Subjects -> BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (Total: 3570 journals)
    - ACCOUNTING (132 journals)
    - BANKING AND FINANCE (306 journals)
    - BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (1248 journals)
    - CONSUMER EDUCATION AND PROTECTION (20 journals)
    - COOPERATIVES (4 journals)
    - ECONOMIC SCIENCES: GENERAL (212 journals)
    - ECONOMIC SYSTEMS, THEORIES AND HISTORY (235 journals)
    - FASHION AND CONSUMER TRENDS (20 journals)
    - HUMAN RESOURCES (103 journals)
    - INSURANCE (26 journals)
    - INTERNATIONAL COMMERCE (145 journals)
    - INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT AND AID (103 journals)
    - INVESTMENTS (22 journals)
    - LABOR AND INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS (61 journals)
    - MACROECONOMICS (17 journals)
    - MANAGEMENT (595 journals)
    - MARKETING AND PURCHASING (116 journals)
    - MICROECONOMICS (23 journals)
    - PRODUCTION OF GOODS AND SERVICES (143 journals)
    - PUBLIC FINANCE, TAXATION (37 journals)
    - TRADE AND INDUSTRIAL DIRECTORIES (2 journals)

BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (1248 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 1566 Journals sorted alphabetically
360 : Revista de Ciencias de la Gestión     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
4OR: A Quarterly Journal of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Abacus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Accounting Forum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Acta Commercii     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Marisiensis : Seria Oeconomica     Open Access  
Acta Oeconomica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Acta Scientiarum. Human and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Acta Universitatis Danubius. Œconomica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Universitatis Lodziensis : Folia Geographica Socio-Oeconomica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Universitatis Nicolai Copernici Zarządzanie     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
AD-minister     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Adam Academy : Journal of Social Sciences / Adam Akademi : Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
AdBispreneur : Jurnal Pemikiran dan Penelitian Administrasi Bisnis dan Kewirausahaan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Admisi dan Bisnis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advanced Sustainable Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Developing Human Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Advances in Economics and Business     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Africa Journal of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
AfricaGrowth Agenda     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
African Business     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
African Development Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
African Journal of Business and Economic Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Business Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
African Review of Economics and Finance     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Afro Eurasian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Afro-Asian Journal of Finance and Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Agronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Akademik Yaklaşımlar Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AL-Qadisiyah Journal For Administrative and Economic sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Alphanumeric Journal : The Journal of Operations Research, Statistics, Econometrics and Management Information Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Economic Journal : Applied Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 215)
American Enterprise Institute     Free   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Business     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
American Journal of Business and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 51)
American Journal of Business Education     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
American Journal of Economics and Business Administration     Open Access   (Followers: 34)
American Journal of Economics and Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
American Journal of Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
American Journal of Finance and Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
American Journal of Medical Quality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
ANALES de la Universidad Central del Ecuador     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ankara University SBF Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals in Social Responsibility     Full-text available via subscription  
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Annual Review of Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 44)
Anuario Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Developmental Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58)
Applied Economics Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Applied Economics Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Applied Financial Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Applied Mathematical Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Applied Stochastic Models in Business and Industry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Apuntes Universitarios     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arab Economic and Business Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Business Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Arena Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Argomenti. Rivista di economia, cultura e ricerca sociale     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
ASEAN Economic Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Asia Pacific Business Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 207)
Asia Pacific Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asia Pacific Viewpoint     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Operational Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Asia-Pacific Management and Business Application     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Case Research Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Asian Development Review     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Asian Economic Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Asian Economic Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asian Economic Policy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Asian Journal of Economics, Business and Accounting     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Management Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asian Journal of Sustainability and Social Responsibility     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Technology Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asian-pacific Economic Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Atlantic Economic Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Australasian Journal of Regional Studies, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Cottongrower, The     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian Economic Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Australian Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Australian Journal of Maritime and Ocean Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Baltic Journal of Real Estate Economics and Construction Management     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Banks in Insurance Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
BBR - Brazilian Business Review     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Benchmarking : An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Benefit : Jurnal Manajemen dan Bisnis     Open Access  
Berkeley Business Law Journal     Free   (Followers: 11)
Beta : Scandinavian Journal of Business Research     Full-text available via subscription  
Bio-based and Applied Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biodegradation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biology Direct     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
BizInfo (Blace) Journal of Economics, Management and Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Black Enterprise     Full-text available via subscription  
Board & Administrator for Administrators only     Hybrid Journal  
Boletim Técnico do Senac     Open Access  
Border Crossing : Transnational Working Papers     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Brazilian Business Review     Open Access  
Briefings in Real Estate Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
British Journal of Industrial Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Brookings Papers on Economic Activity     Open Access   (Followers: 68)
Brookings Trade Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
BRQ Business Research Quarterly     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
BU Academic Review     Open Access  
Bulletin of Economic Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Bulletin of the Dnipropetrovsk University. Series : Management of Innovations     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Business & Entrepreneurship Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Business & Information Systems Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Business & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Business : Theory and Practice / Verslas : Teorija ir Praktika     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Business and Economic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Business and Management Horizons     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Business and Management Research     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Business and Management Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Business and Professional Communication Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Business and Society Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Business Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Business Ethics Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Business Ethics: A European Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Business Horizons     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Business Information Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Business Management Analysis Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Business Management and Strategy     Open Access   (Followers: 38)
Business Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Business Review Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Business Strategy and Development     Hybrid Journal  
Business Strategy and the Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Business Strategy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Business Strategy Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Business, Economics and Management Research Journal : BEMAREJ     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Business: Theory and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cambridge Journal of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 77)
Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Canadian Journal of Administrative Sciences / Revue Canadienne des Sciences de l Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue Canadienne d`Economique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Canadian journal of nonprofit and social economy research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Capitalism Nature Socialism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Case Studies in Business and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Central European Business Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Central European Journal of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Central European Journal of Public Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Chain Reaction     Full-text available via subscription  
Challenge     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Chandrakasem Rajabhat University Journal of Graduate School     Open Access  
China & World Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
China : An International Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
China Economic Journal : The Official Journal of the China Center for Economic Research (CCER) at Peking University     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
China Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
China Finance Review International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
China perspectives     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Chinese Economy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Chinese Journal of Population, Resources and Environment     Open Access  
Chinese Journal of Social Science and Management     Open Access  
Christian University of Thailand Journal     Open Access  
Chulalongkorn Business Review     Open Access  
Ciencia, Economía y Negocios     Open Access  
Circular Economy and Sustainability     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cleaner and Responsible Consumption     Open Access  
Cleaner Logistics and Supply Chain     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Climate and Energy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
CLIO América     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cliometrica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Colombo Business Journal     Open Access  
Community Development Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Compendium : Cuadernos de Economía y Administración     Open Access  
Compensation & Benefits Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Competition & Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Competitive Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Competitiveness Review : An International Business Journal incorporating Journal of Global Competitiveness     Hybrid Journal  
Computational Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Computational Mathematics and Modeling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Computer Law & Security Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Computers & Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Consilience : The Journal of Sustainable Development     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Construction Innovation: Information, Process, Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Consumer Behavior Studies Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Consumer Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Contemporary Wales     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Contextus - Revista Contemporânea de Economia e Gestão     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Continuity & Resilience Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Corporate Communications An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Corporate Philanthropy Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Corporate Reputation Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Creative and Knowledge Society     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Creative Industries Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Cuadernos de Administración (Universidad del Valle)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Competitiveness Review : An International Business Journal incorporating Journal of Global Competitiveness
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.274
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 0  
 
Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal   * Containing 5 Open Access Open Access article(s) in this issue *
ISSN (Print) 1059-5422 - ISSN (Online) 2051-3143
Published by Emerald Homepage  [360 journals]
  • On the road to Industry 4.0 in manufacturing clusters: the role of
           business support organisations

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Wojciech Dyba , Valentina De Marchi
      Abstract: This paper aims to explore the role of business support organisations (BSO) in overcoming barriers to the adoption of Industry 4.0 (I4.0) technologies, especially in disseminating knowledge on such technologies among cluster firms. The study is based on in-depth interviews conducted in 2021 with representatives of BSO in three manufacturing clusters (furniture, metal and automotive) in the Wielkopolska region in Poland. Companies in clusters face important barriers impeding the adoption of I4.0 technologies, in particular, the unawareness of the characteristics and potential of those technologies. BSO might be particularly helpful in overcoming this barrier by supporting knowledge dissemination among companies. This study’s analyses suggest they can do so in three roles: as knowledge gatekeepers, as brokers of purposeful knowledge transfer and as facilitators of spontaneous knowledge diffusion. Evidence suggests that different types of organisations are more likely to be associated with each of these three roles, despite such a combination of the three often being in one place: public agencies are gatekeeping, selecting and passing on certain knowledge on I4.0; research-oriented organisations (such as technology parks) play a knowledge transfer brokerage role; industry associations and cluster initiatives are actively facilitating spontaneous knowledge diffusion. This paper is a contribution to the emerging literature on digital transformations of clusters by investigating the difficulties preventing firms from adopting I4.0 technologies and the roles BSO can take on to support overcoming them.
      Citation: Competitiveness Review
      PubDate: 2022-05-09
      DOI: 10.1108/CR-09-2021-0126
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Dynamics of export competitiveness of India and China: a study of HS
           6-digit manufacturing exports

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Sayed Gulzar Ganai , Javid Ahmad Khan , Showkat Ahmad Bhat
      Abstract: The export competitiveness has only calculated on only two aspects either comparatively advantageous or comparatively disadvantageous products for India or China. There is not any thorough study that has been undertaken for Indian manufacturing sector at a segregated level along with that of China. So, in the light of these shortcomings, the purpose of this study is to analyse the dynamics of export competitiveness of indian manufacturing sector vis-à-vis its emerging counterpart, china in the global market. A modified revealed comparative advantage index has been used in two different phases of 2001–08 and 2010–18 to find the dynamic pattern of manufacturing exports of India and China in the world market. The study revealed that India has shown a positive response in increasing its competitive positioned products from low-technology to medium-technology products during the study period. There has been a decline in the competitive positioned products of China and simultaneously China’s threatened product lines have shown an immense increment over the years. Moreover, Indian exports are concentrated to few low-technology and resource-intensive products, that share more than 50% of total exported value for its manufacturing in the global market, whereas, China is much diversified and the exported value is more scattered over its manufactured items. The study does not include the factors that impacted the export competitiveness of the sample economies and thus adds a limitation to this study. As there is very limited research on dynamics of export competitiveness of Indian manufacturing exports at harmonised system 6-digit level with China, this study fulfils the gap.
      Citation: Competitiveness Review
      PubDate: 2022-05-05
      DOI: 10.1108/CR-10-2021-0139
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Clusters: semantically different yet a panacea for achieving resilient
           competitiveness

