Subjects -> BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (Total: 3570 journals)
    - ACCOUNTING (132 journals)
    - BANKING AND FINANCE (306 journals)
    - BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (1248 journals)
    - CONSUMER EDUCATION AND PROTECTION (20 journals)
    - COOPERATIVES (4 journals)
    - ECONOMIC SCIENCES: GENERAL (212 journals)
    - ECONOMIC SYSTEMS, THEORIES AND HISTORY (235 journals)
    - FASHION AND CONSUMER TRENDS (20 journals)
    - HUMAN RESOURCES (103 journals)
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    - INTERNATIONAL COMMERCE (145 journals)
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    - PUBLIC FINANCE, TAXATION (37 journals)
    - TRADE AND INDUSTRIAL DIRECTORIES (2 journals)

INTERNATIONAL COMMERCE (145 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 136 of 136 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Economica Et Turistica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
African Journal of Economic and Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Amnis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Antitrust Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asia and the Global Economy     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Shipping and Logistics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Botswana Journal of Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Career Development International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
China Business Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
China Economic Quarterly International     Open Access  
Competition and Regulation in Network Industries     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Critical Perspectives on International Business     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Crossroads     Hybrid Journal  
Digital Finance : Smart Data Analytics, Investment Innovation, and Financial Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
East Asian Community Review     Hybrid Journal  
EC Tax Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Economic Journal of Emerging Markets     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Economics Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ekonomia Międzynarodowa     Open Access  
EMAJ : Emerging Markets Journal     Open Access  
Emerging Markets Finance and Trade     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Estudos Internacionais : revista de relações internacionais da PUC Minas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Business Law Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
European Company Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
European Journal of International Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Expert Journal of Business and Management     Open Access  
Foreign Trade Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Global & Strategis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Summitry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Global Trade and Customs Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Human Resource Development International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Human Resource Management International Digest     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
IMF Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
IN VIVO     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Information Resources Management Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Information Technologies & International Development     Open Access   (Followers: 81)
International Advances in Economic Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Business Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
International Commerce Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Economic Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61)
International Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Economics and Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
International Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
International Insolvency Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Applied Behavioral Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
International Journal of Asian Business and Information Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Commerce and Management     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Export Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Governance and Financial Intermediation     Hybrid Journal  
International Labor and Working-Class History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
International Labour Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 60)
International Marketing Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
International Public Management Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Review of Applied Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Review of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Review of Economics & Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
International Review of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
International Review of Financial Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Review of Law and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
International Review of Retail, Distribution and Consumer Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Review of Social History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32)
International Review on Public and Nonprofit Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Small Business Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
International Studies of Management and Organization     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
International Trade Journal : Western Hemispheric Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Transactions In Operational Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Intertax     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Japanese Political Economy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal for International Business and Entrepreneurship Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Accounting and Finance in Emerging Economies     Open Access  
Journal of Advanced Research in Economics and International Business     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Antitrust Enforcement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Chinese Economic and Foreign Trade Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Chinese Human Resource Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Comparative International Management     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Contemporary European Research     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Economics and International Finance     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of International Accounting, Auditing and Taxation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of International Business Policy     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of International Business Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Journal of International Commerce, Economics and Policy     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of International Consumer Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of International Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Journal of International Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
Journal of International Entrepreneurship     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of International Financial Management & Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of International Food & Agribusiness Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of International Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of International Marketing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Journal of International Money and Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Journal of International Trade & Economic Development: An International and Comparative Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of International Trade Law and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Korea Trade     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Monetary Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 95)
Journal of Revenue and Pricing Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Reviews on Global Economics     Open Access  
Journal of the Association for Consumer Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of the Japanese and International Economies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Theoretical and Applied Electronic Commerce Research     Open Access  
Journal of World Trade     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Jurnal Hubungan Internasional     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Terapan     Open Access  
L'Année du Maghreb     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Management international / International Management / Gestiòn Internacional     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Management International Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
MEED Middle East Economic Digest     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Monthly Statistics of International Trade - Statistiques mensuelles du commerce international     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
PharmacoEconomics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
Proceedings of the International Conference on Business Excellence     Open Access  
Qualitative Research in Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Quarterly Journal of Political Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Regional Formation and Development Studies     Open Access  
Relações Internacionais (R:I)     Open Access  
Research World     Hybrid Journal  
Review of International Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Review of International Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Revista Brasileira de Gestão de Negócios     Open Access  
Revista Multiface Online     Open Access  
Revue internationale de l'économie sociale     Full-text available via subscription  
Revue Internationale du Travail     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Revue internationale P.M.E. : économie et gestion de la petite et moyenne entreprise     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
South African Journal of International Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
South American Development Society Journal     Open Access  
Studies in Comparative International Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Syracuse Journal of International Law and Commerce     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
TDM Transnational Dispute Management Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Transnational Corporations Review     Hybrid Journal  
World Competition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
World Food Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
World Oil Trade     Hybrid Journal  
World Trade and Arbitration Materials     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)

