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  Subjects -> SCIENCES: COMPREHENSIVE WORKS (Total: 374 journals)
Showing 201 - 265 of 265 Journals sorted alphabetically
Jurnal Teknosains     Open Access  
Jurnal Udayana Mengabdi     Open Access  
Karaelmas Science and Engineering Journal     Open Access  
Karbala International Journal of Modern Science     Open Access  
Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
LOGIKA Jurnal Ilmiah Lemlit Unswagati Cirebon     Open Access  
Makara Journal of Science     Open Access  
Malawi Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Maskana     Open Access  
MethodsX     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Metode & Forskningsdesign     Open Access  
Mètode Science Studies Journal : Annual Review     Open Access  
Middle East Journal of Science     Open Access  
Middle European Scientific Bulletin     Open Access  
Modern Applied Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Momona Ethiopian Journal of Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
MUST : Journal of Mathematics Education, Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Mutis     Open Access  
National Academy Science Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
National Science Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Natural Sciences     Open Access  
Natural Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal  
Naturen     Full-text available via subscription  
Nepal Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Network Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
New Directions in the Teaching of Physical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Nordic Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Nordic Studies in Science Education     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Nova     Open Access  
Nuncius     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
OmniScience : A Multi-disciplinary Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Open Conference Proceedings Journal     Open Access  
Open Journal of Applied Sciences     Open Access  
Orbis Cógnita : Revista Científica     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Patterns     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
PENDIPA : Journal of Science Education     Open Access  
People and Nature     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Población y Desarrollo - Argonautas y caminantes     Open Access  
Politique et Sociétés     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Portal de la Ciencia     Open Access  
Proceedings of the Indian National Science Academy     Full-text available via subscription  
Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland, The     Full-text available via subscription  
QScience Connect     Open Access  
RAC: Revista Angolana de Ciências     Open Access  
Rafidain Journal of Science     Open Access  
Rehabilitation Research, Policy, and Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Rekayasa     Open Access  
Reportes Científicos de la FaCEN     Open Access  
Reports in Advances of Physical Sciences     Open Access  
Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Research Ideas and Outcomes     Open Access  
Research Integrity and Peer Review     Open Access  
Research Policy : X     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Respuestas     Open Access  
Reviews in Theoretical Science     Full-text available via subscription  
Revista Bases de la Ciencia     Open Access  
Revista Binacional Brasil - Argentina: Diálogo entre as ciências     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Iniciação Científica     Open Access  
Revista Catarinense da Ciência Contábil     Open Access  
Revista Ciencia y Tecnología     Open Access  
Revista Ciência, Tecnologia & Ambiente     Open Access  
Revista Científica de la FAREM     Open Access  
Revista Científica de la Universidad Nacional del Este     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Revista Cientifica Guillermo de Ockham     Open Access  
Revista Científica y Tecnológica UPSE     Open Access  
Revista Conhecimento Online     Open Access  
Revista Crítica de Ciências Sociais     Open Access  
Revista de Ciencia y Tecnología     Open Access  
Revista de Información Científica     Open Access  
Revista de la Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales     Open Access  
Revista de la Sociedad Científica del Paraguay     Open Access  
Revista de la Universidad del Zulia     Open Access  
Revista Eletrônica Ludus Scientiae     Open Access  
Revista Logos Ciencia & Tecnología     Open Access  
Revista MundoFesc     Open Access  
Revista Politécnica     Open Access  
Revista Saber Digital     Open Access  
Revista Sociedad y Economía     Open Access  
Revista Tecnológica     Open Access  
Revista Theoria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista UNIMAR     Open Access  
Revista UniVap     Open Access  
Revista Vivências em Ensino de Ciências     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Rihan Journal for Scientific Publishing     Open Access  
Royal Society Open Science     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Ruhuna Journal of Science     Open Access  
Sainstek : Jurnal Sains dan Teknologi     Open Access  
SAINSTIS     Open Access  
Sainteknol : Jurnal Sains dan Teknologi     Open Access  
Sakarya Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi     Open Access  
Scholedge International Journal of Multidisciplinary & Allied Studies     Open Access  
Sci     Open Access  
Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4369)
Science & Diplomacy     Free   (Followers: 3)
Science & Technology Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Science Advances     Free   (Followers: 28)
Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Science Diliman     Open Access  
Science Heritage Journal     Open Access  
Science World Journal     Open Access  
Science, Technology and Arts Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ScienceRise     Open Access  
Sciences du jeu     Open Access  
Sciential     Open Access  
Scientific African     Open Access  
Scientific American     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 449)
Scientific American Mind     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Scientific Bulletin     Open Access  
Scientific Data     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Scientific Journal of Mehmet Akif Ersoy University     Open Access  
Scientific Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Scientific Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 85)
Scientific World     Open Access  
Scientonomy : Journal for the Science of Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Scienze Regionali : Italian Journal of Regional Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Selforganizology     Open Access  
Seminário de Iniciação Científica e Seminário Integrado de Ensino, Pesquisa e Extensão     Open Access  
Simbiótica     Open Access  
SINET : Ethiopian Journal of Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Smart Science     Open Access  
South African Journal of Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
South American Sciences     Open Access  
South East European University Review (SEEU Review)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Springer Science Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Studies in Science Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Sultan Qaboos University Journal for Science     Open Access  
Tanzania Journal of Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
TD : The Journal for Transdisciplinary Research in Southern Africa     Open Access  
Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
TECNOSCIENZA: Italian Journal of Science & Technology Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Temas y Debates     Open Access  
The Innovation     Open Access  
The Scientific World Journal     Open Access  
The Social Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
The Winnower     Open Access  
Theoria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
THEORIA : An International Journal for Theory, History and Foundations of Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Transactions of Tianjin University     Full-text available via subscription  
Trilogía     Open Access  
TÜBAV Bilim Dergisi     Open Access  
Türk Bilim ve Mühendislik Dergisi     Open Access  
Tydskrif vir Geesteswetenskappe     Open Access  
Uluslararası Bilimsel Araştırmalar Dergisi (IBAD)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
UNED Research Journal / Cuadernos de Investigación UNED     Open Access  
Uni-pluriversidad     Open Access  
Uniciencia     Open Access  
Universidad, Ciencia y Tecnología     Open Access  
Universitas (León)     Open Access  
Universitas Scientiarum     Open Access  
Unnes Science Education Journal     Open Access  
Vilnius University Proceedings     Open Access  
Walailak Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
WikiJournal of Science     Open Access  
World Scientific Research     Open Access  
Zeitschrift für Didaktik der Naturwissenschaften     Hybrid Journal  
Образование и наука     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Східно-Європейський журнал передових технологій : Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)

