Subjects -> BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (Total: 3570 journals)
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    - COOPERATIVES (4 journals)
    - ECONOMIC SCIENCES: GENERAL (212 journals)
    - ECONOMIC SYSTEMS, THEORIES AND HISTORY (235 journals)
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    - TRADE AND INDUSTRIAL DIRECTORIES (2 journals)

ECONOMIC SCIENCES: GENERAL (212 journals)                  1 2     

Showing 1 - 200 of 200 Journals sorted alphabetically
ACM Transactions on Economics and Computation     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Universitatis Lodziensis : Folia Oeconomica     Open Access  
Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, Economics and Business     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Actualidad Económica     Open Access  
Advances in Management and Applied Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
AFFRIKA Journal of Politics, Economics and Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
African Journal of Economic and Management Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Agricultural and Food Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
AgriEngineering     Open Access  
Agrosearch     Open Access  
AL-Qadisiyah Journal For Administrative and Economic sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Economic Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 445)
American Journal of Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Análisis Economico     Open Access  
Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Skłodowska, sectio H – Oeconomia     Open Access  
Annals of Financial Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Spiru Haret University. Economic Series     Open Access  
Applied Economic Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Applied Economics and Finance     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Arthaniti : Journal of Economic Theory and Practice     Full-text available via subscription  
Asia-Pacific Journal of Accounting & Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Asian Journal of Economics and Empirical Research     Open Access  
Baltic Journal of Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BISE : Jurnal Pendidikan Bisnis dan Ekonomi     Open Access  
Botswana Journal of Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BRICS Journal of Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
BRQ Business Review Quarterly     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Buletin Studi Ekonomi     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Business Strategy and Development     Hybrid Journal  
Central European Economic Journal     Open Access  
China Economic Quarterly International     Open Access  
China Finance and Economic Review     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Ciencias Económicas     Open Access  
Cliodynamics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cogent Economics & Finance     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Danube     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Desarrollo y Sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Divergencia     Open Access  
ECA Sinergia : Revista Especializada en Economía, Contabilidad y Administración     Open Access  
Economía     Open Access  
EconomiA     Open Access  
ECONOMÍA     Open Access  
Economia & Região     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Economic Analysis of Law Review     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Economic Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Económicas CUC     Open Access  
Economics : Journal for Economic Theory and Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Economics : The Open-Access, Open-Assessment Journal     Open Access  
Economics and Culture     Open Access  
Economics and Policy of Energy and the Environment     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Economics of Transportation     Partially Free   (Followers: 16)
Economy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Economy and Sociology / Economie şi Sociologie     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Econosains : Jurnal Online Ekonomi Dan Pendidikan     Open Access  
Edunomic Jurnal Pendidikan Ekonomi     Open Access  
EFB Bioeconomy Journal     Open Access  
Ekonomi Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Ekonomia i Zarzadzanie. Economics and Management     Open Access  
Ekonomika (Economics)     Open Access  
Ekuilibrium : Jurnal Ilmiah Bidang Ilmu Ekonomi     Open Access  
Ekuitas : Jurnal Ekonomi dan Keuangan     Open Access  
El Trimestre Económico     Open Access  
Ensayos de Política Económica     Open Access  
Environmental & Socio-economic Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Environmental Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Equilibrium : Quarterly Journal of Economics and Economic Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Espacio Abierto     Open Access  
Estudios de Economia Aplicada / Studies of Applied Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Estudios Economicos     Open Access  
Expert Journal of Economics     Open Access  
Expresión Económica : Revista de Análisis     Open Access  
Global Business Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Health Economics Review     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
IMF Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Indian Growth and Development Review     Hybrid Journal  
Informe Econômico     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Insight on Africa     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Intellectual Economics     Open Access  
Interfaces Brasil/Canadá     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Applied Behavioral Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
International Journal of Ecological Economics and Statistics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Economics and Finance     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Management and Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Regional Development     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Quarterly for Asian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Review of Economics Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
IQTISHODUNA     Open Access  
Istanbul Journal of Economics     Open Access  
Italian Economic Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
JEJAK : Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan     Open Access  
JEKPEND : Jurnal Ekonomi dan Pendidikan     Open Access  
