Subjects -> BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (Total: 3570 journals)
    - ACCOUNTING (132 journals)
    - BANKING AND FINANCE (306 journals)
    - BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (1248 journals)
    - CONSUMER EDUCATION AND PROTECTION (20 journals)
    - COOPERATIVES (4 journals)
    - ECONOMIC SCIENCES: GENERAL (212 journals)
    - ECONOMIC SYSTEMS, THEORIES AND HISTORY (235 journals)
    - FASHION AND CONSUMER TRENDS (20 journals)
    - HUMAN RESOURCES (103 journals)
    - INSURANCE (26 journals)
    - INTERNATIONAL COMMERCE (145 journals)
    - INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT AND AID (103 journals)
    - INVESTMENTS (22 journals)
    - LABOR AND INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS (61 journals)
    - MACROECONOMICS (17 journals)
    - MANAGEMENT (595 journals)
    - MARKETING AND PURCHASING (116 journals)
    - MICROECONOMICS (23 journals)
    - PRODUCTION OF GOODS AND SERVICES (143 journals)
    - PUBLIC FINANCE, TAXATION (37 journals)
    - TRADE AND INDUSTRIAL DIRECTORIES (2 journals)

ECONOMIC SCIENCES: GENERAL (212 journals)                  1 2     

Showing 1 - 200 of 200 Journals sorted alphabetically
ACM Transactions on Economics and Computation     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Universitatis Lodziensis : Folia Oeconomica     Open Access  
Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, Economics and Business     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Actualidad Económica     Open Access  
Advances in Management and Applied Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
AFFRIKA Journal of Politics, Economics and Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
African Journal of Economic and Management Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Agricultural and Food Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
AgriEngineering     Open Access  
Agrosearch     Open Access  
AL-Qadisiyah Journal For Administrative and Economic sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Economic Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 446)
American Journal of Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Análisis Economico     Open Access  
Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Skłodowska, sectio H – Oeconomia     Open Access  
Annals of Financial Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Spiru Haret University. Economic Series     Open Access  
Applied Economic Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Applied Economics and Finance     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Arthaniti : Journal of Economic Theory and Practice     Full-text available via subscription  
Asia-Pacific Journal of Accounting & Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Asian Journal of Economics and Empirical Research     Open Access  
Baltic Journal of Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BISE : Jurnal Pendidikan Bisnis dan Ekonomi     Open Access  
Botswana Journal of Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BRICS Journal of Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
BRQ Business Review Quarterly     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Buletin Studi Ekonomi     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Business Strategy and Development     Hybrid Journal  
Central European Economic Journal     Open Access  
China Economic Quarterly International     Open Access  
China Finance and Economic Review     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Ciencias Económicas     Open Access  
Cliodynamics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cogent Economics & Finance     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Danube     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Desarrollo y Sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Divergencia     Open Access  
ECA Sinergia : Revista Especializada en Economía, Contabilidad y Administración     Open Access  
Economía     Open Access  
EconomiA     Open Access  
ECONOMÍA     Open Access  
Economia & Região     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Economic Analysis of Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Economic Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Económicas CUC     Open Access  
Economics : Journal for Economic Theory and Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Economics : The Open-Access, Open-Assessment Journal     Open Access  
Economics and Culture     Open Access  
Economics and Policy of Energy and the Environment     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Economics of Transportation     Partially Free   (Followers: 16)
Economy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Economy and Sociology / Economie şi Sociologie     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Econosains : Jurnal Online Ekonomi Dan Pendidikan     Open Access  
Edunomic Jurnal Pendidikan Ekonomi     Open Access  
EFB Bioeconomy Journal     Open Access  
Ekonomi Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Ekonomia i Zarzadzanie. Economics and Management     Open Access  
Ekonomika (Economics)     Open Access  
Ekuilibrium : Jurnal Ilmiah Bidang Ilmu Ekonomi     Open Access  
Ekuitas : Jurnal Ekonomi dan Keuangan     Open Access  
El Trimestre Económico     Open Access  
Ensayos de Política Económica     Open Access  
Environmental & Socio-economic Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Environmental Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Equilibrium : Quarterly Journal of Economics and Economic Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Espacio Abierto     Open Access  
Estudios de Economia Aplicada / Studies of Applied Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Estudios Economicos     Open Access  
Expert Journal of Economics     Open Access  
Expresión Económica : Revista de Análisis     Open Access  
Global Business Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Health Economics Review     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
IMF Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Indian Growth and Development Review     Hybrid Journal  
Informe Econômico     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Insight on Africa     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Intellectual Economics     Open Access  
Interfaces Brasil/Canadá     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Applied Behavioral Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
International Journal of Ecological Economics and Statistics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Economics and Finance     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Management and Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Regional Development     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Quarterly for Asian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Review of Economics Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
