Subjects -> POLITICAL SCIENCE (Total: 1214 journals)
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POLITICAL SCIENCE (1010 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4 5 6     

Showing 201 - 281 of 281 Journals sorted alphabetically
Decolonization : Indigeneity, Education & Society     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Defence Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Defense & Security Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Democracy & Education     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Democratic Communiqué     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Democratic Theory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Democratization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Democrazia e diritto     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Demokratie und Geschichte     Hybrid Journal  
Demokratizatsiya: The Journal of Post-Soviet Democratization     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Der Donauraum     Hybrid Journal  
Desafíos     Open Access  
Development and Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63)
Digest of Middle East Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Digital Government : Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Diplomacy & Statecraft     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Diplomatic History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Diritto, immigrazione e cittadinanza     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Discurso     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Dissent     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Diversité urbaine     Full-text available via subscription  
Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict: Pathways toward terrorism and genocide     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Earth System Governance     Open Access  
East European Jewish Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
East European Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
East/West : Journal of Ukrainian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Eastern African Literary and Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal  
Eastern Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Economia Politica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Ecopolítica     Open Access  
eJournal of eDemocracy and Open Government     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Ekonomi, İşletme, Siyaset ve Uluslararası İlişkiler Dergisi     Open Access  
El Banquete de los Dioses     Open Access  
El Cotidiano     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Electoral Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Em Pauta : Teoria Social e Realidade Contemporânea     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Encuentro     Open Access  
Entramados y Perspectivas     Open Access  
Environment and Planning C : Politics and Space     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 53)
Environmental Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Equal Opportunities International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Espacios Públicos     Open Access  
Estudios digital     Open Access  
Estudios Políticos     Open Access  
Estudios Políticos     Open Access  
Estudos Avançados     Open Access  
Ethical Theory and Moral Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Ethics & International Affairs     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Ethics & Global Politics     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Ethics in Science and Environmental Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Éthique publique     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Études internationales     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Eunomia. Rivista semestrale del Corso di Laurea in Scienze Politiche e delle Relazioni Internazionali     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Eureka Street     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
European Integration Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
European Journal for Security Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of American Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Cultural and Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Government and Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
European Journal of International Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
European Journal of Political Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61)
European Journal of Political Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 96)
European Journal of Political Research : Political Data Yearbook     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
European Journal of Politics and Gender     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
European Policy Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Political Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
European Politics and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
European Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
European Security     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
European Union Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61)
European Yearbook of Minority Issues Online     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Eurostudia     Open Access  
Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Evaluation and Program Planning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Evidence Base : A journal of evidence reviews in key policy areas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Exchange : The Journal of Public Diplomacy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
E|mporium     Open Access  
Fascism     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Federal Governance     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Federalism-E     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Fédéralisme Régionalisme     Open Access  
Feminist Encounters : A Journal of Critical Studies in Culture and Politics     Open Access  
FEU Academic Review     Open Access  
Fijian Studies: A Journal of Contemporary Fiji     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Financial Times     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 40)
Foreign Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 58)
Foreign Policy Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Foreign Policy Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Foro Interno. Anuario de Teoría Política     Open Access  
French Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Frontiers in Political Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Gaceta Laboral     Open Access  
Genocide Studies International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Geographische Zeitschrift     Full-text available via subscription  
Geopolítica(s). Revista de estudios sobre espacio y poder     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Geopolitics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Geopolitics under Globalization     Open Access  
German Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
German Politics and Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Germinal : Marxismo e Educação em Debate     Open Access  
Gestão & Regionalidade     Open Access  
Ghana Journal of Development Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Ghana Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Global Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Global Change, Peace & Security: formerly Pacifica Review: Peace, Security & Global Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 411)
Global Discourse : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Current Affairs and Applied Contemporary Thought     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Global Environmental Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Global Governance: A Review of Multilateralism and International Organizations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 52)
Global Journal of Peace Research and Praxis     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Global Justice : Theory Practice Rhetoric     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Media Journal : African Edition     Open Access  
Global Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Global Public Policy and Governance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Global Societies Journal     Open Access  
Global Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Global South, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Global War Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Göç Dergisi     Full-text available via subscription  
Good Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Governare la paura. Journal of interdisciplinary studies     Open Access  
