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Journal of Al-Qadisiyah for Pure Science
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1997-2490
Published by Al-Qadisiyah University Homepage  [9 journals]
  • On Almost Countably Compact of Bitopological Spaces Ali Karim Lelo
           Alobaidi

    • Abstract: In this paper we introduce the notion ofalmost countably compact spaces in bitopologicalspaces , give new definitions , and study some of the important properties related to this concept , therelationship between almost countably compact spaces and countably compact spaces
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Dec 2017 20:30:00 +010
       
  • On Certain Types of Lower Minimal structure Actions

    • Abstract: The main aim of this work is to create a new types of Lower minimal structure action namely SIndms-action, WIndms -action and VkIndms -action. Also, we gave restriction and the relation among the certain typesof Lower minimal structure action.
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Dec 2017 20:30:00 +010
       
  • Some Properties of Contra θ gs-Closed Functions

    • Abstract: The aim of this paper is to introduce and study some properties of a new generalization of contra closedset called contra ⍬gs-closed function in topological spaces, as well as , some theorems and examples ofthese functions .
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Dec 2017 20:30:00 +010
       
  • FULLERENE-LIKE STRUCTURES IN COALS

    • Abstract: Anthracites are considered as raw materials for the production of fullerenes, and the radiospectroscopymethod is proposed for express diagnostics of carbonic materials. In this work the features of the influence exerted by sizes, forms, and structures of anthracite samples on EPR signals are studied. It hasbeen demonstrated that the features of the recorded EPR spectra for the coals exhibiting high degreesof metamorphization are associated with high concentrations of the localized spins at the recordingconditions and also with the peculiarities of their spatial-temporal localization within the fullerene-likestructures of the coals.
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Dec 2017 20:30:00 +010
       
  • Study of Electronic Structure of Boron-Nitride /Graphene Bilayer by Using
           DFT

    • Abstract: In this work, we study the electronic structure (number of open channels (NOC), band structur(BS), densityof states (DOS), and I-V curve) of boron nitride/ graphene sheet using SIESTA and GOLLUM codes. Abinitio structural optimization performs for all structures using the local density approximation (LDA) withnorm-conserving pseudopotentials, double zeta polarized (DZP) basis sets of pseudoatomic orbitals, andthe Ceperley-Alder exchange correlation functional with the atomic forces relaxed to 0.02 eV/˚A. Threetypes of simulated heterostructures sheets have been studied: 1- One graphene strip and one boron nitridestrip sheet. 2- Two graphene strip and one boron nitride strip sheet. 3- Three graphene strip and one boronnitride strip sheet. We show that there is a dramatic reduction in energy gap ‘Eg’ of heterostructurescomparing with the insulator boron nitride (Eg 4.6 eV) and increasing in energy gap comparing withsemimetallic graphene (zero gap).
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Dec 2017 20:30:00 +010
       
  • The effect of extract watery of Pomegranate peel on broiler infected with
           Escherichia coli ...

    • Abstract: This study was designed to determine the effect of extract watery of Pomegranatepeel(Punica granatum)on broiler infected with Escherichia coli . In this study 100 chickswhich were divided into two groups .The first group (25 chicks) given 5ml of steriletrypticase soya broth (control group) while the second group(75 chicks) given 5ml oftrypticase soya broth which containing 2×108CFU ⁄ ml of Escherichia coli(infectedgroup).When the symptoms of infection were appearing extracting watery of Pomegranatepeel was given at the concentrations 50 ,75 ,100 mg ⁄ml. The results showed a decreased in body weight , food - and water intake after infectionand when we given the extract watery , there was an increase in body weight , food intake andthe health of chicks according to the increased in concentration infused.
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Dec 2017 20:30:00 +010
       
  • Effect of the use Extracts of some Plants to Control Fusarium.oxysporum
           f.sp. ...

    • Abstract: The aim of this study is to know the active influence of some extracts plants which include theextraction of Monterey cypress leaf, Christs thorm , Eucalypts and Oleander in four differentconcentration in every extraction plant 10%, 20%, 30%, 40% for control Fusarium oxysporum funguscaused root rot cucumber disease . The results appear that all the extraction plants which are usedmade a inhibition in the growth rate of the fungi . The 40% concentration is more efficiency ,thegrowth rate is 4, 3.75 , 2.75 ,2.12 Cm respectively and the inhibition rate is 52.94%, 55.88%,67.64%,75.05% respectively. compared to the control treatment (F.oxysporum only) was growth rate8.5cm. The most actively plant to reduce the growth of the fungi is the extraction of Oleander plant inthe 40% concentration which made the inhibition rate 75.05%. The lowest rate of concentration toreduce the growth of the fungi is 10%.The inhibition rate is 25.05%,23.52%,28%,51.52%respectively.
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Dec 2017 20:30:00 +010
       
  • A Study of Some Blood Picture Parameters during Experimental Infection
           with Eimeria tenella in ...

