Subjects -> BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (Total: 3510 journals)
    - ACCOUNTING (127 journals)
    - BANKING AND FINANCE (297 journals)
    - BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (1231 journals)
    - CONSUMER EDUCATION AND PROTECTION (20 journals)
    - COOPERATIVES (4 journals)
    - ECONOMIC SCIENCES: GENERAL (202 journals)
    - ECONOMIC SYSTEMS, THEORIES AND HISTORY (235 journals)
    - FASHION AND CONSUMER TRENDS (20 journals)
    - HUMAN RESOURCES (103 journals)
    - INSURANCE (26 journals)
    - INTERNATIONAL COMMERCE (145 journals)
    - INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT AND AID (103 journals)
    - INVESTMENTS (22 journals)
    - LABOR AND INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS (61 journals)
    - MACROECONOMICS (17 journals)
    - MANAGEMENT (586 journals)
    - MARKETING AND PURCHASING (106 journals)
    - MICROECONOMICS (23 journals)
    - PRODUCTION OF GOODS AND SERVICES (143 journals)
    - PUBLIC FINANCE, TAXATION (37 journals)
    - TRADE AND INDUSTRIAL DIRECTORIES (2 journals)

INTERNATIONAL COMMERCE (145 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 136 of 136 Journals sorted by number of followers
Journal of Monetary Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 100)
Information Technologies & International Development     Open Access   (Followers: 86)
International Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64)
International Labour Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 61)
IMF Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Journal of International Business Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Review of International Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Journal of International Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Journal of International Money and Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Journal of International Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
International Review of Social History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
International Review of Economics & Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
International Review of Law and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
International Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Journal of International Marketing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Journal of International Trade Law and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Human Resource Development International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Human Resource Management International Digest     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
PharmacoEconomics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Quarterly Journal of Political Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Career Development International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of World Trade     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
International Journal of Applied Behavioral Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
European Business Law Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
African Journal of Economic and Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
International Labor and Working-Class History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Studies in Comparative International Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Contemporary European Research     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
International Marketing Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Review of International Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of International Trade & Economic Development: An International and Comparative Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
International Review of Financial Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
International Small Business Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of International Entrepreneurship     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
European Company Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Emerging Markets Finance and Trade     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Business Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
World Trade and Arbitration Materials     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal of the Association for Consumer Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
International Economic Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
International Review of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of International Consumer Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
World Competition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Information Resources Management Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Antitrust Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
International Public Management Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Studies of Management and Organization     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal for International Business and Entrepreneurship Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Competition and Regulation in Network Industries     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
International Economics and Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Management International Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
TDM Transnational Dispute Management Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
International Advances in Economic Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Review of Applied Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
South African Journal of International Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
EC Tax Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Global Trade and Customs Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of International Accounting, Auditing and Taxation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of International Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Insolvency Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Review of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of International Financial Management & Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of the Japanese and International Economies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Review of Retail, Distribution and Consumer Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
IN VIVO     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Intertax     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Chinese Human Resource Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Foreign Trade Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Syracuse Journal of International Law and Commerce     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
World Food Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Asia and the Global Economy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
European Journal of International Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Transactions In Operational Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Revenue and Pricing Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Trade Journal : Western Hemispheric Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Monthly Statistics of International Trade - Statistiques mensuelles du commerce international     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Revue Internationale du Travail     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Review on Public and Nonprofit Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Management international / International Management / Gestiòn Internacional     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Chinese Economic and Foreign Trade Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Digital Finance : Smart Data Analytics, Investment Innovation, and Financial Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
World Oil Trade     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Commerce Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of International Food & Agribusiness Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Economics Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Qualitative Research in Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Shipping and Logistics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
China Business Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Export Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Global & Strategis     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
China Economic Quarterly International     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Critical Perspectives on International Business     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Japanese Political Economy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Revue internationale P.M.E. : économie et gestion de la petite et moyenne entreprise     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Amnis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
L'Année du Maghreb     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Asian Business and Information Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Antitrust Enforcement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Botswana Journal of Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Estudos Internacionais : revista de relações internacionais da PUC Minas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Economics and International Finance     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Economic Journal of Emerging Markets     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Research World     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Korea Trade     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Acta Economica Et Turistica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Summitry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Transnational Corporations Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
MEED Middle East Economic Digest     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Regional Formation and Development Studies     Open Access  
Journal of Reviews on Global Economics     Open Access  
Journal of International Business Policy     Hybrid Journal  
East Asian Community Review     Hybrid Journal  
Ekonomia Międzynarodowa     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Terapan     Open Access  
Jurnal Hubungan Internasional     Open Access  
Journal of Advanced Research in Economics and International Business     Full-text available via subscription  
Proceedings of the International Conference on Business Excellence     Open Access  
Journal of Accounting and Finance in Emerging Economies     Open Access  
International Journal of Governance and Financial Intermediation     Hybrid Journal  
South American Development Society Journal     Open Access  
Revista Multiface Online     Open Access  
Revue internationale de l'économie sociale     Full-text available via subscription  
Expert Journal of Business and Management     Open Access  
Crossroads     Hybrid Journal  
Relações Internacionais (R:I)     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Gestão de Negócios     Open Access  
Journal of Theoretical and Applied Electronic Commerce Research     Open Access  
International Journal of Commerce and Management     Hybrid Journal  
EMAJ : Emerging Markets Journal     Open Access  
Journal of International Commerce, Economics and Policy     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Comparative International Management     Full-text available via subscription  

