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POLITICAL SCIENCE (898 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4 5     

Showing 801 - 281 of 281 Journals sorted alphabetically
Stato, Chiese e pluralismo confessionale     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Strategic Survey     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Středoevropské politické studie / Central European Political Studies Review     Open Access  
Studia Białorutenistyczne     Open Access  
Studia Orientalia Electronica     Open Access  
Studia z Polityki Publicznej     Open Access  
Studies in Conflict & Terrorism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 383)
Studies in Ethnicity and Nationalism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Studies in Indian Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Studies of Transition States and Societies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Swiss Political Science Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
TalTech Journal of European Studies     Open Access  
Tangent     Hybrid Journal  
Tapestries : Interwoven voices of local and global identities     Open Access  
TEKA of Political Science and International Relations     Open Access  
Temas de Nuestra América. Revista de Estudios Latinoaméricanos     Open Access  
Temas y Debates     Open Access  
Temiminós Revista Científica     Open Access  
Tensões Mundiais     Open Access  
Teoría y Praxis     Open Access  
Terra : Revista de Desarrollo Local     Open Access  
Territories : A Trans-Cultural Journal of Regional Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Territory, Politics, Governance     Hybrid Journal  
Terrorism and Political Violence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 302)
Textos y Contextos     Open Access  
The African Review     Full-text available via subscription  
The American Prospect     Free  
The Black Scholar     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
The Economist - Leaders     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
The Economist - United States     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
The Journal of Legislative Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
The Latin Americanist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
The Political Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
The Review of Black Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
The Review of International Organizations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
The Round Table: The Commonwealth Journal of International Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
The Sixties: A Journal of History, Politics and Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
The Washington Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Theoria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Theory & Event     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Third World Thematics : A TWQ Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Thought and Practice : A Journal of the Philosophical Association of Kenya     Open Access  
Thunderbird International Business Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Tijdschrift voor HRM     Open Access  
Tla-Melaua : Revista de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Torture Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Torun International Studies     Open Access  
Totalitarismus und Demokratie : Zeitschrift für internationale Diktatur- und Freiheitsforschung     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
TRaNS : Trans-Regional-and-National Studies of Southeast Asia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Transformation: Critical Perspectives on Southern Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Transnational Legal Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Trayectorias Humanas Trascontinentales : TraHs     Open Access  
Trenzar : Revista de Educación Popular, Pedagogía Crítica e Investigación Militante     Open Access  
TRIM. Tordesillas : Revista de investigación multidisciplinar     Open Access  
Turkish Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Twentieth Century Communism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Twentieth-Century China     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Ufahamu : A Journal of African Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Undergraduate Journal of Politics and International Relations     Open Access  
Universidad de La Habana     Open Access  
Universitas : Revista de Filosofía, Derecho y Política     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Utilitas     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Utopia y Praxis Latinoamericana     Open Access  
Violence Against Women     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58)
Vlast' (The Authority)     Open Access  
WEDANA : Jurnal Kajian Pemerintahan, Politik dan Birokrasi     Open Access  
West African Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
West European Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53)
Whitehall Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Wirtschaftsdienst     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
World Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
World Food Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
World Future Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
World Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 156)
World Today, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Youth and Globalization     Hybrid Journal  
Zeitschrift für Friedens- und Konfliktforschung ZeFKo : Studies in Peace and Conflict     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Zeitschrift für Politikwissenschaft : Journal of Political Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Zeitschrift für Religion, Gesellschaft und Politik     Hybrid Journal  
Zeitschrift für Vergleichende Politikwissenschaft     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Култура / Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Управление / Upravlenie     Open Access  
Філософія та політологія в контексті сучасної культури (Philosophy and Political Science in the Context of Modern Culture)     Open Access  

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Torture Journal
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1018-8185 - ISSN (Online) 1997-3322
Published by Royal Danish Library Homepage  [22 journals]
  • Voices from a long journey: Introducing the 30th anniversary special issue