IQTISHODUNA     Open Access  
Istanbul Journal of Economics     Open Access  
Italian Economic Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
JEJAK : Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan     Open Access  
JEKPEND : Jurnal Ekonomi dan Pendidikan     Open Access  
Journal for Labour Market Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Accounting and Finance in Emerging Economies     Open Access  
Journal of Advanced Research in Law and Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Advanced Studies in Finance     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Business Economics and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Business-to-Business Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Developing Economies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Development Policy and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Economic and Financial Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Economic Asymmetries     Open Access  
Journal of Economic Development Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Economics and International Finance     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Economics and Sustainable Development     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Economics Bibliography     Open Access  
Journal of Economics Library     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Economics, Finance and Administrative Science     Open Access  
Journal of Economics, Race, and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Economy Culture and Society     Open Access  
Journal of Entrepreneurship and Public Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Finance and Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 55)
Journal of Financial Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Government and Economics     Open Access  
Journal of Interdisciplinary Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Life Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Management Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Management for Global Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Markets & Morality     Partially Free  
Journal of Poverty and Social Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Journal of Research in Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Reviews on Global Economics     Open Access  
Journal of the Economic Science Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Economics of Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Ekonomi dan Studi Pembangunan     Open Access  
Jurnal Ekonomi KIAT     Open Access  
Jurnal Ekonomi Modernisasi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan     Open Access  
Jurnal Manajemen dan Kewirausahaan     Open Access  
Jurnal Pendidikan Ekonomi     Open Access  
Klinik Einkauf     Hybrid Journal  
Korea : Politik, Wirtschaft, Gesellschaft     Open Access  
L'Actualité économique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Latin American Journal of Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Lecturas de Economía     Open Access  
Liberal Arts and Social Sciences International Journal (LASSIJ)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
List Forum für Wirtschafts- und Finanzpolitik     Hybrid Journal  
Local Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Low Carbon Economy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Management Dynamics     Open Access  
Media Ekonomi dan Manajemen     Open Access  
MediaTrend     Open Access  
Modern Economy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Mondes en développement     Full-text available via subscription  
NBER Working Paper Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Nordic Journal of Health Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Open Pharmacoeconomics & Health Economics Journal     Open Access  
Pensamiento Crítico     Open Access  
Proceedings of Voronezh State University. Series: Economics and Management     Open Access  
Quantitative Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Quantitative Economics Research     Open Access  
Quarterly Journal of Applied Theories of Economics     Open Access  
RDE : Revista de Desenvolvimento Econômico     Open Access  
Regards économiques     Open Access  
Regional Research of Russia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Regional Science Policy & Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Research in World Economy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Review of Economics and Development Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Review of Economics and Institutions     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Review of Economics and Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 138)
Review of Market Integration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Revista Brasileira de Desenvolvimento Regional     Open Access  
Revista CIFE : Lecturas de Economía Social     Open Access  
Revista de Análisis Económico     Open Access  
Revista de Economía     Open Access  
Revista ECONO : Facultad de Ciencias Económicas. UNLP     Open Access  
Revista Economia & Gestão     Open Access  
Revista Facultad de Ciencias Económicas: Investigación y Reflexión     Open Access  
Revista Finanzas y Política Económica     Open Access  
Revista Icade. Revista de las Facultades de Derecho y Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales     Full-text available via subscription  
Revista Latinoamericana de Desarrollo Económico     Open Access  
Revista Panorama Económico     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Sociedad y Economía     Open Access  
Revista Teoria e Evidência Econômica     Open Access  
Revista U.D.C.A Actualidad & Divulgación Científica     Open Access  
Revue économique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Ruch Prawniczy, Ekonomiczny i Socjologiczny     Open Access  
RUDN Journal of Economics     Open Access  
Russian Journal of Economics     Open Access  
Sdü Vizyoner Dergisi     Open Access  
Semestre Económico     Open Access  
Shanlax International Journal of Economics     Open Access  
Sosyoekonomi     Open Access  
Staff Studies : Central Bank of Sri Lanka     Open Access  
Statistics and Economics     Open Access  
Studia Universitatis ?Vasile Goldis? Arad ? Economics Series     Open Access  
Supreme Court Economic Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Swiss Journal of Economics and Statistics     Open Access  
Tahghighat-e-Eghtesadi     Open Access  
Textos de Economia     Open Access  
Theoretical Economics Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Torun International Studies     Open Access  
Turkish Economic Review     Open Access  
World Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Wroclaw Review of Law, Administration & Economics     Open Access  
Œconomia     Open Access  
Науковий вісник НУБіП України. Серія: Економіка, аграрний менеджмент, бізнес     Open Access  

