Subjects -> HISTORY (Total: 1540 journals)
    - HISTORY (859 journals)
    - History (General) (45 journals)
    - HISTORY OF AFRICA (72 journals)
    - HISTORY OF ASIA (67 journals)
    - HISTORY OF EUROPE (256 journals)
    - HISTORY OF THE AMERICAS (183 journals)
    - HISTORY OF THE NEAR EAST (48 journals)

History (General) (45 journals)

Showing 1 - 41 of 41 Journals sorted alphabetically
AION (filol.) Annali dell'Università degli Studi di Napoli "L'Orientale"     Full-text available via subscription  
ArcHistoR     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asclepio     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
British Journal for the History of Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Canadian Bulletin of Medical History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Comparative Studies in Society and History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 56)
Cuadernos de Historia Contemporánea     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Culture & History Digital Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
El Futuro del Pasado     Open Access  
Family & Community History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
First World War Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Geschichte und Gesellschaft : Zeitschrift für Historische Sozialwissenschaft     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Gladius     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Histoire de la Recherche Contemporaine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
História & Ensino     Open Access  
Histories     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
History and Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
History of Geo- and Space Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
History of Humanities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
History of the Human Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
History Workshop Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
HOPOS : The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
HoST - Journal of History of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Maritime History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of the History of Sport     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Journal of History and Future     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Medieval Monastic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Planning History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of the History of Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Law and History Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Medievalista online     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Memini. Travaux et documents     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Española de Filosofía Medieval     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Sabretache     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Source: Notes in the History of Art     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Speculum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 34)
Sport History Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Storia delle Donne     Open Access  
TAWARIKH : Journal of Historical Studies     Open Access  
Zeitschrift für Geschichtsdidaktik     Hybrid Journal  
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Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2409-9252
Published by MDPI Homepage  [247 journals]
  • Histories, Vol. 3, Pages 19-20: Acknowledgment to the Reviewers of
           Histories in 2022

    • Authors: Histories Editorial Office Histories Editorial Office
      First page: 19
      Abstract: High-quality academic publishing is built on rigorous peer review [...]
      Citation: Histories
      PubDate: 2023-01-15
      DOI: 10.3390/histories3010002
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2023)
  • Histories, Vol. 3, Pages 21-31: It’s a Doge’s Life: Examining
           Term Limits in Venetian Doges’ Life Tenure

    • Authors: Juan J. Merelo
      First page: 21
      Abstract: During most of the lifespan of the Venetian republic, doges (the name their presidents received) were elected for life. However, a long tenure was a rare event, which effectively resulted in term limits, as has already been reported by several authors. In this paper, we examine the length of these tenures and their evolution during the existence of the Venetian republic, following Smith et al.’s claim that specific events in Venetian history caused this shortening, but also the dates and possibly event or events that effectively caused that limitation by design. Finally, we will discuss the causes of this limitation and its effective consequences.
      Citation: Histories
      PubDate: 2023-01-16
      DOI: 10.3390/histories3010003
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2023)
  • Histories, Vol. 3, Pages 1-18: Janissaries and Urban Notables in Local
           Politics: Struggle for Power and Factional Strife in the Late
           Eighteenth-Century Anatolian Town of Adana

    • Authors: Aysel Yıldız
      First page: 1
      Abstract: The transformations that occurred in the Ottoman Empire in the eighteenth century, summarized by one author as more army, more taxes, more bureaucracy, and more state intrusion in the Ottoman provinces, radically changed provincial life in the Ottoman domains. Growing tax and manpower demands not only increased socio-economic pressure on the provinces but also redefined the sultan’s relationship with local authorities. Accompanied by the increasingly frequent stationing of the Janissary corps in the Ottoman provinces, especially in the seventeenth century, the Ottoman cities and towns saw new elite configurations and new types of power struggles and came under greater economic pressure. The rising number of registered Janissaries changed the internal dynamics of the towns, shaped local politics, and created new struggles for power in the cities where corps regiments were stationed, pushing the Janissaries into local politics, whether as rivals or allies of the local elite. As elsewhere, the southern Anatolian town of Adana witnessed such changes in its social structure, local politics, and relations with the imperial authority. Although similarities are to be seen with the eighteenth century provincial power struggles in the Anatolian and Arabian cities of Gaziantep and Aleppo in terms of intense factional strife and the active involvement of the Janissaries and their pretenders in local politics, the power struggle in Adana was between several Janissary officers, one of whom subsequently managed to become the urban notable (ayan) of the town.
      Citation: Histories
      PubDate: 2022-12-21
      DOI: 10.3390/histories3010001
      Issue No: Vol. 3, No. 1 (2022)
  • Histories, Vol. 2, Pages 374-404: Economic Growth in the UK:
           Growth’s Battle with Crisis

    • Authors: Julia Wardley-Kershaw, Klaus R. Schenk-Hoppé
      First page: 374
      Abstract: In this second paper in a series of four, we examine how the era of sustained economic growth also gave rise to recurring economic crises. Assessing the economic turbulence of the late 19th century and the early 20th century, and three prominent crises of the 20th and early 21st centuries: the period following the Second World War, the 1980–1981 Recession and the 2008 Financial Crisis, we survey how the economy and policy have reacted historically to shocks to growth, how crises have restructured industry and work, altering productivity and impacting future growth potential, and how the long-run growth trend persists despite periods of decline or stagnation.
      Citation: Histories
      PubDate: 2022-09-24
      DOI: 10.3390/histories2040028
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 4 (2022)
  • Histories, Vol. 2, Pages 405-425: Bearing the Scars: Access to Growth and
           the Age of Knowledge

