Subjects -> ART (Total: 882 journals)
    - ART (468 journals)
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    - FILM AND AUDIOVISUALS (125 journals)
    - MUSIC (171 journals)
    - THEATER (92 journals)

ART (468 journals)                  1 2 3 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 264 Journals sorted alphabetically
(Pensamiento), (palabra) y obra     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
1895. Mille huit cent quatre-vingt-quinze     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
9ª Arte     Open Access  
A&P Continuidad     Open Access  
ABO : Interactive Journal for Women in the Arts, 1640-1830     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta ad archaeologiam et artium historiam pertinentia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Artis : Estudis d'Art Modern     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Aesthetic Investigations     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Arts     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Afrique : Archéologie & Arts     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Afterall : A Journal of Art, Context, and Enquiry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Airea : Arts & Interdisciplinary Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aisthesis     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Akra Kültür Sanat ve Edebiyat Dergisi / Akra Journal of Culture Art and Literature     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Art     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
American Music     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
American Society for Aesthetics Graduate E-journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Anales de Historia del Arte     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Andharupa : Journal of Visual Communication Design & Multimedia     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
ANIAV : Revista de Investigación en Artes Visuales     Open Access  
Animation Practice, Process & Production     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Animation Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annales islamologiques     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Sklodowska, sectio L – Artes     Open Access  
Anuario del Departamento de Historia y Teoría del Arte     Open Access  
Anuario TAREA : Revista de estudios sobre el Patrimonio Cultural     Open Access  
Appalachian Heritage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Appareil     Open Access  
Arbejdspapirer : Professionshøjskolen Metropol     Open Access  
ArcheoArte. Rivista Elettronica di Archeologia e Arte     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
ArcHistoR     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of American Art Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Asian Art     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
ArDIn. Arte, Diseño e Ingeniería     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ARS     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ars & Humanitas     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Ars Adriatica     Open Access  
Ars Longa : Cuadernos de arte     Open Access  
Ars Lyrica     Full-text available via subscription  
Art & the Public Sphere     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Art & Perception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Art + Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Art and Design Review     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Art Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Art Design & Communication in Higher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Art Documentation : Journal of the Art Libraries Society of North America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Art Education     Hybrid Journal  
Art History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 121)
Art History & Criticism     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Art In Translation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Art Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Art Libraries Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Art Monthly Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Art Pritas Journal     Open Access  
Art Therapy Online     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Art Therapy: Journal of the American Art Therapy Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Art-Sanat Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Art/Research International : A Transdisciplinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
arte e ensaios     Open Access  
Arte, Individuo y Sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Artefact : Techniques, histoire et sciences humaines     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Artelogie     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Artes Humanae     Open Access  
Arteterapia. Papeles de arteterapia y educación artística para la inclusión social     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Artifact : Journal of Design Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Artivate : A Journal of Entrepreneurship in the Arts     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Artl@s Bulletin     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Artlink     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Arts     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Arts & Health: An International Journal for Research, Policy and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Arts and Design Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Arts and Humanities in Higher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Arts and the Market     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Arts et Savoirs     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Artseduca : Revista electrónica de educación en las ARTES     Open Access  
ASAP / Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Asian Diasporic Visual Cultures and the Americas     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Asian Music     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Asian Theatre Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Athanor     Open Access  
Atrio : Revista de Historia del Arte     Open Access  
AusArt : Journal for Research in Art     Open Access  
Australasian Leisure Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian and New Zealand Journal of Art     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Australian Art Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Australian Humanist, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Balkanologie : Revue d'Études Pluridisciplinaires     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Baltic Journal of Art History     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Barnelitterært forskningstidsskrift     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Baroque     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biography     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Black Camera     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Boletín del Museo Chileno de Arte Precolombino     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Book History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 112)
BR::AC - Barcelona, Research, Art, Creation     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
British Journal of Aesthetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Brumal. Revista de investigación sobre lo Fantástico     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BSAA arte     Open Access  
Buildings & Landscapes: Journal of the Vernacular Architecture Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
BUKS : Tidsskrift for Børne- & Ungdomskultur     Open Access  
Bulletin de l'AFAS     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Kyiv National University of Culture and Arts. Series in Management of Social and Cultural Activity     Open Access  
Bulletin of Kyiv National University of Culture and Arts. Series in Stage Art     Open Access  
Bulletin of Spanish Visual Studies     Hybrid Journal  
Bulletin of the Comediantes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Cadernos de Arte e Antropologia     Open Access  
Cahiers Charlevoix : Études franco-ontariennes     Full-text available via subscription  
Cahiers de civilisation espagnole contemporaine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cahiers de Narratologie     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cahiers des Amériques latines     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cahiers d’études italiennes     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Callaloo     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
CALLE14 : revista de investigación en el campo del arte     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cambridge Opera Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Canadian Journal of Art Therapy : Research, Practice, and Issues     Hybrid Journal  
Canadian Review of Art Education     Open Access  
Canadian Theatre Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Caribbean Quilt     Open Access  
Carte Italiane     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cartema     Open Access  
Catharsis : Journal of Arts Education     Open Access  
CeROArt     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CHINOPERL : Journal of Chinese Oral and Performing Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Choreographic Practices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Ciel variable : Art, photo, médias, culture     Full-text available via subscription  
Cinema Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
CLARA : Classical Art and Archaeology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cogent Arts & Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Collections électroniques de l'INHA     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Columbia Journal of Law & the Arts     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Comicalités     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Comparative Drama     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Conceição/Conception     Open Access  
Concorso. Arti e lettere     Open Access  
Conservatorium / Konservatoryum     Open Access  
Contemporaneity : Historical Presence in Visual Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Convivium     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
CoSMo | Comparative Studies in Modernism     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Counterculture Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Critical Arts : South-North Cultural and Media Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Critical Interventions : Journal of African Art History and Visual Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Critique d’art     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Cuadernos de arte de la Universidad de Granada     Open Access  
Cuadernos de historia de España     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cuadernos de Historia del Arte     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Música, Artes Visuales y Artes Escénicas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Culturas. Revista de Gestión Cultural     Open Access  
Dante e l'Arte     Open Access  
DATJournal : Design, Art, and Technology     Open Access  
De Arte     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
De Arte : Revista de Historia del Arte     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Demiurge: Ideas, Technologies, Perspectives of Design     Open Access  
Design Journal : An International Journal for All Aspects of Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Design Management Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Design Management Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Design Philosophy Papers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Dialectic : A scholarly journal of thought leadership, education and practice in the discipline of visual communication design     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Double jeu     Open Access  
Drawing : Research, Theory, Practice     Hybrid Journal  
EARI : Educación Artística Revista de Investigación     Open Access  
Eastern Christian Art     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Écosystème     Open Access  
Eighteenth-Century Fiction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Éire-Ireland     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
El Artista     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
El Hilo de la Fabula     Open Access  
EME Experimental Illustration, Art & Design     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Empirical Studies of the Arts     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Escena. Revista de las artes     Open Access  
Escritura e Imagen     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Espace Sculpture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Essais     Open Access  
esse arts + opinions     Full-text available via subscription  
ETC MEDIA     Full-text available via subscription  
Études de lettres     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Eureka Street     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
European Comic Art     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
European Medieval Drama     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Exchange     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Experiment : A Journal of Russian Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Explorations in Renaissance Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Feminist German Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Fibreculture Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
FORMakademisk - forskningstidsskrift for design og designdidaktikk     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
FORUM : University of Edinburgh Postgraduate Journal of Culture & the Arts     Open Access  
Forum Modernes Theater     Full-text available via subscription  
Forum+     Open Access  
Fragmenta     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Gardens and Landscapes of Portugal     Open Access  
Gazi University Journal of Science Part B : Art, Humanities, Design and Planning     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
George Herbert Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Gesta     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Gradhiva     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Grafica : Documents de Disseny Gràfic     Open Access  
Green Letters : Studies in Ecocriticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Harmonia     Open Access  
HAUNT Journal of Art     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Hemisphere : Visual Cultures of the Americas     Open Access  
Herança : Revista de História, Património e Cultura     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heritage & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)

        1 2 3 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
FORMakademisk - forskningstidsskrift for design og designdidaktikk
Number of Followers: 2  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1890-9515
Published by FORMakademisk Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Leder. Utdanning for ny praksis II

    • Authors: Liv Merete Nielsen, Arild Berg, Peter Haakonsen, Marius Lysebo, Eva Lutnæs
      Abstract: Dette temanummeret av FormAkademisk er det andre i rekken som oppsummerer fyrtårnsprosjektet Didaktikk for teknologi, design og innovasjon (2016-2021). Det første temanummeret ble publisert i 2020 (Nielsen et al, 2020). Fyrtårnsprosjektet er finansiert av Fakultet for Teknologi, kunst og design (TKD) ved OsloMet – storbyuniversitetet. Når prosjektet nå er avsluttet er det to områder der prosjektet har bidratt til utvikling av praksis. Det gjelder utviklingen av et fruktbart samarbeid om undervisning, tek­n­ologi og forskning innad på TKD, men også med andre forskere og institusjoner. Videre gjelder det internasjonal profilering av design- og designdidaktisk forskning ved TKD gjennom internasjonale forsk­er­­nettverk, publikasjoner og konferanser.
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      DOI: 10.7577/formakademisk.4751
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 4 (2021)
  • Leder. Bli med på dugnaden fagfellevurdering!

