
Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Canadian Journal of Administrative Sciences / Revue Canadienne des Sciences de l Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue Canadienne d`Economique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Canadian journal of nonprofit and social economy research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Capitalism Nature Socialism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Case Studies in Business and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
CBU International Conference Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Central European Business Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Central European Journal of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Central European Journal of Public Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Chain Reaction     Full-text available via subscription  
Challenge     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Chandrakasem Rajabhat University Journal of Graduate School     Open Access  
China & World Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
China : An International Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
China Economic Journal : The Official Journal of the China Center for Economic Research (CCER) at Peking University     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
China Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
China Finance Review International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
China perspectives     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Chinese Economy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Chinese Journal of Population, Resources and Environment     Open Access  
Chinese Journal of Social Science and Management     Open Access  
Christian University of Thailand Journal     Open Access  
Chulalongkorn Business Review     Open Access  
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia, Economía y Negocios     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Circular Economy and Sustainability     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Climate and Energy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
CLIO América     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cliometrica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Colombo Business Journal     Open Access  
Community Development Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Compendium : Cuadernos de Economía y Administración     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Compensation & Benefits Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Competition & Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Competitive Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Competitiveness Review : An International Business Journal incorporating Journal of Global Competitiveness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Computational Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Computational Mathematics and Modeling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Computer Law & Security Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Computers & Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Consilience : The Journal of Sustainable Development     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Construction Innovation: Information, Process, Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Consumer Behavior Studies Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Consumer Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Contemporary Wales     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Contextus - Revista Contemporânea de Economia e Gestão     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Continuity & Resilience Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Cliometrica
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.668
Number of Followers: 5  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1863-2513 - ISSN (Online) 1863-2505
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2658 journals]
  • On the origins of the demographic transition: rethinking the European
           marriage pattern

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      Abstract: Abstract Why did France experience the demographic transition first' This question remains one of the greatest puzzles of economics, demography, and economic history. The French pattern is hard to reconcile with elucidations of the process as found in other countries. The present analysis goes back to the roots of the process and offers novel ways of explaining why people started to control their fertility in France and how they did so. In this paper, I track the evolution of marriage patterns to a point before the premises of the demographic transition. I identify two distinct phases. Next, I rely on exploratory methods to classify French counties based on their discriminatory features. Five profiles emerge. I discuss these profiles through the lens of the French Revolution, one of the greatest events that ever occurred in French history, which irretrievably altered its society. In particular, the results show that the fertility transition was not as linear, but more complex than previous research had argued. They show the importance of accounting for cultural factors and for individuals’ predispositions to adapt more or less quickly to societal changes. Yet cultural factors are not all. They can help to explain the timing of the transition and the choice of methods used to control fertility, but modernity and gender equality are also needed to describe the mechanisms in play behind the process.
      PubDate: 2021-09-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s11698-021-00237-2
       
  • Judicial independence and lynching in historical context: an analysis of
           US States

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      Abstract: Abstract An independent judiciary is a centrally important economic institution, and one that facilitates and promotes the protection of property rights, thereby fostering economic growth and development. On the other hand, extrajudicial lynchings, at least in the context of US states, have been tied to a lack of property rights and their protection (Carden in Institutions and southern development: lynching as a signal of insecure property rights. Ph.D. Dissertation. Washington University, 2006). However, these two areas of research have not been simultaneously explored. This study rectifies that by evaluating how a relatively independent judiciary might affect lynching rates across US states between 1883 and 1930. Overall, the results suggest that a relatively more independent judiciary (as measured through the method of selection and term length) is associated with a lower likelihood of observing a lynching in a given jurisdiction. This is true for both state courts of last resort and state courts of general jurisdiction.
      PubDate: 2021-09-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s11698-021-00238-1
       
  • Correction to: New economic geography and economic history: a survey of
           recent contributions through the lens of the Spanish industrialization
           process

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      Abstract: The authors would like to thank the editor and two anonymous referees for their comments.
      PubDate: 2021-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11698-020-00217-y
       
