Subjects -> BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (Total: 3570 journals)
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LABOR AND INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS (61 journals)

Showing 1 - 61 of 61 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acciones e Investigaciones Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anuario IET de Trabajo y Relaciones Laborales     Open Access  
Arbeiderhistorie     Full-text available via subscription  
Arbeidsrett     Full-text available via subscription  
Arbetsliv i omvandling     Open Access  
Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Public Relations Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australian Bulletin of Labour     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Çalışma İlişkileri Dergisi     Open Access  
Capital and Class     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Class, Race and Corporate Power     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Coaching : Theorie & Praxis     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Economic & Labour Market Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Economic and Labour Relations Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Estudios del Trabajo : Revista de la Asociación Argentina de Especialistas en Estudios del Trabajo (ASET)     Open Access  
European Labour Law Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Forskning & Forandring : Research and Change     Open Access  
Giornale di Diritto del Lavoro e relazioni industriali     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Hak İş Uluslararası Emek ve Toplum Dergisi     Open Access  
Indian Journal of Labour Economics     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Business Reflections     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Collaborative Enterprise     Hybrid Journal  
International Labor Rights Case Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Labour Law Reports Online     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
IZA Journal of Labor & Development     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
IZA Journal of Labor Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
IZA Journal of Labor Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal for Labour Market Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Collective Bargaining in the Academy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Employment Counseling     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Human Resources     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 46)
Journal of Labor and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Labor Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 88)
Journal of Participation and Employee Ownership     Hybrid Journal  
Labor e Engenho     Open Access  
Labor History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Labor Studies Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Laboreal     Open Access  
Labos : Revista de Derecho del Trabajo y Protección Social     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Labour & Industry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Labour & Law Issues     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Lan Harremanak : Revista de Relaciones Laborales     Open Access  
Management and Labour Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
MIX : Jurnal Ilmiah Manajemen     Open Access  
Mundo do Trabalho Contemporâneo     Open Access  
Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies     Open Access  
Nowadays and Future Jobs     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Población y Sociedad     Open Access  
Project Leadership and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Quaderni di Economia del Lavoro     Full-text available via subscription  
Revista de Estudios Jurídico Laborales y de Seguridad Social     Open Access  
Revista Gestão e Desenvolvimento     Open Access  
Revista Latinoamericana de Antropología del Trabajo     Open Access  
Scandinavian Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Social and labour relations : Theory and Practice     Open Access  
Sociohistórica     Open Access  
Sociología del Trabajo     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Søkelys på arbeidslivet (Norwegian Journal of Working Life Studies)     Open Access  
Tidsskrift for Arbejdsliv     Hybrid Journal  
Transfer - European Review of Labour and Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Travail et Emploi     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
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Indian Journal of Labour Economics
Number of Followers: 0  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0971-7927 - ISSN (Online) 0019-5308
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2469 journals]
  • Employment Status during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Evidence from Ethiopia

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      Abstract: Abstract Since the beginning of the year 2020, the world has been suffering from an unprecedented situation due to the Corona Virus Disease (COVID-19). The negative impact of COVID-19 is one of the worrisome issues across the globe. Among others, employment is one area affected during the COVID-19, which requires considerable scientific studies to identify factors affecting employment status throughout the disease crisis. Therefore, this study has mainly aimed to investigate the factors affecting the employment status during the COVID-19 pandemic in Ethiopia, taking a total of 2,396 respondents who had jobs before the COVID-19 outbreak. To achieve the stated objectives, the study has employed a binary logit regression model considering the employment status of respondents who lost their job (unemployed) and who secured their job (employed) during the pandemic. The model result indicates that females were more likely to be unemployed than males, persons living in a rural area were more likely to be unemployed than persons living in an urban area, and persons engaged in industry, service, and trade were more likely to be unemployed than people engaged in agriculture during the pandemic. Furthermore, during the pandemic, people living in the capital city of Ethiopia (Addis Ababa) were more likely to be unemployed compared to people living in the other regions of the country. Finally, based on these findings, critical recommendations were forwarded to the government and policymakers for their intervention.
      PubDate: 2022-04-19
       
  • A Review of Employee Turnover Models and their Role in Evolution of
           Turnover Literature

