Subjects -> BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (Total: 3570 journals)
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HUMAN RESOURCES (103 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 92 of 92 Journals sorted alphabetically
Accounting and Business Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Accounting and the Public Interest     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Accounting Auditing & Accountability Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Accounting Education: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Accounting Forum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Accounting, Organizations and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Advances in Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Developing Human Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Afro-Asian Journal of Finance and Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Finance and Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 49)
Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 208)
Asian Review of Accounting     Hybrid Journal  
Attachment & Human Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Australian Accounting Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
British Accounting Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Coaching : Theorie & Praxis     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Contemporary Accounting Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 34)
Corporate Governance and Organizational Behavior Review     Open Access  
Critical Perspectives on Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
EURO Journal on Decision Processes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Accounting Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
European Journal of Training and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Evidence-based HRM     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
FOR Rivista per la formazione     Full-text available via subscription  
German Journal of Human Resource Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Human Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
Human Resource and Organization Development Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Human Resource Development International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Human Resource Development Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Human Resource Development Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Human Resource Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 73)
Human Resource Management Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 73)
Human Resource Management Research     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Human Resource Management Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59)
Human Resource Research     Open Access  
Intangible Capital     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Accounting and Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
International Journal of Accounting Information Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Accounting, Auditing and Performance Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Banking, Accounting and Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Behavioural Accounting and Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Critical Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Economics and Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Ethics and Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Human Capital and Information Technology Professionals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Human Resource Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
International Journal of Human Resource Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Human Resources Development and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
International Journal of Management Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Management Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Accounting & Organizational Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Accounting and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Journal of Accounting and Public Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Accounting Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Accounting Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Journal of Advances in Management Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Chinese Human Resource Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Contemporary Accounting & Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Enterprising Communities People and Places in the Global Economy     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Global Responsibility     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of HR intelligence     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Human Capital     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Human Development and Capabilities : A Multi-Disciplinary Journal for People-Centered Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Human Resource and Sustainability Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Human Resource Costing & Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Human Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of International Accounting, Auditing and Taxation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Marketing and HR     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Organizational Effectiveness : People and Performance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Professions and Organization     Free   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Service Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Kelaniya Journal of Human Resource Management     Open Access  
New Horizons in Adult Education and Human Resource Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
NHRD Network Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Open Journal of Leadership     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 73)
Pacific Accounting Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Personality and Individual Differences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Personnel Assessment and Decisions     Open Access  
Personnel Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Psychologie du Travail et des Organisations     Hybrid Journal  
Public Personnel Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Qualitative Research in Accounting & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Research in Human Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Review of Accounting Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Review of Public Personnel Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Revista Gestión de las Personas y Tecnología     Open Access  
South Asian Journal of Human Resources Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Sri Lankan Journal of Human Resource Management     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Strategic HR Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)

           

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Journal of Enterprising Communities People and Places in the Global Economy
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.281
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 0  
 
Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal   * Containing 7 Open Access Open Access article(s) in this issue *
ISSN (Print) 1750-6204 - ISSN (Online) 1750-6212
Published by Emerald Homepage  [360 journals]
  • Reducing barriers to female entrepreneurship in Oman: does family
           matter'

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      Authors: Fatma Abd El Basset , Robin Bell , Buthaina Al Kharusi
      Abstract: Previous research has found that family characteristics, including family income, entrepreneurship/business experience and family size, can influence offspring’s entrepreneurial potential and perception of the barriers to entrepreneurship. This paper aims to extend this proposition to women in Oman to determine whether family income, entrepreneurship/business experience and family size influence women’s perception of barriers to entrepreneurship This study is based on primary data that was collected through a structured questionnaire from 123 female respondents at an Omani private university. The data was analysed using PCA, correlation and regression analysis to determine the influence of the family characteristic on the perception of barriers to entrepreneurship. The findings concluded that the three family characteristics being tested were not able to predict a change in the perception of barriers to entrepreneurship. This contradicts previous research conducted in Western contexts and highlights the potential weakness in family support for female entrepreneurship in Oman. These results challenge some of the extant findings in the literature, thus enriching the current perspectives on female entrepreneurship and the impact of Omani family characteristics, in terms of income, economic background and family size, on the perception of barriers that hinder entrepreneurship among female students
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2022-05-05
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-01-2022-0009
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Migration contexts in shaping community ethnic resources: a Forms of
           Capital approach on ethnic migrant entrepreneurs in Malaysia

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      Authors: Hamizah Abd Hamid , André M. Everett
      Abstract: This paper aims to refine the concept of community/ethnic resources for migrant communities by focusing on the way ethnic migrant entrepreneurs (EMEs) use co-ethnic-based (CEB) resources in their entrepreneurial activities, taking into account their migration contexts. Migrants are usually considered as disadvantaged individuals given their restricted opportunities in the labor market and in the business arena; thus, they rely on ethnic resources for survival in the host country. Through Bourdieu’s (1986) forms of capital model, the authors compare the experiences of EMEs from three migrant communities in Malaysia (specifically, the Indonesian, Pakistani and South Korean communities) with regard to their ethnic resources. The authors used a qualitative approach in analyzing our data, which includes interview narratives with 41 individuals consisting of EMEs, community leaders, embassy representatives and trade experts. This study’s findings indicate that migration contexts influence the differences in the way ethnic resources are used by EMEs. The findings are synthesized into a framework of ethnic resources within the context of ethnic migrant entrepreneurship. Adopting a qualitative approach was useful in studying the subject, but the findings are still limited within the context of the study. As such, future research is encouraged to test the proposed framework and examine the underexplored aspects of migration in influencing the utilization of ethnic resources for entrepreneurial migrant communities. A practical implication of this paper lies in the illustration of migrants’ usage of alternative routes for resources through co-ethnic networks, which is useful for policymakers and businesses focusing on migration and trade. This framework contributes to the discourse of ethnic migrant entrepreneurship through further clarifying aspects shaping the utilization of community ethnic resources.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2022-04-19
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-09-2021-0139
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Ethnicity and entrepreneurial learning experiences as predictors of
           entrepreneurial self-efficacy and outcome expectations

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      Authors: Adeola Samuel Adebusuyi , Olubusayo Foluso Adebusuyi
      Abstract: The purpose of this study is to investigate the antecedents of entrepreneurial self-efficacy (ESE) and entrepreneurial outcome expectations (EOE) using the distal parts of the social cognitive career theory (SCCT) in an entrepreneurial context. Specifically, this study examined the influence of indigenous ethnic groups in Nigeria (Yoruba, Igbo and Hausa) and entrepreneurial learning experiences (ELE) on ESE and EOE. The design of the study is cross-sectional. Data were collected from 335 students from three purposively selected tertiary institutions in Nigeria. This study analysed the data with Bayesian structural equation modelling. Firstly, there are no indigenous ethnic group differences in ELE except for negative emotions and vicarious learning. Secondly, contrary to popular beliefs, the Igbo ethnic group did not perform better than the other ethnic groups on the significant ELE. Thirdly, three of the five ELE factors directly led to ESE and EOE and indirectly led to EOE. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this is the first study to compare the indigenous ethnic groups in Nigeria on entrepreneurial outcomes and investigate the antecedents of ESE and EOE as posited by SCCT.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2022-04-04
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-11-2021-0157
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Non-farm proprietorship employment by micropolitan county

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      Authors: Nichole M. Bignall , Keith G. Debbage
      Abstract: Some US counties are more likely to generate entrepreneurial opportunities. This paper aims to determine whether US micropolitan counties with disproportionately high nonfarm proprietorship (NFP) employment levels are systematically linked to specific attributes of the entrepreneurial ecosystem. A limited amount of research has been conducted on the geography of entrepreneurship in small to medium-sized micropolitan counties where rates of growth and change can be quite dramatic. NFP employment data from the US Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) is used as a dependent variable proxy for entrepreneurship. NFP data are widely used in the entrepreneurship literature. Data on all independent variables were obtained from the US Census Bureau’s American Community Survey and BEA by county and subject to stepwise linear regression. Results revealed a strong positive relationship between the percent of NFP employment by micropolitan county and percent construction employment, percent real estate, and rental and leasing employment, and the percent elderly. It is argued that the combination of predictors captures primarily a self-employment of opportunity (e.g., thriving land and real estate markets). In attempting to encourage NFP employment, policymakers should be more alert to the key predictors that shape micropolitan entrepreneurial ecosystems when attempting to enhance competitive advantage in small- to medium-sized communities. Better understanding how micropolitan counties function relative to larger metropolitan places can help local policymakers more efficiently enhance the overall quality of life in smaller communities. The focus on smaller micropolitan communities and the explicit spatial context of this paper has sometimes been overlooked in the traditional entrepreneurship literature and this research helps to fill that gap.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2022-03-29
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-08-2021-0127
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Global research on community-based enterprise: a bibliometric portrait

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      Authors: Suchisweta Pradhan , Sasmita Samanta
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to provide a comprehensive review of scholarly literature on community-based enterprise (CBE) through a bibliometric analysis and to comprehend the qualitative dimensions of research in this specific field. The study is based on scholarly papers indexed in Scopus from 1990 to 2021. The bibliometric analysis focuses on journals, documents, writers, organizations and countries. VOSviewer is used for network visualization mapping of citation, co-citation, bibliographic coupling and co-occurrence of keywords. The analysis of the bibliometric aspects of CBE literature reveals an upward trend in publication of CBE documents, with a significant increase of research productivity in the past few years. This behaviour shows that CBE is becoming increasingly popular among academics and practitioners. The document “Toward a theory of community based enterprise” by Ana Maria Peredo is the most cited document. USA has so far published the maximum number of documents in this field. This study provides an overview of the current state of research in the subject as well as the primary themes explored in this burgeoning discipline, with the potential to help the researchers identify new topics and gaps that need to be investigated further. This work contributes to the literature by conducting a bibliometric analysis that has not yet been explored. It gives an overview of the field’s organization as well as specifics on the major issues explored in this discipline.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2022-03-23
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-01-2022-0010
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Youth entrepreneurial intentions: a cross-cultural comparison

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      Authors: Mehmet Bağış , Liridon Kryeziu , Mehmet Nurullah Kurutkan , Besnik A. Krasniqi , Joanna Hernik , Ensar Selman Karagüzel , Volkan Karaca , Çağdaş Ateş
      Abstract: This paper aims to determine the antecedents that affect higher education students' entrepreneurial intention and awareness in two developing economies (Turkey and Poland) and one transition economy (Kosovo). This study uses a quantitative research approach based on a sample of 342 questionnaires. Using SPSS 23, AMOS and Process Hayes, this study tests research hypotheses using explanatory and confirmatory factor analysis, correlation analysis, regression analysis and mediation analysis. The findings show that personal attitudes (PA), perceived behavioural control (PBC) and need for achievement (NFA) variables affect students' entrepreneurial intentions and alertness (EIA) in Turkey, Poland, and Kosovo. PA and PBC mediate the impact of NFA on EIA. In addition, analyses show that the country variable does not have a moderator effect on EIA, PA, NFA and PBC variables. The findings reveal that students' perceptions of EIA differ by country. The sample comes from a university in three countries; therefore, these results cannot be generalised to the entire population. In addition, the study was carried out with a cross-sectional study urging the need for a longitudinal analysis of the data, which may provide better results. Results can benefit policymakers and higher education administrators for resource planning, organising educational curricula and strategic policy plans for building the entrepreneurial ecosystem. The originality of this article is that it presents a model to reveal the effect of PA, PBC and NFA variables on EIA in three different countries.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2022-03-14
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-01-2022-0005
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • The role of traditional knowledge-based dynamic capabilities to improve
           the sustainable performance of weaving craft in Indonesia

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      Authors: Anggraeni Permatasari , Wawan Dhewanto , Dina Dellyana
      Abstract: Indonesian woven craft small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) have encountered several difficulties in sustaining their success in the digital era. The performance of the business is contingent upon its ability to gain competitive advantage through traditional knowledge capabilities. The purpose of this research is to study the role of traditional knowledge management processes towards competitive advantage and sustainable performance for woven craft SMEs. This research used a quantitative approach with a survey strategy. Confirmatory research was conducted to test five hypotheses to determine the causal relationship of four variables, namely, traditional knowledge management, dynamic capabilities, competitive advantage and sustainable performance. This study used a purposive sampling strategy and gathered data from 385 respondents. The sample was selected based on predetermined criteria, including operation for more than five years and entrepreneurial activity using traditional knowledge as a resource to manage product innovation. The analytical technique used was structural equation modelling with the support of the AMOS programme. The findings indicated that traditional knowledge management processes directly affect dynamic capabilities and sustainable performance. This study also found traditional knowledge management processes play a significant role in enhancing competitive advantage mediated by dynamic capabilities. However, traditional knowledge management processes have no significant effect on competitive advantage. Hence, there is a significant effect contributed by the relationship between traditional knowledge management processes and sustainable performance. Therefore, in the context of craft woven SMEs, the higher the traditional knowledge-based capabilities, the higher their sustainable performance. The novelty shows a direct relationship between traditional knowledge management processes and sustainable performance. This study also found traditional knowledge management processes meditated by dynamic capabilities have a relationship with competitive advantage. Traditional knowledge management processes will trigger an increase in dynamic capability which is a source of business development; those conditions will increase sustainable performance. Traditional knowledge-based capability is an antecedent of sustainable performance. The benefits of this research can be used as scientific literature regarding the link between traditional knowledge management processes, competitive advantage and sustainable performance. The results of this study can also be used as a basis for empowering traditional woven craft SMEs in Indonesia.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2022-02-17
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-11-2021-0156
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Community engagement in development projects: government versus private
           funded projects in Ghana