           

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Journal of International Business Policy
Number of Followers: 0  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 2522-0691 - ISSN (Online) 2522-0705
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2469 journals]
  • Overcoming political risk in developing economies through non-local debt

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      Abstract: Abstract Infrastructure investments are essential in generating sustainable development but also involve extensive political risk and potentially unreliable local partners. We study how banks financing such investments use syndication with non-local partners to pool economic leverage from trade, investment, and FDI. Using 5928 of the world’s largest infrastructure and energy projects in 160 countries between 2000 and 2013, we show that banks pool economic leverage from banks with dominant economic ties to the host country and from supranational institutions. Our findings contribute three distinct elements to the nonmarket strategy literature. First, they highlight the strategic value of macro-economic dependencies in the management of political risk. Second, our study positions non-local alliances as an alternative to alliance partners in the host-country context. Third, our study is the first in IB to acknowledge the value of debt-side pooling of leverage. From a practical and policy point of view, our findings suggest that practitioners and policymakers should strive to improve the efficiency of debt syndication across borders as a means of mitigating political risk and encouraging infrastructure investment.
      PubDate: 2022-05-03
       
  • The Belt and Road Initiative and international business policy: A
           kaleidoscopic perspective

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      Abstract: Abstract In this editorial, we take stock of the nature and scope of China’s global development strategy named the “Belt and Road Initiative” (BRI), and how it influences international business (IB) policy. We build on the state of the current IB literature on the BRI and the findings of the Special Issue articles to suggest the need for complex integrative thinking on the initiative. We show that the BRI – like a kaleidoscope – elicits vastly different patterns of opportunities and challenges as we turn the perspective from policymakers in China, to governments in BRI host countries, and to officials in third countries. We illustrate how the application of integrative thinking to these perspectives allows for the identification when BRI projects generate tensions between countries and how this influences their IB policies. We further discuss under which circumstances BRI projects may benefit all sides and which IB policies can help promote these types of projects. We conclude with a discussion of future research directions.
      PubDate: 2022-04-18
       
  • China’s Belt and Road Initiative and international business: The
           overlooked centrality of politics

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      Abstract: Abstract What is the significance of China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) for international business research' Most studies in the field have approached this question from the perspective of the individual firm or industry, with an emphasis on its business or economic impact. Yet the BRI is, at its core, a political initiative that plays out domestically and internationally. Our objective for this commentary is to complement the existing IB literature on the BRI by outlining the domestic and geopolitical objectives of the BRI and linking them to big, new IB research questions. Domestically, we stress the importance of the BRI for the legitimacy of Communist Party rule in the context of slowing growth and overcapacity. At the international level, we explore the role of the BRI in advancing China’s geopolitical position, not least vis-à-vis the United States, as well as its potential to provide a nucleus around which a new, alternative world economic order may form. We conclude with a discussion of implications for policy and business research in IB.
      PubDate: 2022-04-14
       
  • The Belt and Road Initiative and cascading innovation in China’s
           domestic railway ecosystem

