Subjects -> BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (Total: 3530 journals)
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HUMAN RESOURCES (103 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 92 of 92 Journals sorted by number of followers
Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 224)
Human Resource Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 76)
Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 74)
Human Resource Management Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 72)
Human Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61)
Human Resource Management Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
International Journal of Human Resource Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 50)
Journal of Accounting and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Accounting, Organizations and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Contemporary Accounting Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 34)
Journal of Accounting Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Human Resource Development Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Review of Accounting Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Accounting Auditing & Accountability Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Human Resource Development Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Advances in Developing Human Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Personality and Individual Differences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Accounting Forum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
International Journal of Human Resources Development and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
American Journal of Finance and Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Accounting and Business Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Human Development and Capabilities : A Multi-Disciplinary Journal for People-Centered Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
European Accounting Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Human Resource Management Research     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Human Resource Development International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Open Journal of Leadership     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
International Journal of Accounting and Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Personnel Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Critical Perspectives on Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Accounting Education: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
International Journal of Banking, Accounting and Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
European Journal of Training and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Management Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Public Personnel Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Review of Public Personnel Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Human Resource Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
British Accounting Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
New Horizons in Adult Education and Human Resource Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Management Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Human Capital     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Behavioural Accounting and Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Accounting, Auditing and Performance Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Accounting and Public Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Accounting Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Qualitative Research in Accounting & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Human Resource and Organization Development Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Attachment & Human Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Strategic HR Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Service Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Human Resource Costing & Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
German Journal of Human Resource Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Organizational Effectiveness : People and Performance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Professions and Organization     Free   (Followers: 5)
Journal of International Accounting, Auditing and Taxation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Research in Human Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Afro-Asian Journal of Finance and Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Contemporary Accounting & Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Coaching : Theorie & Praxis     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
South Asian Journal of Human Resources Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Accounting Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Accounting Information Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Chinese Human Resource Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Corporate Governance and Organizational Behavior Review     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Accounting & Organizational Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Evidence-based HRM     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Global Responsibility     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Human Capital and Information Technology Professionals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Ethics and Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of HR intelligence     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Pacific Accounting Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Critical Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Marketing and HR     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Accounting and the Public Interest     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Economics and Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Sri Lankan Journal of Human Resource Management     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intangible Capital     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Advances in Management Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
EURO Journal on Decision Processes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Human Resource and Sustainability Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
NHRD Network Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Human Resource Research     Open Access  
Personnel Assessment and Decisions     Open Access  
Kelaniya Journal of Human Resource Management     Open Access  
Revista Gestión de las Personas y Tecnología     Open Access  
Psychologie du Travail et des Organisations     Hybrid Journal  
FOR Rivista per la formazione     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Enterprising Communities People and Places in the Global Economy     Hybrid Journal  
Asian Review of Accounting     Hybrid Journal  

           

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Journal of Enterprising Communities People and Places in the Global Economy
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.281
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 0  
 
Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal   * Containing 3 Open Access Open Access article(s) in this issue *
ISSN (Print) 1750-6204 - ISSN (Online) 1750-6212
Published by Emerald Homepage  [360 journals]
  • Women entrepreneurs’ success factors of Northern Indian community: a
           person–environment fit theory perspective

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      Authors: Meghna Chhabra , Lata Bajpai Singh , Syed Asif Mehdi
      Abstract: Women entrepreneurs contribute significantly to Asian economies. However, women in this region face an alarming array of barriers to entrepreneurship. This research study aims to examine the factors, i.e. government support, family social support, financial literacy and managerial skills, in building the entrepreneurial capacity of women entrepreneurs under the lens of the person–environment (P-E) fit theory. Furthermore, the study also examines the moderating effect of socio-cultural barriers in the said relationships. For the study, the data was collected from the owners of 311 women-owned manufacturing and services sector enterprises from the northern Indian community. Findings suggest that all the factors significantly affect the entrepreneurial capacity of women entrepreneurs, and the barriers work as a moderator between the relationships. Based on P-E fit theory, this unique research study proposes a model to test the role of factors such as government support, family social support, financial literacy and managerial skills in developing women entrepreneurs’ entrepreneurial capacity along with examining the moderating role of socio-cultural factors contributing to the entrepreneurial capacity of women.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2022-09-30
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-04-2022-0059
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Altruism and female entrepreneurship: evidence from the Turkish community
           in Kosovo

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      Authors: Afërina Skeja , Nora Sadiku-Dushi , Gülay Keskin
      Abstract: Altruism has an important place in shaping a healthy and developed society for the present and the future. Altruism refers to exhibiting good behavior that does not expect a reward in return. The fact that female entrepreneurs have busy working and private lives and try to be individuals who add value to life while striving for success in this intense tempo increases the investigation of altruism. This study aims to examine the differences in altruistic behaviors of female entrepreneurs according to demographic variables. The research sample consists of 120 female entrepreneurs belonging to the Turkish community in Kosovo. T-test and one-way ANOVA analysis were applied to examine the difference between altruism and demographic characteristics. This study determined that age and work experience influence altruism. Female entrepreneurs in the age group of 31+ had higher altruism scores than female entrepreneurs in the 21–24 and 25–30 age group. Additionally, it has been revealed that female entrepreneurs with 10 or more years of work experience have higher altruism scores than female entrepreneurs with under 1 year and 1–3 years of work experience. Findings also demonstrated that marital status, education level and income do not influence female entrepreneurs’ altruistic behaviors. Results obtained from the research are limited to the responses given by the participants to the survey used within the scope of the research. As Turkish women are small community living in the country, it was interesting to see that apart from their entrepreneurial spirit do they also have altruistic behavior and how this behavior differs among different demographic characteristics. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this research will contribute to the literature as no similar study was done before.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2022-09-19
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-06-2022-0090
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Impact of entrepreneurial education, trait competitiveness and
           psychological capital on entrepreneurial behavior of university students
           in GCC

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      Authors: Ahmed Abubakar , Fatma Hassan Abdelbasset Mourgan , Buthaina Al Kharusi , Chadilia Mohammed Elfitori
      Abstract: This research is in response to the growing need for economic diversification in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries as they seek to manage the impacts of volatile oil revenues. To this end, governments in the region are encouraging their citizens to undertake entrepreneurial activities. The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of entrepreneurial education (EE), trait competitiveness (TC) and psychological capital (PC) on the entrepreneurial behavior (EB) of university students. As a quantitative study, primary data were collected through a survey administered to the team of young university students in Oman. Using stratified sampling techniques, 858 questionnaires were retrieved and used for the analysis out of the 1,176 sample. The analysis of the data was done using structural equation modeling. The results have established a positive influence of EE, TC and PC on the EB of university students in the GCC region. This study also found that PC acts as a bridge between EE, TC and EB. This paper provides further literature evidence on the contribution of other variables like TC and PC to EB, particularly in the GCC context, by providing a model of the influence mechanism on EB. This research reveals a very unique influence of PC on the relationship between TC and EB. The findings confirm that there is no direct relationship between TC and EB. However, the relationship was established with the introduction of PC.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2022-09-13
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-03-2022-0047
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Gender inequalities in rural labour markets: the role of corporate social
           responsibility in Niger Delta, Nigeria