    • Authors: Janne Beate Reitan
      Abstract: Myndighetene har sagt at vi alle må delta i dugnaden for å bekjempe smitte fra kor­ona­viruset. Vi i redak­sjonen i FormAkademisk ber dere om å si ja til å bidra til den dugnaden som fag­felle­vurdering av artikler er. Alle artikler må vurderes av minst to uavhengige fagfeller. Under korona­pandemien har vi dessverre opplevd at langt flere takker nei til å bidra til dette viktige og helt nød­vendige bidraget for vitenskapelig publisering. Mange forfattere har måttet vente uvanlig lenge på tilbakemelding på artiklene de har sendt inn til FormAkademisk. I FormAkademisk spør vi alltid de beste forskerne først om å være fagfelle for artiklene forskere sender inn. Vi spør internasjonalt ledende forskere dersom artikkelen er skrevet på engelsk og i Skandinavia hvis artikkelen er skrevet på norsk, svensk eller dansk. De aller beste forskerne, som kanskje har det mest travelt, svarer oftest ja og leverer fagfellevurderinga si raskest. Så, hvis vi spør deg, er det fordi vi mener du er best til å vurdere akkurat den artikkelen. Å være fagfelle for andre gir også god læring for deg, både når det gjelder å bli oppdatert på ny faglig kunnskap og for gode referanser for egen vitenskapelig skriving. For hver artikkel du får fag­fellevurdert, bør du si ja til minst to artikler andre har skrevet – fordi det er minst to som har fag­fellevurdert din artikkel. Det er rettferdig!
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      DOI: 10.7577/formakademisk.4750
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 4 (2021)
  • Editorial. Norwegian papers from the Academy for Design Innovation
           Management Conference - ADIM 2019

    • Authors: Eva Lutnæs, Liv Merete Nielsen, Ingvild Digranes
      PubDate: 2021-12-29
      DOI: 10.7577/formakademisk.4708
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 4 (2021)
  • Editorial track 6.a Materiality in the Digital Age

    • Authors: Ingvild Digranes, Bo Gao, Nithikul Nimkulrat, Timo Rissanen, Arnhild Liene Stenersen
      PubDate: 2021-12-29
      DOI: 10.7577/formakademisk.4663
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 4 (2021)
  • Design Process Models as Metaphors in Education Context

    • Authors: Úrsula Bravo, Erik Bohemia
      Abstract: We argue that visual representations of design processes contribute toward social and material practices of design(ing). They are used as didactic devices. We will discuss them using metaphors to illustrate that they are active material devices of which circulation, production and consumption are informed and informing perceived complexities, ambiguities and paradoxes associated with design. We propose a follow-up study to investigate how teachers and designers use and interpret visual design process models. The reason is to identify how these models are informing what design is as we are interested to understand how these models are contributing to the development of Design Literacies.
      PubDate: 2021-12-29
      DOI: 10.7577/formakademisk.4655
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 4 (2021)
  • Editorial workshop. Establishing Design Literacy International Network

    • Authors: Liv Merete Nielsen, Erik Bohemia, Janne Beate Reitan, Karen Brænne, Úrsula Bravo, Catalina Cortés
      PubDate: 2021-12-29
      DOI: 10.7577/formakademisk.4650
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 4 (2021)
  • Editorial track 6.b Design Literacy enabling Critical Innovation Practices

    • Authors: Liv Merete Nielsen, Eva Lutnæs, Mia Porko-Hudd, Úrsula Bravo, Catalina Cortés, Rita Assoreira Almendra, Erik Bohemia
      PubDate: 2021-12-29
      DOI: 10.7577/formakademisk.4649
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 4 (2021)
  • Working Together: Cooperation or Collaboration'

    • Authors: Randi Veiteberg Kvellestad, Ingeborg Stana, Gunhild Vatn
      Abstract: Teamwork involves different types of interactions—specifically cooperation and collaboration—that are necessary in education and many other professions. The differences between cooperation and collaboration underline the teacher’s role in influencing group dynamics, which represent both a found­ation for professional design education and a prequalification for students’ competences as teachers and for critical evaluation. As a test case, we focused on the Working Together action-research project in design education for specialised teacher training in design, arts, and crafts at the Oslo Metropolitan University, which included three student groups in the material areas of drawing, ceramics, and textiles. The project developed the participants’ patience, manual skills, creativity, and abilities, which are important personal qualities for design education and innovation and represent cornerstones in almost every design literacy and business environment. The hope is that students will transform these compe­tences to teaching pupils of all ages in their future careers.
      PubDate: 2021-12-29
      DOI: 10.7577/formakademisk.4648
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 4 (2021)
  • Social innovation for modified consumption by means of the school subject
           Art and crafts

    • Authors: Anita Neuberg
      Abstract: In this paper I will take a look at how one can facilitate the change in consumption through social inno­vation, based on the subject of art and design in Norwegian general education. This paper will give a presentation of books, featured relevant articles and formal documents put into context to identify different causal mechanisms around our consumption. The discussion will be anchored around the resources and condition that must be provided to achieve and identify opportunities for action under the subject of Art and crafts, a subject in Norwegian general education with designing at the core of the subject, ages 6–16. The question that this paper points toward is: How can we, based on the subject of Art and crafts in primary schools, facilitate the change in consumption through social innovation'  
      PubDate: 2021-12-29
      DOI: 10.7577/formakademisk.4643
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 4 (2021)
  • Networking for strengthening design literacy

    • Authors: Brodshaug Brodshaug, Janne Beate Reitan
      Abstract: This article focuses on design education for the general public and the ways in which students and teachers can become more design literate through the development of networks, such as professional groups for teachers. The aim of professional groups is to create a structure that focuses on design competency among Design, Art and Crafts teachers as well as design education in Norway’s primary and secondary schools. Etienne Wenger's theories of community of practice and Unn Stålsett's theory about the development of networking through professional groups are highlighted in this study through the comparison of two municipalities in conjunction with informant interviews. The emphasis of this study is on how each municipality gives time and space for the development of design competence through professional groups. A well-organized professional group will hopefully contribute to a deeper level of expertise in schools and an increased ability for the general public to recognize design education.
      PubDate: 2021-12-29
      DOI: 10.7577/formakademisk.4641
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 4 (2021)
  • Complexity, interdisciplinarity and design literacy

    • Authors: Tore Andre Ringvold, Liv Merete Nielsen
      Abstract: In today’s complex world, a variety of perspectives are needed to better understand and solve challenges. For decades, global organisations and researchers have pointed to interdisciplinarity as a way forward for educational systems. Educational research offers great possibilities and gains for students involved in interdisciplinary teaching and learning processes, and the interdisciplinary nature of design thinking and practice can play a vital role in interdisciplinary general education. This paper explores how future scenario-building, as part of general design education, can serve as a framework for inter-disciplinarity in general education and contribute to a better understanding of complex problems, challenges and design literacy.
      PubDate: 2021-12-29
      DOI: 10.7577/formakademisk.4640
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 4 (2021)
  • Framing the concept design literacy for a general public