        1 2     

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Istanbul Journal of Economics
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2602-4152 - ISSN (Online) 2602-3954
Published by İstanbul Üniversitesi Homepage  [18 journals]
  • Consequences of the Legal Personality of Commercial Entities: An
           Evaluation from the Perspective of Islamic Economics

    • Authors: Harun SENCAL
      Abstract: This study aims to critically evaluate the institution of a legal personality from the perspective of Islamic economics. The legal personality of commercial entities plays an integral role in the emergence of the capitalist system. This system, in turn, is characterized by capital accumulation. We argue that although the social relations based on the solidarity envisaged by Islamic economics have weakened with the individualization of modern societies, the primary negative effect of individualization has been the commodification of several services provided by solidarity among the members of society in the capitalist market system. Typically, such a system has spurred the practice of leveraging the limited liability of commercial legal entities to earn unlimited profits. Furthermore, because corporations prefer earning profits by selecting the most efficient and cost-effective approaches developed by means of rational decision mechanisms, it leads to the increase of material inequality in society and the expansion of debt-based financial instruments. In addition, corporations move investments from the real sector to the financial field, therefore playing a significant role in the development of financial capitalism. In other words, incidental problems such as lack of regulation and supervision are effective in regulating the situation in the wake of the crises caused by financial capitalism and other social adversities; however, a pertinent issue that remains overlooked is the existence of commercial legal entities and the goal of obtaining unlimited profit, which has emerged as the mission imposed on these legal entities within the capitalist system.
      PubDate: Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Analysis of Internal Migration in Turkey Within The Framework of the
           Todaro Paradox: An ARDL Bound Testing Approach

    • Authors: Emrah KIRATOĞLU; İlknur Yeşim DİNÇEL
      Abstract: In primitive societies, individual and mass migration took place to settle in more productive and/or safer areas. In the modern world, migration occurs for similar reasons, such as obtaining a higher level of welfare, accessing educational and employment opportunities, and fleeing the dangers of war. The Todaro Paradox is an economic theory proposing that migration from rural to urban areas in developing countries can destroy the positive effect of increased urban employment opportunities. Based on the Todaro Paradox, this study sought to measure the effect of increased employment opportunities in cities and migration from rural to urban on urban unemployment in Turkey in the 1988-2019 time period. The findings obtained using ARDL bound testing reveal a statistically significant relationship between the relevant variables. Suggesting that migration from rural to urban areas in Turkey suppresses growth in employment opportunities and increases unemployment. As long as elevated expected income is not supported through rural development policies, internal migration will continue. Rising unemployment among urban populations will result in significant economic and sociological challenges.
      PubDate: Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Relationship Between Oil Prices and Real-Exchange Rate in Turkey: An
           Investigation Using Asymmetric Fourier Causality Analysis