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      Authors: Joseph Ikechukwu Uduji , Elda Nduka Okolo-Obasi
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to critically examine the multinational oil companies’ (MOCs) corporate social responsibility (CSR) initiatives in Nigeria. Its special focus is to investigate the impact of the global memorandum of understanding (GMoU) on women’s involvement in rural labour market in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria. This paper adopts a survey research technique, aimed at gathering information from a representative sample of the population, as it is essentially cross-sectional, describing and interpreting the current situation. A total of 768 respondents were sampled across the rural areas of the Niger Delta region. The results from the use of a combined propensity score matching and logit model indicate that CSR of the MOCs using GMoU model has recorded little but significant success in improving women’s participation in the labour market by freeing women’s time through labour-saving technologies and the provision of public services, raising women’s capital through education, eliminating discriminatory employment practices and capitalizing on public works programmes. This suggest that the underlining causes of gender inequality in rural labour markets are institutional, including both social norms and the structure of labour market organizations, and can be holistically tackled through CSR programmes, government policies and building the strength of women in labour organizations. This implies that reducing rural poverty requires not just the barriers to women’s participation in decent employment but also aiming for a policy that helps to change people’s perceptions of what is possible, beneficial and fair; fosters cooperative action; and strengthens women’s bargaining power in the work place, the home and the market place. This research contributes to the gender debate in agriculture from a CSR perspective in developing countries and rationale for demands for social project by host communities. It concludes that business has an obligation to help in solving problems of public concern.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2022-08-31
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-05-2022-0073
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • How do women entrepreneurs influence the strategic orientation of family
           businesses' A typology of Swedish decision-making in Småland
           community

         This is an Open Access Article Open Access Article

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      Authors: Shqipe Gashi Nulleshi
      Abstract: This paper aims to add to the theorization of family dynamics and women’s entrepreneurship by examining women’s influence on decision-making in family businesses. Business decisions in family firms, in particular, are not free from family influence in terms of goals and strategies, and the role of women in decision-making processes is of particular interest. Consequently, the role of women entrepreneurs in family firms and their influence on business development requires a more fine-grained analysis of the family dynamic within the family and the business. This study draws on a qualitative study and focuses on the life story narratives of nine women in rural family businesses in rural communities of Småland province in Sweden to empirically examine the decision-making processes. This region is known both for its entrepreneurial culture and traditional gender order. Based on the narrative accounts of women entrepreneurs in family businesses, the data analysis method is thematic, using a Gioia-inspired method. The complexity of decision-making in rural family firms is further complicated in part due to a closeness with the rural community. Thus, a typology of three decision-making modes in family firms emerges an informal family-oriented mode, a semistructured family/employee consensus mode and a formal board mode with at least one nonfamily member. Moreover, the advantages, disadvantages and strategies that women use to influence decisions within the respective mode are outlined. This work contributes to the study of women’s agency and its implications in family business and entrepreneurship in the rural context. The study implies that women’s agency shapes the (rural) entrepreneurship context and, likewise, the (rural) entrepreneurship context influences women’s agency. Hence, the author challenges the view of women as only caregivers and sheds light on the practices and processes behind the scenes of entrepreneurial family businesses.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2022-08-30
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-06-2022-0091
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Exchanged actors behind the creation of sense of place value in indigenous
           tourism enterprise Karangrejo Borobudur Indonesia

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      Authors: Cicilia Larasati Rembulan , Astrid Kusumowidagdo , Melania Rahadiyanti
      Abstract: According to the Ministry of Tourism and Creative Economy, there are 7,275 indigenous tourism enterprises in Indonesia. However, only 0.5% of these are certified as a sustainable tourism village. One of them is the Karangrejo village in Borobudur, Indonesia. This village is able to sustain their enterprise, which is a unique and rare context. This study aims to address this gap by examining the sense of place value created from the collaboration between actors, mapping the actors and their resources who have crucial roles in indigenous tourism enterprise, and examining the relations between actors, mapping the characteristics and efforts made by the indigenous tourism enterprise. The novelty of this research is the unique context that it takes place, and the use of comprehensive theoretical perspectives combining architecture, sociological social psychology and marketing/business theories in tourism context, which is uncommon for research in this area. Participants in this study were 17 individuals, comprising Village Chief, accompanying state-owned enterprises, tourists, owners of micro, small and medium enterprises, village economic center manager and village-owned enterprises manager. Data were collected from interviews and field recordings using purposive sampling technique. The study design was a case study. The data were coded in two steps: first cycle and second cycle coding. Member checking with research participants was conducted to ensure data credibility. This study revealed several novel findings. First, sense of place value was not merely perceived as material and nonmaterial components, but also as networks between actors that were involved in creating such components within (value) exchange framework. Second, the actors involved in the exchange were provider actor, external supporter actor, internal supporter actor, collaborator actor and consumer actor. Each of these actors owned one or a combination of material and nonmaterial values that are exchangeable. Mapping of the actors involved was discussed using a combined perspective of consumer-centric and balanced network. Third, exchange relations that occurred between actors could be balanced or imbalanced, depending on the amount of resource owned by each actor. Nonetheless, imbalanced relations because of discrepancies in the value contributions could still have positive impact because it was motivated by the intention to help others. Fourth, this study identified the importance of having characteristics as resource integrator/gatherer for indigenous tourism enterprise (provider actor) to ensure the economic sustainability of their business. This study was conducted during the COVID-19 pandemic, where governments imposed strict travel restrictions. Consequently, data from tourists were limited in particular, the lack of perspectives from international tourists. During the data collection, the government were still limiting international travelers to visit the country, hence only domestic tourists were able to visit. The perspectives of international tourists would have added valuable data. Because of pandemic, the data collection process was initially conducted online, which was then followed by in-person data collection. Online data collection is common in research; however, in-person data collection would have been more preferred, where possible, so that the researchers could directly observe the situation in context. Future research could be conducted after the pandemic ends. Furthermore, findings of this research asserted the importance of actors’ motives, situations, quality of the values and relational attributes, but had not discussed these in detail, especially from the perspective of each actor. Future research could address this limitation. Enhancing material and nonmaterial sense of place value would involve multiple actors. Therefore, mapping of the resources owned by these actors as well as their roles is critical. To create sense of place value, synergy between actors is essential and could not be achieved by a single actor. Every actor is influenced by motives and circumstances when interacting with the other actor. Awareness of such motives and circumstances where the exchange takes place is necessary, to ensure that the cultivated relationship aligns with the goals and expectations. As exchange relations could be balanced or imbalanced, every actor also needs to be aware of their position and continuously evaluate it to avoid being constantly in a powerless position. Indigenous tourism enterprise could not singlehandedly provide every resource needed. Therefore, developing a character as a gatherer/resource integrator becomes crucial to gain access to all necessary resources. Currently, there are no tools available for identifying actors, resources and relational attributes. This could be a potential avenue for academics in this area. Further, the government should identify the best practice from the successful indigenous tourism enterprises, not only giving recognition awards or certifications to these enterprises. Findings from this study have several contributions; among others, it discussed sense of place value of indigenous tourism enterprise more comprehensively, as the essential actors who exchange resources were identified. This study also underlined positive power imbalance, which had been generally seen as a negative dynamic. Moreover, this study highlighted that indigenous people, despite living by communal value (non-transactional) in their daily lives, would need to engage in transactional relations and develop resource integrator characteristics to maintain tourism enterprise. Indigenous people have often been seen from their communal side, while their transactional (non-communal) side has been rarely seen.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2022-08-19
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-02-2022-0022
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • The key for success in the value chain of a social entrepreneur in Vietnam