  • New economic geography and economic history: a survey of recent
           contributions through the lens of the Spanish industrialization process

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      Abstract: Abstract This paper aims to provide a synthesis of a number of articles that over the last few years have explored the industrialization process in Spain from the perspective of the new economic geography (NEG). To this end, we present some of the seminal theoretical papers of the NEG literature from which originated the main theoretical predictions that have been tested through empirical analysis applied to the case of Spain. We also look at those papers on the economic history of Spain that—through the use of an economic geography framework—have analysed how the location and regional concentration of manufacturing has evolved over the years. Altogether, this paper aims not only to present the determinants of the industrial map of Spain, but also to highlight the positive externalities that stem from the interaction between the NEG and economic history, showing the usefulness of a cliometric approach based on economic theory and empirical testing to give us a more detailed knowledge of the past.
      PubDate: 2021-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11698-020-00214-1
       
  • Did profitable slave trading enable the expansion of empire': The
           Asiento de Negros, the South Sea Company and the financial revolution in
           Great Britain

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      Abstract: Abstract In 1711, British Parliament chartered the South Sea Company, a public–private corporation chartered to reduce the cost of government borrowing by swapping illiquid short-term government debt for tradeable shares of the South Sea Co. To attract subscribers, the government also awarded the South Sea Co. an international monopoly in the trade of African slaves to Spanish America—the Asiento de Negros. This paper considers the extent to which Asiento-related slave trading was profitable for South Sea Co. shareholders and beneficial to the British financial revolution between 1713 and 1743. First, we use historical financial data to estimate the parameters of a capital asset pricing model of excess returns for South Sea Co. shareholders. We find that the Asiento contract increased risk-adjusted excess returns on South Sea Co. stock between 18 and 24% per year. Second, we estimate profit margins in the South Sea Co. Asiento slave trade. These show a stark positive correlation with company share prices before and after the South Sea Bubble of 1720. Adding slave ship departures to the CAPM specifications confirms the direct contribution of slave trading to shareholder returns. We also find that the Asiento and Asiento-related slave trading increased central government fiscal surplus by 16%. This suggests that profitable slave trading by the South Sea Co. under the Asiento enhanced Great Britian’s fiscal capacity, which could be utilized to enhance a military capacity necessary for securing an empire.
      PubDate: 2021-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11698-020-00219-w
       
  • Missing work: absenteeism at Pepperell Manufacturing Co. in 1883

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      Abstract: Abstract While factories are usually thought to have disciplined workers, I find that absence rates at a US textile factory in 1883 were fairly high—9% if breaks up to 4 weeks are considered absences. Women’s absence rates were about 50% higher than those of men. While I find only weak support for economic motives, I find strong support for leisure-related motives for absences. Absences were high near weekends and holidays, and for special events, and absences were less likely when it rained. When studying how much people worked, we should not assume that days worked by employees matched days of operation for the employer.
      PubDate: 2021-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11698-020-00215-0
       
  • Domestic migrations in Spain during its first industrialisation,
           1840s–1870s

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      Abstract: Abstract Using an original microeconomic database with information for around 200,000 individuals, this paper creates new estimates of internal migrations in Spain in a key moment of its economic history. Our analysis shows that internal migrations were not a linear process including both periods of stagnation and also rapid growth, and that the 1850s were a decade of surprising high mobility in the absence of modern transportation. We also conclude that the rise in mobility was geographically asymmetrical with traditional urban centres losing ground against the rise of Madrid and Barcelona. The modernisation of the country also had significant social impacts with the migratory gender gap being significantly reduced prior to 1870. An analysis of the determinants of internal migrations suggests that traditional push and pull factors described by the literature in the early twentieth century seem to be also behind the early migrations of the mid-nineteenth century. The modernisation of the country provided new opportunities in urban areas that, combined with falling transport and information costs, created the perfect conditions for the ‘democratisation’ of long-distance migrations.
      PubDate: 2021-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11698-020-00213-2
       
