Subjects -> BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (Total: 3570 journals)
    - ACCOUNTING (132 journals)
    - BANKING AND FINANCE (306 journals)
    - BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS (1248 journals)
    - CONSUMER EDUCATION AND PROTECTION (20 journals)
    - COOPERATIVES (4 journals)
    - ECONOMIC SCIENCES: GENERAL (212 journals)
    - ECONOMIC SYSTEMS, THEORIES AND HISTORY (235 journals)
    - FASHION AND CONSUMER TRENDS (20 journals)
    - HUMAN RESOURCES (103 journals)
    - INSURANCE (26 journals)
    - INTERNATIONAL COMMERCE (145 journals)
    - INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT AND AID (103 journals)
    - INVESTMENTS (22 journals)
    - LABOR AND INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS (61 journals)
    - MACROECONOMICS (17 journals)
    - MANAGEMENT (595 journals)
    - MARKETING AND PURCHASING (116 journals)
    - MICROECONOMICS (23 journals)
    - PRODUCTION OF GOODS AND SERVICES (143 journals)
    - PUBLIC FINANCE, TAXATION (37 journals)
    - TRADE AND INDUSTRIAL DIRECTORIES (2 journals)

INTERNATIONAL COMMERCE (145 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 136 of 136 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Economica Et Turistica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
African Journal of Economic and Sustainable Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Amnis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Antitrust Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asia and the Global Economy     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Shipping and Logistics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Botswana Journal of Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Career Development International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
China Business Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
China Economic Quarterly International     Open Access  
Competition and Regulation in Network Industries     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Critical Perspectives on International Business     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Crossroads     Hybrid Journal  
Digital Finance : Smart Data Analytics, Investment Innovation, and Financial Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
East Asian Community Review     Hybrid Journal  
EC Tax Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Economic Journal of Emerging Markets     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Economics Research International     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ekonomia Międzynarodowa     Open Access  
EMAJ : Emerging Markets Journal     Open Access  
Emerging Markets Finance and Trade     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Estudos Internacionais : revista de relações internacionais da PUC Minas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Business Law Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
European Company Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
European Journal of International Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Expert Journal of Business and Management     Open Access  
Foreign Trade Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Global & Strategis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Summitry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Global Trade and Customs Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Human Resource Development International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Human Resource Management International Digest     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
IMF Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
IN VIVO     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Information Resources Management Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Information Technologies & International Development     Open Access   (Followers: 81)
International Advances in Economic Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Business Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
International Commerce Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Economic Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61)
International Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Economics and Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
International Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
International Insolvency Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Applied Behavioral Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
International Journal of Asian Business and Information Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Commerce and Management     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Export Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Governance and Financial Intermediation     Hybrid Journal  
International Labor and Working-Class History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
International Labour Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 60)
International Marketing Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
International Public Management Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Review of Applied Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Review of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Review of Economics & Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
International Review of Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
International Review of Financial Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Review of Law and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
International Review of Retail, Distribution and Consumer Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Review of Social History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32)
International Review on Public and Nonprofit Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Small Business Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
International Studies of Management and Organization     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
International Trade Journal : Western Hemispheric Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Transactions In Operational Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Intertax     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Japanese Political Economy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal for International Business and Entrepreneurship Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Accounting and Finance in Emerging Economies     Open Access  
Journal of Advanced Research in Economics and International Business     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Antitrust Enforcement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Chinese Economic and Foreign Trade Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Chinese Human Resource Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Comparative International Management     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Contemporary European Research     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Economics and International Finance     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of International Accounting, Auditing and Taxation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of International Business Policy     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of International Business Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Journal of International Commerce, Economics and Policy     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of International Consumer Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of International Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Journal of International Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
Journal of International Entrepreneurship     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of International Financial Management & Accounting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of International Food & Agribusiness Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of International Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of International Marketing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Journal of International Money and Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Journal of International Trade & Economic Development: An International and Comparative Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of International Trade Law and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Korea Trade     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Monetary Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 95)
Journal of Revenue and Pricing Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Reviews on Global Economics     Open Access  
Journal of the Association for Consumer Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of the Japanese and International Economies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Theoretical and Applied Electronic Commerce Research     Open Access  
Journal of World Trade     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Jurnal Hubungan Internasional     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Terapan     Open Access  
L'Année du Maghreb     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Management international / International Management / Gestiòn Internacional     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Management International Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
MEED Middle East Economic Digest     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Monthly Statistics of International Trade - Statistiques mensuelles du commerce international     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
PharmacoEconomics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
Proceedings of the International Conference on Business Excellence     Open Access  
Qualitative Research in Financial Markets     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Quarterly Journal of Political Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Regional Formation and Development Studies     Open Access  
Relações Internacionais (R:I)     Open Access  
Research World     Hybrid Journal  
Review of International Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Review of International Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Revista Brasileira de Gestão de Negócios     Open Access  
Revista Multiface Online     Open Access  
Revue internationale de l'économie sociale     Full-text available via subscription  
Revue Internationale du Travail     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Revue internationale P.M.E. : économie et gestion de la petite et moyenne entreprise     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
South African Journal of International Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
South American Development Society Journal     Open Access  
Studies in Comparative International Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Syracuse Journal of International Law and Commerce     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
TDM Transnational Dispute Management Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Transnational Corporations Review     Hybrid Journal  
World Competition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
World Food Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
World Oil Trade     Hybrid Journal  
World Trade and Arbitration Materials     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)

