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Journal of World Investment & Trade     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
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American Journal of Trade and Policy
Number of Followers: 2  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2313-4747 - ISSN (Online) 2313-4755
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  • Run Gauntlets or Pay Pirates' Regulating Vessel Speeds in High-Risk

    • Authors: Ryan W. McDowell
      First page: 155
      Abstract: Maritime commerce in world commerce. Each year, vessels carry more cargo at higher costs and faster speeds. Insurance is an integral part of shipping, as it protects cargoes and crews against the perils of the sea. This article focuses on the peril of piracy, a criminal practice that has evolved significantly throughout history. Pirates today, as pirates of the past, prey upon the unprotected. Yet, modern piracy, unlike historical piracy, is essentially non-violent. The modern pirate profits from ransom, not theft. Today, piracy is a monetary risk with compu­­­table consequences: an insurable threat. Anti-piracy methods, including insurance, impose steep costs to world trade. In the past decade, pirate activity has declined while piracy insurance has grown more expensive. This phenomenon is problematic, but an industry-wide solution is a challenging construct. To handle the costly risks of piracy is to balance the distinct and competing interests of ship-owners, insurers, operators, and governments. As this Article argues, insurance can more efficiently mitigate piracy’s puzzling risk. After discussing maritime piracy and maritime insurance, this Article outlines the legal and regulatory schema for a system to mandate the speeds of vessels that transit pirate-prone waters. The proposed regulation is mechanically sound, logistically feasible, cost-effective, and enforceable. To diminish the costly risk of piracy, this Article proposes revising a treaty to afford the International Maritime Organization (IMO) jurisdiction to regulate vessel speeds on the high seas.
      PubDate: Fri, 21 May 2021 00:00:00 -060
      DOI: 10.18034/ajtp.v8i2.540
  • America’s Failing Trade War With China: A Focus on Fentanyl

    • Authors: Corinna K. Hamilton
      First page: 171
      Abstract: As this article will explain in detail, much of the fentanyl reaching the hands of Americans comes from The People’s Republic of China (“China”). However, as seen by the rise in overdoses, most efforts to control the invasion of fentanyl have been unsuccessful. Although the federal and state governments have attempted to curtail this crisis by imposing sanctions and urging China to regulate production and shipping of the substance, fentanyl continues to flood the streets of the U.S. Moreover, the economic interdependence between the two nations complicates the matter. Because of this interdependence, the U.S. must take control of the situation. The U.S. fentanyl problem will persist if Americans are not dissuaded from using the drug. We must focus on the demand, rather than the supply. This comment focuses on the rise of opioids and synthetic pain relievers, and the variety of attempts at decreasing the number of addicts and overdoses. Initially, the comment will discuss the history of the popular drug opium, opiates, and prescription opioids, discussing state and federal attempts at curbing the crisis that the U.S. faces. It will address the rise of synthetic opioids, such as fentanyl, and how and why it was created. Section two will discuss how fentanyl and its precursors are imported into the U.S. from China. Section three will discuss U.S. federal and state attempts at legislation to control the flow of fentanyl into the U.S. Section four will address the implications, or perhaps fuel to the fire, that the influx in the supply of fentanyl from China has had on trade relations, and how the trade linkage between the two nations obfuscates the situation. The comment will conclude by hypothesizing how the U.S. and China will recalibrate their relationship and recommend that to combat the fentanyl emergency, the U.S. needs to take steps to offer Americans with drug addictions the assistance they need.
      PubDate: Tue, 20 Jul 2021 00:00:00 -060
      DOI: 10.18034/ajtp.v8i2.562
  • The COVID-19 Vaccine and the Future of International Laws in Business,
           Travel, and Trade

    • Authors: Melanie Lane
      First page: 183
      Abstract: Since COVID-19, the world has been constantly evolving to adapt. Finding a cure quickly became the focus worldwide which altered set approaches to intellectual property rights. Additionally, creating a controversial vaccine has led to several more questions for the future. With varying vaccines and standards throughout the world, travel, business, and trade may face new challenges which change the current systems.
      PubDate: Mon, 09 Aug 2021 00:00:00 -060
      DOI: 10.18034/ajtp.v8i2.564
  • Materiality of Disclosure of Non-financial Sustainability Information and
           Company Financial Performance: Evidence from Australian Listed Companies

    • Authors: Ashraf Al Mamun
      First page: 199
      Abstract: The broad objective of this paper is to investigate the relationships between the disclosure of non-financial material sustainability information and the financial performance of listed Australian companies in the materials sector. Using firm-level fixed-effects analysis for all companies, the findings show a mixed relationship (no relationship or statistically significant negative relationship) between lagged aggregate non-financial material sustainability disclosure and financial performance of Australian listed companies in the materials sector. The present study contributes to the existing literature on disclosure of non-financial sustainability information by adding insights into the materiality concept of non-financial sustainability disclosure in the Australian context. The evidence from the current study is expected to provide useful information for the companies’ stakeholders in Australia who use both financial and non-financial information for formulating business and regulatory policies and for decisions regarding the persistent expansion of sustainability reporting requirements.   Funding Acknowledgement: This study is funded by the “Australian Government Research Training Program (RTP) Scholarship”.
      PubDate: Wed, 25 Aug 2021 00:00:00 -060
      DOI: 10.18034/ajtp.v8i2.565
  • The Impact of Credit Risk Management Indicators on Profitability
           Attributes: Evidence from the State-Owned Commercial Banks in Bangladesh

    • Authors: Mst. Hasna Banu; Md. Sayaduzzaman, Subhash Chandra Sil
      First page: 215
      Abstract: The focal attempt of this research is to identify the consequence of credit risk management indicators on profitableness attributes of state-owned commercial banks functioning in Bangladesh. To attain the objectives of this research study researcher has analyzed four sample banks’ audited annual reports covering the period 2012 to 2016. The study has employed the ANOVA technique, multiple regression model, and correlation matrix to reach the concluding remark as per study objectives. The findings revealed that there is significant and insignificant variation as well as relationship in the different indicators of credit risk management but there is insignificant variation in the different attributes of profitability in the midst of the sample banks within the study period. Furthermore, there is the insignificant impact of the different indicators of credit risk management namely loan and advance, classified loan, unclassified loan, leverage ratio, bad debt, default ratio, cost per loan asset, and cost to income ratio on profitability attributes such as return on assets, return on equity along with net profit percentage of the sample banks over the study period. Hence, the study has recommended that the management of the banking sector should emphasize creating a smart credit management policy as well as lending guidelines to formulate the suitable credit risk management practice to meet the demand of loans applicants properly.
      PubDate: Wed, 06 Oct 2021 00:00:00 -060
      DOI: 10.18034/ajtp.v8i3.576
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