    • Authors: Pau Pérez-Sales
      Pages: 4 - 13
      Abstract: Introduction to the 30th Anniversary Special Issue in commemoration of the 30 years of the Torture Journal by the Editor-in-Chief, Pau Pérez-Sales.
      PubDate: 2022-06-13
      DOI: 10.7146/torture.v32i1-2.132686
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1-2 (2022)
       
  • Looking back at experiences from 30 years with documentation and
           prevention of torture

    • Authors: Hans Draminsky Petersen
      Pages: 14 - 29
      Abstract: Contribution to the 30th Anniversary of the Torture Journal by Dr. Hans Draminsky Petersen. The author describes his more than 30-years’ of experience in conducting monitoring visits to detention centres in different countries with an analytical perspective on the elements that perpetuate torture.
      PubDate: 2022-02-13
      DOI: 10.7146/torture.v32i1-2.130847
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1-2 (2022)
       
  • Personal reflection

    • Authors: Mahmud Sehwail
      Pages: 30 - 42
      Abstract: Contribution to the 30th Anniversary of the Torture Journal by Dr. Mahmud Sehwail. The author brings an account of his life trajectory as a psychiatrist born and working in Palestine. The author dives in his early memories, including those of his brother's death, that shaped his character and the way he lives his rejection of occupation and violence. Besides the early institutional beginnings of the TRC Center in Ramallah, the author describes the subtle forms of the daily abuse that a doctor working in Palestine must endure.
      PubDate: 2022-06-13
      DOI: 10.7146/torture.v32i1-2.131290
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1-2 (2022)
       
  • Medical meanderings of the mind, looking back at 30 years of experience
           visiting victims of torture in custody

    • Authors: Hernán Reyes
      Pages: 43 - 83
      Abstract: The paper summarises some high points from my past field experience of thirty years, to illustrate different issues, difficulties and best practices when visiting prisoners. I recount some of my most relevant experiences, both positive and negative, with individuals who had been tortured, interviewing and examining
      them whilst they were still in custody. They might be of interest to younger generations of physicians working on these issues.
      The examples, all from the field, should demonstrate the importance of showing true “empathy” for the victims to obtain their trust – and hence their stories. The examples
      are as varied as have been the different settings and encounters with both victims and perpetrators. I have tried to illustrate the many pitfalls to avoid and provide suggestions on how best to avoid them.
      PubDate: 2022-06-13
      DOI: 10.7146/torture.v32i1-2.131538
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1-2 (2022)
       
  • Healing the wounds - personal reflections on the evolution of therapeutic
           methods for survivors of torture

    • Authors: Inger Agger
      Pages: 87 - 91
      Abstract: A personal reflection from the past to the present on Inger Agger's work with trauma as a researcher, clinician and international trainer over the last 30 years. With the arrival in Denmark of torture survivors from Latin America in the nineteen seventies and eighties, therapists faced the challenge of how best to accompany the survivors in their healing processes. The New Left and Feminism were important political movements which influenced the therapeutic approaches discussed at that time. In the author’s meeting with Latin American colleagues, a dialogue about therapeutic methods was further developed with an emphasis on the connection between “Human Rights and Mental Health”. The civil war in the Balkans in the nineties brought new challenges: the development of psychosocial community interventions as well as an intensification of the debate between the “medical” and psychosocial approaches to trauma healing. Cooperation during the last decade with NGOs in e.g., India, Cambodia, and Honduras brought new and more holistic perspectives on therapy represented by a brief version of Testimonial Therapy that sought to integrate cultural and spiritual traditions as well as “third wave” cognitive methods.
      PubDate: 2022-06-13
      DOI: 10.7146/torture.v32i1-2.129580
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1-2 (2022)
       
  • Reflections on 30 years of anti-torture experiences

    • Authors: Vincent Iacopino
      Pages: 92 - 94
      Abstract: On the 30th anniversary of the Torture Journal, I offer my sincere congratulations to the Journal editors, staff and contributors for their success in providing a space for analytical and practical thinking on one of the most challenging and enduring problems of humanity – torture. Coincidentally, it was also 30 years ago when I began my own human rights journey, treating survivors and documenting clinical evidence of torture and ill-treatment. In thinking about those years, I would like to share some reflections that I hope will be useful to future generations in securing a world without torture.
      PubDate: 2022-06-13
      DOI: 10.7146/torture.v32i1-2.131305
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1-2 (2022)
       
