Subjects -> BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (Total: 3614 journals)
    - ACCOUNTING (132 journals)
    - BANKING AND FINANCE (306 journals)
    - BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (1276 journals)
    - CONSUMER EDUCATION AND PROTECTION (20 journals)
    - COOPERATIVES (4 journals)
    - ECONOMIC SCIENCES: GENERAL (212 journals)
    - ECONOMIC SYSTEMS, THEORIES AND HISTORY (235 journals)
    - FASHION AND CONSUMER TRENDS (20 journals)
    - HUMAN RESOURCES (103 journals)
    - INSURANCE (26 journals)
    - INTERNATIONAL COMMERCE (145 journals)
    - INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT AND AID (103 journals)
    - INVESTMENTS (22 journals)
    - LABOR AND INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS (61 journals)
    - MACROECONOMICS (17 journals)
    - MANAGEMENT (611 journals)
    - MARKETING AND PURCHASING (116 journals)
    - MICROECONOMICS (23 journals)
    - PRODUCTION OF GOODS AND SERVICES (143 journals)
    - PUBLIC FINANCE, TAXATION (37 journals)
    - TRADE AND INDUSTRIAL DIRECTORIES (2 journals)

BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (1276 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 1566 Journals sorted alphabetically
360 : Revista de Ciencias de la Gestión     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
4OR: A Quarterly Journal of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Abacus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Accounting Forum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Acta Amazonica     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Commercii     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Marisiensis : Seria Oeconomica     Open Access  
Acta Oeconomica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Acta Scientiarum. Human and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Acta Universitatis Danubius. Œconomica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Universitatis Lodziensis : Folia Geographica Socio-Oeconomica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Universitatis Nicolai Copernici Zarządzanie     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
AD-minister     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Adam Academy : Journal of Social Sciences / Adam Akademi : Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
AdBispreneur : Jurnal Pemikiran dan Penelitian Administrasi Bisnis dan Kewirausahaan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Admisi dan Bisnis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advanced Sustainable Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Economics and Business     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Africa Journal of Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
AfricaGrowth Agenda     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
African Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67)
African Business     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
African Development Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
African Journal of Business and Economic Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Business Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
African Review of Economics and Finance     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Afro Eurasian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Afro-Asian Journal of Finance and Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Agronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Akademik Yaklaşımlar Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AL-Qadisiyah Journal For Administrative and Economic sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alphanumeric Journal : The Journal of Operations Research, Statistics, Econometrics and Management Information Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
American Economic Journal : Applied Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 211)
American Enterprise Institute     Free   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Business     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
American Journal of Business and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 52)
American Journal of Business Education     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
American Journal of Economics and Business Administration     Open Access   (Followers: 33)
American Journal of Economics and Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
American Journal of Finance and Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
American Law and Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
ANALES de la Universidad Central del Ecuador     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ankara University SBF Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annales de l'Institut Henri Poincare (C) Non Linear Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Annals in Social Responsibility     Full-text available via subscription  
Annals of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Annals of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annual Review of Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 42)
Anuario Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Developmental Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58)
Applied Economics Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Applied Economics Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Applied Financial Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Applied Mathematical Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Applied Stochastic Models in Business and Industry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Apuntes Universitarios     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arab Economic and Business Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Archives of Business Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Arena Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Argomenti. Rivista di economia, cultura e ricerca sociale     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
ASEAN Economic Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Asia Pacific Business Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 219)
Asia Pacific Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asia Pacific Viewpoint     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Operational Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asia-Pacific Management and Business Application     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Business Review     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Case Research Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Asian Development Review     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Asian Economic Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Asian Economic Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asian Economic Policy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Asian Journal of Economics, Business and Accounting     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Management Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asian Journal of Sustainability and Social Responsibility     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Technology Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asian-pacific Economic Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Atlantic Economic Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Australasian Journal of Regional Studies, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Cottongrower, The     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian Economic Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Australian Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Australian Journal of Maritime and Ocean Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Balkan Region Conference on Engineering and Business Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Baltic Journal of Real Estate Economics and Construction Management     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Banks in Insurance Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
BBR - Brazilian Business Review     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Benchmarking : An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Benefit : Jurnal Manajemen dan Bisnis     Open Access  
Berkeley Business Law Journal     Free   (Followers: 11)
Beta : Scandinavian Journal of Business Research     Full-text available via subscription  
Bio-based and Applied Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biodegradation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biology Direct     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
BizInfo (Blace) Journal of Economics, Management and Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Black Enterprise     Full-text available via subscription  
