Subjects -> LAW (Total: 1397 journals)
    - CIVIL LAW (30 journals)
    - CONSTITUTIONAL LAW (52 journals)
    - CORPORATE LAW (65 journals)
    - CRIMINAL LAW (28 journals)
    - FAMILY AND MATRIMONIAL LAW (23 journals)
    - INTERNATIONAL LAW (161 journals)
    - JUDICIAL SYSTEMS (23 journals)
    - LAW (843 journals)
    - LAW: GENERAL (11 journals)

LAW (843 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4 5     

Showing 201 - 354 of 354 Journals sorted alphabetically
Evaluation Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Evidence & Policy : A Journal of Research, Debate and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Federal Law Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 48)
Feminist Legal Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
feminists@law     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Fiat Justisia     Open Access  
First Amendment Studies     Hybrid Journal  
Florida Bar News     Free  
Fordham Environmental Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Fordham Intellectual Property, Media and Entertainment Law Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Fordham Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Forensic Science International : Mind and Law     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
FORO. Revista de Ciencias Jurídicas y Sociales, Nueva Época     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Frónesis     Open Access  
Geoforum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
George Washington Law Review     Free   (Followers: 7)
Georgia State University Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
German Law Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Energy Law and Sustainability     Hybrid Journal  
Global Journal of Comparative Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Global Labour Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Golden Gate University Environmental Law Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Golden Gate University Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Graduate Law Journal     Open Access  
Grey Room     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Griffith Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
GRUR International     Full-text available via subscription  
GSTF Journal of Law and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hakam : Jurnal Kajian Hukum Islam dan Hukum Ekonomi Islam     Open Access  
Haramaya Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Harvard Environmental Law Review     Free   (Followers: 13)
Harvard Human Rights Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Harvard Journal of Law & Public Policy     Free   (Followers: 34)
Harvard Journal of Law and Gender     Free   (Followers: 24)
Harvard Law Review     Free   (Followers: 95)
Hasanuddin Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hastings Law Journal     Free   (Followers: 8)
Health Matrix : The Journal of Law-Medicine     Open Access  
Helsinki Law Review     Open Access  
High Court Quarterly Review, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Hofstra Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Horyzonty Polityki     Open Access  
Houston Law Review     Free   (Followers: 4)
Hukum Islam     Open Access  
IALS Student Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
IDÉIAS : Revista dos estudantes da Faculdade de Direito do Recife (UFPE)     Open Access  
IDP. Revista de Internet, Derecho y Politica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ihering : Cuadernos de Ciencias Jurídicas y Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian Law Review     Hybrid Journal  
Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
Indiana Law Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indigenous Law Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Indigenous Peoples’ Journal of Law, Culture & Resistance     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indonesia Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indonesian Journal of Law and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indonesian Journal of Legal and Forensic Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Information & Communications Technology Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
InSURgência : revista de direitos e movimentos sociais     Open Access  
Inter: Revista de Direito Internacional e Direitos Humanos da UFRJ     Open Access  
Intergenerational Justice Review     Open Access  
International and Comparative Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Cybersecurity Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Data Privacy Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
International Free and Open Source Software Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Children's Rights     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
International Journal of Clinical Legal Education     Open Access  
International Journal of Culture and Modernity     Open Access  
International Journal of Disclosure and Governance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Healthcare Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Language & Law     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Law and Politics Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Law Reconstruction     Open Access  
International Journal of Legal Information     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 50)
International Journal of Legal Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Liability and Scientific Enquiry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
International Journal of Mental Health and Capacity Law     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Public Legal Education     Open Access  
International Journal of Punishment and Sentencing, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Rural Law and Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Speech Language and the Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Technology Policy and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of the Legal Profession     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Law Research     Open Access  
International Peacekeeping     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 255)
International Sports Law Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Theory: A Journal of International Politics, Law and Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
IP Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Isonomía. Revista de Teoría y Filosofía del Derecho     Open Access  
Italian Review of Legal History     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Iter Ad Veritatem     Open Access  
Iuris Dictio     Open Access  
Iuris Tantum Revista Boliviana de Derecho     Open Access  
Ius Canonicum     Full-text available via subscription  
Ius et Praxis     Open Access  
IUS ET SCIENTIA     Open Access  
IUSTA : Derecho, investigación, conflicto, prácticas jurídicas     Open Access  
James Cook University Law Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Jeffrey S. Moorad Sports Law Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
JILS (Journal of Indonesian Legal Studies)     Open Access  
Jindal Global Law Review     Hybrid Journal  
John Marshall Law Review     Full-text available via subscription  
John Marshall Review of Intellectual Property Law     Free   (Followers: 8)
Journal for European Environmental & Planning Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of African Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Applied Law and Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Banking Regulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Business & Technology Law     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Commonwealth Law and Legal Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Conflict and Security Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Digital Forensics, Security and Law     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Dinamika Hukum     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Empirical Legal Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Energy & Natural Resources Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Environmental Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Environmental Policy & Planning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of European Consumer and Market Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Gender, Social Policy & the Law     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Human Security     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Information Rights, Policy and Practice     Open Access  
Journal of Intelligent Transportation Systems: Technology, Planning, and Operations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of International Peacekeeping     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 220)
Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Islamic and Near Eastern Law     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Law and Conflict Resolution     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Law and Courts     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Law and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Law and Legal Reform     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Law and Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Law and Regulation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Law and Religion     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Law and Social Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Law and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Journal of Law and the Biosciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Law, Policy and Globalization     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Law, Religion and State     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Legal Affairs and Dispute Resolution in Engineering and Construction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Legal Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Legal Anthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Legal Education     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Legal Pluralism and Unofficial Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Legal Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 46)
Journal of Legal Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Legal Studies Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Media Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of National Security Law & Policy     Free   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Nursing Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Penal Law & Criminology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Perpetrator Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Planning Education and Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Police Crisis Negotiations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Politics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 53)
Journal of Politics and Law     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Property Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Property, Planning and Environmental Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Psychiatry & Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Supreme Court History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of the National Association of Administrative Law Judiciary     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Trafficking and Human Exploitation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Victimology and Victim Justice     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of World Energy Law & Business     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Judicial Officers Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Judicial Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Juridica International     Open Access  
Jurídicas CUC     Open Access  
Jurisdictie Jurnal Hukum dan Syariah     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurisprudence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Jurist-Diction     Open Access  
Jurnal Akta     Open Access  
Jurnal Bina Mulia Hukum     Open Access  
Jurnal Cakrawala Hukum     Open Access  
Jurnal Cita Hukum     Open Access  
Jurnal Daulat Hukum     Open Access  
Jurnal Hukum & Pembangunan     Open Access  
Jurnal Hukum dan Pembangunan Ekonomi     Open Access  
Jurnal Hukum dan Peradilan     Open Access  
Jurnal Hukum Magnum Opus     Open Access  
Jurnal hukum Prasada     Open Access  
Jurnal Hukum Respublica     Open Access  
Jurnal Idea Hukum     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Pancasila dan Kewarganegaraan     Open Access  
Jurnal Jurisprudence     Open Access  
Jurnal Justisia : Jurnal Ilmu Hukum, Perundang-undangan dan Pranata Sosial     Open Access  
Jurnal Magister Hukum Udayana (Udayana Master Law Journal)     Open Access  
Jurnal Mimbar Hukum Fakultas Hukum Universitas Gadjah Mada     Open Access  
Jurnal Notariil     Open Access  
Jurnal Pembaharuan Hukum     Open Access  
Jurnal Repertorium     Open Access  
Jurnal Suara Keadilan     Open Access  
Jus Cogens : A Critical Journal of Philosophy of Law and Politics     Hybrid Journal  
Jussens Venner     Full-text available via subscription  
Justiça do Direito     Open Access  
Justice Research and Policy     Full-text available via subscription  
Justicia     Open Access  
Justicia Juris     Open Access  
Justitia et Pax     Open Access  
Kanun : Jurnal Ilmu Hukum     Open Access  
Kent Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Kertha Patrika     Open Access  