    • Authors: Eva Lutnæs
      Abstract: Educating the general public to be design literate can be a catalyst for both environmental protection and degradation, human aid and human-made disasters depending on how the scope of design is framed – and how ‘design literacy’ is defined. This paper explores how to cultivate design literacy that supports critical innovation and a transition towards more sustainable societies. The research approach is a literature review of key texts that promote and conceptualize design literacy as part of general edu­cation. Four narratives are identified as vital: a) ‘Awareness through making’, b) ‘Empower for change and citizen participation’, c) ‘Address complexity of real-world problems’, and d) ‘Participate in design processes’. Moving towards more sustainable modes of consumption and production, a design literate general public provides a critical mass of users empowered to question how a new innovation sup­ports the well-being of people and the planet and to voice their own ideas.
      PubDate: 2021-12-29
      DOI: 10.7577/formakademisk.4639
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 4 (2021)
  • Aarup 1960 and the poetics of materials

    • Authors: Liv Mildrid Gjernes
      Abstract: All design has its own conditional modes of expression; however, these are realised through the maker’s sense of the possibilities of materiality. This essay was inspired by a reclaimed piece of 1960s furniture designed in the modernist idiom, and is based upon autobiographical experiences, original works from own and contemporary aesthetic practices, and associated thoughts in the present. A completely new artistic expression was developed, which questioned the strict, use-defined style ideals and let shape reveal other values and statements than function. The intention of this essay is to put into words some of the cognitive processes in which creativity, critical reflection and the senses’ experience-based insights may bring up something new. In creative work, the goal is not to reach a single result; every little discovery made by examining something specific could open up new worlds.
      PubDate: 2021-12-29
      DOI: 10.7577/formakademisk.4638
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 4 (2021)
  • Experiencing (from) the inside – Mediated perspectives in

    • Authors: Ingvard Bråten, Jon Øivind Hoem
      Abstract: This paper presents a case study of preservice kindergarten teachers’ use of new form of digital imagery. The paper introduces spherical cameras and digital microscopes and discusses their affordances when introduced in practical use in in teacher education and in kindergartens. The use in kindergartens was introduced through a class of 34 teacher students in kindergarten education. The students were special­izing in Arts and design at Western Norway University of Applied Sciences. The use of images from spherical cameras and digital microscopes is discussed and analysed, based on data from student responses through two questionnaires, group presentations and discussions in class, and an analysis of various media material produced by students.
      PubDate: 2021-12-29
      DOI: 10.7577/formakademisk.4637
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 4 (2021)
  • Learning about materiality through tinkering with Micro:bits

    • Authors: Ingvild Digranes, Jon Øivind Hoem, Arnhild Liene Stenersen
      Abstract: This paper discusses two pilot projects in Art and design education at the teacher training at Western Norway University of Applied Sciences. In the second round of drafts for the new curriculum of Art and design digital knowledge is described as stretching from using simple digital resources to master and shape your own digital products. It is no longer limited to two-dimensional visual modelling as previously drafted. This is in our view a new approach in a subject where making, tinkering and designing allows for explorations in both 2D and 3D. Given that we want to encourage the use of the digital together with the use of physical materials, the pilot case studies demonstrate the importance of bringing coding and the material aspects of tinkering, making, and creating into play. The BBC Micro:bit was used to make coding and mechanical control part of projects made with traditional material. Further research and development should be undertaken to bring such practices into classrooms in primary and lower secondary schools.
      PubDate: 2021-12-29
      DOI: 10.7577/formakademisk.4636
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 4 (2021)
  • Learning to create images with computer code

    • Authors: Peter Haakonsen, Laila Belinda Fauske
      Abstract: Programming is becoming a part of the school curricula in Norway both in lower and upper secondary education – this includes subjects such as art, design and craft. What can programming contribute to the learning processes of these subjects' ‘Tinkering’ is a creative phase in a learning/working process, emphasising both creation and learning. In this project, visual images are created via computer programming to enhance the main author’s learning. The process is structured into stages. The important phases of the learning process are realised as a result of tinkering with existing codes. An important discovery for the learner, and one key aspect of programming images is that, as a mode, it opens up ways to create repetitions effectively, resulting in various patterns. This turned out to be motivating for the learner. This paper discusses tinkering as a learning process that is relevant to programming within art, design and craft education.
      PubDate: 2021-12-29
      DOI: 10.7577/formakademisk.4633
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 4 (2021)
  • Spesialrom for Kunst og håndverk i grunnskolen

    • Authors: Harald Eivind Moe
      Abstract: I dag bestemmer den enkelte kommune hvordan spesialrom skal utformes ut fra gjeldende læreplan for grunnskolen og innenfor rammene av opplæringsloven, plan og bygningsloven samt byggetekniske for­skrifter. Før 1983 fantes det imidlertid nasjonale retningslinjer for utforming av spesialrom i den nor­ske grunn­skolen. Jeg har anvendt kritisk diskursanalyse og analysert slike retningslinjer fra 1889 til 1992. Ret­ningslinjene i denne perioden skifter fra beordringer om spesialrom for læring av spesifikke hånd­verk (1889–1960) til beordringer som ideologisk understøtter rom for fri utfoldelse av formings-akt­iviteter og selvutvikling (1960–1992). De analyserte tekstene før 1960 inneholder ikke forskningsbaserte begrunnelser for hvordan spesialrom skal eller bør være, beordringene synes heller å lene seg på tradi­sjon og erfaring. Etter 1960 begrunnes beordringene først og fremst ut fra teori; nye ideer og tanker om fag­et Forming. Dette skiftet har også økonomiske motiver.
      PubDate: 2021-12-29
      DOI: 10.7577/formakademisk.4026
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 4 (2021)
  • Bærekraft i profesjonsutdanninger

    • Authors: Arild Berg, Alfredo Carello, Marius Lysebo, Liv Merete Nielsen
      Abstract: Utdanning er en nøkkel til varige endringer i samfunnet. I denne studien bruker vi teori fra bærekraft og didaktikk for å sette søkelys på utdanning av produktdesignere, lærere og ingeniører ved Fakultet for Teknologi, kunst og design (TKD) i lys av OsloMets overordnede strategi om velferd og bærekraft. Empirien bygger på læringsutbyttebeskrivelser fra programplanene for 2019 og 2020 for disse profe­sjons­utdanningene og er analysert med utgangspunkt i Goodlad og STAUNCH-kategoriene. Alle de analyserte profesjonsutdanningene har integrert bærekraft i sine programplaner. Bærekraft er tydeligst artikulert i programplanen for Produktdesign. Det betyr imidlertid ikke at bærekraft er uartikulert for lærer- og ingeniørutdanningene. Disse utdanningene er styrt av nasjonale rammeplaner der bærekraft inngår på en overordnet og forpliktende måte. Miljøperspektivet er imidlertid tydeligere artikulert i planene enn det økonomiske- og det sosiale perspektivet på bærekraft.
      PubDate: 2021-11-28
      DOI: 10.7577/formakademisk.3955
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2021)
  • Interactive architecture as a therapeutic environment for people with
           Alzheimer’s disease, a scoping review

    • Authors: Heidi Elnimr
      Abstract: As the global population ages, the number of people suffering from Alzheimer’s disease (AD) increases. AD is the most common cause of dementia. In recent years interactive architecture has been developed to enhance the lives of people coping with this disease. This article presents an extensive literature review from existent research projects on how assistive technology (AT) has been used as a physical and cognitive rehabilitation aid to AD and other dementia patients. The review served to identify gaps in AT implemented place. That revealed the following findings: (1) a notable improvement in both physical and cognitive rehabilitation when integrating AT in patients’ therapeutic environments, (2) a positive effect for caregivers when patients used AT individually, and (3) a lack of clarity due to limited studies on the use of AT for daily activities in residents’ rooms at healthcare centers. However, further studies are necessary to explore the AT potential integrating strategies to promote daily activities in the residents’ rooms at healthcare centers, and the architectural factors that could affect ATs’ efficiency.
      PubDate: 2021-10-19
      DOI: 10.7577/formakademisk.4143
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2021)
  • Hvilken betydning har hvem som kopierer'