           

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Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Terapan
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2541-1470
Published by Universitas Airlangga Homepage  [54 journals]
  • The Effect of Electronic Money Transactions on Household Consumption

    • Authors: Gigih Prihantono, Afif Kusnul Kholifah
      Pages: 157 - 172
      Abstract: This study aims to determine the effect of the volume of electronic money transactions on household consumption in Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, and Singapore from 2012 to 2019. The seemingly unrelated regression method was chosen due to heteroscedasticity and contemporaneous correlation problems in the model. This method estimates the relationship between the volume of electronic money transactions and household consumption. In this study, electronic money is used in the form of chips and servers. The results of this study indicate that Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, and Singapore have a significant positive relationship between the volume of electronic money transactions and household consumption. It indicates that consumers already have confidence in the non-cash payment transaction system, especially electronic money, and feel that using it is more efficient, fast, and secure.
      PubDate: 2023-12-07
      DOI: 10.20473/jiet.v8i2.44716
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2023)
       
  • Impact of Recent Migration and Local Income Disparity: Does Time Variying
           Imply'

    • Authors: Moh Najikhul Fajri, Nurul Istifadah, Siti Munawaroh, Backtiar Putra Pratama
      Pages: 173 - 186
      Abstract: Temporary migration is one part of the potential for income inequality in the region. On this basis, this study aims to examine the effect of temporary migration on income disparity. This study uses SUSENAS panel data from 34 provinces during 2010-2019. This study uses the generalized method of moments dynamic panel regression to analyze the time change while reviewing the regional aspect. The results show that in-migration has a significant positive effect on income disparity. Meanwhile, out-migration has a negative effect on income disparity. Moreover, inflation and consumption expenditure are suspected to cause the severity of inequality. On the other hand, average years of schooling encourage people to get good labor productivity. This upward migration policy implies that it is an alternative for regions to reduce income inequality. The policy is navigated from various transmissions such as education, investment, access to public services, central and local coordination, and monitoring of labor exploitation practices.
      PubDate: 2023-12-07
      DOI: 10.20473/jiet.v8i2.51261
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2023)
       
  • Fraud Prevention Analysis: Perceptions of Bank Sumsel-Babel Employees

    • Authors: Berry Putra, Mohamad Adam, Inten Meutia
      Pages: 187 - 204
      Abstract: If a nation’s financial statements are stable and exist, and the financial system is stable, banking companies can contribute to economic growth. The growth or development of the banking world is not only dominated by certain banks such as BUMN Banks or Private Banks. However, this is also experienced by Regional Development Banks. In several cases in banking, Fraud occurs due to internal processes (human error), system failures, or external errors. This research uses a quantitative research method with a questionnaire observation approach, with the object respondents being Bank Sumsel-Babel employees, totaling 238 respondents and 34 question instruments—Smart-PLS analysis technique. Of the 32 indicators (2 indicators omitted), in the outer measurement model, data has validity and reliability with the approach that has been achieved. At the same time, in the inner path coefficient test model, all variables are negative with a value <- 420 (weak category). Meanwhile, at the R-square level of 0.688 (moderate), it can create a goodness of fit, robust value, and an accuracy of 95.0%. The estimation results show that all variables have a negative direction coefficient that significantly affects compensation, competence, and internal control of Fraud. At the same time, organizational culture, with a value of 0.138 > 0.05, indicates no effect on Fraud.
      PubDate: 2023-12-07
      DOI: 10.20473/jiet.v8i2.45169
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2023)
       
