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  Subjects -> SCIENCES: COMPREHENSIVE WORKS (Total: 374 journals)
Showing 1 - 200 of 265 Journals sorted alphabetically
Accountability in Research: Policies and Quality Assurance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Acta Nova     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientifica Malaysia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Scientifica Naturalis     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Adıyaman University Journal of Science     Open Access  
Advanced Science     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Advanced Science, Engineering and Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 8)
Advanced Theory and Simulations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Research     Open Access  
Advances in Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Afrique Science : Revue Internationale des Sciences et Technologie     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AFRREV STECH : An International Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Alfarama Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
American Academic & Scholarly Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
American Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Anales del Instituto de la Patagonia     Open Access  
Applied Mathematics and Nonlinear Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arab Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences     Open Access  
Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Archives Internationales d'Histoire des Sciences     Partially Free   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Current Research International     Open Access  
ARPHA Conference Abstracts     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ARPHA Proceedings     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Technology Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Australian Field Ornithology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Journal of Social Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access  
Beni-Suef University Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Bilge International Journal of Science and Technology Research     Open Access  
Bioethics Research Notes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
BJHS Themes     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin de la Société Royale des Sciences de Liège     Open Access  
Bulletin of the National Research Centre     Open Access  
Chain Reaction     Full-text available via subscription  
Ciencia Amazónica (Iquitos)     Open Access  
Ciencia en su PC     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia Ergo Sum     Open Access  
Ciência ET Praxis     Open Access  
Communications Faculty of Sciences University of Ankara Series A2-A3 Physical Sciences and Engineering     Open Access  
Comunicata Scientiae     Open Access  
Conference Papers in Science     Open Access  
Configurations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
COSMOS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Crea Ciencia Revista Científica     Open Access  
Current Issues in Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Current Research in Geoscience     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Data     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Dhaka University Journal of Science     Open Access  
Discover Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Einstein (São Paulo)     Open Access  
Ekaia : EHUko Zientzia eta Teknologia aldizkaria     Open Access  
Emergent Scientist     Open Access  
Enhancing Learning in the Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Enseñanza de las Ciencias : Revista de Investigación y Experiencias Didácticas     Open Access  
Entramado     Open Access  
Entre Ciencia e Ingeniería     Open Access  
Epiphany     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ethiopian Journal of Education and Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
European Scientific Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Evidência - Ciência e Biotecnologia - Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Exchanges : the Warwick Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Experimental Results     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Fides et Ratio : Revista de Difusión Cultural y Científica     Open Access  
Fontanus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Forensic Science Policy & Management: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 249)
Frontiers in Climate     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Frontiers in Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Fundamental Research     Open Access  
Futures & Foresight Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Gaudium Sciendi     Open Access  
Ghana Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Global Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences     Full-text available via subscription  
Globe, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
HardwareX     Open Access  
Heidelberger Jahrbücher Online     Open Access  
Heliyon     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
History of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Hoosier Science Teacher     Open Access  
Indian Journal of History of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Instruments     Open Access  
Interciencia     Open Access  
International Annals of Science     Open Access  
International Journal of Advanced Multidisciplinary Research and Review     Open Access  
International Journal of Applied Science     Open Access  
International Journal of Engineering, Science and Technology     Open Access  
International Journal of Network Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Social Sciences and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Technology Policy and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Science and Technology Journal of Namibia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Scientific and Vocational Studies Journal     Open Access  
Investiga : TEC     Open Access  
Investigación Joven     Open Access  
Investigacion y Ciencia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Iranian Journal of Science and Technology, Transactions A : Science     Hybrid Journal  
iScience     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Issues in Science & Technology     Free   (Followers: 8)
Ithaca : Viaggio nella Scienza     Open Access  
J : Multidisciplinary Scientific Journal     Open Access  
Jaunujų mokslininkų darbai     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal de la Recherche Scientifique de l'Universite de Lome     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Advanced Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Analytical Science & Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Applied Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Big History     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Composites Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Diversity Management     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Indian Council of Philosophical Research     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Institute of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Journal of King Saud University - Science     Open Access  
Journal of Mathematical and Fundamental Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Negative and No Positive Results     Open Access  
Journal of Responsible Technology     Open Access  
Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Science and Technology (Ghana)     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Science and Technology Policy Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Science Foundation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Scientific Research and Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Shanghai Jiaotong University (Science)     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Social Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Taibah University for Science     Open Access  
Journal of the Ghana Science Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the History of Ideas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 167)
Journal of the Indian Institute of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49)
Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science     Open Access  
Journal of Unsolved Questions     Open Access  
Jurnal Sains Dasar     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknosains     Open Access  
Karaelmas Science and Engineering Journal     Open Access  
Karbala International Journal of Modern Science     Open Access  
Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Logo STI Science, Technology and Innovation     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Malawi Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Maskana     Open Access  
MethodsX     Open Access  
Mètode Science Studies Journal : Annual Review     Open Access  
Modern Applied Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Momona Ethiopian Journal of Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
National Academy Science Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
National Science Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Natural Sciences     Open Access  
Natural Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Naturen     Full-text available via subscription  
Nepal Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Network Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Nordic Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Nordic Studies in Science Education     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Nova     Open Access  
Open Conference Proceedings Journal     Open Access  
Open Journal of Applied Sciences     Open Access  
Orbis Cógnita : Revista Científica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Patterns     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
People and Nature     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Población y Desarrollo - Argonautas y caminantes     Open Access  
Politique et Sociétés     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Portal de la Ciencia     Open Access  
Proceedings of the Indian National Science Academy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland, The     Full-text available via subscription  
QScience Connect     Open Access  
Quantum Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Rafidain Journal of Science     Open Access  
Rehabilitation Research, Policy, and Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Reportes Científicos de la FaCEN     Open Access  
Reports in Advances of Physical Sciences     Open Access  
Research Ideas and Outcomes     Open Access  
Research Integrity and Peer Review     Open Access  
Research Policy : X     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Respuestas     Open Access  
Revista Bases de la Ciencia     Open Access  
Revista Cientifica Guillermo de Ockham     Open Access  
Revista Conhecimento Online     Open Access  
Revista Crítica de Ciências Sociais     Open Access  
Revista de Ciencia y Tecnología     Open Access  
Revista de la Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales     Open Access  
Revista de la Universidad del Zulia     Open Access  
Revista Politécnica     Open Access  
Revista Tecnológica     Open Access  
Revista UniVap     Open Access  
SAINSTIS     Open Access  
Sainteknol : Jurnal Sains dan Teknologi     Open Access  
Sci     Open Access  
Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5073)
Science & Diplomacy     Free   (Followers: 3)
Science Advances     Free   (Followers: 44)
Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Science Heritage Journal     Open Access  
Science World Journal     Open Access  
Science, Technology and Arts Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ScienceRise     Open Access  
Sciences du jeu     Open Access  