Board & Administrator for Administrators only     Hybrid Journal  
Boletim Técnico do Senac     Open Access  
Border Crossing : Transnational Working Papers     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Brazilian Business Review     Open Access  
Briefings in Real Estate Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
British Journal of Industrial Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Brookings Papers on Economic Activity     Open Access   (Followers: 67)
Brookings Trade Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
BU Academic Review     Open Access  
Bulletin of Economic Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Bulletin of the Dnipropetrovsk University. Series : Management of Innovations     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Business & Entrepreneurship Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Business & Information Systems Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Business : Theory and Practice / Verslas : Teorija ir Praktika     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Business and Economic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Business and Management Horizons     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Business and Management Research     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Business and Management Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Business and Society Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Business Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Business Ethics Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Business Ethics: A European Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Business Horizons     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Business Management Analysis Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Business Management and Strategy     Open Access   (Followers: 38)
Business Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Business Review Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Business Strategy and Development     Hybrid Journal  
Business Strategy and the Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Business Strategy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Business Strategy Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Business Systems & Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Business, Economics and Management Research Journal : BEMAREJ     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Business, Management and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Business: Theory and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cambridge Journal of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 75)
Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Canadian Journal of Administrative Sciences / Revue Canadienne des Sciences de l Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue Canadienne d`Economique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Canadian journal of nonprofit and social economy research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Capitalism Nature Socialism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Case Studies in Business and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Central European Business Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Central European Journal of Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Central European Journal of Public Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Chain Reaction     Full-text available via subscription  
Challenge     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Chandrakasem Rajabhat University Journal of Graduate School     Open Access  
China & World Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
China : An International Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
China Economic Journal : The Official Journal of the China Center for Economic Research (CCER) at Peking University     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
China Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
China Finance Review International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
China perspectives     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Chinese Economy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Chinese Journal of Population, Resources and Environment     Open Access  
Chinese Journal of Social Science and Management     Open Access  
Christian University of Thailand Journal     Open Access  
Chulalongkorn Business Review     Open Access  
Ciencia, Economía y Negocios     Open Access  
Circular Economy and Sustainability     Hybrid Journal  
Cleaner and Responsible Consumption     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cleaner Logistics and Supply Chain     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Climate and Energy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
CLIO América     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cliometrica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Colombo Business Journal     Open Access  
Community Development Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Compendium : Cuadernos de Economía y Administración     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Competitive Intelligence Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Competitiveness Review : An International Business Journal incorporating Journal of Global Competitiveness     Hybrid Journal  
Computational Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Computational Mathematics and Modeling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Computer Law & Security Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Computers & Operations Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Consilience : The Journal of Sustainable Development     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Construction Innovation: Information, Process, Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Consumer Behavior Studies Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Consumer Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Contemporary Wales     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Contextus - Revista Contemporânea de Economia e Gestão     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Continuity & Resilience Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Contributions to Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Corporate Communications An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Corporate Philanthropy Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Corporate Reputation Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Creative and Knowledge Society     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Creative Industries Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Crossing the Border : International Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cuadernos de Administración (Universidad del Valle)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Economía     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cuadernos de Economia - Latin American Journal of Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cuadernos de Estudios Empresariales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Cambridge Journal of Economics
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.764
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 75  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0309-166X - ISSN (Online) 1464-3545
Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [419 journals]
  • Social positioning theory

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Lawson T.
      Pages: 1 - 39
      Abstract: The theory of social positioning is an account of social constitution in which organising structure is key. A core component of the theory is a conception of the nature of specifically community structure and the manner whereby human beings and other phenomena are organised through it. The primary objective of this paper is simply to systematise the (continuously evolving) theory, and in particular this core component, as it currently stands. The theory has implications for both substantive social analysis and projects of social transformation. In the current paper, it is (mostly) the theory’s usefulness to the former that is highlighted, through the inclusion of an illustration of how the theory contributes to resolving long standing puzzles at the substantive level, and specifically those connected to the theorising of the nature of money.
      PubDate: Fri, 12 Nov 2021 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cje/beab040
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Frank Ramsey’s place in the history of mathematical economics: not
           what you think