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      Abstract: Abstract This paper explores innovation in the context of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). Adopting a network view of innovation ecosystems, we argue that the Chinese government’s BRI practice of selecting and financing a limited number of companies – BRI firms – for foreign projects leads to a cascading innovation effect across firms in China’s domestic railway innovation ecosystem. We hypothesize that a firm’s innovation performance is positively related to its network proximity to and knowledge complementarity with BRI firms. We further propose that the positive relation between knowledge complementarity and innovation is stronger for private firms than state-owned enterprises (SOEs). We test our hypotheses using network and patent data that we have collected from China’s railway sector during the period 2013–2019 and find econometric evidence in line with our predictions. By combining network theory and ecosystem perspective, this study contributes to a better understanding of the impact of BRI on domestic innovation within China.
      PubDate: 2022-03-18
       
  • Foreign partner choice in the public interest: Experience and risk in
           infrastructure public–private partnerships

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      Abstract: Abstract Infrastructure public–private partnerships (PPPs) are collaborative agreements between a public sector entity and private sector firm that are designed to build and operate infrastructure projects. This study explores how public-sector entity experience and institutional concerns impact the choice of a local or foreign private sector partner. We find that the public entity’s prior infrastructure PPP experience has a U-shaped relationship with the likelihood of partnering with a foreign private sector firm. Meaning, we find that public entities with low and high levels of infrastructure PPP experience tend to partner with foreign private sector firms, whereas public entities with moderate levels of infrastructure PPP experience tend to partner with local private sector firms. Moreover, we find that financial risk associated with the infrastructure project moderates this relationship such that public entities with low or high levels of prior infrastructure PPP experience tend to partner with foreign private sector firms when the infrastructure project is highly leveraged. Our analysis of a global sample of project finance investments shows statistical support for our arguments. These findings regarding the determinants of PPP partner choice are significant given the massive investment in infrastructure development that is planned throughout the globe in the coming years.
      PubDate: 2022-03-07
      DOI: 10.1057/s42214-022-00134-z
       
  • Journal of International Business Policy (JIBP) Volume 4 Abstracts

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      PubDate: 2022-03-01
       
  • State policies and upgrading in global value chains: A systematic
           literature review

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      Abstract: Abstract This paper examines the role of state policymaking in a context of global value chains (GVCs). While the literature acknowledges that states matter in GVCs, there is little understanding of how they matter from a policy perspective. We address this tension between theory and practice by first delineating the state’s facilitator, regulator, producer and buyer roles. We then explore the extent to which corresponding state policies enable or constrain the following policy objectives: GVC participation; value capture; and social and environmental upgrading. We do so via a systematic review of academic GVC literature, combined with analysis of seminal policy publications by International Organizations. Our findings indicate that state policymakers leverage facilitative strategies to achieve GVC participation and enhanced value capture; with regulatory and public procurement mechanisms adopted to address social and environmental goals. Mixed results also emerged, highlighting tensions between policies geared towards economic upgrading on the one hand, and social and environmental upgrading on the other. Finally, we suggest that effective state policies require a multi-scalar appreciation of GVC dynamics, working with multiple and sometimes competing stakeholders to achieve their developmental objectives.
      PubDate: 2022-03-01
      DOI: 10.1057/s42214-021-00107-8
       
  • Global patent systems: Revisiting the national bias hypothesis

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      Abstract: Abstract This paper revisits the literature providing empirical evidence that patent offices are biased in favor of their national applicants. If true, this “national bias” would be proof of disrespect of the national treatment principle, deeply rooted in several international patent treaties. Existing investigations are, however, subject to an important limitation: they focus only on grant rates, which in all likelihood is a potentially biased indicator of stringency because it is influenced by economic forces. This paper puts forward an alternative and more robust approach to test the national bias hypothesis, consisting in a detailed analysis of how the patent examination process is carried out for domestic and international applications. Relying on a unique database of 2,400 patent families filed simultaneously in three patent offices (EPO, JPO, and USPTO), the empirical analysis finds no evidence of national bias - in any of the three patents offices - throughout the examination process. These results reopen a debate that seemed to have reached a consensus so far. The lower grant rates of international applications are not caused by a discriminatory bias in the examination procedures but might rather be driven by economic forces that shape the propensity of international applicants to maintain their patent active.
      PubDate: 2022-03-01
      DOI: 10.1057/s42214-021-00100-1
       
