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Journal of Alasmarya University
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2706-9524 - ISSN (Online) 2706-9532
Published by Alasmarya Islamic University Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Determination of iodine concentration in some Food products in the Libyan

    • Authors: Ezuldeen Mohammad Aposhaloa, Abdunnaser Mohamed Etorki
      Pages: 1 - 12
      Abstract: Iodine is one of the most important elements that regulate metabolic processes in the human body, and although the body needs it in small quantities, its deficiency can cause an enlargement of the thyroid gland, and its deficiency can also cause physical and mental disorders in children and adults alike. This can easily be prevented by adding an amount of iodine to salt. The aim of this study is to determination the concentration of iodine in 32 different products (canned tuna, canned sardines, canned milk, salt, cheese and yogurt), where the average concentration of iodine in the tuna samples ranged canned (0.608-5.790mg/l) and in samples of canned sardines the average concentration of iodine ranged (0.719-3.071mg/l) and in milk samples the average concentration of iodine ranged (0.09-0.035mg/l) and in cheese samples the average concentration of iodine ranged (0.071-0.071) 3.60mg/l) and in the salt samples the average iodine concentration ranged (0.084-39.417mg/l) and in the yoghurt samples the average iodine concentration ranged (0.07-6.43mg/l)
      PubDate: 2022-01-23
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2022)
  • Harmonic Mean Technique for Solving Fractional Programming Problems

    • Authors: Basim A Hassan, Hajar A Amer, Ahmed Q Mohamed
      Pages: 13 - 21
      Abstract: Linear fractional programming is a ratio of two linear functions, rather than being linear. We present a harmonic mean technique for tackling Linear fractional programming problems in this study. The aim behind the technique is to convert a linear fractional programming issue into a linear programming problem and solve it algebraically using the Simplex method. To explain our technique, we used a variety of numerical examples. This technique appears to provide more computational gain than reducing the number of stages and tables. 
      PubDate: 2022-02-17
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2022)
  • واقع استخدام الأساليب التربوية عند أئمة
           المساجد من خلال دراسة ميدانية بولاية أم

    • Authors: الشريف مرزوق
      Pages: 21 - 41
      Abstract: هدفت الدراسة إلى التعرف على ما يستخدمه أئمة المساجد من أساليب تربوية في ممارساتهم الخطابية، والوقوف على سلبياتهم في ذلك، مساهمة في إصلاح الخطاب المسجدي، الذي يعد ركنا أساسيا في بناء المجتمع المنشود، واستخدم لتحقيق ذلك المنهج الوصفي التحليلي، وأداتي الملاحظة والمقابلة، وتكون مجتمع الدراسة من 37 إماما، أما العينة فقد شملت 27 إماما بمختلف أسلاكهم ورتبهم مما يمثل 72.97%، ومن أهم نتائج الدراسة أن الموعظة، وضرب المثال، والقصة، والقدوة، والحوار؛ تعد من أهم الأساليب في التربية والتوجيه والتأثير، وأن الوسائل المطبقة من قبل الأئمة اليوم غير كافية، وأن خطبة الجمعة ضعيفة التأثير حاليا، وأن للإمامة قدسية وهي مهمة لها صعوبتها، وعلى الإمام ضرورة معايشة أحوال المجتمع، وأن للظروف المادية والاجتماعية والمستوى العلمي للإمام تأثير على المستمعين، وعلى الإمام ضرورة استخدام كل وسيلة في مكانها المناسب، وتوسيع مداركه واستفادته من التجارب الناجحة في المجال.
      PubDate: 2022-03-28
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2022)
  • Microstructure Changes related Mechanical Properties of Welded HSLA Steel

    • Authors: Mahmoud Abid, Mohamed Salem, Osama Terfas, Mohamed Hamouda
      Pages: 22 - 32
      Abstract: Strength and toughness of steel are the most desirable mechanical properties required in several engineering applications such as marine and oil industries. In this work, the influence of submerged arc welding (SAW) process on the evolution of microstructure and mechanical properties of locally produced low carbon steel plates that is used by Marine Industry and Maintenance Company (Misurata) as an alternative to the imported marine steel plates is investigated. Microstructure investigation, tensile tests, impact toughness, and hardness tests for both steels are conducted. Results show that microstructure is affected by the heat input of SAW leading to more uniform structure of ferritic-bainitic and finer grain sizes. Inherently, affecting the mechanical properties since a decrease in toughness in the heat affected zone HAZ and weld metal zone WM compared to the parent metal is observed. It is shown that the imported steel has higher toughness than local steel for pre-welded and welded plates, with imported steel offering significant reduction in toughness when subject to welding. The effect of welding can be related to the microstructural changes of the weld metal and HAZ attained by adapting proper consumable electrode and welding process strategies
      PubDate: 2022-02-25
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2022)
  • The Effect of Parallel Lines on the Problem of Under-Reach in the Process
           of Setting the Distance Protection Device (Case Study: The Zliten Power
           Network 30 KV)

    • Authors: Suliman A. Ben Rahma, Mohammad M. Qhiweet, Salem M. Awinat, Abd Alkarim S. Ebshish
      Pages: 33 - 48
      Abstract: The distance protection may be affected by many factors that affect the measured impedance, such as the mutual coupling (mutual inductance in the case of parallel lines), power fluctuations, and fault resistance. These factors may cause wrong estimations by the protection devices and thus not take the right decisions to protect the electrical network in case of faults. In this paper, one of the existence factors that cause of the under-reach issue, which is the mutual coupling of parallel lines was studied on a part of the Zliten 30 kV electricity network using the Niplan program. The proposed solutions were investigated to reduce the impact of this problem and increase the effectiveness of distance protection devices.
      PubDate: 2022-02-28
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2022)
  • Design of Dry HHO cell to Produce Hydrogen using Electrolysis

    • Authors: G. S. Almassri, Khalid M H Jaballa, benur maatug, Saeed Alqaed
      Pages: 49 - 58
      Abstract: HHO dry cell means the cell that can separate the Oxygen and hydrogen from water molecules by DC electricity. In this paper, a simple dry HHO generation system has been designed and constructed. This system was used to investigate the effects of the electrical power and the reaction time on the production of hydroxy gas (HHO). In this experiment, the ammonia hydroxide is used as electrolyte with parallel plate of 316L-grade stainless steel as electrode. A 12-volt battery was used as an electrical power source in the experiment. For the certain electrolyte strength, the results obtained showed that, increasing in the power and the time of reaction leads to increase the yield of HHO gas, however the energy consumption to produce one liter of hydrogen is not dependent on the value of the current. Also, the results showed that, the energy consumption for the production of one kilogram of hydrogen is about 70.5600MJ. The results compared with that calculated using “Biggs HHO calculater” and was found in good agreement. In this experimental work, the ammonia hydroxide has been selected as the electrolyte of the system, because of its higher productivety of HHO compared with other common electrolytes such as sodium hydroxide (NaOH), and sodium carbonate (Na2CO3) which are used in this kind of systems. On the other hand, it was observed that the ammonia hydroxide caused excessive corrosion which is considered as disadvantage of the ammonia hydroxide
      PubDate: 2022-03-01
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2022)
  • تطبيق تقنية محاكاة مونتي كارلو على
           مبيعات مصنع البرج للإسمنت بمدينة زليتن
           لغرض تحديد وتخمين متطلبات السوق