           

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Journal of International Commerce, Economics and Policy
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.157
Number of Followers: 0  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1793-9933 - ISSN (Online) 1793-9941
Published by World Scientific Homepage  [120 journals]
  • Policies Supporting Firms in the Face of Global Financial Shocks

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      Authors: Chokri Zehri, Abualhassan Jumaa Hamid Hamad
      Abstract: Journal of International Commerce, Economics and Policy, Ahead of Print.
      This paper studies the empirical impact of Foreign Assets Management (FAM) on companies’ capital expenditure in emerging market economies with International Financial Shocks (IFS). The empirical analysis uses annual data of 2,931 publicly listed companies in 45 emerging market economies from 2000 to 2019. We analyzed a multiplicative regression of a canonical capital expenditure Q model. The findings show that FAM positively affects companies’ capital expenditure. Moreover, financially restricted companies are more sensitive to the favorable impact of FAM compared to restricted companies. Our results highlight the relevance of considering companies’ heterogeneity when examining the effect of macro-management policies. In addition, FAM has a more favorable impact on companies’ capital expenditure in economies that concurrently use capital controls and macroprudential policy. Finally, our findings suggest that successful macro-management policies insulate capital expenditure from adverse IFS. This result highlights the role of more coordinated approaches to repel adverse international shocks.
      Citation: Journal of International Commerce, Economics and Policy
      PubDate: 2022-05-18T07:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1142/S1793993322500089
       
  • International Debts Flows

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      Authors: Ly Dai Hung, Bui Thi Hai Anh, Vo Tri Thanh
      Abstract: Journal of International Commerce, Economics and Policy, Ahead of Print.
      This paper analyzes the dependence pattern of net debts inflows on the sovereign debts rating and the fiscal balance, on accounting for the productivity growth rate. The cross-section evidence on a sample of 149 economies for the period from 1990 to 2019 uncovers that a higher sovereign debts rating, a lower fiscal balance or a higher productivity growth is associated with more net debts inflows. Thus, the debts flows are underlined by the store of wealth accumulation across economies. Moreover, there exists a nonlinearity on the pattern of debts flows, for which the fiscal balance determines the impact of sovereign debts rating on the net debts inflows. The results are robust for panel data regression as well as case study of three economies including Japan, Thailand and Vietnam.
      Citation: Journal of International Commerce, Economics and Policy
      PubDate: 2022-05-18T07:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1142/S1793993322500090
       
  • Does Institutional Similarity Necessarily Lead to Increased Bilateral
           Trade'

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      Authors: Vu Hong Van, Nguyen Thi Thanh Huyen, Nguyen Khanh Doanh
      Abstract: Journal of International Commerce, Economics and Policy, Ahead of Print.
      To shed light on the question of whether or not institutional similarity always increases bilateral trade, we divide institutional quality into the low level (one standard deviation below the mean), medium level (in between minus one and one standard deviation from the mean), and high level (one standard deviation above the mean). By applying the system-GMM estimator, we found that the institutional similarity between the two countries has a trade-boosting effect, except in cases where one or both countries have low-institutional quality. These imply that measures to enhance institutional similarity must be accompanied by policies to promote institutional adaptability.
      Citation: Journal of International Commerce, Economics and Policy
      PubDate: 2022-05-14T07:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1142/S1793993322500053
       
