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  Subjects -> SCIENCES: COMPREHENSIVE WORKS (Total: 426 journals)
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Sciential
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2562-1483
Published by McMaster University Homepage  [14 journals]
  • Sciential Issue 7

    • Authors: Sciential Journal
      Pages: 1 - 27
      PubDate: 2021-11-30
       
  • Demonstrating the Relationship between the Colour and Heavy Element
           Abundance of Globular Clusters

    • Authors: Guillaume Hewitt
      Pages: 2 - 9
      Abstract: Extragalactic globular clusters are viewed as single points of light, as the density of their stars make them individually indiscernible. The aim of this study was to find a correlation between the integrated colour of globular star clusters and the metallicity of their individual stars. This was accomplished by using the colour magnitudes and metallicities of individual stars from 11 cluster models based on work from Girardi et al. Integrated colour-metallicity diagrams found the relationship between clusters to be an increasing two-step linear function for each of the six colour ratios examined. To validate the findings, the F475W-F814W relationship was applied to integrated colour data of 5557 clusters from the real galaxy NGC 6166. Histograms taken of the colour and metallicity both showed non-gaussian distributions. Bimodal gaussian fits were applied to both and found that each exhibited the presence of subpopulations: one metal-poor (μ = -1.59), and one metal-rich (μ = -0.41). This suggests the occurrence of galactic mergers with NGC 6166 to create the population structure of clusters that is currently seen.
      PubDate: 2021-11-30
       
  • Postpartum Depression Reporting Within Canadian News Sources (2010-2019)

    • Authors: Manmeet Benepal, Jasleen Gill, Subiksha Nagaratnam, Krishna Patel, Noah Stancati, Shipra Taneja
      Pages: 10 - 15
      Abstract: Postpartum depression (PPD) is often stigmatized and there appears to be a significant lack of representation of PPD in Canadian media outlets. This showcases the necessity for diverse reporting in the media and an increase in awareness of PPD among the general population. The extent to which PPD is underrepresented in Canadian news sources over the past decade has not been evaluated to date. In this study, we investigated the prevalence of articles about PPD published in three popular Canadian newspapers (The Globe and Mail, National Post and Toronto Star) in 2010, 2015 and 2019 using Factiva. We scored the publications based on relevancy, approach to communicating PPD and discussion of resources. In 2010, 66.6% (n=7) of articles retrieved covered PPD, compared to 0% (n=0) and 16.7% (n=1) of articles in 2015 and 2019, respectively. Only articles that discussed PPD as their main focus were included in further analysis. Anecdotes of mothers’ personal experiences with PPD were present in 62.5% of articles (n=5), while only 25% (n=2) included descriptions of fathers’ experiences with PPD. Scientific information about PPD was mentioned in 85.71% of the articles (n=6). There was no discussion surrounding providing support or resources for mothers or fathers experiencing PPD in any of the analyzed articles. Evidently, the number of articles mentioning or discussing PPD has decreased in the last decade. In 2010, there was greater discussion of PPD in media sources, emphasizing relevant science and personal experiences of parents. Articles published in 2010 also included a greater representation of males’ perspectives on PPD.Overall, the analysis suggests a plausible trend in the reporting of PPD and PPD stigmatization, however more research needs to be conducted in order to understand whether or not PPD has become more stigmatized in the last decade.
      PubDate: 2021-11-30
       
  • Endometriosis Misdiagnosis

    • Authors: Aileen Jeong
      Pages: 16 - 17
      Abstract: Endometriosis is a disease that is common among reproductive-aged females and can present itself through symptoms such as pelvic pain and infertility. The current process of diagnosing this disease involves laparoscopy, an invasive surgical procedure. This method of diagnosis have been proven to be suboptimal and suggests the need for reevaluation. The misdiagnosis and delays in diagnosis of endometriosis have become a public health crisis and many authors propose alternative methods of clinical, noninvasive diagnostic techniques.   
      PubDate: 2021-11-30
       
  • Interview with Dr. Ayesha Khan

    • Authors: Naomi Suzuki
      Pages: 18 - 20
      Abstract: Equity, Diversity and Inclusion, or EDI, is a central topic in Science today. EDI refers to the approach where individuals from a diverse pool are given the same opportunities. Additionally, there are differences among the people in the group. Further, dissimilarities are respected and celebrated. In this interview, Dr. Ayesha Khan shares what EDI means to her as a professor at McMaster University. Her relationship with EDI is an ongoing learning process that she is achieving with the help and guidance of students. Advocating for student empowerment is aligned with her teaching philosophy and EDI principles. However, introducing EDI topics in course content can bring challenges in how best to present sensitive materials. Dr. Khan’s personal goal is to inform students about EDI so that they can share these ideas with others.
      PubDate: 2021-11-30
       
  • Science Communication: A basic skill that needs to be developed in
           undergraduate and graduate programs

    • Authors: David Rodrigues
      Pages: 21 - 25
      Abstract: Communication skills are one of the most widely recognized learning outcomes for numerous programs in higher education. However, proper training in science communication skills are consistently falling short of requirements. This highlights the need to examine the curriculum as a whole as opposed to a course level view. In this piece, I present arguments expressing the need for proper incorporation of formal communication training in undergraduate and graduate programs to enhance the quality of discourse between scientists and the lay public. Specifically, this opinion piece briefly describes the current state of SciComm training and the lack of core skills in existing courses, the essence of science communication and teaching, and its impact in the workplace.
      PubDate: 2021-11-30
       
 
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