    • Authors: Julia Wardley-Kershaw, Klaus R. Schenk-Hoppé
      First page: 405
      Abstract: In this third paper in a series of four, the focus is to investigate the modern UK economy, considering a wider scope than economic growth and national performance. Since the beginnings of sustained economic growth, standard of living has increased dramatically in the UK and life expectancy and health outcomes have improved. Economic growth has proven itself throughout history, and globally, as a transformative force to lift people out of poverty and improve standard of living. However, significant inequalities, which are contributing to negative health, social and economic outcomes for groups of the population, persist. A growing nation has become a divided nation.
      Citation: Histories
      PubDate: 2022-10-17
      DOI: 10.3390/histories2040029
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 4 (2022)
  • Histories, Vol. 2, Pages 426-438: Resisting Return to Dutch Colonial Rule:
           Political Upheaval after Japanese Surrender during the Independence
           Movement in Sulawesi, Indonesia

    • Authors: Lukman Nadjamuddin, Amar Ali Akbar, Adrian Perkasa, Farida R. Wargadalem, Wilman D. Lumangino
      First page: 426
      Abstract: Central Sulawesi is a part of Indonesia with a fascinating history during the revolutionary period (1945–1950), owing to several important events related to Indonesian sovereignty. This study uses historical methods to examine the involvement of the Netherlands Indies Civil Administration and its effort to recolonize the area. The Malino Conference, which led to the formation of the State of East Indonesia, was intended to legitimize the federated state under Dutch control and reduce the territory of the Republic of Indonesia. The Central Sulawesi Indonesian People’s Struggle Party is a unification of political parties that consistently maintained Central Sulawesi as part of the Republic of Indonesia, strengthening its bargaining position with the Dutch. This situation brought strong pressure to bear upon the Netherlands to immediately recognize the sovereignty of the Republic of Indonesia.
      Citation: Histories
      PubDate: 2022-10-18
      DOI: 10.3390/histories2040030
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 4 (2022)
  • Histories, Vol. 2, Pages 439-456: Artistic Transfers from Islamic to
           Christian Art: A Study with Geographic Information Systems (GIS)

    • Authors: María Marcos Cobaleda
      First page: 439
      Abstract: The aim of this article is to present the main aspects of the methodology employed in my research concerning artistic transfers in the late medieval Mediterranean from Islamic to Christian art, with a special focus on the Iberian Peninsula. The starting point of the research was the selection of certain artistic elements incorporated into western Islamic art during the Almoravid period (in particular, the muqarnaṣ and the pointed-horseshoe arches), to analyse their spread in western Islamic art and beyond. A Geographic Information System (GIS) was applied to create two databases and assess the distribution of these elements in the Mediterranean framework between the 12th and 15th centuries. As a result, different analyses and cartographic material developed with the GIS are thus included in this work. The GIS made it possible to analyse not only geographic aspects of the distribution of these elements but also other complex phenomena related to the muqarnaṣ and the pointed-horseshoe arches in a quantitative way, which allowed me to raise some preliminary hypotheses concerning the use and distribution of both elements in the Mediterranean framework.
      Citation: Histories
      PubDate: 2022-10-20
      DOI: 10.3390/histories2040031
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 4 (2022)
  • Histories, Vol. 2, Pages 457-465: The History of Fieldwork

    • Authors: Jeremy Vetter
      First page: 457
      Abstract: Since the history of fieldwork emerged as a self-conscious area of study within the history of science, especially during the last quarter century, it has expanded its focus on place and practice into an ever wider range of disciplines, social and environmental settings, scales, analytical frameworks, and connections with adjacent disciplines and sub-disciplines. After reviewing some of the foundational scholarly works on the history of scientific fieldwork, this essay identifies and discusses some important recent patterns in scholarship. Historians of fieldwork have increasingly attempted to connect their work to other disciplines such as geography, and to other historical subfields such as environmental history, agricultural history, and the history of capitalism, with increasing success at cross-fertilization despite ongoing tensions arising from significant methodological differences. At the same time, scholars have not only linked their work to a wider variety of social and environmental places, including colonial and postcolonial settings, as well as extreme environments, but have also striven more deliberately to understand the emergence of knowledge through fieldwork at larger scales beyond the local, such as regional, continental, oceanic, and global environments. Scholars have also sought to understand more about the intersection of fieldwork with indigenous, folk, vernacular, and experiential knowledge.
      Citation: Histories
      PubDate: 2022-10-26
      DOI: 10.3390/histories2040032
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 4 (2022)
  • Histories, Vol. 2, Pages 466-503: The Network of Early Modern Printers and
           Its Impact on the Evolution of Scientific Knowledge: Automatic Detection
           of Awareness Relationships

    • Authors: Matteo Valleriani, Malte Vogl, Hassan el-Hajj, Kim Pham
      First page: 466
      Abstract: This work describes a computational method for reconstructing clusters of social relationships among early modern printers and publishers, the most determinant agents for the process of transformation of scientific knowledge. The method is applied to a dataset retrieved from the Sphaera corpus, a collection of 359 editions of textbooks used at European universities and produced between the years 1472 and 1650. The method makes use of standard bibliographic data and fingerprints; social relationships are defined as “awareness relationships”. The historical background is constituted of the production and economic practices of early modern printers and publishers in the academic book market. The work concludes with empirically validating historical case studies, their historical interpretation, and suggestions for further improvements by utilizing machine learning technologies.
      Citation: Histories
      PubDate: 2022-11-09
      DOI: 10.3390/histories2040033
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 4 (2022)
  • Histories, Vol. 2, Pages 504-515: The World Court and the Iran-Contra
           Scandal: Nicaragua, the International Court of Justice, Public Opinion,
           and the Origins of Iran-Contra