    • Authors: Silje Bergman
      Abstract: Artikkelen har opphavsrett som tema, med fokus på hva som kan gjøres med andres verk, og hvilken betydning det har hvem som gjør det. Forskjeller i praksis belyses ved å beskrive, analysere og diskutere konkrete eksempler der eksisterende verk kopieres. I artikkelen drøftes ulike tilnærminger til å bruke visuell kulturarv, og ulike metoder for nyskapelse av visuelle verk. På den ene siden eksisterer myten om at originale verk oppstår i kunstnerens eget hode, og på den andre en påstand om at alle verk kun er bearbeidelser av det som allerede finnes. Mellom disse peker en tilnærming på mottageren som medskaper av kunstverket. Selv om opphavsretten kan begrense skapende prosesser finner denne artikkelen, gjennom didaktiske perspektiver, muligheter hvor åndsverkloven åpner dører inn til en verden av nye estetiske erfaringer.
      PubDate: 2021-10-19
      DOI: 10.7577/formakademisk.4124
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2021)
  • Bilder i hjemmet – hvordan visuelle uttrykk definerer muslimske rom
           i Norge

    • Authors: Birte Brekketo
      Abstract: Målet for denne artikkelen er å undersøke hvordan norske muslimske familier orienterer seg mellom sunni-islamsk og vestlig visuell tradisjon, hvordan de forholder seg til dilemmaer som oppstår når tradisjoner divergerer, og hvordan de konstruerer sin visuelle og religiøse identitet når de lever i diaspora. Artikkelen baserer seg på empiri fra intervjuer med tjue unge informanter. De forklarer at de og deres familier klassifiserer bilder i to hovedkategorier: Religiøse kalligrafiske bilder, som behandles i tråd med skikker og ritualer i hjemmet. Når det gjelder den andre kategorien, figurative bilder med sekulært fokus, er situasjonen annerledes: Noen typer av figurative bilder, særlig portrettfotografier, skaper konflikter i familiene. Innen sunni-islam finnes det ulike syn på slike bilder. Ofte blir portrettfotografiet oppfattet som en selvstendig sosial aktør, og man tenker seg at det kan øve uheldig innflytelse på betraktere og skape uro på de stedene der bønn praktiseres. Siden mange muslimer ber hjemme, kreves det nøye overveielser når bilder skal plasseres.
      PubDate: 2021-10-19
      DOI: 10.7577/formakademisk.3916
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2021)
  • "Det ekstra laget"- for en helhetlig undervisning

    • Authors: Bente Helen Skjelbred
      Abstract: Artikkelen belyser hvordan lærere i ungdomsskolen underviser for å gi elevene erfaring med observasjonstegning og forestillingstegning i Kunst og håndverk. Studien er en kvalitativ casestudie som bygger på observasjoner, intervjuer med lærere og studie av elevoppgaver. Studien bygger på Tyler (1949) sin teori om læringserfaring, og Eisner (1979) sin teori om læringsutbytte ligger til grunn for analyse av tegneundervisningen. Resultatene viser at lærerne planla for at elevene skulle få oppleve en kombinasjon av observasjonstegning og forestillingstegning, med læringserfaringer preget av kontinuitet, rekkefølge og integrasjon (Tyler, 1949). Selv om lærerne ikke oppfatter at læreplanen i Kunst og håndverk i LK06 vektlegger forestillingstegning i kompetansemål på ungdomstrinnet, legger de til rette for et åpent læringsutbytte. Dette gjør de med bakgrunn i at de ser verdien av elevenes forestillingsevne, fantasi og kreativitet, der elevene kan erfare det uforutsette i arbeid med tegning i tillegg til forhåndsdefinerte mål.
      PubDate: 2021-10-19
      DOI: 10.7577/formakademisk.3823
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2021)
  • Perspectives on aesthetics and vulnerability through the life stories of
           five young men

    • Authors: Marie Møller-Skau
      Abstract: This article examines what five young men in vulnerable positions tell about their experiences with aesthetics and actualises aesthetics in the context of health and life skills, emphasised in the Norwegian curriculum (2020). For research purposes, an interview with an indirect approach is used to gain insights into these young men’s experiences and lives by allowing them to fully play the roles as storytellers. According to the young men’s stories, their experiences with aesthetics can be presented through three categories of findings: (1) the connection between their life situations and aesthetics, (2) their emotional moments of aesthetic experiences and (3) their experiences of aesthetics as meaningful phenomena. Furthermore, the findings are discussed against aesthetic theory, which highlights how emotions can be experienced, reflected, symbolised, expressed and sorted out through aesthetics. Thus, a picture of aesthetic experiences is drawn as emotional processes.
      PubDate: 2021-10-19
      DOI: 10.7577/formakademisk.3738
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2021)
  • Det tekstilfaglege i endring 1994-2017

    • Authors: Randi Veiteberg Kvellestad
      Abstract: Artikkelen presenterer endringar i tekstilopplæringa ved Faglærarutdanning i design, kunst og handverk ved Høgskolen i Oslo (HiO), seinare Høgskolen i Oslo og Akershus (HiOA), og som i dag er kalla Institutt for estetiske fag (EST) ved OsloMet – Storbyuniversitetet i perioden 1994 til 2017. Opplæringa var tidlegare knytt til solide fagstudium innan broderi, vev, biletvev og saum. Desse spesialstudia forsvann på 1990–2000-talet, og eit nytt innhald i Faglærarutdanninga og eit nytt studium i Mote og produksjon blei etablert. Dei to utdanningane har ulike samfunnsoppdrag og danningsomgrepet har endra seg. Studentane i begge studium utviklar ein breiare kompetanse innan fagfeltet. Handverk, ferdigheit og skriftleg refleksjon er sentrale kjenneteikn på utdanningane, men undervisingspraksis og bransjeerfaring er blitt ein viktigare del i lærings- og danningsprosessen. Det er læring inne på campus og læring ute i samfunnet. Samfunnsoppdraget til utdanningane har dermed påverka innhald og organisering.
      PubDate: 2021-10-19
      DOI: 10.7577/formakademisk.3597
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2021)
  • FlexiDig – Flexible Digital Classroom

    • Authors: Janne Beate Reitan, Arnab Chaudhuri
      Abstract: This article presents an ongoing research project regarding blended education; Flexible Digital Class­room (FlexiDig), and a survey on full-time and part-time students’ experiences with blended education in a master’s degree programme in Art and Design Education. To optimise educational resources, the lectures for the full-time students were recorded, including the dialogue between the students and the lecturers, and made digitally available for all students. Generally, both the part- and full-time students participating in the questionnaire expressed their experience as “satisfactory” for the availability of the recorded lectures. Moreover, the capture of dialogues in the recording was found to be extremely useful for better understanding and learning, according to the students. This idea forms a basis to develop FlexiDig as simple as possible with a transfer value to other educational situations based on the approach of Student-Centered Learning and Teaching in Higher Education (SCLT).
      PubDate: 2021-07-02
      DOI: 10.7577/formakademisk.4515
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2021)
  • Kritisk design literacy i grunnskolen

    • Authors: Eva Lutnæs
      Abstract: Menneskene har med sine kreative krefter erstattet natur med kultur i et slikt omfang at en ny geologisk epoke er foreslått, antropocen. Design som disiplin bærer i seg en transformativ agenda – alltid på vei mot noe nytt. Vil utvikling av grunnskoleelevenes designkompetanse bare øke belastningen på naturen' Her er det avgjørende hvilke roller elevene tilbys gjennom utdanning, samt hvordan design forstås og praktiseres. I denne litteraturstudien settes omstilling mot et mer bærekraftig samfunn som premiss når akademiske tekster granskes. Fire narrativ peker seg ut og danner utgangspunkt for en definisjon der målet for designkompetanse på grunnskolenivå er den kritiske og skapende borger som kan nærme seg
      problemer som komplekse, fremme endring gjennom egne designprosesser og møte designløsninger med spørsmål om hvordan de støtter opp under bærekraftige praksiser.
      PubDate: 2021-07-02
      DOI: 10.7577/formakademisk.4033
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2021)
  • Editor-in-chief’s Editorial. Full conference proceedings – for the
           first time in FormAkademisk

    • Authors: Janne Beate Reitan
      Abstract: In the current special issue, FormAkademisk, for the first time, will publish the complete proceedings of a conference. We are proud to announce that this will be the 1st Biennial International Conference for the Craft Sciences (BICCS, 2021), held on the 4–6th of May 2021 online, initiated by the Craft Laboratory, affiliated with the Department of Conservation, University of Gothenburg, Sweden. As a result of the Covid-19 situation, the conference will be held completely online. The special editor of this issue is Camilla Groth, who is also a member of our main editorial team. In addition, Tina Westerlund and Gunnar Almevik are members of this special issue editorial team (Groth et al., 2021).
      PubDate: 2021-05-10
      DOI: 10.7577/formakademisk.4440
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2021)
  • ÇEYIZLAB: Crafting a Speculative Manifesto

