Subjects -> BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (Total: 3570 journals)
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    - BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (1248 journals)
    - COOPERATIVES (4 journals)
    - ECONOMIC SCIENCES: GENERAL (212 journals)
    - HUMAN RESOURCES (103 journals)
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    - INTERNATIONAL COMMERCE (145 journals)
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    - MICROECONOMICS (23 journals)
    - PUBLIC FINANCE, TAXATION (37 journals)

ECONOMIC SYSTEMS, THEORIES AND HISTORY (235 journals)                  1 2 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 224 Journals sorted alphabetically
Ab Imperio     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Acta Economica     Open Access  
Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, European and Regional Studies     Open Access  
African East-Asian Affairs     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
African Economic History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
African Journal of Economic Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Sustainable Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
African Research Review     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
AL-FALAH : Journal of Islamic Economics     Open Access  
Al-Iqtishad : Journal of Islamic Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Al-Tijary : Jurnal Ekonomi dan Bisnis Islam     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
América Latina en la historia económica     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American Economic Journal : Economic Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 163)
American Economist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
An-Nisbah : Jurnal Ekonomi Syariah     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anuario de Estudios Centroamericanos     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aquaculture Economics & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
ASAS : Jurnal Hukum dan Ekonomi Islam     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Bulletin of Energy Economics and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal for Poverty Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Quality of Life     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AUDITING: A Journal of Practice & Theory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Australian Economic History Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
BioPhysical Economics and Resource Quality     Hybrid Journal  
Boletim de Conjuntura Econômica     Open Access  
Buletin Ekonomi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Economic Theory and Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Business History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Business History Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Cadernos do Desenvolvimento Fluminense     Open Access  
Cahiers du GRM     Open Access  
Ciencias Económicas     Open Access  
Comparative Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Competition and Regulation in Network Industries     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Con-texto     Open Access  
Conjuntura Austral : Journal of the Global South     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Construction Economics and Building     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Contemporary Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Contemporary Economy     Open Access  
Contemporary Review of the Middle East     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Cooperativismo & Desarrollo     Open Access  
Corporate Governance and Sustainability Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Croatian Review of Economic, Business and Social Statistics     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Economía     Open Access  
Cuadernos de historia. Serie Economía y Sociedad     Open Access  
Cuadernos del CENDES     Open Access  
Cultura Económica     Open Access  
Development Management     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
E-Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan Universitas Udayana     Open Access  
Eastern European Countryside     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Econometric Research in Finance     Open Access  
Econometric Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Econometrics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Econometrics and Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Economía : Teoria y práctica     Open Access  
Economía Mexicana. Nueva Época     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Economia Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Economía UNAM     Open Access  
Economia y Sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Economía y Sociedad     Open Access  
Economia, Sociedad y Territorio     Open Access  
Economic Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Economic Anthropology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Economic Education Analysis Journal     Open Access  
Economic History of Developing Regions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Economic Journal of Emerging Markets     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Economic Research-Ekonomska Istraživanja     Open Access  
Economic Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Economic Theory Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Economica : Jurnal Ekonomi Islam     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Economics and Law     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Economics Bosowa     Open Access  
Economics Development Analysis Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Economics of Development     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
EMAJ : Emerging Markets Journal     Open Access  
Emerging Economies Cases Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Emerging Economy Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Empirical Economic Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ensayos de Economía     Open Access  
Ensayos Revista de Economía     Open Access  
Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Environmental Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Erhvervshistorisk Årbog     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Espaço & Economia : Revista Brasileira de Geografia Econômica     Open Access  
Essays in Economic & Business History     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Estonian Discussions on Economic Policy     Open Access  
Estudios de Economía     Open Access  
Ethiopian Journal of Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
European Countryside     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Economics and Economic Policies : Intervention     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
European Journal of the History of Economic Thought     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
European Review of Economic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Evolutionary and Institutional Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Explorations in Economic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Expresión Económica : Revista de Análisis     Open Access  