    • Authors: Andrea Onate-Madrazo
      First page: 504
      Abstract: In November 1986, a Lebanese weekly published an article stating that high level officials within the administration of U.S. President Ronald Reagan had sold weapons to an embargoed Iran and diverted the profits to counterrevolutionary forces fighting the government of Nicaragua. Both of these facts violated domestic and international law. What ensued was the Iran-Contra scandal that almost ended Reagan’s presidency and jeopardized the credibility of U.S. foreign policy. Drawing from periodicals from the U.S. and international presses, as well as U.S. Congressional records, this article demonstrates that studies on the origins of Iran-Contra have overlooked one critical cause of the scandal—a lawsuit that Nicaragua presented against the United States at the International Court of Justice in April 1984. While the case “Nicaragua v the United States of America” played an important causal role in the history of the Iran-Contra affair, its importance goes beyond mere causality. As this article demonstrates, the impact that this international lawsuit had on the origins of Iran-Contra elucidates the influence of public opinion on shaping domestic and foreign policy, on the extent to which foreign policy is driven by domestic political realities, and on the importance of international courts as the theaters where battles for legitimacy are waged.
      Citation: Histories
      PubDate: 2022-11-10
      DOI: 10.3390/histories2040034
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 4 (2022)
  • Histories, Vol. 2, Pages 516-541: Scientific Publishing: Agents, Genres,
           Technique and the Making of Knowledge

    • Authors: Josep Simon
      First page: 516
      Abstract: The history of scientific publishing has been one of the most topical research subjects in the history of science during the last few decades. It has furthered scholarly communication with other disciplines, such as book history, the history of education and communication studies. It has contributed to the development of new conceptual and methodological tools for the study of the material culture of print, the replication of scientific knowledge in various media and the social appropriation of knowledge through reading. This field of research offers exemplary results on sources such as journals, encyclopedias and textbooks, and on configurations such as disciplines, specialization and the practices associated with our contemporary knowledge system and communication environment, which cut across academic departments.
      Citation: Histories
      PubDate: 2022-11-11
      DOI: 10.3390/histories2040035
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 4 (2022)
  • Histories, Vol. 2, Pages 542-551: How Great Was the “Great Divide of
           Nature and Culture” in Europe' Philippe Descola’s Argument
           under Scrutinity

    • Authors: Jon Mathieu
      First page: 542
      Abstract: In his much-discussed work Beyond Nature and Culture, anthropologist Philippe Descola gives central importance to the “great divide” between nature and culture in European history. According to him, the “naturalism” created by this gap is at the heart of Western modernity and distinguishes it from the “others” on the planet. One can certainly agree with Descola that the nature-culture dualism cannot claim universal validity. However, the extent of the “great divide” created in Europe by early modern “rationalist” scholarship remains unclear. Methodologically, one should not limit oneself to the narrow history of science and philosophy, but also examine the linguistic, religious, and social history.
      Citation: Histories
      PubDate: 2022-12-16
      DOI: 10.3390/histories2040036
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 4 (2022)
  • Histories, Vol. 2, Pages 185-196: Max Weber and the End of the
           ‘Metaphysics of State’

    • Authors: Christopher Adair-Toteff
      First page: 185
      Abstract: Max Weber ended the metaphysics of the state just as Nietzsche had ended the meta-physics of being. However, Weber was building on the theories of the historian Heinrich von Treitschke and the constitutional scholar Georg Jellinek. Weber replaced Jellinek’s legal formalism and Treitschke’s nationalism with a new type of politics. This was the politics of responsibility, which eliminated the metaphysical concept of the state and was replaced by a dynamic approach to legitimate political leadership.
      Citation: Histories
      PubDate: 2022-07-04
      DOI: 10.3390/histories2030015
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 3 (2022)
  • Histories, Vol. 2, Pages 197-206: Histories of Recent Social Science

    • Authors: Philippe Fontaine
      First page: 197
      Abstract: In the past thirty years or so, the history of the social sciences since 1945 has become a more diverse research area. In addition to social scientists who write the histories of individual disciplines, a number of historians are now interested in the recent past of the social sciences, whose efforts emphasize extradisciplinary concerns. The time is gone, however, when this distinction could be summarized by the different approaches of disciplinary histories on the one hand and intellectual history on the other. Disciplinary historians have gone beyond disciplinary concerns and intellectual historians have paid more attention to the latter. More generally, a variety of historians have pointed out the role of social scientific ideas in the transformations of Western societies after World War II and noted the impact of these transformations on social science disciplines themselves. Finally, in the past twenty years, histories of recent social science have experienced a transnational turn.
      Citation: Histories
      PubDate: 2022-07-06
      DOI: 10.3390/histories2030016
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 3 (2022)
  • Histories, Vol. 2, Pages 207-221: How Democracy Can Undermine Peace: The
           Israeli–Palestinian Case

    • Authors: Lev Topor
      First page: 207
      Abstract: This study argues that democracy can, at times, undermine a peace process. Israel’s ‘overly’ democratic nature detracted from the potential success of the official peace process, from Oslo to Camp David, since its democratic–bureaucratic system diminished the influence of the moderate public opinion and vote. This argument is examined over two integrated and almost parallel timelines: the official peace process from 1991 to 2000 and Israel’s change in electoral systems from 1992 to 2001. This study is the first to integrate these two processes—negotiations and elections—in a single empirical approach. I conclude that while the Israeli public shifted from a negative to a positive stance toward a Palestinian state, the Israeli government shifted in the opposite direction, from the success of Oslo to the failure of Camp David. Original electoral findings were analyzed after a personal visit to the Israeli Knesset.
      Citation: Histories
      PubDate: 2022-07-11
      DOI: 10.3390/histories2030017
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 3 (2022)
  • Histories, Vol. 2, Pages 222-240: A Framework for European Thought on
           Psychology, Education, and Health Based on Foucault’s The Order of