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      Abstract: Abstract Fewer works in turnover literature has tried to condense the disparate researches and unearth the core constructs and original theories behind the turnover models. The current works present a brief account of evolution of turnover models from inception to the present years along with finding their core constructs acknowledging base theories they have originated from. Major turnover models that has shaped the cumulative literature today has been identified and discussed chronologically in brief for their importance and limitations. Most of turnover models are dominated by the theories of attitude, motivation and decision. While almost all traditional core turnover models are attitude centric, the modern turnover models are radically different, more complex and comprehensive and use attitudes differently. The current work presents a summarised account of the vast and diverse turnover literature, which will provide researchers useful insights on identifying core constructs and theoretical origin of various turnover models and trends in the turnover research. The current work also creates a summary of various determinants of turnover that evolved over years along with a hypothesised model of employee turnover.
      PubDate: 2022-04-16
       
  • Wage Price Floors and Sectoral Employment Outcomes in Ghana

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      Abstract: Abstract This paper investigates the effect of daily minimum wage regulation and other covariates variables on sectoral employment generation in Ghana. The Cobb–Douglas and constant elasticity of substitution production functions were employed as the theoretical foundation for this study. Secondary Data sourced from World Development Indicators (2018) from 1991 to 2018 was used while the autoregressive distributed lag was used as the estimation. The finding confirms the insider outsider and the Phillips curve argument and also shows that sectoral employment in Ghana is supported by economic growth and foreign direct investment. Daily minimum wage negatively affects the sectoral employment, with the agricultural employment being the worst affected. Interest rate decreases total employment, whereas population growth decreases employment in the agricultural sector. The study recommends that the agricultural sector should be given a lower interest rate for loans acquired as this will help expand agricultural business and capacity.
      PubDate: 2022-04-16
       
  • Female Labour Force Participation in India: An Empirical Study

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      Abstract: Abstract This paper attempts to analyse the factors which affect Indian working age women’s continuous withdrawal from the labourforce. The main objective deals with two specific questions: probing the empirical validity of the U-hypothesis and exploring whether supply side factors could sufficiently explain the falling FLFPR in India, especially in its rural sectors. Through a review of available empirical literature, factors like social constraints, upward mobility among lower castes and household burden have been identified as some of the major determinants. Using three rounds of NSSO data namely 50th round (1993–94), 61st round (2004–05), 68th round (2011–12) of Employment and Unemployment Surveys and the PLFS (2017–18) data, our analysis (across factors) have shown the existence of U-shaped relationship between FLFPR and education, however it shifts downwards with time. The relationship between FLFPR and MPCE deciles is not U-shaped but negative. Women from higher income class are more likely of being graduates thus increasing their probability of joining the labour force; even then a lower labour force participation of women in the upper deciles show the dominance of Income effect over education. It is significant that FLFPR declines with time irrespective of income and education. This indicates existence of factors other than supply side for explaining the problem of falling FLFPR. Particularly, one needs to focus on demand side problems and social-institutional factors inhibiting women from joining the labour force.
      PubDate: 2022-04-11
       
  • Employment Outcomes for Men and Women Following an Economic Downturn:
           Labour Underutilisation in Australia

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      Abstract: Abstract In Australia, as elsewhere, there has been continuing interest in understanding questions regarding unequal employment opportunities. While aggregate patterns provide a useful overview, it is insightful to consider employment outcomes across segmented markets. One such segmented market is between men and women, where it is widely understood that labour market engagement opportunities will differ. This paper provides an investigation of these uneven labour market outcomes. It presents an analysis of labour underutilisation for men and women using panel data, taking account of both individual-level supply-side factors together with the strength of the local labour market (demand side) and the performance of the broader macroeconomic environment. The result is an analysis that accounts for the impact of changing macroeconomy, local labour market conditions and men and women's employability assets.
      PubDate: 2022-04-01
       
  • Internal Remittances, Household Welfare, Spending Patterns and Labour
           Supply: A Study from Rural Areas of Hailakhandi District of South Assam

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      Abstract: Abstract This paper uses primary data collected from 325 rural households in one of the remote but densely populated districts of Assam, India, to evaluate the impact of internally generated remittances on household welfare, spending patterns and labour supply decisions of left-behind adult family members. Using selectivity-corrected covariate balancing propensity score matching method and also endogeneity-corrected instrumental variable analysis, the study finds that remittances from kith and kin residing elsewhere in the country serve to increase the monthly per-capita consumption expenditure of rural households and help to lower the level, depth and severity of poverty. Remittances have also been observed to influence household spending patterns with higher proportion of annual expenditure being devoted to food and education by recipient households. In the labour market, remittances are found to give rise to a ‘dependency syndrome’ as adult members belonging to remittance-receiving households were less likely to enter the labour market. However, no significant adverse impact of remittances on labour intensity by employed workers was observed. Remittances were also found to be lowering the probability of workers being engaged as casual daily wage labourers while enhancing the likelihood of salaried employment and agricultural and non-agricultural businesses.
      PubDate: 2022-03-24
       