  • Complex networks to understand the past: the case of roads in Bourbon
           Spain

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      Abstract: Abstract The work aims to study, using GIS techniques and network analysis, the development of the road network in Spain during the period between the War of Succession and the introduction of the railway (1700–1850). Our research is based on a detailed cartographic review of maps made during the War of Succession, largely improving preexisting studies based on books of itineraries from the sixteenth century onwards. We build a new, complete map of the main roads at the beginning of the eighteenth century along with the matrix of transport costs for all the important towns describing the communications network. Our study of this complex network, supplemented by a counterfactual analysis carried out using a simulation model based on agents using different centralized decision-making processes, allows us to establish three main results. First, existing trade flows at the beginning of the eighteenth century had a radial structure, so the Bourbon infrastructure plan only consolidated a preexisting situation. Second, the development of the network did not suppose important alterations in the comparative centrality of the regions. Finally, the design of the paved road network was adequate for the economic needs of the country. These findings are in stark contrast with claims that the radial structure of the Bourbon roads was designed ex-novo with political or ideological objectives rather than economic ones. Our methodology paves the way to further studies of path-dependent, long-term processes of network design as the key to understanding the true origin of many currently existing situations.
      PubDate: 2021-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11698-020-00218-x
       
  • New estimation of the gross domestic product in Baltic countries in
           1913–1938

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      Abstract: Abstract Using the demand-side approach we provide new estimates of output per capita for Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania in 1913, 1922, 1929, and 1938. Our findings suggest that the levels of real output per capita in Estonia and Latvia were much above the all-Russian mean in 1913. In 1938, the output per capita of Estonia and Latvia surpassed the prewar level by up to 20%, but the total output of Latvia did not reach this mark because of population reduction. Structural changes in the interwar Estonian and Latvian economies explain long postwar recovery and modest growth beyond the prewar levels. In 1892–1914, there was export-oriented industrialization of Latvia, resembling the development of Eastern Asian “tigers” in the late twentieth century. By 1914, mainland Latvia was an “entrepôt industrial economy,” created mainly by the foreign direct investments of Western companies that established their subsidiaries there beyond the Russian protective customs wall. After the loss of the Russian market, Latvia and Estonia partially deindustrialized and reagrarized, while the interwar independence period was too short for policies of “Denmarkization” to bring about strong catching-up growth. Therefore, their standing in the international ranking according to output per capita did not improve over the 1913–1938 period. Lithuanian output per capita stagnated until 1929 because of infraction of its economic integrity by the loss of the Vilnius area and difficulties of economic integration of the formerly German Klaipėda (Memel) region, but did grow rapidly in 1930s up to 40% of 1913 level by 1938.
      PubDate: 2021-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11698-020-00216-z
       
  • The linguistic wage gap in Quebec, 1901 to 1951

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      Abstract: Abstract For most of Canadian economic history, French-Canadians (who composed more than a quarter of the country’s population) had living standards inferior to those of English-Canadians. This was true even within the province of Quebec, where the French-Canadians constituted a majority. Today, no significant gap remains in Quebec. Surprisingly however, the question of when the gap started to disappeared remains unanswered. Most of the attention has been dedicated to the long-available post-1970 census data, which show rapid convergence. However, it is unknown whether the convergence started before 1970. In this paper, we use more recently uncovered data from the censuses between 1901 and 1951 to provide such an answer. We find that there was convergence from 1901 to 1921, a reversal from 1921 to 1941 and a recovery between 1941 and 1951 that extended to 1971.
      PubDate: 2021-08-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s11698-021-00236-3
       