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Indian Journal of History of Science
Number of Followers: 3  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0019-5235 - ISSN (Online) 2454-9991
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2468 journals]
  • Locating Indian knowledge in modern libraries: Incorporating the
           traditional classification of knowledge in India

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      Abstract: Abstract Historically, Indian Knowledge, has been classified into Aṣṭādaśa-vidyāsthānas (अष्टादशविद्यास्थान), eighteen abodes of knowledge. This classification scheme assigns an appropriate place for all components of Indian knowledge in a consistent system. In modern libraries, based mainly on the Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC), there is no natural place for the corpus of Indian Knowledge (IK), and different components of IK get split over widely separate diverse classes. In this article, we describe India’s traditional classification of knowledge and propose a national modification of the DDC to incorporate the former. The proposed scheme shall ensure that the diverse corpora of IK are compactly brought together in Indian libraries. This shall help the students and scholars appreciate the breadth and depth of IK and also the interconnectedness of its different components. It is impossible to understand the history of any element of IK, including Indian Sciences and Technologies, without comprehending the interconnectedness of the entire corpus.
      PubDate: 2024-07-04
       
  • Politics, industrialization and technical education in colonial India: A
           case study of Imperial Institute of Sugar Technology, Kanpur

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      Abstract: Abstract How did the European industrialists influence the nature and form of the course in sugar chemistry and technology, as well as its standard and form of training at Harcourt Butler Technological Institute, Kanpur' This course led to the Imperial Institute of Sugar Technology's establishment (renamed National Sugar Institute after independence) in 1937 at Kanpur. The overwhelming presence of Europeans in the sugar industry until the 1920s gave European industrialists an influential role in deciding policy for technical education in colonial India. Although the sugar industry became a prominent political arena for Indian industrialists after the tariff protection of 1932, technical education for industrialization was not a serious concern for industrialists. The paper examines the process of initiating advanced courses for sugar chemists and technologists at HBTI by the second decade of the twentieth century. Proceedings of the Department of Industries of the Government of India and the United Provinces and official reports are analyzed to understand the political and social underpinning of the process of setting up a sugar technology course at HBTI, which subsequently emerged as an independent institute for sugar technology named as Imperial Institute of Sugar Technology Kanpur.
      PubDate: 2024-06-19
       