  • Martha Chen and Françoise Carré (eds.): The Informal Economy Revisited:
           Examining the Past, Envisioning the Future, 2020

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      PubDate: 2022-03-21
       
  • Social Identity, Gender and Unequal Opportunity of Earning in Urban India:
           2017–2018 to 2019–2020

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      Abstract: Abstract This study measures inequality of opportunity in earnings of different types of workers living in urban locations by using methodology similar to those developed in Ferreira and Gignoux (Review of Income and Wealth 57: 622–657, 2011) with household-level data taken from Periodic the Labour Force Surveys. In calculating the index of unequal opportunity, we use ex ante concept of equal opportunity, and gender, social status and parent’s education as circumstance variables. Shapley decomposition is performed to find out the relative roles of the circumstance variables in unequal opportunity in earnings. This empirical exercise reveals that a substantial part (nearly one-fourth) of total earning inequality is accounted for by inequality of opportunity in urban India. Parental education plays a significant role in contributing to unequal opportunity for regular salaried and self-employed workers, and gender difference is very much important in explaining unequal earning opportunity for casual wage workers.
      PubDate: 2022-03-19
       
  • Does Services Sector Encourage Migration and Reduce Poverty'

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      Abstract: Abstract Based on the cross-sectional data, this study examines the role of the services sector in the context of migration from the rural to the urban areas. The dominance of the services sector in the urban setup seems to be working as a pull factor. While industrialisation is seen to encourage migration, the three-equation-recursive model estimated in our study clearly brings out the positive role of the services sector in explaining the variations in the migration rate and the urban per capita consumption expenditure (a proxy for earnings), which in turn reduces urban poverty significantly. The popular belief is that migration transfers rural poverty into the urban domain, polluting the quality of city life. But our results bring out the positive role that migration plays in reducing poverty. This is indeed an important and cost-effective mechanism compared to the direct cash-transfer and employment guarantee programmes adopted in the rural context. At the heart of this entire dynamics, there lies, however, the crucial role that the services sector plays in encouraging migration and reducing poverty.
      PubDate: 2022-03-18
       
  • Deepak K. Mishra and Pradeep Nayak (Eds), Land and Livelihoods in
           Neoliberal India, Singapore: Palgrave Macmillan, 2020, 139.99 Euros
           (Hardcover) and 117.69 Euros (E-book), xxv + 313 pp. ISBN:
           978–981-15–3510-9 and ISBN: 978–981-15–3511-6 (eBook)

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      PubDate: 2022-03-15
       
  • Reducing Rural Poverty Through Non-farm Job Creation in India

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      Abstract: Abstract Based on secondary data, this paper estimates the incidence of poverty by sectoral employment status of individuals and it explores the factors determining individual’s joint probabilities of being poor and being engaged in the non-farm sector jobs (at micro-level). It also finds the impact (at macro-level) of rural non-farm sector employment on the incidence of rural poverty, and it identifies the subsectors of the non-farm sector, which help reduce the incidence of rural poverty in India. Using bivariate probit, recursive bivariate probit regression models, it finds that individual’s human capabilities owing to better education and training and higher occupations of their head of the family significantly determine their probability of being employed in the non-farm sectors, which in turn help reduce their chance of being poor. The panel system generalized methods of moment result suggest that the provincial states of India, which have achieved higher level of non-farm sector NSDP growth along with the creation of jobs through an improved level of infrastructure (roads, railways, banking, and industries) base, have succeeded to reduce the incidence of rural poverty to substantially low levels. Based on these findings, it is argued that the incidence of rural poverty can be reduced on a sustainable basis through the development of rural manufacturing, and by promoting growth of modern service sectors like education, health, communication, real estate, and finance and insurance, along with the infrastructural development.
      PubDate: 2022-03-15
       
  • Chakraborty, A., Chowdhury, S., Banerjee, S., and Mahmood, Z.: Limits of
           Bargaining: Capital, Labour and the State in Contemporary India, Cambridge
           University Press, Cambridge, 2019, HB, price $99.00, ISBN
           978-1-108-49224-9