  • Reflections on an international engagement in the fight against torture

    • Authors: Henrik Døcker
      Pages: 95 - 97
      Abstract: Contribution to the 30th Anniversary of the Torture Journal by Henrik Døcker. The author describes some of the early beginnings of the RCT and Torture Journal.
      PubDate: 2022-06-13
      DOI: 10.7146/torture.v32i1-2.132012
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1-2 (2022)
       
  • Inside the belly of the beast. Reflections on the history of IRCT

    • Authors: Christian Pross
      Pages: 98 - 104
      Abstract: This paper is looking back and taking stock of the history of IRCT from the perspective of a founder of a treatment centre, former member of the IRCT council and ExCom and author of Torture Journal. It is the story of enthusiasm, ambition, dedication, devotion, hope and dreams that the worldwide battle against torture could be won in the near future. And it is also the story of a rocky road with failures, disillusionment, disappointment, team conflicts and burnout which commonly but insufficiently is described as “vicarious traumatization”. Most centres were established by charismatic, visionary pioneers with entrepreneurial skills and a missionary sense, which enabled them to build and defend their organisations against reluctant bureaucracies and the prevailing attitude of denial and indifference in society. Because they tended to ignore and neglect structural issues and develop a sense of grandiosity, these types of leaders often obstructed the transformation of the organisation into a professionally managed health care institution.
      PubDate: 2022-06-13
      DOI: 10.7146/torture.v32i1-2.131298
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1-2 (2022)
       
  • From untried steps to omnipresence

    • Authors: Peter Vesti
      Pages: 105 - 107
      Abstract: Contribution to the 30th Anniversary of the Torture Journal from Peter Vesti. The author presents reminds of the origin of the RCT, the first rehabilitation clinic for torture victims in Copenhagen.
      PubDate: 2022-06-13
      DOI: 10.7146/torture.v32i1-2.132441
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1-2 (2022)
       
  • Making the road as we go...

    • Authors: Diana Kordon, Darío Lagos
      Pages: 108 - 112
      Abstract: From the early beginnings of the psychological assistance team of Madres de la Plaza de Mayo, the authors reflect on the challenges
      working during the Argentinian dictatorship and the importance of emerging international networks of exchanged support.
      PubDate: 2022-06-13
      DOI: 10.7146/torture.v32i1-2.131228
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1-2 (2022)
       
  • The military coup in Chile in 1973, the immediate reaction of
           international organisations, and the founding of the first rehabilitation
           program for torture victims in 1977

    • Authors: José Quiroga, Elizabeth Lira
      Pages: 113 - 132
      Abstract: This paper documents the historical steps of the immediate reactions of the United Nations, Amnesty International, the World Council of Churches (WCC), the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, and lawyers’ organisations in support of the victims of torture and others suffering gross violations of their human rights, as perpetrated by the Chilean military from 1973 to 1990. This article is also the history of the founding of the first rehabilitation programs for torture victims in Chile in 1977 and the other care programs for victims under local and international churches’ protection during the worst period of the military
      dictatorship. The actions of denunciation and defense of the victims were possible through national and international networks sustained in collaborative work from inside and outside Chile, which lasted for 17 years. The results and lessons learned projected the creation of new commissions, funds, and international networks that continue today in the international arena. The rehabilitation programs under the dictatorship began as a solidarity response to the needs of victims The rehabilitation programs, born during the dictatorship, projected their practice and experience to create a comprehensive health program as part of the State’s reparation measures. The testimonies of the victims made it possible to understand the consequences of human rights
      violations on individuals and society. State policies and civil society actions have sought to contribute to the reparation of victims through rehabilitation actions directly. This paper is part of the memory of that past by reconstructing the solidarity actions of denunciation and rehabilitation, and the details of which are often unknown.
      PubDate: 2022-06-13
      DOI: 10.7146/torture.v32i1-2.131916
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1-2 (2022)
       