FALAH : Jurnal Ekonomi Syariah     Open Access  
Foundation Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Germinal : Marxismo e Educação em Debate     Open Access  
Ghana Journal of Development Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Gizarte Ekonomiaren Euskal Aldizkaria : Revista Vasca de Economía Social     Open Access  
Hakam : Jurnal Kajian Hukum Islam dan Hukum Ekonomi Islam     Open Access  
History of Economic Thought and Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
History of Economics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
I-ECONOMICS : A Research Journal on Islamic Economics     Open Access  
Iberian Journal of the History of Economic Thought     Open Access  
Ikonomika : Jurnal Ekonomi dan Bisnis Islam     Open Access  
Indian Economic & Social History Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Indian Economic Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Indian Economic Review     Hybrid Journal  
Informe Econômico     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Business Intelligence Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Economic Policy Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Economic Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Game Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Sustainable Economies Management     Full-text available via subscription  
Investigación Económica     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Investigaciones de Historia Económica     Open Access  
IQTISHADIA : Jurnal Ekonomi & Perbankan Syariah     Open Access  
Iqtishoduna : Jurnal Ekonomi Islam     Open Access  
Irish Economic and Social History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Islamic Economics Journal     Open Access  
Journal of Advanced Research in Economics and International Business     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Asian Development     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Chinese Economic and Foreign Trade Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Demographic Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Economic and Social Thought     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Economic History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 52)
Journal of Economic Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Economic Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 188)
Journal of Economic Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 217)
Journal of Economic Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Journal of Economics and International Relations     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Ekonomi     Open Access  
Journal of Entrepreneurship in Emerging Economies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Governance and Regulation     Open Access  
Journal of Illicit Economies and Development     Open Access  
Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Islamic Economic Laws     Open Access  
Journal of Marketing Theory and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Post Keynesian Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Public Economic Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Public Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 76)
Journal of Public Economics Plus     Open Access  
Journal of Quantitative Economics     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Regional Economics Indonesia     Open Access  
Journal of Revenue and Pricing Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Spatial Econometrics     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Statistical and Econometric Methods     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Journal of the History of Economic Thought     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Wine Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Jurnal Economica : Research of Economic And Economic Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Ekonomi dan Bisnis Islam (Journal of Islamic Economics and Business)     Open Access  
Jurnal Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Indonesia     Open Access  
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan : Kajian Masalah Ekonomi dan Pembangunan     Open Access  
Jurnal Ekonomi Syariah Teori dan Terapan     Open Access  
Jurnal Hukum dan Pembangunan Ekonomi     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Terapan     Open Access  
Latin American Economic Review     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Latin American Journal of Management for Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal  
Madagascar Conservation & Development     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Management of Sustainable Development     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Marketing Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Mediations : Journal of the Marxist Literary Group     Open Access  
MediaTrend     Open Access  
Mises : Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy, Law and Economics     Open Access  
Modern Economy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Moneta e Credito     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
New Agenda : South African Journal of Social and Economic Policy     Full-text available via subscription  
OECD Journal : Economic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Organizations and Markets in Emerging Economies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Papeles de Europa     Open Access  
Pecvnia : Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, Universidad de León     Open Access  
Perfil de Coyuntura Económica     Open Access  
Pittsburgh Papers on the European Union     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Población y Desarrollo - Argonautas y caminantes     Open Access  
Population and Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Pro-fit     Open Access  
Proceedings of Voronezh State University. Series: Economics and Management     Open Access  
QA : Rivista dell’Associazione Rossi-Doria     Full-text available via subscription  
Quarterly Journal of Islamic Finance and Banking Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Regional Formation and Development Studies     Open Access  
Review of Behavioral Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Review of Development and Change     Full-text available via subscription  
Review of Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 187)
Review of Evolutionary Political Economy     Hybrid Journal  
Review of Keynesian Economics     Partially Free   (Followers: 9)
Revista Conjuntura Econômica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista de Economía del Caribe     Open Access  
Revista de Economía del Rosario     Open Access  
Revista de Historia Económica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Historia Industrial. Economía y Empresa     Open Access  
Revista de Política Económica para el Desarrollo Sostenible     Open Access  
Revista Economía y Política     Open Access  
Revista Galega de Economia     Open Access  
Revista Gestão e Desenvolvimento     Open Access  
Revista Latinoamericana de Desarrollo Económico     Open Access  