  • Regional factors enabling manufacturing reshoring strategies: A case study
           perspective

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      Abstract: Abstract Firms’ reshoring strategies have recently sparked academic and policy interest due to their contribution to rebalancing advanced economies. In line with the ongoing debate and by examining the journey of a company based in the West Midlands region of the UK, this work illustrates the adoption of a manufacturing reshoring strategy in response to a changing competitive environment. Further, by utilizing a mixture of primary and secondary data, this work not only shows how regional dynamics are pivotal for attracting manufacturing reshoring but also how regional characteristics can change the narrative on reshoring from a national to a regional focus. By doing so, this work demonstrates how regional implementation of industrial policies can facilitate a multiplier effect in the value of the region by increasing the attractiveness of hosting a manufacturing reshoring strategy.
      PubDate: 2022-03-01
      DOI: 10.1057/s42214-021-00112-x
       
  • Explaining the rate of opportunity compared to necessity entrepreneurship
           in a cross-cultural context: Analysis and policy implications

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      Abstract: Abstract Improving the quality of entrepreneurial activities has become a priority in policy debates globally. However, despite significant investment in resources, the outcome is disappointing, as the relative rate of opportunity compared to necessity entrepreneurship has not improved significantly across nations. Grounded in an institutional theory approach, we examine whether culture is the missing link in our understanding of the conditions that explain cross-national variance in this rate. Our analyses, based on a 10-year panel dataset comprising 58 nations, support our arguments, in that we find that the cultural dimensions of autonomy–embeddedness, egalitarianism–hierarchy, and mastery–harmony moderate the extent to which regulatory burden and cognitive infrastructure influence the relative rate of opportunity compared to necessity entrepreneurship across nations. Our findings advance the contextualized approach in entrepreneurship and illustrate that understanding the integrative effects of formal institutional environment and informal cultural framework is critical for improving the quality of entrepreneurial activities. We offer implications that will be useful for policymakers to consider as they advance programs to improve the economic growth of nations.
      PubDate: 2022-03-01
      DOI: 10.1057/s42214-020-00098-y
       
  • Global value chains, import orientation, and the state: South
           Africa’s pharmaceutical industry

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      Abstract: Abstract As opposed to the predominant focus of global value chain (GVC) research on export-oriented contexts, this article examines the prospects for development in places where the dominant form of engagement with GVCs is import-oriented. Through the case of South Africa’s pharmaceutical industry, this analysis demonstrates the challenge for local manufacturing to compete, and the associated state policy responses, in a place which is largely plugged into GVCs as an end market rather than as a production location. As multinationals have concentrated production elsewhere, South Africa’s manufacturing capacity in the pharmaceutical industry has relatively declined in recent decades. Having struggled in its facilitator role, the South African state’s efforts to promote local manufacturing have turned to the producer role through a state-owned company and especially the buyer role through public procurement. Motivations for state policy in this context, however, must navigate the tension which sometimes exists between the industrial interest in local manufacturing and the consumer and health policy interest in access to medicines. The experience of South Africa’s pharmaceutical industry points to the wider challenge and consequences of import-oriented engagement with GVCs for local industrial development.
      PubDate: 2022-03-01
      DOI: 10.1057/s42214-021-00103-y
       
  • Globalization, economic development, and corruption: A cross-lagged
           contingency perspective

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      Abstract: Abstract The 2020 health and economic crisis has exacerbated tensions and debates over whether globalization benefits economic development, as countries face both pressures to enhance economic opportunities through globalization and populist movements seeking protection from global forces. We first review perspectives that offer competing evidence about the role of globalization in regard to economic development and corruption. Drawing on resource dependence and institutional theory, we test the two contingencies of the country’s stage of economic development (low, lower-middle, upper-middle, high) and the globalization dimension (economic, social, political) at play to reconcile competing findings. Using a cross-lagged panel design, we show that these contingencies significantly explain when and what type of globalization can benefit a country’s economy and affect corruption. In doing so, the study provides a platform for future research, and identifies important patterns that can better guide policymaking. Among other results, we find low-income countries’ GDP and corruption benefit the most from the formal dimensions of globalization. With increased wealth, countries are more responsive to the legitimacy accrued with the informal dimensions of globalization, which we find comes at the expense of economic efficiency for high-income countries.
      PubDate: 2022-03-01
      DOI: 10.1057/s42214-020-00091-5
       