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Pragya Bhawsar
      Abstract: The paper aims to relook at the notion of competitiveness in the challenging times of pandemic. The failure of global value chains caused many nations despite their state of economic development to struggle for necessary items. The goal of achieving profitability abated by having self-sufficiency, specifically in the manufacturing sector where unlike services, the production processes jolted. Under this backdrop, the paper attempts to project local industry clusters as a panacea for achieving resilient competitiveness. To explore the credibility of clusters as an important tool to prepare nations towards a resilient future, a correlation between the state of cluster development in a country and its national competitiveness has been tested. Besides, any difference in the notion of state of cluster development between least developing countries, developing countries and developed countries has also been tested. The paper uses the data from World Economic Forum’s Global Competitiveness Report. Strong support for the research hypothesis has been found. High positive correlation exists between the state of cluster development and national competitiveness. The state of cluster development is found to be significantly different among three categories of countries. Clusters have been promoted in academic literature, policy circles and the business community for many advantages. This paper is a novice attempt to showcase these can serve as an instrument to prepare economies for self-sufficiency and a resilient future by performing an objective evaluation.
      Citation: Competitiveness Review
      PubDate: 2022-04-27
      DOI: 10.1108/CR-10-2021-0140
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Evolving industrial districts and changing innovation patterns: the case
           of Montreal

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Ekaterina Turkina , Boris Oreshkin
      Abstract: This paper aims to investigate the evolution of the phenomenon of industrial districts and explores the broader regional innovation systems that consist of multiple industrial districts. This paper uses a combination of network analysis and patent analysis techniques to analyze the social structure of Montreal tech agglomeration and its innovation. The findings indicate that the cores of modern regional innovation systems are composed of densely collaborating organizations belonging to different industrial clusters, and these organizations are responsible for the most radical innovations. The analysis also reveals the importance of brokers and international ties in generating radical innovations. The findings of our paper extend the initial concept of industrial district and call for the need to no longer focus exclusively on individual clusters, but to take into consideration broader competitive regional innovation systems that are composed of multiple clusters. The current trend of the core of such systems to be composed of organizations from multiple clusters indicates that the traditional understanding of industrial district confined to the borders of specific industry is no longer relevant and there is a need to revise the conceptualization of clusters and further analyze the social fabric of broader regional innovation systems. In future, such intense collaboration within the core of the regional innovation system network may give rise to new industrial and technological configurations. It is important to further investigate these structures, because they have important implications for innovation and are responsible for new innovation patterns. To boost innovation in specific localities, policymakers could encourage collaboration between different clusters and support interdisciplinary projects and programs. Those would help the local community generate radical innovations. Using this research, local policymakers could help local companies understand and explore international markets, as well as focus on attracting multinational firms that are leaders in their respective fields. Finally, local policymakers could further support important cluster intermediaries This paper offers original contributions to the studies of industrial districts as it explores a competitive ecosystem composed of multiple industrial districts and analyzes how these industrial districts interact and where the most innovative solutions lie in the social fabric of this big ecosystem.
      Citation: Competitiveness Review
      PubDate: 2022-04-27
      DOI: 10.1108/CR-11-2021-0165
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Searching for “rare diamonds”' Industrial districts and innovation
           in Spain and Italy

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Rafael Boix-Domenech , Francesco Capone , Vittorio Galletto
      Abstract: This paper aims to test the existence of the so-called industrial district effect on innovation (iMID effect) in Spain and Italy and to compare the intensity of this effect between both countries. There is previous evidence of this effect for Spain, although, to the best of the authors’ knowledge, it has never been measured for Italy. Innovation intensity by local production system is measured using patents per million employees and analysed using the mean, the median, 3D maps and statistical tests. Industrial districts generate between a third and a quarter of all technological innovations in Spain and Italy. The evidence about the district effect in innovation in Spain is consistent with previous studies. The novelty is that there is also evidence of this effect for Italy and its intensity is higher than for Spain. Almost one-half of the industrial districts fit in the most innovative quartile of local production systems, and they are located in the most innovative part of each country. Limitations of this study include minor database issues. Implications include new focus on the general relevance of industrial districts as highly innovative local production systems and top innovators. Reorientation of territorial and innovation policies. Effect on development and well-being through technical progress. This article provides, for the first time, to the best of the authors’ knowledge, a measurement of the industrial district effect on innovation in Italy. The paper compares the results between Spain and Italy and allows for generalization of previous evidence, concluding that highly innovative industrial districts are not “rare diamonds”, revealing as an alternative and an extraordinarily powerful place-based innovation model.
      Citation: Competitiveness Review
      PubDate: 2022-04-20
      DOI: 10.1108/CR-11-2021-0155
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Chinese microentrepreneurs in industrial cluster in Italy: analysis of the
           ethnic microenterprises’ performance

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Mario Biggeri , Lisa Braito
      Abstract: This paper aims to investigate the distinctive economic and social dynamics of ethnic quasi-enclave industrial sub-clusters and to econometrically analyse the main factors affecting the economic performance of Chinese-migrant microentrepreneurs with a specific focus on social capital. An interpretative framework that encompasses sustainable local human development and mixed embeddedness is applied to a case study of Wenzhounese migrant socioeconomic quasi-enclave leather industrial sub-clusters located adjacent to the industrial district area of Florence, Italy. Given the complexity of the phenomenon, the research study adopted a mixed-method approach encompassing both qualitative and quantitative methods. The econometric analysis was based on data collected via a survey administered to a random sample of enterprises. Ethnic social capital plays a central role in ethnic entrepreneurship. The results confirm the relevance of social networks in the context analysed and reveal the importance of ethnic and non-ethnic business social capital as one of the main factors affecting enterprise’s economic performance. The findings propose potential policies to upgrade the ethnic enterprises especially in terms of increasing their formality and inclusion in the Italian social and economic systems of production. This analysis contributes to existing literature on migrant entrepreneurship and communities, adding new evidence related to ethnic enterprises and the importance of social capital in terms of performance and working conditions of the community of entrepreneurs.
      Citation: Competitiveness Review
      PubDate: 2022-04-19
      DOI: 10.1108/CR-11-2021-0158
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • SMEs and the regionalization of global value chains: an untold story from
           the Italian industrial districts

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Marco Bettiol , Chiara Burlina , Maria Chiarvesio , Eleonora Di Maria
      Abstract: Within the theoretical framework of global value chains (GVCs), much importance has been given to industrial districts (IDs) and their role as localized manufacturing systems. The regionalization of GVC has opened new questions on the location of manufacturing activities and the potential consequences at the ID level. The reshoring phenomenon challenges internationalization processes, changing the configuration in trade dynamics for IDs. This paper aims to investigate which are the main internationalization patterns followed by district small and medium enterprises (SMEs) under the perspective of the regionalization of GVCs. This will help both practitioners and policymakers to better understand internationalization trajectories aimed at sustaining the economic development of district firms and territories. The analysis has been conducted using a survey carried out on 210 ID SMEs in the furniture, mechanics and fashion industries located in Veneto and Friuli Venezia Giulia regions, in northeastern Italy. Moreover, data released from the Italian Customs Agency have been merged to detect the trends of interviewed firms’ internationalization between 2005 and 2019. The results highlight how the geography of internationalization has changed over time, in particular following the regionalization of the GVCs. There are also differences among the industry specializations of IDs. This could be attributable to the strategy pursued by each firm to control the competition both in the domestic market and abroad, also in relation to GVC lead firms’ location strategies. This paper applies new data on the analysis of ID SMEs related to international transactions over a long period of time. In doing this, this paper adds new insights to the GVC literature and future policies to be implemented to foster the participation of district firms in the global scenario.
      Citation: Competitiveness Review
      PubDate: 2022-04-12
      DOI: 10.1108/CR-11-2021-0161
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • A comprehensive review on tourism destination competitiveness (TDC)
           literature

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Nur Shahirah Mior Shariffuddin , Muaz Azinuddin , Mohd Hafiz Hanafiah , Wan Mohd Adzim Wan Mohd Zain
      Abstract: This study aims to provide current and organised insights into past published studies on tourism destination competitiveness (TDC) in the past decade through systematic literature analysis. A comprehensive review was performed by systematically gathering the literature published from 1983 to 2021 and coded according to categories such as author, year, article title, name of journal and TDC determinants. The key findings of this review reveal that no universal set of items, attributes or indicators to measure the competitiveness of tourism destinations exists; the complexity and variability of many definitions and measuring elements from various perspectives portray the multi-faceted concept of competitiveness; and synergistic connection between the source of comparative and competitive advantages of TDC focusing on destination image, tourism experience and loyalty. Research works considered in the study are only from indexed and peer-reviewed journal publications. The study findings reveal a lack of studies that address the relationship between destination image, tourism experience and loyalty within the TDC realm. Future studies should consider complementing the tourism supply and demand side to avoid a “strategic drift” of TDC concepts, perceptions and practices.
      Citation: Competitiveness Review
      PubDate: 2022-03-18
      DOI: 10.1108/CR-04-2021-0054
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • State-owned enterprises’ performance in Indonesia: a strategic
           typology perspective

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Wahyu Apriyantopo , Atik Aprianingsih , Mandra Lazuardi Kitri
      Abstract: State-owned enterprises’ (SOEs) goals are perceived as two-sided blades, providing goods or services to the public on one side and escalating the government’s wealth on the other side. Treating the SOEs, government encounters the problem of injection strategy or privatize them. At the same time, managers have the option to formulate the SOEs strategy to boost performance. By using Miles and Snow’s typology strategy and the above factors, this paper investigates those impacts on Indonesia’s SOEs’ performance. This study aims to propose strategic typology as the main predictor with other variables such as the size, ownership structure, market competitiveness and capital subsidy on SOEs. The study uses archived SOEs’ financial data from 2014 to 2018 to predict the financial performance using ordinal logistic regression analysis. The additional factors, such as firm size, ownership structure, market concentration and capital subsidy, are incorporated. The result demonstrates that SOEs strategic typology, market concentration, size, ownership structure and capital subsidy significantly affect Indonesia’s SOEs’ performance. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this paper is the first elaborating government policies for SOEs, such as capital subsidy and state ownership, on the perspective of Miles and Snow’s strategy-performance relationship. Correspondingly, the paper contributes to examine the Indonesian characteristic SOE type with the performance. No single study has previously explored this relationship in the context of SOE in Indonesia.
      Citation: Competitiveness Review
      PubDate: 2022-03-14
      DOI: 10.1108/CR-01-2021-0019
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Measuring national intellectual capital and its effect on country’s
           competitiveness