Government : Annual Research Journal of Political Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Government and Opposition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Granì     Open Access  
Greek Political Science Review     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Group Processes & Intergroup Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Hague Journal of Diplomacy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Hegel Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Helsinki Monitor     Hybrid Journal  
Hic Rhodus : Crisis capitalista, polémica y controversias     Open Access  
Historia i Polityka     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
History of Communism in Europe     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Hommes & Migrations     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
HONAI : International Journal for Educational, Social, Political & Cultural Studies     Open Access  
Horyzonty Polityki     Open Access  
Human Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66)
Human Rights Case Digest     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Human Rights Law Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 71)
Human Rights Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 78)
Human Rights Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Icelandic Review of Politics and Administration     Open Access  
Idäntutkimus     Open Access  
identidade!     Open Access  
Identities : Journal for Politics, Gender and Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Identities: Global Studies in Culture and Power     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Identity Papers : A Journal of British and Irish Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IDP. Revista de Internet, Derecho y Politica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ids Practice Papers     Hybrid Journal  
IKAT : The Indonesian Journal of Southeast Asian Studies     Open Access  
Indes : Zeitschrift für Politik und Gesellschaft     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Index on Censorship     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
India Quarterly: A Journal of International Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
India Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Indialogs : Spanish Journal of India Studies     Open Access  
Indonesia Prime     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indonesian Journal of Community Engagement     Open Access  
Innovation Policy and the Economy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Innovations : Technology, Governance, Globalization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Insight on Africa     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
InSURgência : revista de direitos e movimentos sociais     Open Access  
Intelligence & National Security     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Interdisciplinary Political Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Interdisziplinäre Zeitschrift für Südasienforschung     Open Access  
Interest Groups & Advocacy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Interfaces Brasil/Canadá     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 75)
International Area Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Communication of Chinese Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Critical Thought     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Gramsci Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Interactions: Empirical and Theoretical Research in International Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal : Canada's Journal of Global Policy Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of African Renaissance Studies - Multi-, Inter- and Transdisciplinarity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Area Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Children's Rights     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
International Journal of Diplomacy and Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of E-Politics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of East Asian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Electronic Government Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Environmental Policy and Decision Making     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Group Tensions     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Human Rights     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63)
International Journal of Intelligence and CounterIntelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 606)
International Journal of Intercultural Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
International Journal of Law and Politics Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Peace Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Politics, Culture, and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
International Journal of Press/Politics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Refugee Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
International Journal of Sexuality and Gender Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
International Journal of Social Quality     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Sustainable Development and World Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
International Journal on Minority and Group Rights     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
International Migration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
International Migration Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 186)
International Negotiation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
International NGO Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Organization     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 117)
International Peacekeeping     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 475)
International Political Science Abstracts     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
International Political Science Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 96)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Economia Politica
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.277
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 42  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1120-2890 - ISSN (Online) 1973-820X
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2655 journals]
  • Decomposing changes in income polarization by population group: what
           happened during the crisis'
    • Abstract: In this paper, we use two different methods to compare changes in income polarization across different population groups (by gender, occupational status, education, age, residential area and state of birth) during the Great Recession in Italy. By using data from the latest wave of the Survey on Household Income and Wealth by the Bank of Italy, first we decompose the Duclos et al. (Econometrica 72:1737–1772, 2004) polarization index by population group. Second, we employ the Relative Distribution Approach by group. Comparing income distributions between 2006 and 2016, our results show a general downgrading of low-educated, young, southern and foreign heads of household coming out of the crisis. Young people and especially foreigners have suffered the most from the crisis. The lowest (highest) homogeneity within groups and the lowest (highest) heterogeneity between groups is observed when groups are formed on the basis of the state of birth (residential area). Thus, the decomposition of the polarization indices by population group is able to provide specific useful policy indications tailored to the needs of particular groups.
      PubDate: 2021-02-22
  • Heterogeneous effects of spinoff foundations on the means of technology
           transfer: the role of past academic-industry collaborations
    • Abstract: Focusing on the Italian population of academic entrepreneurs, we analyze the effect of establishing a spinoff firm on researchers' attitudes towards carrying out other activities in collaboration with firms, namely, co-publishing and co-patenting. We investigate the heterogeneity in this effect in terms of existing collaborations with firms in the pre-spinoff period. Using a counterfactual analysis on subgroups, we verify that academic entrepreneurs with previous publications with firms diminish their co-publishing and increase their co-patenting after founding a spinoff. Conversely, academic entrepreneurs who had no previous publications with firms increase their co-publishing and decrease their co-patenting. We maintain that such results are related to academics' learning processes connected with their previous technology transfer activities. The policy implications are related to technology transfer aims and contradict the idea that promoting spinoffs is an appropriate "one-size-fits-all" initiative.