  • Towards a systematic approach for the treatment and rehabilitation of
           torture and trauma survivors: The experience of STARTTS in Australia

    • Authors: Jorge Aroche, Mariano Coello
      Pages: 133 - 143
      Abstract: This paper recovers a text written in 1994 that explored and discussed the complex interaction between the psychological and psychosocial sequelae of exposure to highly traumatic situations in the context of organized violence, and the stresses and demands of the exile and re-settlement process of refugees. The effects on the individual, the family and refugee communities were explored, and a model to address these problems from a systemic perspective, involving action at the individual, family, refugee community, mainstream community and mainstream political structures was put forward. The role of approaches such as individual counselling, group work and community development in this framework, and various issues in the practical application of this model were discussed in the context of STARTTS experience. Looking back, almost 30 years later, the paper has renewed value as it shows the founding theoretical principles and the path to what today is one of the most important anti-torture organizations in the world.
      PubDate: 2022-06-13
      DOI: 10.7146/torture.v32i1-2.132684
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1-2 (2022)
       
  • From sunrise to sunset: personal memories of the early years

    • Authors: Lilla Hardi
      Pages: 144 - 147
      Abstract: The article is about 26 years of experiences spent in the services of rehabilitating torture survivors. It goes through the history of a Hungarian NGO struggling with the political winds and storms. It tries to illustrate the progress of finding and renewing therapeutic methods from identification to different therapeutic modalities.  
      PubDate: 2022-06-13
      DOI: 10.7146/torture.v32i1-2.131304
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1-2 (2022)
       
  • 30 years of solitary confinement: what has changed, and what still needs
           to happen

    • Authors: Sharon Shalev
      Pages: 148 - 162
      Abstract: Solitary confinement cells are where those considered to be too dangerous to themselves or to others, too troublesome, too mentally unwell, or simply different, will be locked away, spending 22-24 hours a day alone, out of sight and out of mind. Solitary confinement is an extreme and harmful practice on the cusp of prohibited treatment of people deprived of their liberty, with potentially grave consequences for the individuals concerned and the societies to which they eventually return. This article reflects on some of the achievements, and remaining challenges, around the use and regulation of solitary confinement practices internationally in the last 30 years, drawing on recent developments and the author’s work in the area.
      PubDate: 2022-06-13
      DOI: 10.7146/torture.v32i1-2.131384
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1-2 (2022)
       
  • Refugee children’s mental health and development - A public health
           problem in Europe

    • Authors: Edith Montgomery
      Pages: 163 - 171
      Abstract: Knowledge about refugee children’s mental health has developed considerably during the last 30 years. From believing that children’s reactions largely depend on their parents, it has become clear that children are influenced both by their own experiences, by the reactions of their caregivers and by the social environment in which they live. While psychological problems are frequent in children close to arrival in exile, follow-up studies have shown that the magnitude of the problems is reduced over time. Aspects of social life as well as stressful events in exile seem to be of paramount importance for children’s ability to recover from early traumatization. Prolonged asylum procedures, temporary residence permits, delayed family reunifications, many school-moves and xenophobic attitudes is counteracting healthy development. The results of research on refugee children and youth indicate the existence of a large public health problem which calls for policy change and political action.
      PubDate: 2022-06-13
      DOI: 10.7146/torture.v32i1-2.131756
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1-2 (2022)
       
  • Healing and reintegration of former child soldiers: A relational
           resilience perspective

    • Authors: Michael Wessells
      Pages: 172 - 176
      Abstract: In this paper, the author advocates for a psychosocial and community perspective in the work with child soldiers, as torture survivors. Healing is a priority for former child soldiers, many of whom have survived mass exposures to violence, perpetrated violence, or both. Reintegration programming is often limited by individualized treatment and deficits focused approaches that do not address powerful social barriers to reintegration such as stigma and not having a positive social role. This paper outlines a more holistic, relational approach to reintegration that addresses clinical maladies but also addresses the need for positive social relationships that support young people's resilience and well-being. Underscoring the importance of a multi-disciplinary approach, it calls for the integration of livelihoods supports with mental health and psychosocial supports.
      PubDate: 2022-06-13
      DOI: 10.7146/torture.v32i1-2.131382
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1-2 (2022)
       