  • Top incomes in South Africa in the twentieth century

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      Abstract: Abstract There have been important studies of recent income inequality and of poverty in South Africa, but very little is known about the long-run trends over time. There is speculation about the extent of inequality when the Union of South Africa was formed in 1910, but no hard evidence. In this paper, we provide evidence that is partial—being confined to top incomes—but which for the first time shows how the income distribution changed on a (near) annual basis from 1913 onwards. We present estimates of the shares in total income of groups such as the top 1% and the top 0.1%, covering the period from colonial times to the twenty-first century. For a number of years during the apartheid period, we have data classified by race. The estimates for recent years bear out the picture of South Africa as a highly unequal country, but allow this to be placed in historical and international context. The time series presented here will, we hope, provide the basis for detailed investigation of the impact of South African institutions and policies, past and present. But the similarity of the changes over time in top incomes across the four ex-dominions suggests that national developments have to be seen in the light of common global forces.
      PubDate: 2021-06-25
      DOI: 10.1007/s11698-021-00235-4
       
  • Darwin beats malthus: evolutionary anthropology, human capital and the
           demographic transition

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      Abstract: Abstract Declining mortality seems a natural explanation for the demographic transition. However, many economists have discarded improved infant survival as a causal trigger. Moreover, certain currents in Neo-Malthusian economics point to potentially beneficial side-effects of population shocks. Based on historical demography and evolutionary science, I challenge these views. The argument is that uncontrollable (“extrinsic”) mortality creates selective advantages for families with many “cheap” offspring, whereas stable environments favor child “quality”. Combining “life-history-theory” and a unified growth model, I demonstrate that declining mortality and medical progress facilitate the transition towards growth-promoting “low-fertility-high-quality” phenotypes. As it will turn out, this framework produces qualitatively and quantitatively closer predictions of the historical fertility decline than standard models of the Barro–Becker type. Moreover, evolutionary mechanisms provide a parsimonious explanation for diverse demographic transition patterns. Thus, evolved adaptations add a new and culture-free mechanism to older theories. Moreover, regarding sustainable growth, they suggest that natural selection eventually offsets the benefits from population shocks claimed by Malthusian theories.
      PubDate: 2021-06-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s11698-021-00234-5
       
  • The Collapse of Civilization in Southern Mesopotamia

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      Abstract: Abstract In the late ninth century, rural settlement, agriculture, and urbanization all collapsed in southern Mesopotamia. We first document this collapse using newly digitized archaeological data. We then present a model of hydraulic society that highlights the collapse of state capacity as a proximate cause of the collapse of the economy and a shortened horizon of the ruler as a potential driver of the timing of the collapse. Using cross sections of tax collection data for 27 districts in southern Mesopotamia in 812, 846, and 918, we verify that the proximate cause of the crisis was the collapse in state capacity, which meant that the state no longer maintained the irrigation system. A particularly destructive succession struggle, shortening the investment horizon of rulers, determined the timing of the crisis.
      PubDate: 2021-06-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s11698-021-00229-2
       
  • Primary education and economic growth in nineteenth-century France

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      Abstract: Abstract In this article, I investigate the long run relationship between education, industrialisation and growth. I evaluate the impact of primary schooling on the economic development of France between the 1830s and 1914. To do so, I rely on very precise data on education at the level of municipalities. I instrument educational achievements, namely enrolment rates and schooling years, by the proximity of municipalities to printing presses established before 1500. This method returns a positive impact of an early high educational achievement on growth during the nineteenth century. This indicates a positive effect of the acquisition of basic education and elementary skills on the development of French municipalities. Therefore, the accumulation of human capital within primary schools contributed positively to growth during the nineteenth century and up to World War I, the core period of modernisation and industrialisation in France.
      PubDate: 2021-05-25
      DOI: 10.1007/s11698-021-00231-8
       