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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2058-850X - ISSN (Online) 2056-354X
Published by Cambridge University Press Homepage  [353 journals]
  • BJT volume 6 Cover and Front matter

    • Pages: 1 - 2
      PubDate: 2021-10-15
      DOI: 10.1017/bjt.2021.12
       
  • BJT volume 6 Cover and Back matter

    • Pages: 1 - 2
      PubDate: 2021-10-15
      DOI: 10.1017/bjt.2021.13
       
  • Descent of Darwin: race, sex, and human nature

    • Authors: Milam; Erika Lorraine, Seth, Suman
      Pages: 1 - 8
      Abstract: In 1871, Charles Darwin published Descent of Man and Selection in Relation to Sex, a text that extended, elaborated and completed his On the Origin of Species (1859). When he had published Origin, Darwin sought, albeit unsuccessfully, to skirt controversy; in Descent he waded into the fray on near-innumerable issues. Readers could find explicit the claim that humans had descended from apes, in addition to explorations of the similarities and apparent gulfs between ‘man’ and other animals. They also found Darwin's opinions on issues ranging from the origin and hierarchy of races to the question of women's education, from the source of altruistic bravery to the biological importance of aesthetic judgement, from his views on what his cousin would term ‘eugenics’ to the history of monogamy. In the last 150 years these ideas have been variously contested, rejected and recovered, so that the shadow of Descent extended into debates over the development of languages, the evolution of human sexualities, the ongoing possibilities of eugenics and the question of women's equality. In this volume, appearing during the sesquicentennial of the text's first appearance, one finds papers dedicated to all of these themes and more, laying out the roots and fruits of Darwin's Descent.
      PubDate: 2021-08-24
      DOI: 10.1017/bjt.2021.9
       