    • Authors: عدنان محمد أبوحجر
      Pages: 59 - 70
      Abstract: يعتمد تطبيق تقنية محاكاة مونتي كارلو في هذه الدراسة على سجل كميات مبيعات الإسمنت الشهرية لمصنع البرج للإسمنت بمدينة زليتن لإنتاج سنة 2018 كاملاً. وتستخدم هذه التقنية عن طريق تحديد مقادير وكميات الإسمنت المباع للسوق بالطن المتري شهرياً وذلك لمعرفة وتقدير متطلبات السوق اليومية والشهرية والتعامل معها للإسهام في تقليل نسبة الفاقد وكذلك في إرضاء المستهلك.  كانت نتائج تطبيق هذه التقنية للمتطلبات الشهرية والسنوية للمستهلك: 199,539.801 و 2,394,477.608 طن متري من الإسمنت على التوالي.  يسهم تطبيق هذه التقنية في التقليل من أي تكلفة أو فاقد إن لم يكن التخلص منهما كليا في الناتجين إما من شح أو فائض في الإنتاج  في هذه العملية الهائلة للتدفق المتواصل المتصل لصناعة الإسمنت، من منظور دراسة وتطبيق عمليات الإنتاج الخالي من الهدر(الإنتاج الرشيق).  يجب جزئيا إهمال مراعاة الطاقة التصميمية السنوية لإنتاج المصنع من مادة الإسمنت وذلك لأن الإنتاج السنوي الفعلي للمصنع من النادر جداً إن لم يكن مطلقاً أن يتوافق مع الطاقة التصميمية السنوية لإنتاج المصنع، حيث توجد في أغلب الأوقات نسبة كبيرة للفاقد بين الإنتاج التصميمي والفعلي للمصنع كما توضحه عمل...
      PubDate: 2022-03-23
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2022)
  • العنف الأسري وعلاقته ببعض المتغيرات
           الديموغرافية لدى عينة من طلاب المرحلة
           الثانوية العامة في بعض مدارس زليتن

    • Authors: إسماعيل عبدالله صوان
      Pages: 42 - 60
      Abstract: هدف البحث الحالي إلى التعرف على مستوى العنف الأسري من جهة، وعلاقته ببعض المتغيرات الديموغرافية (الجنس، مستوى تعليم الأب، ومستوى تعليم الأم) لدى عينة من طلاب المرحلة الثانوية العامة في بعض مدارس زليتن المركز من جهة أخرى. تكونت عينة البحث من (90) طالباً وطالبة، تم اختيارهم باستخدام العينة العشوائية الطبقية. تم استخدم مقياس العنف الأسري من اعداد الباحث والمكون من (94) فقرة، وقد تم التحقق من خصائصه السيكومترية، حيث بلغ معامل ثباته باستخدام التجزئة النصفية (0.94)، وألفا كرونباخ (0.97)، فيما يتعلق بصدق المقياس، أظهرت النتائج أن جميع معاملات الارتباط بين درجة كل فقرة والدرجة الكلية للمقياس ذات دلالة احصائية موجبة عند مستوى دلالة (0.01، 0.05) باستخدام الصدق البنائي. لتحقيق أهداف البحث تم استخدم المنهج الوصفي التحليلي. أظهرت نتائج هذا البحث انخفاض مستوى العنف الأسري لدى طلبة مرحلة التعليم الثانوي. كما أظهرت أن أكثر أنواع العنف الأسري انتشاراً لدى عينة البحث هو العنف اللفظي بنسبة (45.6%)، والذي من بين أشكاله جاء اللوم المستمر في المرتبة الأولي لدى أفراد عينة البحث بنسبة (33.33%). فيما يتعلق بمتغير الجنس بينت نتائج هذا البحث وجود فروق ذات دلالة إ...
      PubDate: 2022-03-31
      Issue No: Vol. 35, No. 2 (2022)
  • الهوية الوطنية وعلاقتها ببعض المتغيرات
           الديموغرافية لدى عينة من طلاب جامعة

    • Authors: أسامة عمر العزابي, فائزة محمد الغزال
      Pages: 61 - 74
      Abstract: هدف البحث إلى التعرف على مستوى شعور الطالب الجامعي بالهوية الوطنية لدى عينة من طلبة جامعة طرابلس، كما هدف إلى التعرف على بعض الفروق في مستوى الهوية الوطنية وفق بعض المتغيرات الديمغرافية المتمثلة في الجنس والتخصص، حيث اعتمد الباحثان على المنهج الوصفي التحليلي، وتم استخدم مقياس الهوية الوطنية لـ (طالب الجفاجي- ابتسام سعدون، 2013)، طبق على عينة قوامها (435) طالب وطالبة من مختلف كليات جامعة طرابلس، تم اختيارهم بالطريقة العشوائية الطبقية، وأوضحت النتائج أن مستوى شعور أفراد عينة البحث بالهوية الوطنية كان أقل من المتوسط، مما يدل على أن لديهم تدني في مستوى الشعور بالهوية الوطنية، كما بينت النتائج أنه لا توجد فروق ذات دلالة احصائية عند مستوى الدلالة (0.05) بين متوسط درجات طلبة العلوم التطبيقية ومتوسط درجات طلبة العلوم الإنسانية على مقياس الهوية الوطنية، علاوة على ذلك، أثبتت النتائج أنه لا توجد فروق ذات دلالة احصائية عند مستوى الدلالة (0.05) بين متوسط درجات الذكور، ومتوسط درجات الاناث على مقياس الهوية الوطنية
      PubDate: 2022-04-07
      Issue No: Vol. 35, No. 2 (2022)
  • الرعي الجائر في مراعي جنوب زليتن

    • Authors: محمد حميميد محمد
      Pages: 61 - 75
      Abstract: تهدف هذه الدراسة إلى تحديد احد أهم الأخطار الطبيعية الناتجة عن التدخل البشري الغير واعي التي تتعرض لها منطقة الدراسة بوجه الخصوص ،والتي تعد نموذجا واضحا للمناطق الضعيفة في ليبيا إلا وهو التصحر واستخدم لتحقيق أهدافه المنهج الوصفي التحليلي من خلال إجراء مقابلات ميدانية وكذلك المنهج التاريخي بتتبع أحوال منطقة الدراسة جغرافياً في سنوات ماضية, وأهم نتائجه أنه كان للرعي الجائر في منطقة الدراسة أحد أهم الأدوار الأساسية في التصحر وتحول الأرض إلى صحراء فقيرة لا تساهم في تزويد الإنسان بالغذاء، وأن أغلب رؤوس القطعان من الضأن والمعروف أن لها تأثيراً كبيرا من حيث الضغط على النبات
      PubDate: 2022-03-31
      Issue No: Vol. 35, No. 2 (2022)
  • Philosophical theories on self-fighting and taste knowledge according to
           Ibn Sina

    • Authors: Siham Ahmed Al-Araiba
      Pages: 1 - 20
      Abstract: The aim of the research is to discuss Ibn Sina’s ideas from a rational and mystical perspective, and how he combined positive scientific thinking based on witnessing tangible reality with philosophical contemplation based on abstract mental consideration, and how he sought to find a justification for philosophy and mysticism in the human soul itself, not in a factor or motive It is external, because the essence of the rational soul is prudence and awareness of things as they are, so it becomes true knowledge, and to the extent that the soul knows the existential truth, its perfection and its proximity to the reasonable world and its emulation of it. It is that the soul according to Ibn Sina, if it reaches the highest levels of perfection, is prepared to receive the taste knowledge about God, and that the purpose of the soul’s journey with him is to focus on the innermost knowledge of the self, and a closer knowledge of the soul so that its owner becomes balanced and the soul is no longer alien to itself and becomes the master of its actions and reaches moral perfection Although Ibn Sina was influenced by the philosophy of Plato and Aristotle in this aspect, his views are mostly taken from the Islamic religion because he is a Muslim philosopher
      PubDate: 2022-02-03
      Issue No: Vol. 35, No. 1 (2022)
  • Network Problems with a New Representation of Triangular Fuzzy Rough

    • Authors: Mohamed Muamer, Tarek Eljerbi
      Pages: 184 - 198
      Abstract: In this paper, we proposed algorithm for solving the fuzzy rough network problem, in this problem all parameters between different nodes are presented by a new representation of triangular fuzzy rough numbers. By using the proposed algorithm, a decision maker can obtain the optimal shortest path and optimal fuzzy rough shortest distance between source node and destination node. To illustrate algorithm a numerical example is solved and the obtained results are discussed
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2021)
  • Calculation of the thermal loads of the freezers using the INTARCON
           program and compare it with the results of mathematical analysis