  First | 1 2 3 4 5     

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Jurnal Cita Hukum
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2356-1440 - ISSN (Online) 2502-230X
Published by Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University Jakarta Homepage  [4 journals]
  • Self-Government Bodies in Russia: Formation and Development Policies

    • Authors: Yulia Babaeva, Margarita Lebedeva, Natalya Mikhaylenko, Anatoly Olympiev, Andrey Soloviev, Nodari Eriashvili
      Pages: 1 - 14
      Abstract: The article aims at studying the legal nature and essence of local self-government bodies in the Russian Federation as exemplified by the theoretical and legal comprehension of the historical aspects of forming local self-government bodies. The article uses the methods of induction and systemic scientific analysis, as well as comparative-legal and historical methods. The authors of the article proved that the implementation of the principles of local self-government in the Russian state apparatus became effective since it is based on objective economic, political and social prerequisites and conditions. As a result, all cities and rural settlements became municipalities.Keywords: Local self-government; Constitution; Municipal authority; Municipal structure; Human rights. Badan Pemerintahan Lokal di Rusia: Kebijakan Pembentukan dan Pengembangan AbstrakArtikel ini bertujuan untuk mempelajari sifat hukum dan esensi dari badan-badan Pemerintahan Lokal di Federasi Rusia, sebagaimana yang dicontohkan oleh pemahaman teoretis dan hukum dari aspek-aspek sejarah pembentukan badan-badan pemerintahan lokal sendiri. Artikel ini menggunakan metode induksi dan analisis ilmiah sistemik, serta metode komparatif-hukum dan historis. Penulis artikel membuktikan bahwa penerapan prinsip-prinsip pemerintahan lokal sendiri di aparatur negara Rusia menjadi efektif karena didasarkan pada prasyarat dan kondisi ekonomi, politik dan sosial yang objektif. Akibatnya, semua kota dan pemukiman pedesaan menjadi kotamadya.Kata Kunci: Pemerintahan Daerah Lokal; Konstitusi; Otoritas Kota; Struktur Kota; Hak Asasi Manusia.Органы местного самоуправления в России: Политика формирования и развития АннотацияСтатья направлена на изучение правовой природы и сущности органов местного самоуправления в Российской Федерации на примере теоретико-правового осмысления исторических аспектов формирования органов местного самоуправления. В статье используются методы индукции и системного научного анализа, а также сравнительно-правовой и исторический методы. Автор статьи доказал, что реализация принципов местного самоуправления в российском государственном аппарате стала эффективной, поскольку основывается на объективных экономических, политических и социальных предпосылках и условиях. В резульm...
      PubDate: 2022-04-30
      DOI: 10.15408/jch.v10i1.25235
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
  • Trademark Valuation According to Laws and Regulations in Vietnam