      PubDate: 2021-02-14
  • Can culture save young Italians' The role of cultural capital on
           Italian NEETs behaviour
    • Abstract: The increasing number of young people who do not study and do not work has become a relevant and timely socioeconomic issue. The role of the economic family background and the social context mitigate the risk of being not in education, employment or training (NEET). However, other factors such as evident regional disparities, suggest the need to investigate alternative remedies, in particular for the Italian context. Among these, we focus on cultural capital (CC) as a driver to discourage school dropout and a stimulus for pro-active behaviours in work participation. We test the role of CC (proxied by the accumulation of cultural experiences) on the rate of NEETs population in Centre-North and South Italy. We apply a panel vector autoregression (PVAR) approach to 2001–2018 regional NUTS2 data. Our findings highlight the positive effect of CC on NEET, and the impact is higher for southern regions. This result might represent a key of convergence between the two Italian geographical areas and pave the way for ad hoc policy measures to reduce the risk of becoming NEET.
      PubDate: 2021-02-10
  • The back of the coin in resilience: on the characteristics of advantaged
           low-achieving students
    • Abstract: In the field of Economics of Education the “resilience” term is used to designate those students from low socio-economic backgrounds who can overcome their initial situation and obtain high academic results. However, the opposite kind of student profile has been a less explored field, i.e., high socio-economic status students who perform poorly and are thus denoted as advantaged low-achieving students. Because of that, the current study intends to disentangle the characteristics which influence the likelihood of high socio-economic students to become low-achievers. In order to do this, we use census and longitudinal education data and a rich set of variables from secondary education students in the most populated region of Spain (Andalusia). Our results show that students’ use of time and self-confidence, together with parental engagement, when students were in primary education, are relevant variables in explaining the low achievement of advantaged students.
      PubDate: 2021-02-10
  • Firm strategies and distributional dynamics: labour share in Italian
           medium-large firms
    • Abstract: Using an original database on medium and large Italian firms built by merging the Rilevazione Imprese e Lavoro run by INAPP in 2010 and 2015 with the AIDA archive by Bureau Van Dijk, we show that the trend of the labour share differs along the labour share distribution. We carry out Unconditional Quantile Regression decompositions to explore the main drivers behind this heterogeneity. Thus, we contribute to the literature on the dynamics of the labour share since we investigate phenomena which cannot be observed through a macro perspective or by looking at a single parameter of the labour share distribution. After including in our specifications several firm-level characteristics and considering composition effects, we find that outsourcing is the main factor which plays a role in reducing the labour share along the distribution. Further different mechanisms act in the various parts of the distribution: unionization contributes to increase the labour share at the top of the labour share distribution, while the introduction of some forms of product (process) innovations is associated with a negative (positive) change in the labour share for those firms at the bottom of the labour share distribution.
      PubDate: 2021-02-07
  • Money management and entrepreneurial training in microfinance: impact on
           beneficiaries and institutions
    • Abstract: This study uses a randomized control trial to evaluate the outcome of integrating money management and entrepreneurial training into a microcredit program in India. We find positive and significant effects on clients’ financial management skills and entrepreneurship abilities, particularly for clients with higher human capital, or more diligent, or having an entrepreneurial idea, and an increase in initiative and self-confidence. Effects appear stronger for clients obliged to attend the training course or more interested in attending it. By considering missed or delayed repayments reduction we assess the benefits of the training provided and of extending it for the institution.
      PubDate: 2021-02-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s40888-021-00217-9
  • Current account imbalances and the Euro Area. Controversies and policy
    • Abstract: The crucial role of current account imbalances (CAI) is widely acknowledged in the consensus narrative of the European crisis that followed the Great Recession. On the basis of this interpretation, CAI play a prominent role in the EU Macroeconomic Imbalances Procedure (MIP), which broadens the EU economic governance framework to include the surveillance of unsustainable macroeconomic trends. Although the widening of the CAI in the Euro Area before the crisis is a matter of fact, and the consensus narrative contains elements of truth, alternative views have been put forward on three main issues: (i) the relevance of CAI, (ii) their causes and connection with the crisis, and (iii) their policy implications. The aim of this paper is to examine these controversial points about the causes, meaning and consequences of CAI, and discuss the alternative policy prescriptions that emerge.