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      Authors: Minh Ngoc Do
      Abstract: This paper intends to analyze a social enterprise as a case example of fulfilling social missions and achieving financial profitability at the same time. This paper aims to illustrate a business partnership that helps to bridge the gap in business and employment opportunities between megacities and suburban areas and examine value-creating activities that generate healthy income stream for the business. This paper follows a quantitative methodology in the form of case study. The data are collected through interviews, personal observation and document analysis; direct quotes from interviewees are used to describe the phenomenon. Value chain framework is adopted to analyze company activities and deduce key success factors as well as value creations of the company. The case demonstrates that social enterprises can be self-sustained financially, which would help them to better fulfill their social missions. Financial profitability can be achieved through good management of production, marketing and sales activities. Besides, value creation achieved through activities in the value chain is not only for customers but also for suppliers – a beneficiary within the social impact created by the case company. The case demonstrates the necessity of establishing strong alliance with suppliers and customers in ensuring business success, which implies that leaders need to equip themselves with good business skills. Entrepreneurship support should include educational and training assistance besides the usual legal and financial support. The case provides an exemplary partnership model that helps social enterprises to achieve financial security and social mission at the same time. This model can be applied anywhere in the world to create benefits for vulnerable communities. The case study contributes to the limited understanding of social entrepreneurship in Vietnam, and demonstrates a social innovation in business partnership that helps to diminish the inequality of income and employment opportunities between suburban areas and big cities.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2022-07-27
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-01-2022-0019
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • How indigenous entrepreneurs negotiate cultural and commercial
           imperatives: insights from Aotearoa New Zealand

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      Authors: Admiral Munyaradzi Manganda , Jason Paul Mika , Tanya Jurado , Farah Rangikoepa Palmer
      Abstract: This paper aims to explore how Maori entrepreneurs in Aotearoa New Zealand negotiate cultural and commercial imperatives in their entrepreneurial practice. Culture is integral to Indigenous entrepreneurship, an example being tikanga Maori (Maori cultural values) and Maori entrepreneurship. This study discusses the tensions and synergies inherent in the negotiation of seemingly conflicting imperatives both theoretically and practically. This study reports on a thematic analysis of semi-structured interviews involving ten Maori enterprises of the Ngati Porou tribe on the east coast of Aotearoa New Zealand. This study finds that depending on their contextual and cultural orientation, Maori entrepreneurs use tikanga to help negotiate cultural and commercial imperatives. The contingency of entrepreneurial situations and the heterogeneity of Maori perspectives on whether (and in what way) tikanga influences entrepreneurial practice appear influential. The authors propose a typology of Maori entrepreneurs’ approaches to explain the negotiation of cultural and commercial imperatives comprising the “culturally engaged Maori entrepreneur”; the “culturally responsive Maori entrepreneur”; and the “culturally ambivalent Maori entrepreneur.” This study proposes a typology to analyse entrepreneurial practices of Indigenous entrepreneurs’ negotiation of cultural and commercial imperatives.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2022-07-26
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-01-2022-0017
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Internal factors affecting the performance of employee-based savings and
           credit cooperatives: evidence from Nigeria

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      Authors: Innocent Otache , Ifeoma Jeraldine Echukwu , Kadiri Umar , Acho Yunusa , Samson Audu
      Abstract: Drawing upon stewardship and resource-based view theories, the purpose of this study is to empirically examine the impacts of management committee effectiveness (MCE), member economic participation (MEP), innovation (INNOV) and internal control systems (ICS) on the performance of employee-based savings and credit cooperatives (SACCOs) in Nigeria. This study adopted a survey research design. Thus, a structured questionnaire was used to collect data from a sample of 295 members of six employee-based SACCOs in Nigeria. To test the study hypotheses, partial least squares structural equation modelling (PLS-SEM), through SmartPLS version 2, was used. The results show that MCE, MEP, INNOV and ICS have significant positive links with the performance of employee-based SACCOs. Further analysis reveals that MCE has the greatest impact on performance, followed by MEP, ICS and INNOV, respectively. The findings provide practical and managerial implications for members and management committees of employee-based SACCOs. There is a paucity of studies on the impacts of MCE, MEP, INNOV and ICS on cooperative performance. This study contributes to the literature on cooperatives by demonstrating the positive impacts of MCE, MEP, INNOV and ICS on cooperative performance in a single study.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2022-07-26
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-03-2022-0046
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Exploring the transition from informal to formal jobs and its consequent
           impacts on the livelihood of migrant youths in Lagos metropolis

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      Authors: Oluyemi T. Adeosun , Kayode E. Owolabi , Idongesit C. Eshiet , Temitope J. Owolabi
      Abstract: The upsurge in global youth migration remains a major concern for policymakers, politicians and academia at large. Given the emerging interests in youth migration and informal jobs in cities around the world, this study aims to establish the barriers limiting the transition of migrant youths, in informal settings, into formal jobs and the consequent impact on their livelihood. Leveraging the push-pull approach of the functionalist migration school, this study uses a primary research design. A structured questionnaire was administered among 150 migrant youths who were selected across informal settings in Lagos, using a convenient sampling technique. Then, a structured face-to-face interview was later conducted among 40 selected migrant youths. There is a skill mismatch between the competence of the youths and the requirements of firms in the formal sector, and the migrant youths are largely disenfranchised from opportunities that flow within certain networks. Another critical constraint includes language barrier, ethnicity and religious biases by certain employers. Most migrant youths are economically better off compared to where they came from, even though they are yet to exit the poverty trap. This study critically examined the challenges faced by the migrant youth population in Lagos, Nigeria, in their bid to transition from informal employment to formal employment.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2022-07-20
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-02-2022-0020
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • A review on unprecedented influence of COVID-19 on stock market: what
           communities should know'