    • Authors: Tran Van Nam, Nguyen Thi Nhu Quynh, Dinh Tran Ngoc Huy, Pham Duc Chung, Tran Vu Nhat Ha
      Pages: 15 - 30
      Abstract: Pricing and valuation may be confusingly interchangeable in various industries from manufacturing to commerce etc.. However, they are in fact different. Pricing can be simply understood as a process whereby the price is set by a seller or by an agreement between a seller and a buyer. On contrary, valuation analysis is normally conducted by experts. So, trademark valuation is a process whereby a trademark value is determined by means of diligent research, unbiased judgment, and some pretty simple arithmetic. In this study, we point out the drawbacks and obstacles in pricing in trademark transfer in our country in comparison with other countries/regions and then we will suggest some measures to improve the regime for pricing in trademark transfer in Vietnam.
      Authors also present Some Basic Concepts Related to Pricing And Valuation Of Trademark and valuation methods.
      Authors also use a construction case of LICOGI (general company in construction and infrastructure in Vietnam) as reference for pricing issues. Last but not least, in this study we could resolve some controversial issues in trademark pricing and transfer in various companies from production, manufacturing to construction, real estate and commerce sectors in developing countries such as Vietnam, at least from definitions, concepts and legal framework.Keywords: Intellectual Property Assets; Trademark Pricing Services; Law; Valuation Method; Vietnam Penilaian Merek Dagang Menurut Undang-Undang dan Peraturan di Vietnam Abstrak Penetapan harga dan penilaian mungkin membingungkan dan dapat dipertukarkan di berbagai industri mulai dari manufaktur hingga perdagangan, dll. Namun, sebenarnya keduanya berbeda. Penetapan harga secara sederhana dapat dipahami sebagai proses di mana harga ditetapkan oleh penjual atau dengan kesepakatan antara penjual dan pembeli. Sebaliknya, analisis penilaian biasanya dilakukan oleh para ahli. Jadi, penilaian merek dagang adalah proses di mana nilai merek dagang ditentukan melalui penelitian yang rajin, penilaian yang tidak bias, dan beberapa aritmatika yang cukup sederhana. Dalam studi ini, kami menunjukkan kelemahan dan hambatan dalam penetapan harga dalam transfer merek dagang di negara kami dibandingkan dengan negara/kawasan lain dan kemudian kami akan menyarankan beberapa langkah untuk meningkatkan rezim penetapan harga dalam transfer merek dagang di Vietnam. Penulis juga menyajikan Beberapa Konsep Dasar Terkait Penetapan Harga Dan Penilaian Merek Dagang dan metode penilaian. Penulis juga menggunakan kasus konstruksi LICOGI (perusahaan umum dalam konstruksi dan infrastruktur di Vietnam) sebagai referensi untuk masalah harga. Last but not least, dalam penelitian ini kita dapat menyelesaikan beberapa masalah kontroversial dalam penetapan harga dan transfer merek dagang di berbagai perusahaan mulai dari produksi, manufaktur hingga konstruksi, real estat dan sektor perdagangan di negara-negara berkembang seperti Vietnam, setidaknya dari definisi, konsep dan kerangka hukum. .Kata kunci: Aset Kekayaan Intelektual; Layanan Penetapan Harga Merek Dagang; Hukum; Metode Penilaian; VietnamОценка товарного знака в соответствии с законами и правилами Вьетнама АннотацияЦенообразование и оценка могут быть ошибочно взаимозаменяемы в различных отраслях, от производства до торговли, и т. д. Однако на самом деле это разные понятия. Ценообразование может быть просто понято как процесс, посредством которого цена устанавливается продавцом или соглашением между продавцом и покупателем. Напротив, оценочный анализ обычно пров...
      PubDate: 2022-04-30
      DOI: 10.15408/jch.v10i1.25809
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
  • Investigating Crimes against Public Morality and Decency in Cyberspace
           from The Perspective of Criminology

    • Authors: Saeed Mardani, Mahmoud Bavi, Seyyed Bassem Mavallyzadeh
      Pages: 31 - 48
      Abstract: Criminalizing violations of public morals and morals on the internet will help lawmakers understand the strengths and weaknesses of the criminal problem. The act of the perpetrator violates the basic principle of freedom, and is a heinous act, and extreme means must be used to prevent and limit the perpetrator of the crime. Perpetrators commit crimes by trapping their victims using crime equipment such as computers, cell phones, and the internet. This study uses a qualitative research method with an empirical approach. The results of the study state that cybercrimes involve perpetrators who gain material benefits from violations through social media platforms such as Facebook, Instagram, and Telegram. Violation of perpetrators related to cyberspace can be overcome by implementing integrated countermeasures based on situational tactics, development, and social control. In addition to providing the necessary education and information.Keywords: Ethics; Chastity; Cyberspace; CriminologyPenyelidikan Kejahatan Terhadap Kesusilaan Dan Kesusilaan Umum Di Dunia Maya Dari Perspektif Kriminologi AbstrakMengkriminalisasikan pelanggaran moral dan kesusilaan publik di internet akan membantu pembuat undang-undang memahami kekuatan dan kekurangan masalah tindak kriminal. Tindakan pelaku melanggar prinsip dasar kebebasan, dan merupakan tindakan keji, dan harus digunakan cara ekstrem untuk mencegah dan membatasi pelaku tindak kejahatan. Pelaku melakukan kejahatan dengan cara menjebak korbannya dengan menggunakan peralatan kejahatan seperti komputer, ponsel, dan internet. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode penelitian kualitatif dengan pendekatan empiris. Hasil penelitian menyatakan bahwa kejahatan dunia maya melibatkan pelaku yang memperoleh keuntungan materi dari pelanggaran melalui platform media sosial seperti Facebook, Instagram, dan Telegram. Penyimpangan pelaku terkait dunia maya dapat diatasi dengan menerapkan tindakan pencegahan terpadu berdasarkan taktik situasional, pengembangan, dan kontrol sosial. Selain memberikan pendidikan dan informasi yang diperlukan.Kata Kunci: Etika; Kesucian; Dunia Maya; Kriminologi Расследование преступлений против общественной морали и нравственности в киберпространстве с точки зрения криминологии АннотацияКриминализация нарушений общественной морали и нравственности в Интернете поможет законодателям понять сильные и слабые стороны криминальной проблемы. Действие преступника нарушает основной принцип свободы и является гнусным деянием, и необходимо использовать крайние средства, чтобы предотвратить и ограничить виновного в совершении преступления. Преступники совершают преступления, заманивая своих жертв в ловушку с помощью криминального оборудованl...
      PubDate: 2022-04-30
      DOI: 10.15408/jch.v10i1.24224
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
  • International Legal and Administrative-Criminal Regulation of Service