  • Sexual selection as race making

    • Authors: Sheldon; Myrna Perez
      Pages: 9 - 23
      Abstract: Charles Darwin's theory of sexual selection, as described in The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex (1871), should be viewed as a significant transitional point in the modern expression of race. Unlike earlier race theorists, Darwin proposed that sexual reproduction was not merely a testing ground of racial character, but was itself a causal force that could create new races. His account of race was distinctly modern – viewing race not in terms of blood but as a collection of population-level characteristics. Recognizing this feature of Darwin's sexual-selection theory allows us to situate Darwin's work not solely within the history of evolutionary science, but also within the structures of racism that became the governing principles of modern nation states. In other words, sexual selection is an expression of Michel Foucault's biopolitics, in which political power is exercised by states not through the contracts of liberal governance but through the management of population-level phenomena. Furthermore, by contextualizing sexual selection in this theoretical framework, it becomes possible to more clearly emphasize the importance of race in the rise of modern biopolitics.
      PubDate: 2021-07-26
      DOI: 10.1017/bjt.2021.2
       
  • ‘Constitutions selection’: Darwin, race and medicine

    • Authors: Seth; Suman
      Pages: 25 - 43
      Abstract: In the course of his discussion of the origin of variations in skin colour among humans in the Descent of Man, Charles Darwin suggested that darker skin might be correlated with immunity to certain diseases. To make that suggestion, he drew upon a claim that seemed self-evidently correct in 1871, although it had seemed almost certainly incorrect in the late eighteenth century: that immunity to disease could be understood as a hereditary racial trait. This paper aims to show how fundamental was the idea of ‘constitutions selection’, as Darwin would call it, for his thinking about human races, tracking his (ultimately unsuccessful) attempts to find proof of its operation over a period of more than thirty years. At the same time and more broadly, following Darwin's conceptual resources on this question helps explicate relationships between conceptions of disease and conceptions of race in the nineteenth century. That period saw the birth of a modern, fixist, biologically determinist racism, which increasingly manifested itself in medical writings. The reverse was also true: medicine was a crucial site in which race was forged. The history of what has been called ‘race-science’, it is argued, cannot and should not be written independent of the history of ‘race-medicine’.
      PubDate: 2021-07-26
      DOI: 10.1017/bjt.2021.1
       
  • The meaning of absence: the primate tree that did not make it into
           Darwin's The Descent of Man

    • Authors: Sommer; Marianne
      Pages: 45 - 61
      Abstract: This paper engages with a specific image: Darwin's tree of the primates. Although this diagram was sketched in ink on paper in 1868, it did not make it into the publication of The Descent of Man (1871). This may seem all the more in need of an explanation because, as Adrian Desmond and James Moore have shown, Darwin strongly relied on the notion of familial genealogy in the development of his theory of organismic evolution, or rather descent. However, Darwin expressed scepticism towards visualizations of phylogenies in correspondence with Ernst Haeckel and in fact also in Descent, considering such representations at once too speculative and too concrete. An abstraction such as a tree diagram left little room to ponder possibilities or demarcate hypotheses from evidence. I thus bring Darwin's primate tree into communication with his view on primate and human phylogeny as formulated in Descent, including his rejection of polygenism. I argue that considering the tree's inherent teleology, as well as its power to suggest species status of human populations and to reify ‘racial’ hierarchies, the absence of the diagram in The Descent of Man may be a significant statement.
      PubDate: 2021-02-22
      DOI: 10.1017/bjt.2020.14
       
  • Darwin's bulbuls: South Asian cultures of bird fighting and Darwin's
           theory of sexual selection

    • Authors: Mukharji; Projit Bihari
      Pages: 63 - 79
      Abstract: The article explores the extent and nature of the relationship between Darwinian science and the British Empire. It does so by unpicking Darwin's British Indian examples of avian combat in constructing his ‘law of battle’. The article shows how Darwin's interpretation of these reports was simultaneously enabled, shaped and limited by the imperial context within which the reports were generated. Particularly important was Darwin's inability to see the enormous investment of human labour and complex knowledge in sculpting and curating these avian fights through a culture of shauq. Partly this oversight followed from the South Asian birds having already been saturated by Romantic poetic associations, even before Darwin began considering them. Somewhat surprisingly, I note, Clifford Geertz shared Darwin's blindness towards the ‘cultural’ sculpting of ‘nature’ during avian combat.
      PubDate: 2021-06-04
      DOI: 10.1017/bjt.2021.3
       