  • The Committee Against Torture tackles violence against women: A conceptual
           and political journey

    • Authors: Nora Sveaass, Felice Gaer
      Pages: 177 - 192
      Abstract: In this article, we will examine how the official treaty monitoring body, the Committee against Torture, demonstrated that violence
      against women was indeed a serious human rights problem that fell squarely within the preview of the Convention against Torture.
      Because States parties to the Convention are required to report about their compliance with the Convention routinely, the Committee developed a substantial database on national practices and policies. In the course of examining these periodic reports of States parties, and then consolidating findings and conclusions
      into two general comments, the UN Committee Against Torture integrated violence against women in its jurisprudence on
      torture and ill-treatment by showing that existing provisions could and did incorporate the obligation to protect against and provide
      redress for torture and ill-treatment directed against women. Initiatives to raise these issues show how the Committee “placed the range of gender violence—from public to private – squarely within the frame of the Torture Convention” (Copelon, 2008, 242). The article will recall how the adoption of two general comments
      to the Convention firmly integrated gender-based violence as a subject of concern under the Convention: General comment no
      2 (2008) addressed Article 2 on the State obligation to prevent torture and ill-treatment and General comment no 3 (2012) focused
      on Article 14 which concerns the obligation to provide redress to victims of torture. Both authors have been members of the Committee during these important years, and it is our aim to provide an overview of the significant processes and decisions taken by the CAT that resulted in the strengthening of the Committee’s inclusiveness and comprehensiveness in the struggle to prevent torture. Finally, we will reflect on some future challenges
      faced by main anti-torture body/ies as part of global efforts to fight violence against women.
      PubDate: 2022-06-13
      DOI: 10.7146/torture.v32i1-2.132081
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1-2 (2022)
       
  • Operational psychology, professional ethics, and democracy: A challenge
           for our time

    • Authors: Stephen Soldz
      Pages: 193 - 200
      Abstract: The post-9/11 US torture program brought attention to the critical roles of health professionals generally and of psychologists more particularly in the modern administration of torture. Over a decade of controversy in the American Psychological Association (APA) and an independent investigation finding APA collusion with the Bush administration’s torture and coercive interrogation programs led to 2015 policies restricting the activities of psychologists in national security interrogations and illegal detention sites like Guantanamo. This controversy expanded to evaluation of a broader set of issues regarding the ethical roles of psychologists in furthering military and intelligence operations, or what has become known as operational psychology. Controversy over the extent to which operational psychology activities are consistent with psychological ethics has expanded since 2015 with critics calling for policies restraining operational psychologists from involvement in activities that cause greater than trivial unstipulated harm, lack informed consent, or are absent plausible independent ethical monitoring (due, for instance to information classification). Operational psychologists have pushed back against any constraints on their actions other than US law and government regulations. This debate also raises a broader issue, are there limitations on the extent to which we as members of democratic societies can tolerate the use of psychological science and expertise to manipulate unwitting people'
      PubDate: 2022-06-13
      DOI: 10.7146/torture.v32i1-2.131536
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1-2 (2022)
       
  • Strategic litigation against torture: Why domestic courts matter

    • Authors: Maria Lisitsyna
      Pages: 201 - 218
      Abstract: Strategic human rights litigation is often associated with filing cases before international courts and treaty bodies. While international litigation is an important avenue of seeking social change and setting new standards of rights protection, it has its limitations and needs to be combined with domestic litigation to maximize the impact of legal action for seeking accountability and reparations for torture. This article argues that significant advances in protecting the rights of victims of torture and similar crimes can be achieved through domestic courts even in countries with limited respect for the rule of law. This article is not a review of global practice, it is based on lessons and reflections from personal experience of over 25 years of strategic litigation and advocacy against torture; learnings from the work of partner organizations and lawyers from around the world, as well as the study on the impacts of strategic litigation on torture in custody published by the Open Society Justice Initiative. The article discusses selected examples of strategic human rights litigation against torture before domestic courts in different countries. It argues that domestic courts can be better placed than their international counterparts to address some of the elements of protection of victims’ rights. It does not cover universal jurisdiction cases but rather focuses on how domestic courts can be used to address torture that takes place in the same country. It concludes with lessons learned from these experiences.
      PubDate: 2022-06-13
      DOI: 10.7146/torture.v32i1-2.131921
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1-2 (2022)
       