    • Authors: Yevhen Leheza, Iryna Yerko, Viacheslav Kolomiichuk, Mariia Lisniak
      Pages: 49 - 60
      Abstract: The purpose of the research the research is devoted to the coverage of international legal acts andstandards in European and international practice for the provision of public services as a direction of reforming legal education in Ukraine.  Methodology. Review of materials and methods is performed on the basis of analyzing documentary materials on regulation of the service legal relations. Conclusions. The directions of improving domestic legislation on the provision of public services taking into account international legal standards are proposed: the development of the theory of public services, which consists in consolidating conceptual and categorical provisions in the Concept of public services, principles of public services, quality criteria for the provision of public services, and the like; unification of the legal regulation of administrative procedures by adopting the Administrative Procedure Code of Ukraine, which would clearly disclose the issue of providing public services; fixing in the legal acts the types of legal guarantees to ensure the legality of the provision of public services: monitoring the activities of public administration entities on the provision of public services; holding public servants accountable for refusing to provide a certain type of public service; bringing into line with European experience the requirements for adoption, amendment, cancellation and the possibility of appealing individual administrative acts that are the results of the provision of public services; decentralization of power, which consists in justifying an increase in the powers of local authorities in comparison with public authorities.Keywords: Accessibility; Rights; Transparency; Service; Service RelationsPeraturan Hukum Internasional dan Administratif-Pidana Hubungan LayananAbstrakTujuan penelitian penelitian ini dikhususkan untuk cakupan tindakan hukum internasional dan standar dalam praktek Eropa dan internasional untuk penyediaan layanan publik sebagai arah reformasi pendidikan hukum di Ukraina. Metodologi. Kajian bahan dan metode dilakukan atas dasar analisis bahan dokumenter tentang pengaturan hubungan hukum pelayanan. Kesimpulan. Arahan perbaikan legislasi domestik tentang penyediaan layanan publik dengan mempertimbangkan standar hukum internasional diusulkan: pengembangan teori layanan publik, yang terdiri dari konsolidasi ketentuan konseptual dan kategoris dalam Konsep layanan publik, prinsip-prinsip layanan publik, kriteria mutu penyelenggaraan pelayanan publik, dan sejenisnya; penyatuan peraturan hukum prosedur administrasi dengan mengadopsi Kode Prosedur Administratif Ukraina, yang dengan jelas akan mengungkapkan masalah penyediaan layanan publik; penetapan dalam perbuatan hukum jenis-jenis jaminan hukum untuk menjamin legalitas penyelenggaraan pelayanan publik: pemantauan kegiatan badan administrasi publik dalam penyediaan pelayanan publik; meminta pertanggungjawaban pegawai negeri karena menolak memberikan jenis layanan publik tertentu; membawa sejalan dengan pengalaman Eropa persyaratan untuk adopsi, amandemen, pembatalan dan kemungkinan banding tindakan administratif individu yang merupakan hasil dari penyediaan layanan publik; desentralisasi kekuasaan, yang terdiri dari pembenaran peningkatan kekuasaan otoritas lokal dibandingkan dengan otoritas publik.Kata kunci: Aksesibilitas; Hak; Transparansi; Layanan; Hubungan Layanan Международно-Правовое И Административно-Уголовное Регулирование Сервисных Правоотношений Аннотация. Цель исследования исследование посвящено освещению международно-правовых актов и стандартов в европейской и международной практике сервисных правоотношений как направления реформирования юридического образования в Украине. Методология. Обзор материалов и методик выполнеl...
      PubDate: 2022-04-30
      DOI: 10.15408/jch.v10i1.25808
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
  • The Universality of Democracy in Economic and Cultural Context

    • Authors: Mustafa Zafer Soydan, Refly Setiawan
      Pages: 61 - 76
      Abstract: Democracy and universality are serious issues that concern everyone today and need to be studied. The question is whether democracy is universal or not remains up-to-date. Those who value democracy say that democracy is universal, while those who do not value democracy say that democracy is not universal. The research method used in this study uses a qualitative method with an empirical normative approach. The results suggest that the relationship between democracy and universality remains uncertain. This uncertainty has spread to the legal, cultural and economic fields. Any subject interested in democracy examines the concept from a hermeneutic and relativist perspective, starting from their own value judgments, and by focusing on the positive and negative aspects of the concept. This further leads to the formation of different tendencies regarding the universality of democracy. This raises the need for a re-evaluation of the concept.Keywords: Universal; Democracy; Law; Culture; Economy Universalitas Demokrasi dalam Konteks Ekonomi dan Budaya AbstrakDemokrasi dan universalitas merupakan isu serius yang menjadi perhatian semua orang saat ini dan perlu dikaji. Pertanyaannya adalah apakah demokrasi itu universal atau tidak tetap up-to-date. Mereka yang menghargai demokrasi mengatakan bahwa demokrasi itu universal, sedangkan mereka yang tidak menghargai demokrasi menyatakan bahwa demokrasi tidak universal. Metode penelitian yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini menggunakan metode kualitatif dengan pendekatan normatif empiris. Hasil penelitian menyatakan bahwa hubungan antara demokrasi dan universalitas tetap tidak pasti. Ketidakpastian ini telah menyebar ke bidang hukum, budaya dan ekonomi. Setiap mata pelajaran yang tertarik dengan demokrasi mengkaji konsep dari hermeneutik dan relativis perspektif, mulai dari penilaian nilai mereka sendiri, dan dengan berfokus pada aspek positif dan negatif dari konsep tersebut. Selanjutnya mengarah pada pembentukan kecenderungan yang berbeda tentang universalitas demokrasi. Hal ini menimbulkan perlunya evaluasi ulang konsep.Kata Kunci: Universal; Demokrasi; Hukum; Budaya; EkonomiУниверсальность демократии в экономическом и культурном контексте АннотацияДемократия и универсальность — это серьезные вопросы, которые волнуют сегодня всех и нуждаются в изучении. Вопрос о том, универсальна ли демократия или нет, остается актуальным. Те, кто ценит демократию, говорят, что демократия универсальна, а те, кто не ценит демократию, говорят, что демократия не универсальна. Метод исследования, использованный в данном исследовании, представляет собой качественный метод с эмпирическим нормативным подходом. Результаты показывают, что связь между демократией и универсальностью остает...
      PubDate: 2022-04-30
      DOI: 10.15408/jch.v10i1.24423
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
  • Seizing Securities in Criminal Proceedings of the Russian Federation:
           Theory and Practice