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      Authors: Jonika Lamba , Esha Jain
      Abstract: This paper aims to show the pragmatic studies that examine whether novel COVID-19 affects the national and international stock markets and reinforces the existing literature by highlighting the factors that are resultant from COVID 19. The systematic literature review and bibliometric approach have been used in the study covering 585 selected articles published in journals of high repute from January 2020 to January 2022. The process of bibliometric analysis has been divided into three stages, namely, assembling, arranging and assessing. From the Scopus database, one of the most reliable and authentic database total of 585 records were collected, out of which 12 were specifically focused on communities, and information gathered in the comma-separated value documents design was compared and interpreted based on year, document types, subject area, country and research fields with the help of graphs and pie charts. The study has analyzed fact-based and reliable studies to draw inferences from existing literature regarding the pandemic impacting the financial markets. In the extant study, an attempt has been made to explore the factors that are resultant from the COVID-19 pandemic and affects the stock market performance, which can be further classified into a few common factors by using factor analysis. It originated from the majority of the studies that the stock market retorted destructively to the upsurge in the figure of COVID-19 cases and fatalities. It also emphasized that the market has reacted differently in comparison to earlier catastrophes such as the great depression of 2008 and the Spanish flu. Various factors such as fear of losing capital, standstill economy, lower valuation, increased mortality rate, halt in business operations, retrenchment, trade war, liquidity issues, panic buying and selling, digitalization, negative media coverage, government interference, financial behavior of investors, hoarding of COVID supplies, promotion of start-up in health-care and education sector, news bulletins, prevention campaigns, use of medical devices and COVID-19 vaccination, etc. have been conferred from the studies that have an immediate consequence on the actions of investors in the stock market. It was further highlighted in the study that the Indian stock market has been less explored in respect of implications of COVID-19 contagion as the majority of studies were based on either international stock exchanges or combinations of varied nation’s stock markets. It was witnessed in the interpretation section that the number of studies is increasing at a fast pace as new variants of COVID-19 are emerging over time. Significant contribution has been done in enhancing the literature on COVID-19 and the stock market by China and the USA. The maximum contribution in this domain has been done in the form of articles in the present literature. Few studies were focusing on communities, so the present study will try to fill this research gap to some extent. This conceptual paper is demarcated by unsatisfactory analyses of writings from multi-discipline to get a comprehensive scope of notional understanding. Furthermore, there is a perchance that some other imperative phenomena or variables that prejudiced trading bustle have not been captured by present reviews of research papers. The influences of other macroeconomic variables should be explored to understand the concrete results of this pandemic. Most of the studies were based on foreign stock exchanges, so there is an opportunity to explore the Indian stock market concerning the implications of the coronavirus pandemic. In the literature, it was examined that short-term studies have been undertaken, which cannot determine the long-term implications of COVID-19. Over time, besides COVID-19, various other factors have started impacting the stock market, so it has become difficult to examine the influence of COVID-19 on the stock market in isolation. The study will be helpful for future learnings in the arena of the stock market as it provides vast exposure to the present literature related to the impact of COVID-19 on economic markets. On the other hand, investors will also become aware of factors that are resultant of COVID-19 and will take the right decisions to save their investments in light of pandemic implications. The extensive review of studies will also help enterprising communities to take judicial steps to remain active in the period of economic slowdown. The paper provides significant implications to the investors in the stock market, and it will provide useful insight to improve their returns on their portfolios. The learning from the study will help investors to take fruitful decisions considering the uncertainty during the pandemic period. The inferences drawn from rich existing literature will be guiding enterprises to take timely actions to avoid the situation of loss in the market and adapt new models to ensure continuity of business operations. Different markets had reacted differently, so investors need to be cautious before taking trading decisions.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2022-07-15
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-12-2021-0175
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Regional green economy and community impact on global sustainability

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      Authors: Samet Gunay , Selma Kurtishi-Kastrati , Kristina Krsteska
      Abstract: This study aims to explore the impact of regional green economies and communities on global sustainability. This study attempts to show if the empirical results align with the regional sustainable development policy and practices. Empirical analyses are conducted through time-varying correlations, structural break tests and volatility modeling. As a public health indicator, the community variable is proxied by the daily COVID-19 cases. According to the results, the US green economy and global sustainability relationship exhibit a greater variety than that of Europe and Asia regions. Volatility modeling reveals that green economies are significant variables for each region in accounting for the changes in global sustainability. Europe and Asia have the highest and lowest effects in this interaction, respectively. The results are consistent with the carbon emission statistics of the regions studied and the government’s efforts to promote sustainable development. Furthermore, this study supports the efforts of the European Union to tackle climate and environmental issues, as well as create a resource-efficient economy and truly prosperous society. This study presents empirical findings concerning global sustainability by providing evidence from three regions. The outcomes on the extent of regional contribution to global sustainability may lead the policymakers to develop new strategies in the management of turmoil periods such as a pandemic.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2022-07-12
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-03-2022-0040
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Exotic meets suave: the micro dynamics of homophily in the Cambridge
           cluster

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      Authors: Edwina Pio , Shailendra Vyakarnam , Shima Barakat , Margaret McCammon
      Abstract: The purpose of this study is to discuss how ethnicity and gender influence high-tech entrepreneurship in the Cambridge cluster emphasizing homophily and how and why bridging and bonding ties are created in moving individuals from the periphery to cross the threshold into acceptance. The authors present findings on the micro-dynamics of ethnicity and gender in high-tech entrepreneurship underpinned by homophily. The authors discuss how ethnicity and gender influence who enters and stays in high-tech entrepreneurship university spinouts. Through an entrepreneurial narrative qualitative approach, the authors explore how and why bridging and bonding ties may be created and the challenges for those at the periphery to cross the threshold into acceptance. The study adopts an entrepreneurial narrative qualitative approach using interviews with individuals associated with the Cambridge cluster. The authors add to the entrepreneurship literature by responding to the call for multiplexity within homophily, and the research indicates that homophily strongly influences who enters and who leaves the cluster based on bridging and bonding ties. The findings address the need for more focused understanding of entrepreneurial clusters and how mechanisms can be developed to create an environment to nurture both bridging and bonding ties. It is possible for an entrepreneurial cluster to be perceived as attractive and thriving while being homophilous. Ethnic individuals and women continue to struggle to gain acceptance in the Cambridge cluster. Interviews were conducted by one person – an ethnic minority female – for continuity of all interviews. Yet as many of the participants were not minorities, it is possible that an interviewer who was not an ethnic minority may have elicited different narratives. The study adds to the entrepreneurship literature by focusing on multiplexity within homophily in examining the dynamics of homophily in the context of the Cambridge cluster and the significance of nurturing bridging and bonding ties. The research comments on implications for practice among three interlinked but autonomous groups: first, the individual entrepreneurs; second, the networks she/he belongs to; third, the university as both fertile ground for entrepreneurship and an educational institution where entrepreneurship education is engaged in for encouraging and supporting spinouts.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2022-06-28
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-02-2022-0021
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Mental health of hawkers during COVID-19: a marginal community in
           Bangladesh