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Duc Hong Vo , Ngoc Phu Tran
      Abstract: National intellectual capital is generally considered a strategic advantage for national competitiveness. However, the measurement of intellectual capital across countries for comparison purposes appears to receive little attention. This study aims to use a new index of national intellectual capital (INIC) to examine the relationship between national intellectual capital and national competitiveness. This paper uses the INIC, developed by Vo and Tran (2021), to measure, compare and contrast differences in the level of national intellectual capital across 104 countries. INIC comprises the most crucial intellectual capital components: human capital, structural capital and relational capital. Various economic and social indicators are used as the proxies for these components of intellectual capital. Principal component analysis is used to derive INIC. The results indicate that during the study period the level of national intellectual capital gradually increased. Europe has attained the highest level of national intellectual capital, whereas Africa has achieved the lowest level. This study’s findings confirm a close relationship between the national intellectual capital level and the national income level. Among the ten biggest countries, the USA achieved the highest national intellectual capital level, and China has significantly improved its cumulative level. Finland achieved the highest level of national intellectual capital in the world. National intellectual capital enhances a country’s competitiveness. Findings in this study shed light on an international comparison of intellectual capital across countries and understanding how national intellectual capital contributes to and improves national competitiveness. Policymakers can consider and use these findings to support the accumulation of national intellectual capital and boost national competitive advantage, especially low-income countries and emerging markets. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this is the first study to estimate a degree of national intellectual capital around the world and examine its impact on national competitiveness based on publicly available data.
      Citation: Competitiveness Review
      PubDate: 2022-03-11
      DOI: 10.1108/CR-08-2021-0110
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Opening the black box of organizational Machiavellianism: is co-innovation
           coming to an end as a driver of innovation performance'

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: José Arias-Pérez , Geovanny Perdomo-Charry , Nelson Lozada
      Abstract: The discussion on co-innovation inhibitors usually focuses on external actors’ opportunism, related to the loss of intellectual property. However, from the organizational Machiavellianism perspective, inhibitors are not external as the company itself is a source of constraints. Unfortunately, there is a lack of research studies examining the possible negative impact of organizational Machiavellian behavior such as amorality or distrust and desire for control, which could destroy external partners’ trust and commitment. This paper aims to analyze the effect of organizational Machiavellianism on the relationship between co-innovation and innovation performance (product and process innovation). Structural equations were used to test the research model using survey data from a sample of companies located in an emerging country with a high risk of corruption. Surprisingly, distrust and desire for control do not moderate the relationship between co-innovation and innovation performance, but do have a positive and direct effect on innovation performance. Conversely, amorality has a negative moderating effect on this relationship. The study reveals that amorality is an evident constraint of the positive impact of co-innovation, as it diminishes the amount and quality of external actors’ contributions in terms of new ideas and knowledge. In contrast, distrust and desire for control alert the firm about opportunistic behavior by external partners such as technology providers, who may induce the firm to adopt an inadequate technological standard in line with their commercial interests.
      Citation: Competitiveness Review
      PubDate: 2022-02-10
      DOI: 10.1108/CR-04-2021-0057
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Impact of risk disclosure on the volatility, liquidity and performance of
           the UK and Canadian insurance companies

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Talie Kassamany , Etienne Harb , Wael Louhichi , Mayssam Nasr
      Abstract: This paper aims to investigate the impact of risk disclosure practices (voluntary, mandatory and risk disclosure index) on stock return volatility, market liquidity and financial performance for insurance companies in the UK and Canada, before and after the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) adoption. The panel data analysis covers 14 insurance companies in the UK and 12 in Canada over a six-year period, three years before and three years after the implementation of IFRS. The authors collected risk disclosure data manually from the annual reports and analyzed it through QSR NVivo software for each country. The other variables are secondary data collected from Thomson Reuters Eikon and Datastream. The results reveal that mandatory risk disclosure practices positively influence stock return volatility for UK insurers but not Canadian ones. Moreover, both mandatory and voluntary risk disclosures increase market liquidity for UK insurers. The outcomes also show a negative influence of risk disclosure practices on financial performance for both the UK and Canadian insurers. The adoption of IFRS enhances the impact of risk disclosure practices in both countries on market liquidity and financial performance. The findings rationalize the impact of risk disclosure practices on volatility, liquidity and financial performance of UK and Canada insurers, and the effect of IFRS in triggering those results. The findings highlight the diverse effects of voluntary and mandatory risk disclosure practices in enhancing market discipline and mitigating information asymmetry problems to investors. Regulators and policymakers could rely on the findings to amend and develop disclosure standards more frequently to assure their effectiveness. The authors also offer insights to managers to determine the levels of mandatory and voluntary disclosure practices and disclosure strategies to gain their stakeholders’ confidence. This study contributes to the literature of risk disclosure in the insurance industry for both the UK and Canada where scarce studies are conducted. It also offers interesting implementations to investors, managers and policymakers.
      Citation: Competitiveness Review
      PubDate: 2022-01-28
      DOI: 10.1108/CR-10-2021-0129
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Economic complexity and the dynamics of regional competitiveness a
           systematic review

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Farideh Bahrami , Behrooz Shahmoradi , Javad Noori , Ekaterina Turkina , Hassan Bahrami
      Abstract: This study aims to systematically review the economic complexity literature to advance the knowledge on its contribution to building regional competitiveness. In this study, we did a systematic review of 111 relevant papers. In this regard, we did a thematic analysis on all the collected papers, which led to a two-level processed approach. In the first level, the contributions of the reviewed articles have been classified into three main streams. In the second level, the findings under each contribution category are analyzed and explained. This approach led to a thematic network demonstrating economic complexity and the dynamics of regional competitiveness and a set of managerial and policy implications. We followed a multiple processed approach for the systematic review of 95 papers that reveals considerable contributions in three categories, including measurement techniques, criticisms and exploratory studies. Despite some critiques and the undertaken evolution in measurement techniques of complexity, economic complexity has become a well-known method mainly for regions' competitiveness dynamics. Our review demonstrates a nested network of economic complexity dynamics that drives policy advice concerning countries' status in their development path. The provided set of policies includes guidelines for underdeveloped and developing countries and general policy implications, applicable for all regional contexts for building competitiveness dynamics. This research contributes to the literature on competitiveness from the window of economic complexity. The study allows a deep understanding of regions' productive structure role in their development and competitiveness. A set of policies for building regional competitiveness is provided concerning the study's findings. The literature gaps are identified, and future research ideas are provided for using economic complexity methodologically and logically to boost regional competitiveness.
      Citation: Competitiveness Review
      PubDate: 2022-01-27
      DOI: 10.1108/CR-06-2021-0083
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Does sustainability matter for Fintech firms' Evidence from United
           States firms

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Khakan Najaf , Ali Haj Khalifa , Shaher Mohammad Obaid , Abdulla Al Rashidi , Ahmed Ataya
      Abstract: This study aims to look at how financial technology (FinTech) companies adhere to sustainable standards in contrast to their counterparts. Following the validation of its new sustainability index, this study looks into the impact of sustainability on the stock performance of FinTech companies. To efficiently test the hypotheses, sample has been collected from the Bloomberg of all FinTech and non-FinTech companies from the USA. The final sample comprises 1,712 company-year observations over the investigation period 2010–2019. The methodology entails ordinary least squares regressions and generalized panel methods of moments (GMM). The results suggest that the developed sustainability index is a valid proxy for sustainability measures and directly relates to stock performance. Besides, the evidence indicates that non-FinTech companies display superior sustainability and stock performance compared to FinTech companies. The present results corroborate with stakeholder theory, which implies that quality sustainability performance will alleviate the agency issue and safeguard the shareholders’ interest. Despite the fact that it presents the limitation of not considering other dimensions of financial performance, this research is important as it highlights the sustainability practices by the FinTech and non-FinTech companies, offering insights to researchers, policymakers, regulators, financial reports users, investors, environmental union, employees, clients and society. This paper is novel because it is unique in evaluating the sustainability practices in FinTech and non-FinTech firms.
      Citation: Competitiveness Review
      PubDate: 2022-01-17
      DOI: 10.1108/CR-10-2021-0132
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Moderating role of Shariah committee quality on relationship between board
           of directors effectiveness and the performance of Malaysian Takaful

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Monther Eldaia , Mustafa Hanefah , Ainulashikin Marzuki
      Abstract: The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of Board of Directors Effectiveness (BODE) on the performance of Malaysian Takaful companies licensed by the Central Bank of Malaysia. In addition, the study investigates the moderating effect of Shariah Committee Quality (SCQ) on the relationship between BODE and companies’ performance. This study uses a sample of 11 Malaysian Takaful companies during the period of 2010-2017. While BDE and SCQ are measured using indices, performance is proxied using ROA and ROE. A panel fixed effect regression analysis is used to test the impact of the BDE on the financial performance of Malaysian Takaful companies and the moderator role of SCQ. The main finding of this study shows a positive association between BDE and performance. More specifically, boards with a high presence of independent, Muslim and female directors positively contribute to the performance of Malaysian Takaful companies. Another interesting finding is related to the positive moderating effect of SCQ on the relationship between BDE and performance. This result indicates that a high level of SCQ combined with a high level of board effectiveness improve performance. The finding is of great importance to stakeholders and policymakers to improve their board effectiveness and the quality of the Shariah committee to reduce agency costs and to improve the performance of Malaysian Takaful companies. This study adds to the prior literature by investigating for the first time the relationship between BDE and performance and the interaction effect of SCQ on the performance of Malaysian Takaful companies.
      Citation: Competitiveness Review
      PubDate: 2022-01-11
      DOI: 10.1108/CR-09-2021-0123
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Greenfield FDI attractiveness index: a machine learning approach
         This is an Open Access Article Open Access Article