  • Approaches in Overcoming Economic Uncertainty in the Southeast Asian
           Region: Critical Review

    • Authors: Achmad Yanu Alif Fianto
      Pages: 205 - 221
      Abstract: This study analyzes the use of economic and financial theory to address economic uncertainty in Southeast Asia. The findings show a uniform approach between countries in economic stability policies, including financial stimulus for the MSMEs sector. This research also reveals a similar pattern in financial stimulus policies in six important sectors. Other efforts include creative industry incentives, road maps, training, and partnerships with investors. This research makes an important contribution in understanding the application of economic and financial theory in dealing with economic uncertainty in Southeast Asia. The findings can be a reference for other countries facing similar challenges
      PubDate: 2023-12-07
      DOI: 10.20473/jiet.v8i2.45771
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2023)
       
  • Poverty Line Based on the Large Archipelagic Area in Indonesia in Taking
           Poverty Alleviation Policies

    • Authors: Royhan Faradis, Uswatun Nurul Afifah
      Pages: 222 - 235
      Abstract: Various efforts to overcome poverty have been carried out by the government but the number of poor people is still quite high. Based on the 1945 Constitution, the Indonesian government has a mandate to realize social welfare for all people. Well-being is characterized by the fulfillment of the material, spiritual, and social needs of citizens. In other words, prosperity can be achieved through poverty alleviation. In alleviating poverty, existing policies have not interpreted the poverty line based on division in Indonesia. This study analyzes more deeply the role of urban and rural poverty lines in the division of regions in Indonesia. The method used is descriptive statistics by grouping provinces into 7 categories of large islands in Indonesia. In addition, the MANOVA analysis method was also used in this study to answer the role of the region on the size of the poverty line. What is interesting about this study is the finding that regional differences play a significant role in influencing the size of the poverty line. This research also revealed the fact that the poverty line gap between regional categories is wide at a significance level below 0.05 in the MANOVA test of between subjects effects.
      PubDate: 2023-12-07
      DOI: 10.20473/jiet.v8i2.46331
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2023)
       
  • The Effectiveness of Monetary Transmission Through Interest Rate and
           Exchange Rate Channels on Indonesia’s Inflation Rate

    • Authors: Anggie Bayu Setyawan, Wasiaturrahma Wasiaturrahma, Anas Iswanto Anwar
      Pages: 236 - 259
      Abstract: The purpose of this research is to determine the effectiveness of monetary transmission on inflation in Indonesia through the interest rate and the exchange rate channel over a period of 2015Q1-2022Q4. This research analysis approach uses the variance decomposition and Vector Error Correction Model (VECM) methods. Quantitative methods are utilized, and the estimation tool used is Eviews 12. The findings of the variance decomposition analysis in this research indicate that to reduce inflation in Indonesia, monetary transmission through exchange rates is more effective than through the interest rate channel.
      PubDate: 2023-12-07
      DOI: 10.20473/jiet.v8i2.51741
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2023)
       
  • The Study of the Impact of Macroeconomic Stability and Crisis Effects on
           MSMEs Financing of Sharia Commercial Banks in Indonesia

    • Authors: Amila Zamzabila Putri, Muhammad Wakhid Musthofa
      Pages: 260 - 271
      Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic epidemic that the Indonesian state experienced caused a crisis in the economy that has negatively impacted the country’s economy. 2020 has seen a slowdown in the rate of economic growth, which has made it more difficult for MSMEs operations to get bank capital loans. Every year, sharia commercial banks have allocated less finance to MSMEs. Because of this, many MSMEs encounter a capital shortage during their production process. Due to this, the aim of this study is to investigate how macroeconomic variables—interest rates, inflation, and the impact of the economic crisis—act as financial factors and how much of the channel sharia commercial banks can finance MSMEs. sharia commercial banks that are registered with the Financial Services Authority (OJK) between 2019 and 2021 are the object of this study. This study uses secondary data in a quantitative research. In this study, data analytic techniques included multiple linear regression analysis, hypothesis testing, and classical assumption testing. The findings indicate that the interest rate variable and the effects of the economic crisis had a significant negative impact on the MSMEs financing. On the other hand, the MSMEs finance was significantly positively impacted by the inflation variable.
      PubDate: 2023-12-07
      DOI: 10.20473/jiet.v8i2.45989
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2023)
       