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      Authors: Iqbal Hossain Moral , Md. Saidur Rahaman , Md. Shikh Imran , Md. Mizanur Rahman
      Abstract: Globally, the COVID-19 pandemic impacts the financial condition and the mental health of millions of workers from various informal sectors. This study aims to look into the hawkers’ community’s mental health and living conditions in Bangladesh during COVID-19. The researchers have applied the purposive sampling technique to choose ten hawkers from Khulna city, a district in the southern region of Bangladesh. An in-depth interview was taken in the Bengali language in an unstructured manner and lasted 30–40 min per respondent. The findings showed that the Hawkers’ income reduced, and specifically, during the pandemic, they had earned half of what they usually made before. Besides, they could not open their stores because law enforcement agencies imposed restrictions on opening business centres during the lockdown except for some emergency necessities shops. This restriction led the hawkers to stop selling their products because there was a high chance of spreading the virus through the products they sold. Due to income reduction, they had to eat cheap food, which caused their health problems. Consequently, this community mentally got depressed. Policymakers in Bangladesh might think about enacting more effective measures to provide some extrinsic and intrinsic support in improving the mental health of the hawkers’ community. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this is the first study on the mental of the hawkers’ community during COVID-19.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2022-06-14
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-01-2022-0006
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Enterprising tendency and entrepreneurial performance of indigenous women
           entrepreneurs in Sarawak, Malaysia

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      Authors: William Keling , Ching Seng Yap , Poh Ling Ho
      Abstract: This study aims to examine entrepreneurial performance differences between indigenous Dayak women entrepreneurs of their high versus low enterprising tendency in Sarawak, Malaysia. A quantitative approach was used for data collection and analysis. The population of this study was the indigenous women entrepreneurs in Sarawak, Malaysia. Primary data were collected from 129 indigenous women entrepreneurs using convenience sampling. The survey instrument for measuring enterprising tendency and entrepreneurial performance was adopted from the relevant literature. Data were analyzed using independent t-tests in Statistical Packages for Social Science. This study found that indigenous women entrepreneurs with higher enterprising tendencies performed better than those with lower enterprising tendencies. A significant difference was found between entrepreneurs with a higher enterprising tendency and those with a lower enterprising tendency in three of the five entrepreneurial attributes: need for achievement, creative tendency and calculated risk-taking. Nevertheless, no significant difference was observed in need for autonomy and internal locus of control between the two groups of indigenous women entrepreneurs. Very few studies are available in the Malaysian context explicitly concerning women entrepreneurs in general and indigenous Dayak women in specific. Therefore, this study provides novel insights into the relationship between enterprising tendency and entrepreneurial performance among indigenous Dayak women entrepreneurs in Malaysia.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2022-06-14
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-02-2022-0032
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • How online communities are important for rural entrepreneurial change
           – the library revolt

         This is an Open Access Article Open Access Article

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      Authors: Josefina Jonsson , Johan Gaddefors
      Abstract: This study aims to discuss how an online community interacts with a local community during the entrepreneurial process. By having a contextualized view of entrepreneurship, this study acknowledges the social and spatial dynamics of the process. The inductive approach used in this study is empirically anchored in the case “the library revolt”. This paper analysed interviews conducted in a selected region in Sweden and followed a netnographic method to capture the social interactions online. By using qualitative modes of inquiry, this study attempts to illuminate the social aspects of the entrepreneurial process. This study shows how social media works as a contextual element in entrepreneurship. By presenting interactions between an online community and a rural community, it is shown how entrepreneurial processes in rural areas can be shaped not only through local community relations but also by online interaction. It illustrates how an online context, where actors are located with their own unique set of resources, contributes to rural development. By being a part of an ongoing process of structuration, we can view the actors are gaining access to the resources online, which contributes to the change happening in a local community. This study adds to the conversation of the role of context in entrepreneurship studies. Rural entrepreneurship largely discusses the local social bonds and actions, while this study includes the online social bonds as a part of the reality in which entrepreneurship is developed.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2022-06-10
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-01-2022-0016
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • The impact of COVID-19 on refugee women’s entrepreneurship in Jordan

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      Authors: Tala Abuhussein
      Abstract: This study aims to extend the current debate on refugee entrepreneurship in Jordan. It empirically investigates the impact of COVID-19 on refugee women’s entrepreneurship, highlighting their experiences, constraints and opportunities. The study design is epistemologically grounded in the heuristic 8Ms extended gender-cognisant entrepreneurship framework. An interpretive qualitative approach was used involving 30 semi-structured interviews with refugee women entrepreneurs across Jordan, with manual thematic data analysis. Some of the main opportunities available to refugee women were linked with high levels of resilience and push and pull factors. The constraints were mainly pandemic induced and included access to funds; mobility restrictions; access to business knowledge, training and online learning platforms; rising xenophobia and discrimination; exhaustion; and stress. The study findings can be used by non-governmental organisations to support refugees in realising their full potential. They also provide practical insights into refugee women entrepreneurs’ lived experiences for better policymaking. This empirical study contributes to the existing knowledge on refugee women entrepreneurs’ constraints and opportunities by presenting a sensitive, in-depth analysis of their current trends and dynamics in the context of Jordan. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this is the first study to empirically test the extended 8Ms entrepreneurship model to capture the voices and shared experiences of Jordanian refugees.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2022-06-02
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-12-2021-0176
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Let’s be entrepreneurs – Finnish youth’s attitudes
           toward entrepreneurship

         This is an Open Access Article Open Access Article

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      Authors: Jouni Hintikka , Kyllikki Taipale-Erävala , Ulla Lehtinen , Leena Eskola
      Abstract: The purpose of the study is to clarify Finnish youth’s attitudes toward entrepreneurship and evaluate both regional and background factors influencing those attitudes. The authors conducted a survey of 1,497 students aged 15 to 24 years and analyzed the data using descriptive statistical analysis. The study’s results indicate positive attitudes toward entrepreneurship among the youth. One of the notable findings of the study was the number of students who had already worked as entrepreneurs. The study also revealed background factors that affected entrepreneurial attitudes, such as regional aspects, entrepreneurial background and gender. The results of this study highlight the importance of regional-level entrepreneurial education activities for increasing the vitality and entrepreneurial intentions within remote areas of Finland. This study suggests to develop new teaching methods to further raise entrepreneurial attitudes and expand gender equal entrepreneurial education programs aimed at promoting entrepreneurship, especially in remote areas. The study results reveal that the attitudes of young Finnish people toward entrepreneurship seem to be at a more positive levels than indicated by earlier studies. In previous Global Entrepreneurship Monitor studies, researchers evaluated Finnish youth’s attitudes toward entrepreneurship. By contrast, this study’s data was based on the opinions of youth in the region with the youngest population in Finland, and they described the entrepreneurial attitudes of themselves and their peers.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2022-05-27
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-07-2021-0099
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • ICT and the provision of social services in low-income countries: the
           moderating role of institutional quality