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Duarte P; Misak C.
      Pages: 41 - 56
      Abstract: Frank Ramsey is a towering figure in economics. His two papers published in the 1920s are responsible for his reputation as a pioneer in mathematical economics. Economists and historians of economics disagree on how to read Ramsey. One point of contention is whether he introduced the use of a representative agent or instead employed a social welfare function. We intend to clarify this question by further complicating it. It is clear from archival materials, including a previously undiscovered paper (‘Mathematical Economics’), that he was not a trailblazer in mathematical analyses of economic questions. Ramsey was a socialist who was inclined to theories of value and psychology that went beyond utility. He struggled with the tension between what is good for the individual and what is good for society. He was sure that utilitarian psychology was not an accurate basis for economics and he was sceptical of its idealizations.
      PubDate: Wed, 29 Dec 2021 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cje/beab056
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • The unintended consequences of the regulation of cryptocurrencies

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Sauce L.
      Pages: 57 - 71
      Abstract: This paper investigates whether the application of the latest guidance of the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) for regulating cryptocurrencies may engender unintended consequences at odds with the initial purposes of transparency and technology neutrality. For instance, we will ask whether regulation strengthening may incite a category of investors to flight to unregulated and non-compliant decentralised exchange platforms to stay under the radar of regulators. Furthermore, we ask whether regulation may lead to a two-tier industry, fragmented between compliant trading venues that attract mainstream users and non-compliant trading venues that attract privacy-centric users. We argue that somewhat paradoxically, regulation may push part of the crypto-industry to the ‘dark side’ of financial innovation and drives privacy-centric investors out of the scope of regulators.
      PubDate: Wed, 15 Dec 2021 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cje/beab053
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Induced shifting involvements and cycles of growth and distribution

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Nikiforos M.
      Pages: 73 - 103
      Abstract: The paper builds on the concept of (shifting) involvements, originally proposed by Albert Hirschman (1982). However, unlike Hirschman, the concept is framed in class terms. A model is presented where income distribution is determined by the involvement of the two classes, capitalists and workers. Higher involvement by capitalists and lower involvement by workers tends to increase the profit share and vice versa. In turn, shifts in involvements are induced by the potential effect of a change in distribution on economic activity and past levels of distribution. On the other hand, as the profit share increases, the economy tends to become more wage led. The dynamics of the resulting model are interesting. The more the two classes prioritise the increase of their income share over economic activity, the more possible it is that the economy is unstable. Under the stable configuration, the most likely outcome is Polanyian predator–prey cycles, which can explain some interesting historical episodes during the twentieth century. Finally, the paper discusses the possibility of conflict and cooperation within each of the distribution-led regimes.
      PubDate: Mon, 20 Sep 2021 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cje/beab038
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • From the entrepreneurial to the ossified economy

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      Authors: Naudé W.
      Pages: 105 - 131
      Abstract: Entrepreneurship in advanced economies is in decline. Instead of becoming ‘entrepreneurial’, as was anticipated in the 1990s, today, these economies are better described as ossified. This paper starts by documenting the decline in entrepreneurship. It then critically discusses extant explanations for the decline. While having merit, these explanations are restricted to proximate and supply-side causes. Given these shortcomings, an additional perspective is contributed: it is argued that adverse scale effects from rising complexity, and long-run aggregate demand changes, account for the ossification of advanced economies. Implications for entrepreneurship scholarship are drawn.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Sep 2021 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cje/beab042
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Out of balance' Revisiting the nexus of income inequality, household
           debt and current account imbalances after the Great Recession