    • Authors: Anwr Mohamed Alhdar, Emad Omar Elwahab, Abubakr Abdusalam Milad
      Pages: 184 - 196
      Abstract: This study aims to highlight the important role of the (INTARCON) program in calculating the thermal loads of freezing stores. In this study, the thermal loads were calculated using the (INTARCON) program, and compared with the results obtained by mathematical calculations in (Alkhums – Libya). During this study the geographical location and building data were collected, and The thermal loads were calculated through mathematical equations (kw41.35), then the thermal loads were calculated for the same building with the same data using the (INTARCON) program, and the results obtained were ( kw40.7), and due to the convergence between the two results, where the difference between them did not exceed 1.57%. Therefore, the study confirm reliability the program in calculating the heat loads of cold stores
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 1 (2021)
  • Some Properties of a Class of Analytic a Functions Involving a New
           Generalized Differential Operator

    • Authors: Mohaed Masod Alargat, Afaf Abubakir Alsheli
      Pages: 128 - 139
      Abstract: The main objective of this study is introduce a new generalized differential operator defined on the open unit disk And we obtain sufficient condition for univalent function of analytic function defined by this operator and new class containing this generalized differential operator were studied and characterization of these classes was obtained
      PubDate: 2021-09-15
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 4 (2021)
  • Effect of aqueous extract of Artemisia herba-alba on functional sperm
           parameters of male rats

    • Authors: Abdulkarem A Ilfergane, Galal A. S. Bojwari, Abdusslam M. Elmogasapi
      Pages: 140 - 156
      Abstract: Artemisia species have a high economic value in several fields, as food plants and as antihelminthic and antimalarial in medicine Many of the species of Artemisia have found their way into folklore medicine. In Libya, the genus Artemisia is represented by seven species namely A. arborescens L, A. campestris L, A. glutinosa, A. herba-alba, A. judaica, A. monosperma and A. variabilis. This study, for the first time, documented the effects of an aqueous extraction of Artemisia Herba-Alba in the rat investigating male reproductive functions. From the results obtained, it is evident that the herbal extract in the ―low dose‖ (10mg/kg) had a beneficial effect on all parameters, with the exclusion of sperm morphology. In this regard, active compounds present in the plant might have caused an increased production of serum testosterone which resulted in the enhancement of sperm quality in the rat. Another explanation for the increase in sperm functionality might have been induced by the presence of components within the plant of Artemisia Herba-Alba causing the efficient removal of zinc from spermatozoa enabling them to reach optimal motility. It is also possible that these two explanations given above could have occurred simultaneously, thereby enhancing the positive effects observed within this study. This study indicated that the traditional use of this herbs has effects on male reproductive health
      PubDate: 2021-09-15
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 4 (2021)
  • Electrical Properties Engineering of Sputtered Indium Gallium Zinc Oxide
           Semiconductor Thin Films

    • Authors: Khairi. M Abusabee, Salem. O. Elhamali, Khalid. M. Alajel, Ali. A. Tamtum
      Pages: 157 - 166
      Abstract: The influence of deposition conditions and laser annealing on the electrical properties of indium gallium zinc oxide (IGZO) semiconducting thin films was investigated. 50 nm thick IGZO films were deposited by radio frequency (RF) magnetron sputtering at room temperature and subsequently laser annealed in ambient conditions to enhance the IGZO electrical properties. Excimer laser annealing (ELA) was conducted by Krypton fluoride (KrF) excimer laser (λ= 248 nm) with single pulse over a range of fluences up to 175 mJ/cm2. The electrical properties of IGZO films were studied by four point probe (4PP) and Hall Effect measurements. Results demonstrated that the applied deposition conditions control the IGZO films metallic composition, which is found to be directly linked to IGZO films electrical properties. The as-deposited IGZO films were highly resistive with sheet resistance > 5 MΩ/sq and therefore 4PP and Hall Effect measurements could not be performed on the as-deposited films. Upon ELA, however, the sheet resistance is noticeably reduced to about 500 ± 10 % Ω/sq. Also, IGZO films demonstrated Hall mobility of 14 cm2/Vs and electron density of 3×1019/cm3 subsequent to ELA at 100 mJ/cm2. The reported findings present ELA as an efficient technique to engineer the electrical properties of sputter-deposited IGZO films. Therefore, a combination of room temperature deposition, via RF magnetron sputtering, and laser annealing could be used as a fabrication route of IGZO films for active layers of transparent thin film transistors (TTFTs) and applicable to flexible electronics which require low substrate temperature
      PubDate: 2021-12-03
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 4 (2021)
  • Forecasting Customs Revenue Collection in light of the spread of the
           COVID-19 pandemic using ARIMA models and the exponential smoothing methods
           in Libya.

    • Authors: mohamed AH milad
      Pages: 167 - 183
      Abstract: Forecasting future values of economic variables is one of the most critical tasks for governments, especially the values related to customs revenue collection are to be forecasted efficiently as the need for planning is great in this sector, because it is considered one of the sources of funding for the state's public treasury. The main objective of this research is to identify an appropriate statistical model for time series forecasting customs revenue collection during the current COVID-19 pandemic in Libya. The decision throughout this research is mainly concerned with ARIMA model, and Simple, Brown’s linear trend, exponential smoothing methods. The obtained data covers 108 observations, starting from the first week of the 6th month of the year 2019 to the last week of the 8th month of the year 2021.Based on the forecasting results of the current research, it was revealed that ARIMA (0,1,1) model offered more probabilistic information that improves forecasting the volume of customs revenue collection in light of the COVID-19 pandemic. According to this model, the research forecasts the new period in the next eight weeks or two months and finds that it will be increasing. In this research, ARIMA model and exponential smoothing methods are linear models based on the reactions to customs revenue collection due to the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic in the world. Furthermore, the forecasting performance between linear and nonlinear models can be compared in future studies
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 4 (2021)
  • Physical Resurrection: Opponents and Proponents among Muslim Philosophers
           (Al-Kindi and Avicenna) as a Model

    • Authors: Fathi Abd-El-Rahman Mohmmad Attia El-Houfy
      Pages: 742 - 766
      Abstract: This paper aims to elaborate on the concept of physical resurrection for Muslims, and stress the importance its knowledge. The research also provides a general insight into the views of Muslim schools on both physical and spiritual resurrection, followed by a detailed exposition of Al-Kindi’s view and evidence as a proponent of physical resurrection. On the other hand, Avicenna’s argument against physical resurrection will examined. The research adopts the comparative analytical approach. As a result, it is concluded that Al-Kindi used both the Shari’ texts and reason. In that way, he established the Qur’anic facts with deep understanding; while solidly proving physical resurrection and firmly refuting the misconceptions of its opponents in a highly philosophical manner. The research also addressed the Muslim philosophers’ denial of physical resurrection, mainly Avicenna, while handling the hermeneutical interpretation of the Qur’anic verses on this topic. In fact, such approach adopted by philosophers furthered the disagreement among scholastists and philosophers; thus, kindling the flame of reciprocate accusation of blasphemy. In this regard, this paper highlighted the perils brought by such accusation against those holding variant views stressing that such an attitude must be stopped and confined only to specialized scholars.
      PubDate: 2021-09-15
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 4 (2021)
  • The Penalty for Premeditated Murder in Islamic Moral Philosophy

    • Authors: Batool Alhamwi
      Pages: 767 - 788
      Abstract: This study researched the death penalty for murder in the Morality of Islam, to determine this penalty is ethical or not ethical, and to Fortification Islamic library in applied ethics studies. Today Human rights organizations aim to abolish the death penalty because the death penalty is killing and revenge. The Human rights organizations are ethical and humanitarian, but ethics contains many of the right behaviors like mercy and justice, justice is forth virtue at Plato philosophy, so justice is important virtue like mercy. In some cases death penalty is right and justice, this is what the research proves it by analyzing the punishment of murder and its consequences in morality of Islam. The researcher adopted a descriptive, analytical and critical methodology, Depending on the Abdullah Deraz methods in morality of Islam. I recommend researchers to search in applied ethics in Islam this is to try to see it from the realist perspective that achieves worldly, eschatological and humanistic interests
      PubDate: 2021-09-15
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 4 (2021)
  • The practical significance of educational and psychological researches’
           results that are published at the journals of Alasmarya Islamic University