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Ilan Alon , Vanessa P.G. Bretas , Alex Sclip , Andrea Paltrinieri
      Abstract: This study aims to propose a comprehensive greenfield foreign direct investment (FDI) attractiveness index using exploratory factor analysis and automated machine learning (AML). We offer offer a robust empirical measurement of location-choice factors identified in the FDI literature through a novel method and provide a tool for assessing the countries' investment potential. Based on five conceptual key sub-domains of FDI, We collected quantitative indicators in several databases with annual data ranging from 2006 to 2019. This study first run a factor analysis to identify the most important features. It then uses AML to assess the relative importance of each resultant factor and generate a calibrated index. AML computational algorithms minimize predictive errors, explore patterns in the data and make predictions in an empirically robust way. Openness conditions and economic growth are the most relevant factors to attract FDI identified in the study. Luxembourg, Hong Kong, Singapore, Malta and Ireland are the top five countries with the highest overall greenfield attractiveness index. This study also presents specific indices for the three sectors: energy, financial services, information and communication technology (ICT) and electronics. Existent indexes present deficiencies in conceptualization and measurement, lacking theoretical foundation, arbitrary selection of factors and use of limited linear models. This study’s index is developed in a robust three-stage process. The use of AML configures an advantage compared to traditional linear and additive models, as it selects the best model considering the predictive capacity of many models simultaneously.
      Citation: Competitiveness Review
      PubDate: 2022-03-31
      DOI: 10.1108/CR-12-2021-0171
      Issue No: Vol. 32 , No. 7 (2022)
       
  • Impact of flexible work arrangements on employees’ perceived
           productivity, organisational commitment and perceived work quality: a
           United Arab Emirates case-study

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: M. Anaam Hashmi , Abdullah Al Ghaithi , Khaled Sartawi
      Abstract: This study aims to examine the impact of flexible work arrangements (FWAs) on employees’ perceived productivity, quality of work and organisational commitment (OC) with a special focus on the United Arab Emirates. It also analyses the mediating effect of employee happiness on the relationship between FWA and employees’ perceived productivity, OC and perceived work quality. A quantitative, non-experimental correlational study was used for this research project. The study yielded numerical data, which were analysed using a deductive approach. The analysis aimed at exploring the relationships between the constructs, which were viewed as variables; these relationships were considered correlations, mediation and moderation. The sample comprises employees currently working at different public and private sector organisations, representing all major service industries in the UAE. Nine questions were used to assess the flexibility at work and six out of the nine questions were used to measure the level of FWAs using the Likert scale. FWA has a significant and positive association with the employees’ perceived productivity, quality of work and OC. It was confirmed that happiness plays a mediating role in the relationship between FWA and employee outcomes. The facility allows employees to manage their personal and professional lives with ease using their preferred work method. This ability promotes employee satisfaction. In conclusion, managers and employees around the world should view FWAs as a positive tool to enhance employee productivity and OC, particularly in an emergency like the Covid-19 pandemic. The participants’ honesty was a limitation, which could raise questions on the validity of this study. This limitation arises when the self-report method is used for data collection. Use of multiple instruments could be another limitation. Organisational leaders can use FWAs to improve employee outcomes. When an organisation grants flexible work options to employees, it implies that the organisation trusts its employees to complete the task. This factor motivates all employees to work with dedication, which is particularly true if the employees are creative people and wish to work on their preferred time and place. This study is significant because the findings will allow managers to assess the benefits of using FWAs to improve employee productivity, particularly in the service sector. It combines the aspects of perceived productivity, OC and perceived work quality, as well as employee happiness to assess the role of FWAs in organisations. The study also investigates the influence of FWAs in improving these employee outcomes. Based on the literature review, this study on FWAs is the first of its kind in the UAE, the country using a truly multinational workforce coming from more than 100 countries and cultures.
      Citation: Competitiveness Review
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      DOI: 10.1108/CR-10-2020-0130
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • The determinants of ESG in the banking sector of MENA region: a trend or
           necessity'

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Rim El Khoury , Nohade Nasrallah , Bahaaeddin Alareeni
      Abstract: As reporting environmental, social and governance (ESG) information is not yet mandatory in all countries, it is intriguing to understand ESG’s underlying driving mechanisms. This study aims to investigate ESG determinants in the banking sector of the Middle East and North Africa countries. The authors gather data for 38 listed banks for the period 2011–2019. The data used is threefold as follows: data related to ESG; firm-level; and country-level data. While ESG and firm’s level data are taken from Refinitiv, country-level data are extracted from the World Bank. Using panel regression, the authors test the effect of firm- and country-specific variables on the overall ESG score and its pillars. Results indicate that banks’ ESG scores are negatively affected by performance and positively affected by size. The level of economic development exerts a negative impact on the environmental pillar while the social development exerts a positive impact on ESG and governance pillar. Corruption is the only country-level that gathers a homogenous effect on ESG scores. Finally, the three pillars follow heterogeneous patterns. This study extends the scope of previous studies by introducing new country-level independent variables to contribute to the understanding of ESG antecedents.
      Citation: Competitiveness Review
      PubDate: 2021-12-21
      DOI: 10.1108/CR-09-2021-0118
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Organizational competencies toward digital transformation at the events of
           disruptive changes: an operational process innovation perspective

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Malek Al-Edenat
      Abstract: Digital transformation becomes the future path for all organizations. Organizations are in need to progress the technology in the event of rapid environmental changes in all aspects. This implies the essential need to adapt to these changes, not only to benefit from the vast opportunities it offers yet even to stay relevant in this instability, complexity, uncertainty and vagueness environment. This paper aims to examine the impact of different variables such as disruptive change, technological process innovation and industry 4.0 (I4.0) on digital transformation. It helps identify the different capabilities needed for digitalization and digital maturity, identify the supporting methods for adopting different technologies and offer answers to overwhelmed those challenges and obstacles resulting in this environment. A quantitative approach was used in conducting this research, whereas a questionnaire survey strategy was used for this investigation. In total, 450 participants have been surveyed from three major private mining organizations in the Jordanian context. Structural equation modeling was used for the analysis stage and hypotheses testing. The results of the analysis revealed that support the direct impact of the event of disruptive change, technological process innovation on digital transformation. In addition, the results showed that there is a positive direct impact of the event of disruptive change on technological process innovation. While I4.0 was found to moderate the relationship between the event of disruptive change and digital transformation. Decision-makers are responsible for directing their organization toward digitalization. This transformation needs capabilities that help organizations in competing and survive in this challenging environment. That is, it is essential to increase process innovation and moving toward more adoption of I4.0. However, the event of disruptive change should be considered as a motivation for the organizations rather than an obstacle. Moreover, different populations, methods and other variables that may affect digitalization may generate novel insights in further research. Theoretically, novel insights into the event of the disruptive change and its implications have been added to the literature. The models used in the current examination provide new directions for understanding and studying digital transformation and organizational capabilities that are needed for transformation. From the managerial perspective, these findings enhance understanding of practices in which the event of disruptive change supports innovation and highlight the values added through recommending more adopting of I4.0 applications to yield more innovative harvests.
      Citation: Competitiveness Review
      PubDate: 2021-10-28
      DOI: 10.1108/CR-05-2021-0081
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Learning processes and knowledge transfer in the upward spiral model: an
           empirical assessment of springboard multinational enterprises

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Celia Torrecillas , Bruno Brandão Fischer
      Abstract: The springboard theory for multinational enterprises and the upward spiral model address the expansion of emerging countries’ multinational enterprises (MNEs) abroad as a set of resource-building stages. This paper aims to analyze this model by qualifying knowledge flows in three domains: learning effects, transfer flows and global connections. The authors use 2018 data from the ORBIS database to identify evidence concerning the springboard MNE (SMNE) phenomenon. The authors select MNE firms from 93 emerging economies with presence in 71 developed and 93 developing countries. In addition, the authors differentiate between the levels of technological intensity of emerging market MNEs’ sectors. The results highlight the existence of learning processes taking place in subsidiaries and feeding back into parent firms, as well as the existence of capability transfer from home to host units. The main contribution is the addition of empirical evidence on the SMNE and specifically the upward spiral model, considering the micro-level and the productivity differences between parent firm and subsidiaries.
      Citation: Competitiveness Review
      PubDate: 2021-10-25
      DOI: 10.1108/CR-05-2021-0067
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • The dynamics of regional collaborations on firms’ ability to innovate: a
           business innovation modes approach

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Henar Alcalde-Heras , Mercedes Oleaga , Eduardo Sisti
      Abstract: The literature stresses the importance of collaboration patterns and the role of public funding in regional competitiveness. This study aims to contribute to a better understanding of this subject by focusing on two key dynamics of technological cooperation. First, the authors focus on the ability of public funding to support regional technological demand through the promotion of science and technology-based innovation (STI) and innovation based on learning-by-doing, learning-by-using, learning-by-interacting (DUI) cooperation. Second, the authors investigate whether such cooperation patterns influence the companies’ ability to support the development of novel products through the effective transfer of knowledge. The data used in this longitudinal study are taken from the Basque statistics agency’s (EUSTAT) technological innovation survey, which compiles activities, personnel, funding sources, support institutions and other innovation-related aspects of businesses in the Basque region. The survey was carried out following the methodology of the community innovation survey (CIS). CIS data are used to generate official innovation statistics for the EU and its member countries and have been used extensively for analysis in economics. The sample included an unbalanced panel of 17,431 companies that reported research and development expenditure for the period 2013‐2017. The results of the analysis confirm that the relationship between STI cooperation and regional funding is positive (Piñeiro-Antelo and Lois-González, 2019), but regional DUI cooperation will have a greater impact than STI cooperation on a company’s ability to generate novel products. The authors can, therefore, say that public funding is successful at supporting cooperation between science and technology agents and firms but fails to promote the transfer of knowledge and subsequent development of novel products in companies in the region. Following a quadruple helix approach, it is important to underline the need for public policies to strengthen the connections between all the key agents in the ecosystem (where the research community, industry, public sector and citizens are all active actors), promoting technology transfer and dissemination, as well as trust among the parties, absorptive capacity and business access to resources and financing. Thus, the design of public policies should be oriented to support a firm’s innovation, balancing the exploration and exploitation of STI and DUI regional cooperation. The contribution of this research is threefold. First, it serves to emphasize the importance of the impact of regional innovation systems on business innovation modes and their performance. Second, it takes the study of innovation systems and their impact on companies a step further by examining the impact of public funding on the companies’ ability to explore and exploit regional innovation modes. Thirdly, the authors offer a dynamic view of the region’s ability to support its own demand for technology and study the impact of regional business modes on the firms’ ability to support novel products.
      Citation: Competitiveness Review
      PubDate: 2021-10-24
      DOI: 10.1108/CR-06-2021-0082
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Factors affecting the international competitiveness of polish economy
           system in 2004-2019