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Ascione F; Schnetzer M.
      Pages: 133 - 165
      Abstract: Rising current account imbalances around the globe preceded the Great Recession in the late 2000s. These imbalances narrowed significantly during the crisis mainly due to a negative demand shock and plummeting imports in deficit countries. While income inequality and household debt played a pivotal role in current account imbalances prior to the crisis, it is unclear whether these relations still hold when including the post-crisis era. We estimate current account determinants using a panel of 31 OECD countries over 45 years and include measures for functional and personal income distribution as well as household debt. We find a sustained relation between income inequality and current accounts when including the post-crisis period, while the link to household debt diminishes, indicating a change in the debt regime in a number of countries.
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Oct 2021 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cje/beab044
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Drivers of deindustrialisation in internationally fragmented production
           structures

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      Authors: Lábaj M; Majzlíková E.
      Pages: 167 - 194
      Abstract: This paper provides detailed evidence on the extent of outsourcing and offshoring of manufacturing employment and value added using a regional subsystem input–output framework. The paper argues that direct employment and the value-added shares of manufacturing in the totals underestimate manufacturing’s importance. Jobs in manufacturing subsystems accounted for more than 25% of total worldwide employment, in contrast to just 15% recorded in direct statistics. In major developed countries, the level of intersectoral outsourcing reached its upper limit at the beginning of the new millennium. At the same time, the offshoring of activities interlinked with manufacturing has become the dominant driver of deindustrialisation in these countries. While direct manufacturing employment and intersectoral outsourcing declined between 2000 and 2014, offshoring experienced a significant increase of 6.5 percentage points, from 29% to 35.5% of the total employment generated under the G7 manufacturing subsystem. Furthermore, 84% of the value added that existed to meet the final demand for manufactured products in G7 countries remained in G7 countries, while most of the jobs needed to meet G7 final demand have been offshored to developing countries. The paper concludes that the importance of manufacturing subsystems for the world economy did not decline over 2000–14, but there was a significant shift of manufacturing activities and related services from G7 countries to China and other rapidly growing economies.
      PubDate: Tue, 09 Nov 2021 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cje/beab046
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Path dependence and stagnation in a classical growth model

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Michl T; Tavani D.
      Pages: 195 - 218
      Abstract: This paper embeds a technical progress function in a classical growth model and studies the effects of permanent changes in parameters and temporary shocks such as pandemics. Technical change is driven by dynamic economies of scale and responds to distributional forces: the wage share regulates labour-saving technical change and employment regulates its capital-using bias. The model features path dependence in the employment-population rate and the output-capital ratio. Population growth and distribution can respond to the employment rate. Interpreted through the model, secular stagnation under neoliberal capitalism has been driven by a combination of diminished investment and reduced worker bargaining power more than by slower technical change and population growth. A temporary unfavourable shock to the output-capital ratio will permanently reduce the employment rate. In the fully endogenous model, this will increase the profit share and reduce the rates of technical change, capital accumulation, and population growth.
      PubDate: Fri, 19 Nov 2021 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cje/beab045
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Profitability of small- and medium-sized enterprises in Marshall’s time:
           sector and spatial heterogeneity in the nineteenth century

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Bennett R; Smith H, Montebruno P, et al.
      Pages: 219 - 249
      Abstract: New data on profit heterogeneity of small- and medium-sized firms for 1861–81 in England and Wales are used to reinterpret Marshall's contemporary insights. Profit level differences are chiefly explained by location, mainly urbanisation effects. But profitability (profit per worker) is mainly explained by sectors, at both 1-digit and 5-digit level. Sector market opportunities reflected barriers to market entry which limited substitutability for the services of the professions, some manufacturing and maker-dealing industries. Localisation mainly reflected urban/rural differences, accessibility to railways and to a lesser extent waterways. Differences in firm-level organisation (measured by portfolio diversification and partnerships) were less significant for explaining profit heterogeneity than sector or localisation. Demographic effects such as an entrepreneur's age had little significance. Marshall's insight of convergence to mean industry-sector profitability, with localisation as a secondary influence, is confirmed, but there remain unexplained elements of heterogeneity indicating important roles of entrepreneurial agency.
      PubDate: Fri, 24 Dec 2021 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cje/beab055
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 1 (2021)
       
 
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