    • Authors: F. O. D. Bilied
      Pages: 812 - 835
      Abstract: The current study aimed to clarify the practical significance of the results of educational and psychological researches that published at Alasmarya Islamic University’s journals. The used method by the researcher was a descriptive analytical methods to analyze the result of quantitative researches which used the statistical methods. The used statistical methods are t.test, F, r, χ2 , H and U which were included within the sample of the study. The sample was 47 educational and psychological researches published by Alasmarya Islamic University’s journals starting with the year of 2004 until 2020. The most prominent results showed that the percentage of calculating the practical significance was (0%). It means that all educational and psychological researches published at the Alasmarya Islamic University journals, the sample of the present study, haven’t indicated any data of the effect size of its statistical results. The results also showed that (44%) of the statistical significance results, the sample, which used F and t-test have a small effect size. It indicates that their importance is limited and useless at the practical side. Thus, it shouldn’t be circulated or referred at the practical decisions. The same case with (89%) and (62%) of the statistical significant results which used r and U respectively. For the statistical significance results of H and χ2, most of the them have a medium or large effect size which considered to be practically acceptable and also showed the importance of its result at the scientific research.
      PubDate: 2021-09-15
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 4 (2021)

    • Authors: Aiada Daw Mohamed Mohamed
      Pages: 50 - 59
      Abstract: Objective: The aim of this study determination the effectiveness of meat processing and hygienic status of butchers on the microbial load of minced meat. Methods: the minced beef samples (140 fresh and frozen samples) were collected from different butchers sites and some shops in Alexandria. The samples were, analyzed for its microbial quality (APC, TCC and ECC) and the presence of E. coli O157:H7. Results: Regarding sanitation sites, 25% unsatisfactory samples recorded in good and bad sanitation sites according to their APC and TCC. However, there was a statistical difference when comparing according to their E. coli count (p=0.047). Neither wearing gloves nor lab coats affected statistically the quality of examined minced beef. None out from all examined beef samples showed E. coli O157: H7. Conclusion: The hygienic status of collection sites affected significantly by E. coli count. Wearing gloves and lab coats by butcher minimizes the bacterial contamination.
      PubDate: 2021-06-11
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 3 (2021)
  • Study of the effect of prolactin on FSH and LH hormones and fertility in
           women in Tocra – Libya

    • Authors: Nadia Alrwab, Nagwa Hamed, Samira Al-Agouri, Hamida Albarghathi
      Pages: 68 - 76
      Abstract: The prolactin hormone (PRL) has a distinct activity among the rest of the hormones, so this study conducted to measure the level of this hormone and its relationship with Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) and Luteinizing Hormone (LH). The study performed on a group of 30 women with a wide age range in the city of Tocra (east of Benghazi) to find out the percentage of PRL hormone and the extent of its effect on the FSH And LH hormones, as well as on fertility in these women. The results showed that 24 samples of the total samples, with a rate of 80%, had a normal concentration of PRL hormone, and 6 samples of the total samples, and by 20%, suffered an increase in the concentration of the PRL hormone. The concentration of FSH and LH was measured for the same samples for which the PRL hormone was measured, and the statistical analysis using the T test at significant values ​​(P <0.05) showed that prolactin has a clear significant effect on the luteinizing hormone, while it has a slight effect of a non-significant value on the FSH. . Likewise, for average ages with FSH, LH, and PRL, there were strong significant differences between all hormones and age. This study concluded that the high PRL hormone might be a cause of delayed childbearing through its effect on the FSH hormones
      PubDate: 2021-06-30
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 3 (2021)
  • The Influence of Temperature and Soaking time on the Microstructure and
           Mechanical Properties of annealed AISI 1045 Steel

    • Authors: Abdulmula M. Mahaya, Mohamed M. Milad, Mohamed M. Salem
      Pages: 77 - 90
      Abstract: In this present work AISI 1045 medium carbon steel was subjected to different conventional heat treatments mainly a full annealing, normalizing and hardening. The annealing processes were first carried out at annealing temperatures 850,900 and 950°C for one-hour soaking time. Later the periods of annealing were changed from five minutes up to two hours all of which at 850°C austentization temperature. In addition, normalizing and hardening processes were performed at an intermediate austenitization temperature of (850°C) and the soaking time mainly one hour. Therefore, the main objective of the current study is to investigate the effect of both annealing temperatures and soaking times on the microstructure, macrohardness and impact toughness of 0.45%C. Meanwhile, the results of 0.0.45%C steel annealed at 850°C for one hour were compared to that of normalized and hardened steels.It was concluded that, the change in the macrohardness and absorbed energy of 0.0.45%C annealed steel was mainly attributed to the morphology, grain size and the amount of formed austenite through its influence in defining the final microstructure of the products at room temperature.In contrast, the proportion of ferrite and pearlite micro-constituents in the structure of normalized steel was found to have a predominant role in such behavior whereas the macrostructure of hardened steel reveals almost martensite phase that made this steel possess the maximum hardness and the lowest impact toughness among all tested samples.
      PubDate: 2021-06-30
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 3 (2021)
  • The Impact of the School of Kufa on the Emergence of Morphology

    • Authors: Hawa Bashir Balnour, Zainab Muhammad Abu Ras
      Pages: 83 - 103
      Abstract: The study aims at identifying the impact of Al-Kufa school in the establishment of Arabic language-morphology. Also, the study aims to mention some patterns of Kufians' opinions, their analogies, and how they contradict the views of the Basrians in every single issue. The descriptive-analytical approach was utilized to achieve the research goals. The study concluded that the morphology lesson should precede the grammar lesson, and Kufians tend to focus on the structure of grammatical tools. In addition, Kufians believe that the root-word in Arabic is neither less than nor more than three letters. Moreover, according to the Kufians it is permissible to transfer the accusative (Harkat) to the consonant letter preceding it in the suspension case as in nominative and genitive
      PubDate: 2021-03-31
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 3 (2021)
  • Biokinetic Coefficients Determination for the Biological Treatment of
           Langat River

    • Authors: Jmal Khlifa Alfeluo, Khaled S Aljfairi, Emsalem F Hawege
      Pages: 91 - 100
      Abstract: River basin areas often associated with agriculture, industry and housing are the major source of pollution. This paper was conducted to determine biokinetic coefficients of pilot scale biofilm reactor. The biofilm reactor system (BRS) was installed on Langat River; Malaysia. The system was operated 65 days with different concentrations of mixed liquor suspended solid (MLSS), chemical oxygen demand (COD), and total suspended solids (TSS).Parameters in the influent and effluent of biofilm reactor were determined and biokinetic coefficients of maximum substrate utilization rate (K), half velocity constant (KS), cell yield coefficients (Y), decay coefficient (Kd), and maximum specific growth rate (µmax) were evaluated by Monod equations. Results showed that; the coefficients K, Ks, Y,Kd , and µmax were 1.39 day-1, 53.22 mg/L, 0.302 day-1,0.067 day-1 , and 1.936 day-1. It be can conclude that, all coefficients were in the range of active sludge coefficients that are mentioned in the literature
      PubDate: 2021-06-30
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 3 (2021)
  • Evaluation of ADAMTS-9 Expression in Post-Mortem Brain Tissue

    • Authors: Esadawi Abuneeza, Ismail Maamar Makhzoum Alhwij, Nicola Woodroofe, Ashley Edward Roy Soosay
      Pages: 101 - 113
      Abstract: Background: Extracellular Matrix (ECM) modifications have been reported in the Central Nervous System (CNS) of multiple sclerosis (MS) within post mortem brain tissue due to both the increased synthesis of ECM proteoglycans, and release activation of matrix metalloproteinase (MMPs). Multiple sclerosis (MS) is chronic inflammatory demyelinating disease written off as inflammation and demyelination disease, mainly located in central nervous system (CNS) white matter (WM). This study aims to clarify the potential pathophysiologic role of adisintegrin And metalloproteinase with thromboSpondin motif-9 (ADAMTS-9) in MS. Materials and methods: Immunohistochemistry was performed to study the expression of ADAMTS-9 in both normal and MS white matter by confocal microscopic using specific antibodies. Fifty frozen blocks of brain tissue were obtained from the UK MS Society Tissue. All tissues blocks were marked by immunohistological material including antibodies to Human leukocyte antigen (HLA-DR) to assess the macrophage activation, Glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) for astrocyte, neurofilaments (NF) for neurons and Von Willbrand factor (VWF) for endothelial. Results: In MS lesions, ADMTS-9 expression was increased in comparison to control samples. The expression of ADAMTS-9 was increased in active lesions as well as was associated with different cells from neuron, endothelial covering blood vessels astrocyte and microglia. Conclusion: The expression of ADAMTS-9 at the protein level was increased in active inflammatory lesions with evidence of myelin breakdown, suggesting that up-regulation of ADAMTS-9 may be a general phenomenon induced by CNS injuries
      PubDate: 2021-06-30
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 3 (2021)
  • Video Contracting and it’s Evidence in Verification

