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LAW (843 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4 5     

Showing 801 - 354 of 354 Journals sorted alphabetically
Veredas do Direito : Direito Ambiental e Desenvolvimento Sustentável     Open Access  
Veritas et Justitia     Open Access  
Verstek     Open Access  
Vertentes do Direito     Open Access  
Via Inveniendi Et Iudicandi     Open Access  
Vianna Sapiens     Open Access  
Victoria University of Wellington Law Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Villanova Environmental Law Journal     Open Access  
Villanova Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Violence Against Women     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59)
VirtuaJus - Revista de Direito     Open Access  
Vniversitas     Open Access  
Vox Juris     Open Access  
Waikato Law Review: Taumauri     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Washington and Lee Journal of Energy, Climate, and the Environment     Open Access  
Washington and Lee Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Washington Law Review     Free   (Followers: 2)
Washington University Global Studies Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Washington University Journal of Law & Policy     Open Access  
Washington University Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Wayne Law Review     Free  
Western Journal of Legal Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Western New England Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
William & Mary Environmental Law and Policy Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
William & Mary Journal of Women and the Law     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
William and Mary Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Windsor Yearbook of Access to Justice / Recueil annuel de Windsor d'accès à la justice     Open Access  
Wirtschaftsrechtliche Blätter     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Wroclaw Review of Law, Administration & Economics     Open Access  
Yale Journal of Law & the Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Yale Journal of Law and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Yale Journal on Regulation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Yale Law Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 63)
Yearbook of European Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Yearbook of International Disaster Law Online     Full-text available via subscription  
Yuridika     Open Access  
Zuzenbidea ikasten : Irakaskuntzarako aldizkaria     Open Access  
交大法學評論     Open Access  

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Wroclaw Review of Law, Administration & Economics
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2084-1264 - ISSN (Online) 2084-1264
Published by Sciendo Homepage  [370 journals]
  • Comments on Directive (EU) 2019/1937 of the European Parliament and of the
           Council of 23 October 2019 on the Protection of Persons Who Report
           Breaches of Union Law

    • Abstract: Without some of the important information brought into light by whistleblowers, many current scandals would not have occurred. It is undeniable that whistleblowing brought into the public domain can insert a previously unforeseen and incorrigible milestone in the biography of whistleblowers, which can lead to financial loss, loss of work, affect private life, and even health. Even in situations where the whistleblower acts in good faith, he runs the risk of being publicly judged and having his reputation tarnished by lack of protection. Reporting persons may even be driven to complete isolation or pay with their lives or that of their families. In view of this, the European Union has foreseen in a new directive a better protection for whistleblowers, through the implementation of a trilateral whistleblower system.The main new feature of the European Whistleblower Protection Directive is the obligation to establish internal whistleblower channels for legal entities in the public and private sectors with at least 50 or more employees. In the public sector, Member States may exempt cities with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants or fewer than 50 employees working in the public body from the obligation to establish whistleblowing channels. If the report to the company or public body is not successful, the whistleblower may report to the press.European legislators have until December 2021 to transpose the provisions of this directive into national whistleblower protection regulations.
      PubDate: Wed, 04 May 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Practical Methods of Implementation for the Indispensable Mechanism of
           GDPR Compliance

    • Abstract: New quality that has been delivered by the provisions of General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) (EU) 2016/679 is intended to secure a higher level of safety for personal data processing operations. The following elaboration was produced as an attempt to address the questions regarding practical methods of implementation for the indispensable mechanism of GDPR compliance. The guidelines contained in the article are supposed to be helpful in enhancing the safety level for processed personal data. Theoretical and legal studies over the status and functioning of the valid legislation with reference to the practical application of personal data processing procedures have been applied in the article. The main sources of knowledge included valid legal acts, opinions from Article 29 Working Party, technical norms as well as available general knowledge. The outcomes of the said studies indicated the complexity of the issue and established the necessity to continue further studies in practical implementation methods, such as the national and European mechanism of certification or sector codes of good practices.
      PubDate: Sat, 16 Apr 2022 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • The Importance of Trust at the Level of Public International Law: A
           Contribution to Theoretical Considerations