      PubDate: 2021-01-25
      DOI: 10.1007/s40888-021-00214-y
  • What drives TFP long-run dynamics in five large European economies'
    • Abstract: The aim of this paper is to study the long-run cointegrating relationship of TFP in a panel of five large European economies, namely France, Germany, Italy, Spain, and UK. We test whether TFP is determined by the so-called “capital misallocation effects, scale effects, and labor market effects”. By considering aggregate data, over the period 1983–2017, we employ dynamic panel cointegration techniques to identify the long-run component of TFP. We get two main results. First, the interest rate, the real compensation and the real exchange rate have a positive impact on TFP. Then, the incidence of temporary employment (a proxy of labor market flexibility) has a negative effect on TFP. Moreover, for robustness, we run a panel VECM to check for causalities among the variables. Notably, this further excercise confirms the existence of a strong and positive long-run relationship between TFP and prices. We conclude that coordinated policies on the issue of interest rate, exchange rate, labour cost and regulation, may allow to reassemble the productivity slowdown puzzle and strengthen the European economic structure.
      PubDate: 2021-01-22
      DOI: 10.1007/s40888-021-00215-x
  • Trade policy and firm performance: introduction to the special section
    • PubDate: 2021-01-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s40888-021-00216-w
  • The influence of government ideology on corruption: the impact of the
           Great Recession
    • Abstract: This paper studies the relationship between government ideology and the level of perceived corruption, using a panel data of OECD countries covering the years 1996–2015, and the effect that the Great Recession has exerted on that relationship. We find that, before the onset of the Great Recession, governments formed by one (or more) right-wing parties are perceived as being around 1% more corrupt than those formed by one (or more) left-wing parties. We also find that misuse of public funds under coalitional governments is more likely to be perceived, that the longer the party of the current chief executive has been in office, the higher is the level of perceived corruption, and that minority governments and parties with a greater weight in the legislative chamber are also perceived as being more corrupt. However, the Great Recession has altered these relationships, increasing perceived corruption as the elections come closer, and softening or changing the impact of other political variables on perceived corruption.
      PubDate: 2021-01-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s40888-020-00212-6
  • It’s a matter of confidence. Institutions, government stability and
           economic outcomes
    • Abstract: In this paper we analyse the effect of constitutional structures over policy outcomes. In particular, we exploit the heterogeneity in parliamentary systems deriving from the presence and the use of the confidence vote to investigate whether stable and unstable parliamentary systems behave differently in terms of the policies they implement. This finer partition of parliamentary systems allows us to identify effects that are more robust than the ones previously discussed in the literature. We show that the difference between presidential and parliamentary systems documented in previous works is driven by a difference between presidential and stable parliamentary systems. We suggest that possible transmission channels are legislative cohesion and (the absence of) selection.
      PubDate: 2020-12-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s40888-020-00210-8
  • Trading off wage for workplace safety' Gaps between immigrants and
           natives in Italy
    • Abstract: We employ Italian administrative data to analyze the differentials in wages and workplace injuries between immigrants and natives over the 1994–2012 period. Via propensity score reweighting, we construct the factual and counterfactual, marginal and joint distributions of wages and workplace injuries. Examining the differentials along the entire distributions, our approach yields novel insights on their potential drivers. Our findings confirm that immigrants face lower wages and a substantially higher injury risk than natives; futhermore, they highlight that foreign-born workers display a disproportionate concentration of injuries around the minimum contractual wages. Our results show that the latter can be interpreted as an unintended effect of minimum contractual wages. Indeed, if wages are downward rigid and workplace safety investments are costly, firms employing low-wage workers may reallocate their savings away from wages onto safety. Over time, the gap is found to shrink. Our analysis suggests that, beyond the reduction in workplace intensity during recessions, this may be due to destruction of marginal jobs. Being disproportionally concentrated in marginal occupations, then, lower-skilled migrant workers are more vulnerable to downturns in the economic cycle. Overall, our results highlight that labour market segmentation may co-exist with wage regulations.