Journal for Labour Market Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Accounting and Finance in Emerging Economies     Open Access  
Journal of Advanced Research in Law and Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Advanced Studies in Finance     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Business Economics and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Business-to-Business Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Developing Economies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Development Policy and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Economic and Financial Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Economic Asymmetries     Open Access  
Journal of Economic Development Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Economics and International Finance     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Economics and Sustainable Development     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Economics Bibliography     Open Access  
Journal of Economics Library     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Economics, Finance and Administrative Science     Open Access  
Journal of Economics, Race, and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Economy Culture and Society     Open Access  
Journal of Entrepreneurship and Public Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Finance and Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 55)
Journal of Financial Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Government and Economics     Open Access  
Journal of Interdisciplinary Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Life Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Management Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Management for Global Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Markets & Morality     Partially Free  
Journal of Poverty and Social Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Journal of Research in Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Reviews on Global Economics     Open Access  
Journal of the Economic Science Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Economics of Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Ekonomi dan Studi Pembangunan     Open Access  
Jurnal Ekonomi KIAT     Open Access  
Jurnal Ekonomi Modernisasi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan     Open Access  
Jurnal Manajemen dan Kewirausahaan     Open Access  
Jurnal Pendidikan Ekonomi     Open Access  
Klinik Einkauf     Hybrid Journal  
Korea : Politik, Wirtschaft, Gesellschaft     Open Access  
L'Actualité économique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Latin American Journal of Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Lecturas de Economía     Open Access  
Liberal Arts and Social Sciences International Journal (LASSIJ)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
List Forum für Wirtschafts- und Finanzpolitik     Hybrid Journal  
Local Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Low Carbon Economy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Management Dynamics     Open Access  
Media Ekonomi dan Manajemen     Open Access  
MediaTrend     Open Access  
Modern Economy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Mondes en développement     Full-text available via subscription  
NBER Working Paper Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Nordic Journal of Health Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Open Pharmacoeconomics & Health Economics Journal     Open Access  
Pensamiento Crítico     Open Access  
Proceedings of Voronezh State University. Series: Economics and Management     Open Access  
Quantitative Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Quantitative Economics Research     Open Access  
Quarterly Journal of Applied Theories of Economics     Open Access  
RDE : Revista de Desenvolvimento Econômico     Open Access  
Regards économiques     Open Access  
Regional Research of Russia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Regional Science Policy & Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Research in World Economy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Review of Economics and Development Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Review of Economics and Institutions     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Review of Economics and Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 137)
Review of Market Integration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Revista Brasileira de Desenvolvimento Regional     Open Access  
Revista CIFE : Lecturas de Economía Social     Open Access  
Revista de Análisis Económico     Open Access  
Revista de Economía     Open Access  
Revista ECONO : Facultad de Ciencias Económicas. UNLP     Open Access  
Revista Economia & Gestão     Open Access  
Revista Facultad de Ciencias Económicas: Investigación y Reflexión     Open Access  
Revista Finanzas y Política Económica     Open Access  
Revista Icade. Revista de las Facultades de Derecho y Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales     Full-text available via subscription  
Revista Latinoamericana de Desarrollo Económico     Open Access  
Revista Panorama Económico     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Sociedad y Economía     Open Access  
Revista Teoria e Evidência Econômica     Open Access  
Revista U.D.C.A Actualidad & Divulgación Científica     Open Access  
Revue économique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Ruch Prawniczy, Ekonomiczny i Socjologiczny     Open Access  
RUDN Journal of Economics     Open Access  
Russian Journal of Economics     Open Access  
Sdü Vizyoner Dergisi     Open Access  
Semestre Económico     Open Access  
Shanlax International Journal of Economics     Open Access  
Sosyoekonomi     Open Access  
Staff Studies : Central Bank of Sri Lanka     Open Access  
Statistics and Economics     Open Access  
Studia Universitatis ?Vasile Goldis? Arad ? Economics Series     Open Access  
Supreme Court Economic Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Swiss Journal of Economics and Statistics     Open Access  
Tahghighat-e-Eghtesadi     Open Access  
Textos de Economia     Open Access  
Theoretical Economics Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Torun International Studies     Open Access  
Turkish Economic Review     Open Access  
World Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Wroclaw Review of Law, Administration & Economics     Open Access  
Œconomia     Open Access  
Науковий вісник НУБіП України. Серія: Економіка, аграрний менеджмент, бізнес     Open Access  