    • Abstract: The study was conducted in Animal house of the department of Biology, College ofEducation, Al-Qadisiya University during the period from 1/9/2013 to 1/9/2014. The studydiagnosed the parasite of E.tenella in naturally infected chickens in poultry farms. E.tenella wasisolated from the infected cases in Vet. hospital and Vet. clinics.Then,the cases diagnosed initiallyin the laboratory direct examining stool by ordinary microscope and the positive cases wererecorded and diagnosed by using the technique of Conventional Polymerase ChainReaction(PCR). There are 315 cases of infected chicken which are examined and the resultsshowed that (186 out of 315) stool Samples,59%, The experimental infection for each experimentwas done in age 21 day with dosage of (5×104) grown oocysts/chicken for E.tenella in two typesof chickens(Ross and local breed) Also,two groups of uninfected chickens (control) are used forthe sake of comparison.Hematological parameters in Ross chickens showed significant decrease (p
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Dec 2017 20:30:00 +010
       
  • Effects Alkaliods extrects of Citrullus colocynthus fruits and seeds and
           Conocarpus erectus ...

    • Abstract: This study included the efficacy of the alkaloid , which extracted from leaves of Conocarpuserectus and fruits , seeds of Citrullus colocynthis and urea on the radial growth of Alternariaalternata and Aspergillus ochraceus isolated from seeds and roots of faba bean comparedwith fungicide Tapsin, also testing the effect of these treatment in germination of seeds insterilized and un sterilized soil , and detection of tested fungi by molecular method usingpolymerase chain reaction( PCR). The results showed that the alkaloids have significant effecton growth of tested fungus on solid culture medium (PDA) , in measuring with controlledtreatment and tested fungicide at level of possibility 5%, and also increasing the rate ofgermination of faba bean seeds in sterilized and un sterilized soil. The concentration 15mgmlhad the greatest action comparing with other alkaloids and urea concentrations andfungicides. The testing of measuring Infra-Red Spectrum (FTIR) showed the presence ofmany specific band due the extraction alkaloids.
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Dec 2017 20:30:00 +010
       
  • Seasonal changes and their impact on the Incidence internal parasites of
           fish Liza abu in ...

    • Abstract: Receved :25/4/2016 Accepted :10/8/2016Nadia Ahmed Hadi Department of Biolgy/ College of Education/ the-Qar UniversityAbstract Through examination of 183 sample of the fresh water fish liza abu obtained from Al-furat RiverinThe-Qar Governoraate the percentage of total internal parasites in fection was 45.90% They were thetrematode clinostomum Complanatum 15.30% , The percentage of in fection withNeochinorhynchus iraqensis 9.83% and the infection oocyst of cryptosporidium spp 12.02and the infection by the larva stage contracaecum sp. 8.74% and interinal parasites wererecorded for the first time in laza abu fish inThe-Qar.
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Dec 2017 20:30:00 +010
       
  • Comparison between the clinical symptoms of peripheral neuropathy
           inflammation and nervous ...

    • Abstract: Diabetes mellitus is one of the most chronic diseases that is widely spread all over the worldand affects all age groups. The disease has a vast potential to affect almost every body organ,especial the peripheral nerves, which causes high mortality rates from disease complications.These complications cause damage in the organs of the body including the nerves located inthe limbs that generate an intense heat resulting from the destruction of nerve fibers inaddition to the acute pain resulting from the effect of diabetes in those nerves. This study wasdesigned to determine the sensitivity of those nerves by displaying the results of nerveconduction study for patients and compared it with their clinical examination to determinethe severity of numbness and assess the level of pain in the upper and lower limbs. The studywas carried out at the Diabetes and Endocrinology Center in Al-Sader Medical City in AlNajaf governorate and it included following up the case of (78) patients with diabeticperipheral neuropathy, (32) men and(46)women their ages ranging between(35-68) year andthey were divided into three age groups ,the study was began from 5/9/2014 until 7/4/2015.The study excluded the patients with peripheral neuropathy but have foot ulceration becausethe nerve conduct system (SUDOSCAN REPORT) was used in the current study, cannotperform nerve conduction study for patients with foot ulceration also smokers and thepatients who taking treatment for diabetic peripheral neuropathy. During this study theclinical examination for patients was performed and compared with the nerve conductionresults of them , also all the information related with the history of patients were recorded .The present study has shown a significant difference (P 0.05) when compared the results of nerve conduction65 2017 1 22study among the different age groups for males. For females however, there was a significantdifference (P0.05) for males and females . The results of the current study did not reveal a significantdifference (P>0.05) between the body mass index among males, but it noticed a significantdifference (P
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Dec 2017 20:30:00 +010
       