    • Abstract: The purpose of this article is to point to trust as a value serving the coexistence of international community cooperation, as well as the elimination of global threats in public international law. The article presents selected approaches and typology of trust adopted in social sciences (with particular emphasis on the sociology of law as an auxiliary science of jurisprudence), their reference to the understanding and meaning of trust in public international law, as well as consequences in the form of shaping the quality and content of legislative solutions and practice of acting in the international arena.As a result of the conducted analyses, trust in international law can be considered in three ways: first, as trust in the binding rule established by the subjects of international law; second, as a value expressed by the axiology of international law and principles of institutional significance; third, as a requirement of effective practice that exemplifies the theoretical and axiological assumptions of law.
      PubDate: Sat, 20 Nov 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • The impact of COVID-19 pandemic on financing the purchase of residential
           real estate through a mortgage in Poland

    • Abstract: The study analyses the changes in financing the purchase of residential real estate based on a mortgage in Poland, caused by the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic in its initial stage, that is, the period from March to September 2020. The research problem is the impact of the pandemic on the process of granting and repaying loans for housing purposes. Banking institutions tightened the terms of granting financing. People who received financing earlier may, however, benefit from assistance in paying off the debt. The research hypothesis assumes the negative consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic for the consumers of the housing loan market in the analysed period. The research methods used are the analysis of statistical data and facts. The author looks at the situation on the real estate market and the situation on the housing loan market in 2020. The study then highlights the actions of lending banks and the actions of buyers in the first pandemic months.
      PubDate: Tue, 26 Oct 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Impact of PSD2 on The Payment Services Market – General Objectives and
           Evidence from Polish and UK Legal Systems

    • Abstract: Payment Service Directive 2 came into force on 13th January 2018. It has replaced the prior directive and introduces new tools allowing to provide more advanced payment services. New legislation aims to increase competition and allow new entrants into the market. The thesis leads through the different aspects of the Directive, emphasizing an influence the legislation has on the companies providing modern solutions in the payment services market. The legal changes are analysed and assessed following the differences resulting from Payment Service Directive 2. For better understanding the impact of Directive, recent technological accomplishments are briefly described and explained. The overall results of the analysis are concluded on the basis of British and Polish payment services markets. The outcome reveals a contrast between these two countries in a number of new payment services providers as well as they origins. Research shows that the Polish payment services market is less accessible for non-bank financial companies.
      PubDate: Tue, 26 Oct 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Internal Rate of Return on Investment in Higher Education in Europe

    • Abstract: The study aims to update the well-settled issue in literature of rate of return on investment in higher education in Europe. The proposed approach slightly modifies the existing methodology based on the Mincer equation, using an updated set of data for the period 2014–2016 from the European Central Bank's ‘Household Finance and Consumption Survey’. The results obtained, ranging between 13% and 21%, are higher compared to historical records for the years 1996–2013. As for the microeconometric estimates of the Mincer-type equation, they are sound and comparable, although showing higher margins in relation to the recent figures. Thus, they may suggest an increasing trend in valuation and importance of human capital based on high school degree, especially for the Central–Eastern European Union countries, resulting probably from rapid economic and cultural convergence.
      PubDate: Thu, 09 Sep 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Nature of Charge for Breach of Budgetary Discipline from Czech Perspective

    • Abstract: This article is focused on the issue of the imposition of the charge for the breach of the budgetary discipline and its nature as a criminal sanction for the purposes of the application of articles 6 and 7 of the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental freedoms. The author familiarizes the reader with the basics of the Czech regulation, pointing out the specific issue related to the recipients of public subsidies. In this case, the Czech legislator must deal with the issue of the competed public authorities because particular breach of the budgetary discipline can be sanctioned also by a fine levied by the Office for the Protection of Competition. Otherwise, the current regulation of the charge for the breach of the budgetary does not necessarily be in accordance with the principle non bis in idem pursuant to article 4 of the Protocol No. 7 to the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental freedoms, if the nature of the charge and fine is criminal. Therefore, this article is also devoted to the application of the Engel criteria to the charge for the breach of the budgetary discipline to provide an answer whether this charge is a criminal sanction, and finally, it describes from the perspective of the application of the non bis in idem principle, how negatively the imposition of this charge could be affected if its nature is identified as a criminal one. The scientific methods used are the analysis, induction, deduction and description.
      PubDate: Sat, 19 Jun 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Foreigners’ Rights in The Age of Pandemics – Migration Aspects

    • Abstract: The content of the article is devoted to the situation of foreigners – migrants – entering and staying in the territory of Poland. All considerations refer to the conditions of the pandemic. The author asks whether the introduced legal solutions are consistent with the rights and freedoms, and whether the restrictions are constitutional and, in particular, proportional to the threat. The subject of the analysis focuses mainly on Polish sources of law issued during the first wave of the epidemic in Poland. Many voices currently indicate that the pandemic situation in the global world could repeat itself in the future. Hence, the present experience should be used as a reference point in the future.
      PubDate: Sat, 19 Jun 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Migration Law of the Commonwealth of Independent States