    • Authors: Hazal Gümüş Çiftçi , Seçil Uğur Yavuz
      Abstract: Çeyizlab is a research project tackling with çeyiz (trousseau)- a traditional gift-giving to the bride in Turkey. Due to the societal changes, çeyiz is under a transformation. By looking at the past and speculating about the future of çeyiz, our research question emerged: Can we envision scenarios that would turn the existing transformation of this tradition into preferable futures' We answered this question by conducting online focus-groups, auto-ethnography sessions and expert interviews. Based on our analysis, the idea of a Manifesto has emerged. This manifesto was embroidered on a fabric reflecting the stories, memories and desires of the women with whom we interviewed. To spread out the message of the manifesto, we decided to make a short film that gives rise to discussions around the issues entangled within çeyiz.
      PubDate: 2021-05-10
      DOI: 10.7577/formakademisk.4409
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2021)
  • Reimagining lace in a digital space

    • Authors: Cecilia Heffer
      Abstract: This paper presents how a contemporary lace practice explored the medium of animation as a digital tool for craft research. Research is practice based and theoretically framed around notions of smooth and striated space as a means to articulate how a designer engages in textile thinking to reimagine new expressions for (p)lace in a digital age. The author sought to test out if animation could capture and disseminate an ephemeral lace process. This led to a curious convergence between two disciplines. What was initially to be a tool for efficiency and speed unexpectedly turned out to be a method for abstracting an allusive lace making process. Learning about the idiosyncrasies of another discipline opened new aesthetic opportunities for a contemporary lace practice and introduced novel methods to disseminate future material research.
      PubDate: 2021-05-10
      DOI: 10.7577/formakademisk.4408
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2021)
  • Three Observations on Filming Tactility and Movement in Crafts-based

    • Authors: Wuon-Gean Ho
      Abstract: This film makes three observations on the filming of tactility and movement in order to adequately convey tacit knowledge in embodied ways. The author, Wuon-Gean Ho, studied the craft of traditional woodblock printmaking in Japan, and demonstrates planning, carving and printing of a woodblock print. The first observation is that an alteration of the time-base of the film and subsequent manipulation of the soundscape can provide embodied affects. Secondly the film refers to the effect of mirror-touch-synaesthesia with close macro shots and intimate angles. Thirdly, the use of a birds’ eye point of view, with the hands of the artist in the same anatomical position as the viewers’ hands, enables the gaze of the viewer to mimic that of the maker, conveying haptic knowledge through poetic means.The voiceover to the film is made with deliberate reference to ASMR videos that engender a sense of intimacy. The non-objectivity of the recording process is commented upon. The conclusion is that constructed scenarios might convey more than real-time truthful indexical footage.
      PubDate: 2021-05-10
      DOI: 10.7577/formakademisk.4407
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2021)
  • Ways of Tacit Knowing

    • Authors: Joakim Seiler, Lars Eriksson, Tina Westerlund, Gunnar Almevik
      Abstract: A common way to describe craft knowledge is through the figure of speech it's in your hands. With this description, there is no attempt made to explain the complex knowledge which is present in craft. One reason why these explanations are rarely articulated is that they consist of sensory judgments. With this film, Ways of Tacit Knowing, we argue that, with the help of film media, it is possible to decode and articulate some of the knowledge content embodied in craft that is often described as tacit knowledge. We, the producers of this film, are experienced craftspeople, which makes us at once both subjects and objects of the research—a methodology akin to auto-ethnography. In the film, we present examples of situations from practice in our different craft fields: the practice in cultivation and management in gardening and the practice of culinary crafts situated in the kitchen and in the dining room. This film presents a dialogue of knowledge in action with craftspeople who discuss their sensory-based judgments in crafts
      PubDate: 2021-05-10
      DOI: 10.7577/formakademisk.4406
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2021)
  • Between Hemse and Mästermyr

    • Authors: Gunnar Almevik, Bertil Pärmsten, Magnus Sjöholm
      Abstract: The distance between Hemse church and the fields of Mästermyr on the Swedish Island of Gotland is about eight kilometers. The distance or rather the proximity between these two places is given importance in this filmed research article. In the 1930s, a farmer found a wooden chest in Mästermyr containing hundreds of forged tools and other artefacts. During a restoration of the Romanesque Hemse church in the 1890s, reused parts of a stave church were discovered in the wooden floor. The hypothetical question that is investigated in this study is whether the tools from Mästermyr were used in the construction of Hemse stave church in the early 1100’s' This filmed article analyzes and compares the traces of toolmarks in Hemse stave church and the woodworking tools from the Märstermyr finding. Through a forensic examination involving 3D scanning with structured light, 3D printing and reconstruction of tools and woodworking procedures, it is revealed that several toolmarks in the stave church correspond to the characteristics of woodworking tools in the Mästermyr find. The tool's shape, dimensions and mode of operation are traced in its negative imprint in the stave church’s oak wood.
      PubDate: 2021-05-10
      DOI: 10.7577/formakademisk.4405
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2021)
  • Crafting research communication in building history

    • Authors: Gunnar Almevik, Jonathan Westin
      Abstract: This research is presented through an interactive application. A virtual reconstruction based on the remains from a medieval stave church is used as a case study to re-establish the historic building as a tangible place and assemblage. Augmented by virtual reality, the research focuses on the sensuous aspects of the stave church as a whole—where architecture, artefacts, light, and materials interact—through the movements of approaching, entering, and dwelling. The research output is a virtual reconstruction, or a virtual diorama, that “re-members” the stave church elements and re-contextualises contemporaneous religious artefacts that have been dismembered and diffused in various exhibitions and deposits. The contribution in this research is methodological, seeking to test and provide a case to discuss how non-traditional research outcome can be crafted to elicit the sensuous aspects of research and still attend to the rigor of science. We seek to methodologise the digital artefact as a research output but also as a means for testing hypothesis and observing the effects when enacting the environment. The connection to the craft sciences concerns both the empirical material, the wooden stave church as a crafted object, and the exploration of an interactive application as a research output or hermeneutic device in the research process.
      PubDate: 2021-05-10
      DOI: 10.7577/formakademisk.4404
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2021)
  • Crafting short films

    • Authors: Päivi Fernström, Mikaela Dahlberg, Sirviö Sirviö, Henna Lahti
      Abstract: In this article, we focus on film making as a part of craft studies and narrative inquiry. Short films were created in a course in the craft teacher master’s degree at the University of Helsinki. The aim of the course was to serve several purposes such as 1) to enable students to become familiar with a new way of deepening conceptual thinking through making, 2) to apply and develop craft skills in working on a selected concept or theme, and 3) to understand the dialogue between conceptual and material artefacts. We explore the opportunities to transmit multisensory experiences via short films. For illustration, we introduce two short films created during the course. Using the deliberative interviewing method, we have broadened the perspective on reflective and analytical level.
      PubDate: 2021-05-10
      DOI: 10.7577/formakademisk.4403
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2021)
  • En ‘It's in my hands’

    • Authors: Tina Westerlund
      Abstract: Craft knowledge is built from examples of experience, and when experiences from many people are gathered and compared, new knowledge is developed. This requires either socialization between practitioners or a systematic collection of practice descriptions, such as in a manual. However, there is always a risk that knowledge that is difficult to put into words will never be communicated. The aim of this paper is to show how theoretical perspectives can be used as analytical tools to help us develop methods that support the communication of craft knowledge. Using an approach of research through practice in the field of gardening, and combining a tripartite theory of knowledge with a SECI-model analysis, I will discuss how it is possible to make practitioners’ subjective knowledge more readily available to others.
      PubDate: 2021-05-10
      DOI: 10.7577/formakademisk.4402
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2021)
  • Editorial. Conference proceedings of the 1st Biennial International
           Conference for the Craft Sciences – BICCS 2021