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      Authors: Helen Arkorful , Sam Kris Hilton , Fred Awaah
      Abstract: The abandonment of governmental development projects either after completion or midway completion at the taxpayer’s expense in Ghana could be attributed to lack of effective community engagement (CE). Thus, this study aims to assess CE in development projects by comparing government-sponsored projects to private-sponsored projects. A qualitative approach was adopted where a multiple case study design was used as a research strategy. Data was collected from selected districts in the Central Region of Ghana by using a semi-structured interview guide and analyzed using the thematic and comparative analysis techniques. The results reveal that CE in government-funded projects was low, while CE in projects funded by private organizations was high. Three levels of engagement (consultation, participation in decision-making and consent) were also identified. Furthermore, the roles of public participation, including knowledge sharing, collective sense of ownership, among others, were ascertained. Finally, resources constraints, competing interests, lack of information flow, public attitudes toward change and central government/political interference are challenges of CE in development projects. This study has provided an empirical basis for government and other development agents to draft a policy on CE to serve as a guide, spell out the role of CE, mitigate the challenges of CE and ensure strict compliance to the three levels of engagement.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2022-02-16
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-09-2021-0138
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Toward cooperative competitiveness for community development in Economic
           Society 5.0

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      Authors: Ratri Wahyuningtyas , Ganjar Disastra , Risris Rismayani
      Abstract: Economic Society 5.0 is the answer to the challenges of the Industrial Revolution 4.0 through the creation of new value from the development of advanced technology that aims to reduce the gap between human and economic problems. Excellent human resources and adequate digital infrastructure are requirements in an Economic Society 5.0. Cooperatives as community economic organizations are players in the Industrial Revolution 4.0. Because of low competitiveness, cooperatives cannot create new and sustainable income streams, particularly digitalization capabilities. This study aims to encourage the competitiveness of cooperatives in the West Java region, Indonesia, in an Economic Society 5.0 by identifying the correlation between digital capabilities, digital orientation, employee resistance, government support, digital innovation and competitiveness. This study uses a quantitative method through surveys as data collection techniques by distributing questionnaires to 386 leaders of cooperatives in West Java. Hypothesis testing uses analysis technique of structural equation modeling with partial least squares tool. There are five hypotheses that are supported in the proposed model in this study. Digital orientation and government support have a positif and significant effect on digital innovation, in contrary; digital capability and employee resistance do not show any effect. Digital orientation, government support and digital capability also have a positive and significant effect on competitiveness. Meanwhile, employee resistance and digital innovation have no significant effect on competitiveness. Digital innovation was also found not to mediate the relationship between digital orientation, government support, digital capability and employee resistance with competitiveness. This study provides new insights into the study of cooperatives as community’s economic institutions. This study adds empirical evidence of the factors that influence the competitiveness of cooperative institutions in Indonesia as a driver of the community’s economy. This study also provides practical implications for the development of cooperative competitiveness in developing countries, particularly in Indonesia.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2022-02-01
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-10-2021-0149
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Exploring the link between social work, entrepreneurial leadership, social
           embeddedness, social entrepreneurship and firm performance: a case of SMES
           owned by Chinese ethnic community in Turkey

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      Authors: Esra Sipahi Dongul , Erkin Artantaş
      Abstract: Background: Both social work activities and social initiatives, innovative solutions today it has to support the development and change of the society by producing. The purpose of this study is to investigate the impact of social entrepreneurship on firm performance of Turkey small and medium enterprises (SMEs) located in the Chinese ethnic community. In addition, the authors also examined the moderator role of social embeddedness in the relationship between social entrepreneurship and the Chinese ethnic community of Turkey SMEs on firm performance. Because it is seen that the decomposition validity is achieved between the dimensions for HTMT values, the current study, using the survey-based methodology, used structural equation modeling to achieve the research objectives. Ques-tionnaires were issued among 628 participants in selected international companies in Turkey and China. To mitigate any uncertainty and errors, the questionnaires were distributed face-to-face by hand (in Turkey), online (in China) in January 2019. A total of 274 questionnaires were used for the analysis which makes up to the 53.6% of the response rate. The findings of this study show that social entrepreneurial behavior influences organizational performance with a significant mediation between family ties and social networks and a strong moderation in entrepreneurial leadership. The findings of the present study largely agreed with the results of the hypothesis. The results of this study will give an idea about how social entrepreneurial behavior and entrepreneurial leadership can affect organizational performance and how social embeddedness affects this relationship. Outcomes will be important to SME leaders as they seek to link results, practices and results. SME leaders will better understand the role of social entrepreneurial behaviour and entrepreneurial leadership in corporate performance. This will apply in business practice and leadership in striving to improve the level of performance. In this study, Turkey and China are limited to 274 participants in international companies. Because the findings of this study are limited to the sample it represents, there is no generalization of these results for all countries. However, given that the number of studies on this subject is very inadequate, this research is important in terms of shedding light on the work to be carried out next. This empirical research confirms the impact of social entrepreneurial behavior on organizational performance. Social entrepreneurial behavior integrates organizational performance, family ties, social networking and entrepreneurial leadership and empirically tests the relationship between them. Trade relations will ensure the interlocking of the countries involved in the research, and thus, improve the relations of the countries. The main aim of this study is to investigate the impact of social entrepreneurship on firm performance of Turkey SMEs located in the Chinese ethnic community. Trade relations will ensure the interlocking of the countries involved in the research and thus improve the relations of the countries. The authors believe that social entrepreneurial behaviour will close the gap in important mediation and entrepreneurial leadership between family ties and social networks and positively impact organisational performance. At the same time, as social capital is required for social work and social service is currently dealing with social capital at micro (bonding), mezzo (bridging) and macro (binding) levels, the authors recommend that studies be carried out that will contribute to the theoretical, research or application literature for the variables involved in the study.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2022-02-01
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-11-2021-0162
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Exploring veteran entrepreneurship in Nigeria

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      Authors: Sanya Ojo
      Abstract: This study aims to interrogate the nature and characteristics of military entrepreneurship among veterans of the Nigerian Armed Forces. Through the application of case study methodology, the study gathered data that reveal some distinguishing features of veteran entrepreneurship in Nigeria. Veterans’ military background and military training appear to have both facilitating and inhibiting effects on veteran entrepreneurship in Nigeria. The study also reveals that veteran entrepreneurship though it may have some distinguishing features, but does not differ significantly to civilian entrepreneurship. Veterans’ entrepreneurs confront the same challenges as their civilian counterparts. The result provides valuable knowledge for academics/researchers researching success and failure factors in the veteran entrepreneurship field.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2022-01-26
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-10-2021-0148
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Government and innovation performance: evidence from the ICT enterprising
           community

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      Authors: Herolinda Murati-Leka , Besnik Fetai
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper will be on finding and analyzing the impact of government on the information and communication technology (ICT) companies’ innovation performance. The study aims to conduct in-depth research about the government as an integrated actor of the innovation ecosystem (IE), not a sole member. This would be the core finding toward doing further research about the impact of the innovation ecosystem in the ICT sector in Kosovo. Quantitative research has been considered the most suitable data collection method. Furthermore, in this study, it is used convenience sampling as a technique of the sampling process. The sample size of this study is 106 participants. The participants are owners or representatives of ICT companies in Kosovo. Since the study is conducted using the deductive approach, the questionnaire is considered to be the most suitable instrument for gathering data. This paper provides empirical insights that the company’s size and the dedicated department for research and development have no impact on how the company takes advantage of public funding from the government. Furthermore, the authors of the paper found out that government has a positive impact on companies’ introduction of new products and services, while the impact of the government on a company’s financial performance was insignificant. The future research direction should be firstly on studying other IE actors and their impact on companies’ innovation performance and secondly on measuring the IE actors as a set of actors to have a broader picture on how IE impacts the companies’ innovation performance. The scientific contribution of this study will be on mapping, analyzing and proposing government policies in accordance with the findings of this study that would lead to a more comprehensive and sustainable IE in Kosovo. This study tries to fulfill an identified need to study the impact of interconnected actors of an innovation ecosystem and to show how they affect each other. In this study, it is taken for research one fragment of a set of actors.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2022-01-18
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-12-2021-0174
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • “Community and health-care service quality in Kosovo”: “a
           confirmatory analytical approach”

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      Authors: Myesere Avdyl Hoxha
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to develop and test a modified service quality (SERVQUAL) model scale for measuring healthcare service quality in Kosovo. An initial dimensions area methodology in construct development, followed by combined exploratory-analytical deductive research with the goal to test theory concepts and validate the measurement tool known from the theory of service quality using new empirical data in a specific context. A cross-sectional survey on a sample of 200 post-encountered patients and using structural equation modelling (SEM) and SEM path analysis to determine satisfaction. The findings confirmed that a six-dimensional scale of SERVQUAL is not appropriate for the Kosovo health-care context. The scale development analysis with a new reduced four-dimensional model can be used to measure health service quality in the Kosovan context. The initial study concept was not piloted. It was developed by the researcher based on secondary data. Systematic random sampling was used, which may have resulted in conclusions that are not applicable to the general population. Finally, this study is applicable to the Kosovo context and cannot be generalized nor represent all patients treated in Kosovo hospitals and clinics. However, the above limitations are less significant compared to the importance of carrying out this type of study for the first time in Kosovo. This study can help Kosovo health authorities to guide health system-wide improvements and health-care providers to remove quality shortfalls based on a culturally sensitive and validated multiple-item scale for the quality of their service. This is the first research conducted to identify which of the service quality dimensions require attention by the health-care service providers in Kosovo and develop a validated tool for patient satisfaction measurement that can be used for commercial application.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-11-2021-0151
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Beyond embedded or not embedded: immigrant entrepreneurs’
           embeddedness levels

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      Authors: Uǧur Yetkin , Deniz Tunçalp
      Abstract: This paper aims to review the immigrant entrepreneurship literature to locate how researchers consider embeddedness to home and host countries beyond the “embedded” or “not” dichotomy. The paper conducts a systematic literature review. The authors found 106 articles in the Scopus and Web of Science databases, using a structured search and selection protocol. Few articles perceive embeddedness openly as a gradual phenomenon. However, articles in the review use different approaches for considering relative levels of embeddedness, such as depth of social ties. In addition, some articles take a dual perspective or make multi-contextual comparisons to acknowledge immigrant entrepreneurs’ embeddedness levels. These articles emphasise embeddedness as a gradual phenomenon to understand the complexity of immigrant entrepreneurs’ contextualisation better. Based on the review, the paper develops a model, considering embeddedness as an emergent result of the immigrants’ engagement with spaces, networks, markets and institutions of a given home or host context. It also accounts for the dynamic interaction between contextual factors as embeddedness levels change. The paper has located all relevant papers in the used databases. However, the systematic review protocol naturally limits its scope. Nevertheless, the developed model based on the review helps researchers develop a more comprehensive understanding of embeddedness and possibly ask novel questions. This paper can help policymakers improve their policies for the progressive social integration of immigrants, as it helps consider different embeddedness levels. Researchers mainly consider individuals’ embeddedness as either “embedded” or “not.” However, we can also understand embeddedness at various levels, e.g. partial, increasing/decreasing and gradual. Significant changes occur in the embeddedness of individuals during immigration. Additionally, contextual relations intertwine immigrants’ entrepreneurial activity over time. The paper reviews embeddedness in the immigrant entrepreneurship literature, searching beyond the dichotomic use of embeddedness. Then, it develops a theoretical understanding of embeddedness levels.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2021-12-27
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-05-2021-0075
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Iranian communities e-business challenges and value proposition design