        1 2     

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Equilibrium : Quarterly Journal of Economics and Economic Policy
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1689-765X - ISSN (Online) 2353-3293
Published by UMK Homepage  [22 journals]
  • Did the COVID-19 pandemic amplify the positive impact of income
           diversification on the profitability of European banks'

    • Authors: Sylwester Kozak ; Agata Wierzbowska
      Abstract: Research background: The contribution of banks' non-interest income to the total income becomes particularly important in the face of a severe financial crisis, usually accompanied by burdensome restrictions in economic activity, insolvencies of enterprises and households and low interest rates of central banks. Purpose of the article: This study investigates banks in 40 European countries to determine whether non-interest income had a significant impact on the bank's profitability and whether the severity of the COVID-19 pandemic influences the form of this relationship. Methods: This study used a linear cross-section model using bank-level data. In the model, the bank's profitability was regressed with the measure of income diversification, controlling for the pandemic's intensity and the state of the country's economy and bank characteristics. Banking data were obtained from the S&P Global MI. The Oxford COVID-19 Government Response Tracker (Hale et al., 2021, pp. 529'538) was the source of pandemic-related variables. Findings & value added: The obtained results indicate that the increases in non-interest income share in the bank's total income have a statistically significant positive impact on profitability for the European banking sector. The dependence of profitability on diversification was stronger with the growing adverse effects of the pandemic. Our results are in line with those for the US banks (Li et al., 2021) and the European Central Bank Banking Supervision's assessment that higher non-interest income has allowed banks' profitability in the euro area to be maintained at a pre-pandemic level (ECB, 2021). In addition, the study contributes to previous literature by testing the impact of the severity of the COVID-19 pandemic on the relationship between income diversification and bank profitability in 40 European countries.
      PubDate: Fri, 25 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +010
       
  • Do words transform into actions' The consistency of central banks'
           communications and decisions

    • Authors: Magdalena Szyszko ; Aleksandra Rutkowska
      Abstract: Research background: This study investigates central banks' (CB) intentions as reflected in their minutes and their relationship with policy decisions. Although CB communication is an inherent part of their inflation targeting (IT) strategy, their communication does not necessarily result in actions. Purpose of the article: This study aims to extract policy intentions from central bank minutes and juxtapose these with actual policy decisions to investigate the consistency of their words and deeds in a comparative context. Additionally, we compare the applicability of three dictionaries in policy communication assessments. Methods: Computational linguistics and textual methods are applied to create proxies for tone from a large dataset of texts. A transformation of words into time series involves the application of a general economic dictionary and two monetary policy-adjusted dictionaries. We examine the association between tone and actual CB decisions with the eta squared coefficient. The research covers 15 European CBs, divided into three subgroups according to the CB experience in inflation targeting. The sample starting points differ as they relate to each country's IT implementation year; the analysis ends in mid-2019. Findings & value added: This paper's value added is firstly methodological, as we test three dictionaries to determine their usefulness. Statistical and qualitative analysis allows us to conclude about superiority of monetary policy specific lexicons for this kind of studies. The extra value added is about the study's coverage: it covers a large sample and provides a broader illustration compared to most previous examinations. Our results suggest that a relationship exists between communications and actions, although the weakest for late joiners to IT. The latter group of CBs needs to strengthen communication practices. In experienced inflation targeters the short run dimension of credibility exists and opens the room for creating effective monetary policy in terms of managing the expectations of a general audience.
      PubDate: Fri, 25 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +010
       