    • Authors: Ebrahem Elssalehen Assalmy
      Pages: 488 - 514
      Abstract: This study has considered contracting via the video which is performed remotely in which the acceptance is made over the Internet interactively and directly via using an audio and video means. This generates a question about its definition and the extent of permissibility of introducing the will via the video, the mechanism of performing the contact as well as its evidence in verifying the conduct'. This study has aimed to identify the lawful system that governs this contracting with regards to the mechanism and evidence of verification. It has also aimed to finding legislative solutions and drawing the attention of the legislators and researchers in this field. In order to fulfill these aims, the descriptive and analytical methodologies were followed via extrapolating and analyzing the texts of law and reflecting the applicability of applying these general rules contained in these texts on such a kind of contracts. The study has found several results, most important of which is that this contracting is performed immediately and fashionably between the two parties. This renders the nature of contracting between them is a contracting between attendees in principle such as the contracting by the telephone. In addition, this has a role to play in our lives particularly in the light I’d spread of Corona virus. Due to the lack of legislative texts that control these outputs, it has been found that it is necessary to consider the general rules until a certain legislation is issued and this what we have recommended.
      PubDate: 2021-06-30
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 3 (2021)
  • Quality of family life among students of the Department of Education and
           Psychology Faculty Education at the University of Misurata

    • Authors: Fatima Mohammed AL Juhaidri, fathia alkishir
      Pages: 515 - 539
      Abstract: The research aims to identify the level of quality of family life among the students of the department of education and psychology at the College of education, to discover the differences in the mean scores of student according to the variable of sex. This research sample reached (56) male and female students, (11) males, and (45) females, and used to achieve its objectives the descriptive analytical approach, and the questionnaire was the appropriate tool to collect information and analyze it using appropriate statistical methods. and one of its most important results was that the level of quality of family life among students of the Department of Education and Psychology at the Faculty of Education, University of Misurata is very high, and there are no statistically significant differences according to the gender variable.
      PubDate: 2021-06-30
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 3 (2021)
  • Moral Intelligence among a Sample of Public High School Students in Some
           Schools of Central Zliten

    • Authors: Ismail Abdalla Almahdi Souan, Huda Fathi Maklouf
      Pages: 540 - 568
      Abstract: The present research aimed to identify moral intelligence among a sample of public high school students. The sample consisted of 348 Libyan students. The research sample was selected using stratified random sampling. The Moral Intelligence Scale prepared by researchers and consisted of (37) items and seven dimensions (i.e., Empathy, Conscience, Respect, Self-Control, Tolerance, Justice, Sympathy). The results revealed that the instrument was reliable (split-half; r = 0.92, test-retest; r = 0.80, and Cronbach’s alpha; r = 0.88) and valid. For discriminant validity, the results indicated that all items were statistically significant at the level of (0.05). Using Construct validity, the results showed that items had good correlations at the total score of the scale, and its Dimensions. As shown, dimensions correlated highly with the total score of the scale (rs of 0.69, 0.67, 0.68, 0.63, 0.62, 0.77, and 0.64 for empathy, conscience, respect, self-control, tolerance, justice, sympathy, respectively). To achieve its objectives, the descriptive and analytical method was used. The results indicated that high school students had a high score of moral intelligence as a whole and for all dimensions. As indicated, there were statistically significant differences between males and females in scores for the full scale in favor of female students. The results showed that there were no statistically significant differences on the full scale at the level of (0.05) with regard to study year variable. As shown, there were no statistically significant differences on the full scale at the level of (0.05) according to academic specialization variable
      PubDate: 2021-06-30
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 3 (2021)
  • The Characteristics and Provisions of the Majesty Word (a linguistic

    • Authors: Hussein Alhadi Mohammed Ashareef, Hassan Al-Senussi Muhammad Al-Sharif
      Pages: 569 - 601
      Abstract: The research has shown a number of provisions and characteristics related to the word of majesty, and it focused on a number of questions that clarified the truth of this holy word in terms of its linguistic meaning, the origin of its derivation and the debate around that, as well as its characteristics that distinguished it from other names. Also, the research showed the dispute that occurred between grammarians, speakers, and fundamentalists in an important issue that has a lot of controversy about it. In addition, the research highlighted some grammatical debate regarding some of the characteristics of the majesty word, along with the downsides and arguments for each religious doctrine. This research, also, took into account all the points of views of linguists and scholars about what previously mentioned. The research also dealt with the concept of politeness or being polite with Allah in syntax. This matter was neglected by a lot of linguists, grammarians and others. This study has concluded that this topic is an important topic, because it is related to the Creator, the Almighty, and it is one of the topics that dealt with by linguists, grammarians, scholars, and others. Some of what is related to this topic is scattered in some books of the scholars who were previously mentioned, so the research was an attempt to collect everything related to what was written about this topic.
      PubDate: 2021-06-30
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 3 (2021)
  • Department of Islamic Jurisprudence and its Foundations, Faculty of
           Sharia, University of Damascus, Syria

    • Authors: Donia Ajaj Al-Kurdi, Mohamed Hassan Awad
      Pages: 602 - 628
      Abstract: This research deals with contemporary theme that is the effect of contraceptive use on menstrual cycle in women and what the effect of this disorders manifested by the symptoms of continuous bleeding or bleeding intermittent and others which makes women puzzled by the knowledge of the rule of her purity, and the rule of this blood if it is menstruation or not. Therefore, it shows the sayings of the ancient jurists in the rule of blood that women see during menstrual cycle disorders in general, and shows the three controls they relied upon in the provision. The first was the period of the longest menstruation and the less asepsis, the second was the habit, and the last was the distinguishing between menstruation and others. Then it presents the sayings of the contemporary jurists in the rule of blood that women see when using modern contraceptive in particular. It shows the great similarity between the contemporary jurists and the ancients because the judgment revolves around its reason not its cause. Finally it shows the opinion of medicine about the disorders caused by contraception, which is that contraceptives do not prevent menstruation, and may cause the occurrence of menstruation, so the research concludes at the end of it, that the origin in the blood that a woman sees in these disorders is that she has menstrual blood if its characteristics are achieved, otherwise it is not menstrual blood
      PubDate: 2021-06-30
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 3 (2021)
  • The Unacceptable Languages According to Linguists and Gramerians in the
           Libyan Dialect (Letter Replacement) as a Model

    • Authors: Masoud Abdullah Fathallah Ramadan
      Pages: 629 - 645
      Abstract: The research aims to identify the unacceptable languages of the Arabs - letter replacement as a model.To achieve this, the descriptive approach was used. One of the most important findings is that Arab dialects for the tribe have been subjected to fading by Arab scholars, as a result of a plan to unify these dialects into one language, at all levels. This includes phonological, morphological, syntactic, and semantic levels. These tribes, therefore, have abandoned their language and followed the language of the Holy Quran, which is credited with the unification of these dialects by speaking and writing. So these dialects have been divided into accents, and islam unified the language but neglected the letters that will not consolidate the language in general
      PubDate: 2021-06-30
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 3 (2021)
  • Difficulties of Implementing Throughput Accounting Method in the Libyan
           Cement Industry