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      Authors: Amir Emami , Elahe Farshad Bakhshayesh , Gadaf Rexhepi
      Abstract: This paper aims to identify and examine the internal and external factors that e-business communities in Iran grapple with within value proposition design. Although the world and global economy have been vastly affected by the financial crisis and the competitive market, most businesses and trade lines are growing significantly by the power of online marketing and e-trades. However, this process is somehow different in the Iranian market. Using literature review and combining it with the casual-comparative method, this study first reviews the literature on the business model and value proposition design and then shows the main challenges Iranian entrepreneurs face in starting their e-business, especially at the time of severe economic, political sanction. This paper attests to two categories of external and internal obstacles to entrepreneurs in the country. Some internal challenges point to obstacles and problems such as poor infrastructure in technology and network equipment, the security of personal data exchanges, improper infrastructure, including the speed of the internet and its bandwidth limit and lack of programming expertise. In the case of external barriers, this paper addresses the economic sanctions and restrictions that have been imposed on internet businesses. In this study, the authors intend to identify the challenges of internet businesses in Iran and provide effective solutions for creating new value propositions resulting in rapid and sustainable economic growth.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2021-12-20
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-09-2021-0141
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Strengthening business incubation practices among startup firms. Evidence
           from Ugandan communities

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      Authors: Bob Ssekiziyivu , Rogers Mwesigwa , Eunice Kabahinda , Sharon Lakareber , Florence Nakajubi
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to provide the initial evidence on the role of business incubation (BI) in supporting startups and BI practices from developing communities in Uganda. This study is cross-sectional and a triangulation of quantitative and qualitative data were used. Data were collected by means of a questionnaire and an interview guide from 28 incubators. Results indicate that business incubators play different roles in communities such as business assistance, networking, provision of necessary infrastructure and provision of an enabling environment. Furthermore, BI practices were identified such as networking, human resource, tenant management and assessment practices. This study was cross-sectional and thus monitoring changes in behavior of incubatees overtime was not possible. The study was conducted in Uganda, and it is possible that the results of this study can be generalized to developing communities with environments similar to that of Uganda. The results are important for business incubators in improving the sustainability of startups in Uganda. The study will enable business incubators to understand their role and incubator practices in as far as supporting small and medium-sized enterprises is concerned. While there have been a number of studies on BI, this study provides an initial empirical evidence on the role of BI and BI practices using evidence from developing communities in Uganda.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2021-12-17
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-08-2021-0131
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Education and enterprising profile of young community: evidence from a
           transition country

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      Authors: Vjollca Hasani , Jusuf Zeqiri , Kumrije Gagica , Kimberly Gleason , Sadudin Ibraimi
      Abstract: This paper, in light of the theory of planned behavior, aims to analyze the factors that have an impact on entrepreneurial intentions among students in Kosovo. A structured questionnaire is administered online for data collection, and the analysis is conducted using structural equation modeling. The authors find that in the context of Kosovo, personal attitudes, subjective norms and perceived behavioral control significantly impact entrepreneurial intention among students. However, the entrepreneurial education survey respondents received was unrelated to entrepreneurial intention of students in Kosovo. The authors contribute to the literature regarding the role of entrepreneurial education on entrepreneurial intention among students and graduates. In addition, the authors provide new evidence regarding the impact of personal attitudes, subjective norms and perceived behavioral control on entrepreneurial intention in the context of a transition economy. Finally, the authors offer recommendations to educational institutions and policymakers concerning the appropriate design of entrepreneurial education.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2021-12-07
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-11-2021-0153
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Digitalization and rural entrepreneurial attitude in Indonesia: a
           capability approach

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      Authors: Fikri Zul Fahmi , Medina Savira
      Abstract: This paper aims to identify how digitalization affects entrepreneurial attitudes in rural areas in Indonesia, a country in the Global South. The development of digital technology can help entrepreneurs, in that faster and easier information acquisition helps rural communities to identify new opportunities and innovate. Yet, digital development generates higher disparity, and thus, not all people can benefit from digitalization. Although digital technology can facilitate the development of entrepreneurship, its benefits depend on individual preferences. In this regard, the capability approach is used so as to reflect how different valuations of digital technology in rural entrepreneurs influence their attitude with regard to recognizing business opportunities and taking risks. A double case study approach is used in which this study examines two cases of rural entrepreneurs in Indonesia that represent different uses of digital technologies and socio-economic rural contexts: coffee entrepreneurs in Kintamani and craft producers in Kamasan village. In so doing, semi-structured interviews were conducted with local entrepreneurs and communities according to purposive and snowball sampling techniques. The qualitative data were then analysed using a constant comparative technique which allows us to develop a conceptual argument by observing patterns within and between the cases. The findings show that digitalization shapes the attitude of rural entrepreneurs differently, although the same opportunity from using digital technology is present in the village. Social and environmental factors facilitate the rural entrepreneurs to consider using digital technology to develop their businesses. However, as each individual entrepreneur has a different valuation of digital technology, the benefits it offers – such as broader market opportunities and new business ideas – vary. Entrepreneurs who consider digital technology to be a valuable resource for developing their businesses are more curious to explore its benefits. The capability approach provides a new perspective in understanding rural entrepreneurship. First, the authors demonstrate that the success of rural entrepreneurship is influenced not only by concrete things (e.g. resources) but also the individual perspective on these resources which may vary across entrepreneurs. Second, the authors show not only the potential differences in socio-cultural contexts in which the capability approach is applied but also how socio-cultural values and collectivism influence the individual valuation of resources that could benefit entrepreneurs.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2021-10-29
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-06-2021-0082
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Entrepreneurial behavior of family firms in the Indian community: adoption
           of a technology platform as a moderator

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      Authors: Sheshadri Chatterjee , Ranjan Chaudhuri , Demetris Vrontis
      Abstract: This study aims to investigate the generalizability of Daniela Weismeier-Sammer’s (2011) replication study on entrepreneurial behavior and extended the model by considering the adoption of a technology platform as a moderator in the Indian family entrepreneurship community. The earlier replication study was conducted in Austria, and this one has been conducted in India with 372 respondents of Indian family firms. The study has used the structural equation modeling technique for analysis purposes. The study has also used multi-group analysis for understanding the moderator impact. Willingness to change, generational involvement, perceived technological opportunities and corporate entrepreneurship for the Indian family business community, along with strategic planning, as a moderating factor, formed the earlier model. In the context of strategic planning, this study observes a similarity, but due to the consideration of the additional moderator, the role of generational involvement has become insignificant. This study adds value to the overall body of literature on the family business community, digital entrepreneurship and technology adoption in the family business community. The study provides valuable inputs on the digital entrepreneurship and family business firms which could be used by entrepreneurs, policymakers and practitioners for different purposes. The sample size is small and India specific so the proposed model cannot be generalizable. This study has used replication and validation techniques in the digital entrepreneurship community and new venture creation in the Indian context. Very few studies have explored the digital entrepreneurship phenomenon in the Indian family business community context. Also, the use of adoption of technology platform as a moderator enhances the model from the earlier study. Thus, this study is deemed to be a unique research study.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2021-10-29
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-08-2021-0122
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Understanding the ease of doing agribusiness in emerging Asian economies:
           evidence from world enterprises survey

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      Authors: Waseem Khan , Trilok Pratap Singh , Mohammed Jamshed
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to analyze the characteristics of agribusiness firms in India, China and Pakistan, as well as the challenges they face in doing business. This study is based on the World Bank’s Enterprises Survey (WBES) data. The survey was carried out through a questionnaire survey from the owner and top managers of 716, 247 and 174 agribusiness from India, Pakistan and China, respectively. This enterprises survey has comprised the information regarding the wide range of firms’ characteristics and 16 parameters of business obstacles. Simple statistical tools such as chi-square and analysis of variance have been used to analyze the data. Chi-square test shows the statistically significance difference in firms’ characteristics across agribusiness firms of India, China and Pakistan. Chinese firms are better in terms of having an international quality certification, own websites and getting credit. In Pakistan, access to land for agribusiness is an obstacle while for India and China, it is easy to acquire land for agribusiness purposes. In Pakistan, tax rate and political stability is a moderate obstacle while in India and China, it is a minor obstacle in agribusiness. Labor regulation does not perceive any considerable obstacle in doing business in India and Pakistan. This study provides an understanding of differences in the agribusiness environment in emerging economies such as India, Pakistan and China based on WBES data. This study can be helpful for agribusiness managers and government policymakers for promoting agriculture-based entrepreneurship. It is the first attempt to compare the profile of agribusiness firms in growing Asian economies such as India, Pakistan and China, as well as perceived business hurdles, using a comprehensive enterprises survey data of World Bank.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2021-10-11
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-03-2021-0037
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • How do social responsibility and social entrepreneurship generate value
           creation in pandemics'

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      Authors: Rui Silva , Margarida Rodrigues , Mário Franco , Cidália Oliveira , Nuno Sousa
      Abstract: Using self-determination theory and individual social responsibility’s (ISRs) association with pure social entrepreneurship, this study aims to answer the following question: How and why have the different actors responded to the crisis caused by the pandemic' Qualitative research (multiple case studies) was adopted, resorting to interviewees with seven economic and non-economic actors in the Portugal context. The results obtained, using MAXQDA software, show that those carrying out actions of social responsibility have a high degree of self-determination and intrinsic motivation, and are true social entrepreneurs, which lets them improve the well-being of those around them. In addition, these individuals feel good about themselves by performing these actions, as they measure their performance by the social impact of their actions on society in general. This study suggest there is a high awareness amongst people to exercise that responsibility in a voluntary way, through humanitarian initiatives and campaigns brought about especially by an unprecedented pandemic. In practice, people joining these initiatives motivate many others towards the causes, creating the will to continue in the future and satisfy unmet needs provoked by social crises. This study is innovative because it is related to filling the gaps identified, mainly by carrying out an empirical study about ISR, rather than that of firms, where studies are more common.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2021-09-29
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-07-2021-0108
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • The business model canvas of women owned micro enterprises in the urban
           informal sector

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      Authors: Sujata Mukherjee
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to examine the motives and the business model canvas adopted by urban poor women to set up microenterprises in the informal sector. The qualitative analysis used in the paper is based on empirical findings from field work conducted in Mumbai and Pune district in the state of Maharashtra situation on the western coast of the Indian sub-continent. In total, 63 women microentrepreneurs were interviewed using an interview guide, which contained open-ended questions regarding choices made to become an entrepreneur, business canvas mechanics, family and community support to start and manage their businesses. The paper presents findings across the sample and two selected case studies. In contrast to the view that women’s informal sector micro entrepreneurship is a result of “involuntary exclusion” or “poverty”, this paper found that women’s motives are a result of a wide variety of factors including supplementing family income, gain social recognition and a variety of other reasons. The business canvas of the entrepreneurs focussed on key partners, resource planning, customer orientation and sales promotion. The limitation of the study is that it focussed on women micro entrepreneurs in the urban informal sector in Mumbai and Pune. Similar studies can be carried out in other mega-metro cities with a large urban poor population in India. Venturing in the microenterprise sector is an important way for employment generation amongst women from the low-income groups in the urban informal sector. Women are becoming important players in the microenterprise sector and have tremendous relevance in India as the contribution of this sector to the Indian economy is significant. There are very few studies in the Indian context, which focus upon the business canvas of women micro entrepreneurs in the urban informal sector. This study, therefore, presents new knowledge around women’s micro entrepreneurship in India.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2021-09-27
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-05-2021-0068
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Exploring the perspectives of physically challenged women entrepreneurs in
           the Sekondi-Takoradi Metropolis, Ghana

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      Authors: Shaibu Bukari , Michael Ayikwei Quarshie , Felix Kwame Opoku
      Abstract: Entrepreneurship and disability are discordant because of the assumption that the former is only meant for non-disabled people. Drawing on the capability, agency/structure and social exclusion theories, this study examines the lived experiences of physically challenged women entrepreneurs in the Sekondi-Takoradi Metropolis, Ghana. The study used a qualitative approach, involving in-depth interview and observation to solicit the views of six physically challenged women entrepreneurs in the Metropolis. The study found that the physically challenged women consider themselves as women with entrepreneurial minds, capable of actualising and achieving their entrepreneurial well-being, by functioning and proving their capabilities and having the capacities to choose and act independently. The study also found that the structures (physical self, socio-economic, cultural and attitudes, etc.) that confront the women reinforce their capabilities as physically challenged women entrepreneurs. It further found that for these women, being a physically challenged woman entrepreneur demands that one should have self-belief capabilities and being high self-esteem regardless of one’s challenges. The study is an original submission that makes contributions towards understanding and appreciating the perspectives and lived experiences of capable physically challenged women entrepreneurs in a developing country. There have been studies on women entrepreneurs in Ghana but not specifically on physically challenged women entrepreneurs. This study addresses that gap.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2021-09-20
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-03-2021-0042
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • The effects of COVID-19 on small and medium-sized enterprises: empirical
           evidence from Jordan