  • Financial and fiscal incentives and inward foreign direct investment: When
           quality institutions substitute incentives

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      Abstract: Abstract We analyze the impact of host country investment incentives on inward foreign direct investment. Building on institutional economics, we argue that financial and fiscal incentives are effective in attracting greenfield projects because they reduce the short-term establishment and long-term operational costs, respectively. We also propose that the effectiveness of the incentives varies with the institutional quality of the host country because institutional quality reduces the indirect cost of transacting in the location; thus, quality institutions have the potential to act as substitutes for incentives. The analysis of greenfield projects in 106 countries in 2010–2017 reveals that although financial and fiscal incentives have a positive impact on greenfield investments when studied separately, financial but not fiscal incentives are effective in attracting greenfield projects when analyzed together. This is a novel finding as much of the literature has concentrated on studying one type of incentive at a time. Additionally, we find that financial incentives are more effective in attracting greenfield projects in countries with high-quality institutions, while fiscal incentives are more effective in countries with low-quality institutions. Policymakers may want to concentrate on creating high-quality institutions not only because of their direct effect in attracting foreign investments, but also because they substitute for the need to provide incentives to attract foreign direct investment.
      PubDate: 2022-02-17
      DOI: 10.1057/s42214-021-00130-9
       
  • Voluntary programs and emissions revisited: What is the effect of EU trade
           agreements with environmental provisions'

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      Abstract: Abstract Multinational enterprises operating global value chains are being increasingly pressured to source from suppliers that adopt green private standards. Likewise, public policymakers are also pressured to reduce national pollution levels to contribute to sustainable development initiatives. In this context, while there is extensive debate on how domestic, country-specific environmental regulations interact with private standards (adopted by firms) in reducing national pollution levels, less is known about the role of international trade policies, which have recently embraced an array of sustainability issues. Our paper seeks to extend our understanding of the extent to which ISO environmental certifications affect a country’s level of emissions of greenhouse gases and air pollutants, and whether the European Union’s environmental protection (EP) standards – as mediated through trade agreements – condition this response. Prior research provides mixed evidence on the impact of the adoption of ISO-14001 on pollution reduction. Based on prior literature and using institutional theory and environmental stewardship perspectives, we expect that membership of trade agreements with EP provisions would complement the effect of ISO-14001 uptakes in reducing national pollution levels. Our arguments and results emphasize the complexity between private and public regulations on pollution reduction.
      PubDate: 2022-02-14
      DOI: 10.1057/s42214-022-00133-0
       
  • From the liability to the advantage of refugeeness

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      Abstract: Abstract We analyze how refugees can contribute to resettlement countries by becoming innovative employees. Refugees are individuals forced to migrate to another country in search of safety, in a hurry, and with few resources. As a result, they suffer from destitution and discrimination in the resettlement country, which we refer to as their “liability of refugeeness.” However, building on insights from case studies, we argue and explain how their liability of refugeeness may become an advantage of refugeeness that enables them to become innovative employees through a human capital upgrading process. Specifically, we first propose that refugees upgrade their human capital via three psychological drivers: courage, perseverance, and resilience. We then suggest that these three drivers are facilitated by the interaction between the support and mentoring received in the early years of resettlement when the liability of refugeeness is most pronounced. This results in four types of refugees with varying success in their human capital upgrading: supported-and-mentored, mentored, supported, and not-supported-and-not-mentored. Finally, we argue that combining their upgraded human capital with the frugal mindset developed from their experiences as refugees helps them to become innovative employees, thus turning the liability of refugeeness into an advantage of refugeeness.
      PubDate: 2022-01-11
      DOI: 10.1057/s42214-021-00126-5
       