  • Visions from the past: Reflecting on the history of epidemiological
           research in the refugee and post-conflict mental health field

    • Authors: Derrick Silove
      Pages: 219 - 226
      Abstract: Epidemiological research has made a major contribution to the knowledge-base in the field of refugee and post-conflict mental health in the last 30 years. There is a tendency however to question the cultural validity of study findings, or, alternatively, to argue that we have sufficient data to predict the mental health and psychosocial (MHPSS) needs of future populations exposed to mass conflict. This paper attempts to address both issues. Specifically, it is argued that, rather than an indicator of cultural inaccuracy in measurement, the large variation in symptom prevalence rates observed across studies may reflect a genuine difference given the unique profile of risk and protective factors that characterize refugee populations based on their individual histories of conflict and current conditions of resettlement. There are compelling reasons therefore, where feasible, to include epidemiological studies in the comprehensive approach of data gathering in assessing MHPSS needs - and to monitor changes over time - in current and future populations exposed to mass conflict.
      PubDate: 2022-06-13
      DOI: 10.7146/torture.v32i1-2.131998
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1-2 (2022)
       
  • Rehabilitation for torture survivors: Six evidence myths and their
           implications for future research

    • Authors: Nimisha Patel, Amanda Williams
      Pages: 227 - 250
      Abstract: Whilst it is established that torture survivors suffer from complex, multiple and often severe and enduring physical, psychological, social, welfare and many other difficulties; and that rehabilitation as reparation should be holistic, interdisciplinary and specialist, majority of the research on rehabilitation focuses increasingly and almost exclusively on psychological interventions. Further, assumptions that this research provides evidence of which are effective psychological interventions may underpin and skew services funded and provided to torture survivors. In this paper we challenge some of those assumptions, and discuss the conceptual, theoretical, epistemological and methodological limitations of this research and implications for future research.
      PubDate: 2022-06-13
      DOI: 10.7146/torture.v32i1-2.131776
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1-2 (2022)
       
  • Control-Focused Behavioral Treatment: A brief intervention for survivors
           of war and torture

    • Authors: Metin Basoglu
      Pages: 251 - 263
      Abstract: This article briefly reviews the evolution and evidence-base of Control-Focused Behavioral Treatment (CFBT), largely self-helpbased treatment that involves no cognitive interventions, focuses solely on reducing avoidance behaviors through self-exposure to anxiety-evoking trauma cues, and, unlike other interventions, aims to enhance sense of control over traumatic stressors, rather than anxiety reduction. As such, it is radically
      different from other interventions in both theory and practice. Our studies have shown improvement rates of 80%-85% with a single treatment session in earthquake survivors. When administered in an average of 6 sessions in war and torture survivors, it achieved 82% reduction in posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSD), leaving 97% of the cases nearly asymptomatic or with only mild PTSD symptoms. Meta-analytical comparisons suggest that such improvement rates are substantially higher than those achieved by
      other evidence-based treatments.
      PubDate: 2022-06-13
      DOI: 10.7146/torture.v32i1-2.131322
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1-2 (2022)
       
  • From rehabilitation to prevention: The need to move one step further

    • Authors: Tony Reeler
      Pages: 264 - 267
      Abstract: In the 30 years in which Torture has been the flagship publication on organised violence and torture the world no longer can be oblivious to the prevalence or consequences of torture. The existence of documented torture provides the hardest indicator of the absence of human rights in any given country, but does this demonstration still evoke the same sense of shock or same as it did thirty years ago' This is an important question to address currently with so much evidence suggesting that democracy worldwide may be in decline and that authoritarianism is on the increase. This article looks briefly at the current situation, the role of the antitorture movement and the Torture journal.
      PubDate: 2022-06-13
      DOI: 10.7146/torture.v32i1-2.131482
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1-2 (2022)
       