    • Abstract: The article presents multilateral agreements and acts of model legislation constituting the basis of developing migration law in the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). The author provides brief characteristics to the acts regulating cooperation in governing migration processes and the status of various types of migrants (both voluntary and forced), as well as model legislation designed to help unify and harmonize the legislation of the CIS member States in the relevant field. The results of the research show that the development of migration law in the CIS continues along the path of convergence with generally accepted norms and standards of international law, clarification of terminology, as well as systematization of model norms. At the same time, the implementation of the adopted norms remains problematic due to the lack of appropriate control mechanisms, as well as sanctions for non-compliance with these norms. In addition, the CIS maintains a special approach to countering illegal migration, which shows the priority of state security issues over the protection of human rights and this is also reflected in the terminology used.The results of research may be used in comparative legal studies of migration law norms in regional legal systems.
      PubDate: Sat, 19 Jun 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • The concept of institutionalised disintegration: towards a recognition of
           the EU institutions anew

    • Abstract: The main purpose of this article is to recognise an ongoing phenomenon of disintegration in legal terms. A specific role of the EU institutions is inevitable because of supranational relations’ nature and to-date momentum of public international law. Briefly, disintegration supported by the EU institutions may be the expected solution. Therefore, the concept of institutionalised disintegration is the author’s proposal for using the EU acquis to create a new (autonomous) treaty regime of public international law and to define the EU institutions anew. The basis for reconciliation of institutions and disintegration is to constitute the scientific method on so-called legal phenomena that combine dogmas and functions of law in general. Legal phenomena are correlated with de lege ferenda proposals that – mainly critically – react to current challenges. Challenges – in turn – are derived from a de lege lata analysis of the politico-legal system (especially understanding of the institution, mapping of disintegration and examination of legislative methods).
      PubDate: Fri, 18 Jun 2021 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Frame Agreement For Cross-Border Cooperation Between Local Authorities

    • Abstract: The cross-border cooperation of local authorities, taken up based on the administrative law of each of the states, is marked by both integrating factors that refer to the similarities of the applicable system of law and separating factors arising from the principle of territoriality of administrative law. The frame agreement is a smart solution (a smart tool) of cross-border cooperation, because it enables cooperating territorial self-government units to conduct a unique operation of ‘recompensing’ separating factors with integrating factors.
      PubDate: Mon, 28 Dec 2020 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Summary Report on the Fourth Wroclaw Conference on Competitiveness and
           Sustainability: “Global Challenges, Innovative Approaches, and Civic
           Action”

    • PubDate: Mon, 28 Dec 2020 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Smart Integration

    • Abstract: The article is devoted to smart integration taking place on the Polish–German borderland and, more precisely, the border between the Lower Silesian Voivodeship and the Saxony Länder, which, according to the author, is the result of an evolution of forms of transfrontier cooperation of territorial self-government units. It will analyse the conditions for the emergence of forms of cooperation in the transfrontier area and their evolution in European experiences to date and, after 1990, also with the involvement of Polish territorial self-governments.
      PubDate: Mon, 28 Dec 2020 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Computerization of the Fiscal Administration as One of the Conditions of
           Smart Administration in Poland

    • Abstract: Public administration is constantly changing, with the objective of keeping up with the social, economic and technological developments of the modern world. It is opening up to modern technologies, introducing ever newer innovations and attempting to satisfy the needs of the citizens. It is no longer seen to such a large extent as an archaic structure that is blind to reforms and modernization; as a result of which, it can start to be perceived as a smart organization. New instruments are being introduced in many areas of administration, one of them being the fiscal administration. The changes related to the ability to communicate electronically with the tax authorities, submit electronic tax returns or pay stamp duty electronically are certainly aspects that have a positive impact on the whole image of administration, enabling it to be referred to as ‘smart’. The paper provides an overview on the fiscal administration system in Poland and e-services provided thereby.
      PubDate: Mon, 28 Dec 2020 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Smart Practices in Public Administration to End Homelessness: the Example
           of Scandinavian Countries