    • Authors: Carol Nash
      First page: 222
      Abstract: In European thought, the relationship among the fields of psychology, education, and health is both complex and obscured. Foucault’s acclaimed work, The Order of Things, offers a framework to evaluate their interconnection by identifying three distinct periods of European thought since the 16th century, with respect to the ordering of phenomena—Renaissance, Classical, and Modern. Theoretically dense and often difficult to decipher, the book’s categorization of language, value, and being has been understandably underused, yet it provides deep insights into what have come to be known as psychology, education, and health, and remains invaluable in understanding the origin, limits, and consequences of these fields. Investigated is how Foucault’s analysis can be interpreted, concerning the development of these areas in each of the three periods of European thought. An approach based on narrative research appraises the analysis offered in the book. The results, presented for the first time in table form, compare these three periods, demonstrating a continuing practical value to Foucault’s insights. With the aid of the framework presented by these tables, the boundaries and relationship of psychology, education, and health become clear, and their limitations—plus potential solutions to them—can be identified to mitigate anticipated negative consequences.
      Citation: Histories
      PubDate: 2022-07-12
      DOI: 10.3390/histories2030018
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 3 (2022)
  • Histories, Vol. 2, Pages 241-258: Connecting the Chinese Diaspora: See
           Boon Tiong and His Temple Networks in Singapore and Malacca

    • Authors: Guan Thye Hue, Juhn Khai Klan Choo
      First page: 241
      Abstract: This study examines the temple networks of the 19th-century Chinese community leader See Boon Tiong (薛文仲) in Singapore and Malacca in order to cognize his rising influence in both places. In the early years of his career in Singapore, See Boon Tiong expanded his social networks by founding the Keng Teck Whay (庆德会), as well as through his active involvement in the affairs of Chinese temples. In 1848, the Keng Teck Whay, represented by See Boon Tiong, precipitated the establishment of the Cheng Wah Keong Temple (清华宫) in Malacca and the organization of the “Wangchuan” (王船) Ceremony, thereby consolidating See’s leadership in the local Chinese community. This also provides insights into the process of the reconstitution of power by the Malaccan Chinese merchants in their hometown after forging social networks in Singapore. In the 1850s, See’s influence, exerted through these networks, further penetrated Cheng Hoon Teng Temple (青云亭)in Malacca, outstripping the authority and influence of Tengzhu (亭主) Tan Kim Seng (陈金声), and engendered the dominance of the Hokkien Zhangzhou (漳州) group to which he belonged. The biography of See Boon Tiong is a microcosm of the strategies which ethnic Chinese leaders in Southeast Asia in the 19th Century deployed to amalgamate and cement their power and influence in society. This also exemplifies the interplay and inseparability between the leadership of the Chinese communities in Singapore and Malacca, and highlights the influential role and agency of these power networks behind the temples in transforming the power structure of the Chinese community in that era.
      Citation: Histories
      PubDate: 2022-07-25
      DOI: 10.3390/histories2030019
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 3 (2022)
  • Histories, Vol. 2, Pages 259-269: Domesticities and the Sciences

    • Authors: Donald L. Opitz
      First page: 259
      Abstract: The ubiquity and yet distinctiveness of domestic sites for scientific research have attracted an unprecedented focus in recent years, especially in studies concerned with the gendering of science and the rise of citizen science movements of the late twentieth century. It is fair to say this “new” subfield has now entered a stage of maturity, even as it continues to grow and adopt new theoretical perspectives. Following an historiographical shift we might call the “domestic turn” in histories of science, “domesticities” emerges as a critical, analytical lens through which to view scientific developments in a range of historical contexts globally. The emphasis in the literature has moved from one on the “house of experiment” to one on the “laboratory of domesticity”, attending particularly to the permeability, plasticity, portability, and plurality of instances of entanglement between domesticities and science. In view of the emergence of new empirical cases and theoretical perspectives, this paper revisits the status of domesticities within histories of science to consider the current status of the historiography and to suggest even further directions for new research.
      Citation: Histories
      PubDate: 2022-08-02
      DOI: 10.3390/histories2030020
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 3 (2022)
  • Histories, Vol. 2, Pages 270-287: Research Foci in the History of Science
           in Past Islamicate Societies

    • Authors: Sonja Brentjes
      First page: 270
      Abstract: In recent years, numerous changes have emerged in the History of Science of what has traditionally been called the Islamic world. By now, it has become usual to speak of the Islamicate world, albeit more so in Islamic Studies and related historical disciplines. The notion Islamicate wishes to express that the societies rule by Muslim dynasties were multi-cultural, multi-ethnic, multi-confessional and plurilingual. Different Muslim denominations could form majority but also minority groups. The processes of change in the study of the sciences in those societies can be summarized as efforts to pluralize research approaches and to historicize objects, themes, people, institutions and practices. The pluralization of approaches includes the multiplication of (1) modern disciplinary homes for studies of scientific topics dealt with in Islamicate societies, (2) the languages acknowledged as languages of scientific texts such as New Persian, Ottoman Turkish or Urdu worthwhile to analyze, (3) the number of historical disciplines accepted under the umbrella of history of science, (4) the centuries or periods as well as the regions that have been incorporated into the investigation of past scientific knowledge and (5) the recognition that more than a single history can and should be told about the sciences in past Islamicate societies. The process of historicization means, first and foremost, to turn away from macro-units of research (Islam, medieval or Arabic science) to medium- or micro-level units. Historicization indicates, secondly, the turn toward contextualization beyond the analysis of individual texts or instruments. And thirdly, it signifies the integration of features or aspects of scholarly practices that are not limited to the content of a discipline or a text but include layouts, the organization of text production, types of visualizations of knowledge or rhetorical strategies and paratextual elements. My paper reports on trends that I consider relevant for understanding how the field changed over the last decades and how it ticks today. But it does not try to be comprehensive.
      Citation: Histories
      PubDate: 2022-08-04
      DOI: 10.3390/histories2030021
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 3 (2022)
  • Histories, Vol. 2, Pages 288-314: The Development and Changes of Singapore
           Chinese Society in 19–20th Century—An Analysis from the
           Perspective of Dialect Group Cemetery Hills