  • Saving, Interest Rates and Finite Horizons

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      Authors: Nirai Alexander Tomass
      Abstract: Journal of International Commerce, Economics and Policy, Ahead of Print.
      We study the heterogeneity of interest rate effects on private saving across the age dimension. Taking income and substitution effects as given, we illustrate how in a simple life cycle model, older individuals respond less to interest rate changes than younger ones. This result is driven by the fact that older individuals have a shorter planning horizon, and consequently a lower and less interest sensitive present discounted value of future earnings. However, estimating a dynamic error components model on a global panel of countries spanning the period 1995–2014, we find that there is no evidence for there being a different interest rate effect for countries with higher old age dependency ratios. Our results stand in contrast to recent studies that find effects which are consistent with the theory.
      Citation: Journal of International Commerce, Economics and Policy
      PubDate: 2022-05-14T07:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1142/S1793993322500077
       
  • Total and Net-Directional Connectedness of Cryptocurrencies During the
           Pre- and Post-COVID-19 Pandemic

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      Authors: Le Thanh Ha, Nguyen Van Dai
      Abstract: Journal of International Commerce, Economics and Policy, Ahead of Print.
      This paper presents how volatility propagates through the cryptocurrency market. Our paper provides evidence for volatility connectedness on cryptocurrencies. The different econometric techniques, including the stochastic volatility (SVOL) model and time-varying parameter VAR models using a quasi-Bayesian local likelihood (QBLL), are applied to measure the volatility of the cryptocurrency market. Using high-frequency, intra-day data of the largest cryptocurrencies over 2018–2021, we detect the great volatility of the cryptocurrency market are the beginning of 2019, the beginning of 2020, and throughout the year of 2021. The total connectedness values suggest that the cryptocurrency market becomes volatile as the new strains of the Covid-19 appear at the end of 2021. However, by using directional connectedness, we reveal that there are negative and positive spillovers from a specific cryptocurrency to other cryptocurrencies. The great fluctuations in the period before the COVID-19 health crisis stem from the positive resonance (symmetric) between the volatility of each cryptocurrency, while this health crisis leads to substantially positive and negative spillovers (asymmetric) of cryptocurrencies, and this makes market volatility weaker than it actually is.
      Citation: Journal of International Commerce, Economics and Policy
      PubDate: 2022-05-11T07:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1142/S1793993322500041
       
  • Can China’s Pilot Free Trade Zone Improve Trade Efficiency'

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      Authors: Lianghu Wang, Jun Shao
      Abstract: Journal of International Commerce, Economics and Policy, Ahead of Print.
      In recent years, there were many researches on China Free Trade Pilot Zone (FTZ), however, there was still a lack of research on the effect of the FTZ on trade efficiency. To make up for gaps in research, this paper calculated the trade efficiency of 30 provinces in China with stochastic frontier gravity model, and then empirically tested the policy effect of the FTZ by using the propensity score matching and difference in difference (PSM-DID) method, and further analyzed the inherent mechanism. The results showed that China’s general level of trade efficiency was relatively low, while the average trade efficiency in FTZs was significantly higher. The establishment of the FTZ had a significant positive impact on trade efficiency advances. Before and after the establishment of the pilot free trade zone, the difference between the changes in the trade efficiency measurement results of the treated group provinces and the trade efficiency measurement results of the control group provinces showed the characteristics of first increasing and then decreasing, and the policy effect has a certain lag. The establishment of the FTZ significantly reduced the trade cost. The model estimated that the trade efficiency increased by 3.576% for every 1% growth of trade cost, and the policy effect of the FTZ was significantly positive, which verified the existence of the intermediary effect of trade cost.
      Citation: Journal of International Commerce, Economics and Policy
      PubDate: 2022-05-09T07:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1142/S1793993322500065
       
  • Foreign Financial Services Adoption in Manufacturing by Asian Economies:
           New Index from the Global Value Chain Perspective