        1 2 | Last

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African Research Review
Number of Followers: 5  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1994-9057
Published by African Journals Online Homepage  [261 journals]
  • Reducing Old Age Vulnerabilities in Developing Countries: The Role of
           Income-Support on Poor Older People’s Health

    • Authors: Oladayo Nathaniel Awojobi, Jane Temidayo Abe
      Pages: 1 - 16
      Abstract: This systematic review is on the impact of income-support on older people’s health in developing countries. A systematic search for non-randomised and mixed methods studies published between 2013 and 2017 was conducted in academic and grey literature databases, websites and references lists of relevant studies. Study methodological quality was assessed with a risk of bias tool. Inclusion criteria were met by 7 studies, 3 in Latin America, two each in Africa and Asia. Five of the studies used a quantitative non-randomised approach while the remaining two used mixed methods analysis. Income-support was discovered to have positive effects on older people’s nutritional status, cognitive functions, health and psychological wellbeing. Income-support offers older people access to healthcare services and protection against detrimental effects of lack of money in accessing healthcare services. Key Words: Health, income-support, older people
      PubDate: 2020-04-28
      DOI: 10.4314/afrrev.v14i1.1
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2020)
  • The Determinants of People’s Preference of Night Entertainment
           Outfits in Abuja, Nigeria

    • Authors: Musediq Olufemi Lawal, Tajudeen Yusuf Adeyinka, Tajudeen Yusuf Adeyinka, OlorunfemiBoye Oyediran, Ebenezer Adegboyega Oluwole
      Pages: 17 - 26
      Abstract: Night entertainment as a form of leisure and relaxation is not a strange phenomenon globally, it is also gaining prominence in Nigeria particularly in urban centre. Scholars have discussed the prospects of this brand of entertainment in terms of its economic and social rewards, but most of these efforts are foreign based. This study studied the situation in Abuja in Nigeria. The study was quantitative in approach and has questionnaire as its main tool of data collection. A total 100 respondents were involved in the study. The data collected were analyzed, interpreted and presented in simple percentage. Night entertainment was preferred because the period is unique, devoid of hustle and bustle commonly found in the day time (17%) and has power to enhance total wellbeing, opportunity to make business contacts (19%). Live Musical band (42%), wining and dining (34%), indoor game (14%) and comedy corner (10%) were the preferred activities. Challenges encountered in night entertainment include harassment by the law enforcement agents (36%), stigmatization on the part of the general populace (22%) and occasional disturbance due to unruly behaviour of some patrons (30%). Coping measures adopted to mitigate these challenges include moving in group with other patrons to prevent or minimise embarrassment (43%), possession of official identity card to prevent harassment from security agents (36%) and enlightenment of service of security agents to curtail unruly behaviour from patrons (21%).
      PubDate: 2020-04-28
      DOI: 10.4314/afrrev.v14i1.2
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2020)
  • Parental Involvement: A Response to Children with Disability’s

    • Authors: Efua Esaaba Mantey
      Pages: 27 - 39
      Abstract: Drawing on the fact that education of children is a human right issue, the study explored parent’s involvement in the education of their children with disabilities. Using quantitative research methodology, 166 respondents were sampled from two selected basic schools in Koforidua, Ghana. Results indicated that, often the demand on parents such as time, work, house chores, and many other commitments impede their preference to be involved in their children’s education. The school activities most parents involved themselves in are the Parent Teachers Association’s (P.T.A.) meetings. This is because parents do not see themselves as having interest in many of the other activities children in school are involved in. Equally, though some parents from poor background may want to educate their child with disability, the cost involved in educating the child is high. Evidence showed that there was a moderate level of parents’ involvement in the education of their children with disability and that the level of involvement is associated with the socio-economic status of such parents. The study concluded that parental involvement in their children with disabilities education leads to positive learning outcomes and academic achievements. It was recommended among others that parents should get involved in decisions concerning the education of their children with disability; parents must honour invitations from schools and speak with school staff and teachers. Again, parents should disabuse their minds of the perceptions that taking their child with disability to school is of no benefit and a waste of resources. Key Words: Parents, children with disabilities, education
      PubDate: 2020-04-28
      DOI: 10.4314/afrrev.v14i1.3
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2020)
  • Repositioning Conceptual Understanding of Adult Education for Social
           Transformation in Nigeria

    • Authors: Ikechukwu M. Okafor, Apuega R. Arikawei
      Pages: 40 - 51
      Abstract: The conceptual understanding of Adult Education and its mission has continued to suffer much neglect in various quarters in the education sector. The debate on the status of the discipline has been accorded low esteem and relegated to the background in government circles, in the intellectual community and public perception despite the huge potentials it offers in the developmental process. This paper is an attempt at repositioning the understanding of Adult Education to restore the image of poor perception from policy makers and implementers of adult education programmes in Nigeria. The paper examined the utilitarian value of adult education needed for the transformation of the plethora of problems in the economic, social and political landscape of society. It recommended that there is need to redesign adult education curriculum to sustain its nomenclature for lifelong learning to bring about the needed recognition as a career discipline in the education system for maximum benefit in Nigeria. Key Words: Repositioning, Conceptual, Understanding, Social, Transformation, Adult Education
      PubDate: 2020-04-28
      DOI: 10.4314/afrrev.v14i1.4
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2020)
  • Assessment of Adequacy, Availability and Extent of Utilization of
           Instructional Materials in the Teaching of Business Studies in Secondary
           Schools in Anambra State