    • Authors: Fatma KIZILKAYA
      Abstract: Oil-importing developing countries such as Turkey may be adversely affected by the increase in oil prices, which can raise production costs and the overall level of consumer prices. Increases in oil prices in international markets may also adversely affect the foreign trade balance of oil-importing countries. In this study, annual data for the period 1960–2019 in Turkey are used to investigate asymmetric causality relationships between oil prices and real exchange rate variables. Causality relationships between oil prices and real exchange-rate series, and between positive and negative shocks of these series, are examined using  the Fourier Toda–Yamamoto method. The results show no symmetric causality relationship between oil prices and real exchange rate variables. However, a one-way causality relationship is revealed from positive oil price shocks to positive real exchange rate shocks, indicating that an increase in oil prices causes an increase in the real exchange rate in Turkey. According to these results, asymmetric effects should be considered when examining the relationship between oil prices and exchange rates in Turkey.
      PubDate: Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +030
       
  • The Impact of Environmental Technological Innovations on CO2Emissions: The
           Case of OECD Countries

    • Authors: Mehmet AKYOL; Emrullah METE
      Abstract: Global warming and climate change, caused by greenhouse gas emissions, have compelled all countries to reconsider their production factors. Developing technologies to reduce emission volumes has been one of the priority targets for countries. This study investigated the impact of environmental technological innovations on CO2 emissions in 18 OECD members. The panel generalized method of moments (GMM)was employed in the study to produce estimates for the period between 2005 and 2018. Energy consumption, economic growth (GDP), and technological innovation data were used as independent variables in the study, CO2 emissions were used as dependent variable, whereas the  number of patents preventing climate change was used as a technological innovation indicator. The analysis results showed that a 1% increase in patent applications for preventing climate change reduced CO2 emissions by 0.02%. However, a 1% increase in energy consumption caused an increase of 0.56% in CO2 emissions. Finally, the 1% increase in the GDP growth rate caused an increase of 0.002% in CO2 emissions.
      PubDate: Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Inequality and the Import Demand in Turkey

    • Authors: Zühal ÖZBAY DAŞ
      Abstract: The study aims to see whether the long-run relation between inequality and import demand exists in Turkey. The Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) cointegration technique is used in this study to estimate the long-run relationships between real imports, income, relative price, real exports, and inequality for the period 1982-2015. The results revealed that the income elasticity of imports is greater than one as the literature suggests. The sign of the coefficient of relative price and its magnitude is also compatible with the literature, while it is not statistically significant. However, the results further reflect that inequality is positively associated with real imports in Turkey contrary to assumptions of the relation between inequality and imports that is found to be negative for lower income countries in some studies. Short-run coefficients reflect that real income and relative prices are associated with real imports, whereas exports and not surprisingly, inequality variables are not in the short-run. The coefficient of income parameter is less in magnitude in the short-run but still greater than one. However, the sign of the coefficient of the relative price turns out to be positive in the short-run
      PubDate: Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Determinants of Industrial Production in Turkey: ARDL Model

    • Authors: Bilge PEKÇAĞLAYAN
      Abstract: In this study, it is aimed to examine the determinants of the industrial production index, which is necessary for a sustainable growth. Even though the share of the industrial sector in the total output is around 20%, it is still significant as a precursor to the gross domestic product. When the literature on the industrial production index is examined, it is seen that the factors affecting the industrial production index and the analysis methods differ from each other. In this study, the leading indicators that effects the industrial production index are examined with the ARDL (Autoregressive Distributed Lag) Model using monthly data between 2007 and 2020 in the Turkish Economy. According to the results of the study, it was concluded that the variables of electricity consumption and manufacturing industry capacity utilization rate are significant in explaining the industrial production index in the long run. The leading variable that is most effective in explaining the industrial production index in the long run is electricity consumption. Accordingly, 1% increase in electricity consumption will increase the industrial production index by 1.2%. The fact that the error correction coefficient is significant and negative in the short- term model indicates that if there is a deviation from the long-term equilibrium value in the industrial production index, the system will reach equilibrium in approximately 3.5 months.
      PubDate: Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +030
       
  • How Do the Exchange Rates Affect the Sector Indices' A Dynamic Panel
           Data Analysis for Borsa Istanbul

