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  Subjects -> SCIENCES: COMPREHENSIVE WORKS (Total: 374 journals)
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Türk Bilim ve Mühendislik Dergisi
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2687-6086
Published by DergiPark Homepage  [183 journals]
  • Comparison of S2 Bean Lines Selected by Selection Breeding in Terms of
           Yield and Yield Components

    • Authors: Aykut ŞENER; Burak GÜRCAN, Muharrem KAYA
      Abstract: This research was conducted to determine yield and some yield components of 22 local dry S2 bean lines. Study was established in the experimental farm of the Isparta University of Applied Sciences Faculty of Agriculture during the vegetation period of 2021. Önceler 98 and Göynük 98 cultivars were used as control in the experiment. Field experiment was arranged in randomized block design with 3 replications. The significant differences between genotypes were found in all the examined features in the experiment. According to the data obtained; the plant height varied between 24.51 and 68.60 cm., number of pods varied between 15.67 and 58.53, seeds per plant varied between 59.57 and 228.47, the grain yield varied between 2760.03-8620.90 kg/ha, hundred-grain weight varied between 25.25 and 56.86 g and the protein ratio varied between 18.47-24.43%. As a result, some genotypes superior to control cultivars were determined. In terms of grain yield, ISP34, ISP23, BUR14, ISP72, ISP31, BUR20, KON17, KON16 KON5 and ISP 34 lines had higher yield values than the cultivar Önceler 98.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
           COTTON YARNS

    • Authors: Ahmet ZEYBEK
      Abstract: The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of five different sliver delivery speeds on the yarn unevenness CVm (%). For this purpose, 100% cotton raw material was used, and card sliver samples were produced at five different card sliver delivery speeds (60 m/min, 120 m/min, 180 m/min, 240 m/min and 300 m/min). A total of 600 sample cops were produced in the ring spinning machine, each of which is 10 pieces of knitting and weaving yarn types in the carded and combed machine line, with the yarn counts Ne 20/1, Ne 30/1 and Ne 40/1 from these reed strips produced. The quality characteristics of the raw material used and the produced carded sliver samples were measured using the Uster HVI 1000 and Uster AFIS test equipment. The quality characteristics of the ring yarn cops samples produced on the ring spinning machine were measured with the help of Uster Tester 4 and Uster Tensojet Test devices. The results were analyzed by inferential and descriptive analysis methods. ANOVA analysis method was used for statistical analysis. According to the research findings, in both carded and combed Ne 40/1 yarn samples, an increase in yarn unevenness was observed with the increase in card sliver exit speed, and this increase created a statistically significant difference. The results revealed that the yarn unevenness is directly proportional to the card sliver exit speed and the increase of the card sliver exit speed causes the production of card sliver samples with higher unevenness values (Cvm (%).
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Effect of Organic Acid Added Washing Solution on the Quality of Fresh
           Chilled Sea Bream (Sparus aurata)

    • Authors: İsmail Yüksel GENÇ; Göknur SÜRENGİL, Kamil ATSATAN
      Abstract: In this study, microbiological and sensory changes of whole sea bream (Sparus aurata) which is one of the important commercial fish species in our country, that were washed in washing solutions which contains different concentrations of acetic and citric acid (2%, 2+2, 4+4 and 5+5) were examined during storage at +4 °C. According to the results of the research, it has shown that shelf life of washed sea bream were up to 9-10 day by addition of 2% citric acetic acid. The addition of citric and acetic acids together can extend the shelf life up to 12 days. However, it has been shown that high concentration (5+5%) in the co-addition of organic acids cause sensory quality loss of the samples. In this context, it was concluded that the concentration between 2 and 4% for the addition of organic acids in the preservation of sea bream fish is important in terms of preserving the sensory quality of the products.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030

    • Authors: Deniz YILMAZ; Gülten TAŞKAYA
      Abstract: Mint is the name given to herbaceous plants belonging to the Lamiacea family, which is among the medicinal aromatic plants. In Turkey, the mint plant is cultivated and commercially grown in the Aegean, Mediterranean and Marmara regions. Harvest time in mint is the period when the plant begins to bloom. The aim of the study is to minimize the negativities that may occur in the harvest and threshing process, to contribute to the studies to increase plant yield and quality, and to determine the parameters that may be required for machine design for mint plant. In this study, the physico-mechanical properties of the mint plant were determined for the mechanical harvest. In this study, mints reaching harvest maturity were harvested 5-10 cm from the soil by hand and with the help of pruning shears. After, some physico-mechanical properties such as dimensions (length, width, weight, diameter), breaking force of leaves from stem, projection area, leaf/stem ratio, amount of essential oil were determined. In the study, 13 mint varieties and 4 clones obtained from these varieties were used. Samples were taken from each mint plant. The sizes of the selected mint species were measured and recorded with the help of meters, calipers and precision scales. A biological test device was used to determine the mechanical properties of the plants in three different regions. In addition, the apparatus of the biological test device was changed and the breaking strength of the leaves from the stem was determined. It was determined that the highest value for the cutting force of the mint plant was a zone of Multimentha species with an average of 71.17 N, the lowest value was the c zone of the Maracco Mentha Spicata species with an average of 6.76 N. According to the results of the experiment, the physico-mechanical properties of the mint plant examined in different species were found to be statistically significant at the p<0.05 level and letter grouping was made according to the importance level.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Water Resources and Irrigation in Rwanda