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Konrad Rojek
      Abstract: This study aims to present the issue of the international systemic competitiveness of the Polish economy. The essence of this concept was shown, as well as the measures and methods of analysis used. The aim of the research was to identify the factors that had the greatest impact on the formation of the international systemic competitiveness of the Polish economy. An econometric model was constructed to explain the shaping of the value of the dependent variable (gross domestic product [GDP] per capita) in the years 2004–2019. For this purpose, explanatory variables were used selected from among the measures of the international systemic competitiveness of the Polish economy. The developed econometric model was verified to check its practical usefulness. This process was performed using the Gretl program. The research also used the Pentagon Model of Macroeconomic Stabilization, which was used to examine the general economic development of Poland because of which it is possible to conclude about the international systemic competitiveness of the economy. In the analyzed period (2004–2019), the international systemic competitiveness of the Polish economy was to the greatest extent conditioned by such factors as government integrity, tax burdens and investment freedom. It is significant that the integrity of the government had a negative impact on the value of GDP per capita. The results of the conducted research may be particularly useful for the institutional sphere. They indicate systemic factors that had the greatest impact on the prosperity of Polish society in the analyzed period. This enables the weakest elements of the policy to be identified and improved. Proper applications and appropriate corrective actions will have a positive economic effect. So far, it has not been possible to develop/indicate a uniform and generally accepted measure and method of analyzing international systemic competitiveness. Therefore, all attempts to assess and measure systemic competitiveness have a high research value. The vast majority of studies on the international competitiveness of the economy focus only on assessing its level (growth, decline and comparison with other countries). When building an econometric model (based on the 2004–2019 time series), the author also checks the impact of its individual components, not only its level. On this basis, it can be deduced, which factors influenced the competitiveness in a given period to a greater extent, positively or negatively.
      Citation: Competitiveness Review
      PubDate: 2021-10-14
      DOI: 10.1108/CR-05-2021-0079
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Regional development and the institutional environment for franchise
           chains: frontiers of small and medium-sized cities

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Pedro Lucas de Resende Melo , Felipe Mendes Borini , Victor Ragazzi Isaac , Victor Silva Correa
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to understand and identify the various characteristics of the institutional environment and the factors that propitiate the attraction of franchise chains to cities in the interior, using Brazil as an analysis. Secondary data from the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics were used. It comprised a sample of 1,683 Brazilian cities with commercial outlets featuring franchise brands. It was limited to cities with populations of up to 100,000 inhabitants that did not constitute metropolitan regions. The statistical technique performed was multiple regression. The results of the multiple regression confirm the explanatory power of R² = 36% for the analyzed model. Such presence of franchise chains is based on four institutional dimensions and their environmental characteristics: demographic (demographic density); economic and financial (average monthly salary of formal workers and number of banking agencies); business (number of active companies and presence of shopping centers); and human resources (presence of higher education units). The main contribution of the study encompasses the call that regional institutional characteristics are part of knowledge guidelines on regional development and institutional environments for entrepreneurship. In this sense, the paper contributes to studies on regional development in particular, by punctuating the characteristics of the institutional environment of cities that are related to the existence of franchise chain brands. Such contributions are addressed to managers and directors of expanding franchise chains, given the choice of locations that best enable the concept of their franchises. The fact that only 20% of franchises have a presence in these cities, even if it is admitted that for 70% of these chains, their businesses have the capacity to make these locations viable, shows the importance of this contribution. This study is addressed to public managers, represented by secretaries of municipal developments, in view of the construction of an institutional environment conducive to entrepreneurial activity, in this specific case, by franchises. It is an important mechanism for attracting new businesses and creating a virtuous cycle of regional development. Specifically, knowledge is generated about the insertion of ventures based on the franchise business model in small- and medium-sized regional markets. A second feature involves the understanding of the insertion of enterprises in a large and heterogeneous emerging market.
      Citation: Competitiveness Review
      PubDate: 2021-10-11
      DOI: 10.1108/CR-03-2021-0041
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • The impact of smart specialization strategies on sub-cluster efficiency:
           simulation exercise for the case of Mexico

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Viviana Elizabeth Zárate-Mirón , Rosina Moreno Serrano
      Abstract: This paper aims to evaluate whether the integration of smart specialization strategies (S3) into clusters significantly impacts their efficiency for countries that still do not implement this policy. This study tests three effects: whether the kind of policies envisaged through an S3 strategy impacts cluster’s efficiency; whether this impact changes with the technological intensity of the clusters; to determine which S3 is more suitable for sub-clusters at different levels of technological intensity. The Mexican economy is taken as case of study because it has a proper classification of its industries intro Porter’s cluster’s definition but still does not adopt the S3 policy. Through data envelopment analysis (DEA), this study evaluates the cluster’s efficiency increment when variables representing the S3 elements are included. The results show that strategies following the S3 had a significant impact in all clusters, but when clusters were classified by technological intensity, the impact on efficiency is higher in clusters in the medium low-tech group. According to the results in the DEA, it can be concluded that these S3 strategies have the potential to increase the clusters’ productivity significantly. These results make convenient the adoption of the S3 policy by countries that already count with a properly cluster definition. These findings contribute to the lack of studies that analyze the join implementation of S3 on clusters.
      Citation: Competitiveness Review
      PubDate: 2021-09-13
      DOI: 10.1108/CR-01-2021-0010
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Innovation, ICT penetration, trade and economic growth in developing and
           developed countries: a VECM approach

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Parul Singh , Areej Aftab Siddiqui
      Abstract: The development in information communication and technology (ICT) has led to many changes such as reorganization of economics, globalization and trade. With more innovation processes being organized and adopted across technologies, trade, etc., these are getting more closely related and needs fresh research perspective. This study aims to empirically investigate the interrelationship between ICT penetration, innovation, trade and economic growth in 20 developed and developing nations from 1995 to 2018. The present paper examines both long-run and short-run relationships between the four variables, namely, innovation, ICT penetration, trade and economic growth, by applying panel estimation techniques of regression and vector error correction model. ICT penetration and innovation indices are constructed using principle component analysis technique. The findings of the study highlight that for developed nations, growth, trade and innovation are significantly interlinked with no significant role of ICT penetration While for developing nations, significant relationship is present between growth and trade, ICT penetration and innovation. With respect to trade, in case of developed nations, significant relationship is present with ICT penetration. While for developing nations there is no significant result for trade promotion. On further employing the vector error correction model, the presence of short run causality between growth, trade and innovation in case of developed nations is established but no such causality between variables for developing nations is seen. The present paper adds to the existing strand of literature examining interlinkage between innovation and growth by introducing new variables of ICT penetration and innovation.
      Citation: Competitiveness Review
      PubDate: 2021-09-10
      DOI: 10.1108/CR-05-2021-0074
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Relative export competitiveness of the Nigerian cocoa industry

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Nazir Muhammad Abdullahi , Qiangqiang Zhang , Saleh Shahriar , Sokvibol Kea , Xuexi Huo
      Abstract: This paper aims to derive the time-varying relative export competitiveness (REC) of the Nigerian cocoa sector against Nigeria’s share of world agricultural exports (REC_WA) and world merchandise exports (REC_WM) from 1995 to 2018. By concentrating on different factors such as demand and supply capacity, price factors and exchange rate, the authors examine the determinants of REC. The authors calculated three different REC indexes. The authors also developed the relative symmetric export competitiveness index for comparative advantage calculation and avoiding the possible bias. The determinants of REC for Nigerian cocoa were captured using the short-run regression (SRR) model. The study showed that Nigeria’s cocoa exports are still competitive despite experiencing some declining stages. Based on the SRR model, higher per capita income had a positive effect on the REC, while higher domestic prices significantly reduced the REC of cocoa. Further, the African Growth Opportunity Act agreement adversely affected the REC of cocoa. This study provides a foundation for future research and enhances the literature on agricultural trade. This research makes a few contributions both from a scientific and a policy perspective. First, it is the first study on the REC analysis for the Nigerian cocoa industry. Second, a wide range of comparisons of REC among the world’s largest cocoa exporters was provided following implications of the various economic policies and local policy strategies. Third, the latest 24-year data sets were covered.
      Citation: Competitiveness Review
      PubDate: 2021-09-09
      DOI: 10.1108/CR-03-2021-0036
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Smart economic development patterns in Europe: interaction with
           competitiveness

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Jurgita Bruneckienė , Jonas Rapsikevičius , Mantas Lukauskas , Ineta Zykienė , Robertas Jucevičius
      Abstract: This paper aims to investigate the smart economic development (SED) patterns in Europe in relation to competitiveness. Motivational focus corresponds to global events: the fourth industrial revolution, transition to a low-carbon economy, economic shocks (such as the 2008 financial crisis, Brexit or the coronavirus pandemic), which requires rethinking development policies, targeting competitiveness increase and reducing imbalances in economic development. The analysis includes self-organising neural networks cluster analysis and correlations, comparative analysis of SED indicators structure and cumulative index estimation with World Economic Forum (WEF) global competitiveness index. The panel data set of 19 years from 2000 to 2018 for 30 European countries. Overall, cross-country examination suggests that European countries of higher competitiveness illustrate higher estimates in SED. The key determinants are juridical fairness, social responsibility, competence building, intelligence and welfare employment to develop smart patterns for reaching higher competitiveness. The limitations relate to the particular sample of European countries and gathering statistical data and a methodology of the SED index calculation. In addition, the paper contains a macroeconomic environment focus on competitiveness estimation. Further research may be improved with micro and mezzo environment incorporation at a cross-country analysis level. By linking well-known terms of competitiveness and economic development with a concept of smartness, new approaches to policymaking emerged. The methodology presented in this paper has implications for territorial cohesion policies, competitiveness and branching strategies. The combination of SED sub-indexes and WEF GCI might aid a more accurate ex ante measurement. The findings are essential for fostering a smart approach in economic development for long-term competitiveness. This paper provides original empirical evidence about the relationship between SED and competitiveness and adds new knowledge that smartness becomes a way for building countries’ competitiveness by identified two profiles of SED patterns by development stages, namely, integrated to economic development and institutional-based which is divided to focus and balanced.
      Citation: Competitiveness Review
      PubDate: 2021-08-23
      DOI: 10.1108/CR-02-2021-0026
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • How closeness matters: the role of geographical proximity in social
           capital development and knowledge sharing in SMEs