  • The Influence of Non-Cash Payment Transactions on Economic Growth in 5
           ASEAN Countries

    • Authors: Yesi Ferra, Shochrul Rohmatul Ajija
      Pages: 272 - 283
      Abstract: Technological advances are currently growing rapidly, financial technology is no exception. The development of financial technology has had an impact on innovation in the payment system from a cash payment system to a non-cash payment system. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of non-cash payment transactions on economic growth in 5 ASEAN countries. The variable of economic growth in this study is calculated through the growth of real GDP published by the World Bank (WDI), and the variable of non-cash payments in this study is assumed to be through the growth of the transaction value of debit cards, credit cards, e-money and cheques issued by the Bank International of Settlement (BIS). The data used in this study is secondary data in the form of panels (annual) in 5 ASEAN countries from 2012 to 2019. The analytical method used in this study is the panel data regression method. The results of this study indicate that the growth in the value of non-cash payment transactions in the form of debit cards and e-money has proven to be able to stimulate economic growth in these countries. Meanwhile, payments by credit cards and cheques had no impact on economic growth. This is because debit cards provide direct access to consumers personal funds, making it easier for the public to consume goods and can also contribute to economic growth. As an electronic payment instrument, e-money has also been proven to provide benefits for alternative payments, especially for micro and retail payments. Through the use of e-money, the goverment’s income can increase from the increasing number of customers who have used e-money payments, so that this can encourage an increase in economic growth.
      PubDate: 2023-12-07
      DOI: 10.20473/jiet.v8i2.51745
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2023)
       
  • The Effect of Economic Growth, Education, Unemployment, and Human
           Development Index on Poverty in the Special Region of Yogyakarta for
           Period 2015-2021

    • Authors: Lestari Etika Suci, Muhammad Isbad Addainuri, Maulana Abidin
      Pages: 284 - 296
      Abstract: This study aims to analyze the impact of economic growth, education, unemployment, and HDI on poverty in the Special Region of Yogyakarta (DIY) Province during 2015-2021. This study uses panel data linear regression analysis using data from five districts/cities in DIY Province. The Central Bureau of Statistics website was the source of information. The analysis techniques used include a model selection test, stationarity or unit root test, classical assumption test, panel data regression analysis, and hypothesis testing using a trial and coefficient of determination (R2) test. The research findings show that economic growth, education, and unemployment do not significantly affect poverty. In contrast, the Human Development Index shows a significant effect on poverty.
      PubDate: 2023-12-07
      DOI: 10.20473/jiet.v8i2.51028
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2023)
       
  • Regulation of the Financial System in the Republic of Congo

    • Authors: Franchel Mbon Issie
      Pages: 297 - 311
      Abstract: After the 2008 subprime crisis, financial institutions in the Congo (Brazzaville) underwent a series of significant adjustments and reforms in line with their regulatory traditions of systemically important financial institutions, the evolution of the regulatory system, and the country’s financial development needs. This paper needs to analyze and study financial regulation in the Republic of Congo. This paper mainly analyzes the current situation of the financial regulatory system of the Republic of the Congo (Brazzaville), finds the problems in the financial regulatory system, collects accessible financial data and financial indicators, and constructs the financial regulatory system of the Republic of the Congo (Brazzaville) with principal component analysis. This paper uses the GARCH-CoVaR model to assess the contribution of banks’ systemic risk in Congo Brazzaville. Then, it constructs a risk assessment system for Congo based on the indicator method. The results show that banks’ systemic risk is not limited to the systemic risk of individual banks. The systemic risk of banks in the Republic of Congo mainly originates from six major banks: the Central Bank of the State of Congo, the Bank of Congo, the Bank of Commerce and Credit of Congo, the Savings Bank of Congo, the Central Bank for the Development of Central African States, the Central Bank of Africa, and the Central Bank of Africa.
      PubDate: 2023-12-07
      DOI: 10.20473/jiet.v8i2.47074
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2023)
       