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      Authors: Weikang Zhang, Isabel Kit-Ming Yan, Yin-Wong Cheung
      Abstract: Journal of International Commerce, Economics and Policy, Ahead of Print.
      In this paper, we employ the input–output framework and recent global value chain (GVC) results to construct the index of foreign financial services adoption in manufacturing (FFSAM) that captures the role of foreign financial services in facilitating domestic manufacturing production. The FFSAM index shows that foreign financial services adoption by Asian economies has rapidly caught up with the Western world between 2007 and 2017. Asian economies tend to deploy more foreign financial services from high-income economies than low-income economies, and in high-technology manufacturing industries than low-technology manufacturing industries. Manufacturing industries that produce for domestic consumption and for exports tend to attract different groups of financial servicification providers. It is found that the FFSAM index is affected by the GVC position, financial institution factors, and financial market characteristics.
      Citation: Journal of International Commerce, Economics and Policy
      PubDate: 2022-04-21T07:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1142/S179399332250003X
       
  • Consumption Optimization in G7 Countries: Evidence of Heterogeneous
           Asymmetry in Income and Price Differentials

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      Authors: Emmanuel Uche, Bisharat Hussain Chang, Raheel Gohar
      Abstract: Journal of International Commerce, Economics and Policy, Ahead of Print.
      The lack of comprehensive empirical narratives about the effects of income and price differentials, as well as possible distributional asymmetries on consumption in G7 countries, compelled this study by using both ARDL and Quantile ARDL models. NARDL results indicate that positive shocks in income have significant and positive effects on consumption in all countries. Moreover, evidence from the Quantile ARDL model indicates that positive and significant impacts were momentary except at the 95th quantile of consumption distributions in Canada. Furthermore, price variations negatively affected consumption in all G7 countries and across all distributions, with evidence of panic buying in Italy, the US and at the 5th quantile in Japan. Meanwhile, there is evidence of asymmetric effects from income and price variations on consumption in all G7 countries, whereas the influence of income variations on consumption is heterogeneous in Canada. Moreover, the asymmetric effects of price differentials were consistent across all the distributions in all the countries. Overall, to ensure consumption optimization and by extension, economic growth, differentiated policies to respond to income and price variations at all times are of the essence.
      Citation: Journal of International Commerce, Economics and Policy
      PubDate: 2022-04-09T07:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1142/S1793993322500028
       
  • Author Index Volume 12

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      Abstract: Journal of International Commerce, Economics and Policy, Volume 12, Issue 03, October 2021.

      Citation: Journal of International Commerce, Economics and Policy
      PubDate: 2021-11-05T07:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1142/S1793993321990015
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 03 (2021)
       
  • Corporation Tax, the Exchange Rate, and Cross-Border Firm Mobility

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      Authors: Wataru Johdo
      Abstract: Journal of International Commerce, Economics and Policy, Volume 12, Issue 03, October 2021.
      In this paper, we extend a new open economy macroeconomics (NOEM) model to examine the effects of a corporate tax reduction on home and foreign countries. The feature of this open economy model is that cross-border relocation of firms is allowed. We show that (i) a reduction in the home corporate tax rate induces an exchange rate appreciation (depreciation) when the degree of cross-border firm mobility is large (small) and (ii) when the degree of cross-border firm mobility is large (small), a reduction in corporate tax is beneficial (detrimental) to the domestic country but detrimental (beneficial) to the foreign country.
      Citation: Journal of International Commerce, Economics and Policy
      PubDate: 2021-10-30T07:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1142/S1793993321500150
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 03 (2021)
       
  • External Debts and Economic Growth when Debt Rating Matters

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      Authors: Ly Dai Hung
      Abstract: Journal of International Commerce, Economics and Policy, Volume 12, Issue 03, October 2021.
      The paper investigates the dependence pattern of economic growth on external debt supply by accounting for the safety of debts, measured by the sovereign debt rating. The method of cross-section regression is based on a sample of 145 advanced and developing economies with averaged data over the 1990–2019 period. The pattern of economic growth follows a U-shaped curve, for which the growth rate is first decreasing and then increasing on the external debt supply. A possible explanation can rely on the sovereign debt rating. For low supply of external debts, more supply of debts reduces the debt rating, which, in turn, lowers the economic growth rate. But for high enough supply of debts, more debts raise their rating, improving the growth rate. These results are robust on controlling for various determinants of economic growth and on the fixed effect panel regression.
      Citation: Journal of International Commerce, Economics and Policy
      PubDate: 2021-10-29T07:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1142/S1793993321500162
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 03 (2021)
       