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      PubDate: 2022-03-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s41027-022-00353-1
       
  • Neo-liberal Discourse and Precariousness of Labour Class. Labour in
           Contemporary India by Praveen Jha, Oxford University Press, New Delhi, New
           Delhi, 2016 pp. Xx + 229, Rs. 295

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      PubDate: 2022-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s41027-022-00356-y
       
  • Dynamics of Urban Labour Market and Informality

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      Abstract: Abstract Informal sector and informal employment have not only persisted over the years, but have also witnessed growth, particularly during the phase of globalisation. The Indian labour market is characterised by the presence of a large informal economy, which provides livelihood to numerous workers accounting for around 90% of the workforce. Evidence of the rise in contractualisation, outsourcing and flexibility of jobs in modern services and industries suggests a process of increasing informalisation of formal sector and deterioration of job quality particularly in urban areas. This paper reveals the existence of poor employment conditions of workers engaged in urban informal sector with precariously low incomes and without social security. The probit regression results indicate that affirmative policy has helped the marginalised group in accessing formal sector employment, particularly highly educated individuals have benefited more than others. Several initiatives have been taken to improve the labour and employment conditions in both formal and informal sector. The Ministry of Labour and Employment has notified four labour codes and is expected to bring informal sector workers under the social security net and will have positive and farreaching effect on workers’ well-being. ‘E-Shramik’ portal has also been launched to create a centralised database of unorganised sector workers which will help to implement the social security services. It is persuasively argued in the paper that the minimum social security and social protection is inevitable to mitigate the hardships of vulnerable urban informal sector workers especially those belonging to lower income groups and with lower educational levels.
      PubDate: 2022-02-26
      DOI: 10.1007/s41027-022-00354-0
       
  • Determinants of Wage Differentials Among In-Migrant Workers: Insights from
           a Primary Study Conducted in Kozhikode District, Kerala, India

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      Abstract: Abstract The state of Kerala attracts a large number of in-migrant workers from different parts of India, and available estimates show that there were more than 25 lakh in-migrant workers in Kerala. While higher wage rate in Kerala is regarded as a major pull factor of migration, it is not clear whether in-migrants in Kerala receive wages at par with the natives or above the minimum wages stipulated by the state government for various sectors. Also, there is little evidence available on the wage differentials among the in-migrant workers. Drawing on a primary study conducted at various sites of Kozhikode district in Kerala, this paper attempts to address these questions. The paper illustrates that wage differentials exist at two levels. First is the wage differential between natives and in-migrants irrespective of their skill levels. Second is the wage differential that exists between migrant workers from West Bengal and other states. Further, it shows that the wage differentials among in-migrants workers can be attributed to discrimination that face by being not sufficiently integrated to the Kerala society. The results shed light on the need for state interventions to level the wages of migrants and natives on the one hand design programs for the integration of guest workers who still live on the margins of Kerala society on the other.
      PubDate: 2021-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s41027-021-00349-3
       
  • Women Entrepreneurs in India: Where Do They Stand'

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      Abstract: Abstract The paper gives a holistic picture of the women entrepreneurship in India and its gender differentials by using various national-level data. It aims to analyse the condition of overall women employment, operational and economic characteristics, access to credit and other infrastructural facilities and entrepreneurial activity of the women-owned enterprises. The study reveals that most of the women are engaged in self-financed, small own account enterprises, without any hired workers, and are operating from within the household premises, few even without having a fixed location. These, along with the lack of access to basic infrastructural facilities, signify women entrepreneurship as necessity-driven and not opportunity-led. It also notes the persistence presence of religious and cultural norms in determining women’s participation as entrepreneurs. In addition, the paper aims to study the determinants of the women entrepreneurship in India by using a logistic regression model. The model establishes more chance of engagement of women entrepreneurs in informal sector home-based work and the enterprises with less than six workers. The model also reveals the increasing chance of women entrepreneurship with increasing general education and establishes the need for formal vocational training. At the end, the study proposes to look at women’s entrepreneurship from the macroeconomic understanding of women’s employment and work and identify policies to ensure that women entrepreneurship does not remain only as distress-driven employment, but become opportunity-led.
      PubDate: 2021-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s41027-021-00344-8
       
  • Conducting Time-Use Surveys Employing Rigorous Methods to Produce Quality
           Data