    • Authors: Jacinta Ifeoma Obidile, Oluchi Chinazor Obi
      Pages: 52 - 60
      Abstract: The need to improve the teaching and learning of Business Studies in secondary schools necessitated this study to assess the adequacy, availability and extent of utilization of instructional materials in the teaching and learning of Business Studies in secondary schools in Anambra State. Three research questions guided the study. The population of the study comprised 305 business studies teachers from 257 public secondary schools in Anambra State. Purposive and Cluster sampling were used to select 85 Secondary schools and 120 Business Studies teachers respectively. Instruments for data collection were standardized checklist and structure questionnaire. The checklist was used by the researchers to assess the adequacy of the instructional materials used in the teaching of business studies while the structured questionnaire was used to determine the availability and extent of utilization of instructional materials in the teaching of business studies. The questionnaire was validated by five experts with a reliability coefficient of 0.86. Data collected were analysed using Frequency, Percentage, Mean and Standard Deviation. Findings from the study revealed that instructional materials required in the teaching of Business Studies in secondary schools were not adequately provided. Also, that most of the instructional materials were available but not adequate and they were lowly utilized. Based on the findings of the study, it was recommended among others that government and philanthropists should support public secondary schools and made available, adequate number of the instructional materials needed for effective teaching and learning of business studies. Key Words – assessment; adequacy; availability; utilization; instructional materials; business studies
      PubDate: 2020-04-28
      DOI: 10.4314/afrrev.v14i1.5
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2020)
  • Status of Principals’ ICT Usage in Secondary School Administration
           in Rivers State

    • Authors: Lois Nkechi Abraham, John Bariyaa
      Pages: 61 - 71
      Abstract: This study examined the status of principals’ ICT usage in secondary school administration in Rivers State. The study adopted a descriptive research design. The population of the study was 276 Principals from the 276 Senior Secondary Schools in Rivers State. A sample size of 138 was drawn using simple random sampling techniques. This represented 50% of the total population. Five research questions and five hypotheses guided the study. A self-designed questionnaire tagged “Principals’ Information and Communication Technology Usage Questionnaire (PICTUQ)”, which was a modified 2 points rating scale of YES =2 points and NO= 1 point. The data were analyzed using Mean and Standard Deviation. The criterion mean of 1.50 was used as benchmark for taking decision of each of the items of the research questions. Any score up to 1.50 and above was accepted; while score below 1.50 was rejected as not having desired impact. The z-test was used to test the hypotheses. The findings of the study revealed that both the rural and urban principals upheld the fact that there is no computer laboratory, computers, scanners, projector and power generating plants in public secondary schools in Rivers State. The study recommended that: ICT facilities should be installed in all secondary schools in Rivers State; adequate number of experts should be employed to train principals and students in ICT; adequate funds should be provided to manage the process for adequate educational quality service delivery in schools; government should set committee to install and monitor ICT facilities and its usage in public schools in Rivers State. Key Words: ICT, Administration, ICT access, ICT application, ICT literacy, Principals’ performance.
      PubDate: 2020-04-28
      DOI: 10.4314/afrrev.v14i1.6
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2020)
  • On Polar Question in Echie and English: A Transformational Approach

    • Authors: Michael Alozie Nwala
      Pages: 72 - 83
      Abstract: The formation of polar question also called a Yes-No question, appears to be language-specific, a situation which makes Echie speakers to find it difficult to accommodate the system of the English language, vice versa. This paper, using the qualitative design and the transformation approach, investigated the structural forms of both languages. The analysis showed great structural differences in both languages: while there is a swop in the position of the subject and the auxiliary in English, there is no such in Echie. In Echie, there are two forms of polar question realization: the resumptive pronoun type and the emphatic construction type. The paper noted that, although, the structural and derivational forms parametrically differ, polar questions exist in both languages and also perform the same syntactic and functional communicative roles. Key Words: Polar, resumptive, inversion, emphatic, transformation
      PubDate: 2020-04-28
      DOI: 10.4314/afrrev.v14i1.7
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2020)
  • Feminism in Africa and African Women’s Writing