    • Authors: Emmanuel HAKIRUWIZERA; Emre TOPÇU, Yusuf UÇAR
      Abstract: The main objective of the study is to assess the agricultural water resources for irrigation potential in Rwanda. Rwandan agriculture national reports, irrigation expert documents, and various published articles were used in the preparation of this study. Rwanda is a small, land-locked, and fertile country in East Africa. Rwanda has a total area of 26,338-km2 and a population size of 12.7 million. Agriculture accounts for 24% of the total GDP (Gross Domestic Product) in 2020 and accounted for 64% of the working population. The country has 1.4 million ha of agricultural land, of which 43% (0.6 million ha) is irrigable land. Approximately 10% (63,742 ha) of the irrigable areas in the country are irrigated. Rwandan's average annual precipitation is 1200 mm, and the total amount of usable water is 6.8 billion m3/year. The percentage of the irrigated plots by surface irrigation, sprinkler, and drip irrigation systems with an average of 49.7%, 6.7%, and 2.5%, respectively in 2017 to 2021. In 2021, the agricultural production of cereals, legumes and pulses, tubers and roots, and vegetables-fruits were 491,130 tons, 288,018 tons, 1,826,018, and 184,944 tons, respectively.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Determination of Agricultural and Oil Quality Characteristics of Some
           Camelina (Camelina sativa (L.) Crantz.) Genotypes in Isparta Ecological

    • Authors: Gülçin KOÇER; Hasan BAYDAR
      Abstract: Camelina (Camelina sativa (L.) Crantz) is an oilseed crop with high oil content and rich in omega fatty acids, which can be cultivated at low cost in marginal agricultural lands fed by only natural precipitation in arid and semi-arid regions. In this study, 16 camelina genotypes were used. The genotypes were planted on 25 September 2018 in randomized blocks experimental design with 3 replications and harvested on 10 June 2019. The average plant height of the genotypes was 83.1 (Vniimk 17) to 102.7 cm (Ames 26680), the average number of branches per plant 14.5 (Ames 26665) and 22.2 (Ames 26680), the average number of capsules per plant 589.7 (Ames 26665) and 1344.7 (K-50), 1000 seed weight 0.63 g (Ames 22964) to 0.87 g (Ames 26676), harvest index 5.9% (Ames 26673) to 12.6% (Arslanbey), seed yield 103.1 kg/da (Vniimk 17) to 227.8 kg/ (K-49), oil yield 30.1 kg/da (Vniimk 17) to 66.5 kg/da (Ames 22964) and the oil ratio ranged from 24.6% (Ames 266676) to 30.6 (Ames 22964). In crude oils obtained from the seeds of camelina genotypes consisted of oleic acid 14.37-20.08%, linoleic acid 17.30-24.46%, linolenic acid 37.04-49.98%, and erucic acid 0.21-4.92%. In terms of erucic acid, which is accepted as the most important quality criteria in camelina oil, the presence of erucic acid was lower than 2% in 11 of the genotypes.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Producer Practice Principles on Oil Rose Cultivation, Producer Problems,
           and Pesticide Use in Isparta / Keçiborlu District

    • Authors: Şerife Evrim ARICI; Nuran KARATAĞ, Fatma Gül GÖZE ÖZDEMİR, Mevlüt GÜL, Bekir Sıtkı ŞİRİKÇİ
      Abstract: Oil rose cultivation is carried out in Isparta on an area of 27.435 decares. With a production area of 15,000 decares, Keçiborlu District covers 54% of the total production area. Related: A survey was conducted among 65 oil rose producers in the villages of Merkez, Ardıçlı, Senir, Kuyucak, Saracık, Kılıç and Yeşilyurt. In the survey, a total of 69 questions were asked under four main headings: 5 from grower information, 7 from grower information distribution on product, 10 from information on oilseed rose cultivation and 47 from grower information on crop protection. The answers received were incorporated into the database and statistically evaluated using an SPSS database analysis. According to the results of the growers growing oil roses in the areas where the study was conducted, 49% of the growers who took part in the survey were over 50 years old; 43% of graduates are elementary school students, 27% have high school diplomas; It was found that 13.8% of them are college graduates and 86% of them are privately owned. 46.2% of our producers said they do not consider the environmental risks of pesticides when spraying and 43.8% said they consider all environmental risks. When manufacturers were asked about residue issues, 67.7% of them considered spray residues; 80% of them indicated that the pesticides respect the waiting time when harvesting the product. When spraying, 63% of manufacturers took every precaution to avoid close contact with the drugs; It was found that 10.8% did not take any precautions and 26.2% took precautions while taking some medication.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • The Importance and Development Process of Agro-Food Industry in Turkish
           Economy Abstract

    • Authors: Bektaş KADAKOĞLU; Bahri KARLI
      Abstract: Agri-food industries are among the most important sectors in Turkey due to their positive impact on gross national product, employment, production, added value and exports. Approximately 30% of agricultural products in Turkey are processed in agri-food industries and brought to consumers. In developed countries, this rate is 60%. Thus, most of the agricultural products produced in Turkey are brought to consumers without creating added value, that is, without being processed in agri-food industries. The data of the variables in the study include the 2005-2020 periods. The share of agri-food industries within the total industry is 6.38% in terms of the number of enterprises, 13.38% in terms of employment, 16.94% in terms of production value, 13.04% in terms of added value, and 29.08% in terms of export value. As can be understood from these indicators, agri-food industries are of great importance in the Turkish economy. In this study, the current situation of agri-food industries in Turkey was examined and its importance was revealed.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +030
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