  • Brief history of semiconductor science and technology and India’s role
           in the decade after the invention of transistor

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      Abstract: Abstract This paper presents a brief history of semiconductor science and technology and examines the role of Indian scientists in the decade following the invention of the transistor. The paper first outlines the development towards identifying and understanding the special characteristics of semiconductors. The current understanding of the physics of semiconductors and their properties are briefly mentioned thereafter. A chronological listing of different works, starting from the first report by Volta in 1782 and other scientists, is given, and how their findings gave evidence to this special class of materials is pointed out. In the list, a brief mention is also made about J. C. Bose’s invention of the first semiconductor device and his work related to materials, later identified as semiconductors. This listing, with a brief mention, continues by outlining the progress towards developing semiconductor science and technology until the end of World War II. The invention of the transistor, announced on December 23, 1947 created a boom in activities worldwide in semiconductors, improvement in device performance, and announcement of newer semiconductor devices. Indian research in this area over the decade after the invention of the transistor is identified. International research had been in full swing in this period, and some of these developments that paved the way for the invention of integrated circuits in 1958–1960 are listed and discussed. Finally, the reasons are sought for limited work and the general unawareness or lack of interest of Indian workers in this important area, leading to the present Information Age, compared to international activity.
      PubDate: 2024-06-17
       
  • Plants of Atharvaveda: Their descriptions and medicinal uses

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      Abstract: Abstract Atharvaveda is the fourth veda in the usual order of enumeration after Ṛgveda, Yajurveda, and Samaveda. However, the historical analysis of Atharvaveda shows that it is as old as Ṛgveda. The Atharvaveda saṃhitā contains around 5987 verses, which varies slightly based on the two recessions. These saṃhitās are curious compendiums of medicine in its various stages of evolution and include the most primitive as well as some of the most highly developed stages of therapy. Most of the vedic healing verses/liturgies occur in the Atharvaveda. These liturgies, termed Bhaiṣajya suktās (hymns on medicine), which deal with human diseases, their causes, and cures, show a remarkable insight into the subject of health sciences with several medicinal plants’ descriptions. The descriptions of the structure of the human body and its organs, which reveal anatomical knowledge, are shown predominantly in the Atharvavedic scriptures. The Atharvan medical terminology is still being used in the traditional Ayurveda practice. The project aims to make a comprehensive and systematic assessment of the descriptions of plants revealed in the Atharvaveda saṃhitā texts.
      PubDate: 2024-06-12
       
  • The Ukãy, Salvadora persica (Salvadoraceae): Historical and literary
           evidence from stone inscriptions, copper plates, and literature

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      Abstract: Abstract Salvadora persica occurs widely in the dry and semi-arid regions of the Indian subcontinent, the Middle East, and parts of Africa, where it is commonly used as a ‘toothbrush’. The present paper attempts to chronicle the history of S. persica in present-day Tamil Nadu. Sangam literature (300 BCE–300 CE) in Tamil is widely acknowledged for identifying floral and faunal elements of parts of Southern India, particularly modern Tamil Nadu and Kerala. The description of floral elements in Sangam literature, when definitively linked to the present-day scientifically determined plant identities, enables us to estimate and evaluate their present distribution. In addition, this paper collates the references to the plant ukãy from both Sangam and the later-period Tamil literature and traces the history and use of this plant in the Tamil region.
      PubDate: 2024-06-11
       
  • History of science, technology, environment, and medicine in India (ed.)
           by Suvobrata Sarkar, London-New York: Routledge, South Asia Edition, 2022.
           Pp. XXI + 328. Price Rs. 1595