  • Of lice and men: Charles Darwin, Henry Denny and the evidence for the
           human races as varieties or species

    • Authors: Radick; Gregory, Steadman, Mark
      Pages: 81 - 95
      Abstract: Charles Darwin never doubted the common ancestry of the human races. But he was open-minded about whether the races might nevertheless be so different from each other that they ought to be classified not as varieties of one species but as distinct species. He pondered this varieties-or-species question on and off for decades, from his time aboard the Beagle through to the publication of the Descent of Man. A constant throughout was his concern with something that he first learned on the Beagle voyage and that, on the face of it, seemed to favour the species ranking: the different races, he was told, play host to distinct species of lice. This paper reconstructs the long run of Darwin's reflections and interactions on race, lice and history, using his extended correspondence with Henry Denny – curator of the scientific collections of the Leeds Philosophical and Literary Society, and Britain's leading expert in the natural history of lice – as a window onto the social world whose imprint is everywhere in the pages of the Descent.
      PubDate: 2021-07-28
      DOI: 10.1017/bjt.2021.10
       
  • ‘Unravelling Babel’: Mary LeCron Foster on the origins of
           language

    • Authors: Kaplan; Judith R. H.
      Pages: 97 - 113
      Abstract: The origin of human language has been a perennial – and perennially controversial – topic in linguistics since the nineteenth century. Much of this work has engaged themes Charles Darwin set out in The Descent of Man, though few authors acknowledge the text directly. How might we interpret such neglect' This essay contends that Darwin's reflections on language challenged foundational commitments in linguistics about the barrier between the history and prehistory of human communication. These commitments are thrown into relief through a detailed study of the dissenting symbolic and gestural theory of language origin put forth by Mary LeCron Foster, who rejected doctrines of linguistic arbitrariness and transformational-generative grammar. Her work on the frontier between animal and human communication is presented through a description of her ‘phememic’ account of the language origins. The paper also emphasizes the rhythm of Foster's career, which provides a significant counterpoint to standard accounts of the development and institutionalization of American linguistics during the twentieth century.
      PubDate: 2021-06-04
      DOI: 10.1017/bjt.2021.4
       
  • Darwin's bawdy: the popular, gendered and radical reception of the Descent
           of Man in the US, 1871–1910

    • Authors: Hamlin; Kimberly A.
      Pages: 115 - 131
      Abstract: Most studies of the American reception of Darwin have focused on the Origin. The Descent of Man, however, was even more widely read and discussed, especially by those outside the emerging scientific establishment. This essay maps the varied, popular and radical responses to the Descent and suggests that these unauthorized readers helped shape the formation of American scientific institutions (by encouraging scientists to close ranks), as well as ordinary Americans’ perceptions of gender and sex. I argue that the radical – freethinkers, socialists and feminists – embrace of sexual selection theory provides one explanation for naturalists’ scepticism of the theory.
      PubDate: 2021-06-04
      DOI: 10.1017/bjt.2021.6
       
  • The evolution of Darwinian sexualities

    • Authors: Milam; Erika Lorraine
      Pages: 133 - 155
      Abstract: Charles Darwin's Descent of Man was suffused with questions of courtship, mating and sex. Following in his footsteps, biologists throughout the twentieth century interrogated the sexual behaviour of humans and animals. This paper charts the fate of evolutionary theories of sexuality to argue that – despite legal and social gains of the past century – when biologists used sexual selection as a tool for theorizing the evolution of homosexual behaviour (which happened only rarely), the effect of their theories was to continuously reinscribe normative heterosexuality. If, at the end of the nineteenth century, certain sex theorists viewed homosexuality as a marker of intermediate sex, by the late twentieth a new generation of evolutionary theorists idealized gay men as hyper-masculine biological males whose sexual behaviours were uncompromised by the necessity of accommodating women's sexual preferences. In both cases, normative assumptions about gender were interwoven with those about sexuality. By the twenty-first century, animal exemplars were again mobilized alongside data gathered about human sexual practices in defence of gay rights, but this time by creating the opportunity for naturalization without recourse to biological determinism.
      PubDate: 2021-07-28
      DOI: 10.1017/bjt.2021.7
       