    • Authors: Marina Sokolova, Alexey Fatyanov, Alexey Makeev, Elena Blinova, Yulia Gorlova, Elmir Alimamedov
      Pages: 77 - 90
      Abstract: The article discusses topical issues related to the difficulties encountered by the investigator when seizing securities. The authors, on the basis of the studied criminal procedural and civil legislation, proposed to amend the Code of Criminal Procedure of the Russian Federation, solving contradictions in theory and practice. Based on the results of studying the theoretical and practical aspects of the investigator’s activities in imposing seizure of securities, a number of issues were highlighted, which were studied in detail. In addition, proposals were made to improve the current criminal procedural legislation, which will allow the investigator to optimize the activities on the application of this measure in the future in procedural coercion, both in general and in relation to certain types of securities.Keywords: Bonafide Acquirer; Criminal Proceedings; Interrogator; Seizure of Securities Penyitaan Surat Berharga dalam Proses Pidana Federasi Rusia: Teori dan PraktikAbstrakArtikel ini membahas tentang kesulitan-kesulitan yang dihadapi penyidik dalam penyitaan surat berharga. Para penulis, berdasarkan undang-undang acara pidana dan perdata yang dipelajari, mengusulkan untuk mengubah Kode Acara Pidana Federasi Rusia, memecahkan kontradiksi dalam teori dan praktik. Berdasarkan hasil kajian aspek teoretis dan praktis dari kegiatan penyidik dalam melakukan penyitaan surat berharga, beberapa hal menjadi sorotan yang dikaji secara rinci. Selain itu, diusulkan untuk memperbaiki undang-undang acara pidana saat ini, yang memungkinkan penyidik untuk mengoptimalkan kegiatan penerapan tindakan ini di masa depan dalam paksaan prosedural, baik secara umum maupun dalam kaitannya dengan jenis surat berharga tertentu.Kata kunci: Pengakuisisi Bonafide; Proses Pidana; Interogator; Penyitaan Surat BerhargaКонфискация ценных бумаг в уголовном судопроизводстве Российской Федерации: Теория и практика АннотацияВ данной статье рассматриваются трудности, с которыми сталкиваются следователи при конфискации ценных бумаг. Авторы на основе изученного уголовно-процессуального и гражданского законодательства предложили внести изменения в Уголовно-процессуальный кодекс Российской Федерации, разрешающие противоречия в теории и практике. По результатам изучения теоретических и практических аспектов деятельности следователя при конфискации ценных бумаг выделен ряд вопросов, которые подробно изучены. Кроме того, предлагается внести изменения в действую...
      PubDate: 2022-04-30
      DOI: 10.15408/jch.v10i1.25286
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
  • Factors Encouraging Passengers to Prefer Rail Transportation in Iran Based
           On Law and Rights of Passengers