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      PubDate: 2024-06-10
       
  • Yellapragada Subba Rao: The Unsung Hero of Science

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      Abstract: Abstract This essay explores the life and work of Dr. Yellapragada Subba Rao, an Indian scientist whose contributions to medical science have profoundly impacted the world. From his early days in India to his time at Harvard University, Subba Rao’s innovative research led to the development of several important drugs, including the first chemotherapy agent for leukemia and the discovery of diethylcarbamazine for filariasis treatment. Despite his many achievements, Subba Rao never received the recognition he deserved during his lifetime. However, his legacy lives on through the countless lives he has saved and the ongoing research inspired by his work. This essay sheds light on the critical contributions of Subba Rao to medical science and the remarkable impact his work has had on society.
      PubDate: 2024-05-31
       
  • Displacement and sovereignty: Raja of Bilaspur and the Bhakra dam
           (1908–1947)

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      Abstract: Abstract Dams and ensuing development is a contentious topic that has occupied scholars forages, and the present article endeavors to show how the process of construction of Bhakra dam could influence the history and future of a princely state and its subjects that had been ruled by “Rajas” of Kehloor (Bilaspur) for more than 1250 years. This paper focuses on the project’s history during Colonial India from 1908 to 1947. It was the period when the seed of the idea was first sowed, and the machinations behind it would eventually decide the fate of Bilaspur’s small independent state. It involved the possibility of losing its identity and land and, notably, the loss of sovereign rights of its people. The independent principality ceased to exist in post-colonial India as it became a district in Himachal Pradesh. The relocation heaped on the masses remained silent in the annals of history, and those rendered homeless remained without a voice. The Dam’s construction depended on the consent of the Raja of Bilaspur and, finally, the government of India, which is the major player in the politics surrounding the Dam.
      PubDate: 2024-05-27
       
  • Indigenous knowledge for sustainable development: A case study of
           Kurmi Mahatos

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      Abstract: Abstract Indigenous knowledge is considered the invaluable treasure of any particular community. It refers to unique traditional knowledge within a specific geographic area that facilitates indigenous cultural development. Sustainable development is an economically viable, environmentally, and socially beneficial process that balances the present and future communities' needs, for which preservation, promotion, and transmission are the primary requisites. The present study focuses on the Kurmi Mahatos, and their reliance on the traditional methods of using plant and animal species for medical assistance. Indigenous peoples and their knowledge are considered the guardians of the earth, as their conventional practices of medical assistance focus on managing natural resources to the fullest. Their knowledge represents a collection of cultural wisdom for natural resource management, along with the incorporation of caring and respect. Conserving their knowledge of medicinal plants and animals is vital to sustainable development. The S–W–O–C index highlights the chances between resistance and potentiality of this traditional practice.
      PubDate: 2024-04-26
      DOI: 10.1007/s43539-024-00120-9
       
  • Markers and agencies of anisotropy in the Indus sign system

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      Abstract: Abstract An animal symbol faces a sign on 33 Indus seal-impressions. Using this ‘frontality’ as a benchmark, this paper verifies the following: 1. The validity of a line break in a frontal sequence and elsewhere in a corpus of at least 2906 objects, 2. Sign order and reading direction in the benchmark dataset and the rest of the corpus, 3. Sign oder, transposed sign order, and the signals of transposition (the markers and agencies of anisotropy) which follow five rules, labelled D1–D5, besides a violation of these rules, labelled Dx, 4. That the system is minimally isotropic, labelled D0, 5. How a frontal sequence prescribes a sign order that others follow or signal it with a marker when they do not, 6. A relationship between sign and symbol that is analogous with ‘A for Apple’, 7. The design logic of the Indus sign system and how formative signs are transformed by sign doubling, mirroring, repetitive stringing, and a finite set of intrinsic and extrinsic markers, 8. The precise functional value of four Indus graphemes, one marker, IM-99, to signal a transposition, another marker, IM-98, to conceal a sign string, and two more markers, IM-97 and 123, to differentiate signs with identical multiples, and 9. How a seal in the frontal dataset talks to another seal. The above are understood through a simulation to study sign position in relation to sign transposition. A transposed sign order is created taking a naturally occurring sign order from a frontal seal. The study then seeks the recurrence of this ‘cooked’ order elsewhere in the corpus and reports the cause and effect of transposition, respectively, agency and marker. The study is range-relaxed and explains adjacent sign behaviour, as well as distant sign behaviour.
      PubDate: 2024-04-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s43539-023-00102-3
       
  • Questioning Basalla’s question (yet again): The view from cognitive
           history