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      Authors: Olaniyi Evans
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to determine the effect of information and communications technology (ICT) on the provision of social services, as well as the moderating effect of institutional quality on the relationship between ICT and the provision of social services for 31 low-income countries. This study is based on panel data from World Development Indicators and Worldwide Governance Indicators spanning 1996 to 2020 for 31 low-income countries. To analyze the data, the study uses cross-sectional dependence tests, slope heterogeneity tests, panel unit root tests, panel cointegration tests and cross-sectionally augmented autoregressive distributed lag (CS-ARDL) analysis. The results overwhelmingly show that ICT has a significant positive effect on the provision of social services in both the short- and long-run. Also, the study reveals that institutional quality has a significant positive impact on the provision of social services in the short- and long-run. The results further provide empirical evidence of the positive and significant moderating effect of institutional quality on the relationship between ICT and the provision of social services. This study points out the significant potential of identifying appropriate scales of ICT infrastructure and institutional quality needed to support the various governments in low-income countries to improve social services delivery mechanisms and outreach efficacy and impact. The study can be invaluable for ICT innovators and policymakers in promoting the provision of social services. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this study represents the first attempt to determine the effect of ICT on the provision of social services, as well as the moderating effect of institutional quality on the relationship between ICT and the provision of social services, especially for low-income countries using CS-ARDL.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2022-05-19
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-07-2021-0094
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Reducing barriers to female entrepreneurship in Oman: does family
           matter'

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      Authors: Fatma Abd El Basset , Robin Bell , Buthaina Al Kharusi
      Abstract: Previous research has found that family characteristics, including family income, entrepreneurship/business experience and family size, can influence offspring’s entrepreneurial potential and perception of the barriers to entrepreneurship. This paper aims to extend this proposition to women in Oman to determine whether family income, entrepreneurship/business experience and family size influence women’s perception of barriers to entrepreneurship This study is based on primary data that was collected through a structured questionnaire from 123 female respondents at an Omani private university. The data was analysed using PCA, correlation and regression analysis to determine the influence of the family characteristic on the perception of barriers to entrepreneurship. The findings concluded that the three family characteristics being tested were not able to predict a change in the perception of barriers to entrepreneurship. This contradicts previous research conducted in Western contexts and highlights the potential weakness in family support for female entrepreneurship in Oman. These results challenge some of the extant findings in the literature, thus enriching the current perspectives on female entrepreneurship and the impact of Omani family characteristics, in terms of income, economic background and family size, on the perception of barriers that hinder entrepreneurship among female students
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2022-05-05
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-01-2022-0009
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Migration contexts in shaping community ethnic resources: a Forms of
           Capital approach on ethnic migrant entrepreneurs in Malaysia

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      Authors: Hamizah Abd Hamid , André M. Everett
      Abstract: This paper aims to refine the concept of community/ethnic resources for migrant communities by focusing on the way ethnic migrant entrepreneurs (EMEs) use co-ethnic-based (CEB) resources in their entrepreneurial activities, taking into account their migration contexts. Migrants are usually considered as disadvantaged individuals given their restricted opportunities in the labor market and in the business arena; thus, they rely on ethnic resources for survival in the host country. Through Bourdieu’s (1986) forms of capital model, the authors compare the experiences of EMEs from three migrant communities in Malaysia (specifically, the Indonesian, Pakistani and South Korean communities) with regard to their ethnic resources. The authors used a qualitative approach in analyzing our data, which includes interview narratives with 41 individuals consisting of EMEs, community leaders, embassy representatives and trade experts. This study’s findings indicate that migration contexts influence the differences in the way ethnic resources are used by EMEs. The findings are synthesized into a framework of ethnic resources within the context of ethnic migrant entrepreneurship. Adopting a qualitative approach was useful in studying the subject, but the findings are still limited within the context of the study. As such, future research is encouraged to test the proposed framework and examine the underexplored aspects of migration in influencing the utilization of ethnic resources for entrepreneurial migrant communities. A practical implication of this paper lies in the illustration of migrants’ usage of alternative routes for resources through co-ethnic networks, which is useful for policymakers and businesses focusing on migration and trade. This framework contributes to the discourse of ethnic migrant entrepreneurship through further clarifying aspects shaping the utilization of community ethnic resources.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2022-04-19
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-09-2021-0139
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Ethnicity and entrepreneurial learning experiences as predictors of
           entrepreneurial self-efficacy and outcome expectations

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      Authors: Adeola Samuel Adebusuyi , Olubusayo Foluso Adebusuyi
      Abstract: The purpose of this study is to investigate the antecedents of entrepreneurial self-efficacy (ESE) and entrepreneurial outcome expectations (EOE) using the distal parts of the social cognitive career theory (SCCT) in an entrepreneurial context. Specifically, this study examined the influence of indigenous ethnic groups in Nigeria (Yoruba, Igbo and Hausa) and entrepreneurial learning experiences (ELE) on ESE and EOE. The design of the study is cross-sectional. Data were collected from 335 students from three purposively selected tertiary institutions in Nigeria. This study analysed the data with Bayesian structural equation modelling. Firstly, there are no indigenous ethnic group differences in ELE except for negative emotions and vicarious learning. Secondly, contrary to popular beliefs, the Igbo ethnic group did not perform better than the other ethnic groups on the significant ELE. Thirdly, three of the five ELE factors directly led to ESE and EOE and indirectly led to EOE. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this is the first study to compare the indigenous ethnic groups in Nigeria on entrepreneurial outcomes and investigate the antecedents of ESE and EOE as posited by SCCT.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2022-04-04
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-11-2021-0157
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Non-farm proprietorship employment by micropolitan county

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      Authors: Nichole M. Bignall , Keith G. Debbage
      Abstract: Some US counties are more likely to generate entrepreneurial opportunities. This paper aims to determine whether US micropolitan counties with disproportionately high nonfarm proprietorship (NFP) employment levels are systematically linked to specific attributes of the entrepreneurial ecosystem. A limited amount of research has been conducted on the geography of entrepreneurship in small to medium-sized micropolitan counties where rates of growth and change can be quite dramatic. NFP employment data from the US Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) is used as a dependent variable proxy for entrepreneurship. NFP data are widely used in the entrepreneurship literature. Data on all independent variables were obtained from the US Census Bureau’s American Community Survey and BEA by county and subject to stepwise linear regression. Results revealed a strong positive relationship between the percent of NFP employment by micropolitan county and percent construction employment, percent real estate, and rental and leasing employment, and the percent elderly. It is argued that the combination of predictors captures primarily a self-employment of opportunity (e.g., thriving land and real estate markets). In attempting to encourage NFP employment, policymakers should be more alert to the key predictors that shape micropolitan entrepreneurial ecosystems when attempting to enhance competitive advantage in small- to medium-sized communities. Better understanding how micropolitan counties function relative to larger metropolitan places can help local policymakers more efficiently enhance the overall quality of life in smaller communities. The focus on smaller micropolitan communities and the explicit spatial context of this paper has sometimes been overlooked in the traditional entrepreneurship literature and this research helps to fill that gap.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2022-03-29
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-08-2021-0127
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Global research on community-based enterprise: a bibliometric portrait