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      Authors: Tala Abuhussein , Husam Barham , Saheer Al-Jaghoub
      Abstract: The ongoing coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has resulted in sudden changes in the macro environment and market behaviour, making most enterprises urgently reconfigure their business models to cope with changes following the COVID-19 outbreak. This paper aims to present empirical data on the effects of the COVID-19 crisis on small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), highlighting the initial conclusions regarding their crisis management. It presents factual data on how SMEs in Jordan can use entrepreneurship to combat uncertainty and promote new opportunities. This study involves an exploratory qualitative research design, drawing from 32 semi-structured interviews of key informants from Jordanian SMEs in different stages of the crisis. The different coping strategies of the SMEs and their effectiveness in the first six months of the pandemic are then compared. The findings show how Jordanian SMEs have adapted to cope with the changes in the business environment because of COVID-19. These strategies include modifying their operations that is moving from an ordinary business model to more tentative digitalisation, improving internal communication and restructuring ad hoc organisational culture. The study presents important and timely implications for managers of Jordanian SMEs and policymakers by increasing the sensitisation and awareness of SMEs’ coping mechanisms. It is the first study in management that empirically analyses the impact of COVID-19 on Jordanian SMEs.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2021-09-17
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-03-2021-0043
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Changing times and women on the wheels: a qualitative investigation of the
           experiences of female commercial drivers in Lagos State, Nigeria

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      Authors: Temitope Owolabi , Tunde A. Alabi , Sofiat A. Busari-Akinbode
      Abstract: This study aims to investigate female commercial drivers in the Lagos metropolis. The study sought to know the circumstances that motivated women to venture into commercial driving; the experiences they encounter whilst engaging with other stakeholders in the public space; the dimension of the conflict between work and family, and the coping strategies used and finally, the health concerns of female commercial drivers. The study adopted a cross-sectional design and a qualitative method of data collection. An in-depth interview guide was used to elicit information from 18 female drivers drawn from three sectors of commercial transportation in Lagos State. It was found that the major motivation for engaging in commercial driving is the need for survival and family support; although participants acknowledged that they cannot be in the profession for a long time. Married women had less time to engage in commercial driving due to other family responsibilities. Women drivers have experienced mixed reactions from other road users. Commercial driving is physically demanding and poses threat to the health of female commercial drivers. The findings highlight the circumstances behind women participating in commercial driving. Despite the challenges encountered in this course of this activity, they are still bent on continuing because of the need to take care of their children, a majority of their spouses are not fully contributing to the maintenance of the home.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2021-09-15
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-07-2021-0105
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Strategic guidelines for community enterprise development: a case in rural
           Thailand

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      Authors: Harry Jay M. Cavite , Chanhathai Kerdsriserm , Suneeporn Suwanmaneepong
      Abstract: In spite of the government’s support for small-scale rice farmers in rural areas of Thailand, several problems still affect their production and marketing performance. This study aims to assess a rice production community enterprise (RPCE) through an in-depth investigation of its problems and capabilities; and formulate internal strategic guidelines for enterprise development. This study used a qualitative approach through in-depth interviews with the community enterprise leader and committee members, and focus group discussion with eight farmer-members, purposively selected in Chachoengsao, Thailand. Data were transcribed, sorted and organised to determine themes and patterns. Strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats (SWOT) and threats, opportunities, weaknesses and strengths (TOWS) matrix situational analyses were done to develop strategic options. Strategic guidelines were formulated through a final deliberation with all members to ensure strategies aligned with the enterprise’s goals and objectives. The results have identified three main problem categories encountered by the community enterprise in the areas of membership and labour; production and milling operations; and product design and marketing. The enterprise’s main strengths and opportunities include its product certifications and support from external organisations. Strategic points were developed, and policy support programmes are recommended for capacity building and product development as most problems identified relate to these aspects. The utility of this study is its focus on an RPCE. The findings will help policymakers and concerned government agencies implement better programmes and policies to develop RPCEs. Furthermore, this study will be a source for future qualitative literature that will provide helpful information to other studies aiming to develop other types of community enterprises (CEs).
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2021-09-08
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-05-2021-0062
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Intention of coastal communities to support climate change mitigation
           policies for fish and marine ecosystem preservation

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      Authors: Antonino Galati , Antonio Tulone , Demetris Vrontis , Alkis Thrassou , Maria Crescimanno
      Abstract: This paper aims to assess the willingness of individuals living in coastal communities affected by climate change to financially support mitigation policies towards the preservation of marine ecosystems and fish resources and to identify the key drivers of their behaviour. A survey was carried out involving 994 people living in three main Italian coastal communities. To investigate the main factors affecting Italian coastal communities’ willingness to pay (WTP) to support climate change mitigation measures to protect the marine ecosystem and fishery resources, a Tobit regression model was implemented. The results show that these communities are likely to pay to safeguard fish resources and the marine ecosystem, owing to their social and economic importance for these communities. In particular, this study’s findings highlight that the individuals’ attitudes towards climate change, social pressures and their perception of the phenomenon play a significant role on their intention to support mitigation policies. Moreover, the findings demonstrate that the communities most threatened by the negative effects of climate change are more willing to contribute financially to protect fish resources and the marine ecosystem. A limitation is related to the adopted methodology. In particular individuals’ intention to adopt pro-environmental behaviours does not always translate into real WTP through additional taxes. The value of the research stems from its unique collective cross-communal comparison of attitudes and intentions, its parallel identification of behavioural drivers at the individual level and its prescriptive conclusions of both scholarly and practical worth.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2021-08-30
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-05-2021-0069
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Empowerment of rural young people in informal farm entrepreneurship: the
           role of corporate social responsibility in Nigeria’s oil producing
           communities

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      Authors: Joseph Ikechukwu Uduji , Elda Nduka Okolo-Obasi
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to critically examine the corporate social responsibility (CSR) initiatives of multinational oil companies in Nigeria. Its main focus is to investigate the impact of the global memorandum of understanding (GMoU) on equipping rural young people with essential farming skills and knowledge for the adoption and application of modern agricultural inputs in the Niger Delta region. This paper adopts a survey research technique, aimed at gathering information from a representative sample of the population, as it is essentially cross-sectional, describing and interpreting the current situation. A total of 800 rural young people were sampled across the oil producing region. The results from the use of combined propensity score matching and logit model indicate that the GMoU model has a significant impact on the development of informal farm entrepreneurship generally, but somewhat undermined rural young people in the targeted agricultural clusters. This suggests that youth-specific CSR farm projects can be effective in providing young people with the extra push needed to tackle the knowledge gap and poor agronomic that erect the below-per yield and lack of competitiveness of small-holder farmers in the region. It implies that a coherent and integrated CSR response from the business would be necessary to unlock investment opportunities on young people in farms for agricultural competitiveness and food security in Africa. This study adds to the literature on informal farm entrepreneurship and rural communities’ debate in sub-Saharan Africa. It concludes that business has obligation to help in solving problems of youth unemployment in developing countries.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2021-08-27
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-04-2021-0054
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Community and public-private partnership projects in Uganda: community
           engagement, trust and performance

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      Authors: Isaac Wanzige Magoola , Rogers Mwesigwa , Ruth Nabwami
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to provide the initial evidence of the relationship between the community and public-private partnership (PPP) projects by focusing on community engagement, trust and performance. This study is cross sectional and correlational and it uses project level data that were collected by means of a questionnaire from a sample of 47 PPP projects in Uganda. Results indicate that trust and community engagement are significantly associated with the performance of PPP projects. This study was cross-sectional, and thus monitoring changes in behaviour over time was not possible. The study used a quantitative research approach and this limits respondents from expressing their feelings fully. The study was conducted in Uganda and it is possible that the results of this study can be generalized to developing countries with environments similar to that of Uganda. The results are important for PPP projects to understand the role that trust and community engagement play in as far as the performance of PPP projects is concerned. Whilst there have been a number of studies on the performance of PPP projects, this study provides initial empirical evidence on the influence of trust and community engagement on the performance of PPP projects using evidence from PPP projects of an African developing economy – Uganda.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2021-08-26
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-01-2021-0013
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • A retrospective overview of : from2007 to 2021 using abibliometric
           analysis

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      Authors: Meghna Chhabra , Léo‐Paul Dana , Veland Ramadani , Monika Agarwal
      Abstract: This paper aims to examine the pattern of publications, using a bibliometric analysis of the Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy (JEC) for the period between 2007 and 2021. The study uses relevant bibliometric metrics and procedures. The analysis covers mainly the number of articles published in JEC, most influential years in terms of the number of publications and citations, top productive countries, most prolific authors, most influential institutions, funding institutions, co-authorship trends, keywords co-occurrence, and vital themes of JEC articles between 2007 and 2021. The journal’s influential impact in terms of citations has increased over time, with 83.62% of the published works receiving at least one citation. Léo-Paul Dana has been recognised as the most prolific author by virtue of his contribution of articles in JEC, and the maximum contribution to JEC comes from the USA, followed by Canada and the UK. University of Canterbury, New Zealand and La Trobe University, Australia were the leading contributing institutions. The study identified “indigenous entrepreneurs”, “gender”, “social entrepreneurship”, “education” and “innovation” as contemporary keywords in the study of enterprising communities. These issues present a clear opportunity for research-related topics for the JEC. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this is the first comprehensive piece in the journal’s history that provides a general overview of the journal's major trends and researchers.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2021-08-20
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-06-2021-0091
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Determinants of the firm performance of returnee entrepreneurs in Somalia:
           the effects of external environmental conditions

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      Authors: Mohamed-Abdullahi Mohamed , Asmat-Nizam Abdul-Talib , AfifahAlwani Ramlee
      Abstract: This study aims to examine the role of returning Somali diaspora entrepreneurs on firm performance and their perceived environmental obstacles. The paper draws on a broad literature review and covers a theoretical background to develop a research framework. It presents several propositions to be empirically tested to determine the influence of returnee entrepreneurs’ success and the challenges they face in the process. The paper offers an overview of how Somali diaspora returnee entrepreneurs can use their resources to succeed in their business and the possible environmental uncertainties that could hinder them. The study highlights some under-researched areas and provides future research directions. A research investigation is needed to test the proposed conceptual framework empirically. Further research is also recommended to use other predictors when investigating the perceived environmental uncertainty faced by returnee entrepreneurs. In the diaspora entrepreneurship literature, returnee entrepreneurs in post-conflict African countries did not get enough attention. Hence, the study will contribute theoretically to the literature. The paper provides a conceptual framework that will help understand returnee entrepreneurs in post-conflict states in Africa, paving the way for empirical studies on the topic.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2021-08-19
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-01-2021-0009
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • When the sense of place value is challenged by pandemic: value exchange in
           indigenous community-based tourism in Sade-Lombok, Indonesia

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      Authors: Cicilia Larasati Rembulan , Astrid Kusumowidagdo
      Abstract: The purpose of this study is to investigate problems that emerged in indigenous community-based tourism during the COVID-19 pandemic, to identify the actors involved and to identify values that were exchanged between actors during the pandemic. This research is crucial given the limited studies around indigenous community-based tourism during the pandemic, especially within the perspectives of value exchange theory. This research used a constructionist paradigm with a qualitative case study design. Data collection included interviews with six participants, virtual observation, an open-ended questionnaire to 22 community members and 20 tourists, analysis of a book written by Sade’s customary chief and social media artifacts. This study was conducted during the COVID-19 pandemic, where physical distancing measures were applied, therefore most data were collected remotely. Purposive sampling was used and research credibility was increased through detailed note taking, data sources triangulation and member checking. Data analysis was conducted with a coding process, which involved continuous iterations. Problems identified were decreased revenue and power disadvantage suffered by indigenous community-based tourism. The actors involved in value exchanges varied, including value supporter (i.e. government, private sector such as television, university), value creator (i.e. tourist) or secondary value provider (i.e. travel agent). Values emerged in the interaction between actors in the network. Changes in value exchanges were in terms of value types, relationship intensity between actors and ways of doing the exchange. Non-human factor (i.e. non-actor) was also involved. Due to restrictive circumstances (i.e. COVID-19 pandemic), the data collection procedure was limited to online communications and letter correspondence. Therefore, opportunities to capture the full phenomenon might be missed as the researchers could not physically meet with the participant. It was possible for value exchange to alter due to situational factors, including a pandemic. Business diversification is needed by indigenous community-based tourism to achieve a power advantage. Values were found in the relationship between actors, hence, meeting channels or dialogue with other actors could be optimized. The context of this study, which was indigenous community-based tourism during a pandemic contributed to the study’s originality. Research in this context, which used a clear theoretical framework such as value exchange theory, is scarce. Thus, opportunities for transferability are broad.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2021-08-19
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-02-2021-0020
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Entrepreneurship education in Post-Soviet states developing programmes for
           hospitality and tourism students in Samarkand