    • Authors: Camilla Groth, Tina Westerlund, Gunnar Almevik
      Abstract: The papers appearing in this issue comprise the proceedings of the 1st Biennial International Conference for the Craft Sciences, held online during 4–6 May 2021, initiated by the Craft Laboratory, affiliated at the Department of Conservation, University of Gothenburg, Sweden. The Craft Laboratory was established in 2010 in cooperation with heritage organisations, craft enterprises and trade organisations, to empower craftspeople in the complex processes of making. The comprehensive agenda is to bring research into practice and involve craftspeople in the processes of inquiry. Among the operational tools are Master Classes provided for highly trained professional craftspeople in particular skills. Craft Scholarships are offered to craftspeople to investigate a problem or question in their practice, or develop ideas to improve methods or techniques. The site-specific workshop capacity in Mariestad allows craft researchers to implement research questions in practice and to perform full-scale tests in our masonry, carpentry and painting workshops, as well as in the timber building yard, greenhouses and gardens.
      PubDate: 2021-05-10
      DOI: 10.7577/formakademisk.4361
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2021)
  • Knowledge transfer in heritage cultural craft, damask weaving

    • Authors: Clary Jönsson
      Abstract: The hand weaving of damask is no longer a craft that is commonly learned and very few books on the subject have been published in the last century. Damask weaving still exists among private practitioners, but what happens to the knowledge when nobody knows how to dress a loom and weave anymore' The aim of this study is to describe and compare damask weaving from a learning perspective in order to generate knowledge of how damask weaving is described in the literature and how the knowledge is communicated to increase understanding of the learning process and to generate a theoretical understanding of practical knowledge transfer. The method used is a literature study and open interviews with people who teach damask weaving. The study shows that the literature does not provide enough information on how to dress and weave damask. The interviews give a deeper understanding of the practical knowledge. The analysis shows that it is difficult to use only cognitive reading as interpretation from the body and hands are needed and the different steps need to be dissected in detail.
      PubDate: 2021-05-10
      DOI: 10.7577/formakademisk.4214
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2021)
  • Spinning wool on Kihnu Island

    • Authors: Mathilde Frances Lind
      Abstract: Wool crafts are an essential part of cultural heritage and daily life on Kihnu Island in Estonia, and they begin with animal husbandry and wool preparation. People and sheep cooperatively produce wool, maintain the land through conservation grazing, and facilitate heritage activities while external and internal conditions and forces, like changing economic and demographic factors, provide challenges and friction. An ecological study of wool crafts in context requires attention to creative processes, tools, materials, landscapes, and human and other-than-human animals that are engaged in complex flows of activity and meaning with one another. Both ethnographic encounters and autoethnographic reflections on craft practice provide vital insight into these entanglements.
      PubDate: 2021-05-10
      DOI: 10.7577/formakademisk.4213
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2021)
  • Tutankhamun’s collar

    • Authors: Marie Ekstedt Bjersing
      Abstract: The aim of this paper is to discuss what happens when repeating a reconstruction of the same textile. The author of this article is also the craftsperson that made the four reconstructions presented. The original collar reconstructed belonged to Tutankhamun. The collar is circular, woven in a circle. Before the reconstructions, this method of weaving circular shapes had not been described. The first reconstruction focused on the collar. Fifteen years later, three additional reconstructions were made. This time, the focus was to reconstruct the craft, by the use of fewer, simpler tools. Parallel to practical work there was an exploration of how to make documentation. One conclusion in the project is when changing focus from reconstructing a textile to reconstructing a craft, more similarity to the original was achieved.
      PubDate: 2021-05-10
      DOI: 10.7577/formakademisk.4212
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2021)
  • An approach to boat documentation

    • Authors: Fredrik Leijonhufvud
      Abstract: In this contribution, I present a methodological approach for the documentation of craft objects, including a comparison of traditional analogue methods and modern digital photogrammetry. From a boat builder’s perspective, I document traditional boats. In my current PhD project, I investigate how documentation of objects, from a craft person´s perspective, can be used to reconstruct craft processes. The case study is on the ‘öka’ from the Stockholm archipelago, a local variation of the Nordic clinker boat tradition. In this contribution, I present the basic structure of my boat documentation work and pinpoint some specific examples from the use of digital methods in comparison with analogue measuring. A good practice of documentation needs to consider both the advantages and the possible shortcomings of digital methods.
      PubDate: 2021-05-10
      DOI: 10.7577/formakademisk.4211
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2021)
  • Canoe-carving, Lamotrek style

    • Authors: Simon Penny
      Abstract: Micronesian traditional canoe carvers of Lamotrek Atoll are one of the few Pacific communities whose canoe carving, ocean seafaring and indigenous navigation techniques are living traditions. They sail long distances on open ocean in these craft without instruments or maps, using traditional navigation techniques. Their building procedures involve no plans, no measuring devices or numbers. This kind of indigenous boatbuilding and seafaring was once practiced by virtually all Pacific island communities over hundreds or thousands of years, but the traditional knowledge has been eradicated in all but the most isolated and impoverished communities.
      PubDate: 2021-05-10
      DOI: 10.7577/formakademisk.4210
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2021)
  • Twist-hands and shuttle-kissing

    • Authors: Simon Penny, Tom Fisher
      Abstract: This paper seeks to understand the skills of operating automated manufacturing machines of the C19th as craft practices, employing externally powered and automated tools around which new cultures of practice emerged. We draw upon situated/embodied/enactive/extended/distributed (SEEED) approaches to cognition to explicate the sensibilities of these practices, as well as the history of science and technology, Anthropology, STS and related fields. Our case study is a body of work focused on embodied/ embedded knowledge in the textile industry – specifically in the making of machine lace. We conclude with a proposal for multi-modal museum exhibits that provide an understanding of know-how, kinesthetic/proprioceptive skills and procedures. The authors are both long term practitioners of crafts, both traditional and industrial (see bios). This experience informs the research at every step.
      PubDate: 2021-05-10
      DOI: 10.7577/formakademisk.4209
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2021)
  • Patterned Silk Weaving in Ancient Times

    • Authors: Åse Eriksen
      Abstract: Patterned silks came to Scandinavia as small pieces of reused material, but they were still valuable for the Vikings to have been used as trimmings on their garments. In over a millennium, the weave structure of samitum in these fragments was used in all patterned silk. In the medieval it was displaced in favor for other structures. It has lapsed into obscurity for weavers today.
      For several reasons the study of these silks has been difficult. The fragments are fragile. They were not made in Norway. Few have mastered this weaving technique.
      Is it possible to reconstruct these ancient silks, based on the knowledge gained from studying historical silks and experience acquired from using the structure in modern textiles' This article is about my attempt to do so, and also my reflections of the possible longtime impact on these silks on the weaving tradition in Norway.
      PubDate: 2021-05-10
      DOI: 10.7577/formakademisk.4208
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2021)
  • Theorising craft practices through sketching

    • Authors: Camilla Gåfvels, Viveca Lindberg
      Abstract: This article explores how craft practice is theorised through sketching, by comparing narratives about the role of sketching from interviewed Swedish upper secondary textile design and floristry education teachers, and aiming to discern connection to curriculum. The theory and methods used in the article are influenced by Ivor Goodson’s work on subject knowledge and curriculum change (1998). Empirical data was obtained from multiple sources, including interviews with four teachers. The findings reveal that, while sketching has been intrinsic to textile design and seamstress vocational knowing for considerable time, sketching is a relatively new phenomenon within floristry vocational knowing and education; essentially dating from the 2011 Swedish educational reform. The discussion claims that sketching provides means to theorise craft practice, through providing an intermediary level between the abstract (theory) and the concrete (objects) within the practice
      PubDate: 2021-05-10
      DOI: 10.7577/formakademisk.4206
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2021)
  • Craft as More-Than-Human

    • Authors: Ragnar Vennatrø , Harald Bentz Høgseth
      Abstract: This article considers craft science and practice-led research in light of more-than-human approaches to practice under the heading posthumanism, as found within humanities and social sciences in recent years. Practice-led research within craft science, represents a vital and ground-breaking field of inquiry, as an embodied subjective field of examination with an impressive ability to gain deep knowledge of various forms of skilled and/or natural practices. One aspect of practice that this research seems less able to grasp, is a broader practical connection between multiple ontologies of human and non-human practice. Going beyond a purely human phenomenology of craft, this article seeks a more symmetrical and post-anthropocentric approach to knowledge and materiality, as practice in multiple ontologies. This would mean a shift in how craft science view practice, from being a strictly operational aspect adhering to human practitioners, to practice as an ongoing more-than-human process by which phenomena (and practitioners) are brought into being and are maintained.
      PubDate: 2021-05-10
      DOI: 10.7577/formakademisk.4205
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2021)
  • Exploring craft practice in learning communities