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      Abstract: Abstract It is now widely accepted that a time-use survey can provide better estimates of the workforce/labour force and can also add rich additional information on the LFS. However, the status of time-use surveys in the global south today is poor in the sense that the surveys have not been able to provide always the quality data produced through rigorous concepts and methods. This paper discusses the problems and shows the way to move forward. In the first part of the paper, it discusses the major constraints and problems of these countries. There are two major categories of these problems: (1) problems related to designing the different components of time-use survey and (2) problems related to collecting data on the time use of people. It is argued that the first part of the problems, which are related to harmonization and standardization of concepts, can be resolved by a well-designed Guidebook. UNSD is already published one Guidebook in 2004, and it is revising the Guidebook to add new developments. The second category of problems is tough and needs expert support. ILO and UNSD have done good work in this area. Based on this work as well as the reviews done of time-use surveys in the global south, the author presents a way forward.
      PubDate: 2021-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s41027-021-00351-9
       
  • Analysing the Politics of Nigeria’s 2019 National Minimum Wage:
           Towards a Public Policy

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      Abstract: Abstract This paper analyses the politics that characterised the Nigeria 2019 national minimum wage negotiations and implementation, which so far is the most prolonged in Nigeria’s history. Workers' welfare is the responsibility of governments across the world through fixing and regulation of the national minimum wage. But in Nigeria, this has been problematic, and the entire process is characterised by industrial actions undertaken to compel the government to commit to wage negotiations and implementation. The paper argues that the absence of functional standing machinery with a focus on labour economics, deciding the condition and time for a minimum wage review is seen as the main bane in government–labour frequent face-off in Nigeria, which has negatively impacted on harmonious industrial relations. Writing from the analytical point of view, the paper finds that industrial actions have become one action too many because of government's political approach to labour demands. Deciphered in the foregoing is that the current system of government–labour negotiation for new national minimum wage cannot guarantee workers’ welfare in Nigeria. Thus, for the Nigeria government to address this perennial minimum wage problem and be seen as fulfilling its obligation to the International Labour Organisation, it must urgently put in place an acceptable mechanism for fixing and regulating the national minimum wage in Nigeria to cushion the effect of the hike in petroleum products on which the national economy largely depends.
      PubDate: 2021-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s41027-021-00347-5
       
  • Negotiating Exclusion and Precarity: Marginalised Urban Youth, Education,
           and Employment in Delhi

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      Abstract: Abstract This paper examines the predicament of educated youth belonging to socially marginalised groups in realising their aspirations in the city of Delhi. It critically foregrounds the potentials of education and urban location and analyses the educational and employment negotiations and outcomes of the urban youth living at the margins. It is based on a qualitative field study in a settlement predominantly inhabited by Dalits and other backward classes. The paper argues that the local aspirations amid neo-liberal economic expansion in a metropolitan city, alongside the long-cherished dream of respectable jobs, place an enormous hope on pursuing higher education and advanced skills. However, the nature and quality of education and skills that are accessible to these youths hardly enable them realise stable white-collar jobs. Armed with educational degrees, they join and shift between low-end precarious jobs while waiting for stable employment. Gender relations preclude some of these precarious possibilities for female youths who negotiate terms of patriarchal norms to gain economic autonomy. Overall, this paper identifies and elaborates on how urban structural conditions and individual negotiations combine to reproduce social inequalities through a process of socio-economic mobility which is adverse and rarely upwards.
      PubDate: 2021-10-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s41027-021-00342-w
       
  • Interstate Wage Differentials in Organized Manufacturing Industries

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      Abstract: Abstract In post-reforms years, employment in organized manufacturing sector was much faster than pre-reform years. Growth momentum of employment has been larger than growth momentum of output. Further, since year 2000, real wages of the workers increased much faster, while per cent share of income wages in value added of industry output showed a decline. Declining wage share is a global phenomenon, not confined to a specific economy. The present paper points out that in all selected years (2006–2007, 2009–2010, 2013–2014 and 2017–2018), rise in labour productivity has increased wage disparity. It implies if wages and salaries of non-workers increase disproportionately due to rise in labour productivity in organized manufacturing factories, the wage disparity will rise. Increase in labour productivity increases average real wages during 2009–2010 and 2017–2018. Also, in 2009–2010 and 2017–2018, increase in capital labour ratio results in an increase in wage rate. Further, study also shows that average wage rate rises and wage disparity falls across the Indian states.
      PubDate: 2021-09-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s41027-021-00338-6
       
 
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