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Pollawat Chumnangoon , Anukal Chiralaksanakul , Asda Chintakananda
      Abstract: This study aims to investigate the impacts of geographical proximity on social capital development through the inter-relationship between three social capital dimensions (structural, relational and cognitive dimension) and the knowledge sharing between small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). The authors empirically test a main hypothesis that the mechanism of social capital development that subsequently results in tacit knowledge sharing is different for SME buyer-supplier partners across their different geographical distances. Multiple-group analysis in structural equation modeling (SEM) was conducted to test the research hypotheses using data collected from approximately 200 SMEs in Thailand’s food industry. At a great geographical distance, the structural dimension impacts the cognitive dimension only in an indirect way through a relational dimension, which subsequently leads to knowledge sharing between SME buyer-supplier partners. At close geographical proximity, while the indirect impact of structural dimension on cognitive dimension through a relational dimension is still presented as it is in a great geographical distance, structural dimension has a positive and direct impact on the cognitive dimension as a complementary way to jointly reinforce knowledge sharing between SME partners. Among distant SME partners, the relational dimension shows a stronger impact on the cognitive dimension. In contrast, the direct influence of structural, relational and cognitive dimensions on knowledge sharing is identical, regardless of geographical distance. The managers of SMEs can design their network-building approach in such a way that different location partners can enhance knowledge sharing. Policymakers could consider these results as a guideline when imposing SME development policies and geographical cluster policies in emerging economies. This study provides empirical evidence that demonstrates how geographical proximity between SME partners in an emerging economy influences their social proximity through the lens of social capital development mechanism and thus leads to knowledge sharing between them.
      Citation: Competitiveness Review
      PubDate: 2021-08-20
      DOI: 10.1108/CR-03-2021-0038
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • AI: new source of competitiveness in higher education

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Erin Hannan , Shuguang Liu
      Abstract: This paper aims to survey the current landscape of artificial intelligence (AI) applications in higher education institutions (HEIs) and recommend future directions. This paper reviews the recent trends, showcases the applications and provides future directions through a review of current uses of AI in HEIs. The results of this study highlight successful applications of AI technologies in three main areas of college operation: student learning experience; student support; and enrollment management. This review has important implications for early adopters of AI by HEIs in providing a competitive advantage. The limitation lies in the scope of the review. It is not comprehensive and does not cover other areas of college operations. This is the first review about AI in higher education. It is of value in building future research and serving as a framework for AI applications in HEI.
      Citation: Competitiveness Review
      PubDate: 2021-08-09
      DOI: 10.1108/CR-03-2021-0045
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Perceptions of barriers to innovate in Colombian manufacturing firms: an
           analysis by technological intensity

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Vanessa Pertuz , Luis Francisco Miranda
      Abstract: The purpose of this study is to investigate the factors that impede innovation in Colombian manufacturing firms, as measured by the level of technological intensity. The authors used data from 1,850 firms to determine the barriers associated with information and internal capabilities, risks and environment. The main results of this study confirm that potentially innovative firms of low technological intensity are more likely to ascribe high importance to obstacles associated with information and internal capabilities, when compared with innovative firms. The abandonment of innovative projects, family-operated enterprises and investment in R&D are all related to an increased perception of obstacles to innovation, while investments in information and communication technologies have an opposite effect. Variables as partnerships and export behaviour, have different effects depending on the level of technological intensity. This study investigates the obstacles to innovation of a firm as determined by its characteristics and as measured against its level of technological intensity. Previous studies have investigated barriers to innovation in technologically advanced sectors (Lachman and López, 2019) and technology-based SMEs (De Moraes Silva et al. 2020) or how the technological intensity of the firm determines access to university knowledge for overcoming barriers (Kanama and Nishikawa, 2017). The only study to analyse barriers to innovation by measuring a firm’s technological intensity was conducted into Mexican manufacturing and services sector companies by Santiago et al. (2017).
      Citation: Competitiveness Review
      PubDate: 2021-07-22
      DOI: 10.1108/CR-08-2020-0102
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Women on boards of directors: the moderation role of female labour force
           participation

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Reem Hamdan , Allam Hamdan , Bahaaeddin Alareeni , Osama F. Atayah , Layla Faisal Alhalwachi
      Abstract: This study aims to investigate the moderation role of the percentage of women in the country labour force in the relationship between firm-level governance factors (board size, institutional ownership, ownership concentration, board independence, performance, firm size, firm’s risk and sector) and women on boards (WOBs) in publicly listed firms in Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries. The study relied on a sample of 436 publicly listed firms in 2018 in six GCC countries (Bahrain, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Oman, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates). The study concluded that the percentage of women in the country’s labour force has a moderation role in the relationship between board size and WOB, as well as firm market performance and WOBs. However, ownership concentration, firm size, firm risk and firm sector do not affect the percentage of WOB; consequently, the percentage of women in the country’s labour force did not have a moderation role in the relationship between these variables and the percentage of WOBs. The study incorporates an institutional level variable which is the percentage of women in the country’s labour force in a firm-level relationship mostly understood by agency theory.
      Citation: Competitiveness Review
      PubDate: 2021-07-16
      DOI: 10.1108/CR-01-2021-0001
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Intellectual capital, bank stability and risk-taking: evidence from Asian
           emerging markets

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Tamanna Dalwai , Dharmendra Singh , Ananda S.
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the impact of intellectual capital (IC) efficiency on the banks’ risk-taking and stability of Asian emerging markets. This study uses a sample of 204 listed banks from 12 Asian emerging countries for the period 2010 to 2019. Data were analyzed using Ordinary Least Squares regression and checked for robustness using system generalized methods moment (GMM) estimation. The dependent variable of bank stability is measured using Z-score-based return on assets (ROA) and return on equity (ROE). The second dependent variable of bank risk is proxied by the standard deviation of ROA, ROE, non-performing loans and loan loss provision. The results suggest the IC efficiency has no association with bank risk-taking and stability. The findings lend no support to the resource-based theory. The robustness of this result is confirmed by the system GMM estimation. However, support is found for the competition fragility view as high market power is associated with low risk-taking. The IC subcomponents, human capital efficiency (HCE) report a negative coefficient for bank risk-taking thereby having no support for the hypothesized relationships. Diversified banks with a higher deposit to total asset ratio resort to high risk-taking. IC efficiency does not have an impact on the bank’s risk-taking behavior and stability for Asian banks. Managers can use these findings to improve their IC and boost investor confidence. Regulatory authorities should increase its monitoring function of banks when the GDP decreases as risk-taking behavior are galvanized during this period. This research is one of the first to provide empirical evidence of IC efficiency’s relationship with bank stability and bank risk-taking. The implications are useful for policymakers, managers and governing bodies to enhance the banks’ IC efficiency.
      Citation: Competitiveness Review
      PubDate: 2021-07-13
      DOI: 10.1108/CR-03-2021-0031
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • The Covid-19 pandemic and technical efficiency of Russian firms: a
           stochastic frontier production function approach

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Parul Singh , Kashika Arora , Areej Aftab Siddiqui
      Abstract: This paper aims to undertake the efficiency analysis in the form of stochastic frontier to estimate a Cobb–Douglas production function by controlling for the heterogeneity across Russian firms by including firm size, ownership, age, innovation activity and market competition. During the peak period of Covid-19, certain firms witnessed either a decrease or increase in sales. Using this segregation of firms from World Bank’s Covid-19 impact surveys follow-up to the Enterprise Survey for Russia, this study empirically investigates the determinants of technical efficiency of these firms focusing on the role of government assistance. The findings suggest that by segregating firms in terms of sales, different internal factors can enable in steering through pandemic situation besides just depending on external assistance. One of the few papers to analyse the impact of the pandemic on Russian firms by considering World Bank Covid Survey.
      Citation: Competitiveness Review
      PubDate: 2021-07-05
      DOI: 10.1108/CR-03-2021-0037
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • The impact of high-tech companies’ performance and growth on capital
           structure

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Vladislav Spitsin , Darko B. Vukovic , Lubov Spitsina , Mustafa Özer
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the joint influence of two factors (companies’ performance and growth) on the company’s capital structure and to determine the conditions for financially sustainable competitive strategies in the coordinates profitability and growth. The study sample includes 1,996 companies from 6 high-tech industries in Russia (panel data: 7,984 observations). The authors use regression models with random effects and carry out a three-dimensional visualization of the resulting dependencies. The study found that profitability improves the capital structure (reduces the share of borrowed capital) and, on the contrary, the growth of companies (assets growth or sales growth) increases the leverage ratio. In the case of assets growth, the combined influence of two factors reduces the negative effect of assets growth. The results have shown that the outstripping growth of most high-tech companies requires an increase in debt capital and deterioration in the capital structure and financial stability. In general, based on the results of this study, the authors have identified groups of fast-growing companies that need financial support, and have defined the main areas of impact (reducing the loan burden and increasing profitability) that will allow these companies to maintain high growth rates and demonstrate advanced development. The relationships (which the authors identified between the control variables, the studied variables and leverage) were obtained for the first time for a sample of companies in high-tech industries and services in bigger transition country (Russia).
      Citation: Competitiveness Review
      PubDate: 2021-07-05
      DOI: 10.1108/CR-03-2021-0042
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Can efficient transport moderate real sector productivity'