  • Charles Darwin, sexual selection and the evolution of other-regarding
           ethics

    • Authors: Hale; Piers J.
      Pages: 157 - 177
      Abstract: Although many read Charles Darwin's Origin of Species as an endorsement, rather than merely a description, of individualism and competition, in Descent of Man (1871) Darwin intended to show that natural selection could account for the most noble aspects of human morality and conscience. He did so in response to Alfred Russel Wallace's 1869 statement to the contrary. In doing so, Darwin appealed to the natural selection of groups rather than individuals, and to the maternal, parental and filial instincts, as the origin of truly other-regarding moral sentiments. Further, the inheritance of acquired characters and sexual selection had important implications for Darwin's understanding of how other-regarding ethics might prevail in an evolutionary framework that seemed to reward self-interest. In a short addendum to this essay I highlight just three of a number of Darwin's contemporaries who were impressed by this aspect of his work: the science popularizer Arabella Buckley, the Scottish Presbyterian scholar Henry Drummond and the anarchist geographer and naturalist Peter Kropotkin. In closing, I point to an extensive network of others who framed their concerns about both the ‘labour question’ and the ‘woman question’ in evolutionary terms, as a fruitful area for future research in this direction.
      PubDate: 2021-06-04
      DOI: 10.1017/bjt.2021.5
       
  • Evolutionary antagonisms and the progress of three categories of traits

    • Authors: Zakariya; Nasser
      Pages: 179 - 200
      Abstract: Darwin in The Descent of Man deliberates over the question of progress in relation to three categories of traits – aesthetic, moral and intellectual – attending to their interplay. The later formulations of Thomas Henry Huxley and Alfred Russel Wallace shift and reframe the terms for weighing together progress and the relationship across these traits, downplaying the role of aesthetic assessments. Huxley and Wallace invoke ‘antagonisms’ countering, respectively, ‘ethical progress’ and ‘cosmic process’, ‘humanity – the essentially human emotion’ and ‘physical and even intellectual race-improvement’. Thereafter, evolutionary antagonisms reappear – whether to endorse, dismiss or overcome them – and they remain relevant in evolutionary arguments, whether made explicit or left implicit. Following a thread of ongoing appeals to this interplay of traits and corresponding antagonisms invoking Huxley's 1893 lecture ‘Evolution and ethics’, implicit differences appear in the treatment of aesthetic, moral and intellectual development. These treatments maintain the progress that their own ethical systems represented, even while granting moral variation and conceding independent/alternative notions of the beautiful. They generally took as granted the uniformity of intellectual judgements, where evolutionary progress was both ethical and intellectual/scientific, even when speculating on the development of different types of mind. As characteristic of future-oriented visions of progress by the first decades of the twentieth century, sexual selection was subsumed under natural selection.
      PubDate: 2021-07-28
      DOI: 10.1017/bjt.2021.8
       
  • The late ascent of Darwin's Descent: exploring human evolution and women's
           role for a new China, 1927–1965

    • Authors: Jiang; Lijing
      Pages: 201 - 220
      Abstract: Darwin's ideas held sway among Chinese intellectuals by the early twentieth century. Yet the usual emphasis was a Spencerism instead of Darwin's original ideas. As a result, translations of The Descent of Man in the early twentieth century quickly fell into oblivion. When the embryologist Zhu Xi (1900–62) eventually decided to give all evolutionary theories a comprehensive examination, he nevertheless found the idea of sexual evolution inadequate, as expressed in his volume Biological Evolution (1958). Only in the 1950s did serious efforts to translate Descent gather momentum, thanks to eugenicist and sociologist Pan Guangdan (1899–1967). Such efforts were not only responses to a renewed interest in Darwinism under the socialist regime, but also expressions that synthesized both scholars’ earlier paths in wrestling with schemes of human evolution and the roles of women in China's survival and renewal. Trained in different scientific and cultural milieus and holding almost oppositional views, the two scholars nevertheless converged in finding new meanings in Darwin's Descent.
      PubDate: 2021-09-03
      DOI: 10.1017/bjt.2021.11
       
 
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