    • Authors: Margaret Fafa Nutsukpo
      Pages: 84 - 94
      Abstract: Feminism developed out of the discontents of women in the West. Although African women, over the ages, have always been sensitive to all forms of discrimination within the African society, the emergence of feminism and feminist consciousness-raising awakened in them a new awareness of their oppression through the inequalities in society, reinforced by patriarchal tradition and culture. Many African women have aligned themselves with feminism and the feminist cause and, despite all odds have made remarkable progress in their lives and society and gained respectable acceptance and recognition from even the most stubborn reluctance of male domination. This trend has been captured by African women writers in their literary works which reflect the progress African women have made in transitioning from the margin to the centre and their contributions to social change. Key Words: Feminism, Africa, patriarchy, African women, consciousness-raising, change
      PubDate: 2020-04-28
      DOI: 10.4314/afrrev.v14i1.8
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2020)
  • The Dynamics of Underdevelopment in the African Novel: A Comparative
           Appraisal of Anglophone and Francophone Fiction

    • Authors: Kalu Wosu
      Pages: 95 - 105
      Abstract: The post-independence era in sub-Saharan Africa is characterized by progressive underdevelopment. From the 1960s till date no meaningful development has occurred, and all known development strategies that have so far been adopted have defied all logic. Accordingly, some social scientists and scholars of development theories have come to the sad conclusion that with respect to Africa, all development theories have hit the rocks (Chambua, 1994, p, 37). The implication is that in all spheres of human endeavour, Africa south of the Sahara has failed. The leadership problem is one of the plagues that have bedevilled the West African sub region. And from the failure of leadership stems a truckload of woes: infrastructural deficit, corruption, neo-colonialist propensity, unemployment, ethnicity, educational backwardness, declining living standards, etc. This situation has left Africans disillusioned and disappointed. And African writers from the Anglophone and Francophone worlds have not relented in their condemnation of the post-independence malaise. Their oeuvre is a clear reflection of the battered landscape. Thus, in the works of Chinua Achebe, Wale Okediran, AhmadouKourouma and J.R. Essomba, the reader is led into the very soul of a continent in turmoil. These authors are selected from both sides of the linguistic divide. Whereas, Achebe and Okediran are Anglophones from Nigeria, Kourouma and Essomba are Francophones from Côte d’Ivoire and Cameroon respectively. This paper therefore attempted a diachronic investigation of the works of these authors in order to uncover the pervasive indices of underdevelopment. In other words, between Achebe and Okediran on the one hand, and between Kourouma and Essomba on the other hand, one discovers that the ills which the earlier novelists condemned in the first decade of independence have only gone from bad to worse some five decades later. The methodological approach adopted for this research work is textual analysis/ intertextuality, while privileging a socio-historical framework. Key Words: underdevelopment, West Africa, dynamics, Achebe, Okediran, Kourouma, Essomba
      PubDate: 2020-04-28
      DOI: 10.4314/afrrev.v14i1.9
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2020)
  • Peace Building and Conflict Transformation in Nigeria: The Role of De
           Norsemen Kclub Incorporated in an Environmentally Challenged Society,

    • Authors: Solomon Amiara Amiara, Peace Udoamaka Odii, Obiora I. Nwobi
      Pages: 106 - 118
      Abstract: This paper examined the role of De Norsemen Kclub Incorporated in peace building and conflict transformation in an environmentally challenged society like Nigeria. Over the years, environmental crisis has become a re-occurring decimal that threatens the sovereignty of Nigeria with the civil societies, religious leaders and nongovernmental organisations seeking to proffer solutions. However, arguments have raged on whether or not De Norsemen has the capacity to ensure peace and resolve conflict in a volatile country like Nigeria. Some are of the opinion that De Norsemen Kclub lacks the legitimate powers to maintain peace because of their inclination to school cult gangs and therefore, they should be proscribed. Other side of the argument opines that De Norsemen Kclub Incorporated are legitimate organization registered under the Corporate Affairs Commission whose motto is “service to humanity” and since conflict is a threat to human security, they therefore have the powers to advocate for peace. Against this background, this paper argued that peace building and conflict transformation are concepts in conflict resolution strategies that are often taken to ensure that conflicts in the society are deescalated and reduced to the barest minimal. The position of the paper is that De Norsemen Kclub is not associated with any form of cultism, they operate under the sovereign constitution of Nigeria and has right like other nongovernmental organisations to make peace and resolve conflict in Nigeria. Key Words: Peace building, conflict transformation, De Norsemen, environment, society
      PubDate: 2020-04-28
      DOI: 10.4314/afrrev.v14i1.10
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2020)
  • Implementation of Corporate Social Responsibility by Oil Companies in the
           Niger Delta Region of Nigeria: Myth or Reality