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      Abstract: Abstract In 1967, George Basalla posed the question: “How did modern science diffuse from Western Europe and find its place in the world'” Here, we consider this question particularized to India: “How did modern science find its place in India'” In answering his own question Basalla posited a 3-phase model–one that has been severely criticized by some prominent social historians and sociologists of modern Indian science. In this paper, we question Basalla’s question anew from the perspective of cognitive history, wherein the focus is on specific, individual scientific productions as knowledge-consuming/knowledge-generating creative phenomena. Drawing on Asiatic Society records on the work of British scientists in nineteenth century India and contributions made in the same period by five Indian pioneers of science, namely, Radhanath Sikdar, Yesudas Ramchandra, Mahendra Lal Sircar, Jagadis Chandra Bose and Prafulla Chandra Ray–each of whom is presented here as representing a distinct aspect of science–we argue that: (1) the biographical records of the British scientists in nineteenth century India does not resonate in important ways with phase I of the Basalla model; (2) with one notable exception, the work of the British scientists and that of the Indian protagonists ran on essentially parallel tracks; (3) the distinction between Basalla’s phase II ‘colonial scientist’ and phase III ‘independent scientist’ dissolves in the case of our Indian protagonists; and (4) most importantly, we answer the Basalla question by way of identifying specific and distinctive contributions made to the knowledge-consuming/knowledge-producing enterprises constituting creative science. In the final analysis, we suggest that the Basalla model played virtually no role in understanding or explaining the genesis of modern science in India as practiced by our protagonists.
      PubDate: 2024-04-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s43539-024-00112-9
       
  • Influences of botanical knowledge from the East in the colonial medical
           developments: A case study from early modern Kerala, India

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      Abstract: Abstract The paper looks into the indigenous medical tradition and the exchange of botanical knowledge that happened throughout colonialism and even before it to highlight Kerala’s local knowledge base from around eleventh century CE, especially in botany. Plant-based healing practices have been followed in Kerala since antiquity, and the local physicians had considerable knowledge about the properties of the plants they used in and as medicines. The most common spices used in medicines in Kerala include pepper, cardamom, ginger, turmeric, and cinnamon. We also find a similar usage pattern in some early and medieval Western medicines. Since spices did not grow within European geography, it aroused much curiosity about their habitat and uses. This led to a quest for spices and an exchange of knowledge, especially regarding the properties and uses of the plants and spices used as medicines. The medical and botanical developments of early modern Kerala, the European curiosity about spices and plants of the East and how it became grounds for the exchange of knowledge and information relating to the botany of the region and its subsequent presence in European medicine in the medieval and early modern times forms the crux of this paper.
      PubDate: 2024-04-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s43539-024-00116-5
       
  • Jhum: An indigenous method of cultivation and British attitude towards it
           in Colonial Assam

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      Abstract: Abstract The paper attempts to study the Indigenous method of jhum, or shifting cultivation, and British attitude towards it. It was a popular method of cultivation not only in Colonial Assam but also in various parts of the country. Though jhum has been practiced for several millennia and found to be suitable for the climate of Assam, the British government tried to ban this form of cultivation for their interest. To meet the need of timber for railways, shipbuilding, etc., they wanted to expand plantation areas, and shifting cultivation was an obstacle to that. But the native people were not in favour of giving up their practice of jhum cultivation, and even the revenue officers demanded a mid-way to resolve the issue. This resulted in the adaptation of the taungya system of cultivation in which both cultivation and plantation could go simultaneously. The method used for the study is empirical and historical. Both primary sources such as forest administrative reports for Assam, Assam District Gazatteers and other official records collected from the National Archive of India, New Delhi and the Directorate of Assam State Archive, Guwahati and secondary sources such as books and research articles have been used for the study.
      PubDate: 2024-03-25
      DOI: 10.1007/s43539-024-00111-w
       
  • Historical account of entomophagy among the Apatani tribe of Arunachal
           Pradesh: Current status and future trends