    • Authors: Trine Møller, Kirstine Riis
      Abstract: This paper presents an initial research project to explore what characterizes knowledge production in craft practice situated in an informal/neutral learning arena outside the education institution. The research project is carried out by craft and design researchers from Norway and Denmark. The project participants include students, academics, older generation volunteers with craft experience, freelance designers, and arts and craft persons, as well as researchers. The overall methodology is a case study approach and has references to practice-led research, participatory design research and A/R/Tography. In this paper we present the research design of the project. Along a theoretical framework consisting of research perspectives of each of our institutional traditions, we lastly discuss the challenges in engaging a neutral learning arena, throughout and as preparation for our research project.
      PubDate: 2021-05-10
      DOI: 10.7577/formakademisk.4204
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2021)
  • A role for industrial looms in craft research

    • Authors: Kathryn Walters
      Abstract: As a definition of craft practice, the workmanship of risk emphasises the judgement and skill of the crafter, as they engage with materials, tools, and techniques to produce artefacts. Through experimental design research methods, self-forming three-dimensional textiles were created with the aim to develop both the use of digital and automated tools for weaving, and language to describe the process of textural forming in weaving when hand and machine meet. Examples of experimental work illustrate the potential of industrial looms as tools for crafting complex textile systems and expressions. The results include a method for crafting at the intersection of the workmanship of risk and CAD/CAM, providing a framework for this hybrid practice, while a new language of textile forming for craft including industrial and CAD/CAM tools emerges.
      PubDate: 2021-05-10
      DOI: 10.7577/formakademisk.4202
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2021)
  • Heritage and Conservation of Nottingham Lace through Collaboration

    • Authors: Amanda Briggs-Goode, Tonya Outtram, Deborah Dean
      Abstract: Nottingham is both the birthplace and the global centre of the machine-made lace industry and is home to the Nationally Designated collection of machine-made lace and machinery. In 2017 Lace Unravelled was launched with the aim to conserve the collection and connect with local ‘industry mentors’ to learn more about its objects.  This led to wider collaborations and the exhibition ‘Lace Unarchived’, held at Nottingham Trent University intended to reveal the legacy of the art school, established in 1843, and its impact on the generations of lace designers it educated.  This paper proposes to explore the project’s achievements, what it revealed, and what it has meant for the interpretation and understanding of the collection, and wider understanding of ‘Nottingham Lace’.
      PubDate: 2021-05-10
      DOI: 10.7577/formakademisk.4201
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2021)
  • Practitioners’ Experience in Clay 3D Printing

    • Authors: Priska Falin, Nur Horsanali, Flemming Tvede Hansen, Maarit Mäkelä
      Abstract: In the context of artistic research, making has been traditionally understood as a process between the maker and the material. However, the digitalization that influences all practices brings us new kinds of making processes in which the ‘digital tools’ have a profound impact on the practitioner’s experience – also in the context of art, craft and design. This study explores the maker’s experience from a practice-led approach to understanding the subjective experience with clay 3D printing. To open up the 3D printing process with clay using our embodied understanding, the full process is viewed metaphorically – borrowing from music. The preliminary findings show that metaphorical viewing and the use of a score enables a successful review of the nature of computer-based practices in a way that all aspects and potentials fall naturally into place.
      PubDate: 2021-05-10
      DOI: 10.7577/formakademisk.4200
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2021)
  • Crafting Collections between Vernacular and Institutional Practice

    • Authors: Lizette Graden
      Abstract: This paper is based on ethnographic fieldwork and applies theories of crafting and performance to explore how living heritage practices are rethought, reframed, and refashioned when traditional dress and individual garments are moved, reorganized, and transformed into a collection following rationales derived from both family tradition and museum standards. By following one woman’s emerging collections, the study sheds light on ways of materializing relationships and shaping curatorial agency through acts of crafting. The study aims to show how deeper understanding of vernacular crafting of collections may inform institutional curatorial practice and heritage-making.
      PubDate: 2021-05-10
      DOI: 10.7577/formakademisk.4199
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2021)
  • Learning everyday technologies through playful experimenting and
           cooperative making in pre-primary education

    • Authors: Virpi Yliverronen , Marja-Leena Rönkkö , Kaiju Kangas
      Abstract: The Finnish National Core Curriculum for pre-primary education (FNBE, 2014) emphasizes the promotion of children’s interests in science and technology, as well as in creative designing and making. The integrative STEAM approach is seen as promising for fostering students’ creative competencies starting from early education stages. In pre-primary education, the STEAM framework has received little research interest; the empirical evidence of its implementation is especially limited. The objective of this present study is to explore pre-primary students’ designing and making processes involving both traditional and digital craft elements, and how their learning of everyday technologies can be supported. The data consists of video recorded sessions, where pre-primary students (n=19, aged 5–6 years) were creating felted “Power Creatures” with soft circuits. The results indicate that with adult and peer student cooperation, pre-primary students are able to create original creatures and use digital elements as a part of their craft product. Playing is endorsed as a learning method to support pre-primary education in both tangible and abstract elements of technology
      PubDate: 2021-05-10
      DOI: 10.7577/formakademisk.4198
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2021)
  • Approaches to Craft Studies at Higher Education

    • Authors: Sirpa Kokko
      Abstract: The purpose of this article is to explore the various approaches to craft studies at higher education institutions. Based on fieldwork observations and document analysis of the curricula of four European and one US university craft study programmes, similarities and differences were found. The similarities concerned the pedagogy to acquire basic skills and the urge to keep up craft traditions. The differences concerned the broader aims of study and the students’ prospective career paths. The following approaches to craft studies in higher education were detected: 1. Educational crafts, 2. Traditional crafts, 3. Critical crafts, 4. Cultural heritage of crafts, and 5. Design-based crafts.
      PubDate: 2021-05-10
      DOI: 10.7577/formakademisk.4197
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2021)
  • Crafting Ceramics through the Use of Virtual Reality

    • Authors: Flemming Tvede Hanssen
      Abstract: This paper reflects ongoing research about how new technology creates new possibilities within crafting and how it can build on traditional techniques within the field of ceramics. The research explores how virtual reality (VR), using Oculus Rift and 3D-printing in clay is suitable to link to the process of throwing vessels within ceramic crafts. The quality of the crafted objects in question is based on the ability of the presented technique to combine throwing and pattern-making as an integrated process while building up the thrown object, here named virtual pattern-throwing. Furthermore, it is argued that this use of VR for throwing makes it possible to recall a hands-on experience and thus weave the quality of the traditional craftsmanship with the virtual within the process of making vessels.
      PubDate: 2021-05-10
      DOI: 10.7577/formakademisk.4193
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2021)
  • Artistic Expression and Material Limitations

    • Authors: Anne Solberg
      Abstract: This paper explores the iterative process of striving for artistic expressivity and developing crafting techniques in a porcelain-making project. The paper is about mitigating the tensions and flaws in porcelain bodies by trying out technical solutions while searching for genuine porcelaneous expressivity in artmaking. The paper presents examples of a working process of material-based art, from the first samples of material collapse to an exhibition of finished works in an art gallery, allowing the reader to see how faults and failures contribute to this development. The paper advocates that craft science and artistic research are closely integrated and intertwined.
      PubDate: 2021-05-10
      DOI: 10.7577/formakademisk.4192
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2021)
  • Moments of entanglement

    • Authors: Luis Vega, Maarit Mäkelä, Tzuyu Chen, Pirita Seitamaa-Hakkarainen
      Abstract: This paper investigates the sociomateriality of collective creation in the context of a design studio project. Grounded in a relational approach that has influenced a multitude of studies in various fields, the notion of sociomateriality accounts for the constitutive entanglement of the social and the material in practice. How this entanglement occurs or what exactly is subjected to it, however, remains largely unarticulated, especially in studies where the handling of materials lies at the heart of the research process. By adopting a relational approach operationalized through qualitative network analysis, we traced the sociomaterial trajectories of a studio project to identify the moments in which various actors were entangled. The resulting network visualizes these moments and assists in explicating how they enabled the instantiation of intersubjective design ideas.
      PubDate: 2021-05-10
      DOI: 10.7577/formakademisk.4191
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2021)
  • Crystals as Co-creators