  • Employ metabolic capabilities of Pseudomonas in bio-control

    • Abstract: samples collected from different environmental sources included soils contaminated and Sixtynon-contaminated vehicles hydrocarbon and water drainage and sources of clinical from DiwaniyahEducational Hospital, for the period from January 28/ 2013 until February 1/ 2014. Sixteen isolateswere obtained Pseudomonas aeruginosa and 6 isolates belonging Pseudomonas fluorescens, and wereselected from P. aerugionsa and isolate of P.fluorescens for the purpose of testing their abilitymetabolite in biological control fungi direction F.solani and A.alternata isolated from infected tomatoplants with these fungi and collected samples from greenhouses in Diwaniyha. The results showedthat all the bacteria isolates were stimulating plant growth, as are all influenced the increase in plantheight and root length and dry weight increase and soft grouped to shoot and root and significantdifference (P
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Dec 2017 20:30:00 +010
       
  • Comparative Anatomical and Histological Study of Duodenum between Laughing
           Dove Streptopelia ...

    • Abstract: This study used two groups of adult and healthy birds, joined the first group of 15 pigeons laughing dovesgranivores , five of them for the purpose of anatomical study, and another ten for the purpose of histological study,and included a second group of 15 birds Kingfisher white breasted carnivores, and five of them for the purpose ofanatomical study, and ten of them for the purpose of histological study. The Anatomical study included the study ofthe form ofduodenum position and shape in the laughing dove andwhite breasted kingfisher birds, the histological study included histological structure of duodenum and measuringthe thickness of the wall consisting ofduodenum. The study have showed that the duodenum in both the birds is a single surround the pancreas and the resultsshowed that the villi which were longer and thicken and contain more branches in its base part in kingfishercopared with that of laughing dove bird which was shorter and thinner, It has been noted that there was differencesin layer thickness that form intestine wall .The mucosa layer was thinner compared with other layer. It has been concluded that the difference of food type that the birds have can have clear effect in bothmorphological and histological structure of duodenum ; namely ,the thickness of layers that forms their walls.
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Dec 2017 20:30:00 +010
       
  • Histopathological changes in tissues of experimentally infected local
           chickens with biting ...

    • Abstract: The study of results showed histopathological changes in each of (skin, muscle, liver,kidney, spleen and small intestine) represented by proliferation fibrous connective tissue inlayer of the dermis and infiltration of inflammatory cells as well as hyperplasia in epitheliallayer of the epidermis also appeared degeneration and necrosis of the muscle fibers whereappeared free nuclei with infiltration of inflammatory cells out of the blood vessels in additionto the appearance bleeding within the muscle fibers in the liver there appeared congestion ofcentral veins with loss of the geometric structure of the liver tissue and infiltration ofinflammatory cells near the central vein with fatty degeneration of the liver cells as happenedatrophy of the intestinal villi and crashing and alienation in the villi that lining the vertical cells.In the kidney, noted presence of severe bleeding in the renal tissue and necrosis of the celllining of renal tubules twisted with atrophy of the renal glomeruli. In the spleen ,the results showed atrophy an exhausted pulp white with severe proliferationin red pulp and incidence of hemorrhage and necrosis widely in the lymphoid tissue of thespleen.also appeared the air sacs in lungs full of red blood cells with a large clot inside a bloodvessel.
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Dec 2017 20:30:00 +010
       
  • enotypical and phenotypical detection of hemolysin enzyme of Escherichia
           coli causing urinary ...