    • Authors: Guan Thye Hue, Yilin Liu, Juhn Khai Klan Choo, Kenneth Dean, Chang Tang, Yidan Wang, Ruo Lin, Caroline Chia, Yiran Xue, Yingwei Yan, Wei Kai Kui
      First page: 288
      Abstract: The development of Chinese cemetery hills in Singapore reflects the changing dominance of the dialect groups between the 19th and 20th centuries. Heng San Ting 恒山亭 is the earliest cemetery hill of the Hokkien dialect group, and newly excavated burials indicate that early Singaporean Hokkien came not only from Zhangzhou 漳州 and Quanzhou 泉州 in southern Fujian 福建, but also from places such as Yongchun 永春 from the interior of Fujian. Apart from the Hokkien dialect group, the Cantonese 广东, Hakka 客家, Teochew 潮州 and Hainan 海南 communities also established their cemetery hills. In the early 19th century, the Chinese communities were divided into different dialect groups to form their representative cemetery hills, but the smaller communities within the dialect groups started to form and develop their own cemeteries due to increasing economic power from the mid to late 19th century. Scholars generally believe that the other four dialect groups, led by the Cantonese and Hakka dialect groups, formed a “United Front 联合阵线” to confront the Hokkien dialect group. However, this paper looks at the smaller communities under the five dialect groups and discovers that these communities developed and maintained their own cemetery hills and communicated with the smaller communities from different dialect groups. It was not a direct confrontation. In the 20th century, although the government introduced a series of policies to restrict the development of Chinese burial mounds, the different communities retained their autonomy under the government’s policies. From the development and changes of the Chinese dialect group cemeteries in Singapore, we see that the Chinese community still retains its own autonomy despite the rapid changes of society and the change of times.
      Citation: Histories
      PubDate: 2022-08-08
      DOI: 10.3390/histories2030022
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 3 (2022)
  • Histories, Vol. 2, Pages 315-333: A Digital Analysis of an Early Medieval
           Cultic and Ritual Change in Hampi: The Mula Virupaksha Temple in the
           Hemakuta Hill Sacred Space

    • Authors: Candis Haak
      First page: 315
      Abstract: This paper examines a 12th-century Virupaksha temple through the reconstruction and exploration of space, movement, devotee corporeal experiences, and the use of natural landscape microtopographic features in monument design. The Mula Virupaksha Temple presents a dramatic change in the previously non-imperial sacred landscape in the Hemakuta Hill area at Hampi (Bellary District, Karnataka). With its construction, Hampi transitioned from a local Shaiva pilgrimage center dedicated to the river goddess Pampa and her counterpart Bhairava to a popular Shaiva pilgrimage and cult center of the newly imported god, Virupaksha. The Mula Virupaksha Temple presents a design thoroughly novel to the area that ushered in a period of sophisticated and unprecedented architectural planning at the site which incorporated natural landscape features for the management and cultivation of devotee ritual corporeal experiences. Virupaksha, his patrons, and associated artisans brought significant cultic change and architectural innovation that took root and persisted into the imperial Vijayanagara period, from the mid-14th to late 16th centuries. The present paper relies on a digital methodology developed to identify ritual changes in early medieval South Asian sacred spaces, focusing on time-sensitive maps created through a geographic information system (GIS), and coupled with the immersive panoramic capabilities of Google Street View (GSV) for a ground-based investigation of the non-ephemeral pilgrimage landscape features.
      Citation: Histories
      PubDate: 2022-08-30
      DOI: 10.3390/histories2030023
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 3 (2022)
  • Histories, Vol. 2, Pages 334-340: Histories of Science Communication

    • Authors: Kristian H. Nielsen
      First page: 334
      Abstract: Science communication has been central to our understanding of Modern Europe, and it also plays an important role in other parts of the world. The aim of this article is to present key narratives—histories—about the development of science communication in Modern Europe and beyond. Surveying key contributions, the article identifies two main narratives about science communication in Modern Europe: one about widening gaps between science and the public (informational, epistemological, and moral gaps) and one about building bridges through dialogue, engagement, and participation. Beyond Modern Europe, the same narratives appear but often with important twists. The discussion about science communication in Latin America, for example, includes colonial and postcolonial dimensions, whereas the narrative about science communication (science popularization) in China emphasizes the embeddedness of science communication in national politics. Together, the histories show that science communication is not the diminutive or distorted form of science but rather the sum of social conversations around science.
      Citation: Histories
      PubDate: 2022-08-30
      DOI: 10.3390/histories2030024
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 3 (2022)
  • Histories, Vol. 2, Pages 341-351: New Objects, Questions, and Methods in
           the History of Mathematics

    • Authors: Jenny Boucard, Thomas Morel
      First page: 341
      Abstract: This article sums up recent developments in the history of mathematics. The range of mathematics considered has considerably broadened, expanding well beyond the traditional field of original research. As new topics have been brought under consideration, methodologies borrowed from neighboring academic fields have been fruitfully put into use. In the first section, we describe how well-known questions—about the concept of proof and the nature of algebra—have been reconsidered with new questions and analytical concepts. We then sketch up some of the new research topics, among others the history of mathematical education, the inclusion of actors previously neglected, and the prominent role of bureaucracies in the cultural development of mathematics. The last section briefly retraces the development of the Zilsel thesis as a case study illustrating the previous points. Introduced in the mid-20th century, the theory that early modern craftsmen once played a decisive role in the mathematization of nature has recently led to very diverse fruitful studies about the nature and development of mathematical knowledge.
      Citation: Histories
      PubDate: 2022-09-10
      DOI: 10.3390/histories2030025
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 3 (2022)
  • Histories, Vol. 2, Pages 352-361: Imperial Science in Central and Eastern