  • Determinants of corruption: a panel data analysis of Visegrad countries

    • Authors: Veronika Linhartová; Martina Halásková
      Abstract: Research background: Corruption is a phenomenon that has no borders, thus hindering the proper functioning of the social, economic, and legal systems of a given state. As the rankings assessing the level of corruption in various countries show, transition economies are more vulnerable to corruption than countries that have not undergone changes in the political and economic order. The Visegrad group is an example of such countries. Despite their efforts, these countries' governments have yet to match the evaluation of corruption indices for developed European countries. Purpose of the article: This study analyses the determinants of corruption in Visegrad countries to identify which determinants are the most impactful and thus should be the focus of Visegrad countries'governments when creating anti-corruption policies. Methods: Data for the period 1996'2019 from the databases of the World Bank, Transparency International, and the European Central Bank were used for panel data analysis. The study uses a comprehensive set of economic, socio-cultural, and political determinants that can influence corruption. The purpose of this large set of variables is to prevent possible distortion owing to omitted variables. Findings & value added: The results of the analysis of panel data show the main determinants of corruption in Visegrad countries are economic, political, and socio-cultural (phase of economic development, openness of the economy, size of the public sector, degree of urbanization, and women's share in the labour force). A significant effect was also demonstrated in the case of regulatory quality and public sector wages. The findings can serve as a valuable resource for policymakers to develop government policies in individual countries and to implement effective anti-corruption tools.
      PubDate: Fri, 25 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +010
       
  • Is redistributive policy of EU welfare state effective in tackling income
           inequality' A panel data analysis

    • Authors: Anna Wildowicz-Szumarska
      Abstract: Research background: Income inequality has risen sharply since the 1990s, despite the increase in the average size of redistribution in countries representing different welfare state models. The problem of increasing income inequality is currently a challenge for the EU economies, not only with well-established liberal traditions, but also with conservative and social-democratic ones. Therefore, it is worth conducting research on the redistributive effects of fiscal policy. Purpose of the article: The article aims to show the redistributive effects of fiscal policy, paying particular attention to the most characteristic trends in redistribution, which are responsible for the growing income inequality. An overview of the fiscal instruments ' mainly personal income tax and benefit systems ' along with an empirical research on their potential impact on income inequality, allows for conclusions to be drawn about the effectiveness of redistributive policy in the EU countries. Methods: Both descriptive analysis and panel data analysis is implemented to examine the effectiveness of redistributive policy in tackling income inequality in the EU'28 countries in years 2005'2017. Findings & value added: Based on the panel analysis, it has been found that social transfers were much more effective than direct taxes in combating income inequality. In addition, the largest increase in income inequality ' as previously assumed ' was observed in the liberal welfare states, while the smallest in the social democratic welfare states. The empirical analysis extends the existing knowledge on main weaknesses of fiscal welfare state, indicating the required changes that may improve both its equity and efficiency.
      PubDate: Fri, 25 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +010
       
  • Fiscal and redistributive impacts of the introduction of dynamic
           components in maternity benefits

    • Authors: Daniela Danková; Renata Halásková, Ján Šebo
      Abstract: Research background: Social security systems combine several subsystems aimed at addressing the risks of temporary or permanent loss of an individual's income. The subject of the research are parametric changes of alternative public policy aimed at addressing the temporary loss of income caused by the dropout from the labour market due to childcare. The effects of public policies may be fiscally neutral from the entire system, but not from the point of view of the individual. Purpose of the article: The purpose of this study is to examine the fiscal and redistributive effects of parametric changes in social insurance subsystem with an accent on maternity benefits in the conditions of the Slovak Republic by using a modified microsimulation model. Methods: Using a microsimulation model, we investigate the impacts of the alternative policy setting. Microsimulation model contains four basic modules (i) macroeconomic module, (ii) demographic module simulating future population structure from 2017 to 2080 (iii) status module modelling particular attributes (characteristics), (iv) social policy module. The model is applied to maternity benefits in two scenarios in the Slovak Republic: scenario 1 ' the current legislative setting of maternity benefit policy parameters and scenario 2 ' dynamic maternity benefit. Findings & value added: Results in the area of redistributive impacts in social insurance focused on maternity benefits show that dynamic policy parameters can positively affect work-life balance, especially for individuals with higher education. The results in the area of fiscal impacts show that the dynamic model of maternity benefits increases the efficiency of public spending and stimulates the faster return on the labour market. The results indicate the direction of possible government interventions and provide valuable information for policy makers in areas public policies that are associated with temporary labour market dropouts in the case of maternity.
      PubDate: Fri, 25 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +010
       