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      Authors: Leei John , Marc Robertson , Kate Tetley , Claire Seaman
      Abstract: This paper considers a country context where traditional entrepreneurship has not been a major part of the economy and considers current attempts to develop entrepreneurship education (EE) as a part of wider market development. The authors review the background to the economic development of the Post-Soviet states and link this to existing knowledge around EE. The potential routes by which EE might be developed in Uzbekistan are discussed with a focus upon hospitality and tourism education, leading to the development of a model of the six key aspects of change The potential for future research is explored, and four aspects are highlighted as areas where partnership working with overseas universities is likely to have substantive benefits. In particular, the development of quality standards and staff development are areas where partnership could have an important influence, whereas barriers within local systems and cultural resistance are likely to benefit less from a partnership approach. Although entrepreneurial competencies and entrepreneurial intent are both important, entrepreneurial intent is highlighted given its role in terms of individual responses to country-level initiatives. Although all four aspects merit further research, this paper ends with a specific suggestion that future research should draw on the theory of planned behaviour to explore entrepreneurial intent. Uzbekistan is a relatively under-researched area where hospitality and tourism industries are undergoing a period of intense development.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2021-08-19
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-04-2021-0051
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • The gendered effects of entrepreneurialism in contrasting contexts
         This is an Open Access Article Open Access Article

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      Authors: Malin Tillmar , Helene Ahl , Karin Berglund , Katarina Pettersson
      Abstract: Contrasting Sweden and Tanzania, this paper aims to explore the experiences of women entrepreneurs affected by entrepreneurialism. This study discusses the impact on their position in society and on their ability to take feminist action. This paper analysed interviews conducted in the two countries over 15 years, using a holistic perspective on context, including its gendered dimensions. The results amount to a critique of entrepreneurialism. Women in Sweden did not experience much gain from entrepreneurship, while in Tanzania results were mixed. Entrepreneurialism seems unable to improve the situation for women in the relatively well-functioning economies in the global north, where it was designed. In mainstream entrepreneurship studies, there is a focus on the institutional context. From the analysis, it is apparent that equal attention must be given to the social and spatial contexts, as they may have severe material and economic consequences for entrepreneurs and entrepreneurship. The paper raises questions for further studies on the gendering of markets in different contexts, as well as questions on the urban-rural dimension. In Sweden, marketisation of welfare services led to more women-owned businesses, but the position of women did not improve. The results strongly convey the need for a careful analysis of the pre-existing context, before initiating reforms. The paper adds to the understanding of context in entrepreneurship studies: Africa is largely an underexplored continent and contrasting North and South is an underexplored methodological approach. This paper further extends and develops the model of gendered contexts developed by Welter et al. (2014).
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2021-08-16
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-12-2020-0208
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Positionality of refugee business support and hospitality building under
           cognitive dissonance theory: an enterprising route of refugee
           entrepreneurship

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      Authors: Shuai Qin
      Abstract: For the developed economies in Europe, to which refugees move, and as refugees’ enterprising expectations evolve, emerging cognitive factors have become closely intertwined with their post-arrival encounters. However, the link between refugees’ social cognition and entrepreneurship commitment tends to be overlooked. This paper aims to join the international debates regarding cognitions of refugee entrepreneurship and explain the bewildering effects of refugees’ social cognitive dissonance on refugee business support. This paper reviews the extant knowledge of refugee entrepreneurship and refugee business support. It synthesizes the literature on cognitive dissonance, multiple embeddedness and hospitality to inform a conceptual model and explain the ramifications of refugees’ entrepreneurial cognition on refugee business support and how public attitudes in the destination transform accordingly. This paper illustrates the prevalent imbalance between the provision of support and refugees’ anticipations in developed economies. A conceptual toolkit is framed to disclose the succeeding influence of cognitive dissonance on the performances of refugee business support. This framework indicates that the cognitive dissonance could elicit heterogeneous aftermath of refugee business support service, resulting in a deteriorated/ameliorated hospitality context. This conceptual toolkit unfolds cognitive ingredients in the refugee entrepreneurship journey, providing a framework for understanding refugee business support and the formation of hospitality under cognitive dissonance. Practically, it is conducive to policymakers nurturing rational refugee anticipation, enacting inclusive business support and enhancing hospitality in the host country.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2021-08-13
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-04-2021-0055
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Enterprising profile and career development of Kuwaitiyouth community

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      Authors: Mohammad Zainal
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to measure the impact of entrepreneurial profile dimensions on the career development of the youth community in Kuwait. Further, this study aims to measure the moderating effect of entrepreneurial education on entrepreneurial profile dimensions and entrepreneurial career development (ECD) relationship. The study will use a quantitative research methodology. This study is focussed on measuring the impact of these eight entrepreneurial profiles, namely, self-efficacity; opportunity detector abilities; creativity; persistence; risk-taking propensity; sociability; planning abilities and leadership skills as independent variables on the ECD as a dependent variable. Entrepreneurship education is considered as moderating variable. A structured questionnaire is distributed to 200 students who study at the College of Business Administration, Kuwait University (KU), where 170 students responded positively and the response rate was 85%. The evaluation of the proposed model was done through structural equation modelling analysis. The results will show how these dimensions impact the decision on the ECD. This research is conducted only in one college of KU and the findings cannot be used to generalise the impact of these dimensions on the career development of all young people of Kuwait. There are very few studies about entrepreneurship in general in Kuwait and this research will be an additional value and contribution in this field for a particular context. It is the first effort to measure the impact of entrepreneurial profile dimensions on career development in Kuwait, and this research will be a good base for similar studies in other Gulf Cooperation Council Countries and beyond.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2021-08-09
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-05-2021-0061
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Exploring women entrepreneurs’ motivations and challenges from an
           institutional perspective: evidences from a patriarchal state in India

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      Authors: Swati Shastri , Shruti Shastri , Abhishek Pareek , Riddhi Sudhan Sharma
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to analyze the motivational drives of women entrepreneurs and highlight the challenges faced by women entrepreneurs operating micro, small and medium enterprises from an institutional perspective in Rajasthan – a patriarchal state in India. The study is based on data collected from a questionnaire survey conducted from July 2018 to January 2019 on 347 women entrepreneurs operating in seven districts of Rajasthan. Descriptive and factor analysis were used to find the major motivations and challenges of the entrepreneurs. The findings indicate that intrinsic factors, namely, growth, creativity, autonomy and rejecting stereotypical gender identity are primary motivations driving women entrepreneurship in Rajasthan. Further, institutions pose challenges rather than offering a motivational drive to female entrepreneurs. The two most critical challenges, which the women entrepreneurs face are gender stereotypes and the lack of social capital. In patriarchal societies, entrepreneurial roles are considered masculine than feminine. Furthermore, cultural norms reflected in gender-specific role distribution result in the problem of work-life balance. The lack of both bonding and bridging social capital in terms of family support and networks, respectively, also reflects an unfavorable informal institutional environment. The study adds to the sparse empirical literature on the motivations and challenges of women entrepreneurs in the Indian context. This study explores the motivations and challenges of female entrepreneurs from an institutional perspective for India in general and Rajasthan, in particular, using a large, heterogeneous sample using factor analysis.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2021-08-06
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-09-2020-0163
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • COVID-19 pandemic, a blessing or a curse for sales' A study of women
           entrepreneurs from Khyber Pakhtunkhwa community

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      Authors: Said Muhammad , Kong Ximei , Zahoor Ul Haq , Irshad Ali , Nicholas Beutell
      Abstract: The coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has had profound economic effects, putting women entrepreneurs at considerable risk of losing income and sales growth as a result. This study aims to examine whether the COVID-19 pandemic is a blessing or a curse for women entrepreneurs in Pakistan’s informal sector. The influence of business type, family support and other socio-economic factors on the sales volume of women’s businesses is examined. Data were collected from 400 women entrepreneurs using a survey questionnaire. Logistic regression was used to investigate the relationships between perceived sales volume and socio-economic as well as demographic factors of women entrepreneurs. Findings for RQ1 revealed that the pandemic was a blessing for cloth and cosmetic entrepreneurs, but a curse for those women selling dairy products. Results for RQ2 showed that age, homeownership, household size, family support and type of business were significant predictors of sales. Furthermore, women entrepreneurs were greatly influenced by their family’s desires and decisions, such that women entrepreneurs who received support from families and relatives reported higher sales than those who did not receive such support. The results may assist policymakers in designing supportive programs to encourage women’s informal entrepreneurial activities. Creating entrepreneurial ecosystems may provide support for women entrepreneurs beyond family support. The findings provide a better understanding of women’s business effectiveness during COVID-19 pandemic. It reveals the resilience of women entrepreneurs in the face of cultural, economic and institutional constraints encountered during the pandemic. This study is unique because it focuses on the impact of the pandemic at the household level rather than examining broad macroeconomic scenarios. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this study is the first attempt to explore the informal, home-based business sector of women entrepreneurs in Pakistan during the pandemic.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2021-08-03
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-05-2021-0060
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Exploring the next generation socialisation to entrepreneurship in family
           businesses: insights from the Moroccan community

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      Authors: Widad Ibouder , Alain Jean-Claude Fayolle , Abdenbi Louitri
      Abstract: In Morocco, due to the high rate of failure in generational transfers, many family businesses are threatened with disappearance. This paper aims to focus on entrepreneurship and seeks to understand how the family business maintains its entrepreneurial orientation through the family’s entrepreneurial socialisation of the next generation, which aims to prepare them for the role of family entrepreneur. The study aims both to describe the socialisation process and to understand the context necessary to place the young community in an entrepreneurial dynamic. Using an exploratory approach, this paper favours the single case study; data were collected from five participants from both generations, then this study matches the interviews from the founding generation with those from the next generation; in addition to a triad at the employee level. The analysis shows that the early participation alongside the founding generation in entrepreneurial processes, initiates a sense of entrepreneurship in the next generation and the confidence gradually builds up through the achievements of the latter; which, in turn, increases the possibility to set up innovative projects by giving the necessary autonomy to carry them out. The document underlines the importance of establishing a culture of transmission to promote entrepreneurship amongst the young community to engage it in exploring and seeking new opportunities for development and innovation. Studying the transmission of the entrepreneurial spirit through the prism of socialisation provides an understanding of the context necessary to place the next generation in an entrepreneurial dynamic.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2021-08-02
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-03-2021-0032
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Life of the Bangladeshi construction workers: an insight observation from
           the reality of the quality of an

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      Authors: Md. Saidur Rahaman , Md. Mizanur Rahman
      Abstract: Construction workers contribute significantly to the economic development of a country, but the working conditions and the living standard for construction workers in Bangladesh are inhumane. This study aims to focus on the actual scenario of the quality of work-life (QWL) of the construction workers who work without meeting basic human needs. In this study, researchers used a mixed-method approach. An inclusive one-to-one (F to F) interview has operated at the beginning of the research; later on, focus group discussion (FGD) and a structured questionnaire have been used to investigate the construction workers' QWL workers in Bangladesh. The findings showed that construction workers are highly dissatisfied with their position, working hours and leaves, payment system, accommodation, food, sanitation and drinking water, education, leisure, entertainment and religious freedom, health safety and security. Consequently, that hinders the natural growth of the said sector where there is no initiative to implement these rights. Based on this study's findings, the construction industry's higher authority can make some policies to make workers' lives a little happier. Besides, this study will play a vital role in improving academic literature regarding the workers' current condition in Bangladesh's construction industry. To best the authors' observation, this is the first study in the Emerald Insight publishers on the overall inhuman quality of construction workers' work-life in Bangladesh.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2021-07-29
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-03-2021-0038
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Expanding understanding of family social capital in crowdfunding of
           migrant entrepreneurial ventures

         This is an Open Access Article Open Access Article

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      Authors: Nadia Arshad , Adele Berndt
      Abstract: The purpose of this study is to understand the role of the migrant entrepreneur’s social capital and specifically their family social capital in the success of their crowdfunding ventures. This paper develops an exploratory single case study of the Persu Bag started by a Chinese migrant entrepreneur in the USA, which was documented through in-depth interviews, email communication, social media interactions and secondary documents publicly available. This paper draws on crowdfunding and social capital literature to fulfil the purpose and adopt the perspective of the migrant entrepreneur in the study. The study shows that the crowdfunding migrant entrepreneur’s family network contributes with their operand and operant resources from both the country of residence and country of origin. Besides having financial capacity, institutional knowledge and experience from both the host and home countries, the family network in both countries make the crowdfunding immigrant entrepreneur’s families more resourceful, providing additional benefits to the crowdfunding migrant entrepreneurs in the development of the campaign and crowdfunded venture. This study broadens the understanding of the ways migrant entrepreneurs can rely on their family social capital for building financial capacity and starting a crowdfunded venture.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2021-07-28
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-04-2020-0056
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Neo-liberalism translated into preconditions for women entrepreneurs
           – two contrasting cases