    • Authors: Jan Surman
      First page: 352
      Abstract: The history of imperial science has been a growing topic over recent decades. Overviews of the imperial history of science have rarely included the Russian, Habsburg, and German empires. The history of Central and Eastern Europe has embraced empire as an analytical and critical category only recently, having previously pursued national historiographies and romanticised versions of imperial pasts. This article highlights several key narratives of imperial sciences in Central and Eastern Europe that have appeared over the past twenty years, especially in anglophone literature. Interdependence between national and imperial institutions and biographies, the history of nature as an interplay of scales, and finally, the histories of imagining a path between imperialism and nationalism, demonstrate how the history of imperial science can become an important part of the discussion of Central European history from a global perspective, as well as how the history of science can be factored into the general history of this region. Finally, I argue that the imperial history of science can play an important role in re-thinking the post/decolonial history of Central and Eastern Europe, an issue that, since the Russian invasion of Ukraine, has become the centre of intellectual attention.
      Citation: Histories
      PubDate: 2022-09-14
      DOI: 10.3390/histories2030026
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 3 (2022)
  • Histories, Vol. 2, Pages 362-373: The Whore and the Madonna: The
           Ambivalent Positionings of Women in British Imperial Histories on
           Southeast Asia

    • Authors: Christine Doran
      First page: 362
      Abstract: This article examines how British imperial historians of the early twentieth century, the zenith of the colonial era, approached the writing of British colonial women into their histories. In the early nineteenth century, hundreds of British women went out to the British colonies in Southeast Asia, yet to date, their stories and experiences have largely been neglected by historians. In general, the nature of the imperial project, with its emphasis on masculinist values of conquest, territorial expansionism and despotic administration, left little scope for the inclusion of women’s experiences and contributions in its histories. This article focuses closely on how British historians of the period of high imperialism approached writing about two prominent women, the wives of an imperialist hero, Stamford Raffles. It shows how conventional assumptions about women were entangled with prevailing gendered ideologies, such as the madonna/whore stereotypes, which in turn were enmeshed with notions concerning Orientalism, class and race. The result was a deeply ambivalent portrayal of these colonial women, which awkwardly brought together divergent elements of sexual scandal, wifely devotion, literary achievement, delicate health, career promotion, emotional care taking and judgments about beauty. These positionings tell us more about contemporary cultural discourses than they do about the women themselves.
      Citation: Histories
      PubDate: 2022-09-17
      DOI: 10.3390/histories2030027
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 3 (2022)
  • Histories, Vol. 2, Pages 80-90: History as Philosophy: The Search for

    • Authors: Brett Bowden
      First page: 80
      Abstract: One of the reasons for our interest in the past, or history, is our concern for the future, including the future of our planet and its many and varied inhabitants. It has been suggested that “historians are particularly suited” to exploring and teaching about the future. This suggestion recalls earlier ideas of philosophical approaches to the study of history that sought to find patterns or purpose in history. These approaches are associated with ideas of progress and teleological accounts of history more generally. The underlying philosophical approach to history is a broader search for meaning.
      Citation: Histories
      PubDate: 2022-04-08
      DOI: 10.3390/histories2020008
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 2 (2022)
  • Histories, Vol. 2, Pages 91-111: A Needle in a Haystack: Looking for an
           Early Modern Peasant Who Travelled from Spain to America

    • Authors: Sarah Albiez-Wieck, Raquel Gil Montero
      First page: 91
      Abstract: Seventeenth-century travel accounts written by ordinary people are a rarity. In this article, we analyze the unusual travel report by Gregorio de Robles, a Castilian peasant (labrador) who travelled several European empires in Western Europe and America at the end of the seventeenth and the beginning of the eighteenth centuries. The approach we offer is that of a global microhistory. The aim of this article is mainly methodological: we try to delineate the methodological steps we had to undertake to trace Robles in the sources. Looking for an early modern peasant traveler is comparable to searching for a needle in a haystack, but we argue that this endeavor is worthwhile because Robles offers a unique perspective on how ordinary people traveled in early modern times and on imperial frontier zones. We show that his convivial ties and the places he mentions were key elements in the methodology.
      Citation: Histories
      PubDate: 2022-04-08
      DOI: 10.3390/histories2020009
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 2 (2022)
  • Histories, Vol. 2, Pages 112-145: A Newly Discovered Ethnocultural
           Substrate along the Atlantic Façade—Evidence for the Unique
           Counting System and Mathematical Strategies Shared by the Basque Country
           (Euskal Herria), Spain, France, Ireland and Scotland

    • Authors: Roslyn M. Frank
      First page: 112
      Abstract: Until now, the pre-decimal metric units of linear measure employed traditionally in the Basque Country have not been compared to similar ones documented for Celtic-speaking zones of the Atlantic façade. These base units are distinctive in that they are septenary in nature, consisting of units of seven and its multiples. In this study, the remarkable similarities that characterize these traditional linear measures are analyzed and subjected to scrutiny. The investigation also examines the mathematical strategies that were involved in laying out land holdings. The measuring devices traditionally employed are also discussed, as well as the ways in which the septenary units acted to structure sociocultural, political and administrative practices. The implications that can be drawn from the wide geographical reach of the system are explored, along with the time-depth that should be assigned to the system as a whole.
      Citation: Histories
      PubDate: 2022-04-29
      DOI: 10.3390/histories2020010
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 2 (2022)
  • Histories, Vol. 2, Pages 146-156: Towards a Negative History of Science:
           The Unknown, Errors, Ignorance, and the “Pseudosciences”