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      Abstract: Abstract This review focuses on tracing the history of entomophagy practice since the time of ancient archaic humans and the development of this practice that persisted until today among ethnic communities, with particular reference to the Apatani tribe of Arunachal Pradesh, India. Insects as food is a trending research topic due to their potential as a future sustainable food. Until the mid-nineteenth century, the tribal population of Arunachal Pradesh was largely isolated, though the practice of eating insects prevailed among the majority of its tribal groups. Only in recent times has the need for alternative food resources, due to the impact of globalization, climatic crisis, and resource depletion worldwide, pushed for scientific exploration, which is gaining momentum. The history of anthropo-entomophagy and its sociocultural significance is explored  in this study. The present paper also describes the ongoing scientific exploration toward the value of edible insects as neutraceutical, entomoceutical, and pest control tools historically being used by Apatanese and the prospect of these edible insects for the tribe in the future.
      PubDate: 2024-03-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s43539-024-00115-6
       
  • Dr. Suresh Prasad Sarbadhikari (1866–1921): A legendary surgeon and a
           Bengali pioneer of ovariotomy

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      Abstract: Abstract Dr. Suresh Prasad Sarbadhikari (1866–1921) was a leading surgeon and a gynaecologist of colonial Bengal who left his mark not only in medical science, but also as an educationist and social worker. Born into an affluent and educated family, Sarbadhikari graduated from Calcutta Medical College and became a well-known doctor, contributing to ovariotomy and medical research. His name spread worldwide when he presented the impactful paper ‘Ovariotomy in Bengal’ at the first Indian Medical Congress in 1894. His reputation as a gynaecologist who could operate on patients at their homes, gradually replaced the monopoly of European doctors in Bengal and brought brilliant Bengali doctors into prominence. Sarbadhikari played a prominent role in establishing Carmichael Medical College in Kolkata and actively participated in the senate of Calcutta University. He formed the Bengal Ambulance Corps during WWI, comprising Bengali medical men who played heroic roles in Mesopotamia. He earned fabulously but donated generously to social causes. Brilliant, highly professional, honest, and patriotic- Sarbadhikari became a role model for many subsequent generations of doctors. Yet, the present generation has nearly forgotten the name of this great son of Bengal. This article is a homage to Dr. Sarbadhikari.
      PubDate: 2024-03-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s43539-024-00114-7
       
  • Archiving the work of Dr. Subhas Mukherjee: The architect of India’s
           test tube baby

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      Abstract: Abstract India’s first test baby-Kanupriya, also known as Durga, was born on 3 October 1978, just 67 days after the birth of Louise Brown in England. She was the brainchild of Dr. Subhas Mukherjee, a reproductive biologist from Kolkata, India. This idea was way ahead of its time. Thus, it met with harsh criticism and rejection. Dr. Subhas faced severe humiliation, constant repudiation, and multiple transfers. This led to his tragic death on 19 June 1981. In 1997, Dr. T. C. Anand Kumar, former director of the Institute of Research in Reproduction (now ICMR-NIRRCH), Mumbai, who had headed the team that led to the birth of India’s first ‘scientifically documented’ test-tube baby ‘Harsha’ in 1986, assessed Dr. Mukherjee’s diaries, papers, and handwritten notes on his technique and after that credited Dr. Mukherjee by extensively writing about his pioneering feat. In 2002, after 21 years of his death, ICMR recognized his work for the first time. Dr. Mukherjee’s method of combining in vitro fertilization and cryopreservation of human embryos is the currently preferred technique of medically assisted reproduction. Dr. Edwards was awarded the Nobel Prize for creating a test tube baby in 2010. Though Dr. Subhas Mukherjee was the first Asian to discover such a process and the first to discover live birth from frozen embryos, he never got recognition during his lifetime. Till now, he has not received any honor of such magnitude. Much of Dr. Subhas’s work remains unpublished because of restrictions and prohibitions by the authorities. We believe, there is a need to preserve and document Dr. Mukherjee’s work to make it a familiar name in India. For this purpose, meticulous, unbiased, and thorough analysis of all the available material was necessary. This project was undertaken with this intention.
      PubDate: 2024-03-14
      DOI: 10.1007/s43539-024-00117-4
       
  • Pathway to Devasthal astronomical observatory, ARIES

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      Abstract: Abstract Devasthal observatory, established over a period of ~ 5 decades, is located in the central Himalayan region of Devabhumi in Nainital district of Uttarakhand state, India. Operated and maintained by the Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Science (ARIES), its location was selected after an extensive site survey. The first measurements of atmospheric seeing and extinctions at Devasthal were carried out from 1997 to 2001. Since 2010, three optical telescopes with apertures of 1.3, 3.6, and 4 m have been successfully installed at Devasthal. Optical and near-infrared observations taken with these telescopes testify to the global competitiveness of Devasthal observatory for astronomical observations. The article chronicles the collaboration with the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, beginning around 1996, for the purpose of establishing the observatory. A brief overview of the main science results obtained using these facilities is also presented.
      PubDate: 2024-03-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s43539-024-00113-8
       