    • Authors: Abdelfatah Mohammad Alrshah
      Pages: 646 - 659
      Abstract: The aim of this study is to analyse the difficulties that hinder the implementation of the Throughput Accounting method in measuring and evaluating the companies’ performance assessment in the Libyan cement industry. Descriptive analytical approach was used to illustrate the theoretical aspect based on relevant literature; the questionnaire was used for data collection. two sets of population were considered, these were practicing accounting and chief accounting of two companies manufacturing in the western region of Libya, which represented with (60) participants. The researcher in testing the only hypothesis stated in this study employed the wilcoxon-test statistical tool. The results of the study showed that Libyan cement companies was facing difficulties, which prevent throughput accounting implementation in Libyan cement environment. It was therefore recommended that cement companies should adopt the concept of throughput accounting if there must be promotion of their competitiveness, effective collaboration between academics and practitioners should be supported by training sessions, follow up with new challenges in new manufacturing environment, and develop awareness of senior management
      PubDate: 2021-06-30
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 3 (2021)
  • The effect of stability of bank deposits on the financial performance of
           Libyan commercial banks during the period from (2001-2018) "The Bank for
           Trade and Development as a model"

    • Authors: Faraj Ahmad Mazika, Sulaf bin Omar al-Samawi, Faraj Mohamed Shalaweh
      Pages: 660 - 688
      Abstract: The study aimed to measure the effect of the stability of customer bank deposits (current deposits, savings deposits, and time deposits) on the financial performance of Libyan commercial banks represented by the rate of return on assets and the rate of return on property rights during the period from (2001 to 2018). In the Bank of Trade and Development, the study reached a set of results, the most important of which are: the presence of a statistically significant effect of both current and savings deposits on the financial performance of Libyan commercial banks represented in the return on assets, the return on property rights, and the presence of a significant statistical effect of time deposits. On the financial performance represented by the return on property rights, and among the most important recommendations of the study is that Libyan commercial banks conduct continuous studies on the extent of the volatility of deposits, identify stable and unstable deposits, and improve the quality of banking services, by following price and non-price policies to attract stable deposits To exploit them in assets to achieve to raise the level of financial performance of Libyan commercial banks, and to direct Libyan commercial banks to the necessity of adopting my strategies. To attract more bank deposits, and to encourage studies and research to find out other factors affecting the enhancement of the financial performance of Libyan commercial banks, which were not included in the study.
      PubDate: 2021-06-30
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 3 (2021)
  • An applied study on searching of Imam Al-Bukhari for Hadith in his Al-Jami

    • Authors: Omar Mohamed Emhemed Harrous
      Pages: 717 - 741
      Abstract: This applied study consists in selecting five hadiths from among the hadiths that Imam Al-Bukhari mentioned in his book Al-Jami Al-Sahih, and examining his method of searching them in his Sahih, by focusing on the manifestation of workmanship in the jurisprudence and hadith of the Imam. Through research on the occasion between the heading of the chapter in which the study hadith is narrated and the previous headings, and the relationship of this heading to the hadith that he narrates in the chapter, and its relationship with the men of its chain of transmissions, as well as the narrator's relationship with whomever narrated about him, whether that is in the chain of transmissions of the hadith of the chapter, or what is mentioned in another chapter, and how he dealt with the narrators of the hadith selected for study in the entirety of his book Al-Sahih, and to know the concept of the authentic hadith at him. The study concluded with Imam Al-Bukhari's assertion on the issue of proof of meeting between the narrator and whoever narrated about him, and that the concept of the Sahih at him is broader than the limit set by hadith scholars in defining the authentic hadith. He adopted in this study to achieve its objectives the use of two basic approaches which are the analytical approach and the deductive method.
      PubDate: 2021-06-30
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 3 (2021)
  • Strategies of Self-organized Learning and its Relationship to the
           Achievement Motivation Among Female Students of the Faculty of Humanities
           – Girls, Department of Special Education

    • Authors: Fawzi Muftah Kuondi
      Pages: 836 - 852
      Abstract: The aim of the research is to identify self-organized learning strategies and their relationship to achievement motivation among a sample of female students of the Department of Special Education, College of Human Sciences at Asmarya University, and the descriptive approach was used to achieve this, and one of its most important results is that the average score of the group that uses structured learning strategies has reached (70%), The (environmental construction) strategy obtained the highest percentages, and the (goal setting and planning) strategy obtained the lowest percentages, and the average score of the group with a achieve motivation reached (74%).The (group) dimension gets the highest percentage, while the two dimensions (enthusiasm and effectiveness) get the lowest percentage. One of the results of the research is that the relationship between the total degree of responses of the sample members to the test of structured learning strategies and the total degree of the responses of the sample members to the achievement motivation test was a function when level (0.01) as well as for some sub-dimensions
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 4 (2021)
  • Learning Environment and its Relationship to the Development of some
           Thinking Skills among a Sample of Students of the Faculty of Education in

    • Authors: Moftah Abdullah Abdullah, Ali Muhammad Ghafier
      Pages: 853 - 868
      Abstract: The current research aims to identify the most important thinking skills that are most prevalent among students of the Faculty of Education in Zliten, and to know the most important components of the learning environment that have the most impact on developing their thinking skills. As well as knowing the type of relationship between the learning environment and the development of thinking skills among the Faculty students. The research sample consisted of sixty students from the Faculty of Education in Zliten. The research reached results, most important of which is that the skills of observation, flexibility, openness, and assigning assignments are among the most important thinking skills that are most prevalent among the sample individuals. Moreover, of the most important components of the learning environment that most affect the development of thinking skills, are tools and equipment, then the instructor and the questions. The research also proved that there is a positive correlation between the components of the learning environment and the development of thinking skills among male and female students of the Faculty of Education in Zliten.
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 4 (2021)
  • The Effect of Amount Variation of Dental Polyethylene Fiber on Flexural
           Strength of Fiber Reinforced Composite

    • Authors: Abdel-Aziz M El-Jawadi, Usama A Handr, Abdul-ghani A Khalil, Ismail A Al-Ferjani
      Pages: 13 - 19
      Abstract: Fiber-reinforced composites (FRCs) are a relatively new group of materials among those that have been investigated in dental or medical applications over the last 40 years. Their use is growing in many dental applications, including dental implant-supported prostheses. With recent advancements in adhesive technology, new and stronger composite materials, and the development of bondable polyethylene fiber, then it is possible to create a conservative, highly esthetic prosthesis that is bonded directly to the teeth on either side of the missing teeth. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the effect of the amount variation of polyethylene fiber on the flexural strength of the reinforced composite. Eight samples of polyethylene fiber-reinforced composites (FRCs), which were divided into 2 groups: Group I, which includes 4 specimens of 1 strip polyethylene fiber, and Group II, which includes 4 specimens of 2 strips of polyethylene fiber. Also, each specimen was subjected to a 3-point bend test of flexural strength on a universal testing machine at a crosshead speed of 1 mm/minute, with loading until failure. The results were analyzed by T-Test. The results show that there were significant differences according to the amount which show discloses the P-value (0.001), which less than 0.05 (P<0.05). Thus, that leads to there is significant differences in the level of samples among polyethylene fiber 1 strip (1S) and polyethylene fibers 2 strips (2S). It can be concluded that there is an effect of amount variations of polyethylene fiber-reinforced composite on the flexural strength
      PubDate: 2021-03-31
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 1 (2021)
  • Designing an Energy Meter Using Arduino Uno

    • Authors: Ahmed Salem Daw Al-Arga
      Pages: 30 - 37
      Abstract: The continuous increase in the demand for electricity delivery services and the loss of electrical energy due to illegal consumption consider one of the important matters that need continuous monitoring of the transmission and distribution of electrical energy. This paper aims to design a smart electrical energy meter by using the Arduino UNO board that measures the voltage(V) and current(I) of an inductive load (resistance, coil) and calculating the frequency (f), effective power (P), power factor (PF) for this load at different values of the load and frequency. The proposed meter was designed by programming Arduino board and connecting Arduino with other electronic components to be the circle of the meter. The proposed meter was simulated and tested using Proteus software and the results obtained were good. The results showed a match between the meter reading of the values of the voltage, current, power factor, effective power, and frequency and the results obtained mathematically. The proposed meter can be developed to be able to connect to the communication networks so it can send the measured data periodically to the collection centers
      PubDate: 2021-03-31
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 1 (2021)