      PubDate: 2020-12-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s40888-020-00209-1
  • Asymmetric decentralization: distortions and opportunities
    • Abstract: This paper studies the interplay between central and local governments in defining the optimal degree of decentralization in terms of public goods supply. The choice between full centralization and asymmetric decentralization implies a trade-off between the possibility to provide public goods at a lower cost, wherever this is possible by decentralizing, and the possibility to fully internalize spillovers by full centralization. We find that asymmetric decentralization introduces distortions into the public decision-making process. We also demonstrate that the power to interfere in the central government’s ruling mechanisms should be reduced for the jurisdictions that have decentralized, in order to make their decentralization choice convenient even for the citizens in the less efficient jurisdictions. Finally, we find the conditions under which asymmetric decentralization can be simultaneously advantageous for both rich and poor regions through the design of appropriate equalization transfers.
      PubDate: 2020-12-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s40888-020-00211-7
  • The distribution of the tax burden and the income distribution: theory and
           empirical evidence
    • Abstract: We compare the tax burden distribution across incomes and the income share distribution, based on a stochastic dominance approach. We find conditions to assess the progressivity of different sources of taxes, given knowledge of the income share elasticities, which measure the relative marginal change in the income share accruing to each class of income, associated to a marginal increase in income. We first consider a simple setting with only indirect taxes and then extend it to savings and direct taxation. The progressivity of a given set of taxes depends on the correlation between the relative incidence of the different sources of taxation and the income elasticity of household net expenditure. We use this approach to test empirically for the progressivity of the fiscal system.
      PubDate: 2020-12-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s40888-020-00207-3
  • Ranking high schools using university student performance in Italy
    • Abstract: The Eduscopio project is the first attempt to build school performance indicators based on the university performance of high school leavers in Italy. It provides stakeholders (students and their families) with publicly available school performance indicators, and school rankings. A potential weakness of Eduscopio is that it relies on first-year student performance only. In this study, we extend its methodology to include longer-term academic outcomes, such as cumulative third-year performance and the probability of on-time graduation. Our results demonstrate that differences in university students’ performance across high schools are not temporary and limited to the first-year, but persist in the following academic years, and that the ranking of high schools based on longer-term indicators remains rather stable. Moreover, our analysis highlights non-negligible differences of between-school track dispersion in the Eduscopio index across cities, which hints on geographical differences in student selection mechanisms into school tracks or in the level of dispersion of school value added within tracks.
      PubDate: 2020-12-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s40888-020-00208-2
  • Exploring regional transitions to the bioeconomy using a socio-economic
           indicator: the case of Italy
    • Abstract: In recent years, there has been a growing awareness of the need to analyze and measure the performance of sustainable transitions at a regional level. This work presents the results of an application of the socio-economic indicator for the bioeconomy (SEIB) to evaluate the socio-economic performance of the bioeconomy at a regional level, providing evidence for the Italian case. Two versions of the SEIB were applied: the first included all sectors of the bioeconomy while the second considered only manufacturing and bio-energy sectors, excluding all primary sectors. The indicator was further analyzed from spatial and longitudinal perspectives. The results showed that four regions (i.e. Trentino A.A. and Veneto in the north and Toscana and Umbria in central Italy) emerged among the five highest performing regions based on both versions of the indicator. Overall, the results underlined that the northern regions performed best when overall sectors were considered, while the central regions performed best when only manufacturing and bio-energy sectors were considered. What emerged most clearly, however, is that regions in southern Italy lagged far behind the national average, particularly when primary sectors were excluded from the analysis.
      PubDate: 2020-11-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s40888-020-00206-4
  • An assessment of import tariff costs for Italian exporting firms
    • Abstract: Since production and trade are increasingly organized within global value chains (GVCs), assessing who effectively pays the cost of protection is not straightforward and since productive processes are internationally fragmented, quantifying the effects of trade policy requires an enhanced analytical framework that takes international input–output linkages into account to assess the implications trade costs have on competitiveness at national and sector levels. This paper defines a new synthetic measure of trade protection based on the value added in trade, capturing the effects that the tariff structure has on exporting firms that rely on imported intermediate inputs. The index, defined in a general equilibrium framework, provides a theoretically sound protection measurement in the context of GVCs. We assess trade protection by computing protection indexes at the bilateral level on both gross imports and imports to exports using the Global Trade Analysis Project computable general equilibrium model. These indexes are used to investigate the relationship between the European Union tariffs and integration of the Italian GVCs. In the case of Italy, imports to exports are overall less protected than gross imports with significant differences at the sector level. Despite the low levels of nominal protection, industrial sectors play a central role in explaining our results. EU tariffs mostly affect Italian exporting firms in the case of chemical products, wearing apparel and leather products.