    • Authors: Ashkan Razmfarsa, Arian Amidi, Ehsan Darvishmoghaddam, Tayebeh Khademi
      Pages: 91 - 116
      Abstract: Platforms are critical components of every rail travel. At the train station, passengers can take benefit of a variety of platform-based amenities whose satisfaction is prioritized. Rail services play a critical role in carrying people and products from point of origin to point of destination. People's mobility has accelerated in recent years, with the ultimate goal of earning a living. Numerous forms of transportation are available to promote accessible modes of transportation to people in diverse parts of the world, including road, rail, air, and sea. Rail transport has developed into one of the most important modes of transport in recent decades in Iran, which is experiencing an increase in demand for rail services. The objective of this research is to identify and rank the elements that influence people's willingness to travel by train. The statistical population is comprised of all passengers who travel by rail on a daily basis, which amounts to approximately 75,000 persons. The statistical sample size was determined using the Morgan table, which yielded 382 passengers. Four factors can be examined when determining whether to increase people's desires: economy, station conditions, journey time, and train conditions, with economy and train conditions being the most essential. The study's conclusions can assist commercial and public railway businesses in providing the required infrastructure and circumstances to boost passenger appeal.Keywords: Economics; Passenger’s Law; Rail Transportation; Station circumstances Faktor Pendorong Penumpang Untuk Memilih Transportasi Kereta Api di Iran Berdasarkan Hukum dan Hak Penumpang Abstrak Platform adalah komponen penting dari setiap perjalanan kereta api. Di stasiun kereta, penumpang dapat memanfaatkan berbagai fasilitas berbasis peron yang mengutamakan kepuasan. Layanan kereta api memainkan peran penting dalam membawa orang dan produk dari titik asal ke titik tujuan. Mobilitas orang telah meningkat dalam beberapa tahun terakhir, dengan tujuan akhir mencari nafkah. Berbagai bentuk transportasi tersedia untuk mempromosikan moda transportasi yang dapat diakses oleh orang-orang di berbagai belahan dunia, termasuk jalan raya, kereta api, udara, dan laut. Transportasi kereta api telah berkembang menjadi salah satu moda transportasi terpenting dalam beberapa dekade terakhir di Iran, yang mengalami peningkatan permintaan akan layanan kereta api. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengidentifikasi dan mengurutkan elemen-elemen yang mempengaruhi keinginan masyarakat untuk bepergian dengan kereta api. Populasi statistik terdiri dari semua penumpang yang melakukan perjalanan dengan kereta api setiap hari, yang berjumlah sekitar 75.000 orang. Ukuran sampel statistik ditentukan dengan menggunakan tabel Morgan, yang menghasilkan 382 penumpang. Empat faktor dapat diperiksa ketika menentukan apakah akan meningkatkan keinginan masyarakat: ekonomi, kondisi stasiun, waktu perjalanan, dan kondisi kereta api, dengan ekonomi dan kondisi kereta menjadi yang paling penting. Kesimpulan studi dapat membantu bisnis perkeretaapian komersial dan umum dalam menyediakan infrastruktur dan keadaan yang diperlukan guna meningkatkan daya tarik penumpang.Kata Kunci: Ekonomi; Hukum Penumpang; Transportasi Kereta Api; Keadaan stasiun Факторы, побуждающие пассажиров предпочитать железнодорожные перевозки в Иране на основании закона и прав пассажиров Аннотация Платформы являются важными компонентами любого железнодорожного путешествия. На вокзале пассажиры могут воспользоваться различными удобствами на платформе, удовлетворение которых является приоритетом. Железнодорожные услуги играют решающу ...
      PubDate: 2022-04-30
      DOI: 10.15408/jch.v10i1.25810
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
  • Strengthening the Function of BAZNAS as Zakat Regulator: Legal Draft
           Proposal and Its Public Perceptions

    • Authors: Muhammad Nadratuzzaman Hosen, Abdul Wahab, Diah Larasati, Nur Hidayah, Tira Mutiara
      First page: 117
      Abstract: Zakat management in Indonesia is historically developed in civil society. In Law Number 38 of 2011, the state recognizes two official institutions in managing Zakat. While in Law Number 23 of 2011, zakat management is in BAZNAS, an institution formed by the government. There is an unequal position where LAZ is subordinated to BAZNAS. This can be seen in the task of LAZ, which is in charge of assisting BAZNAS in the management of national Zakat. The method used in this research is the descriptive statistical analysis method by distributing questionnaires. This study looks at the perception or views of the community if BAZNAS is the only authority in making arrangements for Zakat. As a result, BAZNAS has not become the only institution that the public can trust in managing national Zakat. People are accustomed to paying Zakat directly to mustahik or amil in the villages, such as paying Zakat to kyai. Distribution and distribution are not yet optimal, so the community prefers to give it themselves. Today's regulation of LAZ was adopted by the Ministry of Religion so that the relationship between BAZNAS and LAZ does not unite, which considers each other to be competitive. The proposal related to strengthening the regulation and management of Zakat by BAZNAS by only opening one coordination door has not been approved by the community because it is considered that the presence of BAZNAS will eliminate LAZ.Keywords: Public Perception, BAZNAS, LAZ Penguatan Fungsi BAZNAS Sebagai Regulator Zakat: Usulan RUU dan Persepsi PublikAbstrakPengelolaan Zakat di Indonesia berdasarkan sejarah berkembang di masyarakat sipil. Dalam UU Nomor 38 tahun 2011, negara mengakui adanya dua lembaga yang resmi dalam melakukan pengelolaan zakat. Sementara di UU Nomor 23 tahun 2011, pengelolaan zakat berada di BAZNAS yang merupakan lembaga bentukan pemerintah sehingga adanya kedudukan yang tidak seimbang, dimana LAZ menjadi subordinasi BAZNAS. Hal ini terlihat pada tugas LAZ yang bertugas untuk mebantu BAZNAS dalam pengelolaan zakat nasional. Penelitian ini melihat bagaimana persepsi atau pendangan masyarakat, apabila BAZNAS menjadi satu-satunya otoritas dalam melakukan pengaturan tentang zakat. Metode yang digunakan penelitian ini ialah metode analisis statistik deskriptif dengan penyebaran kuesioner. Hasilnya, BAZNAS belum menjadi satu-satunya lembaga yang dapat dipercaya masyarakat dalam melakukan pengelolaan zakat nasional. Masyarakat terbiasa dengan membayar zakat secara langsung kepada mustahik atau amil di kampung-kampung seperti membayar zakat kepada kyai. Distribusi dan penyaluran yang belum optimal, maka masyarakat lebih memilih sendiri untuk memberikan. Aturan hari ini LAZ dianggap oleh Kemenag, sehingga hubungan BAZNAS da LAZ tidak menyatu yang menganggap saling bersaing. Usulan terkait dengan penguatan regulasi dan pengelolaan zakat oleh BAZNAS dengan hanya membuka satu pintu koordinasi belum disetujui masyarakat, karena dianggap kehadiran BAZNAS akan meniadakan LAZ.Kata Kunci: Persepsi Masyarakat; BAZNAS; LAZ  
      PubDate: 2022-04-30
      DOI: 10.15408/jch.v10i1.24448
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
  • Legal Protection of Indonesian Migrant Workers Affected by Covid-19