  • Call the midwife. Health personnel and mortality in Norway 1887–1920

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      Abstract: Abstract At the turn of the twentieth century, Norway, like many other countries, experienced a decrease in mortality and a substantial increase in the number of health personnel. In order to assess how these changes were connected, we investigate the relationship between health personnel and mortality using data at the medical district level ( \(N=106\) ) covering a period of 34 years. We find a large and robust effect of midwives on reduced maternal mortality in rural areas, but no effect in urban areas. No clear effect is found for other types of health personnel or on infant mortality. The results demonstrate the important role played by public health investments during the period.
      PubDate: 2021-05-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s11698-021-00230-9
       
  • Can pandemics affect educational attainment' Evidence from the polio
           epidemic of 1916

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      Abstract: Abstract We leverage the largest polio outbreak in US history, the 1916 polio epidemic, to study how epidemic-related school interruptions affect educational attainment. Using polio morbidity as a proxy for epidemic exposure, we find that children aged 10 and under, and school-aged children of legal working age with greater exposure to the epidemic experienced reduced educational attainment compared to their slightly older peers. These reductions in observed educational attainment persist even after accounting for the influenza epidemic of 1918.
      PubDate: 2021-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11698-020-00212-3
       
  • Inequality and conflict as drivers of cooperation: the location of wine
           cooperatives in pre-1936 Spain

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      Abstract: Abstract As it is usually believed that cooperatives made a great contribution to the modernisation of agriculture and when they began to spread agriculture still had a great weight in European economies, it is of interest to know why agricultural cooperatives had uneven success, both from one crop to another and between and within countries. In this article, I focus on the intriguing case of wine, a product of great importance to Mediterranean Europe. After defending that, in actual fact, wine cooperatives were generally unable to offer members important economic advantages; I argue that they only flourished where some ‘local’ factor increased the attraction of belonging to them and, in addition, it was possible to finance their construction. I use what happened in France as a reference and show that in Spain both circumstances only converged in (a part of) Catalonia, as a paradoxical result of inequality and the social conflicts caused by a sharecropping contract called rabassa morta.
      PubDate: 2021-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11698-020-00210-5
       
  • Elite violence and elite numeracy in Europe from 500 to 1900 CE: roots of
           the divergence

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      Abstract: Abstract Our research expands earlier studies on elite human capital by widening the geographic scope and tracing the early roots of the European divergence. We present new evidence of elite numeracy in Europe since the sixth century CE. During the early medieval period, Western Europe had no advantage over the east, but the development of relative violence levels changed this. After implementing an instrumental variable strategy and a battery of robustness tests, we find a substantial relationship between elite numeracy and elite violence, and conclude that violence had a detrimental impact on human capital formation. For example, the disparities in violence between Eastern and Western Europe helped to shape the famous divergence movement via this elite numeracy mechanism and had substantial implications for the economic fortunes of each region over the following centuries.
      PubDate: 2021-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11698-020-00206-1
       
  • Econometric history of the growth–volatility relationship in the
           USA: 1919–2017

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      Abstract: Abstract In this paper, we investigate the relationship between output volatility and growth using the standard GARCH-M framework and the US monthly industrial production index (IPI) for the period January 1919–December 2017, by taking into account the presence of shocks and variance changes. The results show that the IPI growth is strongly affected by large shocks which are associated with strikes in some industries, recessions, World War II and natural disasters. We also identify several subperiods with different level of volatility where the volatility declines along the subperiods, with the pre-WWII period (1919–1946) the highest volatile period and the aftermath period of the GFC (2010–2017) the lowest volatile period. We find no evidence of relationship between output volatility and its growth during the full sample 1919–2017 and also for all the subperiods. From a macroeconomic point of view, this implies that economic performances, as measured by IPI growth, do not depend on the uncertainty as measured by IPI volatility.
      PubDate: 2021-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11698-020-00209-y
       
  • Correction to: A “Silent Revolution”: school reforms and Italy’s
           educational gender gap in the Liberal Age (1861–1921)

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      Abstract: A correction to this paper to make it open access has been published: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11698-021-00227-4
      PubDate: 2021-03-23
      DOI: 10.1007/s11698-021-00227-4
       
 
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