    • Authors: Lukas Rathjen, Jonas Stähelin
      First page: 146
      Abstract: This article outlines elements of a negative history of science. For historians wishing to get a fuller picture of scientific practice both internally and externally, there is a lot to be gained by considering the dialectical constitution of scientific knowledge. To fully comprehend this relationality, historians should, therefore, trace the negative relations science maintains. Through oppositions, such as known/unknown; success/error; consideration/ignorance; and inclusion/exclusion, scientific knowledge emerges and disappears, and the social position of scientific practice is both established and contested. To exemplify our argument, we present four areas: the unknown, errors, ignorance, and the “pseudosciences”. Taken together, this approach allows us to understand how science constitutes itself epistemically and socially across different locations and historical periods.
      Citation: Histories
      PubDate: 2022-05-20
      DOI: 10.3390/histories2020011
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 2 (2022)
  • Histories, Vol. 2, Pages 157-169: A Methodological Approach to the Study
           of Arabic Inscriptions in Castilian-Aragonese Kingdoms

    • Authors: Julie Marquer
      First page: 157
      Abstract: Re-using Arabic inscriptions on the objects and monuments of the medieval Hispanic kingdoms (11th–15th centuries) bears witness to the valorization, selection, and reinterpretation of the al-Andalus heritage by the Christians. The aim of this article is to propose a methodological approach for a global study of these inscriptions, which will be based on the constitution of an exhaustive corpus on the scale of the peninsula. This will allow us to have an overview of these inscriptions, to identify a typology and the different stages of their evolution. Then, a comparison with the inscriptions of al-Andalus will highlight the heritage of the various traditions and the dynamics resulting from this appropriation. Finally, a focus on the actors as well as the different historical circumstances of the epigraphic production will lead to a better understanding of their symbolic value and the complex intention behind certain inscriptions. It will also help to better understand the mechanisms of their reception, in line with a reflection on the role and status of ornamental writing.
      Citation: Histories
      PubDate: 2022-05-31
      DOI: 10.3390/histories2020012
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 2 (2022)
  • Histories, Vol. 2, Pages 170-177: Digital Perspectives in History

    • Authors: Anna Siebold, Matteo Valleriani
      First page: 170
      Abstract: This article outlines the state of digital perspectives in historical research, some of the methods and tools in use by digital historians, and the possible or even necessary steps in the future development of the digital approach. We begin by describing three main computational approaches: digital databases and repositories, network analysis, and Machine Learning. We also address data models and ontologies in the larger context of the demand for sustainability and linked research data. The section is followed by a discussion of the (much needed) standards and policies concerning data quality and transparency. We conclude with a consideration of future scenarios and challenges for computational research.
      Citation: Histories
      PubDate: 2022-06-04
      DOI: 10.3390/histories2020013
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 2 (2022)
  • Histories, Vol. 2, Pages 178-184: History of the Humanities

    • Authors: Rens Bod
      First page: 178
      Abstract: This paper provides an introduction to the burgeoning field of the “history of the humanities”. It discusses the scope, goals, and challenges of this new discipline. While histories of separate humanities disciplines have been written since the early twentieth century, it is only over the last decade or so that we have witnessed works that ask the question: how do these separate histories fit together to form the history of the humanities' After an introduction to the origins and the development of the new discipline, we question why the history of the humanities emerged so late, especially compared to the history of science. We make a case for a comprehensive history of the humanities, and we discuss several problems and challenges for the field, i.e., the problems of eurocentrism and triumphalism, and the challenges of the global, comparative, polycentric, and multidisciplinary histories of the humanities. The paper concludes with a discussion about the future of the field, arguing that it should be opened up to the history of the non-academic humanities as well as the colonial humanities.
      Citation: Histories
      PubDate: 2022-06-17
      DOI: 10.3390/histories2020014
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 2 (2022)
  • Histories, Vol. 2, Pages 15-32: ‘Clan’ and
           ‘Family’: Transformations of Sociality among the Wampar, Papua
           New Guinea

    • Authors: Bettina Beer
      First page: 15
      Abstract: Changes in what anthropologists understand “clan” to refer to, and the social relations that many sociologists think of as constituting a “nuclear family” are at the centre of this article. It is based on ethnography among Wampar speakers in north-eastern Papua New Guinea (PNG). Among the Wampar, different, sometimes conflicting, transitions relevant to the emergence of the family as an accentuated social entity can be observed; yet all are a result of Christianisation and the local effects of capitalism. Nominally patrilineal clans (sagaseg), after a period when they seemed to have a somewhat diminished social significance, are again crucial social units: a result of the government’s requirement that statutory Incorporated Land Groups (ILGs) form the sole legal basis of compensation for land use. At the same time, there has been an increasing emphasis on the nuclear family, which, along with the aspiration for modern lifestyles (and their associated consumption patterns) and education for children, has reconfigured the gendered division of labour. Ideals of companionate marriage and values specific to the nuclear family have become much more critical to social practices. In some families, traditional notions of descent have lost importance to such an extent that some young people are no longer aware of their sagaseg membership. Wampar men and women discuss these conflicting tendencies and argue about the different values that ground them. Which argument prevails often depends on the specific position of the person confronting them.
      Citation: Histories
      PubDate: 2022-01-14
      DOI: 10.3390/histories2010002
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 1 (2022)
  • Histories, Vol. 2, Pages 33-45: Artistic Interchange between Al-Andalus
           and the Iberian Christian Kingdoms: The Role of the Ivory Casket from
           Santo Domingo de Silos