         This is an Open Access Article Open Access Article

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      Authors: Malin Tillmar , Helene Ahl , Karin Berglund , Katarina Pettersson
      Abstract: Contrasting two countries with different gender regimes and welfare states, Sweden and Tanzania, this paper aims to analyse how the institutional context affects the ways in which a neo-liberal reform agenda is translated into institutional changes and propose how such changes impact the preconditions for women’s entrepreneurship. This study uses document analysis and previous studies to describe and analyse the institutions and the institutional changes. This paper uses Scandinavian institutional theory as the interpretative framework. This study proposes that: in well-developed welfare states with a high level of gender equality, consequences of neo-liberal agenda for the preconditions for women entrepreneurs are more likely to be negative than positive. In less developed states with a low level of gender equality, the gendered consequences of neo-liberal reforms may be mixed and the preconditions for women’s entrepreneurship more positive than negative. How neo-liberalism impacts preconditions for women entrepreneurs depend on the institutional framework in terms of a trustworthy women-friendly state and level of gender equality. The study calls for bringing the effects on the gender of the neo-liberal primacy of market solutions out of the black box. Studying how women entrepreneurs perceive these effects necessitates qualitative ethnographic data. This paper demonstrates why any discussion of the impact of political or economic reforms on women’s entrepreneurship must take a country’s specific institutional context into account. Further, previous studies on neo-liberalism have rarely taken an interest in Africa.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2021-07-28
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-12-2020-0207
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • The role of entrepreneurial orientation in crisis management: evidence
           from family firms in enterprising communities

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      Authors: Börje Boers , Thomas Henschel
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to explore and understand how family firms manage a crisis by applying a processual and longitudinal perspective. The objective is to find out how crisis management is approached by family firms in Sweden, Scotland and Germany, using entrepreneurial orientation (EO) as an analytical lens. Further, this paper investigates the role of the owning family in creating and solving a crisis in family firms. This study follows a processual and longitudinal case study approach. Cases are drawn from Germany, Scotland and Sweden. Data collection is based on a combination of interviews with archival data such as annual reports and press clippings. The results show that all studied firms had high levels of autonomy combined with high risk-taking. It is noteworthy, that these dimensions also help to overcome the crisis. Risk-taking and proactiveness can be useful for addressing the crisis. Under certain circumstances, even innovativeness can help to develop new offers. Autonomy is considered central in family firms and only extraordinary circumstances can be owning families make willing to compromise on it. The EO-dimensions are not all relevant at all times. Rather, family firms will emphasize the dimensions during the consecutive stages differently. This study compares case companies from Germany, Scotland and Sweden and how EO contributes to their crisis management by taking a longitudinal and processual perspective. Its originality lies in the in-depth studies of companies from three countries.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2021-07-24
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-12-2020-0210
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Career choice, growth and well-being of women entrepreneurs’ community:
           insights on driving factors in India

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      Authors: Jasmine Banu , Rupashree Baral
      Abstract: This paper aims to explore the entrepreneurial journey of select women entrepreneurs from South India to provide qualitative insights into the factors influencing their career choice (to become and continue as an entrepreneur) and to identify the drivers of their growth and well-being. Semi-structured interviews were conducted to gather data from 35 women entrepreneurs in the micro, small and medium enterprises sectors of Tamil Nadu, India. Data were content analyzed using NVivo 12. Qualitative content analysis identified three broad themes and several sub-themes to suggest a conceptual framework reflecting the possible relationships among them. Women entrepreneurs’ career choice, the growth of their ventures and their well-being were found to be significantly driven by a blend of personal attributes, strong family support and institutional support. The findings will help the government to provide appropriate institutional support with customized initiatives and incentives to encourage women-owned tiny and small businesses to grow faster. Appropriate personality development programs and skills training will aid their growth. This study contributes to the entrepreneurship literature by providing real-life insights from women entrepreneurs from an emerging economy context, especially from Tamil Nadu, which has the highest number of women entrepreneurs in India.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2021-07-14
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-12-2020-0206
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Immigrant entrepreneurship motivation – scientific production, field
           development, thematic antecedents, measurement elements and research
           agenda

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      Authors: Carson Duan , Kamaljeet Sandhu
      Abstract: Years of research into immigrant entrepreneurship motivation (IEM) call for a synthesis of the field to note field developments and identify thematic antecedents and measurement elements. The paper aims to fill this literature review gap in IEM field. Improving existing analytical frameworks and establishing a research agenda are also goals of the research. Adopting the PRISMA procedure, a systematic literature review (SLR) was conducted. This produced 53 IEM research papers (internationally, from 1974 to 2020) from a database search and other sources, each of which was reviewed based on extracted variables, findings and suggestions. A well-accepted entrepreneurial motivation model is used for thematic measurement analyzes. IEM research has gained attention over the past 25 years as to the number of publications, research foci and antecedent discoveries. The review suggests that there are six motivational thematic dimensions: individual characteristics, personal experiences and circumstances, personal values, business ideas and opportunities, goal-setting and self-efficacy and immigrant entrepreneurial ecosystem (IEE). The results also reveal a relationship between entrepreneurship motivations and the IEE which is one of the keys recommended future research strands. This research contributes to entrepreneurship literature by providing a chronological timeline of IEM field development and antecedent discoveries. The review suggests applying the IEE and its associated components to investigate host and home countries’ interactive effects on IEM. The research provides guidance for policymakers and practitioners concerning available policy instruments and IEM determinants in addition to individual factors. This study is the first SLR on IEM. It presents a holistic view of the IEM field.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2021-07-12
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-11-2020-0191
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • From lifelong learning to later life self-employment: a conceptual
           framework and an Israeli enterprise perspective

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      Authors: Raphael Eppler-Hattab
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to highlight important aspects of adopting a lifelong learning mindset as a way to improve entrepreneurial employability and self-employment capabilities among older workers, and to examine their practicality in enterprise services. This paper takes a two-method research approach that synthesizes an original conceptual framework based on current gerontological and work psychology literature with qualitative organizational case study in the Israeli labor market. The process of lifelong learning and accumulation of employability underpins a fulfilling career in self-employment later in life, through continuous self-acquisition of necessary knowledge and complementary skills. Adopting a lifelong learning mindset may contribute to older workers developing lifelong employability by self-realizing their meaningful life wisdom alongside becoming lifelong learners, and consequently, by becoming protean career owners capable of acquiring entrepreneurial competencies and skills. Program analysis of social and business enterprises established in Israel to meet the demand for the acquisition of later life skills demonstrates the various ways in which they play a role in supporting this process. The need for future research and practice on the conceptual framework presented in this paper is analyzed and discussed in the Israeli context. This paper contributes to the ongoing discussion on third-age entrepreneurship, by conceptually linking the core concept of lifelong learning to entrepreneurial employability, and demonstrating its application in the Israeli work culture.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2021-07-05
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-01-2021-0014
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Co-operative behavior of handicraft, low- and high-tech micro-firms: Where
           do they differ'

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      Authors: Mohsin Shafi , Yongzhong Yang , Zoya , Liu Junrong , Imran Ur Rahman , Hina Fatima
      Abstract: Though certain characteristics of micro-firms affect the likelihood of their participation in external relationships, how cooperation in craft enterprises differs from low and high-tech enterprises has not been investigated yet. Therefore, this study aims to fill the above gap in the literature. This study adopts a descriptive approach by extensively reviewing relevant literature to explore the unique characteristics and nature of micro-firm's co-operative behavior. The theoretical approach of this research is grounded in resource-based view and dynamic capabilities theories. This study finds that handicraft micro-firms possess special and unique characteristics that differentiate them from low- and high-tech firms. Further, handicraft micro-firms' co-operative behavior also differs from other firms in terms of cooperation motives, breadth, depth and factors that inhibit or promote cooperation. Additionally, in small handicraft firms, the co-operation is more informal, personal and through social networks, whereas in the corporate sector, it is more formal, direct and through supply chains. This study also argues that contrary to handicraft and low-tech firms, high-tech firms are more likely to cooperate with external partners and invest heavily in R&D for new product development (often radical in nature). This study enriches our understanding of handicraft micro-firms' special and unique characteristics that differentiate them from low- and high-tech micro-firms. This research also provides in-depth knowledge to understand the handicraft micro-firms’ co-operative behavior and how it differs from low- and high-tech firms.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2021-07-05
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-08-2020-0158
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Neo-rural small entrepreneurs’ motivations and challenges in
           Portugal’s low density regions

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      Authors: Ubyrajara Brasil Dal Bello , Carla Marques , Octávio Sacramento , Anderson Galvão
      Abstract: This study sought to fill a gap in the literature by examining the dynamics of neo-rural small entrepreneurs’ business activities as little research has been done on these individuals. The research was conducted in three of Portugal’s low density territories (i.e. Miranda do Douro, Penamacor and Aljezur), focusing on understanding these outsider entrepreneurs’ main motivations and challenges after they decide to leave the city to settle in rural areas and become small business owners. Data were collected in semi-structured interviews with 26 neo-rural entrepreneurs. The multiple-case study method was applied to assess the differences and similarities between the interviewees and their respective contexts. NVivo 11.0 software was used to conduct content analysis. The results reveal that rural environments appear to attract these new entrepreneurs for various reasons, such as taking advantage of business opportunities, searching for a better quality of life and responding to family needs. The multiple motives contributing to the need for change and entrepreneurship fit well within social cognitive theory. However, these individuals subsequently experience difficulties related mainly to a lack of infrastructure, little preexisting knowledge, a need for financial capital and the absence of the right workforce. The findings on the experiences, difficulties and challenges of neo-rural entrepreneurs constitute new contributions because few existing studies have concentrated on migration and/or immigration entrepreneurship in rural contexts. The results can serve as a starting point for other similar studies.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2021-06-28
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-04-2021-0047
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Spirituality and entrepreneurship: integration of spiritual beliefs in an
           entrepreneurial journey

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      Authors: Sumayya Rashid , Vanessa Ratten
      Abstract: The role of spirituality in entrepreneurship is a new area of inquiry that has emerged from different scholarly fields. There is no specific way to study spirituality as it rather depends on the context and influence of religious beliefs. This paper aims to study the integration of spirituality in the entrepreneurial journeys of individual entrepreneurs in Pakistan. Thereby focusing on the factors that set reassurance for entrepreneurs to practice their spiritual beliefs in an emerging market context. Using a qualitative research approach and data from entrepreneurs in different businesses, this study examines how entrepreneurs reach the point where they are willing to run their businesses based on their spiritual beliefs. The data analysis technique used to study the entrepreneurs is the Gioia method of analysis, which enables key themes to emerge. This study finds that the process through which Pakistani entrepreneurs run their businesses based on spiritual beliefs within their mission and goals can be considered as discerning spiritual beliefs, affirmation of spiritual beliefs and materializing beliefs into action. Each of these spiritual beliefs has been accumulated through lifelong learning and experience in which trust in business relationships is highlighted. The insights of this study can be applied to different entrepreneurial ventures to create a framework of entrepreneurial businesses that incorporate spirituality within their mission and vision statements. It can then be used to design education and training activities for other spiritual entrepreneurs to enable further entrepreneurial development in different communities. Spirituality can alter the entrepreneurial nature of a business. This means that entrepreneurs who possess high spiritual beliefs can incorporate their spirituality within specific business functions to enable a more positive outcome. This study stands as the first in Pakistan to consider the ways entrepreneurs incorporate their spiritual beliefs in their entrepreneurial journey.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2021-06-25
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-12-2020-0199
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Animating business relationships through community social capital: an
           insight into conviviality

         This is an Open Access Article Open Access Article

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      Authors: Simone Guercini , Silvia Ranfagni
      Abstract: As conviviality can nurture community social capital, this paper aims to investigate how such capital can give rise to economic behaviour in terms of developing business relationships. The empirical analysis was based on case studies of Italian businesses recognised as active communities that periodically organise convivial activities to fuel reciprocal collaboration. The case studies were constructed by combining a collection of secondary data, in-depth interviews and participant observations. This paper shows how: community social capital in convivium emerges from self-narrative stimulated by ritual practices; social trust mobilising a convivial social capital is fuelled by knowledge generated through sharing and empathic relationships; community-based social relations embed business relations and if mediated, community-based business relations can also embed a community business. The originality of the paper is twofold as it contributes: to understanding how conviviality can be used as a strategic tool for entrepreneurs to develop business relationships from convivial relations; and to finding intersection points between studies on business relationships from social capital and studies on entrepreneurship from community social capital.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2021-06-17
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-06-2020-0109
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Social capital leading to innovation: understanding moderating effects of
           the environment in the Zimbabwean small and medium enterprise context