    • Abstract: The present study included isolation and diagnosis of the bacteria Escherichia coli frompatients suffering urinary tract infection symptoms in different ages and both sexes, which wastaken from the consulting patients in Maternal Hospital, and General Teaching Hospital in ALDiwianyia city during the period from 1/3/2012 till 1/8/2012 . The results of morphological and biochemical tests appeared that 94 isolates belong to bacteriaE. coli , among them 40 (42.6%) isolates were hemolysis on blood agar plates containing humanblood ( A, B, AB, O ) and were production percentage of hemolysin (55%, 72.5%, 20%, and 40%)respectively . Some virulence factors, which bacteria have, were studied in both phenotypical and genotypical .Such as hemolysin production . The results showed that all the bacterial samples 40 (100%) werehemolysin production phenotypically as well as had the chromosomal genes hlyA and hlyB 40(100%) and also had the plasmid gene hlyA plasmid 36 (90%) by using the polymerase chainreaction for detection about these genes . The results of electrophoresis on Agarose gel showed that most of the bacterial isolates containplasmid bands between one to three 36 (90%) . All isolates contained one plasmid band large insize, it molecular weight was about 1200 bp 36 (90%) isolate, the plasmid bands distributed amongone plasmid band 14 (35%) isolates, two plasmid band 19 (47.5%) isolates, and three plsmid band 3(7.5%) isolates . The results of bacterial conjugation showed the possibility of transmitting of plasmids amongE.coli giving isolates and E.coli MM294 receiving strain in complete process . The features of theconjugation cells were studied as having virulence factor phenotypically included hemolysinproduction, and also were detected about hlyA plasmid the results showed that isolates werecontained of that gene .
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Dec 2017 20:30:00 +010
       
  • Studying The Spreading Of Genus Saprolegnia In Waters Of Diwaniyah
           Province And ...

    • Abstract: The present study is concerned with isolation and identification of some aquatic fungi,including its species of Saprolegnia in the waters of Al-Diwaniyah province and molecularcharacterization. The study is regarded as the first in Iraq according to the information available tous. Two species, Saprolegnia parasitica and Saprolegnia ferax, have been isolated from rivers,lakes and fish. The physical and chemical environmental characteristics have been measured. Thetypes above have been examined to extract the DNA. The (PCR) technique has been used toexamine the presence of proteases enzyme. The results of isolation and identification showed that the percentage of the two types were64% in rivers areas 40% in the lakes areas and 50% in fish. The rates represented the examinedsamples which were 60 samples. The S. parasitica species is more apparently found during(February, 2014), the number of samples was 12, the less presence of this species in (April, 2014),where the number of sample, was 3. The S. ferax species is more apparently presented in(February, 2014), the number of samples was 10. The less presence was in (April, 2014), thenumber of samples was 2. The results showed that the number of isolation of Saprolegnia speciesin study area was 6 in rivers, 2 in lakes, and 3 in fish. The second species, S. ferax showed number of isolations which were 10 in rivers, 8 in lakes,and 2 in fish. The PCR examination has used to detect the rDNA gene which responsible for proteases geneand whether it is found in the two species of fungi. The express way has been used to extract DNAand according to the instructions of manufacturer company. The concentrations of DNA in firstspecies were 121.8-73.0 mcg/microliter and purity 1.87-1.80 .In the second species theconcentrations ofDNAwere 2360.4-166.9 mcg/microliter and purity 2-1.75. The standard rateaccording to the instructions of company is 1.8, this has been measured by using the NanodropSpectrophotometer and reading the absorbing with wave length 260-280 nm and the efficiency ofmethod used and molecular confirmation for fungi species and the determination of fungi speciesaccording to the sources of fungi isolation, which one of them is more spread in the study area andwhich one is more infections for fish. The S. parasitica species was less spread in rivers withpercentage of 66.6%. And the percentage of the in lakes and fish was 100%. The second speciesS.ferax was more spread in rivers with percentage of 70%.The percentage of the in lakes 62% andfish was 100%. The results, by using PCR technique, showed that the percentage of protease in first specieswas 25% in rivers. In lakes and fish was 100% .Concerning the second species, the percentage ofenzyme was 42% in rivers, 40%in lakes, and 50% in fish. It can be concluded that there is a diversity in fungi species with respect to study areas andenzyme secretion in the stages of fungi infection. The enzyme is more apparently found inS.parasitica species compared with S.ferax species.
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Dec 2017 20:30:00 +010
       
  • Effect of Different Concentrations of Nano Compounds and Gibberellin in
           Flower Characteristics ...