  • Regional smart specialisations in the light of dynamic changes in the
           employment structure: the case of a region in Poland

    • Authors: Joanna Kudełko ; Katarzyna Żmija, Dariusz Żmija
      Abstract: Research background: Among the determinants of the socio-economic development of the region, an important role is played by its endogenous potential. It is reflected in the industry structure of the region, formed in the process of its historical development. The industry structure is the basis for the development of regional specialisations. One of the criteria for defining specialisations is the employment structure by sections and divisions of the national economy. The definition of regional specialisations is indispensable for planning the development policy and for formulating regional strategies. Purpose of the article: The main objective of the paper is the analysis and evaluation of employment structure as a criterion for the delimitation of industries identified as smart specialisations in the region. The study covers the case of selected region in Poland at NUTS-2 level ' the voivodeship of Małopolska. Methods: The study is based on GUS unpublished data (Statistics Poland) for 2009 and 2018. It makes use of descriptive statistical analysis methods and structure and dynamics ratios, as well as Florence's specialisation coefficient. Findings & value added: The research has shown that the employment structure indicating the presence of the region's specialisation in given industries is an important, but not sufficient criterion for the evaluation, whether the delimitation of industries recognized as smart specialisations was appropriate. In the light of the conducted research, it seems fully justified to grant the status of smart specialisation in Małopolska to Information and Communication Technologies as well as to Creative and Leisure Industries. In the context of changes to employment dynamics and structures, the possible development-oriented smart specialisations are as follows: Manufacture of metals and metal products, Electronics and machine industry, and Chemistry. On the other hand, the identified specialisations: Life science and Sustainable energy are not in line with changes in the region's employment structure. The paper proposes one of the possible ways of precise identification of distinctive regional industries with high development potential. The structure of employment and changes occurring in this area make it possible to determine the main forces of the region's endogenous potential, and thus may form the basis for the determination, and in the longer term, assessment of the relevance of identified regional smart specialisations. The added value of the study is, therefore, an attempt to assess, on the example of a selected region, to what extent changes in regional specialisations reflected in the existing employment structure confirm the accuracy of the selection of industries identified as regional smart specialisations. The presented case is an exemplification of the proposed method, which can also be successfully applied to other European regions.
      PubDate: Fri, 25 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +010
       
  • Export risk perceptions of SMEs in selected Visegrad countries

    • Authors: Aleksandr Ključnikov ; Mehmet Civelek, Cyril Klimeš, Radim Farana
      Abstract: Research background: Export activities are crucial for SMEs' growth and income since they enable businesses to expand abroad. However, SMEs encounter some export impediments, including legislative, tax-related, and cultural-linguistic differences, which increase their export risk. Moreover, since different legislative, tax-related, and cultural conditions affect SMEs' export activities, SMEs' perceptions regarding export obstacles might also differ. Purpose of the article: This paper aims to determine whether the SMEs' perceptions of export barriers in selected Visegrad countries differ. Methods: The researchers employ a random sampling method to create the research sample and create an Internet-mediated questionnaire to collect the re-search data, including 408 SMEs from the Czech Republic, Slovakia, and Hungary. The researchers ran ANOVA analyses with the Gabriel Post Hoc test to find differences between those SMEs. Findings & value added: The results reveal that the perceptions of Czech and Slovak SMEs differ regarding legislative and tax-related export barriers. On the other hand, the perceptions of SMEs from various countries do not differ concerning cultural-linguistic export barriers. Unfortunately, there is a lack of studies comparing the perceptions of SMEs from Visegrad countries regarding legislative, tax-related, and cultural barriers. Thus, evaluating this topic from an international perspective brings novel findings and fills this research gap. Therefore, policymakers, SMEs, governments, public institutions, and academicians might gain benefits from the results of this unique research.
      PubDate: Fri, 25 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +010
       