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      Authors: Boris Urban , Kudzanai Mutendadzamera
      Abstract: Realizing the value of social capital to small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in developing economies, where relationship networks play a big role in filling the gaps that are left by dysfunctional institutions, the purpose of this paper is to gain an empirical understanding of various forms of social capital in relation to the innovation of SMEs in Zimbabwe. Primary data is collected from SMEs across several regions in Harare, where instrument validity is checked with confirmatory factor analysis, and hypotheses are tested using moderated regression analyses. A positive influence is observed for both alliance capital and reputational capital on innovation, while non-significant moderating effects in terms of environmental hostility and dynamism are noted for these relationships On a practical level, to increase levels of innovation, SME owner-managers need to secure stronger investments into their social infrastructure by developing (both physical and digital) alliance and reputational capitals By segregating various forms of social capital, an original understanding is attained in terms of how entrepreneurs actively leverage alliance and reputational forms of social capitals to increase their levels of innovation. The theoretical and empirical understanding of the social capital-innovation link is enhanced, and the study constructs now have broader application as their psychometric properties have been established in an under-researched African market context.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2021-06-07
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-01-2021-0010
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • The influence of institutional context on entrepreneurial intention:
           evidence from the Saudi young community

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      Authors: Wassim J. Aloulou
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to contribute to a better understanding of how a country’s institutional environment is impacting the young community’s entrepreneurial intention through perceived desirability and feasibility as mediators. This research applies and validates a measure of a country’s institutional profile for entrepreneurship to Saudi university students. This research develops a structural model to investigate the young community’s perceptions about their institutional context, desirability and feasibility and their influence on entrepreneurial intentions. Data was collected from 287 Saudi young communities (university students) from several public universities located in Riyadh. Structural equation modeling analysis was applied to examine the structural model of entrepreneurial intentions. Research findings revealed positive and significant relationships between institutional context dimensions and young community students’ perceived desirability and feasibility and between students’ perceived desirability and feasibility and their entrepreneurial intentions. Their perceived desirability and feasibility were shown to have positive full mediation effects on the relationships between institutional environment dimensions and entrepreneurial intention. Research Implications are advanced to help researchers and practitioners in considering the institutional environment for promoting entrepreneurship. Limitations and future research directions are discussed for better generalization of findings and renewed streams of research in the field. To the best knowledge of the author, this research is one of the first studies to apply the scale on the institutional country profile to Saudi Arabia with a young community. Studies linking institutional profile to entrepreneurial intentions were also limited in developing countries having a young population. This might catch the attention of researchers, educators and policy-makers.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2021-06-02
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-02-2021-0019
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Not without family: refugee family entrepreneurship and economic
           integration process

         This is an Open Access Article Open Access Article

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      Authors: Khizran Zehra , Sadia Usmani
      Abstract: Refugee entrepreneurship is increasing because of the increased influx of refugees around the globe. This leaves us with the question that how refugees integrate economically in the host country in the presence of all social, emotional and economic constraints. Existing literature suggests looking into the role of social capital to address refugee economic integration, particularly in developing nations. To acknowledge this call, this paper aims to explore the impact of family social capital on the economic integration process. Particularly, this study has investigated the Afghan refugee entrepreneurial activities and the integration process of Afghan refugees in economic and social spaces in Pakistan. The study is rooted in 18 in-depth interviews with five participants that run small businesses in the city of Rawalpindi in Pakistan. The findings revealed Afghan refugee entrepreneurs, develop a different type of family social capital i.e. horizontal and vertical social capital. Afterward, when the acculturation pace up across refugees’ generations then they accumulate bridging social capital gradually. The process of economic integration happens in different stages as also shown in the existing literature. Based on (Berry, 2003; Evansluong et al., 2019; Khulman, 1991) economic integration process this paper has discussed three main stages (entry in labor market, gradual integration and gradual sub-merging in host society) of Afghan refugee economic integration in Pakistan and further this study has shown how different steps are arranged within these stages to smoothen the integration process. With this research, this paper calls for a more nuanced approach to address the challenges that are faced by refugees during their economic integration. Future research on Afghan economic and social integration can contribute to a better understanding of refugee settlement, well-being and self-sufficient status in host countries. One of the limitations of the study is the focus on male participants because female Afghan refugees do not work mostly because of strong patriarchal structures observed in refugee Afghan groups. Most Afghan entrepreneurs consider them as Pakistani and do not want to repatriate to Afghanistan. This provides an opportunity for Pakistani policymakers to provide regulations and opportunities to Afghan entrepreneurs who want to stay in Pakistan and contribute to their family well-being and economic income generation and employment in Pakistan. The role of the family acts as a means to refugee entrepreneurs’ integration in the host country. Strong migration networks and dense family configurations are a source of pride, responsibility, resilience and self-esteem for Afghan refugees to start and expand their businesses. This study provides the opportunity to explore the under-researched role of family social capital in the migrant and refugee entrepreneurship literature.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2021-05-19
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-03-2020-0044
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Self-help group (SHG) production methods: insights from the union
           territory of Puducherry community

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      Authors: Siddhartha T. , Nambirajan T. , Ganeshkumar C.
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to study the production methods and potential of self-help groups (SHGs) for linking to micro, small and medium enterprises (MSME) in the Union Territory of Puducherry region. The variables for the research work were identified through a literature review relating to SHGs production methods and 251 primary data were collected through the random sample using the survey method. The statistical software of IBM-SPSS was used to analyze the data using the statistical methods of descriptive statistics like frequency analysis simple mean and inferential statistics such as chi-square, correspondence analysis, correlation and ANOVA test. The majority of SHGs consisting of 49.8% are willing to pay an amount up to Rs. 5,000 if training is provided through MSME organizations, a higher number of SHGs have indicated that they are very much interested in ancillary production activities, 35.5% of SHGs are using no machines and ANOVA test result shows that there is a significant difference between numbers of years of functioning with respect to production activity. The authors have selected the Union Territory of Puducherry was taken as the sample region of the study due to its high rural poverty levels of 16.9%. The research study endeavors to study the various production methods and preferences of SHGs and it will be of immense utility to the government, banks, microfinance organizations and other policymakers. Existing literature reviews are conducted on various problems in service and manufacturing sectors, it is essential to conduct empirical research on an inclusive sector like SHG production activities and preferences in emerging economies like India.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2021-05-07
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-01-2021-0005
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Entrepreneurship, family and migration: a systematic literature review on
           Vietnamese migrant entrepreneurship

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      Authors: Anh Nguyen Quoc , Dai Nguyen Van , Nu Nguyet Anh Nguyen
      Abstract: The purpose of this study is to systematically review the literature on the intersections among family, migration and entrepreneurship in the context of Vietnam. This paper aims to shed light on the current state of knowledge of the research field by highlighting some key bibliographic trends among existing literature, mapping existing knowledge in the field of research and recommending future research agenda. This study adopts a systematic literature review approach with five steps. A list of 24 papers that are extracted from a pool of 643 papers in the Core Collection of Web of Science and Scopus were selected as the most relevant to the research questions used for further in-depth analysis. Bibliometric analysis indicates that this research field is considered an infant research stream that is dominated by qualitative empirical studies. Content analysis reveals how Vietnamese migrant families mobilize and use various kinds of cultural, social, human and financial capital for entrepreneurship. They also generate resources to develop family-owned enterprises that are expected to be continued over generations. Five research gaps for future research are identified: functions of family, downsides of networks, the role of transnational and returnee entrepreneurs, gender and methodology. The choice of a limited number of keywords and access to only two databases (Web of Science and Scopus) are limitations of this study. Furthermore, the selection of the articles for content analysis is subjective although research triangulation is applied in this review. This research is a pioneering systematic literature review that sheds light on the interconnectedness of family, migration and entrepreneurship in the case of Vietnamese migrant entrepreneurs.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2021-05-06
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-03-2020-0042
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Service innovation in the hotel industry: the dynamic capabilities view

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      Authors: Babak Ziyae , Hossein Sadeghi , Maryam Golmohammadi
      Abstract: Consistent with the dynamic capabilities view tenets, this paper aims to conceptualize a theoretical framework of service innovation in the hotel industry. This study uses a qualitative method with a content analysis approach. The data were collected using a snowball sampling method and semi-structured interviews with 14 experts in Tehran's hotel industry. The findings demonstrate that the most significant factors are using the new technology, keeping up with it, training human labor, being up-to-date and adopting new infrastructures. Results also reveal that improper management and lack of knowledge are the most critical factors behind service innovation failure in the hotel industry. Regarding the infrastructures needed to develop service innovation in the hotel industry, the results show that adopting the newest technology in diverse aspects, human infrastructure, the capital and appropriate space and place are the key factors. This paper contributes to the literature by linking the service innovation perspective to the dynamic capabilities view. It explains how hotels can enhance service innovation to gain a competitive advantage. Therefore, both academicians and hoteliers can develop action plans by selecting and managing the service innovation process.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2021-04-09
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-12-2020-0205
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • How kinship resources alleviate structural disadvantage: self-employment
           duration among refugees and labor migrants

         This is an Open Access Article Open Access Article

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      Authors: Aliaksei Kazlou , Karl Wennberg
      Abstract: Economic integration of refugees remains a challenge for developed countries. Although refugees differ greatly from labor migrants in available resources and motivation toward self-employment, prevailing studies on minority and ethnic entrepreneurship tend to lump these different categories of migrants together. Based on theories of migrants’ economic embeddedness, the purpose of this paper is to analyze the extent to which family- and kinship-based resources affect self-employment duration among refugees and labor migrants. Based on Cox regression models, this longitudinal study estimates the self-employment duration of 10,519 refugees and 2,503 labor migrants starting businesses in Sweden in the period 2006–2012. Results reveal that while refugees are at a disadvantage to labor migrants in terms of self-employment duration, their higher level of family embeddedness in part helps them overcome these disadvantages. For refugees but not for labor migrants, co-location in an ethnic enclave also lowers the risk of them becoming unemployed after a spell in entrepreneurship. This original paper provides empirical and theoretical contributions to research on migrants’ self-employment success. It also discusses contributions for research on entrepreneurs’ social embeddedness and refugees’ entrepreneurship.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2021-04-08
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-03-2020-0025
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Family across borders social capital and diaspora entrepreneurial
           preparedness

         This is an Open Access Article Open Access Article

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      Authors: Eva Karayianni , Elias Hadjielias , Loukas Glyptis
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to study the way in which family ties influence the entrepreneurial preparedness of the diaspora family business owner. In-depth interviews were carried out with 15 Cypriot family business owners hosted in various countries. The paper draws on social capital theory and uses an abductive analytical approach. The findings of this paper illustrate that family ties coming from the family across borders play a significant role for diaspora family business owners’ entrepreneurial preparedness. Hidden values deriving from the interpersonal relationships within the family across borders drive the diaspora family business owners to learn upon self-reflection and become entrepreneurially prepared, led by both urgency and esteem. This study provides practical implications for the entrepreneurial preparedness of diaspora family business owners and those who wish to become family business owners in a diaspora context. This study contributes theoretically through the conceptualization of “family across borders social capital” and “diaspora entrepreneurial preparedness”. It also contributes empirically to the fields of diaspora family business, entrepreneurial learning and diaspora entrepreneurship through new knowledge regarding the role of family across borders social capital in the entrepreneurial preparedness of the diaspora family business owner.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2021-04-08
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-03-2020-0030
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Does family involvement help small migrant businesses survive' A
           closer examination of family in migrant entrepreneurship

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      Authors: Zonghui Li , Douglas Johansen
      Abstract: Drawing on the resource-based view, this study aims to examine how family involvement in migrant-founded small businesses gives rise to distinctive resources that help these businesses survive. Using microdata from the 2007 US survey of business owners (SBO), this study uses logit regression modeling to test the hypothesized relationships. Results show that small businesses founded by migrant entrepreneurs are less likely to survive and that family involvement weakens the negative relationship between founder migrant status and business survivability. In addition, the positive moderating effect associated with family involvement is further strengthened by the use of external/borrowing startup capital, thus migrant families founded small businesses with access to external capital have the highest probability of survival. This study contributes to the literature on both migrant entrepreneurship and family business. This paper finds family involvement in the business, interacting with the founder’s migrant status, tends to create distinctive resource endowments that help to compensate for the resource constraints associated with migrant entrepreneurs. Such resource endowments may take the form of high levels of solidarity among migrant family members and the spanning role of the migrant kinship networks extended from the country of origin to the country of residence.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2021-04-08
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-03-2020-0031
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Socio-cultural web and environmentally-driven community entrepreneurship:
           a portrayal of Abia Ohafia community in South-Eastern Nigeria

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      Authors: Ebere Ume Kalu , Leo-Paul Dana
      Abstract: This study is aimed at providing a deduction on the necessity of social and cultural capital for entrepreneurial outcomes on a community-wide scale. There is a drift from an individualised form of entrepreneurship to community-based entrepreneurship with a grand focus on social needs of current and emergent nature. This study is both archival and exploratory and has pictured culture and communality as drivers that are needful for enterprising communities. This paper finds communality, social network, social capital and trust as push-factors for community-based entrepreneurship and development drives. This study is an original exposé on the Abia Ohafia community’s Model of community-based entrepreneurship which thrives on strong institutions (like the Age Grade System) and age-long practices that have built trust and stability. This local community through its networks, culture and communalities creates relationships, rational innovation, consensual leadership and participatory followership under which resources, opportunities and solutions are deliberately advanced for meeting social and community purposes.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2021-03-08
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-12-2020-0211
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Examining network characteristic dynamics of kinship-based families on
           performance within Indonesian SMEs