    • Abstract: A pots experiment was conducted in a plantation affiliated to Al-Diwaniya city during thewinter season of (2014 - 2015) to find out the effect of different concentrations of Nanoparticles (goldand silver) and gibberellin and their interactions in growth and yield of sweet pepper (C. annuum L.)plant and its contents of mineral, organic and active substance.The design of the experiment was Randomized Complete Blocks (RCBD) in a factorialarrangement (5 × 4), with three replicates, the first factor included five concentrations of Nanoparticles(0Control, 15Au, 30Au, 20Ag and 40Ag) mg. L-1, and the second factor included four concentrations ofgibberellin (0, 200, 300 and 400) ml. L-1. Means were compared by using averages revised leastsignificant difference (RLSD) at 0.05 probability level when the treatments referred to significanteffect.The results showed:1 - The use of silver nanoparticles by 20 ml. L-1 significant improvements showed in the flowering,fruiting .2- The use of use gibberellin by 300 mg. L-1 increased the flowering, fruiting and yield characteristicsof the pla
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Dec 2017 20:30:00 +010
       
  • Isolation and identification of fungi associated of growth of onion with
           it types ...

    • Abstract: This study included obtained random samples of onion product with complete parts of it ,roots,stemsand leaves from places that culture with onion that belong to Al- Qadisia ,these samples included thefour types of onion,white,yellow,green and red.The parts of onion were cultured in the lab on medium potato dextrose agar (PDA) in dispossoble petridish,after growth of fungi the species of fungi are identified and the percentage frequency of eachfungus were calculate .The fungi Alternaria alternate gived higher percentage frequency from otherfungi it about %66.66 in the red onion roots the second fungus is Aspergillus niger the percentagefrequency about %43.47 in yellow onion roots ,in fungus Fusarium oxysporium the percentagefrequency is %33.33 in red onion roots .The onion stems ,the higher number record from fungusPenicillium notatium is about %38.88 in yellow onion stem ,the second fungus was Alternariatenussimia about %32 in white onion stem ,many numbers observed that isolated from onion leaveslike Curvularia lunata, the percentage frequency about %52.63 from the white onion leaves while thefungus Alternaria alternate recorded %23.07 in green onion leaves and the fungus Penicilliumnotatium record %21.05 from white onion leaves .Key words: Onion ,Onions benefits, Fungi diseases ,Isolation and identification diseases fungi
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Dec 2017 20:30:00 +010
       
  • Measurements Of Noise Pollution in selected areas of Al Diwaniya City
           – Iraq

    • Abstract: In this paper, a field study for certain areas from the city of Al Diwaniya, such like (the marketarea (Al msoreen Street),Al wahda district (Khadija Al kubra Street) and Algmhory district (ShaheedAl Mehrab Street)) for the period from (27/6/2012 to 8 / 29/2012) the result has been compared withthe permissible international standards developed by the World Health Organization "WHO" becomeclear there was apollution about 21% on the allowable limits, The sources that led to the high rates ofnoise pollution, increase the number of cars and the use of stimulants with high frequencies, as well asusing home generators, which are frequently used in the summer. therefore we recommend that therebe administrative decisions organize the import process of cars and increase the number of streets inthe city.Key words:
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Dec 2017 20:30:00 +010
       
  • Synthesis, Characterization and Biological Activity of some new
           phthalimides and maleimides ...

    • Abstract: In this work, a series of new3-nitro phthalimides and bromo maleimides derivetivescontaining benzothiazole ring were synthesized, the Synthesis of series of N-(substitutedbenzothiazole-2-yl) 3-nitro phthalimide were performed via three steps, the first one involvedpreparation of a series of substituted 2-aminobenzothiazole via reaction of different primaryaromatic amines with ammonium thiocyanate and bromine in glacial acetic acid, In the second step theprepared amino benzothiozoles were introduced in reaction with 3- nitro phthalic anhydride producinga series of N-(substituted benzothiazole-2-yl) 3- nitro phthalamic acid, while Fusion Method used inpreparation of a series N-(substituted benzothiazol-2-yl) bromo maleimide via Fusion The preparedsubstituted 2-aminobenzothiazole with Bromo Maleic anhydride to producing a series of N-(substituted benzothiazol-2-yl) bromo maleimide ,the synthesized compounds were identifieddepending upon physical and spectral method, Microbiological activities of the preparedcompounds against four types of bacteria and one type of fungi were evaluated and the resultsshowed that the most tested compounds have good antibacterial and anti fungi activity .
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Dec 2017 20:30:00 +010
       
 
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