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      Authors: Suchisweta Pradhan , Sasmita Samanta
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to provide a comprehensive review of scholarly literature on community-based enterprise (CBE) through a bibliometric analysis and to comprehend the qualitative dimensions of research in this specific field. The study is based on scholarly papers indexed in Scopus from 1990 to 2021. The bibliometric analysis focuses on journals, documents, writers, organizations and countries. VOSviewer is used for network visualization mapping of citation, co-citation, bibliographic coupling and co-occurrence of keywords. The analysis of the bibliometric aspects of CBE literature reveals an upward trend in publication of CBE documents, with a significant increase of research productivity in the past few years. This behaviour shows that CBE is becoming increasingly popular among academics and practitioners. The document “Toward a theory of community based enterprise” by Ana Maria Peredo is the most cited document. USA has so far published the maximum number of documents in this field. This study provides an overview of the current state of research in the subject as well as the primary themes explored in this burgeoning discipline, with the potential to help the researchers identify new topics and gaps that need to be investigated further. This work contributes to the literature by conducting a bibliometric analysis that has not yet been explored. It gives an overview of the field’s organization as well as specifics on the major issues explored in this discipline.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2022-03-23
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-01-2022-0010
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Youth entrepreneurial intentions: a cross-cultural comparison

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      Authors: Mehmet Bağış , Liridon Kryeziu , Mehmet Nurullah Kurutkan , Besnik A. Krasniqi , Joanna Hernik , Ensar Selman Karagüzel , Volkan Karaca , Çağdaş Ateş
      Abstract: This paper aims to determine the antecedents that affect higher education students' entrepreneurial intention and awareness in two developing economies (Turkey and Poland) and one transition economy (Kosovo). This study uses a quantitative research approach based on a sample of 342 questionnaires. Using SPSS 23, AMOS and Process Hayes, this study tests research hypotheses using explanatory and confirmatory factor analysis, correlation analysis, regression analysis and mediation analysis. The findings show that personal attitudes (PA), perceived behavioural control (PBC) and need for achievement (NFA) variables affect students' entrepreneurial intentions and alertness (EIA) in Turkey, Poland, and Kosovo. PA and PBC mediate the impact of NFA on EIA. In addition, analyses show that the country variable does not have a moderator effect on EIA, PA, NFA and PBC variables. The findings reveal that students' perceptions of EIA differ by country. The sample comes from a university in three countries; therefore, these results cannot be generalised to the entire population. In addition, the study was carried out with a cross-sectional study urging the need for a longitudinal analysis of the data, which may provide better results. Results can benefit policymakers and higher education administrators for resource planning, organising educational curricula and strategic policy plans for building the entrepreneurial ecosystem. The originality of this article is that it presents a model to reveal the effect of PA, PBC and NFA variables on EIA in three different countries.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2022-03-14
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-01-2022-0005
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • The role of traditional knowledge-based dynamic capabilities to improve
           the sustainable performance of weaving craft in Indonesia

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      Authors: Anggraeni Permatasari , Wawan Dhewanto , Dina Dellyana
      Abstract: Indonesian woven craft small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) have encountered several difficulties in sustaining their success in the digital era. The performance of the business is contingent upon its ability to gain competitive advantage through traditional knowledge capabilities. The purpose of this research is to study the role of traditional knowledge management processes towards competitive advantage and sustainable performance for woven craft SMEs. This research used a quantitative approach with a survey strategy. Confirmatory research was conducted to test five hypotheses to determine the causal relationship of four variables, namely, traditional knowledge management, dynamic capabilities, competitive advantage and sustainable performance. This study used a purposive sampling strategy and gathered data from 385 respondents. The sample was selected based on predetermined criteria, including operation for more than five years and entrepreneurial activity using traditional knowledge as a resource to manage product innovation. The analytical technique used was structural equation modelling with the support of the AMOS programme. The findings indicated that traditional knowledge management processes directly affect dynamic capabilities and sustainable performance. This study also found traditional knowledge management processes play a significant role in enhancing competitive advantage mediated by dynamic capabilities. However, traditional knowledge management processes have no significant effect on competitive advantage. Hence, there is a significant effect contributed by the relationship between traditional knowledge management processes and sustainable performance. Therefore, in the context of craft woven SMEs, the higher the traditional knowledge-based capabilities, the higher their sustainable performance. The novelty shows a direct relationship between traditional knowledge management processes and sustainable performance. This study also found traditional knowledge management processes meditated by dynamic capabilities have a relationship with competitive advantage. Traditional knowledge management processes will trigger an increase in dynamic capability which is a source of business development; those conditions will increase sustainable performance. Traditional knowledge-based capability is an antecedent of sustainable performance. The benefits of this research can be used as scientific literature regarding the link between traditional knowledge management processes, competitive advantage and sustainable performance. The results of this study can also be used as a basis for empowering traditional woven craft SMEs in Indonesia.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2022-02-17
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-11-2021-0156
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Community engagement in development projects: government versus private
           funded projects in Ghana

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      Authors: Helen Arkorful , Sam Kris Hilton , Fred Awaah
      Abstract: The abandonment of governmental development projects either after completion or midway completion at the taxpayer’s expense in Ghana could be attributed to lack of effective community engagement (CE). Thus, this study aims to assess CE in development projects by comparing government-sponsored projects to private-sponsored projects. A qualitative approach was adopted where a multiple case study design was used as a research strategy. Data was collected from selected districts in the Central Region of Ghana by using a semi-structured interview guide and analyzed using the thematic and comparative analysis techniques. The results reveal that CE in government-funded projects was low, while CE in projects funded by private organizations was high. Three levels of engagement (consultation, participation in decision-making and consent) were also identified. Furthermore, the roles of public participation, including knowledge sharing, collective sense of ownership, among others, were ascertained. Finally, resources constraints, competing interests, lack of information flow, public attitudes toward change and central government/political interference are challenges of CE in development projects. This study has provided an empirical basis for government and other development agents to draft a policy on CE to serve as a guide, spell out the role of CE, mitigate the challenges of CE and ensure strict compliance to the three levels of engagement.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2022-02-16
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-09-2021-0138
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Toward cooperative competitiveness for community development in Economic
           Society 5.0