  • Science, war and imperialism: India in the second world war by Jagadish N.
           Sinha, Manohar Publishers & Distributors, New Delhi, 2023, ISBN:
           978-81-960546-0-1, Pages, XVI+278, Price, INR 1495

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      PubDate: 2024-03-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s43539-024-00118-3
       
  • Engineering education in India: Past, present and future by Samir Kumar
           Saha, Sahitya Samsad, Kolkata, Revised second edition 2022, ISBN:
           978-81-956199-2-4, Pages, XI+341, Price, INR 1200/-

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      PubDate: 2024-03-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s43539-024-00119-2
       
  • Relevance of Ayurvedic prakṛti in literary studies with special
           reference to major characters of Kālidāsa’s dramas

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      Abstract: Abstract Ayurveda narrates the concept of prakṛti as a framework to understand human behaviour. Prakṛti determines an individual’s physical, physiological, and mental disposition. The three doṣas,vāta, pitta, and kapha, form the basis of the body and mind. The dominance of one or two of these influences the physical and mental makeup of the individual. The lead characters of Kālidāsa’s dramas are studied and analyzed to understand the relevance of prakṛti in literary studies. The concept of prakṛti is helpful for writers to build their characters and in literary criticism. Hence, it should be taught to students of academic studies.
      PubDate: 2024-02-26
      DOI: 10.1007/s43539-023-00105-0
       