    • Authors: Onyeka Festus Mbalisi, Christiana Uzoaru Okorie
      Pages: 119 - 132
      Abstract: Niger Delta region of Nigeria is a home to many multinational oil companies with different packages of corporate social responsibility (CSR) because of its huge natural resource reserve especially of oil and gas. The CSR packages are designed to address social, economic and environmental concerns of the indigenes of the Niger Delta region, arising from the oil and gas operations of the multinational oil companies. The operational activities of the oil companies over the years have led to the degradation of the Niger Delta environment with consequent loss of livelihood sources, thereby triggering protests and other violent activities in the region. The paper identified and analysed the indices of the components of the CSR (social, economic and environmental components) packages using results-based management framework to determine the impacts of the CSR projects and programmes on the people. The analysis revealed that multinational oil companies release funds from a philanthropic perspective for the execution of some social development projects/programmes, but these projects/programmes do not address the welfare and livelihood needs of the people. This means that the multinational oil companies operating in the region create an illusion of compliance with social development and responsibility rules. The paper linked these unfortunate situations (environmental degradation, insecurity, poverty, unemployment, etc) found in the region today to failure of CSR implementation due to corruption, insincerity and philanthropic approach of the oil companies and regard it as injustice to the people of Niger Delta. It therefore concluded that CSR implementation in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria is a myth and as a result recommended that Multinational oil companies should therefore incorporate the people of the Niger Delta into the oil economy by enlisting household heads into the payroll system of the multinational oil companies as well as engage sincerely in projects that will lead to the development of the region, if protests and other violent activities in the region must stop. Key Words: Implementation, Corporate social responsibility, Environmental Resources, Niger Delta, Multinational Oil Companies
      PubDate: 2020-04-28
      DOI: 10.4314/afrrev.v14i1.11
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2020)
  • The Moving Image as a Panacea for Concise Analysis and Means of Ensuring
           Good Governance and Ameliorating Youth Restiveness in the Niger Delta
           Region of Nigeria

    • Authors: Jariel Somieari Ikiroma-Owiye
      Pages: 133 - 142
      Abstract: The world is plagued with plethora of social issues generated from the complexity of modern existence. The control of sources of raw materials, exploitation, production, and trade has polarised our world. This paper looked at the Niger Delta situation from an audio-visual angle as reflected in the film ‘Krakraye’ by Gentle Jack. The Niger Delta region and her people have been neglected in terms of developmental needs in the Nigerian state, hence, the youths resort to self-identification and resource control which is the problem being stated. The aim of this paper is to present this issue bare in an audio-visual manner. The objectives are to concisely chronicle the real situation from the emergence of the military in the Nigerian scene to the present. Theoretical framework was the analytical approach to cultural studies, while the research methodology would entail the qualitative approach enmeshed with visual impressions, still photographs from the film ‘Krakraye’, and from other graphic and audio-visual sources. Findings of this study show that it is deliberate to underdevelop the Niger Delta region, keep the people poor so they will be loyal and could easily be overcome by the majority tribes, Hausa, Yoruba and Igbo who have never spoken against injustice meted to the Niger Delta communities. Contributions to knowledge is that visual presentation has shown the true plight of the Niger Delta people in visual images. Recommendations are that a naturally endowed, rich industrial environment should not be neglected for peace and development to thrive; stealing of the people’s commonwealth brings about capital flight as those in government are afraid to show their wealth in Nigeria rather, they launder and invest these monies abroad. This paper critically assessed the reach of film in exposing social anomaly as the case of the Niger Delta people, allegorically. Key Words: Film, Niger Delta, youth, democracy, development
      PubDate: 2020-04-28
      DOI: 10.4314/afrrev.v14i1.12
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2020)
  • A Tortuous Trajectory: Nigerian Foreign Policy under Military Rule, 1985
           – 1999