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Noman Arshed , Muhammad Shahzad Sardar , Mubasher Iqbal
      Abstract: This study aims to test the role of infrastructure for economic growth. For this purpose, panel data of the world is selected from 1998 to 2018 and the study has used slope moderator to test the productivity of real economic activity with economic growth. In this context, the feasible generalized least square method is adopted to estimate the results. Four types of infrastructure indicators i.e. quality of air, port, rail and road are used along with disaggregated GDP. According to the results of this study, the role of industrial and agricultural value addition without infrastructure is negative. For industrial value addition, the cross product with all infrastructure types positively impacts economic growth. All the infrastructures, along with services value addition, except seaport, are contributing to economic growth positively. Along with agriculture value addition, only road infrastructure is contributing to economic growth positively. This study has also used two control variables i.e. quality of education and institutions. These variables are also found to be positive and significant with economic growth. This study explores the moderating role of quality of infrastructure sector on real sector productivity, which is leading to economic growth.
      Citation: Competitiveness Review
      PubDate: 2021-05-28
      DOI: 10.1108/CR-01-2021-0002
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • FDI inflows and bank deposits: evidence from 18 MENA economies

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Abdulazeez Y.H. Saif-Alyousfi
      Abstract: This paper aims to examine and compare the impact of foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows on bank deposits in aggregate as well as at the level of conventional and Islamic banks in Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries. The study also tests hypotheses of direct and indirect impacts of FDI flow and FDI stock on bank deposits. Static and dynamic panel generalized methods of moments (GMM) estimation techniques are applied to analyze a large data set of 491 commercial banks (422 conventional banks and 69 Islamic banks) across 18 MENA countries between 1993 and 2017 (12,275 year observations). Empirical results indicate that inflowing FDI flow and FDI stock have a significant negative direct impact on deposits of MENA banks. The results lend support for the direct channel hypothesis for the effect of FDI on bank deposits and find no evidence in support of the indirect channel hypothesis. FDI inflows affect bank deposits directly via increased FDI-related excessive competition in the banking market. Deposits from conventional banks appear to be more affected than those from Islamic banks. The variation may due to the fact that Islamic banks have fewer multinational corporations (MNC) customers than conventional banks and therefore are less sensitive to fluctuations in FDI. From this analysis, this study concludes that foreign investments have a higher productivity than local investments in MENA region. Attracting more FDI is aimed at increasing overall national productivity through competition. However, governments would be wise to enact such a policy to maximize benefits and minimize potential harm to local industry. Furthermore, FDI policy should encourage small to medium-size banks and firms (SMEs)’ participation and linkage with multinational banks and MNCs, while upgrading research and development institutions and innovation activities to help SMEs to benefit from potential spillovers from foreign presence in the industry. In addition, the linkage and connection between SMEs and foreign firms should be strengthened and promoted by government policy. This study is the first of its kind to examine the effect of FDI inflows on bank deposits. It also provides an in-depth quantitative analysis of the impact of FDI flow and FDI stock, separately, on bank deposits for both conventional and Islamic banks. It distinguishes between direct and indirect channels through which FDI inflows may affect bank deposits. The study analyzes 25 years of panel data for 491 banks (12,275 year observations) and uses both static and dynamic panel GMM estimation techniques to analyze the data.
      Citation: Competitiveness Review
      PubDate: 2021-05-13
      DOI: 10.1108/CR-05-2020-0078
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Assessing the mediating effect of sustainable competitive advantage on the
           relationship between organisational innovativeness and firm performance

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Vural Çağlıyan , Melis Attar , Aleem Abdul-Kareem
      Abstract: This study aims to assess the mediating effect of sustainable competitive advantage (SCA) on the relationship between organisational innovativeness (OI) and performance of small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) operating in Konya, Turkey. A survey method is used to collect the necessary data for this research. A total of 264 respondents from 83 SMEs partook in the study. In choosing the sample size, both purposive sampling and simple random techniques are used. The data gathered are analysed using SPSS program and Hayes PROCESS macro v.3.4.1. The results of the analyses reveal that OI has a statistically significant positive effect on SCA and firm performance (FP). Moreover, SCA is found to have a mediating effect on the relationship between OI and FP. Policymakers and management of SMEs need to show great commitment to innovativeness and relate it to SCA to create superior customer value, thereby leading to a holistic and long-term FP. This study brings to the fore empirical evidence on how SCA serves as a mediator between OI and FP. It also contributes to the literature by focusing on three distinct but related variables. The study makes theoretical contribution by highlighting the role of the resource-based theory in enhancing business performance and SCA through strategic internal resources and innovative activities.
      Citation: Competitiveness Review
      PubDate: 2021-04-08
      DOI: 10.1108/CR-10-2020-0129
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Through the liquid sunshine: international whisky market structure and
           competitiveness

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Karim Marini Thomé , Vitoria Angie Leal Paiva , Tafarel Carvalho Gois
      Abstract: The purpose of this study is to analyse the whisky market in relation to international competitiveness and international market structure. The study uses Herfindahl–Hirschman index and net export index to describe the international market structure, and revealed symmetric comparative advantage (RSCA) index to measure export competitiveness. In addition, it was developed this stability and duration through regression analysis, and used Kaplan–Meier estimator to characterize the competitiveness survival in international whisky market. The results reveal that imports market structure remained unconcentrated and, on the other hand, exports market structure is highly concentrated. Concerning the trade characteristics, UK and Ireland have a strong tendency to export; Australia, France, Japan and Spain have a strong position on import and consumption; and Latvia, The Netherlands and Singapore to re-export. About the RSCA, UK, Ireland and Latvia have highest values. UK and Ireland are totally stable during the period analysed, and other countries such as USA, Singapore and Latvia also have a greater survival rate of RSCA. This study provides a comprehensive and current analysis of the international whisky market structure and competitiveness, contributing to the analysis of the international market for products that have differentiation and focus appeal, such as whisky.
      Citation: Competitiveness Review
      PubDate: 2021-04-05
      DOI: 10.1108/CR-11-2020-0140
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Managing complexity in maritime business: understanding the smart changes
           of globalization

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Hatice Akpinar , Didem Ozer-Caylan
      Abstract: This study aims to review and try to understand the importance of complexity management for maritime business to gain competitiveness in global business environment. The purpose of the study is to discuss and evaluate managing change and requirements of understanding the complexity management. To find peer-reviewed journal publications, a large scientific database used by searching Web of Science and Scopus as the most relevant abstract and citation databases that provide peer-reviewed literature data for many different academic disciplines and selected papers evaluated from the maritime business context. As a conceptual paper, the contribution of the study is to offer practical/required management applications with the help of six proposes for making better management decisions to confront future challenges to catch organizational competitiveness and success. With adaptation of complexity management, maritime stakeholders able to create an important core competency. The research has some limitations and further research into this area should be extended. This study is designed as a first step to provide an insight to the field and to understand the main views of the subject. Subsequently, complexity management in maritime business is a slightly deficient area of research, which offers remarkable research opportunities. First, it would be fruitful to collect qualitative data to examine the current issues and changing business environment of the maritime business. Second, it would be helpful develop quantitative models to offer practical solutions from the maritime stakeholders’ point of view according to loading/discharging/transportation requirements. Future studies should deepen the subject with the help of simulation models of operations or agent based applications of stakeholder problems or vessel/ship-owner management implementations to understand changing circumstances of new business environment for the sake of managing complexity. As the core point of view in strategic management; “achieving and sustaining” competitive advantage in organizations always takes an important place in organizational survival. With the help mentioned proposes stakeholders of the system could understand the ways of dealing with the complexities of new business world which enhances organizational competitiveness. Maritime business could be defined as a social ecosystem which has it is own dynamics and customs. Socio-eco systems, like all complex systems, show unique non-linear dynamics in space and time which could be tough to define via classical quantitative methods. Organizations co-exist and co-evolve with their environment. It is possible that organizations effect their environment and gain some control over it while at the same time affected from environment and should steer the new trends. The originality of the study lies in highlighting the importance of change management as a handler of complexity management for maritime business. The contribution of the paper is to indicate expected opportunities and challenges of smart changes for relevant readiness of maritime business for better management decisions, benefiting maritime business stakeholders by simultaneously enhancing effectiveness to confront future demands to achieve organizational competitiveness. With the help of proper complexity management lenses organizations could able to create their source of competitive advantage that represents capacity to align and enable required functions under tough contextual environment.
      Citation: Competitiveness Review
      PubDate: 2021-02-26
      DOI: 10.1108/CR-10-2020-0128
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Innovation and exports: different markets, different outcomes

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Gabriela Barrère , Andrés Jung , Diego Karsaclian
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to identify different outcomes in the relation innovation–exports for a firm located in a developing country, depending upon the destination market of its exports (i.e. a developed or a developing economy). The specification strategy is a bivariate probit regression model applied to 640 Uruguayan manufacturing firms. Two simultaneous equations are used to estimate the probability of being an exporting or innovating firm. For both equations, the firm’s innovative activity and export status in the past are introduced as explanatory variables to solve endogeneity issues. When firms located in a developing economy export to another developing country, the authors find that innovation precedes exports, in line with what they would expect according to theory. When the export market is a developed economy, firms are not able to cope with both innovation and export strategies simultaneously, whether innovating to access export markets or transforming knowledge from exports into innovation. Causality could not be found and endogeneity problems were not solved. The data are limited to a sample of Uruguayan manufacturing firms during six years between 2010 and 2015, and authors do not know when did the firms began to export either to a developed or a developing economy. Furthermore, the database indicates if a developed economy is between the three main export markets of the firm or not, but authors do not know what kind of products (i.e. their technological level) are exported by the firm to that destination. Although the link between innovation and exports is an important topic for firms and policymakers, the main bulk of empirical studies has ignored the role of destination markets. This study attempts to fill this gap contributing to a better understanding of the differences in the relation between innovation and exports (i.e. its sequence), when the destination market is a developed or a developing economy.
      Citation: Competitiveness Review
      PubDate: 2021-02-11
      DOI: 10.1108/CR-09-2020-0111
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Leveraging competitiveness to develop optimal strategies: evidence from
           the restaurant industry