  • Analysis of Symmetric and Asymmetric Effects of Exchange Rate Pass-Through
           in Inflation-Targeting Countries

    • Authors: Syamad, Rossanto Dwi Handoyo
      Pages: 312 - 337
      Abstract: The main purpose of this study is to analyze the effects of symmetry and asymmetry of the exchange rate pass-through in Middle-Income and High-Income countries that implement inflation-targeting policies. This study uses a sample of Middle-Income Countries (South Africa, Brazil, India, Indonesia, and Mexico) and High-Income Countries (Australia, Japan, Canada, Norway, and Sweden) in the form of time-series 2000:Q1- 2021:Q4 with the method of Autoregressive Distribution Lag (ARDL) and Nonlinear Autoregressive Distributed Lag (NARDL). The results showed that five countries have a significant positive effect on the real exchange rate on inflation in the short-run in the ARDL method. In addition, in the NARDL method, five countries significantly positively affect the depreciation of the real exchange rate on inflation in the short-run. Then, only one country has a significant negative effect between the appreciation of the real exchange rate on inflation in the short-run and eight countries in the long-run. Based on the estimation results, it can be concluded that the average quantity of real exchange rate effect on inflation (exchange rate pass-through) in Middle-Income Countries is greater than in High-Income Countries. Therefore, inflation-targeting policies are more flexible to be applied in high-income countries. In addition to the exchange rate, other variables such as oil prices, money supply, and real GDP also greatly affect inflation and have different effects in each country.
      PubDate: 2023-12-07
      DOI: 10.20473/jiet.v8i2.45150
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2023)
       
  • G20 Economic Growth Analysis Using VECM

    • Authors: Nancy Nikentary Dominique, Carmen Ibanez Indrawati Buntaran, Ameilia Nurhanifah, Ferry Vincenttius Ferdinand
      Pages: 338 - 359
      Abstract: This study analyzes the effect of Gross Fixed Capital Formation (GFCF), Imports, Exports, and Government Expenditure of selected G20 member countries on Gross Domestic Product (GDP) using historical data from 1981 to 2021. The detailed analysis aims to explore the relationship between short-term and long-term causality that begins with examining and testing the degree of integration, Unit Root Test, Johansen cointegration test, and causality test. The Vector Error Correction Model (VECM) test results with a 95% confidence interval show that Gross Fixed Capital Formation causes Australia’s and South Africa’s long-term GDPs to have reached a balance point. In addition, Government Spending also causes the European Union’s Gross Domestic Product to achieve a balance point. Imports affect the GDP of the United States, China, and South Africa towards a balance point, and exports affect the GDP of Australia, China, and South Africa. The test results using VECM also conclude that GDP, GFCF, exports, and imports affect GDP growth in the short term. However, on the contrary, on the Australian continent, only GDP, GFCF, and imports which in the previous year had an impact on Australia’s GDP in the short term—concluded that differences in government policies in each country in regulating the economy could affect the causal relationship between the independent variable and GDP in the short and long term.
      PubDate: 2023-12-07
      DOI: 10.20473/jiet.v8i2.50361
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2023)
       
 
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  Subjects -> BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (Total: 3510 journals)
    - ACCOUNTING (127 journals)
    - BANKING AND FINANCE (297 journals)
    - BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (1231 journals)
    - CONSUMER EDUCATION AND PROTECTION (20 journals)
    - COOPERATIVES (4 journals)
    - ECONOMIC SCIENCES: GENERAL (202 journals)
    - ECONOMIC SYSTEMS, THEORIES AND HISTORY (235 journals)
    - FASHION AND CONSUMER TRENDS (20 journals)
    - HUMAN RESOURCES (103 journals)
    - INSURANCE (26 journals)
    - INTERNATIONAL COMMERCE (145 journals)
    - INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT AND AID (103 journals)
    - INVESTMENTS (22 journals)
    - LABOR AND INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS (61 journals)
    - MACROECONOMICS (17 journals)
    - MANAGEMENT (586 journals)
    - MARKETING AND PURCHASING (106 journals)
    - MICROECONOMICS (23 journals)
    - PRODUCTION OF GOODS AND SERVICES (143 journals)
    - PUBLIC FINANCE, TAXATION (37 journals)
    - TRADE AND INDUSTRIAL DIRECTORIES (2 journals)