    • Authors: Emmanuel Osayande
      Pages: 143 - 154
      Abstract: This article critically examined the complexities that abound in Nigeria’s Foreign Policy under the final three military administrations of Generals Ibrahim Babangida, Sani Abacha, and Abdulsalami Abubakar, before the transition to democratic rule in 1999. It adopted a novel approach by identifying and intricately examining a distinct pattern of contortion evinced in Nigeria’s foreign policy during this epoch. It contended that although Nigeria’s foreign policy had historically been somewhat knotty at varying points in time, this period in its foreign policy and external relations was especially marked by tortuousness and a somewhat back and forth agenda. This began in 1985 with the Babangida administration, whose foreign policy posture initially seemed commendable, only for political debacles to mar it. An exacerbation of this downslide in foreign policy occurred under the Abacha regime, whereby the country obtained pariah status among the comity of nations. Subsequently, a revitalisation occurred under General Abubakar, who deviated from what had become the status quo, reinventing Nigeria’s external image and foreign policy position through his ‘restoration campaign.’ More so, following David Gray’s behavioural theory of foreign policy, this study examined how the behavioural patterns and aspirations of a minuscule cadre of decision-makers deeply affected Nigeria’s foreign policy formulation and implementation during the period under study. The findings of this study include national interest, the crux of any foreign policy, sometimes misaligned with domestic realities. In this regard, this study demonstrated how successive Nigerian governments replicated a ‘munificent’, ‘Santa Claus’ foreign policy which alienated key local developments such as economic hardship, and contributed to the tortuousness that the country’s foreign policy experienced during an era of military dictatorships in the late twentieth century. Through its findings, the study concluded by proffering recommendations to improve the country’s foreign policy, better advance her national interests– which ought to comprise the crux of her foreign policy objectives, – and help in eschewing a recurrence of past ineptitudes and errors. Key Words: Foreign policy, military rule, Nigeria, behavioural theory,
      PubDate: 2020-04-28
      DOI: 10.4314/afrrev.v14i1.13
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2020)
  • Democracy and Perceived Public Confidence in The Judiciary: Roles of
           Socio-Economy and Gender

    • Authors: Chiedozie Okechukwu Okafor, Uzochukwu Chukwuka Chienweze, Hassan Salawu Abu, Nanji Rimdan Umoh
      Pages: 155 - 165
      Abstract: The study investigated public perception of the judiciary as a fair plank of justice system in Nigeria democracy based on an analysis of the Enugu State Judiciary. Two hundred and sixteen (216) residents of Enugu State from 9 local government areas participated in the study. Participants comprised males and females categorized into 5 social groups - top civil servants above grade level 12, political office holders in the local  government and the capital city; petti traders, the unemployed and the underemployed youths. Participants’ age ranged between 25 and 55 years with a mean age of 33.72 years. Data collection was aided by use of Judicial Perception Questionnaire (JPQ) developed by the researchers.Data analysis using two-way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) indicate significant influence of political class on perception of judiciary as a fair plank of justice system in Nigeria, F(1,212) = 8.15, p<.05. The study revealed non-significant influence of gender and non-significant interaction of political class and gender on the perception of the judiciary as a fair plank of justice system in Nigeria.The results were discussed in terms of their implications for  citizen’s attitude change and unbiased judicial reform in Enugu State and Nigeria in general. Key words: Judiciary; Democracy; Public perception; corruption; Enugu State
      PubDate: 2020-04-28
      DOI: 10.4314/afrrev.v14i1.14
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2020)
  • Bureaucratic Accountability and Public Sector Management in Nigeria:
           Examining the Issues, Challenges and the Way Forward