  • Torture, that recurring nightmare. Social crisis and pandemic

    • Authors: Carlos Madariaga
      Pages: 268 - 270
      Abstract: This article addresses the summative effects of the social crisis and the Covid-19 pandemic on the health-disease-care process at the level of Chilean society in the neoliberal context. The economy-health relationship is deepened, a phenomenon that is interpreted from the conceptual framework of necropolitics. The retraumatizing effect of the human rights violations recorded during the popular mobilizations of the social revolt of October 2019 in Chile, including the practice of torture, is reviewed.
      PubDate: 2022-06-13
      DOI: 10.7146/torture.v32i1-2.129414
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1-2 (2022)
       
  • 30 years on: A brave new world or an unfolding disaster'

    • Authors: Stuart Turner
      Pages: 271 - 279
      Abstract: In this short essay, the focus is on social and political aspects of forced migration. It is argued that policies designed to restrict access to developed countries have, rather like the American “prohibition”, produced a thriving criminal market for smugglers, in this case of people. Making travel more difficult increases both their profits and the sophistication of their methods. Provision of targeted, properly controlled, support for refugees in countries
      neighbouring conflict zones might help to reduce the pressure on travel to Europe and could be both more successful and more humanitarian. For those who do reach developed countries, there is scope to improve the legal decision-making process. Psychological
      input should include scientific investigation of legal assumptions, and the provision of relevant expert literature reviews, for example
      concerning modern knowledge of memory. Trust is the first casualty of repressive violence, and mistrust among opposition groups is probably one of the key mechanisms of its success. We need to make sure that we do not provide further grounds for this sort of reaction. Although there is no brave or new world ahead, we must continue to confront ignorance and prejudice, as we seek to avoid more humanitarian disasters. It is now just over thirty years since we published a potential framework for understanding how survivors of organised state violence react to complex and severe trauma (Turner & Gorst-Unsworth, 1990). We argued that no single psychological process underpins the reactions to this experience, and therefore, there can be no unitary torture syndrome, but rather a series of understandable psychological pathways activated to varying degrees by different experiences, leading to diversity of emotional response, with implications for recovery and treatment. We also asked family doctors about health needs of refugees (Ramsay & Turner, 1993), and it is wonderful to see how the evidence on treatment options has developed since then, especially in recent years. In this paper, looking back over the last thirty years, in celebration of the anniversary of Torture journal, I will focus on political, legal and forensic aspects of forced migration.
      PubDate: 2022-06-13
      DOI: 10.7146/torture.v32i1-2.131492
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1-2 (2022)
       
  • The future is here: Mind control and torture in the digital era

    • Authors: Pau Pérez-Sales
      Pages: 280 - 290
      Abstract: Torture, understood as a relationship of domination in which one person breaks the will and impedes the self-determination of another human being, taking control of all aspects of the victims’ life and trying to change the core elements of their identity to the perpetrator’s interests (Pérez-Sales, 2017), will increasingly come to be linked to new technologies, artificial intelligence, the use of media and internet, and to new forms of lethal and non-lethal
      weapons. The author reviews the implications of modern technology for the contemporary fight against torture and some of the emerging civil society initiatives that aim to face them.
      PubDate: 2022-06-13
      DOI: 10.7146/torture.v32i1-2.132846
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1-2 (2022)
       
  • Reflections on healing and recovery from the legacies of trauma and
           violence

    • Authors: June Caridad Pagaduan-Lopez
      Pages: 130 - 133
      Abstract: Last paper by June with an introduction by the Editor in Chief
      PubDate: 2021-12-29
      DOI: 10.7146/torture.v32i3.129631
      Issue No: Vol. 31, No. 3 (2021)
       
 
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