  • Barriers to gaining support: a prospect of entrepreneurial activity of
           family and non-family firms in Poland

    • Authors: Ada Domańska ; Robert Zajkowski
      Abstract: Research background: This paper explores the approach that focuses on entrepreneurial activities suppressed by restraining forces or different barriers. We investigated a particular type of obstacles reported by entrepreneurs, i.e., those which prevented their gaining access to support instruments. This paper delved into the specificity of family businesses and explained why perceptions of access to support could differ between family and non-family firms. Purpose of the article: This paper seeks to identify the differences between family and non-family businesses in terms of their perceptions of different barriers that hinder access to support instruments. Methods: The main research processes were based on logistic regression models with a dependent variable: 0 for a non-family firm and 1 for a family firm. As dependent variables 13 barriers to the access of public support instruments were adopted. The study was conducted on a sample of 386 Polish business entities. Findings & value added: The results confirmed the existence of differences between family and non-family businesses in perceptions of barriers towards gaining support in entrepreneurial endeavours. Obstacles, such as overly-complex bureaucratic procedures and requirements, lack of access to information disseminated by business support institutions, and complicated support settlement procedures, were perceived as far less crucial by family businesses than non-family businesses. Family businesses demonstrated a lower propensity to use real property as collateral for transactions. Additionally, family businesses with financial resources that overlap with their own familial resources declared that they found it easier to make their own contributions to satisfy the requirements for support programmes or services. This paper makes several novel and significant contributions to the field. First, we add to existing research focusing exclusively on family entrepreneurial activity by drawing a comparison between family and non-family firms in terms of the perceived barriers towards gaining support. Second, we address different types of barriers. Our findings provide further evidence that different types of businesses perceive certain types of barriers differently. Third, we extend current knowledge on family businesses study in Poland.
      PubDate: Fri, 25 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +010
       
  • Craft beer revolution: formation of a new segment in Slovakia

    • Authors: Radovan Savov; Xénia Szarková
      Abstract: Research background: Globalization has significantly affected the brewing sector worldwide during the last three decades. The industry consolidation and many acquisitions led to a reduced number of breweries and consequently to the homogenization of beer. It was an important factor affecting the significant decline in beer consumption in the world. However, over the years, this negative phenomenon also brought a new wave ' the development of craft breweries, and resulted in the formation of a new segment with specific preferences in the market. Purpose of the article: As a result of the craft beer revolution in the world and the wider offer on the beer market, customer preferences changed, and a new segment was subsequently formatted. In the past, lagers were the preferred choice, but due to the new wider range of beers offered in the market, they are about to lean towards other types of beer. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to identify a new segment of craft beer consumers based on characteristics such as age, gender, education, income, residence, marital status, work, and leisure activities. Methods: For data collection, a questionnaire was used as a tool and, therefore, we analyzed the answers of 685 respondents from Slovakia. The questionnaire is evaluated through dependency analysis using nonparametric methods (Kruskal-Wallis Test, Mann-Whitney Test) to identify the differences between groups of customers and to describe the characteristics of a typical consumer of craft beer. Findings & value added: The craft beer revolution in the world brought a formation of a new segment, which considers the taste and quality more compared to price. Our research has confirmed that this segment consists of highly educated men (26'40 years old), with above average income. However, it is important for beer producers to know this segment more to meet its requirements. Nevertheless, deeper studies of this segment were missing. Therefore, our research was focused on other parameters of the segment and according to our findings, these consumers are from bigger cities, working more mentally, and doing sports in leisure time.
      PubDate: Fri, 25 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +010
       
 
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