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      Authors: Hardo Firmana Given Grace Manik , Nurul Indarti , Andy Susilo Lukito-Budi
      Abstract: This study aims to examine the moderating effect of firm age and size on the relationship between network characteristics (network centrality, network density and tie strength) and firm performance. This study also aims to investigate the difference in the effect of network characteristics on the firm performance of Javanese and Minang ethnic enterprises. An explanatory research design was adopted, which involved a survey in the form of a structured questionnaire of target owners and managers of 34 Javanese ethnic enterprises in North Sumatra, Indonesia and 100 Minang ethnic enterprises in Yogyakarta, Central Java, Jakarta and Bogor, Indonesia. The data is analysed using structural equation modelling. The findings of this study confirm resource dependency and social capital theory. Network centrality, network density and tie strength have a significant effect on firm performance. The results also show support for the moderating role of firm age on the relationship between network characteristics and firm performance. The moderating role of firm size is not supported. The comparative test of the influence of the three network characteristics on ethnic enterprise performance confirms that Javanese ethnic enterprises have identity-based networks, while Minang ethnic enterprises use calculative-based networks. The originality of this study lies in the investigation of the role of family and external partners in the running of ethnic enterprises at start-up and during the growth phase. The definition of “family” is based on a kinship perspective due to the specificity of Asian cultures, particularly in Indonesia. Of the hundreds of tribes in Indonesia, the Javanese and Minang were chosen because both are well-known as entrepreneurial tribes, have unique cultural values and have active migrants to other provinces.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2021-02-11
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-03-2020-0021
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2021)
       
  • Entrepreneurial alertness and social entrepreneurial venture creation: the
           mediating role of personal initiative

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      Authors: Isa Nsereko , Juma Wasswa Balunywa , Lawrence Musiitwa Kyazze , Hamidah Babirye Nsereko , Jamidah Nakato
      Abstract: The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between entrepreneurial alertness, personal initiative and social entrepreneurial venture creation and to examine the mediating role of personal initiative in the relationship between entrepreneurial alertness and social entrepreneurial venture creation among social ventures in Uganda. The study adopts a quantitative approach where hypotheses were statistically tested using structural equation modeling based on survey data (n = 243) from community-based organization owner-managers in Uganda. Results show that both entrepreneurial alertness and social personal initiative are positively and significantly associated with social entrepreneurial venture creation. Results further indicate that personal initiative partially mediates the relationship between entrepreneurial alertness and social entrepreneurial venture creation. To the authors’ knowledge, this study provides a shred of initial empirical evidence on the relationship between entrepreneurial alertness, entrepreneurial personal initiative and social entrepreneurial venture creation using evidence from Uganda, a developing country. Mostly, this study provides initial evidence of the mediating role of personal initiative in the relationship between entrepreneurial alertness and social entrepreneurial venture creation in an under-researched developing country – Uganda.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2021-07-08
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-05-2020-0099
      Issue No: Vol. 16 , No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Customers’ purchasing behavior toward home-based SME products:
           evidence from UAE community

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      Authors: Khaula Abdulla Alkaabi
      Abstract: The purpose of this study is to explore factors influencing customers’ purchasing behavior toward home-based small and medium enterprise (SME) products. Moreover, this study explores customer perception of home-based SME products and services, as assesses their satisfaction with the parking area layouts and delivery service systems of home-based SMEs. Relevant variables were drawn from the literature review. A well-structured, internet-based customer questionnaire was developed for this empirical study and sent to a targeted sample of 117 respondents. The statistical methodologies such as ranking scale analysis, analysis of variance and Pearson’s correlation were used to assess the gathered data using SPSS software. The main findings revealed that 83% of the customers perceived the quality of home-based SME products and services as “at least good,” and that convenience was ranked as 21.1% with the most crucial factor for customers, which includes easy access, effective delivery and quicker processes. Moreover, the study reveals that approximately 50.4% of customers rated the parking area layouts as “at least good,” while 33.9% considered it dissatisfactory. The evidence from the correlation analysis indicates that consumers’ purchasing behavior correlates significantly with accessibility, ease of finding online shopping sites and availability of parking areas at a 95% significance level. The research findings will bring insights to SME owners and entrepreneurs to infer and fulfill customer expectations and achieve brand loyalty. However, research limitations include the relatively small sample size, as well as the study, focuses on home-based SMEs’ consumer behavior which cannot be generalized to other firm types. This study provides useful information on the factors and issues influencing the purchasing behavior of customers toward home-based SME products in the UAE. Understanding of SMEs owners of customer experience would facilitate planning adequate strategies addressing customers’ needs, behaviors, expectations and future opportunities. Also, logistic and delivery companies can further support SME’s growth by providing an efficient delivery experience taking into consideration the quality of product condition and duration of the delivery cycle. Home-based SMEs are emerging as intrinsic to the economic diversification process, especially in fast-growing and ambitious countries such as the UAE. The research objectives have drawn a better understanding of consumers’ preferences, perceptions and purchasing behavior which would better facilitate the growth and sustainability of home-based SMEs based on the UAE context.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2021-06-17
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-11-2020-0187
      Issue No: Vol. 16 , No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Rural women characteristics and sustainable entrepreneurial intention: a
           road to economic growth in Bangladesh

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      Authors: Mohammad Rashed Hasan Polas , Valliappan Raju , Md Muhibbullah , Mosab I. Tabash
      Abstract: This study aims to provide a better understanding of the individual-level factors that affect rural women’s sustainable entrepreneurial intention in starting and running a business in Bangladesh and contributing to national economic growth. Data from a sample of 297 rural Bangladeshi women were analysed using a quantitative approach with Smart PLS 3.0 (SEM) and SPSS V25. This was to explore the direct influence of perceived capability, social perception and individual competencies on women’s intention to become sustainable entrepreneurs. The indirect consequences of these three variables on perceived opportunity were also evaluated. The studies confirmed a positive and significant association between perceived capability and social perception with the intention to become a sustainable entrepreneur. There is no conventional connection between women’s individual competencies and their intention to become an entrepreneur. Moreover, the data confirmed that perceived opportunity mediates the relationship between perceived capability and individual competencies with the intention to become an entrepreneur. However, no mediation role of perceived opportunity in the relationship between social perception and intention was found. This study is one of very few to explore through empirical analysis the relationship between women’s individual characteristics and their intention to become sustainable entrepreneurs and to investigate whether rural women are motivated to become empowered to contribute to economic development through sustainable entrepreneurial intention.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2021-04-08
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-10-2020-0183
      Issue No: Vol. 16 , No. 3 (2021)
       
  • An Islamic perspective of agripreneurs motivation

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      Authors: Khairul Hidayatullah Basir , Siti Fatimahwati Pehin Dato Musa
      Abstract: This paper aims to provide an understanding of agripreneurs motivation from the Islamic perspective. The objective of this paper is to explore the proposition that motivations to become agripreneurs is directly influenced by religious intentions and Islamic values, which would indirectly have an effect on entrepreneurial behaviour. An exploratory qualitative approach was used to capture the respondents’ Islamic values and intentions, which motivate them to become agripreneurs. In-depth face-to-face interviewing technique was adopted whereby the respondents were asked to share their thoughts, views and understanding of the issues presented. A sample of five Muslim agripreneurs were interviewed for this study. The study found that Islam plays a significant role in influencing the agripreneurs entrepreneurial motivation. Their entrepreneurial behaviour is also underpinned by some Islamic values, which have a positive impact on their mindsets and the growth of their businesses; such as having utmost faith in Allah (taqwa) and believing that Allah is the sole provider, makes them fearless in the business environment and results in a healthy competition amongst agripreneurs. The study has several limitations. Firstly, the study is based on a small sample of five Muslim agripreneurs who are willing to be interviewed in a specific Islamic environment such as Brunei. Thus, the findings cannot be generalised and may not be a true reflection of all Islamic countries and to Muslims residing in countries in which they are not the majority. Secondly, cultural differences within a country may influence the attitude towards entrepreneurship and entrepreneurship intentions. As this study focusses on Brunei, which is based on Malay Islamic Monarchy, the motivations might be different in other countries because of the cultural differences. Thirdly, agriculture types in this study are limited. Finally, the methodology is purely qualitative. The findings may assist the government to devise strategies and policies to attract more youth into agriculture particularly in creating a supportive environment for the farmers. The findings of this paper have shown that their Islamic motivations and values result in a more socially responsible entrepreneur in shaping the economy and community at large and more importantly, it also brings them closer to Allah. This paper highlights the role of Islam in influencing and motivating the respondents to become agripreneurs and persevere in the challenging business environment.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2021-02-26
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-08-2020-0147
      Issue No: Vol. 16 , No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Meritocracy, personality traits and recruitment: some insights from the
           Qatari enterprising community

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      Authors: AbdulWahab Esmaeel Baroun
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to provide a picture on the impact of the meritocracy and personality traits on the recruitment process in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in the State of Qatar. The study used ADANCO software for carrying a structural equation modelling analysis and for descriptive statistics. The findings showed that meritocracy and personality traits had an impact on recruitment process. In addition, meritocracy showed to be more important than personality traits in the recruitment process. This research is conducted only in one country, i.e. the State of Qatar, and findings cannot be generalised for other countries in the Gulf Cooperation Council and abroad. Extending this research in other countries and comparing the findings will help create a better portray on the role of meritocracy and personality traits on the recruitment process. This paper will help the Qatari and other SMEs owners to use a more comprehensive approach during the recruitment of their employees, considering that the process of recruitment plays an important role within the overall human resource management. Recruiting the right people has become an extremely daunting mission for SMEs, given that competition for talent is increasingly becoming a very tough and uncompromising issue. To the best of the author’s knowledge, this is the only paper that has researched the role of meritocracy and personality traits on the recruitment process in the SMEs in the State of Qatar and abroad. Separate studies were conducted that treat the impact of meritocracy and personality on recruiting the right person(s) for the company, but none treated these aspects together in one single paper.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2021-02-15
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-12-2020-0216
      Issue No: Vol. 16 , No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Performance of Ghanaian women businesses community: the moderating role of
           social competence

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      Authors: Cynthia Ayorkor Sallah , Livingstone Divine Caesar
      Abstract: This paper aims to investigate the moderating dynamics of social competence in the relationship between intangible resources and the performance of women businesses from an emerging market context. Developed economy literature provides ample evidence of a positive relationship between intangible resources and the performance of women business ventures. Little is known of the complexity of this orthodoxy in developing markets such as Ghana. In particular, this paper investigates the moderating role of social competence in the relationship between intangible resources available to women entrepreneurs and performance. An exploratory sequential mixed method research design was used. First phase involved qualitative data collected through interviews, and the second phase was quantitative data collected from 264 participants. Content analysis and multiple regression analysis were used. Social competence is important to the success of women businesses as it influences the outcome of entrepreneurial interactions and communications. Also, it positively moderated the relationship between organisational reputational capital (RC) and women business growth. On the flip side, it negatively moderated the relationship between human capital, social capital, individual RC and women business growth. To sustainably grow their businesses, women entrepreneurs must ascertain the right level of social competence needed. The utilization of social competence at higher rather than lower levels could mean more costs and more training for which the business may not have immediate use. This paper advocates the need to improve the content of entrepreneurial training packages to include the reinforcement of social competency skills in terms of relationship management as this may be the key to the facilitation of access to resources for innovation and growth.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2021-02-08
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-12-2020-0209
      Issue No: Vol. 16 , No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Social responsibility approach among universities’ community

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      Authors: Marsela Thanasi-Boçe , Selma Kurtishi-Kastrati
      Abstract: This study aims to explore the extent to which universities in developing countries have adopted social responsibility (SR) and track its implementation. Through content analysis, the study examined the SR activities in 14 universities in Albania and North Macedonia. A framework for assessing SR in universities was developed based on the ISO 26000/2010 standard and the main SR domains relevant to the university context were identified and analysed. A comparison between public and private universities was made and best practices were highlighted. The results showed that the highest scoring domain is organisational governance, while the environment domain scored lowest. No significant differences between public and private universities were identified in the disclosure of the university social responsibility (USR) domains. Domains were assessed based on the online content the universities disclosed and did not consider any unpublished content. The best SR practices are promoted to increase other universities’ level of engagement with the USR approach. The study adds to the contributions in the USR literature by providing a better understanding of the application of USR in developing countries. The developed framework may be used to assess USR engagement in a practical way.
      Citation: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy
      PubDate: 2021-01-18
      DOI: 10.1108/JEC-11-2020-0193
      Issue No: Vol. 16 , No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global
           Economy

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