INTERNATIONAL COMMERCE (145 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 136 of 136 Journals sorted by number of followers
Journal of Monetary Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 100)
Information Technologies & International Development     Open Access   (Followers: 86)
International Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64)
International Labour Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 61)
IMF Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Journal of International Business Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Review of International Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Journal of International Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Journal of International Money and Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Journal of International Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
International Review of Social History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
International Review of Economics & Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
International Review of Law and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
International Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Journal of International Marketing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Journal of International Trade Law and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Human Resource Development International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Human Resource Management International Digest     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
PharmacoEconomics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Quarterly Journal of Political Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Career Development International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of World Trade     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
International Journal of Applied Behavioral Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
European Business Law Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
African Journal of Economic and Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
International Labor and Working-Class History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Studies in Comparative International Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Contemporary European Research     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
International Marketing Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Review of International Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of International Trade & Economic Development: An International and Comparative Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
International Review of Financial Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
International Small Business Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of International Entrepreneurship     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
European Company Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Emerging Markets Finance and Trade     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Business Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
World Trade and Arbitration Materials     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal of the Association for Consumer Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
International Economic Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
International Review of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of International Consumer Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
World Competition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Information Resources Management Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Antitrust Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
International Public Management Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Studies of Management and Organization     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal for International Business and Entrepreneurship Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Competition and Regulation in Network Industries     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
International Economics and Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Management International Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
TDM Transnational Dispute Management Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
International Advances in Economic Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Review of Applied Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
South African Journal of International Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
EC Tax Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Global Trade and Customs Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of International Accounting, Auditing and Taxation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of International Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Insolvency Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Review of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of International Financial Management & Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of the Japanese and International Economies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Review of Retail, Distribution and Consumer Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
IN VIVO     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Intertax     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Chinese Human Resource Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Foreign Trade Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Syracuse Journal of International Law and Commerce     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
World Food Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Asia and the Global Economy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
European Journal of International Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Transactions In Operational Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Revenue and Pricing Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Trade Journal : Western Hemispheric Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Monthly Statistics of International Trade - Statistiques mensuelles du commerce international     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Revue Internationale du Travail     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Review on Public and Nonprofit Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Management international / International Management / Gestiòn Internacional     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Chinese Economic and Foreign Trade Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Digital Finance : Smart Data Analytics, Investment Innovation, and Financial Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
World Oil Trade     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Commerce Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of International Food & Agribusiness Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Economics Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Qualitative Research in Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Shipping and Logistics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
China Business Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Export Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Global & Strategis     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
China Economic Quarterly International     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Critical Perspectives on International Business     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Japanese Political Economy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Revue internationale P.M.E. : économie et gestion de la petite et moyenne entreprise     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Amnis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
L'Année du Maghreb     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Asian Business and Information Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Antitrust Enforcement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Botswana Journal of Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Estudos Internacionais : revista de relações internacionais da PUC Minas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Economics and International Finance     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Economic Journal of Emerging Markets     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Research World     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Korea Trade     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Acta Economica Et Turistica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Summitry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Transnational Corporations Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
MEED Middle East Economic Digest     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Regional Formation and Development Studies     Open Access  
Journal of Reviews on Global Economics     Open Access  
Journal of International Business Policy     Hybrid Journal  
East Asian Community Review     Hybrid Journal  
Ekonomia Międzynarodowa     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Terapan     Open Access  
Jurnal Hubungan Internasional     Open Access  
Journal of Advanced Research in Economics and International Business     Full-text available via subscription  
Proceedings of the International Conference on Business Excellence     Open Access  
Journal of Accounting and Finance in Emerging Economies     Open Access  
International Journal of Governance and Financial Intermediation     Hybrid Journal  
South American Development Society Journal     Open Access  
Revista Multiface Online     Open Access  
Revue internationale de l'économie sociale     Full-text available via subscription  
Expert Journal of Business and Management     Open Access  
Crossroads     Hybrid Journal  
Relações Internacionais (R:I)     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Gestão de Negócios     Open Access  
Journal of Theoretical and Applied Electronic Commerce Research     Open Access  
International Journal of Commerce and Management     Hybrid Journal  
EMAJ : Emerging Markets Journal     Open Access  
Journal of International Commerce, Economics and Policy     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Comparative International Management     Full-text available via subscription  

           

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