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      Authors: Ratri Wahyuningtyas , Ganjar Disastra , Risris Rismayani
      Abstract: Economic Society 5.0 is the answer to the challenges of the Industrial Revolution 4.0 through the creation of new value from the development of advanced technology that aims to reduce the gap between human and economic problems. Excellent human resources and adequate digital infrastructure are requirements in an Economic Society 5.0. Cooperatives as community economic organizations are players in the Industrial Revolution 4.0. Because of low competitiveness, cooperatives cannot create new and sustainable income streams, particularly digitalization capabilities. This study aims to encourage the competitiveness of cooperatives in the West Java region, Indonesia, in an Economic Society 5.0 by identifying the correlation between digital capabilities, digital orientation, employee resistance, government support, digital innovation and competitiveness. This study uses a quantitative method through surveys as data collection techniques by distributing questionnaires to 386 leaders of cooperatives in West Java. Hypothesis testing uses analysis technique of structural equation modeling with partial least squares tool. There are five hypotheses that are supported in the proposed model in this study. Digital orientation and government support have a positif and significant effect on digital innovation, in contrary; digital capability and employee resistance do not show any effect. Digital orientation, government support and digital capability also have a positive and significant effect on competitiveness. Meanwhile, employee resistance and digital innovation have no significant effect on competitiveness. Digital innovation was also found not to mediate the relationship between digital orientation, government support, digital capability and employee resistance with competitiveness. This study provides new insights into the study of cooperatives as community’s economic institutions. This study adds empirical evidence of the factors that influence the competitiveness of cooperative institutions in Indonesia as a driver of the community’s economy. This study also provides practical implications for the development of cooperative competitiveness in developing countries, particularly in Indonesia.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2022-02-01
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-10-2021-0149
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Exploring the link between social work, entrepreneurial leadership, social
           embeddedness, social entrepreneurship and firm performance: a case of SMES
           owned by Chinese ethnic community in Turkey

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      Authors: Esra Sipahi Dongul , Erkin Artantaş
      Abstract: Background: Both social work activities and social initiatives, innovative solutions today it has to support the development and change of the society by producing. The purpose of this study is to investigate the impact of social entrepreneurship on firm performance of Turkey small and medium enterprises (SMEs) located in the Chinese ethnic community. In addition, the authors also examined the moderator role of social embeddedness in the relationship between social entrepreneurship and the Chinese ethnic community of Turkey SMEs on firm performance. Because it is seen that the decomposition validity is achieved between the dimensions for HTMT values, the current study, using the survey-based methodology, used structural equation modeling to achieve the research objectives. Ques-tionnaires were issued among 628 participants in selected international companies in Turkey and China. To mitigate any uncertainty and errors, the questionnaires were distributed face-to-face by hand (in Turkey), online (in China) in January 2019. A total of 274 questionnaires were used for the analysis which makes up to the 53.6% of the response rate. The findings of this study show that social entrepreneurial behavior influences organizational performance with a significant mediation between family ties and social networks and a strong moderation in entrepreneurial leadership. The findings of the present study largely agreed with the results of the hypothesis. The results of this study will give an idea about how social entrepreneurial behavior and entrepreneurial leadership can affect organizational performance and how social embeddedness affects this relationship. Outcomes will be important to SME leaders as they seek to link results, practices and results. SME leaders will better understand the role of social entrepreneurial behaviour and entrepreneurial leadership in corporate performance. This will apply in business practice and leadership in striving to improve the level of performance. In this study, Turkey and China are limited to 274 participants in international companies. Because the findings of this study are limited to the sample it represents, there is no generalization of these results for all countries. However, given that the number of studies on this subject is very inadequate, this research is important in terms of shedding light on the work to be carried out next. This empirical research confirms the impact of social entrepreneurial behavior on organizational performance. Social entrepreneurial behavior integrates organizational performance, family ties, social networking and entrepreneurial leadership and empirically tests the relationship between them. Trade relations will ensure the interlocking of the countries involved in the research, and thus, improve the relations of the countries. The main aim of this study is to investigate the impact of social entrepreneurship on firm performance of Turkey SMEs located in the Chinese ethnic community. Trade relations will ensure the interlocking of the countries involved in the research and thus improve the relations of the countries. The authors believe that social entrepreneurial behaviour will close the gap in important mediation and entrepreneurial leadership between family ties and social networks and positively impact organisational performance. At the same time, as social capital is required for social work and social service is currently dealing with social capital at micro (bonding), mezzo (bridging) and macro (binding) levels, the authors recommend that studies be carried out that will contribute to the theoretical, research or application literature for the variables involved in the study.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2022-02-01
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-11-2021-0162
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Exploring veteran entrepreneurship in Nigeria

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      Authors: Sanya Ojo
      Abstract: This study aims to interrogate the nature and characteristics of military entrepreneurship among veterans of the Nigerian Armed Forces. Through the application of case study methodology, the study gathered data that reveal some distinguishing features of veteran entrepreneurship in Nigeria. Veterans’ military background and military training appear to have both facilitating and inhibiting effects on veteran entrepreneurship in Nigeria. The study also reveals that veteran entrepreneurship though it may have some distinguishing features, but does not differ significantly to civilian entrepreneurship. Veterans’ entrepreneurs confront the same challenges as their civilian counterparts. The result provides valuable knowledge for academics/researchers researching success and failure factors in the veteran entrepreneurship field.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2022-01-26
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-10-2021-0148
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Government and innovation performance: evidence from the ICT enterprising
           community

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      Authors: Herolinda Murati-Leka , Besnik Fetai
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper will be on finding and analyzing the impact of government on the information and communication technology (ICT) companies’ innovation performance. The study aims to conduct in-depth research about the government as an integrated actor of the innovation ecosystem (IE), not a sole member. This would be the core finding toward doing further research about the impact of the innovation ecosystem in the ICT sector in Kosovo. Quantitative research has been considered the most suitable data collection method. Furthermore, in this study, it is used convenience sampling as a technique of the sampling process. The sample size of this study is 106 participants. The participants are owners or representatives of ICT companies in Kosovo. Since the study is conducted using the deductive approach, the questionnaire is considered to be the most suitable instrument for gathering data. This paper provides empirical insights that the company’s size and the dedicated department for research and development have no impact on how the company takes advantage of public funding from the government. Furthermore, the authors of the paper found out that government has a positive impact on companies’ introduction of new products and services, while the impact of the government on a company’s financial performance was insignificant. The future research direction should be firstly on studying other IE actors and their impact on companies’ innovation performance and secondly on measuring the IE actors as a set of actors to have a broader picture on how IE impacts the companies’ innovation performance. The scientific contribution of this study will be on mapping, analyzing and proposing government policies in accordance with the findings of this study that would lead to a more comprehensive and sustainable IE in Kosovo. This study tries to fulfill an identified need to study the impact of interconnected actors of an innovation ecosystem and to show how they affect each other. In this study, it is taken for research one fragment of a set of actors.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2022-01-18
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-12-2021-0174
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global
           Economy

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