    • Authors: Nur Putri Hidayah, Komariah Komariah, Fitria Esfandiari, Abdul Kadir Jaelani
      First page: 139
      Abstract: Covid-19 has interrupted the fulfillment of Indonesian migrant workers’ rights, while the State has promulgated Law Number 11 of 2020 concerning Job Creation and revised Law Number 18/2017 concerning Protection of Indonesian Migrant Workers. This research aims to find out how protection and law reinforcement are given to Indonesian migrant workers by the state during the pandemic according to Law Number 18/2017 in conjunction with Law Number 11/2020. This research employed a normative method and a statutory approach. The research results have revealed that according to Law Number 18/2017, the protection given to the migrants only took repatriation, and another form of protection is still deemed to be not optimal since it did not take the engagement of roles of the companies sending Indonesian migrants. Moreover, pursuant to Law Number 11/2020, there is no reinforcement implied since the changes taking place are likely to ease administrative measures, contrary to the fact that strict permits could reduce the likelihood of illegal and non-procedural placement of migrant workers. This issue affects the fulfillment of the rights of Indonesian migrant workers, especially during the pandemic. Thus, it is essential that the state reinforce the protection given to Indonesian migrant workers during the pandemic by reinforcing legal protection every company providing labor placement service has to take into account and by imposing administrative measures as sanctions or sentencing in case of failing to abide by regulations. Moreover, permit issuance to the companies running labor placement services for Indonesian migrants has to be made stricter to ensure that only credible companies pass the requirement of migrant placement services, allowing the status of the rights of Indonesian migrant workers to be properly met amidst the pandemic. Keywords: legal protection; Indonesian migrant workers; COVID-19 Perlindungan Hukum Buruh Migran Indonesia yang Terdampak Covid-19 AbstrakCovid-19 telah mengganggu pemenuhan hak-hak pekerja migran Indonesia, sedangkan negara telah menerbitkan Undang-Undang Nomor 11 Tahun 2020 tentang Cipta Kerja dan merevisi Undang-Undang Nomor 18 Tahun 2017 tentang Perlindungan Tenaga Kerja Indonesia. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui bagaimana perlindungan dan penguatan hukum yang diberikan negara kepada pekerja migran Indonesia di masa pandemi menurut Undang-Undang Nomor 18/2017 jo Undang-Undang Nomor 11/2020. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode normatif dan pendekatan perundang-undangan. Hasil penelitian mengungkapkan bahwa menurut Undang-Undang Nomor 18 Tahun 2017 perlindungan yang diberikan kepada TKI hanya berupa pemulangan, dan bentuk perlindungan lainnya masih dirasa belum optimal karena tidak melibatkan peran perusahaan pengirim TKI. Apalagi, menurut Undang-Undang Nomor 11/2020, tidak ada penguatan yang tersirat karena perubahan yang terjadi cenderung memudahkan tindakan administratif, padahal izin yang ketat dapat mengurangi kemungkinan penempatan pekerja migran ilegal dan non-prosedural. Isu ini berdampak pada pemenuhan hak-hak pekerja migran Indonesia, terutama di masa pandemi. Oleh karena itu, negara perlu memperkuat perlindungan kepada TKI di masa pandemi dengan memperkuat perlindungan hukum yang harus diperhatikan oleh setiap perusahaan penyedia jasa penempatan tenaga kerja dan dengan memberikan tindakan administratif berupa sanksi atau hukuman jika tidak mematuhi peraturan. Selain itu, pemberian izin kepada perusahaan yang menyelenggarakan layanan penempatan tenaga kerja TKI harus diperketat agar hanya perusahaan yang kredibel yang memenuhi persyaratan layanan penempatan tenaga kerja, sehingga status hak-hak TKI dapat terpenuhi dengan baik di tengah pandemi.Kata Kunci: perlindungan hukum; pekerja migran Indonesia; COVID-19
      PubDate: 2022-04-30
      DOI: 10.15408/jch.v10i1.24156
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
  • Halal Certification in Government and Non-Governmental Organizations: A
           Comparative Analysis of Indonesia, Malaysia, and Thailand

    • Authors: Aminudin Yakub, Fitriyani Zein
      First page: 153
      Abstract: The enactment of Law Number 33 of 2014 concerning Halal Product Assurance (JPH) changed the implementation of Halal Certification in Indonesia where halal certification which had been carried out by MUI for 30 years (since 1989) changed to the Halal Product Assurance Organizing Agency (BPJPH) of the Ministry of Religion of the Republic of Indonesia. With this provision, a new era in the administration of Halal Product Guarantee by the government begins. This research uses qualitative research with juridical-normative and comparative approach. The author makes a comparison with Thailand and Malaysia. The results of the study state that the implementation of halal certification in Malaysia is carried out entirely by a state institution called JAKIM, while in Thailand it is carried out by non-governmental organizations (NGOs).Keywords: Halal Product Certification; Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs); Ratio Sertifikasi Halal Melalui Pemerintah dan Organisasi Non-Pemerintah: Analisis Perbandingan Indonesia, Malaysia, dan Thailand Abstrak:Lahirnya Undang-undang Nomor 33 Tahun 2014 tentang Jaminan Produk Halal (JPH) mengubah pelaksanaan Sertifikasi Halal di Indonesia dimana sertifikasi halal yang telah dijalankan MUI selama 30 tahun (sejak 1989) berubah ke Badan Penyelenggara Jaminan Produk Halal (BPJPH) Kementerian Agama RI. Dengan ketentuan ini maka dimulai era baru penyelenggaraan Jaminan Produk Halal oleh pemerintah. Penelitian ini menggunakan penelitian kualitatif dengan pendekatan yuridis-normative dan perbandingan. Penulis melakukan perbandingan dengan negara Thailand dan Malaysia. Hasil penelitian menyatakan bahwa pelaksanaan sertifikasi halal di Malaysia dilakukan sepenuhnya oleh lembaga negara yang bernama JAKIM, sedangkan di Thailand dilakukan oleh lembaga non pemerintah (NGO).Kata Kunci: Sertifikasi Produk Halal; Organisisasi Non Pemerintah (NGO); Perbandingan   
      PubDate: 2022-04-30
      DOI: 10.15408/jch.v10i1.25747
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
  • Краткое Видео Как Средство Формирования
           Национальной Индентичности В
           Современном Китае (Short Video as a Tool of Forming
           National Identity in Contemporary China)