    • Authors: Ahmad Hawwas Saleh Al Jassim
      Pages: 33 - 44
      Abstract: This research aims at explaining the juristic verdicts in the felony of deadly contagion transmission. The comparative analytical and descriptive approach was utilized throughout mentioning the Sayings of the Four Imams. The study found that transmission of deadly infection is considered a clear crime whenever its three pillars are found (legal, Material, and moral). The study showed that Islamic legislation has the ability to cope with every new calamity and issue the appropriate juristic verdicts. Besides, the study indicated that the nature of infection transmission has an impact on the juristic ruling. In addition, Islamic legislation has patronized both the case and prospects in building the juristic verdicts. Furthermore, the purposes of the Sharia take into account protecting society and maintaining its interests
      PubDate: 2021-03-31
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 1 (2021)
  • The legal system for civil liability for the damages of the Corona

    • Authors: Ahmed Yosef Ben Omran, Adel Saad Moshaa
      Pages: 45 - 82
      Abstract: This research investigates the legal liability resulting from harming others through transmitting the corona pandemic to them . The study aims to clarify the conditions needed for determining the responsibility holder for transmitting the virus to others, which are represented in its three pillars, namely error, damage and causal relationship between error and damage. Whoever harms others is obligated to compensate them for his wrong act. Accordingly, the methodology in this study adopted a combination of descriptive and analytical method. It is concluded that both the vector of corona virus infection of the contributor of its transmission are responsible for any harm that may cause to others. In accordance with the provisions of tort liability in Libyan civil law. As a result, the harmed party has the right to take compensation and the same situation does not change if the person’s entry is legal through the official outlets and does not subject himself to the medical examination measures imposed by the state, and there is no doubt that the state has a contribution to the spread of this virus within its borders and therefore it is possible to establish its negligence. In this matter, based on its mistake, which was evident in its inability to control the entry process for travelers carrying the virus
      PubDate: 2021-03-31
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 1 (2021)

    • Authors: Ibtesam Abdulkarim Ramadan Amer
      Pages: 104 - 155
      Abstract: The research aims to examine how the Arabic language employs nouns for reasoning, revealing the semantic secrets behind the compositional diversity of that formulas and applying that to the Quranic text. The analytical and interpretation approach for those syntactic and semantic rules was used to achieve the article goals. The findings revealed that the nouns used for reasoning either be an explicit source, an authoritative source, or some other nouns such as the demonstrative nouns, derivatives, some adverbs, and the nouns that accompany the addition. Justification by using explicit source "Mansoob" on causation is the origin. Besides, what the grammarians have said that the original justification is using" لام التعليل" and then be accusative on its omission is not accurate because it is not based on linguistic documents prove their opinion. Most likely, the description by the accusative infinitive is not employed except when it expresses the meaning of abstract justification without any other semantics. In addition, the study found that there are authoritative sources that refer to reasoning (justification) without mentioning it clearly which are (كي) and the verb after it, أنْ، والفعل), (أنَّ، واسمها وخبرها)), (ما، والفعل) and there are two interpretations for أنْ والفعل according to what it comes after it which means (اللام) for the general reason if it what comes after it is a past verb, and means (لئلا) if what comes after it is a present verb.
      PubDate: 2021-03-31
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 1 (2021)
  • Syntactic Heterogeneity between the Frequent Quranic Readings and its
           Effect on the Meaning

    • Authors: Ibrahim Ahmed Abdel Jalil
      Pages: 156 - 175
      Abstract: The study aims to examine selected models in which the ten readers differed in their reading between the different "Harakat" movements in nouns and verbs and show the effect of the syntactic contrast between each reading of the Qur’anic readings. Besides, the research aims to establish the methodology of Qur'anic readings with the help of language books, interpretation, and guidance. The analytical approach was used to achieve the research goals. The findings revealed that the multiplicity of Qur’anic readings in a single verse replaces the multiplicity of the words of the Noble Qur’an, and this is a part of the Miracle of God's Words Lord of the Worlds that is unique to the noble verses. Although there are many differences in Quranic readings, they do not lead to contradiction but rather to diversity, and this means that the Quran is miraculous in every single reading. Hence, the multiplicity of miracles in the multiplicity of those readings and letters, and the two frequent readings may be indicative of two meanings to the same term. The difference in the two readings may lead to a statement of a ruling by a reading and a statement of another ruling that is complemented by another reading so that, the rulings are benefited in the shortest expression, and this is a type of miraculous brevity which is not found in the words of people but in the words of Allah (SWT).
      PubDate: 2021-03-31
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 1 (2021)
  • A Letter for Praising Grammar and Urging Acquisition

    • Authors: Abdullah Mohamed Al-Juki
      Pages: 176 - 211
      Abstract: The research aims at verification the Scholar Sheikh Abdel-Qader Al-Qassab's manuscript that consists of much of what has been said on praising syntax in poetry and prose. Also, the manuscript narrates events and anecdotes that illustrate the value of syntax as well as introduces famous scholars from its sources as a contribution to enriching the Arab library. The documentary approach that copes with the rules of manuscript verification was utilized. The study found that scholars of all fields concern with grammar and parsing and they consider learning grammar is Individual obligation (Fard Ein) for the students of interpretation "Tafseer" and "Hadith", and it is compulsory for the students of jurisprudence and Tawheed (Islamic Monotheism). In addition, the interest in grammar was not restricted to the education environment, but all people were caring not to make mistakes, and consider the melody of saying is a defect. Furthermore, princes were competing in eloquence, learn grammar, and respect and listen to grammarians.
      PubDate: 2021-03-31
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 1 (2021)
  • The Canaanite - Phoenician Religious Ritual and their Symbolic Indications
           in Ugarit's (Ras Shamra) Texts

    • Authors: Ali Muftah Abdusalam Shahout
      Pages: 238 - 270
      Abstract: The aim of study is to recognize of the Canaanite Phoenican religious ritual that is in the daily ritual, occasion ritual, and periodic ritual. In addition to identifying the symbolic indications that ritual had included and the Canaanite epics and legends texts had shown them up through the Ugarit clay panels that dating back between the 14th and 13th centuries BC. These texts had carried many informations that related to the Canaanite religious life. This study utilized the analytical transparent approach to achieve their aims and the most important results that reached it that the Canaanite religious ritual had revealed on the religious doctrines, ethical values, and the social customs and traditions that were prevalent in the Canaanite community between the between the 14th and 13th centuries BC
      PubDate: 2021-03-31
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 1 (2021)
  • The Role of Economic and Service Activities in Revitalizing the Life of
           People in Libya's Eastern Provinces 1963 - 1969 AD

    • Authors: Salem Ammar Al-Juhaidri
      Pages: 271 - 292
      Abstract: The research aims to identify the role of economic and service activities in revitalizing the life of people in Libya's eastern provinces 1963 - 1969 AD. The analytical narrative approach was used to achieve study goals. The study found that the assimilation of large numbers of the Libyan as workers in various economic activities and services had positive effects. In addition, farmers' dependent on rainwater, and working in activities that have more income and less effort, had a negative affection on agricultural activity. Furthermore, the research showed that there were different industries that relatively contributed to meet the local market needs and the existence of commercial establishments which provided most of the needed products. Moreover, the study concluded that the presence of establishments and facilities had a role in bringing about an urban renaissance and prosperity of society
      PubDate: 2021-03-31
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 1 (2021)
  • The Manifestations of Experimentation and its Genre in the Arabic Poem

    • Authors: Ridha Amuer
      Pages: 329 - 356
      Abstract: Experimentation in the Arabic poem played a prominent role in the development of poetry art from the pre-Islamic to the contemporary era. During this period of time, the Arabic poet was able to establish many important perspectives in the world of poetry after he experienced Composing poetry, and versification, from the traditional vertical model to the free model. the Arabic poet traveled and toured during his experience as a bold step toward modernity which has been adopted by the poetry and interacted with without hesitation, making the poem live a poetic language full of intertextuality, the linguistic paradox at times, and myths, symbols, and masks at other times. Thus, the poetry line was placed instead of the stanza at the end of the poem, so it was the start of a new era in composing poetry
      PubDate: 2021-03-31
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 1 (2021)
  • Academic Problems Facing Faculty Members in the Faculties of Arts and
           Sciences at Al-Asmarya Islamic University from Their Point of View