  • Speed of China’s OFDIs to the Belt and Road Initiative destinations:
           State equity, industry competition, and the moderating effects of the
           policy

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      Abstract: Abstract Organizational timely investments determine the success of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), yet few studies have explored the antecedents of those speed decisions. Based on a dataset of Chinese-listed firms over 11 years, we address this research paucity by incorporating the push and pull antecedents of OFDIs. The study revealed that industry competition significantly facilitates organizational BRI investment speed after the launch of the initiative, but such facilitative effects become weaker for firms located in the key BRI-participating provinces. Intriguingly, firms with greater state equity are slow after the launch of the BRI, and their slow gestures become more severe in those key provinces. The additional tests implicated that this result occurs because of inadequate positioning of those inland provinces. Overall, the study clarified the nature of the BRI by exploring the speed dimension. The findings also challenged the conventional wisdom of treating firms with greater state equity as obedient extensions of the government by unmasking their conservative attitudes toward the BRI, highlighting some fallacies of contemporary BRI policy. Third, the temporal and geographic aspects should be applied simultaneously to examine the policy effects of the BRI.
      PubDate: 2022-01-06
      DOI: 10.1057/s42214-021-00125-6
       
  • The impact of government policy on Chinese investment locations: An
           analysis of the Belt and Road policy announcement, host-country agreement,
           and sentiment

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      Abstract: Abstract In today’s turbulent geopolitical landscape, scholars and policymakers have paid growing attention to the influence of geopolitics on foreign direct investments. We contribute to this literature by analyzing how the institutional and policy context influence Chinese greenfield investments in the context of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). As there is no consistency in host countries regarding China’s unilaterally announced BRI, we have investigated how host country policy agreement and sentiment have influenced their receptiveness and attractiveness to Chinese investors. We show that (1) a positive public opinion towards the BRI in the host country and (2) an official BRI Memorandum of Understanding between China and a host country both stimulate Chinese greenfield investment in a host country. We also find that these effects are disproportionately larger for Chinese state-owned enterprises than for private firms. Finally, we show that institutional distance negatively moderates these two effects.
      PubDate: 2022-01-05
      DOI: 10.1057/s42214-021-00129-2
       
  • The effect of MNEs’ technology startup acquisitions on small open
           economies’ entrepreneurial ecosystems

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      Abstract: Abstract The strength and innovativeness of small open economies (SOECs) have long attracted multinational enterprises’ (MNEs’) entry. However, in their quest for new knowledge and technological capabilities, MNEs have been active in acquiring the technology-based startups in these countries. While some of these acquisitions are beneficial to the development and growth of SOECs’ entrepreneurial ecosystems, others can have serious long-term negative effects that have not been sufficiently recognized in the literature. We discuss the policy implications of MNEs’ acquisitions of technology-based startups, especially for SOECs’ entrepreneurial ecosystems.
      PubDate: 2022-01-01
      DOI: 10.1057/s42214-021-00128-3
       
  • Emerging international compliance: Policy implications of a money
           laundering case

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      Abstract: Abstract By conducting a qualitative single case study, we have depicted in this study a suspected case of international money laundering in Finland, and described its consequences in terms of policy changes. The case allowed us to investigate how new anti-money laundering policies emerge over time and thus advance knowledge relevant to formulating effective international business policies. Building on institutional heterogeneity and the co-evolutionary nature of change, we have proposed a new framework depicting emerging international compliance in order to promote understanding of this complex, yet dynamic phenomenon. The literature repeatedly highlights the role of formal policies in mitigating international money laundering, however, we have paid additional attention to unethical business practices and the moral aspect recognised to be important in terms of curbing the problem. This is particularly relevant for MNCs, as they can aid institutional change internationally by spreading ‘company best practices’. We also present the managerial and policy implications of solving moral problems related to money laundering from the perspective of governments, society and organisations.
      PubDate: 2021-12-16
      DOI: 10.1057/s42214-021-00127-4
       
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      PubDate: 2021-12-01
      DOI: 10.1057/s42214-021-00119-4
       
 
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