    • Authors: Sofie Boons
      Abstract: Grown crystals are used for a range of novel innovations supporting a wide array of industries. Within the jewellery industry however, grown crystals are only used in a limited capacity and mainly as a surrogate for mined gemstones. This paper investigates the methodology of Crystal Growing Design, through conducting experiments testing four hypotheses developed around the practice. Through utilising a DIY approach the author investigates the opportunities and challenges presented by incorporating the methodology into her jewellery design practice. Sugar, alum and salt are experimented with to provide a theoretical experimentation of the methodology to justify the further incorporation and adaptation of more enhanced growing processes as used for the growing of gemstone quality crystals.
      PubDate: 2021-05-10
      DOI: 10.7577/formakademisk.4190
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2021)
  • Using dialogue to express memories from a meal designer’s
           gastronomic professional practice

    • Authors: Daniel Östergren , Lars Eriksson, Inger Jonsson
      Abstract: A meal consists of both tangible and intangible dimensions. Menus and photos may be the only documentation from a meal, but experiences are rarely saved beyond memory. The aim of this study is to design a method for documenting intangible aspects of the professional experience of a meal craftsman, based on the memories associated with the files in an archive. By sorting the archive according to a specific process of documentation we managed to revive and document also the intangible aspects of these meals. In order to access the intangible aspects, a version of the Socratic method of dialogue was developed and used. This is exemplified by a case. The dialogues reunited intangible aspects from the memories of the designer, such as motives and drivers, with the tangible archive documents.
      PubDate: 2021-05-10
      DOI: 10.7577/formakademisk.4184
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2021)
  • Fish skin, a sustainable material used from ancient times to today's

    • Authors: Lotta Rahme
      Abstract: The use of fish skin is an ancient tradition in Arctic societies along rivers, streams and coasts all over the world. Fish skins were regarded as a useful material for parkas, boots, mittens and hats. Today the interest in making use of fish skin, an undeveloped by-product, is on the rise. By using different tanning techniques from cultures around the globe, fish skin has shown great promise as a material for clothing, as well as other products. There is also a desire to be able to tan these skins with environmentally friendly techniques. Today most animal skins are tanned using chromium and other cheap toxic substances, raising question around health and environmental safety. The knowledge of how to use these traditional tanning methods has been preserved by woman from cultures along the Arctic Circle stretching from the Nordic countries to Canada and Japan. In order to keep this knowledge alive for future generations, Sweden has re-introduced the possibility to receive a Master tanner´s title, increasing the incentive and status for those studying these important subjects. This is a report and narrative review of the field, and insights I have acquired over 3 decades; from student to Master Tanner.
      PubDate: 2021-05-10
      DOI: 10.7577/formakademisk.4183
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2021)
  • H.D.’s Palimpsest and a weaving practice

    • Authors: Jordana Infeld
      Abstract: The relationship between text and textile is ancient and multi-faceted. This paper aims to extend this relationship by placing a weaving practice in dialogue with H.D.’s novel Palimpsest. Weaving has a distinctive relationship with time, and therefore provides fertile ground for thinking through the way time is depicted in literary fiction. Time operates in weaving at various scales and rhythms, and Palimpsest furthers this understanding of time through its own rhythms and invocations of the image of the palimpsest. Drawing on my own weaving practice, my aim is to provide an account of how a craft practice might enable a particular method of reading texts that extends beyond traditional close reading methods.
      PubDate: 2021-05-10
      DOI: 10.7577/formakademisk.4182
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2021)
  • Humanitarian Handicrafts

    • Authors: Rebecca Gill, Claire Barber , Bertrand Taithe
      Abstract: This paper asks how craft practice can inform historical reconsiderations of handicraft produced within a humanitarian socio-economic framework (to support humanitarian aims or fund-raising initiatives), and in turn explores how historical processes become materialised in contemporary humanitarian craftwork. By considering the possibilities for practice-based methods, this paper proposes the utility of involvement in craft-making processes for historians of humanitarianism. At the same time, this gives rise to a multiplicity of concerns for a contemporary craft practitioner undertaking a form of creative expression identifiable by its humanitarian purpose. It is therefore a helpful corrective to the temptation to think that experiments are innovations. Looking at early attempts in history we see a practice mirrored, not in the results, but in the process of working in a humanitarian mode of craft-based practice.
      PubDate: 2021-05-10
      DOI: 10.7577/formakademisk.4181
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2021)
  • Entangled Materialities

    • Authors: Riikka Latva-Somppi , Maarit Mäkelä , Kristina Lindström, Åsa Ståhl
      Abstract: This paper discusses craft and design practices through their impact on the environment. We consider how to act concerning the consequences of the craft and design industry. Also, we reflect on the agency of our field of practice in changing how we perceive the environment. We present three case studies of the European glass industry sites in Sweden, Italy and Finland, where we study contamination of the soil with participatory, speculative and craft methods. Through these cases, we reflect on our role in soil communities and ask how we may act in them with responsibility, hope and care. We conclude by proposing to act locally, to share our practices and make them visible, expanding our situated, personal skills and knowledge towards the political.
      PubDate: 2021-05-10
      DOI: 10.7577/formakademisk.4180
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2021)
  • Manifestations of social resistance in craft processes

    • Authors: Stefanía Castelblanco Pérez
      Abstract: This paper aims to analyze craft objects that could contain inherent meanings of social, cultural, ecological or political resistance. The creative processes of makers from the Iku and Nasa indigenous peoples of Colombia and the Sami people of Sweden have been studied. The paper encompasses a theoretical reflection on the communicative capacity of objects and their implicit meanings as well as of the basic concepts of resistance and craft paired with a brief description of the Iku, Nasa and Sami indigenous peoples. An analysis of the manifestations that could be considered as resistance in the studied artisanal processes is brought forward through 11 interviews with artisans and the paper proposes a final reflection on how craft objects can have the capacity to communicate social, cultural, political and ecological resistance.
      PubDate: 2021-05-10
      DOI: 10.7577/formakademisk.4179
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2021)
  • Craft consumption and participatory consumerism

    • Authors: Anneli Palmsköld
      Abstract: How are crafters, in this case hand knitters active on social media, involved in participatory consumerism and prosumption' This is the main question asked in this article, that explores the creative relations between craft consumers and the commodities they are searching for in order to be able to craft and to create. By using affect theory, and focusing on aspects as raw materials, tools, instructions and craft processes, the study is an exploration of how crafters engage in material conditions by using them to realize ideas and fantasies in craft.
      PubDate: 2021-05-10
      DOI: 10.7577/formakademisk.4178
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2021)
  • You Have One New Message

    • Authors: Bilge Merve Aktas
      Abstract: Knitting is often practiced as a group activity that takes place in the domestic environment. Besides the collectivity, using motifs with meanings has also facilitated communication between people. Building on these ideas, a workshop was designed to facilitate discussions about everyday concerns or experiences, both on personal and societal levels, to strengthen communication with the self and others. In the workshop, the thirteen participants were asked to design a motif to convey a message to themselves, to the group or to the society. Through a group discussion, the motifs stemming from personal experiences were knitted, shared and discussed. The topics emerging from the workshop indicates that knitting affords intimate exchanges between the self and others, and connects people by facilitating socio-political discussions, such as on environmental sustainability, women rights and self-development.
      PubDate: 2021-05-10
      DOI: 10.7577/formakademisk.4174
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2021)
  • Designing and Learning by Technological Mediation

    • Authors: Nenad Pavel
      Abstract: In this article, an instrumental case study of a practical course in assistive technologies in cooperation between Norway and Brazil shows how patients, design students, and therapists participate in designing and learning. The study reveals how conception and reception of design play out through mediation processes between stakeholders and artifacts. The study was framed in light of Alain Findeli’s writings to challenge and inform current developments in design studio educational practices. To explain the solving of complex, ill-structured problems through design, Findeli proposed systems theory as a holistic philosophical perspective of the design process and design education. By asking what design is and how to teach it, I reiterate Findeli’s ideas on design and design education. This article emphasizes the ubiquitous effects of technology through relationalist ontology and postphenomenological perspectives.
      PubDate: 2021-04-19
      DOI: 10.7577/formakademisk.3620
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2021)
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