    • Authors: Anwar Abdel-Salam Osman, Tajdeeda Abu-Saif Ahmed Abu-Seif
      Pages: 357 - 382
      Abstract: The aim of the research is to identify the academic problems which are facing the faculty members in the Faculties of Arts and Sciences at Alasmarya Islamic University from their point of view. Also, to know the differences between the viewpoint of the faculty members about the academic problems which are facing according to the variables: gender, college, academic qualification, years of experience. To achieve that, the descriptive analytical approach, and the questionnaire tool are used. The research community consisted of (341) members, and the research sample was chosen by the stratified random method of 20%, where the sample in its final form reached to (63) members. The most important results of the research are: the faculty members complain by a very high degree of the academic problems which are facing, as the problems related to salary and incentive systems ranked first, while the problems related to students ranked last, and that there are no statistically significant differences in the academic problems which are facing according to the variables of gender, college, academic qualification, and years of experience except in the two dimensions of problems related to policies and administrative practices and problems related to the work environment where there were differences in favor of years of experience of 5-10 years with years of experience more than ten years. In light of previous results, the researchers recommended that, developing the possible solutions and trying to overcome the problems which are facing the faculty member
      PubDate: 2021-03-31
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 1 (2021)
  • بيان الأصل في لفظ (بافضل) تأليف: أحمد بن
           محمد بن الحسن المرزوقي من علماء القرن
           الخامس (421هــ)

    • Authors: حسين الهادي محمد الشريف
      Pages: 373 - 394
      Abstract: هذه المخطوطة نفيسة لطيفة في مجال النحو، لأبي علي أحمد بن محمد بن الحسن المرزوقي، أطلق عليها مؤلفها اسم (بيان الأصل في لفظ "بافضل") وهو من أهل أصبهان، وكان عالمًا بالأدب، معلمًا لأبناء بني بُوَيْه فيها، وكان غايةً في الذكاء والفطنة، وحسن التصنيف، وإقامة الحجج، وحسن الاختيار، ومن الذين أخذ عنهم أبو علي الفارسي، وقد صنَّف تصانيف لا مزيد عليها من الجودة كما وصفها بعض مصنفي كتب التراجم، فمن مصنفاته: الأزمنة والأمكنة، وشرح ديوان الحماسة لأبي تمام، وشرح المفضليات، والأمالي، وشرح الفصيح، وشرح أشعار هُذيل، وشرح الموجز، والقول في ألفاظ الشمول والعموم والفصل بينهما، وغيرها، ورغم علو صيته وذياع شهرته إلاَّ أنَّ معظم كتب التراجم ضنَّتْ عن الإفصاح عن هذا العَلَم ولم تخصص له إلَّا القليل فيما يخصه، ولم أجد له ترجمة فيما اطلعت عليه إلَّا اليسير المتناثر في ثنايا كتب التراجم كبغية الوعاة، وإنباه الرواة، والأعلام، وهدية العارفين، ولأهمية موضوع هذا المخطوط آثرت خوض غمار تحقيقه ليبصر النور، وينتفع بها طلبة العلم.
      PubDate: 2021-05-02
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 1 (2021)
  • The relationship between the emotional intelligence and hardness
           psychology of the students of the college of science in Zliten

    • Authors: Najah Rajab Alawaj
      Pages: 383 - 401
      Abstract: The target of this research is to recognize the natwre of the relationship between the emotional intelligence and the hardness psychology of the students of suence college of Zliten . The descriptive curriculum is used to achieve the research purposes , also the questionnaire is used to collect data . The standard of the emotional intelligence which was prepared by Bar-Own and was translated by Safa Alasar (2000) are used in addition to the standard of the hardness psychology which was prepared by Gaber Mohamed (2011) . The research was applied on a sample consisting of (100) male and female students . After the staticial treatment by asing (Spss) programme , it has been concluded that the level of the emotional intelligence of the sample is statically positive at 1% level and the grade of response overtaked the level by 63% . The level of hardness psychology of the research sample is statically positive at 1% level and the grade response overtaked the level by 80% . Furthermore , there is a positive relationship whose strength reached 30% between the emotional intelligence and the hardness psychology at 5% level . In addition , there are no staticial differences relating to the gender between the emotional intelligence and the hardness psychology of the students of the scince college of Zliten.
      PubDate: 2021-03-31
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 1 (2021)
  • An overview of the Administrative Conditions in Zliten Region During the
           Kramanli Era (1711 – 1835 AD)

    • Authors: Ibraheem Hasan Abdullah
      Pages: 402 - 424
      Abstract: The research aims to identify the administrative developments that took place in Zliten region before and during the Karamanli era. Also, the study examines the historical conditions of the beginning of the Karamanli era, and the methods they used in managing this administrative unit. In addition, the research highlights the nature of the administrative body after absorbing a number of local power symbols in the region. Moreover, the research focuses on the process of employ employees and their qualifications, the interference in their specializations, and the levels of laxity and strictness in the implementation of instructions. The analytical historical approach was utilized to achieve the research goals. The study concluded that the political development that was crowned with success, accompanied by the administrative progress that the country witnessed throughout the eighteenth century. Besides, Zliten was not a separate administrative division, but rather belonged to the Sanjak of Misrata, and the administrative life in Zliten was very similar to those in other Libyan cities and regions. The research showed that most all who held administrative positions in the Karamanli era in Zliten were citizens of the same city, and most of them were appointed to these positions according to a decree of Karamanli Pashas. Karamanli government followed the containment policy for many local leaders which had a positive effect on transmitting instructions and orders among the people and thus it achieved the intended goals.
      PubDate: 2021-03-31
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 1 (2021)
  • A Message in Speech on the Almighty saying:{ولسوف يعطيك ربك
           فترضى} to Sheikh Ibrahim al-Maimouni

    • Authors: Ajaj Barghash, Fadwa AL-batoul Mahmoud Kozm
      Pages: 425 - 441
      Abstract: The research aims to study and verify Ibrahim al-Maimouni manuscript. The manuscript is a small message entitled: "A Message in Speech on the Almighty saying: {ولسوف يعطيك ربك فترضى} (And verily, your Lord will give you so that you shall be well-pleased). Also, the manuscript has been verified to make its words and phrases clearer serving the knowledge in general and both interpretations of and Al-Zamakhshari and al-Bayḍāwiyy in particular. The manuscript addresses two issues: Linguistic which is raised by the two commentaries of interpreters about parsing (اللام) in the word "لسوف" and doctrinal issue, that is related to a matter of the intercession and consent of the Prophet blessings and peace be upon him, and raised by the phrase of Imam al- Şafawiyy in his explanation on Al- Shifā where he listed the phrases and the sayings and responses raised about them, till he reached a compromise Or weighting between them and removing the problem. The foundations and regulations of the approved approach for verification and comment was used to achieve the study goals
      PubDate: 2021-03-31
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 1 (2021)
  • The Final Say in the Issue Death between Mu'tazilah and Ahlussunnah
           Wal Jamaah

    • Authors: Mariam Mahmoud Eibesh
      Pages: 442 - 461
      Abstract: This research aims at clarifying the argument in the issue of the murder between Mu'tazilah and Ahlussunnah Wal Jamaah. The study discusses whether the murdered individual dies in his moment of death which Allah made it for him or the killing cut off his life which would have been continued if he had not killed. Also, this article examines whether there is a real argument between Mu'tazilah and Ahlussunnah Wal Jamaah on the issue of death or it is only a verbal controversy. In addition, the study shows who was fair with the Mu'tazilites among the Sunnis and the Jamaa on the issue of death. The comparative analytical descriptive approach was utilized to achieve the research goals. The findings revealed that according to Ahlussunnah Wal Jamaah, the individual who has been murdered is dead in his moment of death which Allah wrote down for him in the Preserved Tablet (al-Lawh al-Mahfuz). The study found that there is a consensus among Al-Mu'tazilah that the murdered has only one moment of death and therefore they agree with Ahlussunnah Wal Jamaah on the murdered issue. Besides, the research found the disagreement between Al-Mu'tazilah and Ahlussunnah Wal Jamaah in the murdered issue is only a verbal controversy. Al-Ash'ari, Abu al-Mu'in al-Nasafi, and others were fair with the Mu'tazilites on the issue of death.
      PubDate: 2021-03-31
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 1 (2021)
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