    • Authors: Hande AKSÖZ YILMAZ; Fatih GÜZEL
      Abstract: This paper aims to investigate the impact of the exchange rate on stock market indices of four main sectors in Turkey. For this purpose, the paper uses monthly data spanning the period between 06/2008-11/2020 and employs the panel GMM estimation method. This method instrumentalizes the past observation values of the dependent variable to control the endogeneity and provides efficient results. Considering that firms operating in many sectors in Turkey are affected by the volatility of the exchange rate, the paper takes initiative in understanding how stock market indices of four sectors react to the fluctuation in USD and Euro prices. This study contributes to the current literature, performing the panel GMM estimation method, unlike studies that only examine the causality relationship on the link between exchange rate and the stock market. The results show that there is unidirectional causality from the exchange rate to stock market indices. According to our findings, the USD/TRY exchange rate negatively affects stock market indices, and the Euro/TRY exchange rate positively affects stock market indices. The findings obtained from the analysis results confirm prior knowledge acquired from Turkey’s foreign trade structure.
      PubDate: Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Economics: From Modernism to Postmodernism

    • Authors: Hasan BAKIR; Görkem BAHTİYAR
      Abstract: The dominant form of theory in the world of economics today, namely, the Neoclassical economics, claims its theories are universal, scientific and rational. Relying on the positivist methodology, the claim that humanity will be able to dominate the environment through positive analysis, which is one of the tenets of the enlightenment and hence modernism has an important place in the development of this perspective in economics. However, the idea that the social environment of man could easily be manipulated with positive inferences like those in the natural sciences seems problematic. The debate over whether it is possible to mention of single positive facts in economic life started long ago and more pluralistic points of view flourished later. Within this process, diversity and difference replaces the single fact positivism, and methodological individualism is replaced by a more holistic approach. At the same time individuals’ thoughts and emotions as well as cultural norms of different societies are subjects o scrutiny again. In this vein, the Original Institutional Economics and the Heuristic approach to economics and mentality came into the fore again. The aim of this study is to present the evolution of economics from modernism to postmodernism as a disciplined thought process.
      PubDate: Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +030
       
  • The Impact of High-Tech Exports on Income: Findings on the Translog
           Production Function

    • Authors: Devran ŞANLI; Aziz KONUKMAN
      Abstract: This study aims to present new findings to the literature by analyzing the impact of high-tech(HT) exports on revenue using panel data methods in 49 countries and under both Cobb-Douglas and Translog production functions for the period 1988-2017. No other study has been found in the literature investigating the HT-Income relationship in the Translog production function. In this aspect, the current analysis is a pioneer study. Regression coefficients were estimated by the Driscoll-Kraay method, which produces robust standard errors in cases where OLS assumptions cannot be met. Furthermore, the existence of cointegration between the series was investigated by the stationarity of the residuals. According to the findings, the income elasticity of the  physical capital contributing to the scale is 0.668; income elasticity of human capital was calculated as 0.584 and income elasticity of HT exports was calculated as 0.071. However, HT exports have been found to contribute to income per labor force, while human capital contributes to income per labor force along an increasing curve. The relationship between physical capital and income seems decidedly linear. These findings were tested for robustness with alternative regression methods in addition to the main models, and results compatible with the existing models were obtained.
      PubDate: Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +030
       
  • The Political Economics of Trade Openness and Its Impacts on Corruption

    • Authors: Orhan CENGİZ
      Abstract: Developing countries are exposed to various risks as they open their economies. While becoming more integrated with the global economy and removing trade barriers is expected to improve efficiency in resource allocation and increase welfare, in many countries this does not occur. In addition to the economic consequences of trade openness, its impact on political and institutional structures is significant for developing countries as removing trade barriers in pursuit of trade liberalization can lead to rent-seeking activities. This study investigates the impact of trade openness on corruption using the Augmented Mean Group (AMG) method with data from Turkey and selected MENA countries over the period 1996-2018. The results show that trade openness reduces control of corruption, while economic growth, the rule of law, and public expenditures increase control of corruption. n addition, Dumitrescu-Hurlin’s (2012) causality test findings reveal the existence of different linkages between variables.
      PubDate: Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +030
       
 
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