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Chia-Ning Chiu
      Abstract: Performance evaluation is a good way to improve competitiveness, and leveraging competitiveness is vital to developing optimal strategies and sustainable development for the growing restaurant industry in the USA and across the globe. This study can benefit from the methods to inform business strategies and decisions. Through the combination of two methods, this paper aims to provide novel perspectives to realize each restaurant company’s resource allocation and performance, to know their market position compared to with other competitors, and then to develop their own business strategies. This study proposes an application of slack-based measure (SBM) to determine input excesses and output shortfalls of the restaurant industry. Subsequently, context-dependent data envelopment analysis (DEA) is used to identify the level of each restaurant company and compute the relative attractiveness and progress scores for each restaurant at each level, positioning each restaurant company’s stance in their markets. The empirical results reveal that management teams need to pay more attention to human resources, asset management and food cost control because the analysis of SBM model shows an opportunity for restaurant companies to adjust their hiring numbers to reach the optimal amount of employees. In addition, restaurant companies are categorized by their efficient frontiers into four levels using context-dependent DEA. Furthermore, the findings provide the four quadrants that each restaurant company falls into. Each of those four quadrants can guide the types of strategies a restaurant should adopt. This study can help the publicly traded restaurant companies to identify their market position with target benchmarks, and then to develop optimal strategies and future plans for growth.
      Citation: Competitiveness Review
      PubDate: 2021-02-08
      DOI: 10.1108/CR-04-2020-0058
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Entrepreneurial environment attractiveness: a cross-country longitudinal
           cluster analysis

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Clarice Secches Kogut , Luíza Neves Marques da Fonseca , Jorge Ferreira da Silva
      Abstract: The purpose of this work is to explore what determines a country’s entrepreneurial environment attractiveness, by understanding how countries compare regarding their business environment and entrepreneurial opportunities and whether such aspects have changed over time. Through a longitudinal country-level cluster analysis of business environments (years 2001 and 2016), this study captures changes in classification of both emerging and developed market economies throughout an attractiveness spectrum, from least to most attractive environments. Interesting findings involve the difference in trajectories of emerging economies, such as India compared to the stagnation of Brazil, Argentina and South Korea in the 15-year period. The paper seeks to contribute to the debate on the attractiveness of the entrepreneurial environment beyond the simple notion of most and least economically developed countries by providing a framework for dynamic cross-country analysis of entrepreneurial environmental attractiveness that can be further explored, tested and expanded. Main limitations relate to the non-exhaustive sample of countries and variables. Contributions are both academic and managerial: helping to fill important research gaps in international entrepreneurship, namely, environmental conditions, cross-country comparisons (Coombs et al., 2009) and the understanding of elements of the investment climate (Stern, 2002); and assisting managers, entrepreneurs and policymakers understand what defines a country’s entrepreneurial environment attractiveness to better evaluate potential locations for investment. The originality of the paper lies in using cluster analysis in a longitudinal study of country attractiveness, as well as in advancing the debate of country attractiveness, by adding a temporal dimension (from factors that are less structural to more conjunctural) and a comparative dimension in a new cross-country comparison framework of analysis.
      Citation: Competitiveness Review
      PubDate: 2021-02-08
      DOI: 10.1108/CR-06-2020-0081
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Determinants of the exit value in European venture capital-backed
           technology startups

         This is an Open Access Article Open Access Article

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Benedetta Montanaro , Angelo Cavallo , Giancarlo Giudici , Antonio Ghezzi
      Abstract: This study aims to analyze the impact of different exit alternatives, investor presence and founders’ human capital on the exit value of European venture capital (VC)-backed high technology startups. The empirical analysis is based on a sample of 107 European firms that obtained an exit through Merger&Acquisition (M&A) or an initial public offering (IPO) between 2010 and 2017, backed by VC investors. This study provides empirical evidence on how different exit alternatives, investor heterogeneity and founders’ human capital may affect the exit value of European VC-backed startups. Exiting through an IPO and retaining a larger equity stake are positively correlated with the exit value. The presence of business angels and non-governmental VC firms is associated with larger valuations. Founders’ previous education was positively correlated with the exit value. Exit strategies in technology startups are essential to capitalize investors’ efforts and reinvest cash into new ventures, supporting the development of entrepreneurial ecosystems and countries’ competitiveness. The results of this study provide interesting hints for policymakers and contribute to an in-depth understanding of the drivers of exit valuation for startups.
      Citation: Competitiveness Review
      PubDate: 2021-12-21
      DOI: 10.1108/CR-03-2021-0032
      Issue No: Vol. 32 , No. 7 (2021)
       
  • Evaluating farm and export competitiveness of the Irish dairy industry:
           post-quota analysis

         This is an Open Access Article Open Access Article

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Lungelo Prince Cele , Thia Hennessy , Fiona Thorne
      Abstract: This paper aims to examine the competitiveness trends and rankings of the Irish dairy sector at the farm and trade levels, relative to selected European Union (EU) Member States, in the context of the removal of the EU milk quota in 2015. Competitiveness indicators including partial productivity measures and accountancy-based indicators were used for farm competitiveness, and net export market share and normalised revealed comparative advantage (NRCA) were used for export competitiveness. Amongst the countries examined, Ireland had the highest growth in partial productivity indicators and was ranked first with the lowest total costs and cash costs per kg of milk solids post-quota. However, the total economic cost sub-components showed that Irish dairy farmers had high opportunity costs for owned land and labour. While Irish dairy products such as butter and powders have demonstrated growth potential in competitiveness post-quota with Irish butter and whey ranked in top three relative to other countries, other products, i.e. cheese and liquid milk have declined in competitiveness according to key export competitiveness indicators used. The challenge for Irish dairy farmers is how to mitigate relatively high land and labour costs, which can limit farm competitiveness in the long run. The key players in the Irish dairy industry can now better position themselves in the global dairy market, recognizing the competitiveness dynamics of the different dairy products and their competitors. Policy implications and further areas of research have been identified to help improve the overall competitiveness position. It is surprising that Irish butter is a leader in the EU, yet not much research has been done to understand the market dynamics of this sector. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this study is the first of its kind to use both farm and export competitiveness measures to analyse the Irish dairy industry relative to other countries in the context of quota abolition. Unlike previous studies on dairy export competitiveness, this study has disaggregated the processed dairy products, which allowed for the ranking of countries and comparability across countries using NRCA.
      Citation: Competitiveness Review
      PubDate: 2021-09-16
      DOI: 10.1108/CR-11-2020-0136
      Issue No: Vol. 32 , No. 7 (2021)
       
  • Opening up to startup collaborations: open business models and value
           co-creation in SMEs

         This is an Open Access Article Open Access Article

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Antonio Ghezzi , Angelo Cavallo , Silvia Sanasi , Andrea Rangone
      Abstract: This study aims at exploring how small and medium enterprises (SMEs) can implement a more open and co-creational business model by actively collaborating with startups. Because of the novelty of the SME–startup collaboration phenomenon and to the depth of the investigation required to grasp the mechanisms and logic of an open and co-creational business model, a single-case study has been performed related to investigating a collaboration between an SME and a startup. The authors provide detailed empirical evidence on how SMEs may structure a “systematic” approach to design and execute an open business model enabled by startup collaboration. Moreover, this study suggests that the business model innovation process represents a necessary forerunner of an open business model. Finally, the authors contend that research on open business models should entail a broader perspective beyond the innovation process, to include business model validation through testing approaches like the lean startup. This study takes as the locus of investigation the original perspective of the external partner of a focal firm willing to innovate. This study offers a unique contribution because, to date, few studies adopted such view within a relevant and under-remarked empirical setting linking SMEs and innovative startups.
      Citation: Competitiveness Review
      PubDate: 2021-08-28
      DOI: 10.1108/CR-04-2020-0057
      Issue No: Vol. 32 , No. 7 (2021)
       
  • Corporate social responsibility, green innovation and competitiveness –
           causality in manufacturing

         This is an Open Access Article Open Access Article

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Carmen Paola Padilla-Lozano , Pablo Collazzo
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to explore the interplay of corporate social responsibility (CSR) and green innovation in boosting competitiveness in manufacturing in an emerging market context. This study adds green innovation as mediator in the relationship between CSR and competitiveness. A model with three second-order constructs is developed and tested, in a sample of 325 managers from manufacturing companies in Ecuador, using quantitative and cross-section methods. After obtaining adjusted and validated measurement models, a structural equation model was conducted, where the main hypotheses were confirmed, providing empirical evidence that CSR and green innovation significantly influence manufacturing competitiveness in a developing economy. This study considers only manufacturing companies in Ecuador, focusing on CSR practices in a single territorial case study. It arguably contributes to reinforce the business case for CSR, with new evidence on the causal relationships between CSR, green innovation and competitiveness, in the context of emerging market manufacturing industries. Although the literature often points at a positive relationship between CSR and firm-level competitiveness, supporting empirical evidence remains scarce. This model, introducing green innovation as mediator in the relationship between CSR and competitiveness in developing markets, accounts for a novel theoretical approach. The findings are consistent with previous research, reporting the positive influence of CSR activities on organizational competitiveness, reducing risks and cost structures, as well as improving the relationship with employees, enhancing talent attraction, retention and productivity. Incorporating formal CSR tools to the model allowed us to highlight the relevance of ‘green’ certifications as a means to provide a competitive edge, along with increased bargaining power in the supply chain, resulting in competitiveness gains. The findings on the role of green innovation suggest a transition from cost-savings to a more strategic leverage on responsible innovation as a source of competitive advantage. Additionally, this research contributes to shed light on the impact of green processes and product innovations on social and environmental performance, providing evidence of a more efficient use of energy and natural resources, increasing productivity and by extension, profitability. CSR shapes an innovation culture that, through the use of social, environmental and sustainability controllers, can create new business models, products, services or processes that boost both firm-level and supply chain productivity, benefits that eventually spill over to the host community. This study aims at bridging the research gap on the interplay of CSR, green innovation and competitiveness in manufacturing in an emerging market context.
      Citation: Competitiveness Review
      PubDate: 2021-08-16
      DOI: 10.1108/CR-12-2020-0160
      Issue No: Vol. 32 , No. 7 (2021)
       
  • Competitiveness Review

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

       
 
JournalTOCs
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Email: journaltocs@hw.ac.uk
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
 


Your IP address: 35.170.82.159
 
Home (Search)
API
About JournalTOCs
News (blog, publications)
JournalTOCs on Twitter   JournalTOCs on Facebook

JournalTOCs © 2009-