 
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  Subjects -> SCIENCES: COMPREHENSIVE WORKS (Total: 374 journals)
Showing 1 - 200 of 265 Journals sorted alphabetically
Accountability in Research: Policies and Quality Assurance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Acta Nova     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientifica Malaysia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Scientifica Naturalis     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Adıyaman University Journal of Science     Open Access  
Advanced Science     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Advanced Science, Engineering and Medicine     Partially Free   (Followers: 8)
Advanced Theory and Simulations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Research     Open Access  
Advances in Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Afrique Science : Revue Internationale des Sciences et Technologie     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AFRREV STECH : An International Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Alfarama Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
American Academic & Scholarly Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
American Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Anales del Instituto de la Patagonia     Open Access  
Applied Mathematics and Nonlinear Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arab Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences     Open Access  
Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Archives Internationales d'Histoire des Sciences     Partially Free   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Current Research International     Open Access  
ARPHA Conference Abstracts     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ARPHA Proceedings     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Advanced Research and Reports     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Technology Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Australian Field Ornithology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Journal of Social Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access  
Beni-Suef University Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Bilge International Journal of Science and Technology Research     Open Access  
Bioethics Research Notes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
BJHS Themes     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin de la Société Royale des Sciences de Liège     Open Access  
Bulletin of the National Research Centre     Open Access  
Chain Reaction     Full-text available via subscription  
Ciencia Amazónica (Iquitos)     Open Access  
Ciencia en su PC     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia Ergo Sum     Open Access  
Ciência ET Praxis     Open Access  
Communications Faculty of Sciences University of Ankara Series A2-A3 Physical Sciences and Engineering     Open Access  
Comunicata Scientiae     Open Access  
Conference Papers in Science     Open Access  
Configurations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
COSMOS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Crea Ciencia Revista Científica     Open Access  
Current Issues in Criminal Justice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Current Research in Geoscience     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Data     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Dhaka University Journal of Science     Open Access  
Discover Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Einstein (São Paulo)     Open Access  
Ekaia : EHUko Zientzia eta Teknologia aldizkaria     Open Access  
Emergent Scientist     Open Access  
Enhancing Learning in the Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Enseñanza de las Ciencias : Revista de Investigación y Experiencias Didácticas     Open Access  
Entramado     Open Access  
Entre Ciencia e Ingeniería     Open Access  
Epiphany     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ethiopian Journal of Education and Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
European Scientific Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Evidência - Ciência e Biotecnologia - Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Exchanges : the Warwick Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Experimental Results     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Fides et Ratio : Revista de Difusión Cultural y Científica     Open Access  
Fontanus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Forensic Science Policy & Management: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 249)
Frontiers in Climate     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Frontiers in Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Fundamental Research     Open Access  
Futures & Foresight Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Gaudium Sciendi     Open Access  
Ghana Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Global Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences     Full-text available via subscription  
Globe, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
HardwareX     Open Access  
Heidelberger Jahrbücher Online     Open Access  
Heliyon     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
History of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Hoosier Science Teacher     Open Access  
Indian Journal of History of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Instruments     Open Access  
Interciencia     Open Access  
International Annals of Science     Open Access  
International Journal of Advanced Multidisciplinary Research and Review     Open Access  
International Journal of Applied Science     Open Access  
International Journal of Engineering, Science and Technology     Open Access  
International Journal of Network Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Social Sciences and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Technology Policy and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Science and Technology Journal of Namibia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Scientific and Vocational Studies Journal     Open Access  
Investiga : TEC     Open Access  
Investigación Joven     Open Access  
Investigacion y Ciencia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Iranian Journal of Science and Technology, Transactions A : Science     Hybrid Journal  
iScience     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Issues in Science & Technology     Free   (Followers: 8)
Ithaca : Viaggio nella Scienza     Open Access  
J : Multidisciplinary Scientific Journal     Open Access  
Jaunujų mokslininkų darbai     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal de la Recherche Scientifique de l'Universite de Lome     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Advanced Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Analytical Science & Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Applied Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Big History     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Composites Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Diversity Management     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Indian Council of Philosophical Research     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Institute of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Journal of King Saud University - Science     Open Access  
Journal of Mathematical and Fundamental Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Negative and No Positive Results     Open Access  
Journal of Responsible Technology     Open Access  
Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Science and Technology (Ghana)     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Science and Technology Policy Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Science Foundation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Scientific Research and Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Shanghai Jiaotong University (Science)     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Social Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Taibah University for Science     Open Access  
Journal of the Ghana Science Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the History of Ideas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 167)
Journal of the Indian Institute of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49)
Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science     Open Access  
Journal of Unsolved Questions     Open Access  
Jurnal Sains Dasar     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknosains     Open Access  
Karaelmas Science and Engineering Journal     Open Access  
Karbala International Journal of Modern Science     Open Access  
Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Logo STI Science, Technology and Innovation     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Malawi Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Maskana     Open Access  
MethodsX     Open Access  
Mètode Science Studies Journal : Annual Review     Open Access  
Modern Applied Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Momona Ethiopian Journal of Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
National Academy Science Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
National Science Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Natural Sciences     Open Access  
Natural Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Naturen     Full-text available via subscription  
Nepal Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Network Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Nordic Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Nordic Studies in Science Education     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Nova     Open Access  
Open Conference Proceedings Journal     Open Access  
Open Journal of Applied Sciences     Open Access  
Orbis Cógnita : Revista Científica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Patterns     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
People and Nature     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Población y Desarrollo - Argonautas y caminantes     Open Access  
Politique et Sociétés     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Portal de la Ciencia     Open Access  
Proceedings of the Indian National Science Academy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland, The     Full-text available via subscription  
QScience Connect     Open Access  
Quantum Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Rafidain Journal of Science     Open Access  
Rehabilitation Research, Policy, and Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Reportes Científicos de la FaCEN     Open Access  
Reports in Advances of Physical Sciences     Open Access  
Research Ideas and Outcomes     Open Access  
Research Integrity and Peer Review     Open Access  
Research Policy : X     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Respuestas     Open Access  
Revista Bases de la Ciencia     Open Access  
Revista Cientifica Guillermo de Ockham     Open Access  
Revista Conhecimento Online     Open Access  
Revista Crítica de Ciências Sociais     Open Access  
Revista de Ciencia y Tecnología     Open Access  
Revista de la Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales     Open Access  
Revista de la Universidad del Zulia     Open Access  
Revista Politécnica     Open Access  
Revista Tecnológica     Open Access  
Revista UniVap     Open Access  
SAINSTIS     Open Access  
Sainteknol : Jurnal Sains dan Teknologi     Open Access  
Sci     Open Access  
Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5073)
Science & Diplomacy     Free   (Followers: 3)
Science Advances     Free   (Followers: 44)
Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Science Heritage Journal     Open Access  
Science World Journal     Open Access  
Science, Technology and Arts Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ScienceRise     Open Access  
Sciences du jeu     Open Access  

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