    • Authors: C.J. Igbokwe-Ibeto, K.O. Osakede, F. Nwobi
      Pages: 166 - 178
      Abstract: The main objective the public sector in Nigeria seeks to achieve is policy initiation, formulation and implementation for the well-being and welfare of the citizens. However, over the years, the sector has been plagued with declining service delivery and moral bankruptcy. This article within the framework of social exchange theory examined the dynamics of bureaucratic accountability, the nexus between bureaucratic accountability and public sector management in Nigeria. It is usually the public that suffers from a malfunctioning public service. Nigerian citizens look up to public servants for protection against various ills in the society and the provision of essential services. If the involvement of public servants in the political, economic and social life of the country is considered, we shall better appreciate the needed urgency in making the service accountable for its actions. It argues that for Nigeria to match forward, there is need for effective, efficient, patriotic and committed public servants, who should be accountable for their stewardship. The article recommends that unless the Nigeria public sector is revitalized and "dead woods" therein removed, Nigeria and Nigerian will continue to experience deep-seated frustrations in the often-touted desire to move the nation forward. Key Words: Accountability, bureaucracy, government, service delivery, patriotic
      PubDate: 2020-04-28
      DOI: 10.4314/afrrev.v14i1.15
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2020)
  • A Critical Assessment of Road Infrastructural Development in Akwa-Ibom
           State, Nigeria

    • Authors: Chukwuma Onwuagana Okafor
      Pages: 179 - 193
      Abstract: Road infrastructure is one of the major channels of economic development in Nigeria. This study critically examined some of the factors that affect road infrastructure development in Akwa-Ibom State, Nigeria. The study made use of primary data through the use of questionnaire shared to respondents in various professions in the state. The data was analyzed using the relative significance index (RSI). The result showed that over-dependence of road development on public financing was the major factor impacting road infrastructure in Akwa-Ibom state. Also, absence of specific ministry/agency saddled with role of road infrastructure development was the least ranked factor affecting road development in the state. The study thus recommended, among others, that there should be a holistic technical evaluation and cost assessment of road projects before its inclusion into annual budgets. Key Words: Road, Infrastructure, economic, development, Nigeria
      PubDate: 2020-04-28
      DOI: 10.4314/afrrev.v14i1.16
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2020)
  • The Effect of Agricultural Training on Youth Farm Entrepreneurial
           Attitudes: Evidence from Folk Development Colleges in Tanzania

    • Authors: Paschal Banga Nade
      Pages: 194 - 209
      Abstract: Given the paucity of youth employment opportunities in the non-agricultural formal sector in developing countries much more needs to be done to attract youth into the agricultural sector. The main objective of this paper was to assess the influence of the agricultural training on youth farm entrepreneurial attitudes. A cross-sectional design was employed and 300 respondents were randomly selected from three Folk Development Colleges (FDCs). The data were analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The findings show that youth have favourable attitudes towards farm entrepreneurship. Furthermore, a significant difference was found in terms of farm entrepreneurial attitude across sex, age groups, college and programme studied. It is concluded that training in colleges where agricultural courses are blended with an entrepreneurship course have positive influence on youth attitude towards farm entrepreneurship. It is generally recommended that more theoretical components on the socio-economic benefits of farm entrepreneurship need to be added to the existing curriculum. Key Words: Courses, entrepreneurial attitude, intention, unemployment
      PubDate: 2020-04-28
      DOI: 10.4314/afrrev.v14i1.17
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2020)
  • Effect of Electronic-Learning on the Academic Achievement of Basic Science
           Students in Bayelsa State, Nigeria

    • Authors: J.B. Moses, N.J. Akporehwe, R. Agah
      Pages: 210 - 216
      Abstract: The study investigated the effect of electronic-learning on the academic achievement of basic science students in Yenagoa Local Government Area, Bayelsa State, Nigeria. A pretest, posttest, control group, quasi-experimental design was adopted. One hundred and four (104) JS.2 students from two government owned junior secondary schools in Yenagoa Local Government Area were purposely selected for the study. The schools were randomly assigned to experimental and control groups. The study lasted for five weeks. Three instruments IGELS, IGMLM and BSAT were used for the study. One research question was posed and answered using mean and deviation standard and one null hypothesis was tested at 0.05 level of significance using analysis of covariance (ANCOVA). The findings revealed that those taught with e-learning had a higher mean (72,33) than those taught with modified lecture method (50.59) with a mean difference of 21.74. E-learning had significant effect on student’s academic achievement in basic science. (f1,101=76.392; p<0.05 partial eta squared=0.558), with an effect size of 55.8%. Finding showed that there was a significant difference in students’ achievement in basic science when taught with e-learning and modified lecture method; the e –learning students performing better. It was recommended that government should provide e-learning materials for schools and train the teachers to acquire the basic skills. Key Words: Electronic learning, IGELS, IGMLM and BSAT
      PubDate: 2020-04-28
      DOI: 10.4314/afrrev.v14i1.18
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2020)
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Heriot-Watt University
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