    • Abstract: Homelessness is a phenomenon for which the scale is growing at an alarming rate in Europe. It leads to the exclusion of people affected by it, to the denying of human dignity, and it constitutes a threat to human health and life. It is a multidimensional phenomenon in its substance and causes that lead to it. Therefore, it is necessary for the European states to take steps to prevent and reduce its scale. This requires thoughtful, sometimes innovative activities that bring with them a serious financial outlay for their implementation. It also concerns Poland, where the basic form of assistance to the homeless people is still a shelter, which is far from the level of assistance provided to the homeless people in the countries of Western Europe, especially in countries such as Finland, Denmark or Norway. The aim of the article is a theoretical overview of the notion of smart practices in public administration to end homelessness in selected Scandinavian countries and its state affair in Poland, using relevant scientific literature. The article provides the reader with information about the homelessness strategies implemented in Finland, Denmark and Norway, and refers them to the Polish conditions.
      PubDate: Mon, 28 Dec 2020 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Smart City: From Concept To Implementation

    • Abstract: This article presents four interpretations of the term smart city, which are not competitive with each other, but even so, municipal authorities knowingly choose the so-called strong preference, as well as shows the conditions for implementing Smart City Projects, which is treated as one of the mechanisms of implementing the idea of the smart city. We also draw attention in the article to the logic of preferences, which is rooted in every decision-making process of municipal authorities, which were forced to make constant choices in conditions of conflicting expectations of stakeholders.
      PubDate: Mon, 28 Dec 2020 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Dimensions of Smart Administration

    • Abstract: Smart public administration (hereinafter: smart administration) is understood primarily as the application of modern technologies that increase its effectiveness. However, not only modern techniques and innovative communication solutions define this concept. They should be considered in a broader sense because smart administration has many dimensions. The article presents just such an approach and discusses five dimensions of smart administration (technological, political, legal, subjective and structural).
      PubDate: Mon, 28 Dec 2020 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • School and Education as a Part of Public Administration in the Perspective
           of a Smart Organisation – Selected Attributes

    • Abstract: The study is aimed at emphasising the selected aspects of smart education with regard to the school perceived as an intelligent knowledge-based organisation challenged by state-of-the-art civilisational and technological educational solutions. The study focuses on school and education with respect to the structure and function of public administration perceived as an intelligent organisation. School and educational services will determine and influence future generations of public administration staff. Their brainpower as well intellectual resources (knowledge, skills and experience) will serve the welfare of the society. Highly intelligent administration may win the respect for the organisation itself and for its services rendered to the society.
      PubDate: Mon, 28 Dec 2020 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • Smart Administration– Really' Why Not' Introduction

    • Abstract: In an increasingly smarter world, where increasingly more areas of social life are encompassed by “smart solutions”, public administration cannot remain on the outside or in opposition to this process. The scholars of the Section of the Public Administration System at the Institute of Administrative Sciences of Faculty of Law, Administration and Economics at the University of Wrocław, have decided to devote a collective publication to the matter of smart administration. The articles comprising this volume present a rich array of topics related to the issue of smart administration, as each of the authors has chosen a different area of administrative activity.
      PubDate: Mon, 28 Dec 2020 00:00:00 GMT
       
  • How ‘smart’ is Public Administration in the Eyes of European
           Students' - Examining Behaviour Models in the Public Administration

    • Abstract: Following study focussed on the perception of the public administration by the international students in the context of implementation of the concept of smart administration. New administrative reality requires that public administration should not only adapt to new conditions, but should also introduce complex plans of change, which in consequence should lead to the creation of a new type of smart administration, which adequately answers the needs and expectations of contemporary and future citizens.Smart administration should be understood as an effective, well managed organisation with reasonably simplified structure and conduct oriented primarily towards serenity, comfort and well-being of the recipient of its service. Important feature is easy, two-way communication, which is a gateway for active participation of citizens in public affairs in both local and nationwide level.For the purpose of this study, various dispositions expressed towards public administration were classified into the three categories of behaviour models. Models of behaviour in public administration presented in the paper are meritoric-despotism behaviour, efficient-democratic behaviour and anarchist-informal behaviour and were created for this study on the basis of approaches already present in the field.Main objective of the paper is to provide preliminary analysis of how the international students perceive changes in the behaviour models in public administration and what is the role of smart administration in this. This paper is based on the data collected during the interviews, conducted face to face, with four students from different part of Europe and who are following exchange programmes. Questions concerned the experience in contact with public administration, its role, performance and how should it be changed. Research results showed that regarding behaviour changes in public administration, interlocutors speak in favour of a centralised model of public administration rather than decentralised, which is interesting in the context of smart administration, because this mean that there is still a common perception that the base of classic approach to public administration should be maintained even if modified by new concepts.
      PubDate: Mon, 28 Dec 2020 00:00:00 GMT
       
 
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