  • Productive Capacities, Economic Growth and Economic Growth Volatility in
           Developing Countries: Does Structural Economic Vulnerability Matter'

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      Authors: Sena Kimm Gnangnon
      Abstract: Journal of International Commerce, Economics and Policy, Ahead of Print.
      Recent years’ global shocks (e.g., the 2008 financial crisis and the COVID-19 pandemic) and environmental shocks — such as natural disasters — have heightened the vulnerability of developing countries to future shocks, and can compromise their development prospects. International institutions and researchers have advocated that the strengthening of productive capacities in these countries would help enhance the resilience of their economies to shocks, and promote sustainable development. This paper has examined the effect of productive capacities on economic growth and economic growth volatility in developing countries, in particular when they face a high level of structural economic vulnerability. The analysis covers 117 developing countries over the period of 2000–2018. It shows that productive capacities not only promote economic growth, but also reduce economic growth volatility. On the other hand, structural economic vulnerability reduces economic growth (in particular when it exceeds a certain level), and induces greater volatility of economic growth. Interestingly, productive capacities promote economic growth and reduce economic growth volatility in countries that face a high degree of structural economic vulnerability. These findings support the recommendation by international institutions and researchers that if they were to enhance the resilience of their economies to shocks, and promote sustainable economic growth, developing countries (in particular the poorest ones) should strengthen their productive capacities.
      Citation: Journal of International Commerce, Economics and Policy
      PubDate: 2021-11-23T08:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1142/S1793993325500012
       
  • The Nonlinear Impact of Institutional Quality on International Reserves:
           International Evidence

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      Authors: Chee-Hong Law, Siew-Voon Soon, K. U. Ehigiamusoe
      Abstract: Journal of International Commerce, Economics and Policy, Ahead of Print.
      This paper investigates the nonlinear effect of institutional quality on the holding of international reserves by applying the two-step system generalized method of moments on data consisting of 67 countries from 1996 to 2016. The hypothesis is that the association between institutional quality and international reserves has an inverted U pattern. The coefficient sign of the institutional quality and its square term supports the hypothesis. Besides, the marginal effects suggest that the higher the institutional quality index, the lower the demand for reserves. The outputs indicate the importance of good institutional quality in reducing the overdependence on international reserves.
      Citation: Journal of International Commerce, Economics and Policy
      PubDate: 2021-10-08T07:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1142/S1793993321500149
       
  • Environmental Effects of Trade Liberalization–Evidence from China’s
           Pilot Free Trade Zone

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      Authors: Lianghu Wang, Zhao Wang, Yatian Ma
      Abstract: Journal of International Commerce, Economics and Policy, Ahead of Print.
      Free trade zone (FTZ) in China has been demonstrating remarkable achievements since its establishment, yet its effects on the environment in the zones cannot be ignored. However, there is still a lack of research on the impact of the quasi-natural experiment in the China pilot FTZ on China’s environment. Based on this, this paper uses panel data from 196 cities in China from 2010 to 2017 and uses the propensity score matching and difference in difference (PSM-DID) model to empirically test the environmental effects of the establishment of the FTZ. The result shows that there is an obvious causal relationship between the establishment of the FTZ and environmental quality. The establishment of the FTZ has exacerbated the environmental pollution problem in the pilot zone. Through a series of robustness tests, it is concluded that the estimated results of the benchmark model are robust. However, after a further study on whether the effect of the FTZ on environment is time varying, it was found that the effects of the FTZ on the environmental pollution in the test zones gradually weakened over time, which means that with the gradual maturity of China’s free trade pilot zone, the positive effect on environmental improvement will gradually highlight.
      Citation: Journal of International Commerce, Economics and Policy
      PubDate: 2021-09-22T07:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1142/S1793993321500137
       