    • Authors: Hu Ruiqi, Valerii L. Muzykant
      First page: 177
      Abstract: Nowadays, social media plays an vitally important role in the transmission and exchange of data around the world, and China is certainly no exception. Short video platforms have gained particular popularity among social media in recent years. In this regard, we have conducted a study that provides insight into how Chinese short video platforms can be a tool for building national identity in the era of social media in China. As a result of the analysis, it was noted that short videos play an important role in shaping a sense of national identity in modern China. Short videos as a tool for the formation of national identity were considered on the example of the Douyin service. On Douyin, the formation of national identity is reflected in videos with the hashtag "Positive Energy". The Positive Energy page displays videos to describe China's wealth, prosperity, and national strength. "Positive Energy" focuses on social and moral issues, reinforcing the shared responsibility to address such issues in unison with the state, encouraging active moral behavior, making it a useful expression for the formation of national identity. It was also noted that Douyin's short videos visualize and vocalize the symbolic attachment to the nation, which contributes to a greater emotional attachment to the nation and a sense of national identity.Keywords: Short Video; National Identity; Social Media; China АннотацияВ последние годы  социальные медиа играют особую роль в передаче и обмене данными по всему миру, и Китай, безусловно, не является исключением. Особую популярность среди социальных медиа сегодня приобретают платформы коротких видео. В связи с этим нами было проведено исследование, которое дает представление о том, как китайские платформы коротких видео могут быть средством формирования и продвижения национальной идентичности в эпоху социальных медиа в Китае. В результате проведенного анализа было отмечено, что короткие видео играют важную роль в формировании чувства национальной идентичности в современном Китае. Короткие видео как новый способ формирования национальной идентичности рассматривались на примере сервиса D...
      PubDate: 2022-04-30
      DOI: 10.15408/jch.v10i1.25806
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
  • Изменения полномочий и положения
           Народного консультативного конгресса
           после внесения поправок в Конституцию
           Республики Индонезии (Shifting Authority and Position
           of the People's Consultative Assembly after the Amendment to the
           Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia)

    • Authors: Rozalina Vasilevna Shagieva, Rohim Nur
      First page: 187
      Abstract: After the amendment to the 1945 Constitution, there was a shift in the authority and position of the People's Consultative Assembly of the Republic of Indonesia. Previously the MPR was the highest state institution, but after that it was only a high institution like other high state institutions. The position of the MPR when compared to the world parliament model, is similar to the Russian Federal Assembly or the Congress in the United States which is a joint institution between the upper house and lower house. But uniquely the MPR is different, it is not only a joint institution, but has the authority with its own duties and functions. This study uses a qualitative method, with a statutory and literature approach. The results of the study stated that there were several shifts in the authority and position of the MPR after the amendment to the 1945 Constitution. Among them were no longer being the highest state institution, only being a joint institution while still having its own duties and functions, not authorized to form the Outlines of State Policy, no longer authorized elect the president and vice president, and rigid authority to dismiss the president and vice president.Keywords: People's Consultative Assembly; Authority; position; The 1945 Constitution. Abstrak:Pasca perubahan Konstitusi UUD 1945 maka terjadi pergeseran kewenangan dan kedudukan Majelis Permusyawaratan Rakyat Republik Indonesia. Sebelumnya MPR menjadi lembaga tertinggi negara namun setelahnya ia hanyalah lembaga tinggi sebagaimana lembaga tinggi negara lainnya. Kedudukan MPR bila dibandingkan dengan model parlemen dunia, mirip dengan Majelis Federal Rusia atau Konggres di Amerika Serika yang menjadi lembaga gabungan antara majelis tinggi dan majelis rendah. Namun uniknya MPR berbeda, ia tidak hanya menjadi lembaga gabungan, tetapi memiliki kewenangan dengan tugas dan fungsi tersendiri. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kualitatif, dengan pendekatan perundang-undangan dan literature. Hasil penelitian menyatakan bahwa terjadi beberapa pergeseran wewenang dan kedudukan MPR pasca perubahan UUD 1945. Diantaranya adalah tidak lagi menjadi lembaga tertinggi negara, hanya menjadi lembaga gabungan dengan tetap memilik tugas dan fungsi tersendiri, tidak berwenang membentuk Garis-Garis Besar Haluan Negara, tidak lagi berwenang memilih presiden dan wakil presiden, dan kewenangan rigid dalam memberhentikan presiden dan wakil presiden.Kata Kunci: Majelis Permusyawaratan Rakyat; Kewenangan; Kedudukan; Konstitusi UUD 1945. 
      PubDate: 2022-04-30
      DOI: 10.15408/jch.v10i1.25807
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
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