    • Authors: Inés Monteira
      First page: 33
      Abstract: The ivory casket made in Cuenca in A.D. 1026 and signed by Mohammad ibn Zayyan constitutes invaluable evidence for the study of artistic transfers between Al-Andalus and the Iberian Christian kingdoms. In the 12th century this piece was transformed in the monastery of Santo Domingo de Silos (Burgos) with the addition of Christian-themed enamels and reused as a reliquary. The appropriation of this object within the ideological context of the Christian expansion in the Iberian Peninsula allows us to reflect on the meaning given to it by the Silos monks. Moreover, a comparative study of the casket with Romanesque sculpture shows the existence of important iconographic influences of this piece in Christian art that have not been sufficiently studied until now. Its analysis offers clues about the way in which figurative motifs could be transmitted from Andalusi to Christian art and about the symbolic purposes with which they were used. This work highlights the need to study conjointly the transfer of artistic pieces and the transmission of figurative motifs from one context to another in addition to proposing a methodology for their study.
      Citation: Histories
      PubDate: 2022-02-02
      DOI: 10.3390/histories2010003
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 1 (2022)
  • Histories, Vol. 2, Pages 46: Acknowledgment to Reviewers of Histories in

    • Authors: Histories Editorial Office Histories Editorial Office
      First page: 46
      Abstract: Rigorous peer reviews are the basis of high-quality academic publishing [...]
      Citation: Histories
      PubDate: 2022-02-09
      DOI: 10.3390/histories2010004
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 1 (2022)
  • Histories, Vol. 2, Pages 47-67: Pedra Branca off Singapore: A Historical
           Cartographic Analysis of a Post-Colonial Territorially Disputed Island

    • Authors: Brenda Man Qing Ong, Francesco Perono Cacciafoco
      First page: 47
      Abstract: At the eastern entrance of the Singapore Strait lies Pedra Branca, an island of granite rock situated in hazardous waters. Its unexceptional presence belies a rich cartographical history and infamous reputation for leading ships to grief since antiquity. Pedra Branca was first pushed into the spotlight when the British constructed the Horsburgh Lighthouse in 1851. It later caught international attention when a heated territorial dispute for the island between Singapore and Malaysia arose, lasting from 1979–2018, with the International Court of Justice (ICJ) eventually granting rights to Singapore. The ensuing legal battle led to renewed interest in the geography and post-19th century history of the island. The most recent breakthrough, however, provides a glimpse into an even earlier history of Pedra Branca—and by extension, Singapore—as shipwrecked remains dating from the 14th century were uncovered in the surrounding waters. Historical research on the ancient history of Pedra Branca has been mostly neglected by scholars over the years; thus, this paper aims to shed some light on this enigmatic history of the island and at the same time establish its history and significance by utilizing pre-British-colonization historical cartographical data from as early as the 15th century.
      Citation: Histories
      PubDate: 2022-02-22
      DOI: 10.3390/histories2010005
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 1 (2022)
  • Histories, Vol. 2, Pages 68-74: Foreign Banks of Issue in Prewar China:
           The Notes of the Netherlands Trading Society, Deutsch-Asiatische Bank and
           the International Banking Corporation

    • Authors: Niv Horesh
      First page: 68
      Abstract: To date, much of the scholarly literature on anti-foreign boycotts in prewar China focused on cigarettes. However, foreign banks were also targeted, particularly regarding their most visible infringement of Chinese sovereignty: banknotes. Piecing together note circulation data on the smaller European and American banks operating in Shanghai is a work in progress. In this research note, I present provisional data about three of the most important second-tier foreign banks in Shanghai: the Netherlands Trading Society, the German Deutsch-Asiatische Bank and the International Banking Corporation. Tentative conclusions can already be drawn. These banks by and large lost traction in the 1930s insofar as banknote circulation volumes were concerned. On the other hand, the political vacuum that befell the Chinese market following the downfall of the Qing was the single biggest boon of the banks under review. The redemption freeze on Chinese bank notes of 1916 seems to have had a partial effect in terms of regaining Chinese trust in Chinese banknotes at the expense of foreign ones. Unlike British banks, Netherlands Trading Society circulation figures never recovered in the early 1920s. Needless to say, much more work can be carried out in that regard as the pertinent archives are situated right around the world.
      Citation: Histories
      PubDate: 2022-03-02
      DOI: 10.3390/histories2010006
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 1 (2022)
  • Histories, Vol. 2, Pages 75-79: Nasrid Granada: The Case for Spain’s
           Cross-Cultural Identity

    • Authors: Elizabeth Drayson
      First page: 75
      Abstract: For 2000 years, the history of Granada has been the story of its peoples—native Iberian, Roman, Jewish, Muslim, Christian and gypsy—who bequeathed a multi-cultural heritage to the city, forged by momentous racial, religious and political conflicts. That heritage is central to Spain’s vexed quest for its own identity, and pre-eminent in that quest is the encounter between Islam and Christianity that took place there. Based on historical sources including oral and written testimonies, early historiography and contemporary historical views, this article considers the answers to two key questions, with specific reference to the Nasrid dynasty of Granada: (i) how did the Nasrids contribute to the culture of Andalusia and the late medieval Mediterranean, and (ii) was religious difference an obstacle to cultural dialogue in Granada in the late Middle Ages' The contention is that Granada’s importance as a meeting place between Islam and Christianity hinges on its apparent transition from Muslim state to Christian enclave, an event crucial to our understanding of the history of the Iberian Peninsula, and also of Europe.
      Citation: Histories
      PubDate: 2022-03-04
      DOI: 10.3390/histories2010007
      Issue No: Vol. 2, No. 1 (2022)
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