  • Lending Relationship in the Traditional Credit Market — Implications for
           Credit Risk Management Strategy in Micro Credit Institutions

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      Authors: Embun Suryani, Hermanto, Siti Aisyah Hidayati, I Nyoman Nugraha Ardana Putra, Donny Oktavian Syah
      Abstract: Journal of International Commerce, Economics and Policy, Ahead of Print.
      Asymmetric information increases the credit rationing of micro-enterprises. Lender–borrower relationships help to provide this information, thereby increasing the availability of loans. This study aims to investigate the relationship between micro-lenders and micro clients. It is accomplished by describing how such relationships are developed, and analyzing these relationships’ impact on the availability and credit term using multivariate regression. The results showed that the strength of lender–borrower relationships positively impacted credit access, but it did not significantly impact the credit term. Furthermore, the amount of income and loan purpose, as the proxies of business characteristics, negatively impacted credit access. These results highlight the critical role of the lender–borrower relationship and business characteristics in the risk management strategy and the sustainability of microfinance institutions.
      Citation: Journal of International Commerce, Economics and Policy
      PubDate: 2021-04-26T07:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1142/S1793993321500125
       
  • Effect of Poverty on Services Export Concentration in Developing Countries

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      Authors: Sena Kimm Gnangnon
      Abstract: Journal of International Commerce, Economics and Policy, Ahead of Print.
      This paper investigates the effect of poverty on services export concentration in developing countries. The analysis has used an unbalanced panel dataset of 95 developing countries over the period 1995–2014. Findings suggest that higher poverty rates induce greater services export concentration, and this effect translates through three channels, namely, human capital, trade openness, and export product concentration. Thus, if they were to diversify services export items, policymakers should implement policies (such as reducing services trade barriers and improving the business environment) that directly promote services export diversification, but also measures that directly target poor segments of the population.
      Citation: Journal of International Commerce, Economics and Policy
      PubDate: 2020-12-09T08:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1142/S1793993324500017
       
  • Aid for Trade Flows and Recipient-Countries’ Integration into the World
           Market for Services Exports: Do Merchandises Exports and Foreign Direct
           Investment Inflows Matter'

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      Authors: Sena Kimm Gnangnon, Susana Del Mar Ramirez Ramirez
      Abstract: Journal of International Commerce, Economics and Policy, Ahead of Print.
      An important literature on the recipient-countries’ export performance effect of Aid for Trade (AfT) flows has focused on the goods side. The few existing studies on the services exports effects of AfT interventions have reached mixed results, reflecting a positive or weak effect. This study aims to complement these few studies by examining the effect of AfT flows on recipient-countries’ share of services exports in the world services exports (‘services export integration’), including through two main channels: their share of merchandises exports in the world merchandises exports (‘merchandises export integration’) and the size of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) inflows. The empirical analysis, based on a sample of 105 countries over the period 2002–2016, has shown that these two channels definitely matter for the effect of AfT flows on countries’ services export integration. Specifically, by fostering countries’ merchandises export integration, AfT flows can promote their services export integration. Furthermore, promoting FDI inflows enhances the positive effect of AfT flows on countries’ services export integration.
      Citation: Journal of International Commerce, Economics and Policy
      PubDate: 2020-06-22T07:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1142/S1793993323500011
       
  • Aid for Trade flows and Real Exchange Rate Volatility in
           Recipient-Countries

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      Authors: Sena Kimm Gnangnon
      Abstract: Journal of International Commerce, Economics and Policy, Ahead of Print.
      This paper aims to contribute to the literature on the determinants of real exchange rate volatility by investigating the effect of Aid for Trade (AfT) flows on real exchange rate volatility in recipient-countries. The empirical findings show that over the full sample, AfT flows influence negatively the volatility of real exchange rate, with a lower reducing effect on Least developed countries (LDCs) compared to NonLDCs. The channels through which this effect materializes include export product concentration, institutional and governance quality, foreign direct investment inflows and terms of trade volatility. These results show that AfT flows clearly matter for real exchange rate volatility.
      Citation: Journal of International Commerce, Economics and Policy
      PubDate: 2020-06-08T07:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1142/S1793993322500016
       
 
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