      PubDate: 2020-11-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s40888-020-00202-8
  • “Smoke on the beach”: on the use of economic vs behavioral policies to
           reduce environmental pollution by cigarette littering
    • Abstract: Cigarette filters, the most commonly littered item worldwide, are one of the main sources of marine pollution. However, reducing cigarette littering is a serious challenge for policy makers and environmental authorities: traditional instruments like bans and fines are generally ineffective. In this article, we evaluate the impact of two interventions aimed at reducing smokers’ littering in public areas, like beaches. We run a field experiment at eight beach resorts in the north east coast of Italy. Resorts were randomly assigned to three groups: in the first, we introduced portable ashtrays to test whether smokers respond to the lower effort costs (time plus inconvenience) by disposing of litter properly. In the second set, we added a social cue. The third group of resorts was used as a control with no intervention. Results suggest that reducing the private costs of a proper disposal through mobile ashtrays significantly affects littering, leading to a reduction of 10–12% in the number of cigarette filters dropped in the sand compared to beaches with no ashtrays. Reinforcing this measure with social prompts does not significantly increase the impact driven by the introduction of mobile ashtrays.
      PubDate: 2020-11-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s40888-020-00205-5
  • Firm productivity gains in a period of slow trade liberalization: evidence
           from Brazil
    • Abstract: Existing literature recognizes the possible role of trade policy and firms’ exposure to international trade as determinants of productivity. A strand of the literature sheds light on the effects of trade policy changes on firm-level productivity. Another strand studies the relationship between firms’ trade status (exporting production or importing intermediates, but usually not both simultaneously) and firm-level TFP dynamics. However, the analyses that integrate both strands are scarce. This paper aims to disentangle the impact of input and output tariffs on firms’ productivity. Further, it analyses whether the impact of changes in tariffs is conditioned by the trade status of the firm (exporting and/or importing). At difference to most previous papers, we carry out our analysis for a large developing country in a period of slow trade liberalization. Thus, in the empirical part, we use data from firms belonging to Brazilian industrial sectors (manufacturing and mining) during 2000–2008. After estimating total factor productivity (TFP) at the firm level using updated methodologies, we estimate both the impact of trade policy and firms’ trade status on TFP dynamics. Our results suggest that trade liberalization (through reductions in input or output tariffs) increases TFP, being the effect associated to a reduction in input tariffs greater. Furthermore, the impact of trade policy on TFP spreads among all firms, which could be consistent with the existence of spillovers from trading firms to non-trading firms or with the notion that trade liberalization exerts competitive pressure on all firms, regardless of their initial exposure to international trade. Finally, we also find evidence of a positive effect of both the import and export statuses on TFP.
      PubDate: 2020-11-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s40888-020-00204-6
  • Earning our place, more or less: responsibility’s flexible relationship
           with desert in socioeconomic standing
    • Abstract: I use a nationally representative survey to determine whether and which Americans associate personal responsibility with economic desert. Philosophers actively debate this relationship, but social scientists routinely take it for granted, foisting this assumed relationship on the people they study. Respondents, I find, generally want their economic fates to rest on criteria for which they are (or appear) personally responsible, but they express this belief with varying levels of conviction and with two notable exceptions. The first involves specific determinants of economic status. Respondents are divided on whether individuals exert control over their intelligence, creativity, health, and educational pedigree, but they are generally comfortable with the first two affecting peoples’ economic standing. The second concerns who considers personal responsibility morally relevant to economic status. Neoliberals, chiefly concerned with economic growth, are significantly less insistent that individuals be personally responsible for their economic standing. Same for non-white, lower income, and older respondents, and respondents from elite schools, though to a lesser degree. At best, ideal paths to economic success and ruin are moderately associated with personal agency, though many are weakly correlated. So it goes with respondents’ overall correlations between perceived control over economic determinants and the ideal-importance of those factors to economic standing. Researchers must look beyond their preferred philosophical dispositions and investigate justice as it is envisioned and lived by their subjects.
      PubDate: 2020-10-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s40888-020-00201-9
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Heriot-Watt University
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